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Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence

Adjective or adverb in English


Explanation: Adjective or Adverb Fill in the words in brackets as adjective or adverb like in the example. Example: Peter works ______ (slow). Answer: Peter works slowly.

1) He 2) Mandy is a 3) The class is 4) Max is a 5) You can 6) It's a

reads a book. (quick) girl. (pretty) loud today. (terrible) singer. (good) open this tin. (easy) day today. (terrible) . (good) driver. (careful) . (careful) . (loud)

7) She sings the song 8) He is a 9) He drives the car 10) The dog barks

1) He quickly reads a book. 2) Mandy is a pretty girl. 3) The class is terribly loud today. 4) Max is a good singer. 5) You can easily open this tin. 6) It's a terrible day today. 7) She sings the song well. 8) He is a careful driver. 9) He drives the car carefully. 10) The dog barks loudly.

Adjective or adverb - Exercise 2


Explanation: Adjective or Adverb Fill in the words in brackets as adjective or adverb like in the example. Example: Peter works ______ (slow). Answer: Peter works slowly.

1) The bus driver was 2) Kevin is

injured. (serious) clever. (extreme) . (awful)

3) This hamburger tastes 4) Be 5) Robin looks 6) Jack is 7) This steak smells 8) Our basketball team played 9) Don't speak so 10) Maria

with this glass of milk. It's hot. (careful) . What's the matter with him? (sad) upset about losing his keys. (terrible) . (good) last Friday. (bad)

. I can't understand you. (fast) opened her present. (slow)

1) The bus driver was seriously injured. 2) Kevin is extremely clever. 3) This hamburger tastes awful. 4) Be careful with this glass of milk. It's hot. 5) Robin looks sad. What's the matter with him? 6) Jack is terribly upset about losing his keys. 7) This steak smells good. 8) Our basketball team played badly last Friday. 9) Don't speak so fast. I can't understand you. 10) Maria slowly opened her present.

Adjectives - Comparison - Exercise 1


Explanation: Comparison of adjectives Fill in the comparative and superlative forms of the adjectives. Example: new - _____ - _______

Answer: new - newer - newest

1) old 2) bad 3) difficult 4) large 5) good 6) big 7) easy 8) much 9) little 10) interesting -

1) old - older - oldest 2) bad - worse - worst 3) difficult - more difficult - most difficult 4) large - larger - largest 5) good - better - best 6) big - bigger - biggest 7) easy - easier - easiest 8) much - more - most 9) little - less - least 10) interesting - more interesting - most interesting

1) 2) 3) modern 4) 5) 6)

- longer - nicest - nearest - flattest - worst

7) popular 8) 9) many 10) -

- happier - cleverest

1) long - longer - longest 2) bad - worse - worst 3) modern - more modern - most modern 4) nice - nicer - nicest 5) near - nearer - nearest 6) flat - flatter - flattest 7) popular - more popular - most popular 8) happy - happier - happiest 9) many - more - most 10) clever - cleverer - cleverest

1) strong - stronger; good 2) coldest - colder; happiest 3) nice - nicer; bad 4) angry - angrier; much 5) more boring - boring; sunnier 6) more interesting - most interesting; worse 7) hard - hardest; new 8) most expensive - expensive; cleanest 9) fast - fastest; old 10) shortest - short; most difficult -

1) strong - stronger; good - better 2) coldest - colder; happiest - happier 3) nice - nicer; bad - worse

4) angry - angrier; much - more 5) more boring - boring; sunnier - sunny 6) more interesting - most interesting; worse - worst 7) hard - hardest; new - newest 8) most expensive - expensive; cleanest - clean 9) fast - fastest; old - oldest 10) shortest - short; most difficult - difficult

Comparison of adjectives in sentences


1) This is a nice cat. It's much nicer than my friend's cat. 2) Here is Emily. She's six years old. Her brother is nine, so he is older. 3) This is a difficult exercise. But the exercise with an asterisk (*) is the most difficult exercise on the worksheet. 4) He has an interesting hobby, but my sister has the most interesting hobby in the world. 5) In the last holidays I read a good book, but father gave me an even better one last weekend. 6) School is boring, but homework is more boring than school. 7) Skateboarding is a dangerous hobby. Bungee jumping is more dangerous than skateboarding. 8) This magazine is cheap, but that one is cheaper. 9) We live in a small house, but my grandparents' house is even smaller than ours. 10) Yesterday John told me a funny joke. This joke was the funniest joke I've ever heard.

