IC_DGM_Video_Definitions-Rachel Tracy

Progressive scan, Progressive, Noninterlaced, Non-Interlaced
Progressive or non-interlaced scanning is any method for displaying, storing or transmitting moving images in which the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence. This is in contrast to the interlacing used in traditional television systems. Handles motion better. Easier to interpret motion.

Interlace, Interlaced, Interlacing, non-progressive
Each frame of a video picture is scanned twice. Firstly, all the odd lines are broadcast, then all the even lines are broadcast. Each set of odd/even lines is known as a field. Two fields therefore make up a frame. The point of doing this is to reduce flicker, and not increase bandwidth.

NTSC--Broadcast standard for national television Abbreviation of National
Television Standards Committee. The NTSC is responsible for setting television and video standards in the United States (in Europe and other parts of the world, the dominant television standards are PAL and SECAM). The NTSC standard for television defines a composite video signal with a refresh rate of 60 fields (halfframes interlaced) per second. Each frame contains 525 lines and can contain 16 million different colors. The resolution of an NTSC VCD is 352×240 pixels, an NTSC SVCD is 480×480, and an NTSC full D1 DVD is 704 or 720 x 480.

PAL-- short for Phase Alternating Line, is an analogue television color encoding
system used in broadcast television systems in many countries

YUV-- The color encoding system used for analog television worldwide (NTSC,
PAL and SECAM). The YUV color space (color model) differs from RGB, which is what the camera captures and what humans view. When color signals were developed in the 1950s, it was decided to allow black and white TVs to continue to receive and decode monochrome signals, while color sets would decode both monochrome and color signals.

Frame Rates (FPS for NTSC, PAL, and Film)-- the frequency (rate) at which
an imaging device produces unique consecutive images called frames.  NTSC-- 29.97 fps  PAL— 25 fps  Film—23.98/24 fps

Constant Bit Rate (CBR) -- Constant Bit Rate is an encoding method that keeps
the bit rate the same as opposed to VBR which varies the bit rate.

Variable Bit Rate (VBR) – a term used in telecommunications and computing
that relates to the bitrate used in sound or video encoding.

Data Transfer Rate—The amount of digital data hat is moved from one place
to another in a given amount of time.

MPEG -Compression where the encoder is algorithmic/adaptive and the decoder
carries out fixed actions. It is a standard for low bit rate coding Good quality small file merges audio and video on one track

M2V –MPEG 2 file—Export for DVD—good compression but large files AVI-- Audio Video Interleaved – A multimedia file format for storing sound and
moving pictures in RIFF format developed by Microsoft. An AVI file can use different codecs and formats so there is no set format for an AVI. AVI files are lossy, large file size

MOV--QuickTime Content (.mov, .qt) – a file format developed by Apple
Computer to create, edit, publish, and view multimedia files. QuickTime supports video, animation, graphics, 3D and virtual reality (VR).

MP4 -- a container format that allows different multimedia streams to combine
into one single file. MP4 is the global file extension for the official container format defined in the MPEG-4 standard.

WMF—Microsoft Windows file. Windows Media Format files are audio/video
files encoded with the Windows Media Encoder. Windows Media Format comprises Windows Media Audio and Video codecs, an optional integrated digital rights management (DRM) system, and a file container. DV-- Digital Video – video captured to a PC from a digital camcorder, often through Firewire. DV is a format for the digital recording and playing back of digital video. Quicktime format.