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Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an
Posted by Amatullah • April 4th, 2009 • Printer-friendly • 11 Comments

1158223_candle1
Bismillah
[Written by Amatullah]
A few days ago, we had our weekly tafseer of Juz Amma class with br Nouman at the masjid and he
briefly covered some different words used for fear in the Qur’an. I was very fascinated by these words
so I decided to do a bit more research on their meanings and usage in the Qur’an and share what I’ve
learned as the weekly Saturday tafseer post on MM.
The Oxford dictionary defines fear as:
• noun 1 an unpleasant emotion caused by the threat of danger, pain, or harm. 2 the likelihood of
something unwelcome happening.
• verb 1 be afraid of. 2 (fear for) be anxious about. 3 archaic regard (God) with reverence and awe
We have a few words to describe this emotion in English such as: scared, anxiety, terror, panic, and
bewilderment. All of these words carry the same meaning and are nearly synonymous to one another.
Arabic, on the other hand, has a considerable amount of words to describe fear; each with a different
detail and connotation. The Qur’an alone has more than 10 words for fear!
Here is a brief analysis of some of the words used in the Qur’an for fear:
Khawf فوخ
Khawf is a perceived danger and a fear of something that is physical. Khawf is the type of fear you’d
feel if a dog began to chase you.
Allah ta’ala says:
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
1 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
ْ ن
َ
م ا م
َ
أ
َ
و
َ
فا
َ
خ
ٰ
ى
َ
و
َ
ھ
ْ
لا
ِ
ن
َ
ع
َ
س
ْ
ف

نلا ى
َ
ھ
َ
ن
َ
و ِ ه ب
َ
ر
َ
ما
َ
ق
َ
م
“But as for him who feared (khawf) standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from impure evil
desires and lusts.” (79:40)
The Believer has a fear of something that is manifest and real, which is captured in this ayah by the use
of khawf. Allah azza wa jal did not say in this ayah that the person fears their Lord, but fears the standing
before his Lord, and as a result of this fear, he protected himself from lusts and desires.
On the other hand, Allah says about the disbelievers:

´
` َ نو
ُ
فا
َ
خَ ي َ ة َ رِ خ
ْ

“They do not fear (khawf) the hereafter.” (74:53)
In another ayah, Allah describes His blessings upon the Quraysh:
ْ ن م مُ ھ
َ
ن َ مآ َ و
ٍ
عوُ ج ن م مُ ھَ مَ ع
ْ
ط
َ
أ يِ ذ
´
لا ٍ فْ و
َ
خ
“(He) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear (khawf).” (106:4)
While most of tribes of Arabia worried about being invaded or of a war, Allah ta’ala protected the
Quraysh from this danger and granted them safety in Makkah.
Khashyah ةيشخ
Khashyah is a fear as a result of knowledge and leads to action. It is when you know the greatness and
magnitude of what you fear, and as a result, have an awe and reverence of it.
Allah ta’ala tells the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam:
َ و َ ر
ْ
ك

ذلا َ عَ ب
´
تا
ِ
نَ م ُ رِ ذن
ُ
ت ا َ م
´
ن
ِ
إ َ يِ ش
َ
خ ِ بْ ي َ غ
ْ
لا
ِ
ب َ ن
ٰ
ـ َ م ْ ح´ رلا
You can only warn him who follows the Reminder, and fears (khashyah) the Most Merciful unseen.
(36:11)
Allah ta’ala describes the one who will benefit from the Qur’an: he has khashyah of Ar-Rahmaan. By
using the Name of Allah, Ar-Rahmaan, it shows the level of their khashyah. We fear Al Jabbaar (The
Compellor) and Al Azeez (The All Mighty), but to fear Ar-Rahmaan, The Most Merciful, is the height of
true fear of Allah. These people have khashyah of Allah bil ghayb, in the unseen can be interpreted two
ways: they fear Allah and have an awe of Him when they are alone and they fear Allah and have an awe
of Him even though they do not see Him azza wa jal.
In the famous ayah that most of us know, Allah ta’ala says:
اَ م
´
ن
ِ
إ ى
َ
ش
ْ
خَ ي ُ ءا َ م
َ
لُ ع
ْ
لا ِ هِ داَ ب ِ ع ْ نِ م
َ
´
-
“It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah.” (35:28)
Imam ibn Katheer rahimahullah states with regards to this ayah, “only those who have knowledge truly
fear Him as He should be feared, because the more they know about the Almighty, All-Powerful,
All-Knowing Who has the most perfect Attributes and is described with the most beautiful Names, the
more they will fear Him.”
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
2 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
Khushoo’ عوشخ
Khushoo’ is a fear that is manifested not only in your heart but it is shown on your face and limbs.
Khushoo’ literally means to bend down and to become still. Khushoo’ is used for the submissiveness of
the heart which is reflected on the limbs.
Allah ta’ala states,
َ نو
ُ
ن ِ م ْ ؤُ م
ْ
لا َ ح
َ
ل
ْ
ف
َ
أ
ْ
د
َ
ق
“Successful indeed are the believers,” (23:1)
And the first quality of these successful believers:

ْ
م
ِ
ھِ ت
َ
`َ ص يِ ف
ْ
مُ ھ َ ني ِ ذ
´
لا َ نوُ ع ِ شا
َ
خ
“Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness.” (23:2)
This is the kind of fear that we should have in salah; this fear should be present on our faces and not just
in our hearts. If the heart has khushoo’, the body will have khushoo’. So khushoo’ is not just a state of the
heart, it is a state of the heart which is visible on a person’s actions, in their posture, and in their
movements.
In this dunya, the believers have this khushoo’, but in the aakhirah Allah states about the Disbelievers:
ا َ ھُ را َ صْ ب
َ
أ
ٌ
ة َ ع ِ شا
َ
خ
“Their eyes will be downcast.” (79:9)
These eyes that did not humble themselves to Allah in the dunya, will have fear in the aakhirah. This fear
will be apparent on their faces; faces that are full of shame, humiliation and abasement.
Taqwa ىوقت
Taqwa is the most common word used for fear. It comes from the root wiqaayah which means to protect
and is used for a shield.Taqwa is to protect yourself from the consequences of your own actions. It is to
protect yourself in two ways: to abandon sinning and adorn yourself with good deeds because you fear
the punishment of Allah.
Allah ta’ala says in the ayaat of Hajj,
ِ دا
´
زلا َ رْ ي
َ
خ ´ ن
ِ
إ
َ
ف اوُ د ´ و
َ
ز
َ
ت َ و
ٰ
ى َ و
ْ
ق
´
تلا
“And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is At-Taqwa” (2:197)
This ayah is beautiful because Allah ta’ala commands us to take provisions during Hajj, that is true
reliance upon Allah, but He also advises us to take the provision of the hereafter which is taqwa.
During Hajj, you are tested with many things and you must also keep away from certain actions that are
otherwise halaal for you to do. The only way one can restrain themselves and be patient during Hajj is to
have taqwa of Allah.
Hadthr رذح
Hadthr is to escape something out of fear and cautiousness because you are in proximity of it. Allah
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
3 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
azza wa jal uses this type of fear to describe the hypocrites in many ayaat. He says:
ُ ر
َ
ذ ْ حَ ي
ْ
م
ِ
ھ
ِ
بو
ُ
ل
ُ
ق يِ ف ا َ م
ِ
ب مُ ھ
ُ
ئ ب
َ
ن
ُ
ت
ٌ
ة َ روُ س
ْ
م
ِ
ھْ ي
َ
ل َ ع َ ل
´
ز
َ
ن
ُ
ت ن
َ
أ َ نو
ُ
قِفا
َ
نُ م
ْ
لا
“The hypocrites fear (hadthr) lest a Surah should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their
hearts.” (9:64)
Raa’a عار
Rau’ is to startle someone, or to show up out of nowhere and so the person becomes alarmed. It is also
defined as to respect combined with fear. This word only appears once in the Qur’an to describe the
panic that Ibrahim alayhi salaam felt panic when the Angels refused the food that he offered them:

َ
ميِ ھا َ رْ ب
ِ
إ ْ نَ ع َ بَ ھ
َ
ذ ا´ م
َ
ل
َ
ف ُ ع ْ و´ رلا ٍ طو
ُ
ل
ِ
م ْ و
َ
ق يِ ف ا
َ
ن
ُ
ل ِ دا َ جُ ي
ٰ
ىَ ر
ْ
شُ ب
ْ
لا ُ ه
ْ
ت َ ءا َ ج َ و
Then when the fear (rau’) had gone away from Ibrahim, and the glad tidings had reached him, he began
to plead with Us (Our messengers) for the people of Lut.” (11:74)
Wajas سجو
Wajas is a fear when you hear news that scared you. It also means to hide your fear within you so that
you don’t let the person or thing scaring you know that you are scared.
Ibrahim was scared of the angels but he did not let them see his fear:
َ و
ْ
مُ ھَ رِ ك
َ
ن ِ هْ ي
َ
ل
ِ
إ ُ ل ِ ص
َ
ت
َ
`
ْ
مُ ھَ ي ِ دْ ي
َ
أ
ٰ
ى
َ
أ َ ر ا´ م
َ
ل
َ
ف َ سَ ج ْ و
َ
أ
ً
ة
َ
فيِ خ
ْ
مُ ھ
ْ
ن ِ م
“But when he saw their hands went not towards it (the meal), he mistrusted them, and conceived a fear
(wajas) of them.” (11:70)
Musa alayhi salaam also felt this hidden fear after he saw what the magicians could do with their staffs:
َ
ف َ سَ ج ْ و
َ
أ
ٰ
ىَ سو´ م
ً
ة
َ
فيِ خ ِ ه ِ س
ْ
ف
َ
ن يِ ف
So Musa conceived fear (wajas) in himself. (20:67)
Wajl لجو
Wajl is to have a fear that penetrates deep in your heart. It is a fear in which a person trembles and
shivers. The word “mawjil”, from the same root, is a depressed ground for a large deep hole. When you
come upon a huge hole in the ground out of nowhere, you are immediately shaken with fear.
This is how Allah ta’ala describes the hearts of the believers; they are immediately awe-struck and the
fear of Him penetrates deep into their hearts:

ُ
´
- َ رِ ك
ُ
ذ ا
َ
ذ
ِ
إ َ ني ِ ذ
´
لا َ نو
ُ
ن ِ م ْ ؤُ م
ْ
لا ا َ م
´
ن
ِ
إ
ْ
ت
َ
ل
ِ
ج َ و
ْ
مُ ھُ بو
ُ
ل
ُ
ق
“The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear (wajl) in their hearts.” (8:2)
Rahb بھر
Rahb is that kind of a fear that makes you very alert, very careful and does not let you relax. This is the
type of fear that students feel during exam time: restless, careful, and concern for passing. It is also fear
that you are afraid that you will disappoint the one you love.
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
4 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
Allah azza wa jal commands us to have this fear of Him:
ٌ
دِ حا
َ
و ٌ ه
ٰ
ـ
َ
ل
ِ
إ
َ
وُ ھ ا
َ
م

ن
ِ
إ ۖ
َ
ف
َ
يا ي
ِ
إ
َ
ف
ِ
نوُ ب
َ
ھ ْ را
Verily, He is (the) only One Deity. Then, fear Me much. (16:51)
The believers call upon Allah while fearing (rahbah) Him, and hoping (raghbah) in Him. Who knows which
duaa these two words are mentioned from the sunnah? Post in the comments inshaAllah if you know!
Rahb is also defined as a fear that one has in which he is concerned about saving himself. Allah ta’ala
described the hypocrites as being more concerned about saving themselves from the Muslims instead
of saving themselves from Allah:
´ د
َ
ش
َ
أ
ْ
م
ُ
تن
َ
َ
`
ً
ةَ ب ْ ھَ ر ِ
´
- َ ن م مِ ھ
ِ
روُ دُ ص يِف ۚ َ نوُ ھ
َ
ق
ْ
فَ ي
´
`
ٌ
م ْ و
َ
ق
ْ
مُ ھ
´
ن
َ
أ
ِ
ب َ كِلٰ‌
َ
ذ
“Verily, you are more fearful (rahbah) in their breasts than Allah. That is because they are a people who
comprehend not.” (59:13)
Ru’b بعر
Ru’b is to be overwhelmed with fear and terror that makes you lose your reason.
Allah ta’ala placed this fear in the hearts of the mushriks of Makkah during the battle of Badr:
او
ُ
ن َ مآ َ ني ِ ذ
´
لا او
ُ
ت ب
َ
ث
َ
ف
ْ
م
ُ
كَ عَ م ي

ن
َ
أ ِ ة
َ
كِ ئ
َ
`َ م
ْ
لا ى
َ
ل
ِ
إ َ ك´ ب َ ر يِ حوُ ي
ْ
ذ
ِ
إ ۚ اوُ ر
َ
ف
َ
ك َ ني ِ ذ
´
لا ِ بو
ُ
ل
ُ
ق يِف يِق
ْ
ل
ُ
أ َ س
َ بْ ع´ رلا
“(Remember) when your Lord revealed to the angels, “Verily, I am with you, so keep firm those who have
believed. I will cast terror (ru’b) into the hearts of those who have disbelieved.” (8:12)
Ru’b is also used to describe the reaction of a person if they entered upon the Companions of the Cave:

ْ
مُ ھ
ْ
ن ِ م َ ت
ْ
ئِلُ م
َ
ل َ و ا ً را َ رِف
ْ
مُ ھ
ْ
ن ِ م َ تْ ي
´
ل َ و
َ
ل
ْ
م
ِ
ھْ ي
َ
ل َ ع َ تْ ع
َ
ل
´
طا
ِ
و
َ
ل اً ب ْ عُ ر
Had you looked at them, you would certainly have turned back from them in flight, and would certainly
have been filled with awe (ru’b) of them. (18:18)
Allah made the cave so that no person would be able to remain there, such as a passerby, because the
atmosphere was made that the person would feel fright so they would not be able to stay, but rather run
in terror.
Shafaq قفش
Shafaq has many meanings in its different forms. Ashfaqa is that fear that some harm will come to a
person you love, it is a fear that is mixed with love, such as the love of a mother for her children; she is
fearful out of love for them.
The Believers will reminisce in Jannah:
ا
َ
نِل ْ ھ
َ
أ يِف ُ لْ ب
َ
ق ا
´
ن
ُ
ك ا
´
ن
ِ
إ او
ُ
لا
َ
ق َ نيِقِ ف
ْ
شُ م
“Saying: “Aforetime, we were afraid (shafaq) in the midst of our families.” (52:26)
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
5 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
4
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This ayah can be interpreted in two ways: Firstly, the believers, even amongst their families, feared Allah
and secondly, they had this shafaq for their families, they were afraid for the aakhirah of their families.
While the believers were mushfiqeen in the dunya, the disbelievers will be mushfiqeen in the aakhirah.
َ ني ِ مِلا
´
ظلا ىَ ر
َ
ت َ نيِقِ ف
ْ
شُ م
ْ
م
ِ
ھ
ِ
ب ٌ عِ قا َ و َ وُ ھ َ و اوُ ب َ س
َ
ك ا´ مِ م
“You will see thewrong-doers fearful (shafaq) of that which they have earned, and it (the punishment) will
surely befall them.” (42:22)
When this word is followed by نم, min, such as this ayah, it does not mean love at all but rather a fear in
the heart such as apprehension, anxiety, concern and worry.Try and imagine the fear and worry they will
feel knowing that Hell-Fire awaits them. Either you are mushfiq now, or will be mushfiq later.
Wajf فجو
Wajf is a fear mixed with discomfort. It is when your heart pounds and palpitates so hard out of fear. Iti s
to be agitated in a disturbed condition. Awjaftul Khayl means ‘I made my horse race forward by making
its heart race.’
Allah azza wa jal depicts for us the Day of Judgment:

ٍ
ذ
ِ
ئ
َ
م ْ و
َ
ي ٌ بو
ُ
ل
ُ
ق
ٌ
ة
َ
ف
ِ
جا
َ
و
“hearts that day will be full of terror.” (79:8)
By not putting an “al” (alif-laam, لا) on quloob, it shows that only some hearts will have this fear on that
Day. Some hearts that day will be beating out of their chests. Also the sentence structure illustrates that
these hearts are not scared at the moment, right now they have peace, but on that Day they will
experience wajf. Furthermore in the above ayah, waajifah is an ism faa’il (someone who does an act), so
their hearts will be start pounding and it will not come to rest. The terror will not subside.
.Another lesson as to why translations will never do justice to the Qur’an, and is a small taste of the
intricacies of the Arabic language.
Quiz for the readers: search for some ayaat that COMBINE a few of these words, and see if you can
understand the different meanings
here’s an example:
َ و ُ ه
َ
لوُ سَ ر َ و
َ
´
-
ِ
ع ِ طُ ي نَ م َ و َ ش
ْ
خَ ي َ و
َ
´
- ِ ه
ْ
ق
´
تَ ي َ نو
ُ
زِ ئا
َ
ف
ْ
لا
ُ
مُ ھ َ كِ ئ
ٰ
ـ
َ
لو
ُ
أ
َ
ف
And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, fears Allah, and keeps his duty (to Him), such are the
successful.(24:52) This ayah combines Khashyah and Taqwa. (hint: you can use a search engine like:
www.searchtruth.com)
We ask Allah ta’ala to benefit us from what we learn, to make us among those who take heed of the
reminder, those who study His Book and act upon its lessons, and those who enter Firdaws Al ‘Alaa.
Ameen.
And Allah is Most Knowing.
©
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
6 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
MuslimMatters.org by Amatullah on April 4th, 2009. All rights reserved. Please see legal & other
disclaimers here.
11 Responses »
Amatullah
April 4, 2009 • 7:07 AM
Assalamu Alykum
Apologies, I really don’t know where to post thisbut I am looking forward to MM’s Islamic
response to the recently aired public flogging of girl in Swat, PK
We were having a discussion in class today, and people just started speaking their minds from all
directions. There were so many confusions and misunderstandings that needed clarificationbut I
just didn’t have the effective words to decisively and wisely put forth the correct view point.
Any input on this would be highly appreciated.
Secondly, where did the 1000+ readers of MM go? I can only see 800+.
Thirdly, where did the rating tool go? I thought it was cool.
JazakAllahu Khair,
Reply
1.
Haroon
April 4, 2009 • 7:28 AM
Good Stuff !!!
BaarakAllah feek
The dua with raghbah and rahbah is the one which is said before sleeping, after one lies on the
right side
right, right ?!?
Reply
2.
Bint Khalid
April 4, 2009 • 11:10 AM
Masha Allah, jazaki Allahu khaire Amatullah for this wonderful article! It was truly beneficial and I’ll
be on the lookout every Saturday for more insha Allah
3.
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
7 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
The first ayah that came to my mind even though it only contains Taqwa.is Ayah 70 from Surah
Al Ahzab.and because it’s also in the Khutbah tul Hajjah.
Reply
NasirMuzaffar
April 4, 2009 • 8:44 PM
Can you a “PDF” of this article ?
Reply
4.
UmmMaryam
April 4, 2009 • 9:41 PM
Assalamualykum sr.Amatullah,
Jazakumallahu khairaa for sharing such a wonderful notes.In surah nisa ayah 9 there are three
types of fear described khashyah, khauf, yattaqu [ from taqwa].Am I right ? Did I understand
correctly?If I am wrong plz correct me.
Reply
5.
Amatullah
April 4, 2009 • 11:21 PM
wa iyyakum wa feekum barak Allah!
Amatullah: Sorry ukhti I can’t answer those questionsTomorrow is Open Thread Sunday so
inshaAllah they may mention the incident.
Haroon: Yes that’s the duaa!
Bint Khalid: great ayah mashaAllah. Can you think of any others?
Nasir: InshaAllah we’ll work on it.
Umm Maryam: wa alaykum salam wa rahmatullah, mashaAllah that is a GREAT ayah! You can
look up the tafseer (tafsir.com) and see if you can connect the three different meanings inshaAllah
Reply
6.
Sadaf
April 6, 2009 • 1:14 AM
Jazaakillahu khairan katheera for this excellent, well-researched and well-presented article! I love
the Arabic ayaat you put in, and how you have high-lighted the words in red. Indeed the Quran can
7.
Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
8 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM
never be understood in full without the knowledge of Arabic. What a great language!
I pray that Allah rewards you for your work in both the worlds.
Reply
Zaid
April 8, 2009 • 10:56 AM
Masha’ Allah. Very nice article. Sometimes we read those verses and pass by them without much
thought. Thanks for the effort.
Reply
8.
MM Associates
April 8, 2009 • 5:43 PM
Here is a PDF version that was asked for: http://muslimmatters.org/wp-content/uploads
/2009/04/usageoffear.pdf
Reply
9.
h
May 18, 2009 • 2:30 AM
Become a FAN of Shariah Program – Learn Arabic Online- today on Facebook:
http://cli.gs/Z726YT
Reply
10.
happy little girl
May 26, 2009 • 5:13 PM
Maashalah this is the best place for a little girl like me to go on i was just serching fo islam stuff
and i found this it tuoght me a lot.
thix ;]
Reply
11.
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Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/
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the more they will fear Him. and restrained himself from impure evil desires and lusts. Allah describes His blessings upon the Quraysh: “(He) Who has fed them against hunger. These people have khashyah of Allah bil ghayb. All-Knowing Who has the most perfect Attributes and is described with the most beautiful Names. in the unseen can be interpreted two ways: they fear Allah and have an awe of Him when they are alone and they fear Allah and have an awe of Him even though they do not see Him azza wa jal.” (79:40) The Believer has a fear of something that is manifest and real. By using the Name of Allah.org http://muslimmatters.Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.” 2 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM . We fear Al Jabbaar (The Compellor) and Al Azeez (The All Mighty).” (74:53) In another ayah.” (106:4) While most of tribes of Arabia worried about being invaded or of a war. he protected himself from lusts and desires. have an awe and reverence of it. Allah ta’ala protected the Quraysh from this danger and granted them safety in Makkah. Allah ta’ala tells the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam: You can only warn him who follows the Reminder. “only those who have knowledge truly fear Him as He should be feared.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ “But as for him who feared (khawf) standing before his Lord.” (35:28) Imam ibn Katheer rahimahullah states with regards to this ayah. which is captured in this ayah by the use of khawf. and has made them safe from fear (khawf). Khashyah Khashyah is a fear as a result of knowledge and leads to action. Allah ta’ala says: “It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. The Most Merciful. Ar-Rahmaan. All-Powerful. (36:11) Allah ta’ala describes the one who will benefit from the Qur’an: he has khashyah of Ar-Rahmaan. but to fear Ar-Rahmaan. It is when you know the greatness and magnitude of what you fear. In the famous ayah that most of us know. but fears the standing before his Lord. and fears (khashyah) the Most Merciful unseen. On the other hand. and as a result. and as a result of this fear. Allah azza wa jal did not say in this ayah that the person fears their Lord. it shows the level of their khashyah. Allah says about the disbelievers: “They do not fear (khawf) the hereafter. is the height of true fear of Allah. because the more they know about the Almighty.

Hadthr Hadthr is to escape something out of fear and cautiousness because you are in proximity of it. So khushoo’ is not just a state of the heart. Khushoo’ is used for the submissiveness of the heart which is reflected on the limbs. in their posture. and in their movements. humiliation and abasement.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ Khushoo’ Khushoo’ is a fear that is manifested not only in your heart but it is shown on your face and limbs. will have fear in the aakhirah.” (79:9) These eyes that did not humble themselves to Allah in the dunya. Allah ta’ala says in the ayaat of Hajj. “Successful indeed are the believers. It comes from the root wiqaayah which means to protect and is used for a shield. “And take a provision (with you) for the journey. Taqwa Taqwa is the most common word used for fear. but the best provision is At-Taqwa” (2:197) This ayah is beautiful because Allah ta’ala commands us to take provisions during Hajj. the body will have khushoo’. that is true reliance upon Allah. the believers have this khushoo’. If the heart has khushoo’. but He also advises us to take the provision of the hereafter which is taqwa.Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters. Allah ta’ala states. this fear should be present on our faces and not just in our hearts. it is a state of the heart which is visible on a person’s actions. Khushoo’ literally means to bend down and to become still.Taqwa is to protect yourself from the consequences of your own actions.org http://muslimmatters.” (23:2) This is the kind of fear that we should have in salah. It is to protect yourself in two ways: to abandon sinning and adorn yourself with good deeds because you fear the punishment of Allah. you are tested with many things and you must also keep away from certain actions that are otherwise halaal for you to do. The only way one can restrain themselves and be patient during Hajj is to have taqwa of Allah. During Hajj. but in the aakhirah Allah states about the Disbelievers: “Their eyes will be downcast. In this dunya. This fear will be apparent on their faces. Allah 3 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM . faces that are full of shame.” (23:1) And the first quality of these successful believers: “Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness.

org http://muslimmatters. when Allah is mentioned. is a depressed ground for a large deep hole. The word “mawjil”. When you come upon a huge hole in the ground out of nowhere. and conceived a fear (wajas) of them. (20:67) Wajl Wajl is to have a fear that penetrates deep in your heart. careful. he began to plead with Us (Our messengers) for the people of Lut. very careful and does not let you relax. he mistrusted them. Ibrahim was scared of the angels but he did not let them see his fear: “But when he saw their hands went not towards it (the meal). and the glad tidings had reached him. showing them what is in their hearts. they are immediately awe-struck and the fear of Him penetrates deep into their hearts: “The believers are only those who. It is a fear in which a person trembles and shivers. This word only appears once in the Qur’an to describe the panic that Ibrahim alayhi salaam felt panic when the Angels refused the food that he offered them: Then when the fear (rau’) had gone away from Ibrahim. He says: “The hypocrites fear (hadthr) lest a Surah should be revealed about them. and concern for passing. It is also fear that you are afraid that you will disappoint the one you love. or to show up out of nowhere and so the person becomes alarmed.” (11:70) Musa alayhi salaam also felt this hidden fear after he saw what the magicians could do with their staffs: So Musa conceived fear (wajas) in himself. This is the type of fear that students feel during exam time: restless.” (9:64) Raa’a Rau’ is to startle someone. 4 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM . from the same root.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ azza wa jal uses this type of fear to describe the hypocrites in many ayaat. It also means to hide your fear within you so that you don’t let the person or thing scaring you know that you are scared. you are immediately shaken with fear. It is also defined as to respect combined with fear. feel a fear (wajl) in their hearts.Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.” (11:74) Wajas Wajas is a fear when you hear news that scared you.” (8:2) Rahb Rahb is that kind of a fear that makes you very alert. This is how Allah ta’ala describes the hearts of the believers.

The Believers will reminisce in Jannah: “Saying: “Aforetime. it is a fear that is mixed with love. (16:51) The believers call upon Allah while fearing (rahbah) Him.” (59:13) Ru’b Ru’b is to be overwhelmed with fear and terror that makes you lose your reason. I will cast terror (ru’b) into the hearts of those who have disbelieved. such as the love of a mother for her children.org http://muslimmatters.” (52:26) 5 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM .Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters. you would certainly have turned back from them in flight. you are more fearful (rahbah) in their breasts than Allah.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ Allah azza wa jal commands us to have this fear of Him: Verily. (18:18) Allah made the cave so that no person would be able to remain there. I am with you.” (8:12) Ru’b is also used to describe the reaction of a person if they entered upon the Companions of the Cave: Had you looked at them. That is because they are a people who comprehend not. fear Me much. she is fearful out of love for them. because the atmosphere was made that the person would feel fright so they would not be able to stay. we were afraid (shafaq) in the midst of our families. and hoping (raghbah) in Him. Allah ta’ala described the hypocrites as being more concerned about saving themselves from the Muslims instead of saving themselves from Allah: “Verily. “Verily. Allah ta’ala placed this fear in the hearts of the mushriks of Makkah during the battle of Badr: “(Remember) when your Lord revealed to the angels. and would certainly have been filled with awe (ru’b) of them. such as a passerby. Then. Who knows which duaa these two words are mentioned from the sunnah? Post in the comments inshaAllah if you know! Rahb is also defined as a fear that one has in which he is concerned about saving himself. Ashfaqa is that fear that some harm will come to a person you love. He is (the) only One Deity. Shafaq Shafaq has many meanings in its different forms. so keep firm those who have believed. but rather run in terror.

even amongst their families.’ Allah azza wa jal depicts for us the Day of Judgment: “hearts that day will be full of terror. and it (the punishment) will surely befall them.searchtruth.” (79:8) By not putting an “al” (alif-laam.(24:52) This ayah combines Khashyah and Taqwa. waajifah is an ism faa’il (someone who does an act). feared Allah and secondly. Awjaftul Khayl means ‘I made my horse race forward by making its heart race.com) We ask Allah ta’ala to benefit us from what we learn. Like Be the first of your friends to like this. While the believers were mushfiqeen in the dunya.Another lesson as to why translations will never do justice to the Qur’an. so their hearts will be start pounding and it will not come to rest. concern and worry. right now they have peace. Wajf Wajf is a fear mixed with discomfort. the believers. to make us among those who take heed of the reminder.org http://muslimmatters. “You will see thewrong-doers fearful (shafaq) of that which they have earned. The terror will not subside. (hint: you can use a search engine like: www. 4 retweet © 6 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM . Either you are mushfiq now. those who study His Book and act upon its lessons. Quiz for the readers: search for some ayaat that COMBINE a few of these words. anxiety. it shows that only some hearts will have this fear on that Day. Iti s to be agitated in a disturbed condition. . and is a small taste of the intricacies of the Arabic language. Furthermore in the above ayah. such as this ayah.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ This ayah can be interpreted in two ways: Firstly. and those who enter Firdaws Al ‘Alaa. they had this shafaq for their families. it does not mean love at all but rather a fear in the heart such as apprehension. and keeps his duty (to Him). and see if you can understand the different meanings here’s an example: And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger.Try and imagine the fear and worry they will feel knowing that Hell-Fire awaits them. such are the successful. Also the sentence structure illustrates that these hearts are not scared at the moment. min. Ameen. It is when your heart pounds and palpitates so hard out of fear. or will be mushfiq later. they were afraid for the aakhirah of their families. Some hearts that day will be beating out of their chests. but on that Day they will experience wajf.Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters. fears Allah. ) on quloob. And Allah is Most Knowing.” (42:22) When this word is followed by . the disbelievers will be mushfiqeen in the aakhirah.

Reply 2.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ MuslimMatters. Amatullah April 4. All rights reserved. after one lies on the right side right. where did the rating tool go? I thought it was cool. jazaki Allahu khaire Amatullah for this wonderful article! It was truly beneficial and I’ll be on the lookout every Saturday for more insha Allah 7 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM .org http://muslimmatters. right ?!? Reply 3. and people just started speaking their minds from all directions. 11 Responses » 1. 2009 • 11:10 AM Masha Allah. Please see legal & other disclaimers here. Bint Khalid April 4. Secondly. Haroon April 4. 2009 • 7:28 AM Good Stuff !!! BaarakAllah feek The dua with raghbah and rahbah is the one which is said before sleeping. I really don’t know where to post this but I am looking forward to MM’s Islamic response to the recently aired public flogging of girl in Swat.Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters. Thirdly. PK We were having a discussion in class today. where did the 1000+ readers of MM go? I can only see 800+. JazakAllahu Khair. Any input on this would be highly appreciated. There were so many confusions and misunderstandings that needed clarification but I just didn’t have the effective words to decisively and wisely put forth the correct view point. 2009 • 7:07 AM Assalamu Alykum Apologies.org by Amatullah on April 4th. 2009.

Sadaf April 6. Umm Maryam: wa alaykum salam wa rahmatullah. and how you have high-lighted the words in red. 2009 • 11:21 PM wa iyyakum wa feekum barak Allah! Amatullah: Sorry ukhti I can’t answer those questions Tomorrow is Open Thread Sunday so inshaAllah they may mention the incident. mashaAllah that is a GREAT ayah! You can look up the tafseer (tafsir. 2009 • 9:41 PM Assalamualykum sr. yattaqu [ from taqwa]. 2009 • 1:14 AM Jazaakillahu khairan katheera for this excellent. Haroon: Yes that’s the duaa! Bint Khalid: great ayah mashaAllah. 2009 • 8:44 PM Can you a “PDF” of this article ? Reply 5. Reply 6. Jazakumallahu khairaa for sharing such a wonderful notes. khauf.is Ayah 70 from Surah Al Ahzab .com) and see if you can connect the three different meanings inshaAllah Reply 7. well-researched and well-presented article! I love the Arabic ayaat you put in. Amatullah April 4.org http://muslimmatters.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ The first ayah that came to my mind even though it only contains Taqwa . Indeed the Quran can 8 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM . NasirMuzaffar April 4.Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters.Amatullah.and because it’s also in the Khutbah tul Hajjah. Reply 4.Am I right ? Did I understand correctly?If I am wrong plz correct me. Can you think of any others? Nasir: InshaAllah we’ll work on it. UmmMaryam April 4.In surah nisa ayah 9 there are three types of fear described khashyah.

2009 • 10:56 AM Masha’ Allah.org/wp-content/uploads /2009/04/usageoffear. Sometimes we read those verses and pass by them without much thought.Are You Scared? Usage of “Fear” in the Qur’an | MuslimMatters. Very nice article.org/2009/04/04/are-you-scared/ never be understood in full without the knowledge of Arabic. Reply 9.pdf Reply 10.today on Facebook: http://cli. thix . 2009 • 5:13 PM Maashalah this is the best place for a little girl like me to go on i was just serching fo islam stuff and i found this it tuoght me a lot. MM Associates April 8. 2009 • 2:30 AM Become a FAN of Shariah Program – Learn Arabic Online.] Reply Leave a Response 9 of 9 14/08/2011 1:08 PM .gs/Z726YT Reply 11. h May 18. Reply 8. What a great language! I pray that Allah rewards you for your work in both the worlds. happy little girl May 26. Thanks for the effort. Zaid April 8. 2009 • 5:43 PM Here is a PDF version that was asked for: http://muslimmatters.org http://muslimmatters.