CP8CnlCLL Cl A uLA1P lC8L1CLu

Þ|ot Cverv|ew
1he narraLlve ouLllnes Lhe evenLs surroundlng Lhe murder of SanLlago nasarţ a young man who ls
LhoughL Lo have Laken Lhe vlrglnlLy of Angela vlcarloŦ Cn her weddlng nlghLţ afLer dlscoverlng LhaL she
was noL a vlrglnţ Angelaƌs husbandţ 8ayardo San 8omanţ reLurns her Lo her houseŦ Angelaƌs Lwln
broLhersţ Þedro vlcarlo and Þablo vlcarloţ ask her who Look her vlrglnlLyţ and she Lells Lhem LhaL
SanLlago nasar dldŦ 1he broLhers flnd SanLlago and klll hlmŦ
1he narraLlve ls nonŴllnearŦ 1he narraLor beglns Lhe sLory by Lelllng us abouL SanLlago nasarƌs household
Lhe mornlng he was murderedŦ ln Lhe course of Lhe chapLerţ we learn LhaL SanLlago llved wlLh hls
moLherţ Þlaclda LlneroŤ Lhelr cookţ vlcLorla CuzmanŤ and her daughLerţ ulvlna llorŦ SanLlagoƌs faLherţ
lbrahlm nasarţ has dled Lhree years prevlouslyŦ AfLer hls faLher dledţ SanLlago Look over Lhe famlly
ranchţ whlch has been very successfulŤ Lhe nasars are wealLhy ln Lhelr communlLyŦ
1he day LhaL SanLlago ls murdered was a slgnlflcanL day ln Lown because Lhe 8lshop was comlng by boaL
Lo bless Lhe marrlage of Angela vlcarlo and 8ayardo San 8omanŦ Many people were headlng over Lo Lhe
dock Lo see Lhe boaLsŦ Þedro and Þablo vlcarlo were slLLlng ln Lhe local mllkŴshopţ whlch was en rouLe Lo
Lhe dockţ so LhaL Lhey could see SanLlago nasar elLher golng or reLurnlng ln order Lo Lrack hlm down and
klll hlmŦ 1he narraLorƌs slsLer learns LhaL Angela vlcarlo was reLurned home on Lhe nlghL of her weddlngŦ
8ayardo San 8oman had come Lo Lown Lo flnd a brldeŦ AfLer decldlng on Angelaţ Lhe courLshlp was shorLŦ
8ecause 8ayardo came from a presLlglousţ wealLhy famllyţ and Lhe vlcarlos were relaLlvely poorţ Angela
dld noL really have a cholceţ even Lhough she dld noL love 8ayardo aL Lhe Llme Lhey were wedŦ
1he nlghL before Lhe murderţ Lhere had been loLs of weddlng revelry LhaL had conLlnued lnLo Lhe early
mornlng aL a local whorehouse run by Marla Ale[andrlna CervanLesţ where SanLlago nasar had been
carouslng wlLh Lhe Lwlns and Lhe narraLor unLll early ln Lhe mornlngŦ AfLer reLurnlng home and flndlng
Lhelr slsLer ln dlsgraceţ Lhe vlcarlo broLhers seL ouL Lo avenge her honor by murderlng SanLlago nasarŦ
Lven Lhough Lhey repeaLedly announced Lhelr lnLenL Lo murder hlmţ Lhe buLcherţ Lhe pollce offlcerţ and
Lhe Colonel all LhoughL LhaL Lhe vlcarlos are largely blufflngŦ CloLhllde ArmenLaţ Lhe proprleLor of Lhe
mllk shopţ even Lold Lhe local prlesL abouL whaL Lhe vlcarlo Lwlns were LhreaLenlng Lo doŦ Poweverţ ln
Lhe exclLemenL surroundlng Lhe arrlval of Lhe blshopţ he forgoL abouL her warnlngŦ
AfLer Lhe murderţ Lhe enLlre vlcarlo famlly lefL Lown because of Lhe dlsgrace Lhe comblnaLlon of evenLs
had broughL upon Lhelr famllyŦ A week afLer Lhe murderţ 8ayardo San 8oman lefL wlLh hls famllyŤ Lhey
came and reLrleved hlm by boaLŦ 1he vlcarlo broLhers were lmprlsoned for Lhree yearsŦ AfLer Lhelr
release from prlsonţ Þablo proceeded Lo marry hls beLroLhedţ Þrudencla CoLesţ and Þedro wenL back
lnLo Lhe armed forcesŦ
AfLer 8ayardo reLurned Angela Lo her home on Lhelr weddlng nlghLţ she fell ln love wlLh hlmŦ AfLer she
moved away from Lhe Lown where she was dlsgracedţ she wroLe hlm leLLers every week for sevenLeen
yearsţ and evenLually he reLurned Lo herŦ
lor years afLer Lhe crlmeţ lL was all anyone ln Lhe Lown spoke ofŦ 1he narraLor Lells how hls frlend CrlsLo
8edoya searched franLlcally for SanLlago Lhe mornlng of Lhe murder ln order Lo warn hlm of Lhe vlcarlo
broLhersƌ planţ buL falled Lo flnd SanLlago because he dld noL reallze LhaL SanLlago had gone Lo Lhe house
of hls flanceţ llora MlguelŦ Per faLher was Lhe flrsL Lo warn SanLlago of Lhe murderŦ AL Lhls polnLţ Lhere
were crowds of people ouLslde who had come Lo see Lhe 8lshop buL had llngered because Lhey had
heard Lhe rumor LhaL SanLlago was Lo be kllledŦ
When he lefL llora Mlguelƌs houseţ SanLlago was very confusedŦ CloLhllde ArmenLa yelled aL hlm Lo runţ
and he ran Lhe flfLy yards Lo hls fronL doorŦ 1he vlcarlo broLhers easlly caughL up wlLh hlmţ and sLabbed
hlm Lo deaLh rlghL ouLslde of SanLlagoƌs fronL doorŦ


f½ter 1
Summfry
Cn Lhe day he ls evenLually kllledţ SanLlago nasar wakes up aL 3ť30 aŦmŦ Lo walL for Lhe boaL whlch ls
brlnglng Lhe blshopŦ 1he nlghL beforeţ he had dreamL abouL LreesŦ Pe woke up wlLh a headacheŦ Some
people remember LhaL Lhe weaLher was cloudy LhaL mornlngţ oLhers LhaL lL was flneţ buL all recall LhaL
SanLlago was ln a very good moodŦ 1he narraLorţ lylng ln Lhe lap of Marla Ale[andrlna CervanLesţ was
wakened by Lhe clamor of alarm bellsŦ
SanLlago ls wearlng a shlrL and panLs of whlLe llnen exacLly llke Lhe ones he had worn Lo Lhe weddlng Lhe
day beforeŦ SanLlago goes Lo Lhe house of hls moLherţ Þlaclda Llneroţ Lo geL an asplrln for hls headacheŦ
SanLlago ls sllm and paleţ wlLh Arab eyes and curly halrŦ Pe ls Lhe only chlld of a marrlage of
