wop5AF8.LmpMicrosoíL_Oííice_Word_DocumenLí.

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CERTIFICATE

This is to certiIy that Ms.Inderjeet Kaur (1809346) bonaIied student oI
Bachelor OI Technology in Computer Engineering,being run by Haryana
Engineering college,Jagadhri oI batch 2009-2013 has delivered a presentation with
seminar report entitled 'MicrosoIt SurIace¨ undersigned.
I wish her all success in her liIe.


Date:

Er. Piyush

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

It is great pleasure Ior me to submit the report oI proceedings oI 'irtual
Keyboard. I express my concerned that inspired me to take a complete project and
without guidance and co-operation oI them this project could not be completed.
I express my sincere thanks to our Er. Piyush Ior his valuable and timely guidance
help. Then, I thanks to my parents Ior their Iinancial help.
I want to bow my head in the Iact oI 'GOD¨ also who help me every age oI my
liIe. Through every care has been taken incorporate authentic inIormation but I still
regret Ior any inconvenience that may be caused to its reader an account oI some
errors might have crept in advertently to typing mistake etc.

Abstract


Contents page no.
W Introduction oI virtual keyboard.................5
W History ...........................6
W 'irtual Device.... .....................................7
W 'irtual Laser Keyboard....................9
W Combination with real objects.................10
W "werty keyboards......................11
W lternatives.......................12
W 'irtual keyboard technology....................13
W Types oI virtual keyboard..................15
W 'irtual laser keyboard Ieatures................17
W General Manitenance ..................18
W dvantages...........................19
W Disadvantages .........................20
W pplication.........................22
W Troubleshooting ..........................23
W Conclusion........................ 24
W #eIerences.......................25







INTRODUCTION

On a desktop PC, one purpose oI a virtual keyboard is to provide an alternative
input mechanism Ior users with disabilities who cannot use a physical keyboard.
nother major use Ior an on-screen keyboard is Ior bi- or multi-lingual users who
switch Irequently between diIIerent
virtual keyboard is a soItware component that allows a user to enter characters.
virtual keyboard can usually be operated with multiple input devices, which may
include a touchscreen, an actual kOn a desktop PC, one purpose oI a virtual
keyboard is to provide an alternative input mechanism Ior users with disabilities
who cannot use a physical keyboard. nother major use Ior an on-screen keyboard
is Ior bi- or multi-lingual users who switch Irequently between diIIerent character
sets or alphabets. lthough hardware keyboards are available with dual keyboard
layouts (Ior example Cyrillic/Latin letters in various national layouts), the on-
screen keyboard provides a handy substitute while working at diIIerent stations or
on laptops, which seldom come with dual layouts.
'irtual Keyboard is just another example oI todayâ,¢s computer trend oI "smaller
and Iaster". Computing is now not limited to desktops and laptops, it has Iound its
way into mobile devices like palm tops and even cell phones. But what has not
changed Ior the last 50 or so odd years is the input device, the good old qwerty
keyboard. lternatives came in the Iorm oI handwriting recognition, speech
recognition, abcd input (Ior SMS in cell phones) etc. But they all lack the accuracy
and convenience oI a Iull-blown keyboard. Speech input has an added issue oI
privacy. Even Iolded keyboards Ior PDs are yet to catch on. Thus a new
generation oI virtual input devices is now being paraded, which could drastically
change the way we type.
On a desktop PC, one purpose oI a virtual keyboard is to provide an alternative
input mechanism Ior users with disabilities who cannot use a physical keyboard.
nother major use Ior an on-screen keyboard is Ior bi- or multi-lingual users who
switch Irequently between diIIerent character sets or alphabets. lthough hardware
keyboards are available with dual keyboard layouts (Ior example Cyrillic/Latin
letters in various national layouts), the on-screen keyboard provides a handy
substitute while working at diIIerent stations or on laptops, which seldom come
with dual layouts.

