Utility Scale PV Plant Optimization

Forrest Collins juwi solar Inc. November 30th, 2010

Overview Background on juwi Organization PV Plant Optimization Cast Study I: Jacksonville Solar PV Plant Optimization Case Study II: Blue Wing Solar November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 2 .

Germany $900 million Private company founded in 1996 by Fred Jung (“ju”) and Matthias Willenbacher (“wi”) Employees: Business Units: >1000 • • • Wind (>600 MW) Solar Photovoltaic (>500MW) Biogas (2MW) • • • Geothermal Energy Efficiency Electric Mobility juwi solar GmbH Based in: Founded: Services: Employees: November 30th 2010 Wörrstadt.juwi Organization juwi Holding AG (parent of juwi solar GmbH) Based in: 2009 Revenue Founded/CEOs: Wörrstadt. Financing. Germany 2000 PV System Development. and O&M >500 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 3 . EPC.

Germany Poland Czech Republic Bulgaria UK North America France Spain Italy Greece India November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 4 .juwi solar – International Strong international presence with subsidiaries in 11 countries and more than 500 MW of PV installed worldwide juwi solar GmbH Wörrstadt.

5 Years 5 years 1. Germany Saxony. USA 5 Jacksonville Solar Kothen Solar Park Wyandot Solar 15.2 MW 4 years 1.0 MW 16.0 MW 6.0 MW 14. Germany New Jersey.0 MW 40. USA Bavaria.8 MW 12.0 MW 2.25 years Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US .0 MW 2 months 3 years 6 months Schwaben Solar Park Tutow Solar Park Rote Jahne Solar Park Mars Solar November 30th 2010 12. Germany Texas. USA Saxony.Utility-Scale Project Experience Project Lieberose Solar Park Waldpolenz Solar Park Blue Wing Solar Capacity 53. USA Florida.0 MW Years in Operation 1 year 2 years 1 month Location Brandenburg. Germany Ohio.8 MW 6. Germany Saxony. Germany West Pomerania.

Procurement & Construction) • Strategic Partnerships • Off-take/Sale Agreements • Equity & Debt Financing • Commercial Operations & Maintenance • • • • • Target Customers/Off-takers • • • • Investor-Owned Utilities Municipalities Cooperatives Industrials/Commercial November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 6 . based in Boulder. serves the North American utility solar market.juwi solar Inc.. Core Competencies Equipment Supply Modules Inverters Racking Transformers/Switchgear Wiring/Electrical • Project Development & Acquisition • Turn Key Installation (Engineering. Colorado and majority-owned by juwi Holding AG. juwi solar Inc. juwi solar Inc.

Wyandot Solar AEP – Ohio • 12MW DC • Free field project • Project between JSI. AEP and PSEG • Completed – May 2010 Jacksonville Solar JEA – Florida • 15MW DC • Free field project • Project between JSI.juwi solar Inc. JEA and PSEG • Completed – Sep 2010 Blue-Wing Solar CPS Energy – Texas • 16MW DC • Free field project • Project between JSI. Constructed. CPS and DEGS • Completed – Nov 2010 November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 7 . and Operates Three of the Top Ten Largest PV Projects in Operation in the U. Financed.S. – A Leader in Utility Scale Solar JSI has Developed.

3o north November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 8 . FL Latitude: 30.Case Study I: Jacksonville Solar Jacksonville Solar Location: 17 miles west of Jacksonville.

previously grazed land Total Acreage: 91 Acres Non-square shape Wetlands Site Boundary Wetlands November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 9 .Case Study I: Plant Layout Site Overview Flat.

Case Study I: Plant Design Challenges Avoid wetlands Using the wetlands would introduce additional permitting time and risk Cannot remove wetland trees Need to avoid shading from wetlands trees Non-standard building block MW-In-A-Box would not work Standardize as much as possible Maximize system size and generation November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 10 .

0 MW DC 200.Case Study I – Plant Summary Jacksonville Solar Plant Summary 15.000 First Solar modules First 1000 VDC System in Florida Non-standard building block Fixed arrays with a 20 degree tilt Due south orientation 8 feet row to row spacing Avoided wetlands and minimized shading November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 11 .

TX Latitude: 31.Case Study II: Blue Wing Solar Blue Wing Solar Location: San Antonio.1o north November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 12 .

previously farmed Total Acreage: 115 Acres Non-square shape Plot oriented 25 west of south Low swell with existing trees Wetlands Site Boundary November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 13 .Case Study II: Plant Layout Site Overview Undulating land.

Case Study II: Plant Design Challenges Site oriented 25 degrees west of south Difficult to optimize capacity and layout at due south Standard design practices suggest orienting west of south will reduce generation November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 14 .

Clouds/haze typical before noon but burns off by noon in San Antonio Optimal orientation for San Antonio is 10 degrees west of south Orienting the arrays 25 degrees west of south results in only a 0.0% is typical) Percent Decrease in Generation as a Function of Azimuth Percent of Due South Generation San Antonio Typical 101.0% 99.5% 98.0% 98.Case Study II: Plant Design Challenges 4.5% 100.0% 100.9% more global horizontal irradiance after solar noon compared to before solar noon.0% 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Azimuth Angle (degrees west of south) Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 15 November 30th 2010 .4% reduction in generation compared to due south (~2.5% 99.

Case Study II: Plant Summary Blue Wing Solar Plant Summary 16.000 First Solar modules First 1000 VDC System in Texas Used 2 standard building blocks Fixed arrays with a 20 degree tilt 25 degree west of south azimuth 8.1 MW DC 215.5 feet row to row spacing November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 16 .

Summary For many sites a standard MW-In-A-Box design is not the optimal solution The optimal solution may be a combination of standard and non-standard building blocks Best practices should include optimizing site layouts to accommodate existing site conditions and constraints It is often necessary to perform detailed parametric analysis to optimize land use and generation while reducing balance of system costs November 30th 2010 Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference and Expo US 17 .