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Report No. 434 March 2010
International Association of Oil & Gas Producers
supersede or otherwise depart from such requirements. Requests come from governments and non-government organisations around the world as well as from non-member companies. Copyright notice The contents of these pages are © The International Association of Oil and Gas Producers. neither the OGP nor any of its members past present or future warrants its accuracy or will. . These Terms and Conditions shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales. The recipient is obliged to inform any subsequent recipient of such terms. is intended to replace. which liability is hereby excluded. The OGP’s members are encouraged to use the guidelines as a starting point for their operations or to supplement their own policies and regulations which may apply locally. This document may provide guidance supplemental to the requirements of local legislation. All other rights are reserved. such use is at the recipient’s own risk on the basis that any use by the recipient constitutes agreement to the terms of this disclaimer.” Any other use requires the prior written permission of the OGP. Consequently. Disclaimer Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this publication. Nothing herein. assume liability for any foreseeable or unforeseeable use made thereof. management and best practice throughout the world. regardless of its or their negligence. Consistent high quality database and guidelines Our overall aim is to ensure a consistent approach to training. Internationally recognised source of industry information Many of our guidelines have been recognised and used by international authorities and safety and environmental bodies. The oil and gas exploration and production industry recognises the need to develop consistent databases and records in certain fields. In the event of any conflict or contradiction between the provisions of this document and local legislation. Disputes arising here from shall be exclusively subject to the jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales. Permission is given to reproduce this report in whole or in part provided (i) that the copyright of OGP and (ii) the source are acknowledged. however.P ublications Global experience The International Association of Oil & Gas Producers has access to a wealth of technical knowledge and experience with its members operating around the world in many different terrains. applicable laws shall prevail. amend. We collate and distil this valuable knowledge for the industry to use as guidelines for good practice by individual members.
It supplements traditional design and risk management processes. range. systematic process. the E&P Forum (the previous name of OGP) completed and issued the Risk Assessment Data Directory. historical experience. It provides valuable information for risk-based decision-making. This has a bearing on the confidence with which the information can be used to influence decisions. OGP’s Safety Committee formed a task force to consider the future of the data directory. frequency assessment to determine the underlying causes and likelihood or probability of occurrence of a hazardous event. The updated directory (2009) now includes 20 datasheets. The use of formal risk assessment in achieving the goal-setting objectives of this element has become widely accepted in the E&P industry. Therein lies the need for reliable data to support E&P risk assessment work. availability and application. Risk assessment is made up of the following fundamental steps: hazard identification to identify what could go wrong. Its aim was to provide a catalogue of information that could be used to improve the quality and consistency of risk assessments with readily available benchmark data and references for common types of incident analysed in upstream production operations. These datasheets were made available to OGP members and other interested parties in a loose bound file. The directory includes references for common incidents analysed in upstream production operations. As a first step. Historical experience is expressed in terms of statistical data gathered from existing operations. It is now an essential framework in recent legislation. The objective of formal risk assessment is to analyse and evaluate risk. range. Experience shows that the application of risk assessment is important both to improved plant and system integrity and to cost effectiveness. Guidelines for the development and application of health. They were also available as electronic Word documents and more recently as PDF files in the members’ area of the OGP website (http://members.Risk Aassessment data directory – summary Background At the end of 1996. ©OGP 1 . within which twenty-six individual datasheets were developed. safety and environmental management systems (1994). The structure of four major categories from the 1996 directory is retained. the task force undertook a survey of staff in member companies to establish the level of interest in the existing data directory and in an updated directory. Risk Assessment Data Directory The objective of the Risk assessment data directory is to provide data and information that can be used to improve the quality and consistency of risk assessments with readily available benchmark data. assessing the risks and evaluating potential risk reduction measures. A key issue when using risk assessment is the uncertainties associated with the results. population and causal data and a discussion of the data sources. Another OGP document. The original 1996 data directory included 26 individual datasheets.org. identifies “evaluation and risk management” as a key element of an effective HSE management system. The survey showed strong interest in an update. In risk assessment. Formal risk assessment is a structured. It can be based on qualitative or quantitative methods or a combination thereof.ogp. availability and application.uk). Each datasheet contained information describing the event: incident frequency. Incidents typically analysed in E&P risk assessments were identified and divided into four major categories. In 2006. These combine to support judgments made by risk assessment teams. although the scope of the material presented is similar to the original with some reorganisation. and analytical methods. base failure rates and failure probabilities. consequence assessment to address the potential effects. Each datasheet contains: • • • • information describing the event incident frequency population and causal data a discussion of the data sources. The task force acted accordingly. generally in the form of incidents. frequency is estimated based on knowledge and expert judgment.
