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640-802 CCNA® Exam Topics (Blueprint)
Exam Description
The 640-802 CCNA is the composite exam associated with the Cisco CertiIied Network Associate
certiIication. Candidates can prepare Ior this exam by taking the Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices
Part 1 (ICND1) v1.0 and the Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 (ICND2) v1.0 courses. This
exam tests a candidate's knowledge and skills required to install, operate, and troubleshoot a small to
medium size enterprise branch network. The topics include connecting to a WAN; implementing network
security; network types; network media; routing and switching Iundamentals; the TCP/IP and OSI models;
IP addressing; WAN technologies; operating and conIiguring IOS devices; extending switched networks
with VLANs; determining IP routes; managing IP traIIic with access lists; establishing point-to-point
connections; and establishing Frame Relay connections.
Exam Topics
The Iollowing topics are general guidelines Ior the content likely to be included on the Cisco CertiIied
Network Associate exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any speciIic delivery oI the
exam. In order to better reIlect the contents oI the exam and Ior clarity purposes, the guidelines below may
change at any time without notice.
Describe how a network works
O Describe the purpose and Iunctions oI various network devices
O Select the components required to meet a network speciIication
O &se the OSI and TCP/IP models and their associated protocols to explain how data Ilows in a
network
O Describe common networked applications including web applications
O Describe the purpose and basic operation oI the protocols in the OSI and TCP models
O Describe the impact oI applications such as Voice Over IP on a network
O Interpret network diagrams
O Determine the path between two hosts across a network
O Describe the components required Ior network and Internet communications
O IdentiIy and correct common network problems at layers 1, 2, 3 and 7 using a layered model
approach
O DiIIerentiate between LAN/WAN operation and Ieatures


Configure, verify and troubleshoot a switch with VLANs and interswitch communications
O Select the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect switches to other network
devices and hosts
O xplain the technology and media access control method Ior thernet networks
O xplain network segmentation and basic traIIic management concepts
O xplain basic switching concepts and the operation oI Cisco switches
O PerIorm and veriIy initial switch conIiguration tasks including remote access management
O VeriIy network status and switch operation using basic utilities (including: ping, traceroute, telnet,
SSH, arp, ipconIig), and SHOW & D& commands
O IdentiIy, prescribe, and resolve common switched network media issues, conIiguration issues, auto
negotiation, and switch hardware Iailures
O Describe enhanced switching technologies (including: VTP, RSTP, VLAN, PVSTP, 802.1q)
O Describe how VLANs create logically separate networks and the need Ior routing between them
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot VLANs
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot trunking on Cisco switches
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot interVLAN routing
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot VTP
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot RSTP operation
O Interpret the output oI various shows and debug commands to veriIy the operational status oI a Cisco
switched network.
O Implement basic switch security (including: port security, trunk access, management vlan other than
vlan1, etc.)
mplement an ! addressing scheme and ! Services to meet network requirements in a medium-size
Enterprise branch office network
O Describe the operation and beneIits oI using private and public IP addressing
O xplain the operation and beneIits oI using DHCP and DNS
O ConIigure, veriIy and troubleshoot DHCP and DNS operation on a router (using both the CLI and
SDM)
O Implement static and dynamic addressing services Ior hosts in a LAN environment
O Calculate and apply an addressing scheme including VLSM IP addressing to a network
O Determine the appropriate classless addressing scheme using VLSM and summarization to satisIy
addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment
O Describe the technological requirements Ior running IPv6 in conjunction with IPv4 (including:
protocols, dual stack, tunneling, etc).


O Describe IPv6 addresses
O IdentiIy and correct common problems associated with IP addressing and host conIigurations
Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic router operation and routing on Cisco devices
O Describe basic routing concepts (including: packet Iorwarding, router lookup process)
O Describe the operation oI Cisco routers (including: router bootup process, POST, router components)
O Select the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect routers to other network
devices and hosts
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot RIPv2
O Access and utilize the router to set basic parameters.(including: CLI/SDM)
O Connect, conIigure, and veriIy operation status oI a device interIace
O VeriIy device conIiguration and network connectivity using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH or other
utilities
O PerIorm and veriIy routing conIiguration tasks Ior a static or deIault route given speciIic routing
requirements
O Manage IOS conIiguration Iiles. (including: save, edit, upgrade, restore)
O Manage Cisco IOS
O Compare and contrast methods oI routing and routing protocols
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot OSPF
O ConIigure, veriIy, and troubleshoot IRP
O VeriIy network connectivity (including: using ping, traceroute, and telnet or SSH)
O Troubleshoot routing issues
O VeriIy router hardware and soItware operation using SHOW & D& commands.
O Implement basic router security
Explain and select the appropriate administrative tasks required for a WLAN
O Describe standards associated with wireless media (including: I, WI-FI Alliance, IT&/FCC)
O IdentiIy and describe the purpose oI the components in a small wireless network. (Including: SSID,
SS, SS)
O IdentiIy the basic parameters to conIigure on a wireless network to ensure that devices connect to the
correct access point
O Compare and contrast wireless security Ieatures and capabilities oI WPA security (including: open,
WP, WPA-1/2)
O IdentiIy common issues with implementing wireless networks. (Including: InterIace,
misconIiguration)


