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Exposition

Purpose An exposition attempts to persuade the reader to believe something by


presenting one side of the argument.
Structure The three parts of an exposition are:
An introductory statement presents the writer's point of view and previews the
arguments to be presented.
A series of arguments that aim to persuade the reader new paragraph for each
new argument. A topic sentence introduces the new argument.
A conclusion sums up arguments and reinforces writer's point of view.
Examples: Ads, editorials, legal defense
Language features of an exposition
Emotive words that show feelings and attitudes -
Words that link cause and effect - otherwise, firstly, secondly, finally
You can use second person words like commands -
Generalisations broad statements to support ideas
Using arguments drawn from research, and statements of others to support the point/s
Cause and effect words because, causes, stems from, consequently, leads to
Linking words - in addition, also, moreover, as well
Powerful descriptive words sensational,
Examples of an exposition
Ads, editorials, legal defence

EXPOSITION TEXT
What is an exposition?
An exposition is a piece oI text that presents one side oI an issue. The purpose oI the exposition
is to persuade the reader or listener by presenting one side oI an argument, that is , the case or the
case against.
Exposition texts can be in the Iorm oI :
1. advertisements
. spoken arguments
3. editorials
Featuies of an exposition
CONSTRUCTING AN EXPOSITION
An exposition text usually has three sections. The Iirst section introduces the author`s point oI
view and can preview arguments that may Iollow in the text. Next comes a series oI arguments
that aim to convince the audience. The Iinal section is a conclusion that sum up the arguments
and reinIorces the author`s point oI view.
THE ARRANGEMENT oI EXPOSITION
1. An introductory statement
1.1.The author`s point oI view is called the thesis oI the argument and this is given in the
introduction.
1.. The introduction can include a previews oI the arguments that will Iollow in the next section
oI the text.
1.3. A question or emotional statement can be used to capture the audience`` attention.
2. A series of arguments to convince the audienve
.1. A new paragraph is used Ior each new argument.
.. Each new paragraph begins with a topic sentensce that introduces the argument.
.3.Details supporting the argument Iollow the topic sentence.
. 4Emotive words are used to persuade the audience to believe the author.
3. A conclusion summing up the arguments
4. The author restates his or her thesis ( point of view)
5. A summary of what has been stated in the section above may be included here.
EXAMPLE 1:
Why They Turn to the Sea
As the job opportunity is increasing limited on the land, more and more young man are turning
to the sea Ior a living. Some oI them choose to work on a ship only aIter they have Iailed to get a
job. However, many young men actually would rather work on the sea than on land. In my
opinion, there are several reasons that account Ior increasing interest in persuing maritime
proIessions.
Firstly,our country is made up oI many lands. We are surrounded by water. It is not surprising
that many people have growm to love the sea. In order to be able to spend more time near the
sea, they decide to work on it. Many oI them spend their whole lives on the water.
Secondly, the many school dropouts in the country as well as those young men who have just
Iinished their education in school are looking Ior jobs at the same time. Competition Ior jobs is
thereIore great. Many Iail to get work in oIIce or Iactories, so these people turn to the sea as a
last resort.
Thirdly, some young men Iace problem at home. They want to get as Iar away Irom these
problems as possible. The sea becomes a popular means oI escape.
Finally, young people are naturally advantageous. They love to explore new places. They enjoy
the excitement that comes with this. By working on a ship, they are able to travel Iar and wide.
Besides, Iood and lodging on board the ship are Iree. Thus , many young men are attracted to
maritime proIession.
EXAMPLE :
Television is the most popular Iorm oI entertainment in any household. But I think Television
tends to have a tremendous inIluence on its viewers.
Firstly, based on the recent research, people oI all ages use this medium to entertain themselves
Ior an average oI Iive hours a day. OI course, constant exposure oI TV will inIluence the
viewers` thinking and attitude. This can be seen Irom the Iact that many criminals are inspired
Irom the scene on TV.
Secondly, people can be aIIected by constant watching television. This is due to the Iact that
they less in physical activities, spend less time reading and working and see a work oI violence
that can aIIect their own Ieelings oI security.
Finally, comercial advertisement on TV can be a brain washing. Psychologically, constant show
oI advertisement will shape one`s image about one product. No wonder people are easier to
remember the motto or slogan oI one advertisement than to retrieve inIormation that they have
learned.
In short, TV will be a kind oI monster can conquer one`s mind and attitude.

EXAMPLE 3
Cigarette smokers are said to have chance oI getting various Iatal diseases. But I think that other
people`s tobacco smoke seems to increase the chances oI non-smokers getting a wide range oI
cancers.
First , although passive smokers inhale less tobacco smoke, the researchers point out that the
smoke they breathe in is richer in many toxic chemicals. There is an example, three times as
much as benzo-apyrene, six times as much loluene and more than 50 times as much dimenthyl
nitrosamine. OI course these substances will harm our body in the long run.
Second , the recent research reported that the risk oI getting cancers not normally associated with
smoking also rose among passive smokers. The risk oI leukaemia rose 6 8 times and the risk
oI cervical cancer increased 3 4 times.
Third , past studies have Iound that by product oI cigarette smoke such as coinine and thiocynate,
turn up in the blood, urine and saliva oI non smoking adults, children and Ietuses that have been
exposed to smokers. These substances are the main causes oI various cancers.
In short , the eIIects oI exposure to the cigarette smoking oI others are greater than has been
previously suspected. That is why passive smokers have more chances oI contracting cancer
than people with no such expose.