FAA-S-8081-12B

U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration

with Changes 1 & 2

COMMERCIAL PILOT
Practical Test Standards
for

AIRPLANE
(SEL, MEL, SES, MES)

August 2002

FLIGHT STANDARDS SERVICE Washington, DC 20591

COMMERCIAL PILOT AIRPLANE
Practical Test Standards

2002

FLIGHT STANDARDS SERVICE Washington, DC 20591

.

FAA-S-8081-12B .NOTE Material in FAA-S-8081-12B will be effective August 1. All previous editions of the Commercial Pilot—Airplane Practical Test Standards will be obsolete as of this date. 2002.

gov). Change 2 dated 2/03/09 Introduction • Page 7. and FADEC Meet the Definition of a Complex Airplane. .faa. Airplanes Equipped with Retractable Landing Gear.avs. changed to reflect Notice 8000. but can be found at http://fsims.Record of Changes Change 1 dated 2/22/08 Introduction • Page 9. Flaps. changed to reflect 400’ instead of 200’ as the minimum altitude for simulated engine failures.331 (inactive.

single-engine land and sea. Flight instructors and applicants should find these standards helpful during training and when preparing for the practical test.FOREWORD The Commercial Pilot—Airplane Practical Test Standards (PTS) book has been published by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to establish the standards for commercial pilot certification practical tests for the airplane category. Tintera. and multiengine land and sea classes. FAA inspectors and designated pilot examiners shall conduct practical tests in compliance with these standards. /s/ 4/23/2002 Joseph K. Manager Regulatory Support Division Flight Standards Service FAA-S-8081-12B .

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.............................................................................1 Practical Test Standards Concept ............ 1-12 PERFORMANCE MANEUVERS...................................... 1-1 PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES.......... 1-vii APPLICANT’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST ............................2 Practical Test Book Description .......... LANDINGS.......... III.......... VI PREFLIGHT PREPARATION .......................................1-i ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE: AIRPLANE SINGLE-ENGINE LAND ...............6 Aircraft and Equipment Required for the Practical Test................1 General Information ..............................10 Unsatisfactory Performance............................... IV.....1-v ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE: AIRPLANE SINGLE-ENGINE SEA........................................................................................................5 Removal of the “Airplane Multiengine VFR Only” Limitation ..................................................................................................11 Applicant’s Use of Checklists.......................................................................... II....................................................................................11 Use of Distractions During Practical Tests........................2 Use of the Practical Test Standards Book ........................ AND GO-AROUNDS...11 Positive Exchange of Flight Controls .............CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ................................. V.............12 SECTION 1: COMMERCIAL PILOT AIRPLANE—SINGLE-ENGINE LAND AND SINGLE-ENGINE SEA CONTENTS .................6 Commercial Pilot—Airplane Practical Test Prerequisites .............. 1-10 TAKEOFFS.1-ix EXAMINER’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST.............9 Satisfactory Performance..... 1-23 GROUND REFERENCE MANEUVER...................................... 1-25 i FAA-S-8081-12B .........5 Removal of the “Limited to Center Thrust” Limitation....................4 Special Emphasis Areas ........................................................1-xi AREAS OF OPERATION: I.7 Flight Instructor Responsibility .................................................8 Examiner Responsibility....................................................................10 Crew Resource Management (CRM) ........................12 Metric Conversion Initiative .................................7 Use of FAA-Approved Flight Simulator or Flight Training Device .................................................2 Practical Test Standards Description............................................................................................................. 1-7 AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS .......................................................................

............................ 1-35 APPENDIX 1—TASK VS...VII............ 2-38 APPENDIX 2—TASK VS...... 2-i ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE: AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND ............................................ 2-28 HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS ..... SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT ............................... IV. NAVIGATION .............. Appendix 2-1 USE OF CHART....... Appendix 1-1 FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVICE LEVEL ..................... 2-25 EMERGENCY OPERATIONS....................... XI....................... Appendix 2-3 FAA-S-8081-12B ii ............................... V.................................................................... 1-34 POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES ...................................... VI............................... IX......... VIII IX.................. SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT ........................ II...... PREFLIGHT PREPARATION .. 2-v ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE: AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE SEA. AND GO-AROUNDS.......................... VIII......................... Appendix 1-3 SECTION 2: COMMERCIAL PILOT AIRPLANE—MULTIENGINE LAND AND MULTIENGINE SEA CONTENTS......... X........ 2-34 POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES .................................. 1-32 HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS .......................... X........ 2-8 AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS........ 2-23 SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS.................... 2-22 NAVIGATION ................2-xi AREAS OF OPERATION: I............................................................................... SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT TASK VS.. SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT TASK VS... XI............. LANDINGS.............................. III.... Appendix 2-1 FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVICE LEVEL ......................... 1-28 EMERGENCY OPERATIONS........................ 1-26 SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS..... Appendix 1-1 USE OF CHART............2-vii APPLICANT’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST ................. 2-11 TAKEOFFS... VII........................... 2-1 PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES................................................. 2-13 PERFORMANCE MANEUVER .................................2-ix EXAMINER’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST.......................................................... 2-33 MULTIENGINE OPERATIONS .

Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration Flight Standards Service Airman Testing Standards Branch.faa. Box 25082 Oklahoma City. DC 20402.S. Flight instructors are expected to use this book when preparing applicants for practical tests. but not mandatory. such as “shall” and “must” indicating the actions are mandatory. Information considered directive in nature is described in this practical test book in terms. AFS-630 P. AFS-600.gov. The FAA gratefully acknowledges the valuable assistance provided by many individuals and organizations throughout the aviation community who contributed their time and talent in assisting with the revision of these practical test standards. U. Washington.INTRODUCTION General Information The Flight Standards Service of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has developed this practical test book as the standard that shall be used by FAA inspectors and designated pilot examiners when conducting commercial pilot—airplane practical tests. in accordance with AC 60-27. Subsequent changes to this standard. such as “should” and “may” indicating the actions are desirable or permissive. will also be available on AFS-600’s web site and then later incorporated into a printed revision. Applicants should be familiar with this book and refer to these standards during their training. This publication can be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents.O. This practical test standard may be downloaded from the Regulatory Support Division’s. OK 73125 1 FAA-S-8081-12B . Comments regarding this publication should be sent to: U. Guidance information is described in terms.S. web site at http://afs600. Government Printing Office. Announcement of Availability: Changes to Practical Test Standards.

the TASKs appropriate to the class airplane (ASEL. AMEL. ASEL AMEL ASES AMES Airplane—Single-Engine Land Airplane—Multiengine Land Airplane—Single-Engine Sea Airplane—Multiengine Sea NOTE: When administering a test based on sections 1 and 2 of this PTS. however. flight procedures. The absence of a class indicates the TASK is for all classes. The CFRs provide the flexibility to permit the FAA to publish practical test standards containing the AREAS OF OPERATION and specific TASKs in which pilot competency shall be demonstrated. Practical Test Standards Description AREAS OF OPERATION are phases of the practical test arranged in a logical sequence within each standard. The examiner. Adherence to the provisions of the regulations and the practical test standards is mandatory for the evaluation of commercial pilot applicants. the ground portion of the practical test shall be accomplished before the flight portion. ASES. or AMES) used for the test shall be included in the plan of action. The meaning of each abbreviation is as follows. or maneuvers appropriate to an AREA OF OPERATION.Practical Test Standard Concept Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61 specifies the AREAS OF OPERATION in which knowledge and skill must be demonstrated by the applicant before the issuance of a commercial pilot certificate or rating. TASKs are titles of knowledge areas. The abbreviation(s) within parentheses immediately following a TASK refer to the category and/or class aircraft appropriate to that TASK. They begin with Preflight Preparation and end with Postflight Procedures. Practical Test Book Description This test book contains the following Commercial Pilot—Airplane Practical Test Standards: Section 1 Section 2 Airplane—Single-Engine Land and Sea Airplane—Multiengine Land and Sea The Commercial Pilot Practical Test Standards—Airplane includes the AREAS OF OPERATION and TASKs for the issuance of an initial commercial pilot certificate and for the addition of category ratings and/or class ratings to that certificate. may conduct the practical test in any sequence that will result in a complete and efficient test. however. The FAA shall revise this book whenever it is determined that changes are needed in the interest of safety. NOTE is used to FAA-S-8081-12B 2 .

Publications other than those listed may be used for references if their content conveys substantially the same meaning as the referenced publications. required in the AREA OF REFERENCE identifies the publication(s) that describe(s) the TASK. Seaplane Safety for FAR Part 91 Operations Crew Resource Management Training Aircraft Weight and Balance Handbook Airplane Flying Handbook Instrument Flying Handbook Aeronautical Information Manual Airport Facility Directory Notices to Airmen Pilot Operating Handbook FAA-Approved Flight Manual Navigation Charts Seaplane Supplement AC 91-69 AC 120-51 FAA-H-8083-1 FAA-H-8083-3 FAA-H-8083-15 AIM AFD NOTAMs Other 3 FAA-S-8081-12B . Flight Instructors. These practical test standards are based on the following references.emphasize special considerations OPERATION or TASK. Preventive Maintenance. and Alteration Certification: Pilots. and Ground Instructors General Operating and Flight Rules Aviation Weather Aviation Weather Services Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge Certification: Pilots and Flight Instructors Stall and Spin Awareness Training. Role of Preflight Preparation Pilots’ Role in Collision Avoidance Recommended Standard Traffic Patterns and Practices for Aeronautical Operations At Airports Without Operating Control Towers. Descriptions of TASKs are not included in these standards because this information can be found in the current issue of the listed reference. 14 CFR part 43 14 CFR part 61 14 CFR part 91 AC 00-6 AC 00-45 AC 61-23/ FAA-H-8083-25 AC 61-65 AC 61-67 AC 61-84 AC 90-48 AC 90-66 Maintenance. Rebuilding.

the “NONE” entry applies. if “ALL” and “NONE” are indicated for one AREA OF OPERATION. unless noted otherwise. the examiner shall develop a written “plan of action. an evaluation of the applicant’s competence in the remaining AREAS OF OPERATION and TASKs may be conducted. The examiner’s “plan of action” shall include the order and combination of TASKs to be demonstrated by the applicant in a manner that will result in an efficient and valid test. In preparation for each practical test. Any TASK selected for evaluation during a practical test shall be evaluated in its entirety. The examiner may change the sequence or combine TASKs with similar Objectives to have an orderly and efficient flow of the practical test. For example. The Objective includes: 1. as well as FAA-S-8081-12B 4 . If the elements in one TASK have already been evaluated in another TASK. acceptable performance standards. If “B” and “B.The Objective lists the elements that must be satisfactorily performed to demonstrate competency in a TASK. at the time of the test. signals. An applicant. conditions under which the TASK is to be performed.” The “plan of action” shall include all TASKs in each AREA OF OPERATION. the “least restrictive” entry applies. For example. At the discretion of the examiner. and 3. For example. C” are indicated. the “B” entry applies. Applicants shall be evaluated in ALL TASKs included in each AREA OF OPERATION of the appropriate practical test standard. The use of the safest means for simulation is expected. shall be evaluated in the AREAS OF OPERATION and TASKs listed in the Additional Rating Task Table. 2. If the applicant holds two or more category or class ratings at least at the commercial level. Consideration must be given to local conditions. The examiner is expected to use good judgment in the performance of simulated emergency procedures. unless otherwise noted. the “plan of action” need not include evaluating the applicant on complying with markings. if that element was sufficiently observed at the beginning of the flight. specifically what the applicant should be able to do. they need not be repeated. Radio Communications and ATC Light Signals may be combined with Traffic Patterns. and the ratings table indicates differing required TASKs. and clearances at the end of the flight. Use of the Practical Test Standards Book The FAA requires that all commercial pilot practical tests be conducted in accordance with the appropriate commercial practical test standards and the policies set forth in the INTRODUCTION. both meteorological and topographical. The examiner is not required to follow the precise order in which the AREAS OF OPERATION and TASKs appear in this book. who holds at least a commercial pilot certificate seeking an additional airplane category rating and/or class rating at the commercial pilot level.

stall/spin awareness. 11. AREA OF OPERATION X: MULTIENGINE OPERATIONS TASK C: ENGINE FAILURE DURING FLIGHT (By Reference to Instruments) TASK D: INSTRUMENT APPROACH—ONE ENGINE INOPERATIVE (By Reference to Instruments) Removal of the “Limited to Center Thrust” Limitation The removal of the “Limited to Center Thrust” limitation at the commercial pilot certificate level requires an applicant to satisfactorily perform the following AREAS OF OPERATION and TASKs from the commercial AMEL and AMES PTS in a multiengine airplane that has a manufacturer’s published VMC speed. Removal of the “Airplane Multiengine VFR Only” Limitation The removal of the “Airplane Multiengine VFR Only” limitation. checklist usage. 5. 2. positive aircraft control. In all instances. and the condition of the aircraft used. it is expected that the applicant will simulate that portion of the maneuver. 5 FAA-S-8081-12B . 4. they are essential to flight safety and will be evaluated during the practical test. Among these are: 1. 8. collision avoidance. Special Emphasis Areas Examiners shall place special emphasis upon areas of aircraft operations considered critical to flight safety. 7. Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO). wake turbulence avoidance. and other areas deemed appropriate to any phase of the practical test. at the commercial pilot certificate level. 9. Although these areas may not be specifically addressed under each TASK. runway incursion avoidance. requires an applicant to satisfactorily perform the following AREAS OF OPERATION and TASKs from the commercial AMEL and AMES PTS in a multiengine airplane that has a manufacturer’s published VMC speed. aeronautical decision making (ADM). 3.the applicant’s workload. positive exchange of the flight controls procedure (who is flying the airplane). 6. the applicant’s actions will relate to the complete situation. 10. controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). If the procedure being evaluated would jeopardize safety.

2. use AC 60-28.” 5. have satisfactorily accomplished the required training and obtained the aeronautical experience prescribed. be able to read. if a commercial pilot certificate with an airplane rating is sought. speak. possess a private pilot certificate with an airplane rating. 4. write. If there is a doubt. or meet the flight experience required for a private pilot certificate (airplane rating) and pass the private airplane knowledge and practical test. English Language Skill Standards. FAA-S-8081-12B 6 . 6.AREA OF OPERATION I: PREFLIGHT PREPARTATION TASK H: PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT-ENGINE INOPERATIVE AREA OF OPERATION X: EMERGENCY OPERATIONS TASK B: ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKEOFF BEFORE VMC (SIMULATED) TASK C: ENGINE FAILURE AFTER LIFT-OFF (SIMULATED) TASK D: APPROACH AND LANDING WITH AN INOPERATIVE ENGINE (SIMULATED) AREA OF OPERATION XI: MULTIENGINE OPERATIONS TASK A: MANEUVERING WITH ONE ENGINE INOPERATIVE TASK B: VMC DEMONSTRATION Commercial Pilot—Airplane Practical Test Prerequisites An applicant for the Commercial Pilot—Airplane Practical Test is required by 14 CFR part 61 to: 1. possess an instrument rating (airplane) or the following limitation shall be placed on the commercial pilot certificate: “Carrying passengers in airplanes for hire is prohibited at night or on cross-country flights of more than 50 nautical miles. 3. and understand the English language. be at least 18 years of age. have passed the appropriate commercial pilot knowledge test since the beginning of the 24th month before the month in which he or she takes the practical test.

except as provided for in 14 CFR section 61. This section further requires that the aircraft must: 1. if applicable. to complete certain flight TASK requirements listed in this practical test standard. 4. and controllable propeller. also have an endorsement certifying that the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test. possess at least a current third class medical certificate. 8. foreign or military registry of the same category.Change 2 (dated 2/3/09) 7. be of U. floats. unless the applicant currently holds a commercial pilot certificate with a single-engine or multiengine class rating as appropriate. and 9. have an endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that the applicant has received and logged training time within 60 days preceding the date of application in preparation for the practical test. and type. have fully functioning dual controls.45(c) and (e). Aircraft and Equipment Required for the Practical Test The commercial pilot—airplane applicant is required by 14 CFR section 61. 7 FAA-S-8081-12B . and controllable propeller. A complex seaplane is one having flaps. for the performance of takeoffs. to provide an airworthy..45. A complex landplane is one having a retractable landing gear. and is prepared for the practical test. 3. class. and be a complex airplane furnished by the applicant. 2. Airplanes equipped with a full authority digital engine control (FADEC) system are considered to have a controllable propeller. landings.S. for the certificate and/or rating for which the applicant is applying. certificated airplane for use during the practical test. be capable of performing all AREAS OF OPERATION appropriate to the rating sought and have no operating limitations which prohibit its use in any of the AREAS OF OPERATION required for the practical test. Use of FAA-Approved Flight Simulator or Flight Training Device An airman applicant for commercial pilot—airplane certification may be authorized to use an FAA-qualified and approved flight simulator or flight training device. flaps. and appropriate emergency procedures.

all TASKs and elements for each maneuver or procedure shall have the same performance standards applied equally for determination of overall satisfactory performance. but when accomplished in a flight simulator or flight training device. An appropriate class airplane is required to complete the remaining flight TASKs for certification. and maneuvers included in the TASKs within each AREA OF OPERATION in the appropriate commercial pilot practical test standard.An airman applicant seeking an added rating to a commercial certificate may also use a qualified and approved flight simulator or flight training device to complete the flight task requirements in accordance with Appendix 1 and 2 of these practical test standards. these same actions would not be “simulated. Similarly. all TASK elements must be accomplished as would be expected under actual circumstances. etc. These appendices should be consulted to identify which flight TASKs may be accomplished in an approved flight simulator or flight training device. when the same emergency condition is addressed in a flight simulator or flight training device. hydraulic. simulating the discharge of the fire suppression agent. proficient pilots. when in an aircraft. simulating the shutdown of the engine. simulating the disconnect of associated electrical. However. and the ability to impart that knowledge and skill to students. The level of flight simulator or flight training device required for each maneuver or procedure will also be found in the appropriate appendix. safety of flight precautions taken in the aircraft for the accomplishment of a specific maneuver or procedure (such as limiting altitude in an approach to stall or setting maximum airspeed for an engine failure expected to result in a rejected takeoff) need not be taken when a flight simulator or flight training device is used. It is important to understand that whether accomplished in an aircraft. Flight Instructor Responsibility An appropriately rated flight instructor is responsible for training the commercial pilot applicant to acceptable standards in all subject matter areas. if applicable. certain TASK elements may be accomplished through “simulated” actions in the interest of safety and practicality.” For example. flight instructors should exhibit a high level of knowledge. a simulated engine fire may be addressed by retarding the throttle to idle. and pneumatics systems. Because of the impact of their teaching activities in developing safe. flight simulator or flight training device. FAA-S-8081-12B 8 . When flight TASKs are accomplished in an aircraft. procedures. skill.

the examiner may require the applicant to repeat that TASK. or portions of that TASK. Throughout the flight portion of the practical test. If the examiner determines that a TASK is incomplete. Examiner 1 Responsibility The examiner conducting the practical test is responsible for determining that the applicant meets the acceptable standards of knowledge and skill of each TASK within the appropriate practical test standard. or the repeating of an unsatisfactory task is permitted during the certification process. When practical. the flight instructor is responsible for emphasizing the performance of effective visual scanning and collision avoidance procedures. terrain.Change 1 (2/22/08) Throughout the applicant's training. On multiengine practical tests where the failure of the most critical engine after lift off is required. 9 FAA-S-8081-12B . the examiner shall evaluate the applicant’s use of visual scanning and collision avoidance procedures. This provision has been made in the interest of fairness and does not mean that instruction. Oral questioning. to determine the applicant's knowledge of TASKs and related safety factors. or the outcome uncertain. the remaining TASKs of the practical test phase should be completed before repeating the questionable TASK. and type of aircraft used. especially during the flight portion of the practical test. this becomes an ongoing process throughout the test. practice. During simulated engine failures on multiengine practical tests the examiner shall set zero thrust after the applicant has simulated feathering the propeller. the examiner must give consideration to local atmospheric conditions. should be used judiciously at all times. However the failure of an engine shall not be simulated until attaining at least VSSE/VYSE and at an altitude not lower than 400 feet AGL. 1 The word “examiner” is used throughout the standards to denote either the FAA inspector or FAA designated pilot examiner who conducts an official practical test. Since there is no formal division between the “oral” and “skill” portions of the practical test. The examiner shall require the applicant to demonstrate at least one landing with a simulated feathered propeller with the engine set to zero thrust. Examiner’s shall test to the greatest extent practicable the applicant’s correlative abilities rather than mere rote enumeration of facts throughout the practical test.

The examiner or applicant may discontinue the test at any time when the failure of an AREA OF OPERATION makes the applicant ineligible for the certificate or rating sought. Any action or lack of action by the applicant that requires corrective intervention by the examiner to maintain safe flight. the practical test is failed. Failure to take prompt corrective action when tolerances are exceeded. Typical areas of disqualification are: unsatisfactory performance and grounds for 1.Satisfactory Performance Satisfactory performance to meet the requirements for certification is based on the applicant’s ability to safely: 1. Failure to use proper and effective visual scanning techniques to clear the area before and while performing maneuvers. and demonstrate single-pilot competence if the aircraft is type certificated for single-pilot operations. However. 5. during the retest. 3. 2. the associated AREA OF OPERATION is failed and therefore. including those previously passed. 2. 4. any TASK may be reevaluated. the applicant does not meet the standards of performance of any TASK performed. demonstrate satisfactory proficiency and competency within the approved standards. and at the discretion of the examiner. in the judgment of the examiner. demonstrate sound judgment. FAA-S-8081-12B 10 . 3. 4. Unsatisfactory Performance The tolerances represent the performance expected in good flying conditions. Consistently exceeding tolerances stated in the Objectives. perform the TASKs specified in the AREAS OF OPERATION for the certificate or rating sought within the approved standards. the applicant is entitled credit for only those AREAS OF OPERATION and their associated TASKs satisfactorily performed. The test may be continued ONLY with the consent of the applicant. If. If the test is discontinued. demonstrate mastery of the aircraft with the successful outcome of each TASK performed never seriously in doubt.

In this case. and information. If the applicant fails the practical test because of a special emphasis area. The situation may be such that the use of the checklist. Human resources include all groups routinely working with the cockpit crew or pilot who are involved with decisions that are required to operate a flight safely. Division of attention and proper visual scanning should be considered when using a checklist. the applicant is evaluated on the use of an appropriate checklist. hardware. a review of the checklist after the elements have been accomplished.: AREA OF OPERATION VIII. especially in a single-pilot operation. Maneuvering During Slow Flight. maintenance personnel. but a set of competencies that must be evident in all TASKs in this practical test standard as applied to either single pilot operations or crew. Crew Resource Management (CRM) CRM refers to the effective use of all available resources: human resources. i. while accomplishing elements of an Objective. CRM is not a single TASK. would be appropriate. the examiner shall cause realistic distractions during the flight portion of the practical test to evaluate the applicant’s ability to divide attention while maintaining safe flight. but are not limited to dispatchers. the Notice of Disapproval shall indicate the associated task. failure to use proper collision avoidance procedures. 11 FAA-S-8081-12B . the examiner shall record the applicant’s unsatisfactory performance in terms of the AREA OF OPERATION and specific TASK(s) not meeting the standard appropriate to practical test conducted. To evaluate the applicant’s ability to utilize proper control technique while dividing attention both inside and/or outside the cockpit. The AREA(s) OF OPERATION/TASK(s) not tested and the number of practical test failures shall also be recorded. Use of Distractions During Practical Tests Numerous studies indicate that many accidents have occurred when the pilot has been distracted during critical phases of flight. Proper use is dependent on the specific TASK being evaluated.When a notice of disapproval is issued. would be either unsafe or impractical. Applicant's Use of Checklists Throughout the practical test. and weather services. These groups include. cabin crewmembers. e. air traffic controllers.

“You have the flight controls. being too exact for practical purposes. The metric altimeter is arranged in 10 meter increments. there must always be a clear understanding between students and flight instructors of who has control of the aircraft. a briefing should be conducted that includes the procedure for the exchange of flight controls. “I have the flight controls. Prior to flight. Metric Conversion Initiative To assist pilots in understanding and using the metric measurement system. There should never by any doubt as to who is flying the aircraft. “You have the flight controls.Positive Exchange of Flight Controls During flight training. A positive three-step process in the exchange of flight controls between pilots is a proven procedure and one that is strongly recommended.” The student acknowledges immediately by saying.” The flight instructor again says. follow the same procedure. he or she will say. the exact conversion. therefore. when converting from feet to meters.” When control is returned to the instructor. When the instructor wishes the student to take control of the aircraft. is rounded to the nearest 10 meter increment or even altitude as necessary. A visual check is recommended to verify that the exchange has occurred. The inclusion of meters is intended to familiarize pilots with its use. the practical test standards refer to the metric equivalent of various altitudes throughout. FAA-S-8081-12B 12 .

SECTION 1 COMMERCIAL PILOT—AIRPLANE Single-Engine Land and Single-Engine Sea .

............... Certificates and Documents (ASEL and ASES)........................ 1-5 Seaplane Bases......................... 1-v AirplaneSingle-Engine Sea .............. Maritime Rules........................ II.......... H..... 1-1 A............................................................................................ 1-7 A.............. I........... B..1-vii CHECKLISTS: Applicant’s Practical Test Checklist ....... J..................... F.................... 1-8 Taxiing and Sailing (ASES)......... 1-7 Cockpit Management (ASEL and ASES) ....... 1-9 1-i FAA-S-8081-12B .... E....................................... 1-8 Before Takeoff Check (ASEL and ASES) ........ PREFLIGHT PREPARATION .............. Preflight Inspection (ASEL and ASES) ......... and Aids to Marine Navigation (ASES) ................... F. 1-7 Engine Starting (ASEL and ASES) ................ G....................... 1-3 National Airspace System (ASEL and ASES).................. B........ 1-xi AREAS OF OPERATION: I.................................... 1-3 Performance and Limitations (ASEL and ASES) .......... 1-7 Taxiing (ASEL) ........................................................... C............ 1-4 Water and Seaplane Characteristics (ASES).................. 1-5 Aeromedical Factors (ASEL and ASES) ......... 1-4 Operation of Systems (ASEL and ASES) ......... 1-1 Airworthiness Requirements (ASEL and ASES) ... 1-2 Cross-Country Flight Planning (ASEL and ASES) .. E..................... C.... 1-ix Examiner’s Practical Test Checklist ................ 1-6 PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES.................CONTENTS Airplane Single-Engine Land and Airplane Single-Engine Sea ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLES: Airplane Single-Engine Land ................................... D.. 1-1 Weather Information (ASEL and ASES) ............ D.........................

....... 1-13 Soft-Field Takeoff and Climb (ASEL) . D.................................... C... 1-25 Eights on Pylons (ASEL and ASES) ..... 1-11 IV................................. LANDINGS........... K.. Markings............................. 1-27 FAA-S-8081-12B 1-ii .......... Radio Communications and ATC Light Signals (ASEL and ASES) . 1-16 Short-Field Approach (Confined Area—ASES) and Landing (ASEL and ASES) ...... H........ B..................... and Lighting (ASEL and ASES).......................................... 1-23 Steep Spiral (ASEL and ASES) .......................... 1-18 Glassy Water Approach and Landing (ASES) ............ 1-10 Airport/Seaplane Base........ 1-24 VI................ GROUND REFERENCE MANEUVER..... B.............. F................................ C.. 1-15 Short-Field Takeoff (Confined Area—ASES) and Maximum Performance Climb (ASEL and ASES).... and Taxiway Signs...................................................... G.. D.................. 1-10 Traffic Patterns (ASEL and ASES)..... 1-12 A.............. 1-14 Soft-Field Approach and Landing (ASEL) ...... 1-27 Lost Procedures (ASEL and ASES).................. 1-17 Glassy Water Takeoff and Climb (ASES) .. 1-12 Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing (ASEL and ASES) ..................... 1-26 A................ 1-25 VII...... 1-21 Go-Around/Rejected Landing (ASEL and ASES)..... C.. D.................... B.................................... C..................................... AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS ...................................... I.......... Normal and Crosswind Takeoff and Climb (ASEL and ASES) ................... 1-26 Navigation Systems and Radar Services (ASEL and ASES) ............................................................................................................... PERFORMANCE MANEUVERS . Pilotage and Dead Reckoning (ASEL and ASES) . 1-23 A........ 1-24 Lazy Eights (ASEL and ASES) .. 1-19 Rough Water Takeoff and Climb (ASES) . Runway.... E................ AND GO-AROUNDS......... 1-23 Chandelles (ASEL and ASES) .... B....III.................... NAVIGATION ........... 1-20 Rough Water Approach and Landing (ASES) ......... 1-21 Power-Off 180° Accuracy Approach and Landing (ASEL and ASES) .. 1-26 Diversion (ASEL and ASES) ..................... 1-10 A........ Steep Turns (ASEL and ASES)................... J......................... L................................................................. 1-22 V.. TAKEOFFS......

....... 1-35 Ramping/Beaching (ASES).......... C........ and Securing (ASEL and ASES) ...................... Simulation Device Credit ...........................................Appendix 1-1 Flight Simulation Device Level....Appendix 1-3 1-iii FAA-S-8081-12B .. Parking.. 1-28 A............................................. B........... 1-32 Systems and Equipment Malfunctions (ASEL and ASES) ................ 1-32 A........... HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS ..................................... C...VIII...... 1-35 Docking and Mooring (ASES) ...... After Landing.................. B.............. Maneuvering During Slow Flight (ASEL and ASES) ....................... 1-28 Power-Off Stalls (ASEL and ASES) ..............Appendix 1-1 Use of Chart ...... POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES .... B...... 1-33 Emergency Equipment and Survival Gear (ASEL and ASES) .............. B................. 1-35 Anchoring (ASES) ........................... C..................... Emergency Approach and Landing (Simulated) (ASEL and ASES) . 1-34 Pressurization (ASEL and ASES) ...................................... D.............................. 1-31 EMERGENCY OPERATIONS........................... 1-34 XI.............................................................................. SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS ...... 1-35 A..... 1-30 Spin Awareness (ASEL and ASES) ....................... 1-33 X................ SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT Task vs.......................... 1-34 A........................................................ D................. 1-36 APPENDIX 1—TASK VS.................................................................................................... Supplemental Oxygen (ASEL and ASES)..................... IX...... 1-29 Power-On Stalls (ASEL and ASES) ....

B. D.G F.G F.E.F.L ALL A.ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE Airplane Single-Engine Land Addition of an Airplane Single-Engine Land Rating to an existing Commercial Pilot Certificate Required TASKs are indicated by either the TASK letter(s) that apply(s) or an indication that all or none of the TASKs must be tested based on the notes in each AREA OF OPERATION.E.C.G F. D.C A.F. D. D.G F. F B. K B. D.E.B. D.F.B.L ALL III C A.L ALL IV V VI NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL VII NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL NONE VIII NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL IX A.C.C.D C A. D. K.F.C.C.E.E. D.F B.B.F. K.G F.F A.F.F.B ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL X NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL XI A NONE A A A A A A 1-v FAA-S-8081-12B . COMMERCIAL PILOT RATING(S) HELD AREAS OF OPERATION ASES AMEL AMES RH RG Glider Balloon Airship I F. K.C.C A.B.G F. D.E.L ALL A. D.C A.B. K.C.F. D.E. K.C. K NONE NONE A.F B.G II D NONE D A.C.F B.C. K B.B.B.G F.C.C A.D.D NONE A.B A.C.C.E.L ALL A.B.B.D.B.C.B A.

I.H.J. F. F. I.D B. F.G.C.B.J.G.G. F.G.F B. I.D NONE A.E. E. F.E.C.F B.D B.D B.C.K.H. I E F. I E F.J.K. E.C.C A.E.E.B.C.D B.H.G.C. F.B A. I.F B.L ALL F.G. I.B.G.G.G.H.D 1-vii FAA-S-8081-12B . F.H.G.H.L ALL II E III C A.K.J.H.B.B.C.H.B.J NONE C A.C.C A. F C A.E.L ALL F.J B.B.G.G.E.H.B. I.ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE Airplane Single-Engine Sea Addition of an Airplane Single-Engine Sea Rating to an existing Commercial Pilot Certificate Required TASKs are indicated by either the TASK letter(s) that apply(s) or an indication that all or none of the TASKs must be tested based on the notes in each AREA OF OPERATION.J.J B.C.K.C.D B.H.H.D NONE B.C.H.L ALL F.C.F B.C.B.D IV V VI NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL VII NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL NONE VIII NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL IX A.H.H. I. I A.G F. I A.L ALL F.C A.B. I A.B.C A. I.B A.B.B ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL X NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL XI B.G.H. I A.K.G.B.E.E.E. E.G. I A. E. COMMERCIAL PILOT RATING(S) HELD AREAS OF OPERATION ASEL AMEL AMES RH RG Glider Balloon Airship I F. F.

APPLICANT’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST APPOINTMENT WITH EXAMINER: EXAMINER’S NAME_____________________________ LOCATION ____________________________________ DATE/TIME ____________________________________ ACCEPTABLE AIRCRAFT ! Aircraft Documents: Airworthiness Certificate Registration Certificate Operating Limitations Aircraft Maintenance Records: Logbook Record of Airworthiness Inspections and AD Compliance Pilot’s Operating Handbook. and Appropriate Publications PERSONAL RECORDS ! ! ! ! Identification—Photo/Signature ID Pilot Certificate Current and Appropriate Medical Certificate Completed FAA Form 8710-1. Notice of Disapproval (if applicable) Approved School Graduation Certificate (if applicable) Examiner’s Fee (if applicable) ! ! ! ! ! 1-ix FAA-S-8081-12B . Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application with Instructor’s Signature (If applicable) Computer Test Report Pilot Logbook with appropriate Instructor Endorsements FAA Form 8060-5. Airport Facility Directory. FAA-Approved Airplane Flight Manual ! ! PERSONAL EQUIPMENT ! ! ! ! ! View-Limiting Device Current Aeronautical Charts Computer and Plotter Flight Plan Form Flight Logs Current AIM.

Runway. and Lighting (ASEL and ASES) FAA-S-8081-12B 1-xi . G. I.EXAMINER’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST Airplane Single-Engine Land And Airplane Single-Engine Sea APPLICANT'S NAME_______________________________ LOCATION_______________________________________ DATE/TIME______________________________________ I. E. ! ! ! ! ! ! III. J. Maritime Rules. ! ! ! PREFLIGHT PREPARATION A. C. D. Markings. B. and Taxiway Signs. F. C. Radio Communications and ATC Light Signals (ASEL and ASES) Traffic Patterns (ASEL and ASES) Airport/Seaplane Base. H. Certificates and Documents (ASEL and ASES) Airworthiness Requirements (ASEL and ASES) Weather Information (ASEL and ASES) Cross-Country Flight Planning (ASEL and ASES) National Airspace System (ASEL and ASES) Performance and Limitations (ASEL and ASES) Operation of Systems (ASEL and ASES) Water and Seaplane Characteristics (ASES) Seaplane Bases. Preflight Inspection (ASEL and ASES) Cockpit Management (ASEL and ASES) Engine Starting (ASEL and ASES) Taxiing (ASEL) Taxiing and Sailing (ASES) Before Takeoff Check (ASEL and ASES) AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS A. B. D. E. B. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II. and Aids to Marine Navigation (ASES) Aeromedical Factors (ASEL and ASES) PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES A. F. C.

B. L. Maneuvering During Slow Flight (ASEL and ASES) Power-Off Stalls (ASEL and ASES) Power-On Stalls (ASEL and ASES) Spin Awareness (ASEL and ASES) FAA-S-8081-12B 1-xii .IV. C. ! ! ! ! VI. Normal and Crosswind Takeoff and Climb (ASEL and ASES) Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing (ASEL and ASES) Soft-Field Takeoff and Climb (ASEL) Soft-Field Approach and Landing (ASEL) Short-Field (Confined Area—ASES) Takeoff and Maximum Performance Climb (ASEL and ASES) Short-Field Approach (Confined Area—ASES) and Landing (ASEL and ASES) Glassy Water Takeoff and Climb (ASES) Glassy Water Approach and Landing (ASES) Rough Water Takeoff and Climb (ASES) Rough Water Approach and Landing (ASES) Power-Off 180° Accuracy Approach and Landing (ASEL and ASES) Go-Around/Rejected Landing (ASEL and ASES) PERFORMANCE MANEUVERS A. C. F. B. C. H. AND GO-AROUNDS A. SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS ! ! ! ! A. C. I. LANDINGS. ! TAKEOFFS. B. D. Pilotage and Dead Reckoning (ASEL and ASES) Navigation Systems and Radar Services (ASEL and ASES) Diversion (ASEL and ASES) Lost Procedures (ASEL and ASES) VIII. B. G. NAVIGATION ! ! ! ! A. D. D. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V. J. E. Steep Turns (ASEL and ASES) Steep Spiral (ASEL and ASES) Chandelles (ASEL and ASES) Lazy Eights (ASEL and ASES) GROUND REFERENCE MANEUVER Eights on Pylons (ASEL and ASES) VII. K. D.

and Securing (ASEL and ASES) Anchoring (ASES) Docking and Mooring (ASES) Ramping/Beaching (ASES) FAA-S-8081-12B 1-xiii .IX. B. C. B. ! ! ! X. Emergency Approach and Landing (Simulated) (ASEL and ASES) Systems and Equipment Malfunctions (ASEL and ASES) Emergency Equipment and Survival Gear (ASEL and ASES) HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS A. Parking. D. Supplemental Oxygen (ASEL and ASES) Pressurization (ASEL and ASES) POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES A. ! ! XI. B. ! ! ! ! EMERGENCY OPERATIONS A. After Landing. C.

c. 61. b. instrument markings. placards. airworthiness and registration certificates. Explaining– a. weight and balance data and equipment list. Locating and explaining— a. B. FAA-H-8083-3. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to certificates and documents by: 1. AREA OF OPERATION: PREFLIGHT PREPARATION The examiner shall develop a scenario based on real time NOTE: weather to evaluate TASKs C and D. and POH/AFM. pilot logbook or flight records. 1-1 FAA-S-8081-12B . c. commercial pilot certificate privileges limitations and recent flight experience requirements. TASK: AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. b. A. Objective. medical certificate class and duration. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to airworthiness requirements by: 1. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. operating limitations. required instruments and equipment for day/night VFR. Objective. b.I. procedures and limitations for determining airworthiness of the airplane with inoperative instruments and equipment with and without an MEL. requirements and procedures for obtaining a special flight permit. 2. 91. POH/AFM. TASK: CERTIFICATES AND DOCUMENTS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR parts 43. c. AC 6123/FAA-H-8083-25. Explaining— a.

f. METAR. 2. b. AC 61-23/FAA-H8083-25. appropriate record keeping. b. surface analysis chart. convective outlook chart. and forecasts from various sources with emphasis on— a. Locating and explaining— a. Objective. and ATIS reports. AWOS. winds and temperature aloft chart. d. TAF. d. TASK: WEATHER INFORMATION (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. To determine that the applicant: 1. e. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to weather information by analyzing weather reports. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-2 . AC 61-84. maintenance/inspection requirements. AC 00-6. C. AIM. AC 00-45.2. airworthiness directives. radar summary chart. significant weather prognostic charts. and FA. c. charts. g. c. Makes a competent “go/no-go” decision based on available weather information. ASOS. compliance records.

2. Computes headings. Applies pertinent information from NOTAMs. and/or cargo loads using real time weather. baggage. Navigation Charts. Completes a navigation log and simulates filing a VFR flight plan. Class B. and fuel requirements. Uses appropriate and current aeronautical charts. 3. Selects most favorable altitudes considering weather conditions and equipment capabilities. 9. and other flight publications. TASK: NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 71. Airspace classes—their operating rules. E. f. pilot certification. 4. the final flight plan shall be to the first fuel stop. flight time. 6. Basic VFR weather minimums—for all classes of airspace. Objective.D. AIM. Class C. Class D. obstructions. Objective. and airplane equipment requirements for the following— a. Selects easily identifiable en route checkpoints. e. TASK: CROSS-COUNTRY FLIGHT PLANNING (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. 8. Class A. Class G. A/FD. 91. and terrain features. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. Selects appropriate navigation system/facilities and communication frequencies. Special use and other airspace areas. To determine that the applicant: 1. 2. Navigation Charts. 7. AIM. d. c. b. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the National Airspace System by explaining: 1. A/FD. Class E. AC 61-84. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to cross-country flight planning by presenting and explaining a pre-planned VFR crosscountry flight. Properly identifies airspace. 5. as previously assigned by the examiner. 1-3 FAA-S-8081-12B . On the day of the practical test. based on maximum allowable passengers. 3.

Fuel. 4. 6. and spoilers. Pitot-static. 3. Describes the effects of atmospheric conditions on the airplane's performance.F. Primary flight controls and trim. Objective. 5. Determines if the computed weight and center of gravity is within the airplane’s operating limitations and if the weight and center of gravity will remain within limits during all phases of flight. To determine that the applicant: 1. POH/AFM. Electrical. 4. Objective. TASK: PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATIONS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. 2. and hydraulic. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to performance and limitations by explaining the use of charts. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the operation of systems on the airplane provided for the practical test. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-4 . tables. leading edge devices. 8. Water rudders (ASES). POH/AFM. G. 3. AC 61-84. Computes weight and balance. Landing gear. by explaining at least five (5) of the following systems. FAA-H-8083-1. and data to determine performance and the adverse effects of exceeding limitations. TASK: OPERATION OF SYSTEMS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. 1. Deicing and anti-icing. 10. Environmental. and data. 11. 7. vacuum/pressure and associated flight instruments. tables. 9. 2. Avionics. Powerplant and propeller. oil. Demonstrates use of the appropriate performance charts. Flaps.

d. floating and partially submerged debris. sandbars. AIM. Operating restrictions at various bases. such as— a. 2. TASK: WATER AND SEAPLANE CHARACTERISTICS (ASES) REFERENCE: FAA-H-8083-3. maritime rules. h. surface wind. I. and the pilot action required to prevent or correct these occurrences. and shoals. Causes of porpoising and skipping. 3. size and location. f. islands. such as buoys. TASK: SEAPLANE BASES. 2. 1-5 FAA-S-8081-12B . Right-of-way. MARITIME RULES. and aids to marine navigation by explaining: 1. AND AIDS TO MARINE NAVIGATION (ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3.H. Marine navigation aids. and sound signals. and wakes. other features peculiar to the area. 3. Objective. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to seaplane bases. g. b. lights. 4. vessel traffic. Objective. and sailing rules pertinent to seaplane operation. c. e. direction and strength of water current. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to water and seaplane characteristics by explaining: 1. The characteristics of a water surface as affected by features. Float and hull construction. and their effect on seaplane performance. beacons. How to locate and identify seaplane bases on charts or in directories. protected and unprotected areas. steering.

effects. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-6 . c. stress and fatigue. and corrective actions of at least four (4) of the following— a. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to aeromedical factors by explaining: 1. spatial disorientation. hypoxia. TASK: AEROMEDICAL FACTORS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. drugs. hyperventilation. The symptoms. 3. b. f. carbon monoxide poisoning. d. g. dehydration. middle ear and sinus problems. h. AIM.J. motion sickness. e. Objective. causes. The effects of excess nitrogen during scuba dives upon a pilot or passenger in flight. 2. and over-the-counter medications. The effects of alcohol.

3. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to recommended engine starting procedures. B. TASK: ENGINE STARTING (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. and emergency procedures. Inspects the airplane with reference to an appropriate checklist. the reasons for checking each item. 2. 3. TASK: COCKPIT MANAGEMENT (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 2. 1-7 FAA-S-8081-12B . POH/AFM. To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to cockpit management procedures. Objective. Utilizes the appropriate checklist for starting procedure. To determine that the applicant: . Objective. POH/AFM. Verifies that the airplane is in condition for safe flight. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to preflight inspection. Positions the airplane properly considering structures. shoulder harnesses. 2. and the safety of nearby persons and property. To determine that the applicant: 1. POH/AFM. Objective. Ensures all loose items in the cockpit and cabin are secured. 1. Briefs occupants on the use of safety belts. 4. surface conditions other aircraft. This shall include which items must be inspected. hand propping safety. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. 3. and how to detect possible defects. C. doors. AC 91-55. TASK: PREFLIGHT INSPECTION (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Organizes material and equipment in an efficient manner so they are readily available. AC 91-13. and starting under various atmospheric conditions.II. This shall include the use of an external power source. AREA OF OPERATION: PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES A.

Complies with airport/taxiway markings. Avoids other aircraft. 8. Performs a brake check immediately after the airplane begins moving. Positions the flight controls properly for the existing wind conditions. Taxies so as to avoid other aircraft and hazards. NAVIGATION RULES. Uses flight controls. doors. To determine that the applicant: 1. or step taxi technique. 4. 4. 5. 2. and power correctly so as to follow the desired course while sailing. ATC clearances and instructions. E. To determine that the applicant: 1. signals. Complies with seaplane base signs. Objective. 6. flaps. 3. water current. Plans and follows the most favorable course while taxi or sailing considering wind. water rudder. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to water taxi and sailing procedures. TASK: TAXIING (ASEL) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3.D. Prevents and corrects for porpoising and skipping. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-8 . Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to safe taxi procedures. POH/AFM. 3. POH/AFM. USCG INTERNATIONAL-INLAND. plow. signals. 6. Controls direction and speed without excessive use of brakes. Uses the appropriate idle. 2. Objective. and clearances. vessels. TASK: TAXIING AND SAILING (ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. water conditions and maritime regulations. and hazards. 5. 7. Positions flight controls properly for the existing wind conditions.

F. wind and surface conditions. 5. 3. 6. 7. Avoids runway incursion and/or ensures no conflict with traffic prior to taxiing into takeoff position. departure and emergency procedures. This shall include the reasons for checking each item and how to detect malfunctions. Positions the airplane properly considering other aircraft/vessels. 1-9 FAA-S-8081-12B . Accomplishes the before takeoff checklist and ensures the airplane is in safe operating condition. takeoff distances. Reviews takeoff performance airspeeds. 2. POH/AFM. Ensures the engine temperatures and pressure are suitable for run-up and takeoff. Divides attention inside and outside the cockpit. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the before takeoff check. To determine that the applicant: 1. TASK: BEFORE TAKEOFF CHECK (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Objective. 4.

4. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. B. Maintains orientation with runway/landing area in use. Corrects for wind-drift to maintain proper ground track. 2. prevention of runway incursions. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-10 . 3. This shall include procedures at airports with and without operating control towers. and wind shear. Maintains proper spacing from other aircraft. 6. wake turbulence avoidance. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. 5. TASK: RADIO COMMUNICATIONS AND ATC LIGHT SIGNALS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. Selects appropriate frequencies. TASK: TRAFFIC PATTERNS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. AREA OF OPERATION: AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS A. Objective. Complies with proper traffic pattern procedures. AIM. collision avoidance. To determine that the applicant: 1. and appropriate airspeed ±10 knots. 2. AC 90-66. 4. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to traffic patterns. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to radio communications and ATC light signals. 3. Maintains traffic pattern altitude ±100 feet (30 meters).III. Transmits using recommended phraseology. Acknowledges radio communications and complies with instructions. AIM.

and lighting. To determine that the applicant: 1. and taxiway signs. runway. Objective.C. Properly identifies and interprets airport/seaplane base. AND LIGHTING (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. RUNWAY. 1-11 FAA-S-8081-12B . 2. TASK: AIRPORT/SEAPLANE BASE. markings. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to airport/seaplane base. and taxiway operations with emphasis on runway incursion avoidance. runway. MARKINGS. AND TAXIWAY SIGNS. AIM.

LANDINGS. the applicant's knowledge of crosswind elements shall be evaluated through oral testing. Lifts off at the recommended airspeed. Complies with noise abatement procedures. AREA OF OPERATION: TAKEOFFS. 4. 6. Objective. 9. and advances the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. Maintains directional control. 7. proper wind-drift correction throughout the takeoff and climb. Establishes a pitch attitude that will maintain VY. 3. and flaps after a positive rate of climb is established. POH/AFM. Retracts the water rudders as appropriate (ASES). Retracts the landing gear if appropriate. 10. climb operations and rejected takeoff procedures. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. 8. 12.±5 knots. Clears the area. 2. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-12 .IV. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to normal and crosswind takeoff. To determine that the applicant: 1. Positions the flight controls for the existing wind conditions. Establishes and maintains the most efficient planing/lift off attitude and corrects for porpoising and skipping (ASES). and accelerates to VY. TASK: NORMAL AND CROSSWIND TAKEOFF AND CLIMB (ASEL and ASES) NOTE: If a crosswind condition does not exist. taxies onto the takeoff surface and aligns the airplane on the runway center/takeoff path. Completes appropriate checklists. 5. 11. AND GO-AROUNDS A.

with wind gust factor applied. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 10. the applicant's knowledge of the crosswind elements shall be evaluated through oral testing. Adequately surveys the intended landing area (ASES). 5. 11. Maintains a stabilized approach and recommended airspeed. 6. or in its absence.B. not more than 1. with no drift. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to normal and crosswind approach and landing. Considers the wind conditions. Completes appropriate checklist. Touches down smoothly at approximate stalling speed (ASEL). ±5 knots. 3. 2. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. TASK: NORMAL AND CROSSWIND APPROACH AND LANDING (ASEL and ASES) NOTE: If a crosswind condition does not exist. 8. Makes smooth. 1-13 FAA-S-8081-12B . Objective. landing surface. Contacts the water at the proper pitch attitude (ASES). To determine that the applicant: 1. and selects a suitable touchdown point.3 VSO. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed and adjusts pitch attitude and power as required. 9. timely. 7. obstructions. and with the airplane's longitudinal axis aligned with and over the runway center/landing path. and correct control application during the roundout and touchdown. 4. POH/AFM. Touches down at or within 200 feet (60 meters) beyond a specified point.

Establishes a pitch attitude for VX or VY. taxies onto takeoff surface at a speed consistent with safety without stopping while advancing the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. 4. Objective. as appropriate. as appropriate. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a soft-field takeoff and climb. 10. 3. and maintains selected airspeed ±5 knots. 5. 8.C. Retracts the landing gear. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout the takeoff and climb. 2. Lifts off at the lowest possible airspeed and remains in ground effect while accelerating to VX or VY. 9. 1. Completes appropriate checklist. Positions the flight controls for existing conditions and to maximize lift as quickly as possible. if appropriate and flaps after clear of any obstacles or as recommended by the manufacturer. Establishes and maintains a pitch attitude that will transfer the weight of the airplane from the wheels to the wings as rapidly as possible. Maintains takeoff power and VX or VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-14 . Clears the area. POH/AFM. during the climb. 6. TASK: SOFT-FIELD TAKEOFF AND CLIMB (ASEL) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 7.

TASK: SOFT-FIELD APPROACH AND LANDING (ASEL) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3.D. 8. 4. POH/AFM. and selects the most suitable touchdown area. ±5 knots. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed. 2. and with the airplane's longitudinal axis aligned with the runway/landing path. with wind gust factor applied. with no drift. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a soft-field approach and landing. Completes appropriate checklist. Touches down softly. To determine that the applicant: 1. 1-15 FAA-S-8081-12B . Makes smooth. adjusts pitch attitude and power as required. or in its absence. 9. 7. 3. timely. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. Considers the wind conditions. and correct control application during the roundout and touchdown. Objective. Maintains a stabilized approach and recommended airspeed. 5. landing surface. 6. and obstructions.3 VSO. Maintains proper position of the flight controls and sufficient speed to taxi on the soft surface. not more than 1.

Establishes a pitch attitude that will maintain the recommended obstacle clearance airspeed. and accelerates to recommended obstacle clearance airspeed. during the climb. TASK: SHORT-FIELD TAKEOFF (CONFINED AREA—ASES) AND MAXIMUM PREFORMANCE CLIMB (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. or until the airplane is 50 feet (20 meters) above the surface. Lifts off at the recommended airspeed.+5/-0 knots. Completes appropriate checklist. ±5 knots.. or VX.E. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. establishes the pitch attitude for VY. To determine that the applicant: 1. Objective. until the obstacle is cleared. After clearing the obstacle. Clears the area. 8. 6. POH/AFM. Applies brakes (if appropriate) while advancing the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. Positions the flight controls for the existing wind conditions. 5. sets flaps as recommended. if appropriate and flaps after clear of any obstacles or as recommended by manufacturer. 13. 10. or VX. and maintains VY. 9. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout the takeoff and climb. Establishes and maintains the most efficient planing/lift off attitude and corrects for porpoising and skipping (ASES). 7. 2. accelerates to VY. Selects an appropriate take-off path for the existing conditions (ASES). 11. 12. Retracts the landing gear. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-16 . taxies into takeoff position utilizing maximum available takeoff area and aligns the airplane on the runway center/takeoff path. 3. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a short-field (confined area ASES) takeoff and maximum performance climb. 4.

9. with no side drift. and selects the most suitable touchdown point. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed. Selects the proper landing path. Applies brakes (ASEL) or elevator control (ASES).F. obstructions. not more than 1. with wind gust factor applied. Maintains a stabilized approach and recommended approach airspeed. to stop in the shortest distance consistent with safety. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. 4. 8. Adequately surveys the intended landing area (ASES). Makes smooth. and correct control application during the roundout and touchdown. TASK: SHORT-FIELD APPROACH (CONFINED AREA—ASES) AND LANDING (ASEL AND ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. ±5 knots. Considers the wind conditions. Completes appropriate checklist.3 VSO. minimum float and with the airplane's longitudinal axis aligned with and over the runway center/landing path. 7. Touches down at or within 100 feet (30 meters) beyond a specified point. 12. 3. 5. 2. 10. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a short-field (confined area ASES) approach and landing. contacts the water at the minimum safe airspeed with the proper pitch attitude for the surface conditions (ASES). as necessary. Touches down smoothly at minimum control airspeed (ASEL). 6. landing surface. 11. POH/AFM. or in its absence. timely. adjusts pitch attitude and power. 1-17 FAA-S-8081-12B .

± 5 knots during the climb. 7. and accelerates to VY. 4. Objective. Utilizes appropriate techniques to lift seaplane from the water considering surface conditions. 8. Retracts the landing gear. 2. TASK: GLASSY WATER TAKEOFF AND CLIMB (ASES) NOTE: If a glassy water condition does not exist. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-18 . 10. Positions the flight controls and flaps for the existing conditions. and increases in water drag. To determine that the applicant: 1.G. 11. 3. the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK. Establishes proper attitude/airspeed. and flaps after a positive rate of climb is established. 6. if appropriate. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to glassy water takeoff and climb. Clears the area. selects an appropriate takeoff path considering surface hazards and/or vessels and surface conditions. skipping. Completes the appropriate checklist. 5. and corrects for porpoising. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout takeoff and climb. directional control. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. POH/AFM. Retracts the water rudders as appropriate. advances the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. Establishes and maintains an appropriate planing attitude. 9.

Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to glassy water approach and landing. Completes the appropriate checklist. hazards. Contacts the water in the proper pitch attitude. Makes smooth. POH/AFM. 6. 10. and other watercraft. and touchdown area. and correct power and control adjustments to maintain proper pitch attitude and rate of descent to touchdown. Selects the most suitable approach path. and adjusts pitch attitude and power as required. water depth. 2. 8. timely. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed. ± 5 knots and maintains a touchdown pitch attitude and descent rate from the last altitude reference until touchdown. surrounding terrain. To determine that the applicant: 1. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. 5. 4. and slows to idle taxi speed. 3.H. Adequately surveys the intended landing area. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 9. Objective. Maintains a stabilized approach and the recommended approach airspeed. 1-19 FAA-S-8081-12B . the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK. Considers the wind conditions. 7. TASK: GLASSY WATER APPROACH AND LANDING (ASES) NOTE: If a glassy water condition does not exist.

directional control. To determine that the applicant: 1. Objective. 4. 8. swells surface hazards and/or vessels. TASK: ROUGH WATER TAKEOFF AND CLIMB (ASES) NOTE: If a rough water condition does not exist. advances the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. 7. Retracts the landing gear. skipping. or excessive bouncing. Retracts the water rudders as appropriate. and corrects for porpoising. 10. Lifts off at minimum airspeed and accelerates to VY. Clears the area. ± 5 knots before leaving ground effect. and flaps after a positive rate of climb is established. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-20 . 6. Completes the appropriate checklist. the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK. Positions the flight controls and flaps for the existing conditions. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. POH/AFM. Establishes and maintains an appropriate planing attitude. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 5. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to rough water takeoff and climb. 3. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout takeoff and climb. selects an appropriate takeoff path considering wind. if appropriate. 9. 2.I.

Completes final airplane configuration. Adequately surveys the intended landing area. Abeam the specified touchdown point. and at the proper airspeed. TASK: POWER-OFF 180° ACCURACY APPROACH AND ° LANDING (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCE: FAA-H-8083-3. 10. Maintains a stabilized approach and the recommended approach airspeed. at or within 200 feet (60 meters) beyond the specified touchdown point. and touchdown area. Considers the wind conditions. POH/AFM. Touches down in a normal landing attitude. Objective. 7.3 VSO ± 5 knots with wind gust factor applied. and not more than 1000 feet AGL.J. 6. 9. landing surface. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. and other watercraft. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed. depth. Objective. K. 7. the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK. 4. hazards. Makes smooth. Completes the appropriate checklist. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a power-off 180° accuracy approach and landing. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to rough water approach and landing. closes throttle and establishes appropriate glide speed. obstructions. TASK: ROUGH WATER APPROACH AND LANDING (ASES) NOTE: If a rough water condition does not exist. Contacts the water in the proper pitch attitude. 5. 2. 5. considering the type of rough water. Considers the wind conditions. and adjusts pitch attitude and power as required. 3. To determine that the applicant: 1. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. 1-21 FAA-S-8081-12B . 8. To determine that the applicant: 1. and selects an appropriate touchdown point. Completes the appropriate checklist. parallel to landing runway. 2. timely. or in its absence not more than 1. surrounding terrain. 6. and correct power and control application during the roundout and touch down. Positions airplane on downwind leg. water. Selects the most suitable approach path. 3. 4.

Maneuvers to the side of runway/landing area to clear and avoid conflicting traffic. Retracts flaps as appropriate. Completes the appropriate checklist. 3. 2.L. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-22 . Applies takeoff power immediately and transitions to climb pitch attitude for VY. Retracts the landing gear if appropriate after a positive rate of climb is established. To determine that the applicant: 1. 9. TASK: GO-AROUND/REJECTED LANDING (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Makes a timely decision to discontinue the approach to landing. 8. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. and maintains VY ±5 knots. 7. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a goaround/rejected landing. 6. 4. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout the climb. POH/AFM. Objective. 5.

POH/AFM. 4. TASK: STEEP SPIRAL (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCE: FAA-H-8083-3. To determine that the applicant: 1. ±10°. Establishes the manufacturer's recommended airspeed or if one is not stated. 5. 1-23 FAA-S-8081-12B . 5. Rolls into a coordinated 360° steep turn with at least a 50° bank. ±5°. TASK: STEEP TURNS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Maintains the entry altitude. B. ±100 feet (30 meters). Selects a suitable ground reference point. ±10 knots. 2. Objective. A. Applies wind-drift correction to track a constant radius circle around selected reference point with bank not to exceed 60° at steepest point in turn. To determine that the applicant: 1. AREA OF OPERATION: PERFORMANCE MANEUVERS NOTE: The examiner shall at least select either TASK A or B. Objective. Maintains the specified airspeed. Divides attention between airplane control and orientation. ±10 knots.V. 3. Selects an altitude sufficient to continue through a series of at least three 360° turns. and either C or D. followed by a 360° steep turn in the opposite direction. 4. a safe airspeed not to exceed VA. and rolls out on the entry heading. rolls out toward object or specified heading. airspeed. bank. 2. ±10°. Divides attention between airplane control and ground track. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to steep turns. 3. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a steep spiral. while maintaining coordinated flight. 6.

500 feet AGL (460 meters). and airspeed. 6. 2. Establishes the angle of bank at approximately 30°. Achieves the following throughout the maneuver— a. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-24 . ±10° just above a stall airspeed. and maintaining that airspeed momentarily avoiding a stall. D. 5. 3. altitude tolerance at 180° points. 4. Selects an altitude that will allow the maneuver to be performed no lower than 1. Completes rollout at the 180° point.C. 7. airspeed tolerance at the 180° point plus ±10° knots from entry airspeed. ±100 feet (30 meters) from entry altitude. Objective. heading tolerance at the 180° point ±10°. TASK: CHANDELLES (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCE: FAA-H-8083-3. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to lazy eights. Continues the maneuver through the number of symmetrical loops specified and resumes straight and level flight. Objective. with a constant bank. To determine that the applicant: 1. TASK: LAZY EIGHTS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCE: FAA-H-8083-3. 5. 6. e.500 feet AGL (460 meters). c. coordinated climbing turn to the 90° point. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to chandelles. 2. Selects an altitude that will allow the task to be performed no lower than 1. 4. Maintains coordinated flight throughout the maneuver. 8. and airspeed. 3. b. Establishes the recommended entry configuration. Establishes the recommended entry configuration. To determine that the applicant: 1. Simultaneously applies power and pitch to maintain a smooth. power. power. Resumes straight and level flight with minimum loss of altitude. approximately 30° bank at the steepest point. Begins a coordinated constant rate rollout from the 90° point to the 180° point maintaining power and a constant pitch attitude. constant change of pitch and roll rate. d.

Selects suitable pylons. between the pylons. Enters the maneuver at the appropriate altitude and airspeed and at a bank angle of approximately 30° to 40° at the steepest point. that will permit straight and level flight. Applies the necessary corrections so that the line-of-sight reference line remains on the pylon. AREA OF OPERATION: GROUND REFERENCE MANEUVER TASK: EIGHTS ON PYLONS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCE: FAA-H-8083-3. 1-25 FAA-S-8081-12B . 2. 7. Holds pylon using appropriate pivotal altitude avoiding slips and skids. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to eights on pylons. Objective. 4. 6. Divides attention between accurate coordinated airplane control and outside visual references. Determines the approximate pivotal altitude. 5. To determine that the applicant: 1.VI. 3.

3. Follows the preplanned course by reference to landmarks. AREA OF OPERATION: NAVIGATION A. 1-26 FAA-S-8081-12B . Recognizes signal loss and takes appropriate action. 6. 7. Uses proper communication procedures when utilizing radar services. 3. 4. groundspeed. Demonstrates the ability to use an airborne electronic navigation system. ±10°. ±100 feet (30 meters) and heading. To determine that the applicant: 1. and headings. To determine that the applicant: 1. 7. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to navigation systems and radar services. Verifies the airplane's position within two (2) nautical miles of flight planned route. 2. AIM. Objective. Maintains the appropriate altitude.VII. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. 5. B. or bearing as appropriate. ±10°. Arrives at the en route checkpoints within three (3) minutes of the initial or revised ETA and provides a destination estimate. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to pilotage and dead reckoning. 8. 2. 5. Recognizes and describes the indication of station passage if appropriate. 4. and elapsed time. radial. Identifies landmarks by relating surface features to chart symbols. Maintains appropriate altitude. Locates the airplane's position using the navigation system. Objective. Corrects for and records differences between preflight groundspeed and heading calculations and those determined en route. 6. Intercepts and tracks a given course. Navigation Equipment Operation Manuals. 8. Navigates by means of precomputed headings. ±100 feet (30 meters). TASK: PILOTAGE AND DEAD RECKONING (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCE: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. TASK: NAVIGATION SYSTEMS AND RADAR SERVICES (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3.

5.C. 2. 1-27 FAA-S-8081-12B . Objective. Maintains an appropriate heading and climbs. 4. and heading. if necessary. To determine that the applicant: 1. ±100 feet (30 meters). To determine that the applicant: 1. AIM. Selects an appropriate alternate airport and route. 2. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to lost procedures. TASK: DIVERSION (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-25. arrival time. Identifies prominent landmarks. 4. Maintains the appropriate altitude. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to diversion. 3. 3. Selects an appropriate course of action. AIM Objective. and fuel consumption to the alternate airport. TASK: LOST PROCEDURES (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-25. D. ±10°. groundspeed. Uses navigation systems/facilities and/or contacts an ATC facility for assistance as appropriate. Makes an accurate estimate of heading.

FAA-S-8081-12B 1-28 . or reduction in power. Selects an entry altitude that will allow the task to be completed no lower than 1. turns. ±50 feet (15 meters). To determine that the applicant: 1. climbs. 3. Accomplishes coordinated straight-and-level flight. increase in load factor. 6. Objective. 2. AREA OF OPERATION: SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS A. ±5°. ±10°. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to maneuvering during slow flight. 5. and descents with landing gear and flap configurations specified by the examiner. specified heading. POH/AFM. Maintains the specified altitude. 4. would result in an immediate stall.500 feet (460 meters) AGL. airspeed +5/−0 knots.VIII. Establishes and maintains an airspeed at which any further increase in angle of attack. and specified angle of bank. Divides attention between airplane control and orientation. TASK: MANEUVERING DURING SLOW FLIGHT (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3.

Retracts the flaps to the recommended setting.500 feet (460 meters) AGL. heading. returns to the altitude. Selects an entry altitude that allows the task to be completed no lower than 1. Establishes a stabilized descent in the approach or landing configuration. Objective. 7. and leveling the wings to return to a straightand-level flight attitude with a minimum loss of altitude appropriate for the airplane. 4. increasing power to maximum allowable. Accelerates to VX or VY speed before the final flap retraction. and airspeed specified by the examiner. 8. TASK: POWER-OFF STALLS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. as specified by the examiner. ±5°. 1-29 FAA-S-8081-12B .B. retracts the landing gear if retractable after a positive rate of climb is established. To determine that the applicant: 1. POH/AFM. 3. in turning flight while inducing the stall. AC 61-67. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to power-off stalls. 2. Maintains a specified heading. maintains a specified angle of bank. Recognizes and recovers promptly as the stall occurs by simultaneously reducing the angle of attack. not to exceed 20°. 6. Transitions smoothly from the approach or landing attitude to a pitch attitude that will induce a stall. ±10° in straight flight. 5.

FAA-S-8081-12B 1-30 . Maintains a specified heading ±5°. increasing power to maximum allowable. Establishes the takeoff or departure configuration. not to exceed a 20°. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to power-on stalls. AC 61-67. POH/AFM. after a positive rate of climb is established. Recognizes and recovers promptly as the stall occurs by simultaneously reducing the angle of attack. 6. Selects an entry altitude that allows the task to be completed no lower than 1. 3. Accelerates to VX or VY speed before the final flap retraction. in straight flight. 4. TASK: POWER-ON STALLS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. maintains a specified angle of bank. Sets power to no less than 65 percent available power. 8. in turning flight. heading. returns to the altitude. the power setting may have to be reduced below the practical test standards guideline power setting to prevent excessively high pitch attitudes (greater than 30° nose up). and airspeed specified by the examiner. 5. Objective. ±10°. To determine that the applicant: 1.500 feet (460 meters) AGL. NOTE: In some high performance airplanes. with a minimum loss of altitude appropriate for the airplane. Transitions smoothly from the takeoff or departure attitude to a pitch attitude that will induce a stall. and leveling the wings to return to a straightand-level flight attitude. 7.C. while inducing the stall. retracts the landing gear if retractable. 2. Retracts flaps to the recommended setting.

Procedures for recovery from unintentional spins. 1-31 FAA-S-8081-12B . AC 61-67. Flight situations where unintentional spins may occur. Aerodynamic factors related to spins. 2.D. POH/AFM. Objective. 3. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to spin awareness by explaining: 1. TASK: SPIN AWARENESS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3.

7. terrain. and obstructions. Follows the appropriate checklist. 2. To determine that the applicant: 1. Establishes and maintains the recommended best glide airspeed. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-32 . 6. 4.IX. ±10 knots. 5. Prepares for landing. POH/AFM. as specified by the examiner. 3. Selects a suitable landing area. Objective. AREA OF OPERATION: EMERGENCY OPERATIONS A. Analyzes the situation and selects an appropriate course of action. wind. or go-around. Plans and follows a flight pattern to the selected landing area considering altitude. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to emergency approach and landing procedures. TASK: EMERGENCY APPROACH AND LANDING (SIMULATED) (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3.

and associated flight instruments malfunction. Analyzes the situation and takes appropriate action for simulated emergencies appropriate to the airplane provided for the practical test for at least five (5) of the following: a. C. POH/AFM. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to systems and equipment malfunctions appropriate to the airplane provided for the practical test. structural icing. e. fuel starvation. loss of oil pressure. inadvertant door or window opening. POH/AFM. landing gear or flap malfunction. h.B. partial or complete power loss. engine roughness or overheat. n. Objective. i. m. j. 1-33 FAA-S-8081-12B . To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to emergency equipment and survival gear appropriate to the airplane and environment encountered during flight. Identifies appropriate equipment that should be aboard the airplane. carburetor or induction icing. 3. b. Objective. g. d. TASK: EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND SURVIVAL GEAR (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. k. electrical malfunction. f. smoke/fire/engine compartment fire. vacuum/pressure. c. 2. pitot/static. any other emergency appropriate to the airplane. Follows the appropriate checklist or procedure. TASK: SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. inoperative trim. l. To determine that the applicant: 1.

AIM. NOTE: Element 2 applies only if the airplane provided for the practical test is equipped for pressurized flight operations. fundamental concept of cabin pressurization. demand. Objective. POH/AFM. Operates the pressurization system properly. c. AC 61-107. To determine that the applicant: 1. 14 CFR part 91. AIM. 2. supplemental oxygen requirements when operating airplanes with pressurized cabins. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to supplemental oxygen by explaining: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to pressurization by explaining— a. Identification and differences between “aviators' breathing oxygen” and other types. TASK: SUPPLEMENTAL OXYGEN (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: POH/AFM. TASK: PRESSURIZATION (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Objective. Operational characteristics of continuous flow. AC 61-107. Supplemental oxygen requirements for flight crew and passengers when operating non-pressurized airplanes. AREA OF OPERATION: HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS A. B. 2. and pressure-demand oxygen systems. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-34 . FAA-H-8083-3. 3. physiological hazards associated with high altitude flight and decompression.X. b. and reacts appropriately to simulated pressurization malfunctions.

Objective. 2. wind. 3. Maintains directional control after touchdown while decelerating to an appropriate speed. considering the safety of nearby persons and property. Parks in an appropriate area. Conducts an appropriate postflight inspection and secures the aircraft. Ensures seaplane security. hazards. Objective. TASK: DOCKING AND MOORING (ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. B. To determine that the applicant: 1. 2. Completes the appropriate checklist. tide. Observes runway hold lines and other surface control markings and lighting. C. 7. and weather changes. POH/AFM. 3. AND SECURING (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Follows the appropriate procedure for engine shutdown. TASK: AFTER LANDING. A. Selects a suitable area for anchoring. 3.XI. Objective. 6. water depth. POH/AFM. POH/AFM. Uses an adequate number of anchors and lines of sufficient strength and length to ensure the seaplane's security. AREA OF OPERATION: POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES NOTE: The examiner shall select TASK A and for ASES applicants at least one other TASK. To determine that the applicant: 1. wind. 4. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to after landing. TASK: ANCHORING (ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 1-35 FAA-S-8081-12B . 2. parking and securing procedures. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to anchoring. PARKING. To determine that the applicant: 1. 5. and water current. considering seaplane movement. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to docking and mooring. Approaches the dock or mooring buoy in the proper direction considering speed.

Ramps/beaches and secures the seaplane in a manner that will protect it from the harmful effect of wind. in the proper attitude and direction. waves. Objective. TASK: RAMPING/BEACHING (ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. current and wind. To determine that the applicant: 1. tide. POH/AFM. Approaches the ramp/beach considering persons and property. and changes in water level. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to ramping/beaching. 2. 3. at a safe speed. considering water depth. FAA-S-8081-12B 1-36 .D.

APPENDIX 1 TASK VS. SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT Single-Engine Land (SEL) .

including all notes. in the appropriate airplane. For airplane flight training devices (FTDs). each maneuver has been satisfactorily accomplished for an instructor. AC 120-40 (as amended). 2. not more than 50 % of the maneuvers may be accomplished in an FTD or simulator UNLESS: a. The device must be evaluated. testing. 3. will be used. testing. OR b. For simulators. Creditable if appropriate systems are installed and operating. not less than three (3) times. AC 120-45 (as amended). USE OF CHART X A Creditable. NOTE: Users of the following chart are cautioned that use of the chart alone is incomplete. The remaining AOO and TASKs must be accomplished in an airplane. the applicant has logged not less than 500 hours of flight time as a pilot in airplanes. determined to meet the appropriate standards. will be used. must also be incorporated for accurate simulation device use. For practical tests. SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT Examiners conducting the Commercial Pilot–Airplane Practical Tests with flight simulation devices should consult appropriate documentation to ensure that the device has been approved for training.APPENDIX 1 AIRPLANE SINGLE-ENGINE LAND TASK VS. The device must continue to meet qualification standards through continuing evaluations as outlined in the appropriate advisory circular (AC). and assigned the appropriate qualification level by the National Simulator Program Manager. The FAA must approve the device for training. Standards for and use of Level 1 FTD’s have not been determined. 4. and checking the specific flight TASKs listed in this appendix. 2. or checking. Use of Level 2 or Level 3 FTDs authorized only for those airplanes not requiring a type rating. * NOTES: 1. The device must continue to support the level of student or applicant performance required by this PTS. Asterisk items require use of FTD or simulator visual reference. 3. The description and objective of each TASK as listed in the body of the PTS. Single-Engine Land Appendix 1-1 FAA-S-8081-12B . The documentation for each device should reflect that the following activities have occurred: 1. Not all AREAS OF OPERATION (AOO) and TASKs required by this PTS are listed in the appendix. Airplane Simulator Qualification. Airplane Flight Training Device Qualifications.

Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing E. Takeoffs. Engine Starting D. Performance Maneuvers A. Short-Field Approach and Landing G. Normal and Crosswind Takeoff and Climb B. Short-Field Takeoff and Climb F. Navigation * B. Diversion D. and Go-Arounds A. Navigation Systems and ATC Radar Services C. Preflight Procedures A. Before Takeoff Check 1 FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVICE LEVEL 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B C D __ __ __ __ __ A A A __ A X X X __ X A A A __ A A A A __ A X X X __ X X X X __ X X X X __ X X X X __ X X X X X X X X X X X IV. Go-Around * V. Steep Turns __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ X __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ X __ __ __ __ X __ __ X __ X __ __ X __ X X X X X X X X X X X __ __ X __ __ X X X X X X VII. Landings.APPENDIX 1 AIRPLANE SINGLE-ENGINE LAND FLIGHT TASK Areas of Operation: II. Cockpit Management C. Preflight Inspection (Cockpit Only) B. Taxiing E. Lost Procedures __ __ __ A A A __ X X __ __ __ A A A X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Single-Engine Land Appendix 1-3 FAA-S-8081-12B .

High Altitude Operations B. Emergency Descent B. Pressurization 1 FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVICE LEVEL 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B C D __ __ X __ __ X X X X X X __ __ __ __ __ A X __ X __ __ A __ __ A X __ X X __ X X __ X X __ X X X X X X X __ A X A A X X X X X X XI. Systems and Equipment Malfunctions X.APPENDIX 1 AIRPLANE SINGLE-ENGINE LAND FLIGHT TASK Areas of Operation: VIII. After Landing __ A X A A X X X X X X Single-Engine Land Appendix 1-5 FAA-S-8081-12B . Emergency Operations A. Slow Flight and Stalls A. Maneuvering During Slow Flight IX. Emergency Approach and Landing C. Postflight Procedures A.

SECTION 2 COMMERCIAL PILOT—AIRPLANE Multiengine Land and Multiengine Sea .

.......... E.......... 2-2 Cross-Country Flight Planning (AMEL and AMES)................................................. 2-5 Water and Seaplane Characteristics (AMES) ...... 2-3 Performance and Limitations (AMEL and AMES) .......... 2-8 Cockpit Management (AMEL and AMES)....................... 2-1 A........ D.......... K.................... 2-8 Engine Starting (AMEL and AMES) .............. 2-3 National Airspace System (AMEL and AMES)................................. F....... 2-2 Weather Information (AMEL and AMES) . 2-10 2-i FAA-S-8081-12B .................2-vii CHECKLISTS: Applicant’s Practical Test Checklist .. Maritime Rules..............................................................CONTENTS Airplane Multiengine Land and Airplane Multiengine Sea ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLES: Airplane MultiEngine Land ............................... PREFLIGHT PREPARATION ...... E................ D.......... 2-ix Examiner’s Practical Test Checklist .............. 2-4 Principles of Flight—Engine Inoperative (AMEL and AMES)................................................ 2-8 A......................... C........ Preflight Inspection (AMEL and AMES) ................... 2-8 Taxiing (AMEL) ... C................................ Certificates and Documents (AMEL and AMES)........................... B............ 2-9 Before Takeoff Check (AMEL and AMES) ........................ B....................... 2-6 Seaplane Bases.............. 2-xi AREAS OF OPERATION: I...... H..................... G.............. 2-4 Operation of Systems (AMEL and AMES) ............................... F. 2-v Airplane MultiEngine Sea................................. 2-7 PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES............................ 2-9 Taxiing and Sailing (AMES) ......... I. 2-1 Airworthiness Requirements (AMEL and AMES)........ 2-6 Aeromedical Factors (AMEL and AMES).............. and Aids to Marine Navigation (AMES).... J................... II..

.. 2-23 Navigation Systems and Radar Services (AMEL and AMES) ................ 2-24 VII.... 2-12 IV.... and Lighting (AMEL and AMES)......... C.. Pilotage and Dead Reckoning (AMEL and AMES) ..... I.................................................... Maneuvering During Slow Flight (AMEL and AMES)... AND GO-AROUNDS........... H........................................... 2-22 VI.................. 2-16 Glassy Water Takeoff and Climb (AMES)............ Runway.. D........................................................... LANDINGS..................................... 2-24 Lost Procedures (AMEL and AMES)................ F....... 2-26 Power-On Stalls (AMEL and AMES) ............... and Taxiway Signs....... D....... C.... 2-27 Spin Awareness (AMEL and AMES).............. D........ 2-19 Rough Water Approach and Landing (AMES) . E..... 2-11 A.......................................... G.................................................... 2-13 A............... AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS .................. C........ 2-22 Steep Turns (AMEL and AMES)...... NAVIGATION ............................ 2-11 Traffic Patterns (AMEL and AMES)............ B.......................... 2-21 V..................... 2-11 Airport/Seaplane Base........................... Markings............ 2-23 A............. 2-20 Go-Around/Rejected Landing (AMEL and AMES) .............................. 2-23 Diversion (AMEL and AMES)...... 2-15 Short-Field (Confined Area—AMES) Approach and Landing (AMEL and AMES) .......... B...... PERFORMANCE MANEUVER................................ B........ 2-25 A...... C.......... 2-14 Short-Field Takeoff (Confined Area—AMEL) and Maximum Performance Climb (AMEL and AMES) ......... Radio Communications and ATC Light Signals (AMEL and AMES) .....III..... SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS ... B. 2-13 Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing (AMEL and AMES) .................... 2-18 Rough Water Takeoff and Climb (AMES) ............... 2-27 FAA-S-8081-12B 2-ii .. Normal and Crosswind Takeoff and Climb (AMEL and AMES) ........ TAKEOFFS.................. 2-17 Glassy Water Approach and Landing (AMES).. 2-25 Power-Off Stalls (AMEL and AMES) .....

............. C................................ Maneuvering with One Engine Inoperative (AMEL and AMES)........... D......... 2-38 A.................. MULTIENGINE OPERATIONS ... 2-35 Engine Failure During Flight (by Reference to Instruments) (AMEL and AMES).............. 2-30 Systems and Equipment Malfunctions (AMEL and AMES)........... 2-36 Instrument Approach—One Engine Inoperative (by Reference to Instruments) (AMEL and AMES) ................................................................... 2-33 A....... After Landing................. Emergency Descent (AMEL and AMES) ..... 2-33 X....................... 2-29 Approach and Landing with an Inoperative Engine (Simulated) (AMEL and AMES) .................... B................ E............ Simulation Device Credit ........ 2-28 Engine Failure After Lift-Off (Simulated) (AMEL and AMES)..................................................................................... 2-32 IX.................... Appendix 2-3 2-iii FAA-S-8081-12B ....... 2-39 Ramping/Beaching (AMES) ............... 2-28 Engine Failure During Takeoff Before VMC (Simulated) (AMEL and AMES)............................... 2-39 APPENDIX 2—TASK VS.. 2-34 Vmc Demonstration (AMEL and AMES) ....... C... F. D........... 2-31 Emergency Equipment and Survival Gear (AMEL and AMES)........................................................................ D... 2-38 Docking and Mooring (AMES)............... Appendix 2-1 Flight Simulation Device Level.. 2-34 A.............................................................................................................................................. SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT Task vs.................................. Parking..............................VIII.. POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES .............. Supplemental Oxygen (AMEL and AMES) ........ Appendix 2-1 Use of Chart .......................................... B............. and Securing (AMEL and AMES)... 2-28 A............................... C............. 2-38 Anchoring (AMES) ................ 2-33 Pressurization (AMEL and AMES) ........ B................ EMERGENCY OPERATIONS........... HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS ...... 2-37 XI. B........................

G F.H II ALL ALL D ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL III NONE C C B.C.H F.E ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL IX NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL X ALL ALL NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL XI NONE A A A A A A A 2-v FAA-S-8081-12B .B.G.B.C B.G.B.G.ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE Airplane Multiengine Land Addition of an Airplane Multiengine Land Rating to an existing Commercial Pilot Certificate Required TASKs are indicated by either the TASK letter(s) that apply(s) or an indication that all or none of the TASKs must be tested based on the notes in each AREA OF OPERATION.B.B.I ALL A.H F.G.I ALL A. D.H F.G. D.H F. COMMERCIAL PILOT RATING(S) HELD AREAS OF OPERATION ASEL ASES AMES RH RG Glider Balloon Airship I F.B. D.G.C NONE B.D.H F.C. D.B.C. D ALL A.C. D.C.I ALL V VI NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE ALL ALL NONE VII ALL ALL NONE ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL VIII ALL ALL B.C. D ALL A.C IV A.C.C B.I ALL A.B.I ALL A.H F.G.C. D NONE A.

ADDITIONAL RATING TASK TABLE Airplane Multiengine Sea
Addition of an Airplane Multiengine Sea Rating to an existing Commercial Pilot Certificate
Required TASKs are indicated by either the TASK letter(s) that apply(s) or an indication that all or none of the TASKs must be tested based on the notes in each AREA OF OPERATION.
COMMERCIAL PILOT RATING(S) HELD
AREAS OF OPERATION

AMEL

ASEL

ASES

RH

RG

Glider

Balloon

Airship

I

F,G,I,J

F,G,H, I,J ALL

F,G,H

F,G,H, I,J ALL

F,G,H, I,J ALL

F,G,H, I,J ALL

F,G,H, I,J ALL

F,G,H, I,J ALL

II

E

ALL

III

C A,B,C, D,E,F, G,H NONE

C A,B,C, D,E,F, G,H ALL

NONE A,B,C, D,E,F, G,H ALL

B,C

C

B,C

B,C

B,C

IV

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

V

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

VI

NONE

NONE

NONE

NONE

NONE

ALL

ALL

NONE

VII

NONE

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

VIII

B,D,E

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

IX

NONE

NONE

NONE

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

X

NONE

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

ALL

XI

B,C,D

B,C,D

NONE

ALL

B,C,D

ALL

ALL

ALL

2-vii

FAA-S-8081-12B

APPLICANT’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST APPOINTMENT WITH EXAMINER: EXAMINER’S NAME_____________________________ LOCATION ____________________________________ DATE/TIME ____________________________________
ACCEPTABLE AIRCRAFT ! Aircraft Documents: Airworthiness Certificate Registration Certificate Operating Limitations Aircraft Maintenance Records: Logbook Record of Airworthiness Inspections and AD Compliance Pilot’s Operating Handbook, FAA-Approved Airplane Flight Manual

!

!

PERSONAL EQUIPMENT ! ! ! ! ! ! View-Limiting Device Current Aeronautical Charts Computer and Plotter Flight Plan Form Flight Logs Current AIM, Airport Facility Directory, and Appropriate Publications

PERSONAL RECORDS ! ! ! ! Identification - Photo/Signature ID Pilot Certificate Current Medical Certificate Completed FAA Form 8710-1, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application with Instructor’s Signature (if applicable) Computer Test Report Pilot Logbook with appropriate Instructor Endorsements FAA Form 8060-5, Notice of Disapproval (if applicable) Approved School Graduation Certificate (if applicable) Examiner’s Fee (if applicable)

! ! ! ! !

2-ix

FAA-S-8081-12B

EXAMINER’S PRACTICAL TEST CHECKLIST Airplane Multiengine Land and Airplane Multiengine Sea

APPLICANT'S NAME_______________________________ LOCATION_______________________________________ DATE/TIME______________________________________
I. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II. ! ! ! ! ! ! III. ! ! ! PREFLIGHT PREPARATION A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. Certificates and Documents (AMEL and AMES) Airworthiness Requirements (AMEL and AMES) Weather Information (AMEL and AMES) Cross-Country Flight Planning (AMEL and AMES) National Airspace System (AMEL and AMES) Performance and Limitations (AMEL and AMES) Operation of Systems (AMEL and AMES) Principles of Flight—Engine Inoperative (AMEL and AMES) Water and Seaplane Characteristics (AMES) Seaplane Bases, Maritime Rules, and Aids to Marine Navigation (AMES) Aeromedical Factors (AMEL and AMES)

PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES A. B. C. D. E. F. Preflight Inspection (AMEL and AMES) Cockpit Management (AMEL and AMES) Engine Starting (AMEL and AMES) Taxiing (AMEL) Taxiing and Sailing (AMES) Before Takeoff Check (AMEL and AMES)

AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS A. B. C. Radio Communications and ATC Light Signals (AMEL and AMES) Traffic Patterns (AMEL and AMES) Airport/Seaplane Base, Runway, and Taxiway Signs, Markings, and Lighting (AMEL and AMES)

2-xi

FAA-S-8081-12B

F. B. F. B. ! ! ! ! TAKEOFFS. Maneuvering During Slow Flight (AMEL and AMES) Power-Off Stalls (AMEL and AMES) Power-On Stalls (AMEL and AMES) Spin Awareness (AMEL and AMES) VIII. E. SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS ! ! ! ! A. D. E. C. Normal and Crosswind Takeoff and Climb (AMEL and AMES) Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing (AMEL and AMES) Short-Field Takeoff (Confined Area—AMEL) and Maximum Performance Climb (AMEL and AMES) Short-Field (Confined Area—AMES) Approach and Landing (AMEL and AMES) Glassy Water Takeoff and Climb (AMES) Glassy Water Approach and Landing (AMES) Rough Water Takeoff and Climb (AMES) Rough Water Approach and Landing (AMES) Go-Around/Rejected Landing (AMEL and AMES) PERFORMANCE MANEUVER Steep Turns (AMEL and AMES) NAVIGATION A. EMERGENCY OPERATIONS ! ! ! ! ! ! A. D.IV. D. B. LANDINGS. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V. G. C. C. ! VI. AND GO-AROUNDS A. H. I. D. Pilotage and Dead Reckoning (AMEL and AMES) Navigation Systems and Radar Services (AMEL and AMES) Diversion (AMEL and AMES) Lost Procedures (AMEL and AMES) VII. Emergency Descent (AMEL and AMES) Engine Failure During Takeoff Before VMC (Simulated) (AMEL and AMES) Engine Failure After Lift-Off (Simulated) (AMEL and AMES) Approach and Landing with an Inoperative Engine (Simulated) (AMEL and AMES) Systems and Equipment Malfunctions (AMEL and AMES) Emergency Equipment and Survival Gear (AMEL and AMES) FAA-S-8081-12B 2-xii . C. B.

B. ! ! ! ! HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS A. ! ! ! ! POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES A. After Landing. C. ! ! X.IX. B. Supplemental Oxygen (AMEL and AMES) Pressurization (AMEL and AMES) MULTIENGINE OPERATIONS A. C. D. B. and Securing (AMEL and AMES) Anchoring (AMES) Docking and Mooring (AMES) Ramping/Beaching (AMES) 2-xiii FAA-S-8081-12B . Maneuvering with One Engine Inoperative (AMEL and AMES) Vmc Demonstration (AMEL and AMES) Engine Failure During Flight (by Reference to Instruments) (AMEL and AMES) Instrument Approach—One Engine Inoperative (by Reference to Instruments) (AMEL and AMES) XI. D. Parking.

AC 6123/FAA-H-8083-25. Objective. 2-1 FAA-S-8081-12B . Locating and explaining— a. Explaining— a.I. c. TASK: CERTIFICATES AND DOCUMENTS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR parts 43. and POH/AFM. airworthiness and registration certificates. c. b. POH/AFM. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to certificates and documents by: 1. 91. AREA OF OPERATION: PREFLIGHT PREPARATION NOTE: The examiner shall develop a scenario based on real time weather to evaluate TASKs C and D. placards. 2. weight and balance data and equipment list. pilot logbook or flight records. commercial pilot certificate privileges limitations and recent flight experience requirements. FAA-H-8083-3. operating limitations. b. A. 61. medical certificate class and duration. instrument markings.

2. Locating and explaining— a. appropriate record keeping. Explaining— a. b. compliance records. TASK: WEATHER INFORMATION (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to weather information by analyzing weather reports. ASOS. AC 61-84. To determine that the applicant: 1. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-2 . Makes a competent “go/no-go” decision based on available weather information. airworthiness directives. AC 00-6. winds and temperature aloft chart. significant weather prognostic charts. TAF. 2. g. and forecasts from various sources with emphasis on— a. and ATIS reports. procedures and limitations for determining airworthiness of the airplane with inoperative instruments and equipment with and without an MEL. c. c. b. convective outlook chart. and FA. d. radar summary chart. c. e. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25 Objective. METAR. charts. TASK: AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. Objective. AC 61-23/FAA-H8083-25.B. b. maintenance/inspection requirements. AWOS. required instruments and equipment for day/night VFR. d. f. C. AIM. surface analysis chart. AC 00-45. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to airworthiness requirements by: 1. requirements and procedures for obtaining a special flight permit.

On the day of the practical test. 8. 2. and other flight publications. E. 2. 3. e. 3. Applies pertinent information from NOTAMs. as previously assigned by the examiner. baggage and/or cargo loads using real time weather. 9. and fuel requirements. AIM. Selects easily identifiable en route checkpoints. and terrain features. c. Computes headings. Completes a navigation log and simulates filing a VFR flight plan. Airspace classes—their operating rules. obstructions. Navigation Charts. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to cross-country flight planning by presenting and explaining a pre-planned VFR crosscountry flight.D. 6. 91. TASK: NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR parts 71. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. the final flight plan shall be to the first fuel stop. f. b. Class C. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the National Airspace System by explaining: 1. 4. A/FD. Special use and other airspace areas. Uses appropriate and current aeronautical charts. Class G. AC 61-84. Class B. 7. 2-3 FAA-S-8081-12B . Class E. 5. Properly identifies airspace. d. Selects appropriate navigation system/facilities and communication frequencies. Navigation Charts. Selects most favorable altitudes considering weather conditions and equipment capabilities. Objective. TASK: CROSS-COUNTRY FLIGHT PLANNING (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. flight time. A/FD. Basic VFR weather minimums—for all classes of airspace. Class D. and airplane equipment requirements for the following— a. AIM. Objective. Class A. pilot certification. based on maximum allowable passengers. To determine that the applicant: 1.

5. 9. by explaining at least five (5) of the following systems: 1. Deicing and anti-icing. 3. TASK: PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATIONS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. 4. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to performance and limitations by explaining the use of charts. oil. and spoilers. 10. Fuel. Landing gear. vacuum/pressure and associated flight instruments. 2. Primary flight controls and trim. leading edge devices. tables. and data. and data to determine performance and the adverse effects of exceeding limitations. 2. 11. 7. Flaps. Avionics. FAA-H-8083-1. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-4 . 3. To determine that the applicant: 1. 8. 4. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the operation of systems on the airplane provided for the practical test. POH/AFM. Computes weight and balance. Objective. Water rudders (ASES). Electrical. AC 61-84. and hydraulic. G. tables. Environmental. Pitot-static. Powerplant and propeller. TASK: OPERATION OF SYSTEMS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. POH/AFM. Determines if the computed weight and center of gravity is within the airplane’s operating limitations and if the weight and center of gravity will remain within limits during all phases of flight.F. Demonstrates use of the appropriate performance charts. 6. Objective. Describes the effects of atmospheric conditions on the airplane's performance.

indications of loss of directional control. 2-5 FAA-S-8081-12B . meaning of the term “critical engine. and the proper coordination of controls. 8. reasons for loss of directional control. 4. importance of maintaining the proper pitch and bank attitude. 10.H. 3. relationship of VMC to stall speed. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. and single-engine operations. TASK: PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT—ENGINE INOPERATIVE (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. effects of angle of bank on VMC. Objective. decisions. 2. engine failure during takeoff including planning. 9.” effects of density altitude on the VMC demonstration. 6. loss of directional control recovery procedure. POH/AFM. 5. 7. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to engine inoperative principles of flight by explaining the: 1. effects of airplane weight and center of gravity on control.

steering. Causes of porpoising and skipping. Operating restrictions at various bases. maritime rules. such as— a. The characteristics of a water surface as affected by features. TASK: SEAPLANE BASES. and shoals. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to water and seaplane characteristics by explaining: 1. and sound signals. h. e. direction and strength of water current. Float and hull construction. Objective. How to locate and identify seaplane bases on charts or in directories. 2. other features peculiar to the area. vessel traffic and wakes. AND AIDS TO MARINE NAVIGATION (AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. and aids to marine navigation by explaining: 1. AIM. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to seaplane bases. floating and partially submerged debris. J. b. g. 2. Marine navigation aids. beacons. 3. surface wind. Right-of-way. c. such as buoys. Objective. protected and unprotected areas. islands. sandbars. TASK: WATER AND SEAPLANE CHARACTERISTICS (AMES) REFERENCE: FAA-H-8083-3. and their effect on seaplane performance. MARITIME RULES. 3. size and location. d. and sailing rules pertinent to seaplane operation.I. and the pilot action required to prevent or correct these occurrences. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-6 . 4. f. lights.

spatial disorientation. causes. 2-7 FAA-S-8081-12B . and over-the-counter medications. and corrective actions of at least four (4) of the following— a. d. drugs. Objective. The symptoms. f. c. motion sickness. The effects of alcohol. b. e. carbon monoxide poisoning. TASK: AEROMEDICAL FACTORS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA/H-8083-25. 2. AIM. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to aeromedical factors by explaining: 1. 3. dehydration. stress and fatigue. hypoxia. The effects of excess nitrogen during scuba dives upon a pilot or passenger in flight.K. middle ear and sinus problems. h. hyperventilation. g. effects.

Verifies that the airplane is in condition for safe flight. To determine that the applicant: 1. 2. AREA OF OPERATION: PREFLIGHT PROCEDURES A. Ensures all loose items in the cockpit and cabin are secured. and starting under various atmospheric conditions. Objective. and emergency procedures. Objective. and how to detect possible defects. 4. TASK: ENGINE STARTING (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. POH/AFM. Organizes material and equipment in an efficient manner so they are readily available. 3. This shall include the use of an external power source. TASK: PREFLIGHT INSPECTION (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. This shall include which items must be inspected. Positions the airplane properly considering structures. doors. 1. AC 91-13. 2. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-8 . surface conditions. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to cockpit management procedures. 2. Briefs occupants on the use of safety belts. Inspects the airplane with reference to an appropriate checklist. the reasons for checking each item. Utilizes the appropriate checklist for starting procedure. Objective. other aircraft. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to recommended engine starting procedures. B. To determine that the applicant: 1. shoulder harnesses. POH/AFM. AC 91-55. 3. 3. POH/AFM. C. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. and the safety of nearby persons and property. To determine that the applicant: . TASK: COCKPIT MANAGEMENT (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to preflight inspection.II.

6. 4. NAVIGATION RULES. Complies with airport/taxiway markings. Performs a brake check immediately after the airplane begins moving. E. and instructions. TASK: TAXIING (AMEL) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Prevents and corrects for porpoising and skipping. To determine that the applicant: 1.D. 5. 5. 8. Objective. flaps. Taxies so as to avoid other aircraft and hazards. Positions flight controls properly for the existing wind conditions. and hazards. ATC clearances. doors. water current. Uses flight controls. 2. 6. POH/AFM. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to safe taxi procedures. water rudder. Objective. Plans and follows the most favorable course while taxi or sailing considering wind. 2-9 FAA-S-8081-12B . or step taxi technique. 3. TASK: TAXIING AND SAILING (AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. To determine that the applicant: 1. plow. Positions the flight controls properly for the existing wind conditions. and power correctly so as to follow the desired course while sailing. 7. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to water taxi and sailing procedures. 3. USCG INTERNATIONAL−INLAND. POH/AFM. and clearances. Avoids other aircraft. vessels. signals. Complies with seaplane base signs. signals. 2. water conditions and maritime regulations. Uses the appropriate idle. 4. Controls direction and speed without excessive use of brakes.

This shall include the reasons for checking each item and how to detect malfunctions. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the before takeoff check. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-10 . departures and emergency procedures. 7. 3. 5. POH/AFM. To determine that the applicant: 1.F. takeoff distances. Reviews takeoff performance airspeeds. Accomplishes the before takeoff checklist and ensures the airplane is in safe operating condition. Objective. Avoids runway incursion and/or ensures no conflict with traffic prior to taxiing into takeoff position. 4. 2. 6. Divides attention inside and outside the cockpit. wind and surface conditions. Positions the airplane properly considering other aircraft/vessels. TASK: BEFORE TAKEOFF CHECK (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Ensures the engine temperatures and pressure are suitable for run-up and takeoff.

To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to radio communications and ATC light signals.III. Selects appropriate frequencies. 2. AC 90-66. AIM. Acknowledges radio communications and complies with instructions. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. AREA OF OPERATION: AIRPORT AND SEAPLANE BASE OPERATIONS A. 4. 3. Corrects for wind-drift to maintain proper ground track. and wind shear. Complies with proper traffic pattern procedures. 5. wake turbulence avoidance. 4. Maintains proper spacing from other aircraft. TASK: RADIO COMMUNICATIONS AND ATC LIGHT SIGNALS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 91. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to traffic patterns. 2. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. B. Objective. Maintains traffic pattern altitude ±100 feet (30 meters). 3. This shall include procedures at airports with and without operating control towers. 2-11 FAA-S-8081-12B . To determine that the applicant: 1. TASK: TRAFFIC PATTERNS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Objective. AIM. 6. collision avoidance. Transmits using recommended phraseology. Maintains orientation with runway/landing area in use. and appropriate airspeed ±10 knots. prevention of runway incursions.

and taxiway operations with emphasis on runway incursion avoidance. 2. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to airport/seaplane base. Properly identifies and interprets airport/seaplane base. MARKINGS. RUNWAY. markings. AND TAXIWAY SIGNS. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-12 . To determine that the applicant: 1. and taxiway signs.C. and lighting. runway. TASK: AIRPORT/SEAPLANE BASE. AND LIGHTING (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. AIM. Objective. runway.

AREA OF OPERATION: TAKEOFFS. (AMES) advances the throttles smoothly to takeoff power. 12. if appropriate. climb operations. To determine that the applicant: 1. Completes appropriate checklists. TASK: NORMAL AND CROSSWIND TAKEOFF AND CLIMB (AMEL and AMES) NOTE: If a crosswind condition does not exist. Objective. Positions the flight controls for the existing wind conditions. 7. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to normal and crosswind takeoff. 2-13 FAA-S-8081-12B . proper wind-drift correction throughout the takeoff and climb. POH/AFM. 8. 2. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. 5.IV. Establishes a pitch attitude that will maintain VY ±5 knots. Clears the area. LANDINGS. 6. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. and flaps after a positive rate of climb is established. Establishes and maintains the most efficient planing/lift off attitude and corrects for porpoising and skipping (AMES). 9. AND GO-AROUNDS A. 10. 4. Lifts off at the recommended airspeed and accelerates to VY. 3. taxies onto the takeoff surface and aligns the airplane on the runway center/takeoff path. and rejected takeoff procedures. Retracts the landing gear. Maintains directional control. Retracts the water rudders as appropriate. 11. the applicant's knowledge of crosswind elements shall be evaluated through oral testing. Complies with noise abatement procedures.

timely. To determine that the applicant: 1. Touches down at or within 200 feet (60 meters) beyond a specified point. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Contacts the water at the proper pitch attitude (AMES).B. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-14 . with wind gust factor applied. 10. with no drift. 9. ±5 knots. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed and adjusts pitch attitude and power as required. and selects a suitable touchdown point. 11. 7. obstructions. POH/AFM. TASK: NORMAL AND CROSSWIND APPROACH AND LANDING (AMEL and AMES) NOTE: If a crosswind condition does not exist. Makes smooth. and correct control application during the roundout and touchdown. the applicant's knowledge of the crosswind elements shall be evaluated through oral testing. Objective. 5. or in its absence. Touches down smoothly at approximate stalling speed (AMEL). 8. 4. 2. Adequately surveys the intended landing area (AMES). 6. Completes appropriate checklist. Considers the wind conditions. not more than 1. landing surface.3 VSO. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to normal and crosswind approach and landing. Maintains a stabilized approach and recommended airspeed. and with the airplane's longitudinal axis aligned with and over the runway center/landing path. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. 3.

Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout the takeoff and climb. sets flaps as recommended. TASK: SHORT-FIELD TAKEOFF (CONFINED AREA—AMEL) AND MAXIMUM PREFORMANCE CLIMB (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 10. 8. Establishes a pitch attitude that will maintain the recommended obstacle clearance airspeed. +5/-0 knots. 3. 7. 6. After clearing the obstacle. Selects an appropriate take-off path for the existing conditions (AMES). until the obstacle is cleared. 11. 5. 2-15 FAA-S-8081-12B . or until the airplane is 50 feet (20 meters) above the surface. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a short-field confined area (AMES) takeoff and maximum performance climb. and accelerates to recommended obstacle clearance airspeed. To determine that the applicant: 1. POH/AFM. establishes the pitch attitude for VY. 12. Applies brakes (if appropriate) while advancing the throttles smoothly to takeoff power. if appropriate. and maintains VY. Completes appropriate checklist. accelerates to VY. 4. or VX. taxies into takeoff position utilizing maximum available takeoff area and aligns the airplane on the runway center/takeoff path. Lifts off at the recommended airspeed. Objective. 2. during the climb. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. Clears the area. or VX. ±5 knots.C. and flaps after clear of any obstacles or as recommended by manufacturer. 9. Establishes and maintains the most efficient planing/lift off attitude and corrects for porpoising and skipping (AMES). Retracts the landing gear. 13. Positions the flight controls for the existing wind conditions.

Touches down smoothly at minimum control airspeed (AMEL). 12. Completes appropriate checklist. Objective. and selects the most suitable touchdown point. to stop in the shortest distance consistent with safety. with no side drift. 8. Selects the proper landing path. and correct control application during the roundout and touchdown. timely. Considers the wind conditions. 11. landing surface. with wind gust factor applied. 10. not more than 1. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed. Makes smooth. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a short-field (confined area AMES) approach and landing. 5. obstructions. Adequately surveys the intended landing area (AMES). 7. POH/AFM. and with the airplane's longitudinal axis aligned with and over the runway center/landing path. ±5 knots. or in its absence. Touches down at or within 100 feet (30 meters) beyond a specified point. 9.D. Applies brakes (AMEL) or elevator control (AMES). contacts the water at the minimum safe airspeed with the proper pitch attitude for the surface conditions (AMES). FAA-S-8081-12B 2-16 . adjusts pitch attitude and power as required.3 VSO. TASK: SHORT-FIELD (CONFINED AREA—AMES) APPROACH AND LANDING (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. as necessary. 6. minimum float. To determine that the applicant: 1. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. 2. 3. 4. Maintains a stabilized approach and recommended approach airspeed.

3. skipping. the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK. Clears the area. Establishes proper attitude/airspeed. Positions the flight controls and flaps for the existing conditions. 6. 10. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. and flaps after a positive rate of climb is established. 9. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. Retracts the landing gear. TASK: GLASSY WATER TAKEOFF AND CLIMB (AMES) NOTE: If a glassy water condition does not exist. 11. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout takeoff and climb.E. Establishes and maintains an appropriate planing attitude. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to glassy water takeoff and climb. Utilizes appropriate techniques to lift seaplane from the water considering surface conditions. directional control. 2. 5. selects an appropriate takeoff path considering surface hazards and/or vessels and surface conditions. ± 5 knots during the climb. 2-17 FAA-S-8081-12B . and increases in water drag. Completes the appropriate checklist. if appropriate. advances the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. Objective. Retracts the water rudders as appropriate. POH/AFM. 4. To determine that the applicant: 1. and accelerates to VY. 8. 7. and corrects for porpoising.

4. Considers the wind conditions. surrounding terrain. water depth. and other watercraft. 7. and correct power and control adjustments to maintain proper pitch attitude and rate of descent to touchdown. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. Maintains a stabilized approach and the recommended approach airspeed. 9. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-18 . REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 3. Contacts the water in the proper pitch attitude. ± 5 knots and maintains a touchdown pitch attitude and descent rate from the last altitude reference until touchdown. and adjusts pitch attitude and power as required.F. Makes smooth. 2. Adequately surveys the intended landing area. TASK: GLASSY WATER APPROACH AND LANDING (AMES) NOTE: If a glassy water condition does not exist. the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK. 10. To determine that the applicant: 1. timely. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to glassy water approach and landing. POH/AFM. Selects the most suitable approach path and touchdown area. 8. 5. and slows to idle taxi speed. hazards. Completes the appropriate checklist. Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed. 6. Objective.

10. if appropriate. Lifts off at minimum airspeed and accelerates to VY. 3. 2. Completes the appropriate checklist. TASK: ROUGH WATER TAKEOFF AND CLIMB (AMES) NOTE: If a rough water condition does not exist. Objective. Retracts the landing gear. or excessive bouncing. selects an appropriate takeoff path considering wind. 7. 8. 6. skipping. POH/AFM. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to rough water takeoff and climb. Positions the flight controls and flaps for the existing conditions.G. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Clears the area. 5. advances the throttle smoothly to takeoff power. directional control. Retracts the water rudders as appropriate. To determine that the applicant: 1. and flaps after a positive rate of climb is established. ± 5 knots before leaving ground effect. 4. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout takeoff and climb. Establishes and maintains an appropriate planing attitude. swells surface hazards. 2-19 FAA-S-8081-12B . 9. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. and corrects for porpoising. and/or vessels. the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK.

Establishes the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed. and at the proper airspeed. 2. Selects the most suitable approach path.3 VSO ± 5 knots with wind gust factor applied. Contacts the water in the proper pitch attitude. TASK: ROUGH WATER APPROACH AND LANDING (AMES) NOTE: If a rough water condition does not exist. or in its absence not more than 1. Considers the wind conditions. 9. Completes the appropriate checklist. 10. the applicant shall be evaluated by simulating the TASK. water. and adjusts pitch attitude and power as required. surrounding terrain. hazards. 5. timely. 4. Objective. and other watercraft.H. POH/AFM. depth. Adequately surveys the intended landing area. 6. 7. REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Maintains a stabilized approach and the recommended approach airspeed. Makes smooth. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. 8. and touchdown area. To determine that the applicant: 1. considering the type of rough water. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to rough water approach and landing. 3. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-20 . and correct power and control application during the roundout and touch down.

Completes the appropriate checklist. Maintains directional control and proper wind-drift correction throughout the climb. Makes a timely decision to discontinue the approach to landing. To determine that the applicant: 1. as appropriate. 3. 7. Retracts the landing gear if appropriate after a positive rate of climb is established. TASK: GO-AROUND/REJECTED LANDING (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 8. 2-21 FAA-S-8081-12B . POH/AFM. 2. 6. 4. 9. 5. Objective. Retracts flaps. Applies takeoff power immediately and transitions to climb pitch attitude for VY and maintains VY ±5 knots.I. Maneuvers to the side of runway/landing area to clear and avoid conflicting traffic. Maintains takeoff power and VY ±5 knots to a safe maneuvering altitude. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to a goaround/rejected landing.

a safe airspeed not to exceed VA. 4. Establishes the manufacturer's recommended airspeed or if one is not stated. 5. 2. airspeed. ±10°. ±5°. AREA OF OPERATION: PERFORMANCE MANEUVER TASK: STEEP TURNS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-22 . followed by a 360° steep turn in the opposite direction.V. and rolls out on the entry heading. ±10 knots. 3. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to steep turns. bank. Maintains the entry altitude. To determine that the applicant: 1. Divides attention between airplane control and orientation. POH/AFM. Rolls into a coordinated 360° steep turn with at least a 50° bank. ±100 feet (30 meters). Objective.

groundspeed. Recognizes signal loss and takes appropriate action. 2. and heading. or bearing. 7. as appropriate. Uses proper communication procedures when utilizing radar services. and elapsed time.VI. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to pilotage and dead reckoning. Intercepts and tracks a given course. if appropriate. ±100 feet (30 meters). 7. radial. Navigation Equipment Operation Manuals. AREA OF OPERATION: NAVIGATION A. Maintains appropriate altitude. 8. 2. 3. Locates the airplane's position using the navigation system. TASK: NAVIGATION SYSTEMS AND RADAR SERVICES (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 5. Follows the preplanned course by reference to landmarks. 6. Verifies the airplane's position within two (2) nautical miles of flight planned route. Maintains the appropriate altitude. Objective. 4. Recognizes and describes the indication of station passage. Navigates by means of precomputed headings. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to navigation systems and radar services. 6. ±100 feet (30 meters) and heading. To determine that the applicant: 1. Demonstrates the ability to use an airborne electronic navigation system. B. To determine that the applicant: 1. 5. Identifies landmarks by relating surface features to chart symbols. 4. AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. ±10°. Arrives at the en route checkpoints within three (3) minutes of the initial or revised ETA and provides a destination estimate. ±10°. TASK: PILOTAGE AND DEAD RECKONING (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCE: AC 61-23/FAA-H-8083-25. 8. 3. Corrects for and records differences between preflight groundspeed and heading calculations and those determined en route. Objective. AIM. 2-23 FAA-S-8081-12B .

C. TASK: DIVERSION (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-25; AIM. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to diversion. 2. Selects an appropriate alternate airport and route. 3. Makes an accurate estimate of heading, groundspeed, arrival time, and fuel consumption to the alternate airport. 4. Maintains the appropriate altitude, ±100 feet (30 meters), and heading, ±10°. D. TASK: LOST PROCEDURES (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-25; AIM. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to lost procedures. Selects an appropriate course of action. Maintains an appropriate heading and climbs, if necessary. Identifies prominent landmarks. Uses navigation systems/facilities and/or contacts an ATC facility for assistance, as appropriate.

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VII. AREA OF OPERATION: SLOW FLIGHT AND STALLS
A. TASK: MANEUVERING DURING SLOW FLIGHT (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to maneuvering during slow flight. 2. Selects an entry altitude that will allow the task to be completed no lower than 3,000 feet (920 meters) AGL. 3. Establishes and maintains an airspeed at which any further increase in angle of attack, increase in load factor, or reduction in power, would result in an immediate stall. 4. Accomplishes coordinated straight-and-level flight, turns, climbs, and descents with landing gear and flap configurations specified by the examiner. 5. Divides attention between airplane control and orientation. 6. Maintains the specified altitude, ±50 feet (15 meters); specified heading, ±10°; airspeed +5/−0 knots, and specified angle of bank, ±5°.

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B. TASK: POWER-OFF STALLS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3, AC 61-67; POH/AFM. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to power-off stalls. 2. Selects an entry altitude that allows the task to be completed no lower than 3,000 feet (460 meters) AGL. 3. Establishes a stabilized descent in the approach or landing configuration, as specified by the examiner. 4. Transitions smoothly from the approach or landing attitude to a pitch attitude that will induce a stall. 5. Maintains a specified heading ±10°, in straight flight; maintains a specified angle of bank, not to exceed 20°, ±5°, in turning flight while inducing the stall. 6. Recognizes and recovers promptly as the stall occurs by simultaneously reducing the angle of attack, increasing power to maximum allowable, and leveling the wings to return to a straightand-level flight attitude with a minimum loss of altitude appropriate for the airplane. 7. Retracts the flaps to the recommended setting, retracts the landing gear, if retractable, after a positive rate of climb is established. 8. Accelerates to VX or VY speed before the final flap retraction; returns to the altitude, heading, and airspeed specified by the examiner.

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POH/AFM. ±10° in turning flight. TASK: POWER-ON STALLS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Objective. and leveling the wings to return to a straightand-level flight attitude. Maintains a specified heading ±5°. and airspeed specified by the examiner.000 feet (920 meters) AGL. 2-27 FAA-S-8081-12B . Accelerates to VX or VY speed before the final flap retraction. 2. 4. 2. Aerodynamic factors related to spins. 3. POH/AFM. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to power-on stalls.C. after a positive rate of climb is established. Transitions smoothly from the takeoff or departure attitude to a pitch attitude that will induce a stall. not to exceed a 20°. 8. Establishes the takeoff or departure configuration. Procedures for recovery from unintentional spins. with a minimum loss of altitude appropriate for the airplane. the power setting may have to be reduced below the practical test standards guideline power setting to prevent excessively high pitch attitudes (greater than 30° nose up). while inducing the stall. returns to the altitude. 3. Retracts flaps to the recommended setting. TASK: SPIN AWARENESS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. retracts the landing gear if retractable. heading. D. AC 61-67. To determine that the applicant: 1. Recognizes and recovers promptly as the stall occurs by simultaneously reducing the angle of attack. Objective. Selects an entry altitude that allows the task to be completed no lower than 3. Sets power to no less than 65 percent available power. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to spin awareness by explaining: 1. Flight situations where unintentional spins may occur. NOTE: In some high performance airplanes. increasing power to maximum allowable. AC 61-67. 6. 7. maintains a specified angle of bank. in straight flight. 5.

Objective. 2. A. At altitudes lower than 3. POH/AFM. Maintains directional control and applies brakes (AMEL) or flight controls (AMES). 5. B. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-28 .VIII. such as depressurization. AREA OF OPERATION: EMERGENCY OPERATIONS NOTE: Examiners shall select an entry altitude that will allow the single engine demonstrations TASK to be completed no lower than 3. and proper planning. Closes the throttles smoothly and promptly when simulated engine failure occurs. division of attention. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the procedure used for engine failure during takeoff prior to reaching VMC. whichever is higher. Completes appropriate checklists. NOTE: Engine failure (simulated) shall be accomplished before reaching 50 percent of the calculated VMC. cockpit smoke and/or fire that require an emergency descent. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to an emergency descent. Maintains positive load factors during the descent. engine failure shall be simulated by reducing throttle to idle and then establishing zero thrust.000 feet (920 meters) AGL or the manufacturer's recommended altitude. Objective.000 feet (920 meters) AGL. POH/AFM. 3. 4. Establishes the appropriate airspeed and configuration for the emergency descent. To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits orientation. 6. TASK: EMERGENCY DESCENT (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. 2. TASK: ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKEOFF BEFORE VMC (SIMULATED) (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. To determine that the applicant: 1. 3. Recognizes situations. as necessary.

establishes VXSE or VMC +5 knots. Objective. whichever is greater. 10. until obstructions are cleared. Simulates feathering the propeller on the inoperative engine. If a climb is not possible at VYSE. TASK: ENGINE FAILURE AFTER LIFT-OFF (SIMULATED) (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Monitors operating engine and makes adjustments. Secures the (simulated) inoperative engine. Recognizes a simulated engine failure promptly. and utilizes appropriate emergency procedures. 9. identifies and verifies the inoperative engine after simulated engine failure. Establishes VYSE. and airspeed. POH/AFM. 7. maintain VYSE and return to the departure airport for landing. 2-29 FAA-S-8081-12B . ±5 knots. 11. Completes appropriate emergency checklist. Examiner shall then establish zero-thrust on the inoperative engine. ±10°. Banks toward the operating engine as required for best performance. 6. To determine that the applicant: 1. maintains control. 3.C. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to the procedure used for engine failure after lift-off. or initiates an approach to the most suitable landing area available. Recognizes the airplane's performance capabilities. 4. 8. 5. Reduces drag. as necessary. Maintains heading. If obstructions are present. Then transitions to VYSE. 2.

9. as required.D. with no drift and the airplane’s longitudinal axis aligned with and over the runway center/landing path. 4. POH/AFM. until landing is assured. 3. 8. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-30 . maintains control. Monitors the operating engine and makes adjustments as necessary. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to an approach and landing with an engine inoperative to include engine failure on final approach. Banks toward the operating engine. Maintains crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing sequence. Objective. Recognizes engine failure and takes appropriate action. 5. Maintains the recommended approach airspeed ±5 knots. Touches down on the first one-third of available runway. TASK: APPROACH AND LANDING WITH AN INOPERATIVE ENGINE (SIMULATED) (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. Completes appropriate checklists. and utilizes recommended emergency procedures. for best performance. timely and correct control applications during roundout and touchdown. 2. 6 Makes smooth. 7. and landing configuration with a stabilized approach. To determine that the applicant: 1.

fuel starvation. loss of oil pressure. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to systems and equipment malfunctions appropriate to the airplane provided for the practical test. landing gear or flap malfunction. b. g. l. n. c. pitot/static. inoperative trim. k. partial or complete power loss. h. To determine that the applicant: 1. electrical malfunction. POH/AFM. carburetor or induction icing. Analyzes the situation and takes appropriate action for simulated emergencies appropriate to the airplane provided for the practical test for at least five (5) of the following— a.E. inadvertant door or window opening. any other emergency appropriate to the airplane. TASK: SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. j. 3. structural icing. Follows the appropriate checklist or procedure. 2. Objective. i. e. d. vacuum/pressure. f. smoke/fire/engine compartment fire. 2-31 FAA-S-8081-12B . m. engine roughness or overheat. and associated flight instruments malfunction.

Identifies appropriate equipment that should be aboard the airplane. Objective.F. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to emergency equipment and survival gear appropriate to the airplane and environment encountered during flight. TASK: EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT AND SURVIVAL GEAR (ASEL and ASES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. POH/AFM. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-32 .

IX. AREA OF OPERATION: HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS
A. TASK: SUPPLEMENTAL OXYGEN (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: POH/AFM. 14 CFR part 91; FAA-H-8083-3, AC 61-107; AIM,

Objective. To determine that the applicant exhibits knowledge of the elements related to supplemental oxygen by explaining: 1. Supplemental oxygen requirements for flight crew and passengers when operating non-pressurized airplanes. 2. Identification and differences between “aviators” breathing oxygen” and other types. 3. Operational characteristics of continuous flow, demand, and pressure-demand oxygen systems. B. TASK: PRESSURIZATION (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3, AC 61-107; AIM, POH/AFM. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to pressurization by explaining— a. fundamental concept of cabin pressurization. b. supplemental oxygen requirements when operating airplanes with pressurized cabins. c. physiological hazards associated with high altitude flight and decompression. NOTE: Element 2 applies only if the airplane provided for the practical test is equipped for pressurized flight operations. 2. Operates the pressurization system properly, and reacts appropriately to simulated pressurization malfunctions.

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X. AREA OF OPERATION: MULTIENGINE OPERATIONS
NOTE: If the applicant is instrument rated, and has previously demonstrated instrument proficiency in a multiengine airplane or does not hold an instrument rating airplane, TASKs D and C need not be accomplished. A. TASK: MANEUVERING WITH ONE ENGINE INOPERATIVE (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM. NOTE: The feathering of one propeller shall be demonstrated in flight, in a multiengine airplane equipped with propellers which can be safely feathered and unfeathered. The maneuver shall be performed at altitudes and positions where safe landings on established airports can be readily accomplished. In the event a propeller cannot be unfeathered during the practical test, it shall be treated as an emergency. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to maneuvering with one engine inoperative. Recognizes engine failure and maintains control. Sets the engine controls, reduces drag, identifies and verifies the inoperative engine, and feathers appropriate propeller. Establishes and maintains a bank toward the operating engine as required for best performance in straight and level flight. Follows the prescribed checklists to verify procedures for securing the inoperative engine. Monitors the operating engine and makes necessary adjustments. Demonstrates coordinated flight with one engine inoperative (propeller feathered). Restarts the inoperative engine using appropriate restart procedures. Maintains altitude ±100 feet (30 meters) or minimum sink as appropriate and heading ±10°. Completes the appropriate checklists.

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B. TASK: VMC DEMONSTRATION (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM. NOTE #1 An applicant seeking an airplane—multiengine land (AMEL) rating, “Limited to Center Thrust,” is not required to be evaluated on this TASK. NOTE #2 Airplanes with normally aspirated engines will lose power as altitude increases because of the reduced density of the air entering the induction system of the engine. This loss of power will result in a VMC lower than the stall speed at higher altitudes. Therefore, recovery should be made at the first indication of loss of directional control, stall warning, or buffet. Do not perform this maneuver by increasing the pitch attitude to a high angle with both engines operating and then reducing power on the critical engine. This technique is hazardous and may result in loss of airplane control. Objective. To determine that the applicant: 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to VMC by explaining the causes of loss of directional control at airspeeds less than VMC, the factors affecting VMC, and safe recovery procedures. 2. Configures the airplane at VSSE/VYSE, as appropriate— a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Landing gear retracted. Flaps set for takeoff. Cowl flaps set for takeoff. Trim set for takeoff. Propellers set for high RPM. Power on critical engine reduced to idle. Power on operating engine set to takeoff or maximum available power.

3. Establishes a single-engine climb attitude with the airspeed at approximately 10 knots above VSSE or VYSE, as appropriate. 4. Establishes a bank toward the operating engine, as required for best performance and controllability. 5. Increases the pitch attitude slowly to reduce the airspeed at approximately 1 knot per second while applying rudder pressure to maintain directional control until full rudder is applied. 6. Recognizes indications of loss of directional control, stall warning or buffet.

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6. 7. as appropriate. Recovery SHOULD NOT be attempted by increasing the power on the simulated failed engine. 2. Exhibits knowledge of the elements by explaining the procedures used during instrument flight with one engine inoperative. To determine that the applicant: 1. 8. 5. C. 3. Recovers promptly by simultaneously reducing power sufficiently on the operating engine while decreasing the angle of attack as necessary to regain airspeed and directional control. Monitors the operating engine and makes necessary adjustments. reduces drag. Maintains altitude ±100 feet (30 meters). and verifies the inoperative engine and simulates feathering appropriate engine propeller. Recovers within 20° of the entry heading. Objective. sets the engine controls. and levels off from climbs and descents within ± 100 feet (30 meters). FAA-H-8083-3. Demonstrates coordinated flight with one engine inoperative. bank ±5°. Advances power smoothly on operating engine and accelerates to VXSE/VYSE.7. or minimum sink as appropriate and heading ±10°. ± 5 knots. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-36 . 9. during the recovery. Recognizes engine failure. 4. FAA-H-8083-15. Follows the prescribed checklists to verify procedures for securing the inoperative engine. identifies. Establishes and maintains a bank toward the operating engine as required for best performance in straight and level. TASK: ENGINE FAILURE DURING FLIGHT (By Reference to Instruments) (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 14 CFR part 61.

10. For RMI or ADF indicators. within 10° of the course. the airspeed within ±10 knots if within the aircraft’s capability. and simulates feathering appropriate engine propeller. Maintains altitude within 100 feet (30 meters). 2-37 FAA-S-8081-12B . 7. 4.D. 13. or attempted flight contrary to the engine-inoperative operating limitations of the aircraft. 2. On final approach segment. To determine that the applicant: 1. Establishes a rate of descent that will ensure arrival at the MDA or DH/DA. Avoids loss of aircraft control. reduces drag. 9. Follows the actual or a simulated ATC clearance for an instrument approach. Requests and receives an actual or a simulated ATC clearance for an instrument approach. Follows the prescribed checklists to verify procedures for securing the inoperative engine. 3. Complies with the published criteria for the aircraft approach category when circling. Recognizes engine failure. sets the engine controls. as required. Monitors the operating engine and makes necessary adjustments. Establishes and maintains a bank toward the operating engine. 5. with the airplane in a position from which a descent to a landing. for best performance in straight and level. identifies and verifies the inoperative engine. Exhibits knowledge of the elements by explaining the procedures used during a published instrument approach with one engine inoperative. on the intended runway can be made. 11. either straight in or circling as appropriate. and heading ±10°. TASK: INSTRUMENT APPROACH—ONE ENGINE INOPERATIVE (By Reference to Instruments) (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: 8081-4. no more than three-quarter-scale deflection of the CDI/glide slope indicator. 6. FAA-H-8083-3. AC 61-27. 8. 14 CFR part 61. FAA-S- Objective. 12. Completes landing and appropriate checklists.

Objective. water depth. wind. AREA OF OPERATION: POSTFLIGHT PROCEDURES NOTE: The examiner shall select TASK A and for AMES applicants at least one other TASK. Selects a suitable area for anchoring.XI. parking and securing procedures. To determine that the applicant: 1. B. Objective. 3. PARKING. FAA-S-8081-12B 2-38 . 6. and weather changes. Completes the appropriate checklist. 7. 2. 3. AND SECURING (AMEL and AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. tide. Uses an adequate number of anchors and lines of sufficient strength and length to ensure the seaplane's security. Conducts an appropriate postflight inspection and secures the aircraft. Follows the appropriate procedure for engine shutdown. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to anchoring. 2. POH/AFM. Maintains directional control after touchdown while decelerating to an appropriate speed. considering the safety of nearby persons and property. TASK: ANCHORING (AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. TASK: AFTER LANDING. To determine that the applicant: 1. A. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to after landing. 5. considering seaplane movement. 4. Observes runway hold lines and other surface control markings and lighting. POH/AFM. Parks in an appropriate area.

Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to ramping/beaching. Ramps/beaches and secures the seaplane in a manner that will protect it from the harmful effect of wind. Objective. D. Approaches the dock or mooring buoy in the proper direction considering speed. POH/AFM. TASK: DOCKING AND MOORING (AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. hazards. Ensures seaplane security. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to docking and mooring. 3. and water current. considering water depth. and wind. and changes in water level. 3. TASK: RAMPING/BEACHING (AMES) REFERENCES: FAA-H-8083-3. wind. 2. Approaches the ramp/beach considering persons and property. To determine that the applicant: 1. Objective. 2-39 FAA-S-8081-12B . at a safe speed. current. tide. 2. To determine that the applicant: 1. in the proper attitude and direction. POH/AFM. waves.C.

SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT Multiengine Land (MEL) .APPENDIX 2 TASK VS.

AC 120-40 (as amended). USE OF CHART X A Creditable. AC 120-45 (as amended). must also be incorporated for accurate simulation device use. The device must continue to meet qualification standards through continuing evaluations as outlined in the appropriate advisory circular (AC). the applicant has logged not less than 500 hours of flight time as a pilot in airplanes.APPENDIX 2 AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND TASK VS. The remaining AOO and TASKs must be accomplished in an airplane. Not all AREAS OF OPERATION (AOO) and TASKs required by this PTS are listed in the appendix. 3. SIMULATION DEVICE CREDIT Examiners conducting the Commercial Pilot–Airplane Practical Tests with flight simulation devices should consult appropriate documentation to ensure that the device has been approved for training. 2. Airplane Flight Training Device Qualifications. The documentation for each device should reflect that the following activities have occurred: 1. testing. will be used. and assigned the appropriate qualification level by the National Simulator Program Manager. The device must continue to support the level of student or applicant performance required by the PTS. Use of Level 2 or Level 3 FTDs authorized only for those airplanes not requiring a type rating. and checking the specific flight TASKs listed in this appendix. The FAA must approve the device for training. including all notes. Asterisk items require use of FTD or Simulator visual reference. The description and objective of each TASK as listed in the body of the PTS. * NOTES: 1. For airplane flight training devices (FTDs). For simulators. The device must be evaluated. 3. each maneuver has been satisfactorily accomplished for an instructor. NOTE: Users of the following chart are cautioned that use of the chart alone is incomplete. 4. Airplane Simulator Qualification. will be used. Standards for and use of Level 1 FTDs have not been determined. Multiengine Land Appendix 2-1 FAA-S-8081-12B . 2. or checking. not less than three (3) times. Creditable if appropriate systems are installed and operating. OR b. not more than 50 % of the maneuvers may be accomplished in an FTD or simulator UNLESS: a. determined to meet the appropriate standards. in the appropriate airplane. testing. For practical tests.

Takeoffs. Taxiing E. Before Takeoff Check 1 FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVICE LEVEL 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B C D __ __ __ __ __ A A A __ A X X X __ X A A A __ A A A A __ A X X X __ X X X X __ X X X X __ X X X X __ X X X X X X X X X X X IV.APPENDIX 2 AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND FLIGHT TASK Areas of Operation: II. Lost Procedures __ __ __ A A A __ X X __ __ __ A A A X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Multiengine Land Appendix 2-3 FAA-S-8081-12B . Engine Starting D. Cockpit Management C. Go-Around * V. Diversion D. Performance Maneuver Steep Turns __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ X __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ X __ __ __ __ X __ __ X __ X __ __ X __ X X X X X X X X X X X __ __ X __ __ X X X X X X VI. and Go-Arounds A. Normal and Crosswind Takeoff and Climb B. Short-Field Approach and Landing E. Navigation * B. Short-Field Takeoff and Climb D. Navigation Systems and ATC Radar Services C. Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing C. Landings. Preflight Procedures A. Preflight Inspection (Cockpit Only) B.

Engine Failure During Flight (By reference to instruments) B. Engine Failure After Lift-Off (Simulated) __ F. Multiengine Operations A. Engine Failure During Takeoff Before VMC __ E. Maneuvering During Slow Flight 1 FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVICE LEVEL 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B C D __ __ X __ __ X X X X X X VIII.APPENDIX 2 AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND FLIGHT TASK Areas of Operation: VII. Instrument Approach . Slow Flight and Stalls A. Instrument Approach .All Engines Operating (By reference to instruments) C.One Engine Inoperative (By reference to instruments) __ __ __ __ __ __ A X __ __ __ __ __ X __ __ __ __ __ __ A __ __ __ __ __ __ A X __ __ __ __ __ X X __ __ __ __ __ X X X X X X __ X X X X X X __ X X X X X X __ X X X X X X __ X __ __ __ __ A __ X X __ __ __ __ __ A __ X X __ X X __ X X X X X X X X X X X X Multiengine Land Appendix 2-5 FAA-S-8081-12B . Emergency Descent __ B. Emergency Operations A. Maneuvering with One Engine Inoperative __ C. Systems and Equipment Malfunctions __ IX. Approach and Landing with an Inoperative Engine (Simulated) __ G. Engine Inoperative—Loss of Directional Control Demonstration __ D.

High Altitude Operations B. Postflight Procedures A.APPENDIX 2 AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND FLIGHT TASK Areas of Operation: X. Pressurization 1 FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVICE LEVEL 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B C D __ A X A A X X X X X X XI. After Landing __ A X A A X X X X X X Multiengine Land Appendix 2-7 FAA-S-8081-12B .