Post-Conflict Potter

Voldemort's dead, but the struggle's not over. How Harry Potter and the magical world of J.K. Rowling might begin the long process of reconciliation and reform.
BY TOM MALINOWSKI, SARAH HOLEWINSKI, TAMMY SCHULTZ | AUGUST 11, 2011

At last, the long war against Voldemort and his army of Death Eaters has been brought to a responsible end. A short time ago, just a small band of brave witches and wizards at Hogwarts School stood between the dark forces and their ascension to power. Now their evil leader is dead, his armies are scattered, and the wizarding world can begin to recover from the terror they inflicted. At such a moment of deliverance, it is natural to feel elation and closure -- to allow ourselves the brief comfort of imagining that the drama, so meticulously documented by J.K. Rowling, is over. But if history teaches us anything (consider the bitter legacy still lingering from the 17th-century Goblin Wars or the recent experience of American Muggles in Iraq and Afghanistan), it is that the defeat of Voldemort by Harry Potter may have been the easy part. Indeed, one might even say it was child's play. The hard work of postwar stabilization still lies ahead. Former U.S. Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre and retired Gen. Gordon Sullivan have described four pillars of post-conflict reconstruction: security, governance and participation, urgent social and economic

Some actively participated in hostilities against other wizards and Muggles. and innocent suspects were imprisoned after what were . For every wizard who willingly committed crimes for the Death Eaters.the unforgivable curses of killing ("Avada Kedavra"). torture ("Crucio"). A campaign to punish everyone would get out of hand. We should reject calls by Order of the Phoenix hard-liners like Joe Lieberbottom. and national security.needs. Long-standing rifts among magical communities that the war widened must be healed. and engorgement charms. including prominent members of key magical institutions. Surviving Death Eaters will have to be brought to justice or reintegrated into magical society. At the same time. Most of all. After all. Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Thousands of Death Eaters fought with or provided material support to Voldemort. after all. much of the physical damage wrought by the war can be repaired. creating a climate of suspicion and score-settling in which innocents are snared. mending. and Lindsey Gramger to instead detain them without charge as "unlawful enemy spell-casters" for as long as the "war" against dark magic continues (though all three men deserve our thanks for their early warnings about the Dark Lord's return).should be prosecuted before a court of law. We cannot sweep their complicity under an invisibility cloak. A legitimate process must hold the victors to account as well. What ultimately matters is not just whether something evil was defeated. and respect for the dignity of all magical and nonmagical creatures alike -. threatened. pluralism.social and economic needs. civilian protection. Of these pillars. the magical world can currently afford to feel complacent about only one -. The last thing the wizarding world needs is a witch hunt. the Ministry of Magic's Department of Magical Law Enforcement was itself formally authorized to use unforgivable curses. including torture. In the magical world. the ghosts of the past can literally haunt future generations. Remember. Members of Voldemort's inner circle and others guilty of the worst crimes -. It will be impossible to move forward unless we come to terms with the abuses they committed and meet legitimate demands for redress. with the proper application of scouring. and mind control ("Imperio") -. but whether something good is built in its place. A more difficult dilemma arises with respect to the thousands of other wizards and witches who aided the Dark Lord's cause in less obvious ways. Our recommendations are summarized below. it would be impractical and unwise to prosecute all of them. critical challenges remain. against suspected Death Eaters. But with respect to the other imperatives. others merely provided financing or shelter.are reflected in the institutions and arrangements that emerge from the conflict. John "Mad Eye" McCain. another was blackmailed. we must ensure that the values that triumphed in the final battle -. and food can be multiplied to meet the needs of the population. and justice and reconciliation. or coerced while under the Imperius Curse. As experts on human rights. under the ruthless Barty Crouch.tolerance. we were recently asked by officials in the British Ministry of Magic to suggest lessons from the Muggle world that might apply to challenges facing postVoldemort magical society.

