Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.

Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

CHAPTER 6
DETAILED CAPACITY CALCULATION AND
MASS ESTIMATION

118

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

6. DETAILED CAPACITY CALCULATIONS
The capacity plan is to know the cargo volumes in holds and the disposition of tanks
and their position of centre of gravities. The mass of crew and effects and water
ballast necessary for the design are known. Knowing the density of the various
liquids, the volume required is calculated. The hold capacity can be calculated by
subtracting the sum of the wing tank capacity and double bottom volume from the
total under deck capacity. With the capacity determined, it is possible to calculate the
stowage factor.
6.1 Final estimates of consumables, stores and cargo
Range
=
3800 nm
Speed
=
15.0 Knot (open water)
=
5.0 Knot (Most severe Ice conditions)
∴Max Hours of travel, H
=
760 Hrs
Hours in port =
48 Hrs
No of officers =
21
No of crew
=
23
Volume of heavy fuel oil (VHFO)
Specific fuel consumption, SFC

=

182 g / KWh.

(Assumed for a slow speed large bore diesel engine)
=

Brake power, PB
Mass of heavy fuel oil, MHFO

=

38250 KW

SFC × PB × H / 1000000 +20%

20% allowance has been taken into account.
Volume of HFO, VHFO
Volume of diesel oil (VDO)

=

6449 t

=

MHFO /0.90 = 7154 m3

Auxiliary engines
Type: SKU CUIN-1200N305, Model 1400 GQKA
Number: 3
Manufacturer: Cummins
Rated output: 1400 kW
Rated capacity: 1200 kW (1750 kVA) 60 Hz or 1166.7 kW (1458.3 kVA) 50 Hz
SFC
220 g /KWh
PAUX

4200KW

119

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Mass of diesel oil, MDO =
=
Volume of diesel oil, VDO =
=

SFC × PAUX × H/1000000
747 t
MDO/0.95
786 m3

Volume of boiler fuel oil (VBO)
Boiler is selected of capacity 2000KW
Mass of boiler oil, VBO =
SFC × P × H/1000000
SFC
=
220 g /KWh
=
355 t
Volume of boiler oil =
355/0.95 = 373 m3
Volume of lubricating oil (VLO)
Mass of lube oil, MLO =
0.03 (MHFO + MDO +MBO)
=
216.6 t
Volume of lube oil
=
216.6/0.9 = 241 m3
Volume of fresh water, (VFW)
Consumption of fresh water
Mass of fresh water, M FW
Volume of fresh water, VFW

= 20 litres / person / day
= 29.6 t
= 29.6 m3

Volume of washing water (VWW)
Consumption 120 liters /person/ day for officers
60 liters /person/ day for crew
Mass of washing water, MWW = 131.3 t
Volume of washing water, VWW = 131.3 m3

6.2.1 Capacity Calculation with allocation of Spaces
The capacities of tanks/compartments are determined using the computer
software AutoCAD 2007. Offset. The values are found by creating different regions,
and the “mass prop” command. Tables 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 and 6.4 indicate the moulded
capacities (exclusive of camber volume) of respective tanks/compartments along with
their location and centres of gravity. In all the above tables LCG is measured from
AP, VCG from base line and TCG from the centre line

120

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Table 6.1 Capacity of cargo Tanks
S.No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Item
CH1(P)
CH1(S)
CH2(P)
CH2(S)
CH3(P)
CH3(S)
CH4(P)
CH4(S)
CH5(P)
CH5(S)
Slop tank(P)
Slop tank(S)
Total

Fr.No.
70-114
70-114
114-164
114-164
164-209
164-209
209-259
209-259
259-314
259-314
64-70
64-70

Vol
m^3
16049.03
16049.03
18867.88
18867.88
16981.09
16981.09
18534.91
18534.91
14646.90
14646.90
2067.29
2067.29
174294.17

Weight
(98%vol)
13526.12
13526.12
15901.85
15901.85
14311.66
14311.66
15621.22
15621.22
12344.41
12344.41
1722.05
1722.05
146854.61

LCG
m
69.77
69.77
109.25
109.25
149.63
149.63
189.63
189.63
225.39
225.39
50.99
50.99

VCG
m
13.53
13.53
13.45
13.45
13.45
13.45
13.45
13.45
13.43
13.43
13.84
13.84

TCG
m
-10.43
10.43
-10.69
10.69
-10.69
10.69
-10.69
10.69
-9.32
9.32
-9.86
9.86

FSM
tm
15475.16
15475.16
18504.95
18504.95
16654.46
16654.46
18178.39
18178.39
13350.11
13350.11
210.43
210.43
164747.01

Table 6.2 Capacity of Ballast Tanks
S.No.

Item

Fr.No.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

Aft peak tank(s)
Aft peak tank(s)
Wing ballast tank1(P)
Wing ballast tank1(S)
Wing ballast tank2(P)
Wing ballast tank2(S)
Wing ballast tank3(P)
Wing ballast tank3(S)
Wing ballast tank4(P)
Wing ballast tank4(S)
Wing ballast tank5(P)
Wing ballast tank5(S)
Wing ballast tank6(P)
Wing ballast tank6(S)
Ballast tank 1(P)
Ballast tank 1(S)
Ballast tank 2(P)
Ballast tank 2(S)
Ballast tank 3(P)
Ballast tank 3(S)
Ballast tank 4(P)
Ballast tank 4(S)
FP tank(P)
FP tank(S)
Total

AE -16
AE -16
64-70
64-70
70-114
70-114
114-164
114-164
164-209
164-209
209-259
209-259
259-314
259-314
131-164
131-164
164-209
164-209
209-259
209-259
259-314
259-314
314-fe
314-fe

Vol
m^3
1039.12
1039.12
302.00
302.00
2420.00
2420.00
2969.90
2969.90
2672.91
2672.91
2917.49
2917.49
2607.02
2607.02
1715.13
1715.13
2584.94
2584.94
2821.47
2821.47
2096.42
2096.42
1274.32
1274.32
50841.42

121

Weight
(98%vol)
1026.48
1026.48
298.33
298.33
2390.57
2390.57
2933.79
2933.79
2640.41
2640.41
2882.01
2882.01
2575.32
2575.32
1694.27
1694.27
2553.50
2553.50
2787.16
2787.16
2070.92
2070.92
1258.82
1258.82
50223.19

LCG
m
-5.63
-5.63
50.96
50.96
73.20
73.20
113.15
113.15
153.53
153.53
193.53
193.53
233.25
233.25
119.65
119.65
153.53
153.53
193.53
193.53
228.34
228.34
257.31
257.31

VCG
m
18.96
18.96
12.49
12.49
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
13.01
13.01
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.56
1.56
9.14
9.14

TCG
m
-7.26
7.26
-20.85
20.85
-21.18
21.18
-21.18
21.18
-21.18
21.18
-21.18
21.18
-18.12
18.12
-11.19
11.19
-11.29
11.29
-11.29
11.29
-18.12
18.12
-3.88
3.88

FSM
tm
696.39
696.39
12.47
12.47
37.30
37.30
47.57
47.57
42.81
42.81
46.73
46.73
41.26
41.26
3791.36
3791.36
6007.23
6007.23
6556.91
6556.91
4390.36
4390.36
1034.51
1034.51
45409.75

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Table 6.3 Capacity of storage tanks
S.No

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

Item

HFO tank1(P)
HFO tank1(S)
HFO tank 2(P)
HFO tank 2(S)
HFO tank3(P)
HFO tank3(S)
HFO tank4(P)
HFO tank4(S)
Boiler fuel tank1(P)
Boiler fuel tank1(S)
Diesel oil tank 1(P)
Diesel oil tank 1(S)
Lo tank(P)
Lo tank(S)
Waste water tank (P)
Fresh water tank(S)
Waste water tank (P)
Fresh water tank(S)
Total

Fr .No.

Vol

21-46
21-46
67-70
67-70
70-114
70-114
114-131
114-131
59-64
59-64
46-59
46-59
64-67
64-67
9---21
9---21
9---21
9---21

m^3
398.36
398.36
123.50
123.50
2196.6
2196.6
857.56
857.56
189.71
189.71
398.70
398.70
123.50
123.50
66.22
66.22
16.00
16.00
8740.3

weight
t(98%
vol)
370.87
370.87
114.98
114.98
2045.1
2045.1
798.39
798.39
176.62
176.62
371.19
371.19
108.93
108.93
64.90
64.90
15.68
15.68
8133.2

LCG

VCG

TCG

FSM

m
23.72
23.72
50.05
50.05
71.64
71.64
95.20
95.20
44.10
44.10
35.90
35.90
47.47
47.47
8.38
8.38
8.38
8.38

m
2.28
2.28
1.60
1.60
1.57
1.57
1.54
1.54
1.90
1.90
2.28
2.28
1.60
1.60
4.00
4.00
10.20
10.20

m
-5.18
5.18
-8.21
8.21
-9.91
9.91
-11.19
11.19
-7.56
7.56
-5.18
5.18
-8.21
8.21
-2.25
2.25
-3.10
3.10

tm
476.06
476.06
82.29
82.29
4654.40
4654.40
1855.66
1855.66
350.44
350.44
662.15
662.15
82.29
82.29
2.86
2.86
1.68
1.68
16335.64

Table 6.4 Capacity of other tanks/compartments
Description
Azipod room
Engine Room
Cofferdam
Chain Locker(P&S)
Forecastle deck
Deck house
Total

No.
1
1
1
2
1

Location
-11 – 21
21 – 64
70 – 71
314 – 322
314-349

Volume
7714
21716
688
528
1093.4

LCG
5.58
30.3
53.9
254.5
259.07

VCG
17.75
12.47
11.67
21.2
25.26

TCG
0
0
0
0
0

1

21-64

9472
41211

36.89

30.78

0

122

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

6.2.2 GROSS TONNAGE COMPUTATIONS
GROSS TONNAGE (GT)

= K1 V

Where K1 = 0.2 + 0.02 log10 (V)
Where K1 = 0.2 + 0.02 log 10 (267133.34) = 0.3087
V = Total volume of all enclosed spaces of the ship in m3

GROSS TONNAGE (GT)

123

= 84919

= 275086.9 m3

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

6.2.3 NET TONNAGE COMPUTATIONS
NET TONNAGE (NT) = K2 VC (4 d / 3 D )2 + K3 ( N1 + N2 / 10)
In which formula
a)

The factor (4 d / 3 D)2 shall not be taken as greater than unity.

b)

The term K2 VC(4 d / 3 D )2 shall not be taken as less than "0.25 GT" ;

c)

"NT" should not be taken as less than "0.3 GT"
VC, Total volume of cargo spaces =170160.17m3 (excluding slop tank

volume)
K2

= 0.2 + 0.02 * log10 (Vc) = 0.3046,

D

= Moulded depth amidships in metres.

d

= Moulded draft amidships, d =16.75 m.

K3

= 1.25 [(GT + 10000) / 10000] = 11.86

N1

= Number of passengers in cabins with not more than 8 berths.

N2

= Number of other passengers.

N 1 + N2

= Total number of passengers the ship is permitted to carry as in the

D = 23.76 m.

ship’s Passenger certificates.
When N1 + N2 is less than 13, N1 + N2 shall be taken as zero (no passengers hence
zero)
In the expression for Net Tonnage, K3 (N1 + N2 / 10) = 0
a) Since d = 16.75, the expression (4 d / 3 D )2 =0.8835
b) In the expression for Net Tonnage, K2 VC (4 d / 3 D )2 = 45792.5 > 0.25 GT
∴The term K2VC (4d / 3D) 2 is taken as 45792.5
c) NT = K2VC (4d / 3D) 2 + K3 (N1 + N2/10)
= 45792.5 + 0
= 45792.5 > 0.30 GT (24723.18)
∴Net Tonnage is taken as 45792.5
NET TONNAGE (NT) = 45793

124

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

6.3 Final Mass Estimation
6.3.1 Introduction
At the initial stages of design, dimensions of superstructures and deckhouses
were not known. Lightship mass was calculated by taking rough values or giving
allowance for masses of these quantities. After designing the general arrangement
plan, the lightship mass is estimated more accurately, using actual values wherever
possible and empirical formulae when the actual mass is not known.
6.3.2 Procedure
The light ship mass is split up into various components and their masses are
estimated using empirical formulae and summed up. Mathematically,
ΔLS
Where,

=

ΔSE + ΔWO + ΔEP,

ΔSE

=

Steel mass

ΔWO

=

Wood & outfit mass

ΔEP

=

Engine plant mass

6.3.3 Steel Mass
Δ7SE [1+ 0.5 (CB0.8 –0.7)] + 840 t (addition for Ice Class 1A, taken
from parent ship)

ΔSE

=

Δ7SE

=

KE1.36

K
E

=
=
=

0.029 –0.035
L (B + T) + 0.85L (D-T) + 250
19030.44

E

=

1500 – 40000 for tankers

Take K

=

0.035

=

23126.95

=

Block Coefficient at 0.8D

=

CB + (1- CB) (0.8D – T) /3T

=

0.846

=

25717.9 t

7

Δ

SE
8
CB

ΔSE

125

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

6.3.4 Wood and Outfit Mass
ΔOU

= Co× L × B + 100 t (approx additional weight for
Helipad and helicopter)

Co

=0.24

[Ref37]

= 3173.9t
6.3.5 Engine Plant mass
ΔEP

=

=
=
Light ship weight
=

Weight of Main engine & generator + Weight of
transformer, frequency convertor &MSB + Weight of Pod +
Weight of Auxiliary machinery (3*Cummins Model 1400
GQKA) + Weight of boiler& pump etc
975 + 174 + (662*2) + (3 x 60) + 150
2803 t
=
ΔSE + ΔOU + ΔEP,
31694.8 t

6.4 Distribution of Masses to Find Centre of Gravity
LCG is measured from AP and VCG from keel.
6. 4.1 Steel Mass
Steel mass can be divided into mass of superstructure and that of continuous
material.
Volume of superstructure
=
9472 m3
∴Mass of superstructure
=
0.067 × 9472
=
634.6 t
∴Mass of continuous material =
Mass of steel – Mass of super structure
=
25717.9 – 634.6
=
25083.3 t
Mass of superstructure is assumed to act at its centroid (LCG = 36.89, VCG
= 30.78)
(Calculated by AutoCAD Drawing with some geometrical assumptions)

120 m

COG of continuous material:
VCG hull = 0.01D (46.6 + 0.135(0.81 – CB)(L/D)2) + 0.008D(L/B – 6.5), L ≤

