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Translation by: Abu Sulaymaan Muhammad Ibn Baker

.' _ _ , .\ . _ , , _\ . _ ' , \
A Khutbah regarding the
command of Taqwaa & an
illustration of its benefits
that from it

By Shaykh Saleh Al Fawzan may Allah preserve him (taken from his
book: Al-Khutbah Al-Minbariyah Volume One pages 332-334) with
verification of Hadiths by Shaykh Muhammad Nasir-Deen al-Albaani
may Allah have mercy upon him.
The 16th day of Dhul Hijjah 1429

Note: This document is an on-line book publication of Maktabatulirshad LLC. This book was
formatted and designed specifically for being placed free on the Internet (i.e. for Da'wah purposes).
I, Abu Sulaymaan Muhammad Ibn Baker, allow for this document, in its present form and with no
alterations, to be distributed, printed, photocopied, reproduced and/or disbursed by electronic
means for the purpose of spreading its content and not for the purpose of gaining a profit, unless a
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A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
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Table of Contents

Introduction .................................................................................................................. 3

The meaning of Taqwaa ............................................................................................... 4

Taqwaa is connected to learning knowledge .................................................. 5

Taqwaa is connected to vitality of the heart, knowing the difference
between truth and falsehood & removal of sins ............................................. 6

Taqwaa promises a way out of hardship & provides rizq .............................. 7

Having Taqwaa due to one's ability ....................................................................... 8

Having Taqwaa of al-ar'ham ..................................................................................... 10

Having Taqwaa of the hellfire ............................................................................... 11

Having Taqwaa of the last day ............................................................................... 13

Having Taqwaa of fitnah & punishment ............................................................. 14

Having Taqwaa of oppression & stinginess ........................................................ 15


A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
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Introduction
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All praise belongs to Allah the Lord of all the worlds, He commanded (us) with having
Taqwaa of Him, and has promised those who have Taqwaa an abundancy of good; And I
bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped in truth except for Allah alone who
has no partners neither do we worship (anything) except for Him. In addition, I bear
witness Muhammad is His servant and Last messenger who is the most pious towards
Allah from out of creation, May there be abundant prayers and salutations upon him, his
family, and his companions.




A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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The meaning of Taqwaa


As for that, this follows:

O Mankind, have Taqwaa
1
of Allah just as He commanded you with to have Taqwaa of
Him in many verses and just as the prophet has advised and ordered you. Therefore,
Taqwaa is the order/commandant of Allah and of His messenger; and its meaning is that
you make a shield between you and that which will harm which will come between you and
it (i.e. harm).
Having Taqwaa of Allah is that you do whatever Allah has commanded you with as well
as staying away from whatever Allah has forbidden you from doing. Indeed Allah has
enjoined (us) with having Taqwaa of Him throughout many verses from His Noble Book
(i.e. Qur'an) and has connected to having Taqwaa an abundancy of worldly good as well as
in the hereafter.






1
Translator's note: Talqa Bin Habib a noble Tabee' (i.e. a second generation muslim) said about the word Taqwaa, "it
means that you obey Allah out of light from Allah, hoping for Allah's reward & that you turn away from the
disobedience of Allah out of light from Allah, fearing of Allah's punishment."

A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Taqwaa is connected to learning
knowledge


Therefore, Allah has connected to it (Taqwaa) the achievement of beneficial knowledge,
similar to what Allah says:
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"So be afraid of Allh; and Allh teaches you."
[Al-Baqarah 2:282]

Meaning of "be afraid of Allah" is regarding doing that which He has commanded you
with and abandoning that which He has forbidden you from
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"And Allh teaches you."

He teaches that which you are in need of from knowledge.



A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Taqwaa is connected to vitality of the
heart, knowing the difference between
truth and falsehood & removal of sins


Just as Allah connected to Taqwaa liveliness to the heart and the hearts' ability to
distinguish between truth and falsehood, as well as Allah connected Taqwaa to
extinguishment of evil deeds and forgiveness of sins. Allah says:
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"O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allh, He will grant you Furqn a
criterion [(to judge between right and wrong), and will expiate for you your sins,
and forgive you, and Allh is the Owner of the Great Bounty."
[Al-An'fal 8:29]






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an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Taqwaa promises a way out of hardship &
provides rizq


Just as Allah has promised the person of has Taqwaa that He will make a way out for him
(i.e. the person who has Taqwaa) from calamities and tribulations, and will grant him the
obtainment of Rizq (i.e. provisions) from where he cannot imagine.
Allah says:
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"And whosoever fears Allh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him
to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never
could imagine."
[At-Talaaq 65:2-3]
Just as Allah promised the one who has Taqwaa of Allah that He will make easy upon
him the affairs of the Dunya' and the affairs of the Hereafter, Allah says:
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"And whosoever fears Allh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter
easy for him."
[At-Talaaq 65:4]


A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Having Taqwaa due to one's ability


Allah has indeed enjoined upon the servants that they should have Taqwaa of Him as He
should be deservingly feared according to their capacity; therefore they should not abandon
having Taqwaa of Allah while at the same time they are able. Allah says:
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"O you who believe! Fear Allh (by doing all that He has ordered and by
abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared."
[Ali Imraan 3:102]

Moreover, Allah says:
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"So keep your duty to Allh and fear Him as much as you can."
[At-Taghabun 64:16]



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Thus, the meaning of these two verses to fear Allah as He should be feared as much as you
can. Just like what the prophet enjoined upon the servant that he should fear Allah
consistently in any circumstance, in any location, and throughout all things.
The prophet said:
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"Fear Allah wherever you may be
2
"
Meaning, wherever you may be the person should not outwardly show Taqwaa when he is
in the company of the people and contradict that (i.e. Taqwaa) when he absent from the
people, because Allah is always watching over him throughout all circumstances.







2
Hadith of Abi Dhar (found in Sunan Abi Dawud, Musnad Imam Ahmad, Sunan Tirmidhi, al-Hakim, and al-
Bayhaqee's book "Shuba' Emaan"); Hadith of Ma'dh (found in Musnad Imam Ahmad, Sunan Tirmidhi, & al-Bayhaqee's
book "Shuba' Emaan"); Hadith of Anas (found in Ibn 'Asakir). Shaykh al-Albaani - said the hadith is Hasan in
his book Jamee' Saheeh Hadith #97.

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an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Having Taqwaa of al-ar'ham


O Muslims, there are some things that Allah commanded that you should have Taqwaa of.
From those things you should have Taqwaa of is Al-ar'ham (i.e. those who are close kin to
you). Allah says:
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"And fear Allh through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut
the relations of) the wombs (kinship)."
[An-Nisaa 4:1]

Meaning, you should have Taqwaa of Allah and have Taqwaa of the wombs (kinship) thus
you should not sever them. For verily keeping kinship is from the things in which Allah has
enjoined upon you to establish. Therefore, establishment of the ties of kinship is an
obligation and severing it is Haram (i.e. unlawful). Just as what the Book of Allah, the
Sunnah, and the consensus of the Religion of Islam (i.e. the Companions of Prophet)
have indicated to that.




A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
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Having Taqwaa of the hellfire


In addition, from what Allah has commanded (upon us) is that to have Taqwaa of the
Naar (i.e. the Hellfire). Allah says:
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"Then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the
disbelievers."
[Al-Baqarah 2:24]

Al-Bayhaqee brings in his book "Branches of Emaan" a hadith on narrated on the authority
of Anas that he said, "the Messenger of Allah was reciting this verse:
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"Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones."





A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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The Messenger of Allah said:

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"the (hellfire) was kindled for a thousand years until the fire became red, and
kindled for another thousand years until it became white, and then kindled for
another thousand years until it became black. So the Hellfire is black (darkened) its
flame is not extinguished.
3
"
Having Taqwaa of the hellfire is by avoiding the actions in which make (him) enter it.
From the things that Allah has enjoined (upon us) to have Taqwaa of is the Last Day.
Allah says:
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"And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allh. Then every
person shall be paid what he earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly."
[Al-Baqarah 2:281]




3
Hadith of Abi Hurairah (found in Sunan Tirmidhi) Hadith #2591 Shaykh al-Albaani - said the hadith is
Da'eef "Weak"; and a Hadith narrated on the authority of Anas (found in al-Bayhaqee "Shuba Emaan" ) Shaykh al-
Albaani - said the hadith is Mawdu' "Fabricated" found in his book Da'eef Targeeb wa Tarheeb Hadith # 1941.


