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k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)

Yorb Alkbr T Jm Bbnisr Introductory Conversational Yorb


bdl Kambn Abibitumi Kasa 2009-2011

Introductory Yorb Course Description Course Description Introductory Conversational Yorb is an eight class course where you will learn the essentials to function in a Yorb-speaking environment within a Yorb cultural context. You will learn greetings, introductions and basic conversational skills. You will learn pronunciation, sentence structure, regular verb tenses and more. Cultural lessons are part of language learning and you will learn how to introduce yourself, how to find out information from others, how to address different people, proverbs, how to speak about your age, where youre from, where you live and more. Learning activities are appropriate for all ages and will include listening, speaking, reading, role-playing, writing and more. You will be expected to reinforce learning between classes by completing homework assignments and by learning and using vocabulary words. A practical assessment of acquired skills concludes the course. Course Materials Access to downloadable/streamed files containing entire lessons with notes, exercises, assignments and multimedia learning activities in addition to a list of supplementary learning resources will be made available at our website, http://www.abibitumikasa.com/forums Youll submit your homework weekly to: http://www.abibitumikasa.com/forums/abibitumi-kasa-currentstudent-homework-files/ 1 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words) Yorb Alkbr t k Introductory Yorb Course Syllabus st k Kn (1 Lesson): Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words); wn m Ohn Yorb (Yoruba Tones) k Kej (2nd Lesson): kni lera Yorb (Yorb greetings asking after health); kni lrin j (greetings for times of day) k Kta (3rd Lesson): Ork r (Your name) k Krin (4th Lesson): Ib t o ti w (The place youre from); Ib t o gb (The place you live) th k Karnn (5 Lesson): Nkan t o f (That which you like) k Kf (6th Lesson): Nkan t o ma e (That which you do) k Keje (7th Lesson): j or (Your age); pjwe ara ni (Description of oneself) k Kj (8th Lesson): dnw Yorb (Yorb Exam) I par (Work on final projects) Lesson Structure 1.Introduction lesson review 2.Overview outline learning objectives 3.Lesson - using listening, speaking, reading and other activities 4.Introduce new vocabulary 5.Exercises and practice 6.Recap the days lesson and assign weeks homework. Lesson Components (presented in any order) 1. bnisr (dialogue) i.e using the language 2. I e oriri (exercises), i.e reciting numbers, place names/locations, etc 3. I gbgb ti ss (listening and comprehension exercises) 4. I kk ti kk (reading and writing exercises) 5. r t jm (cultural notes) i.e. The Yorb speaking worldview and customs 6. r fin d (grammar notes) 7. I il (homework) 8. r tuntun (vocabulary)

2 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)

bd Yorb Yorb alphabet


bd (letter) a r ynb (english sound) ah pr d ynb (english example) spa pr d Yorb (Yorb example) l wrn (Picture) tm (translation)

dream

bee

beaver

to give birth

dee

defeat

machete

ay

able

ew

leaf

eh fee

evolution feed

s fn

leg smoke

gee

geese

ga

to be tall

gb

gbee

tugboat

gb

elder

hee

Haiti

ahn

tongue

ee

seek

igi

tree/stick/wood

3 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
bd (letter) j k r ynb (english sound) jee kee pr d ynb (english example) jeep key pr d Yorb (Yorb example) j eku wran (Picture) tm (translation)

market rat

lee

leak

algb

lizard

mee

maroon

child

nee

knee

in

fire

oh

own

ow

money

aw

law

ba

king

kpee

Black paint

palm tree

ree

race

rw

star

see

soul

leg 4

Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
bd (letter) r ynb (english sound) shee pr d ynb (english example) shine pr d Yorb (Yorb example) a wran (Picture) tm (translation)

cloth/clothes

tee

tea

ataare

guinea pepper

uw

blue

dd

to be black

wee

wake

broom

yee

yesterday

bird

5 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
english phrase Yorb phrase [pronunciation] (literal translation)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

How are you? I am doing well. What's up? Im fine. And you? Yes No Greetings Welcome

Bwo ni? Dada ni. K l l? Mo w. w k? yin k? B ni. B k. Mo k . Mo k yn. Kb. kb. o. K ni ork r? K ni ork yn?

[BAH whoa knee] [DA-ahDA-ah knee] [KEY LOAN sheh-leh] [moh wah] [ee-wawN KAW] [eh-yeenN KAW] [BEH-eh knee] [BEH-eh KAW] [moh KEY aw] [moh KEY YEEN] [KAHah baw] [eh KAHah baw] [oh-oh] [KEY knee oh-ROO-kaw reh] [KEY knee oh-ROO-kaw YEEN]

How it is? Well it is. What it is happening on the ground? I am. You how about? Yall how about? So it is. So it is not. I greet you. I greet yall. Greetings for return/coming. Sound of acknowledgement. What it is name (of) yours. What it is name (of) yalls. Name (of) mine is _____. Where it is you of come? I (of) ______ have come. Greetings for morning. Greetings for afternoon. Greetings for evening. 6

10 I acknowledge your greeting 11 Whats your name?

12 My name is ____ 13 Where are you from? 14 Im from _____ 15 Good morning 16 Good day/afternoon 17 Good evening

Ork mi ni _____. [oh-ROO-kaw mee knee ____] Nbo lo ti w? Nbo l ti w? Mo ti _____ ti w. Kr kr Ksn ksn Krl krl [KNEE boh low tea WAH?] [KNEE boh leh tea WAH?] [moh tea _____ tea WAH] [KAH-ah-AH-raw] [eh KAH-ah-AH-raw] [KAH-ah-SAHN] [eh KAH-ah-SAHN] [KOO-oo-raw-LEH] [eh KOO-oo-raw-LEH]

Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
18 Good late evening 19 What does _____ mean? 20 The meaning of __X___ is __Y__. 21 Excuse me/Please 22 Where is the restroom? 23 How much is this 24 I'm hungry 25 Im thirsty 26 Im cold 27 Im hot 28 Im tired 29 Im sleepy 30 I want _____ I like _____ 31 I dont want _____ I dont like _____ 32 Im happy 33 Teach me ____ 34 I want to eat 35 When? Kal kal K ni tm _____? tm X ni Y. Pl. pl. Nbo ni il gbns? El ni? Ebi pa m. ungb gb m. tt m mi. Ooru m mi. r m Oorun kn m Mo f ____ Mo frn ____ N k f _____ N k frn _____ In mi dn K mi n _____ Mo f jun Ngb wo? [KAH-ah-LEH] [eh KAH-ah-LEH] [KEY knee ee-TOO-maw] [ee-TOO-maw X knee Y.] [kpeh-LEH] [eh kpeh-LEH] [KNEE-bow knee ee-LAY eegbawn-seh] [ay-AY-low-OH knee] [ay-beeN kpah MEE] [oh-N-gbeh-N gbeh MEE] [oh-TOO-tooN MOO mee] [oh-rooN MOO mee] [OH reh MEE] [oh-roonN coon MEE] [moh FEH _____] [moh FEH-rahn ______] [en coh FEH _____] [en coh FEH-rahn ______] [ee-NEW mee doon] [KAW mee KNEE _______] [mo FEH jeh-oon] [KNEEg-ba whoa] [mowg BAW ay-day oh-yeenbow knee-kahn] Greetings for late evening. What it is meaning (of) ______? The meaning of __X___ is __Y__. Sound of politeness/gentleness. Where is the restroom? How much it is? Hunger is killing me. Sun-drying is drying me. Cold is taking/holding me. Steam is taking/holding me. It tires me. Sleepiness is rubbing me. I want _____. I like _____. I dont want/like ___. My stomach is sweet. Teach me _____. I want to eat. At time which. I hear the language of whites only. 7 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

36 I only speak english Mo gb d ynb (gs) nkan

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
37 What did you say? 38 Repeat what you said 39 No, I dont speak Yorb 40 Yes, I speak a little Yorb 41 Please help me K lo w? K l w? Tn un s tn un s t, N k gb Yorb. B ni, mo gb Yorb d Jw, rn m lw jw, rn m lw Mo ti pdn O K tp db dgb kan n Bwo ni a e s _____ ? A ma s ______. Mo n br. B ni, y mi. B k, k y mi. Mo b Jw, k sl jw, k sl Sr dd [KEY low WEE] [KEY leh WEE] [TOO-oon saw] [eh TOO-oon saw] [OH-tea, en coh GBAW Yohroo-BAH] [BEH-eh knee, mow GBAW Yoh-roo-BAH DEE-yeh] [jaw-WAW, rahn MEE LAWWAW] [eh jaw-WAW, eh rahn MEE LAW-WAW] [mow teek pa-DAH-new] [oh SHAY] [eh SHAY] [coh TAWK-PEH] [OH dah-baw] [OH deeg-bah kahn NAH] [BAH whoa knee ah shayN saw ______] [ah MAH-ahN saw _______] [mo KNEE ee-bay-ray] [BEH-eh knee, OH YAY mee] [BEH-eh KAW, coh YAY mee] [moaN baw] [jaw-WAW, kaw AW SEE-leh] [eh jaw-WAW, eh kaw AW SEE-leh] [saw-raw DEE-eh DEE-eh] What you said? What yall said? Again it say. No, I dont hear Yorb. So it is, I hear Yorb small. Please, assist me in the hand. Yall, please, assist me in the hand. I have (become) lost. You are worthy of thanking. Not worthy of thankfulness. It until coming/return. It until time one so soon. How it is we do saying ______? We say ________. I have a question. It is so, it makes sense to me. It is not so, it doesnt make sense to me. Im coming right now. Please, write it down. Speak small-small.

42 Im lost 43 Thank you 44 Youre welcome 45 Goodbye 46 Later 47 How do you say ______? 48 We say ______ 49 I have a question 50 Yes, I understand 51 No, I dont understand 52 Ill be right back 53 Please, write it 54 Speak slowly

8 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
55 Give me ____ 56 Take _____ 57 Im going ____ Fn mi n _____ fn mi n _____ Gba ______ gba _____ Mo l ______ [FOON mee KNEE ______] [eh FOON mee KNEE ______] [ gbah _____] [ eh gbah _____] [moaN law _____] Give me ______. Receive _____. Im going _____.

m Ohn Yorb
(Yoruba Tones)

Yorb has three distinct level tones. These are commonly referred to as d, the low tone, re, the mid tone and m, the high tone. Tones are only found on vowels such as , and u and nasal consonants such as , n and . As we will examine below, changing the tone on a single vowel or nasal consonant will change the entire meaning of a word as much as changing the consonant in fog to dog or log will change the meaning of the word in english. Below are exercises that we will use as an introduction to the tones of Yorb.
m re d high tone mid tone low tone

9 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)

I e m Ohn
(Tone Exercise) 1 l

honor

wealth

la

tomorrow

I e m Ohn
(Tone Exercise)

2 ogun

war

ogn gn

twenty/ inheritance r of war and iron

10 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
ogn medicine

gn

sweat

I e m Ohn
(Tone Exercise) 3 od

river

od

mortar

do

zero

I e m Ohn
(Tone Exercise) 4 k to teach/learn

11 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
k write

to reject

5 b bi b 6 agbn agbn gbn gbn 7 yn yan yn

to give birth to ask to vomit

wasp basket coconut chin

to yawn to roast/to march to choose

8 k ok k 9 igba igb gb gb igb

husband hoe vehicle

200 calabash time garden egg rope for climbing/ pawning 12

Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute

k Kn: 1st Lesson Pp r d Yorb (Pronounciation of the sounds of Yorb); r Tuntun (New Words)
10 ip p ipa 11 er er re r er 12 r ro r

force/epilepsy swollen testicles/ kick path

game royal python carving profit black-eyed pea

to stand/to sound to cultivate to think

13 Copyright 2009-2011. Abibitumi Kasa Afrikan Language Institute