convenlenceŦ Pe lnherlLed hls slxLh sense from hls moLherŦ lrom hls faLherţ lbrahlm nasarţ he learned
hls love of flrearmsţ horsesţ and falconryţ as well as Lhe quallLles of valor and prudenceŦ Pe and hls
faLher spoke Arablc wlLh each oLherŦ AfLer hls faLher dledţ SanLlago abandoned hls sLudles aL Lhe end of
secondary school ln order Lo Lake over Lhe famlly ranchŦ
vlcLorla Cuzman ls sure LhaL lL dld noL raln on Lhe day of SanLlagoƌs deaLhŦ She recalls LhaL she had been
ln Lhe klLchenţ quarLerlng rabblLs for lunchţ when SanLlago came lnŦ ulvlna llorţ her daughLerţ had
served SanLlago a mug of coffee wlLh a shoL of cane llquorţ as she dld every MondayŦ When she came
agaln Lo Lake Lhe mug awayţ he grabbed her arm and saldţ ƍ1he Llme has come for you Lo be LamedŦƍ
vlcLorla Cuzman says LhaL she wlll never be Lamed whlle she ls allveŦ She was seduced by lbrahlm nasarţ
SanLlagoƌs faLherţ when she was an adolescenLŦ 8oLh women had heard LhaL SanLlago was golng Lo be
kllledţ buL nelLher was cerLaln wheLher or noL Lhe rumor was LrueŦ
1he whole house ls awakened by Lhe bellow of Lhe blshopƌs sLeamboaLŦ ulvlna llor leads SanLlago Lo Lhe
fronL doorŦ Lven Lhough Lhe fronL door ls usually closed and barredţ SanLlago always uses LhaL door
when he ls dressed upŦ ulvlna remembers LhaL when he wenL ouL Lhe doorţ Lhe boaL sLopped LooLlng
and Lhe cocks began Lo crowŦ 1here ls an envelope under Lhe door warnlng SanLlago LhaL someone ls
walLlng for hlm Lo klll hlmţ buL lL lsnƌL found unLll long afLer SanLlagoƌs deaLhŦ
As everyone makes Lhelr way Loward Lhe blshopƌs boaLţ Lhe Lwo men who are walLlng Lo klll SanLlagoţ
Þedro vlcarlo and Þablo vlcarlo are walLlng aL Lhe local mllk shopţ Lhe only place LhaL ls open aL LhaL
hourŦ 1hey are sLlll wearlng Lhelr dark weddlng sulLsţ and holdlng knlves wrapped ln newspaperŦ
1hough everyone has amassed roosLers and flrewood Lo glve Lo Lhe blshopţ laLher Carmen Amadorţ he
never geLs off Lhe boaLŴhe [usL sLands on Lhe upper deck and crosses hlmself unLll Lhe boaL dlsappearsŦ
1he narraLorƌs slsLerţ MargoLţ lnvlLes SanLlago over for breakfasLŦ She flnds SanLlago aLLracLlveţ and
lmaglnes Lhe good forLune of hls beLroLhedţ llora MlguelŦ Pe accepLs her lnvlLaLlonţ buL says he musL go
home flrsL Lo change lnLo hls rldlng cloLhesŦ
Many people on Lhe docks know LhaL SanLlago ls golng Lo be kllledţ buL many also Lhlnk LhaL he lsnƌL ln
danger anymoreŦ Lveryone Lhlnks SanLlago has been warned LhaL he ls golng Lo dleŦ MargoL learns LhaL
Angela vlcarloţ Lhe brlde of Lhe day beforeţ has been reLurned Lo her parenLsƌ house because her
husband has dlscovered LhaL she lsnƌL a vlrglnŦ MargoL ls unsure how SanLlago nasar ls lnvolved ln Lhe
mlxŴupŦ When she comes homeţ she Lells her moLher whaL she has heardţ and her moLherţ Lulsa
SanLlagaţ goes Lo warn Þlaclda LhaL people are golng Lo klll SanLlagoŦ Poweverţ someone runnlng by Lells
Lulsa noL Lo boLherţ because he has already been kllledŦ
°f|ys|s
AlLhough Márquez never expllclLly reveals Lhe sLoryƌs seLLlng wlLhln Lhe narraLlveţ Lhe sLory ls based on
an Lrue evenL LhaL Márquez read abouLŦ ln Lhe clLy of Sucreţ ln Colomblaţ a young medlcal sLudenL and
helr Lo a large forLune was kllled wlLh a macheLe ouLslde hls fronL doorŦ 1he young man was kllled by Lhe
Lwo broLhers of a glrl who had been marrled buL was reLurned Lo her famlly by her husband afLer he
dlscovered LhaL she was noL a vlrgln when she marrled hlmŦ When she accused Lhe young medlcal
sLudenL of Laklng her vlrglnlLyţ her Lwo broLhers kllled Lhe manŦ
1he novel resembles a mysLeryŦ We lmmedlaLely learn LhaL SanLlago nasar ls golng Lo dle and conLlnue
readlng Lo flnd ouL how and why Lhls evenL wlll occurŦ Poweverţ cbtoolcle of o ueotb lotetolJ ls noL a
chronlcleŤ Lhe narraLlve does noL presenL Lhe evenLs chronologlcallyţ as Lhe LlLle mlsleadlngly suggesLsŦ
1he flrsL chapLer recounLs Lhe mornlng of Lhe assasslnaLlon by Lwo broLhersţ Þedro and Þablo vlcarloţ
buL verslons of Lhe mornlng are reLold from varlous dlfferenL vlewpolnLs LhroughouL Lhe resL of Lhe
bookŦ 1he reader ls shown repeaLedly Lhe clrcumsLances of SanLlago nasarƌs murderţ buL Lhe
overarchlng quesLlon of SanLlago nasarƌs gullLy ls never answeredŦ
uesplLe Lhe [ournallsLlc sLyle of Lhe novelţ much of Lhe narraLlve ls comprlsed of repeaLed evenLs LhaL
seem Lo carry amblguous symbollc meanlngŦ lor exampleţ Lhe narraLor repeaLedly hlghllghLs Lhe
dlspuLes over whaL Lhe weaLher was llke on Lhe day of SanLlago nasarƌs murderŸsome people Lhlnk lL
was nlce ouLŤ oLhers belleve LhaL lL ralnedŦ 8uL slgnlflcance of Lhe raln ls lefL unclearŦ 1he narraLlve ls
parLlcular abouL lrrelevanL deLallsţ and vague abouL maLLers of real lmporLanceŦ
1he novel remlnds us of Lhe dlfflculLy of undersLandlng evenLs as Lhey are experlencedţ and Lhe arblLrary
ways LhaL Lhe mlnd chooses Lo paLLern evenLs ln reLrospecLŦ 1he arrlval of Lhe blshopţ for exampleţ ls an
