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CALCIUM CHLORIDE

Product Data

Description
CALCIUM CHLORIDE (CaCl2) is a white inorganic salt of 94 - 97% purity available in various forms.

Application
CALCIUM CHLORIDE is utilized to build clear brine workover and completion fluids for formations with pressure gradients ranging from 0.437 to 0.603 psi/ft. It is also used to control activity of water phase in oil-base drilling fluids.

Typical Properties
Appearance Purity : White pellet, flake or powder : 94 - 97%

Limitations
CALCIUM CHLORIDE brines may cause scale formation when formation waters are rich in carbonate and sulfate ions. This problem is also anticipated in wells producing gas with significant amount of carbon dioxide.

Features and Benefits


CALCIUM CHLORIDE is used to prepare solids free workover and completion fluids with densities up to 11.6 lb/gal. CALCIUM CHLORIDE is also used to increase the density of various calcium chloride/calcium bromide/ zinc bromide blends. CALCIUM CHLORIDE brines contribute to formation damage control by stabilizing the water sensitive clays during workover and completion operations. CALCIUM CHLORIDE is utilized to adjust the activity of the water phase in invert emulsion systems. An exothermic reaction takes place when CALCIUM CHLORIDE is added to water. This results in an increase in brine temperature.

Treatment
Refer to mixing table (Table-1) to obtain the desired density and crystallization temperature. CALCIUM CHLORIDE is added to fresh water trough the rig hopper while agitating until solids completely dissolve.

Packaging
CALCIUM CHLORIDE is supplied in 25 kg (55 lb) moisture-proof, multiwall sacks.

KarKim Drilling Fluids, Energy & Engineering Services, Inc.


Turan Gunes Blv. Ilkbahar Mah. 606 Sok. No:24 06550 Cankaya Ankara TURKIYE T: +90 312 491 64 00 F: +90 312 491 53 18 info@karkim.com www.karkim.com
Page 1 of 2 Date Revised: March 2011

CALCIUM CHLORIDE

Product Data

Table 1. Mixing Schedule for 1 bbl Calcium Chloride Brine Using Powdered CaCl2 (94 - 97%)
Density (lb/gal) 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 Specific Gravity 1.008 1.020 1.032 1.044 1.056 1.068 1.080 1.092 1.104 1.116 1.128 1.140 1.152 1.164 1.176 1.188 1.200 1.212 1.224 1.236 1.248 1.261 1.273 1.285 1.297 1.309 1.321 1.333 1.345 1.357 1.369 1.381 1.393 CaCl2 (wt%) 0.8 2.2 3.5 4.9 6.2 7.5 9.7 11.1 12.4 13.7 15.0 16.2 17.5 18.7 19.9 21.1 22.3 23.5 24.6 25.8 26.9 28.0 29.1 30.2 31.3 32.4 33.5 34.6 35.6 36.7 37.7 38.8 39.8 Water (bbl) 1.000 0.997 0.994 0.991 0.987 0.984 0.970 0.965 0.960 0.955 0.950 0.946 0.940 0.935 0.930 0.925 0.919 0.913 0.907 0.901 0.895 0.889 0.883 0.876 0.869 0.862 0.855 0.847 0.841 0.832 0.825 0.817 0.809 CaCl2 (lb/bbl) 2.9 8.2 13.4 18.7 24.2 29.4 39 45 50 56 62 68 74 80 86 92 99 105 111 117 124 130 136 143 149 156 163 170 176 183 190 197 204 TCT (F) 31 30 29 27 25 24 21 19 17 15 12 9 6 3 0 -4 -8 -13 -18 -23 -29 -36 -43 -51 -59 -40 -22 -11 0 13 27 35 44

KarKim Drilling Fluids, Energy & Engineering Services, Inc.


Turan Gunes Blv. Ilkbahar Mah. 606 Sok. No:24 06550 Cankaya Ankara TURKIYE T: +90 312 491 64 00 F: +90 312 491 53 18 info@karkim.com www.karkim.com
Page 2 of 2 Date Revised: March 2011