Designing Effective

PowerPoint Presentations
Adapted from:
Victor Chen
ERAU
Best viewed by PowerPoint 2001 or later
Click whenever you want to continue
Designing Effective
PowerPoint Presentation
Click the words to explore
Press <-- to go back
Press Esc to stop
Simple
Consistent
Clear
Big
Progressive
Summary
ake Ìt Big
ake it Big (Text)
· This is Arial 12
· This is Arial 18
· This is Arial 24
· This is Arial 32
· This is Arial 36
· This is Arial 44
ake it Big (Text)
· This is Arial 12
· This is Arial 18
· This is Arial 24
· This is Arial 32
· This is Arial 36
· This is Arial 44
Too SmaII
ake Ìt Big (How to Estimate)
· Look at it from 7 feet away
7 ft
eep Ìt Simple
eep Ìt Simple (Text)
· Too many colors
· · Too Too Many
Fonts
and
StyIes
· The 6 x 7 rule
÷ No more than 6 lines per slide
÷ No more than 7 words per line
eep Ìt Simple (Text)
Ìnstructional Technology:
A complex integrated process involving
people, procedures, ideas, devices, and
organization, for analyzing problems
and devising, implementing, evaluating,
and managing solutions to those
problems in situations in which learning
is purposive and controlled
(HRS 5th ed.)
Too detaiIed !
eep Ìt Simple (Text)
A process
involving people, procedures & tools
for solutions
to problems in learning
(HRS 5th ed.)
Ìnstructional Technology:
Much SimpIer
Falling Leaves Observed
hristchurch Dunedin WeIIington
January 11,532,234 14,123,654 3,034,564
February 1,078,456 12,345,567 16,128,234
March 17,234,778 6,567,123 16,034,786
ApriI 16,098,897 10,870,954 7,940,096
May 8,036,897 10,345,394 14,856,456
June 16,184,345 678,095 4,123,656
JuIy 8,890,345 15,347,934 18,885,786
August 8,674,234 18,107,110 17,230,095
September 4,032,045 18,923,239 9,950,498
October 2,608,096 9,945,890 5,596,096
November 5,864,034 478,023 6,678,125
December 12,234,123 9,532,111 3,045,654
Too detaiIed !
Falling Leaves in illions
n 10
6
hristchurch Dunedin WeIIington
January 11 14 3
February 1 12 16
March 17 6 16
ApriI 16 10 7
May 8 10 14
June 16 0 4
JuIy 8 15 18
August 8 18 17
September 4 18 9
October 2 9 5
November 5 0 6
December 12 9 3
Much SimpIer
Falling Leaves
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
January February arch April ay June July August September October November December
Wellington
Dunedin
Christchurch
Too detaiIed !
Falling Leaves
0
10
20
30
40
50
January arch ay July September November
Wellington
Dunedin
Christchurch
Much SimpIer
eep Ìt Simple (Picture)
· Art work may distract your audience
· Artistry does not substitute for content
eep Ìt Simple (Sound)
· Sound effects may distract too
· Use sound only when necessary
eep Ìt Simple (Transition)
· This transition is annoying, not
enhancing
· "Appear" and "Disappear" are better
eep Ìt Simple (Animation)
7 ft
Too distracting !
eep Ìt Simple (Animation)
7 ft
SimpIe & to the point
ake Ìt Clear
ake Ìt Clear (Capitalisation)
· ALL CAPÌTAL LETTERS ARE
DÌFFÌCULT TO READ
· Upper and lower case letters are easier
Sanserif
Serif
ake Ìt Clear (Fonts)
busy
cIear
· SeriI Ionts are diIIicult to read on screen
· Sanserif fonts are clearer
· 9alics are difficul9 94 read 4n screen
· Normal or boId fonts are clearer
· Underlines may signify hyperlinks
· Ìnstead, use colors to emphasise
ake Ìt Clear (Fonts)
ake Ìt Clear (Numbers)
Use numbers for lists with sequence
For example:
How to put an elephant into a fridge?
1. Open the door of the fridge
2. Put the elephant in
3. Close the door
ake Ìt Clear (Numbers)
How to put a giraffe into a fridge?
1. Open the door of the fridge
2. Take out the elephant
3. Put the giraffe in
4. Close the door
ake Ìt Clear (Bullets)
Use bullets to show a list without
· Priority
· Sequence
· Hierarchy, ...
ake Ìt Clear (Colors)
· Use contrasting colors
· Light on dark vs dark on light
· Use complementary colors
ake Ìt Clear (Contrast)
· Use contrasting colors
· Light on dark vs dark on light
· Use complementary colors
low contrast
high contrast
ake Ìt Clear (Contrast)
· Use contrasting colors
· Light on dark vs dark on light
· Use complementary colors
This is light on dark
ake Ìt Clear (Contrast)
· Use contrasting colors
· Light on dark vs dark on light
· Use complementary colors
This is dark on light
ake Ìt Clear (Complement)
· Use contrasting colors
· Light on dark vs dark on light
· Use complementary colors
These colours do not complement
ake Ìt Clear (Complement)
· Use contrasting colors
· Light on dark vs dark on light
· Use complementary colors
These colours complement
ake Ìt Clear (Size)
· Size implies importance
ake Ìt Clear (Size)
· Size implies importance
ake Ìt Clear (Focal Points)
· Focal points direct attention
ake Ìt Clear (Focal Points)
· Focal points direct attention
Be Progressive
ompIexity of nteractions
M
o
d
e