istory

n optical virtual keyboard was invented and patented by IBM engineers in
2008.|4| It optically detects and analyses human hand and Iinger motions and
interprets them as operations on a physically non-existent input device like a
surIace having painted keys. In that way it allows to emulate unlimited types oI
manually operated input devices such as a mouse or keyboard. ll mechanical
input units can be replaced by such virtual devices, optimized Ior the current
application and Ior the user's physiology maintaining speed, simplicity and
unambiguity oI manual data input.
On the Internet, various JavaScript virtual keyboards have been created, allowing
users to type their own languages on Ioreign keyboards, particularly in Internet
caIes.
'irtual Keyboard uses sensor technology and artiIicial intelligence to let users
work on any surIace as iI it were a keyboard. 'irtual Devices have developed a
Ilashlight-size gadget that projects an image oI a keyboard on any surIace and
letâ,¢s people input data by typing on the image. This system comprises oI three
modules, the sensor module, I#-light source and the pattern projector .The device
detects movement when Iingers are pressed down. Those movements are measured
and the device accurately determines the intended keystrokes and translates them
into text. This is a set oI clips that Iit into your hand and try to sense the motion oI
the Iingers and the hands (wrist) and translate them into keystrokes. The translation
process also uses artiIicial intelligence. Once the keystroke has been decoded, it is
sent to the portable device either by cable or via wireless.

The 'irtual Keyboard uses light to project a Iull-sized computer keyboard onto
almost any surIace, and disappears when not in use. Used with Smart Phones and
PDs, the 'Key¹ provides a practical way to do email, word processing and
spreadsheet tasks, allowing the user to leave the laptop computer at home.
'Key technology has many applications in various high-tech and industrial
Sectors. These include data entry and control panel applications in hazardous and
harsh environments and medical markets.



'irtual Device

Just like every conventional loudspeaker can also be used as a microphone, Ior
some input devices there is a complimentary Iorm where they can also be displays.
However, just as Iew loudspeakers are used as microphones (so Iew, in Iact, that
most people Iorget - iI they even knew - that this was possible), very Iew input
devices incorporate this duality into their design. Force Ieedback devices are one
exception. With them, the "display" is Ielt rather than seen. Touch screens and
other direct input devices appear to have this property, but in Iact, this is
appearance only, since their input/output duality is accomplished by designing two
separate technologies into one integrated package. The acoustic analogy would be
integrating a microphone and speaker into one package, a bit like a telephone
handset, rather than using the same transducer Ior both the microphone and speaker
Iunctions. It is interesting to note that this is not the case with Iorce Ieedback
devices since with them, the same motors that generate the Iorce output also serve
as the encoders that capture the actions oI the user.
#ecently a new class oI device has started to emerge which is conceptually rooted
in exploiting this input/output duality. They can be called Projection/'ision
systems, and/or Projection/Scanning or Projection/Camera technologies. In the
"pure" case, these are devices that use a laser, Ior example, to project an image oI
the input controller - such as a slider or keypad - onto a surIace. In doing so, they
are perIorming a Iunction analogous to an LCD displaying the image oI a virtual
device under a touch screen. However, in this case, the laser is also used to scan
the same surIace that it projecting onto, thereby enabling the device to "see" how
your Iingers, Ior example, are interacting with the projected virtual device.
In a slightly less pure "hybrid" Iorm, the projection and scanning Iunctions can be
perIormed by two separate, but integrated technologies. For example, instead oI a
laser projector, a conventional video or data projector could be used, and an
integrated video camera (supported by vision soItware) used Ior input.
Both the "pure" and "hybrid" classes oI device have been used and have strengths
and weaknesses. Since laser projection is Iar less advanced than conventional data
projection, the hybrid solution sometimes has advantages on the display side.
However, 2D and 3D scanning using lasers is Iar more developed than 2D and 3D
vision using video based vision techniques. This is partially due to the degree to
which the laser technology can extract 3D inIormation. Going Iorward, one can
expect laser projection technology to advance extremely quickly, especially in its
ability to deliver extremely small, low power, bright, relatively high resolution
projection capability. This will likely have a strong impact on how we interact with
small portable devices, such as PDs, mobile phones and even wristwatches. Not
only does this technology provide a means to couple large (virtual) I/O transducers
with small devices, it provides the potential Ior sharing and interacting with others,
despite using devices as small as a wrist watch.

