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Program Description:

"STIFFNER" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of steel beams subject to concentrated loads. Specifically, web yielding, web crippling, and web buckling criteria are checked to determine if web stiffeners are required to resist the concentrated load. If stiffeners are required, the stiffener size and weld requirements are determined. This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Doc Beam Stiffeners Beam Stiffeners (Table)

Description

This documentation sheet Steel beam web stiffener analysis for concentrated loads Steel beam web stiffener analysis for concentrated loads (table version)

**Program Assumptions and Limitations:
**

1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the AISC 9th Edition Allowable Stress (ASD) Manual for wide flange beams subjected to concentrated compressive loads per Chapter K, pages 5-80 to 5-83. 2. This program uses the database of member dimensions and section properties from the "AISC Shapes Database", Version 3.0 (2001) as well as the AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual (1989). 3. For the purpose of determining the total composite section to be considered for resisting the compressive load, the program assumes a spacing of 3" center-to-center between the stiffener pairs. Thus the total effective strips of web to be included in the composite section along with the stiffeners are as follows: For interior condition (P or R > d/2): 1-pair: 25*tw 2-pairs: 25*tw+3" 3-pairs: 25*tw+6" For end condition (P or R <= d/2): 1-pair: 12*tw 2-pairs: 12*tw+3" 3-pairs: 12*tw+6" 4. This program contains numerous “comment boxes” which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a “comment box” is denoted by a “red triangle” in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

this check is required Rwb = 6.337 Rwb = 10. Restrained? No Stiffener Thickness. kips Rv = 0.5*tw^2*(1+3*(N/d)*(tw/tf)^1.xls" Program Version 2. Fyb = 50 Bearing Length.000 Unbraced Length. Fail Conclusion: Stiffeners for beam web are required (continued) 112. Fys = 36 Number of Stiff. O. x = 10. Lb = 20.5 STEEL BEAM WEB STIFFENER ANALYSIS Web Yielding. K1-2) Rwy = 0."STIFFNER.40*Fyb*d*tw Local Web Yielding: Rwy = 159. Only 1-pair of stiffeners depicted at either reaction or load (if required) but may be 2-pairs or 3-pairs spaced 3" o. and Stiffener Criteria for Concentrated Load or Reaction Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Beam Size: Select: W18x35 x = 10 P = 40 kips ksi in. in. in.700 tw = 0. Gross Shear Capacity of Beam Web: Rv = N. program assumes full height stiffeners.42 in. 2.827 x R W18x35 Nomenclature in. ft.3750 Stiffener Yield. Crippling.800*tw^3/h*(0.000 Loaded Flg.7.000 Distance to P or R. When stiffeners are required. K1-4) Rwc = 67.8500 dc = 16. in.000 tf = 0. ts = 0. Pairs = 1-Pair Beam Properties: d = 17. ksi Stiffener (NS & FS) N = 12 Beam Load or End Reaction: Load or Reaction? (P/R) P P or R = 40. in.5)*SQRT(Fyb*tf/tw) Rwc >= P. K1-7) h = d-2*tf dc = d-2*k Critical ratio for sidesway web buckling <= 1. in.8270 Results: k = 0.74 Web Crippling: Rwc = (Not applicable for P) kips (Criteria is for P away from beam end per AISC Eqn. N Notes: 1.425 k = 0. O.66*Fyb*tw*(N+5*k) Rwy >= P.K.5*k k = 0. ft.827 N+5*k d=17.7 Stiffener (NS & FS) N+2.A. (Criteria is for P away from beam end per AISC Eqn.0460 (dc/tw)/(Lb/bf) = 1.300 bf = 6.80 kips Sidesway Web Buckling: h = 16.K.4*((dc/tw)/(Lb/bf))^3) Rwb < P.00 Design Parameters: Beam Yield. N = 12. (Criteria is for beam with unrestrained top flange per AISC Eqn.c. Buckling. kips 2 of 6 5/4/2012 10:42 AM . in.

88 (effective slenderness ratio for compression) Cc = SQRT(2*p^2*29000/Fys) Cc = 126. weld or increase mat.85 in."STIFFNER. O. bs(min) = 2/3*bf/2-tw/2 bs = bf/2-tw/2 (rounded down to nearest 1/2 inch) in.064 in. <= weld max.5 Beam Web Stiffener Design: (Note: stiffeners are assumed to be full depth. Stiffener Welding to Beam Flange: Ps = 29. or Rwb) (design force) Lw = 7.13 in.K. (size) w(req'd) = fw/((SQRT(2)/2)*(0.67 b/t = bs/ts b/t(max) = 15.0320 in. r = SQRT(I/A) fa = 9. or Rwb) (design force) Lw = 62.70 ksi fa =P/A KL/r = 11.23 kips/in.58 kips Ps = P-(Minimum of Rwy.2846 in. Check Stiffener Slenderness and Compressive Stress: b/t = 6.75 (assumed effective length factor per AISC Code.40*Fy*tw/((SQRT(2)/2)*0. (size) w(req'd) = fw/((SQRT(2)/2)*(0.83 b/t(max) = 95/SQRT(Fys) K= 0.48 kips/in.3*70*2) Weld req'd. in. fillet weld size from AISC Table J2. thk. w(min) = Min.4.850 bs = 2.1818 in.30*70)) w(min) = 0.58 kips Ps = P-(Minimum of Rwy.06 ksi If KL/r <= Cc: Fa=(1-(K*L/r)^2/(2*Cc^2))*Fys/(5/3+3*(K*L/r)/(8*Cc)-(K*L/r)^3/(8*Cc^3)) If KL/r > Cc: Fa = 12*p^2*29000/(23*(K*L/r)^2) Fa >= fa.30*70)) w(min) = 0. Comments: 3 of 6 5/4/2012 10:42 AM . ts(min) = larger of: tf/2 or bs*SQRT(Fys)/95 ts >= ts(min).30*70*2) Weld req'd. fw = Ps/Lw w(req'd) = 0. Rwc.18 in.67 in.^4 I = 2*(ts*bs^3/12+(ts*bs)*(bs/2+tw/2)^2)+(25*tw)*tw^3/12 A= 4.1875 in..xls" Program Version 2. Stiffener Welding to Beam Web: Use full-pen. w(max) = 0.) Stiffener Width: bs(min) = 1.40*Fys*ts/((SQRT(2)/2)*0. Rwc. fw = Ps/Lw w(req'd) = 0.500 Stiffener Thickness: ts(min) = 0.213 in. page 5-67 w(max) = 0.10 Fa = 21.1875 in.K.K.^2 A = 2*(ts*bs)+(25*tw)*tw r= 1. page 5-82) L= 16. O.1818 in. from flange to flange. > weld max. page 5-67 w(max) = 0.75)*4 fw = 4. w(max) = 0. Ps = 29. Lw = (bs-0. L = h = d-2*tf I= 4. Lw = (d-2*(k+0. fillet weld size from AISC Table J2.4.00 in. w(min) = Min. O.25))*4 fw = 0.

74 159.66*Fyb*tw*(N+5*k) For load near beam end per AISC Eqn. Fyb = Stiffener Yield Stress.000 2. for end load/reaction (R): 12*tw For 2-pairs of stiffeners. 10. stiffener design force is: Ps = (P or R) .) (in.74 56.) (in. P or R without Stiffeners (kips) Are Stiffeners Req'd.75.000 0. 10.) R P P P 40. Fys = 50 36 ksi ksi x P k Stiffener (NS & FS) 6.056 0.) (in.5*k) Beam web crippling: For load away from beam end per AISC Eqn. Only 1-pair of stiffeners is depicted at either reaction or load (if required) in sketch at left. If loaded flange is not restrained and if (dc/tw)/(Lb/bf) <=1.82 10.0000 12.? (Yes / No) Width bs (in.27 --21.1875 0.1875 0.213 0.7.) No.000 10.182 0. Thk.0000 12. for end load/reaction (R): 12*tw+3" For 3-pairs of stiffeners.82 112.42 10. and Stiffener Criteria for Concentrated Load or Reaction Per AISC 9th Edition Manual (ASD) Job Name: Job Number: Subject: Originator: Checker: Assumptions: 1.500 2. For 1-pair of stiffeners.3.42 No **Yes** **Yes** **Yes** 0. K1-7: Rwb = 6. 3.A. Beam Yield Stress.13 --0.4*((dc/tw)/(Lb/bf))^3) .000 20. 9.500 0.40*Fyb*d*tw (per AISC Eqn. K1-5 where x <= d: Rwc = 34*tw^2*(1+3*(N/d)*(tw/tf)^1.0000 12.00 22. dc = d-2*k If loaded flange is not restrained and if (dc/tw)/(Lb/bf) > 1.D.182 --0.A. ts (in. and capacity of beam is per AISC Eqn.) (in. 1-200 1-200 1-200 1-200 Beam Size W18x35 W18x35 W18x35 W18x35 Load or Reaction? (P or R) Load or Reaction P or R (kips) Unbraced Length Lb (ft.3750 12.1875 0.) Beam Propertie Stiffener Welding to Beam Web w(req'd) w(min) w(max) (in. assumed effective width of beam web to be included in composite section is: for interior load (P): 25*tw+3" .7. N+5*k d Stiffener (NS & FS) N+2.500 10. N.013 0. K1-2 where x > d: Rwy = 0. page 5-82 is used in determining allowable compressive stress (Fa) of stiffener and applicable portion of beam web. 4. N. Stress Fa (ksi) Stiffener Design Stiffener Welding to Beam Flange w(req'd) w(min) w(max) (in. program assumes full height stiffeners. Location.) Min. where: h = d-2*tf . 139.0000 0. 2.42 10.5*tw^2*(1+3*(N/d)*(tw/tf)^1.000 20.006 0.06 21.80 112. per AISC Code. assumed effective width of beam web to be included in composite section is: for interior load (P): 25*tw+6" .) Bearing Length.800*tw^3/h*(1+0.1875 --0.00 22. sidesway web buckling check is required.5)*SQRT(Fyb*tf/tw) For load near beam end per AISC Eqn. 2.42 10. or Rwb) Beam. sidesway web buckling will not occur.00 22.182 4 of 6 5/4/2012 10:42 AM .11 21.3750 0. Crippling.3750 0.A.182 0.111 0.3. and capacity of beam is per AISC Eqn.000 Yes No No No 0. K1-6: Rwb = 6.5*k k x R N Beam 7. or 3) Web Shear Rv (kips) Beam Web Capacity Checks (without stiffeners) Web Yielding Web Crippling Sidesway Web Buckling Rwy Rwc Rwb (kips) (kips) (kips) Max. for end load/reaction (R): 12*tw+6" When stiffeners are required. assumed effective width of beam web to be included in composite section is: for interior load (P): 25*tw .1875 --0. ts(min) (in.4*((dc/tw)/(Lb/bf))^3) .42 56.1875 0. sidesway web buckling will not occur. F4-1) Beam local web yielding: For load away from beam end per AISC Eqn.80 112.0000 1 1 2 3 106.33 3.000 0. When stiffeners are required. N (in. K1-3 where x <= d: Rwy = 0.74 159.004 --0.20 N.) Distance to P or R x (ft."STIFFNER. K = 0.42 10. sidesway web buckling check is required.500 2. of Stiffener Pairs (1.213 0.037 --0.) Is Loaded Flange Restrained? (Yes / No) Stiffener Thk.5)*SQRT(Fyb*tf/tw) Beam sidesway web buckling: If loaded flange is restrained and if (dc/tw)/(Lb/bf) <=2. but may be 2-pairs or 3-pairs spaced 3" o.00 5.) Actual Stress fa (ksi) Allow. dc = d-2*k If loaded flange is restrained and if (dc/tw)/(Lb/bf) > 2.(Minimum of Rwy. Beam gross web shear: Rv = 0.27 159.19 2. Input Data: N 5.000 10. Nomenclature 11. where: h = d-2*tf .A. 8.182 0.c. Stiffener width used: bs = bf/2-tw/2 (rounded down to nearest 1/2 inch) Minimum thickness of stiffeners: ts(min) = larger of: tf/2 or bs*SQRT(Fys)/95 An effective length factor.66*Fyb*tw*(N+2. or Node I.213 --5. K1-4 where x > d: Rwc = 67.80 N.182 0. Buckling.5 STEEL BEAM WEB STIFFENER ANALYSIS Web Yielding.xls" Program Version 2. Rwc.800*tw^3/h*(0.000 20.

) Distance to P or R x (ft.) Beam Propertie Stiffener Welding to Beam Web w(req'd) w(min) w(max) (in.) 5 of 6 5/4/2012 10:42 AM .) Bearing Length.) (in.) Min. P or R without Stiffeners (kips) Are Stiffeners Req'd.) (in. of Stiffener Pairs (1.) (in.) Is Loaded Flange Restrained? (Yes / No) Stiffener Thk. N (in. Stress Fa (ksi) Stiffener Design Stiffener Welding to Beam Flange w(req'd) w(min) w(max) (in.? (Yes / No) Width bs (in.D. ts (in.) (in. Thk. or Node I. 2. or 3) Web Shear Rv (kips) Beam Web Capacity Checks (without stiffeners) Web Yielding Web Crippling Sidesway Web Buckling Rwy Rwc Rwb (kips) (kips) (kips) Max.5 Beam.) Actual Stress fa (ksi) Allow.) No. Load or Reaction? (P or R) Beam Size Load or Reaction P or R (kips) Unbraced Length Lb (ft. Location. ts(min) (in."STIFFNER.xls" Program Version 2.

) (in. N (in.) Bearing Length.) Distance to P or R x (ft.) Is Loaded Flange Restrained? (Yes / No) Stiffener Thk.) Actual Stress fa (ksi) Allow.xls" Program Version 2.) Min.) Beam Propertie Stiffener Welding to Beam Web w(req'd) w(min) w(max) (in.5 Beam.) (in. Location.) 6 of 6 5/4/2012 10:42 AM . or 3) Web Shear Rv (kips) Beam Web Capacity Checks (without stiffeners) Web Yielding Web Crippling Sidesway Web Buckling Rwy Rwc Rwb (kips) (kips) (kips) Max.? (Yes / No) Width bs (in. Stress Fa (ksi) Stiffener Design Stiffener Welding to Beam Flange w(req'd) w(min) w(max) (in. P or R without Stiffeners (kips) Are Stiffeners Req'd.D.) No. Load or Reaction? (P or R) Beam Size Load or Reaction P or R (kips) Unbraced Length Lb (ft.) (in. Thk. 2. ts (in."STIFFNER. or Node I.) (in. of Stiffener Pairs (1. ts(min) (in.

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