TOWN OF MANSFIELD, CT DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS WATER SOURCE PROJECT SPECIAL TOWN COUNCIL MEETING WORK SESSION Monday

, October 24, 2011

OUTLINE

Mansfield’s Water Supply Needs


Water Supply Alternatives
Evaluation of Alternatives


  

Permitting Requirements
Selected Site(s)

Partnership with UConn
Water Supply Development Process

MANSFIELD’S WATER SUPPLY NEEDS  Four Corners Area
- 500 acres, 60 parcels
- 59,000 – 179,000 gallons per day

 Assisted Living  UConn & Town - seeking 0.5 to 1.0 MGD

WATER SUPPLY ALTERNATIVES
 Well
 Cedar Swamp Area
 Willimantic River

 Mansfield Hollow

 CT Water Interconnection

 Windham Interconnection

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Figure 1 Water Supply Alternatives Mansfield, Connecticut
January 2011

Legend
Proposed Water Mains Four Corners Planning Area UCONN Water System Town Boundary Potential Well Sites

All Data Supplied by the State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection

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ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS FACTORS TO CONSIDER
 Water Quantity
 Water Quality  Permitting  Other Parties  Infrastructure

 Cost
 Reliability & Redundancy

PERMITTING
Groundwater DEP Diversion Site Suitability Quantity & Quality Redundancy Storage Design Review Interconnections Diversion Sale of Excess Water Permit Redundancy Storage Design Review

DPH

DPH/DPUC
Inland Wetlands P&Z

Certificate Process
Setbacks Stormwater Zoning Access

Certificate Process Extension of UConn System

RELIABILITY AND REDUNDANCY
 Projected Demand 170,000 gpd
 15% Margin of Safety…with largest source off-line  Backup source  Water Storage

Domestic Needs
Fire Fighting Needs

CT WATER INTERCONNECTION
Factor Quantity of Water Advantages CT Water has indicated that they have available water to provide to UConn (0.5 MGD) and the Town (0.5 MGD). CT Water’s 2009 Water Quality Report for its Northern Region-Western System indicated that the system met all MCLs in 2009. Disadvantages

• DPH questions if CTWater has available additional water.

Quality of Water

DEP Diversion Permit

DPH Regulations/ Permits/Approvals

The Four Corners distribution system would be an extension of the CT Water system; a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity is not needed.
The Four Corners distribution system would be an extension of the CT Water system, and would be interconnected with the UConn system, and would thus benefit from the reliability/redundancy in the CT Water and UConn systems. The Four Corners distribution system would be an extension of the CT Water system, and interconnected with the UConn system, and would thus benefit from the storage in both of those systems.

• CT Water interconnection would involve an interbasin transfer, which could complicate the Diversion permitting process. • To obtain a Sale of Excess Water Permit, CT Water needs to provide DPH with information showing that they have adequate water supply.

Reliability/Redundancy

Water Storage and Fire Protection

Local Permitting Although the alternative would include more than 5 miles of pipeline, CT Water has proposed to UConn that they pay for this pipeline. No property purchases required.

There is public concern that a CT Water pipeline extension along Rt 195 will spur unwanted development.

Infrastructure Property Purchases Other Parties

• Numerous entities are involved: CT Water, UConn, and Tolland.

EAGLEVILLE LAKE AREA
Factor Water Quantity Advantages

• Significant depths of good aquifer material along the Willimantic River • Eagleville Lake reduces the potential of groundwater withdrawals on fish habitat; which could result in relatively high allowed withdrawals. • For Site EP-5 (Eagleville Preserve) there are no identified water quality risks.

Disadvantages Ongoing concerns about the impact of UConn’s existing wells along the Willimantic River could impact the allowable withdrawal from a well; however, Eagleville Lake reduces the potential impacts on fish habitat.

Water Quality

For Site EP-1 and EP-2, there is a need to investigate the possible impact on water quality of the use of agricultural chemicals and the former wastewater disposal on the adjacent property. For Site EP-3, there is a need to investigate the possible impact on water quality of gravel pit on the adjacent property. Diversion permitting could be complex relative to Mansfield Hollow area because of concerns that additional groundwater withdrawals would impact streamflow and thus fisheries.

DEP Diversion Permitting

• A well near Eagleville Lake is expected to require less permitting effort that a new well upstream.
The Four Corners distribution system would be an extension of the UConn system; a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity is not needed. The Four Corners water system would be an extension of the UConn system, and would thus benefit from the reliability/redundancy (in terms of supply and storage) in the UConn system. The Four Corners water system would be an extension of the UConn system, and would thus benefit from the storage in the UConn system.

DPH Requirements/ Permits/Approvals Reliability/Redundancy

Water Storage and Fire Protection Infrastructure Property Purchases Other Parties

Potential well site EP-5 is on a Town-owned parcel. Potential well site EP-4 is on a State-owned parcel. UConn, for a “wheeling” agreement and interconnection.

Relatively long pipeline extensions would be needed for several of the Eagleville Lake Area alternatives. Potential well sites for EP-1, EP-2, and EP-3 are on private property, and would thus require purchase of property.

POTENTIAL WELL SITES
Initial Evaluation (# of properties) Cedar Swamp Mansfield Depot Area Mansfield Hollow Area Eagleville Lake Area 2 3 3 5 Site Planning and Environmental Assessment None River Park Southeast School Site Eagleville Preserve

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Eagleville Pond Potential Well Sites Mansfield, Connecticut
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EAGLEVILLE PRESERVE SITE
 Advantages
 Above 100-year flood level  More than 50 ft from annual high water mark  200 ft radius sanitary control

 Disadvantages
 Downstream of dam; flow sometimes only WWTP effluent  ~19,100 feet of pipeline needed to UConn  CTWater proceeding with 100,000 gpd well across river  185 psi static discharge pressure at well

OTHER SITES
 River Park
 Limited locations for a well  Former site of wastewater infiltration structures  Close to UConn’s wellfield; could impact permitting  Nearby wastewater pump station overflows  Within Natural Diversity Area

 Southeast School Site
 ~6.5 miles of pipeline needed  May need sanitary easement from Army Corp. for 200 ft radius  School might be expanded  Within Natural Diversity Area

PARTNERSHIP WITH UCONN  UConn & Town both need water (0.5 to 1.0 MGD)  Water supply alternatives use UConn System  Environmental Impact Evaluation (EIE)
 8 well sites (including test wells at select sites)
 2 interconnection options

WATER SUPPLY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
 Alternatives Analysis (Jan 2011)  Site Planning and Environmental Assessment (May 2011)  EIE (Sept – Spring 2011)  Small Diameter Test Wells & DPH Site Approval (Oct-Dec 2011)

 Large Diameter Test Well & Groundwater Modeling
 Diversion Permitting  Design  Bidding  Construction