a property claims commission should be established to gather unlawfully amassed assets and return them to their rightful owners. to all those civilian wizards and witches harmed by either side during the war. his use of child soldiers? What of Harry Potter himself. the International Confederation of Wizards should initiate a multi-stakeholder dialogue with these creatures and negotiate a compact that addresses the longstanding grievances that led them.for. (2) an impartial. who once used the torture curse? One way to address these challenges would be to establish a Truth and Reconciliation Commission modeled on the experience of Muggle South Africa. but would also help establish a more accurate and complete version of these traumatic events and could. Given the anger felt by the wizarding community toward those who aided Voldemort. open." Michèle Flournoy and Michael Pan argue that the reconciliation pillar of post-conflict reconstruction requires more than just dealing with past abuses and grievances. some magical creatures such as giants. It would be important to ensure. The goblins in charge of Gringotts Bank should be required to question and report suspiciously large deposits of gold. tragically.would be given the opportunity to testify about their actions and be forgiven for those less serious offenses to which they fully and honestly confessed. some might try to inflict collective punishment on these beings. It also calls for "(1) law enforcement instruments that are effective and respectful of human rights. The Ministry of Magic should provide amends. In the short term. it will be a chance to heal. often meeting by a river in New York) should deploy a mission of peacekeeping Aurors with a mandate to protect vulnerable communities of magical creatures from revenge attacks. as well as on those. and accountable judicial system. true reconciliation in the magical world must involve its nonhuman inhabitants as well. become part of Hogwarts's curriculum. to side with the Dark Lord. For complicated historical reasons. In the longer term. Finally. When the ministry came under Voldemort's sway. in turn.as well as those who fought against them -. This year's Quidditch World Cup should be dedicated to their memory. Victims should also have their day in court. and not under the influence of Veritaserum. like Hogwarts headmaster Albus Dumbledore -. say. especially by Politically Exposed Wizards. in the form of gold or perhaps a bottle of Felix Felicis. Meanwhile. like the Weasley family. Some seized assets should be used to help wounded and cursed warriors and loved ones of the fallen. like centaurs and merpeople. Rank-and-file Death Eaters and collaborators -. (4) mechanisms for monitoring and upholding human rights. however." The wizarding world will need to implement fundamental reforms in each of these areas. (3) a fair constitution and body of law. trolls. [and] (5) a humane corrections system. whose loyalties were uncertain or who remained neutral in the face of mass atrocities. Governance Reform In their aptly named essay. the International Confederation of Wizards (a consortium of magical lands. how many of its employees went along with the abuses it committed? What about the controversial decisions made by those who are widely seen as heroes.essentially show trials. that those who testify to such a commission tell the truth voluntarily. . "Dealing with Demons. and spiders fought alongside the Death Eaters during the final battle at Hogwarts. Such a process would not only be cathartic.

for example. The next Minister of Magic should close Azkaban on day one of his administration. that the Prophet may soon be bought by dark wizard Rupert Murdoch). Right now. The new government should rapidly draw up and submit to a referendum a new legal framework establishing checks and balances on its powers.) In parallel. This problem could be minimized in the magical world by having the Hogwarts Sorting Hat assign ministerial positions in the transitional authority. One of the great weaknesses of magical institutions is that they function top down. As democratic forces in Muggle Egypt and Libya have recently discovered. The wizards who conjure the laws should not be the ones who interpret them. the high council of Magical Great Britain. first published in the tabloid the Quibbler. The use of any form of torture should be banned. President Barack Obama will surely confirm when his magical counterpart next drops into the Oval Office. which could distribute shorter messages -. Merchants should be required to report bulk sales of magical supplies that could be combined for dark purposes. New media should also be promoted in the magical world. And yet the war against Voldemort was won almost entirely bottom up." We welcome J. or allowed to disapparate.say under 140 characters -. but we do not think this measure goes far enough. delay could be fatal. Rowling's report that soul-sucking dementors will be banished from the prison at Azkaban. making the closure of Azkaban politically impossible. . The legal and political reforms we advocate depend on the growth of civil society (we assume a charm can be developed to make magical civil society especially vibrant).the Daily Prophet -cannot maintain its independence and hold government officials accountable when it has no competition (especially given the rumor. All it will take is one more attempted Death Eater attack and scaremongers in the Wizengamot will start calling for the return of dementors.to larger numbers of people. whether by the infamous Cruciatus Curse or methods euphemistically known as "enhanced hexation. with little input from ordinary wizards and witches. by grassroots organizations such as Dumbledore's Army and the Order of the Phoenix.K. the legitimacy of post-revolutionary but pre-election transitional governments can be tenuous. be split into separate legislative and judicial bodies. but believe that the prisoners could initially be moved to penal facilities in enchanted caves or castles as secure as Azkaban.S. It is a symbol of abuse and a recruiting tool for future Death Eaters. wizards and witches stay in touch by sending letters of any length by the slow. transferred to another magical state. reliable method of owl post. (We recognize the practical difficulties in closing Azkaban so quickly. As U. A new system could be developed employing faster. A single wizarding newspaper -. Full body and Polyjuice Potion scanners should also be installed for international travelers across the Floo Network. but without the baggage. A judicial panel could then review each prisoner's case to determine whether he should be given a new trial. lighter sparrows. We would also recommend that the Wizengamot. as well as a Charter on the Rights of Witches and Wizards. Another urgent priority should be media diversification. Lawful surveillance of dark alleys and curse-tracing spells on wands should be permitted. which would then organize elections for a permanent government.Members of the anti-Voldemort Order of the Phoenix will presumably form the core of a transitional governing authority. legitimate law enforcement measures should be stepped up. with a judicial warrant.

it will somehow go away. For starters. The treaty should be enforced by deploying a ground-based network of sensors. Resuming international events like the Triwizard Tournament could help spread those values and forge bonds among the established states. We suggest that the International Confederation of Wizards negotiate a Comprehensive Curse Ban Treaty. giants. or Sneakoscopes. or dragons) with stunning spells deployed from unmanned aerial brooms. The overall reform of states that already have strong institutions. it should be the duty of the international magical community to step in. Far deeper international magical cooperation will be needed to deal with these ungoverned spaces. . such as Magical Great Britain. would help prevent the resurgence of new security threats and enshrine the values for which Voldemort's opponents fought. we would very much appreciate it if they could lift the Petrificus Totalus curse someone has clearly placed on the U. But if they fail to meet their responsibility. Too much secrecy will only invite more WizenLeaks scandals. the Ministry of Magic must become more transparent to the public and press. as Voldemort did in Albania for over a dozen years. hold. and souls. and conjure" strategy designed to win hearts. have over time transitioned to membership in an amorphous "social movement" organized into small cells and networked through Legilimency. International Magical Security The great question remaining now is whether Voldemort's death means that the threat posed by dark magic has passed. For a start. But as renowned defense-against-the-darkarts expert Marc Sageman argued in his incisive book. forbidding use or testing of certain forms of dark magic anywhere on the planet. And when that community does act to pacify an unstable area. We trust that these preliminary recommendations will be helpful to all magical persons as they recover from their recent conflict. But none of this will suffice so long as dark wizards can find refuge in failed magical states where lawlessness reigns. by targeting dark wizards (or unruly trolls. if they lock it in the restricted section of the library or refrain from uttering the names of dark wizards. Some might be tempted to believe so. for ages many witches and wizards have let themselves believe that if they ignore the phenomenon entirely. the House of Slytherin still remains. Stabilization Aurors will need to deploy to these places. employing a "clear. we humbly hope they might render us Muggles a service or two in return. Fewer documents should be protected by the Fidelius Charm. If we have been of service to the community of witches and wizards. while originally inspired by Voldemort. minds." This view may be exaggerated (see Bruce Hoffman's response to Sageman. new standards must be agreed upon. a system likely to survive the demise of its leader and of "Death Eater Central.Finally. it should not try to do so on the cheap. throughout the world to detect unlawful spells. Congress. But it would be unrealistic to assume that Voldemort's death will mark the end of magical extremism or that no other leader will emerge to unite his followers.S. Each sovereign magical state should be seen as having a responsibility to protect its citizens from dark magic. For one thing. and the budget of the Department of Mysteries should be declassified. most dark wizards. After all. Leaderless Maleficium. "The Myth of Grass-Roots Dark Magic").

Sarah Holewinski is executive director of the Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict. DC 20036 | PHONE: 202-728-7300 | FAX: 202-728-7342 FOREIGN POLICY IS PUBLISHED BY THE SLATE GROUP. SUITE 550 | WASHINGTON. Tammy Schultz is director of national security and joint warfare at the U.S. Marine Corps War College. LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Save big when you subscribe to FP Tom Malinowski is Washington director of Human Rights Watch.115 others like this.Like Jonathan Fried and 11. . A DIVISION OF THE WASHINGTON POST COMPANY ALL CONTENTS ©2011 THE SLATE GROUP. (19) SHOW COMMENTS LOGIN OR REGISTER REPORT ABUSE FOLLOW US ON TWITTER | VISIT US ON FACEBOOK | FOLLOW US ON RSS | SUBSCRIBE TO FOREIGN POLICY ABOUT FP | MEET THE STAFF | FOREIGN EDITIONS | REPRINT PERMISSIONS | ADVERTISING | CORPORATE PROGRAMS | WRITERS’ GUIDELINES | PRESS ROOM | WORK AT FP SERVICES:SUBSCRIPTION SERVICES | ACADEMIC PROGRAM | FP ARCHIVE | REPRINT PERMISSIONS | FP REPORTS AND MERCHANDISE | SPECIAL REPORTS | BUY BACK ISSUES PRIVACY POLICY | DISCLAIMER | CONTACT US 1899 L STREET NW.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful