You are on page 1of 5

jreENma&!

dkoef;w,f a$ref;awmif&dyfcdk
&ef0if; (awmifwHcg;)

o}uFefusjyefOD;awmhr,f?
o}uFefusjyDqdkrSjzifh [dku'Du o}uFefoDcsif;awG wl;ydk@ wl;ydk wl;ydk@ eJ@ =um;=u&jyefjyDav? tJ'Do}uFefoDcsif;awGxJrSm
=um;&wmrsm;vGef;vdk@ em;xJrSmkd;tDae=ujyDrdk@ jreENm a&!dk!dk&pfcwfoef;w,f a$ref;awmif&dyf twlwlcdkol
ysdKzlawG&,fvdk@rsm;qdkvdkuf&ifjzifh 'go}uFefoDcsif; jreENmvdk@ ajymwJholuajymr,f? 'grrjidrf;&J o}uFefoDcsif;aygh
ref;awmif&dyfcdkavvdk@ ajymwJholuajymr,f?
jreENmvdk@vlodrsm;aeayrJ@ wu,fhemrnftrSefu ref;awmif&dyfcdk jzpfygw,f? =umawmhvJ=umcJhjyDav?
'Dref;awmif&dyfcdkoDcsif;udk pjyD;=um;bl;wmu u|efawmfav;wef;ausmif;om;b0rSmaygh?
u|efawmfhZmwdru tnmrSm? tJ'Dwkef;u &yfuGufxJrSmbk&m;yGJSd&if uGif;jyif}uD;xJrSm ydwfum;}uD;axmifjywJh
kyfSiftvum;=unfh&w,f? a=umfjimtwdktpawGvJygw,f? yGifhaumif;iydiHjym&nfa=umfjimwdk@/
umwGef;OD;Auav;&JumwGef;udkvJ=unfh&w,f? bk&m;xD;wifyGJowif;wdk@/ owif;wdkvDxGmvDawGvJygw,f?
tao;pdyfaumif;aumif;rrSwfrdawmhyg? rSwfrdaewmu tqdkawmfOD;tHh}uD; eJ@EdkifiHjcm;om;awG oDcsif;qdk=uwJh
kyfSifum;ydkif;wdkuav;yg? taumf'D,HawG *Dwm}uD;awGeJ@ olwdk@qdkwJhoDcsif;u ref;awmif&dyfcdk ygbJ? tJ'DEdkifiHjcm;om;awGu
tmvkyfoH}uD;awGeJ@ jreENm a&!dk!dk &pfcwfoef;w,f a$ref;awmif&dyf twlwlcdkol ysdKzlawG&,f vdk@ Armvdkqdkaeawmh
cav;yDyDodyftHh=owmbJ? [m EdkifiHjcm;om;}uD;awGu Armvdkqdkw,f[ ayghav?
tJ'Dvdk ref;awmif&dyfckd oDcsif;udkpjyD;=um;bl;cJhw,f? pjyD;pGJrdw,fqdkygawmh? tv,fwef;ausmif;om;b0a&mufawmh
oDcsif;pmom;udk oDcsif;pmtkyfawGrSmSmwwfjyD? oDcsif;tvdkufudkawmh tazeJ@tarwdk@u qdkjy=uvdk@ awmfawmf&vmw,f?
tJ'DtcsdefrSm 0goempygvmwJh yavGvJr_wf [mrdkeDumvJr_wfusifhaygh? 'DvdkeJ@ aemufawmh o}uFefusjyDqdkrSjzifh
o}uFefryfawGrSma&m a&yufcHum;awGeJ@a&m wcgvm ref;awmif&dyfcdk/ aemufwcgvmvJ ref;awmif&dyfcdkbJ? oli,fcsif;awGeJ@
qdkvdkuf uvdkufaygh? aysmfcJhw,f?
'DvdkeJ@ txufwef;/ aumvdyf/ b0wuUodkvfyg jzwfoef;vmcJhjyD? 'Dae@txdbJ o}uFefusjyDqdkrSjzifh o}uFefydk;xwJhjyD; jreENm
a&!dk!dk &pfcwfoef;w,f avmufawmh [pfvdkufcsifao;w,f?

ref;awmif&dyfcdkoDcsif;udk t&yfxJ kyfSifxJ pD'DxJ ADpD'DxJrSm =um;&vGef;vdk@ oDcsif;eJ@awmh &if;ESD;ae=ujyD? oDcsif;a&;wJhol


b,folvJqdkwm odaumif;rSod=uayr,f? eJeJodwJhvlu rrjidrf;a&;w,fvdk@ ajymr,f?
wu,fawmh ref;awmif&dyfcdkoDcsif;udk q&m}uD;oHk;OD;u wydk'fpDa&;cJh=uwmyg? q&m}uD; at0rf;q&m!Sm ac: rEWvm!Sm/
q&m}uD; rrjidrf;/ q&m}uD; OD;bodef;(rEWav;) wdk@oHk;OD;jzpfygw,f?

at0rf; q&m!Sm (c) rEWvm!Sm


csdKyH;$ifaom ESrysdKi,f/ wudk,fvHk;yifacsm tvSydkw,f xxxxx kd;kd;om;om;eJ@ usKyfwdk@rruauseyfw,f tydk'fudk
q&m}uD; at0rf;q&m!Smac: rEWvm!Smua&;ygw,f?

rrjidrf;
oHyifydk'fjzpfwJh jreENm a&!dk!dk &pfcwfoef;w,f a$ref;awmif&dyf twlwlcdkol ysdKzlawG&,f xxxxx edrdwfaumif;,lr,f
ESpfOD;o}uFefawmf 0,f udk q&m}uD; rrjidrf;ua&;ygw,f?

OD;bodef; (rEWav;)
cg;ao;EGJrl,muG,f vS*k%fjrifhx,f xxxxx armifwdk@vmacsayghuG,f unmarausmh&J aiGief;xGufcgv,f tydk'fudk
q&m}uD; OD;bodef;(rEWav;) ua&;ygw,f?

aw;oHSif udktHh}uD;
ref;awmif&dyfcdkoDcsif;udk yxrOD;qHk;oDqdkoluawmh udk(OD;)tHh}uD;jzpfygw,f? &efukefrSm bDwDb&m;om;rdom;pkwD;0dkif;eJ@
toHoGif;ygw,f? bDwDb&m;om; OD;bOD;av;eJ@ &efukefrSm a$*kefrrtoif; wnfaxmifxm;wJh rEWav;rrOD;vS'if wdk@u
q&m}uD;oHk;OD;&Ja&;jyD;om;oDcsif;awGxJu wydk'fpD,ljyD; ref;awmif&dyfcdk o}uFefoDcsif; vdk@emrnfay;jyD;
udk(OD;)tHh}uD;uoDqdkygw,f?
tJ'DyxrOD;qHk; toHoGif;xm;wJhoDcsif;udk 'Dae@rSm =um;zl;olawmfawmfeJvdrfhr,f? wD;r_wfwmu bDwDb&m;om;rdom;pk
wD;0dkif;eJ@qdkawm@ oDcsif;pmom;xJrSm rr emrnf ygaeayrJh tJ'DrlvtoHoGif;xm;wJhoDcsif;rSm rEWav;rrtzGJ}uD;&J
wD;vHk;[efyefawGrygao;yg?
aemufydkif;rSmawmh oDqdkolawGudkvJra&Edkifawmhyg? jyefqkx
d m;wJh oDcsif;awGrSm oDcsif;pmom;awGvJ eJeJpDuGJvmw,f?
OD;tHh}uD;qdkxm;wmawmifrS pmtkyfxJupmom;eJ@ uGJjym;aewmawGawG&ao;w,f? rl&if;t"dy`g,fawGawmh
ajymif;roGm;bl;aygh?
oDcsif;tvdkufuvJ'DvdkygbJ? aemufydkif;rSm oDqdkolawGu vHk;xyfuav;awGxnfhjyD;uGef@qdk=uwmawGvJSdw,f?
jrefrmhqdkif;0dkif;}uD;awGeJ@a&m oHpHk0dkif;}uD;awGeJ@ygwD;=uw,f? rEWav;rrtzGJ}uD;uvJwD;ygw,f? twD;rSmvJ
rEWav;rrtzGJ}uD;&J wD;vHk;[efyefjzpfwJh ajcmufvHk;ywftqdk@tydk@awGxnfhvmw,f? o}uFefwD;vHk;toGm;jzpfwJh wl;ydk@
wl;ydk wl;ydk@aygh?

wmyvmOD;vS'if (c) oHzlwef;OD;vS'if


b,fvdkbJ qdkqdk/ b,fvdkbJ wD;wD;/ o}uFefoDcsif;qd&k if wl;ydk@ wl;ydk wl;ydk@ygbJ? wl;ydk@ wl;ydk wl;ydk@qdk&if o}uFefa&obif
wD;vHk;toGm;vdk@ordkif;wacwfwGif&pfatmif q&m}uD; rrjidrf;eJ@ rrtzGJ'dk;q&m wmyvmAHktwD;aumif;vdk@
wmyvmOD;vS'ifvdk@ac:=uwJh oHzlwef;OD;vS'ifwdk@ wDxGifoGm;wJh pnfwdkoHk;csuf wD;vHk;toGm; udkb,f[meJ@rS
tpm;rxdk;Edkifyg?
ref;awmif&dyftwlcdkvdk@ o}uFeftcg jrefrmhESpfopfrSm $ifvef;csrf;ajr=uygap?
(1) jynfolcspfaomtEkynmonfrsm; vlxka':trm
(2) rrjidrf;ESifholtEkynm oef;atmifcdkif
(3) twmaw;ESifhrEWav;o}uFef atmifatmif (,OfrGef)
pmtkyfrsm;udk txl;aus;Zl;wifpGmeJ@ udk;um;ygw,f?
&ef0if; (awmifwHcg;)