The adverbs
Adverbs tell us in what way someone does something. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.

Position of adverbs of frequency - Exercise 1


1) He listens to the radio. (often) 2) They read a book. (sometimes) 3) Pete gets angry. (never) 4) Tom is very friendly. (usually) 5) I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes) 6) Ramon and Frank are hungry. (often)

7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always) 8) Walter helps his father in the kitchen. (usually) 9) They watch TV in the afternoon. (never) 10) Christine smokes. (never)

1) He listens to the radio. He often listens to the radio. 2) They read a book. They sometimes read a book. 3) Pete gets angry. Pete never gets angry. 4) Tom is very friendly. Tom is usually very friendly. 5) I take sugar in my coffee. I sometimes take sugar in my coffee. 6) Ramon and Frank are hungry. Ramon and Frank are often hungry. 7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. My grandmother always goes for a walk in the evening. 8) Walter helps his father in the kitchen. Walter usually helps his father in the kitchen. 9) They watch TV in the afternoon. They never watch TV in the afternoon. 10) Christine smokes. Christine never smokes. Position of adverbs of frequency - Exercise 2
1) Have you been to London? (ever) 2) Peter doesn't get up before seven. (usually) 3) Our friends must write tests. (often) 4) They go swimming in the lake. (sometimes)

5) The weather is bad in November. (always) 6) Peggy and Frank are late. (usually) 7) I have met him before. (never) 8) John watches TV. (seldom) 9) I was in contact with my sister. (often) 10) She will love him. (always)

1) Have you been to London? Have you ever been to London? 2) Peter doesn't get up before seven. Peter doesn't usually get up before seven. 3) Our friends must write tests. Our friends must often write tests. 4) They go swimming in the lake. They sometimes go swimming in the lake. 5) The weather is bad in November. The weather is always bad in November. 6) Peggy and Frank are late. Peggy and Frank are usually late. 7) I have met him before. I have never met him before. 8) John watches TV. John seldom watches TV. 9) I was in contact with my sister. I was often in contact with my sister. 10) She will love him. She will always love him.

Position af adverbs

1) Our friends must write a test. Our friends must also write a test. 2) I was joking. I was only joking.

3) Did you enjoy the flight? Did you both enjoy the flight? 4) Mary watches TV. Mary hardly ever watches TV. 5) He drives his car. He drives his car carefully. 6) The children play football. The children play football in the garden. 7) We went to the cinema. We went to the cinema yesterday. 8) John fell off the bike. John almost fell off the bike. 9) Her boyfriend will buy her some flowers. Her boyfriend will probably buy her some flowers. 10) My uncle is moving to Stockholm soon. My uncle is definitely moving to Stockholm soon.

Form of adverbs - Exercise

1) perfect - perfectly 2) quiet - quietly 3) careful - carefully 4) regular - regularly 5) nice - nicely 6) terrible - terribly 7) heavy - heavily 8) good - well 9) hard - hard 10) fantastic - fantastically

Comparison of adverbs
1) fast - faster - fastest 2) well - better - best 3) carefully - more carefully - most carefully 4) often - more often - most often 5) badly - worse - worst 6) hard - harder - hardest 7) clearly - more clearly - most clearly 8) little - less - least 9) much - more - most 10) early - earlier - earliest

The articles a/an

1) I like

blue T-shirt over there better than hour. USB drive I lent you last week? Bristol? old office building? electrician. kilo. breakfast?

red one.

2) Their car does 150 miles 3) Where's 4) Do you still live in 5) Is your mother working in 6) Carol's father works as 7) The tomatoes are 99 pence 8) What do you usually have for 9) Ben has 10) After this tour you have

terrible headache. whole afternoon free to explore the city.

1) I like the blue T-shirt over there better than the red one.2) Their car does 150 miles an hour.3) Where's the USB drive I lent you last week?4) Do you still live in x Bristol?5) Is your mother working in an old office building?6) Carol's father works as an electrician.7) The tomatoes are 99 pence a kilo.8) What do you usually have for x breakfast?9) Ben has a terrible headache.10) After this tour you have the whole afternoon free to explore the city.

Gerund after prepositions


1) My friend is good 2) She complains 3) They are afraid 4) She doesn't feel 5) We are looking forward 6) Laura dreams 7) Andrew apologized 8) Do you agree 9) The girls insisted 10) Edward thinks playing volleyball. bullying. losing the match. working on the computer. going out at the weekend.

living on a small island. being late. staying in a foreign country? going out with Kerry. climbing trees this afternoon.

