# "STIFFNER" --- STEEL BEAM WEB STIFFENER ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"STIFFNER" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of steel beams subject to concentrated loads. Specifically, web yielding, web crippling, and web buckling criteria are checked to determine if web stiffeners are required to resist the concentrated load. If stiffeners are required, the stiffener size and weld requirements are determined. This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Beam Stiffeners Beam Stiffeners (Table)

Description
This documentation sheet Steel beam web stiffener analysis for concentrated loads Steel beam web stiffener analysis for concentrated loads (table version)

Program Assumptions and Limitations:
1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the AISC 9th Edition Allowable Stress (ASD) Manual for wide flange beams subjected to concentrated compressive loads per Chapter K, pages 5-80 to 5-83. 2. This program uses the database of member dimensions and section properties from the "AISC Shapes Database", Version 3.0 (2001) as well as the AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual (1989). 3. For the purpose of determining the total composite section to be considered for resisting the compressive load, the program assumes a spacing of 3" center-to-center between the stiffener pairs. Thus the total effective strips of web to be included in the composite section along with the stiffeners are as follows: For interior condition (P or R > d/2): 1-pair: 25*tw 2-pairs: 25*tw+3" 3-pairs: 25*tw+6" For end condition (P or R <= d/2): 1-pair: 12*tw 2-pairs: 12*tw+3" 3-pairs: 12*tw+6" 4. This program contains numerous “comment boxes” which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a “comment box” is denoted by a “red triangle” in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

this check is required Rwb = 6.337 Rwb = 10. Restrained? No Stiffener Thickness. kips Rv = 0.5*tw^2*(1+3*(N/d)*(tw/tf)^1.xls" Program Version 2. Fyb = 50 Bearing Length.000 Unbraced Length. Fail Conclusion: Stiffeners for beam web are required (continued) 112. Fys = 36 Number of Stiff. O. x = 10. Lb = 20.5 STEEL BEAM WEB STIFFENER ANALYSIS Web Yielding. K1-2) Rwy = 0."STIFFNER.40*Fyb*d*tw Local Web Yielding: Rwy = 159. Only 1-pair of stiffeners depicted at either reaction or load (if required) but may be 2-pairs or 3-pairs spaced 3" o. and Stiffener Criteria for Concentrated Load or Reaction Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Beam Size: Select: W18x35 x = 10 P = 40 kips ksi in. in. in.700 tw = 0. Gross Shear Capacity of Beam Web: Rv = N. program assumes full height stiffeners.42 in. 2.827 x R W18x35 Nomenclature in. ft.3750 Stiffener Yield. Crippling.800*tw^3/h*(0.000 Loaded Flg.7.000 Distance to P or R. When stiffeners are required. K1-4) Rwc = 67.8500 dc = 16. in.000 tf = 0. ts = 0. Pairs = 1-Pair Beam Properties: d = 17. ksi Stiffener (NS & FS) N = 12 Beam Load or End Reaction: Load or Reaction? (P/R) P P or R = 40. in.5)*SQRT(Fyb*tf/tw) Rwc >= P. K1-7) h = d-2*tf dc = d-2*k Critical ratio for sidesway web buckling <= 1. in.8270 Results: k = 0.74 Web Crippling: Rwc = (Not applicable for P) kips (Criteria is for P away from beam end per AISC Eqn. N Notes: 1.425 k = 0. O.66*Fyb*tw*(N+5*k) Rwy >= P.K.5*k k = 0. ft.827 N+5*k d=17.7 Stiffener (NS & FS) N+2.A. (Criteria is for P away from beam end per AISC Eqn.0460 (dc/tw)/(Lb/bf) = 1.300 bf = 6.80 kips Sidesway Web Buckling: h = 16.K.4*((dc/tw)/(Lb/bf))^3) Rwb < P.00 Design Parameters: Beam Yield. N = 12. (Criteria is for beam with unrestrained top flange per AISC Eqn.c. Buckling. kips 2 of 6 5/4/2012 10:42 AM . in.

88 (effective slenderness ratio for compression) Cc = SQRT(2*p^2*29000/Fys) Cc = 126. weld or increase mat.85 in."STIFFNER. O. bs(min) = 2/3*bf/2-tw/2 bs = bf/2-tw/2 (rounded down to nearest 1/2 inch) in.064 in. <= weld max.5 Beam Web Stiffener Design: (Note: stiffeners are assumed to be full depth. Stiffener Welding to Beam Flange: Ps = 29. or Rwb) (design force) Lw = 7.13 in.K. (size) w(req'd) = fw/((SQRT(2)/2)*(0.67 b/t = bs/ts b/t(max) = 15.0320 in. r = SQRT(I/A) fa = 9. or Rwb) (design force) Lw = 62.70 ksi fa =P/A KL/r = 11.23 kips/in.58 kips Ps = P-(Minimum of Rwy.2846 in. Check Stiffener Slenderness and Compressive Stress: b/t = 6.75 (assumed effective length factor per AISC Code.40*Fy*tw/((SQRT(2)/2)*0. (size) w(req'd) = fw/((SQRT(2)/2)*(0.83 b/t(max) = 95/SQRT(Fys) K= 0.48 kips/in.3*70*2) Weld req'd. in. fillet weld size from AISC Table J2. thk. w(min) = Min.4.850 bs = 2.1818 in.30*70)) w(min) = 0.58 kips Ps = P-(Minimum of Rwy.06 ksi If KL/r <= Cc: Fa=(1-(K*L/r)^2/(2*Cc^2))*Fys/(5/3+3*(K*L/r)/(8*Cc)-(K*L/r)^3/(8*Cc^3)) If KL/r > Cc: Fa = 12*p^2*29000/(23*(K*L/r)^2) Fa >= fa.30*70)) w(min) = 0. Comments: 3 of 6 5/4/2012 10:42 AM . ts(min) = larger of: tf/2 or bs*SQRT(Fys)/95 ts >= ts(min).30*70*2) Weld req'd. fw = Ps/Lw w(req'd) = 0. Rwc.18 in.67 in.^4 I = 2*(ts*bs^3/12+(ts*bs)*(bs/2+tw/2)^2)+(25*tw)*tw^3/12 A= 4.1875 in..xls" Program Version 2. Stiffener Welding to Beam Web: Use full-pen. w(max) = 0.) Stiffener Width: bs(min) = 1.40*Fys*ts/((SQRT(2)/2)*0. Rwc. fw = Ps/Lw w(req'd) = 0.500 Stiffener Thickness: ts(min) = 0.213 in. page 5-67 w(max) = 0.10 Fa = 21.1875 in.K.K.^2 A = 2*(ts*bs)+(25*tw)*tw r= 1. page 5-82) L= 16. O.1818 in. from flange to flange. > weld max. page 5-67 w(max) = 0.75)*4 fw = 4. w(max) = 0. Ps = 29. Lw = (bs-0. L = h = d-2*tf I= 4. Lw = (d-2*(k+0. fillet weld size from AISC Table J2.4.00 in. w(min) = Min. O.25))*4 fw = 0.