MINI RESEARCH Semantic and pragmatic

Ways seller promote their goods to costumer at market

CREATED BY:

Name : Arandi Npm : 0921110020 Class : IVC Study’s lecturer: Epi Wadison,M.Pd

ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF BENGKULU 2011

and the sequel is for those who keep their duty unto Him.PREFACE In the name off Allah. And I offer my expression of gratitude to Allah. however . due to His favor and charity.the writer finally completed the his research paper . and those who follow them in goodness till the day of Judgment. This paper is made to semantic and pragmatic subject to get mark as final project in this lesson . WRITER . Finally the writer hopes that this paper will be useful not only for the writer himself but also for the readers . Blessing and solution be upon the most honorable prophet and messenger. most Gracious. therefore he enthusiastically welcomes the objective criticism and constructive suggestion for the improvement of this paper . the writer has finished writing this research paper. the lord of the worlds. His family all His disciples. here will be no hostility except against wrongdoers. further. The praise to be Allah. he realizes that there are still many shortcomings in this paper . most Merciful. After making a great effort . so.

Background 1.……………………………………. ………………………………………… ………………………………………….4. population and sample 3..3.. Objective of the Research 1..2. Chapter 4 Finding and discussion ……………….1. Reference ………………………………………….2.. 13 .. Research method ……………………………………………… 3.3 technique for collecting the data………………………………………….. limitation of the research ………………………………………… ………………………………………… 4 4 Chapter 2 Literature review ………………………………………… 5 8 8 Chapter 3 Research Methodology ………………………………………….1.3 1.LIST OF CONTENTS Preface List of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction 1. Research questions …………………………………………. 3..………………………… Chapter 5 Conclusion and suggestion …………………………………………. ………………………………………… 1 2 3 3 …….

For example of communication is in the Panorama market.1 Background In market has many differences of languages and ways seller promote their goods. It is influence to their business. Between one seller and the other seller is have different ways. Based on explanation above. the researcher interest to investigate a communication in a market on the business. 1.2 Research Questions 1. It is depend on the market’s location. People will understand meaning based on communication between them. The communication in market is very important thing. . There many transaction process of the seller promote their goods to costumer. Language is one of the tool to make a communication become effective communication. To know how the fruits and vegetables’s seller sell their goods to customer 1. How to the seller promote their goods in Panorama market? 2. How to the fruits and vegetables’s seller sell their goods to customer? 1.4 Limitation of the research The researcher only investigate conversation between fruits and vegetables’s seller and costumer.3 Objective of the research 1.CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1. In a seller they have the rule and way to speak each other. Communication is an important aspect in business. To know how the seller promote their goods in Panorama market 2.

and in some way.CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW Conversation is interactive. Spontaneity occurs because a conversation must proceed. communication between two or more conversants. especially the coordination of work. the scope of that spontaneity may legitimately be somewhat pre-limited for the purpose of expediency. each party desires a relatively equal exchange of information.[ What is conversation? Definition . Conversation is indispensable for the successful accomplishment of almost all activities between people. more-or-less spontaneous. those engaging in conversation must find a topic on which they both can relate in some sense. the formation of friendship and for learning. a speech may be preferable. the partners must achieve a workable balance of contributions. Or if time-efficiency is most important. (On the other hand. depending on the conversants' intended ends. a talk show or a debate.) (However. for example. unpredictably.) For a successful conversation. or when one party desires to question the other.) Conversations are sometimes the ideal form of communication.g. e. or the ability to review such information is important. (Contrast with a scripted conversation. to some extent. Conversations may be ideal when. For this to happen. written communication may be ideal. A successful conversation includes mutually interesting connections between the speakers or things that the speakers know. which falls outside this definition. Interactivity occurs because contributions to a conversation are response reactions to what has previously been said. if permanency.

and from talking over family matters at dinner to guiding a pilot through fog. and the conversation analyst has something to say about how. What it has accumulated as insights and findings can be brought to bear on any set of data where language is used in interaction. leisure. business life. Social life.Conversation analysis is an approach to the study of natural conversation.in all of these. All are done through talk. especially with a view to determining the following:  Participants’ methods of o o o o turn-taking constructing sequences of utterances across turns identifying and repairing problems. They are happy to put under the microscope anything from diagnosing schizophrenia to answering questions in court. politics . and employing gaze and movement  How conversation works in different conventional settings Examples (English) Here are some examples of conventional settings in which conversation analysis could take place:     Interviews Court hearings Telephone conversations Card games Conversation analysts study conversations . straight-down perspective. developed since the pioneering work in the sixties by the sociologist Harvey Sacks. Its cross-light shows up subtleties in the terrain which are invisible from a more 'common-sensical'. healthcare. education.of all kinds. .casual chat among friends . talk makes things happen.though the conversation analyst is interested in those too. So the 'conversations' studied are perhaps not just the ones that you might first think of . CA is now a settled discipline.

it is not crucial wat the speech act is their represent ‘officially’ what count is how the conversationalists use them. and how. or where. when it comes to conversation? The historically. their speech acting only makes sense in a common context. is not immedietly evident. The most important thing about speech acts is their function in conversation . . and cannot at any rate be derived from a formal framework.that our words work for us in speech acts. these speech acts are used. making us see that we can do things with our words. But how these words. The main reason for this is that there is no such thing as a ‘correct’ conversation. Conversation is what happened: when people use language together. in the way that correct sentences are supposed to be ‘deduced’ in a grammar. speech atc thery has been useful as an ‘eye-opener’.What can we use the theory of speech atc for.

org/wiki/pattern_of_conversation .org/wiki/conversation analysis http://en.wikipedia. George.REFERENCES Yule. Pragmatics.wikipedia.wikipedia. New York: Oxford university http://en. 1995.org/wiki/conversation http://en.