1) My friend is good at playing volleyball.2) She complains about bullying.3) They are afraid of losing the match.4) She doesn't feel like working on the computer.5) We are looking forward to going out at the weekend.6) Laura dreams of living on a small island.7) Andrew apologized for being late.8) Do you agree with staying in a foreign country?9) The girls insisted on going out with Kerry.10) Edward thinks of climbing trees this afternoon.

Gerund or to-infinitive - Exercise 1

1) I can't imagine Peter 2) He agreed 3) The question is easy 4) The man asked me how 5) I look forward to 6) Are you thinking of 7) We decided

(go) by bike. (buy) a new car. (answer). (get) to the airport. (see) you at the weekend. (visit) London? (run) through the forest. (study) hard. (work) the night shift. (ride) the bike at the age of 5.

8) The teacher expected Sarah 9) She doesn't mind 10) I learned

1) I can't imagine Peter going by bike. 2) He agreed to buy a new car. 3) The question is easy to answer. 4) The man asked me how to get to the airport. 5) I look forward to seeing you at the weekend. 6) Are you thinking of visiting London? 7) We decided to run through the forest. 8) The teacher expected Sarah to study hard. 9) She doesn't mind working the night shift. 10) I learned to ride the bike at the age of 5.

Gerund or Infinitive - Exercise 2

1) We decided 2) They've got some work

(buy) a new car. (do).

3) Peter gave up 4) He'd like 5) I enjoy 6) Do you know what 7) Avoid

(smoke) . (fly) an aeroplane. (write) picture postcards. (do) if there's a fire in the shop?

(make) silly mistakes. (be) home at 11 o'clock. (build) a big house. (see) Lisa.

8) My parents wanted me 9) I dream about 10) I'm hoping

1) We decided to buy a new car. 2) They've got some work to do. 3) Peter gave up smoking. 4) He'd like to fly an aeroplane. 5) I enjoy writing picture postcards. 6) Do you know what to do if there's a fire in the shop? 7) Avoid making silly mistakes. 8) My parents wanted me to be home at 11 o'clock. 9) I dream about building a big house. 10) I'm hoping to see Lisa.

Gerund or Progressive
1) He likes reading books. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 2) He is reading books. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 3) Reading books can be great fun. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 4) He is interested in reading books. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 5) He was reading books. Gerund Progressive/Continuous

6) He has been reading books for two hours. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 7) Instead of reading books Henry went to bed. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 8) Do you like reading books? Gerund Progressive/Continuous 9) He had been reading books. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 10) His hobby is reading books. Gerund Progressive/Continuous 1) He likes reading books. Gerund 2) He is reading books. Progressive/Continuous 3) Reading books can be great fun. Gerund 4) He is interested in reading books. Gerund 5) He was reading books. Progressive/Continuous 6) He has been reading books for two hours. Progressive/Continuous 7) Instead of reading books Henry went to bed. Gerund 8) Do you like reading books? Gerund 9) He had been reading books. Progressive/Continuous 10) His hobby is reading books. Gerund

Opposites

1) What's the opposite of more? less 2) What's the opposite of alive? dead 3) What's the opposite of loud? quiet 4) What's the opposite of happy? sad 5) What's the opposite of last? first 6) What's the opposite of now? then 7) What's the opposite of to buy? to sell 8) What's the opposite of better? worse 9) What's the opposite of dangerous? safe 10) What's the opposite of cool? warm

1) What's the opposite of many? Few 2) What's the opposite of deep? Shallow 3) What's the opposite of long? Short 4) What's the opposite of clean? Dirty 5) What's the opposite of empty? Full 6) What's the opposite of thin? Fat 7) What's the opposite of beginning? End 8) What's the opposite of big? Small 9) What's the opposite of modern? Ancient 10) What's the opposite of poor? Rich 1) What's the opposite of to break? to mend 2) What's the opposite of early? Late 3) What's the opposite of to lose? to find 4) What's the opposite of over? Under 5) What's the opposite of rough? Smooth 6) What's the opposite of heavy? Light 7) What's the opposite of to learn? to teach 8) What's the opposite of high? Low 9) What's the opposite of to start? to stop 10) What's the opposite of to push? to pull
word buy opposite sell

behind arrival death white man loser short cold careful exit vowel lady left loser night male high short married active weak full town cool noon pupil start angel teach

in front of departure birth or life black woman winner long or tall hot careless entrance consonant gentleman right winner day female low long or tall divorced lazy powerful empty village warm midnight teacher end or finish or stop devil learn

( 1) NOUNS
KINDS OF NOUNS:

Common Nouns are names of people (e.g. man), things (e.g.

books),animals (e.g. monkey) and places (church).