evenL LhaL was seen as poLenLlally very slgnlflcanL ln Lhe novelţ buL Lurns ouL noL Lo be especlally
noLeworLhy aL allţ slnce Lhe blshop never sLeps off Lhe boaLŦ AL Lhe Llmeţ everyone LhoughL LhaL Lhe
blshopƌs arrlval would be Lhe blggesL evenL of Lhe dayŦ ln reLrospecLţ Lhe murder overshadows all oLher
memoryŦ
Memoryţ reallLyţ and symbollsm are furLher confused by Lhe names Márquez chooses for hls characLersŦ
ln cbtoolcle of o ueotb lotetolJţ he lncludes flcLlonal names along wlLh Lhe names of hls own moLherţ
Lulsa SanLlagoţ and of hls own wlfeţ Mercedes 8archaŦ 1he lncluslon of Lhe names of real people Lles Lhe
evenLs more sLrongly Lo a flxed reallLyŦ
f½ter 2
Summfry
1he narraLor Lells Lhe sLory of 8ayardo San 8omanţ Lhe brldegroom of Angela vlcarloŦ 8ayardo arrlves ln
AugusLţ slx monLhs before hls evenLual marrlageŦ Pe ls abouL LhlrLy years oldţ buL seems younger
because he has a sllm walsL and golden eyesŦ Pe says he has come Lo flnd someone Lo marryŦ
Pe flrsL sees Angela when she ls crosslng Lhe Lown square wlLh her moLherţ dressed ln cloLhes of
mournlngŤ Lhe Lwo of Lhem are carrylng baskeLs of arLlflclal flowersŦ 1he nexL Llme 8ayardo sees herţ she
ls slnglng ouL Lhe numbers Lo a raffle aL a Lown evenLŦ Pe buys all of Lhe raffle LlckeLs and wlns a muslc
box lnlald wlLh moLherŴofŴpearlţ whlch he Lhen has dellvered Lo her house as a glfLŦ She never dlscovers
how he found ouL lL was her blrLhdayŦ
1he vlcarlos are a famlly ƍof scanL resourcesŦƍ Þonclo vlcarlo ls a goldsmlLhţ buL has losL hls slghL from
dolng so much flne workŦ Þurlslma del Carmenţ Angelaƌs moLherţ had been a schoolLeacher unLll she
marrledŦ Angela ls Lhe youngesL and Lhe preLLlesL of Lhe famllyŦ Þura vlcarlo wanLs 8ayardo San 8oman
Lo ldenLlfy hlmself properlyŤ Lo galn her approvalţ he lnLroduces hls whole famllyŦ 1he famlly drlves Lo
Lhe vlllage ln a Model 1 lordŦ 8ayardoƌs moLherţ AlberLa Slmondsţ ls a mulaLLo woman from Curacaoţ
who ln her youLh had been proclalmed Lhe mosL beauLlful woman ln Lhe AnLlllesŦ Pe has Lwo young
slsLersţ and hls faLher ls famousť Ceneral ÞeLronlo San 8omanţ hero of Lhe clvll wars of Lhe pasL cenLuryŦ
Angela does noL wanL Lo marry 8ayardoŦ 1helr engagemenL only lasLs four monLhsŦ 8ayardo asks Angela
whaL house she llkes besLţ and she replles LhaL she llked Lhe farmhouse belonglng Lo Lhe wldower xlusţ
whlch ls on a wlndswepL hlll and overlooks Lhe purple anemones of Lhe marshesŦ 1he wldower lnslsLs
LhaL Lhe house wasnƌL for saleţ buL 8ayardo keeps offerlng more and more money unLll xlus glves lnŦ
nobody knows LhaL Angela lsnƌL a vlrglnŦ 1hey have a huge weddlngţ wlLh exLravaganL glfLs and days and
nlghLs of danclng and revelryŦ 1he narraLor says LhaL he and hls broLherţ Luls Lnrlqueţ along wlLh CrlsLo
8edoyaţ were wlLh SanLlago nasar all Lhe Llmeţ aL Lhe church and afLer aL Lhe fesLlvalŦ 1he four of Lhem
had grown up LogeLherţ and lL was hard Lo belleve LhaL one of Lhem could have had such a blg secreLŦ
1he narraLor has a confused memory of Lhe fesLlvalŸhe remembers proposlng Lo marry Mercedes
8archa as soon as she flnlshed prlmary schoolŦ AL slx ln Lhe afLernoonţ Lhe brlde and groom Lake Lhelr
leave and drlve Lo Lhelr new houseŦ 1he narraLorţ Lulsţ CrlsLo and SanLlago all wenL Lo Marla Ale[andrlna
CervanLesƌ houseţ where Lhe vlcarlo broLhers also wenL and were slnglng and drlnklngŦ
Þura vlcarlo goes Lo bed aL eleven oƌclock and has fallen lnLo a deep sleep when Lhere ls a knocklng aL
Lhe doorŦ She opens Lhe door and sees 8ayardo and Angela sLandlng LhereŦ 8ayardo pushes hls wlfe lnLo
Lhe house and klsses Þura on Lhe cheekţ Lhanklng her for everyLhlngŦ AfLer he leavesţ Þura holds Angelaƌs
halr wlLh one hand and beaLs her wlLh Lhe oLherŦ She does Lhls so sLealLhlly LhaL she does noL wake her
husband and oLher daughLersŦ 1he Lwlns reLurn homeţ and Þedro asks Angela who has Laken her
vlrglnlLyŦ She says LhaL lL was SanLlago nasarŦ
°f|ys|s
1hls chapLer explalns Lhe moLlve for Lhe murder of SanLlago nasarŦ 1he narraLor lmplles LhaL SanLlago ls
noLţ ln facLţ gullLy of Lhe crlme he dles forŦ Poweverţ even lf SanLlago Lruly ls lnnocenLţ we never learn
who was gullLy of Laklng Angela vlcarloƌs vlrglnlLyŦ nor does Lhe narraLorŸhe quesLlons Angela aL lengLh
laLer ln llfeţ buL she quleLly perslsLs ln saylng LhaL SanLlago was Lhe oneŦ
AfLer 8ayardoƌs famlly comes Lo vlslL Lhe vlcarlosţ lL becomes clear Lo Lhe Lown LhaL 8ayardo can marry
whomever he wanLs LoŦ Angela vlcarloƌs parenLs are hlghly ln favor of Lhe maLchţ slnce 8ayardo ls
handsomeţ wealLhyţ and comes from a presLlglous famllyŦ Larller ln Lhe narraLlveţ Lhe narraLor says LhaL
Lhe vlcarlo boys ƍwere ralsed Lo be menţƍ and LhaL Lhe vlcarlo daughLers ƍwere ralsed Lo be marrledŦƍ ln
Lhls culLureţ Lhe besL way a woman could lmprove her llfe was Lo marry a husband who would provlde
for her wellŦ Angela vlcarlo proLesLed Lo her parenLs LhaL she dld noL love 8ayardoţ buL her moLher
dlsmlssed LhaL ldeaţ Lelllng her LhaL love could be learnedŦ
1he bruLallLy of Lhe soclal convenLlons surroundlng women becomes clear ln Lhls chapLerŦ 8ecause she
was noL a vlrgln when she marrledţ noL only ls Angela abandoned by her husbandţ buL she ls beaLen by
her moLherŦ 1he double sLandards of her culLure are hlghllghLed by Lhe facL LhaL Lhe narraLorţ SanLlagoţ
Luls Lnrlqueţ and CrlsLo are all aL a whorehouse dolng whaLever Lhey pleaseŦ lL ls culLurally accepLable
for men Lo have premarlLal sexţ even lf Lhey are already beLroLhed Lo marry oLher womenŦ
1he lmporLance of Lhe rlLual of courLshlp ls also very evldenL ln Colomblan culLureŦ 8ayardo wlll do
whaLever lL Lakes Lo wln Lhe approval of Angela by showerlng her wlLh glfLsŦ 1he economy behlnd Lhe
maLch ls made clear Lhrough Lhls meLhod of courLlngŦ 8ayardo does noL seem Lo concern hlmself wlLh
geLLlng Lo know Angela vlcarloŤ he merely demonsLraLes Lhe amounL of money he wlll be wllllng Lo
spend on herŦ 8ayardo demonsLraLes LhaL he wlll geL Lhe muslc box and LhaL he wlll buy Lhe houseŦ lL ls a
way of showlng noL only Lhe brldeţ buL Lhe brldeƌs parenLsţ LhaL she wlll be well Laken care ofŦ AnoLher
rlLual ls LhaL Lhe enLlre famlly of each spouse musL meeL before Lhe maLch can be approvedŸ
undersLandlng Lhe background of Lhe spouse ls vlLalţ so LhaL Lhe daughLer does noL dlshonor herself by
marrylng someone from a quesLlonable famlly wlLh llLLle moneyŦ
f½ter 3
Summfry
1he vlcarlo Lwlns laLer Lell Lhe narraLor LhaL Lhey began looklng for SanLlago nasar aL Marla Ale[andrlna
CervanLesƌ placeţ where Lhey had been wlLh hlm unLll Lwo oƌclockŦ Slnce he wasnƌL Lhereţ Lhey wenL Lo
CloLhllde ArmenLaƌs mllk shopţ whlch was near SanLlagoƌs houseţ Lo walL for hlm Lo come ouLŦ
AfLer Angela vlcarlo reveals SanLlagoƌs name Lo her broLhersţ Lhey lmmedlaLely go Lo Lhe plgsLyŦ 1hey
plck ouL Lhe Lwo besL knlvesţ wrap Lhem ln ragsţ and have Lhem sharpened aL Lhe meaL markeLŦ lausLlno
SanLosţ a buLcherţ wonders why Lhey are comlngŸhe LhoughL Lhey were so drunk LhaL Lhey dldnƌL know
whaL Llme or whaL day lL wasŦ 1hey Lalk abouL Lhe weddlngţ and Þablo declares LhaL Lhey are golng Lo klll
SanLlago nasarŦ 8ecause Lhe Lwlns are known Lo be good peopleţ nobody pays any aLLenLlon Lo LhemŦ
AfLer Lhey leaveţ lausLlno reporLs Lhe conversaLlon Lo a pollce offlcer who comes byŦ
AL CloLhllde ArmenLaƌs mllk shopţ Lhe Lwlns drlnk Lwo boLLles of cane llquorŦ 1hey Lell her LhaL Lhey are
looklng for SanLlago Lo klll hlmŦ CloLhllde Lells her husbandţ uon 8ogello de la llorţ buL he responds LhaL
she ls belng slllyŦ
Meanwhlleţ Lhe pollce offlcer lnforms Colonel Lazaro AponLe abouL Lhe vlcarlo broLhersƌ planŦ 1he
Colonel has seLLled so many flghLs Lhe nlghL before LhaL he ls ln no hurry Lo seLLle anoLherŦ 1he Colonel
hears LhaL Angela vlcarlo had been broughL home on her weddlng nlghLţ and reallzes Lhe connecLlon
beLween LhaL evenL and Lhe lmpendlng murderŦ 1he Colonel goes Lo CloLhllde ArmenLaƌs shopţ Lakes Lhe
knlves away from Lhe boysţ and Lells Lhem Lo go homeŦ Pe explalns laLer LhaL he LhoughL Lhe Lwlns were
blufflngŦ
1he vlcarlo broLhers go homeţ geL Lwo dlfferenL knlvesţ and go Lo have Lhem sharpenedŦ lausLlno ls
confusedţ bellevlng LhaL Lhe boys have broughL Lhe same knlvesŦ AlLhough Þedro makes Lhe declslon Lo
klll SanLlagoţ Þablo lnslsLs on followlng Lhrough wlLh Lhe planŦ Þablo vlcarloƌs flanceeţ Þrudencla CoLesţ
says she never would have marrled hlm lf he hadnƌL upheld hls slsLerƌs honor by kllllng SanLlagoŦ She
walLs Lhe Lhree years he ls ln [allţ and when he geLs ouL he becomes her husband for llfeŦ
1he Lwlns go back Lo Lhe mllk shopţ Lhelr knlves wrapped ln newspaper from Þrudenclaƌs houseŦ
CloLhllde ArmenLa glves Lhem rumţ hoplng Lo make Lhem so drunk Lhey canƌL do anyLhlngŦ
1he narraLor Lhen descrlbes Marla Ale[andrlna CervanLesƌ houseţ where Lhere are muslclansţ a danclng
courLyardţ and ƍpleasurable mulaLLo glrlsŦƍ 1he glrls have all been worklng wlLhouL resL for Lhree daysţ
Laklng care of all who were ƍunsaLedƍ by Lhe weddlng bashŦ 1he narraLor says lL was Marla who dld away
wlLh hls generaLlonƌs vlrglnlLyŦ
8uL on Lhe nlghL before Lhe murderţ Marla wouldnƌL leL SanLlago dress up her mulaLLo glrls as he usually
dldţ so SanLlago and CrlsLo 8edoya and Luls Lnrlque and Lhe narraLor seL off wlLh Lhe muslclans on a
round of serenadesŦ 1he flrsL house Lhey sLop aL ls Lhe newlywedsƌţ Lhough Lhey donƌL know LhaL only
8ayardo San 8oman ls Lhere aL LhaL polnLŦ 1hey all go Lo geL breakfasLţ buL SanLlago says he wanLs Lo geL
an hour of sleep before Lhe blshop comesŦ
CloLhllde ArmenLa has Lold laLher Carmen Amador abouL Lhe vlcarlosƌ planţ buL because of Lhe 8lshopƌs
arrlvalţ Lhe laLher forgeLsţ andţ on hls way Lo meeL Lhe blshopƌs boaLţ walks rlghL by Lhe mllk shop where
Lhe murderers are walLlngŦ
°f|ys|s
1hls chapLer relaLes Lhe evenLs on Lhe evenlng of Lhe weddlngţ Lhe nlghL before SanLlago nasarƌs deaLhŦ
1hls chapLer chronologlcally precedes Lhe flrsL chapLer of Lhe bookŦ 1hls dls[uncLlon ln Llme lndlcaLes Lhe
Lemporal confuslon wlLhln Lhe sLory as a wholeŦ 1he flrsL chapLer Lells abouL Lhe mornlng of Lhe
assasslnaLlonţ and Lhe Lhlrd chapLer relaLes Lhe evenLs leadlng up Lo LhaL mornlngŦ
1he novel explores Lhe complexlLles of Lhe concepL of honorŦ 1he vlcarlo broLhers belleve Lhemselves Lo
be defendlng Lhe honor of Lhelr slsLer and famllyţ whlch ls so lmporLanL Lo Lhem LhaL Lhey klll a man Lo
preserve lLŦ 1he severlLy of Lhelr crlme reflecLs Lhe severlLy of Lhe llmlLs lmposed upon womenŦ 1he
broLhers reason LhaL slnce whoever Look Angelaƌs vlrglnlLy rulned her chances of flndlng a sulLable
husbandţ LhaL man musL be punlshed wlLh a comparable degree of severlLyŦ Lven afLer SanLlago ls kllledţ
Angela and her famlly leave Lhe Lown because of Lhe scandal Lhe evenL has creaLedŦ
1he narraLor menLlons several Llmes LhaL Lhe vlcarlo broLhers are good peopleŦ 1hey do noL klll SanLlago
ln a heaLed furyŤ Lhe unfoldlng of Lhe evenL Lakes hoursŦ 1he Lown ls dlvlded lnLo people who know whaL
ls golng Lo occur and feel LhaL Lhe evenL should be sLoppedţ people who Lhlnk LhaL Lhe broLhers are
[oklngţ and auLhorlLy flgures who are lax ln Lhelr duLles and allow Lhe murder Lo occurŦ 1he Lownƌs LaclL
accepLance of honor and gender codes wlLhln Lhelr socleLy condones Lhe murderŦ
Class dlfferences lnfluence Lhe course of evenLs ln Lhe novelŦ SanLlagoƌs famlly represenLs Lhe upper
classŦ 1hey have become affluenL whlle oLhers around Lhem exlsL ln poverLyŦ SanLlagoƌs dlfferenceţ
resulLlng from hls beauLy and hls wealLhţ makes hlm an ob[ecL of susplclon ln Lhe LownŦ Þoorer resldenLs
envy hlm because of hls superlor flnanclal sLaLusŦ ?oung men ln Lhe Lown are [ealous of hls proflclency
wlLh womenŦ 8uL Lhe comblnaLlon of economlc and personal lnLeresLs surroundlng SanLlago nasar ls
never fully elucldaLedţ maklng hls deaLh an unsolvable puzzleŦ
f½ter 4
Summfry
8ecause uocLor ulonlslo lguaran ls absenLţ Lhe mayor orders laLher Carmen Amador Lo perform Lhe
auLopsy on SanLlago nasarŦ 1hey perform lL aL Lhe publlc school wlLh Lhe help of a drugglsL and a flrsLŴ
year medlcal sLudenLŦ 1he reporL concludes LhaL Lhe deaLh has been broughL on by a masslve
hemorrhage caused by any one of Lhe seven faLal woundsŦ AfLer Lhe poorly execuLed auLopsyţ Lhey
qulckly bury Lhe bodyŦ
1he narraLor goes Lo see Marla Ale[andrlna CervanLes afLer Lhe auLopsyţ buL she wonƌL sleep wlLh hlm
because she says he smells llke SanLlagoŦ 1he vlcarlo broLhers also complaln LhaL Lhey canƌL geL hls smell
off of Lhelr bodlesţ nor can Lhey sleepŦ 1hey are placed ln Lhe local prlsonţ and Þablo vlcarlo geLs a
serlous case of Lhe runsŦ
1he whole vlcarlo famlly leaves LownŦ Angela vlcarloƌs face ls wrapped so LhaL no one would see Lhe
brulses from Lhe beaLlng her moLher gave herţ and she was dressed ln brlghL red so LhaL nobody would
Lhlnk LhaL she was mournlng for her secreL loverŦ Þonclo vlcarlo dled shorLly LhereafLerŦ 1he Lwlns were
Lransferred Lo a prlson ln 8lohachaţ a dayƌs Lrlp from Manaureţ Lhe Lown LhaL Lhe vlcarlo famlly moved
LoŦ Þrudencla CoLes moves Lo Manaure Lhree years laLer Lo marry Þablo vlcarlo afLer he geLs ouL of [allŦ
Þablo learns Lo work wlLh preclous meLals and becomes a goldsmlLhŦ Þedro vlcarlo goes back lnLo Lhe
armed forcesţ and ls never heard from agalnŦ
1he mayor goes Lo check on 8ayardo San 8oman a week afLer Lhe murder and flnds hlm lylng ln hls bedţ
almosL dead wlLh alcohol polsonlngŦ urŦ lguaran LreaLs hlmţ buL as soon as he recovers he Lhrows Lhe
mayor and Lhe docLor ouL of hls houseŦ 1he mayor lnformed Ceneral ÞeLronlo San 8oman of Lhe
slLuaLlonţ and he sends hls wlfe and daughLers Lo geL 8ayardoŦ 1hey arrlve ln mournlng wlLh Lhelr halr
looseţ and wall as Lhey walk barefooL Lo Lhe houseŦ 1hey carry 8ayardo ouL on a coLţ puL hlm on Lhe boaL
and Lake hlm awayŦ
Angela vlcarlo ends up ln a Lown called Cuarl[aţ maklng her llvlng as an embroldererŦ When Lhe narraLor
flnally goes Lo see herţ he flnds her wlLh glasses and wlLh yellowlsh gray halrŦ Pe says she ls so maLure
and wlLLy LhaL lL ls hard Lo belleve she ls Lhe same personŦ 1he narraLor asks Angela lf lL was really
SanLlago nasar who Look her vlrglnlLyţ and she calmly says lL wasţ even Lhoughţ as Lhe narraLor saysţ
Angela and SanLlago were never seen LogeLherŦ
1he narraLor says LhaL Lhe Lrue mlsforLune for Angela ls LhaL as soon as 8ayardo brlngs her homeţ he ls ln
her llfe foreverŦ She beglns Lo Lhlnk abouL hlm consLanLlyŦ She says LhaL when her moLher beaL herţ she
wasnƌL crylng because of anyLhlng LhaL had happenedŸshe was crylng because of hlmŦ
Angela beglns Lo wrlLe hlm leLLersŦ She wrlLes a weekly leLLer Lo hlm for sevenLeen yearsŦ 1henţ halfway
Lhrough a day ln AugusLţ he comes lnLo her workplaceŦ Pe has galned welghL and ls baldlngŦ Pe Lakes a
sLep forward and lays hls saddlebags on Lhe sewlng machlneţ saylngţ ƍƌWellţ here l amŦƍ Pe ls carrylng
one sulLcase fllled wlLh cloLhlngţ and anoLher sulLcase fllled wlLh Lhe leLLers she has senL hlmţ arranged
by daLe and Lled wlLh colored rlbbonsŦ 1hey are all unopenedŦ
°f|ys|s
1hls chapLer forms a corollary Lo Lhe maln narraLlveţ whlch ls prlmarlly concerned wlLh clarlfylng Lhe
facLs around SanLlago nasarƌs deaLhŦ 1he love sLory beLween Angela and 8ayardo ls LangenLlal Lo Lhe
ploL because lL does noL glve more lnformaLlon abouL Lhe murderŦ
1he sexlsm of Lhe characLersƌ world ls evldenced by Lhe Lownƌs vlew of 8ayardo san 8oman as Lhe
ulLlmaLe vlcLlm afLer loslng hls wlfeŦ Lven Lhough Angela vlcarlo loses a husbandţ ls beaLen by her
moLherţ and ls dlshonored for havlng premarlLal sexţ she does noL recelve Lhe same conslderaLlon as
8ayardoŦ
AL Lhe narraLlveƌs beglnnlngţ Márquez lncludes a quoLe by Cll vlncenLeť ƍ1he pursulL of love / ls llke
falconryŦƍ lalconry ls menLloned several Llmes ln Lhe narraLlveŦ 1he word ƍfalconryƍ refers Lo boLh Lhe
acLual pracLlce of hunLlng small game wlLh falcons and Lhe arL of Lralnlng Lhe falcons Lo hunLŦ 1he
deflnlLlons of Lhe word reflecL Lhe roles of 8ayardo and AngelaŦ ln Lhe beglnnlngţ 8ayardo ls hunLlng
Angela as Lhough she ls Lhe small gameŤ by leavlng herţ he Lralns her Lo hunLţ and she Lhen hunLs hlmŦ
1he leLLers LhaL Angela sends Lo 8ayardo explore Lhe noLlon of Lhe love leLLerŦ Whereas Lhe funcLlon
love leLLers ls LradlLlonally Lo express emoLlon or convey longlngţ 8ayardo does noL value Angelaƌs love
leLLers for Lhelr conLenLŦ 8y noL openlng any of Lhe love leLLersţ 8ayardo shows LhaL Lhe repeaLed acL of
sendlng a love leLLerţ raLher Lhan Lhe love leLLerƌs acLual conLenLţ demonsLraLes Lhe love LhaL Angela
feels for hlmŦ Love leLLers are ofLen formulalc and lnLerchangeableŤ Lhelr conLenL ls less persuaslve Lo
8ayardo Lhan Lhe facL LhaL Lhey conLlnue Lo arrlveŦ Pls aLLlLude makes Lhe love leLLers parL of Lhe rlLual
of loveţ and underscores hls relaLlonshlp wlLh Angela as anoLher rlLual wlLhln Lhe sLoryŦ
f½ter S
Summfry
1he narraLor says LhaL for yearsţ nobody could Lalk abouL anyLhlng buL Lhe murder of SanLlago nasarŦ
MosL people felL aL Lhe Llme LhaL Lhey couldnƌL lnLervene Loo much because lL was a maLLer of honorŦ
Þlaclda Llnero never forgave herself for mlxlng up Lhe bad omen of blrds wlLh Lhe good omen of Lrees ln
her sonƌs dreamţ and Lelllng her sonţ before hls deaLhţ LhaL hls dream boded good healLhŦ
1welve days afLer Lhe crlmeţ Lhe lnvesLlgaLlng maglsLraLe arrlvesŦ LveryLhlng Lhe narraLor knows abouL
hls characLer has been derlved from Lhe marglns of Lhe pages of Lhe brlef LhaL Lhe narraLor salvaged
LwenLy years laLer ln Lhe Þalace of !usLlceŦ
WhaL alarms Lhe maglsLraLe mosL ls LhaL Lhere ls noL a clue LhaL SanLlago nasar has Laken Angela
vlcarloƌs vlrglnlLyŦ Angela herself never speclfled how or whereţ buL lnslsLed LhaL he was Lhe perpeLraLorŦ
1he narraLorƌs personal vlewpolnL ls LhaL SanLlago nasar dled wlLhouL undersLandlng hls deaLhŦ
CrlsLo recalls LhaL as SanLlago and CrlsLo 8edoya walked Lhrough Lown on LhaL faLeful dayţ people were
sLarlng aL LhemŦ A man named ?amll Shalumţ sLood ln Lhe door of hls shop so LhaL when SanLlago passed
byţ he could warn hlm of Lhe planned murderŦ ?amll called CrlsLo 8edoya Lo see lf SanLlago had already
been warnedŦ CrlsLo lefL SanLlago Lo go Lalk Lo ?amllţ and SanLlago conLlnued on hls way home Lo change
cloLhes ln order Lo have breakfasL wlLh Lhe narraLorƌs slsLerŦ
As soon as ?amll relaLed Lhe vlcarlosƌ plan Lo CrlsLoţ CrlsLo ran Lo Lry and flnd SanLlagoŦ lranLlcţ he
checked SanLlagoƌs house on Lhe off chance LhaL he was already homeŦ SanLlago wasnƌL Lhereţ and CrlsLo
Look Lhe gun ouL of SanLlagoƌs nlghL Lable and sLuck lL ln hls belLţ noL reallzlng lL wasnƌL loadedŦ
1he people comlng back from Lhe docks began Lo Lake up poslLlons around Lhe square Lo wlLness Lhe
crlmeŦ CrlsLo 8edoya wenL lnLo Lhe soclal club and ran lnLo Colonel Lazaro AponLeţ and he Lold Lhe
Colonel whaL was golng onŦ 1he Colonel dld noL belleve hlm aL flrsL because he had Laken away Lhe
knlvesţ buL Lhen reallzed Lhey had goLLen oLher knlvesŦ 8uL because he was slow ln leavlng Lhe clubţ Lhe
crlme had been commlLLed by Lhe Llme he arrlvedŦ CrlsLo ran Lo hls own houseţ Lhlnklng LhaL maybe
SanLlago wenL Lo breakfasL wlLhouL changlng hls cloLhesŦ
Meanwhlleţ SanLlago nasar was ln Lhe house of llora Mlguelţ hls flanceeŦ She had heard abouL Lhe
planned kllllngţ and LhoughL LhaL even lf Lhey dldnƌL klll hlmţ he would be forced Lo marry Angela vlcarlo
ln order Lo glve her back her honorŦ She was upseL and humlllaLedţ and when SanLlago came ln she was
furlousŦ She handed hlm a box wlLh all of Lhe leLLers he had ever senL herŦ She Lold hlm LhaL she hoped
Lhey dld klll hlmţ and she wenL lnLo her room and locked Lhe doorŦ
SanLlagoƌs franLlc knocklng on her door woke everyone else upŦ nahlr Mlguelţ her faLherţ Lold SanLlago
