You are on page 1of 15

Cuddalore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the district by the same name, see Cuddalore district. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
 

It may need copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone or spelling. Tagged
since June 2011.

It may require general cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Tagged since
June 2011.

This article does not cite any references or sources.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2011)

Cuddalore
— city —

Cuddalore
Location of Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu and India

Coordinates

11°45′N 79°45′E

Cuddalore has a large number of industries which employ a great deal of the city's population. Located south of Pondicherry on the Bay of Bengal.T.Coordinates: Country State District(s) Population Time zone Area • Elevation • 1 metre (3.in/ Cuddalore pronunciation (help·info) (Tamil: கடலூர்) is a fast growing industrial city and headquarters of Cuddalore district in the Tamil Nadu state of southern India.569 (2001) 11°45′N 79°45′E IST (UTC+5:30) Codes[show] Website http://www.nic.3 ft) India Tamil Nadu Cuddalore 158. Contents [hide]                  1 Etymology 2 Cuddalore Town 3 Demographics 4 History 5 South Arcot District 6 Silver Beach 7 Pollution in the SIPCOT Area 8 Historic Places 9 Cuddalore Old Town (O.) 10 Temples around Cuddalore 11 Educational institutions 12 Tourist Spots 13 Transport 14 Medical Facilities 15 Business 16 Industries 17 Port Based Industries .cuddalore. particularly Silver Beach.tn.Cuddalore was the Capital of the English Possessions on the Coromandal Coast from 1748 to 1752. Cuddalore is known for its picturesque beaches.

Kedilam and Paravanar.5%: male literacy is 81% and.The Gedilam River flows through the town and separates the Old Town from Thirupadiripuliyur. female literacy is 70%. higher than the national average of 59. it has been called Cuddalore [edit] Cuddalore Town } There are two large divisions in the town of Cuddalore: the Old Town. Cuddalore traded with the Roman Empire approximately 2000 years ago. The Siege of Cuddalore was a siege attempt by British troops against a combined French and Mysorean garrison in the fortress of Cuddalore late in the War of American Independence and the Second Anglo-Mysore War. The siege was ended by the preliminary peace between France and Britain. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Template:Cuddalore weatherbox [edit] History The Dutch were the first to conquer Cuddalore. Cuddalore has an average literacy rate of 76%. Since the British regime. It is the place of Confluence of three rivers namely Pennaiyar River. The naval Battle of Cuddalore took place on 29 April 1758 during the Seven Years' War near Cuddalore off the Carnatic coast of India and was an indecisive battle between a British . followed by Portugal.569.[1] Cuddalore had a population of 158. Archaeological evidence of these ancient trade relationships can be found in the Cuddalore Government Museum in Manjakuppam. France and later Britain. In Cuddalore. The Old Town has been a seaport since ancient times. The British bought Fort St David in Cuddalore near Devanampattinam from the Gingee rulers. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. and the New Town Thirupathiripuliyur.         18 Politics 19 Media and Communication 20 Cuddalore Central Prison 21 Cuddalore Port 22 Notable people 23 The 2004 Asian Tsunami Disaster and aftermath 24 References 25 External links 26 See also [edit] Etymology Earlier the name Cuddalore spelt as Koodalur (meaning: confluence in Tamil). [edit] Demographics As of 2001 India census.

