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CHARACTERISTICS OF
THE PEOPLE OF EMAAN
By Shaykh Saleh al Fawzan
( taken from the book: Al-Khutbah Al-Minbariyah Volume One pages 286-288)
Translation By Abu Sulaymaan Muhammad Ibn Baker
4th of Jumada Awwal 1429
Note: This document is an on-line book publication of www.abusuliyman.multiply.com. This book
was formatted and designed specifically for being placed free on the Internet (i.e. for Da'wah
purposes). I, Abu Sulaymaan Muhammad Ibn Baker, allow for this document, in its present form and
with no alterations, to be distributed, printed, photocopied, reproduced and/or disbursed by
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Table of Contents


Table of Contents ..................................................... 2
Introduction ............................................................ 3
Emaan's pillars and its branches ................................ 5
Emaan without any action .......................................... 11
Disobedience diminishes Emaan ................................ 13
Emaan among brethren/sisters ................................ 14
Emaan in times of ease & hardship ............................... 15
Emaan is elevated by obedience .................................. 16











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Introduction

.-, _.. _, . ..- , ,y .. : _. _.. _, , . .,.
,. . ..- . , .,. ,. ..,. ..s , _, .. ..
. : .. _. _ _- , -. , . ., .. , _.. .. . _..
. ... ,.. -.

All the praise belongs to Allah the owner of virtue and beneficence. He bestows upon
whomever He wills to be guided to Emaan [i.e. true faith]. I bear testimony that none
has the right to be worshipped in truth except for Allah alone who has no partners, and I
bear testimony that Muhammad is Allah's servant and final messenger.
Allah has sent him with guidance and the right religion before the coming of the last
hour as a bearer of good news [to the believers] and Warner of punishment [to the
disbelievers] calling to Allah's religion like Siraaj Muneer [i.e. a radiant lamp] by His
permission, Peace and abundant prayers (of Allah) be upon him, his family and his
companions.





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As for which follows:
O Mankind, have Taqwaa of Allah [i.e. fear and piety] and know that the most
monumental blessing granted to the servant is Allah's guidance to Emaan [i.e. true faith].
So ask Allah that He makes beloved to you Emaan, beautifying it within your hearts,
making detestable Disbelief, rebellion and disobedience in your hearts.
Verily Emaan is not with adornment [i.e. beautifying speech and action] and wishing;
rather it is what settles in the hearts, confirming it with actions. Emaan is a statement of
the tongue, a conviction of the heart, an action of the body partsincreasing with
obedience (to Allah) and decreasing with disobedience (to Allah).














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Emaan's pillars and its branches

Emaan has six pillars, they are: Belief in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers,
the Last Day and the Qadr [i.e. the decree good and the bad]. Emaan has signs they are
seventy some odd branches its most lofty branch is the statement of Laa Ilah Illa Allah
[i.e none has the right to be worshipped in truth except Allah]; its lowest branch is
removing harm from the pathwayal Haya' [Shyness/timid] is a branch for Emaan.
Allah announces to the people of Emaan in many verses of the Qur'an, commanding
them and prohibiting them (from evil) due to what their Emaan calls them to do in
fulfilling the commands and staying away from the prohibitions.
So he who says with his tongue that verily he is a believer; however he does nothing of
which Allah has commanded him with and nor stays away from what Allah has
prohibited him from is a lair (rejecting) his own claim of Emaan [i.e. true faith], Allah
says:
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" "" "And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: "We believe in Allh And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: "We believe in Allh And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: "We believe in Allh And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: "We believe in Allh
and the Last Day" while in fact they believe not. and the Last Day" while in fact they believe not. and the Last Day" while in fact they believe not. and the Last Day" while in fact they believe not. They (think to) deceive They (think to) deceive They (think to) deceive They (think to) deceive
Allh and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive Allh and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive Allh and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive Allh and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive
(it) not! (it) not! (it) not! (it) not!" "" "
{Baqarah verses 8 and 9}

Verily Emaan springs the person towards doing righteous deeds and having praiseworthy
characteristics, Allah says:
/ { <
_ _ : : _
_ : _
_ _ . _ _
"The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in "The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in "The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in "The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in
their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they
(i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord
(Alone); Who per (Alone); Who per (Alone); Who per (Alone); Who perform form form form As As As As- -- -Salt Salt Salt Salt ( (( (Iqmat Iqmat Iqmat Iqmatas as as asSalt Salt Salt Salt) and spend out of that We ) and spend out of that We ) and spend out of that We ) and spend out of that We
have provided them." have provided them." have provided them." have provided them."
{An'fal verses 2 and 3}


