Lynette Wallace




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From the Editors Desk
The Highlands Way is published every quarter and is an online publication only. Issue No, 2 Summer Edition 2011 CREATIVE DIRECTOR:
Nicky Alekna, Richard Alekna Nicky Alekna

Kerry Miller


Nicky Alekna Email: Ncky Alekna, Richard Alekna Ph: 02 4861 7792 Email: Lynette Wallace, Pixel Photography EDITORIAL & ADVERTISING INQUIRIES Ph: 4861 7792 Shop 7/380 Bong Bong St Bowral, NSW 2576 PO Box, 573 Bowral, NSW 2576

Nicky Alekna, Richard Alekna,






elcome to yet another edition of The Highlands Way. Its amazing how quickly the time goes. Before you blink the year is over, and once again Christmas is upon us. We do apologise that this issue has taken longer than expected, but as most of you already know, we have opened a new store front on the main st of Bowral called The Sell Block. And of course setting up shop, can take a lot out of your time. But we have finally got there. In this, our summer edition we have some terrific stories. Read how our good friend Eliza from Eshalot Restaurant in Berrima started her artistic career with her Charcoal Impressions. Also grab some great gardening tips from the none other than our Constant Gardener Justin Longhurst from Gardens R Us. Also we have a couple of great articles with a couple of the local residents of The Southern Highlands on their very unique and interesting hobbies. We do hope that you enjoy this issue of The Highlands Way. We are always keen to receive any feedback that you have to give. Please if you have anything that you would like published or would like to see published please contact us in the office (store front) and we will assist you in any way that we can. Everyone here at The Highlands Way would like to wish everyone a Very Merry Christmas and a safe and happy New Year. Cheers



© 2011-2012 All material both written and photographic within this publication is copyright to the publishers and reproduction in any form is not permitted without the express or written permission from the publication. The Highlands Way magazine is a division of My Voice Industries Pty Ltd . The Highlands Way does not accept responsibility for any artwork contributed from an outside source.

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Booklet Pr intout




On the Cover
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The Dentalist: Dr Lynette Wallace BDS Hons Syd is one of our Regular Contributors The Constant Gardener: Justin Longhurst at Gardens R Us , Bowral Highland Hobbyists: Neil Green with his minature gaming figurines. Bong Bong Picnic Races: Some local snaps from the day

In the Studio with Eliza

Feature Story


My Life ’s ith Piano W
Ron Crai g


Visit our


Liz & Aaron having family photos with Pixel Photography and Design at the Moss Vale Studio.


Last Week I bought the Ipad 2, and I’m glad I did. With the right connections I am able to plug my ipad straight into my Tv using my HDMI connection and I am ready to use my television as my monitor. The Internet and my mobile movies have just got a whole lot better. Unfortunately no one in The Southern Highlands actually sells any MAC products, lets hope someone does soon. Never the less you are able to buy them through the apple mac web site, or I have to say, you will have to travel to Sydney to one of the Apple Mac stores. I certainly recommend the ipad2, its fun, light and useful for the whole family. Plug it straight into your mac desktop top or perhaps your laptop and download all your favourite apps. I give the iPad 2 | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 7

Charcoal Impressions


or local artist, Eliza Overduin, success has come as an unexpected surprise – in spite of her strong artistic heritage.

Eliza recalls a childhood filled with art. Her father, Henk Overduin, was a successful graphic designer. Although his work was commercial, this was before the advent of computers. Eliza remembers clearly how everything was done by hand “He was amazing”, she says. So talented, in fact, that his work was recognized at a very young age. “It’s an incredible story!”. As she smilingly recounts the events leading to her father’s own artistic career, it’s impossible not to agree! As a child growing up in Holland, young Henk loved to draw and would often be found sketching in the local park. One particular day, when he was just 8 years old, the Dutch royal family happened to be strolling in the same park. The Queen and princesses spied his work, and were so taken by his talent that they paid his tuition fees to study at a specialist art university. As a result of their patronage, he became the university’s youngest ever graduate. The war years and his active involvement in the Dutch Resistance forced Henk to leave Holland, eventually settling in Australia. His artistic gifts then became his bread and butter over the following decades, enabling him to support his wife and growing family – including, of course, Eliza. Eliza’s own love affair with drawing goes back as far as she can remember. At school, she chose to study art for her HSC. Her eyes sparkle as she tells the story of her HSC major work. “As part of our studies,” she recalls “we had to choose an influencing artist to research.” Eliza chose to study M.C. Escher, the famous Dutch artist whose incredible graphic and tonal works in black and white are now world famous. After about 6 months of studying Escher, Eliza happened to leave a reference book about him lying open on the table at home. “Ahh, Escher,” commented her father “He was a very nice man.” Eliza was stunned! “What do you mean? Did you know him?” “He was my teacher.” Apparently Henk had not only been taught by the famous Escher, but had regularly shared meals at his home and considered him a good friend. Eliza went on to complete design college and has continued to create her own works, although until relatively recently it was simply for her own pleasure. These days, Eliza’s charcoal prints can be found hanging as far away as Chicago and the UK. She is aware of her original works hanging in nearly every state in Australia. Most of these are owned by people who have visited the highlands and taken her work back with them, although more and more of her work is being

sold online through her website. Eliza discovered her love of charcoal drawing while still at design school. One of the course components was nude drawing using charcoal. She says that she fell completely in love with the medium. She loved the response, texture and feel of the charcoal, the getting messy – the whole experience. And her work must have been good! The school offered to buy it. Although, laughingly, Eliza admits that she didn’t let them and still has those first charcoal works. Eliza sold her first charcoal print only 8 years ago – and this was quite by coincidence. She says she had been painting for pleasure for a while, and felt the urge to get back to drawing. She had some charcoal in the house, so she spread her materials out on the kitchen floor and began. She says it was “like a whirlwind”, and she kept going until she had created 3 enormous charcoal works. When she had finished, she loved the results, and decided to have them framed. Only a short time later, Eliza and her partner held a house warming party. A guest saw the framed charcoals hanging on the walls, and immediately offered to buy them. Unwilling to part with them, Eliza agreed to create some more, similar prints. The resulting series of 6 works sold for two thousand dollars, and Eliza’s career as a professional artist was born. Some time later Eliza’s partner, Richard, asked if he could use one of her charcoals to “fill a blank space” on his restaurant wall. Eliza reluctantly agreed, and the work sold the following day. What began as something coincidental and unplanned, has developed into a busy career and Eliza now

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devotes an average of three full days a week to her art. Eliza’s preferred subjects these days are flowers and nudes, which she finds are quite similar to draw. She enjoys working with the curved lines and tonal qualities of both. She works with a variety of other subjects, however, for commissioned artworks. She enjoys drawing just about anything, although apart from one hanging in her home of her father, Eliza has never attempted portraits in charcoal. She does, however, do them in pencil. All of Eliza’s charcoal prints are originals. She often repeats the same image multiple times, however each one is drawn completely by hand, and no two are exactly alike. The tonal detail of the charcoal is very time consuming. She estimates that her larger works take around 80 hours to complete. In addition, charcoal marks, once made, cannot be erased. Because of this, one wrong mark can mean starting the whole piece again. Eliza is so passionate about her work, that she has been known to draw for 12 hour stretches without a break. She admits to being unable to sleep, if there is a problem with an artwork she has not been able to resolve. She needs to go back to the studio and get it “just right” before she can go to bed. Her studio is filled with unsigned work that she does not consider good enough to sell. “I only sell stuff I absolutely love”, she says. Judging from the popularity of her beautiful images, there are a lot of other people who love it, too! If you would like to see more of Eliza’s art, you can view herportfolio, or contact Eliza via her website:

Merry Christmas

We Wish Everyone a very Merry Christmas and a Safe and Prosperous New Year
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When is the best time for Orthodontic Treatment of Your Child?
Traditionally we were told not to bother going to see about straightening your children’s teeth until all the adult teeth were through which is about 12 years of age. With modern treatments based on better understanding of a child’s growth and development, we understand there is a bit more to orthodontics than just moving the teeth, In certain circumstances, orthodontics is started earlier to achieve a better facial balance. In the modern approach to orthodontics, there are three distinct phases of development we assess to determine when or if early treatment is going to result in better facial balance and a more stable outcome, with less chance of relapse after orthodontics is completed. Phase 1. Early treatment aimed at breaking habits such as thumb sucking, cross bite, a child with a tongue thrust, anything which if treated early enough would allow facial growth to go back to normal. Phase 2 Second phase of treatment is called orthopaedics, which is guidance of growth aimed at the boney architecture. Usually children between 7 and 9 who have a narrow upper jaw and do not have enough room to accommodate their teeth. At that age it is quite easy to develop the jaw to make space to allow the teeth to come through.

We can break orthodontic treatment down into 3 distinct phases, not all children will need all three phases of treat- Phase 3 ment. The third phase of treatment which most parents would be familiar with is orthodontics, which relies Clearly now more can be done before the eruption of the upon movement of teeth with all the adult teeth bepermanent teeth, if we look at facial growth and eruption ing present. of teeth, by the time all of the permanent teeth have erupted we have completed most of our facial growth. If we are Every child won’t need all three phases of treatlooking at influencing facial growth we need to start our ment, but certainly those children with facial imtreatment earlier while the growth is occurring. Growth balance or not enough room for eruption of their patterns such as narrow jaws, gummy smiles, receded teeth would benefit from the earlier treatments to chins benefit from early treatment. get a better treatment result, simplify overall treatment and shorten treatment times.

This is one herb that I do not use much, but after reading this I am going to grow some this summer and use it for my hair, circulation, digestion and memory. Use rosemary leaves for glossy hair and good circulation. Rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis) is a wonderful smelling, multi- purpose herb; the leaves of which have been used in traditional cures for centuries. The herb stimulates hair growth and makes hair smell delightful. Rosemary is said to enhance the memory by improving blood circulation.

Rosemary for hair
Rosemary tea can be used as a conditioning hair rinse. The herb will help to combat dandruff, and rosemary vinegar applied to the hair will make hair gloriously glossy (especially dark hair). Combined with horsetail, rosemary is said to aid hair loss recovery in cases where hair loss has been due to stress and worry. Rosemary tea recipe for hair: Pour a cup of boiling water over two to three teaspoons of fresh or dried rosemary leaves, cover and allow to steep for 10 minutes or so. Drink two cups of rosemary tea a day to prevent hair loss through poor circulation and to stimulate growth after an event such as chemotherapy. Rosemary vinegar recipe: Take 25g rosemary (fresh) and add to 1 liter of cider vinegar. Allow to steep in the vinegar for two weeks then strain, bottle in a glass bottle, date and label. Use 2 dessert spoons in final rinsing water after washing hair. To fight dandruff, massage the rosemary vinegar into the scalp 20 minutes before washing.

More uses

For poor circulation, take rosemary regularly. It is a useful addition for conditions associated with cold and poor circulation. Use as an infused oil for massage of cold limbs, aches and pains. Rosemary has a reputation for improving memory – researches have found that rosemary contains carnosic acid, which can fight off free radical damage to the brain. In addition to improving memory, it would seem that rosemary can protect the brain from strokes and conditions such as Alzheimer’s Disease. One of the properties of rosemary is to lift the spirits and it is useful in cases of depression. Add 15 drops rosemary oil to a warm bath to ease muscular tension, improve circulation and boost the spirits. The herb is useful in cases of poor digestion, gall bladder inflammation and general feelings of being liverish. Rosemary is useful as a gargle for sore throats. Rosemary oil blends well with oils such as frankincense, basil, thyme, bergamot, lavender, cedarwood, cypress and spice oils such as cinnamon, clove, ginger and black pepper. Caution: Avoid in large doses during pregnancy. Rosemary is not suitable for people with epilepsy or high blood pressure.
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Rosemary Remedies
The Magic of Rosemary
Rosemary is bound to Sun and Fire. It’s presence on the body is said to aid in memory and learning. Try putting a sprig in your pocket before an examination, meeting, or other situation where mental clarity is important. Rosemary is also thought to be a protective herb. It can be made into a protection wreath, and can be placed above the door or under the bed for protection from evil. Try it in a dream pillow or put it in a pillowcase to protect and ward off bad dreams. As a cleansing and purifying agent in magic, Rosemary is one of the more important herbs. It can be used in herbal baths - place it in cheesecloth or a coffee filter tied with string and place it under the running bath water. If time is a factor, use it to wash the hands instead of the ritual bath in advance of performing rituals. Rosemary was associated with love, friendship, and remembrance in Medieval times. It was used in weddings as a symbol of love, and was tossed into graves to signify that the deceased would be remembered. Try burning it as an incense for these purposes. Burning also is believed to help with healing, especially if burned with Juniper. Lastly, and not surprisingly, the fragrance of Rosemary is said to be of benefit as far as emotional spirit, youthful outlook, and pleasant memories. Use it in potpourris and sachets for this purpose. Rosemary has been around for a long time, and therefore has a long list of claims regarding its medicinal uses, including use as a tonic, a digestive aid, to treat depression, headaches, and muscle spasms, and as an expectorant, promoter of menstrual flow, and stimulant for production of bile. Externally, its oil made into an ointment has been said to treat rheumatism, sores, eczema, bruises, and wounds. Rosemary taken internally as a medicine can be an irritant to the stomach, intestines, and kidneys, so use it sparingly. Make Rosemary tea for digestive problems, as an expectorant, to relieve cold symptoms, and as a relaxing beverage that may be helpful for headaches and low moods. Take care to preserve the steam with a tight fitting lid in the preparation process. Interestingly, an infusion of Rosemary mixed with borax and used cold is said to make a nice-smelling hair wash that can possibly prevent dandruff and stimulate hair growth. A variation of this (for dandruff) is Rosemary combined with Mint in vinegar (place the sprigs in a bottle that can be tightly sealed, and let sit for at least a week out of direct sunlight).

It is always best to seek medical advice whem symptons persist | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 15

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”Highland Lady” ‘Boutique,s in Moss Vale, are one of the Highlands best kept secrets. Its a Aladdin,s Cave for the fashion conscious woman. Specializing in exclusive Ladies Wear and Accessories for all occasions. We cater for all ages and sizes and are stockists of a large range of quality brands and styles .With new stock arriving weekly. Located in the Moss Vale Mall opposite the local newsagent. there is easy parking close by.

”Highland Lady” ‘Boutiques in Moss Vale, are one of the Highlands’ best kept secrets. It’s an Aladdin’s Cave for the fashion conscious woman, specializing in exclusive Ladies Wear and accessories for all occasions. We cater for all ages and sizes and are stockists of a large range of quality brands and styles, with new stock arriving weekly. Located in the Moss Vale Mall opposite the local newsagent. Easy parking close by. Shops 9 & 12 Moss Vale Mall, Argyle St Moss Vale, 2577

Ph: 4868 2675 | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 17

At VFS we run • • • • • • • Personal Training (Strength & Conditioning, MMA Fitness, Kick Boxing) Group Strength & conditioning classes Kids Fitness classes MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) classes Judo for Adults and Kids Ju Jitsu Mantis MMA

Vanguard is personal fitness training with a difference. Achieve real results through a system of functional exercise that trains your body to do what it should do best... move! No matter what your age or current level of fitness, or whether you are training for a sport, or for overall health benefits, the Vanguard system will have you out and about doing things you never thought possible. Vanguard’s Alex Barrios is highly trained and fully accredited: • • • • • • Federation of International sports, Aerobics and Fitness Certified Certificate III (Gym Instructor) Certificate IV (Personal Trainer) Certified Punchfit Trainer Certified Twist Sports Conditioning Coach Ten years martial arts experience in Judo and Ju Jitsu

Now is the time to take the first step towards improved fitness and well-being.

For more information on Vanguards individual and group training programs call Alex on 0400 430 573, or email your enquiry to

“Vanguard Fitness Studio (VFS) is a studio devoted to results. Whether it be Personal Training to lose weight, Strength and conditioning sessions for fitness or Martial Arts classes to become a pro fighter; we at VFS are dedicated to everyone that comes to train. Ultimately fitness is earned through hard work, motivation and discipline, just walk in the door and we will do the rest.“

Vanguard Fitness Training Call Alex 0400 430 573


ail: Web: www

words, “Is here to stay”. Justin has certainly managed to propagate his love of gardening, and has passed it on to his community, business associates, friends and family alike. He has trained two apprentices, both of whom were awarded “apprentice of the year”. In his role as manager of Gardens R Us, Justin dispenses gardening advice on a daily basis. And his family? Justin has passed his gardening passion and know-how on to them too. His children have all grown to be keen gardeners as well! Justin even has his own short radio segment. You can tune in to 2ST (102.9 fm), every Thursday morning at 8:05, to hear Justin’s cheery voice and gardening advice. For Justin and the team at Gardens R Us, their work is as much about connecting with the community, as it is about their love of gardening. There are three qualified Horticulturists on staff, each with their own area of expertise. Justin comments that they all have customers who have been regular visitors to the store for many years, becoming more like friends than “clients”. The team’s commitment to community has extended further, with “Community Charity Days” being held in the past, in support of causes such as Rainbow, and the Children’s Foundation. The donation of a percentage of profits, along with money raised from sausage sizzles and other activities benefits a good cause, and the days have been great fun for the local community too. Justin’s contributions to gardening, and to the Southern Highlands community have long been appreciated by those who know him, and he has recently received some official recognition. In 2010, Justin was nominated for the award of “Leading Bowral businessman” and this year, to his delight, he was awarded “Funniest Boss of the Year”.


ou may have spotted his trademark grin at Bowral’s “Gardens ‘R Us”, or even heard him on his regular radio spot on 2ST, having a bit of fun whilst sharing gardening tips. One thing is certain; Justin Longhurst really IS a constant gardener – and his enthusiasm is contagious! As a child growing up in Goulburn, Justin grew plants and entered his produce in the Goulburn show. Continuing to follow his passion, he went on to study Horticulture at Hawkesbury Agricultural College. Then, in his early 20’s, Justin gained cold climate experience in a London nursery. On his return to Sydney, Justin began work as a horticulturist at Gardens R Us and has been with them ever since. 18 years ago, he moved to Bowral, where he continues to live and work. Justin loves the Highlands and, in his own
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Justin’s Tips For Summer Gardening: • It’s not too late to plant strawberries, salad vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, capsicum and chillis, eggplants and zucchinis. There are also plenty of summer herbs that will still do well; basil, coriander and parsley, to name a few. Some plants will quickly bolt to seed during hot weather. Spinach, lettuce, and herbs such as basil and coriander will often do this. Keeping them from drying out may help reduce the problem, and staggered plantings will help ensure a continuous supply. Flowers that can be planted to ensure summer colour in your garden, include petunias, snapdragons, cornflowers, lysianthus, begonias and marigolds. Fruit trees, passionfruit, and berries such as raspberries and blueberries are still available, and should be almost ready to fruit. If you are planting perennials, make sure you choose plants that are frost tolerant, so that when the weather does cool, they will continue to do well.

