Larth(|ng) and 1hermop||e Comb|nat|on

LŦ1ŦC
íottb(loq) ls koowo to bove (be ot) coostoot low (electtlcol) poteotlolŦ And tbetmoplle ot tbetmocooples
ote koowo to ttoosfet electtlcol eoetqy ttoosfotmeJ ftom tbetmol eoetqy ftom ooe polot to oootbetŦ
1hermoplle or Lhermocouples are known Lo funcLlon as aforemenLloned because of Lhe followlng
reasonŦ 1he reason belngť Lhe poLenLlal energy dlfference beLween boLh polnLs ln space LlmeŦ 1hls ls
popularly known as tbe poteotlol eoetqy Jlffeteoce lo tempetototes ot omooots of tbetmol eoetqy
beLween boLh polnLs ln spaceŴLlmeŦ And one can as well sayţ tbe teosoo ls (olso) tbe poteotlol eoetqy
Jlffeteoce lo electtlcol eoetqy poteotlol beLween boLh polnLs ln spaceŴLlmeŦ
LŦ1ŦCŦ Lherefore mosLly Lakes advanLage of Lhe popularly known facLs aboveţ Lo employ or apply Lhem
pracLlcallyţ ln LemperaLureŴconLrol and powerŴgeneraLlonŦ 8efore LŦ1ŦCŦţ Lhermoplle has been employed
or applled ln powerŴgeneraLlonŦ We are merely seL Lo explolL more heaL zonesţ eŦgŦ deserLsţ and fossll
fuelled englnes or numerous and varlous Lypes and slzesţ whlch are used for LransporLaLlon and powerŴ
generaLlonŦ 8efore LŦ1ŦCŦţ Lhermoplle has been employed or applled ln LemperaLureŴconLrolŦ We are
merely seL Lo lnclude LarLh(lng) as Lhe polnL(s) of consLanL low elecLrlcal energy poLenLlalŤ and we are
also seL Lo lnclude a LhermosLaLť All for beLLer LemperaLureŴconLrolŦ
WlLh llLLle or no movlng parLsţ LŦ1ŦCŦţ makes no nolseţ glves off no emlsslon(s)Ť lL ls [usL Lhermoplle or
Lhermocouples (Ŵwlres) duly placed and duly connecLedŦ LŦ1ŦCŦ can Lherefore be applled ln bulldlngs and
LransporL vehlcles for LemperaLureŴconLrolţ slmply by connecLlng Lhermoplle vla LhermosLaL Lo
earLh(lng)Ŧ And for powerŴgeneraLlon purposesţ LŦ1ŦCŦ can also be applled Lo communlLles surroundlng
deserLsţ and Lo fossll fuel englnes for LransporL and powerŴgeneraLlon purposesţ slmply by placlng
Lhermoplle ln deserLs and around such fossll fuelled englnesţ and Lhen also connecLlng Lhe Lhermoplle Lo
communlLy power grldsţ or rechargeable baLLerles and or capaclLorsţ for laLer dlscharge where neededŦ
żLarLh(lng) for bulldlngs can be a waLerŴLlghL bag of salL burled ln Lhe earLh wlLh a conducLor sLuck ln lLţ mosLly copper rodţ and connecLed Lo
Lhe llghLenlng conducLor aLop Lhe bulldlngŦ And LarLh(lng) for LransporL vehlcles can be Lhe chassls of Lhe LransporL vehlcleŦ An elecLrlcal ground
sysLem should have an approprlaLe currenLŴcarrylng capablllLy ln order Lo serve as an adequaLe zeroŴvolLage reference levelŦ ln elecLronlc clrculL
Lheoryţ a ƍgroundƍ ls usually ldeallzed as an lnflnlLe source or an lnflnlLe slnk for chargeţ whlch can absorb an unllmlLed amounL of currenL
wlLhouL changlng lLs poLenLlalŽ