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Emaan mends the deeds making them acceptable before Allah, He says:
_ _
_
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"Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a "Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a "Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a "Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a
true believer (of Islmic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good l true believer (of Islmic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good l true believer (of Islmic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good l true believer (of Islmic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life ife ife ife
(in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall
pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do
(i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter). (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter). (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter). (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)." "" "
{an Nahl verse 97}
And on the other hand, the deeds that are not accepted are due to the lack of Emaan
no matter how abundant the deeds are, Allah says:
_ _
__
" "" "And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, sinners, sinners, sinners,
etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of
dust. dust. dust. dust." "" "
{Fur'qan verse 23}


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The people of Emaan are those who settle the disputes and their differences among
themselves by taking them the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His messenger:
_ : _ :
. _
_
"The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allh (His "The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allh (His "The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allh (His "The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allh (His
Words, the Qur'n) and His Messenger Words, the Qur'n) and His Messenger Words, the Qur'n) and His Messenger Words, the Qur'n) and His Messenger to judge between to judge between to judge between to judge between them them them them is that they is that they is that they is that they
say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the prosperous ones (who will live say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the prosperous ones (who will live say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the prosperous ones (who will live say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the prosperous ones (who will live
forever in Paradise)." forever in Paradise)." forever in Paradise)." forever in Paradise)."
{An- Nur verse 51}
As for the people of disbelieve and hypocrisy, then verily they turn away from Allah and
His messenger's rulings, refusing to arbitrate by itthey desire to take arbitration to
their Tawageet [i.e. false judges] and man-made laws, Allah says regarding them:
_ _
. _ _ : _
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_ :
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"They (hypocrites) say: "We have believed in Allh and in the Messenger "They (hypocrites) say: "We have believed in Allh and in the Messenger "They (hypocrites) say: "We have believed in Allh and in the Messenger "They (hypocrites) say: "We have believed in Allh and in the Messenger
(Muhammad (Muhammad (Muhammad (Muhammad and we obey," then a party of them turn away thereafter, and we obey," then a party of them turn away thereafter, and we obey," then a party of them turn away thereafter, and we obey," then a party of them turn away thereafter,
such are not believers. And when they are called to Allh (i.e. His such are not believers. And when they are called to Allh (i.e. His such are not believers. And when they are called to Allh (i.e. His such are not believers. And when they are called to Allh (i.e. His Words, Words, Words, Words,
the Qur'n) and His Messenger the Qur'n) and His Messenger the Qur'n) and His Messenger the Qur'n) and His Messenger to judge between them, lo! to judge between them, lo! to judge between them, lo! to judge between them, lo! A AA A party of them party of them party of them party of them
refuse (to come) and turn away." refuse (to come) and turn away." refuse (to come) and turn away." refuse (to come) and turn away."
{An-Nur verses 47 and 48}

Allah says concerning them:

_ _ _ _
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_ _ _ _ _
_ : . _ _
" "" "Have you seen those ( Have you seen those ( Have you seen those ( Have you seen those (hypocrites hypocrites hypocrites hypocrites) who claim that they believe in that which ) who claim that they believe in that which ) who claim that they believe in that which ) who claim that they believe in that which
has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and
they wish to they wish to they wish to they wish to go for go for go for go for judgment judgment judgment judgment (in their disputes) to the (in their disputes) to the (in their disputes) to the (in their disputes) to the Tght Tght Tght Tght (false judges, (false judges, (false judges, (false judges,
etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. But But But But Shaitn Shaitn Shaitn Shaitn (Satan) wishes (Satan) wishes (Satan) wishes (Satan) wishes
to lead them far astray to lead them far astray to lead them far astray to lead them far astray, ,, , a aa and when it is said to them: "Come to what Allh has nd when it is said to them: "Come to what Allh has nd when it is said to them: "Come to what Allh has nd when it is said to them: "Come to what Allh has
sent down and to the Messenger sent down and to the Messenger sent down and to the Messenger sent down and to the Messenger Muhammad Muhammad Muhammad Muhammad ," you ( ," you ( ," you ( ," you (Muhammad Muhammad Muhammad Muhammad ) )) ) see the see the see the see the
hypocrites turn away from you (Muhammad hypocrites turn away from you (Muhammad hypocrites turn away from you (Muhammad hypocrites turn away from you (Muhammad with aversion. with aversion. with aversion. with aversion." "" "
{As-Nisaa verses 60 and 61}












