Finding An AgentIs Getting Active Our Sun That’s Right For You
On August 9, 2011, a huge explosion on the surface of the sun sent a wave of radiation sweeping outward into space. It was the largest flare since 2006 and heralded the coming of an active solar storm season. The solar cycle is an approximately eleven-year period that runs from maximum solar activity to minimum and back. Although the flare wasn’t aimed at the Earth, Joes Kunches, a scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) told reporters, "We are now seeing more eruptions this year and we will see even more the year after that. They are going to get bigger and they are going to get more frequent." Kunches predicted the solar cycle just now beginning will likely be "in the moderate to strong level," and will likely peak in 2013. Before the decade is out, NOAA predicts four "extreme" solar storms could not only disrupt GPS navigation, but lead to power outages and communications disruptions. Solar radio bursts drown out GPS signals with so much background noise that Earth-based receivers have difficulty picking them up. Astronauts aboard the International Space Station are also at risk during these storms. NASA and other agencies closely monitor Sun radiation and can warn crews to take cover. They do that in the most heavily shielded part of the station. Outside work or EVA’s would not be allowed during solar storms.

in this issue >>>
Group 6 Aviation Camp FAA Shutdown Solar Storms More Active Juno launches to Jupiter USAF KC-135 Tanker


The Aerospace Education Newsletter of Bakersfield Composite Squadron 121 the ROCKET >>>

Produced by the United States Civil Air Patrol, California Wing, Group 6, Composite Squadron 121, Bakersfield, CA.

current topics >>>

Commander: Lt. Bill Keith AE Officer: Lt. Shawn Steward Editor: 2nd Lt. Dave Kalahar Proofing: SM Jeanine Kalahar
News & Photo Credits: NASA, US Air Force, NASA/JPL, Getty Images, Dave Kalahar

FAA Shutdown. Vital services still in operation.

A Week of Aviation Depth
Group Six Aviation Camp a Hit with Cadets
Imagine waking up every morning to a new aviation challenge that just happens to be complete fun? That’s what twenty-four Civil Air Patrol cadets from Group Six did recently in Tehachapi California. After just two or three days with these kids, they’re my kids for life.” said Capt. Consuelo “Connie” McCullough, the mastermind behind Aviation Camp each Summer. This week-long encampment on her property focuses totally on Aerospace Education and has cadets visiting airports, military bases and just about anything aviation. The program includes CAP’s Rocketry program where cadets build and fly a variety of solid-fuel-propelled model rockets. “We facilitate all three levels of the rocket program including the difficult multi stage model”, said McCullough. This allows the cadets to earn the CAP Rocketry badge that can be worn on the cadet uniform. The program teaches solid fundamentals in the ba-

Into The Sky >>>

Juno on the way to Gas Giant - JUPITER


September 2-4 — Watsonville Fly-In and Air-Show. Central Coast, CA. September 24-25 —9th Annual Celebration of Flight — Tehachapi Municipal Airport. September 30—October 2 —MCAS Miramar Air Show with US Navy Blue Angels—San Diego, CA. October 15-16—Central Valley Lemoore Air Show October 21 - Orionids Meteor Shower October 25—Delta II Launch of NPP Satellite from Vandenberg AFB November 25 (or later) Atlas 5V launch of Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity Rover from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla.

NASA's solar-powered Juno spacecraft lifted off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on August 5th to begin a five-year journey to Jupiter. Juno's detailed study of the largest planet in our solar system will help reveal Jupiter's origin and evolution. Jupiter can help scientists understand the origin of our solar system and learn more about planetary systems around other stars.

When Congressional leaders in early August failed to pass a budget approval for complete funding of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), more than political mud kept flying. The FAA’s operating authority is what brought airport construction jobs to a shutdown along with thousands of non essential jobs nationwide at the agency. Critical work, however, continued.

more inside >>>

Aviation History >>>

The First to break the Mach—Charles Yeager
The first supersonic flight on record was made by US Air Force Captain Charles “Chuck” Yeager, on October 14, 1947.

Gas Station In The Sky Boeing’s KC-135 Tanker
In continuous operation for more than 55 years, this versatile sky born jet fueler will remain in operation till nearly 2040.

The Flight
Rocket powered, the Bell X-1 did not take off from the ground, but was launched from the belly of a Boeing B-29 at an altitude of 23,000 feet (7,000 meters). The rocket engine then took it to its test altitude of 43,000 feet (13,000 meters). At a top speed of Mach 1.06 (700 miles/1,127 kilometers per hour), it traveled faster than the speed of sound. This record-setting flight was number 50 for the aircraft.

current topics >>>

What is the FAA?
General Yeager
In 2004, Congress voted to authorize the President to promote Yeager to the rank of major general on the retired list. In 2005, President George W. Bush granted the promotion to Yeager. The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is an aerial refueling military aircraft. It and the Boeing 707 airliner were developed from the Boeing 367-80 prototype. The KC-135 was the US Air Force's first jet-powered refueling tanker. The Stratotanker was initially tasked to refuel strategic bombers, but was used extensively in the Vietnam War and later conflicts like Operation Desert Storm to extend the range and endurance of US tactical fighters and bombers. Serving with the United States Air Force since 1957, it is one of just six military fixed-wing aircraft with over 50 years of continuous service with its original operator. Despite increased maintenance costs, studies conclude many of the aircraft could be flown until 2040. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is the national aviation authority of the United States. An agency of the United States Department of Transportation, it has authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of civil aviation in the U.S. The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 created the organization under the name "Federal Aviation Agency", and adopted its current name in 1966 when it became a part of the United States Department of Transportation.

Yeager, then 24 years of age, broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 aircraft, which he called Glamorous Glennis in honor of his wife, Glennis Faye Dickhouse. He did this at Edwards Air Force Base in Kern County California.

Group Six Aviation Camp >>>
rocket history, rocket science, rocket building, and the safe launch and recovery of model rockets. The cadets love every minute of it. The camp visited Edwards Air Force Base in Eastern Kern county. There, the cadets toured the Predator/Global Hawk facility. They were treated to an observation ride in the giant C-17 Air Force transport aircraft. This year the cadets had a solid lesson in aeronautics from Mickey Bowen, from Edwards Air Force base. The cadets could make model aircraft, but his mission was to make sure they knew how and why they flew. Cadets formed teams with leaders, time pressure and limited materials to build flying models. Results were measured in how models flew, including time in the air. After this exercise cadets had a much more solid understanding of basic forces of flight and aeronautical engineering.

FAA Shutdown. Vital services still in operation.
According to the FAA, their mission is simple: to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world. This is why vital functions like air traffic control continued. However, according to William Voss, the president and CEO of Flight Safety Foundation, “aircraft certification, airport safety and pilot certification was greatly reduced during the stoppage. It could have eventually eroded safety if the matter dragged on.” Federal Aviation Administration Administrator Randy Babbitt told reporters in early August: “No safety issues will be compromised, flying is safe. Air traffic controllers are guiding airplanes. Safety inspectors are on duty and are doing their job. No one needs to worry about safety. Lawmakers passed some temporary measures within 10 days of the start of the stoppage to get things moving again.

Edwards Air Force Base Educator, Mickey Bowen, explaining basic aerodynamics with CAP Cadets at Aviation Camp.

On Location!
Tehachapi airport is better known as KTSP and is well known in the aviation community. It was home base for Aviation Camp activities again this year at Capt. McCullough’s personal hanger.. The Airport is having the 9th Annual “Celebration of Flight" Fly-In & AirFair, Saturday and Sunday, Sept. 24-25. There will also be: a car show aviation gifts art educational booths

ask the experts >>>

Q: A:

What is a Jet Fuel?
It’s a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.

The USAF KC-135 delivers jet fuel to other aircraft via the flying boom. It is a rigid, telescoping tube with movable flight control surfaces that an operator on the tanker aircraft extends and inserts into a receptacle on the receiving aircraft. It can refuel only one aircraft at a time.

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