o
f

n
s
t
r
u
c
t
i
o
n
ndividuaI Pair Group
Direct
nstruction
Guided
nquiry
Discovery
Learning
ndividuaI
nstructive
TooIs
ndividuaI
onstructive
TooIs
SociaI
onstructive
TooIs
SociaI
ommunicative
TooIs
nformationaI TooIs
Types of Ìnstructional Tools
Too many in one go!
ompIexity of nteractions
M
o
d
e

o
f

n
s
t
r
u
c
t
i
o
n
ndividuaI Pair Group
Direct
nstruction
Guided
nquiry
Discovery
Learning
ndividuaI
nstructive
TooIs
ndividuaI
onstructive
TooIs
SociaI
onstructive
TooIs
SociaI
ommunicative
TooIs
nformationaI TooIs
Types of Ìnstructional Tools
Progressive &
thus focused
Understanding Technology
Floppy disk
User interface
CPU
Ì/O Error
Backup system
Software
ouse
Debugger
Function key
ain Storage
Too many &
not focused
Understanding Technology
Floppy disk
User interface
CPU
Ì/O Error
Backup system
Software
ouse
Debugger
Function key
ain Storage
Progressive &
thus focused
Be Consistent
Be Consistent
· Differences draw attention
· Differences may imply importance
· Use surprises to attract not distract
Be Consistent
Differences draw attention
· Differences may imply importance
· Use surprises to attract not distract
This tick draws attention
Be Consistent
Differences draw attention
Differences may imply importance
o Use surprises to attract not distract
These differences distract!
Be Consistent
· Differences draw attention
· Differences may imply importance
· Use surprises to attract not distract
This implies importance

Be Consistent
· Differences draw attention
· Differences may imply importance
· Use surprises to attract not distract
Confusing differences!
Be Consistent
· Differences draw attention
· Differences may imply importance
· Use surprises to attract not distract
This surprise attracts
Be Consistent
· Differences draw attention
· Differences may imply importance
· Use surprises to attract not distract
These distract!
Ìn Summary
· Big
· Simple
· Clear
· Progressive
· Consistent
Tips for Presenting
· Limit the number of slides
÷ 3 slides per minute is the maximum
· Practice moving between slides.
· Be prepared for technical difficulties
· Avoid the use of flashy transitions.
%Æ3N 3N %WW Æ3WNÆÆ1
Some Final Words
· Communication is the key
· Text to support the communication
· Pictures to simplify complex concepts
· Animations for complex relationships
· Visuals to support, not to distract
· Sounds only when absolutely necessary
Want more?
· Contact ERAU for more
· Victor Chen (ext 7435; v.chen@erau)
This Slide Show is brought to you by NidoidoS Group
To Receive more, send an email to
nidokidos-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
Or Join us from website at
www.GetNidoidoS.Com
Also you can participate in our Discussion Forums at
www.NidoidoS.Org
*Nidokidos is just sharing this file. all rights are reserved by the respective authors of this presentation.