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Emaan without any action

O servants of Allah:
Verily in our present time you have those individuals who want Emaan by name only
they desire for Emaan without any action, Emaan without Prayer, without Zakaat [i.e.
alms], without Fasting or without Hajj. Rather they want to have Emaan without
Tawheed, without 'Aqeedah. They want Emaan by worshipping the graves, making
sacrifices to them, worshipping 'Awliyaah [i.e. friends and protectors] and the
Righteous.
They want Emaan alongside making arbitration by man-made laws and Tawageet in
settling disputes and arguments; although it is incumbent upon them to verify Emaan by
Kufr [i.e. disbelieving] in the Taa'goot, Allah says:

: _ _
. _
___
"Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in "Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in "Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in "Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in
Tght Tght Tght Tght and believes in Allh, and then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that and believes in Allh, and then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that and believes in Allh, and then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that and believes in Allh, and then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that
will never break. And Allh is All will never break. And Allh is All will never break. And Allh is All will never break. And Allh is All- -- -Hearer, Hearer, Hearer, Hearer, All All All All- -- -Knower." Knower." Knower." Knower."
{Al Baqarah verse 256}


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It is incumbent upon him in order to have sound worship is to disbelieve in the
Tawageet, Allah says:
_
__ :
"And verily, We have sent among every "And verily, We have sent among every "And verily, We have sent among every "And verily, We have sent among every Ummah Ummah Ummah Ummah (community, nation) a (community, nation) a (community, nation) a (community, nation) a
Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away
from) from) from) from) Tght Tght Tght Tght (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Tght Tght Tght Tght besides besides besides besides
Allh)." Allh)." Allh)." Allh)."
{An-Nahl verse 36}
And Allah says:
__ :
"Worship Allh and join none with Him in worship" "Worship Allh and join none with Him in worship" "Worship Allh and join none with Him in worship" "Worship Allh and join none with Him in worship"
{An-Nisaa verse 36}




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Disobedience diminishes Emaan
O servants of Allah:
There are lesser forms of disobedience that doesn't nullify Emaan; yet in doing so it
diminishes (Emaan) and weakens it. So it is an obligation upon the believer to stay away
from the rest of the forms of disobedience in order to preserve his Emaan.
Thus he.
Should not be deceptive in his dealings.
Nor should he act immoral in argumentation and disputes.
Or lie in his speech.
Nor break promises.
Nor should he breach the trusts.
Nor should he double-cross in his oaths.
Nor backbite.
Nor be busy with tale-carrying.
He should avoid earnings from unlawful sources.
He shouldn't consume Riba' [i.e. usury].
He shouldn't take bribes.
Nor consume the orphan's wealth to be elevated in the Dunya'.
So he shouldn't scold or curse.
So it isn't the believer to discredit, curse, be vile or be obscene.





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Emaan among brethren/sisters

It is obligatory upon him to love for his believing brother what he loves for himself,
mending the (differences) between them in application to the statement of Allah:
_
"The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islmic religion). So make "The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islmic religion). So make "The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islmic religion). So make "The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islmic religion). So make
reconciliation between your brothers" reconciliation between your brothers" reconciliation between your brothers" reconciliation between your brothers"
{Al-Hujaraat verse 10}
Feeling the pain of his fellow believing brethren is in application of the statement of the
prophet:
_ . . . _. . , _ , , - , - . , , . . _ - . . , - . , . . . _ . . . , . . _
. - . . . , - . _
"The example of the believers regarding mutually showing
affection and compassion (to one another) is just like one body
when a body part complains/bothered (i.e. from an illness or
hurting) the rest of the body is afflicted with insomnia and fever."