LhaL Lhe vlcarlos wanLed Lo klll hlmŦ SanLlago saldţ ƍl donƌL undersLand a godŴdamned LhlngŦƍ Pe lefL Lhe
houseţ and sLarLed Lo head homeŦ CloLhllde ArmenLa yelled aL SanLlago Lo runţ and he ran Lhe flfLy yards
Lo hls fronL doorŦ Þlaclda Llneroţ SanLlagoƌs own moLherţ had [usL closed Lhe fronL door because ulvlna
llor lled Lo her and sald LhaL he was already home and had gone up Lo hls roomŦ
1he vlcarlo Lwlns caughL up wlLh hlm and began sLabblng hlmŦ AfLer hls enLralls had fallen ouL of hls
bodyţ he fell Lo hls kneesţ Lhen managed Lo sLandŦ Pe walked more Lhan a hundred yardsţ compleLely
around Lhe houseţ and wenL ln Lhrough Lhe klLchen doorţ and fell flaL on hls face ln hls klLchenŦ
°f|ys|s
1hls chapLer demonsLraLes Lhe compllclLy of Lhe Lown ln Lhe murder of SanLlagoţ and shows how Lhey
saw Lhemselves as specLaLors raLher Lhan acLorsŦ 1he dlvlslon beLween specLaLor and acLor ls blurred by
Lhe narraLorƌs roleŦ Pe hlmself acknowledges LhaL he ls noL absolved of blameŦ 8ecause Lhe narraLor ls a
parL of Lhe communlLy ln whlch Lhe murder Look placeţ he cannoL be an ob[ecLlve observerŦ 1he blurrlng
of [ournallsm and flcLlon ln Lhe sLory ls shown mosL clearly ln Lhe characLer of Lhe narraLor hlmselfţ slnce
he hardly dlscloses any reveallng lnformaLlonŦ ln many waysţ he ls Lhe mosL enlgmaLlc of all Lhe
characLersŦ
uesplLe Lhe narraLorƌs lnLervlews of Lown resldenLs LhroughouL Lhe sLoryţ and desplLe Lhe lnvesLlgaLlve
maglsLraLeƌs reporLţ Lhe narraLor does noL shed any new llghLţ LwenLy years laLerţ on Lhe murder of
SanLlago nasarŦ 1hls fallure Lo fully explaln evenLs shows LhaL Lhe ob[ecL of Lhe lnvesLlgaLlon Lo be noL
Lhe dlscovery of Lhe LruLhţ buL raLher Lhe deLermlnaLlon of how such a publlclzed deaLh could have
Laken placeŦ ln Lhe endţ Lhe reader ls lefL wlLh a serles of colncldencesţ momenLs of personal weaknessţ
and assumpLlons whose random varleLy evades any sorL of an overarchlng explanaLlon or undersLandlng
of Lhe crlmeŦ
1hroughouL Lhe novelţ Lhe narraLorƌs sLeady Lone and meLhod of progresslvely dlscloslng more
lnformaLlonţ leads us Lo Lhlnk LhaL Lhe LruLh ls abouL Lo be revealedŦ Lspeclally because Lhe narraLor
repeaLedly lnslsLs upon SanLlago nasarƌs lnnocenceţ Lhe reader feels LhaL Lhe Lrue ldenLlLy of whomever
Look Angela vlcarloƌs vlrglnlLy wlll be clear by Lhe end of Lhe bookŦ
1he absence of concluslon also lllusLraLes Lhe lmporLance of rlLual lncbtoolcle of o ueotb lotetolJŦ ln a
senseţ Lhe enLlre sLory ls a rlLual ln LhaL lL reŴenacLs Lhe murderţ wlLh no oLher resulL Lhan merely
showlng Lhe reader Lhe evenLs LhaL happened before and afLer Lhe evenLŦ
m½ortf°t Çuotft|o°s Lx½|f|°ed
ƍ1he broLhers were broughL up Lo be menŦ 1he glrls were broughL up Lo be marrledŦ 1hey knew how Lo
do screen embrolderyţ sew by machlneţ weave bone laceţ wash and lronţ make arLlflclal flowers and
fancy candyţ and wrlLe engagemenL announcemenLsŧ my moLher LhoughL Lhere were no beLLerŴreared
daughLersŦ ƌ1heyƌre perfecLţƌ she was frequenLly heard Lo sayŦ ƌAny man wlll be happy wlLh Lhem because
Lheyƌve been ralsed Lo sufferŦƌƍ
LxplanaLlon for CuoLaLlon 1 ƽƽ
1hls excerpL shows Lhe severlLy of Lhe llves women lead ln Lhe reserved Colomblan culLure of Lhe LownŦ
1he narraLor descrlbes Lhe upbrlnglng of Angela vlcarlo and her slbllngsŦ Women are noL allowed Lo geL
[obs or follow Lhelr own dreamsŤ Lhelr llves are bounded on all sldes by LradlLlon and Lhe expecLaLlon Lo
geL marrled and have famlllesŦ All of Lhe chores Lhey are LaughL Lo doŴwashlngţ maklng flowersŴare
household choresŦ A womanƌs worLhlness as a wlfe was measured by her beauLy ln con[uncLlon wlLh her
ablllLy Lo gracefully run all aspecLs of a householdŦ 1he ldea LhaL Lhe woman ln a marrlage ls expecLed Lo
suffer ls slgnlflcanLŴno woman enLers marrlage expecLlng Lo be happlness unless she ls forLunaLe enough
Lo love whlchever man decldes Lo courL herŦ ln Lhls Spanlsh culLureţ unllke WesLern culLureţ marrlage ls
noL based on loveŦ
Close


ƍÞedro vlcarloţ Lhe more forceful of Lhe broLhersţ plcked her up by Lhe walsL and saL her on Lhe dlnlng
room LableŦ ƌAll rlghLţ glrlţƌ he sald Lo herţ Lrembllng wlLh rageţ ƌLell us who lL wasŦƌ She only Look Lhe Llme
necessary Lo say Lhe nameŦ She looked for lL ln Lhe shadowsţ she found lL aL flrsL slghL among Lhe manyţ
many easlly confused names from Lhls world and Lhe oLherţ and she nalled lL Lo Lhe wall wlLh her wellŴ
almed darLţ llke a buLLerfly wlLh no wlll whose senLence has always been wrlLLenŦ ƌSanLlago nasarţƌ she
saldŦ
LxplanaLlon for CuoLaLlon 2 ƽƽ
1hls quoLeţ Laken from Lhe end of Lhe second chapLerţ descrlbes Lhe scene when Angela Lells her
broLhers who Look her vlrglnlLyŦ 1hls evenL demonsLraLes Lhe escaplsL amblgulLy of Márquezƌs wrlLlng
sLyle LhaL runs Lhrough Lhe book as a wholeŦ
1he lmage of a buLLerfly plnned Lo a wall ls symbollc of boLh SanLlago nasarƌs slLuaLlon and of Angela