2 Population and sample Population in this research is the seller in the Panorama market.1 Research Method This research use descriptive method. Descriptive ask about actually happened and terms of observable behavior events and the method to the technique of qualitative data collection but also include establishing a research relation with those you study and analyzing the data our collect.3 Technique for Collecting the Data In collecting the data. The researcher used this method to describe the seller promote their goods to costumer. the researcher use the interview and observation in Panorama market. The researcher observe when the transaction process happened between seller and costumer. Bengkulu. Bengkulu. . Sample in this research is fruits and vegetable’s seller. 3.CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3. 3.

Look at explanation bellow: Seller Mrs. madam ? : of course. : you’re welcome. any kinds way of seller promote their good like in Bengkulu language. : thank you very much madame. And because visitors are in fact local people knew each other then the opportunity to shop there used to exchange news. And orange. cari apa mbak. salad. Traditional markets are usually close to residential area. cari apa pak.000 : here’s the money. whether using land that is empty or the roads around the housing that is quite strategic. I need some vegetables and fruits. Traditional markets will be increasingly busy as a center for exchange of news.wiwi : well. but depend of position the market place. I’ii prepare everything for you. : ok. The changes for you. Seller Mrs. apple. cari apa dek.CHAPTER 4 FINDING AND DISCUSSION For more clearly about it. lihat-lihat dulu mas. avocado Actually. : would you like to shop. how much is it ? : it’s all Rp 45. barang baru mas.wiwi Seller Mrs.wiwi for juice. especially when positioned in an environment that mothers have more free time or even not work at all. Wiwi Seller Mrs. Transactions done enough "alone" between sellers and buyers by using sign language. : what do you want to buy ? : I need cucumber. . cari apa bang.wiwi Seller Mrs. carrot to make a salad.

each hand let go. Traditional markets are often muddy and dirty lies in the open. hand still clutching the hands of others while offering new prices which could be agreed. That way. thus. the hand shake was always covered by another object. shake to the left and right. Transactions alone as it was done in every market plural livestock.Without speech. Not to mention the narrow alleyways crammed with people due to both consumers and shop assistants are no longer fit to be in effect filled with wares to out-out Even so in the midst of various discomforts. Conversely. the number of traditional market potential wholesale market amounted to approximately 150 pieces. But it is so such thing as a traditional market. Even for markets that have been relocated into the buildings owned by pd pasar jaya can not eliminate the atmosphere ketradisionalannya. The goal is that others do not see the transaction process. Their existence is increasingly threatened by increasingly let local government policies that seem less attention to the health of competition between traditional . The merchants were marosok so he bought cattle prices are not known by many people. Opportunity to visit the traditional markets become a tradition in socializing with a few neighbors who happened to be at the same time. forget rebound pop songs that were hits when you shop there. the traditional market is still a favorite place for most people. If the transaction is successful. the merchant-buyers simply shaking hands and play each finger to transact. according to the Association of Indonesian Market Manager (Asparindo). the price of cattle is known only between the seller and buyer. if consumers and traders of the same rain same rain and heat when the heat made the atmosphere is not as comfortable as carrefour for example. holding a finger. both hands are shaking invisible people outside seller-buyer. by way of an agreed community of each region. However. the seller and buyer holding each other. Therefore. The more days in jakarta and other big cities around indonesia began to lose its traditional markets one by one. For reasons of modernization and capitalism the modern markets are packed his bags is more chic than traditional markets more sedate citizens indonesia not to mention the lure of discounts every week to its appeal. the mothers of course. gowns or hats. if the price has not been matched. Besides reportedly traditional markets set prices that are cheaper than some existing modern markets. In Indonesia alone. especially muddy especially in the countries of southeast asia. When bargaining takes place. Bilapun there was music then it rose to overlap because the sound from several different stores. of course. such as gloves.

Well. In Yogyakarta there are traditional markets Bringharjo. Senen. Glodok. . and Tomang. Based on data from Asparindo. and Turi. Although usually the existence of a modern market only a threat to the old merchant.and modern market. finally after our traditional markets be the butt of a modern market there is also a thing or two from the values of traditional Indonesian markets we export. not half-hearted even to Saudi Arabia. A number of these markets in some major cities have a strategic location location. In Surabaya there Wonokromo traditional markets. Tentusaja strategic location makes the modern market also wanted to share the "cake" the same. traditional markets such as strategic berletak in Jakarta there are traditional markets Jatinegara.

CAHPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION After the researcher finishing this paper. The suggestion from the researcher is if we want to do research. there many ways to promote their goods bye the seller in market. The researcher can conclude that. and do by your competence . The seller promote their goods bye some ways although these ways is actually about greeting for someone but It’s very unique and different with another area. we must know the location and purpose of our research clearly. such as in panorama market.

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