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-MATHS IN ENGINEERINGGEOMETRY IN CIVIL-MATHS IN MEDICINE-MATHS IN BIOLOGY-MATHS IN MUSIC-MATHS IN FORENSICCONCLUSION. INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION What use is maths in everyday life? "Maths is all around us, it's everywhere we go". It's a lyric that could so easily have been sung by Wet Wet Wet. It may not have made it onto the Four Weddings soundtrack, but it certainly would have been profoundly true. Not only does maths underlie every process and pattern that occurs in the world around us, but having a good understanding of it will help enormously in everyday life. Being quick at mental arithmetic will save you pounds in the supermarket, and a knowledge of statistics will help you see through the baloney in television adverts or newspaper articles, and to understand the torrent of information you'll hear about your local football team. MATHS IN NATURE : MATHS IN NATURE HEXAGON IN NATURE : HEXAGON IN NATURE A honeycomb is an array of hexagonal (six-sided) cells, made of wax produced by worker bees. Hexagons fit together to fill all the available space, giving a strong structure with no gaps. Squares would also fill the space, but would not give a rigid structure. Triangles would fill the space and be rigid, but it would be difficult to get honey out of their corners. FRACTIONS OF TOMATO : FRACTIONS OF TOMATO Slide 7: You can cut all sorts of fruit and vegetables into fractions: cut a tomato in half, an apple into quarters or a banana into eighths, although you would have to be very accurate. An orange might have 20 segments, and each would be a 20th of the whole orange ROTATIONAL SYMMETRY IN GLOBE : ROTATIONAL SYMMETRY IN GLOBE Slide 9: A globe is a good example of rotational symmetry in a three-dimensional object. The globe keeps its shape as it is turned on its stand around an imaginary line between the north and south poles. The globe shown here dates from the late 15th or early 16th century and is one of the earliest three-dimensional representations of the surface of the Earth. It can be found in the Historical Academy in Madrid. UNDERSTANDING PERCENTAGE : UNDERSTANDING PERCENTAGE Slide 11: Using money is a good way of understanding percentages. As there are 100 pence in £1, one hundredth of £1 is therefore 1 pence, meaning that 1 per cent of £1 is 1 pence. From this we can calculate that 50 per cent of £1 is 50 pence. This photograph shows three British currency notes: a £5 note, a £10 note and a £20 note. If 50 pence is 50 per cent of £1, then £5 is 50 per cent of £10, and so £10 is 50 per cent of £20. DECIMAL CALCULATOR : DECIMAL CALCULATOR Slide 13: A pocket calculator is one way in which decimals are used in everyday life. The value of each digit shown is determined by its place in the entire row of numbers on the screen. In this photograph, the 7 is worth 700 (seven hundreds), the 8 is worth 80 (eight tens) and the 6 is worth 6 (six ones).

There is a point at the top where all the sides meet. This is a modern reconstruction of the English Wigwam. This house is much similar to the one before. What's more. we can show you more 3D shapes. The house itself is half a cylinder. This English Wigwam is also half a cylinder. or determining the amount of solar energy necessary to power a car. whether it is working out how much concrete is needed to build a bridge. The doorways are rectangle. They also design and build vehicles. The windows are parallelogram. such as generating energy from the sun. Except for really planes can go on forever. was in fact more expensive. As you can there the door way is a rectangle. like always. but if you work it out quickly in your head you'll never be caught out. PYRAMIDS : . Much of them are rectangles and squares. Engineers are responsible for just about everything we take for granted in the world around us. With this image. CUBES AND CONES : CUBES AND CONES This is the Hancock Tower. this building is made up of cubes. for example picking up a six-pack of beer rather than six single cans. Maths is involved in everything an engineer does. engineers help to develop things which are important for the future. aircraft. or not really much of a difference? What about the other 20%? They might have absolutely hated it because it made all their hair fall out! And what question were they answering: that they really believe it made their hair any cleaner than a different shampoo. The newspaper found that the difference can be as much as 30%.SYMMETRY IN TOWER : SYMMETRY IN TOWER MATHS HELPING OUR LIVES : MATHS HELPING OUR LIVES Slide 16: An article in the Sunday Times in June 2004 revealed the fact that you can't even assume that buying larger bags of exactly the same pasta would work out cheaper. and the wooden panels on the side of the house are made up of planes and lines. or shape of the bottle? MATHS IN ENGINEERING : MATHS IN ENGINEERING If it is rainy and cold outside. LINES&PLANES : LINES&PLANES Here is another modern reconstruction if of a English Wigwam. to access to clean drinking water. On this building There is a structure on the room that is made up of a sphere. wind or waves. or that they preferred the smell. It used a rectangle as a doorway. This is a parallelogram kind of building. in Chicago. The supermarket chains may be exploiting the assumption people have that buying in bulk is cheaper. The openings and windows are all made up of parallelograms. boats and ships. SPHERE AND CUBE : SPHERE AND CUBE This is another building at MIT. SPOTTING DODGY STATISTICS : SPOTTING DODGY STATISTICS Slide 18: How many adverts have you heard that make some claim such as "8 out of 10 women prefer our shampoo to their old one"? Did those enthusiasts think it was greatly better. and provided you with running water for the tea. you will be happy to stay at home a while longer and have a nice hot cup of tea. With the sticks in place they form squares when they intercepts. As you can see the tower is formed by a large cube. tunnels and football stadiums. But someone has built the house you are in. PARALLELOGRAMS : PARALLELOGRAMS This is a modern day skyscraper at MIT. which is marked with the right angles. The cube is the main building and the squares are the windows. It said that in many of the supermarkets buying in bulk. made sure it keeps the cold out and the warmth in. and There is a base for it also which makes it a cone. The panels are also shaped in the shape of squares. GEOMETRY IN CIVIL : GEOMETRY IN CIVIL This a pictures with some basic geometric structures. squares and a sphere. The house was made with sticks which was straight lines at one point. The other structure is made up of a cone. This someone is most likely an engineer. from tall buildings.

