Haynes 1 Josh Haynes Prof. Presnell ENGL. 1103 15 Nov.

2011 Annotated List of Works Cited Freedman, Samuel. "Gay Harassment and the Struggle for Inclusion." New York Times 09 Oct. 2010, late ed. 19. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. 1) Many lesbians and gays, especially young ones such as adolescents, experience bullying and are taunted because of their sexuality. These forms of taunting and cruelty can lead young homosexuals to sexual identity crisis, physical and/or mental self-destruction, and even suicide. In this article, a homosexual minister speaks against the torment suffered by homosexuals after reading about a college freshman that committed suicide after his classmates recorded his gay activity with another male and posted them on the Internet. Rev. McKinney, a minister who supports the LGBT community, feels much of the torment inflicted upon the gay community is religion-based; homosexuality is considered a sin in many Christian religions. 2) I am somewhat surprised to discover that a lesbian would be allowed to hold a position as a minister. I incorrectly assumed nearly all churches and religious organizations stood against gays. The suicides, however, are not very shocking, unfortunately. Adolescence is hard enough for the average person; being tormented for your sexuality only makes it worse and can lead to terrible decisions. Bullying can lead to a life of struggles, and teenage gays are very susceptible and vulnerable to the torment of others. This article embodies the main point of my investigation: gays are forced to experience and overcome countless hardships. 3) This article comes out of the New York Times, which is one of the most highly respected and renowned newspapers in the country. It has been in business for 160 years and continues to thrive. The NY Times has won an astonishing 106 Pulitzer Prizes, which is

Haynes 2 more than any other news organization. The newspaper’s website is also the most popular newspaper in the web, receiving millions of viewers every month. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Lee, Jesse. "The President Signs Repeal of "Don't Ask Don't Tell": "Out of Many, We Are One"." The White House Blog. N.p., 22 Dec. 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. 1) After years of discrimination by the military against gays that have come out, President Barack Obama repealed the controversial policy. Obama stated that “We are not a nation that says, 'don't ask, don’t tell.' We are a nation that says, 'Out of many, we are one.'" A variety of reasons were presented to repeal the policy. The most significant were to keep the country and its freedoms alive, especially among those fighting for the country’s freedom, as well as allowing the men and women putting their lives at risk to not have to hide who they really are. 2) This blog post represents the proper direction society needs to be headed. I was very happy when I heard that “Don’t ask, don’t tell” was repealed. I felt it was a ridiculous and hurtful policy to begin with. Its removal is certainly a step in the right direction for this country’s progression toward acceptance of the gay community and recognizing their equal rights as American citizens. In my essay, I will underscore the importance of the repeal of DADT; many soldiers who fight for America’s freedom can now feel a bit more comfortable with themselves and who they really are. 3) Although it is a blog, this document still holds credibility. I found this blog post in a search of government documents on usa.gov, which archives thousands of official government documents. This blog is also run through whitehouse.gov, which is the official website of the president in office and the white house. The post also includes a hyperlink to the official speech made by President Obama and pictures of the ceremony. Although the link and pictures alone do not indicate credibility, they add to the reliability of the domain name. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Lehmann, Jennifer. The Gay & Lesbian Marriage & Family Reader. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2001. Print.

Haynes 3 1) This book is a collection of works by various authors surrounding the challenges presented to homosexuals. Some of the struggles listed include the inability to receive the benefits of marriage, the difficulty retaining child custody in a divorce, and adoption of a child by a homosexual. The book also states the changing societal relevance and acceptance of homosexuality, as compared to twenty years ago. The editor states that the restrictions placed upon homosexual couples may be lifted thanks to the changing community attitude toward the gays. 2) I can use this book to point out a variety of problems faced by homosexuals. These challenges are the central aspect of my literacy investigation. I recognized many of the struggles listed in the beginning, such as lack of marital benefits and inability to adopt a child; however, I did not think about the potential difficulty of child custody in a divorce. The heterosexual partner should not be punished by losing the child even though they did nothing wrong, but the homosexual partner should not lose their child because of their sexuality; this may remain a very interesting debate even after the societal changes. 3) Jennifer Lehmann, the book’s editor, is a professor of sociology and women’s studies at the University of Nebraska. She has written one book and edited two, including this one. The writers of the various pieces in the book are also all very credible sources, including psychologists, professors, and leaders in various humanities organizations. Finally, the end of the book includes references and permission to use many of the sources found. All these factors make this a very credible source in my investigation into the challenges faced by homosexuals.

Meezan, William, and Jonathan Rauch. United States. Gay Marriage, Same-Sex Parenting, and America's Children. Princeton, NJ: Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and The Brookings Institution, 2005. Web. 14 Nov. 2011 1) In this government document, the possible impacts of homosexual childrearing and gay marriage are discussed in great detail. The authors describe the various significant difficulties surrounding the ability to study the effects on a child raised by homosexual parent(s). For example, there are few potential heterosexual raisings for a biological

Haynes 4 child to be raised in, whereas multiple variables can be present in the raising of a child by a homosexual parent. Simply finding proper samples and categorizing them correctly poses a challenge for proper researchers. The document also states that there is no proof for many of the negatives or positives of same-sex parenthoods. 2) I found this document represents a portion of my investigation: homosexuals are often cited as causing various problems when raising children. It raises the issue of evidence in many of the arguments against homosexual rights, such as marriage and adoption. The authors state that there is no definitive evidence for any of negatives associated with same-sex child raising. I was somewhat surprised when I read how many different variables there are in single- or homosexual-parenting. As a child of a gay mother, I recognized and can relate to one of the routes to a homosexual couple’s parenting. 3) I can tell this document is credible for a variety of reasons. The primary reason is that it was published through Princeton University. Princeton is among the elite Ivy-league schools and has been one of the most elite universities in America for many years. Another credential of credibility in this document is the list of citations at the end of the document; all statistics and facts are properly cited. Finally, the document uses four studies comparing the children of homosexual couples to that of heterosexual parents. These reasons indicate extensive research into the topic. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Reavis, Nora. E-mail Interview. 16 Nov. 2011. 1) After receiving answers to a variety of questions I asked my mother, I discovered new challenges I had not thought of. She explained that two of the hardest people to come out to were her father and sister. She was raised in the South, which was filled with intolerance and disapproval of the homosexual community. When she realized she was gay in her mid-thirties, she was “devastated” because her new discovery went against what she had been raised to believe. She feels gay marriage will eventually be legalized and accepted much like the abolition of slavery. 2) I can use much of what my mother told me in our interview in my paper, as it relates strongly to my topic. I have my investigation centered on the obstacles homosexuals are forced to overcome, and my mom has had to face many of those challenges head on.

Haynes 5 After she realized she was gay, she had to come out to her friends and family, uncertain of what they would think. Her experiences with these people, especially her family, have certainly made her life much more difficult. 3) My mother is an extremely credible source to the struggles individual homosexuals must overcome. She has experienced firsthand many of the prevalent challenges experienced, including the inability to have a true marriage with the woman she loves and some of her family’s initial intolerance to her new lifestyle. She is a firm supporter of equality and played an active role in aiding homosexual youth and the children of lesbian or gay parents.