1here ls no counLry ln Lhe world Loday whlch produces all Lhe commodlLles lL needsŦ Lvery counLryţ

Lhereforeţ Lrles Lo produce Lhose commodlLles ln whlch lL has comparaLlve advanLageŦ lL exchanges parL
of Lhose commodlLles wlLh Lhe commodlLles produced by oLher counLrles relaLlvely more efflclenLlyŦ 1he
relaLlve dlfference ln facLor endowmenLsţ Lechnologyţ LasLe eLcŦţ among Lhe naLlons of Lhe world have
greaLly wldened Lhe basls of lnLernaLlonal LradeŦ 1he developed counLrles are generally exporLlng
consumer and lndusLrlal goods Lo Lhe developlng world and lmporL prlmary goods from LhemŦ 1he
developlng counLrlesţ dependlng upon Lhelr sLaLe of lndusLrlallzaLlonţ are mosLly exporLlng raw maLerlal
and semlŴflnlshed goods and geLLlng flnlshed goods and servlces from Lhe advanced counLrlesŦ 1he low
lncome counLrles are Lhus aL a dlsadvanLageous poslLlonŦ Poweverţ Lhe maln conLrlbuLlons of Lrade Lo
economlc developmenL of Lhe low lncome counLrles lncludlng ÞaklsLanŦ
LxporL of ÞaklsLan

hLLpť//wwwŦlepŦsehrawalaŦcom/LexLlleŦasp



PukIsLun's ¡mporL und ExporL ¡ndIcuLors und SLuLIsLIcs uL u GIunce (zo1o)
Total value of exports: US$20.29 billion
Primary exports - commodities: textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), circe, leather
goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs
Primary export partners: US (15.87 percent of total valor of exports), UAE (12.35 percent),
Afghanistan (8.48 percent), UK (4.7 percent), China (4.44 percent).
Total value of imports: US$32.71 billion
Primary imports - commodities: petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics,
transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea

Primary import partners: China (15.35 percent of total imports), Saudi Arabia (10.54 percent), UAE
(9.8 percent), US (4.81 percent), Kuwait (4.73 percent), Malaysia (4.43 percent), India (4.02
percent).


Common Export Documents
Airway Bill
Air freight shipments require Airway bills, which can never be made in negotiable form (see sample).
Airway bills are shipper-specific (i.e. USPS, Fed-Ex,UPS, DHL, etc).
Bill of Lading
A contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier (as with domestic shipments). For vessels,
there are two types: a straight bill of lading, which is non-negotiable, and a negotiable or shipper's
order bill of lading. The latter can be bought, sold, or traded while the goods are in transit. The
customer usually needs an original as proof of ownership to take possession of the goods (see Sample
Short Form Bill of Lading and Sample Liner Bill of Lading).
Commercial Invoice
A bill for the goods from the seller to the buyer. These invoices are often used by governments to
determine the true value of goods when assessing customs duties. Governments that use the
commercial invoice to control imports will often specify its form, content, number of copies, language
to be used, and other characteristics (see Sample).
Export Packing List
Considerably more detailed and informative than a standard domestic packing list, it lists seller, buyer,
shipper, invoice number, date of shipment, mode of transport, carrier, and itemizes quantity,
description, the type of package, such as a box, crate, drum, or carton, the quantity of packages, total
net and gross weight (in kilograms), package marks, and dimensions, if appropriate. Both commercial
stationers and freight forwarders carry packing list forms. A packing list may serve as conforming
document. It is not a substitute for a commercial invoice.

-8.03941949.8.4224/90890908 .89.250  5479!.4.-0 ..  507.08808  9070.880883.0 94-0:80/ .9-41.8343 3049..039 &$  507.039 3/.507../3 .507-4.7054795.85744141430785949.039 &  507.8 2.9:708 ../033049.9907.0732039894 /09072309097:0.039  1.:041054798&$ -43 !72.300/8..49 .039  %49.439039 3:2-0741.  507./3 .7054798 .039 3..42207..9:8090 .1.3:.....3/$.  !72.9  507..94306:52039 0/-048 5.07-02.7707 .   507..4.:894207:8:.793078&$  507.25030741.897.039    4224354794.3/90.-01472 8008.094.75098.%49.4741054798 &  507.3473.:89428/:908 4.3-0-4:9 84/ 4797./3..254798 $.3/8900 90.7254798 .7254795.307 5.8520398 47..389 .3:1./3  42207.49943.08.907 44/8 85479844/8 .250  7...  41.4..  0 &$!$ 0/  &!$  09.-.330.  507.385479.8 800$.7930783.039 :.7085507 850.4508 .389.90789.3/7:8 !72.4224/908509740:2 509740:2574/:.4397.389 %0 ..039 .70949508.8  97.1981472 .720398 -0/303 ./0/09044/8.0 0.0548808843419044/8 800$..:/7.:04144/803..98 2.  507.250 $47947241.3  507.3049.:041254798&$ -43 !72.73 .70397.9-09003904307419044/8.3.-04785507 8 47/07-41.-8 .7041903:80/-4..7.03941949.02.:20398 7.039 &  507.3/.7/ 743.3.7./3 %0.0 -1479044/817429080079490-:07 %0803. 717098520398706:707.3/4907.3/5..4397425479841903850.073203989.89/42089.

7707 .0 8:.28 5.399  /08.399415.4.8.389 98988007 -:07  85507 3.3.5.75943 90950415.-4 .3/902086:..09.3/.557457.0/....0.7//42089.3/31472..78 .-2470/09.438/07..943078...02.89....775.38914728 5.3/748809 347..:2039 98349.385479 .3/1709147. 89.42207. 309.7943 906:.4.3.0   ..8:-899:90147.4314723 /4.08 949.90 49.807.9..90 /7:2 47.9041852039 24/04197.03:2-07 /.3892.42207..7.8..3//2038438 1.7/078.