dentify security threats to a network and describe general methods to mitigate those threats
O Describe today's increasing network security threats and explain the need to implement a
comprehensive security policy to mitigate the threats
O xplain general methods to mitigate common security threats to network devices, hosts, and
applications
O Describe the Iunctions oI common security appliances and applications
O Describe security recommended practices including initial steps to secure network devices
mplement, verify, and troubleshoot NAT and ACLs in a medium-size Enterprise branch office
network
O Describe the purpose and types oI ACLs
O ConIigure and apply ACLs based on network Iiltering requirements using SDM and CLI
O ConIigure and apply an ACL to limit telnet and SSH access to the router using SDM and CLI
O VeriIy and monitor ACLs in a network environment
O Troubleshoot ACL issues
O xplain the basic operation oI NAT
O ConIigure NAT Ior given network requirements using SDM and CLI
O Troubleshoot NAT issues
mplement and verify WAN links
O Describe diIIerent methods Ior connecting to a WAN
O ConIigure and veriIy a basic WAN serial connection
O ConIigure and veriIy Frame Relay on Cisco routers
O Troubleshoot WAN implementation issues
O Describe VPN technology (including: importance, beneIits, role, impact, components)
O ConIigure and veriIy a PPP connection between Cisco routers

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CCNA Routing&Switching 640-802 FAQs&T!s
CCNA is a long topic to talk about and there are many tips that can help you save much time when sitting in
the exam hall. From the comments here and inIormation Irom other places, this article tries to summarize all
the CCNA Irequently asked questions to save you some time. Please Ieel Iree to ask anything that you are
unclear about CCNA so that all oI us can help you. I will update this article Irequently to bring you the
newest inIormation about this exam.
!lease tell me how many questions in the real CCNA exam, and how much time to answer them?
&ntil now, you have 90 minutes to answer 50 questions in the real CCNA exam but iI your native language
is not nglish, Cisco allows you a 30-minute exam time extension. ut there are a Iew requirements to get
this extension, so the best way is asking your teacher or mentor beIore taking the exam.
2 How much does the CCNA Exam 640-802 cost? And how many points need to pass the exam?
It now costs $250. The passing score is 825/1000.
3 How many ways can get the CCNA certification?
There are 2 ways to achieve this certiIication:
y taking two exams CND- 640-822 and CND-2 640-86
y taking only one CCNA 640-802 exam
4 got the CCNA certification, will this certification expire?
CCNA certiIication is valid Ior three years. To recertiIy, pass the ICND2 exam, or pass the current CCNA
exam, or pass a CCNA Concentration exam (wireless, security, voice), or pass the current CCDA exam, or
pass any 642 XXX proIessional level or Cisco Specialist exam (excluding Sales Specialist exams), or pass
a current CCI or CCD written exam.
5 After completing the NTRO exam (CND ), students currently have a three-year window in which
to complete the CND exam (CND 2) to earn CCNA certification Will this option still exist?
Yes, students will still be able to take and pass the Iirst exam (INTRO or ICND1) and have a three-year
window to pass the second exam (ICND2), beIore the Iirst exam expires.
6 f students fulfill the exam requirements for the CCNA certification, will they also receive CCENT
certification?


No, students who certiIy at the CCNA level will not earn CCNT certiIication. The purpose oI the CCNT
certiIication is to provide an option Ior those who aren`t ready Ior CCNA.
(InIormation Irom
http://www.cisco.com/web/learning/le3/le2/le0/le9/learning¸certiIication¸type¸home.html)
Which sims will see in the CCNA exam?
The popular sims now are IRP, VTP and Access-list 2 sims but no one can guarantee you will not see
other sims in your exam. So the best way is practicing all sims on this site.
8 How many points will get for one sim?
Well, Cisco doesn`t tell how many points you will get Ior each correctly solved sim but Irom my experience,
you will get Irom 80 to 100 points Ior each sim. Cisco maybe is a bit rude Ior sims because you will just get
a Iew points (or nothing!) iI you can`t solve the sim completely. So be careIul with the sims and try to write
all the commands on paper many times beIore taking this exam.
9 n the real exam, clicked "Next" after choosing the answer, can go back for reviewing?
No, this is a very important thing about CCNA exam. You can just go Iorward!
0 What is the key to pass CCNA?
The CCNA exam covers many aspects oI networking and most oI the topics will be asked. ut the most
important topic is subnetting so make sure you understand how to subnet. OI course other topics are
important too so you shouldn`t bypass them.
Can use short commands, for example "conf t" instead of "configure terminal"? Will get full
mark for short commands?
It is another big question in the CCNA exam. Some reports said that you can use the "Tab" and short
commands but some said they didn`t work. Sometimes the simulator in the exam doesn`t accept short
commands and marks as "incomplete command". esides, no one can guarantee it will cost points or not iI
you use short commands so my recommendation is you should learn the Iull commands.
2 What are your recommended materials for CCNA?
There are many options you can choose, but below are materials used and recommended by many
candidates:
ooks:


Sybex CCNA 6th edition by Todd Lammle
Cisco Press ICND1 & ICND2 CertiIication uide
CCNA Networking Academy 1-4
Cisco 640-802 CCNA Portable Command uide
Cisco Discovery and Cisco xploration study guide
The diIIerence between CCNA Discovery and CCNA xploration is "CCNA Discovery is designed Ior
students with basic PC skills and can be delivered as an independent curriculum or integrated into broader
courses oI study at secondary schools, technical schools, colleges, and universities. CCNA xploration is
designed Ior students with advanced problem solving and analytical skills, such as those who are pursuing
degrees in engineering, math, or science". (ReIerence Irom "new CCNA Iaq").
Video Training:
CT Nuggets
Train Signal
Testout
From my point oI view, these video are just optional materials and they cost much, you can deIinitely pass
the CCNA exam without buying them. II you have strong budget and want to learn in a more comIortable
way then buy them! (but it is diIIicult to pass iI just listening to them without reading books, believe me!)
Simulators (luckily, they`re the best and Iree):
Packet Tracer (and you can get real exam labs on my site here)
NS 3
NS 3 is really good and it uses real IOS so all the commands are available but these IOS are copyrighted
so it is hard to get. esides, NS 3 needs much RAM to run so Irom my experience you should use the
Router c2600 with 64M RAM to run iI your labs are simple (like assign IP addresses, hostname, RIP.). II
you need to conIigure OSPF or IRP, use higher router. These two simulators are enough to practice labs
Ior CCNA but iI you want to learn about other simulators. Packet Tracer is light, quick and convenient Ior
common tasks but sometimes it doesn`t act like real devices. A good point oI Packet Tracer is that Cisco has
many good labs (.pkt Iiles) to practice with.
Websites & Forums:


Cisco website
sadikhov.com/Iorum
certcollection.org/Iorum
networking-Iorum.com
certIorums.co.uk/Iorums
mcmcse.com/Iorums
proproIs.com/Iorums
ciscobibles.com, ccnacert.net oI course
About Dumps.
II you use dumps like pass4sure, Testking or ActualTest. make sure you understand the concept behind
each question. It`s a very big mistake iI you just learn which answer is correct without understanding the
concept. Notice that in the real CCNA exam, you will be given diIIerent IP addresses, subnets and more
options to choose; so it is easier to understand them than to learn them by heart. Finally, my advice is you
just should use dumps as a Iinal review aIter Iinishing the CCNA course.
3 How much time should spend on each sim?
You should not spend more than 15 minutes Ior each sim. Recall that you only have 90 minutes so iI you
spend 15 minutes Ior each sim x 4 sims ÷ 60 minutes. The 30 minutes leIt is Ior solving 40 multiple choice
questions. II you are not a native nglish speaker and have 30-minute expansion (ask the mentor to conIirm)
than you can spend 20 minutes Ior each sim.
4 Can pass without doing sims?
As mentioned above, each sim will cost you Irom 80 to 100 points. In the real exam you will have to solve 4
sims that give Irom 320 to 400 points. Suppose you answered all other questions perIectly then you will get
600 to 680 points but the passing score is 825. It means that you surely Iail iI ignore them.
From the calculation above, iI you missed only one sim the chance to pass is average but iI you missed two,
the chance to pass is very, very low.
5 need to know if the exam questions are the same in all the geographical locations?


Yes, the exam questions are the same in all geographical locations. ut notice that Cisco has a pool oI
questions and each time you take the exam, a number oI random questions will show up so you will not see
all the same questions as the previous exam.
6 am going to take the exam in a few days and i wonder can we have a pen and paper for ip
calculations or calculator itself?
You are not allowed to bring a calculator or anything else to the exam hall. You will receive a rough paper
or a small board to write everything you need during the exam time. However, you should bring a pen or a
pencil because sometimes the exam hall doesn`t have one (yes, some exam centers are not good) and maybe
it will make you more comIortable.
failed the exam Will see the same questions and sims in my next try?
Cisco has a pool oI questions and sims so you will see some same (but surely not all) questions in your next
exam. Luckily, the sims are the same (read question 7 Ior popular sims in the exam).
8 n the exam, how can access to the routers in the simulator?
As you can see in the exam, there is always one PC connected to the router you need conIigure. Just click on
this PC to be taken to the CLI oI the router (no need to type telnet . or do anything else). OI course it is not
true in real liIe but maybe Cisco did it that way to save you some time!
9 am going to take the exam in a couple of days Where can get newest information from
candidates who have just passed the exam?
You can visit the Share your experience section in this site, scroll down to the bottom oI that page to read
newest inIormation about CCNA exam.I really want to say thanks to all candidates who are willing to share
experience aIter taking the exam. It is an invaluable giIt Ior CCNA candidates.

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