Gardens R Us are open from 8:30 till 5, 7 days. As well as a full range of plants that are in season and suited to Highlands conditions, they carry a variety of pots, statues and other garden supplies – all competitively priced.

Ph: 4861 3331

All Enqiries

Gardens R Us are also the stockist for the famous and unique webber bbq’s. Please call in and have a look at our great range.

hair design
Patrick and his innovative professional team work their magic to create an unforgettable salon experience in a friendly relaxed atmosphere.

Suite 104, Springetts Arcade, Bong Bong Street, Bowral Nsw 2576

Tele : 02 4861 1115 Email :

By Pixel Photography & Design Ph: 4861 7792

Home Renovation Tips
Renovating – it’s either something that excites you, or something that fills you with fear. No matter what side of the fence you’re on, there are some hints and tips to ensure that your renovation goes as smoothly as possible.

How to Get What You Want
The key to getting what you want is to do plenty of research. Books, magazines, and display homes are all excellent avenues for finding out the latest trends, or simply for getting ideas that will suit your space. If you find the choice overwhelming, an interior designer, interior decorator or architect will be able to help you. It is fine to include your own personal style in your renovation – after all, you’re the one that will live in it! – but it is prudent to consider the people who will be buying your property when you do decide to sell. Opting for colours and materials that are fairly neutral will maximise resale value. You can put your own stamp on the place via removable items such as curtains, furniture, and artwork. possibilities in this range include personal loans, lines of credit, home equity loans, and mortgages. How much money you spend on your renovation should depend on if you plan to live in your home when the work is completed or to sell it for a profit. You do not want to overcapitalise. Once you know how much you can afford, it is a great idea to draw up a list of what you want to do, in order of preference. To get a realistic idea of what you can get for your money, ask two architects and two contractors to look at your home and provide you with estimates. Once you have the figures, strike a balance between solving your needs and achieving the appropriate quality of work while still staying within your budget. If you can’t get to everything at one time, it may be best to postpone some renovations until a later date, when you will have more money. This is better than doing everything to a poor standard.

What Should You Renovate?
To get the most bang for your buck, carefully choose the rooms that you are going to renovate. Money is usually generally well spent in improving the look and function of kitchens, bathrooms, the master bedroom and the living areas. Don’t fixate on any one area however. Look for flexibility – create areas that can be used in more than one way. Also research what works well in your local area. If you live in a leafy suburb – an open plan family room that leads onto a deck will be very desirable.

Choosing the Contractor – How to Get it Right
When starting a renovating project, it is important to get the best contractor that you can afford. This is one area where it is best to go for quality. Also make sure that you are comfortable with the building renovation contractor. This will make it easy for you to share any concerns or issues with them. Always check that they are correctly licensed, and that you have a written contract that outlines all the terms of the work, including materials to be used, the time for the work to be completed, and the costs. Read

The Most Important Factor – The Budget
The budget is the deciding factor in any renovation. Before signing any contracts, sort out your finances. Outside finance is the choice for many people and

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the contract before you sign it, and be sure that you understand it. Take it to a solicitor if necessary, as anything that is not on the contract will become your responsibility. Before beginning anything, check that you have all of the permits needed. If you don’t have the right permits, insurance will not cover you should anything go wrong. Your contractor can help with this.

bathroom, if necessary. Renovations are known for being noisy, so inform your neighbours of the expected work schedules and try to keep noise to the acceptable hours of the day. renovating_hints_and_tips

Can You Live in Your Home?
During the renovation, it may become awkward for you to live in your home. Talk to the contractor about the schedule of work to be done. Knowing when certain tasks are being completed will allow you to plan around them and minimise inconvenience. For example, will you need to set up a temporary kitchen while the main kitchen is being renovated? If you are renovating the bathroom, you can look into portable bathrooms so you can shower. As well as minimising inconvenience to yourself, you should also try to minimise inconvenience to the workers. Ensure that they have access to water, electricity, and a | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 27

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Neil Green with his world of war hobby game

Nicky Alekna, from Highlands Way, recently visited Neil’s home, where he shared with her the fascinating world of miniature gaming. Surrounded by Neil’s collections of figurines and model scenery, it was easy to feel the attraction of this unusual hobby. Neil was introduced to miniature gaming in 1985, when he changed secondary schools. He recounts, with a grin, how the lunchtime bell announced library was open and one of his new friends announced that he was going to go and play “tin soldiers”. A bemused Neil tagged along and found himself in a room set up with a gaming table, scenery, and miniature armies. The students were

The day that Neil Green dubiously accepted an invitation to play “tin soldiers” in high school, he had no idea he was about to discover a multi-dimensional hobby that would hold his interest for a lifetime.

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playing a game called Napoleonics, in which battles of the Napoleonic wars, between real historical characters, such as Wellington , Brunswick and Blücher, and in locations such as the famous Waterloo, were being re-enacted. “I looked at it,” muses Neil, “and thought this was really interesting. There were rules governing psychological effects, tape measures to measure moving and shooting distances, and dice to work out via probability what outcomes would happen.” Neil joined in, and from that very first encounter, was hooked! “Although some people may think it’s something a bit silly”, says Neil “this variety of wargame was invented by adults for adults, and the rules are very advanced and complicated.” Neil compares the strategic aspects of miniature

wargames to chess and draughts, however the rules are much more intricate and detailed. Although over the years it has become more of an all ages pastime, it requires a great deal of attention, patience and skill. In fact, at one point Duntroon Military College was using a Warhammer 4000 (a futuristic game that is one of Neil’s favourites) to teach their young officers basic field tactics.” Surveying the room where we are talking, we are surrounded by numerous tiny figurines. Some look like traditional “toy soldiers”, while others are more like something from Star Wars. There are model landscapes, as well as vehicles and weapons. He shows me a medieval-looking figure, and another that looks quite alien and space age. “These are from a couple of games I play called Warhammer.

The original Warhammer game was set in ancient times, but Warhammer 4000 is so named, because it is set 4000 years in the future,” he tells me. Both versions combine elements of strategy and fantasy. While he enjoys the space for creativity and imagination in these fictional scenarios, Neil also plays games based on real history. He shows me a very realistic hill he has made using foam, painted with glue, sprinkled with sand, then painted. “This terrain was created for a WW2 based game called Flames of War which is played on a miniature battlefield. You can either create your own scenarios, or you can actually look into history and use reconnaissance photographs and other historical data to recreate the exact historical battles.” Cont >>

A big part of Neil’s enjoyment comes from making his own models and sets. Individual pieces don’t always take a lot of time to make; he estimates that his WW2 hill only took half an hour’s work, not counting drying times, and that an army of 10 soldiers might take 5 or 6 hours to assemble and paint. However, looking around at his very extensive collection of figures and sets, it is easy to see that there are many, many hours of detailed and often painstaking work represented here. He shows me some models he has modified or embellished with more detail for extra authenticity. One is a tiny shotgun, which he has modified because the bolt action was incorrect. There is even a tiny bullet leaving the gun. His attention to accuracy and detail in these figures is remarkable. Nevertheless, says Neil, it is possible to make your scenarios and models as simple or as detailed as you like. It’s all up to your personal preference. It is possible to buy figurines and terrain features ready made and already finished. Some players who enjoy the modeling aspect of the games make models and sell them, but for Neil, the satisfaction of making and finishing his own is all part of the attraction. Some gamers are brand purists, loyal to particular miniature manufacturers and like to have a matching specialized kit – Neil takes a more flexible approach, preferring to source tools and materials in a variety of places, which makes it less

expensive as well as easier to source materials locally. He also finds it more creative to make his own sets and models from scratch. One of his war reenactments contains sandbags from a gaming model kit, “logs” which are simply twigs from the backyard, some real rocks, and a variety of store bought and homemade materials. The result is quite convincing! When asked if he would ever make models to sell to others, he shakes his head with a smile. “For me, that would turn something that is an enjoyable hobby into a chore,” he says. As Neil moves about the room, talking about different characters, weapons and scenarios, and explaining the different modeling techniques and materials he has used, his enthusiasm and enjoyment are evident. This is a hobby that combines craftsmanship, creativity, imagination, strategy, as well as a large amount of military and historical knowledge. Neil tends to play at home with a handful of local friends who share his passion. However there are venues in the city where gamers can go and use scenarios and armies set up for the purpose. There is also a wargames club in Moss Vale, that meets monthly.

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graphic design corporate identity advertising marketing brochures business stationery signs / stickers

banners plan printing invoice books annual reports book publishing mailing house finishing services

Ph: 02 4862 3800 Fax: 02 4862 5800

4 Wattle Lane Bowral

Design to grow your business | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 33


ome of you who are old enough, may remember the CB radio craze of the mid 1970’s, and may have been one of the many people who indulged with on-air antics at the time. Many truck drivers; short and long haul, still find it an essential tool in their day-to-day work. Many others use one form of two-way radio or another as a way of keeping in touch, or as essential equipment for travelers venturing into isolated regions around the country, or as an essential for the fishing boat. For others, interest in radio may be just a case of owning a scanner and eves dropping on anybody from the police to the aircraft-flying overhead, or maybe just having a twoway radio set like the sort you would buy at a major retailer for the kids to play with. For a small group of others, it can become a passionate hobby, with complex radio units being used to talk with people around the globe, on all sorts of frequencies. Gary Rosman is one of those ‘radio hams’, who enjoys listening in to communications around the world where possible or just chatting to on-air friends around the world. With the modern age and the Internet, radio hams are becoming far and few between, so we dropped in on Gary to gain an insight into this declining past time. HW: How long have you been a radio ham? Gary: I have been licensed for five years, but I have been transmitting since 1976 when CB radio first came out. I was in high school. It was side-band set, A Super Panther I think, which was a 40-channel unit, which in the day, was illegal. I used to transmit from my parents house. I had a three-element beam, which are a horizontal antenna as well as a vertical antenna on the roof. I was transmitting about 10 to 15 watts and could talk to people all over the world with it, which is quite amazing. When the film Smokey and the Bandit came out, there were car club rallies and such, it was such a big hype, and anybody who was anybody in the 1970’s had a CB radio. People
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had them in their cars, trucks, homes and anywhere else they could have one. HW: So, these days, what are the main frequencies used when talking? Gary: Well, there is 27mghz, which is 11 meters which, technically a ham radio operator doesn’t transmit on, because it’s specifically for the CB band, but otherwise, I generally talk on 40 meters, which is 7 MHz, using the Icon 765, the big base station radio. But it covers all bands as well, excluding UHF. There are AM/FM, upper and lower side band, there are bands on the radio that are exclusive to FM ,one of which is that portable Kenwood unit, but that is via repeaters. HW: What is a repeater? Gary: A repeater station picks up your signal, and relays it further and may amplify it also, as the signal can only travel so far. Fortunately, being on a hill, I can access most of the Sydney repeaters, as well as Wollongong, which transmits as far down the South Coast as Bega, in line of sight. I actually can ‘t transmit to Bowral (from Buxton), because there is too much in the way, and therefore the signal stops. But with the repeaters, my signal gets carried a lot further. The higher up the antenna is with that type of radio, the better the signal as well.

Anybod an had a

HW: What frequency or band do you use to talk to people around the world? Gary: 7 MHz, which is 40 meters. HW: Can weather conditions effect the radio transmissions? Gary: Yes, Conditions do need to be right, for

dy Who was nybody a CB Radio
example talking overseas on some bands has not been possible most of the time due to sun spot activity, for about the last ten years. It has only been recently that conditions have improved, where I am only just starting to talk overseas again. Generally in the mornings, I can talk to the USA, during the day I can talk to the Pacific Islands, South America, the Caribbean and Africa, with Europe and the UK coming through late in the afternoons to the evenings. The side band signals bounce between the ground and the troposphere. It was quite funny, I was talking to a friend of mine in Wales, UK, on a business matter, and so I didn’t want to talk on the radio, so I phoned him. The second I keyed up on the microphone, the signal was around the world. It was instantaneous, whereas on the telephone there was a slight delay, so the radio signal is much faster.

HW: Tell me about some of these radios you have here Gary: That old Yaesu radio there, is an old valve radio, and partly transistor radio. It transmits through the valves, and receives through the transistors. It dates back to about 1976 or there abouts. That would have been the last of the old valve radios, whereas this one here (the Icom IC765) is all transistor. HW: Which ones do you think work better, the old valve radios or the newer transistor types? Gary: For convenience, the transistor, but for better sound, the valve radio is better, but you do need to warm up the valve radios for about 10 -15 minutes, and then tune it up, as opposed to a transistor radio, you just switch it on and transmit. No need for warm up, but I love the old valve radios, and believe they have a much better Cont >> | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 35

sound re-production. HW: What is this SWR and power meter used for? Gary: Well, your antenna has to be tuned in to the frequency. If it doesn’t get tuned, it can damage the radio. The higher the SWR, the more power that comes back into the radio which can damage the finals (?) so the whole idea of is, you tune your antenna to your radio. Most antennas you buy these days are already matched. The horizontal antenna I have on the roof has a telescopic slide in it, called a gamma match, which is how you adjust the SWR on that particular antenna.

is a directional antenna, must be pointed at the location you might want to talk to, like the northeast to talk to the USA, or to the northwest to talk to Europe. There is short path and long path, depending on the conditions, Long path is when you point the antenna to the southwest, and your signal then goes around the bottom of the planet and up the other side (to the USA, for example), and short path is when you transmit directly to the location. The rotator on the desk here is what is used to control the direction of the antenna.

HW: can any of this equipment cause interference with the neighbours television or radio signals? HW: What does SWR stand for? Gary: I did have a situation where I had one neighbour Gary: Standard wave ratio, and it’s a power meter as who was experiencing television interference, and had well. Some of the more dedicated radio hams could the ACMA (Australian Communication and Media Auexplain exactly what it is in much greater detail. HW: how involving can this hobby be? Gary: Well, I like it just for talking to people around the world, but some of the older hams could pull an old radio apart and fix it, often improving its performance, or even build their own units by going to the local Jay car and buying components and assembling radios and amplifiers from scratch. They can sit there for hours chatting away about radios to anyone who will listen. Some Germans I quite often listen to 0n 20 meters, and they are coming through at 20 over 9, which is a phenomenal signal, and the Americans work on 2,3,4,5, kilowatts, also a very powerful signal. They all use big antennas and power stations. It’s a great hobby, but a dying hobby, because of the computer, but also because it involves putting up sometimes-enormous antennas which can bother the neighbors as an eyesore or local councils can also have certain guidelines that must be followed. Despite all of that, I still enjoy transmitting and meeting people from all around the world. Going for an ‘eyeball” as they used to say in the 70’s. It’s a great hobby. HW: Can you tell us about the big antenna on the roof, the one that resembles a big clothes drier? Gary: that’s what’s called a tri-band antenna, it’s a horizontal antenna, which means there is the BACK end and the FRONT end, with the front end being the transmit end, and the back end, which is the longer radial, is the reflector, so all your power transmits into the middle, goes back off the back and all your power is transmitted off the front. That

thority), who is the governing body which looks after commercial television and radio stations come and check my gear, but the problem turned out to be with the gentleman’s television set, where it had no filters and such, so the matter was resolved with no repercussions on me. HW: have you ever been listening in and monitored situations developing, like bushfires or extreme weather events, or major incidents? Gary: No, not on any of the bands that I transmit on. I used to have a scanner before the government services went digital, but not now. Definitely not on the bands I use. There have been times when I have been talking to someone, when another station (person transmitting) broke in with a mayday call on a sinking boat out in the Pacific, but I could not hear the signal. It’s a matter of the conditions being right, and the location of the trans-

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event you are breaching the guidelines, the ACMA can look up your contact details and call you out. In the 1970”s they were known as the RI’s (radio inspectors), who would drive around and search for people on illegal frequencies on the CB band, and they had the power to walk into your house at any time and confiscate your equipment. They would carry around a sledgehammer, so they could forcibly remove any equipment deemed illegal. Thankfully, they don’t do that anymore. The only time they are allowed to bash someone’s door down is in the event of someone interfering with government emergency services and such. HW: Is there a website people can go to for more information? Gary: I would say the ACMA web site would be a good starting point; there are probably 100’s of sites or organizations listed on Google. I usually don’t search for these things. I know there are clubs in Campbelltown, Wollongong and such, with lots of information available for anyone who wanted to become involved. HW: where can you buy radio units? Gary: You used to be able to buy them at Tandy and Dick Smiths, but now it has become such a specialized hobby. There is a shop called Lee Andrews Communications at Greystanes, I have been going to him since the ’70 when he used to be at Maroubra, but there are not many places around anymore, and it’s not a cheap hobby either. There are field days, where you can often buy equipment, the last one I went to was at Wyong, on the central Coast, and is on every February. You can buy new and second hand, but even second hand can still be expensive. That radio there is worth about $800, and that’s from the 1980’s, so they still widely used. I used to sit up until one or two in the morning chatting, then get up for work! Once again, it’s a great hobby, and you get out of it what you put into it. Once a fairly common hobby, who said some things disappear forever. Sometimes it is the medium that changes, not the nature of the operators. Internet or radio, they both have a separate language of their own that is foreign to all not directly involved, but some of the habits remain the same. 1970’s had a CB radio. People had them in their cars, trucks, homes and anywhere else they could have one.

mitting and receiving stations. It used to be good in one sense, as I could tune in to the space shuttle when it was out in space and listen in. HW: Are you able to tune in to any of the satellites orbiting, Manned or unmanned? Gary: No, not on this equipment. That’s generally military frequencies, and they’re generally secure. HW: So for you, it’ just a fun way of keeping in touch with people around the world? Gary: Yes….it is….I used to talk to a gentleman quite regularly named Slava, who lives on Sakhalin Island, just north of Japan, A part of Russia, and a few years ago I was talking to him with a portable radio in the car, and he couldn’t believe I was coming through so clear. A very nice chap to talk to, as are many of the people you meet on the air, and the different cultures can also be quite fascinating to learn about, but as I said earlier, the internet is just anhillilating it, because you can just do it instantaneously. HW: Is there etiquette for ham radio users? Gary: Yes, you are a licensed professional, and the guidelines stipulate good manners, and you cannot talk politics on the radio, for example as well as many other things, and you must use your call sign to identify yourself at least every ten minutes when you are talking to another station, and anyone can look up your call sign at any time so that in the | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 37


ong Bong Picnic Races comes around but once a year. Too many, Southern Highlanders this is the best day of the year. Members get to dress up in their sunday best, wear their favourite hat of choice, while others dont mind wearing their sunday casuals. In the end everyone is merley there to have a great time. If one has never done it before, its time that you did. How many people can actually say that they were all dressed up and ate lunch from out the back of their car? It is a great experience and I recommend that everyone tries it, at least once. The Bong Bong Picnic Race Club was formed in 1886. The first Bong Bong Cup was held in the grounds of Throsby Park and was won by Don Antonio. By the 1980s Bong Bong was the largest picnic
38 | The Highlands Way Magazine | Issue # 2 |

race meeting in the world. At a time when race crowds were declining Bong Bong’s was increasing and reaching almost 35,000 in 1985. However poor behaviour on part, of some of this huge crowd resulted in the meetings being closed. In 1992 the races were revived but under strict crowd control by limiting attendance to members and their guests only. Anyone who is anyone always attends this fabulous, fun filled day. You must experience this wonderful day for yourselves. For Information on how to become a member simply have a look at the website

A Great Day Out | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 39

Shop 12, Highlands Arcade Cnr Bong Bong & Wingecarribee Sts, BOWRAL NSW 2576 email:

1300 565 597

Family / Children Portraits

Ph: 4861 7792

My Life With Piano’s
Ron Craig


usic is the greatest thing that man has ever invented over the years, and there are really only a handful of very talented musicians around. I can honestly say that I have had the privilege to spend an afternoon with one of the best in the business, and that man is the very talented Mr. Ron Craig If you have never heard of Ron, well you are about to. Ron is a classically trained Pianist and one of the best in his field as a piano technician/concert tuner. Ron was only ten years of age when he discovered and started playing the piano, and only fifteen when he landed an apprenticeship and began his tuning career. Ron spent a few years as the head technician at our very own Sydney Opera House. Ron is one of the best in his field. Having moved to the southern highlands in the early 80s with his family, Ron has built and designed his very own sound proof recording studio. Ron gave me the grand tour of his recording studio, and it was a lot of fun. He described to me in great length how and when his studio came

together, while I snapped away with my camera. There was a time in the early days when professional Musicians from Sydney would come down and use Ron’s studio as a performing Venue, but after a few years Ron decided that his studio was not appropriate for this type of venue, and he went back to mostly concentrating on his recording. Ron has tuned some of the best pianos in the world and also for some of the finest artists such as Oscar Peterson, Jessye Norman, and Sammy Davis junior just to name a few. With Ron being a Classically trained Pianist himself, he knows from experience how the music and concertos should sound. This alone is a major advantage for Ron and why he is the best in the business, he literally knows the Piano, inside and out. Ron not only tunes and plays the piano, but he also restores them. Ron restores pianos that date back to the late 1800’s. Steinways are on his list of favourites. Just walking around his studio and workshop there is either a whole piano or pieces of a piano in every corner Ron not only shows a passion for Pianos, he also shows a passion for photography and has a fan-

Voyager tastic collection of his works hanging on display in his studio along with his love of Egyptian artifacts and sculptures from all over the world. His sound equipment is none other than spectacular. He has built and designed his speakers, which he calls “Voyager” a project that took him 4 years, when the studio only took him two and a half. Each speaker weighs 250 kilos; they are 224cm in height and 122cm in width. Initially Ron’s plan was to build a no-compromise stereo system for the studio, the surrounding speakers and subs were no where as big as “Voyager” but still large enough to suit the room, bringing the total system weight to 1.2 tons. Ron has a total of 37 drivers being powered by 3,500 watts. Lets not forget the 11-foot screen and commercial projector that he also had installed. His now soundproof studio has transformed into a slightly larger home theatre system. His home theatre system is definitely one that I will never forget, Ron was more than happy to treat me to a small screening. With the lights out and the screen on I honestly thought I was in an actual movie theatre, up until he turned the sound system on “Voyager” I was almost blown out of my chair. The sound was incredible. If anyone knows the poster with the music blasting the guy out of his chair through the television. I felt a little like that guy. Ron’s setup and operation is completely remarkable, I absolutely take my hat off to Ron, and the work that has put into his sound studio its just fantastic. My Life With Pianos is the title of Ron’s Book, which I highly recommend everyone to read. His book also includes his cd Piano Odyssey. Of course you can purchase his cd separately. His book is a wonderful look at how his life evolved to one of the finest piano technicians in Australia and details his journey along the way. Ron’s book is inspiring and lighthearted, full of sporadic topics and wonderful comic insights. If you would like to purchase a copy of his book, it can be purchased at the Sell Block in Bowral. You can email Ron directly to order your Personalised autographed copy of his book or send him a message if you would like to have your Piano treated by one of the best Piano Technicians in Australia. Ron’s Contact Details.

Larry Mullan spent his childhood in Marrickville, his teenage and young adult years in Rockdale and five years of his married life in Greenacre. Larry is married to Caroline and they have a beautiful daughter Layla. He is currently enrolled at Anglican Youth Works in the Advanced Diploma of Theology and is ever thankful for the training they provide. Before his appointment at Bowral St Jude’s he was employed by Greenacre Anglican as their Youth and Children’s Minister. Larry say’s; “I came to know and trust Jesus when I set out to do the exact opposite. A girl that I liked (Caroline) was caught up in all this Jesus, church, Christian, mumbo jumbo and I decided to enlighten her by proving that her faith was unnecessary and naïve. Well thank God that He had other plans. It was the completeness of sins forgiven that I fell in love with. I became convinced that the only way to dwell in the presence of a Holy God was to have Him remove what no person can remove, regardless of how religious or good they are”. Youth programmes St Jude’s is committed to providing an ideal setting for seeking teenagers to discover Biblical truths. We are also committed to providing an environment for Christian teenagers to nurture their faith in the Living God. The Care and Teaching of Youth Enjoy – Discover – Belong – Grow. LIVEWIRE is a Christian youth group for years 6-8 that meets every Friday night of the school term at St Jude’s Anglican Church Hall in Bowral. From 6:00pm – 8:00pm. How easy is that! Our aim at LIVEWIRE is to have the youth of the Southern Highlands become “Shocked into Life” in four ways: ENJOY: experiencing the fun that we have for each week DISCOVER: joining like minded teenagers in their search for truth BELONG: Being a part of a group that develops meaningful relationships

GROW: joining like minded Christians in their walk with Jesus. LIVE is an interactive service for all ages. With Youth Minister Larry Mullan leading this service, it has naturally become youth friendly. In saying this, families of all ages have also found this service beneficial, spiritually challenging and stimulating. See it for your selves! LIVE: Sunday Evening Service – Youth Friendly – All Ages Welcome Youth programmes St Jude’s is committed to providing an ideal setting for seeking teenagers to discover Biblical truths. We are also committed to providing an environment for Christian teenagers to nurture their faith in the Living God. For more Information call Larry Mullan Phone: 0405 849 856 E-mail:

Shop locally and Support Your Local Business
Shopping locally pumps more money right into our local economy. Studies show that for every $100 that you spend locally, $48 stays in our community, as compared to just $13 when you shop at a big chain store Add in the economic impact of the people who are employed by local stores, the money made by suppliers who sell to local stores, and the business taxes local merchants pay and you can see that shopping locally packs a big punch. When you shop locally, you get more diversity, variety and choice. Independent store owners call their own shots, and have the freedom to choose original products and unique merchandise that may not be available in the big chain stores. As a result, you get more options for yourself, your home and your life. And because local merchants build their business on repeat customers, you know they want you back. So you can be certain their commitment to quality and service is a top priority. Shopping locally means doing business with people who live and work where we do, and that means they’re as committed to our community as we are. Local businesses support and encourage marketplace competition,

which creates more jobs and a better standard of living for people living in our community. They want vibrant city and town centres, safe streets and healthier environments, and they’re investing their tax dollars in making it happen. And one last thing…what would our community be without those distinct, one of kind businesses that add flare and character to our neighborhood?

5 Reasons To Shop Local
Support the Local Economy
When you buy from an independent, locally owned business, significantly more of your dollars are put back into the local economy. The money you spend at a local business is often used to make purchases from other local businesses, local service providers, and local suppliers.

Lessen Environmental Impact

When businesses source locally and you shop locally there is a smaller carbon footprint when transporting goods.

Invest in your Community’s Future

Keep Our Community Unique

Instead of living in “Anywhere Australia”, you can be proud to call The Southern Highlands, your home. Our one-of-a-kind local businesses gives our community character and cultural vitality.

Shopping locally is a choice you make that says you are committed to the continued growth and success of the economy here in The Southern Highlands Support your local Business

Creating Jobs

Local business owners are most likely to employ residents of the community.

FOOD MATTERS was the the name of the

film screened at last Tuesday evenings health focused film seminar at the Empire cinema in Bowral . This event was a community initiative by Joan and Frank Molony with the aim at creating a new gathering place for all health conscious likeminded members of the many local clubs (the various garden clubs, community gardens, gym clubs, etc) and the community of the Southern Highlands as a whole. We seek to unite all the wonderful existing local initiatives in one new hub and have everyone share, learn and grow into a stronger and healthier community. This event and others planned are a not for profit effort and after covering costs it is to benefit the Bundanoon Community Garden which is presently going through the start up procedures and is planned to break ground around the 15th December this month. Topics include food sourcing, food prep, nutrition, fitness, weight loss, food production, sustainability, food security, water issues, community etc. The format was the screening of food matters followed by open discussion amongst the audience which began with a short presentation of health and weight reversal by the speaker who shared her personal story of healthier lifestyle choices. The event showcased local businesses with offerings of healthier lifestyle choices being given out as lucky door prizes. The Wingecarribee councillor Mr Mc Loughlan, cooking school, garden centers, organic farmers, fruit an veg delivery services, nutritionalists, medical representatives and community gardeners we’re amongst the audience, along with teenagers who were interested in a healthier lifestyle choices. One of many responses from this event was received saying

Joan and Frank, Congratulations on a very successful night! I left feeling quite empowered and positive. Yes, we need to take responsibility of our own health and our body will respond to it. I started the day this morning with a nice glass of water and positive thoughts :) The film was very insightful and I found The speakers talk very inspiring. Thank you for sharing your journey with us, You were very brave. There was a nice sense of community, too which seems to lead nicely to the next film seminar. I have one request. Could I have your recipe to the kale chips please? Thanks and best wishes, Lisa. For those wanting the recipe for Joan’s morish kale chips; see below. This event is planned to continue with the next film seminar screening ‘the Power of Community’ on 28th February at Empire Cinema Bowral. This event will once again be supporting the newly formed Bundanoon community Garden. There has been discussion for some time now by a group of people interested in the establishment of a Community Garden at Bundanoon, which breaks ground mid December and are looking forward to support of business and volunteers to provide all necessary including tools, use of trailers, time and donations to establish the garden which will benefit the whole community. The next film is Power of Community. | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 47

KALE CHIPS TO LIVE FOR (recipe by Joan) NO RESPONSIBILITY TAKEN FOR POSSIBLE ADDICTION TO THE FOLLOWING KALE CHIP RECIPE TO LIVE FOR! You will need a dehydrator or can use a fan forced oven on very low 43 to 45 degrees Celsius (110 degrees Fahrenheit) Also a Vitamix or similar blender or hand held blender will suffice 2 components: kale leaves and coating Kale chips; 2 bunches of organic Kale leaves.

Blend all coating ingredients into a smooth yet runnypaste. Pour half of jug contents over the bowl of kale leaves. With clean hands rotate the leaves in the bowl until they are adequately coated with the sauce Onto a teflon sheet / tray of dehydrator, place the coated kale leaves alongside of each other till full Continue filling the trays until all leaves have been used, Place into dehydrator, close lid and set the temperature to 110 degrees Fahrenheit or 43 to 44 degrees Celsius. Continue to dehydrate for 5 to 6 hours or until crispy. Place any chips that escape your mouth into a large glass well sealed jar. Enjoy!


Rinse with filtered water or clean away dirt, etc. Strip the leaf away from the centre stalk (which is usually too thick and fibrous for dehydrating. It can be added to green smoothies!) Place into a large bowl.


Place 2 peeled lemons into the blender jug (cut in half, seeds taken out) Add three to four cups of filtered or other quality water 250g organic sesame seeds A sploosh of organic apple cider vinegar A sploosh of extra virgin olive oil To taste, Himalayan or Celtic sea salt (be generous, these are packed with minerals and no toxins) Optional: add a hint of spice with a pinch of chilli powder or piece of fresh chilli.

48 | The Highlands Way Magazine | Issue # 2 |

hat’s When And T ght Started... The Fi
I asked my wife, ‘Where do you want to go for our anniversary?’ It warmed my heart to see her face melt in sweet appreciation. ‘Somewhere I haven’t been in a long time!’she said. So I suggested, ‘How about the kitchen?’ And that’s when the fight started... One year, I decided to buy my mother-in-law a cemetery plot as a Christmas gift... The next year, I didn’t buy her a gift. When she asked me why, I replied, “Well, you still haven’t used the gift I bought you last year!” And that’s how the fight started... My wife sat down on the couch next to me as I was flipping the channels. She asked, ‘What’s on TV?’ I said, ‘Dust’ And that’s when the fight started... My wife and I are watching Who Wants To Be A Millionaire while we were in bed.I turned to her and said,‘Do you want to have Sex?’ ‘No, she answered. I then said,‘Is that your final answer?’ She didn’t even look at me this time, simply saying ‘Yes..’ So I said, ‘Then I’d like to phone a friend.’ And that’s when the fight started...

Shopping For A Husband

A store that sells husbands has just opened where a woman may go to choose a husband from among many men. The store is composed of 6 floors, and the men increase in positive attributes as the shopper ascends the flights. There is, however, a catch. As you open the door to any floor you may choose a man from that floor, but if you go up a floor, you cannot go back down except to exit the building. So a woman goes to the shopping center to find a husband. On the first floor the sign on the door reads: Floor 1 - These men have jobs. The woman reads the sign and says to herself, “Well, that’s better than my last boyfriend, but I wonder what’s further up?” So up she goes. The second floor sign reads: Floor 2 - These men have jobs and love kids. The woman remarks to herself, “That’s great, but I wonder what’s further up?” And up she goes again. The third floor sign reads: Floor 3 - These men have jobs, love kids and are extremely good looking. “Hmmm, better” she says. “But I wo nder what’s upstairs?” The fourth floor sign reads: Floor 4 - These men have jobs, love kids, are extremely good looking and help with the housework. “Wow!” exclaims the woman, “very tempting. BUT, there must be more further up!” And again she heads up another flight. The fifth floor sign reads: Floor 5 - These men have jobs, love kids, are extremely good looking, help with the housework and have a strong romantic streak. “Oh, mercy me! But just think... what must be awaiting me further on?” So up to the sixth floor she goes. The sixth floor sign reads: Floor 6 - You are visitor 6,875,953,012 to this floor. There are no men on this floor. This floor exists solely as proof that women are impossible to please.

Larry Crowne
Until he was downsized, affable, amiable Larry Crowne (Tom Hanks) was a superstar team leader at the big-box company where he’s worked since his time in the Navy. Underwater on his mortgage and unclear on what to do with his suddenly free days, Larry heads to his local college to start over.


Rise of the Planet of the Apes

During experiments to find a cure for Alzheimer’s disease, a geneticallyenhanced chimpanzee uses its greater intelligence to lead other apes to freedom.


Green Lantern

In a universe as vast as it is mysterious, an elite force of protectors for peace and justice has existed for centuries. They are the Green Lantern Corps. When a new enemy called Parallax threatens to destroy the Universe, their fate and the fate of Earth lie in the hands of the Corps’ newest recruit, the first human ever selected: Hal Jordan (Ryan Reynolds).


Cowboys and Aliens

Blockbuster filmmaker Jon Favreau directs Daniel Craig and Harrison Ford in an event film for summer 2011 that crosses the classic Western with the alien-invasion movie in a blazingly original way: Cowboys & Aliens. Joined by an arsenal of top moviemakers Steven Spielberg, Ron Howard, Brian Grazer, Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci, he brings an all-new action thriller that will take audiences into the Old West, where a lone cowboy leads an uprising against a terror from beyond our world. OUT NOW

Red Dog

Based on the legendary true story of the charismatic kelpie who united a disparate local mining community in the 1970s and 80s, while roaming the Australian outback in search of his long lost master.


Friends With Benefits

Dylan (Justin Timberlake) is done with relationships. Jamie (Mila Kunis) decides to stop buying into the Hollywood clichés of true love. When the two become friends they decide to try something new and take advantage of their mutual attraction but without any emotional attachment. Physical pleasure without the entanglements. Sounds easy enough for two logical adults, right? Not so much. They soon realise romantic comedy stereotypes might exist for a reason.


Big Mamma’s Boy

This follows the story of Rocco (Frank Lotito) as he struggles to choose between the love of his life, Katie (Holly Valance), and his doting, over protective Italian mother (Carmelina Di Gugliemo). Rocco has it all: a great job in real estate, a hot car and a woman who will do anything for him and loves him unconditionally - his mum. But when he meets the gorgeous Katie, Rocco realises that he needs to make some changes.

AVAILABLE DEC 21 | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 51

The Smurfs
When the evil wizard Gargamel chases the tiny blue Smurfs out of their village, they tumble from their magical world and into ours - in fact, smack bang in the middle of Central Park. Just three apples high and stuck in the Big Apple, the Smurfs must find a way to get back to their village before Gargamel tracks them down.


The Change-Up

Growing up together, Mitch (Ryan Reynolds) and Dave (Jason Bateman) were inseparable best friends, but as the years have passed they’ve slowly drifted apart. While Dave is an overworked lawyer, husband and father of three, Mitch has remained a single, quasi-employed man-child who has never met a responsibility he liked. To Mitch, Dave has it all: beautiful wife Jamie (Leslie Mann), kids who adore him and a high-paying job at a prestigious law firm. To Dave, living Mitch’s stress-free life without obligation or consequence would be a dream come true. Following a drunken night out together, Mitch and Dave’s worlds are turned upside down when they wake up in each other’s bodies.


Johnny English Reborn

Rowan Atkinson returns to the role of the accidental secret agent who doesn’t know fear or danger in the comedy spy-thriller Johnny English Reborn. In his latest adventure, the most unlikely intelligence officer in Her Majesty’s Secret Service must stop a group of international assassins before they eliminate a world leader and cause global chaos.

52 | The Highlands Way Magazine | Issue # 2 | | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 52

Our Christmas Section

The practice of putting up special decorations at Christmas has a long history. From pre-Christian times, people in the Roman Empire brought branches from evergreen plants indoors in the winter. Decorating with greenery was also part of Jewish tradition : “Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days. Christians incorporated such customs in their developing practices. In the 15th century, it was recorded that in London it was the custom at Christmas for every house and all the parish churches to be “decked with holm, ivy, bays, and whatsoever the season of the year afforded to be green”. The heart-shaped leaves of ivy were said to symbolize the coming to earth of Jesus, while holly was seen as protection against pagans and witches, its thorns and red berries held to represent the Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus at the crucifixion and the blood he shed. A Christmas tree at Rockefeller Center, New York City Nativity scenes are known from 10th-century Rome. They were popularised by Saint Francis of Asissi from 1223, quickly spreading across Europe. Different types of decorations developed across the Christian world, dependent on local tradition and available resources. The first commercially produced decorations appeared in Germany in the 1860s, inspired by paper chains made by children. In countries where a representation of the Nativity Scene is very popular, people are encouraged to compete and create the most original or realistic ones. Within some families, the pieces used to make the representation are considered a valuable family heirloom. The traditional colors of Christmas are green and red.White, silver and gold are also popular. Red symbolizes the blood of Jesus, which was shed in his crucifixion, while green symbolizes eternal life, and in particular the evergreen tree, which does not lose its leaves in the winter. The Christmas tree is considered by some as Christianisation of pagan tradition and ritual surrounding the Winter Solstice, which included the use of evergreen boughs, and an adaptation of pagan tree worship. The English language phrase “Christmas tree” is first recorded in 1835 and represents an importation from the German language. The modern Christmas tree tradition is believed to have begun in Germany in the 18th century though many argue that Martin Luther began the tradition in the 16th century. From Germany the custom was introduced to Britain, first via

Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, and then more successfully by Prince Albert during the reign of Queen Victoria. By 1841 the Christmas tree had become even more widespread throughout Britain. By the 1870s, people in the United States had adopted the custom of putting up a Christmas tree. Christmas trees may be decorated with lights and ornaments. Saint Anselm College decorates with traditional candles in each window and a large Christmas wreath Since the 19th century, the poinsettia, a native plant from Mexico, has been associated with Christmas. Other popular holiday plants include holly, mistletoe, red amaryllis, and Christmas cactus. Along with a Christmas tree, the interior of a home may be decorated with these plants, along with garlands and evergreen foliage. The display of Christmas villages has also become a tradition in many homes during this season. The outside of houses may be decorated with lights and sometimes with illuminated sleighs, snowmen, and other Christmas figures. Other traditional decorations include bells, candles, candy canes, stockings, wreaths, and angels. Both the displaying of wreaths and candles in each window are a more traditional Christmas display. The concentric assortment of leaves, usually from an evergreen, make up Christmas wreaths and are designed to prepare Christians for the Advent season. Candles in each window are meant to demonstrate the fact that Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the ultimate light of the world. Both of these antiquated, more subdued, Christmas displays are seen in the image to the right of Saint Anselm College. Christmas lights and banners may be hung along streets, music played from speakers, and Christmas trees placed in prominent places. It is common in many parts of the world for town squares and consumer shopping areas to sponsor and display decorations. Rolls of brightly colored paper with secular or religious Christmas motifs are manufactured for the purpose of wrapping gifts. In some countries, Christmas decorations are traditionally taken down on Twelfth Night, the evening of January 5.

Presents For The Kids | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 55

12 eggs, separated 6 cups milk 2 cups heavy/ thickened cream 2 cups bourbon 1+ 1/2 cups sugar 3/4 cup brandy 2 teaspoons ground nutmeg

In a large bowl and using a mixer, beat the egg yolks to gether with the sugar for approx 10 minutes (you want the mixture to be firm and the colour of butter). Very slowly, add in the bourbon and brandy - just a lit tle at a time. When bourbon and brandy have been added, allow the mixture to cool in the fridge (for up to 6 hours, depend ing on how long before your party you're making the eggnog). 30 minutes before your guests arrive, stir the milk into the chilled yolk mixture. Stir in 1+ 1/2 teaspoons ground nutmeg. In a separate bowl, beat the cream with a mixer on high speed until the cream forms stiff peaks. In yet another bowl, beat the egg whites until stiff peaks form. Gently fold the egg white mixture into the egg yolk mixture. Gently fold the cream into the egg mixture. After ladling into cups, garnish with the remainder of the ground nutmeg. Serves: 8.

Gift Idea iTunes Gift Card Perfect for Any Teenager

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Christmas Turkey
4kg turkey (neck removed), rinsed, dried 2 tbsp olive oil 1 1/2 cup (250mL) white wine 1 cup (250mL) chicken stock Cranberry, prosciutto and pistachio stuffing


Allow the turkey to come to room temperature before cooking. Preheat oven to 200°C. Press stuffing loosely into turkey cavity - it will swell with cooking so don’t pack it in too tightly. Use a toothpick to close the opening and tie turkey legs with kitchen string. Pour oil into roasting pan. Place the turkey into the pan. Rub turkey with oil, then add wine and stock. Cover with foil and roast - allow 20 minutes per 500g, a total of 2 hours 40 minutes. Every 30 minutes remove foil and baste turkey with cooking juices, then replace oil. Remove foil for last 30 minutes to brown the breast. The turkey breast is cooked when juices run clear (not pink) after inserting a skewer into the thickest part. Carve off the legs, wrap the rest of the turkey in two layers of foil and set aside while finishing cooking the legs. Increase the oven temperature to 200°C and cook the legs for another 30 minutes. Meanwhile, scoop out the stuffing, prepare the gravy and finish other vegetables. To make gravy, scoop away excess fat from the pan juices, add 2 tablespoons plain flour and stir to combine, working off all those yummy crunchy bits on the bottom of the pan. Add any juices that have seeped from the resting turkey, more wine and chicken stock if necessary, stir over medium to hot cook top until thickened slightly. Carve turkey and serve with gravy, stuffing and other vegetables. | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 57

White Christmas
Ingredients 1/2 lb copha 1 cup coconut 1 cup rice bubbles 1 cup powdered milk 1 cup sifted icing sugar 1 cup mixed fruits, including cherries and nuts Method Put the copha into a saucepan and melt it. While the copha is melting put all the other ingredients into a large bowl and mix them together. Now take the melted copha and pour into the other ingredients in the bowl and stir until it is well combined. Line a small flat baking tray with greaseproof paper and press the mixture into it and put it into the refrigerator and chill until firm. Take the tray of White Christmas out of the refrigerator when it has set and cut it into squares. Decorate a christmas plate and arrange the White Christmas on it. Enjoy your freshly made White Christmas!

Sticky Date Christmas Pudding
(serves 10) 150g Sunbeam Mixed Fruit 125ml (1/2 cup) brandy 235g (1 1/2 cups) pitted dates, coarsely chopped 250ml (1 cup) hot water 1 tsp bicarbonate of soda Melted butter, to grease 200g unsalted butter, at room temperature 160g (1 cup, lightly packed) brown sugar 3 eggs 300g (2 cups) self-raising flour 1 tsp mixed spice Thickened cream (optional), to serve Spiced caramel sauce 300ml thickened cream 160g (1 cup, lightly packed) brown sugar 50g unsalted butter, chopped 1/2 tsp mixed spice


Combine the mixed fruit and brandy in a bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and set aside overnight to macerate. Combine the dates, water and bicarbonate of soda in a heatproof bowl. Set aside for 20 minutes to soften. Preheat oven to 180°C. Grease a 2L (8 cup) pudding basin with butter. Line the base with non-stick baking paper. Use an electric beater to beat the butter and sugar in a bowl until pale and creamy. Add the eggs, 1 at a time, beating well after each addition. Fold in the brandy mixture, date mixture, flour, mixed spice until just combined. Spoon into the prepared basin and smooth the surface. Bake for 1 hour 20 minutes or until a skewer inserted into the centre comes out clean. Set aside in the basin for 10 minutes to cool. To make the spiced caramel sauce, combine the cream, sugar, butter, and mixed spice in a saucepan over medium heat. Cook, stirring occasionally, for 2 minutes or until smooth. Simmer for 5 minutes or until the sauce thickens slightly. Turn the pudding out onto a serving platter and serve with the caramel sauce and cream, if desired. 58 | The Highlands Way Magazine | Issue # 2 |

Twas the Night B Christmas

Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse. The stockings were hung by the chimney with care, In hopes that St Nicholas soon would be there. The children were nestled all snug in their beds, While visions of sugar-plums danced in their heads. And mamma in her ‘kerchief, and I in my cap, Had just settled our brains for a long winter’s nap. When out on the lawn there arose such a clatter, I sprang from the bed to see what was the matter. Away to the window I flew like a flash, Tore open the shutters and threw up the sash. The moon on the breast of the new-fallen snow Gave the lustre of mid-day to objects below. When, what to my wondering eyes should appear, But a miniature sleigh, and eight tinny reindeer. With a little old driver, so lively and quick, I knew in a moment it must be St Nick.
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Before s

More rapid than eagles his coursers they came, And he whistled, and shouted, and called them by name! “Now Dasher! now, Dancer! now, Prancer and Vixen! On, Comet! On, Cupid! on, on Donner and Blitzen! To the top of the porch! to the top of the wall! Now dash away! Dash away! Dash away all!” As dry leaves that before the wild hurricane fly, When they meet with an obstacle, mount to the sky. So up to the house-top the coursers they flew, With the sleigh full of Toys, and St Nicholas too. And then, in a twinkling, I heard on the roof The prancing and pawing of each little hoof. As I drew in my head, and was turning around, Down the chimney St Nicholas came with a bound. He was dressed all in fur, from his head to his foot, And his clothes were all tarnished with ashes and soot. A bundle of Toys he had flung on his back, And he looked like a peddler, just opening his pack. His eyes-how they twinkled! his dimples how merry! His cheeks were like roses, his nose like a cherry! His droll little mouth was drawn up like a bow, And the beard of his chin was as white as the snow. The stump of a pipe he held tight in his teeth, And the smoke it encircled his head like a wreath. He had a broad face and a little round belly, That shook when he laughed, like a bowlful of jelly! He was chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf, And I laughed when I saw him, in spite of myself! A wink of his eye and a twist of his head, Soon gave me to know I had nothing to dread. He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work, And filled all the stockings, then turned with a jerk. And laying his finger aside of his nose, And giving a nod, up the chimney he rose! He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle, And away they all flew like the down of a thistle. But I heard him exclaim, ‘ere he drove out of sight, “Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good-night! | 2 # Issue | The Highlands Way Magazine | 63

Jingle Bells

And crack! you’ll take the lead, O

Jingle Bells, Jingle Bells, Dashing through the snow Jingle all the way! On a one-horse open sleigh, o What fun it is to ride Over the fields we go, In a one-horse open sleigh. Laughing all the way; Bells on bob-tail ring, making spirits bright, What fun it is to ride and sing A sleighing song tonight, O Jingle bells, jingle bells, jingle all the way! O what fun it is to ride In a one-horse open sleigh (repeat) A day or two ago, I thought I’d take a ride, And soon Miss Fanny Bright Was seated by my side; The horse was lean and lank; Misfortune seemed his lot; He got into a drifted bank, And we, we got upsot.O Jingle Bells, Jingle Bells, Jingle all the way! o What fun it is to ride In a one-horse open sleigh. (repeat) A day or two ago, the story I must tell I went out on the snow And on my back I fell; A gent was riding by In a one-horse open sleigh, He laughed as there I sprawling lie, But quickly drove away, O Jingle Bells, Jingle Bells, Jingle all the way! o What fun it is to ride In a one-horse open sleigh. (repeat) Now the ground is white Go it while you’re young, Take the girls tonight And sing this sleighing song; Just get a bob-tailed bay two-forty as his speed Hitch him to an open sleigh

Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer
You know Dasher and Dancer And Prancer and Vixen, Comet and Cupid And Donner and Blitzen. But do you recall The most famous reindeer of all? Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer (reindeer) Had a very shiny nose (like a light bulb) And if you ever saw it (saw it) You would even say it glows (like a flash light) All of the other reindeer (reindeer) Used to laugh and call him names (like Pinochio) They never let poor Rudolph (Rudolph) Play in any reindeer games (like Monopoly) Then one foggy Christmas Eve Santa came to say (Ho Ho Ho) Rudolph with your nose so bright Won’t you guide my sleigh tonight? Then all the reindeer loved him (loved him) And they shouted out with glee (yippee) “Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer (reindeer) You’ll go down in history!” (like Columbus)

Have Your Self A Merry Little Christmas Away In The Manger
Have yourself a merry little Christmas, Let your heart be light From now on, our troubles will be out of sight Have yourself a merry little Christmas, Make the Yule-tide gay, From now on, our troubles will be miles away. Here were are as in olden days, happy golden days of yore. Faithful friends who are dear to us gather near to us once more. Through the years we all will be together If the Fates allow Hang a shining star upon the highest bough. And have yourself a merry little Christmas now. Away in a manger, no crib for a bed, The little Lord Jesus laid down his sweet head. The stars in the sky looked down where he lay, The little Lord Jesus asleep in the hay. The cattle are lowing, the baby awakes, But little Lord Jesus no crying he makes. I love Thee, Lord Jesus, look down from the sky And stay by my cradle til morning is nigh. Be near me, Lord Jesus, I ask Thee to stay Close by me forever, and love me, I pray. Bless all the dear children in thy tender care, And take us to heaven, to live with Thee there.

The First Noel
The first Noel, the angel did say, Was to certain poor shepherds in fields as they lay; In fields where they lay keeping their sheep, On a cold winter’s night that was so deep. Noel, Noel, Noel, Noel, Born is the King of Israel. They looked up and saw a star Shining in the the East, beyond them far; And to the earth it gave great light, And so it continued both day and night. Noel, Noel, Noel, Noel, Born is the King of Israel. And by the light of that same star, Three wise men came from country far; To seek for a King was their intent, And to follow the star wherever it went. Noel, Noel, Noel, Noel, Born is the King of Israel. This star drew night to the northwest, O’er Bethlehem it took its rest; And there it did both stop and stay, Right over the place where Jesus lay. Noel, Noel, Noel, Noel, Born is the King of Israel. Then entered in those wise men three, Full reverently upon their knee; And offered there in his presence, Their gold, and myrrh, and frankincense. Noel, Noel, Noel, Noel, Born is the King of Israel.

Silent Night
Silent night! Holy night! All is calm, all is bright, Round yon Virgin Mother and Child. Holy Infant, so tender and mild. Sleep in heavenly peace, Sleep in heavenly peace. Silent night! Holy night! Shepherds quake at the sight; Glories stream from heaven afar, Heavenly host sing, Alleluia, Christ, the Savior is born! Christ the Savior is born! Silent night! Holy night! Son of God, love’s pure light, Radiant beams from Thy holy face, With the dawn of redeeming grace, Jesus, Lord, at Thy birth, Jesus, Lord at Thy birth.

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We Wish You A Merry Christmas
We wish you a merry Christmas We wish you a merry Christmas We wish you a merry Christmas And a happy New Year. Glad tidings we bring To you and your kin; Glad tidings for Christmas And a happy New Year! We want some figgy pudding We want some figgy pudding We want some figgy pudding Please bring it right here! Glad tidings we bring To you and your kin; Glad tidings for Christmas And a happy New Year!

We won’t go until we get some We won’t go until we get some We won’t go until we get some So bring it out here! Glad tidings we bring To you and your kin; Glad tidings for Christmas And a happy New Year! We wish you a Merry Christmas We wish you a Merry Christmas We wish you a Merry Christmas And a happy New Year. Glad tidings we bring To you and your kin; Glad tidings for Christmas And a happy New Year!

Santa Claus Is Coming To Town
You better watch out You better not cry Better not pout I’m telling you why Santa Claus is coming to town He’s making a list, And checking it twice; Gonna find out Who’s naughty and nice. Santa Claus is coming to town He sees you when you’re sleeping He knows when you’re awake He knows if you’ve been bad or good So be good for goodness sake! O! You better watch out! You better not cry. Better not pout, I’m telling you why. Santa Claus is coming to town. You better watch out You better not cry Better not pout I’m telling you why Santa Claus is coming to town He’s making a list, And checking it twice; Gonna find out Who’s naughty and nice. Santa Claus is coming to town He sees you when you’re sleeping He knows when you’re awake He knows if you’ve been bad or good So be good for goodness sake! O! You better watch out! You better not cry. Better not pout, I’m telling you why. Santa Claus is coming to town.

Joy To The World
Joy to the World , the Lord is come! Let earth receive her King; Let every heart prepare Him room, And Heaven and nature sing, And Heaven and nature sing, And Heaven, and Heaven, and nature sing. Joy to the World, the Savior reigns! Let men their songs employ; While fields and floods, rocks, hills and plains Repeat the sounding joy, Repeat the sounding joy, Repeat, repeat, the sounding joy. No more let sins and sorrows grow, Nor thorns infest the ground; He comes to make His blessings flow Far as the curse is found, Far as the curse is found, Far as, far as, the curse is found. He rules the world with truth and grace, And makes the nations prove The glories of His righteousness, And wonders of His love, And wonders of His love, And wonders, wonders, of His love.

Twelve Days Of Christmas

On the seventh day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Seven swans a swimming, On the first day of Christmas Six geese a laying, my true love sent to me: Five golden rings, A partridge in a pear tree. Four calling birds, Three French Hens, On the second day of Christmas Two turtle doves my true love sent to me: And a Partridge in a pear tree. Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the eighth day of Christmas On the third day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the fourth day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the fifth day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Five golden rings, Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the sixth day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Six geese a laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. my true love sent to me: Eight maids a milking, Seven swans a swimming, Six geese a laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the ninth day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Nine ladies dancing, Eight maids a milking, Seven swans a swimming, Six geese a laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the tenth day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Ten lords a leaping, Nine ladies dancing, Eight maids a milking, Seven swans a swimming, Six geese a laying, Five golden rings,

Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the eleventh day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Eleven pipers piping, Ten lords a leaping, Nine ladies dancing, Eight maids a milking, Seven swans a swimming, Six geese a laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree. On the twelfth day of Christmas my true love sent to me: Twelve drummers drumming, Eleven pipers piping, Ten lords a leaping, Nine ladies dancing, Eight maids a milking, Seven swans a swimming, Six geese a laying, Five golden rings, Four calling birds, Three French Hens, Two turtle doves And a Partridge in a pear tree.

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