A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Having Taqwaa of the last day


It has been related that the later part of this verse was revealed to the Messenger of Allah;
and within it is the command to have Taqwaa of the Last Day. the Last Day in which the
will be gathered, from the first of them to the last of them, on one plateau in front of the
Lord of all that exists (i.e. Allah) to be given due recompense for their actionsthe good of
it as well as the bad deeds.
Having Taqwaa of this Day is by preparation for it by way of righteous deeds while
avoiding committing evil deeds; and by remembering it consistently in addition to
remembering what occurs in it, the Last Day, of horrors.
From the things that Allah has enjoined (upon us) is to have Taqwaa of Fitn and 'Uqubaat
[i.e. trials and punishments for crimes committed] in the Dunya' which descend upon those
who commit acts of disobedience and then spread out others who did not disapprove/reject
their actions (i.e. those who were disobedient).
Allah says:
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"And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial, etc.) which affects not in particular (only)
those of you who do wrong (but it may afflict all the good and the bad people),
and know that Allh is Severe in punishment."
[Al-An'fal 8:25]


A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Having Taqwaa of fitnah & punishment


Meaning, have fear (i.e. Taqwaa) of Fitnah [i.e. trial] that the Oppressor violates (the
limits) because the trials will strike the righteous as well as the wicked (will be stricken). Its
affliction is not specific to whoever is in direct contact with the oppressor from among,
rather exceed to other than the oppressor when (that person) does not reject him (i.e. his
acts of disobedience).
On the authority of Ibn 'Abbaas that he said regarding the (previous) verse:

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"Allah has enjoined upon the believers not to agree the Munkar (i.e. acts of
disobedience etc.) among themselves for Allah will extend to all of them the
punishment."
As well many authentic narrations have been mentioned that this 'Ummah when it doesn't
command the Ma'roof and forbid the Mun'kar Allah will extend to (everyone) a
punishment. This the warning that will extend to all who knows of a Mun'kar but does not
reject it even if is distant, so what is the case for the one abandons (i.e. refusing & rejecting)
Mun'kar within his home and within his childrenhe witnesses them abandoning the
Prayer and he acknowledges them doing that.




A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Having Taqwaa of oppression & stinginess


From the things that the prophet has commanded (upon us) to have Taqwaa of is
oppression and stinginess.

On the authority of Jabir that the Messenger of Allah said:

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"Fear oppression, for verily oppression is (variations) of darkness on the Last Day,
and fear stinginess, for verily stinginess destroyed and ruined those who (came)
before you, it carried them to shed blood and make lawful their sanctities (i.e. that
which was made unlawful to each other).
4
"





4
Hadith of Jabir (found in Musnad Imam Ahmad, Adabul-Mufrad of Bukhari, & in Saheeh Muslim); Shaykh al-Albaani
- said the Hadith is Saheeh in his book Jamee' Saheeh Hadith #102.


A Khutbah regarding the command of Taqwaa &
an illustration of its benefits that from it
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Moreover, the Prophet said:

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"Fear the supplication of the one who is wronged; for verily there isn't a barrier
between his supplication and Allah (i.e. it won't be refused).
5
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addition, it is said: the word | . : _ "Shuhh" is cupidity towards that which does not belong to
you. Moreover, the word |

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_ "Bukhl" means to be greedy, with which you own/have.



O Muslims, it is obligatory placed upon the Muslim to avoid all forms of unlawful acts in
general and he should fear falling into it; however, the matters that have been mentioned
have been provided specifically due to the great danger of it. Therefore, have Taqwaa of
Allah O servants of Allahtowards what Allah and His messenger have enjoined upon
you by way fearing it. Moreover, obey Allah and His messenger in order that you may be
granted mercy.



5
Hadith of Ibn 'Abbaas (found in Musnad Imam Ahmad, and agreed upon in Bukhari & Muslim); Shaykh al-Albaani
- said the Hadith is Saheeh in his book Jamee' Saheeh Hadith # 2298.
Translator's note: another hadith similar to this previous mentioned hadith on the authority of Anas : "And
beware of the supplication of the oppressed, even if it is the disbeliever; for verily there is no barrier for his
supplication to Allah ." Shaykh al-Albaani - said the hadith is Hasan in his book Jamee' Saheeh Hadith
#2682.

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"I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaytan."
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"And enjoin As-Salt (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them
[i.e. the Salt (prayers)]. We ask not of you a provision (i.e. to give Us something:
money, etc.); We provide for you. And the good end (i.e. Paradise) is for the
Muttaqn"
[Ta Ha 20:132]