Proper Nouns are special names of people (e.g. George Bush), things (e.g. Financial Times), animals (e.g. King Kong) and places (e.g. Paris). A proper noun begins with a Capital Letter. Abstract Nouns An abstract noun is the name of something that we can only think of or feel but cannot see (e.g. friendship). Collective Nouns are names used for a number of people, things or animals together and treated as one. For example: a group of friends, a bunch of bananas, a litter of puppies.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns Countable nouns are nouns which can be counted (e.g. trees). Uncountable nouns are nouns which cannot be counted. (e.g. smoke).

EXERCISE - COMMON NOUNS 1. We arrived early at the station 2. There are different species of fish 3. The man was trying to steal his car. 4. They have gone to the zoo. 5. The baby is crying. 6. My mother is in the kitchen. 7. He threw some nuts to the monkeys. 8. The children are playing in the field. 9. That temple was built before I was born. 10. He has bought a new car.

11. My father likes to swim. 12. She won a trophy in a competition. 13. I like to ride on a camel. 14. Do birds eat meat? 15. He went to visit his uncle. 16. My brother wants to play with us. 17. Let me have a look at your puppy. 18. The taxi broke down. 19. The boys are playing noisily. 20. She is hanging out the clothes to dry. EXERCISE - COLLECTIVE NOUNS 1. A _____ of birds flew high in the sky. flock 2. They saw a _____ of lions at the zoo. pride / troop 3. The farmer has a _____ of cattle on his farm. herd / drove
4. He ate a _____ of grapes today. bunch 5. Our friend shows us a _____ of stamps. Collection 6. We saw a _____ of sheep on our way home. flock

7. Police have arrested a _____ of thieves. pack / gang 8. She bought a _____ of bananas from the market. bunch / comb 9. The _____ of pupils are listening attentively to their teacher. class 10. You can put the _____ of tools in that box. Set

VERBS
A verb is often defined as a word which shows action or state of being. The verb is the heart of a sentence - every sentence must have a verb. Recognizing the verb is often the most important step in understanding the meaning of a sentence. In the sentence The dog bit the man, bit is the verb and the word which shows the action of the sentence. In the sentence The man is sitting on a chair, even though the action doesn't show much activity, sitting is the verb of the sentence. In the sentence She is a smart girl, there is no action but a state of being expressed by the verb is. The word be is different from other verbs in many ways but can still be thought of as a verb.

The words: am, is, are, was, and were are verbs. Choose the correct word for each sentence. The earth _____ (go, goes) round the sun. goes He _____ (go, goes) to school by bus. goes I often _____ (go, goes) to the library. go She wants to _____ (go, goes) to the library? go She does not _____ (go, goes) to the library? go Oh, she does _____ (go, goes) to the library. go He often _____ (go, goes) to the cinema. goes Every one of us must _____ (go, goes) to school. go Every one of us usually _____ (go, goes) to school early. goes He too has to _____ (go, goes) to school. go Fill in the blanks with is' or are'. The rose _____ a beautiful flower. is His two sons _____ still small. are

My brother _____ doing his degree at that university. is Dogs _____ the most faithful animals are There _____ a lot of ants on the tree. are That chair _____ comfortable to sit on. is The equator _____ an imaginary line round the earth. is The natives of this island _____ a friendly people. are We _____ waiting for the bus. are _____ your mother sleeping now? Is Fill in the blanks with does' or do'. _____ you know him? do That _____ not mean I _____ not like her. Does, do Please _____ not smoke here. do _____ anybody know the answer? does They _____ not want to play. Do It _____ not matter where you put it. does He _____ the measuring and we _____ the cutting. does Those sheep _____ not belong to that farmer. do My feet _____ not get tired easily. do Everyone here _____ not know about it. Does Fill in the blanks with has' or have'. He _____ a law degree. has

They _____ gone to the cinema. have Only one of the students _____ failed the test. has I _____ come here to borrow your book. Have "_____ you ever done online banking?" have "We _____ not done our homework yet." have Each of you _____ to pay a dollar. Has There _____ been no complaint so far. has Does he _____ a bicycle? have What _____ she got to say about this? Has