'irtual Typing

Computing is now not limited to desktops and laptops, it has Iound its way into
mobile devices like palm tops and even cell phones. But what has not changed Ior
the last 50 or so odd years is the input device, the good old qwerty keyboard.
lternatives came in the Iorm oI handwriting recognition, speech recognition, abcd
input (Ior SMS in cell phones) etc. But they all lack the accuracy and convenience
oI a Iull-blown keyboard. Speech input has an added issue oI privacy. Even Iolded
keyboards Ior PDs are yet to catch on. Thus a new generation oI virtual input
devices is now being paraded, which could drastically change the way we type.
'irtual Keyboard uses sensor technology and artiIicial intelligence to let users
work on any surIace as iI it were a keyboard. 'irtual Devices have developed a
Ilashlight-size gadget that projects an image oI a keyboard on any surIace and
letâ,¢s people input data by typing on the image. This system comprises oI three
modules, the sensor module, I#-light source and the pattern projector .The device
detects movement when Iingers are pressed down. Those movements are measured
and the device accurately determines the intended keystrokes and translates them
into text. This is a set oI clips that Iit into your hand and try to sense the motion oI
the Iingers and the hands (wrist) and translate them into keystrokes. The translation
process also uses artiIicial intelligence. Once the keystroke has been decoded, it is
sent to the portable device either by cable or via wireless.

The 'irtual Keyboard uses light to project a Iull-sized computer keyboard onto
almost any surIace, and disappears when not in use. Used with Smart Phones and
PDs, the 'Key¹ provides a practical way to do email, word processing and
spreadsheet tasks, allowing the user to leave the laptop computer at home.
\



'Key technology has many applications in various high-tech and industrial
Sectors. These include data entry and control panel applications in hazardous and
harsh environments and medical markets.
Projection key boards or virtual key boards claim to provide the convenience oI
compactness with the advantages oI a Iull-blown "WE#TY keyboard. n
interesting use oI such keyboards would be in sterile environments where silence
or low noise is essential like operation theaters. The advantage oI such a system is
that you do not need a surIace Ior typing, you can even type in plain air. The
company's 'irtual Keyboard is designed Ior anyone who's become Irustrated with
trying to put inIormation into a handheld but doesn't want to carry a notebook
computer around. There is also the provision Ior a pause Iunction to avoid
translating extraneous hand movements Iunction, so that users can stop to eat
,drinketc
It is also a superior desktop computer keyboard Ieaturing dramatically easier to
learn touch-typing and leaving one hand Iree Ior mouse or phone. Combination key
presses ("chords") oI Iive main and two extra control keys allow users to type at
25-60 words per minute, with possibly greater speeds achieved through the use oI
abbreviation expansion soItware. Most users, however, will Iind memorizing the
chords easy and Iun, with the included typing tutorial. The scanner can keep up
with the Iastest typist, scanning the projected area over 50 times a second. The
keyboard doesn't demand a lot oI Iorce, easing strain on wrists and digits. virtual
keyboards solve the problem oI sore thumbs that can be caused by typing on the
tiny keyboards oI various gadgets like PDs and cell phones. They are meant to
meet the needs oI mobile computer users struggling with cumbersome, tiny, or
nonexistent keyboards. It might help to prevent #SI injuries.
n inIrared adapter allows PC usage without any driver soItware being necessary.
The standard coin-sized lithium battery lasts about eight months beIore needing to
replaced.
The 'irtual Keyboard uses an extremely durable material which is extremely easy
to clean. The 'irtual Keyboard is not restricted to the "WE#TY touch-typing
paradigm , adjustments can be done to the soItware to Iit other touch-typing
paradigms as well, such as the D'O#K keyboard. It will work with all types oI
Bluetooth enabled devices such as PDs and smart phones, as well as wearable
computers. pplications include computer/PD input, gaming control, T' remote
control,andmusicalapplications.
Thus virtual keyboards will make typing easier, Iaster, and almost a pleasure.


