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Mexican Americans

Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cuban American, and Latin Americans

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[CLASS SUBJECT HERE] [PROFESSORS NAME HERE] May 22, 2008

Mexican Americans Hispanics in the United States have significantly contributed to much of our societys

customs and culture for many centuries. Ranging from politics, public service, military, business, science, organized sports to even the entertainment industry, you can find their mark universally if you take a closer look. It is quite a wonder as to the many historians whom have not acknowledged Hispanics impact on history, as they are just as intricate within Americas history as any other race or nationality (Contributions of).

Mexican Americans consist of the most prevalent Hispanic group within the United States. Their history has covered over four centuries within America, contrasting in different regions. In such states as California, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Nevada, great amounts of Mexican Americans subsist there. (Mexican Americans, 1997-2007)

Linguistics: Mexican Americans, though they live in the United States, generally converse in their own native language. Spanish is usually the solitary language that they use at home amongst family and/or even friends, but in the general community, English is the universally unrestricted language. As the generations have passed on, a new verbal communication has emerged, called Spanglish, which is a blend of both Spanish and American. Social: America has been tough on Mexican Americans. The citizens had a hard time elevating their financial and social status in this country, as they were judged by color of their skin. However, color should not demonstrate a persons social status, but the content of their character. These people are slowly emerging and breaking social barriers. Economic: The Chicano Movement changed Mexican Americans lives in the United States economy. It was a movement that secured these people in the economy with civil rights and economic opportunity. They used tactics such as civil disobedience as an influential way to

Mexican Americans make it known that changes were inevitable. Marches, hunger strikes, and litigation were methods that they used. Political: On the other hand, the Chicano Movement also sparked a political consciousness in the communitysomething that had never been experienced before by the community. Religion: A significant number of Mexican Americans are Roman Catholic, as it is a central institution within their culture. Their religious beliefs influence their perceptions on an array of areas in their life, including view on sex, education, and politics. Family: The structure of a Mexican American family is one of which originally was traditional where the mother was at home and the father went to work. However, this has

undergone a drastic change within the last thirty or so years as both parents have begun to be the head of the household. The home is usually the focal point of family life.

Puerto Ricans are the second largest groups of Hispanics within the United States, largely in New Jersey and New York. They are not considered foreign immigrants, since they are technically American citizens (Puerto Rican). Linguistics: They do not have what is known as a proper language, whereas instead, they have what is better referred to as Castilian Spanish. They differ from other Spanishspeaking groups in the sense that their pronunciation of the language is dissimilar than others. Social: The people are generally racially and ethnically diverse, and recognize racial variance amongst themselves. Because of this, they do have social classification of each other, but generally refer to themselves as Negro" in the sense that everyone is of color. It has no racial connotation behind it, as it does it other terms.

Mexican Americans Economic: Many Puerto Ricans are eligible for benefits here in America, since Puerto Rico is a United States commonwealth. However, many feel that because they are eligible for

benefits in welfare programs, it keeps this group of people within a cycle of poverty. The general population that is not on welfare tends to work in the industries around New York and New Jersey. Political: There is a split difference within the Puerto Rican community as to political views. There are those that 4belong to the United States association, whereas there are those with radical views who are pushing for Puerto Ricos independence from America. Religion: Most Puerto Ricans are generally Roman Catholic as well. It originated with the Catholic missionaries that were established in Puerto Rico some 400 years ago. However, within recent years, it is reported that only 70% of the people consider themselves Catholic, while the majority of the remaining group consider themselves Protestant. Family: Traditionally, the fathers and husbands are seen as the head of the households. The sons have a responsibility of taking care of the womenfolk, especially their younger sisters. This is a highly placed value amongst the families, just as showing respect to elders is just as important. They generally have extended families in the sense that households usually consist of large, extensive family members.

Cuban Americans consist of the third chief assembly of Hispanics within the United States. Most Cuban Americans were born in Cuba, but moved to America as a result of Fidel Castros communist dictatorship (Cuban Americans). Linguistics: The older generations continue to carry on their prominent language of Cuban, but it is the younger generations who have started to break away from their cultural

Mexican Americans histories. Generally, unlike their parents and grandparents, they prefer to communicate in English than Cuban. Social: They have adapted to the large communities of New York City, northern New Jersey, and Los Angeles. On the other hand, they are most well known in southern Florida. In general, most Cuban Americans are successful in these communities, because they are around

others who share their cultural backgrounds. They are redefining themselves as older generations are passing away; some seeking identify from their culture, while many others distance themselves from their ethnicity backgrounds. Economic: It is estimated that out of every 14 Cuban Americans in Southern Florida, they own their own entrepreneurial business; these people have the highest entrepreneurial rate out of the entire Hispanic groups. As many live in little communities of Cuban descent, many dont feel the need to go outside of this community. As a result, a higher rate of business ownership may exist. A great example of a Cuban community is Little Havana, located within Miami. Political: They have had a vigorous role in redefining the American Political scene. As most Cubans are against Fidel Castros Communist government, any movements or policies that are against his government are highly supported amongst the Cuban American communities. Furthermore, any Cuban-related policies within the American legislation are significantly influenced by Cuban Americans (Roots of). Religion: Cubans are generally Roman Catholics; however, it has been greatly modified to syncretism by large amounts of support since Catholicisms early introduction into Cubans history Family: Cuban Americans often have extended families as well, including parents and children, and older relatives (those who are widowed or dependent on others). The intermarriage

Mexican Americans

rate of marrying other individuals out of their ethnicity and culture is very low, as this is a family value.

Hispanic Americans, or Latin Americans, exist within communities of the United States. They are still in the process of creating a unique place for themselves amongst both the American culture and Hispanic groups (Hispanic Americans). Linguistics: Spanish is the official language of Latin Americans; yet English is popularly spoken, and even a French dialect is sometimes heard amongst the culture. Many of these indivudals that come to America may have language barriers, alongside a poverty concern. Social: Many Latin Americans are moving up from a previous immigrant status to a conventional status amongst a common American society. Economic: Within the last past few decades, their economical status has begun to diversify itself, as racial acceptance has started to become acceptable. It is diversified amongst groups of Africans, Hispanics, and American Indians within the culture. Political: These individuals are moving up in the world, through local governments. There are Latin Americans elected as officials in some states as well. Religion: The leading religion is universally Roman Catholicism; a leading statistical amount of 90%. Nonetheless, a small group of Protestants does exist within their communities and culture. Even smaller than this, a smaller percentage of African religious beliefs exist too. Family: Discrepancies exist amongst the old and young, as the old believe in a large, extensive family, whereas the young Latins are in belief of the modern and latest beliefs of a universal American society. Intermarriage with other ethnic backgrounds is usually an issue, but one soon to cease to exist, as new ideas are always being established.

Mexican Americans Reference Page

Contributions of Americans of Hispanic Heritage. Retrieved May 22, 2008, from Americans of Hispanic Heritage Web site: http://www.neta.com/~1stbooks/dod2.htm Cuban Americans. Retrieved May 22, 2008, from MSN Encarta Web site: http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761587474/Cuban_Americans.html Green, D Puerto Rican Americans. Retrieved May 22, 2008, from Every Culture Web site: http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Pa-Sp/Puerto-Rican-Americans.html Hispanic Americans. Retrieved May 22, 2008, from MSN Encarta Web site: http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761585657/Hispanic_Americans.html Mexican Americans. Retrieved May 22, 2008, from MSN Encarta Web site: http://www.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761587500/mexican_americans.html Roots of the Cuban-American Political Movement. Retrieved May 22, 2008, from Open Secrets Web site: http://www.opensecrets.org/pubs/cubareport/roots.asp