UWE HARVARD REFERENCING

Contents
PRINCIPLES ............................................................................................................................................. 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Act of Parliament (statutes) pre-1963: .......................................................................................... 6 Act of Parliament (statutes) post-1963:......................................................................................... 6 Audio/video downloads: ................................................................................................................ 6 Blogs: .............................................................................................................................................. 7 Book inc. multi-volume works and anthologies:............................................................................ 7 Books/Chapters in digital repositories:.......................................................................................... 8 Censuses: ....................................................................................................................................... 8 Chapter/contribution in a book, multi-volume work and anthologies:......................................... 9 Conference papers in digital repositories: ..................................................................................... 9 Conferences: Papers: ................................................................................................................. 9 Conferences: Proceedings: ...................................................................................................... 10 Conference proceedings: published on the internet : ............................................................. 10 Directors Commentaries on DVDs; Interviews with directors of films: ................................... 10 Electronic book chapter/contribution and online reference books: ....................................... 11 Electronic discussion groups and video boards: ...................................................................... 11 Electronic journal article: ......................................................................................................... 11 Entire discussion group or bulletin board: ............................................................................... 12 Films or one-off TV programmes on VHS or DVD .................................................................... 12 Financial reports from online databases: ................................................................................ 12 Graphs: ..................................................................................................................................... 12 House of Commons/Lords papers: .......................................................................................... 13 Images and illustrations: .......................................................................................................... 14 Interviews – Internet: .............................................................................................................. 15 Interviews – television/radio: .................................................................................................. 15 Journal article:.......................................................................................................................... 15 Law reports (cases): ................................................................................................................. 16 Leaflet: ..................................................................................................................................... 16 Live concerts: ........................................................................................................................... 16 Live dance: ............................................................................................................................... 16 Live plays: ................................................................................................................................. 17 Page 1 of 32

31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. a. b. c. 61.

Lyrics from a song: ................................................................................................................... 17 Maps: ....................................................................................................................................... 17 Market Survey reports: ............................................................................................................ 18 Mathematical equations: ......................................................................................................... 18 Microformat: ............................................................................................................................ 19 Military records: ....................................................................................................................... 19 Minutes of meetings: ............................................................................................................... 19 Music and spoken word recordings: ........................................................................................ 19 Neutral citations: ..................................................................................................................... 20 Newspapers: ............................................................................................................................ 20 Official Publications: Command and departmental papers: .................................................... 22 Parish Registers: ....................................................................................................................... 22 Patents (usually sourced online): ............................................................................................. 23 Personal communication: ........................................................................................................ 23 Photographs in a book: ............................................................................................................ 23 Podcasts/phonecasts/videocasts/screencasts: ....................................................................... 24 Pre-publication journal articles in digital repositories:............................................................ 24 Public communication e.g. e-mail bulletin boards, group e-mails.: ........................................ 25 Public communication e.g. lectures, webinars, announcements, adverts: ............................. 25 Radio programme: ................................................................................................................... 25 Radio programme from the internet: ...................................................................................... 25 Reprint editions:....................................................................................................................... 26 RSS feeds: ................................................................................................................................. 26 Scientific datasets: ................................................................................................................... 26 Social networking websites (Facebook etc.): ........................................................................... 26 Software: .................................................................................................................................. 26 Standards: ................................................................................................................................ 27 Statutory instruments: ............................................................................................................. 27 Technical report: ...................................................................................................................... 27 Television programmes (broadcasts):...................................................................................... 28 An episode: .................................................................................................................................. 28 A one-off programme: ................................................................................................................. 28 The whole series: ......................................................................................................................... 28 Television Programmes viewed on the internet ...................................................................... 28 Page 2 of 32

a. b. c. 62. a. b. c. d. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68.

An Episode: .................................................................................................................................. 28 A one-off programme: ................................................................................................................. 28 The whole series: ......................................................................................................................... 29 Television programmes on DVD: ............................................................................................. 29 An episode: .................................................................................................................................. 29 An episode from a DVD box-set: .................................................................................................. 29 A one-off programme: ................................................................................................................. 30 A whole series: ............................................................................................................................. 30 Theses, Dissertations, student projects: .................................................................................. 30 Translated book: ...................................................................................................................... 30 Blackboard (tutors' notes): ...................................................................................................... 31 Web site with individual authors or organisations as authors: ............................................... 31 Wikis:........................................................................................................................................ 31 YouTube/Daily motion (and other video sharing web site): .................................................... 31

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or the date of a television broadcast. Examples: TV Programme showing date of first broadcast: The Thick of it (2009). there is no need to give the year twice. Example of a book title: Evidence-Based Clinical Practice in Nursing and Health Care: Assimilating Research. Episode 8 [online]. Available from: https://www. 07 January [online].uk/iplayer/ [Accessed 10 July 2010].bbc. Series 3. BBC Two. 12 December 2009 is the date the programme was first broadcast.ac. • Capitalisation of the first letter of the title of a chapter/article (as well as any proper nouns).uk/cgi-bin/webadmin?A0=ACADEMIC-STUDY-MAGIC [Accessed 07 January 2011].PRINCIPLES A number of principles have been adopted in developing the UWE Harvard British Standard referencing style. & can be used where it appears as such in the published title. Brackets Round brackets for: • Date of publication Square brackets for: • • Accessed dates Identifying specific format such as [online]. Example of a chapter/article title: Television food advertising to children: a global perspective. or broadcast) is the same as the year referred to in any further date. The principles are as follows: And or & • 'And' to be used between authors. Page 4 of 32 . Date formats Where the initial year of publication (or posting. Experience and Expertise. 12 December.co. Message on an online discussion board: Green. D. when stating the date of posting a message on a discussion board. for example. (2011) Witches threaten Romanian taxman after new labour law. Available from: http://www.jiscmail. Society for the Academic Study of Magic Discussion List. Capitalisation • Capitalisation of the first letter of each major word in books and journals titles.

Multi-volumes • The volume title will appear in italics.e. Page 5 of 32 . Therefore. books and book chapters accessed online. ‘pp. No colon for the accessed date. Page numbers • • Where a single page is being quoted or referred to. but list all authors in the bibliography. as on the website.’ should be used. • Always in lower case and without brackets.’ in the in-text citation. No full stop at the end of a URL (it may interfere with hyperlinks). a single ‘p. 'UWE Repository'. rather than. but to continue to include [online] and accessed date. No full stop after the year of publication. i. Where multiple pages are being quoted or referred to. Multiple authors • If more than three authors.’ is used. as per the British Standard. we recommend omitting any URL for journal articles. UWE Research Repository • When referencing the repository at UWE it should be described as the 'UWE Research Repository'. URL 'available from' or 'available at' • 'Available from'. [Accessed 11 December 2010]. URLs have been included for media that is freely available online and where the URL is not generally subject to change. use the surname and initials of the first author and add ‘et al. including lengthy URLs to online journal articles and books often does not lead directly to a specific reference. and eds. ed. Electronic Journal and Book references Due to the increasingly complex ways online resources are structured. Punctuation • • • • There will be a full stop at the end of each reference.- 07 January 2011 was the date the comment was posted to the discussion board.

Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY)]. (2000) London: The Stationery Office. If online: Pre-1963: Short Title of Act and Year [online] (Regnal year and abbreviated Name of Sovereign. Chapter 25. Title of the internet web site [online]. 3.. chapter 65). Act of Parliament (statutes) post-1963: Great Britain. (2000) Westlaw. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. M.P. 2006) explore. chapter 65) it is stated that. Westlaw.com [Accessed 20 November 2010]. (Year of publication) Name of website..com [Accessed 06 December 2010]. chapter number).. Available from: www.. Available from: www. Author/artist/director's initials. Act of Parliament (statutes) pre-1963: Short Title of Act and Year (Regnal year and abbreviated Name of Sovereign. The Public Libraries Act 1850 [online] (13 & 14 Vict. Football (Disorder) Act 2000. 2.resonancestore. chapter number).com [Accessed 21 November 2010]. Available from: www. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Great Britain. Chapter number. (Year of publication) Title of the file/song/ film. Audio/video downloads: Author/artist/director's surname. Name of Act [online].. In text citation: Within The Public Libraries Act 1850 (13 & 14 Vict. Resonance Music Store [online]. 2000). In text citation: Following the introduction of the Football (Disorder) Act (Great Britain.westlaw. In text citation: The lyrics to Jackeyed (Hinson. Page 6 of 32 ...westlaw.. (2006) Jackeyed. Chapter 25..Citation order and example by reference type: 1. Chapter number. chapter 65). Name of website. Name of Act. The Public Libraries Act 1850 (13 & 14 Vict. (Year of publication) Place of publication: Publisher. Hinson. If online: After 1963: Great Britain. Great Britain. Football (Disorder) Act 2000 [online].

com/2010/07/seconds.html [Accessed 13 September 2010]. (2010) Seconds.) London: Cengage.. In text citation: A change in behaviour has been demonstrated (Boxill.C.co. and Myers. initials. Ford. Data Blog [blog].. J. 10 September.. Only the Cinema [blog].uk/news/datablog/2010/sep/10/local-council-spending-over-500-list [Accessed 13 September 2010]. R.. multi-volume works and anthologies: Author surname. Edition (if not first). Book inc..guardian. initials. 2007) is evident. Title of the blog [blog]. J. In text citation: As Myers explains (Beebe and Myers. 2nd ed. Pearson. Anthology: Boxill. 2010) it was noted that… 5. Available from: http://seul-lecinema. Z. S. Multi-volume: Beebe.. (2003) Sports Ethics: an Anthology.. Blogs: Author surname. and Jordon. 22 July. (2011) Paramedic Professional (3 vols. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. ed. 2003). Rogers. Page 7 of 32 . Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.. In text citation: In a review of the film (Howard. Field. In text citation: The need for care and guidance (Pearson et al.. For multi-volume work.. In text citation: Rogers (2010) explored the spending culture. A. (Year of publication) Title of the blog entry. add (X vols. Howard.) after title. 2011). Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: http://www. (2007) Evidence-Based Clinical Practice in Nursing and Health Care: Assimilating Research.blogspot. (2010) Local council spending over £500: full list of who has published what so far. E. (Year of publication) Title..4. DD Month of posted message (if known). D. J. Experience and Expertise. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].

(Year) Title. 7. (2006) Best Practice Guidance for Land Regeneration Note 9: Maximising Biodiversity. Page 8 of 32 . In: Overgaard. Name of Website (Year of last update). In text citation: Hird was certainly present in the area at that time ('Edmund Hird' 1881). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. page number [online]. (2011) Nursing and Medicine.ancestry.co. initials. Carel. Available from: http://eprints. (Year) Title. Surrey: Forest Research.. In text citation: Methods of ensuring biodiversity have been researched (Sinnett. Public Record Office: Piece number. Biddlescombe. If online. H. Ancestry (2010). folio 654. Sinnett.uk [Accessed 06 September 2010].. For chapter: Chapter Author surname. page number. initials. Books/Chapters in digital repositories: Author surname. Electronic format: 'Name of person' (year of census) Details of Census. UWE Research Repository [online]. In text citation: Carel (2011) states that. Available from: http://www. and Luft. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Name of Digital Repository [online]. (Year of contribution) Chapter title. add after page number: Name of Website (Year of last update).ac. folio number.. (2011) Routledge Companion to Phenomenology. folio number. S. p. St Paul's Sub-district.6. Public Record Office: PRO SH8/5628. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Censuses: 'Name of person' (year of census) Details of Census. Name of Digital Repository [online]. D. In: Book editor/author surname. Place of publication: Publisher (if stated). eds.ac.uwe. Public Record Office: Piece number. London: Routledge. UWE Research Repository [online].uk/11364/ [Accessed 10 January 2011].. S. 2006). Farnham. editor/author initials. 22. Place of publication: Publisher (if stated). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].uwe. Herefordshire [online]. 'Edmund Hird' (1881) Census Return for Salisbury Road.. Available from: http://eprints.uk [Accessed 19 November 2010].

N. A.. XX. Bristol PCT.. Wharton. In: Editor Surname. 20. UWE Research Repository [online]. E. 320-336.. (year) Title of Paper. K. In text citation: Naimark (2003) identified that. and Swackhamer. ed. 323-330. Place of publication: Publisher. initials. pp.. Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Page 9 of 32 . date of conference.. (1982) Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology: Vol.. Organisation or Company. add after the title of the book : Vol. R. K. A. page numbers.8. A. initials. 9th International Information Meeting. Hoiberg. In: Grayson. In text citation: Ayres (1988) explains that the growing season. Tierney. Name of Digital Repository [online]. Conference papers in digital repositories: Author surname.J.. (Year of publication of chapter if specified) Book chapter title. eds. T. (2003) Sensory anomalies.. and Long. and Eckroth. If part of a multi-volume work. Place of conference.. M. Eastwood Park. (Year of publication) Title of conference paper/contribution. (2008) Network morphologies. In: Laurel.V. Available from: http://eprints. Chapter/contribution in a book. initials. London. Title of Conference. In text citation: Slate is one of the most effective materials (Hoiberg and Long. In: Kudless.. Location. Ayres. date of conference. B. (1982) Bulbs: techniques. Place of publication (if known): Publisher. 2010).. initials. Conferences: Papers: Author surname. Cambridge: The MIT Press. pp. New York: John Wiley. 9. In: Author surname.. D. (2003) Design Research Methods and Perspectives. 1982). page numbers.uk/11236/ [Accessed 19 October 2010]. Silver. 6 July 2010. Title of Conference Proceedings. In text citation: A recent conference explored this concept (Wharton and Pollard. M. Primary Care in Bristol.. Refractories to Silk. In: Raitt.uwe. Oxford: Learned Information. 10. (1989) Electronic mail: the new way to communicate. A. 109-117.. ed. Naimark. pp. Oxman. 67-68. (1988) Gardening from Which? Guide to Successful Propagation. (2010) Sessional GPs.. ed. multi-volume work and anthologies: Author surname.. In text citation: Silver's research (1989) has since been expanded. (1982) Roofing materials.I. and Pollard. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. M. initials. 3-5 December 1988...G. D. (Year of publication) Title of Book. eds. In: Ayres. Subtitle (if present). pp. London: Consumers' Association.ac.

ed. In text citation: With sessions on topics from data mining to social media. Interviews with directors of films: Director/commentator surname. 2009) covered a multitude… 13. initials. initials..org/proceedings/main.. ACADIA. 2008) to discuss… 12. DD Month YYYY of conference. Directors Commentaries on DVDs. Surname. The 18th International World Wide Web Conference (Association for Computing Machinery. Title ofFilm. In text citation: The conference brought together a global panel (Kudless. N. ACADIA. initials. Association for Computing Machinery. Norroy. Place of distribution: Distribution company. Haneke. [DVD].. Conference proceedings: published on the internet : Editor surname.html [Accessed 11 August 2010]. Association for Computing Machinery. 230-237. Available from: http://www. In text citation: In an interview about Funny Games. 15-17 November 2008. DD Month YYYY of conference. Funny Games [DVD]. Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. University of Minnesota. show that. Title of film.www2009. 15-17 November 2008. Place of publication (if known): Publisher..Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA). [DVD]. [DVD]. pp. Haneke. Oxman. Kudless. In text citation: The network requirements stated by Tierney (2008).. Minneaspolis. Publisher. (1997) Interview with M.” Page 10 of 32 . (2009) WWW2009: The 18th International World Wide Web Conference [online]. S. N. They like to be confronted with a consumable reality. Conferences: Proceedings: Editor surname. (Year of publication) Title of Conference Proceedings [online]. Minneapolis. Initials of person interviewed (Year of the interview) Title of the interview. This is England. (2007) Director's commentary. and Swackhamer. Meadows.. Madrid. Leeds: Screen Yorkshire. University of Minnesota. Interviewed by M. Place of Conference. M6 Vidéo. Oxman and Swackhamer. M. eds. Municipal Conference Centre. (Year of publication) Title of Conference Proceedings. Inc. 20-22 April 2009. A. Interviewed by Name of Interviewer. Place of Conference. ed. 11. Place of distribution: Distribution company. (Year) Director/commentator's commentary. Haneke (1997) said “People don’t like to be confronted with reality.

pp. p. p. initials (Year) Title of the article. (2010) Television food advertising to children: a global perspective. the Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (John Wiley & Sons. (2000) Danger in the Field: Risk and Social Research [online]. G. In text citation: Westmoreland's statement that policing in the UK is becoming 'increasingly problematic' can be challenged (2000. ed.14. initials. In: Lee-Treweek. (2000) Taking the flak: operational policing. pp. Page 11 of 32 . Journal Title [online]. fear and violence.S. B. e-mail bulletin boards.. 1730-1736. so this should be included in the reference. 6. In text citation: A key source of information about stem cells.). Encyclopedia of Life Sciences [online]. In text citation: Levinton (2005. (2005) Macroevolution: overview.1) notes that “the only current scale that can be readily used to make macroevolutionary comparisons is the familiar taxonomic hierarchy”. [Accessed 11 August 2010]. page numbers. In: John Wiley & Sons. (Year of publication) Book chapter title. 2007. Place of publication: Publisher. Electronic book chapter/contribution and online reference books: Author surname. [Accessed 19 November 2010]. [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. (2007) Global marketing ethics: social and emotional-psychological issues in advertising to children. E. Page numbers if available. [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. S. Kelly. Halford. [Accessed 10 January 2011]. Electronic discussion groups and video boards: See Public Communication e.. initials. 26-42. American Journal of Public Health [online].] 15. J. group e-mails 16. eds. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences [online]. pp. (if applicable) (Year of publication) Title of Book [online]. L. [Accessed 10 January 2011]. Transformations in Business Economics [online]. 41-64.. In text citation: “The use of colourful characters in children's advertising is problematic” (Grundey. D. and Boyland. therefore there may not be a date of publication for the book as a whole. and Linkogle.g. Volume no.75). London: Routledge. In: Author surname. 44). J. [Accessed 19 November 2010]. Grundey. [Note: Many online reference books are constantly added to. Westmoreland. Often there is a year of publication for a chapter. (Part no. 100 (9). p. Electronic journal article: Author surname. no date) Chapter in Online reference book: Levinton. Online Reference Book: John Wiley & Sons.

Author (Year of publication) Title of Book [graph]. Database Title [online].uk/soclas/francofil/index. In text citation: Discussion groups where languages can be practiced become online communities where real friendships are made (‘Francofil’. 2008). p. Films or one-off TV programmes on VHS or DVD Director surname.htm [Accessed 06 December 2010]. Place of distribution: Distribution company. page number or figure number for graph.ac. e. (2007) This is England. P. Page 12 of 32 . 2007). Available from: http://fame2. In text citation: BT's gross profit declined by 17% in the financial year 2005-2006 (Bureau van Dijk. Place of publication: Publisher. and Roca. In text citation: Wendell and Roca highlight that the number of council properties available to inhabitants of Bristol declined by 30% between 1975 and 1999 (2001). 19. Francofil: French Studies Electronic Discussion List [online] (2010). Bristol: Bristol City Council. Graphs: Reference where you located the graph. Leeds: Screen Yorkshire. 29. (Year of release) Title of Film. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 18.bvdep. initials.17. Entire discussion group or bulletin board: Listname/groupname/board [online] (Year of latest update). In text citation: This is England contains comedic moments such as when Smell says “You might look about four. [DVD]. Bureau van Dijk (2008) BT Group PLC company report. 2010). Meadows.com [Accessed 02 July 2008]. [DVD]. (2001) Public Housing Statistics [graph]. Financial reports from online databases: Publishing organisation (Year of publication) Title of extract. Wendell. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 20.g. but you kiss like a forty year old!” (Meadows. Available from: http://www. graph in a book (give book details). FAME [online]. B.liv. S.

. House of Lords paper number should appear between round brackets. 1999). (HC 193). In most cases a brief citation as above will be sufficient to link to the appropriate report. Parliament. Name of Committee (if applies) (Year of publication) Title.pdf [Accessed 20 July 2010]. Parliament. it would be necessary to distinguish between the reports referring to a brief title in your main text. See example below: According to the Electricity from Renewals report (1999).. (HC/HL YYYY/YYYY (session's year if applicable) paper number). House of Lords: Great Britain. House of Commons: Great Britain. In text citation: The renewable energies might offer an alternative to the fossil and the nuclear options (Great Britain. House of Commons (2007) Response to Sir Kevin Tebbit's Review of the Management and Services of the House of Commons [online]. Parliament. Name of House. Name of House. (HC 1999-2000 29). Parliament. Page 13 of 32 . (HL 1999-2000 (18)). Parliament.21. if you are citing more than one House of Lords report published in 1999.parliament. House of Commons/Lords papers: Print format: Country. Name of Committee (if applies) (Year of publication) Title [online]. London: The Stationery Office.publications. House of Lords (1999) Electricity from Renewables: First Report from the Select Committee on the European Union. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: http://www. (HC/HL YYYY/YYYY paper number). London: The Stationery Office. Electronic format: Country. However. Parliament. Session 19992000. House of Commons: Great Britain. House of Commons (1999) Criminal Justice: Working Together. London: The Stationery Office. It is important to avoid ambiguity in order for your reader to be able to link your in-text citation to the full reference you are providing in your reference list. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Place of publication: Publisher.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmcomm/193/193. House of Lords. House of Lords paper number should appear between round brackets.

(date of creation ) Title of work [medium]. “The Members Estimate Audit Committee. At: Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada. A.parliament.pdf [Accessed 11 January 2011]. If the image is taken from another work (e. Available from: http://www. initials. London: The Stationery Office Limited. Page 14 of 32 . (c. (1998) Beauty of Another Order: Photography in Science. p. being a sub-committee of a committee of the House. Parliament. type of resource (eg illus. In most cases a brief citation as above will be sufficient to link to the appropriate report. it would be necessary to distinguish between the reports referring to a brief title in your main text. 1957). Title of the Work [medium]. An image referenced from a gallery or institution (print): Artist surname. See example below: According to the to the Response to Sir Kevin Tebbit's Review (2007). B. could not have an external Chairman without a decision of the House” (Great Britain.uk/pa/ld200910/ldselect/ldeconaf/114/114. House of Lords. initials. In text citation: Abbott’s work.1958) Transformation of Energy [Gelatin silver print].House of Lords: Great Britain. Place of publication: publisher. page number. In text citation: According to the Response to Sir Kevin Tebbit’s Review of the Management and Services of the House of Commons. table).publications.. Select Committee on Economic Affairs (2010) Response to Report on Private Finance Projects and Off Balance Sheet Debt: Second Report [online]. House of Commons. 2007). In text citation: The photograph shows the flower in very close detail (Edgerton. However. Title of Publication. initials. At: place where the work is housed: institution or collection that houses the work. b. H. fig. Edgerton. It is important to avoid ambiguity in order for your reader to be able to link your in-text citation to the full reference you are providing in your reference list. if you are citing more than one House of Commons report published in 2007. … 22. 183.. Transformation of Energy. date. In: Publication author surname. reproduced in an exhibition catalogue or book) it should be cited as part of that book (print): Artist surname. (1957) Milk drop coronet [photograph] In: Thomas. Abbott.g. (1958) is displayed in a simple wooden frame . New Haven and London: Yale University Press. Parliament. (date image created (if available)). (HL 2009/2010 (114)). Images and illustrations: a.

1825-30) Sunrise [Watercolour on paper]. In text citation: Edge (1976) discusses the new uses of technology in dentistry in the context of the need for curricula to reflect the changes new technology will bring about to the role of dental staff. Interview with Tony Blair.org. Langman. In text citation: The former Labour Prime Minister discussed his time in office with caution (Blair. (1976) New uses of technology in dentistry. Edge. 15 (1). At: London: Tate Britain [online]. Andrew Marr Show. (Year of interview) Title of the interview. Blair. Journal article: Author surname. Interview with Tony Blair. If the image is accessed electronically: Artist surname. T. Journal Title.uk [Accessed 19 December 2010]. 2007). 8 (3). T (2007) The Tony Blair interview with Andrew Marr. S.). Scandinavian Studies.M. initials. Y. 23. British Dental Journal. Available from: http://www. (2000) Life cycles: manufacturing techniques in the new millennium. 15 (9). (Year of publication) Title of the article. Name of the channel. and Gibbs. Blair. Title of the Work [medium]. 24. page numbers. (date image created (if available)). 450-600. D. (c. At: place where the work is housed: institution or collection that houses the work [online]. 12-18. 25. Interview with Interviewee’s name. pp. Volume no.uk/programmes/b00tn4fw#broadcasts [Accessed 27 November 2010]. (if any) Interview with Interviewee’s name. Available at: http://www. I. initials. Interviews – television/radio: Surname of person interviewed.bbc. (1995) Emerging cultures: multiculturalism in Sweden. Turner. pp.c. Manufacturing Weekly. OR Interview by Interviewer’s Name Title of Publication or Broadcast. initials. In text citation: The former Labour Prime Minister discussed his time in office with caution (Blair. DD Month of broadcast. (Part no.W. BBC1 Television. V. Wilson. Andrew Marr Show. J. initials. 05 September. 6264. DD Month [online]. In text citation: Turner’s Sunrise (1825-30) is considered one of the artist’s greatest watercolours. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 2007). pp.co. (Year of broadcast) Title of the interview (if any). Interviews – Internet: Surname of person interviewed. and Murphy. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. OR Interview by Interviewer’s Name Title of Publication or Broadcast. Page 15 of 32 . 05 September [online].tate. (2007) The Tony Blair interview with Andrew Marr.

In text citation: The interpretation of the sacred oratorio Messiah (Handel. (Year of première) Title of Performance. 1742) was exquisite. initials. 17 December 2010]. place. 11 March 2010. Then: ‘Reasonable Adjustment’ procedures were not found to have been followed in the case West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson When providing a full-citation for a law report. Square brackets are necessary if the date is essential to locate the law report in question i. 29. abbreviated form of law report. initials. [Location venue. G. Page 16 of 32 . then use round brackets.F. conducted by. West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson [2005] 1 WLR 2303. Live dance: Composer/choreographer surname. place.(West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson [2005] 1 WLR 2303). DD Month seen]. Law reports (cases): Name of Parties [Year] volume. initials. In text citation: First time the case is mentioned: The procedure has been questioned by …. [Location venue. 27. medical advice should be sought. if there are multiple volumes published within a year. Performed by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. (1742) Messiah. Handel. Live concerts: Composer surname. North Bristol NHS Trust (2010) Care of Plaster Casts. DD Month YYYY seen]. Leaflet: Author surname. it is important to note that date brackets may be square or round. conducted by Brian Wright. as in the examples above. (Year of performance) Title of Performance. page number. [Royal Albert Hall. DD Month YYYY of when leaflet was obtained.e. If the volume number for the year of judgement is unique. In text citation: North Bristol NHS Trust (2010) provides advice that if the patient experiences pain in the effected limb which is not resolved by over the counter medication. 28.26. Performed by. (Year of publication) Title. London.

London: Columbia Records.Bourne. (Year of distribution) Title of Song. (Geological Survey of Great Britain [England and Wales]). Sheet number or tile. 2008) 31. 30. Page 17 of 32 . Available from: http://edina.000. 1:50. DD Month seen]. [Tobacco Factory. location of theatre. Marsden. In text citation: Sites of historic interest are emboldened (Ordnance Survey. M. Live plays: Title of Play by Author first name and surname (Year of performance) Directed by. London. 2006). Place of distribution: distribution company. [Sadler's Wells Theatre. (2011) Cinderella. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. 2011). 1:50. Hamlet by William Shakespeare.000. Marsden (1964) caught something of the spirit of life on Merseyside : “People around every corner Hey seem to smile and say We don't care what your name is boy We'll never turn you away”. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. Lyrics from a song: Lyricist surname. Electronic format: Corporate author or publisher (Year of publication) Title of Map Section [online].000. (2008) Directed by Jonathan Miller.uk/digimap [Accessed 03 July 2008]. sheet 10. Place of publication: Publisher. Bristol. Tile sp56sw. (1964) Ferry Cross the Mersey. Ordnance Survey (1980) Taunton [online]. 05 January 2011]. sheet 172. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 32. In text citation: David Tenant as Hamlet brought an energy to the performance not seen in recent years (Hamlet. Sheet number.ac. Maps: Print format: Corporate author or publisher (Year of publication) Title. Ordnance Survey (2006) Bristol & Bath. scale. G. Digimap. scale. [Theatre. Title of online source. 1:50. (Series). initials. 26 March 2008]. Ordnance Survey (1980) Bedfordshire (solid). In text citation: The performance of the ever popular story was refreshing and innovative with the set and costumes based on a Welsh coal mining village (Bourne.

pp. p.France [online]. (Year) Report Title [online]. In text citation: Ronson and Antonelli (2004. initials. Volume no. Mathematical Gazette [online]. M. Ronson. [Accessed 20 July 2010]. Mathematical equations: Print: refer to book or journal reference styles Author surname. L. Volume no. Place of publication: Publisher (if available). (2004) Statistical data implementation in criminal cases. [Accessed 03 July 2008]. Title of Journal [online]. initials. 32-56. One only has to refer to the map of the time (Ordnance Survey.χ Page 18 of 32 . 18(4). Hampton: Key Note.33) noted that χ (χ-1) = χ2 . (Year) Report Title. 33.33) noted that χ (χ-1) = χ2 . (issue no. In text citation: -Mintel (2009) notes that “the diversification of products in this area is a trend we in the UK will witness in the next five years”. and Antonelli. page numbers. initials. pp.In text citation: Taunton city centre has been transformed in the last twenty years. L. 1980) to realise the developments which have taken place. Mintel Oxygen. M. Key Note Ltd (2005) Mobile Phones. p. Market Survey reports: Print format: Author surname. (2004) Statistical data implementation in criminal cases. [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 34. 32-56. Electronic format: Author surname. In text citation: Key Note Ltd (2005) noted the rapid expansion in the market for the secondary school market. (Year of publication) Title of the article.). 18(4). and Antonelli. (Year of publication) Title of the article. Place of publication: Publisher. As print: Ronson and Antonelli (2004. [Accessed DD Month YYYY].). Ronson. page numbers.χ Electronic: Author surname. (issue no. Mathematical Gazette. Mintel (2009) Shaving Products and Depilatories . Title of Journal. initials.

Harris.aspx?casualty=65107 [Accessed 27 November 2010]. Hans Bischoff. In-text citation: Abrams (2009) delivered his award winning presentation on town centre pigeon control to the group. 38. Boston: Boston University Graduate School.2: town centre pigeon control.g.S.cwgc. He was fatally wounded whilst on duty in Flanders (‘Private Arthur Edwards’. If electronic. Title and DD Month of Meeting. Place of distribution: Distribution Company. Page 19 of 32 . Minutes of Public Hygiene Committee Meeting 27 September. (1850) The Goldberg Variations.org/search/casualty_details. In-text citation: The Goldberg Variations (Bach. (individual or group if identified) (Year of meeting) Item being referenced. 'Private Arthur Edwards' (1917) Commonwealth War Graves Commission Casualty Details [military record]. conductor. Minutes of meetings: Author surname. 1850) are considered to be the most important example of variation form. Bidddlescome Parish Council. J. initials. performer. 1917). Available from: http://www.35. S. (Year of publication) Title [Medium]. initials. Subsidiary Originator (e. (2009) Item 7. In-text citation: Private Edwards received a military funeral in his home town of Nottingham. Microformat: Author surname. initials. M. Music and spoken word recordings: Composer surname. I. Place of publication: Publisher. (Year of publication) Title. add after publication details: Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Abrams. Los Angeles: Alfred Publishing. Location of Meeting. 37. Organisation. Military records: 'Name of Person' (Year of Publication) Title of Publication Publication Details (if available). conductor). In text citation: Harris (1978) has carried out a painstaking analysis which will be the definitive analysis for years to come. (1978) The Influence of Shakespeare on the Odes of Keats [Microfilm]. Bach. 36. Biddlescombe.

39. 2010) Where author is unknown: Title of Newspaper (Year of publication) Title of the article. DD Month of publication. (2010) The Chilean miners: who's who at the surface. M. 5. DD Month of publication. initials. 14 October. In-text citation: It was reported that there were great celebrations at the surface as the last Chilean miner was rescued (Weaver. In text citation: First time the case is mentioned: This report (Rottman v MPC [2002] UKHL 20 [2]) has been considered as …. Electronic article: Page 20 of 32 . 14 October. The Guardian.e. p. Weaver. Square brackets are necessary if the date is essential to locate the neutral citation in question i. If the volume number for the year of judgement is unique. Then: The case Rottman v MPC has created … 40. then use round brackets. page number of article. as in the examples above. When providing a full-citation for a neutral citation. if there are multiple volumes published within a year. (Year of publication) Title of the article. p. 5. judgement number for that year [paragraph number]. it is important to note that date brackets may be square or round. 2010) that there were great celebrations at the surface as the last Chilean miner was rescued. Rottman v MPC [2002] UKHL 20 [2]. In-text citation: It was reported (The Guardian. Newspapers: Print article: Author surname. Title of Newspaper. The Guardian (2010) The Chilean miners: who's who at the surface. Neutral citations: Name of Parties [year of judgment] abbreviation for relevant court. page number of article (if given).

The in-text citation will be the same for print and electronic newspaper articles. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. The Guardian [online] 10 November. Viewed on a CD ROM: Author surname. Title of Newspaper [online].guardian. The Guardian [CD-ROM] 10 November. Weaver. (2010) The Chilean miners: who's who at the surface. M. (Year of publication) Title of article. Weaver. DD Month of publication.uk/chile/7365 [Accessed 14 October 2010]. initials. page number of article (if given).Author surname. DD Month of publication. Page 21 of 32 .co. page number of article (if given). initials. (2010) The Chilean miners: who's who at the surface. Available from: http://www. Title of Newspaper [CD-ROM]. M. (Year of publication) Title of article.

co. Available from: http://www.officialdocuments. 1999)… Electronic format: Country. Richard Foster and Maria King (1805) Marriage of Richard Foster and Maria King. Burial) of forenames and surname of person(s). Page 22 of 32 . date of event. 28th (Regulatory) Impact Assessment Command Paper [online]. 1805)… Electronic format: Name of person(s) separated by ‘and’ if more than one (Year of event) Type of event (e.gov. Place of publication: Publisher. In text citation: Richard and Maria’s wedding (‘Richard Foster and Maria King’. Lord Chancellor’s Department. Baptism. 4516). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Title of Register. Name of Committee. (Cm 7358). Wedding. (Paper number). Secretary of State for Business. Baptism. Somerset Marriage Register 1780-1809. St Michael's Church Bath.uk [Accessed 03 July 2008].asp [Accessed 20 July 2010]. Title of Register. Department or Royal Commission (Year of publication) Title [online]. In-text citation The latest advice (Great Britain. Great Britain. London: The Stationery Office. Wedding. Name of website (Year of last update). Official Publications: Command and departmental papers: Print format: Country. Great Britain. Lord Chancellor's Department (1999) Government Policy on Archives. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. (Paper number). The in-text citation will be the same for print and electronic format. Name of Committee. Department or Royal Commission (Year of publication) Title. St Michael's Church Bath. Parish Registers: Print format: Name of person(s) separated by ‘and’ if more than one (Year of event) Type of event (e. 1 June 1805.g. (Cm.g.uk/document/cm73/7358/7358. Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (2008) 1st July 2007 to 31st March 2008. Ancestry (2009) Available from: http://www. 1 June 1805. Richard Foster and Maria King (1805) Marriage of Richard Foster and Maria King. London: The Stationery Office. Burial) of forenames and surname of person(s).ancestry. Somerset Marriage Register 1780-1809. The in-text citation will be the same for print and electronic format 42. date of event. Place of publication: Publisher.41.

and Duff. London: White Cube. (Year of publication) Title [online]. Walters. 2010)… Page 23 of 32 . In text citation: This beautiful photograph (Idleformat. Title of Publication. GB2407118. (2004) Sam Taylor-Wood: Self-Portrait Suspended. Griffiths. and Duff. In: Flickr. Brown. In: Taylor-Wood. (2010) Text Message to Kate Middleton. J. Brown.uk [Accessed 11 January 2011]. initials. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Available from: www. W. Chair [Photograph].43. (2010) Multipurpose Window System [online]. S. (Year of publication) Title [Medium]. Taylor-Wood. initials.flickr. 06 July. Patent number. 45. [online]. 14th September. S.gov. C.ipo. In text citation: Brown and Duff (2010) proposed a solution to the problem. J. Available from: www. In text citation: The depth and warmth in Taylor-Woods’ photograph (2004)… Idleformat (2010) Clifton Suspension Bridge [photograph]. Applicant. (Year of publication) Type of Communication including recipient. In: Author surname.com/idleformat [Accessed: 14 December 2010]. DD Month of communication. G. Place of publication: Publisher. In text citation: An alternative was suggested in a letter from Walters (2010). initials. 44. initials. W. Photographs in a book: Photographer’s surname. (2010) Letter to Frank Smith. Patents (usually sourced online): Inventor surname. Personal communication: Author surname.

asp [Accessed 07 July 2011].com//Channel/ViewChannel. In text citation: UWE (2010) is very keen to develop more collaboration with research partners.uk/internet/Research/researchatuwe/researchvideo.phonecasting. (2010) Sessional GPs: support needed to provide the evidence required for appraisal and evaluation. Phonecasting [phonecast]. In text citation: The use of qualitative data by Wharton and Pollard (2010) has allowed the authors to prove this point.html [Accessed 13 September 2010]. M. R. (2009) An intro to Wolfram/Alpha.wolframalpha. 2009).uwe. Videocast/vidcast: University of the West of England (2011) UWE research video.J. Wolframalpha [screencast].ac. D. To be published in Name of the publication [Preprint]. and Pollard. Available from: http://rbi. DD Month of posting (if known).46. (Year) 'Title of the article'. 08 April. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. initials. Available from: http://www. Dissertation A&B Learning Unit [podcast]. Podcast: Dunster. Page 24 of 32 .uk/11236/ [Accessed 19 October 2010]. Available from: http://eprints. In text citation: This presentation helps the users to refine their search strategy (Wolfram. In text citation: This collaborative work between UWE Library Services and the Faculty (Dunster.com/screencast/introducingwolframalpha. University of the West of England [videocast]. Available from: http://www. 47. (Year of posting) Title of the podcast. K. In text citation: In this documentary. Fontana (2007) speaks about his career with Elvis Presley.uwe.uwe. initials. (2010) Welcome to the dissertation learning unit. S. To be published in Education for Primary Care [Preprint]. 03 July.ac. Available from: http://www. 2010)… Phonecast: Fontana. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].uk/library/resources/dissertation/ [Accessed 13 September 2010]. Wharton. Title of the Internet Web Site [podcast/phonecast/videocast/screencast]. part 1. Pre-publication journal articles in digital repositories: Author surname.ac.aspx?id=1444# [Accessed 13 September 2010]. Screencast: Wolfram. (2007) We're talking Elvis. Podcasts/phonecasts/videocasts/screencasts: Author surname.

6 January. That Mitchell and Webb Sound (2007). initials. Episode number. Channel of first broadcast. initials. announcements. 07 January [online]. Electronic format: British Horseracing Authority (2011) British Racing Pledges Free Tickets for Troops [Press release]. (Year of event).uk/cgibin/webadmin?A0=ACADEMIC-STUDY-MAGIC [Accessed 07 January 2011]. Episode 6 [Radio]. Page 25 of 32 . Radio programme from the internet: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). 28 June.48.: Author surname. Listname. J. 51. 2011). In text citation: Equine reproduction is not being studied enough in the UK (Williams. group e-mails. Available from: https://www.com/Press-Releases/BRITISHRACING-PLEDGES-FREE-TICKETS-FOR-TROOPS-1ab. Title of episode [Radio]. Public communication e. webinars. Episode number. Green.g. Series 3. DD Month of message [online]. 49. (2009) Equine Reproduction [lecture to BSC Equine Science Year 1].aspx [Accessed 07 January 2011].jiscmail. 2009). DD Month of event. Hartpury College. (Year of message) Subject of message. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. NOTE: URL = use the web address if the discussion is posted on the web. Society for the Academic Study of Magic Discussion List.britishhorseracing. Title of Communication [medium].g. Series number. the British Horseracing Authority (2011) has decided to offer free entry to troops and their families. In text citation: The issues related to the new labour law have raised the question of ethics (Green. BBC Radio 4 (FM only). adverts: Author/speaker surname. Print format: Williams. DD Month of first broadcast. lectures. Title of episode [Radio]. e-mail bulletin boards.presscentre. 27 January. Radio programme: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). In text citation: In its communiqué. (2011) Witches threaten Romanian taxman after new labour law. DD Month of first broadcast. Location. Public communication e. Available from: https://www. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].ac. Channel of first broadcast. 50. D. use the group e-mail address where conversation took place but is not available on the web. Series number.

Distributor.e.gov [Accessed 15 October 2008]. Name of the Social Network Website [online]. (1724). London: Doddington Press. Social networking websites (Facebook etc. Reprint. 15 August. 56. initials. Title of Database (version) [online]. Software: Author surname. (if given) (Year of publication if given) Title of Program (Version) [Computer program]. (date) Title of data. Available from: www. J. Available from: http://www.Poetry of the Forgotten People (2010). 1977. 2008) 55. Available from: http://gcmd. address. Place of publication: Publisher. Scientific datasets: Author surname. initials. Year reprint published. Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. (Year of first publication) Title.facebook. BBC Radio 4. Reprint. 13 June. Smith.): Author surname.g. or URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. [Radio]. Page 26 of 32 . (year of posting) Name of the group. In text citation: In his essay. 53. 52. 2010). In text citation: The new regulations were noted by the Student Union (Smith. G. (2010) University of the West of England. In text citation: The data show the impact of seismological activity (NASA Goddard Spaceflight Center. Global Change Master Directory (2008 version) [online]. Blog 54.nasa. initials. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Reprint editions: Author surname. Facebook [online]. Cheyne (1724) refers to the use of herbal remedies. Availability i. NASA Goddard Spaceflight Center (2008) Geometric and seismological data. initials. Cheyne.bbc/co. An Essay of Health and Long Life.com [Accessed 16 November 2010]. RSS feeds: Use the format for the media type being accessed e. DD Month of posting (if known).uk/programmes/b00td4v8 [Accessed 16 August 2010].

In-text citation: These bibliographic guidelines make it explicit (British Standards Institution.autodesk. Available from: http://students. The Dangerous Dogs (Designated Types) Order 1991 (SI 1991/1743). Report number. (Year of publication) Title [online]. Print format: British Standards Institution (2010) BS ISO 690 Information and Documentation .Autodesk Corporation (2011) Autodesk Maya (2011) [Computer program]. London: British Standards Institution. Technical report: Author surname. Statutory instruments: Title and year (SI number). Electronic format: Name of authorising organisation (Year of publication) Number and Title of Standard [online].Guidelines for Bibliographic References and Citations to Information Resources. Report number: KSC-2010-269.larc. 58. Place of publication (if known): Publisher. Available from: https://bsol. British Standards Online.com [Accessed 23 November 2010].nasa.Ground Service Connections . 2010). Page 27 of 32 . 2010). London: British Standards Institution.Locations and Types [online]. Davila. (2010) The Air we breathe [online]. NASA Kennedy Space Center. 59. In-text citation: The rise in allergies may be attributed to poor air quality (Davila.bsigroup.gov [Accessed 15 January 2011]. Standards: Name of authorising organisation (Year of publication) Number and Title of Standard. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. British Standards Institution (2006) BS ISO 10842 Aircraft . Name of Website. In-text citation: Pit-bull terriers are designated as dangerous (Dangerous Dogs (Designated Types) Order 1991). initials.com [Accessed 14 February 2010]. The Road Traffic Offenders (Prescribed Devices) Order 2008 (SI 2008/1332). In text citation: Autodesk Corporation (2011) specifies very clearly that … 57. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: http://naca. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. D.

In text citation: Alexander Armstrong’s portrayal of Clive Sinclair in Metzstein’s ‘Micro Men’ (2009) appeared to be quite true to what is known of his character during that period. Series 3. Episode 8 [online]. In-text citation: The popular view of Whitehall started there (‘Yes. In-text citation: Topical comedy can still gain a big audience (‘The Thick of it’. but was one of the most popular television programmes of its time. The whole series: Title of series (Year of first broadcast) [TV]. Page 28 of 32 . Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYY]. Television programmes (broadcasts): a. Series 1. Television Programmes viewed on the internet a.co. Available from: http://www. DD Month of first broadcast. Series number. c.uk/iplayer/ [Accessed 10 July 2010]. Episode number. (Year of first broadcast) Title of programme [online]. do not include details of the writer or director as they are often the result of multiple creator’s work. Prime Minister’. Prime Minister (1986). Episode number. Channel of firstbroadcast.] 61. Title of episode [online]. Channel of first broadcast. BBC Two. DD Month of first broadcast. DD Month of first broadcast. BBC Two. An episode: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). [NOTE: Series. A one-off programme: Director surname. Channel of first broadcast. b. Yes. DD Month of first broadcast. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYY]. Title of episode [TV]. BBC One. DD Month of first broadcast. 1 May. 16 January. S. An Episode: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). (Year of first broadcast) Title of programme [TV]. 2009). Channel of original broadcast. 08 October. and episodes of series. (2009) Micro Men [TV]. Initials. Bread (1986) [TV]. b. Metzstein. Episode 2. Series number. In text citation: Carla Lane’s ‘Bread’ (1986) was much derided. The Ministerial Broadcast [TV].bbc. BBC Four. Initials. A one-off programme: Director surname.60. Channel of first broadcast. 1986). 12 December. The Thick of it (2009).

Channel of first broadcast. Channel of first broadcast. Episode number.com/itvplayer [Accessed 25 July 2011]. ITV One. London: ITV Studios Home Entertainment.Turnbull. DD Month of first broadcast. Series 5 [online].bbc. 10 July. In text citation: A portrayal of the court system in recent television drama (‘Law and Order’. 24 July. Series number (if applicable)[online]. (2011) Space Shuttle: The Final Mission [online]. b. Ward B4 [DVD]. L. do not include details of the writer or director as they are often the result of multiple creator’s work.itv. London: BBC DVD. DD Month of original broadcast.] 62. The Royle Family Christmas Special (2008). Series number. DD Month of first broadcast. Getting On (2009). 2009). 2011). An episode: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). Television programmes on DVD: a. In text citation: In the New Sofa episode of The Royle Family Christmas Special (2008)… Page 29 of 32 . The New Sofa. An episode from a DVD box-set: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). c. Title of episode [DVD]. Place of distributor: Distributor. Episode number. Law and Order (2011). Title of episode. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYY].co. Series 1. 25 December. BBC Two. and episodes of series. 08 July. The whole series: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). 2011) clearly exaggerates the problems encountered. In-text citation: In the modern hospital comedy a different approach is taken (‘Ward B4’. [NOTE: Series. In text citation: It is clear that the end of the US space programme is a momentous thing for its astronauts (‘Space Shuttle: The Final Mission’. Place of distributor: Distributor. Available from: http://www. BBC Two. Channel of original broadcast. BBC Four. Episode 1. Available from: http://www.uk/iplayer/ [Accessed 27 July 2011]. Series number. In Title of compilation or Box Set [DVD]. In The Royle Family Complete Box Set (special edition) [DVD].

Translated from the [language] by First Name Surname. London: ITV Studies Home Entertainment. MSc. Series 1 [DVD]. (1987) Crime and Punishment. In-text citation: This brings about Raskolnikov’s dilemma (Dostoevsky. Title. (Year of release) Title of Programme. Translated from the Russian by Jessie Coulson. Prime Suspect (1991).M. Electronic format: Author surname. initials. Series number (if applicable)[DVD]. Place of distributor: Distributor. A one-off programme: As for a Film on DVD: Director surname.uwe. initials. and Guillou. Level of qualification. Theses. Hamlyn. [DVD]. Dissertation or Project. F. In-text citation: The findings of Nayak (2004) … 64. Place of publication: Publisher. PhD. initials. Dissertation or Project [online].c. student projects: Print format: Author surname. DD Month of original broadcast. Chambakata. University of the West of England. (2004) Creative Management: a Decentred Perspective. Nayak. Level of qualification. T. Dissertations. 63. Name of University. Place of distribution: Distribution company. (2011) Tornado: Absolutely Chuffed: From Dream to Steam. Channel of first broadcast.ac. initials. Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Hurstpierpoint: Good Guys Media.uk/library/catalogue [Accessed 13 September 2010]. A whole series: Title of series (Year of first broadcast). (Year of publication) Title of Thesis. d. Dostoevsky. Page 30 of 32 . (Year of publication) Title of Thesis. Name of University. A. 07 April. Edition (if not first). (2010) HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Zambia: which way forward? [online]. (Year of publication of the translation). [DVD]. University of the West of England. Translated book: Author surname. ITV One. Available from: http://www. C. 1987). Ingall. M.

Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 08 July.ac. Parsons. DD Month of posting (if known). Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Name of Academic Module [Online]. (Year of posting) Title of the video. Wikis: Title of the article. 05 July. 2010).org. Available from: https://my. 2009).uwe. YouTube [video].com/watch?v=O_S6mldSB9k [Accessed 13 September 2010]. Title of the Internet Web Site [video]. In-text citation: A number of examples of Victorian architecture display fine stonework (‘Victorian Architecture’. 68. (2010). Blackboard (tutors' notes): Author/tutor surname. * name of the person posting the video Example 1: International News 24/7 (2010). How to write good references. Victorian Architecture (2011) Wikipedia [online].com/video/xecgxi_visit-new-york-s-public-library_travel [Accessed 13 September 2010]. author/tutor initials. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY].uk/ [Accessed 13 Nov 2010]. Royal College of Nursing (2009) Learning and Education. DD Month last updated. 67. Web site with individual authors or organisations as authors: Author surname. France faces strikes and protests over pension reform. Available from: http://en. 2011).org/wiki/Victorian_architecture [Accessed 11 July 2011]. Available from: http://www. Dailymotion [video]. F. Available from: http://www. /Organisation (year of publication or last update) Title of Internet Site. 66. author initials. Page 31 of 32 . 07 September.youtube. In-text citation: The referencing guidelines explain the differences (Parsons. initials. In-text citation: You can read the detail in the College’s report (Royal College of Nursing. YouTube/Daily motion (and other video sharing web site): Author* surname. (Year of last update) Title of the Internet Website [online].65. Title of item.rcn. Example 2: 5minTravel (2010) Visit New York's Public Library. Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Available from: http://www. (year).wikipedia. MA Drama [Online].uk/development/learning [Accessed 22 December 2010].dailymotion.

Page 32 of 32 . 2010).In-text citation: The grandeur of the building can be seen here (5minTravel.

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