Total eclipse phase Initial phase: partial eclipse Sun is partially obscured by the moon because they are

not exactly alli gned. Initially sun is gettting smaller because it is gradually being blocked by the moon. Sky becomes darker. 1 2 3 Reaches total darkness during total eclipse for a few minutes or seconds. Later, sun becomes bigger, sky becomes brighter because the moon is gradually unblocking the sun. Stars are visi ble 2 3 4 Eerie atmosphere Earth Final phase: partial eclipse Moon's path Moon

Revolution of moon around the earth

Light travelling in a straight line

Earth Su n

Moon Earth's orbit

Sun Earth's path

b

c
Su n Moon Earth

Su n

Moon in shadow of earth

Revolution of earth around the sun

a

Caused by

Earth

Moon

2

1

Occurs when earth is between the moon and the sun in a straight line

Moon's orbit

People at region B and C experience partial eclipse, not total darkness

Sequence

Sky is dark like nighttime 1

Temperature falls slightly Animals' activities changes as if it were nighttime Do not look directly at the sun during the solar eclipse. 1 2 Sun's bright rays can damage the eye permanently

OCCURS WHEN THE EARTH, MOON AND SUN ARE POSITIONED IN A STRAIGHT LINE

Occurs only during the full moon Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the moon

Earth blocks sunlight

1

2 3 4

Earth's shadow falls on the moon

Scenario On Earth
Bright ring (corona), is the part of sun not obscured by the moo n

5

A
YEAR 6 UNIT 6

c
The dark circle is the moon blocking the sun

d e

ECLIPSE OF THE MOON

5

Seen with naked eye from side of earth experiencing night time

B
6
a
Earth has 2 shadow regions: (1) Lighter shadow (Penumbra) (2) Darker shadow (Umbra)
Lighter shadow (penumbra)

TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN

f

Precaution
3

b
People in this region (A) experiences total darkness

Use special glasses to look at solar eclipse or look at the image of the sun on water

EC LIPSES (1/1)

a

4

C
ECLIPSE OF THE SUN
Sequence

Occurs at the region where the dark umbra falls on the surface of the earth Total eclipse at A Partial eclipse at B

TOTAL AND PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE MOON

Darker shadow (umbra)

c

b

Lighter shadow (penumbra)

Penumbra Umbra Penumbra

B A C

3 2

1
A B C

Partial eclipse at C

Position B: Position A: Partial eclipse Full moon Position C: Total eclipse Position D: Partial eclipse Position E: Full moon

rbit 's o oon M

Totally dark shadow (umbra) and a lighter shadow (penumbra) are formed when the moon blocks the sunlight from reaching the earth

Occurs only during the day

Occurs when moon is between the earth and the sun in a straight line E
Penumbra Moon Earth

D

E

D

C

B

A

Su n

Umbra