PYRAMIDS This is the Pyramids. topology). even approximately. Symmetry is a central concept of many studies in science . THIS IS DONE BY USING DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS. chemistry. Students struggle in university science if they are not able to detect symmetries of an object (molecule in stereo chemistry. biology. one of the scales Johannes Kepler presents in his Harmonice Mundi or Harmonics of the World of 1619. STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING : STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING Structural engineering. MATHS IN FORENSIC : MATHS IN FORENSIC MATHS IS APLLIED TO CLARIFY THE BLURRED IMAGE TO CLEAR IMAGE. This is called the prime limit of the scale. using geometry and related areas (combinatorics. and function of many things. and number theory. and some composers have incorporated the Golden ratio and Fibonacci numbers into their work. Mad Cow Disease is caused by the introduction of a 'shape' into the brain (a shape carried by a protein). in computers. INTONATION : INTONATION If we take the ratios constituting a scale in just intonation. since 1870s the defining characteristic of geometric studies MATHS IN MUSIC : MATHS IN MUSIC Music theorists often use mathematics to understand musical structure and communicate new ways of hearing music. the study of transformations and related symmetries has been. and other medical measurements. This has led to musical applications of set theory. There are also many 3D geometric shapes in these pyramids. form. the windows a made up of tinted squares. the doors are rectangular prisms. This goes over into all levels of design. Protein modeling. etc. MATHS IN MEDICINE : MATHS IN MEDICINE Medical imaging . This car is built with geometry. The pyramids are made up of pyramids. Representing shapes in computers. it is only one out of large number of somewhat similar scales. there will be a largest prime number to be found among their prime factorizations. in connection with planetary motion. 3 and 5 is called a 5-limit scale. planning how to grasp a shape with a robot arm. What shapes are rigid or flexible. even parts of computer animation). Despite this impressive pedigree. shape. . Slide 28: Computer graphics is based on geometry . Music scholars have also used mathematics to understand musical scales. Geometry is one of the oldest sciences Computer-aided design. the main area for a person to drive and sit in it a half a sphere with the sides chopped off which makes it 1/4 of a sphere. in Indianapolis. American composer Terry Riley also made use of the inverted form of it in his "Harp of New Albion". the hood of a car. Robotic vision. how they respond to forces and stresses. A scale which uses only the primes 2. MATHS IN BIOLOGY : MATHS IN BIOLOGY Physics. abstract algebra. and using these descriptions to create images. Many drugs are designed to change the shape or motions of a protein something that we are just now working to model.and also the central concept of modern studies of geometry. The same scale was given in transposed form by Alexander Malcolm in 1721 and theorist Jose Wuerschmidt in the last century and is used in an inverted form in the music of northern India.how images are transformed when viewed in various ways. (e. Lots of new geometry and other math was (and still is being) developed for this. Too many to list. The wheels and lights are circles. GEOMETRY IN CAD : GEOMETRY IN CAD Geometry is a part of mathematics concerned with questions of size. If a person would look very closely the person would see a lot more shapes in the car. and squares. or how to move a large shape without collission. The building itself is made up of a pyramid.g. Much of the function of a protein is determined by its shape and how the pieces move. systems of laws in physics. . RECTANGLES AND CIRCLES : RECTANGLES AND CIRCLES This is a Chevrolet SSR Roadster Pickup. the overlay of parts in a building construction... Statics (resolution of forces) is essentially geometry. Robotics. of course.how to reconstruct the shape of a tumor from CAT scans. Below is a typical example of a 5-limit justly tuned scale. and the borders of the outside walls and windows are made up of 3D geometric shapes. in such a scale. and relative position of figures and with properties of space. ). computer-aided geometric design. to instruct people or machines to build the shapes. all tones are regular number harmonics of a single fundamental frequency.

and predict how much money you can save for your retirement by using an interest calculator. Historically. you'll look at the language of numbers through common situations. follow a recipe. remodel a home within a budget. Also. Put your decision-making skills to the test by deciding whether buying or leasing a new car is right for you. metric conversions. arithmetic and practical geometry are the oldest parts of mathematics. Math can help us to shop wisely. People have been using these same principles for thousands of years. we discovered them. The four rules of arithmetic are: Addition Subtraction Multiplication Division These are called the four basic operations of arithmetic. or decorate your home. Join us as we explore how math can help us in our daily lives. addition. If we are well versed in this language of numbers. Maths covers a range. division. whole numbers. buy the right insurance. you're using math principles.TO FIND RACE : TO FIND RACE In forensic department the race and sex of humans can be found by using subpubic angles between the bones of pelvis. When you buy a car. it can help us make important decisions and perform everyday tasks. across countries and continents. not English or German or Russian. you're using math to get things done. What is maths? Arithmetic is the study of numbers. How can math be so universal? First. understand population growth. etc. human beings didn't invent math concepts. In this exhibit. . Whether you're sailing a boat off the coast of Japan or building a house in Peru. such as playing games or cooking. ratios. or even bet on the horse with the best chance of winning the race. the language of math is numbers.

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