Paul Corona www.winncad.


GD&T Symbols, Terms and Definitions ASME Y14.5M-1994 (Dimensioning and Tolerancing)

or location of a feature or datum target. profile. or in feature control frames. orientation. or plane derived from the true geometric counterpart of a specified datum feature. in notes. Regardless of Feature Size (RFS): The term used to indicate that a geometric tolerance or datum reference applies at any increment of size of the feature within its size tolerance. Datum A theoretically exact point. axis. maximum hole diameter. It is the basis from which permissible variations are established by tolerances on other dimensions. maximum shaft diameter. Least Material Condition (LMC) The condition in which a feature of size contains the least amount of material within the stated limits of size-for example. . minimum hole diameter. or area on a part used to establish a datum. Datum Target A specific line. A datum is the origin from which the location or geometric characteristics of features of a part are established.COMMON TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Basic Dimension A numerical value used to describe the theoretically exact size. minimum shaft diameter. Maximum Material Condition (MMC) The condition in which a feature of size contains the maximum amount of material within the stated limits of size-for example.

ORIENTATION TOLERANCES Angularity The distance between two parallel planes. or center plane of the feature must lie. C) tolerance zone modifiers (i. PROFILE TOLERANCES Profile of a Line A uniform two dimensional zone limited by two parallel zone lines extending along the length of a feature. inclined at a specified basic angle in which the surface. D) datum references if applicable and any datum reference modifiers.. Virtual Condition The boundary generated by the collective effects of the specified MMC limit of size of a feature and any applicable geometric tolerances.Full Indicator Movement The total movement of an indicator when appropriately applied to a surface to measure its variations (formerly called total indicator reading-TIR).e. MMC or RFS). axis. Profile of a Surface A uniform three dimensional zone contained between two envelope surfaces separated by the tolerance zone across the entire length of a surface. Feature Control Frame The feature control frame consists of: A) type of control (geometric characteristic). . B) tolerance zone.

) RUNOUT TOLERANCES Runout A composite tolerance used to control the relationship of one or more features of a part to a datum axis during a full 360 degree rotation about the datum axis. Recommended that you try position or runout as an alternative tolerance. (Note: Concentricity is very expensive and time-consuming to measure. Parallelism The condition of a surface or axis which is equidistant at all points from a datum of reference.Perpendicularity (squareness) The condition of a surface. LOCATIONAL TOLERANCES True Position A zone within which the center. or center plane of a feature of size is permitted to vary from its true (theoretically exact) position. . or line which is exactly at 90 degrees with respect to a datum plane or axis. axis. axis. median plane. Concentricity A cylindrical tolerance zone whose axis coincides with the datum axis and within which all cross-sectional axes of the feature being controlled must lie.

sphere) where all points of the surface intersected by any plane perpendicular to a common axis ( . Circularity A condition on a surface of revolution (cylinder. www. cone) or passing through a common center (sphere) are equidistant from the axis of the center. Straightness A condition where an element of a surface or an axis is a straight line. FORM TOLERANCES Flatness A two dimensional tolerance zone defined by two parallel planes within which the entire surface must lie.winncad. Total Runout All surface elements across the entire surface of the part must be within the runout tolerance. cone.Circular Runout Each circular element of the feature/part must be within the runout tolerance. Cylindricity A condition on a surface of revolution in which all points of the surface are equidistant from a common axis.