4 * 3 * 2 * 1

Title your paper 4 * 3 * 2 * 1

At the top oI the page, write the title oI the work (and the section/chapters read iI applicable).

Label each response by number: 4, 3, 2, 1. Do them in this order also



4 sentences oI summary.
Summarize the important aspects oI the assigned reading in Iour sentences.

3 sentences in response to one oI the essential questions.
Write out the question and a thoughtIul response as it relates to this reading.

2 Iavorite quotes or important/powerIul sentences.
Write them out with the page numbers. (II it`s a huge quote, please use ellipses to shorten it to the parts you Iind
important.) Add two sentences explaining why you picked them and why they matter.

1 personal connection.
What parts oI the reading make you think oI something in your liIe? What caught your eye that you Iound
interesting Ior some reason? Respond in 3 4 thoughtIul sentences about how this incident/character/
statement/book relates to you.
(Example: Character Y is ALWAYS asking questions. This is incredibly annoying and reminds me of my
grandmother who feels like she cant have silence. So she asks about mundane things like my favorite losing a
tooth story. OR: This story seems to be a lot about discrimination. While I havent experienced this particular
kind of discrimination, I have experienced some discrimination because of who my parents are. This means I
can relate to how the three main characters are feeling.)



.







ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS FOR LITERATURE
The American Dream
What is the American Dream, and to what extent is it achievable Ior the characters?
In what ways does the American Dream mean diIIerent things Ior diIIerent characters?
What is the perspective oI the nature, culture, or region oI this work in regard to the American Dream, and what
Iactors create those perceptions?
Decisions, Actions, & Consequences
What is the relationship between decisions and consequences Ior one or more oI the characters?
How do the decisions and actions oI characters reveal their personalities?
How do decisions, actions, and consequences vary depending on the diIIerent perspectives oI the people involved?
Conflict & Change
How does conIlict lead to change Ior the characters?
What problem-solving strategies do the characters use to manage conIlict and change?
How does a character`s point oI view aIIect the way s/he deals with conIlict?
What personal qualities help a character to deal with conIlict and change?
Constructing Identities
How do one or more characters Iorm and shape their identities? How do they deIine who they are?
How does what others think about a character aIIect how s/he thinks about him/herselI?
In a culture where we are bombarded with other people trying to deIine us, how do we make decisions Ior ourselves?
The Human Condition
In the Iace oI adversity, what causes some people to prevail while others Iail?
Culture: Values, Beliefs & Rituals
How does Iamily play a role in shaping one or more characters` values and belieIs?
To what extent do belieI systems shape and/or reIlect culture and society?
When a person`s individual choices are in direct conIlict with his/her Iamily or society, what are the consequences?
What role or purpose does religion / spirituality serve in the culture oI this work?
How do values and belieIs shape who characters are as individuals and inIluence their behavior?
Social 1ustice
How does power or the lack oI power aIIect individuals in this work?
How are prejudice and bias created? How do characters overcome them?
What does power have to do with Iairness and justice?
Is it ever necessary to question the status quo?
How do labeling and stereotyping inIluence how characters look at and understand the world?
What are the causes and consequences oI prejudice and injustice, and how does an individual`s response to them
reveal his/her true character and his/her morals, ethics, and values?
Chaos & Order
What is the importance oI civilization and what Iactors support or destroy its Iabric?
What are the politics and consequences oI war, and how do these vary based on an individual or cultural perspective?
Utopia & Dystopia
What are the ideals (e.g., Ireedom, responsibility, justice, community, etc.) that should be honored in a utopian
(perIect¨) society?
Freedom & Responsibility
What is the relationship between Ireedom and responsibility in this work?
When does government have the right to restrict the Ireedoms oI people?
What sacriIices do the characters make Ior Ireedom?
Good & Evil in the World
Is humankind inherently good or evil?
What is the Iunction oI human will in relationship between good and evil?
How do diIIerent cultures shape the deIinitions oI good and evil?
Heroes & Sheroes
How do the attributes oI a hero change and/or remain the same over time?
When does a characters`s positive personality trait become a tragic Ilaw?
What is the role oI a hero or "sheroe" (coined by Maya Angelou) in a culture?
How do various cultures reward / recognize their heroes and sheroes?
Language & Literature
How is a character`s understanding oI culture and society constructed through and by language?
How is language used to manipulate people in this work?
How does language inIluence the way characters think, act, and perceive the world?
How does the author use the resources oI language to impact an audience?
What universal themes emerge in this work that are oI interest or concern to all cultures and societies?
Love & Sacrifice
What are the boundaries oI love and sacriIice, and where does one draw the line between them?
What are the Iactors that move individuals, communities, or nations to great sacriIice, and what are the consequences?
Nature in the Balance
What are the responsibilities oI the individual and/or society in regard to the health oI the environment?
How do diIIerent world views lead to diIIerent views toward nature?
How does nature inspire a character in this work, or even the author?
Our View of Ourselves & the World
How do we know what we know?
How does what we know about the world shape the way we view ourselves?
How do personal experiences shape one or more characters` view oI others?
What does it mean to be an insider or an outsider?
What does it mean to "grow up"? What turning points determine our individual pathways to adulthood in this work?
Are things Iated no matter what, or does a character believe his/her actions can change the course oI his/her liIe?
The Pursuit of Happiness
What is happiness, and what is the degree oI importance in one`s liIe?
Why does happiness seem to be so elusive Ior one or more characters in this work?
How much does a culture or society shape a character`s understanding or concept oI happiness?
Relationships & Community
What are the elements that build a strong Iriendship in this work?
What do the characters learn Irom diIIerent generations?
How is conIlict an inevitable part oI relationships in this work?
How do we know iI a relationship is healthy or hurtIul?
What personal qualities help or hinder the Iormation oI relationships Ior one or more characters?
How are characters transIormed through their relationships with others?
What are the individual`s responsibilities to the community as well as the community`s responsibilities to the
individual?

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