To spread the cost to OGP. Applications requiring more comprehensive data should consult the original references as well as other publicly available information and company data sources. it is the responsibility of each company or organisation using the data to review the information and determine that the material is suitable for their specific application. a number of consultants operating in the risk assessment field were invited to submit bids for the update of the entire data directory. Periodic meetings with DNV Energy provided opportunities to discuss and agree the comments. Datasheets are available as PDF files and also provide hyperlinks to other more detailed or useful data sources. update the task force decided to rely on a centrally funded consultant to update and revise the datasheet in a consistent manner. 2 ©OGP . The directory is not intended to be a comprehensive source of incident data. It is hoped that the updated directory will continue to be a valuable reference document. an independent expert reviewed the draft directory. OGP agreed to make the datasheets available on the OGP website and carried out the necessary work to do this. Directory update process The original data directory was developed as a QRA Subcommittee activity without any central funding of external consultants. He or she had the responsibility of collecting and compiling comments from the task force and their organisations on the various datasheets. After approval from the OGP Safety Committee.International Association of Oil & Gas Producers The intention is that the Risk assessment data directory may facilitate the systematic assessment of risks within individual OGP member companies and across the E&P industry. A focal point for each datasheet was appointed. the directory contains organised publicly available information and data contributed by individual companies. Sources for the data include information available to the public and industry such as may be obtained from industry projects and the literature. Examples of specific applications of the directory include: • • • • • Estimating screening level and order of magnitude incident frequencies Reviewing external risk assessment (ie those performed by consultants. which has been previously submitted by others. While every reasonable effort has been made to ensure the quality and accuracy of the information and data provided. The work was awarded to DNV Energy. recombination and additional datasheets. As a quality assurance check. the Data Directory was issued in the third quarter of 2009. As with all OGP documents the data directory is available to the public at no charge. For this. design contractors. which proposed some deletions. That is. They were also invited to make proposals for how the directory might be modified or improved based on their experience and developments made in the quantitative risk assessment field in recent years. etc) Evaluating risk in QRAs and qualitative assessments Comparing industry and corporate performance Identifying important risk contributors The directory also provides reference lists of data sources that can be consulted for more detailed information. update work was commenced in 2007 and continued through 2008 and into the early part of 2009. With this approach in mind.
Accident and Event datasheet subject matter remains largely unchanged with the exception that separate Ignition Probability and Consequence modelling datasheets have been created. Safety Systems 6. These changes arise from reordering. events that led to or had the potential to lead to an accident) Collated statistical data on the reliability of various safety systems employed to prevent and/or mitigate hazardous events. Criteria for assessing the vulnerability of plant and humans to hazardous events. In the updated directory the number of datasheets in each category is revised to 6. Under each category. The four human factors datasheets from the 1996 directory have been organised in a single human factors datasheet. splitting and deletion of certain datasheets. These changes leave a total of twenty datasheets as listed below: Accident data: Major accidents Occupational risk Land transport accident statistics Aviation transport accident statistics Water transport accident statistics Construction risk for offshore units Event data: Process release frequencies Risers & pipeline release frequencies Storage incident frequencies Blowout frequencies Mechanical lifting failures Ship/installation collisions Ignition probabilities Consequence modelling Structural risk for offshore installations Safety systems: Vulnerabilities: Guide to finding and using reliability data for QRA Vulnerability of humans Vulnerability of plant/structure Escape. 8. The data have been collated under four major categories: Accident data: Event data: Safety systems: Vulnerabilities: Collated statistical data of accidents (i. events that have led to detrimental effects in terms of loss of life. recombination. environmental damage or property damage) Collated statistical data of hazardous events (i. Vulnerabilities 5. evacuation and rescue Human factors in QRA ©OGP 3 ..e. 1 and 4 respectively. Event Data 8.Risk Aassessment data directory – summary Directory scope and content The directory covers both onshore and offshore E&P activities. The original 1996 Data Directory had a total of 26 datasheets as follows: Accident Data 7. there is a series of individual datasheets.. Extreme weather has been included in the structural failure risks datasheet. This type of data was then removed from other event datasheets.e.
Scope and application Brief outline of data presented in datasheet and details of the situation for which the datasheet would be applicable. omissions and potential revisions or any new or better information. 2. OGP will then arrange to review this information periodically and update the datasheets as required. Another area that is recognised as directly influencing the frequency of accidents and events is Human factors. Users and other interested parties are encouraged to make use of this facility. This update is the first to take place since the directory was originally issued in 1996/97. Consideration of uncertainties. Detailed list of references. the key data presented are in terms of how ‘reliable’ these systems are. Any detailed assessment would require expert assistance. This is considered too long a delay between revisions. eg assessing structural vulnerabilities or marine hazards.International Association of Oil & Gas Producers The basic content of each datasheet is as follows: 1. In some of the datasheets. Data presented in a tabular and/or graphical format. “Reliability Analysis” is a distinct specialist area. Review of data sources: 5. Again. Some datasheets have been allocated to other OGP Task Forces or Subcommittees to maintain the data more frequently. particularly for Safety Systems. This includes statements regarding where care should be exercised in its use. The objective has been to identify so far as practical data available in the public domain and to discuss their applicability. Where this is the case. up-to-date information can be obtained. this is a distinct specialist area. the judgment of the RADD Task Force is that these data are sufficiently robust to include even though the user is not able to source the data directly. Guidance on general validity and precautions to be applied in using the data. Recommended data sources for further information: 6. The data sources used to obtain the data presented in section 2. or data from other geographic areas on the OGP website. reference is made to data not publicly available yet held by an OGP. It is not the intention of the Directory to address or comment in any way on the best approach or methods for risk assessment studies. Summary of recommended data: 3. many of the data bases identified are actively maintained and by directly accessing these source databases. Individual datasheets vary to some extent. It should also be noted that there are many other areas where expert assistance would be needed to undertake an in-depth study. References: Note that the format presented above is general. Listing of sources of more detailed and specific data. New arrangements will allow users to provide feedback on errors. Nevertheless. 4 ©OGP . which would require expert assistance if any detailed assessment work was to be undertaken. Updating plans It is recognised and accepted that the data presented in OGP’s Risk assessment data directory will become out-of-date. depending on relevance and availability of information. Guidance on data use: 4. However in a few isolated cases.
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