History of the Internet The first internet was ARPANET, it was made up of 37 computers.

These computers were so large that they took up whole rooms. The reason for ARPANET was that if we went into nuclear war, and one of the lines became damaged the signals could go down another path. After some time they made a second internet called MILNET. The reason for MILNET was that colleges and universities had taken over ARPNET to exchange and access data between schools; MILNET on the other hand was designed for military use only. Finally they created a third internet which was called NSFNET. This portion of the internet was developed by the National Science Foundation. It had 5 supercomputers where scholars could get access to the latest technology in supercomputers. NSFNET eventually became so popular that it took over the functions of ARPNET. By 1994 U.S. government control of the internet had been replaced by commercial internet networks or IP networks. These networks were operated by big corporations such as IBM, Sprint and Alternet. Outside the U.S.A. many other IP networks have formed making the internet world wide. The History of... The Internet The Internet started when the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the United States Defense Department began a network called ARPANET in 1969. In 1973, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) initiated a research program to investigate techniques and technologies for interlinking packet networks of various kinds. The objective was to develop communication protocols which would allow networked computers to communicate transparently across multiple, linked packet networks. This was called the Internetting project and the system of networks which emerged from the research was known as the "Internet." The system of protocols which was developed over the course of this research effort became known as the TCP/IP Protocol Suite, after the two initial protocols developed: Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP). The Internet was conceived in the 1960s as a tool to link university and government research centers via a nationwide network that would allow a wide variety of computers to exchange information and share resources. The engineering challenges were manifold and complex, beginning with the design of a packet switching network-a system that could make computers communicate with each other without the need for a traditional central system. Other challenges included the design of the machines, data exchange protocols, and software to run it. What eventually grew out of this endeavor is a miraculous low-cost technology that is swiftly and dramatically changing the world. It is available to people at home, in schools and universities, and in public libraries and "cyber cafes." The Internet is not owned or controlled by any company, corporation, or nation. It connects people in 65 countries instantaneously through computers, fiber

and phone lines. and discuss everything from apples to zoology. find a restaurant in Oregon or a cheap flight to Paris. play games. and research and educational pursuits. the consumer industry. business practices. Most popular websites: Worldwide internet usage: . and helped a man in Iowa find a lost family member in Brazil.optics. It is changing cultural patterns. It helps people keep up to date on world events. satellites. It has marshaled support for human rights in suppressed nations. saved the life of a child in Beijing.

coaxial cable.What is the internet? What is the Internet? The Internet. . is the large group of millions of computers around the world that are all connected to one another. These computers are connected by phone lines. satellites. in simplest terms. When you log on to the Internet you are given access to many of the other computers that are connected around the world. and wireless connections. fiber optic lines.