Thiruvanthipuram. [edit] South Arcot District Cuddalore is Head-Quarters of Cuddalore District South Arcot is a former district of British India. a city also known for dance and temples.jumma mosque very near the bus stand.Cuddalore's magnificent beaches are becoming a tourist attraction. The "subah" of Arcot was ceded to the British East India Company in 1801.[1] The two squadrons met again on 3 August at the Battle of Negapatam and again on 10 September at the Battle of Pondicherry. one of the three principal deities of Hinduism. . 1993 South Arcot District was split into Cuddalore District and Villupuram District. It is one of the paadal petra stalas (familiar place for saiva). Around 9 km from Cuddalore is the ancient Shiva temple of Tirumanikuzhi. This place is one of the two Nadunattu Tirupathis. is one of the ancient Vaishnavite temples and also one of the 108 Vaishnavite shrines sanctified by the visit of the great Alwars and Acharyas. South Arcot was the southern portion of the Mughal province of Arcot. Thiruvadhigai Veerattaneswarar Temple and Thirunavalur Shiva temple are also located around 15 km from Cuddalore. while France lost perhaps 600 killed. On September 30. It is situated 7 km west of Thirupathiripuliyur Railway Station. The town is well-known for its temples. especially the well-known Silver Beach. The temple itself is located in Thiruppadirippuliyur [the town's old name is padaliputhiram at SAMANAS period] center of the town. and subsequently the district was split into North Arcot and South Arcot. Chidambaram. The incarnation of Shiva at Cuddalore is called Padaleeshwarar. British casualties were 29 killed and 89 wounded. the Sacred Abode of Lord Devanatha. This is one of the rarest town with both Saiva and Vaishnava temples. Cuddalore has famous Vaishnavate temples in and around the city. The most famous of these is the temple of Shiva (Saiva). second largest beach in Tamil Nadu.squadron under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and French squadron under Comte d'Aché. is only 43 km away from Cuddalore. Cuddalore's harbour is the naturally formed one. The other one is "Perumal" Temple in Thiruvandhipuram 7 km from Thirupathiripuliyur. located in the state of Tamil Nadu. held in great reverence by the devotees. Arcot came under the control of a local Nawab after Mughals lost control southern India in the 18th century.

The villages thus obtained are still spoken of as cannon ball villages. in 1758 the French captured it. As a small fort built by a Hindu merchant. On 22 March 2008 a report for the Tamil Nadu Pollution Board by the Nagpur-based National Environmental Engineering Research Institute found that residents of the SIPCOT area of Cuddalore were at least 2000 times more likely to contract cancer in their lifetimes due to their exposure to high levels of toxic gases from chemical industries in the region. From them it was purchased by the English in 1690. development in Cuddalore has taken a heavy toll among local communities who have struggled to be able to defend themselves. the purchase including not only the fort but the adjacent towns and villages within "ye randome shott of a piece of ordnance. In 1746 Fort St.[3] Reports of the illegal dumping of toxic waste abound. see Battle of Cuddalore (1783). including the town of Cuddalore. is untouched by the busy life of the city.[2] As in many other towns in Tamil Nadu such as Kodaikanal. Clive was appointed its governor in 1756. It is the second longest beach on the Coromandel Coast and one of the longest beaches in Asia.[4] although very little progress has been made through judicial channels. It is located 2 km from downtown Cuddalore. one industrial pocket -SIPCOT ." A great gun was fired to different points of the compass and all the country within its range. In 1785 it finally passed into British possession. the headquarters of Cuddalore district in the state of Tamil Nadu. and restored it sufficiently to withstand a British attack in 1783. however. In 1782 the French captured it again.has also secured it a place in the dubious club of global toxic hotspots owing to the area's high levels of pollution. See : Silver Beach (India) [edit] Pollution in the SIPCOT Area Cuddalore's recent past has been overshadowed by the consequences of its industrial development.[5] [edit] Historic Places In the neighborhood are the ruins of Fort St David situated on the river Gadilam. Mettur or Karaikal in Pondicherry. David became the First British headquarters for the British India. but abandoned it two years later to Sir Eyre Coote. and Dupleix' attack was successfully repulsed. From 1725 onwards the fortifications were greatly strengthened. which has a stirring history. passed into the possession of the English. .[edit] Silver Beach Silver Beach is a beach on the southeast coast of India. it fell into the hands of the Marathas after the capture of Gingee by Sivaji in 1677. Silver Beach.

The large vacant space next to Garden House which now know Chevalier Shivaji Arangam or Manjai Nagar (now known as manjakuppam) Ground was an esplanade then. British used to have esplanades near their fortresses. Later British started ruling the region and they built several forts. British built a prison in the Capper Hills. 1740 and on 1745. On 1798 Tipu Sultan-The King of Mysore invaded Cumming Pet and the settlements there cleared on the invasion. It was then the residence of Robert Clive. parts of present Andra Pradesh. Robert Clive. Fort St. George. David was built in 1653 A. In the eastern coast French established their business settlements in Pondichéry and British established their settlements and business establishments in Cuddalore.D. Fort St. St. Madras. Until 1758 Cuddalore was the capital to South Indian territories which was under British control then. Cumming Pet was once a place meant for washermen. David: Fort St. who laid a strong foundation for British rule in Indian subcontinent used St. 1698. 1702. David Fort as the centre for his military operations. David embossed in it. British ruled a greater part of South India (entire Tamil Nadu. It bears testimony of the later medieval architecture. by Elihu Yale. It was built using only bricks and slaked lime. David Fort lost its political importance. Cumming Pet: The area to north of Thriupathiripuliyur is known as Cumming Pet. Gadilam Castle was located to the North of Gadilam river. The fort was strengthened on 1693. He resided in a palace in there. . The fort was attacked by French in 1758. The roof of the Garden House was built without steel and wood. Gadilam Castle: Nawab Umdat-ul-Umara built Gadilam Castle in 18th century. Capper Hills: Capper Hills was named after Francis Capper who was the Captain till 1796. Freedom fighters like Barathiar and other prisoners of war were imprisoned there. The operational power was shifted to Fort St. Even today the post office in Devanampattinam known as Silver Beach uses the rubber-stamp with Ft. It was after this attack St.Europeans started establishing their business settlements in Indian coast ever since 17th century. David was the first fort built by British. It was named after William Cumming who ruled the region from 1778. Kerala and Karnataka) from the fort St. 1725. It was built exactly in the place where the present Brindhavan Hotel is located. Garden House: The present official residence of Cuddalore District Collector was then known as Garden House. David. It was named after Henry Brookes who ruled between 1767 and 1769. David fort was also built using the same ingredients and techniques. Brookes Pet: Brookes Pet is half a kilometre from present Vandipalayam. St.

T. Imperial Road and streets like Clive street. The famous temple of Sri Natarajan is situated in this district.T. the Tamil poetess gave in marriage angavai. It is one of the earliest schools in India which follows Western education system.T. business establishments like Panpari market and Parry's House remains a reminder of the British rule here. This district historically consists of 'Chola Naadu' and 'Nadu Naadu'. one of the sithas out of eighteen. Sundarar were born in this district. Still there are several streets and localities named after popular British rulers.British Educational Institution: In 1717 St. Wellington street. 'Nadu Naadu' (middle country) probably got its name as this place is between 'Chola Nadu' and 'Thondai Mandalam' or it might be because of it lying between the 'Pallava Kingdom' and 'Chola Kingdom'. Clive street. Even today the majority of the people in Cuddalore O. This district is proud of beign the birth place of Vallalar Ramalingar. [edit] Temples around Cuddalore In puraana. Until 1866 District Collectorate. follow Islam. Yet another facet of the name might be because it lies between the main land and the ocean. Cuddalore O. to educate the children of East India Company.whether be it religion. Cuddalore Municipal Office and other administrative offices were in present Cuddalore O. sangavai. being mentioned in many of the older texts and literature. the great vallal (one who gives great gifts and never says no to anyone) in Tirukoilur to the king Deiviekan. has one of the oldest and biggest mosque in South India. The college was named after St.T. which is known for its logic construct and universal form of the lord. saivaite pathmakers Thirunaukkarasu. Maikaudar. In 1866 all these offices were shifted to Manjai Nagar. David school was started in Cuddalore O. this district is described as part of Sri. The mosque and most of the houses there were built in Persian style. was known as Islamabad during the Mughal period. Nataraja. Wellington street are some to name. Roads named after British like Napier Road (now called Nethaji Road) . This town and the district are very old.T. Vridhachalam is an example where a mountain once prevailed disappeared with time . the daughters of King 'Pari'. Joseph. Ovvaiyar. It was only after the shift in 1866 the term Cuddalore OT and Cuddalore NT (NewTown) came into existence. Lawrence Road. To prove it. In 1886 a college was started in its premises. This land is one of the parts where great personalities have originated . was born in this district. administration or chiefs and leaders.) Present day Cuddalore O. It is an interesting subject to scientists and innovators to research on the dancing postage of Lord Sri.T. Rama Khetra. [edit] Cuddalore Old Town (O. .

Tamil Nadu Thiuvanthipuram Temple near Cuddalore           Aadhinath Jain Temple at Cuddalore OT Natarajar Temple at Chidambaram Pasupateswarar Temple at Thiruvetkalam Uchinathar Temple at Thirunelvayil Paalvanna Naathar Temple at Thirukkazhippalai Patanjali Nathar Temple at Omampuliyur Tuyartheerthanathar Temple at Thirukkaanaattumulloor Soundareswarar Temple at Thirunaarayur Amritaghateswarar Temple at Kadambur Natarajar Temple at Neyveli Nadu Naadu Temples         Theerthapureeswarar Temple at Thiruvattaturai Sudarkozhuntheesar Temple at Pennaagadam Nerikkattunayakar Temple at Goodalaiyatrur Swetargavaneswarar Temple at Erukkattampuliyur Sivakkozhuntheeswarar Temple at Tiruttinai Nagar Mangalapureeswarar Temple at Tiruchopuram Veerateswarar Temple at Thiruvathikai Vridhagireeswarar Temple Vridhachalam .Other Temples in and Cuddalore are : Chozha Naadu Temples[North of River Kaveri] Sculptures as seen in early 20th century near Cuddalore.

Cuddalore Port which is one of the oldest school started during 1717 by SPG Missionaries. Manjakuppam CK School Of Practical Knowledge Government Municipal Boys Hr. Joseph's College of Arts and Science Kandhaswami Naidu College of Arts & Science for Women Krishnaswamy College of Engineering & Technology Sri Jayaram Engineering College J. Joseph's Hr.St.R. Manjakuppam St. Colleges.L. Thirupadhiripuliyur The colleges in and around the town are:        Periyar Government College of Arts and Science St. David's Matriculation school St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School NT. Sec. Cuddalore-Port St. Anne's Girls Higher Secondary School. Matriculation Higher Secondary School St. School.    Pasupateeswarar Temple at Thirutturaiyur Vaamaneswarar Temple at Thirumaanikkuzhi Paataleeswarar Temple at Thiruppaatirippuliyur Devanathaswamy Temple at Thiruvanthipuram [edit] Educational institutions Cuddalore has some respected Schools. School St.J. Thirupadhiripuliyur Sri Saraswathi Vidhyaalaya Matriculation Higher Secondary School. Thirupadhiripuliyur P R S Memorial Matriculation School Municipal Girls High School. Sec. Koothapakkam Krishnasamy Memorial Matriculation and Higher Secondary School St.M. Mary's Matriculation Higher Secondary School A. David' High School. Joseph's Higher Secondary School NT. Many schools were founded by Europeans in the 17th century and they are some of the oldest surviving schools in India Some of the major schools in the town are:                Aristo Public School . Pudupalayam Lakshmi Chordia Memorial Matriculation School.V Teacher Training Institute Jayavignesh Teacher Training Institute See: List of Schools and Colleges in Cuddalore District [edit] Tourist Spots Tourist Spots in and near cuddalore are .S.

Tindivanam and Villupuram. [edit] Business Even though Cuddalore has a bunch of industries. Railways Cuddalore has two railway stations. Thirupadirippuliyur and Cuddalore Port Junction. The original Cuddalore town is called Old Town. Tiruchirapalli. Tiruvannamalai are also available from Cuddalore. the main business of Cuddalore in the past. was fisheries. doctors and private clinics for minor treatment and sickness consultations. Chidambaram. with station codes TDPR and CUPJ respectively. David Fort Padaleeswarar temple Thiruvandheepuram Devanatha swamy temple Thiruvandhepuram Haiyakrever temple Pichavaram one of the world's largest mangrove forests Cuddalore Thouheed Mosque Thirumutam Boovaraga Swami Vadalur Vallalar Sathya Gnana Sabha Kurinjipadi Subraya Swamigal temple Vengadampet Venugopalaswamy temple Thiruvadhigai Veerataneswar temple [edit] Transport Cuddalore is connected to other parts of Tamil Nadu through a very good rail and road network. Roads  National Highway NH-45A (the Villupuram-Puducherry-Cuddalore-ChidambaramNagapattinam Highway) passes through Cuddalore. See Main Article : Transport in Cuddalore [edit] Medical Facilities There are hundreds of private clinics and a bunch of private nursing homes in Cuddalore. Almost all the surrounding towns and small towns are heavily relying on Cuddalore's Government Hospitals. Panruti. as the station is located in Cuddalore OT. Buses to major cities of Tamil Nadu such as Chennai. Thirupadirippuliyur railway station is located in the Cuddalore new town and is at a walkable distance to Cuddalore bus stand. it was once an anchor point for .            Silver Beach at Devanampatinam St. Frequent buses run to nearby towns like Puducherry (Pondicherry). The station code for Cuddalore Port Junction was previously COT. Salem.

A station of All India Radio is located in nearby Puducherry (Pondicherry).[6] [edit] Media and Communication Leading Tamil. it can attract the Ship Building industry to Cuddalore. other Tamil dailies such as Dinamalar. The proposed harbour is currently under construction. Currently. Cuddalore's labor force was diluted to Factories and Industries. Such projects are SIDCO.imports and exports. Dinamani and Maalaimalar are also available in Cuddalore. English dailies such as. Cuddalore falls under the Tamil Nadu Telecom circle. but after the Government started accumulating and organising imports and exports to the nearest Metro city. a public sector company operating out of Neyveli. SIPCOT. Apart from that. [edit] Industries The Neyveli Lignite Corporation. Of the total quantum of thermal electricity generated in Tamil Nadu. Dinakaran. a large percentage—more than 2500 megawatts—comes from the power plants in Neyveli. The Hindu are available in Cuddalore. The New Indian Express. the Government is concentrating on small to medium sized industries in and around Cuddalore. Regional Sugarcane Research Foundation and more. Deccan Chronicle. List of leading Mobile networks in Cuddalore: Network Name Type Aircel GSM Airtel GSM BSNL GSM . Tamil daily Dinathanthi has a separate edition for Cuddalore. The town also has several Local TV Channels. Regional Palm Products Manufacturing Society. is located near Cuddalore. English and other regional languages newspapers are available in Cuddalore. [edit] Port Based Industries      Petroleum Refinery developed by Nagarjuna Oil Corporation Limited Shipyard developed by Goodearth Shipbuilding Pvt Ltd Mid sea oil field by Hardy Exploration and Production India Inc Thermal Powerplant by SRM Energy India Chemplast Sanmar PVC Plant [edit] Politics Cuddalore assembly constituency is part of Cuddalore (Lok Sabha constituency).

The ships anchor in mid stream at a distance of about a mile from the shore and cargo is loaded and discharged through lighters. set up in 1865 A.GSM CDMA GSM CDMA [edit] Cuddalore Central Prison Tamil Nadu prison has eight major prisons . Tiruchi. Vellore. Subbarayalu Reddiar . apart from 107 sub-jails . 110 43 N.January 23.D.Vodafone Reliance Tata Indicom Tata Docomo MTS GSM CDMA. the following ports are under construction     Thiruchopuram port Silambimangalam port Parangipettai port PY-03 Oil Field (Operational). [edit] Cuddalore Port The Cuddalore Port is situated in Lat. 1823 . Vetrimaaran. There is a bar at the mouth of the river. Winner of two national awards. 1873).Puzhal (near Chennai). Coimbatore and Madurai . The Cuddalore Central Prison.  . Cuddalore. while the other seven main prisons were built during the British rule. in a village near Chidambaram. director of the movies Pollathavan and Aadukalam.across the state. During the months of July to September.[7] [edit] Notable people   A. the depth over the bar is reduced to about 3 to 4 feet. was born. as Ramalingam. Long. Salem. Palayamkottai. which maintains a depth of 5 to 6 feet at low water. Puzhal is the most recently built prison.the first Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu is from Cuddalore Jothi Ramalinga Swamigal. is another historically important landmark as some eminent personalities and freedom fighters like Subramanya Bharathi and other political leaders had served their prison terms here. Apart from Cuddalore Port . also familiarly known as Vallalar (October 5. 79049’ East at the confluence of the rivers Gadilam and Paravanar discharging as combined river into the sea in the District of Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu.

There is a temple constructed for him in his place of birth. grandson of Sir Arcot Ramaswamy Mudaliar) hails from Cuddalore. Tamil Nadu. journalist was born in Cuddalore (In the line of Cardus [1] )  Jayakanthan. 1933 in Cuddalore. 1934) is a Tamil writer. journalist. a spiritual and social worker from Tamil Nadu who founded the World Community Service Center.In the year 203 AD. N. Chairman of Airport Authority of India (AAI). essayist. Krishnasamy Veeramani was born on December 2. Kriya Babaji. film-maker and critic. started to preach to his disciples from Cuddalore.  Shri Kannayan Ramalingam . . Vedadri Maharishi. South India on 8 November 1961. pamphleteer. C.  Muralidhar Swamigal was born in Cuddalore. Ramaswami. Famous Indian Twins also known as "Arcot twins Brothers" Sir Arcot RamaSwamy Mudaliar and Sir Arcot Lakshmana Swamy Mudaliar were born and resided in this town. Kriya Babaji Nagaraj was born on the night before the new moon during the Tamil month Karthigai (November 30). Ranganathan    of founder of Chik Shampoo was born and raised in Cuddalore. Tamil Nadu.K. Legendary twins    Aswath Damodaran (famous Professor of Finance at the Stern School of Business at New York.(born April 24. South Arcot District. S.

  V. Cuddalore Janani is a fast upcoming singer.2001 from the Central Government and the Ilam Kalaimani Award from the Tamil Nadu Government in 2003. Jothi Kannan International Silambam and Kuthuvarisai Federation Founder. She has a bagful of awards. Editor of the Oldest private Journal. 1950 in Cuddalore) was a Chief Minister of Pondicherry. Kannan . trained in Cuddalore during the late 70s and early 80s http://en. Vaithilingam (born October 5. Justice K. the vocalist was born in Cuddalore. Sri Gopi Bhagavathar  Panduranga Leela Bhajans hails from Cuddalore  Mr. Madras Law Journal    Retired High Court Justice K.org/wiki/1981_Asian_Athletics_Championships . Judge. author of several leading law books including ones on injunction and insurance. and later in Chennai. Peter Tranchell (14 July 1922 September 1993) was a British composer India's Under World Don Haji Mastan was born in Cuddalore. Balasubramaniam hails from Cuddalore Andrilparavai Nickname given by herself for vocal The fourth child of the Thamizh Nadu literary figure Paavalareru-Perunchithiranar. Sampath hails from Cuddalore Retired High Court Justice R. Distinguished Mathematics Professor Dr. Grand Master. high court of Judicature at Madras. Thamizh Nadu. The pick of the lot .wikipedia. International Refree and Coach lives near Cuddalore and has roots in Cuddalore.National Award for Exceptional Achievement In Classical Music (Vocal) . Sridharan was born in Cuddalore Ramaiyengar Sridharan     Sportsmen Sportswomen Sports Accomplishments  Abraham Rajan Asian Athletics Gold Medalist. spent her early childhood in Cuddalore. serving from 1991 to 1996 and 2008 to 2011.

Fort St. 572 bodies were recovered and many are still missing. [edit] The 2004 Asian Tsunami Disaster and aftermath Tsunami waves that followed the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake near Sumatra hit the eastern coast of India on 26 December 2004 by 08:32 in the morning. being accessible from major cities like Chennai and Bangalore. received relief supplies relatively early. represented Railways and participated in the World Masters championship held in Spain12 Krish Srikanth (Indian Captain. Several fishing hamlets have simply disappeared. . Balambal Balasubramaiyam (born and raised in Cuddalore) was a national athlete during the early 70s. Cricket Commentator and Current(2010) Indian Team Selection Committee Chairman. Cuddalore was heavily affected by the waves. Srikanth's family hails from Cuddalore) R. leaving rescued villagers very anxious about their homes. David survived without damage. Ramkumar. Cuddalore. The management of relief operations in the district was handled by the local authorities and villagers themselves. Silver Beach and the historically important Cuddalore Port were devastated. Some remote villages became inaccessible due to a bridge breaking apart. PR Thevar Trophy (U-19) in the year 1980 and Runners up in 1979. Tamil Nadu Ranji Cricketer was born in Cuddalore [2]    Cuddalore won the Inter-District Cricket Championship in 1969 (SS Rajan Trophy).

Related Interests