# EE407 – Wave Propagation & Antenna Theory

Instructor: Engr. Kashif Siddiq
TA: Saad Iftikhar(Batch 07)

Assignment #5
Assigned: November 28, 2011 Due Date: Thursday, December 1, 2011

(note: direct answers will not be accepted. detailed work is required.)

Q1: Design a 50 Ω microstrip T-line that provides 90
o
phase shift at 2.5 GHz. Assume h=1.27 mm
and ε
r
=2.2.

Q2: A 50 Ω microstrip line needs to be designed using a sheet of Epsilam-10 (ε
r
=10) with h=1.02 mm.
Determine W, λ, and ε
eff
.

Q3: In free space, a wave propagating radially away from an antenna at the origin has
Es = _−
Ix
r
] cux²0aѳ
Where the driving current pharos I
s
= I
o
e
jα.
Determine (a) E
s
(b) P(r, 0, ç) and (c) R
.
Q4: What is the pattern solid angle and the directivity for an isotropic antenna? How about for
a semi-isotropic antenna, that radiates equally in all directions above θ = π/2, but is zero
otherwise?
Q5: You are given the following normalized radiation intensity
P(θ, φ) = sin²θsin²Φ foi u ≤ Φ ≤ п
Find the beam width, pattern solid angle, and directivity.

Q6: You are given the following normalized radiation intensity
P(θ, φ) = sin²0sin (
1
2
)
Determine the beam width, direction of maximum radiation, pattern solid angle and directivity.

Q7: Suppose a Hertzian dipole antenna is 1.0 cm long and is excited by a 10 mA amplitude
current source at 100 MHz. What is the maximum power density radiated by this antenna at a
1.0 km distance? What is the antenna’s radiation resistance?

Q8: A 1.0 cm long, 1.0 mm diameter copper wire is used as a Hertzian dipole radiator at 1.0
GHz. (a) Find R
. (b) Estimate R
diss
by considering the skin effect resistance of the wire. (c)
Find efficiency, e. (d) Find the maximum power gain G
max
.
Q9: Neglecting resistive losses in the wire, how much current must drive a loop antenna of
radius 2.0 cm at 60 MHz to radiate 1.0 W of power? Repeat for a 20 turn loop.
Q10: Suppose in the far-field for an antenna at the origin
E
os
=
[I
s
4пr
c
-][¡
sinθcosΦ aѳ
Where I
s
= I
o
e

. What is the radiation resistance of this antenna at 100 MHz?
Q11: Suppose in the far-field for a particular antenna at the origin, the electric field is
E
̥
s = pI̥(

][r
sinθ ¡пi)aѳ
What is the radiation resistance of this antenna?
Q12: Given a z-polarized half-wave dipole antenna at the origin, and a driving current
i(t) = 10cos(2πx10
9
t) A, find
The instantaneous electric and magnetic fields at a point 2.0 m distant and angle θ=60°.
Q13: A 0.485λ dipole antenna is constructed for operation at 4.0 GHz. (a) how long is the
antenna? (b) What impedance is required of a quarter-wave transformer to match this antenna
to a 50 Ω impedance line?

Q14: What is the VSWR looking into a quarter-wave monopole antenna if the feed line has 50 Ω
impedance? Design an open-ended shunt stub matching network to match this antenna to the
line.
Q15: Two small loop antennas, each oriented in the x-y plane, are centered at ±λ/2 on the x-
axis. They each have a 1.0 cm radius and are driven in-phase by a 10. mA current source at 500.
MHz. Find and plot the radiation pattern at θ = π/2 and determine the maximum time-averaged
power density at a distance 100. m from the array.
Q16: A particular broadside antenna array consists of 10 λ/2 dipole antenna elements spaced
λ/2 apart with all currents driven at the same phase. Plot the radiation pattern, and find the
maximum broadside power density (i.e. at θ = φ = π/2) at a distance of 10 km if the antenna is
driven by 10 A current sources at 2.45 GHz.
Q17: A pair of z-polarized dipole antenna with lengths indicated is shown in Figure 8.50. If the
3.0 m dipole is driven by a 50. MHz source, calculate the power transfer ratio.

e. MHz. Find and plot the radiation pattern at θ = π/2 and determine the maximum time-averaged power density at a distance 100. m from the array. calculate the power transfer ratio. mA current source at 500. Plot the radiation pattern. MHz source. Q17: A pair of z-polarized dipole antenna with lengths indicated is shown in Figure 8. (a) how long is the antenna? (b) What impedance is required of a quarter-wave transformer to match this antenna to a 50 Ω impedance line? Q14: What is the VSWR looking into a quarter-wave monopole antenna if the feed line has 50 Ω impedance? Design an open-ended shunt stub matching network to match this antenna to the line. 9 . Q16: A particular broadside antenna array consists of 10 λ/2 dipole antenna elements spaced λ/2 apart with all currents driven at the same phase. the electric field is ̥ = ̥( ¯ sinθ /пr) ѳ What is the radiation resistance of this antenna? Q12: Given a z-polarized half-wave dipole antenna at the origin.0 cm radius and are driven in-phase by a 10. If the 3.485λ dipole antenna is constructed for operation at 4. at θ = φ = π/2) at a distance of 10 km if the antenna is driven by 10 A current sources at 2.0 GHz. find The instantaneous electric and magnetic fields at a point 2. They each have a 1. each oriented in the x-y plane.50.0 m dipole is driven by a 50.0 m distant and angle θ=60°. Q15: Two small loop antennas.45 GHz. What is the radiation resistance of this antenna at 100 MHz? s o jα Q11: Suppose in the far-field for a particular antenna at the origin. Q13: A 0. are centered at ±λ/2 on the xaxis. and a driving current i(t) = 10cos(2πx10 t) A.Where I = I e . and find the maximum broadside power density (i.