lollowlng Lhls synopsls are baslc lllusLraLlons of LŦ1ŦCŦ (LlecLrlc clrculL dlagramţ and labels are lncluded)
LŦ1ŦC
9owerŴCeneraLlon appllcaLlonť loqtom ooJ keyŦ

loqtom


key
1
A
Ǝ 1
8
ƹ 1hermocouple (9referably 1ypeŴ8Ŵ1hermocouple)
AvC ƹ AvCŴMeLer (AmpereŴvolLageŴChmŴMeLer)
P
Z
ƹ 'PeaL' Zone (polnL of relaLlvely hlgh Lhermal or elecLrlcal energy poLenLlal)
żueserLsţ and fossll fuel CombusLlonŴLnglnes used for 1ransporL and 9owerŴCeneraLlon purposesŽ
C
Z
ƹ 'Cold' Zone (polnL of relaLlvely low Lhermal or elecLrlcal energy poLenLlal)
żCommunlLy power grldsţ or 8echargeableŴ8aLLerles and or CapaclLorsŽ
ƹ SwlLch/key





LŦ1ŦC
1emperaLureŴConLrol appllcaLlonť loqtom (1)ţ loqtom (2) ooJ key

loqtom (1)


key
1
1
ƹ ż1hermomeLerŽŴ1hermocouple
v ƹ ż1hermomeLerŽŴ(volL)ŴMeLer
1
SCALL
ƹ 1emperaLure Scale
v
SCALL
ƹ volLage Scale
v
nLLuLL
ƹ volLmeLer needle
ž1
1
ţ Vţ 1
SCALL
ţ V
SCALL
ţ Ǝ V
NLLDLL
ƹ 1hermometerſ

1
C
Ǝ 1
u
ƹ 1hermocouple ż9referably 1ypeŴ8Ŵ1hermocoupleŤ Lo Lransfer elecLrlcal energy Lransformed
Ŵfrom Lhermal energyţ Lo earLh(lng)Ž
ƹ llrsLŴ9arL of 1hermocoupleŴSWl1CP/kL? żŽ
ƹ SecondŴ9arL of 1hermocoupleŴSWl1CP/kL? żŽť (1hls parL ls aLLached Lo Lhe v
nLLuLL
)

Mln ƹ MoLlonŴCulde for żŽť lL ls seL aL whaLever MlnlMuM 1emperaLure ls deslredŤ as 1
SCALL
allowsŦ
MAx ƹ MoLlonŴCulde for żŽť lL ls seL aL whaLever MAxlMuM 1emperaLure ls deslredŤ as 1
SCALL
allowsŦ
ž1
1
ţ Vţ 1
SCALL
ţ V
SCALL
ţ V
NLLDLL
ţ 1
C
ţ 1
D
ţ żŽţ żŽţ MIN Ǝ MAk ƹ 1hermostatſ

loqtom (2)



1hls ls a baslc elecLrlc clrculL dlagram lllusLraLlon for a LhermocoupleŦ



lrom
hLLpť//clausLempŦcom/anŴhLp03ŦhLm





keferences
żlor more lnformaLlon on earLh(lng) and Lhermoplle/LhermocouplesŤ please vlslL Lhe followlng on Lhe lnLerneLŽ
hLLpť//wwwŦuesŦln/comparlsonCharLŦhLm
hLLpť//enŦwlklpedlaŦorg/wlkl/Cround_(elecLrlclLy)
hLLpť//enŦwlklpedlaŦorg/wlkl/LlecLrlcal_polarlLy
hLLpť//wwwŦcasaŦgovŦau/wcmswr/_asseLs/maln/rules/1998casr/021/021c99s2c14Ŧpdf
hLLpť//wwwŦnewLonŦdepŦanlŦgov/askascl/eng99/eng99304ŦhLm
hLLpť//clausLempŦcom/anŴhLp13ŦhLm
hLLpť//clausLempŦcom/anŴhLp08Ŧpdf