'irtual Laser Keyboard




These technologies always appear sooner than people think. I seem to saying
"2005-ish" the last time I was asked. Well, it's yours Ior $99. Now. nd it works
with my Treo 600...
The iBiz Laser Projection keyboard accessory Ior handhelds is now in stock and
shipping. The unit attaches to a PD and projects a virtual keyboard onto a Ilat
surIace.
The 'irtual Keyboard ('KB) utilizes laser and inIrared technology and projects a
Iull-size keyboard onto any Ilat surIace. s you type on the laser projection, it
analyzes what you're typing by the coordinates oI that location.
The device weighs two ounces and is similar in size to a disposable cigarette
lighter. It includes a selI-contained, user-replaceable rechargeable Lithium-Ion
battery, which provides the 'irtual Keyboard with its own internal power supply,
so it doesn't drain any battery power Irom the PD. The battery lasts three to Iour
hours between charges. The company says the 'KB works best in well-lit oIIices,
it is not ideal Ior use outdoors in sunlight.

"WERTY KEYBOARDS

W "WE#TY is the most common keyboard layout on
English-language computer and typewriter keyboards.
INSIDE TE KEYBOARD
W The processor in a keyboard has to understand several
things that are important to the utility oI the keyboard,
such as:
W Position oI the key in the key matrix.
W The amount oI bounce and how to Iilter it.
W The speed at which to transmit the typematics.

s early as1926, Klockenberg described how the keyboard layout
required the typist to assume body postures that were unnatural,
uncomIortable and Iatiguing. For example, standard keyboard design
Iorces operators to place their hands in a Ilat, palm down position called
Iorearm pronation. The compact, linear key arrangement also causes
some typists to place their wrist in a position that is skewed towards the
little Iingers, called ulnar deviation. These awkward postures result in
static muscle loading, increased muscular energy expenditure, reduced
muscular waste removal, and eventual discomIort or injury.
#esearchers also noted that typing on the "WE#TY keyboard is poorly
distributed between the hands and Iingers, causing the weaker ring and
little Iingers to be overworked.




ALTERNATI'ES

When a standard keyboard does not meet the needs oI the user, several alternatives
can be Iound. Keyboards come in a variety oI sizes with diIIerent layouts. The Iour
alternatives described below are considered "plug and play" keyboards, as they
require no special interIace. Just plug them into the existing keyboard port and use
them.
ErgonomicKeyboards
These keyboards are designed to ensure saIe and comIortable computer use by
providing additional supports to prevent repetitive muscular injuries. Many oIIer
Ilexible positioning options (ComIort Keyboard), while others use "wells" Ior
support (ergonomic), or chords instead oI keys (BT Keyboard), or require
minimal Iinger/hand movements (Data Hand).
Compact or #educed Keyboards
These keyboards are designed with keys in closely arranged order. These compact
or reduced keyboards oIIer options Ior students with a limited range oI motion in
their hands or arms and can be accessed with head or mouth pointers. Examples oI
these are TSH mini keyboards (WinMini, MacMini), or the Magic Wand
Keyboard; both provide Ior keyboard and mouse control.
Enlarged Keyboards
These keyboards are a larger version oI the standard keyboard, in whole or in part.
Larger keys may provide an easier target, as Iewer key choices with clear key
labels can provide a successIul input method Ior many. The IntelliKeys keyboard is
one example; it comes with 6 keyboard overlays and varying key layout designs
and can be Iurther customized with the use oI Overlay Maker soItware.

PortableKeyboards
The last type oI keyboard is one which addresses the portability needs oI
individuals with disabilities. portable keyboard is one which can be used as a
not-taker when battery-powered and then connected to a computer to download the
inIormation. The lphaSmartÃ]¢ is an example oI a portable keyboard. It
connects to the pple, Mac, and IBM computers and can be used as the computer
keyboard when it is connected to the computer.