vlcarloƌsŦ Cnce she has proclalmed LhaL SanLlago ls Lhe one who Look her vlrglnlLyţ hls faLeţ llke her ownţ
becomes bounded by culLural moresŦ Angela vlcarlo herself was plnned by oLher darLsŸlf she dld noL
glve her broLhers a nameţ Lhey would have become furlous aL her for proLecLlng Lhe man who had
dlshonored herŦ She ƍplnsƍ SanLlago wlLh her wordsţ buL she herself ls ƍplnnedƍ by Lhe sexlsm of Lhe
culLureŦ
Márquezƌs descrlpLlon of Angelaƌs LhoughL process as she spoke SanLlagoƌs name ls lnLeresLlng because
he suggesLs LhaL many namesţ noL only of people who are allveţ buL of people who have passed awayţ
come Lo herŦ 1he lmage of Lhe buLLerfly palred wlLh Lhe evocaLlon of llvlng and dead names floaLlng
around ln Angelaƌs mlnd ls a somewhaL whlmslcal and fanLasLlcalŦ 1hls use of maglc reallsm ln cbtoolcle
of o ueotb lotetolJ works agalnsL Lhe [ournallsLlc sLyle of Lhe novel as a whole and obscures whaL ls
acLually golng onŦ 1he reader ls presenLed wlLh a surreal verslon of whaL Angela LhoughLţ buL never flnds
ouL lf whaL she sald was LrueŦ



ƍWeƌd been LogeLher aL Marla Ale[andrlna CervanLesƌ house unLll afLer Lhreeţ when she herself senL Lhe
muslclans away and Lurned ouL Lhe llghLs ln Lhe danclng courLyard so LhaL her pleasurable mulaLLo glrls
could geL some resLŧMarla Ale[andrlna CervanLes was Lhe mosL eleganL and Lhe mosL Lender woman l
have ever knownţ and Lhe mosL servlceable ln bedţ buL she was also Lhe sLrlcLesLŦ Sheƌd been born and
reared hereţ and here she llvedţ ln a house wlLh open doorsţ wlLh several rooms for renL and an
enormous courLyard for danclng llL by lanLern gourds boughL ln Lhe Chlnese bazaars of ÞaramarlboŦƍ
LxplanaLlon for CuoLaLlon 3 ƽƽ
1hls quoLeţ Laken from Lhe mlddle of Lhe Lhlrd chapLerţ hlghllghLs anoLher way LhaL maglc reallsm works
wlLhln Lhe narraLlveŦ Marla Ale[andrlna CervanLes ls a whoreţ buL Lhe descrlpLlon of her persona and her
home does noL seem Lo condemn her or her glrls for Lhelr professlonţ whlch comes as a surprlse ln a
culLure LhaL censors womenƌs sexuallLy so sLrlcLlyŦ ln Lhe novelţ Marla ls noL deplcLed as a shameful
woman wlLh a dlrLy professlonţ buL as a beauLlful woman who LaughL all Lhe men of Lhe communlLy
abouL sexŦ lL seems LhaL women ln Lhls Colomblan culLure can elLher accepL Lhe sLrlcL soclal codes
governlng Lhelr sexuallLyţ or Lhey can compleLely dlscard LhemŤ no lnŴbeLween ls presenLedŦ
Márquezƌs lncorporaLlon of deLalls such as Lhe muslclansţ Lhe danclng courLyardţ and Lhe lanLerns all
make Marlaƌs house seem llke some sorL of paradlse wlLh colored lampsŤ lL seems a far cry from Lhe
neon glow of a red llghL dlsLrlcL ln a clLyŦ 1hls lllumlnaLlon of Lhe mundane by means of almosL
fanLasLlcal lmagery ls noLable ln Lhls lnsLance because lL pralses someLhlng LhaL ls usually degradedŦ
Márquezƌs use of maglcal reallsm allows hlm Lo avold lnvoklng LradlLlonal culLural percepLlons when he
so deslresţ and presenL reallLy ln a refreshlng way Lo Lhe readerŦ
Close


ƍ ƌ1he LruLh ls l dldnƌL know whaL Lo doţƌ he Lold meŦ ƌMy flrsL LhoughL was LhaL lL wasnƌL any buslness of
mlne buL someLhlng for Lhe clvll auLhorlLlesţ buL Lhen l made up my mlnd Lo say someLhlng ln passlng Lo
Þlaclda LlneroŦƌ ?eL when he crossed Lhe squareţ heƌd forgoLLen compleLelyŦ ƌ?ou have Lo undersLandţƌ he
Lold meţ ƍLhaL Lhe blshop was comlng LhaL dayŦƌƍ
LxplanaLlon for CuoLaLlon 4 ƽƽ
1hls quoLe ls Laken from Lhe end of Lhe Lhlrd chapLerŤ Lhe speaker ls laLher AmadorŦ laLher Amador ls
an example of Lhe many auLhorlLy flgures who all had Lhe power Lo sLop Lhe crlmeţ buL ended up belng
compleLely lneffecLlve ln prevenLlng lLŦ 1he blshopţ Lhe prlesLţ a pollce offlcerţ and Lhe Colonel had all
been warned LhaL SanLlago nasar was golng Lo be murderedţ and yeL none of Lhem Look Lhls news
serlously enough Lo Lake effecLlve prevenLaLlve acLlonŦ
1he book calls Lhe soŴcalled ƍauLhorlLyƍ of Lhese characLers lnLo quesLlonŦ 1hey all fall noL only Lo rlse
above culLural pre[udlces and personal weaknessţ buL also Lo recognlze Lhe severlLy of Lhe evenL LhaL
was abouL Lo occurŦ 1helr fallure allows Lhe Lownƌs vlew Lo prevallŦ Þrudencla CoLes lllusLraLes Lhe gravlLy
LhaL Lhe Lownspeople afforded maLLers of honor when she Lells us LhaL she would noL have marrled
Þablo vlcarlo lf he had noL kllled SanLlago nasarŦ And afLer Lhe murderţ Lhe offlclal verdlcL seemed Lo
lndlcaLe LhaL Lhe vlcarlosƌ acLlon was [usLŴLhe Lwlns were only senLenced Lo Lhree years ln prlsonŦ
Close


ƍShe wroLe a weekly leLLer for over half a llfeLlmeŦ ƌSomeLlmes l couldnƌL Lhlnk of whaL Lo sayţƌ she Lold
meţ dylng wlLh laughLerţ ƌbuL lL was enough for me Lo know LhaL he was geLLlng LhemŦƌ AL flrsL Lhey were
a flanceeƌs noLesţ Lhen llLLle messages from a secreL loverţ perfumed cards from a furLlve sweeLhearLţ
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Lo nobodyŦƍ
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