14 views

Uploaded by iiste

International Journals Call for paper, http://www.iiste.org

- MITRES2_002S10_lec11.pdf
- 3800 PredSrvcs StructuralVibration Insrt
- STAAD.pro Advanced Training Manual
- PUMPFDN.xls
- dynamic analysis of offshore structures by using Finite Element method.pptx
- Vibration_Pen_Plus.pdf
- 115469704-ansys
- Examining Non-Linear Transverse Vibrations of Clamped Beams Carrying N Concentrated Masses at Various Locations Using Discrete Model
- Three Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Crystal Plates via Ritz Method
- 1-s2.0-S0022460X08002162-main (3)
- d4065.pdf
- Vibration of Two Degree of Freedom System
- Study on Safe Criterion of Structure Damage Under Blasting Vibration
- 1208.3122
- Design of Viscoelastic Support for Vibration and Torque Reduction of Accelerating Rotors
- NSC1506_feature-08 (2)
- Model Qp-important Questions
- Introduction to Rheology
- What is Vibration1
- __~ Dynamic ~ response ~ of ~ high-rise ~ building ~ tructures ~ to ~ blast ~ load ~ ~

You are on page 1of 5

org

ISSN 2224-719X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0638 (Online)

Vol 1, 2011

1 | P a g e

www.iiste.org

Thermally Induced Vibration of Non-Homogeneous Visco-

Elastic Plate of Variable Thickness

Anupam Khanna

1

and Ashish Kumar Sharma

2

Asst. Professor., Dept. Of Mathematics, MMEC, MMU (MULLANA), AMBALA, INDIA

1

Dept. Of Mathematics, MMEC, MMU (MULLANA), AMBALA, INDIA

2

rajieanupam@gmail.com

1

ashishk482@gmail.com

2

ABSTRACT

A mathematical model is presented for the use of engineers, technocrats and research workers in space

technology, mechanical Sciences have to operate under elevated temperatures. Two dimensional

thermal effects on frequency of free vibrations of a visco-elastic square plate is considered. In this

paper, the thickness varies parabolic in X- direction and thermal effect is vary linearly in one direction

and parabolic in another direction. Rayleigh Ritz method is used to evaluate the fundamental

frequencies. Both the modes of the frequency are calculated by the latest computational technique,

MATLAB, for the various values of taper parameters and temperature gradient.

Keywords: Visco-elastic, Square plate, Parabolically, Thermal gradient, Taper constant.

1 Introduction

The research in the field of vibration is quite mesmerizing and continuously acquiring a great attention

of scientists and design engineers because of its unbounded effect on human life. In the engineering we

cannot move without considering the effect of vibration because almost machines and engineering

structures experiences vibrations. Structures of plates have wide applications in ships, bridges, etc. In

the aeronautical field, analysis of thermally induced vibrations in non-homogeneous plates of variable

thickness has a great interest due to their utility in aircraft wings.

As technology develops new discoveries have intensified the need for solution of various problems of

vibrations of plates with elastic or visco-elastic medium. Since new materials and alloys are in great

use in the construction of technically designed structures therefore the application of visco-elasticity is

the need of the hour. Tapered plates are generally used to model the structures. Plates with thickness

variability are of great importance in a wide variety of engineering applications.

The aim of present investigation is to study two dimensional thermal effect on the vibration of visco-

elastic square plate whose thickness varies parabolic in X-direction and temperature varies linearly in

one direction and parabolically in another direction. It is assumed that the plate is clamped on all the

four edges and its temperature varies linearly in both the directions. Assume that non homogeneity

occurs in Modulus of Elasticity. For various numerical values of thermal gradient and taper constants;

frequency for the first two modes of vibration are calculated with the help of latest software. All results

are shown in Graphs.

2 Equation Of Motion

Differential equation of motion for visco-elastic square plate of variable thickness in Cartesian

coordinate [1]:

( ) ( ) ( )

1 xxxx xxyy yyyy 1 x xxx xyy 1,y yyy yxx

2

1,xx xx yy 1,yy yy xx 1,xy xy

[D W, 2W, W, 2D , W, W, 2D W, W,

D (W, W, ) D (W, W, ) 2(1 )D W, ] hp W 0? v v v

+ + + + + + +

+ + + + =

(1)

which is a differential equation of transverse motion for non-homogeneous plate of variable thickness.

Here, D

1

is the flexural rigidity of plate i.e.

3 2

1

/12(1 ) D Eh v = (2)

and corresponding two-term deflection function is taken as [5]

Advances in Physics Theories and Applications www.iiste.org

ISSN 2224-719X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0638 (Online)

Vol 1, 2011

2 | P a g e

www.iiste.org

2

1 2

[( / )( / )(1 / )(1 / )] [ ( / )( / )(1 / )(1 / )] W x a y a x a y a A A x a y a x a y a = +

(3)

Assuming that the square plate of engineering material has a steady two dimensional, one is linear and

another is parabolic temperature distribution i.e.

2 2

0

(1 / )(1 / ) x a y a t t = (4)

where, denotes the temperature excess above the reference temperature at any point on the plate and

0

denotes the temperature at any point on the boundary of plate and a is the length of a side of

square plate. The temperature dependence of the modulus of elasticity for most of engineering

materials can be expressed in this

( ) - 1

0

E E =

(5)

where , E

0

is the value of the Young's modulus at reference temperature i.e. 0 = and is the slope

of the variation of E with . The modulus variation (2.5) become

2 2

0

[1 (1 / )(1 / )] E E x a y a o = (6)

where,

0

(0 1) o t o = s <

thermal gradient.

It is assumed that thickness also varies parabolically in one direction as shown below:

2 2

0 1

(1 / ) h h x a | = +

(7)

where, |

1

& |

2

are taper parameters in x- & y- directions respectively and h=h

0

at

x=y=0.

Put the value of E & h from equation (6) & (7) in the equation (2), one obtain

2 2 3 2 2 3 2

1 0 0 1

[ [1 (1 / )(1 / )] (1 / ) ] /12(1 ) D E x a y a h x a v o | = +

(8)

Rayleigh-Ritz technique is applied to solve the frequency equation. In this method, one requires

maximum strain energy must be equal to the maximum kinetic energy. So it is necessary for the

problem under consideration that

* *

( ) 0 V T o = (9)

for arbitrary variations of W satisfying relevant geometrical boundary conditions.

Since the plate is assumed as clamped at all the four edges, so the boundary conditions are

, 0

x

W W = =

,

0, x a =

, 0

y

W W = =

,

0, y a = (10)

Now assuming the non-dimensional variables as

/ , / , / , / X x a Y y a W W a h h a = = = = (11)

The kinetic energy T* and strain energy V* are [2]

1 1

* 2 5 2 2

0 1

0 0

(1/ 2) [(1 ) ] T p h a X W dYdX | = +

} }

(12)

and

1 1

* 2 2 3 2 2

1

0 0

2

[1 (1 )(1 )](1 ) {( , ) ( , )

2 , , 2(1 )( , ) }

XX YY

XX YY XY

V Q X Y X W W

vW W v W dYdX

o | = + +

+ +

} }

(13)

Using equations (12) & (13) in equation (9), one get

** 2 **

( ) 0 V T = (14)

where,

1 1

** 2 2 3 2 2

1

0 0

2

[1 (1 )(1 )](1 ) {( , ) ( , )

2 , , 2(1 )( , ) }

XX YY

XX YY XY

V X Y X W W

vW W v W dYdX

o | = + +

+ +

} }

(15)

and

Advances in Physics Theories and Applications www.iiste.org

ISSN 2224-719X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0638 (Online)

Vol 1, 2011

3 | P a g e

www.iiste.org

1 1

** 2

1

0 0

[(1 ) ] T X W dYdX | = +

} }

(16)

Here,

2 2 2 2

0 0

12 (1 ) / v a E h =

is a frequency parameter.

Equation (16) consists two unknown constants i.e. A

1

& A

2

arising due to the substitution of W. These

two constants are to be determined as follows

** 2 **

( ) /

n

V T A c c

, n = 1, 2 (17)

On simplifying (17), one gets

1 1 2 2

0 bn A bn A + =

, n =1, 2 (18)

where, bn

1

, bn

2

(n=1,2) involve parametric constant and the frequency parameter.

For a non-trivial solution, the determinant of the coefficient of equation (18) must be zero. So one gets,

the frequency equation as

11 12

21 22

0

b b

b b

=

(19)

With the help of equation (19), one can obtains a quadratic equation in

2

from which the two values of

2

can found. These two values represent the two modes of vibration of frequency i.e.

1

(Mode1) &

2

(Mode2) for different values of taper constant and thermal gradient for a clamped plate.

3 Results and Discussion

All calculations are carried out with the help of latest Matrix Laboratory computer software.

Computation has been done for frequency of visco-elastic square plate for different values of taper

constants |

1

and |

2

, thermal gradient o, at different points for first two modes of vibrations have been

calculated numerically.

In Fig I: - It is clearly seen that value of frequency decreases as value of thermal gradient increases

from 0.0 to 1.0 for

1

=

2

=0.0 for both modes of vibrations.

In Fig II: - Also it is obvious to understand the decrement in frequency for

1

=

2

=0.6. But it is also

noticed that value of frequency is increased with the increment in

1

and

2

In Fig III: - It is evident that frequency decreases continuously as thermal gradient increases,

1

=0.2,

2

=0.4 respectively with the two modes of vibration.

In Fig IV :- Increasing value of frequency for both of the modes of vibration is shown for increasing

value of taper constant

2

from 0.0 to 1.0 and

1

=0.2, =0.4 respectively. Note that value of frequency

increased.

Frequency Vs Thermal gradient

0

30

60

90

120

150

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

Mode1

Mode2

1=2=0.0

Advances in Physics Theories and Applications www.iiste.org

ISSN 2224-719X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0638 (Online)

Vol 1, 2011

4 | P a g e

www.iiste.org

Fig I:- Frequency vs. thermal gradient at

1

=

2

=0.0

Fig II:- Frequency vs. thermal gradient at

1

=

2

=0.6

Fig III:- Frequency vs. thermal gradient at

1

=0.2,

2

=0.4

Frequency Vs Thermal gradient

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

Mode1

Mode2

1=2=0.6

Frequency Vs Thermal gradient

0

30

60

90

120

150

180

210

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

Mode1

Mode2

1=0.2, 2=0.4

Advances in Physics Theories and Applications www.iiste.org

ISSN 2224-719X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0638 (Online)

Vol 1, 2011

5 | P a g e

www.iiste.org

Fig IV:- Frequency vs. Taper constant at

1

=0.2, =0.2

4. Conclusion

Results of the present paper are compared with [5] and it is found close agreement. Main aim for

our research is to develop a theoretical mathematical model for scientists and design engineers

so that they can make a use of it with a practical approach, for the welfare of the human beings

as well as for the advancement of technology.

Acknowledgement

It is with a feeling of great pleasure that we would like to express my most sincere heartfelt gratitude to

Chancellor of MM University, Haryan (INDIA), Sh. Tarsam Garg and Head of the Mathematics Dept.

Prof. Deepak Gupta for providing us the necessary facilities in the department.

5. References

1. A.K. Gupta and Lalit Kumar. (2008). Thermal effects on vibration of non-homogeneous

visco-elastic rectangular plate of linearly varying thickness in two directions, Meccanica,

Vol.43, 47-54.

2. A.K. Gupta and Anupam Khanna.(2010). Thermal Effect On Vibrations Of Parallelogram

Plate Of Linearly Varying Thickness, Advanced Studies Of Theoretical Physics, (Vol.4,

No.17, pp: 817-826).

3. A.K.Gupta and Harvinder Kaur. (2008). Study of the effect of thermal gradient on free

vibration of clamped visco-elastic rectangular plates with linearly thickness variations in both

directions, Meccanica , Vol. 43(4), 449-458.

4. A. Khanna, Ashish Kumar Sharma and Meenu Bhatia . (2011). Vibration of Non-homogenous

Visco-Elastic Square Plate of Variable Thickness in Both Directions, Innovative System

Design and Engineering, U.S.A. ,Vol.2. No.3.

5. A. Khanna, A. Kumar and M. Bhatia.( 2011). A Computational Prediction on Two

Dimensional Thermal Effect on Vibration of Visco-elastic Square Plate of Variable Thickness,

Presented and Published in Proceeding of CONIAPS XIII, held in UPES, Deharadun.

6. A. Khanna, Ashish Kumar Sharma. (2011). Study of free Vibration of Visco-Elastic Square

Plate of Variable Thickness with Thermal Effect, Innovative System Design and Engineering,

U.S.A. Vol.2. No. 3.

Frequency Vs Taper parameter

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

2

Mode1

Mode2

1=0.4, =0.2

- MITRES2_002S10_lec11.pdfUploaded byEdwar Zambrano Martinez
- 3800 PredSrvcs StructuralVibration InsrtUploaded byEdmund Yoong
- STAAD.pro Advanced Training ManualUploaded byShaiju Pv
- PUMPFDN.xlsUploaded bySebastian Ramos Grilli
- dynamic analysis of offshore structures by using Finite Element method.pptxUploaded byHusseinali Hussein
- Vibration_Pen_Plus.pdfUploaded byPablo Hidalgo Ríos
- 115469704-ansysUploaded byelgheryb_choukri
- Examining Non-Linear Transverse Vibrations of Clamped Beams Carrying N Concentrated Masses at Various Locations Using Discrete ModelUploaded byInternational Journal of computational Engineering research (IJCER)
- Three Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Crystal Plates via Ritz MethodUploaded by王轩
- 1-s2.0-S0022460X08002162-main (3)Uploaded byZain Ul Islam Butt
- d4065.pdfUploaded byThiago Torres
- Vibration of Two Degree of Freedom SystemUploaded byDewa Ayu Mery Agustin
- Study on Safe Criterion of Structure Damage Under Blasting VibrationUploaded byjusselino
- 1208.3122Uploaded byStefan Stanca
- Design of Viscoelastic Support for Vibration and Torque Reduction of Accelerating RotorsUploaded byIRJET Journal
- NSC1506_feature-08 (2)Uploaded byAhmed
- Model Qp-important QuestionsUploaded byDhivaBoss
- Introduction to RheologyUploaded byMaría Anguiano Salcedo
- What is Vibration1Uploaded byAnthony Acosta
- __~ Dynamic ~ response ~ of ~ high-rise ~ building ~ tructures ~ to ~ blast ~ load ~ ~Uploaded bytt3340
- CircularUploaded byja_mufc_scribd
- Admissions in India 2015Uploaded byedholecom
- Vibrations_Project.pdfUploaded byHermes
- Dynamic Response Analysis of Large Aqueduct to Earthquake Ground ExcitationsUploaded byRodrigo Alvarez Arenas
- Shaking Table GraphsUploaded byMzimasi Mjanyelwa
- Ensayo Norma Vibración perfo.docxUploaded byAlvaro Augusto Díaz Guerra
- Top Schools in Delhi NcrUploaded byedholecom
- Lecture 3Uploaded byMorena Moremoholo
- Analysis of Blade Vibration - 1962Uploaded byLakshman Reddy
- 2005GVandABcompliance.pdfUploaded bybakri2016

- 1.[1-13]Distribution and Eco Toxicological Risk Assessment of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in River Sediments From Delhi, IndiaUploaded byiiste
- 2.[14-24]Impact of Education on Fish Farming in West Bengal _ a Study ReportUploaded byiiste
- 2.[4-10]Importance of Brand Personality to Customer LoyaltyUploaded byiiste
- 2.[16-23]Corporate Social Respnsibility and Compliance With Regulations in NigeriaUploaded byiiste
- 4.[21-27]Role of Right to Information Act 2005 in the Human DevelopmentUploaded byiiste
- 3.[24-38]Sarbapriya Ray_Final PaperUploaded byiiste
- 3.[15-25]Modeling of Flexural Waves in a Homogeneous Isotropic Rotating Cylindrical PanelUploaded byiiste
- 2. [10-15] a Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Self EsteemUploaded byiiste
- 3[25-29].Tender Leaf Fall Vipul SomaniUploaded byiiste
- 1.[1-15]Study of BRIC Countries in the Financial TurnmoilUploaded byiiste
- 2.[6-14]Community Based Irrigation Water Management SystemsUploaded byiiste
- 1.[1-10]Conversion of Invasive Grasses Into Hand Made Paper for Artistic CreationsUploaded byiiste
- 4.[39-47]Consumerism a Pillar of Social Welfare Indian PerspectiveUploaded byiiste
- 3.[11-20]Public Service Broadcasting by Radio --Challenges AheadUploaded byiiste
- 4..[26-36]Signal Strength Based Congestion Control in MANETUploaded byiiste
- 1.[1-3]a Study on Global Communication in English LanguageUploaded byiiste
- Study of Statistical Models for Route Prediction Algorithms in VANETUploaded byiiste
- 1. [1-9]Online Banner Ad CorrectedUploaded byiiste
- Super Critical Fluid Technology in Biodiesel ProductionUploaded byiiste
- Study the Rheological and Mechanical Properties of PVAUploaded byiiste
- Sustainable Resource Productivity in Small Scale Farming in Kwara State, NigeriaUploaded byiiste
- The Impact of Macro Economic Policies and Programs on Poverty ProblemsUploaded byiiste
- Study of Ground Water in Perungudi Area of ChennaiUploaded byiiste
- The Case of HIV and AIDS Awareness Campaign in NigeriaUploaded byiiste
- Surface Roughness Effect on the Performance of a Magnetic Fluid Based Porous Secant Shaped Slider BearingUploaded byiiste
- Study of Load Balanced Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc NetworksUploaded byiiste
- Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, NigeriaUploaded byiiste
- Texture Feature Based Analysis of Segmenting Soft Tissues From Brain CT Images Using BAM Type Artificial Neural NetworkUploaded byiiste
- 1.[1 9]Use of 2 {[5 (2 Amino 4 Oxoquinazolin 3(4H) Yl) 1,3,4 Thiadiazol 2 Methyl} 1H Isoindole 1,3(2H) Dione in the Synthesis of Novel Quinazolinone DerivativesUploaded byiiste

- Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces.pdfUploaded byLeonard Loch
- ABB800xA_01_02_Intro_CBM_v6Uploaded byMiguel Lara
- Improving water use in distillery case studyUploaded byvintesh
- ISR GSMSponsor VodafoneUploaded byKamaldeep Singh Dhanota
- Dcx3510-m User GuideUploaded byoldschool8
- 10) Mcburnie vs. GanzonUploaded bydar080
- 1Uploaded byafafyousef
- Office Acoustics InfographicUploaded bySaint-Gobain Ecophon (UK)
- Plane HydraulicsUploaded byΔημήτρης Αντωνιάδης
- Brain Tumor Risk, 2010Uploaded byOri Peach
- CHAP3(BARU)LITAR1Uploaded byguna6986
- digital unit plan template (1)Uploaded byapi-270521304
- 4.5 SolubilityUploaded byAranganayagam K Ramasamy
- CV_EN_Muster_BWL+(3)Uploaded byMichael Mirer
- Munn v. IllinoisUploaded byalexis_bea
- MODULE Acadamic ReportUploaded byZsadist20
- Electroless Nickel PlatingUploaded bysatishdutt
- CASE STUDY INCOMEUploaded bynasera zamani
- BROCHURE+-+IEdeas+CIE+review+JUNE+2015Uploaded bymeann colina
- SSME EssayUploaded bynamethief123-1
- 26451V2_AUploaded byrodruren
- Snab AS Biology (Summary)Uploaded byBen
- Early Childhood ConferenceUploaded by1stfleenor
- PH 201 Tutorial 3Uploaded byMukul Suryawanshi
- Evolution of Air India Versus Indian RailwaysUploaded byhhuber318
- Catalogo de Productos American ElectricUploaded byMario Villarreal
- Dragonfly Ecotours Company ProfileUploaded byPearl Arroyo
- Reasoning Mathematical Conditinal Input Kanishk@MailUploaded byKainshk Gupta
- Fellowship One RESTful API - HttpHeadersUploaded byAn Uj
- Link BudgetUploaded byshahid2346