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Emaan in times of ease & hardship

And among the characteristics of the believers is gratitude in times of ease and patience
in circumstances hardship, the prophet:

. , . , .. .. . _ .. - . . . _ . , . . ,-.
- . . .. _ . , . . .- ;, _
- ,. . ..
"Astonishing is the affair of the believer indeed all of his affairs
are good to him and that is not the case for any individual except
for the believer. When ease comes to him he shows gratitude
then it good for him. When hardship befalls himhe is patient,
then it [i.e. circumstance] is good for him."
{Muslim, Book on al-Zuhd #5295}



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Emaan is elevated by obedience
O believer:
Just as acts of disobedience diminishes and weakens Emaan, then verily obedience
elevates and strengthens Emaan. Allah says:
_ _
_ _ : : _
_ : _
"The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in "The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in "The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in "The believers are only those who, when Allh is mentioned, feel a fear in
their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'n) are recited unto them, they
(i.e. t (i.e. t (i.e. t (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord he Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord he Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord he Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord
(Alone)" (Alone)" (Alone)" (Alone)"
{Al-An'fal verse 2}
Allah says:
:: _ _
: _ _
_

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"He it is Who sent down "He it is Who sent down "He it is Who sent down "He it is Who sent down As As As As- -- -Sakinah Sakinah Sakinah Sakinah (calmness and tranquility) into the (calmness and tranquility) into the (calmness and tranquility) into the (calmness and tranquility) into the
hearts of the believers, that they may grow more in Faith along with their hearts of the believers, that they may grow more in Faith along with their hearts of the believers, that they may grow more in Faith along with their hearts of the believers, that they may grow more in Faith along with their
(present) Faith. And to Allh belong the hos (present) Faith. And to Allh belong the hos (present) Faith. And to Allh belong the hos (present) Faith. And to Allh belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth, ts of the heavens and the earth, ts of the heavens and the earth, ts of the heavens and the earth,
and Allh is Ever All and Allh is Ever All and Allh is Ever All and Allh is Ever All- -- -Knower, All Knower, All Knower, All Knower, All- -- -Wise." Wise." Wise." Wise."
{Al-Fath verse 4}
Thus Emaan elevates by way of reciting the Qur'an, by doing acts of obedience, sitting
among the righteous and by mentioning Allah [i.e. Dhikr]. Allah says:
: . _
__ .
"Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allh "Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allh "Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allh "Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allh - -- - Islmic Monotheism), and Islmic Monotheism), and Islmic Monotheism), and Islmic Monotheism), and
whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allh, Verily, in th whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allh, Verily, in th whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allh, Verily, in th whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allh, Verily, in the e e e
remembrance of Allh do hearts find rest." remembrance of Allh do hearts find rest." remembrance of Allh do hearts find rest." remembrance of Allh do hearts find rest."
{Ar-Ra'd verse 28}
So it is an obligation upon you O servants of Allah to do what will strengthen your
Emaan and will raise your level.
.,- .a,: _. .. ,,.


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_
e.
_ _ _ :
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_
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"It is not "It is not "It is not "It is not Al Al Al Al- -- -Birr Birr Birr Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to
Allh, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); Allh, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); Allh, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); Allh, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers);
but but but but Al Al Al Al- -- -Birr Birr Birr Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allh, the Last Day, is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allh, the Last Day, is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allh, the Last Day, is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allh, the Last Day,
the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it,
to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al Al Al Al- -- -Maskin Maskin Maskin Maskin (the poor), and to the (the poor), and to the (the poor), and to the (the poor), and to the
wayfarer, and to those who ask, and wayfarer, and to those who ask, and wayfarer, and to those who ask, and wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs to set slaves free, performs to set slaves free, performs to set slaves free, performs As As As As- -- -Salt Salt Salt Salt
( (( (Iqmat Iqmat Iqmat Iqmat- -- -as as as as- -- -Salt Salt Salt Salt), and gives the ), and gives the ), and gives the ), and gives the Zakt Zakt Zakt Zakt, and who fulfill their covenant when , and who fulfill their covenant when , and who fulfill their covenant when , and who fulfill their covenant when
they make it, and who are they make it, and who are they make it, and who are they make it, and who are As As As As- -- -Sbirin Sbirin Sbirin Sbirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme
poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during th poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during th poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during th poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). e battles). e battles). e battles).
Such are the people of the truth and they are Such are the people of the truth and they are Such are the people of the truth and they are Such are the people of the truth and they are Al Al Al AlMuttaqn Muttaqn Muttaqn Muttaqn"
{Al-Baqarah verse 177}