Combination with real objects

The 'KB is a virtual keyboard, which uses a
laser to project the image oI a keyboard onto any
reasonably Ilat surIace. Using a separate inIrared
module, the 'KB is able to detect where the user
is typing on the projected keyboard template.
The projection unit itselI measures 92x35x25mm
and weighs about 90 grams, which makes it
considerably smaller than my cordless mouse. It
creates a respectably sized 295x95mm keyboard
about 60mm Irom the projector. The keyboard
consists oI 63 keys with a 2mm keystroke. This
makes it somewhere around the size oI a regular
keyboard minus the number pad and Iancy
extraneous Iunction keys.

The 'KB is compatible with most laptops, computers,
smartphones, PDs, and cell phones, using either a serial cable
or Bluetooth. II your computer doesn`t have Bluetooth that`s
no big deal, as there are a variety oI adapters available,
including USB/Bluetooth dongles and serial cable to USB
converters. From various reports, the physical connectability is
no issue. Most oI the compatibility complaints you'll discover
in independent reviews have to do with Iinding the right
drivers and convincing them to recognize the device. II you do
a bit oI poking around on the Net, you`ll discover pretty
quickly which devices have the most diIIiculty interIacing with
the 'KB.

'IRTUAL KEYBOARD TECNOLOGY
This system comprises oI three modules:
1. The sensor module
2. I#-light source and
3. The pattern projector
Sensor moduleť
W The Sensor Module serves as the eyes oI the Keyboard Perception
technology .
W The Sensor Module operates by locating the user's Iingers in 3-D space and
tracking the intended keystrokes, or mouse movements.
IR-light source:
W The InIrared Light Source emits a beam oI inIrared light .
W This light beam is designed to overlap the area on which the
keyboard pattern projector or printed image resides.
W This helps in recognizing the hand movements and the pressing
oI keys .

The pattern projector:

The Pattern Projector or optional printed image presents the image oI
thekeyboard or mouse zone oI the system.
This image can be projected on any Ilat surIace.
The projected image is that oI a standard "WE#TY keyboard, with
all the keys and controlIunctions as in the keyboard.

TYPES OF 'IRTUAL KEYBOARDS

Developer virtual keyboard

Its Iull-size keyboard also can be projected onto any surIace and uses laser
technology to translate Iinger movements into letters. Working with Siemens
Procurement Logistics Services #echargeable batteries similar to those in cell
phones power the compact unit .The keyboard is Iull size and the letters are in a
standard Iormat. s a Class 1 laser, the output power is below the level at which
eye injury can occur.
Canesta
Make the Canesta Keyboard, which is a laser projected keyboard with which the
same laser is also used to scan the projection Iield and extract 3D data. Hence, the
user sees the projected keyboard, and the device "sees" the position oI the Iingers
over the projected keys. They also have a chip set, Electronic Perception
Technology, which they supply Ior 3rd parties to develop products using the
projection/scanning technology. Canesta appears to be the most advanced in this
class oI technology and the only one who is shipping product. They have a number
oI patents pending on their technology.

Sense board Technologies
The Senseboard SB 04 technology is an extreme case oI a hybrid approach. The
sensing transducer is neither a laser scanner nor a camera. #ather, it is a bracelet-
like transducer that is worn on the hands which captures hand and Iinger motion. In
Iact, as demonstrated, the technology does not incorporate a projection component
at all; rather, it relies on the user's ability to touch type, and then inIers the virtual
row and key being typed by sensing relative hand and Iinger movement. The
system obviously could be augmented to aid non-touch typists, Ior example, by the
inclusion oI a graphic representation oI the virtual keyboard under the
hands/Iingers. In this case, the keyboard graphically represented would not be
restricted to a conventional "WE#TY keyboard, and the graphical representation
could be projected or even on a piece oI paper. I include it here as it is a relevant
related input transducer which could be used with a projection system. The
technology has patents pending, and is currently in preproduction prooI oI
Concept Iorm.

Sensors made oI a combination oI rubber and plastic are attached to the user's
palms in such a way that they do not interIere with Iinger motions. Through the use
oI Bluetooth technology, the "typed" inIormation is transIerred wirelessly to the
computer, where a word processing program analyzes and interprets the signals
into readable text. The device is currently usable via existing ports on personal
digital assistants (PDs) Irom Palm and other manuIacturers. Senseboard oIIicials
say it eventually will be compatible with most brands oI pocket PCs, mobile
phonesŦ

Kitty
KITTY, a Iinger-mounted keyboard Ior data entry into PD's, Pocket PC's and
Wearable Computers which has been developed here at the University oI
CaliIorniainIrvine.
KITTY, an acronym Ior Keyboard-Independent Touch-Typing, is a Fingernounted
keyboard that uses touch typing as a method oI data entry. The device targets the
portable computing market and in particular its wearable computing systems which
are in need oI a silent invisible data entry system based on touch typing .the new
device combines the idea oI a Iinger mounted coding device with the advantages oI
a system that uses touch typing.
InFocus
InFocus is one oI the leading companies in providing video and data projectors.
Their projectors are conventional, in that they do not use laser technology. This has
that advantage oI delivering high quality colour images with a mature technology.
However, it has the disadvantage oI larger size, lower contrast, and higher power
requirements, compared to laser projection systems. In 2000, InFocus merged with
Proxima, which had been one oI its competitors. I include InFocus/Proxima in this
survey not only because they make projectors. In their early days, Proxima
developed one oI the Iirst commercially available projection/vision systems. It was
called Cyclops, and they still hold a patent on the technology.
'irtual Laser Keyboard Features

W Easily typing e-mails and messages
W Can be used with PD`s , and other devices
W It studies the Iinger movements
W Uses Flash Laser diodes
W In size oI a small cellular phone(90*34*24mm)
W Disappears completely when not in use

Bluetooth 'KB
W Before using your virtual Keyboard
W Ensure that you remove all protection materials including
protection sheet or laser windows
W It needs charging Ior 2 hrs

General andling Instruction

W Micro-switch
W The device is equipped with a micro-switch which disables the 'irtual
Keyboard lasers when the device is picked up. This is a saIety
measure.
W Do not attempt to override this micro-switch.

General Maintenance

W void touching the keyboard sensing receiver window.
W Never touch the keyboard projection element.
W void exposing the keyboard to moisture or extreme
temperatures.
W Do not disassemble or try to touch the inside oI the device.
W Do not attempt to charge the device with a diIIerent charger
than the one provided by 'KB.
W II the windows become dirty, clean only with a soIt, lint Iree
dry cloth.
W Do not use any solvents or cleaners.

AD'ANTAGES

W It can be projected on any surIace or you can type in the
plain air.
W It can be useIull in places like operation theaters where
low noise is essential.
W The typing does not require a lot oI Iorce. So easing the
strain on wrists and digits.
W The 'irtual Keyboard is not restricted to the "WE#TY
touch-typing paradigm, adjustments can be done to the
soItware to Iit other touch-typing paradigms as well. No
driver soItware necessary, It can be used as a plug and
play device.
W High battery liIe. The standard coin-sized lithium
battery lasts about eight months beIore needing to be
replaced.

Disadvantages

One oI the big disadvantages oI the 'KB is its
lack oI keys, which will undoubtedly be
awkward to type on at Iirst. One oI its biggest
advantages, however, is its lack oI keys. Have
you looked at what`s oozed in between those
keys oI yours lately? In environments like
hospitals or labs that need to be kept completely
sterile, cleaning the 'KB is literally as easy as
wiping down a table. nyone with severe
allergies and any oI you germophobes out there
may have their lives revolutionized by the virtual
keyboard. Conversely, iI your computer happens
to be in a dusty, dirty, smoky, industrial
environment, like the pig-sty which I`ve
constructed in my living room, the 'KB won`t
get Iouled up. The 'KB is impervious to
manuIacturing debris, chemicals, and beer spills.
The 'KB is also highly portable. Smaller than a deck oI playing cards, it can be
carried with mobile devices like PDs and phones. It can also be easily carried
Irom workstation to workstation in industrial environments or used as wireless
input device Ior workstations physically locked up as Iar as 9m away.
The majority oI reviews agree that the 'KB is accurate and capable oI keeping up
to all but the Iastest typers, capable oI detecting 400 characters per minute. This is
deIinitely better than texting on your phone`s number pad. Most reviews comment
that the keyboard is also comIortably visible in normal room light.
ll in all, the 'KB is not perIect but it has a deIinite modern market to Iill as a
Ilexible, versatile, portable, and very cool keyboard. It has the ability to Iunction
well in certain harsh or sterile environments Iar, Iar better than a traditional
keyboard. In addition, this technology just plain IS the Iuture. #egardless oI how

this particular brand oI keyboard does in the modern market, this is the Iuture.
Eventually, you`ll see more user control oI the projected keyboard template. s it
stands now, the technology that projects the template is separate Irom the detection
equipment, so you could conceivably turn the laser right oII and use a diagram
drawn on the surIace you`re typing on. s more and more technology is worn or
integrated into devices and vehicles, as technology becomes more integrated with
its user and with other technology, it will become more and more desirable to
detach the means oI input Irom the cumbersome plastic keyboard. With this sort oI
technology, it becomes possible and practical to project the interIaces Ior a number
oI devices onto the same small space and turn each interIace on and oII as it is
needed, placing all the interIaces in a single, desirable location and minimizing the
space needed Ior all oI them. It becomes possible Ior the same small, Ilat area on a
car's dashboard to host virtual controls Ior the stereo, GPS system, wipers and
cruise, and environmental controls. Only the system currently being adjusted needs
to be projected. You can really see the potential Ior this sort oI technology once
you expand the idea into using a single projector to project a number oI custom
templates that control the input Ior a slew oI PLCs in an industrial plant or provide
custom interIaces Ior a set oI networked workstations. Beyond projecting
keyboards onto a Ilat surIace, this sort oI scanning technology begins to lay the
technical and psychological groundwork Ior the day when we could interact with
all out modern amenities, Irom entertainment devices, appliances, and computers,
with a series oI simple hand gestures, like a mechanized sign language.




APPLICATIONS

W Used with Smart phones, PDs, email, word processing
and spreadsheet tasks.
W s computer/PD input.
W Gaming control.
W T' remote control
W Personal Digital ssistants (PD's)
W Cellular Telephones
W Laptops (MC compatible)
W Tablet PCs
W Space saving Computers
W Clean #ooms
W Industrial Environments
W Medical Environments
W High-tech and industrial Sectors.







Troubleshooting
W Problem
W My keyboard is connected, but
little or no keys are being
detected
W Possible cause
W The detection sensitivity is too low.
W Corrective action
W #aise the detection sensitivity setting and try again.
W Problem
W When typing, multiple and/or erroneous keys are displayed in
addition to those I have pressed.
W Possible cause
W The detection sensitivity setting is too high.
W Corrective action
W Lower the detection sensitivity setting and try again
W Problem
W My keyboard is turned on but no image appears.
W Possible cause
W Device is not charged
W Corrective action
W Charge device
W Possible cause
W Device is overheated
W Corrective action
W Move device to a cooler location and wait a Iew minutes
W Problem
W Iter Iirst connection keyboard
does not re-connect.
W Possible cause
Your PC is not setup to accept connections.

CONCLUSION

W Projection key boards or virtual key boards claim to provide the convenience
oI compactness with the advantages oI a Iull-blown "WE#TY keyboard.
The company's 'irtual Keyboard is designed Ior anyone who's become
Irustrated with trying to put inIormation into a handheld but doesn't want to
carry a notebook computer around.
W Canesta appears to be the most advanced in this class oI technology and the
only one who is shipping product. Other products are KITTY, a Iinger-
mounted keyboard Ior data entry into PD's, Pocket PC's and Wearable
W Computers and KITTY, a Iinger-mounted keyboard Ior data entry into
PD's, Pocket PC's and Wearable Computers.
W Thus virtual keyboards will make typing easier, Iaster, and almost a
pleasure.

REFERENCES

1. http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh
2. www.canesta.com
3. www.procams.org
4. www.billbuxton.com/3state.html
5. www.smarttech.com
6.www.3m.com/us/oIIice/meeting/product¸catalog/wd.jht