126

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

= 0.01D (46.6 + 0.135(0.81 –CB)(L/D)2),
= 10.96 m

120 m < L

The longitudinal position of the basic hull weight is assumed to be located at mid of
length over all, as ship is highly strengthened in fwd and aft to meet with operational
requirements.
LCG hull
LCG
VCG

=
=
=

125.6 m
125.6 m from AP
10.96 m from keel

Table 6.5
Determination of COG of Steel Mass
ITEM
Super structure
Longitudinal continuous material
TOTAL
LCG of Steel mass
VCG of Steel mass

=
=

MASS(t)

LCG from AP(m)

VCG keel(m)

634.6

36.89

30.78

25083.3

125.6

10.96

25717.9

123.41

11.45

123.41 m
11.45 m

6. 4.2 Engine plant mass
The engine plant mass is divided into propeller mass, propeller shaft mass,
main engine mass, & remainder mass
Table 6.6
Determination of COG of machinery
Item
Main engine
Electric equipment
Pod and propeller
Aux engine
Boiler and pump
Total

Mass (t)
975
174
1324
180
150
2803

LCG(m)
21.27
6.30
0.00
33.90
34.00
11.79

127

VCG(m)
7.00
16.70
7.93
6.50
8.00
8.06

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

6. 4.3 Wood and outfit mass
VCG = D + 1.25, L ≤ 125 m
= D + 1.25 + 0.01(L-125), 125 < L ≤ 250 m
= D + 2.50, 250 m < L
= 26.26m
LCG = (25% Wo at LCGM, 37.5% at LCG dh, and 37.5% at amidships)
LCG
=
66.09 m
Table 6.7
Determination of COG of Light Ship
ITEM

MASS(t)

LCG from AP(m)

VCG keel(m)

Steel

25717.9

125.6

11.45

Wood & Outfit

3173.9

66.09

26.26

Engine Plant

2803

11.79

8.06

TOTAL

31694.8

107.46

12.63

6.5 Required capacity:
Volume of HFO,
Volume of diesel oil,
Volume of boiler oil,
Volume of lube oil
Volume of fresh water,
Volume of washing water,
Volume of washing water

7154 m3
786 m3
373 m3
241 m3
30 m3
131 m3
168096 m3

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

128

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Available capacity
Cargo Capacity
=
Ballast water Capacity
=
HFO tank Capacity
=
DFO tank Capacity
=
Boiler fuel tank Capacity
=
LO tank Capacity
=
Capacity of FW tank
=
Capacity of washing water tank=

174294.17 m3
50841.42m3
7152.1 m3
797.4 m3
379.42 m3
247 m3
32 m3
132.44 m3

All the available capacities of tanks is more than the required, hence the design
is satisfactory.

129

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

CHAPTER 7
DETAILED TRIM AND
STABILITY CALCULATIONS

130

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

7.1 TRANSVERSE STABILITY
For small angles of inclination (heel) of the order of 4 or 5 degrees, the waterlines
before inclination and after inclination intersect at the same point on the vertical
centreline of the vessel, keeping the emerged and immersed volume of water equal.
The center of buoyancy has moved off the vessel’s centerline as the result of
inclination, and the lines along which the resultants of weight and buoyancy act are
separated by a distance, “GZ”, the righting arm. A vertical line through the centre of
buoyancy will intersect the original vertical through the centre of buoyancy, which is
in the vessel’s centreline plane, at a point “M” called the transverse metacentre. For
small angles of inclination, the point “M”, will remain practically stationary with respect
to the vessel’s centreline. The distance “GM", between the vessel’s centre of gravity
‘G’ and M’ when angle of heel is zero degrees, is the transverse metacentric height
(often called “Initial Stability” ) and is used as an index of stability for the preparation
of stability curves. The position of the transverse metacentre varies with the draft.
The transverse met centric position for small angles of inclination above the keel
point “K”, denoted as “KM".
The location of the metacentre has neither to do with the nature nor the distribution of
weights onboard. On the other hand, the vertical centre of gravity position above the
keel point “K”, denoted as “KG”, depends on the nature & distribution of oil, water
etc.
The centre of gravity of a vessel decreases directly when the positioning of weights is
lower and increases when positioning of weights is higher.
The transverse metacentric height is given by the relation:
GM = KMT – KG
If the displacement of the vessel in the light condition is known, the position of centre
of gravity “KG” , can be calculated by taking the vertical moments (weight of the
item * centre of gravity of the item) of all items on board and dividing the sum of these
moments by the total weight, i.e., displacement. Corresponding to this displacement,
the draft is determined and the “KMT" value obtained from the Hydrostatic Curves or
tables.

131

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

The motion of the liquid in a partially filled tank reduces the vessel’s stability because,
as the vessel is inclined, the centre of gravity of the liquid shifts towards one side.
This shift in the liquid causes the vessel’s centre of gravity to move towards the
lower side, reducing the righting arm and thus the stability is adversely affected by
the “free surface effect". The sum of the free surface moments of all liquid items in
tanks, not pressed full, is divided by the displacement of the vessel to obtain the Free
Surface Correction, described in page no. 21, denoted as “GG0 ". The new vertical
centre of gravity is denoted as “G” and its position above keel,”KG "is given by the
simple relation,
KGO =KG + GG0
The transverse metacentric height (corrected) is given by,

G0M = KMT -KG0 = GM - GG0
To maintain positive stability, the transverse metacentre must lie above the centre of
gravity i.e., the metacentric height must always be positive and its value must be able
to comply with statutory requirements.

7.2 LONGITUDINAL STABILITY
The longitudinal stability of a vessel usually poses no problem as the longitudinal
metacentric position is much higher than the center of gravity position The
longitudinal metacentre is similar to the transverse metacentre except that it involves
longitudinal inclinations. Since vessel is usually not symmetrical forward and aft, the
center of buoyancy at various even keel waterlines doesn’t always lie in a fixed
transverse plane, but may move forward and aft with changes in draft. For a given
even keel waterline, the longitudinal metacentre is defined as the intersection of a
vertical line through the center of buoyancy in the even keel position with a vertical
line through the position of the center of buoyancy after the vessel has been inclined
longitudinally through small angles.

132

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

The longitudinal metacentre, like the transverse, is substantially fixed with respect to
the vessel for moderate angles of inclination if there is no abrupt change in the shape
of the vessel in the vicinity of waterline, and its distance above the vessels center of
gravity is called the longitudinal metacentric height.
DRAFTS AND TRIM:
The draft “T”, corresponding to the displacement, obtained from the Hydrostatic
Curves or Tables, is the draft at the longitudinal centre of flotation, denoted as “LCF”.
The longitudinal centre of gravity “LCG” is obtained by dividing the net longitudinal
moment by the displacement. If the longitudinal centre of buoyancy “LCB” position
does not coincide with “LCG” position, the vessel will “trim“, i.e., the draft at the fore
end of waterline “Tf " and the draft at the aft end “T

a

" will not be equal. If the “LCG”

is forward of the “LCB”, the vessel will trim by forward and if the “LCB” is forward of
the “LCG” , the vessel will trim by aft.
The total trim, denoted as “t”, is given by:

t = T a - Tf = ((LCB – LCG) X Displacement ) / (100 X MCT1cm )
Positive “t” implies trim by aft & negative “t” implies trim by forward. The “LCB”,
“LCF”, and “MCT1cm" (moment to change trim by 1cm) are all obtained from the
Hydrostatic Tables
The drafts at the extreme ends of waterline are given by the algebraic relation:
Ta = T + t * LCF / LWL
Tf = T + t * (LCF-LWL) / LWL
The position of “LCG” depends on whether the weights are placed more concentrated
in the forward or aft of the vessel, in which case the vessel will trim by forward or aft,
respectively. Hence, the distribution of cargo, oil, freshwater, etc. must be uniform to
keep the trim as little as possible and towards aft. It must be noted that if it is not
possible to avoid trim, then trim by aft is more recommendable than trim by forward.
In the departure condition the trim, if present, must be, as far as possible, by aft.

133

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

7.3 WEATHER CRITERION ACCORDING TO IMO RES. A 749 (18)
The ability of a ship to withstand the combined effects of beam wind & rolling should
be demonstrated for each standard condition of loading.
The ship is subjected to a steady wind pressure acting perpendicular to the ship’s
centreline which results in a steady wind heeling lever (lw1)
1. From the resultant angle of equilibrium (θ0), the ship is assumed to roll owing to
wave action to an angle of roll (θ1) to windward.
2. The ship is then subjected to a gust wind pressure which results in a gust wind
heeling lever (lw2)
3. Under these circumstances, area “ b” should be greater than or equal to area “a”.
4. Free surface effect should be accounted for in the standard conditions of loading.
The angles are defined as follows:
θ0 =

Angle of heel under action of steady wind.

θ1 =

Angle of roll to windward due to wave action

θ2=

Angle of down flooding ( θf ) or 50 degrees or θc , whichever is less

θf=

Angle of heel at which openings in the hull, superstructures or
deckhouses which cannot be closed watertight,

θc=

Angle of second intercept between wind heeling lever ( lw2 ) and GZ

curves.
The wind heeling levers lw1 and lw2 are constant values at all angles of inclinations
and should be calculated as follows:
lw1 = P * A * Z / (1000 * g * Δ (m)
lw2 = 1.5 * lw1

134

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Where:
P=

504 N/m2

A=

Projected lateral area of the portion of the ship above waterline in m2.

Z=

Vertical distance from the centre of the projected lateral area (A) to the
centre of underwater lateral area or approximately to a point at one half
the draft in metres.

Δ=

Displacement of the ship in tonnes.

g=

Acceleration due to gravity (g = 9.81 m/s2)

The angle of roll (θ1) should be calculated as follows
θ1=

109 * k * X1 * X2 * √(r * s) (degrees)

Where,
X1, X2, k & s are factors given in tables 7.1 below.
k is a factor depending on type of bilge construction.
r = 0.73 + 0.6 OG/d
OG = distance between centre of gravity and the waterline in metres (+ ve if center
of gravity is above WL, -ve, if it is below)
d=

mean draught of the ship (m)

Rolling period

T = 2CB / √ GM (s)

Where
C=

0.373 + 0.023 (B/d) - 0.043 (L / 100).

The symbols in the above tables and formula for the rolling period are defined as
follows:
L=

waterline length of the ship (m)

B=

moulded breadth of the ship (m)

d=

mean moulded draft of the ship (m)

CB = block coefficient
Ak=

total overall area of bilge keels, or area of the lateral projection of the
bar keel, or sum of these areas (m2)

GM= metacentric height corrected for free surface effect (m)

135

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Table 7.1 Table for X1, X2, K and s
Values of factor X1
B/d
≤ 2.4 2.5
X1
1.00 0.98

2.6
0.96

2.7
0.95

Values of factor X2
Cb
≤ 0.45
X2
0.75

0.50
0.82

Values of factor k
Ak × 100 / L × B 0.00
K
1.00

1.00
0.98

2.8
0.93

2.9
0.91

0.55
0.89

3.0
0.90

3.1
0.88

3.2
0.86

0.60
0.95

3.4
0.82

0.65
0.97

≥ 3.5
0.80

≥ 0.70
1.00

3.50
0.72

≥ 4.00
0.70

Values of factor s
T
7.00
8.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
≤ 6.00
S
0.100
0.098
0.093
0.065
0.053
0.044
0.038
(Intermediate values in tables should be obtained by linear interpolation)

≥ 20.00
0.035

1.50
0.95

2.00
0.88

136

2.50
0.79

3.00
0.74

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Draught
m
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20

WINDAGE AREA TABLE
Table 7.2
VCG Above
wind area
Base line
Half draught
m2
m
m
6126
14.12
13.12
5604
15.16
13.16
5086
16.2
13.2
4574
17.23
13.23
4064
18.26
13.26
3553
19.3
13.3
3024
20.4
13.4
2485
21.58
13.58
1935
22.87
13.87
1381
24.42
14.42

DOWNFLOODING ANGLE, DECK IMMERSION & DRAFT PARTICULARS
Table 7.3
Draft(m)
Deck Immersion(Deg)
Down Flooding(Deg)
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20

41.76
39.07
36.09
32.9
29.46
25.78
21.8
17.67
13.3
8.77

53.67
51
47.98
44.54
40.69
36.31
31.38
25.87
19.79
13.22

137

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

7.3 Hydrostatic table for trimmed condition
Hydrostatic properties(trim=-2m Fwd)
(Tables 7.4)
Draft
(m)
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5

Disp
(t)
24468.24
29593.65
34798.1
40065.6
45386.27
50751.13
56152.38
61586.52
67052.07
72545.2
78060.64
83596.86
89153.5
94728.45
100324.2
105948
111604.2
117291.7
123008.3
128741.8
134483.4
140231.6
145994.6
151806.6
157680
163615.7
169583
175572.6
181586.6
187624.7
193686.4

LCB
KB(m)
(m)
(m)
155.004
1.525
152.858
1.777
151.223
2.032
149.917
2.287
148.841
2.543
147.94
2.799
147.167
3.055
146.486
3.311
145.875
3.567
145.323
3.823
144.823
4.08
144.362
4.336
143.935
4.592
143.537
4.848
143.163
5.104
142.813
5.36
142.483
5.617
142.173
5.875
141.881
6.133
141.599
6.391
141.324
6.649
141.056
6.906
140.791
7.163
140.506
7.422
140.198
7.682
139.868
7.943
139.544
8.205
139.232
8.468
138.933
8.73
138.644
8.992
138.367
9.255

LCF(m)
(m)
142.971
142.279
141.586
141.007
140.504
140.13
139.679
139.215
138.769
138.423
138.056
137.69
137.335
136.995
136.686
136.435
136.19
135.993
135.739
135.356
134.973
134.64
133.896
132.798
131.643
130.786
130.536
130.301
130.075
129.871
129.721

138

TPC
(t)
101.345
103.101
104.508
105.645
106.625
107.416
108.093
108.729
109.34
109.821
110.244
110.655
111.048
111.415
111.89
112.516
113.164
113.77
114.267
114.476
114.622
114.724
115.379
116.548
117.819
118.827
119.27
119.735
120.224
120.698
121.166

KMT
(m)
66.928
57.897
51.156
45.91
41.744
38.367
35.629
33.374
31.502
29.882
28.509
27.34
26.331
25.441
24.72
24.178
23.727
23.329
22.923
22.44
21.993
21.591
21.275
21.066
20.926
20.813
20.679
20.57
20.488
20.424
20.379

MCT1cm
(tm)
1548.395
1597.984
1639.369
1674.926
1708.454
1735.657
1757.739
1779.278
1800.326
1816.731
1830.302
1843.58
1857.01
1870.65
1888.178
1907.989
1927.81
1946.383
1963.325
1976.977
1990.494
2002.334
2046.421
2116.947
2191.395
2249.991
2273.857
2299.595
2326.966
2354.047
2380.585

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Hydrostatic properties(trim=-1.5 m for'd)
(Tables 7.5)

Draft
(m)
3.25
3.75
4.25
4.75
5.25
5.75
6.25
6.75
7.25
7.75
8.25
8.75
9.25
9.75
10.25
10.75
11.25
11.75
12.25
12.75
13.25
13.75
14.25
14.75
15.25
15.75
16.25
16.75
17.25
17.75

Disp
(t)
31599.62
36842.45
42142.74
47490.26
52877.73
58301.68
63757.94
69243.34
74752.78
80284.26
85836.49
91407.94
96998.39
997714.5
108252.9
113927
119630.9
125363.1
131108.8
136861.4
142624.7
148428.5
154291.1
160217.1
166177.2
172159.9
178165.3
184194.9
190247.1
196322.3

LCB
KB(m)
(m)
(m)
149.628
1.859
148.443
2.116
147.475
2.374
146.664
2.631
145.978
2.889
145.378
3.146
144.838
3.404
144.347
3.661
143.903
3.918
143.494
4.175
143.113
4.432
142.756
4.689
142.418
4.945
142.097
5.202
141.794
5.459
141.508
5.717
141.238
5.975
140.982
6.234
140.731
6.493
140.486
6.751
140.241
7.008
139.974
7.267
139.681
7.527
139.364
7.789
139.05
8.052
138.747
8.314
138.456
8.577
138.174
8.839
137.904
9.102
137.644
9.365

LCF(m)
(m)
141.599
141.023
140.481
140.099
139.75
139.298
138.839
138.479
138.154
137.789
137.421
137.079
136.709
136.407
136.158
135.945
135.752
135.467
135.081
134.73
133.977
132.832
131.681
130.731
130.48
130.221
129.977
129.761
129.588
129.444

139

TPCI
(t)
103.949
105.196
106.255
107.089
107.868
108.538
109.165
109.678
110.144
110.563
110.97
111.336
111.73
112.24
112.889
113.498
114.098
114.539
114.702
114.812
115.285
116.339
117.596
118.686
119.13
119.578
120.048
120.524
120.969
121.43

KMT
(m)
55.241
49.079
44.269
40.369
37.276
34.747
32.651
30.852
29.336
28.049
26.948
25.973
25.138
24.475
23.98
23.544
23.171
22.762
22.283
21.849
21.468
21.191
21.026
20.903
20.756
20.633
20.535
20.459
20.401
20.363

MCT1cm
(tm)
1625.639
1662.71
1697.086
1726.188
1752.775
1774.643
1795.957
1813.709
1829.361
1842.715
1856.126
1869.536
1884.785
1903.077
1923.026
1941.562
1959.88
1976.069
1989.626
2001.721
2037.257
2106.034
2180.104
2243.462
2267.105
2291.442
2317.666
2344.74
2369.932
2396.183

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Hydrostatic properties(trim=-1.0 m for'd)
(Tables 7.6)

Draft
(m)
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5

Disp
(t)
28421.75
33633.71
38911.13
44240.76
49611.11
55021.22
60467.59
65944.84
71446.74
76972.29
82520
88087.75
93674.54
99281.05
104910.4
110571
116261.6
121982.2
127729.2
133486.3
139252.7
145054.7
150907.7
156823.7
162776.9
168752.5
174750.9
180772.2
186816
192881.8

LCB
KB(m)
(m)
(m)
147.703 1.688
146.702 1.947
145.895 2.207
145.214 2.466
144.637 2.724
144.136 2.983
143.687 3.242
143.273
3.5
142.895 3.758
142.547 4.016
142.222 4.273
141.913 4.531
141.619 4.788
141.336 5.045
141.064 5.303
140.805 5.561
140.56
5.819
140.328 6.078
140.105 6.337
139.885 6.596
139.664 6.854
139.419 7.113
139.143 7.374
138.841 7.636
138.538 7.899
138.246 8.161
137.964 8.424
137.691 8.687
137.428
8.95
137.176 9.213

LCF(m)
(m)
141.508
141.019
140.479
140.051
139.715
139.372
138.921
138.526
138.207
137.888
137.52
137.166
136.793
136.417
136.129
135.905
135.707
135.509
135.19
134.826
134.147
132.903
131.72
130.679
130.426
130.166
129.899
129.657
129.48
129.31

140

TPCI
(t)
103.22
104.677
105.854
106.745
107.537
108.322
108.978
109.527
109.999
110.465
110.885
111.26
111.652
112.052
112.607
113.232
113.826
114.428
114.784
114.905
115.305
116.214
117.375
118.547
118.989
119.44
119.892
120.355
120.794
121.235

KMT
(m)
60.071
52.758
47.195
42.681
39.112
36.277
33.931
31.936
30.244
28.828
27.62
26.559
25.64
24.854
24.256
23.784
23.373
23.024
22.599
22.13
21.714
21.363
21.139
21.005
20.84
20.706
20.593
20.503
20.432
20.383

MCT1cm
(tm)
1606.082
1650.095
1685.187
1715.841
1743.032
1769.846
1791.422
1810.312
1826.247
1841.844
1855.36
1868.589
1883.746
1899.278
1918.131
1937.132
1955.1
1973.509
1988.805
2001.421
2032.291
2096.204
2168.875
2237.159
2260.644
2284.753
2309.569
2335.796
2360.686
2385.606

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Hydrostatic properties(trim=-0.5 m for'd)
(Tables 7.7)

Draft
(m)
3.25
3.75
4.25
4.75
5.25
5.75
6.25
6.75
7.25
7.75
8.25
8.75
9.25
9.75
10.25
10.75
11.25
11.75
12.25
12.75
13.25
13.75
14.25
14.75
15.25
15.75
16.25
16.75
17.25
17.75

Disp
(t)
30444.82
35692.51
41002.5
46355.65
51748.71
57181.39
62649.86
68144.41
73662.38
79203.98
84767.76
90350.84
95953.56
101576.5
107223.6
112901
118608.3
124345.6
130106.2
135875.9
141679.1
147529.2
153435.3
159381.7
165350.4
171341.8
177356.3
183392
189449.3
195528.7

LCB
KB(m)
(m)
(m)
144.624 1.781
144.044 2.042
143.549 2.303
143.12
2.563
142.743 2.822
142.403 3.081
142.086 3.341
141.79
3.599
141.513 3.858
141.252 4.116
141.002 4.374
140.759 4.632
140.521
4.89
140.288 5.148
140.061 5.406
139.845 5.664
139.639 5.923
139.442 6.182
139.25
6.442
139.056 6.701
138.837 6.961
138.583 7.222
138.298 7.484
138.007 7.747
137.726
8.01
137.456 8.273
137.193 8.536
136.939 8.799
136.694 9.063
136.459 9.326

LCF(m)
(m)
140.874
140.482
140.002
139.666
139.332
138.998
138.576
138.254
137.938
137.619
137.258
136.88
136.503
136.123
135.864
135.667
135.466
135.267
134.922
134.313
133.082
131.779
130.629
130.374
130.113
129.845
129.574
129.376
129.201
129.03

141

TPCI
(t)
104.008
105.37
106.404
107.194
107.987
108.776
109.379
109.849
110.319
110.79
111.189
111.575
111.974
112.378
112.966
113.56
114.159
114.761
115.001
115.337
116.229
117.203
118.41
118.851
119.301
119.759
120.208
120.625
121.064
121.503

KMT
(m)
57.082
50.538
45.382
41.223
37.965
35.362
33.152
31.257
29.68
28.356
27.205
26.193
25.33
24.591
24.05
23.598
23.215
22.891
22.436
21.982
21.597
21.285
21.119
20.936
20.785
20.663
20.558
20.472
20.41
20.369

MCT1cm
(tm)
1631.835
1672.785
1705.515
1732.636
1759.905
1786.779
1806.995
1822.89
1838.718
1854.52
1867.958
1882.802
1898.221
1913.928
1932.737
1950.614
1968.819
1987.147
2001.181
2028.095
2091.036
2158.241
2230.903
2254.333
2278.334
2302.92
2328.059
2351.746
2376.56
2401.516

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Hydrostatic properties(Even keel condition)
(Tables 7.8)
Draft
(m)
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5
18

Disp
(t)
27279.53
32493.33
37775.54
43111.65
48487.52
53903.09
59358.37
64845.38
70355.94
75890.09
81447.98
87027.59
92626.64
98245.7
103885
109549.3
115243.1
120967.1
126721.3
132494.7
138299
144150.1
150051.9
155991.5
161953.5
167938.2
173946
179975.3
186025
192095.3
198188.9

LCB
(m)
142.111
141.856
141.616
141.39
141.174
140.967
140.767
140.572
140.382
140.195
140.012
139.829
139.645
139.46
139.273
139.089
138.913
138.744
138.579
138.415
138.225
137.997
137.733
137.455
137.188
136.929
136.678
136.435
136.199
135.972
135.752

KB
(m)
1.62
1.881
2.143
2.404
2.664
2.924
3.183
3.443
3.702
3.961
4.219
4.478
4.736
4.994
5.252
5.511
5.77
6.029
6.289
6.548
6.809
7.07
7.333
7.596
7.86
8.123
8.387
8.65
8.913
9.177
9.44

LCF(m)
(m)
140.721
140.331
139.953
139.618
139.282
138.952
138.626
138.303
137.984
137.668
137.35
136.972
136.591
136.208
135.828
135.627
135.425
135.225
135.021
134.475
133.262
131.962
130.581
130.323
130.061
129.792
129.515
129.293
129.095
128.922
128.745

142

TPCI
(t)
103.33
104.697
106.062
106.85
107.645
108.437
109.231
109.702
110.17
110.642
111.118
111.506
111.897
112.3
112.707
113.294
113.893
114.493
115.098
115.374
116.248
117.216
118.275
118.714
119.164
119.621
120.087
120.481
120.896
121.335
121.777

KMT
(m)
62.414
54.362
48.566
43.672
39.899
36.918
34.521
32.392
30.629
29.157
27.917
26.803
25.854
25.042
24.346
23.849
23.426
23.069
22.768
22.274
21.852
21.507
21.246
21.043
20.875
20.736
20.626
20.523
20.446
20.393
20.36

MCT1cm
(tm)
1613.25
1654.319
1695.229
1722.266
1749.545
1776.63
1803.726
1819.625
1835.36
1851.225
1867.294
1882.211
1897.268
1912.955
1928.631
1946.179
1964.328
1982.568
2001.059
2024.188
2086.143
2153.103
2224.796
2248.117
2272.053
2296.582
2321.736
2344.106
2367.689
2392.556
2417.764

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Hydrostatic properties(trim=0.5m aft)
(Tables 7.9)
Draft
(m)
3.25
3.75
4.25
4.75
5.25
5.75
6.25
6.75
7.25
7.75
8.25
8.75
9.25
9.75
10.25
10.75
11.25
11.75
12.25
12.75
13.25
13.75
14.25
14.75
15.25
15.75
16.25
16.75
17.25
17.75

Disp
(t)
29317.84
34566.14
39878.98
45237.7
50636.16
56074.25
61549.88
67053.02
72579.7
78130.05
83704.41
89299.99
94915.28
100550.7
106205.9
111886.8
117597.3
123338.2
129108.8
134914.4
140766.4
146668.8
152606.4
158561.4
164539.1
170539.9
176562.9
182605.9
188668.7
194753.4

LCB
(m)
139.24
139.353
139.394
139.395
139.36
139.299
139.224
139.139
139.043
138.937
138.823
138.701
138.57
138.432
138.289
138.147
138.008
137.871
137.737
137.579
137.38
137.142
136.883
136.63
136.384
136.146
135.914
135.689
135.471
135.261

KB
(m)
1.725
1.987
2.248
2.509
2.769
3.029
3.289
3.548
3.807
4.066
4.325
4.584
4.842
5.101
5.359
5.618
5.877
6.137
6.397
6.658
6.92
7.183
7.447
7.711
7.974
8.238
8.502
8.765
9.029
9.293

LCF(m)
(m)
140.172
139.795
139.565
139.232
138.902
138.575
138.348
138.033
137.715
137.396
137.062
136.684
136.296
135.915
135.593
135.386
135.184
134.981
134.634
133.441
132.145
130.77
130.277
130.011
129.741
129.465
129.235
129.013
128.816
128.639

143

TPCI
(t)
104.018
105.385
106.505
107.303
108.095
108.889
109.55
110.023
110.492
110.968
111.433
111.826
112.226
112.629
113.034
113.628
114.227
114.832
115.421
116.269
117.233
118.284
118.581
119.026
119.483
119.948
120.36
120.753
121.167
121.61

KMT
(m)
59.026
51.967
46.541
42.13
38.695
35.961
33.664
31.688
30.046
28.671
27.475
26.43
25.538
24.773
24.127
23.662
23.268
22.936
22.591
22.13
21.749
21.456
21.164
20.976
20.821
20.695
20.586
20.493
20.425
20.381

MCT1cm
(tm)
1635.527
1676.506
1711.708
1739.176
1766.251
1793.301
1816.155
1832.157
1847.861
1863.918
1881.491
1896.656
1912.089
1927.712
1942.05
1959.898
1978.072
1996.541
2020.912
2081.269
2148.172
2219.585
2242.066
2265.786
2290.255
2315.341
2337.833
2360.189
2383.695
2408.884

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Draft
(m)
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5
18

Disp
(t)
31380.52
36661.96
41999.22
47380.45
52801.48
58261.31
63753.55
69272.72
74815.65
80382.83
85973.32
91585.11
97216.93
102868.3
108538.8
114236.2
119963.7
125721.5
131525
137378
143281.1
149222.5
155174.4
161145.2
167139.1
173155.6
179192.6
185249.3
191325.8
197424.1

Hydrostatic properties(trim=1.0m aft)
(Tables 7.10)
LCB
KB
LCF(m)
TPCI
KMT
(m)
(m)
(m)
(t)
(m)
136.674
1.836 139.631 104.705 56.076
137.078
2.097 139.359 105.968 49.754
137.356
2.357 139.174 106.954 44.726
137.545
2.617 138.851 107.753 40.734
137.662
2.877 138.525 108.546 37.597
137.729
3.137 138.269 109.263 35.036
137.767
3.397 138.072 109.867 32.873
137.779
3.656 137.764 110.345 31.037
137.766
3.915 137.442 110.819 29.505
137.732
4.174
137.1 111.306 28.203
137.68
4.433 136.772 111.751 27.064
137.613
4.692 136.389 112.154 26.082
137.531
4.951 136.003 112.554 25.243
137.437
5.209 135.651 112.925 24.513
137.335
5.468 135.352 113.368 23.924
137.231
5.727 135.145 113.963 23.49
137.127
5.987 134.941 114.565 23.122
137.022
6.247 134.667 115.226 22.801
136.897
6.508 133.626 116.298 22.433
136.73
6.77 132.327 117.25 22.013
136.521
7.034 130.96 118.294 21.685
136.285
7.299 130.359 118.63 21.356
136.049
7.563 129.966 118.895 21.089
135.819
7.827 129.691 119.347 20.916
135.594
8.091 129.414 119.812 20.773
135.375
8.354 129.179 120.236 20.653
135.163
8.618 128.955 120.634 20.551
134.956
8.882 128.735 121.025 20.468
134.755
9.146 128.533 121.443 20.41
134.56
9.41 128.358 121.88 20.371

144

MCT1cm
(tm)
1657.579
1694.931
1728.454
1755.864
1782.888
1807.122
1828.488
1844.639
1860.609
1878.286
1895.788
1911.476
1926.882
1941.152
1955.836
1973.688
1991.999
2014.88
2076.806
2143.237
2214.39
2241.542
2259.871
2284.013
2309.023
2331.857
2354.064
2376.282
2400.047
2425.301

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Hydrostatic properties(trim=1.5m aft)
(Tables 7.11)
Draft
(m)
3.25
3.75
4.25
4.75
5.25
5.75
6.25
6.75
7.25
7.75
8.25
8.75
9.25
9.75
10.25
10.75
11.25
11.75
12.25
12.75
13.25
13.75
14.25
14.75
15.25
15.75
16.25
16.75
17.25
17.75

Disp
(t)
28222.31
33466.98
38776.08
44136.33
49540.18
54983.43
60460.91
65969.39
71504.73
77064.52
82648.5
88255.15
93883.38
99531.35
105197.5
110883.7
116598
122342.2
128132.7
133985
139888.8
145834
151789.4
157756.3
163743.6
169753.3
175783.9
181834.7
187904.9
193995.4

LCB
(m)
133.461
134.364
135.007
135.479
135.823
136.07
136.253
136.39
136.487
136.547
136.576
136.581
136.563
136.526
136.474
136.411
136.342
136.269
136.177
136.045
135.867
135.657
135.445
135.232
135.023
134.818
134.619
134.425
134.235
134.05

KB
(m)
1.692
1.951
2.211
2.47
2.73
2.989
3.248
3.508
3.767
4.026
4.285
4.544
4.802
5.061
5.32
5.579
5.838
6.098
6.359
6.622
6.887
7.152
7.416
7.681
7.945
8.209
8.473
8.737
9
9.264

LCF(m)
(m)
139.318
139.145
138.976
138.788
138.473
138.185
137.999
137.8
137.491
137.14
136.813
136.475
136.095
135.729
135.393
135.111
134.903
134.661
133.723
132.518
131.147
130.457
130.03
129.647
129.363
129.121
128.898
128.678
128.452
128.25

145

TPCI
(t)
103.856
105.344
106.452
107.402
108.204
108.96
109.594
110.185
110.672
111.172
111.628
112.077
112.484
112.865
113.218
113.704
114.301
114.933
116.165
117.276
118.306
118.727
118.904
119.218
119.676
120.106
120.516
120.908
121.303
121.717

KMT
(m)
60.911
53.459
47.655
43.092
39.467
36.573
34.158
32.142
30.434
29
27.752
26.681
25.759
24.964
24.267
23.736
23.331
22.98
22.671
22.301
21.935
21.585
21.257
21.023
20.863
20.728
20.615
20.522
20.449
20.397

MCT1cm
(tm)
1632.914
1677.285
1711.875
1744.97
1772.498
1797.969
1819.576
1840.747
1857.435
1875.07
1892.594
1910.549
1926.354
1940.795
1954.554
1969.638
1987.597
2008.307
2069.978
2138.809
2209.282
2241.527
2258.887
2278.215
2302.818
2325.884
2348.289
2370.23
2392.699
2416.523

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Hydrostatic properties(trim=2.0m aft)
(Tables 7.12)
Draft
(m)
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5
18

Disp
(t)
30298.54
35573.57
40907.19
46290.19
51716.49
57178.69
62672.77
68197.34
73749.46
79326.65
84926.93
90549.97
96194.42
101857.5
107538.3
113240.9
118972
124746.7
130587.9
136491.8
142440.5
148400.7
154370
160352.9
166356
172380.2
178424.5
184489.1
190573.4
196678.1

LCB
(m)
131.147
132.279
133.113
133.74
134.214
134.577
134.861
135.085
135.257
135.38
135.466
135.521
135.549
135.554
135.541
135.513
135.477
135.42
135.321
135.178
134.997
134.81
134.621
134.43
134.241
134.056
133.875
133.699
133.526
133.356

KB
(m)
1.813
2.07
2.328
2.586
2.845
3.104
3.362
3.621
3.88
4.139
4.397
4.656
4.915
5.174
5.433
5.692
5.951
6.212
6.475
6.74
7.006
7.271
7.536
7.8
8.064
8.328
8.592
8.856
9.12
9.384

LCF(m)
(m)
138.819
138.744
138.598
138.406
138.111
137.914
137.73
137.522
137.189
136.851
136.517
136.179
135.814
135.47
135.138
134.87
134.65
133.75
132.648
131.345
130.557
130.129
129.696
129.32
129.065
128.839
128.623
128.395
128.169
127.939

146

TPCI
(t)
104.549
105.872
106.917
107.849
108.642
109.295
109.92
110.509
111.026
111.499
111.956
112.405
112.803
113.154
113.527
114.042
114.647
115.857
117.197
118.329
118.824
118.995
119.2
119.549
119.977
120.389
120.79
121.187
121.581
122.015

KMT
(m)
57.756
51.019
45.754
41.618
38.307
35.581
33.344
31.467
29.876
28.506
27.332
26.326
25.456
24.692
24.046
23.563
23.18
22.847
22.552
22.209
21.834
21.474
21.173
20.964
20.813
20.686
20.582
20.499
20.433
20.388

MCT1cm
(tm)
1653.89
1694.255
1728.601
1761.352
1788.486
1810.456
1831.959
1853.327
1871.753
1889.44
1907.394
1925.303
1940.59
1954.286
1967.992
1983.52
2002.292
2061.301
2132.689
2204.787
2241.474
2258.94
2276.829
2297.119
2319.959
2342.378
2364.449
2386.75
2409.34
2435.023

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

7.4 CROSS CURVES (KN) TABLES
(Tables 7.13)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= -2m (Aft)
Disp(t)

5o

10o

15o

20o

30o

40o

50o

60o

70o

80o

25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

4.88
4.034
3.192
2.698
2.385
2.184
2.05
1.952
1.882
1.83
1.799
1.783

9.28
7.801
6.32
5.394
4.797
4.387
4.099
3.9
3.768
3.677
3.613
3.575

12.20
10.69
9.189
8.035
7.195
6.596
6.171
5.876
5.673
5.535
5.447
5.388

13.92
12.67
11.41
10.37
9.486
8.792
8.271
7.89
7.616
7.428
7.253
7.008

15.97
15.16
14.35
13.69
13.14
12.68
12.25
11.76
11.22
10.65
10.07
9.498

16.88
16.54
16.19
15.93
15.63
15.18
14.64
14.04
13.4
12.72
12.02
11.32

17.10
17.219
17.335
17.114
16.704
16.205
15.654
15.071
14.466
13.845
13.208
12.557

17.35
17.36
17.38
17.12
16.72
16.27
15.78
15.28
14.78
14.27
13.76
13.23

16.65
16.6
16.5
16.3
15.9
15.6
15.2
14.9
14.5
14.1
13.8
13.4

15.14
15.02
14.91
14.74
14.54
14.32
14.11
13.89
13.69
13.49
13.29
13.09

(Tables 7.14)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= -1.5m (Aft)
Disp(t)

5o

10o

15o

20o

30o

40o

50o

60o

70o

80o

25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

4.88
4.036
3.194
2.7
2.387
2.185
2.052
1.953
1.885
1.832
1.8
1.783

9.28
7.803
6.323
5.397
4.8
4.391
4.102
3.904
3.771
3.679
3.615
3.576

12.19
10.69
9.191
8.039
7.2
6.601
6.176
5.881
5.677
5.538
5.449
5.392

13.91
12.66
11.42
10.37
9.491
8.798
8.277
7.895
7.621
7.432
7.26
7.018

15.97
15.16
14.35
13.7
13.15
12.68
12.26
11.77
11.23
10.66
10.09
9.511

16.88
16.54
16.19
15.93
15.63
15.19
14.65
14.05
13.41
12.73
12.03
11.34

17.10
17.219
17.336
17.117
16.71
16.212
15.662
15.079
14.475
13.855
13.22
12.571

17.35
17.36
17.38
17.12
16.73
16.27
15.78
15.29
14.79
14.28
13.77
13.24

16.65
16.6
16.5
16.3
16
15.6
15.2
14.9
14.5
14.1
13.8
13.4

15.14
15.03
14.91
14.74
14.54
14.33
14.11
13.9
13.69
13.49
13.3
13.1

147

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.15)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= -1.0 m (Aft)
Disp(t)
25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

5o
4.88
4.037
3.196
2.701
2.388
2.185
2.053
1.954
1.887
1.833
1.8
1.783

10o
9.28
7.805
6.326
5.4
4.802
4.394
4.105
3.907
3.773
3.681
3.616
3.576

15o
12.19
10.69
9.193
8.042
7.204
6.605
6.181
5.886
5.681
5.541
5.45
5.395

20o
13.91
12.66
11.42
10.37
9.496
8.804
8.283
7.9
7.625
7.436
7.267
7.027

30o
15.96
15.16
14.35
13.7
13.15
12.68
12.26
11.78
11.24
10.67
10.1
9.523

40o
16.87
16.53
16.2
15.93
15.64
15.19
14.66
14.06
13.42
12.74
12.05
11.35

50o
17.10
17.219
17.336
17.12
16.715
16.219
15.669
15.087
14.484
13.865
13.232
12.585

60o
70o
80o
17.35 16.65 15.14
17.37
16.6 15.03
17.39
16.5 14.92
17.13
16.3 14.75
16.74
16 14.55
16.28
15.6 14.33
15.79
15.2 14.12
15.3
14.9
13.9
14.8
14.5
13.7
14.29
14.1
13.5
13.78
13.8
13.3
13.25
13.4 13.11

(Tables 7.16)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= -0.5m (Aft)
Disp(t)
25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

5o
4.88
4.038
3.197
2.703
2.39
2.187
2.054
1.956
1.889
1.834
1.8
1.783

10o
9.28
7.807
6.33
5.404
4.806
4.397
4.108
3.911
3.777
3.685
3.618
3.576

15o
12.18
10.69
9.194
8.047
7.209
6.61
6.185
5.89
5.685
5.544
5.453
5.397

20o
13.90
12.66
11.42
10.38
9.501
8.811
8.291
7.907
7.631
7.44
7.274
7.035

30o
15.96
15.15
14.35
13.7
13.16
12.69
12.27
11.79
11.25
10.68
10.11
9.533

148

40o
16.87
16.53
16.2
15.93
15.64
15.2
14.67
14.07
13.43
12.75
12.06
11.36

50o
17.10
17.218
17.335
17.122
16.72
16.225
15.675
15.094
14.492
13.874
13.243
12.598

60o
70o
80o
17.34 16.66 15.15
17.37
16.6 15.03
17.39
16.5 14.92
17.13
16.3 14.75
16.74
16 14.55
16.28
15.6 14.34
15.8
15.2 14.12
15.3
14.9 13.91
14.8
14.5
13.7
14.3
14.1
13.5
13.79
13.8 13.31
13.27
13.4 13.12

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.17)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= 0 m (Even keel)
Disp(t)
25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

5o
4.88
4.04
3.199
2.705
2.392
2.188
2.055
1.959
1.891
1.836
1.801
1.784

10o
9.29
7.809
6.332
5.406
4.808
4.4
4.112
3.916
3.78
3.687
3.621
3.577

15o
12.18
10.69
9.195
8.05
7.214
6.615
6.191
5.896
5.689
5.547
5.455
5.398

20o
13.90
12.66
11.42
10.38
9.505
8.817
8.297
7.913
7.636
7.444
7.28
7.042

30o
15.96
15.15
14.35
13.7
13.16
12.69
12.28
11.8
11.26
10.69
10.12
9.543

40o
16.87
16.53
16.2
15.93
15.64
15.2
14.67
14.08
13.44
12.76
12.07
11.38

50o
17.10
17.219
17.336
17.125
16.725
16.23
15.682
15.101
14.499
13.882
13.253
12.61

60o
70o
80o
17.34 16.66 15.15
17.37
16.6 15.04
17.39
16.5 14.93
17.13
16.3 14.76
16.75
16 14.56
16.29
15.6 14.35
15.8
15.2 14.13
15.31
14.9 13.91
14.81
14.5 13.71
14.3
14.2 13.51
13.79
13.8 13.31
13.28
13.4 13.12

(Tables 7.18)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= 0.5 m (For’d)
Disp(t)
25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

5o
4.88
4.042
3.201
2.706
2.394
2.19
2.056
1.961
1.893
1.838
1.802
1.784

10o
9.29
7.81
6.335
5.409
4.811
4.403
4.116
3.919
3.783
3.689
3.623
3.578

15o
12.18
10.69
9.197
8.054
7.219
6.62
6.197
5.901
5.694
5.551
5.457
5.4

20o
13.89
12.65
11.42
10.38
9.51
8.823
8.304
7.919
7.642
7.449
7.283
7.047

30o
15.95
15.15
14.35
13.7
13.16
12.7
12.28
11.8
11.27
10.7
10.13
9.552

149

40o
16.86
16.53
16.2
15.94
15.64
15.21
14.68
14.08
13.44
12.77
12.08
11.39

50o
17.10
17.218
17.334
17.126
16.728
16.235
15.687
15.107
14.505
13.889
13.261
12.62

60o
70o
80o
17.34 16.66 15.15
17.37
16.6 15.04
17.39
16.5 14.93
17.14
16.3 14.76
16.75
16 14.56
16.29
15.6 14.35
15.81
15.3 14.13
15.31
14.9 13.92
14.81
14.5 13.71
14.31
14.2 13.51
13.8
13.8 13.32
13.28
13.4 13.13

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.19)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= 1.0 m (For’d)
Disp(t)
25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

5o
4.88
4.043
3.202
2.708
2.396
2.191
2.058
1.964
1.895
1.84
1.803
1.785

10o
9.29
7.812
6.338
5.413
4.814
4.407
4.12
3.923
3.787
3.692
3.625
3.58

15o
12.17
10.68
9.198
8.057
7.224
6.626
6.204
5.907
5.699
5.555
5.46
5.402

20o
13.88
12.65
11.41
10.38
9.515
8.83
8.312
7.927
7.648
7.455
7.287
7.051

30o
15.94
15.15
14.35
13.7
13.16
12.7
12.28
11.81
11.28
10.71
10.13
9.559

40o
16.86
16.53
16.19
15.94
15.65
15.21
14.68
14.09
13.45
12.78
12.09
11.39

50o
17.10
17.218
17.333
17.128
16.732
16.239
15.692
15.112
14.511
13.896
13.268
12.629

60o
70o
80o
17.34 16.66 15.15
17.36
16.6 15.04
17.39
16.5 14.93
17.14
16.3 14.76
16.75
16 14.57
16.3
15.6 14.35
15.81
15.3 14.14
15.32
14.9 13.92
14.82
14.5 13.71
14.32
14.2 13.52
13.81
13.8 13.32
13.29
13.4 13.13

(Tables 7.20)
CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= 1.5 m (For’d)
Disp(t)
25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

5o
4.89
4.044
3.203
2.71
2.398
2.192
2.059
1.966
1.897
1.841
1.804
1.785

10o
9.29
7.813
6.34
5.416
4.817
4.41
4.124
3.927
3.79
3.694
3.627
3.582

15o
12.16
10.68
9.198
8.06
7.228
6.631
6.21
5.913
5.704
5.559
5.463
5.403

20o
13.88
12.65
11.41
10.39
9.52
8.836
8.319
7.934
7.654
7.46
7.29
7.055

30o
15.94
15.14
14.35
13.71
13.17
12.71
12.29
11.82
11.28
10.72
10.14
9.565

150

40o
16.85
16.52
16.19
15.94
15.65
15.22
14.69
14.09
13.45
12.78
12.09
11.4

50o
17.11
17.218
17.331
17.129
16.735
16.243
15.696
15.117
14.517
13.903
13.275
12.638

60o
70o
80o
17.34 16.66 15.16
17.36
16.6 15.05
17.39
16.5 14.94
17.14
16.3 14.77
16.76
16 14.57
16.3
15.6 14.36
15.82
15.3 14.14
15.32
14.9 13.92
14.82
14.5 13.72
14.32
14.2 13.52
13.82
13.8 13.33
13.3
13.5 13.14

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.21)

CROSS CURVES OF STABILITY(KN) TABLES
Trim= 2.0 m (For’d)
Disp(t)
25000
40000
55000
70000
85000
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

5o
4.89
4.046
3.206
2.712
2.399
2.194
2.059
1.969
1.9
1.843
1.806
1.786

10o
9.29
7.814
6.343
5.419
4.82
4.413
4.129
3.932
3.794
3.697
3.629
3.584

15o
12.16
10.68
9.198
8.064
7.233
6.637
6.216
5.919
5.709
5.563
5.466
5.404

20o
13.87
12.64
11.41
10.39
9.524
8.844
8.326
7.941
7.661
7.464
7.292
7.056

30o
15.93
15.14
14.35
13.71
13.17
12.71
12.29
11.82
11.29
10.72
10.15
9.57

151

40o
16.85
16.52
16.19
15.94
15.65
15.22
14.69
14.1
13.46
12.79
12.1
11.41

50o
17.11
17.218
17.329
17.129
16.737
16.247
15.7
15.121
14.521
13.907
13.281
12.645

60o
70o
80o
17.33 16.66 15.16
17.36
16.6 15.05
17.39
16.5 14.94
17.14
16.3 14.77
16.76
16 14.57
16.3
15.6 14.36
15.82
15.3 14.14
15.33
14.9 13.93
14.83
14.5 13.72
14.33
14.2 13.53
13.82
13.8 13.33
13.31
13.5 13.14

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

17.5

60
50
40
70
30

15

80
20

12.5
15

10.
10

7.5

5.0

5

2.5

25000

40000

55000

70000

85000

100000

115000

130000

145000

160000

DISP (t)

Fig 7.1
CROSS CURVES (EVEN KEEL CONDITION)

.

152

175000

190000

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

7.5 COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
1)

The area under the righting lever (GZ) curve shall not be less than 0.055
m-radians upto an
angle of heel of 30°.
30

i.e

∫ GZ dθ = 0.055 m-rad.
0

But for an angle of θ, righting lever is given by
GZ = KN – KG Sinθ
30

(KN – KG Sinθ) dθ = 0.055

0

30

30

KN dθ -

0

30

KG Sinθ dθ = 0.055

0

30

KN dθ - KG

0

KG Sinθ dθ = 0.055

0

30

KG =

∫ KN dθ − 0.055
0

30

∫ Sinθ dθ
0

30

KG1 =

∫ KN dθ − 0.055

m

Condition (1)

0

1 – Cos30
(2)
The area under the righting lever (GZ) curve shall not be less than 0.09
m-radians to
an angle of either 40° or an angle of (θf) (Flooding angle)
if that be less
40

∫ GZ

dθ = 0.09 m – radians (assuming Flooding angle (θf) is more than

0

40°)
Similarly as above, we can arrive at
40

KG2 =

∫ KN ∂θ

− 0.09 m Condition (2)

0

1 – Cos40

153

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
The area under the righting lever (GZ) curve shall not be less than 0.03 m-radians
between the angles of heel of 30° and 40° or between 30 and (θf) degrees, if it is less
than 40 degrees
Assuming (θf) (Flooding angle) is more than 40°
40

∫ KN dθ − 0.03

KG3 =

m

Condition (3)

30

Cos30 – Cos40
4)

The maximum righting lever (GZ) shall be at least 0.2 metre at an angle of heel
equal to or
greater than 30°
i.e.

GZ at 30° = 0.20m
KG4 = KN30 – 0.20
Sin30

Condition (4)

5)
Maximum righting lever (GZ) should occur at an angle exceeding 30° but not
less than 25°
(say maximum righting lever (GZ) occur at 25°)

∂ (GZ)

25

=0

∂θ
∂ (KN – KG Sinθ)
∂θ
∂ KN

25

25

– KG ∂ Sinθ)

∂θ
∂θ
KG = ∂ KN
1
∂θ
Cos25
KG5 = KN30 – KN20
10 * π
180
6)

=0
25

=0

1
Cos25

Condition (5)

The initial metacentric height shall be not less than 0.15 metre
GM

=

0.15 m

KMT - KG = 0.15 m
KG6

= KMT – 0.15 m

154

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

66.23
46.13
52.59
30.74
40.98
24.83
23.53
22.40
21.37
20.90
20.60
20.41

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

65.72
46.41
36.43
30.75
27.21
25.14
23.51
22.43
21.39
20.93
20.60
20.41

(Tables 7.22)
COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM – 2.0m (For’d)
41.39 35.69 28.11 31.54 12.96 66.08
12.96
53.27
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.92 15.76 45.98
15.76
30.37
32.58 29.88 26.31 28.29 18.54 52.44
18.54
34.05
29.37 27.74 25.60 26.99 21.03 30.59
21.03
9.71
26.91 26.07 25.00 25.89 23.13 40.83
23.13
17.85
25.12 24.75 24.30 24.95 24.55 24.68
24.30
0.53
23.70 23.64 23.60 24.10 25.15 23.38
23.38
0.15
22.58 22.61 22.70 23.12 24.48 22.25
22.25
0.15
21.76 21.63 21.50 22.04 22.78 21.22
21.22
0.15
21.09 20.73 20.30 20.90 20.37 20.75
20.30
0.60
20.41 19.83 19.10 19.75 17.83 20.45
17.83
2.77
19.74 18.94 17.90 18.60 15.74 20.26
15.74
4.67

(Tables 7.23)
COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 1.5m (For’d)
41.39 35.69 28.11 31.54 13.02 65.57
13.02
52.70
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.91 15.77 46.26
15.77
30.64
32.58 29.92 26.41 28.29 18.54 36.28
18.54
17.89
29.37 27.74 25.60 26.99 21.02 30.60
21.02
9.73
26.98 26.07 24.90 25.90 23.12 27.06
23.12
4.09
25.12 24.75 24.30 24.96 24.54 24.99
24.30
0.84
23.70 23.64 23.60 24.11 25.16 23.36
23.36
0.15
22.65 22.61 22.60 23.14 24.50 22.28
22.28
0.15
21.76 21.67 21.60 22.06 22.82 21.24
21.24
0.15
21.09 20.73 20.30 20.92 20.42 20.78
20.30
0.63
20.49 19.83 19.00 19.77 17.87 20.45
17.87
2.73
19.74 18.98 18.00 18.62 15.76 20.26
15.76
4.65

155

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.24)

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

66.87
46.46
36.44
30.81
27.24
24.84
23.51
22.47
21.41
20.94
20.61
20.41

COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 1.0 m (For’d)
41.39 35.69 28.11 31.52 12.96 66.72
12.96
53.91
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.91 15.77 46.31
15.77
30.69
32.58 29.92 26.41 28.30 18.54 36.29
18.54
17.90
29.37 27.74 25.60 26.99 21.01 30.66
21.01
9.80
26.98 26.07 24.90 25.90 23.11 27.09
23.11
4.13
25.12 24.75 24.30 24.97 24.52 24.69
24.30
0.54
23.70 23.68 23.70 24.13 25.16 23.36
23.36
0.15
22.65 22.65 22.70 23.16 24.53 22.32
22.32
0.15
21.76 21.67 21.60 22.08 22.85 21.26
21.26
0.15
21.09 20.77 20.40 20.95 20.47 20.79
20.40
0.54
20.49 19.88 19.10 19.80 17.90 20.46
17.90
2.71
19.82 18.98 17.90 18.65 15.78 20.26
15.78
4.63
(Tables 7.25)

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

66.54
46.57
36.55
30.84
27.25
24.87
23.50
22.50
21.46
20.94
20.62
20.41

COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 0.5m (For’d)
41.39 35.65 28.01 31.52 13.02 66.39
13.02
53.52
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.91 15.77 46.42
15.77
30.80
32.58 29.92 26.41 28.30 18.54 36.40
18.54
18.01
29.37 27.78 25.70 27.00 21.01 30.69
21.01
9.83
26.98 26.12 25.00 25.91 23.10 27.10
23.10
4.15
25.12 24.79 24.40 24.98 24.51 24.72
24.40
0.47
23.77 23.68 23.60 24.14 25.15 23.35
23.35
0.15
22.65 22.65 22.70 23.18 24.54 22.35
22.35
0.15
21.83 21.71 21.60 22.10 22.88 21.31
21.31
0.15
21.09 20.77 20.40 20.97 20.51 20.79
20.40
0.54
20.49 19.88 19.10 19.82 17.92 20.47
17.92
2.70
19.82 19.02 18.00 18.67 15.79 20.26
15.79
4.62

156

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.26)

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

67.35
46.73
36.57
30.86
27.30
24.89
23.49
22.55
21.50
20.95
20.62
20.42

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

67.11
46.64
36.65
30.93
27.32
24.92
23.49
22.58
21.58
20.96
20.63
20.42

COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 0 m
41.39 35.65 28.01 31.52 13.02 67.20
13.02
54.33
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.90 15.78 46.58
15.78
30.95
32.58 29.92 26.41 28.30 18.54 36.42
18.54
18.03
29.45 27.78 25.60 27.00 21.01 30.71
21.01
9.85
26.98 26.12 25.00 25.92 23.09 27.15
23.09
4.21
25.19 24.79 24.30 24.98 24.50 24.74
24.30
0.59
23.77 23.68 23.60 24.15 25.15 23.34
23.34
0.15
22.65 22.70 22.80 23.19 24.55 22.40
22.40
0.15
21.83 21.71 21.60 22.12 22.90 21.35
21.35
0.15
21.16 20.77 20.30 20.99 20.55 20.80
20.30
0.65
20.49 19.92 19.20 19.84 17.94 20.47
17.94
2.68
19.82 19.02 18.00 18.69 15.81 20.27
15.81
4.61

(Tables 7.27)
COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 0.5 m (Aft )
41.39 35.65 28.01 31.50 13.02 66.96
13.02
54.09
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.90 15.78 46.49
15.78
30.86
32.58 29.92 26.41 28.30 18.54 36.50
18.54
18.11
29.45 27.78 25.60 27.01 21.01 30.78
21.01
9.92
26.98 26.12 25.00 25.92 23.08 27.17
23.08
4.24
25.19 24.79 24.30 24.99 24.49 24.77
24.30
0.62
23.77 23.72 23.70 24.16 25.14 23.34
23.34
0.15
22.73 22.70 22.70 23.21 24.56 22.43
22.43
0.15
21.83 21.71 21.60 22.14 22.92 21.43
21.43
0.15
21.16 20.82 20.40 21.01 20.57 20.81
20.40
0.56
20.49 19.92 19.20 19.85 17.98 20.48
17.98
2.65
19.82 19.02 18.00 18.70 15.84 20.27
15.84
4.58

157

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.28)

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

66.60
46.81
36.71
30.94
27.36
24.95
23.48
22.57
21.63
20.97
20.64
20.43

COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 1.0 m (Aft )
41.31 35.65 28.11 31.48 13.02 66.45
13.02
53.58
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.89 15.78 46.66
15.78
31.03
32.58 29.92 26.41 28.30 18.54 36.56
18.54
18.17
29.45 27.78 25.60 27.01 21.00 30.79
21.00
9.94
27.06 26.12 24.90 25.93 23.07 27.21
23.07
4.29
25.19 24.79 24.30 25.00 24.48 24.80
24.30
0.65
23.77 23.72 23.70 24.17 25.12 23.33
23.33
0.15
22.73 22.70 22.70 23.22 24.55 22.42
22.42
0.15
21.83 21.76 21.70 22.15 22.93 21.48
21.48
0.15
21.16 20.82 20.40 21.02 20.58 20.82
20.40
0.57
20.56 19.92 19.10 19.87 18.00 20.49
18.00
2.64
19.82 19.06 18.10 18.72 15.85 20.28
15.85
4.58

(Tables 7.29)
DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

67.57
46.80
36.72
31.02
27.39
24.97
23.49
22.60
21.68
20.99
20.65
20.44

COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 1.5m (Aft )
41.31 35.65 28.11 31.48 13.02 67.42
13.02
54.55
36.99 32.78 27.21 29.88 15.79 46.65
15.79
31.01
32.58 29.92 26.41 28.29 18.55 36.57
18.55
18.17
29.45 27.78 25.60 27.01 20.99 30.87
20.99
10.03
27.06 26.16 25.00 25.93 23.06 27.24
23.06
4.33
25.19 24.83 24.40 25.01 24.46 24.82
24.40
0.57
23.85 23.72 23.60 24.18 25.10 23.34
23.34
0.15
22.73 22.74 22.80 23.23 24.55 22.45
22.45
0.15
21.91 21.76 21.60 22.16 22.94 21.53
21.53
0.15
21.16 20.82 20.40 21.03 20.59 20.84
20.40
0.59
20.56 19.96 19.20 19.88 18.02 20.50
18.02
2.63
19.82 19.06 18.10 18.73 15.87 20.29
15.87
4.57

158

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

(Tables 7.30)

DISP

KMT

25000
40000
5500
70000
8500
100000
115000
130000
145000
160000
175000
190000

67.12
46.86
36.82
31.06
27.41
25.02
23.49
22.62
21.73
21.01
20.66
20.45

COMPUTATIONS OF IMO ENVELOP
KG1 KG2 KG3 KG4 KG5 KG6 KGmax GMmin
TRIM - 2.0 m (Aft )
41.31 35.61 28.01 31.46 13.02 66.97
13.02
54.10
36.99 32.74 27.11 29.88 15.80 46.71
15.80
31.06
32.66 29.92 26.31 28.29 18.55 36.67
18.55
18.27
29.45 27.78 25.60 27.01 20.99 30.91
20.99
10.07
27.06 26.16 25.00 25.94 23.05 27.26
23.05
4.36
25.19 24.83 24.40 25.02 24.43 24.87
24.40
0.62
23.85 23.72 23.60 24.18 25.07 23.34
23.34
0.15
22.80 22.74 22.70 23.24 24.54 22.47
22.47
0.15
21.91 21.76 21.60 22.18 22.93 21.58
21.58
0.15
21.16 20.86 20.50 21.05 20.60 20.86
20.50
0.51
20.56 19.96 19.20 19.89 18.04 20.51
18.04
2.62
19.89 19.06 18.00 18.74 15.89 20.30
15.89
4.56

.

159

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

7.6 STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO THE TRIM AND STABILITY CALCULATIONS
Step - 1

Identify the loading condition and associated deadweight items and the
centres of gravity (KG & LCG).

Step - 2

Displacement for this condition along with the vertical (KG) and
longitudinal (LCG) centre of gravity is given by the sum of deadweight
items and the Lightship weight

Step - 3

Determine the LCB, T, & LCF from the hydrostatics tables and above
parameters w.r.t to the corresponding trim.

Step - 4

From the above graphs read off the trim at which LCB = LCG and also
the corresponding LCF & T. This is the trim at which the ship will float in
equilibrium. Cross check the displacement & LCB at this trim & draft
and continue the iteration till sufficient accuracy of results are obtained
satisfying the conditions -Total Weight of the ship = Displacement and
LCG=LCB .

Step - 5

From the trim obtained by the above calculate the draft forward and
draft aft.

Step-6

Metacentric Height (GM) is given by the difference between KMt &KG
and expressed as GM = KMt – KG(m).

Step-7

Applying Free Surface correction for partially filled tanks to get the
final GM
G0 M = GM – GG0. .

Step – 8

The GM obtained through the above calculations should satisfy the
maximum permissible KG min permissible GM as specified by the IMO
criteria for intact stability.

Step – 9

The metacentric height calculated above is valid for smaller angles of
heel. For larger angles of heel the righting lever (GZ) is to be
considered.

160

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Step – 10

From the GZ values obtained for the different angles of heel plot a
curve of Angle of Heel versus GZ. From this curve calculate the areas
under different angles to satisfy the IMO intact stability criteria

Step – 11

Finally, the weather criteria as per IMO requirements is to be found
satisfactory for different loading conditions.

7.7 TANK POSITIONS AND CAPACITIES

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Item
CH1(P)
CH1(S)
CH2(P)
CH2(S)
CH3(P)
CH3(S)
CH4(P)
CH4(S)
CH5(P)
CH5(S)
Slop tank(P)
Slop tank(S)

Determination of COG of Cargo holds
(Tables 7.31)
Fr.No.
Weight
LCG
VCG
(98%vol)
m
m
70-114
13526.12
69.77
13.53
70-114
13526.12
69.77
13.53
114-164
15901.85 109.25
13.45
114-164
15901.85 109.25
13.45
164-209
14311.66 149.63
13.45
164-209
14311.66 149.63
13.45
209-259
15621.22 189.63
13.45
209-259
15621.22 189.63
13.45
259-314
12344.41 225.39
13.43
259-314
12344.41 225.39
13.43
64-70
1722.05
50.99
13.84
64-70
1722.05
50.99
13.84

161

TCG
m
-10.43
10.43
-10.69
10.69
-10.69
10.69
-10.69
10.69
-9.32
9.32
-9.86
9.86

FSM
tm
15475.16
15475.16
18504.95
18504.95
16654.46
16654.46
18178.39
18178.39
13350.11
13350.11
210.43
210.43

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Determination of COG of ballast tank
(Tables 7.33)

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

Item
Aft peak tank(s)
Aft peak tank(s)
Wing ballast tank1(P)
Wing ballast tank1(S)
Wing ballast tank2(P)
Wing ballast tank2(S)
Wing ballast tank3(P)
Wing ballast tank3(S)
Wing ballast tank4(P)
Wing ballast tank4(S)
Wing ballast tank5(P)
Wing ballast tank5(S)
Wing ballast tank6(P)
Wing ballast tank6(S)
Ballast tank 1(P)
Ballast tank 1(S)
Ballast tank 2(P)
Ballast tank 2(S)
Ballast tank 3(P)
Ballast tank 3(S)
Ballast tank 4(P)
Ballast tank 4(S)
FP tank(P)
FP tank(S)

Fr.No.

Weight
t(98%vol)

AE -16
AE -16
64-70
64-70
70-114
70-114
114-164
114-164
164-209
164-209
209-259
209-259
259-314
259-314
131-164
131-164
164-209
164-209
209-259
209-259
259-314
259-314
314-fe
314-fe

1026.48
1026.48
298.33
298.33
2390.57
2390.57
2933.79
2933.79
2640.41
2640.41
2882.01
2882.01
2575.32
2575.32
1694.27
1694.27
2553.50
2553.50
2787.16
2787.16
2070.92
2070.92
1258.82
1258.82

162

LCG
m
-5.63
-5.63
50.96
50.96
73.20
73.20
113.15
113.15
153.53
153.53
193.53
193.53
233.25
233.25
119.65
119.65
153.53
153.53
193.53
193.53
228.34
228.34
257.31
257.31

VCG
m
18.96
18.96
12.49
12.49
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
13.01
13.01
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.56
1.56
9.14
9.14

TCG
m

FSM
tm

-7.26
7.26
-20.85
20.85
-21.18
21.18
-21.18
21.18
-21.18
21.18
-21.18
21.18
-18.12
18.12
-11.19
11.19
-11.29
11.29
-11.29
11.29
-18.12
18.12
-3.88
3.88

696.39
696.39
12.47
12.47
37.30
37.30
47.57
47.57
42.81
42.81
46.73
46.73
41.26
41.26
3791.36
3791.36
6007.23
6007.23
6556.91
6556.91
4390.36
4390.36
1034.51
1034.51

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

Determination of COG of Consumable.
(Tables 7.32)
S.No
Item
Fr.No.
Weight
LCG
VCG
(98%vol)
m
m
1
HFO tank1(P)
21-46
370.87
23.72
2.28
2
HFO tank1(S)
21-46
370.87
23.72
2.28
3
HFO tank 2(P)
67-70
114.98
50.05
1.60
4
HFO tank 2(S)
67-70
114.98
50.05
1.60
5
HFO tank3(P)
70-114
2045.06 71.64
1.57
6
HFO tank3(S)
70-114
2045.06 71.64
1.57
7
HFO tank4(P)
114-131
798.39
95.20
1.54
8
HFO tank4(S)
114-131
798.39
95.20
1.54
9
Boiler fuel tank1(P)
59-64
176.62
44.10
1.90
10
Boiler fuel tank1(S)
59-64
176.62
44.10
1.90
11
Diesel oil tank 1(P)
46-59
371.19
35.90
2.28
12
Diesel oil tank 1(S)
46-59
371.19
35.90
2.28
13
Lo tank(P)
64-67
108.93
47.47
1.60
14
Lo tank(s)
64-67
108.93
47.47
1.60
15
Waste water tank (P)
9---21
64.90
8.38
4.00
16
Waste water tank(S)
9---21
64.90
8.38
4.00
17
Fresh water tank (P)
9---21
15.68
8.38
10.20
18
Fresh water tank(S)
9---21
15.68
8.38
10.20

163

TCG
m
-5.18
5.18
-8.21
8.21
-9.91
9.91
-11.19
11.19
-7.56
7.56
-5.18
5.18
-8.21
8.21
-2.25
2.25
3.10
3.10

FSM
tm
476.06
476.06
82.29
82.29
4654.40
4654.40
1855.6
1855.6
350.44
350.44
662.15
662.15
82.29
82.29
2.86
2.86
1.68
1.68

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

7.8

DETAILED TRIM AND STABILITY CALCULATIONS

This is calculated and compared for both the full load and ballast conditions
According to IMO a ship has to be examined for the following four loading conditions.
1) Ship in the fully loaded departure condition, with cargo homogeneously
distributed throughout all cargo spaces and with full stores and cargo.
2) Ship in the fully loaded arrival condition, with cargo homogeneously distributed
throughout all cargo spaces and with 10 % stores.
3) Ship in ballast in the departure condition, without cargo but with full stores and
fuel.
4) Ship in ballast in the arrival condition, without cargo and with 10 % stores and
fuel remaining.

Trim calculations are based upon capacity and longitudinal position of
centre of gravity. Apart from conditions stated above, the following conditions in
MARPOL also have to be satisfied.
1) The moulded draught amidships(dm) in meters (without taking into consideration
any ship’s deformation) shall not be less than:
dm
=
2.0 + 0.02L;
dm
=
6.58 m
2) The draughts at the forward and after perpendiculars shall correspond to those
determined by the draught amidships (dm), in association with the trim by the
stern of not greater than 0.015L.

164

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION - 1
FULLY LOADED DEPARURE CONDITION
SL.NO

ITEM

WEIGHT

LCG

L.MOM

VCG

V.MOM

FSM

t

m

tm

m

tm

tm

1

CREW & EFFECT

5.76

36.89

212.49

30.78

177.29

0.00

2

PROVISION STORE

9.97

36.89

367.79

28.00

279.16

0.00

3

CH1(P)

13526.12

69.77

943717.31

13.53

183008.39

15475.16

4

CH1(S)

13526.12

69.77

943717.31

13.53

183008.39

15475.16

5

CH2(P)

15901.85

109.25

1737276.57

13.45

213879.82

18504.95

6

CH2(S)

15901.85

109.25

1737276.57

13.45

213879.82

18504.95

7

CH3(P)

14311.66

149.63

2141453.77

13.45

192491.83

16654.46

8

CH3(S)

14311.66

149.63

2141453.77

13.45

192491.83

16654.46

9

CH4(P)

15621.22

189.63

2962252.76

13.45

210105.47

18178.39

10

CH4(S)

15621.22

189.63

2962252.76

13.45

210105.47

18178.39

11

CH5(P)

12344.41

225.39

2782305.71

13.4

165785.38

13350.11

12

CH5(S)

12344.41

225.39

2782305.71

13.4

165785.38

13350.11

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

HFO tank1(p)
HFO tank1(s)
HFO tank2(p)
HFO tank2(s)
HFO tank 3(p)
HFO tank 3(s)
HFO tank4(p)
HFO tank4(s)
Boiler fuel tank1(P)
Boiler fuel tank1(S)
Diesel oil tank 1(P)
Diesel oil tank 1(S)
lo tank(P)
lo tank(s)
Waste water tank (P)
Waste water tank (S)
Fresh water tank(P)

370.87
370.87
114.98
114.98
2045.06
2045.06
798.39
798.39
176.62
176.62
332.12
332.12
108.93
108.93
64.90
64.90
15.68

23.72
23.72
50.05
50.05
71.64
71.64
95.20
95.20
44.10
44.10
35.90
35.90
47.47
47.47
8.38
8.38
8.38

8797.11
8797.11
5754.67
5754.67
146509.43
146509.43
76006.57
76006.57
7789.65
7789.65
11923.00
11923.00
5170.76
5170.76
543.62
543.62
131.35

2.28
2.28
1.60
1.60
1.57
1.57
1.54
1.54
1.90
1.90
2.28
2.28
1.60
1.60
4.00
4.00
10.2

845.60
845.60
184.52
184.52
3213.03
3213.03
1232.13
1232.13
334.73
334.73
757.24
757.24
174.81
174.81
259.58
259.58
159.94

476.06
476.06
82.29
82.29
4654.40
4654.40
1855.66
1855.66
350.44
350.44
662.15
662.15
82.29
82.29
2.86
2.86
1.68

30

Fresh water tank(S)

15.68

8.38

131.40

10.2

159.94

1.68

31

Aft peak tank(P)

400.00

-5.63

-2253.72

18.96

7584.76

696.39

32

Aft peak tank(S)

400.00

-5.63

-2253.72

18.96

7584.76

696.39

33

Ice load

395.2

146.37

57845.42

24.39

9638.93

0.00

TOTAL

152676.52

142.22

21713182.87

12.90

1970129.8

165

182054.57

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION -1
FULLY LOADED DEPARURE CONDITION
DEADWEIGHT

152676.52

142.22

21713182.87

12.90

1970129.84

182054.57

LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT

31694.80

107.46

3405923.21

12.63

400305.32

0.00

DISPLACEMENT

184371.32

136.24

25119106.08

12.86

2370435.16

182054.57

DISPLACEMENT

184371.32

t

12.86

m

LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY (LCG)

136.24

m

LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF BUOYANCY (LCB)

136.24

m

1.90

cm

16.86

m

129.14

m

2361.41

tm

METACENTRIC RADIUS (KMT)

20.47

m

BASELINE DRAFT AFT (TAFT)

16.87

m

BASELINE DRAFT FORD (TFORD)

16.85

m

DRAFT AFT AT DRAFT MARKS

16.87

m

DRAFT FOR'D AT DRAFT MARKS

16.85

m

VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY (KG/VCG)

FROM HYDROSTATICS THE TRIM IS
CORRESPONDING MEAN DRAFT
LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF FLOTATION (LCF)
MOMENT TO CHANGE TRIM BY 1cm (MCT1cm)

TRANSVERSE METACENTRIC HEIGHT (GMT)

GMT = KMT - KG

7.61

m

FREE SURFACE (FSM) CORRECTION (GG0)

GG0 = FSM/DISP

0.99

m

CORRECTED METACENTRE (G0MT)
VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY WITH FSM
(KG0)

G0MT = GMT - GG0

6.62

m

13.85

m

KG0 = KG + GG0
G0Z = KN - KG0 *
SIN(θ)

RIGHTING ARM LEVER (G0Z)

166

m

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION -1
FULLY LOADED DEPARURE CONDITION
ANGLE (°)

10°

20°

30°

40°

50°

60°

SIN(θ)

0.09

0.17

0.34

0.5

0.64

0.77

0.87

KN (m)

1.79

3.59

7.14

9.78

11.66

12.88

13.49

G0Z (m)

0.55

1.25

2.45

2.89

2.83

2.26

1.49

AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 300

0.90

m radians

1.39

m radians

AREA UNDER CURVE BETWEEN 30 & 40

0.49

m radians

MAXIMUM RIGHTING LEVER (G0Z)

2.92

m

0

AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 40

0

0

ANGLE AT WHICH MAX G0Z OCCURS

33.60

PROJECTED LATERAL WINDAGE AREA (A)

2247.40

COG OF WINDAGE AREA ABOVE HALF DRAFT (Z)

degrees
m2

13.71

m

STEADY WIND HEELING LEVER (lw1)

0.01

m

GUST WIND HEELING LEVER (lw2)

0.02

m

ANGLE OF HEEL DUE TO WIND (θ0)

0.16

degrees

ANGLE OF ROLL (θ1)

18.66

degrees

GUST WIND LEVER 2ND INTERCEPT (θc)

75.20

degrees

ADOPTED UPPER LIMIT FOR AREA (b) (θ2)

40.41

degrees

ANGLE OF DOWNFLOODING (θf)

40.41

degrees

ANGLE OF DECK EDGE IMMERSION (θd)

25.84

degrees

NET AREA BELOW GUST WIND HEELING ARM "a"

0.38

m radians

NET AREA ABOVE GUST WIND HEELING ARM "b"

1.42

m radians

167

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION -1
FULLY LOADED DEPARURE CONDITION

4.8
4.4
4.0

RIGHTING LEVER GZ (m)

3.6
3.2
2.8
2.4
2.0
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.4

θ
5

10

15

20

30

θ
ANGLE OF HEEL(deg)

θ

Fig 7.2

.

168

40

50

60

70

θ

80

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION-2
FULLY LOADED ARRIVAL CONDITION (50% STORE)
SL.NO

ITEM

WEIGHT

LCG

L.MOM

VCG

V.MOM

FSM

t

m

tm

m

tm

tm

1

CREW & EFFECT

5.76

36.89

212.49

30.78

177.29

0.00

2

PROVISION STORE

4.90

36.89

180.76

28.00

137.20

0.00

3

CH1(P)

13526.12

69.77

943717.31

13.53

183008.39

15475.16

4

CH1(S)

13526.12

69.77

943717.31

13.53

183008.39

15475.16

5

CH2(P)

15901.85

109.25

1737276.57

13.45

213879.82

18504.95

6

CH2(S)

15901.85

109.25

1737276.57

13.45

213879.82

18504.95

7

CH3(P)

14311.66

149.63

2141453.77

13.45

192491.83

16654.46

8

CH3(S)

14311.66

149.63

2141453.77

13.45

192491.83

16654.46

9

CH4(P)

15621.22

189.63

2962252.76

13.45

210105.47

18178.39

10

CH4(S)

15621.22

189.63

2962252.76

13.45

210105.47

18178.39

11

CH5(P)

12344.41

225.39

2782305.71

13.43

165785.38

13350.11

12

CH5(S)

12344.41

225.39

2782305.71

13.43

165785.38

13350.11

13

Slop tank(P)

861.00

50.99

43902.02

13.84

11916.24

210.43

14

Slop tank(S)

861.00

50.99

43902.02

13.84

11916.24

210.43

15

HFO tank1(P)

185.44

23.72

4398.56

2.28

422.80

476.06

16

HFO tank1(S)

185.44

23.72

4398.56

2.28

422.80

476.06

17

HFO tank2(P)

57.49

50.05

2877.34

1.60

92.26

82.29

18

HFO tank2(S)

57.49

50.05

2877.34

1.60

92.26

82.29

19

HFO tank 3(P)

1022.53

71.64

73254.71

1.57

1606.52

4654.40

20

HFO tank 3(S)

1022.53

71.64

73254.71

1.57

1606.52

4654.40

21

HFO tank4(P)

399.19

95.20

38003.29

1.54

616.06

1855.66

22

HFO tank4(S)

399.19

95.20

38003.29

1.54

616.06

1855.66

23

Boiler fuel tank1(P)

88.31

44.10

3894.82

1.90

167.36

350.44

24

Boiler fuel tank1(S)

88.31

44.10

3894.82

1.90

167.36

350.44

25

Diesel oil tank 1(P)

166.06

35.90

5961.55

2.28

378.62

662.15

26

Diesel oil tank 1(S)

166.06

35.90

5961.55

2.28

378.62

662.15

27

lo tank(P)

54.46

47.47

2585.38

1.60

87.40

82.29

28

lo tank(S)

54.46

47.47

2585.38

1.60

87.40

82.29

29

Waste water tank (P)

32.45

8.38

271.81

4.00

129.79

2.86

30

Waste water tank (S)

32.45

8.38

271.81

4.00

129.79

2.86

31

Fresh water tank(P)

7.84

8.38

65.67

10.20

79.97

1.68

32

Fresh water tank(S)

7.84

8.38

65.70

10.20

79.97

1.68

33

Aft peak tank(P)

825.00

-5.63

-4648.30

18.96

15643.56

696.39

34

Aft peak tank(S)

825.00

-5.63

-4648.30

18.96

15643.56

696.39

35

Ice load

395.2

146.37

57845.42

24.39

9638.93

0.00

TOTAL

151215.91

142.40

21533384.64

13.24

2002776.36

169

182475.43

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION-2
FULLY LOADED ARRIVAL CONDITION (50% STORE)
DEADWEIGHT

151215.91

142.40

21533384.64

13.24

2002776.36

182475.43

LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT

31694.80

107.46

3405923.21

12.63

400305.32

0.00

DISPLACEMENT

182910.71

136.35

24939307.85

13.14

2403081.68

182475.43

DISPLACEMENT

182910.71

t

13.14

m

LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY (LCG)

136.35

m

LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF BUOYANCY (LCB)

136.35

m

FROM HYDROSTATICS THE TRIM IS

-2.30

cm

CORRESPONDING MEAN DRAFT

16.74

m

129.21

m

2355.33

tm

METACENTRIC RADIUS (KMT)

20.49

m

BASELINE DRAFT AFT (TAFT)

16.73

m

BASELINE DRAFT FORD (TFORD)

16.75

m

DRAFT AFT AT DRAFT MARKS

16.73

m

DRAFT FOR'D AT DRAFT MARKS

16.75

m

TRANSVERSE METACENTRIC HEIGHT (GMT)

7.35

m

FREE SURFACE (FSM) CORRECTION (GG0)

1.00

m

CORRECTED METACENTRE (G0MT)

6.35

m

14.14

m

VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY (KG/VCG)

LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF FLOTATION (LCF)
MOMENT TO CHANGE TRIM BY 1cm (MCT1cm)

VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY WITH FSM (KG0)
G0Z = KN - KG0 *
SIN(θ)

RIGHTING ARM LEVER (G0Z)
ANGLE (°)

10°

20°

30°

40°

m
50°

60°

SIN(θ)

0.09

0.17

0.34

0.5

0.64

0.77

0.87

KN (m)

1.79

3.60

7.17

9.85

11.74

12.95

13.55

G0Z (m)

0.52

1.19

2.36

2.77

2.68

2.05

1.23

170

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION-2
FULLY LOADED ARRIVAL CONDITION (50% STORE)
AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 300

0.88

m radians

1.35

m radians

AREA UNDER CURVE BETWEEN 30 & 40

0.47

m radians

MAXIMUM RIGHTING LEVER (G0Z)

2.79

m

AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 40

0
0

0

ANGLE AT WHICH MAX G0Z OCCURS

33.15

PROJECTED LATERAL WINDAGE AREA (A)
COG OF WINDAGE AREA ABOVE HALF
DRAFT (Z)

2280.95

degrees
m2

13.69

m

STEADY WIND HEELING LEVER (lw1)

0.01

m

GUST WIND HEELING LEVER (lw2)

0.02

m

ANGLE OF HEEL DUE TO WIND (θ0)

0.16

degrees

ANGLE OF ROLL (θ1)

18.82

degrees

GUST WIND LEVER 2ND INTERCEPT (θc)

72.80

degrees

ADOPTED UPPER LIMIT FOR AREA (b) (θ2)

40.78

degrees

ANGLE OF DOWNFLOODING (θf)

40.78

degrees

ANGLE OF DECK EDGE IMMERSION (θd)
NET AREA BELOW GUST WIND HEELING
ARM "a"
NET AREAABOVE GUST WIND HEELING
ARM "b"

26.15

degrees

171

0.36

m radians

1.36

m radians

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION-2
FULLY LOADED ARRIVAL CONDITION (50% STORE)

4.8
4.4
4.0

RIGHTING LEVER GZ (m)

3.6
3.2
2.8
2.4
2.0
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.4

θ
5

10

15

20

30

θ
ANGLE OF HEEL(deg)

θ

Fig 7.3

172

40

θ
50

60

70

80

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION - 3
BALLAST DEPARTURE CONDITION (50% STORE)
SL.NO

ITEM

1

2

WEIGHT

LCG

L.MOM

VCG

V.MOM

FSM

t

m

tm

m

tm

tm

3

4

5

6

7

8

1

CREW & EFFECT

5.76

36.89

212.49

30.78

177.29

0.00

2

PROVISION STORE

4.90

36.89

180.76

28.00

137.20

0.00

3

HFO tank1(p)

185.44

23.72

4398.56

2.28

422.80

476.06

4

HFO tank1(s)

185.44

23.72

4398.56

2.28

422.80

476.06

5

HFO tank2(p)

57.49

50.05

2877.34

1.60

92.26

82.29

6

HFO tank2(s)

57.49

50.05

2877.34

1.60

92.26

82.29

7

HFO tank 3(p)

1022.53

71.64

73254.71

1.57

1606.52

4654.40

8

HFO tank 3(s)

1022.53

71.64

73254.71

1.57

1606.52

4654.40

9

HFO tank4(p)

399.19

95.20

38003.29

1.54

616.06

1855.66

10

HFO tank4(s)

399.19

95.20

38003.29

1.54

616.06

1855.66

11

Boiler fuel tank1(P)

88.31

44.10

3894.82

1.90

167.36

350.44

12

Boiler fuel tank1(S)

88.31

44.10

3894.82

1.90

167.36

350.44

13

Diesel oil tank 1(P)

166.06

35.90

5961.55

2.28

378.62

662.15

14

Diesel oil tank 1(S)

166.06

35.90

5961.55

2.28

378.62

662.15

15

lo tank(P)

54.46

47.47

2585.38

1.60

87.40

82.29

16

lo tank(s)

54.46

47.47

2585.38

1.60

87.40

82.29

17

Waste water tank (P)

32.45

8.38

271.81

4.00

129.79

2.86

18

Waste water tank (S)

32.45

8.38

271.81

4.00

129.79

2.86

19

Fresh water tank(P)

7.84

8.38

65.67

10.20

79.97

1.68

20

Fresh water tank(S)

7.84

8.38

65.70

10.20

79.97

1.68

21

Aft peak tank(P)

300.00

-5.63

-1690.29

18.96

5688.57

696.39

22

Aft peak tank(s)

300.00

-5.63

-1690.29

18.96

5688.57

696.39

23

Wing ballast tank1(P)

298.33

50.96

15203.46

12.49

3724.64

12.47

24

Wing ballast tank1(S)

298.33

50.96

15203.46

12.49

3724.64

12.47

25

Wing ballast tank2(P)

2390.57

73.20

174989.93

12.50

29882.16

37.30

26

Wing ballast tank2(S)

2390.57

73.20

174989.93

12.50

29882.16

37.30

27

Wing ballast tank3(P)

2933.79

113.15

331957.89

12.50

36672.33

47.57

28

Wing ballast tank3(S)

2933.79

113.15

331957.89

12.50

36672.33

47.57

29

Wing ballast tank4(P)

2640.41

153.53

405368.55

12.50

33005.09

42.81

30

Wing ballast tank4(S)

2640.41

153.53

405368.55

12.50

33005.09

42.81

31

Wing ballast tank5(P)

2882.01

193.53

557741.63

12.50

36025.17

46.73

32

Wing ballast tank5(S)

2882.01

193.53

557741.63

12.50

36025.17

46.73

33

Wing ballast tank6(P)

2575.32

233.25

600695.03

13.01

33498.24

41.26

34

Wing ballast tank6(S)

2575.32

233.25

600695.03

13.01

33498.24

41.26

35

Ballast tank 1(P)

1694.27

119.65

202719.89

1.54

2614.72

3791.36

173

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

36

Ballast tank 1(S)

1694.27

119.65

202719.89

1.54

2614.72

3791.36

37

Ballast tank 2(P)

2553.50

153.53

392026.42

1.54

3932.39

6007.23

38

Ballast tank 2(S)

2553.50

153.53

392026.42

1.54

3932.39

6007.23

39

Ballast tank 3(P)

2787.16

193.53

539384.36

1.54

4292.22

6556.91

40

Ballast tank 3(S)

2787.16

193.53

539384.36

1.54

4292.22

6556.91

41

ballast tank 4(P)

2070.92

228.34

472882.25

1.56

3232.91

4390.36

42

Ballast tank 4(S)

2070.92

228.34

472882.25

1.56

3232.91

4390.36

43

FP tank(P)

1258.82

257.31

323902.48

9.14

11508.25

1034.51

44

FP tank(S)

1258.82

257.31

323902.48

9.14

11508.25

1034.51

45

Sloptank(P)

861.00

50.99

43902.02

13.84

11916.24

210.43

46

Sloptank(S)

861.00

50.99

43902.02

13.84

11916.24

210.43

47

Ice load

395.2

146.37

57845.42

24.39

9638.93

TOTAL

54925.62

153.64

8439032.20

8.18

449100.84

62166.26

0.00

DEADWEIGHT
LIGHTSHIP
WEIGHT

54925.62

153.64

8439032.20

8.18

449100.84

62166.26

31694.80

107.46

3405923.21

12.63

400305.32

0.00

DISPLACEMENT

86620.42

136.75

11844955.41

9.81

849406.16

62166.26

86620.42

t

9.81

m

DISPLACEMENT
VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY (KG/VCG)
LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY
(LCG)
LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
(LCB)

136.75

m

136.75

m

FROM HYDROSTATICS THE TRIM IS

142.30

cm

8.60

m

136.60

m

1906.03

tm

26.88

m

BASELINE DRAFT AFT (TAFT)

9.31

m

BASELINE DRAFT FORD (TFORD)

7.89

m

DRAFT AFT AT DRAFT MARKS

9.31

m

DRAFT FOR'D AT DRAFT MARKS
TRANSVERSE METACENTRIC HEIGHT
(GMT)
FREE SURFACE (FSM) CORRECTION
(GG0)

7.89

m

GMT = KMT - KG

17.07

m

GG0 = FSM/DISP

0.72

m

G0MT = GMT - GG0

16.35

m

KG0 = KG + GG0

10.53

m

CORRESPONDING MEAN DRAFT
LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF FLOTATION
(LCF)
MOMENT TO CHANGE TRIM BY 1cm
(MCT1cm)
METACENTRIC RADIUS (KMT)

CORRECTED METACENTRE (G0MT)
VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY WITH
FSM (KG0)

174

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION – 3
BALLAST DEPARTURE CONDITION (50% STORE)
ANGLE (°)

10°

20°

30°

40°

50°

60°

SIN(θ)

0.09

0.17

0.34

0.5

0.64

0.77

0.87

KN (m)

2.38

4.77

9.45

13.12

15.60

16.68

16.71

G0Z (m)

1.43

2.98

5.87

7.86

8.86

8.57

7.55

AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 300

2.25

AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 400

3.72

AREA UNDER CURVE BETWEEN 300 & 400

1.47

m
radians
m
radians
m
radians

MAXIMUM RIGHTING LEVER (G0Z)

8.94

m

ANGLE AT WHICH MAX G0Z OCCURS

41.33

PROJECTED LATERAL WINDAGE AREA (A)
COG OF WINDAGE AREA ABOVE HALF
DRAFT (Z)

4421.77

degrees
m2

13.24

m

STEADY WIND HEELING LEVER (lw1)

0.03

m

GUST WIND HEELING LEVER (lw2)

0.05

m

ANGLE OF HEEL DUE TO WIND (θ0)

0.21

degrees

ANGLE OF ROLL (θ1)

17.48

degrees

GUST WIND LEVER 2ND INTERCEPT (θc)

99.06

degrees

ADOPTED UPPER LIMIT FOR AREA (b) (θ2)

50.00

degrees

ANGLE OF DOWNFLOODING (θf)

57.11

degrees

ANGLE OF DECK EDGE IMMERSION (θd)
NET AREA BELOW GUST WIND HEELING
ARM "a"
NET AREA ABOVE GUST WIND HEELING
ARM "b"

31.81

degrees
m
radians
m
radians

175

0.80
5.19

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION – 3
BALLAST DEPARTURE CONDITION (50% STORE)

9.6
8.8
8.0

RIGHTING LEVER GZ (m)

7.2
6.4
5.6
4.8
4.0
3.2
2.4
1.6
0.8

θ
5

10

15

20

30

θ
ANGLE OF HEEL(deg)

θ

Fig 7.4

176

40

50

θ
60

70

80

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION - 4
BALLAST ARRIVAL CONDITION (10% STORE)
SL.NO
1

ITEM
2

1

CREW & EFFECT

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

PROVISION STORE
HFO tank1(p)
HFO tank1(s)
HFO tank2(p)
HFO tank2(s)
HFO tank 3(p)
HFO tank 3(s)
HFO tank4(p)
HFO tank4(s)
Boiler fuel tank1(P)
Boiler fuel tank1(S)
Diesel oil tank 1(P)
Diesel oil tank 1(S)
lo tank(P)
lo tank(s)
Waste water tank (P)
Waste water tank (S)

19

Fresh water tank(P)

20

Fresh water tank(S)

21

Aft peak tank(P)

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

Aft peak tank(s)
Wing ballast tank1(P)
Wing ballast tank1(S)
Wing ballast tank2(P)
Wing ballast tank2(S)
Wing ballast tank3(P)
Wing ballast tank3(S)
Wing ballast tank4(P)
Wing ballast tank4(S)
Wing ballast tank5(P)
Wing ballast tank5(S)
Wing ballast tank6(P)
Wing ballast tank6(S)
Ballast tank 1(P)

WEIGHT

LCG

L.MOM

VCG

V.MOM

FSM

t

m

tm

m

tm

tm

3

4

5

6

7

8

5.76

36.89

212.49

30.78

177.29

0.00

0.98
37.09
37.09
11.50
11.50
204.51
204.51
79.84
79.84
17.66
17.66
33.21
33.21
10.89
10.89
6.49
6.49

36.89
23.72
23.72
50.05
50.05
71.64
71.64
95.20
95.20
44.10
44.10
35.90
35.90
47.47
47.47
8.38
8.38

36.15
879.71
879.71
575.47
575.47
14650.94
14650.94
7600.66
7600.66
778.96
778.96
1192.24
1192.24
517.08
517.08
54.36
54.36

28.00
2.28
2.28
1.60
1.60
1.57
1.57
1.54
1.54
1.90
1.90
2.28
2.28
1.60
1.60
4.00
4.00

27.44
84.56
84.56
18.45
18.45
321.30
321.30
123.21
123.21
33.47
33.47
75.72
75.72
17.48
17.48
25.96
25.96

0.00
476.06
476.06
82.29
82.29
4654.40
4654.40
1855.66
1855.66
350.44
350.44
662.15
662.15
82.29
82.29
2.86
2.86

1.57

8.38

13.13

10.20

15.99

1.68

1.57

8.38

13.14

10.20

15.99

1.68

600.00

-5.63

-3380.58

18.96

11377.13

696.39

600.00
298.33
298.33
2390.57
2390.57
2933.79
2933.79
2640.41
2640.41
2882.01
2882.01
2575.32
2575.32
1694.27

-5.63
50.96
50.96
73.20
73.20
113.15
113.15
153.53
153.53
193.53
193.53
233.25
233.25
119.65

-3380.58
15203.46
15203.46
174989.93
174989.93
331957.89
331957.89
405368.55
405368.55
557741.63
557741.63
600695.03
600695.03
202719.89

18.96
12.49
12.49
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
13.01
13.01
1.54

11377.13
3724.64
3724.64
29882.16
29882.16
36672.33
36672.33
33005.09
33005.09
36025.17
36025.17
33498.24
33498.24
2614.72

696.39
12.47
12.47
37.30
37.30
47.57
47.57
42.81
42.81
46.73
46.73
41.26
41.26
3791.36

177

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

36

Ballast tank 1(S)

1694.27

119.65

202719.89

1.54

2614.72

3791.36

37

Ballast tank 2(P)

2553.50

153.53

392026.42

1.54

3932.39

6007.23

38

Ballast tank 2(S)

2553.50

153.53

392026.42

1.54

3932.39

6007.23

39

Ballast tank 3(P)

2787.16

193.53

539384.36

1.54

4292.22

6556.91

40

Ballast tank 3(S)

2787.16

193.53

539384.36

1.54

4292.22

6556.91

41

Ballast tank 4(P)

2070.92

228.34

472882.25

1.56

3232.91

4390.36

42

Ballast tank 4(S)

2070.92

228.34

472882.25

1.56

3232.91

4390.36

43

FP tank(P)

1258.82

257.31

323902.48

9.14

11508.25

1034.51

44

FP tank(S)

1258.82

257.31

323902.48

9.14

11508.25

1034.51

45

Slop tank(P)

1722.00

50.99

87804.04

13.84

23832.48

210.43

46

Slop tank(S)

1722.00

50.99

87804.04

13.84

23832.48

210.43

47

Ice load

395.2

146.37

57845.42

24.39

9638.93

TOTAL

54021.66

153.89

8313209.87

8.86

478471.40

62166.26

DEADWEIGHT
LIGHTSHIP
WEIGHT

54021.66

153.89

8313209.87

8.86

478471.40

62166.26

31694.80

107.46

3405923.21

12.63

400305.32

0.00

DISPLACEMENT

85716.46

136.72

11719133.08

10.25

878776.72

62166.26

DISPLACEMENT
VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY (KG/VCG)

0.00

85716.46

t

10.25

m

LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY (LCG)
LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
(LCB)

136.72

m

136.72

m

FROM HYDROSTATICS THE TRIM IS

143.60

cm

8.52

m

136.63

m

1902.31

tm

27.11

m

BASELINE DRAFT AFT (TAFT)

9.24

m

BASELINE DRAFT FORD (TFORD)

7.80

m

DRAFT AFT AT DRAFT MARKS

9.24

m

DRAFT FOR'D AT DRAFT MARKS

7.80

m

16.86

m

0.73

m

16.13

m

10.98

m

CORRESPONDING MEAN DRAFT
LONGITUDINAL CENTRE OF FLOTATION
(LCF)
MOMENT TO CHANGE TRIM BY 1cm (MCT1cm)
METACENTRIC RADIUS (KMT)

TRANSVERSE METACENTRIC HEIGHT (GMT)

CORRECTED METACENTRE (G0MT)
VERTICAL CENTRE OF GRAVITY WITH FSM
(KG0)

GMT = KMT - KG
GG0 =
FSM/DISP
G0MT = GMT GG0
KG0 = KG +
GG0

RIGHTING ARM LEVER (G0Z)

G0Z = KN - KG0

FREE SURFACE (FSM) CORRECTION (GG0)

178

m

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

* SIN(θ)

LOADING CONDITION – 4
BALLAST ARRIVAL CONDITION (10% STORE)
ANGLE (°)

10°

20°

30°

40°

50°

60°

70

SIN(θ)

0.09

0.17

0.34

0.5

0.64

0.77

0.87

0.94

KN (m)

2.39

4.80

9.49

13.15

15.63

16.72

16.74

15.97

G0Z (m)

1.40

2.93

5.76

7.66

8.60

8.27

7.19

5.65

2.21

m radians

3.63

m radians

AREA UNDER CURVE BETWEEN 30 & 40

1.42

m radians

MAXIMUM RIGHTING LEVER (G0Z)

8.66

m

AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 300
0

AREA UNDER CURVE UPTO 40

0

0

ANGLE AT WHICH MAX G0Z OCCURS

41.64

PROJECTED LATERAL WINDAGE AREA (A)
COG OF WINDAGE AREA ABOVE HALF DRAFT
(Z)

4441.91

degrees
m2

13.24

m

STEADY WIND HEELING LEVER (lw1)

0.04

m

GUST WIND HEELING LEVER (lw2)

0.06

m

ANGLE OF HEEL DUE TO WIND (θ0)

0.21

degrees

22.74

degrees

100.15

degrees

ADOPTED UPPER LIMIT FOR AREA (b) (θ2)

50.00

degrees

ANGLE OF DOWNFLOODING (θf)

57.22

degrees

ANGLE OF DECK EDGE IMMERSION (θd)
NET AREA BELOW GUST WIND HEELING ARM
"a"
NET AREA BELOW GUST WIND HEELING ARM
"b"

31.96

degrees

ANGLE OF ROLL (θ1)
GUST WIND LEVER 2ND INTERCEPT (θc)

179

1.33

m radians

5.06

m radians

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

LOADING CONDITION – 4
BALLAST ARRIVAL CONDITION (10% STORE)

9.6
8.8
8.0

RIGHTING LEVER GZ (m)

7.2
6.4
5.6
4.8
4.0
3.2
2.4
1.6
0.8

θ
5

10

15

20

30

θ
ANGLE OF HEEL(deg)

θ

Fig 7.5

180

40

50

θ
60

70

80

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

SUMMARY RESULTS OF ALL LOADING CONDITIONS
(Tables 7.34)
SL.
NO

DESCRIPTION

UNIT

LOADING CONDITIONS
LC - 1

LC - 2

LC - 3

LC - 4

1

Lighship weight

t

31694.80

31694.80

31694.80

31694.80

2

Deadweight

t

152676.52

151215.91

54925.62

54021.66

3

Displacement

t

184371.32

182910.71

86620.42

85716.46

4

VCG

m

12.86

13.14

9.81

10.25

5

LCG

m

136.24

136.35

136.75

136.72

6

LCB

m

136.24

136.35

136.75

136.72

7

Trim

cm

1.90

-2.30

142.30

143.60

8

Mean Draft (T)

m

16.86

16.74

8.60

8.52

9

LCF

m

129.14

129.21

136.60

136.63

10

MCT1cm

t.m

2361.41

2355.33

1906.03

1902.31

11

KMT

m

20.47

20.49

26.88

27.11

12

GMT

m

7.61

7.35

17.07

16.86

13

GG0

m

0.99

1.00

0.72

0.73

14

G 0 MT

6.62

6.35

16.35

16.13

15

Area upto 300

0.90

0.88

2.25

2.21

16

Area upto 400

1.39

1.35

3.72

3.63

17

Area between 300 & 400

m
m
rad
m
rad
m
rad

0.49

0.47

1.47

1.42

18

Max G0Z

m

2.92

2.79

8.94

8.66

19

Angle at max G0Z

deg

33.60

33.15

41.33

41.64

2

2247.40

2280.95

4421.77

4441.91

20

Windage Area (A)

m

21

m

13.71

13.69

13.24

13.24

22

COG of windage area (Z)
Steady wind heeling lever
(lw1)

m

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.04

23

Gust wind heeling lever (lw2)

m

0.02

0.02

0.05

0.06

24

Angle of heel due to wind (θ0)

deg

0.16

0.16

0.21

0.21

25

Angle of roll (θ1)

deg

18.66

18.82

17.48

22.74

26

Gust wind 2nd intercept (θc)

deg

75.20

72.80

99.06

100.15

27

Adopted upper limit (θ2)

deg

40.41

40.78

50.00

50.00

28

Angle of downflooding (θf)

deg

40.41

40.78

57.11

57.22

29

Angle of deck immersion (θd)

25.84

26.15

31.81

31.96

30

Area "a"

0.38

0.36

0.80

1.33

31

Area "b"

deg
m
rad
m
rad

1.42

1.36

5.19

5.06

181

Department of Ship Technology, CUSAT, B.Tech (NA$SB), Batch – XXIX

182

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