0833110.9;0 !407!439!708039,943 
!747088;0 $250 $:22,7 

43889039 0,7 

.9047/89405470 !7088

944-,. !70888.948945

,09 

,09 %09
W %887,

W

%887,

W %887,

W %887,

W %887,

W %887,

,09 %09
W %887,

W

%887,

%44$2,

W %887,

W %887,

W %887,

W %887,

09 494892...90 W 44. 19 .9917421009.

0059$250 .

3 .3/ $908 W %0    7:0 4 2470 9.3 4398 .3  308 507 8/0 4 2470 9.4478 W %44 .0059$250 %09 W %442.3  47/8 507 30 .

0.3574-028 .%0.0883.3/2.:..943.733 85:7548.0.3.93  %44/09.42503907.384:9438949480 574-028389:.0/ .0/:708 /0.344 .3/.943 147.8 /0.83 25020393 0.94383.439740/ #$90/ .3/ 47.4.08 .3 50450 574.3//0.0059$250 %09 3897:.3.3..90/574.

4.943.%0.088 3.350450 574.0/:708 9448 14784:9438 :.344 574.0059$250 %09 3897:.733 #$90/ .$2507 94574-02830.

0/                                      .7 . 57 .30..:7.7. :30 : ::89 $05902-07 .0/ 789.94-07 4.3:..7 0-7:.02-07 :30/3 03943                                                                        %44/09. .02-07 0.08 -807.

02-07 0.7 .02-07 789. :30 : ::89 $05902-07 .:7..94-07 4.$2507 .083438 3  .3:..7 0-7:.30. 57 .7.             :30/3           03943             :.

.94-07 4. :30 : ::89 $05902-07 .:7. 57 ..08           .02-07 03943 :30/3 789.7 .3:.7 0-7:.7. %44/09.0/ .30.02-07 0.

. :.3:.7.:7.$2507   .7 .08    03943 :30/3 789. .. : $05902-07 4.30.02-07 .

94:7.0059$250 !.:/03..9:70 W 79472.0 W 79897/4083498:-899:90147./897.439039 .

0059$250 $4:3/ W $4:3/0110.9944 W &8084:3/430330.7 .088./897..982.

7.3343 349 03.70-09907 .3.3/8.38943 W %897.0059$250 %7.550.7.3 W 550.389438.

93 .0059$250 32..943 19 %44/897.

943 19 $250 94905439 .0059$250 32.

090.7 ..

090.807 .3/407.59.8..80099078..7 .700.943 W !%%%#$# &%% # W &5507.

.38071  .7 $071 -:8  .090.7 4398 $.0.

83150738 3890.0.707 9.4478 94025.090.707 &3/073082.70/11.3807114398.:99470./438.70.8.0.880 ./438.7003 $.70.7003 472.70/11./ :80...7 4398 W W W W W W $07114398.:99470.47-4/ 14398.

393  48090/447 .17/0   50390/447419017/0  !:990005.3005.250 4945:9.090.7 :2-078 &803:2-0781478989 806:03.0 470.39394..

17/0   50390/447419017/0  %.090..110394.1103  48090/447 .7.7 :2-078 4945:9.04:990005.39  !:9907.

8994:9 W !7479 W $06:03.0 W 07.090.  ..7.7 :098 &80-:0989484.

4397.7.7439 W &80.8/.7.4478 W 943/.090.42502039.4478 ..7 4478 W &80.893.

42502039.7 4397.4478 W 943/.7439 .4397.4478 4.4397.090.89 W &80.893.7.4397.8/.7..89 .89 W &80.

893.8/.4397.090.7.7439 W &80.7 ..42502039.7.4478 %88943/.4478 W 943/.7 4397.89 W &80.

893.7439 W &80.7.7.89 W &80.42502039.7 4397.8/.4478 W 943/.4397.090..7439 .4478 %88/.

42502039 ..7439 W &80.8/.44:78/4349.4397.7 42502039 W &80.090.4478 W 943/.42502039.4478 %080.7.7.893.

7439 W &80.42502039.7 42502039 W &80.7.893.4478 %080.44:78.42502039 .090.8/.7..4478 W 943/.4397.

090.7 $0 W $0250825479.3..0 .

.090.3.0 .7 $0 W $0250825479.

9.9903943 .090.7 4..54398/70..!4398 W 4..

9903943 ..090..9.!4398 W 4.54398/70..7 4.

0!747088.0 .

. !.. 43897:.9.9438 .334304 3/.943 3/.07 0.%448 8. 43897:.0 %448 70./:.943.0 %448 $4.733 4/0413897:.7 74:5 42509413907./:.9 3897:.943 3/.9.9.943./:.%448 %442..0 %448 $4..0 %448 :/0/ 36:7 31472. 422:3. 3897:.9.%508413897:.4.

 $4.9 3897:. 43897:. 43897:.733 4/0413897:.0  3/. !..9./:.9438 31472.9.:80/ %448 %448 3/.943 3/./:.%448 8.943.0 422:3.9.943 !747088..0 9:814./:.9.07 0..%448 .7 74:5 42509413907. 3897:.943.0 %448 $4.0 %448 :/0/ 36:7 70.%508413897:.4..

3/3%0.70 455/8 .344 4:80 .&3/0789.0 :3.9430 $419.3$947.

7747 !& %442..3 &80739071.:80/ 0-:07 .:588902 .0 34914..

9430 $419.70 455/8 .&3/0789.3$947.344 4:80 .3/3%0.0 :3.

0  9:814.0 !747088.:588902 .:80/0-:07 . 7747 !& &80739071...

043889039 .

08/7..9 .9903943 W 110703.082.2525479.9349/897..043889039 W 110703..3.0 W &808:75780894.997.

043889039 110703.8.3.9903943 .997./7.08/7..082.9903943 W 110703..9349/897.0 W &808:75780894..2525479.9 %89.

3..997.9903943 110703.0 4 &808:75780894.9349/897.043889039 110703.08/7.082.2525479.9 %080/110703.9 ....08/897.

..08/7.0 .0 W &808:75780894.9903943 W 110703..3.2525479.043889039 W 110703.9 %8250825479.3.9349/897.082.997.

3..043889039 W 110703.08/7..9 431:83/110703.08 .0 W &808:757808 94.9903943 W 110703.2525479.082.997..9 349/897.

.0 W &808:75780894.9903943 W 110703.997.2525479.98 .9 349/897.082..997.043889039 W 110703.08/7..9 %88:75780.3..

082.9 %080/897.9 ..997.043889039 W 110703..9 349/897.08/7..3.9903943 W 110703..0 W &808:75780894.2525479.

7 !747088.3$:22.7 W W W W W  $250 0.0 43889039 .

3.70/14790.3-090038/08  W 05705.389438  %88% 1..2:2 W !7.8 .:908 W ./11.897.024.4/90:80411.%58147!7080393 W 29903:2-07418/08 8/0850723:908902..9.

9 $4:3/84303.9438147.0598 32.9:708948251.-84:9030..943858 '8:.$4203..088.425070.943 !.47/8 W W W W W W 422:3.8948:55479 34994/897.9438900 %09948:5547990.7 .43..4250.422:3.

.392470 W 439.: ..94703 09.0307.9#&1472470 W '..

9  09/4/4$ 42 844:.5.94 3/4/48 8:-8.:884347:28.739810 ..42 743:817420-890.798.02470 803/.0/-9070850.9034:78.9  /4/4$ 7 /4/48 8:898.7-0.0.35.%8$/0$48-74:9944:-/4/4$74:5 %4#0.7070807.0 .:947841985708039.79.4474:58 .9.943 .302.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful