®

Major Industrial Accidents Council of Canada
Major Industrial Accidents Council of Canada
Conseil canadien des accidents majeurs
Federal Seetor
4'1'11'"11/'1111 Canada
Emergency Canada
Enviromnent Canada
HealthCanada
Industry Canada
Government Services Canada
Transport Canada
Industrial Sector
CanadianAssociation of PetroleumProducers
Canadian Energy Association
CanadianFertilizer Institute
Canadian PetroleumProducts Institute
Association of Canada
Railway Association of Canada
The CanadianChemicalProducers' Association
Provincial Sector
Government of Alberta
Government of NewBrunswick
Government of Ontario
Non... Governmental Sector
CanadianFederationof Labour
Canadian Labour Congress
. CanadianStandards Association
Sector
CanadianAssociation of Fire Chiefs
CanadianConfederation of Ambulance Service
Associations
Federationof CanadianMunicipalities
OntarioAssociation of Fire Chiefs
and Local .A.V..IIIL...IIiI.LA'-,"-'loJ'
Alberta
Saskatchewan
Montreal Urban Community
................ '-'_,............ consultation, partners standards, tools,
to prevent, for, to major industrial accidents involving hazardous
U,U'-'IIJ\.JlVJLJL of these measures by jurisdictions is to achieve applying
response programs Canada. also fosters exchange of information,
\IooILJL.IL.>J_,...,.JL.... workshops, meetings and conferences.
For more information on assessment of industrial sites containing hazardous substances warranting special
attention, on MIACC or 'on publications available through MIACC, please contact:
MIACC
265 Carling Ave., Suite 600
....., ......u, 'IV Ontario
(613)232-4435, Fax: (613)232-4915
Major Industrial Accidents Council of Canada 1994 (pending)
No. 1-895858-06-2
The proposed applicationof fuispublicationis stated in the section entitled Overview ofMIAcc Risk Assessment Products. The user
is advised that neither MIACe nor the organizations nor persons involved in producing this publication warrant or represent,
expressly or implicitly, the correctness or accuracy of the information presented herein. This publication is intended to be general
guidance and not advice for specifie situations. It remains the responsibility of the user of the publication to determine its suitability
for the particular applicationintended, to use the information provided in the publication in a manner appropriate to that application,
and to consult with qualified professionals as necessary,
Notwithstanding the above, or any other provisions in this publication or any applicable statutory provisions, MIACC, the
organizations, or the persons involved in producing this publication shall not be liable to the user for special or consequential
damages arising directly or indirectly from the application of this publication.
Printedin Canada
nararaous Substances RiskAssessment.... a Mini-Guide
..III!L.L.m......P.A.4J!&.i4 OF CONTENTS
............................................................................................ VI
1. . ....... 1
.................................................................... 3
........................................................................ 5
. J l . b . J I ~ " . J l . . J l . " " " ~ " " , b . J I 7
...................................................................................... 35
........................................................................ 39
Hazardous Substances BiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide
OF
.4
................................. 36
ii
Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment.... a Mini-Guide
TABLES
1
.1t"\rlllllC'1 ..·... 1nl Activities Where L-Snl"7n?Orl.n.lIl1C'1 Substances
.... 2
2 Characteristics 8
3 List of Hazardous Substances 9
4 Alphabetical of Hazardous Substances .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22
Recommended Risk Based Separation Distances for
Flammable Liquids (Pool-fire Hazard) 30
B Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances
.... """ lL ~ .. IU' e Liquids (Flash-fire 30
C Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances
Liquefied Flammable Gases (Flash-fire 31
Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for
Toxic Gases Liquefied by Compression (Toxic Gas Cloud Hazard) 32
Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for
Toxic Gases Liquefied by Cooling (Toxic Gas Cloud ............................ 33
F Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for
Toxic Liquids (Toxic Gas Cloud Hazard to Evaporation) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34
œ Substances Bisk Assessmeni: a Mini-Guide
substances
amounts ...,.JL......... _ ........ ''''''....
a
a substance are above
management sites large
amounts
substances
1C'l1nl"'\·".OU:::h1t" acute risks
accident. may
The provides a self-contained to basic concepts risk
assessment and some calculated results that allow initial screening assessments to be a .JL,.,.....,.-.
range of simple situations. provides results of tables of separation
distances equivalent to specified risk values, calculated for a range of conditions. Using these
results a preliminary assessment of the risk can be made having to calculations,
many cases this will be sufficient to give an of associated
Lists give the name substance, usual physical state,
numbers , identification numberlUnited
goods class and division numbers,
assessment a site or activity be
threshold quantity, Priority should given to assessment
amounts (above the threshold quantities) of substances on
above quantities of List 2, these same substances
List 3, remaining sites.
iv
Hazardous Substances BiskAssessment: a Mini...Guide
to
investigation of
user must have
calculations to determine
risk assessment concepts
the ...,.,.o.""1IlIlI"",OC'l ....,.·....
methodology described the
process being considered must perform
""1IJ"""'U",",,'-4l- to implement the risk assessment procedure contained in the
methodology results are identical to the Guidelines; the software
_1IJ .." ..... .lL ... ,,_...... _ ......lL of risk assessment procedures more convenient,
assessment can be a complicated process, many situations
IoI.lL..........JLlIJ'JL.Il..lLJL'bo"-. JL.lL..II._'Ioo.A......_-.u are sufficient, risk assessment products described above are meant
users dealing problems which more comprehensive are not
to review and understand capabilities and these .lL.....lL .... 'lIo<.IL.IL"J-.u
relevant product, products are
increasing sophistication. the circumstances
outside the scope of these screening methods,
analyst for more detailed treatment, The Lists, Guidelines are not .Jl..Jl..Jl."'''''''.Jl..Jl.'-4l-'''''''-4l-
to emergency response planning as such, particularly not for the calculation of evacuation
distances event of a chemical release.
MIACC believes that if a hazardous substance is not included either 1 or 2, or is present
ata site in a quantity less than the threshold quantity show in List 2, it does not constitute a risk of a
major industrial nature. This is not to say that in the fullness of time, a site assessment not be
undertaken,
v
Hazardous Substances BiskAssessment: a 1'V11TAtl"" TJrl.lRP
acknowledges valuable U'YU'U'J.Il
have participated the activities
development of
years, .
to
Ertugrul
Wayne Bissett, Environment Canada
Pierre Montreal Urban '-''''-IJ.. .&..JL.JL.lL.lL...... .lL..II •.lL'''
S. Daggupaty, Environment Canada
T. Duncan Ellison, Environment Canada
André Gagnon, Urban Community
Geoffrey Granville, Shell Canada
11LJ11IIh"1lO°1t-. EnviroTech
Holmes, Safety Services
Nigel Hyatt, Stone & Webster Canada
Kelly, Syncrude Canada
Jean-Paul Lacoursière, Lacoursière & Associates
Mancuso, Canada
Norman Chemical Canada
..II..1I....II...JI....II....II..ILIUa Novacor Chemicals Inc,
Stephen Ramsay, University of Western
.JI.."-"II.J'..I...U.4."""..I..'1 ..Il. .lL_lI.4A"'AA Canada
Shrives, Environment Canada
nazoraous Substances Risk Assessment: a Mini-Guide
industrial and commercial activities, by nature of sorne risk to
general in the area. growing concern has been expressed
general in recent years over those and commercial activities that involve
.... ....""........ ,, processing, handling, storage or ",JL_JL.JLUIIJ'UfJL of chemicals, as accidents involving such
chemicals have occurred and widely reported. Such activities may also present to the
environment .
substances are not only associated with industrial activities (i.e.,
of chemicals) are stored ........................ __'...........................
many commercial activities.
...... "IoJJL......... JL..... !L. ............. ....lL4Jl activities hazardous substances may be
1.
1 ............ "" .... +_11 ...... Accidents Council of Canada
for Municipalities which discusses and recommends a methodology to
be followed. While the methodology out in the of great utility to those may
have to evaluate a of hazardous facilities covering a variety hazardous substances,
smaller or commercial activities, or smaller municipalities having only one or two such sites
their boundaries, may weIl able to resolve their concerns or by reference to
this which provides a ready reference more than common -. l.I .....
commercialchemicals, indicating a separation distance to the substance
question for quantities typically or commercial sites.
recommended the RiskAssessment Municipalities has
the calculation of the separation distances
Chapter 2 of this introduces concept of
approach to risk assessment. 4 contains the ready-reference
distances individual hazardous substances. 5 ...'r7,..rlIL'lln
of risk management.
Introduction BiskAssessment Mini-Guide
servicing """"-'.ll.ll.ll1lJ'''4.ll.ll.ll'lli';1o.J'
lines
sidings yards
refineries
schools
sewage facilities
ship facilities
storage facilities
swimming
tank farms
textile plants
trucking corridors (routes)
trucking _ JII _ .....
truck stops
universities
waste storage "" __'JL.A. .... ".JL_1oJ
waste treatment facilities
waterfront facilities
warehouses
water slides and parks
water treatment facilities
welding shops
wood preservative
yeast
pharmacological -..... __"",-..... _.... loJ
plastic JL....JL_......... -.JL__"',_ _J 1oJ
....
printing
hotels
gas
government facilities
hockey
barges (marine)
chemical
colleges
compressed gas dealers
compressed gas facilities
constructionsites
leather tanning facilities
machine shops
manufacturing facilities
marine terminaIs
medical labs
mining operations
non-destructive testing companies
nuclear facilities
2
Basic Concepts
the activity is
are based on consideration of "J"M.rIJ"J""lIH"'"'Ia.n. fatality
any a lives or works near a
facility, usually diminishes
n'9"lI'1t".O'9"lIn are based on evaluated
existing of everyday life. increase of 1%or less
a specifie hazardous activity, is basis of many criteria unacceptable or
risk criteria are a factor to 100
lies between unacceptable acceptable levels, risk
risk levels is achieved by taking risk control measures (see
unacceptable risks,
reduction is rtôC'l1l1l"'nhlo
Chapter 5).
the benefits
risk level
judgement of risks means "tolerable" or "acceptable"
and eosts no matter are calculated or by
1 Thetermjlammable is usedin thistextto signify a substance that will ignite and bum. Inflammable bas the samemeaning.
2 Explosive materials is not synonymous with explosives, whichmeans materials or products manufactured for the express
purpose of producingan explosion or pyrotechnieeffect and regulatedunder the Explosives Act. Explosive materials in
the context of the MIACC Lists excludes explosives but includes materials which may explode or cause an explosion
resultingin over-compression,
3
4
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Methodology
1r.n,U.0II1J'OnhUo rilO1l"'01l4ln"1l"',rr on situation.
TIaeasures
acceptable risk level is area
this in-between area is n-or\O?"G"Cb U U....7
.. J1Ur......J1111'l' been taken to 1J'OOrll'lIl1nO
risk is often expressed
annual (or
taken as a tolerable level,
considered unacceptable.
Canada, developed acceptability criteria presented Figure 2.1 These criteria are
reflected in terms of allowable land-uses for specified levels of risk, approach .....»-. .........iI''' .......... _ .....,.,
a guideline for allowable societal one statement, An fatality
risk of 1 10,000 (or 10-4) presence a facility is considered unacceptable for a member
of general area defined by this contour is the exclusion zone.
of less 1 1,000,000 is negligible, and use of this risk
contour is not restricted by presence of the facility, exclusion zone and unrestricted land-use
zone 'distances substances and inventory quantities are presented reference tables
in Chapter
carry out a detailed risk assessment specifie hazardous site, one consider the ...........lOo.'..................... """""'_
possible events at site combine the results to give overall risk
contours. Assessment Guidelines and demonstrates a
more practical approach, providing a general risk assessment applicable to most facilities or sites
holding hazardous materials, version of the approach rests on assumptions and
approximations which disallow its use considering some hazardous substances some events.
Work is way to a revised version expand to these, along with
extensions of detail, This work require several years to complete. the meantime, the present
version is considered sufficiently accurate to be of assistance to those who face the need to assess the
risks posed by tires by flammable and flammable gases, by release of toxic
liquefied gases, and by the evaporation volatile toxic liquids. The approach is not applicable to toxic
solids powdered form (which become. airborne, as a toxic cloud), explosive materials, or
flammable compressed gases, It is also not directly applicable to toxic compressed gases,
separation distances calculated same toxic gas by compression provide more
than adequate separation.
RiskAssessment inaaeunes
by any quantity of a substance; this
of the results such assessments
5
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
to exist from
quantity of substance ' ....
The however, can used to calculate an approximate acceptable value the
appropriate separation distance a site with several containers, if one of these proves to the
predominating risk, The separation distance appropriate to each single container be determined
in the usual way, whether several containers same substance or several; any one of these
distances is more than twice as great as each and every one others, greatest distance can
taken as separation distance site as a
the user is to engage
assessment
present and smaller
separation distance cannot be met
to undertake a risk assessment facility,
mitigating factors or conditions are not accounted
recommended separation distances may result,
6
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Classification ofSubstances
contours
users for a """''''''''''''_'110
or discontinuous use,
2. are to
on an assessment
___11-.... _0 measures can be rII01rYOIA"'1I"'lIlL:.llrll
to any estimation approach), Nevertheless,
making decisions regarding use.
tr'lnn.lIliOrD he aware of these actual
are a number of limitations to
the results can be as a guide
user of or
situations being assessed may be significantly
these guides.
risk assessment methodology deals the likelihood and consequences of accidents or
a facility or its related operations. The an earthquake, flood, storm, or
which could damage the facility, and to an accident or destruction, is often specifie to
cannot be included calculation, which is intended for general use .
.Jl.Jl ..... ..... UJ used may engender or over-estimates of safe separation distances, and further
_-.... .......... __ on by to resolve the uncertainty. Nevertheless, decisions have to be
time with the present state of knowledge. distances next
v""' ...... ..... to the best judgement possible at this time.
particular models used here. are outlined
The RiskAssessment Guidelines forMunicipaltties and assigns substances to groups,
outlined Table 2 of fuis Mini-Guide, depending on their hazardous characteristics. group of
liquefied flammable gases is further divided into two subgroups, of substances having higher or
boilingpoints, The groups of toxic substances are also subdivided, according to a hazard rating
combining measures of toxicity and volatility, Compressed flammable gases which are not ....................... _........c__..
powdered toxic solids, or explosive materials are not covered,
1-I/'"I''"7/'"11t''/ln,llC'l and
assessment is applicable are
subgroup designation
names,
Hazardous substances from the Lists of
Substances (MIAee List 1 and List 2) to which the present ...............v".....
given together in Table 3 of this This Table includes
of each substance. Table 4 repeats this list of hazardous substances along
all in alphabetical order.
7
Classification ofSubstances RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
toxic cloud vaporation)
3) is not the
3, consideration risk assessments
nature presented These .substances, while they may cause
off-site injuries, are very less to an acute to the public. Most present a
"-'JLJLJL.JLJL......JI.JL .... through aquatic toxicity and impact on aquatic ecosystem food chains; some
hazards such as biological or radiation hazards.
lettered tables which follow this chapter, one for each Group, show suggested separation distances
for common quantities of hazardous substances which may be found various facilities, based upon
the risk acceptability criteria. The risk measure used in these criteria is the increased
individual risk of fatality (in any one year) due to the given type of hazard for an individual exposed
to the risk source. The"exclusion zone" is defined as the zone an risk contour of
10-4, and the "unrestricted land use zone" is defined as the zone an individual risk contour of
10-6. Note that quantities are given at heads of these tables either tonnes or metres,
whichever is more to circumstances,
..II.Jl..ll.V..II.UU.V a threshold quantity the quantity of a substance
at the facility or site consideration is this from an accident is
and a risk assessment is not immediately necessary, does not mean the site presents no
risk at rather that circumstances assessment of such sites can
in absence of other considerations such as a history of spills or accidents at the site.
Some substances present more than one hazard; for instance, some substances
which are toxic and flammable. For such substances, a reference is given 3 to every
lettered table of separation distances that could apply, so that user beaware of the hazards
possible. The user should select the greatest ofthe separation distances read several tables.
8
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide List ofSubstances
Toxic gases A.A."""1I'.....
assigned to different
user should select one to
compressed gases are not specifically covered
same gases compressed to A.A."ftUVA..UVIL.A."-J'..II.A.J
be larger than necessary,
rtrrraranus Substances were developed by members of who had expertise
the areas of toxicology, health and safety, emergency response, enforcement, as basis
identifying ranking sites at which handling of substances takes from
perspective of safety risks,
Organization of
rravaranns tnaustruu Acuvuies. and EeE Seveso
were developed considering those used in
Canadian experience. substances not _......A.JL_A... c...A.
Canada were eliminated the Lists.
Lists are intended to be reviewed on a
CUITent with commercial and 1I...,..rilrlln11-1I"'1In
IiI-In'F7n1/G'/fI/ll7aC' Substances IJ.JL.JL_'-'II-.JL-'
basis changes to keep
Any comments concerning the .... v ................... __
This
Substances)
Guuieunes is applicable.
9
List ofSubstances
'-"""-J'.a.\.4.a..a..a..a..a. 1 name of hazardous
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
are II-'A. ..............._ .......
substances
catastrophic events.
Hazardous Substances.
names of hazardous substances which have the potential to cause acute events
but it are not priority substances. These are from 2,
Substances.
"-''-'..Illb4.a..a.Jl.a..a. 2 usual physicalstate(s) of the substance. phrase situ appears in Column
2, the physical state, to indicate the substance is usually found as an
intermediate in a chemical system, not as a commodity.
__.... _ ........ JL........ 3 Chemical Abstract Service number assigned to the substance by the American
Chemical Society. numbering system is based on chemical 'structure.
__...._.a..a.JL.a..a. 4 product identification number for the substance, assigned by the United
Nations or used only in America. Any beginning with 0 identifies an
explosive, and any beginning with 9 is a North American number; others
are UN numbers,
"-''-'.I.. Ib4.a..a.Jl.a..a. 5 The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations class and division for each
substance. The phrase situappears in Column 5, with the Class, to indicate
the substance is prohibited for transport bulk, or completely prohibited for
transport, and so is probably made at the industrial site where it is used, or is used
in small quantities. Sorne substances fall into more than one class and
division. When this is the case, the. primary class appears first in Column 5. The
classes are:
Class and Divis..on

1 ....
.....
Class 1, Divisions 1 to 6 (1.1 ,1.6) Explosives
Class 2, Division 1 (2.1) Flammable Gases
Class 2, Division 2 (2.2) Other Gases
Class 2, Division 3 (2.3) Toxic Gases
Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List ofSubstances
Class and Division
)
Flammabl ,.
,.
, Division1 (4.1) Flammable Solids
! 4, Division 2 (4.2) Spontaneously Combustible Materials
1 Class 4, Division 3 (4.3) Water-reactive Materials
1 Class 5, Division 1 (5.1) Oxidizing Substances
1 Class 5, Division2 (5.2) OrganicPeroxides
1 Class 6, Division1 (6.1) Poisonous Substances
1 Class 6, Division2 (6.2) Infectious Substances
1 Class 7 (7) Radioactive Materials
1 Class 8 (8) Corrosive Materials
_.
s, Division1 (9.1) Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
1 c.....,.,:;, Division 2 (9.2) Environmentally Hazardous Substances
.......... 6 recommendedthreshold quantity, this quantity is met or exceeded at a site,
an assessment of risk should be carried out. should be given to the
assessment of sites which hold large quantities of List 1 hazardous
substances; the thresholds defining these larger quantities are .given print,
threshold quantity is given in tonnes 000 kg).
.......... _Jl.II,,4.JLJL..IULJL 7 reference tables of separation distances. These tables are:
C"I.lI.
A Flammable liquids (pool fire hazard)
B Flammable1· s (flash fire hazard)
C Liquefiedflammable gases
D Toxie gases liquefiedby compression
E Toxie gases liquefiedby eooling
F 1Toxie liquids
Il
List of Substances
RiskAssessment /'II'f11111J"f111 ..III'yflJ/1I8J/U
Coll
~
Il
Usual CAS PINIUN TDG Threshold'
Substance State Number Number Class
("'-
Table
...... 'eT
& Div. tonnes
Carbonyl sulphide Comp-Gas 463-58-1 2204 2.3,2.1 0.1 D/Ehigh,
in situ in situ Clow bp
CHLORINE Liquefied 7782-50-5 1017 2.3,5.1 D/Ehigh
Gas 1
Chlorine dioxide Gas in situ 1 F
in situ veryhigh
Chloropicrin Liquid 76-06-2 1580, 1583 6.1 0.1 Flow
6.1
Chlorosulphonic acid Liquid 7790 ..94-5 1754 8 1 Fmed
Cobalt carbonyl Solid 10210-68-1 0.1 F
in situ very high
Cyanogen Liquefied 460-19-5 1026 2.3,2.1 0.5 D
Gas in situ very high
/Ehigh
Cyanogen bromide Solid 506-68-3 1889 6.1,8 1 Fmed
in situ
CYCLOHEXANE Liquid 110-82-7 1145 3,9.2 200 A
50
Cyclohexane, methyl- Liquid 108-87-2 2296
1
3 50 A
Cyclohexene 1 Liquid 110-83-8 1 2256 3 50 A
Cyclopentane Liquid 287-92-3 1146 3 50 A,B
Cyclopropane Liquefied 75-19-4 1027 2.1 10 C lowbp,
Gas in situ A
Diborane (6) Comp. 19287-45-7 1911 2.3,2.1 0.1 DIE
Gas in situ veryhigh,
i
C lowbp ,
Dichlorodimethyl ether Liquid 542-88-1 2249 6.1 1 Fhigh
in situ
Diethylamine Liquid 109-89-7 1154 .2 10 A
Diethyl ether Liquid 60-29-7 1155
1 3
50 A,B
Diisobutylene Liquid 25167-70-8 2050 3 50 A
Diisopropylether Liquid 108-20-3 1159 3 50 A
BiskAssessment Mini-Guide List of Substances
Col.1
J
CAS PIN/UN TDG Threshold
Substance State Number Number Class
r
Table
"'-
-..,
& Div. tonnes
Dimethylamine, anhydrous Liquefied 124..40...3 1032 2.1,8 10 D/Emed,
Gas Chigh
A
Dimethylamine, solutions Liquid 124..40..3 1160 3,9.2 1 50 B,Flow
Dimethyldichlorosilane i Liquid
75..78..5 1162 3,8 1 0.1 Fmed,A
Dimethyl ether Liquefied 115..10..6 1033 2.1 10 D
Gas very high
IEhigh,A
Dimethyl sulphide Liquid 75..18..3 1164 3 10 1 Flow,A
1,4..Dioxane 1 Liquid 123..91..1 1165 3 10 A
Ethane & Ethane mixtures Comp. 74..84..0 1035 2.1 10 ·C lowbp,
Gas A
Ref. Liq. 1961 2.1
Ethyl acetate 1 Liquid 141..78..6 1173 3 1000 A
Ethyl acrylate Liquid 140..88..5 1917 3 1 A
ETHYLBENZENE Liquid 100..41..4 1175 3,9.2 200 A
50
Ethyl bromide Liquid 74.. 96..4 1891 6.1 10 A,B,
Flow
Ethyl chloride Liquefied 75..00..3 1037 2.1 10 C high bp,
Gas
A
Ethyl chloroformate Liquid
i
541..41..3 1182 6.1,3 1 Fmed,A
Ethyl formate Liquid 109..94..4 1190 3 50 A
Ethyl isocyanate Liquid 109..90..0 2481 3,6.1 1 Flow,A
Ethyl mercaptan Liquid 75..08-1 2363
1 3 1 Flow,A
Ethyl methyl ketone Liquid 78..93..3 1193 3
1
100 A
Ethylamine or Ethylamine Comp. 75..04..7 1036 2.1,8 10 D/Elow
solutions Gas;
Liquid 2270 3,9.2
ETHYLENE Ref.liquid 74-85..1 1038 2.1 100 C lowbp,
Gas Under 10 A
Pressure 1962
Ethylene chlorohydrin Liquid 107-07r3 1135 6.1 1
w
List of Substances Assessment Mini-Guide
GASOLINE Liquid 86290-81-5 1203 3 200 A,B
50
Gennane Liquefied 7782-65-2 2192 2.3,2.1 10 C low bp,
gas in situ DIE
veryhigh
Heptane Liquid 142-82-5 1206 3 50 A
Hexane Liquid 110-54-3 50 A
Hydrazine Liquid 302-01-2 2029,2030 3,6.1,8 10 Fverylow
A
Hydrocyanic acid Liquefied 74-90-8 1051 6.1,9.2 0.5 Fhigh
gas/liquid 1613
Hydrogen Comp. or 1333-74-0 1049 2.1 1 C lowbp
liquefied gas 1966
Hydrogen bromide Liquefied 10035-10-6 1048 2.3,8 1 DlEhigh
gas/liquid 1788 in situ
HYDROGEN Liquefied 7647-01-0 2186 2.4 50 DlEhigh
CHLORIDE/ACID Gas/Liquid 1789 8,9.2 10
HYDROGEN Liquefied 7664-39-3 1052 8,6.1 50 DlEmed
FLUüRIDE/ACID Gas/Liquid 1790 8,6.1, 10
9.2
Coll
Substance
e
ne dibromide
ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE Liquid 107-06-2 1184 3,6.1, 20Q, A,Flow
9.2 50
ETHYLENE OXIDE Liquid: Gas 75-21-8 1040 2.1 50 DlEmed,
Under 10 A
Pressure
FLUORINE Gas 1045 2.3,5.1 10 DIE
in situ 1 veryhigh
Formaldehyde 50-00-0 1198,22Q9 3,8,9.2 1 Dhigh
IEmed, A
RiskAssessmentMini-Guide List of Substances
CoL 1
Usual CAS PINIUN TDG Threshold
Substance State Number Number Class Table
& Div. tonnes
Hydrogen iodide Liquefied 10034..85..2 2197 2.3,8 1 DlEhigh
gas/liquid 1787 in situ
Hydrogen peroxide Liquid 7722..84..1 2984,2014 5.1,8 10
20'15
Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizing substance and will accelerate buming when involved
in a fire; it may ignite combustibles.
Hydrogen selenide Liquefied 7783..07..5 2202 2.3,2.1 0.5 DIE
gas in situ extreme,
Clow
HYDROGEN SULPHIDE Gas/Liquid 7783..06..4 1053 2.3,2.1 10
Under 1
Pressure
Iron pentacarbonyl Liquid 13463..40..6 1994 6.1 1
in situ in situ
Liquid
amine Liquid
Isobutylene 115..11..7 1055
Isobutyronitrile Liquid 78..82..0 2284
Isofluorophate Liquid 55..91..4
one diisocyanate 4098..71..9 2290
Liquid 78..79..5 1218
Ketene Liquefied 463..51..4 2.3 0.1 DIE
Gas veryhigh
in situ
Liquefied natural gases Liquefied 8006..14..2 2.1 10 C lowbp,
Gas A
LIQUEFIED PE1ROLEUM Liquefied 68476..85..7 1075 2.1 100 C lowbp,
GASES Gas 10 A
Manganese trichlorocarbonyl Liquid 12108..13..3 1649 6.1,3 1 F
in situ veryhigh
MERCURY Liquid 7439..97..6 2809 8 100 Fmed
in situ 1
2396 3,6.1
List of Substances Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide
CoL 1 "
Usual CAS PINIUN TDG Threshold
Substance State Number Number Class
r
. ~ ' ~ J Table
~
& Div. tonnes
Methacryloyloxyethyl Liquid 30674..80..7 2478 3.6.1 1 Fmed,A
isocyanate
lVIETHANE Liquefied 74..82..8 1971 2.1 100 C lowbp,
Gas; Ref. 10 A
Liquid 1972
Methanol Liquid 67..56..1 1230
1 ",.. 11
~ ~ / ~ A
1
Methyl acetate .iquid
D _" _" "
1231 1 1000 A
Methyl acetylene and Liquefied 74..99..7 1060 2.1 10 C lowbp,
Propadiene mixtures Gas A
.. acrylate Liquid
1 (lC ~ 3 ..3
1919
1
3 1 A
Methyl bromide Liquefied 74..83..9 1062 2.3 0.5 D/Ehigh
Gas
Methyl chloride Liquefied 74..87..3 1063 2.1 1 Dhigh
Gas /Emed
Methylchloromethylether Liquid 107..30..2 1239 6.1,3 1 Fmed,A
Liquid 107..31..3 1 1243 3 50 A,B
01
1 Methyl iodide 1 74-88-4 1 2644 6.1 1 Fmed
1 Methyl isobutyl ketone
~
108.. 1245
1 3
50 A
Methyl isothiocyanate Solid or 556..61..1 2477 3,6.1 1 Fmed,A
Liquid
Methyl magnesium bromide in Liquid 75..16..1 1928 4.3,3 10 A,B
ethyl ether Solution
in situ
Methyl mercaptan Liquefied 74..93..1 1064 2.3,2.1 1 Flow,
Gas C high bp
Methyl methacrylate Liquid 80..62..6
1 11"\ A 7
3,9.2 1 A
Methyl vinyl ketone Liquid 1 78..94..4 1251 3 50 A
NAPHTHA, PETROLEUM Liquid 8030..30..6 2553 3 200 A,B
NAPTHA or NAPTHA 1256 50
SOLVENT 2553
Nickel carbonyl Liquid 13463..39..3 1259 6.1,3 0.1 F
in situ in situ very high,
A
BiskAssessment Mini-Guide of Substances
CoL 1
Il
Usual CAS PINIUN TDG Threshold
C"l .11
State Number Number Class
r
Table
"- 'el
& tonnes
NI1RIC ACID, FUMING or Liquid 7697-37-2 2031,2032 8,9.2 10 Fhigh
REDFUMING 8,5.1, 1
6.1,9.2
Nitric oxide Comp-Gas 10102-43-9 1660 2.3,5.1, 0.5 DlEhigh
8
in situ
Nitrogen dioxide Liquefied 10102..44..0 1067 2.3,5.1 0.5 Fhigh
Gas
Nitrosy1sulphuric acid Liquid 7782..78..7 2308 8 1 Fmed
[ Octanes Liquid 65-9 1262 3 50 A
Osmium tetroxide Solid 20816..12-0 2471 6.1 10 Flow
in situ
Oxygen Liquefied 7782..44-7 1072 2.2,5.1 10
Gas, Ref.
Liquid 1073
Oxygen does not bum, but supports the combustion of other substances, and may ignite
combustibles.
1 Pentane and pentane mixtures : Liquid 109-66-0 1265
!
3 50 A,B
Perchloryl fluoride Gas 7616-94..6 3083 2.3,5.1 0.1 Dmed
in situ in situ /Blow
Phenol Solid, 108-95-2 1671 6.1,9.2 10 A
Moltenor 2312
,.
Liquid 2821 .
Phosgene Liquid; 75-44-5 1076 2.3,8 0.01 D
Liquefied veryhigh
Gas
in situ
Phosphine Comp. Gas 7803-51-2 2199 2.3,2.1 0.5 DIE
in situ very high,
C lowbp
Phosphores, white or yellow, Solid or 7723-14-0 1381 4.2,6.1, 1 A
dry or in solution; white molten; Liquid, 9.2
amorphous or amorphous red. Molten, 2447 4.2,6.1,
9.2
Solid 1338 4.1,9.2
Phosphores oxychloride Liquid 10025-87-3 1810 1 8,9.2
A
Flow v.
Phosphorus trichloride Liquid 7719-12-2 1809 1 8,9.2 0.1 Flow
19
List of Substances Assessment Mini-Guide
Coll
Usual CAS PINIUN TDG Threshold
Substance State Number Number Class
r
..
Table
~ 'J
& Div. tonnes
Propadiene Liquefied 463-49-0 2200 2.1 10 Clow
Gas in situ A
PROPANE, and PROPANE Liquefied 74-98-6 1075 100 Clow
MIXTURES Gas 1978 10 A
Propane.ê-methyl Liquefied 75-28-5 1969 2.1 10 C lowbp,
Gas A
1 Propionaldehyde .iquid
.i ~
--
'" 10 A
Propionitrile .iquid 2404
'" c 11 1
1
1 --
n-Propylamine 107-10-8 1277 3 10 F very low
L ~
A
PROPYLENE OXIDE Liquid 75-56-9 1280 3.1,9.2 50 A,B
1
·Pyridine 1 Liquid
1 110-86-1 1282 10 A
Silicon tetrat1uoride Comp-Gas 7783-61-1 1859 2.3,8 0.5 DlEhigh
in situ
SODIUM CHLORATE Solid; Liquid 7775-09-9 1495,2428 5.1 200
10
Sodium chlorate is an oxidizing substance and will accelerate burning when involved in a
fire; it may ignite combustibles.
Stibine Comp-Gas 7803-52-3 2676 2.3,2.1 0.1 DIE
in situ very high,
C high bp
C1
T -nnll1i1
t-=
50 A
.JI. 0'
Liquid
~ .......... ~
1
SULPHURDIOXIDE Liquefied 7446-09-5 1079 2.3 100 Dhigh
Gas 0.5 IEmed
Sulphur tetrat1uoride Comp-Gas 7783-60-0 2418 2.3 0.5 DIE
in situ very high
1 C1 ...
trioxide Solid 7446-11-~
D -s ~ " " ~
~
1 1 Fhigh Il
[ .JI..
SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING 8014-95-7 1831 8,6.1, 10 Fmed
9.2 1
Sulphuryl chloride Liquid 1834
0
TETRAETHYL LEAD Liquid 78-00-2 1649 6.1,3 1 Flow
l
Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List of Substances
Coll

Usual CAS PINIUN TDG Threshold
Substance State Number Number Class
0
Table
"'- '01
& Div. tonnes
Tetrafluoroethylene Comp-Gas 116-14-3 1081 2.1 1 C high bp
in situ
Tetramethyllead Liquid 75-74-1 1649 6.1,3 50 Flow
1
Thionyl chloride Liquid
..... -. " .....
1 rmed 1
.........,. . 11
Liquid 463-71-8 2474
1
osgene
Titanium tctrachloridc . Liquid 7550-45-0 1838
1
1
TOLUENE Liquid 108-88-3 1294 3,9.2 100 A
50
Il Liquid 584-84-9 2078
11
Flow
112, 4 - Toluylenediamine Solid 95-80-7 1709 Fmed
1 Triethylamine Liquid
.....
1296 3,9.2
101
A
Trimethylamine Liquefied 75-50-3 1083 2.1,8 10 DlEmed
Gas
Trimethylchlorosilane Liquid 75-77-4 1298 3,8 10 F very low
A
Tungsten hexafluoride Liquid 7783-82-6 2196 2.3 0.5 F
in situ
Uraniumhexafluoride Solid 7783-81-5 2977,2978 7,8 1 Fhigh
7,8
Vinyl acetate
H T· _1
1301
-. ...........
50 1 A
1 .JI.
"r-
VINYL CHLORIDE Liquefied 75-01-4 1086 2.1 200 Clow
Gas 10 A,Dmed
lE low
Vinyl methyl ether Liquefied 107-25-5 1087 2.1 50 Chigh
Gas
1 Vinylidene chloride Liquid
""E'" """"
303 10 FI / A :
1 XYLENE Liquid
":l If)"

A .l.J.J,V-L.U-' !;)U/
Alphabetical List RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
1,1 -emnenvi
1,l' -Oxybis-ethane,
see Diethyl ether

see Vinylidene chloride
1,3-Butadiene
1,4-Dioxane
1-Aminoethane,
see Ethylamine
1-Chloro-butane,
see chloride
_IVD,t-"SBllU. propylamine,
see sec-Butylamine
2,4-Toluylenediamine
2,4,4-Trinlethylpentene,
see Diisobutylene
2-Amino-2-methylpropane,
see
2-Aminobutane,
see sec-Butylamine
see ethyl ketone
2-Butenal
2-Chloroethanol,
see Ethylenechlorohydrin
2-Isocyanatoethyl,
see Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate
2-1sopropoxypropane,
see Diisopropyl ether
2-Methyl-l,3-butadiene,
see Isoprene
2-Methyl-2-propenoic acid methyl ester,
see Methyl methacrylate
2-Methylbutadiene,
see Isoprene
2-Propen-1-amine,
see Allylamine
3-Aminopropene,
see Allylamine
3-Bromo-propene,
see Allyl bromide
3-Butanone,
see Methyl ethyl ketone
22
3-Chloropropene,
see chloride
ACETALDEHYDE
Acetaldehyde, chloro-
Acetanhydride,
see Acetic anhydride
Acetic aldehyde,
see ACETALDEHYDE
Acetic anhydride
Acetic chloride, .
see Acetyl chloride
Acetone
Acetonitrile
Acetoxyethane,
see Ethyl acetate
Acetyl chloride
Acetyl chloride, chloro-
Acetyl chloride, dichloro-
Acetyl chloride, trichloro-
ACETYLENE
Acrolein
Acryladlehyde,
see Acrolein
Aethylischloridum,
see Ethyl chloride
Alcide, see Chlorine dioxide
Allene, see Propadiene
Allyl alcohol
Allyl bromide
Allyl chloride
Allylamine
Allylene, see Methyl acetylene
alpha,alpha-Dichloroacetyl chloride,
see Acetyl chloride, dichloro-
alpha-Chloro-toluene,
see Benzyl chloride
AMMONIA
Ammoniumhydroxide solutions,
see Ammonia
Anaesthesia ether,
see Diethyl ether
Anthiumdioxide,
see Chlorine dioxide
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List
see bromide
Butadiène,
see 1,3-Butadiene
Butafume,
see sec-Butylamine
Butal, s e ~ Butyraldehyde
Butanal,
see Butyraldehyde
BUTANE AND BUTANE MIXTURES
see
BROMINE
.-.... •v ........................_ cyanide,
see Cyanogenbromide
Bromoethane,
see
see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
see ethyl ketone
Butene
Butenone,
see vinyl ketone
alcohol,
see Butanol
chloride
Butylene,
see Butene
Butyraldehyde
Calciumcarbide
Carbinol,
see Methanol
Carbolic acid,
see Phenol
Carbon chlorosulphide,
see Thiophosgene
Carbon disulphide
Carbon monoxide
Carbon nitride,
see Cyanogen
Carbon oxychloride,
see Phosgene
see
see NAPHTHA
.-_.lLJUI.J"-'·.... " see BENZENE
Benzyl chloride
Benzyl cyanide
Bertholite,
see CHLORINE
beta-Methylacrolein,
see 2-Butenal
Bimethyl,
see Ethane
Biphenyl,
see 1,1'-Biphenyl
Bisulphite,
see SULPHUR DIOXIDE
Boroethane,
see Diborane (6)
Boron chloride,
see Boron trichloride
Boron fluoride,
see Boron trifluoride
Boronhydride,
see Diborane (6)
see cyclohexene
see
see AntimonyIf-'_.... J L ~ .... .J!.. _ ~ .........__
A. JLJL ...."'.lI.JLJLJL'J.JLJLJ hydride,
see Stibine
J.. JLa.JlWJlJlJlV.JI.JlY pentafluoride
Antimony
see Stibine
Arsenic
see Arsenic trichloride
Arsenic chloride,
see Arsenic trichloride
Arsenic hydride,
see ARSINE
Arsenic trichloride
ARSINE
Atlacide,
see SODIUM CHLORATE
. Azabenzene,
see
Azine, see
BENZENE
23
AlphabeticalList RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
see 1,l '_Hl1nnpl"'

1
tnsutpminc acid,
see SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING
see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
see Carbon O1S111ptnae
see Acetone
...- .....'U''U' .... _ ........ _ (6)
see Diisobutylene
see PROPANE
.............-.'""'... _...... tetroxide,
see Nitrogendioxide
Dioxan, see 1,4-Dioxane
SeeXYLENE
Dimethylchloroether,
see chloromethyl ether
Dimethyldichlorosilane
Diisopropoxyphosphoryl ...................,.........-.._.
see Isofluorophate
Diisopropyl
Diisopropyloxide,
see Diisopropyl
24
see

see
see .• 1A1"AC' 111 qr\A
Chloryl anaesthetic,
see
see Styrene
Coal naphtha,
see NAPHTHA
Cobalt carbonyl
Cyanoethane,
see
Cyanogen
Cyanogen bromide
Cyanogen monobromide,
see Cyanogen
Cyanomethane,
see Acetonitrile
CYCLOHEXANE
Cyclohexane, methyl-
Cyclohexatriene,
see BENZENE
Cyclohexene
Cyclopentane
Chlorateof soda,
see SODIUM CHLORATE
CHLORINE
Chlorine rill1"'TlIrilL:h

see Dichlorodimethyl
Chloroacetaldehyde,
see
Chloroacetic acid chloride,
see Acetyl chloride, chloro-
Chloroallylene,
see
Chloroethylene,
see VINYL CHLORIDE
Chloroformyl _.........,,,..........__.
see Phosgene
Carbony1 _.........,,,........-.._.
see Phosgene
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
Elayl, see ETHYLENE
Epoxypropane,
see PROPYLENE OXIDE
Ethanal,
see ACETALDEHYDE
Ethanamine,
see Ethylamine
Ethane
Ethanethiol,
see Ethyl mercaptan
Ethanoic anhydrate,
see Acetic anhydride
Ethanol, 2-chloro-,
see Ethylene chlorohydrin
Ethanoyl chloride,
see Acetyl chloride
Ethene, see ETHYLENE
Ethenyl ethanoate,
see Vinyl acetate
Ethenylbenzene,
see Styrene
Ether, see Diethyl ether
Ethine, see ACETYLENE
Ethoxycarbonylethylene,
see Ethyl acrylate
acetate
Ethyl acrylate
Ethyl bromide
chloride
Ethyl chloroformate

see Ethyl acetate
Ethyl ethylene,
see Butene
Ethyl formate
Ethyl hydride,
see Ethane
Ethyl isocyanate
Ethyl mercaptan
Ethyl methyl ketone
Ethyl nitrile,
see Acetonitrile
Ethyl propenoate,
see Ethyl acrylate
Ethylaldehyde,
see ACETALDEHYDE
Ethylamine
ETHYLBENZENE
Ethylbenz01,
see ETHYLBENZENE
25
Alphabetical List
ETHYLENE
see Acrolein
lI-ith'ulpl'lP chloride,
see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
diamine
lH'th'ulpT1P dibromide
ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
acetic acid,
see Vinyl acetate
ETHYLENE OXIDE
Ethyne, see ACETYLENE
FUUORINE
Formaldehyde
Furan
Furfural
Gas, see GASOLINE
GASOLINE
Germane
Glycol monochlorohydrin,
see Ethylene chlorohydrin
Hexahydrobenzene,
see CYCLOHEXANE
Hexahydrotoluene,
see Cyclohexane, methyl-
Hexamethylene,
. see CYCLOHEXANE
Hexanaphthene,
see CYCLOHEXANE
Hexanaphthylene,
see Cyclohexene
Hexane
Hexone,
see Methyl isobutyl ketone
Hydrargyrum,
see MERCURY
Hydrazine
Hydrochloric acid,
see HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID
Hydrocyanic acid
Hydrocyanic ether,
see Propionitrile
Hydrofluoric acid gas,
see HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/AcID
Hydrogen
Hydrogen arsenide,
see ARSINE
Hydrogen bromide
hydride,
see METHANE
see PROPYLENE OXIDE
isobutyl ketone
Methyl isothiocyanate
Methyl magnesium bromide
Methyl mercaptan
................ '.......11.., .... cyanide,
see
........."""'......... ,.... ester
see
ester
see
ethanoate,
see acetate
ether,
see
see isobutyl ketone
Isothiocyanatomethane,
see isothiocyanate
selenide
HYDROGEN SULPHIDE
uvorosuronunc Acid,
see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE
Iodomethane,
see Methyl iodide
Iron pentacarbonyl
Isoamyl alcohol
Isobutane,
see 2-methyl-
Isobutylamine
Isobutylene
Isobutyronitrile
1sofluorophate
Isophorone diamine diisocyanate,
see Isophorone diisocyanate
Isophorone diisocyanate
HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID
HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/ACID
iodide
'il '-II..L peroxide
" ............ '''"-'' .........'.J ....,Lphosphide,
see
JLll..""IIo-'lJ.llJL'''"''. see Acetone
Ketones, see individual compound entries
..........a."iI_...,.A,A...,-. natural gases
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES
Manganese trichlorocarbonyl
Marsh gas,
see METHANE
MERCURY
Metallic mercury,
see MERCURY
Methacrylaldehyde
Methacrylic aldehyde,
see Methacrylaldehyde
Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate
Methanamine, n-methyl-,
see Dimethylamine
METHANE
Methanethiol,
see Methyl mercaptan
26
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List
see NAPHTHA
Petroleumfluid,
see GASOLINE
###BOT_TEXT###quot;_1hlnl1n()" \ is not
Nitric acid
see _.............. '-'..lL'-'fIJ.........•..................
A..11l-+1l"'"...If?L:J>.1KI dioxide
Nitrogenmonoxide,
see Nitric oxide
Nitrogenperoxide,
see Nitrogen
Nitrosonium bisulphate,
see Nitrosylsulphuric acid
Nitrosyl tnsulpnate,
see Nitrosylsulphuric acid
Nitrosylsulphuric acid
n.n-Diethylamine,
see Diethylamine
n,n-Dimethyl-methanamine,
see .I 'nmetnvlamme
n-Propylamine
n-Propylcarbinyl chloride,
see chloride
Octane
Olefiantgas,
see ETHYLENE
_.a..."'_.............. see SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING
Osmic acid,
see Osmiumtetroxide
Osmiumtetroxide
Oxalic acid dinitrile,
seeCyanogen
Oxirane, see ETHYLENE OXIDE
Oxygen
p-Dioxane,
see 1,4-Dioxane
Pentafluoroantimony,
see Antimony pentafluoride
Pentamethylene,
see Cyclopentane
Pentane pentane mixtures
Perchloryl fluoride
Perfluoroethylene,
see Tetrafluoroethylene
Petrol, see GASOLINE
lUl'ai"1r'AI,O.1I1l1t"'ln benzin,
see NAPHTHA
see Ethane
Methylthiomethane,
see Dimethyl sulphide
Methyltoluene,
see XYLENE
Molecular chlorine,
see CHLORINE
Monobromoethane,
see Ethyl bromide
Monobromomethane,
see bromide
Monochloroacetaldehyde,
see Acetaldehyde, chloro-
Monochlorodimethyl ether,
see Methyl chloromethyl
Monochlor0ethylene,
see VINYL CflLORIDE
Monochloromethane,
see chloride
Monoethylamine,
see Ethylamine
Monohydroxymethane,
see Methanol
Motor fuel antiknock mixtures,
see Manganese trichlorocarbonyl
NAPHTHA
Naphthapetroleum,
see NAPHTHA
Natural gas,
see Liquefiednatural gases
n-Butene,
see Butene
n-Butyl aldehyde,
see Butyraldehyde
n-Ethyl-ethanamine,
see Diethylamine
Nickel carbonyl
NITRIC ACID, FUMING OR RED FUMING
Methylbenzene,
see TOLUENE
see TOLUENE
Methylcyclohexane,
see Cyclohexane,
Methylene-acetone,
see Methyl vinyl
see BUTANE & BUTANE MIXTURES
27
Alphabetical List RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
hydrate,
see Phenol
hydride,
see BENZENE
Phenylacetronitrile,
see Benzyl cyanide
Phenylbenzene,
see 1, l '-Biphenyl
Phenylethane,
see Ethylbenzene
Phenylethene,
see Styrene
Phenylmethane,
see TOLUENE
Phosgene
Phosphine
Phosphorous chloride,
see Phosphorus trichloride
Phosphorous oxytrichloride,
see Phosphorus oxychloride
Phosphorus oxychloride
Phosphorus trichloride
Phosphorus trihydride,
see Phosphine
Phosphorus, white or yellow
Propanal,
see Propionaldehyde
Propane, 2-methyl-
PROPANE AND PROPANE MIXTURES
Propanone,
see Acetone
Propene oxide,
see PROPYLENE OXIDE
Propene,
see Methyl acetylene
Propenyl alcohol,
see Allyl alcohol
Propionaldehyde
Propionitrile
Propyl hydride,
see PROPANE
Propylamine,
see n-Propylamine
Propylcarbinol,
seeButanol
PROPYLENE OXIDE
Propylic aldehyde,
see Propionaldehyde
28
see
see
see 1,3-Butadiene
Quicksilver,
see MERCURY
sec-Butylamine
Siliconfluoride,
see Silicon+a+lI·n+l"UlIA,p<'llrla
Silicontetrafluoride
SODIUM CHLORATE
Stibine
Styrene
Sulforous oxide,
see SULPHUR DIOXIDE
Sulphan,
see Sulphurtrioxide
Sulphinyl chloride,
see Thionyl chloride
Sulphonyl chloride,
see Sulphurylchloride
Sulphur chloride Oxide,
see Thionyl chloride
Sulphur dichloride
SULPHUR DIOXIDE
Sulphurtetrafluoride
Sulphurtrioxide
Sulphuretted hydrogen,
see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE
SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING
Sulphuricacid (non-fuming) is not included
the Lists
Sulphuric anhydride,
see Sulphur trioxide
Sulphuric chlorohydrin,
see Chlorosulphonic acid
Sulphuricoxide,
see Sulphurtrioxide
Sulphuric oxychloride,
see Sulphuryl chloride
Sulphurousanhydride,
see SULPHUR DIOXIDE
Sulphuryl chloride
see Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate
tert-Butylamine
TETRAETHYL LEAD
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
Tetraethylplumbane,
see TETRAETHYL LEAD
Tetraethylplumbium,
see TETRAETHYL LEAD
Tetrafluoroethylene
Tetrafluoro-silane,
see Silicontetrafluoride
Tetrafluorosulphurane,
see Sulphur tetrafluoride
Tetramethyllead
Tetramethylplumbane,
see Tetramethyllead
Thioethyl alcohol,
see Ethyl mercaptan
Thiomethanol,
see Methyl mercaptan
Thionyl chloride
Thiophosgene
'rnamum chloride,
see Titaniumtetrachloride
Titaniumtetrachloride
TOLUENE
Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate
Toluene diamine,
see 2,4-Toluylenediamine
Trichloroacetic acid chloride,
see Acetyl chloride, trichloro-
Trichloro-borane,
see Boron trichloride
Trichloronitromethane,
see Chloropicrin
Trichlorophosphine,
see Phosphorus trichloride
29
Triethylamine
Trifluoro-borane,
see Boron trifluoride
Trimethylamine
Trimethylaminomethane,
see teI1:-HlltyJlamlme
Trimethylchlorosilane
Trimethylene,
see Cyclopropane
Tungsten fluoride,
see Tungstenhexafluoride
Tungstenhexafluoride
Uranium hexafluoride
Vinyl acetate
VINYL CHLORIDE
Vinyl methyl ketone,
see Methyl vinyl ketone
Vinyl methyl ether
Vinylcarbinol,
see Allyl alcohol
Vinylethylene,
see 1,3-Butadiene
Vinylidene chloride
Vinylidene dichloride,
see Vinylidene chloride
Wood alcohol,
see Methanol
Wood ether,
see Dimethyl ether
Xenene',
see 1, l '-Biphenyl
XYLENE
Alphabetical List
Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide
1
5m
8m
A be restrictedby the dike whichshould surrounda large container of flammable
represent typical dike distances; a risk assessment should use the actual distance to the
nllll I"\-n+"Il+-BaC'l of
of the substances are referred to this also
a flash-fire nn+a-n+lI #} D
so are alsoreferred to B.
w
o
ID ID +30m
.J!iIL.4. ....JlIUi'.JIL.;I.JIL.;IB
w
~
trequenciesof BLEVEs (Boiling
events
Explosions) or other catastrophic releases are
not significantly increasethese separationdistances.
Oxygen, usuallystored as a liquefied gas, is not nammaore,
release of OXV1!en thus can create a fire hazard.
it enhances a
Recommended Risk-based Seoaration Distances
Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide
/
Quantity (tonnes)
IA,"-,.1.UIo3.1.V.. U. zone 'J'V AU... U ..AA
Hazard J J n ~ .. _nr
W
l'V
1 1 Quantity (m")
Exclusion zone
Extreme
w
w
Recommended Risk-based Distances
Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide
.AIII...L.IIil\...Ill.P.JIIIj.J.JIIIj.JF
are ' l ' U ' l l l l ' l h l ~
or are assumee to
Description
Analysis
?
l-.lv.lual-.lv.u ~ . l . l V U . . l U be encouraged \..u...a."... H.&d;;..u..'VU. ... management process
Risk Management
consequence information
on thosewho may
sorne are ..I...I...I...I.IJ'-'UV'-'l- ..
voluntary risks toan acceptable level,
imposed risks ..
nature
sorne are
h.n. ...,.n..... or activities to
or no control or over
there are levels of risk that accept other levels that they not.. Adjusting
risk levels often implies costs (of risk VU.'....VILoJl'-'..I.Jl activities) may be by persons
those who bear the risk, just as the benefits activity are often to persons other
those who bear the risks.. The levels of costs benefits, as as bears or receives
affect the acceptability of risk..
Whether we judge a risk to small or large, acceptable or unacceptable, depends on many factors ..
Voluntary risks are those we willingly assume because we perceive sorne pleasure or benefit, e.. g.. ,
smoking, or sky-diving.. Involuntary risks are imposed on people by decisions made by others or by
occurrences, e.. g., second-hand smoke, or violent storms.. A recently-constructed hazardous
facility is often seen as imposing an involuntary risk on someone already living nearby, but it might
be seen as a voluntary risk if someone chooses to live near an existing facility provided that the person
is aware of the risks before moving there.. The risk acceptability criteria are selected for cases
of involuntary risk such those as due to hazardous facilities.. They are intended to be used as
safety guidelines, along with economie socio-political considerations in making a decision.. The
__............. ..., ..................'...... process risk analysis risk evaluation is usually called assessment..
Once the risks are judged to be acceptable, then further risk control measures, or system changes,
not be required.. However, in this case it is essential to develop programs to monitor the situation so
that ,it does not deteriorate over a period of time. Safety are among the tools used for this
purpose, it is judged that further safety improvements are required, risk control options introducing
system 'modifications be examined,
control answers the question: can he to reduce risks? can be reduced by
decreasing the likelihood of hazardous events or by lessening the severity of the potential
consequences .. Risk control measures can be broadly classified into:
• process safety management, which includes technological measures, such as design
changes, inventory reduction, and isolation, and management measures, such as inspection,
maintenance, training and practices,
land-use restrictions, and
incident management ..
Readers are referred to the publications Process Safety raanaeemeni
1V1L.4-/f;1f;fl,If;Â and the MIACC-CSA publication CSA Z731: ..ILl (V\AI'/VlIfUf;1
information..
Use
riannine for more
37
a
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
uses.
H n ' ~ n r r ! J r n J J . ~ ;)U/)Istœlces Bisk Assessment..o a Mini-Guide
an
exposed to a _.................. _.......L .........
assumption
Industrial Accidents of Canada
265 Carling Avenue, Suite 600, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S 2E1
Tel: 613-232-4435 Fax: 613-232-4915

Major Industrial Accidents Council of Canada Conseil canadien des accidents majeurs

Federal Seetor
4'1'11'"11/'1111

H·lIl1~Ql

Canada

Emergency Canada Enviromnent Canada Health Canada Industry Canada Government Services Canada Transport Canada
Provincial Sector

Industrial Sector CanadianAssociation of PetroleumProducers Canadian Energy Association CanadianFertilizer Institute Canadian PetroleumProducts Institute Association of Canada Railway Association of Canada The CanadianChemicalProducers' Association
Non.. Governmental Sector

Government of Alberta Government of New Brunswick Government of Ontario
Ml1niG~ip(lJ

CanadianFederationof Labour Canadian Labour Congress . CanadianStandards Association
Ke~~onal

Sector

and Local

.A.V..IIIL...IIiI.LA'-,"-'loJ'

CanadianAssociation of Fire Chiefs CanadianConfederation of Ambulance Service Associations Federationof CanadianMunicipalities Ontario Association of Fire Chiefs
................ '-'_,............

Alberta Saskatchewan MontrealUrban Community

_'J'-''''''_JL.~~1WL'-'''.''''''1

U,U'-'IIJ\.JlVJLJL

consultation, partners standards, tools, for, to major industrial accidents involving hazardous to prevent, of these measures by jurisdictions is to achieve applying response programs Canada. also fosters exchange of information, \IooILJL.IL.>J_,...,.JL.... workshops, meetings and conferences.

For more information on assessment of industrial sites containing hazardous substances warranting special attention, on MIACC or 'on publications available through MIACC, please contact: MIACC 265 Carling Ave., Suite 600 ~l.4l... Ontario (613)232-4435, Fax: (613)232-4915
....., ......u, 'IV

Major Industrial Accidents Council of Canada 1994 (pending) No. 1-895858-06-2
The proposed application of fuis publication is stated in the section entitled Overview ofMIAcc Risk AssessmentProducts. The user is advised that neither MIACe nor the organizations nor persons involved in producing this publication warrant or represent, expressly or implicitly, the correctness or accuracy of the information presented herein. This publication is intended to be general guidance and not advice for specifie situations. It remains the responsibility of the user of the publication to determine its suitability for the particular applicationintended, to use the information provided in the publication in a manner appropriate to that application, and to consult with qualified professionals as necessary, Notwithstanding the above , or any other provisions in this publication or any applicable statutory provisions, MIACC, the organizations, or the persons involved in producing this publication shall not be liable to the user for special or consequential damages arising directly or indirectly from the application of this publication.

Printed in Canada

nararaous Substances RiskAssessment.. . a Mini-Guide

..III!L.L.m......P.A.4J!&.i4

OF CONTENTS

............................................................................................

VI

1.

. ....... 1

.................................................................... 3

........................................................................ 5

.Jl.b.JI~".Jl..Jl."""~"",b.JI

7

...................................................................................... 35

........................................................................ 39

......4 .......... 36 ii ...Hazardous Substances BiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide OF ................

... .. ... ...1t"\rlllllC'1 . .. . 1 n l Activities Where L-Snl"7n?Orl. a Mini-Guide TABLES 1 2 3 4 .. . ... . ... 34 ... .Hazardous Substances Risk Assessment....""" lL .. .·. . . . . . .n.. 2 8 9 Characteristics List of Hazardous Substances Alphabetical of Hazardous Substances .. . ... . ... IU' 30 30 C Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances Liquefied Flammable Gases (Flash-fire Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for Toxic Gases Liquefied by Compression (Toxic Gas Cloud Hazard) Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for Toxic Gases Liquefied by Cooling (Toxic Gas Cloud 31 32 . 33 F Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for Toxic Liquids (Toxic Gas Cloud Hazard to Evaporation) . ..... ... 22 Recommended Risk Based Separation Distances for Flammable Liquids (Pool-fire Hazard) B Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances ~ e Liquids (Flash-fire .lIl1C'1 Substances ... . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . ..

.-.. remaining sites. numbers ..ar~rous Substances Bisk Assessmeni: a Mini-Guide 1h~"I"~1t"ArinlllllC'l substances amounts .JL.. many cases this will be sufficient to give an of associated iv . acute risks accident.. .. may 1C'l1nl"'\·". usual physical state.. .. a assessment and some calculated results that allow initial screening assessments to be range of simple situations.. Priority should given to amounts amounts (above the threshold quantities) of substances on substances above quantities of List 2. _ ..Hœr. identification number lUnited goods class and division numbers.. these same substances List 3.. provides results of tables of separation distances equivalent to specified risk values..... Using these results a preliminary assessment of the risk can be made having to calculations.. a a substance are above assessment a site or activity be management sites large assessment threshold quantity.OU:::h1t" Lists give the name substance.. calculated for a range of conditions.JL... ..''''''. The provides a self-contained to basic concepts risk ....

Jl.lLJL'bo"-.Il.·.. Guidelines are not to emergency response planning as such.... 'lIo<.. This is not to say that in the fullness of time..... The Lists. JL.Jl. . a site assessment not be undertaken..n~.. v .."'''''''..Hazardous Substances Bisk Assessment: a Mini....lL .u .. ..." ... it does not constitute a risk of a major industrial nature.. risk assessment products described above are meant users dealing problems which more comprehensive are not to review and understand capabilities and these relevant product... the software of risk assessment procedures more convenient. _ .. the circumstances outside the scope of these screening methods.....lL....Jl..""1IlIlI""..A.II. analyst for more detailed treatment. .. Guide to r1It:l1~'1I:l1It:1br1l investigation of user must have calculations to determine ~?O. ....u assessment can be a complicated process.. ""1IJ"""'U"...n. products are increasing sophistication..'-4l- IoI.....JLlIJ'JL..orllllll?O~:::hlC'l lIni-.lL . or is present ata site in a quantity less than the threshold quantity show in List 2.lL to implement the risk assessment procedure contained in the methodology results are identical to the Guidelines. _ .o."..Jl...Jl._'Ioo.IL.. particularly not for the calculation of evacuation distances event of a chemical release.lL...IL"J-.OC'l . _1IJ .... many situations are sufficient.'-4l-'''''''-4l- MIACC believes that if a hazardous substance is not included either 1 or 2.llnt~S the ~?Or ~"TJ'lIJf"11O' methodology described the process being considered must perform .?01I1r·U''Il+1I~n risk assessment concepts lIUllae.. _-....lL ...

.4A"'AA . Daggupaty.I.lL.lL. Canada Norman Chemical Canada Novacor Chemicals Inc.lL_lI...II.lRP acknowledges valuable have participated the activities development of U'YU'U'J.JL.. Environment Canada T..'1 .J'... to Ertugrul Wayne Bissett.II.II...4. Duncan Ellison.... Safety Services Nigel Hyatt..JI.JI. .. ...lL. Urban Community Geoffrey Granville."-"II.. .1I. ..I. Shell Canada ~lIIn.... Environment Canada '-''''-IJ..""".lL''' • 11LJ11IIh"1lO°1t-.U.... Syncrude Canada Jean-Paul Lacoursière. Canada Shrives. Stone & Webster Canada Kelly.II... University of Western Stephen Ramsay. . Environment Canada Pierre Montreal Urban S.. Environment Canada André Gagnon.Il years..1t-1t-""""""TV EnviroTech Holmes.Hazardous Substances BiskAssessment: a 1'V11TAtl"" TJrl.ILIUa .&.JL.Il. Lacoursière & Associates Mancuso.II.

.. or smaller municipalities having only one or two such sites their boundaries....... handling. .. 4 contains the ready-reference distances individual hazardous substances. growing concern has been expressed general in recent years over those and commercial activities that involve ""~".. .~r"l of risk management. 5 1I"'II.. processing.. __'. may weIl able to resolve their concerns or by reference to this which provides a ready reference more than common -. . recommended the RiskAssessment Municipalities has the calculation of the separation distances 1 ...'r7.. . by nature of sorne risk to general in the area... While the methodology out in the of great utility to those may have to evaluate a of hazardous facilities covering a variety hazardous substances. many commercial activities. " " . . ... substances are not only associated with industrial activities (i..... . .... ".I . . . .. . !L.. l. Such activities may also present to the environment .... storage or of chemicals. ~"..e... as accidents involving such chemicals have occurred and widely reported.... . +_11 ..lL4Jl Accidents Council of Canada for Municipalities which discusses and recommends a methodology to be followed. .. ... Chapter 2 of this introduces concept of approach to risk assessment. ... "IoJJL. . . .. .. "". ""~'''''~''JL'''''''''''' of chemicals) are stored . JL.. ... . .. . . commercialchemicals...rlIL'lln .. indicating a separation distance to the substance question for quantities typically or commercial sites. .JLUIIJ'UfJL .. .. ... ~ activities hazardous substances may be 1...I . .nazoraous Substances Risk Assessment: a Mini-Guide industrial and commercial activities.JL_JL.lILJL"""'~-'_"""l. . smaller or commercial activities..... ...

A.ll'lli'..1o.. .A.A.A.A.. . . .~. -. loJ gas government facilities hockey hotels leather tanning facilities machine shops manufacturing facilities marine terminaIs medical labs mining operations non-destructive testing companies nuclear facilities 2 .ll. _.A. .J' compressed gas dealers compressed gas facilities construction sites pharmacological ~ -.._ _J 1oJ ~ ._.ll. ".ll..ll1lJ'''4._I"'.. ...~processes printing lines sidings yards refineries schools sewage facilities ship facilities storage facilities swimming tank farms textile plants trucking corridors (routes) trucking _ truck stops universities waste storage ""__'JL. JL_...ll. plastic JL. _.A.''' yeast JII _ . .JL_1oJ waste treatment facilities waterfront facilities warehouses water slides and parks water treatment facilities welding shops wood preservative _~"''''...Introduction Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide servicing barges (marine) chemical colleges """"-'.JL__"'.-.. . . __"".JL.

IL. is basis of many criteria unacceptable or 'It"""B~~'9"nhBo risk criteria are a factor to 100 lies between unacceptable acceptable levels. nnn'ô~+nhllI1l1hr7 n'9"lI'1t".Basic Concepts the activity is are based on consideration of fatality any a lives or works near a facility. Explosive materials in the context of the MIACC Lists excludes explosives but includes materials which may explode or cause an explosion resulting in over-compression. increase of 1 % or less a specifie hazardous activity. whichmeans materials or products manufactured for the express purpose of producing an explosion or pyrotechnie effect and regulatedunder the Explosives Act. reduction is Chapter 5).n. existing of everyday life. usually diminishes "J"M.rIJ"J""lIH"'"'Ia.Jl"'-4. rtôC'l1l1l"'nhlo are based on evaluated ~.O'9"lIn unacceptable risks.Jl'tJ'U. 3 . Inflammable bas the same meaning. 2 Explosive materials is not synonymous with explosives. risk risk levels is achieved by taking risk control measures (see "tolerable" or "acceptable" judgement of risks means and eosts no matter are calculated or by 1 llnl~""'''''''o'1'''·nhlô the benefits risk level The termjlammable is used in thistextto signify a substance that will ignite and bum.

4 .

. .... . as a toxic cloud)... . by release of toxic liquefied gases.. one consider the .o on situation.. .... J1Ur . along with extensions of detail. the meantime....... Canada.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Methodology . more practical approach.. This work require several years to complete. provide more separation distances calculated same toxic gas by compression than adequate separation.'... lOo...i I''' .n.. approach ... Work is way to a revised version expand to these... reflected in terms of allowable land-uses for specified levels of a guideline for allowable societal one statement.000. version of the approach rests on assumptions and approximations which disallow its use considering some hazardous substances some events...... considered unacceptable. explosive materials.. the present version is considered sufficiently accurate to be of assistance to those who face the need to assess the risks posed by tires by flammable and flammable gases. The approach is not applicable to toxic solids powdered form (which become.....J1111'l' acceptable risk level is area this in-between area is n-or\O?"G"Cb been taken to 1J'OOrll'lIl1nO 1r..rr U U. providing a general risk assessment applicable to most facilities or sites holding hazardous materials. this of the results such assessments 5 . carry out a detailed risk assessment specifie hazardous site.. exclusion zone and unrestricted land-use zone 'distances substances and inventory quantities are presented reference tables in Chapter . It is also not directly applicable to toxic compressed gases.. An fatality risk of 1 10. of less 1 1. and use of this risk contour is not restricted by presence of the facility.. and by the evaporation volatile toxic liquids..000 is negligible. .1 These criteria are risk.7 "l~"lon1t""lhU... airborne. possible events at site combine the results to give overall risk Assessment Guidelines and demonstrates a contours. developed acceptability criteria presented Figure 2.. . or flammable compressed gases..U.000 (or 10-4) presence a facility is considered unacceptable for a member of general area defined by this contour is the exclusion zone. v~~~~~~~"~ TIaeasures risk is often expressed annual (or ~1h"l"~O taken as a tolerable level.. _ .»-. " " " " " ' _ Risk Assessment inaaeunes by any quantity of a substance...0II1J'OnhUo rilO1l"'01l4ln"1l"'... ...

. The separation distance appropriate to each single container be determined several containers same substance or several.. greatest distance can taken as separation distance site as a distance cannot be met to undertake a risk assessment facility..~'''''. if one of these proves to predominating risk.4. any one of these in the usual way.". can used to calculate an approximate acceptable value the the appropriate separation distance a site with several containers.Il.Il... whether distances is more than twice as great as each and every one others.Il. .Il..'''''~ separation the user is to engage and smaller assessment present 6 .Il. The however.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide to exist from quantity of substance ' .Il.a.Il.Il. mitigating factors or conditions are not accounted recommended separation distances may result.~''-''..

all in alphabetical order. . liquefied flammable gases is further divided into two subgroups. . . . __ on by to resolve the uncertainty. . or to an accident or destruction. flood. .. . storm. tr'lnn.. _ 0 . and further _-.Jl. ... depending on their hazardous characteristics. powdered toxic solids. _. The group of outlined Table 2 of fuis Mini-Guide.. making decisions regarding use... .Jl'-4~v ""'~ to the best judgement possible at this time. . 7 . .. . ....lIliOrD to any estimation approach).. . rII01rYOIA"'1I"'lIlL:. . The groups of toxic substances are also subdivided.. decisions have to be distances next time with the present state of knowledge.. . Nevertheless. particular models used here. or explosive materials are not covered.. . . . he aware of these actual risk assessment methodology deals the likelihood and consequences of accidents or a facility or its related operations. . . c _ _ .Jl""'~ assessment is applicable are given together in Table 3 of this This Table includes subgroup designation of each substance. .. ""'~lo. . Compressed flammable gases which are not .a. ~'~u/}stances and Hazardous substances from the Lists of Substances (MIAee List 1 and List 2) to which the present . are outlined v""'. 2.llrll are a number of limitations to the results can be as a guide user of or situations being assessed may be significantly these guides. are to on an assessment measures can be _ _ _ 11-. RiskAssessment Guidelines forMunicipaltties and assigns substances to groups. .llC'l v ". . The an earthquake..UJ. according to a hazard rating combining measures of toxicity and volatility.4-v ....Jl. of substances having higher or boilingpoints. . Table 4 repeats this list of hazardous substances along names.. 1-I/'"I''"7/'"11t''/ln. Nevertheless.. UJ used may engender or over-estimates of safe separation distances. . ... and cannot be included calculation. ... . which is intended for general use .Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Classification ofSubstances contours users for a """''''''''''''_'110 or discontinuous use. . is often specifie to which could damage the facility..

. some substances which are toxic and flammable. and the "unrestricted land use zone" is defined as the zone an individual risk contour of 10-6.V. whichever is more to circumstances. one for each Group. Most present a through aquatic toxicity and impact on aquatic ecosystem food chains. a threshold quantity the quantity of a substance at the facility or site consideration is this from an accident is t". does not mean the site presents no risk at rather that circumstances assessment of such sites can in absence of other considerations such as a history of spills or accidents at the site.substances.... 8 .JL .JI. The user should select the greatest ofthe separation distances read several tables. consideration risk assessments nature presented These .... show suggested separation distances for common quantities of hazardous substances which may be found various facilities.Classification ofSubstances RiskAssessment Mini-Guide toxic cloud vaporation) 3) is not the 3. some hazards such as biological or radiation hazards .UU. for instance. Some substances present more than one hazard.. .II. "-'JLJLJL. while they may cause off-site injuries..Jl.ll.II.A~1t'"""h. so that user beaware of the hazards possible. a reference is given 3 to every lettered table of separation distances that could apply. based upon the risk acceptability criteria. are very less to an acute to the public...a and a risk assessment is not immediately necessary.n.JLJL. The"exclusion zone" is defined as the zone an risk contour of 10-4. Note that quantities are given at heads of these tables either tonnes or metres. For such substances.. The risk measure used in these criteria is the increased individual risk of fatality (in any one year) due to the given type of hazard for an individual exposed to the risk source.V lettered tables which follow this chapter.

."ftUVA... A._"""""". . A....A.. and A .....A.. Lists are intended to be reviewed on a CUITent with commercial and 1I.... "l_~JLJL_"""'. emergency response."-J'.. _ _ Substances IJ. substances not _..."" rravaranns tnaustruu Acuvuies. Canada were eliminated the Lists... as basis the areas of toxicology.rilrlln11-1I"'1In IiI-In'F7n1/G'/fI/ll7aC' basis changes to keep Any comments concerning the .UVIL.. .JL_~ assigned to different user should select one to compressed gases are not specifically covered same gases compressed to be larger than necessary... A. 9 .A.J who had expertise enforcement..... rtrrraranus Substances were developed by members of Organization of EeE Seveso were developed considering those used in Canadian experience. identifying ranking sites at which handling of substances takes from perspective of safety risks...II.."""1I'.... c .Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List ofSubstances Toxic gases _A.A.JL-' This Substances) Guuieunes is applicable.JL_'-'II-. J L _ A . .JL.. health and safety.. v .

and any beginning with 9 is a North American number. to indicate the substance is usually found as an intermediate in a chemical system. to indicate the substance is prohibited for transport bulk.a... The phrase situ appears in Column 5.a. Division 2 (2. assigned by the United Nations or used only in America.. _ .a..List ofSubstances Risk Assessment Mini-Guide '-"""-J'.1..a. 2 usual physicalstate(s) of the substance.... numbering system is based on chemical 'structure.a. The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations class and division for each substance. with the Class..2) Class 2. not as a commodity.Jl. 4 "-''-'.IL.. Substances..a..... Chemical Abstract Service number assigned to the substance by the American Chemical Society..a.. ..1 .a.Illb4..a..... or completely prohibited for transport. JL 3 _ _ .a.a.....6) Class 2..~'V.....1) Class 2. 1 name of hazardous lJu..4. phrase situ appears in Column 2. the.. Division 1 (2. and so is probably made at the industrial site where it is used. or is used in small quantities.III.a.. are substances catastrophic events..a.'UJV&...a.a... Sorne substances fall into more than one class and division.a.J1. Divisions 1 to 6 (1.3) Explosives ~ 1 ~ ...Jl.. .I.. II-'A.. Ib4.a.. These are from 2. primary class appears first in Column 5.._....JL. .. the physical state.. When this is the case..._ . 5 Class and Divis. product identification number for the substance. "-''-'... The classes are: _ _ ..\..on Class 1.ll.a. Any beginning with 0 identifies an explosive. Flammable Gases Other Gases Toxic Gases . Hazardous Substances. others are UN numbers. names of hazardous substances which have the potential to cause acute events but it are not priority substances.. Division 3 (2...

the thresholds defining these larger quantities are . Division2 (6.. threshold quantity is given in tonnes 000 kg).given print....:...1) Flammable Solids Spontaneously Combustible Materials Water-reactive Materials Oxidizing Substances OrganicPeroxides Poisonous Substances Infectious Substances Radioactive Materials Corrosive Materials Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods Environmentally Hazardous Substances ! r:'!<>~~ 1 Class 1 4. Division2 (5... Division 2 (9. reference tables of separation distances.2) _Jl~II..2) 1 Class 7 (7) 1 Class 8 (8) s. Division 1 (5.. ..II.. Division 1 (9....ILJLJL _.. 6 recommended threshold quantity.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List ofSubstances Class and Division ) Flammabl .. Division 1 (6.1) Class 5.4. .1) 1 c. Division 2 (4. Division 1 (4. These tables are: C"I.2) Class 6.. an assessment of risk should be carried out. should be given to the assessment of sites which hold large quantities of List 1 hazardous substances.. .... .IUL...2) Division 3 (4.. _Jl. 5. this quantity is met or exceeded at a site.3) 1 Class 4..lI.1) 1 1 Class 6..JLJL..4....IULJL 7 A Flammable liquids (pool fire hazard) Flammable 1· B C s (flash fire hazard) Liquefied flammable gases Toxie gases liquefied by compression Toxie gases liquefied by eooling 1 Toxie liquids D E F Il ..

1 in situ 2.1 6.5.1 8 0.3.94-5 10210-68-1 1754 1 0.1 in situ 0.B A A .B C lowbp.9.8 in situ 3. 2.1 in situ 2.2 1 200 50 50 50 50 10 CYCLOHEXANE Liquid 110-82-7 1145 A Cyclohexane.3. 19287-45-7 1911 0.1 in situ A A 1 Liquid Liquid Liquefied A. Fhigh 6.2.3.1 Chlorosulphonic acid Cobalt carbonyl Liquid Solid in situ Liquefied 7790 . methylCyclohexene Cyclopentane Liquid 108-87-2 110-83-8 287-92-3 75-19-4 1 2296 2256 1146 1027 1 3 3 3 2.1 1 Il Threshold' ("'- Substance ..5 6.1 D/Ehigh... 'eT Table tonnes 0.1 Fmed F very high D very high /Ehigh Fmed Cyanogen 460-19-5 1026 Gas Cyanogen bromide Solid 506-68-3 1889 2..2..1 i Gas Dichlorodimethyl ether Liquid 542-88-1 2249 DIE veryhigh..List of Substances Risk Assessment /'II'f11111J"f111 .III'yflJ/1I8J/U Coll Usual State CAS Number PINIUN Number ~ TDG Class & Div.2 1 1 Diethylamine Diethyl ether Diisobutylene Diisopropylether Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid 109-89-7 60-29-7 25167-70-8 108-20-3 1154 1155 2050 1159 3 3 3 10 50 50 50 A A.1 in situ .3. C lowbp . Clow bp D/Ehigh Carbonyl sulphide Comp-Gas in situ Liquefied 463-58-1 2204 CHLORINE 7782-50-5 1017 Gas Chlorine dioxide Gas in situ Liquid 76-06-2 1580.1. 1583 in situ 1 F veryhigh Flow Chloropicrin 6.2.. A Cyclopropane Gas Diborane (6) Comp.

Liquid Ref.....6.A A Flow.1 1 D very high IEhigh.78.84...0 75.1 A.3 109.7 1 100 10 ETHYLENE 74-85.1 1038 1962 100 10 C lowbp.. 96..A Flow.3 75.1 3 3 2.93.1 10 3.3 1032 D/Emed.....2 10 1 10 10 1 Liquid Comp.3 3 3.1..1 6.94.1 3 3 3..4 75.1 74..1.6 1160 1162 1033 3. A Ethylene chlorohydrin 107-07r3 1135 6.00.4 109.9.88.4 1173 1917 1175 1000 1 A A A 200 50 10 Ethyl bromide Liquid 74.. Flow C high bp.B.3 i 1891 6.9.8 2...1 CAS Number PIN/UN Number J State TDG Class & Div.08-1 78.91.Flow Fmed..1 10 1 50 1 1 541 .5 100.10...5 115.04. Chigh A B..3 75. A Dimethyl sulphide 1..2 1 50 0.0 1164 1165 1035 1961 3 3 2.2 2...8 Substance Threshold r"'-.. anhydrous Liquefied Gas 124..78....6 140.41..4.1.41..liquid Gas Under Pressure Liquid 1037 1182 1190 2481 2363 1193 1036 2270 1 2. A Fmed.. tonnes 10 Table Dimethylamine.1 1 w ...40.90. Gas..9. solutions Dimethyldichlorosilane Dimethyl ether i Liquid Liquid Liquefied Gas 124.8 3.A Dimethylamine.. 2.A Flow.D ioxane Ethane & Ethane mixtures Liquid 75.3 123.A A D/Elow Ethyl chloride Ethyl chloroformate Ethyl formate Ethyl isocyanate Ethyl mercaptan Ethyl methyl ketone Ethylamine or Ethylamine solutions Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid Comp.40..18.. Gas Ref.1 2. 1 Ethyl acetate Ethyl acrylate ETHYLBENZENE Liquid Liquid Liquid 141. Liq..Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide List of Substances Col.A A ·C lowbp.

5 Hydrogen 1333-74-0 2.1 in situ 200 50 10 A.3.B C low bp.3.6.22Q9 2. or liquefied gas Liquefied gas/liquid Liquefied Gas/Liquid Liquefied Gas/Liquid 74-90-8 1051 1613 1049 1966 1048 1788 2186 1789 1052 1790 6.2.2 10 1 1 DIE veryhigh Dhigh IEmed. 9.1 1 C lowbp Hydrogen bromide 10035-10-6 2. A FLUORINE Formaldehyde 1045 50-00-0 1198.9.2 8.1.6. A GASOLINE Gennane Liquid Liquefied gas 86290-81-5 7782-65-2 1203 2192 3 2.2 1 DlEhigh HYDROGEN 7647-01-0 50 10 DlEhigh CHLORIDE/ACID HYDROGEN FLUüRIDE/ACID 7664-39-3 50 10 DlEmed .1.1.8 50 10 A Fverylow A Fhigh Hydrocyanic acid Liquefied gas/liquid Comp.6.1 8.5.8.1.List of Substances Assessment Mini-Guide Coll Substance e ne dibromide ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE Liquid 107-06-2 1184 3.1 in situ 3. 9.9.2030 3.Flow ETHYLENE OXIDE Liquid: Gas Under Pressure Gas 75-21-8 1040 50 10 DlEmed.8 in situ 2. DIE veryhigh A Heptane Liquid 142-82-5 1206 3 50 Hexane Hydrazine Liquid Liquid 110-54-3 302-01-2 2029.1 20Q.2 0.6. 50 A.9.3.4 8.2 2.

..3 MERCURY 7439 ..3 0.1 100 1 2396 .0 55.5 2202 2..4 4098 ....07.6 2809 8 in situ 3.84.8 Threshold Table tonnes 1 DlEhigh 2197 1787 2984.1 in situ 0...2 2.2014 20'15 Hydrogen peroxide 7722 .11.7 1075 2.9 2284 2290 1218 2..1..14.5 463...71..8 in situ 5.79..85.3.3 1649 6.3..06. 2...1 100 10 1 12108 .85.Risk AssessmentMini-Guide List of Substances CoL 1 Substance Hydrogen iodide Usual State Liquefied gas/liquid Liquid CAS Number 10034 ..91.97. it may ignite combustibles.82.13.6 1994 6..1 10 Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizing substance and will accelerate buming when involved in a fire. A C lowbp.4 DIE veryhigh Liquefied natural gases 8006 ..1.51.1 Liquid Ketene Liquefied Gas in situ Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas Liquid in situ Liquid 78..7 1055 Isobutyronitrile Isofluorophate one diisocyanate Liquid Liquid 78.40.. A F veryhigh Fmed LIQUEFIED PE1ROLEUM GASES Manganese trichlorocarbonyl 68476. Clow HYDROGEN SULPHIDE Gas/Liquid Under Pressure Liquid in situ Liquid 7783 ..1 10 1 Iron pentacarbonyl 13463 .2. Hydrogen selenide Liquefied gas 7783 .1 10 C lowbp..2.4 1053 2.2 PINIUN Number TDG Class & Div...3.5 DIE extreme.6.1 in situ 1 amine Isobutylene Liquid 115....

.94.87..1 6..B Methyl mercaptan 74.61.6 1064 1 A 2.A Liquefied Gas...6 1251 2553 1256 2553 1259 200 50 Liquid in situ 13463.~'~J tonnes ~ Table Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate lVIETHANE Liquid 30674 .2 3 3 1 1 50 Flow.3 1919 1062 1063 1239 1 74.83.80.39....1.....1 4.3.2 107.A A.1 F very high..30.1 D _" _" " 1230 1231 1060 1 ". Ref.. A . C high bp A A A...1 3...1 75.List of Substances Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide CoL 1 " Substance Usual State CAS Number PINIUN Number TDG Class & Div.1 2.6.3.3 3 6..16... 11 ~~/~ 1000 10 1 0.iquid Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid 1 74.. acrylate Methyl bromide 67.2.3 6...3 Methyl chloride 1 1 50 1 50 1 10 Dhigh /Emed Fmed.3 Methyl magnesium bromide in ethyl ether Liquid Solution in situ Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid Liquid A.1 3 2.7 74. PETROLEUM NAPTHA or NAPTHA SOLVENT Nickel carbonyl 11"\ 7 1 78...99.93. 556.8 2478 1971 1972 3.62...5 A A C lowbp. A A D/Ehigh ..3 2..3 in situ 0.4 8030.6.9 74.B Methyl methacrylate Methyl vinyl ketone NAPHTHA.A Methylchloromethylether 01 1 1243 1 Methyl iodide Methyl isobutyl ketone Methyl isothiocyanate 1 74-88-4 1 2644 1245 2477 1928 1 ~ Solid or Liquid 108..82.. Liquid Liquid 1 100 10 C lowbp.31.1 1 3 3.1 80.30.7 ~3 2....B Fmed A Fmed. A Methanol Methyl acetate Methyl acetylene and Propadiene mixtures .1.3 107.9.56. Threshold r .1 1 Fmed.1 1 (lC .

Solid or Liquid.44-7 1072 1073 10 Oxygen does not bum. Flow Flow 0. dry or in solution.3. white molten. 1 Pentane and pentane mixtures Perchloryl fluoride : Liquid Gas in situ Solid. 9.9..2.1.2.9.6.2 4.3.2 4.5 Fhigh Nitrosy1sulphuric acid [ Octanes Osmium tetroxide 7782.6 1265 3083 ! 3 2.Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide of Substances CoL 1 Il Usual State CAS Number C"l .5.2.2032 Nitric oxide Comp-Gas 10102-43-9 1660 0. amorphous or amorphous red.1 19 .1. FUMING or REDFUMING Liquid 7697-37-2 2031.. Ref. 6.0 1067 0.1 A. 9. and may ignite combustibles.5.5 DIE very high.01 D veryhigh Phosphine 7803-51-2 2199 2.1 Threshold r"- 'el Table tonnes 10 1 Fhigh NI1RIC ACID. but supports the combustion of other substances.2 1 8. 8 in situ 2.5. white or yellow.2 8.6.1.. Moltenor .2 1 A Phosphores oxychloride Phosphorus trichloride Liquid Liquid 10025-87-3 7719-12-2 1810 1809 1 8.1 in situ 2.9.2 50 0.9..1 in situ 0.B Dmed /Blow Phenol 108-95-2 1671 2312 2821 .1.3.1..7 65-9 20816.5.44.78.2 2.1. Gas 109-66-0 7616-94.8 0.5 DlEhigh Nitrogen dioxide Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid Solid 10102.3.5. C lowbp Phosphores.9.11 PINIUN Number TDG Class & 8.1.1 1 50 10 Fmed A Flow Oxygen Liquefied Gas. 1076 10 A Phosgene 75-44-5 2.9.3..2 A v. Molten. Solid 7723-14-0 1381 2447 1338 4.12-0 2308 1262 2471 8 3 6.2. Liquid Liquid... Liquid 7782.1 in situ 6. Liquefied Gas in situ Comp.

.8 in situ 5..1.2 50 1 10 A.JI.5 SODIUM CHLORATE Solid.3 1 l Flow ..iquid 1 -- -2404 1277 '" '" c 11 10 1 A 1 10 F very low A 107-10-8 3 PROPYLENE OXIDE Liquid 75-56-9 1280 3. Stibine Comp-Gas 7803-52-3 2676 2.3 in situ ~ DIE very high Fhigh Fmed 1 [ trioxide Solid 1 1 Il SULPHURIC ACID.B A DlEhigh ·Pyridine Silicon tetrat1uoride 1 Liquid Comp-Gas 1 110-86-1 7783-61-1 1282 1859 2..1.ê-methyl 74-98-6 1075 1978 1969 2.5 Dhigh IEmed Sulphur tetrat1uoride C1 . C high bp C1 0' T -nnll1i1 .JI. 2.3 100 0.5 0.2..2428 200 10 Sodium chlorate is an oxidizing substance and will accelerate burning when involved in a fire..iquid .. and PROPANE MIXTURES Propane... Liquid SULPHUR DIOXIDE Liquefied Gas Comp-Gas ~ ..i ~ 1 Propionaldehyde Propionitrile n-Propylamine L~ . .6. FUMING 1831 8.~ 8014-95-7 2. Liquid 7775-09-9 1495. 9..1 0.List of Substances Assessment Mini-Guide Coll Usual State CAS Number PINIUN Number TDG Class & Div..1 100 10 10 Clow A C lowbp.1 DIE very high. it may ignite combustibles. t-= 1079 2418 D -s ~""~ 50 ~ A 1 7446-09-5 2.3. ~ 'J Table tonnes 10 Clow A Propadiene Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas 463-49-0 2200 PROPANE.3.1 in situ 0..1. 7783-60-0 7446-11. A 75-28-5 .2 0 10 1 Sulphuryl chloride TETRAETHYL LEAD Liquid Liquid 78-00-2 1834 1649 6.9.1 in situ Threshold Substance r .

1 in situ Threshold 0 "'- '01 Table tonnes 1 C high bp Tetrafluoroethylene 116-14-3 75-74-1 1081 1649 .Dmed lE low Chigh "r- Liquefied Gas 75-01-4 1086 2.. -....8 3..Toluylenediamine 1 Triethylamine Trimethylamine 101 10 10 0.)U/ ":l 2..1..1.3 . TOLUENE 1 A 100 50 11 Il Toluene-2.9. Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid rmed 1 .J.8 2...... " Tetramethyllead Liquid 6. 50 1 1 Flow Thionyl chloride .. Fhigh Vinyl acetate VINYL CHLORIDE H 1 T· ..Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List of Substances Coll ~ Usual State Comp-Gas ~ CAS Number PINIUN Substance Number TDG Class & Div.... 7.. 2.JI.9.l.2 Titanium tctrachloridc ..2978 1301 3.U-' If)" ~ A ..V-L.3 in situ 1 1 3..8 -. 2474 1838 1294 2078 1709 1296 1083 1298 2196 2977..2 2...... 11 osgene 463-71-8 7550-45-0 108-88-3 584-84-9 95-80-7 .J.. A Clow A.1 50 10 1 Vinylidene chloride XYLENE ""E'" """" FI / A : 1 ....1 200 10 Vinyl methyl ether Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid 107-25-5 1087 303 !. 4 ..5 1 50 1 A DlEmed 75-50-3 75-77-4 7783-82-6 7783-81-5 Trimethylchlorosilane F very low A F Tungsten hexafluoride Liquid Uranium hexafluoride Solid _1 .8 7.4~üsocyanate Liquid Solid Liquid Liquefied Gas Liquid Flow Fmed 112.

see Acetyl chloride. 3-Chloropropene.alpha-Dichloroacetylchloride. see chloride ACETALDEHYDE Acetaldehyde.1-Dic~oro-ethylene. see Ethyl acetate Acetyl chloride Acetyl chloride. see sec-Butylamine _IVD.l' -Oxybis-ethane. see Ethylene chlorohydrin 2-Isocyanatoethyl. see Allyl bromide 3-Butanone. see Diethyl ether 1. see Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate 2-1sopropoxypropane. see Isoprene 2-Propen-1-amine. see Methyl methacrylate 2-Methylbutadiene. see ethyl ketone 2-Butenal 2-Chloroethanol. chloroAcetyl chloride. see Acetyl chloride Acetone Acetonitrile Acetoxyethane. see Isoprene 2-Methyl-2-propenoic acid methyl ester. see 2-Aminobutane. see sec-Butylamine 2. see Allylamine 3-Bromo-propene. see Chlorine dioxide Allene. see Allylamine 3-Aminopropene.3-butadiene.3-Butadiene 1.Alphabetical List Risk Assessment Mini-Guide 1. dichloroalpha-Chloro-toluene. see Methyl acetylene alpha.4. . see Ammonia Anaesthesia ether. see Diisopropyl ether 2-Methyl-l.t-"SBllU. see Vinylidene chloride 1. see Diethyl ether Anthium dioxide.4-Trinlethylpentene. see chloride propylamine.4-Dioxane 1-Aminoethane. see Benzyl chloride AMMONIA Ammoniumhydroxide solutions. chloroAcetanhydride.4-Toluylenediamine 2. dichloroAcetyl chloride. see Ethylamine 1-Chloro-butane. see Ethyl chloride Alcide. see ACETALDEHYDE Acetic anhydride Acetic chloride. see Acetic anhydride Acetic aldehyde. see Diisobutylene 2-Amino-2-methylpropane. see Chlorine dioxide 22 .1 -emnenvi 1. see Propadiene Allyl alcohol Allyl bromide Allyl chloride Allylamine Allylene. trichloroACETYLENE Acrolein Acryladlehyde. see Methyl ethyl ketone see Acrolein Aethylis chloridum.

JLJL . -. see Boron trifluoride Boron hydride... see Phenol Carbon chlorosulphide.RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List see Antimony A... see 1.lLJUI.. see Arsenic trichloride Arsenic hydride.. JLa... see Thiophosgene Carbon disulphide Carbon monoxide Carbon nitride."'.... see 1.. see BENZENE see see cyclohexene see see NAPHTHA see BENZENE Benzyl chloride Benzyl cyanide see sec-Butyl amine Butal.. see Cyanogen Carbon oxychloride...-_. se~ Butyraldehyde Butanal..... Atlacide... see alcohol.1'-Biphenyl Bisulphite..J"-'·.. see Ethane Biphenyl.lI. . see SULPHUR DIOXIDE Boroethane.. see Butanol chloride Butylene..JI. see Azine.. ethyl ketone vinyl ketone .. see Diborane (6) Boron chloride.JLJLJL'J.. see Phosgene . " Bertholite. see Butyraldehyde BUTANE AND BUTANE MIXTURES see Butene Butenone. see CHLORINE beta-Methylacrolein..J!... _~ . JL~ . see Diborane (6) 23 see Methanol Carbolic acid. see see bromide Butadiène. see Boron trichloride Boron fluoride..JlY see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE see BROMINE ..3-Butadiene Butafume..... •v .. see 2-Butenal Bimethyl.. see ARSINE Arsenic trichloride ARSINE J.. Azabenzene.JlWJlJlJlV. see Cyanogen bromide Bromoethane..._ cyanide.. see Stibine pentafluoride Antimony see Stibine Arsenic see Arsenic trichloride Arsenic chloride.. see SODIUM CHLORATE .._ _ hydride..JLJLJ If-'_.. . see Butene Butyraldehyde Calcium carbide Carbinol.

see SODIUM CHLORATE CHLORINE Chlorine rill1"'TlIrilL:h . .'""'. see Acetonitrile CYCLOHEXANE Cyclohexane... . .. .. . see Chloroacetic acid chloride. ._ . see VINYL CHLORIDE Chloroformyl _. tetroxide. see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE see Chloroethylene.-. . .. _ . . .AlphabeticalList Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Carbony1 _. _ (6) Chloro(chloronne~oxy)nne~ane. .. . . . see chloromethyl ether Dimethyldichlorosilane see Acetone see PROPANE . see 'r11n'\~~1"tn71~t" SeeXYLENE see Styrene naphtha. see 1.. . see SULPHURIC ACID.... . .... FUMING see Carbon O1S111ptnae 24 ..-. . . methylCyclohexatriene.. . see Isofluorophate Diisopropyl Diisopropyloxide. see Phosgene see Diisobutylene see Chlorophenylll1e~ane. .. .. .._.__. chloroChloroallylene. . .. _. see BENZENE Cyclohexene Cyclopentane Coal Dimethylchloroether. ... l '_Hl1nnpl"'

Related Interests

1 tnsutpminc acid. . see Acetyl chloride.. . . . see NAPHTHA Cobaltcarbonyl Cyanoethane.. . see Diisopropoxyphosphoryl . . see Diisopropyl 1A1"AC' 111 qr\A see ..4-Dioxane see 1.. ..'U''U' .• Chloryl anaesthetic. see Dichlorodimethyl Chloroacetaldehyde. . see Phosgene Chlorate of soda.. . see Nitrogen dioxide Dioxan. . .. see Cyanogen Cyanomethane..-. .. . . see Cyanogen Cyanogen bromide Cyanogen monobromide.

Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List Elayl. 2-chloro-. see Vinyl acetate ETHYLENE OXIDE Ethyne. see Styrene Ether. see HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/AcID Hydrogen Hydrogen arsenide. see ACETYLENE Ethoxycarbonylethylene. see HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID Hydrocyanic acid Hydrocyanic ether. methylHexamethylene. see Ethylamine Ethane Ethanethiol. see Propionitrile Hydrofluoric acid gas. see Ethyl acrylate acetate Ethyl acrylate Ethyl bromide chloride Ethyl chloroformate Ethyle~eraceticacid. see ETHYLENE Ethenyl ethanoate. ETHYLENE see Acrolein lI-ith'ulpl'lP chloride. see Vinyl acetate Ethenylbenzene. see CYCLOHEXANE Hexahydrotoluene. see ACETALDEHYDE Ethylamine ETHYLBENZENE Ethylbenz01. see Ethyl mercaptan Ethanoic anhydrate. see Ethylene chlorohydrin Ethanoyl chloride. see Cyclohexene Hexane Hexone. see MERCURY Hydrazine Hydrochloric acid. see Ethyl acrylate Ethylaldehyde. see Cyclohexane. see Methyl isobutyl ketone Hydrargyrum. see Ethane Ethyl isocyanate Ethyl mercaptan Ethyl methyl ketone Ethyl nitrile. see Acetyl chloride Ethene. see ACETALDEHYDE Ethanamine. see GASOLINE GASOLINE Germane Glycol monochlorohydrin. see Diethyl ether Ethine. . see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE diamine dibromide ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE acetic acid. see ACETYLENE FUUORINE Formaldehyde Furan Furfural Gas. see Acetic anhydride Ethanol. see Butene Ethyl formate Ethyl hydride. see Ethylene chlorohydrin ~'th'ulpTlP lH'th'ulpT1P see Ethyl acetate Ethyl ethylene. see PROPYLENE OXIDE Ethanal. see ETHYLENE Epoxypropane. see ETHYLBENZENE 25 Hexahydrobenzene. see CYCLOHEXANE Hexanaphthylene.see CYCLOHEXANE Hexanaphthene. see Acetonitrile Ethyl propenoate. see ARSINE Hydrogen bromide .

.... see METHANE MERCURY Metallic mercury.. cyanide.HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/ACID 1-IJ'(7~'i1t'n.L phosphide.""IIo-'lJ.-.A...... see isothiocyanate see Acetone Ketones.. isobutyl ketone Methyl isothiocyanate Methyl magnesium bromide Methyl mercaptan 26 . see individual compound entries natural gases LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES Manganese trichlorocarbonyl Marsh gas..J . '... see MERCURY Methacrylaldehyde Methacrylic aldehyde.. . see Dimethylamine METHANE Methanethiol. hydride.. n-methyl-..Q1I'\l iodide '~&.. see METHANE . . . . . .."iI_.. see 1Wl'(7~'il1t'n. see PROPYLENE OXIDE see isobutyl ketone Isothiocyanatomethane..11...a...(T. '''"-'' ... see . see ..L peroxide ...ll...... see 2-methylIsobutylamine Isobutylene Isobutyronitrile 1sofluorophate Isophorone diamine diisocyanate..'.. see acetate ether......."""'. .(T....llJL'''"''..A.. see Methyl mercaptan JLll...... . ... see Isophorone diisocyanate Isophorone diisocyanate 'il '-II.. see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE Iodomethane.""'..Qn selenide HYDROGEN SULPHIDE uvorosuronunc Acid.L " . see Methyl iodide Iron pentacarbonyl Isoamyl alcohol Isobutane.. see Methacrylaldehyde Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate Methanamine............ ester see ester see ethanoate.. . .

. . see ETHYLENE _. see Butyraldehyde n-Ethyl-ethanamine.4-Dioxane Pentafluoroantimony. .n-Dimethyl-methanamine. see Nitrosylsulphuric acid Nitrosylsulphuric acid '-'..n-Diethylamine.... see VINYL CflLORIDE Monochloromethane. seeCyanogen Oxirane. see Methyl chloromethyl Monochlor0 ethylene. Methylene-acetone.a. A.. see Acetaldehyde. . see Diethylamine Nickel carbonyl NITRIC ACID.. see . see Nitrogen ~'-J'''''''JL'''~'Im' Nitrosonium bisulphate."'_. see Antimony pentafluoride Pentamethylene. .1I1l1t"'ln see NAPHTHA Petroleum fluid.. ... see Cyclohexane. FUMING OR RED FUMING see _. see bromide Monochloroacetaldehyde... dioxide Nitrogen monoxide. see 1.•. see Dimethyl sulphide Methyltoluene. see SULPHURIC ACID.. ... see Butene n-Butyl aldehyde..I 'nmetnvlamme n-Propylamine n-Propylcarbinyl chloride..O.. see Methanol Motor fuel antiknock mixtures.. see Manganese trichlorocarbonyl NAPHTHA Naphthapetroleum.. see Osmiumtetroxide Osmiumtetroxide Oxalic acid dinitrile... see Ethylamine Monohydroxymethane. see GASOLINE 27 . see CHLORINE Monobromoethane. ..lL'-'fIJ . see GASOLINE benzin. chloroMonochlorodimethyl ether.IU·~IIIVI- see BUTANE & BUTANE MIXTURES see Ethane Methylthiomethane. . see NAPHTHA lUl'ai"1r'AI.. . . see ETHYLENE OXIDE Oxygen p-Dioxane.RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List Methylbenzene. see chloride Octane Olefiantgas.. . see TOLUENE see TOLUENE Methylcyclohexane. see chloride Monoethylamine. see XYLENE Molecular chlorine... ..If?L:J>.. see Liquefied natural gases n-Butene.11l-+1l"'".1KI n. see Methyl vinyl Nitric acid ###BOT_TEXT###quot;_1hlnl1n()" \ is not mCJluC1~~C1 .. see Tetrafluoroethylene Petrol.. see NAPHTHA Natural gas. see Diethylamine n. FUMING Osmic acid.. see Cyclopentane Pentane pentane mixtures Perchloryl fluoride Perfluoroethylene. see Nitrosylsulphuric acid Nitrosyl tnsulpnate. see Ethyl bromide Monobromomethane. see Nitric oxide Nitrogen peroxide.

see TOLUENE Phosgene Phosphine Phosphorous chloride. see Chlorosulphonic acid Sulphuric oxide. see SULPHUR DIOXIDE Sulphuryl chloride see Toluene-2. see PROPYLENE OXIDE Propene. see Phenol hydride. FUMING Sulphuric acid (non-fuming) is not included the Lists Sulphuric anhydride. see 1. see Sulphurtrioxide Sulphinyl chloride. see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE SULPHURIC ACID.I1UILAl. see Butanol PROPYLENE OXIDE Propylic aldehyde. see Sulphuryl chloride Sulphurousanhydride.Alphabetical List Risk Assessment Mini-Guide hydrate. see Benzyl cyanide Phenylbenzene. see n-Propylamine Propylcarbinol. see Acetone Propene oxide.. see Silicon Silicontetrafluoride SODIUM CHLORATE Stibine Styrene Sulforous oxide. see Phosphine Phosphorus. l '-Biphenyl Phenylethane. see Sulphur trioxide Sulphuric chlorohydrin. white or yellow Propanal. see BENZENE Phenylacetronitrile. see MERCURY sec-Butylamine Siliconfluoride. see PROPANE Propylamine. see Sulphurylchloride Sulphur chloride Oxide. see Thionyl chloride Sulphur dichloride SULPHUR DIOXIDE Sulphurtetrafluoride Sulphurtrioxide Sulphuretted hydrogen. see Propionaldehyde Propane. see Phosphorus oxychloride Phosphorus oxychloride Phosphorus trichloride Phosphorus trihydride. see Ethylbenzene Phenylethene. see Sulphurtrioxide Sulphuric oxychloride. see Phosphorus trichloride Phosphorous oxytrichloride.JL see see 1. see Methyl acetylene Propenyl alcohol. 2-methylPROPANE AND PROPANE MIXTURES Propanone.4-diisocyanate tert-Butylamine TETRAETHYL LEAD +a+lI·n+l"UlIA. see SULPHUR DIOXIDE Sulphan.llJLJL~"". see Allyl alcohol Propionaldehyde Propionitrile Propyl hydride. see Propionaldehyde see JJ. see Thionyl chloride Sulphonyl chloride.p<'llrla 28 . see Styrene Phenylmethane.3-Butadiene Quicksilver.

see Boron trichloride Trichloronitromethane.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List Tetraethylplumbane. see Methanol Wood ether. see Dimethyl ether Xenene'.l '-Biphenyl XYLENE 29 . see Methyl mercaptan Thionyl chloride Thiophosgene 'rnamum chloride. see Tungsten hexafluoride Tungsten hexafluoride Uranium hexafluoride Vinyl acetate VINYL CHLORIDE Vinyl methyl ketone. see TETRAETHYL LEAD Tetrafluoroethylene Tetrafluoro-silane. Triethylamine Trifluoro-borane. see teI1:-HlltyJlamlme Trimethylchlorosilane Trimethylene. see Vinylidene chloride Wood alcohol. see 1. trichloroTrichloro-borane. see Sulphur tetrafluoride Tetramethyllead Tetramethylplumbane.3-Butadiene Vinylidene chloride Vinylidene dichloride. see 1. see Chloropicrin Trichlorophosphine. see Acetyl chloride. see Boron trifluoride Trimethylamine Trimethylaminomethane. see 2. see Titanium tetrachloride Titanium tetrachloride TOLUENE Toluene-2.4-diisocyanate Toluene diamine. see Methyl vinyl ketone Vinyl methyl ether Vinylcarbinol.4-Toluylenediamine Trichloroacetic acid chloride. see TETRAETHYL LEAD Tetraethylplumbium. see Silicon tetrafluoride Tetrafluorosulphurane. see Tetramethyllead Thioethyl alcohol. see Phosphorus trichloride see Allyl alcohol Vinylethylene. see Cyclopropane Tungsten fluoride. see Ethyl mercaptan Thiomethanol.

w o . .I. .JIL.. a risk assessment should use the actual distance to the of the substances are referred to this also a flash-fire nn+a-n+lI #} D nllll I"\-n+"Il+-BaC'l of so are also referred to B..IB +30m ID ID ..4.JlIUi'.Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide 1 5m 8m A be restricted by the dike which should surround a large container of flammable represent typical dike distances.J!iIL..JIL.

w ~ trequencies of BLEVEs (Boiling events Explosions) or other catastrophic releases are not significantly increasethese separationdistances. is not nammaore. release of OXV1!en thus can create a fire hazard. usually stored as a liquefied gas. it enhances a Oxygen. Recommended Risk-based Seoaration Distances .

."-. A U A .UIo3. U zone 'J'V AU.1...Hazardous Substances Risk Assessment: a Mini-Guide / Hazard JJn~ . _nr Quantity (tonnes) W l'V IA...1... .V.

Quantity (m") Exclusion zone Extreme 1 1 w w Recommended Risk-based Distances .

JIIIj.P..JF are 'l'U'llll'lhl~ or are assumee to ..JIIIj.AIII..Hazardous Substances Risk Assessment: a Mini-Guide ..L.Ill.IIil\.J.

.

'VU.&d.lU be encouraged \..a... H.u.u ~.u.lual-.lv..lVU..l..."...Description Analysis ? l-. management process .. ...lv.

.it does not deteriorate over a period of time... Adjusting activities) may be by persons activity are often to persons other benefits.. Readers are referred to the publications Process Safety raanaeemeni and the MIACC-CSA publication CSA Z731: information. . inventory reduction.IJ'-'UV'-'l.I.. then further risk control measures. not be required . control answers the question: can he to reduce risks? can be reduced by decreasing the likelihood of hazardous events or by lessening the severity of the potential consequences . training and practices. A recently-constructed hazardous facility is often seen as imposing an involuntary risk on someone already living nearby.. '. Once the risks are judged to be acceptable.. e.. e. ....4-/f.. ... or violent storms. nature sorne are . but it might be seen as a voluntary risk if someone chooses to live near an existing facility provided that the person is aware of the risks before moving there. there are levels of risk that risk levels often implies costs (of risk those who bear the risk. in this case it is essential to develop programs to monitor the situation so that .n.. and isolation.. such as inspection.Jl accept other levels that they not. it is judged that further safety improvements are required.. or sky-diving . imposed risks ...I. . acceptable or unacceptable. .If. risk control options introducing system 'modifications be examined..n . smoking.. The risk acceptability criteria are selected for cases of involuntary risk such those as due to hazardous facilities. . The __. . . They are intended to be used as safety guidelines.... as as bears or receives Whether we judge a risk to small or large. second-hand smoke. . Involuntary risks are imposed on people by decisions made by others or by occurrences. . .I. . g. which includes technological measures. Risk control measures can be broadly classified into: • process safety management. land-use restrictions.. The levels of costs affect the acceptability of risk... g .. .I. 1V1L. Safety are among the tools used for this purpose. along with economie socio-political considerations in making a decision. .. .I. such as design changes... .. However.. just as the benefits those who bear the risks. .. and management measures.1f. maintenance. or system changes.. '.VILoJl'-'.'lI_lIl1~ or activities to 1l"'~rtI'll1_~ or no control or over h. . V U .fl. and incident management... process risk analysis risk evaluation is usually called assessment. .. . .1 Use riannine for more 37 . Voluntary risks are those we willingly assume because we perceive sorne pleasure or benefit. depends on many factors .Risk Management consequence information on thosewho may sorne are voluntary risks toan acceptable level. .ILl (V\AI'/VlIfUf.

Risk Assessment Mini-Guide a uses. .

. .......)U/)Istœlces Bisk Assessment. . a Mini-Guide o an exposed to a _. . . . ... _.Hn'~nrr!JrnJJ. ..~ . ... . . assumption L .

Ottawa. Suite 600. Ontario. Canada K1S 2E1 Tel: 613-232-4435 Fax: 613-232-4915 .Industrial Accidents of Canada 265 Carling Avenue.

Related Interests

1
tnsutpminc acid,
see SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING
see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
see Carbon O1S111ptnae
see Acetone
...- .....'U''U' .... _ ........ _ (6)
see Diisobutylene
see PROPANE
.............-.'""'... _...... tetroxide,
see Nitrogendioxide
Dioxan, see 1,4-Dioxane
SeeXYLENE
Dimethylchloroether,
see chloromethyl ether
Dimethyldichlorosilane
Diisopropoxyphosphoryl ...................,.........-.._.
see Isofluorophate
Diisopropyl
Diisopropyloxide,
see Diisopropyl
24
see

see
see .• 1A1"AC' 111 qr\A
Chloryl anaesthetic,
see
see Styrene
Coal naphtha,
see NAPHTHA
Cobalt carbonyl
Cyanoethane,
see
Cyanogen
Cyanogen bromide
Cyanogen monobromide,
see Cyanogen
Cyanomethane,
see Acetonitrile
CYCLOHEXANE
Cyclohexane, methyl-
Cyclohexatriene,
see BENZENE
Cyclohexene
Cyclopentane
Chlorateof soda,
see SODIUM CHLORATE
CHLORINE
Chlorine rill1"'TlIrilL:h

see Dichlorodimethyl
Chloroacetaldehyde,
see
Chloroacetic acid chloride,
see Acetyl chloride, chloro-
Chloroallylene,
see
Chloroethylene,
see VINYL CHLORIDE
Chloroformyl _.........,,,..........__.
see Phosgene
Carbony1 _.........,,,........-.._.
see Phosgene
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
Elayl, see ETHYLENE
Epoxypropane,
see PROPYLENE OXIDE
Ethanal,
see ACETALDEHYDE
Ethanamine,
see Ethylamine
Ethane
Ethanethiol,
see Ethyl mercaptan
Ethanoic anhydrate,
see Acetic anhydride
Ethanol, 2-chloro-,
see Ethylene chlorohydrin
Ethanoyl chloride,
see Acetyl chloride
Ethene, see ETHYLENE
Ethenyl ethanoate,
see Vinyl acetate
Ethenylbenzene,
see Styrene
Ether, see Diethyl ether
Ethine, see ACETYLENE
Ethoxycarbonylethylene,
see Ethyl acrylate
acetate
Ethyl acrylate
Ethyl bromide
chloride
Ethyl chloroformate

see Ethyl acetate
Ethyl ethylene,
see Butene
Ethyl formate
Ethyl hydride,
see Ethane
Ethyl isocyanate
Ethyl mercaptan
Ethyl methyl ketone
Ethyl nitrile,
see Acetonitrile
Ethyl propenoate,
see Ethyl acrylate
Ethylaldehyde,
see ACETALDEHYDE
Ethylamine
ETHYLBENZENE
Ethylbenz01,
see ETHYLBENZENE
25
Alphabetical List
ETHYLENE
see Acrolein
lI-ith'ulpl'lP chloride,
see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
diamine
lH'th'ulpT1P dibromide
ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
acetic acid,
see Vinyl acetate
ETHYLENE OXIDE
Ethyne, see ACETYLENE
FUUORINE
Formaldehyde
Furan
Furfural
Gas, see GASOLINE
GASOLINE
Germane
Glycol monochlorohydrin,
see Ethylene chlorohydrin
Hexahydrobenzene,
see CYCLOHEXANE
Hexahydrotoluene,
see Cyclohexane, methyl-
Hexamethylene,
. see CYCLOHEXANE
Hexanaphthene,
see CYCLOHEXANE
Hexanaphthylene,
see Cyclohexene
Hexane
Hexone,
see Methyl isobutyl ketone
Hydrargyrum,
see MERCURY
Hydrazine
Hydrochloric acid,
see HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID
Hydrocyanic acid
Hydrocyanic ether,
see Propionitrile
Hydrofluoric acid gas,
see HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/AcID
Hydrogen
Hydrogen arsenide,
see ARSINE
Hydrogen bromide
hydride,
see METHANE
see PROPYLENE OXIDE
isobutyl ketone
Methyl isothiocyanate
Methyl magnesium bromide
Methyl mercaptan
................ '.......11.., .... cyanide,
see
........."""'......... ,.... ester
see
ester
see
ethanoate,
see acetate
ether,
see
see isobutyl ketone
Isothiocyanatomethane,
see isothiocyanate
selenide
HYDROGEN SULPHIDE
uvorosuronunc Acid,
see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE
Iodomethane,
see Methyl iodide
Iron pentacarbonyl
Isoamyl alcohol
Isobutane,
see 2-methyl-
Isobutylamine
Isobutylene
Isobutyronitrile
1sofluorophate
Isophorone diamine diisocyanate,
see Isophorone diisocyanate
Isophorone diisocyanate
HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID
HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/ACID
iodide
'il '-II..L peroxide
" ............ '''"-'' .........'.J ....,Lphosphide,
see
JLll..""IIo-'lJ.llJL'''"''. see Acetone
Ketones, see individual compound entries
..........a."iI_...,.A,A...,-. natural gases
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES
Manganese trichlorocarbonyl
Marsh gas,
see METHANE
MERCURY
Metallic mercury,
see MERCURY
Methacrylaldehyde
Methacrylic aldehyde,
see Methacrylaldehyde
Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate
Methanamine, n-methyl-,
see Dimethylamine
METHANE
Methanethiol,
see Methyl mercaptan
26
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List
see NAPHTHA
Petroleumfluid,
see GASOLINE
###BOT_TEXT###quot;_1hlnl1n()" \ is not
Nitric acid
see _.............. '-'..lL'-'fIJ.........•..................
A..11l-+1l"'"...If?L:J>.1KI dioxide
Nitrogenmonoxide,
see Nitric oxide
Nitrogenperoxide,
see Nitrogen
Nitrosonium bisulphate,
see Nitrosylsulphuric acid
Nitrosyl tnsulpnate,
see Nitrosylsulphuric acid
Nitrosylsulphuric acid
n.n-Diethylamine,
see Diethylamine
n,n-Dimethyl-methanamine,
see .I 'nmetnvlamme
n-Propylamine
n-Propylcarbinyl chloride,
see chloride
Octane
Olefiantgas,
see ETHYLENE
_.a..."'_.............. see SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING
Osmic acid,
see Osmiumtetroxide
Osmiumtetroxide
Oxalic acid dinitrile,
seeCyanogen
Oxirane, see ETHYLENE OXIDE
Oxygen
p-Dioxane,
see 1,4-Dioxane
Pentafluoroantimony,
see Antimony pentafluoride
Pentamethylene,
see Cyclopentane
Pentane pentane mixtures
Perchloryl fluoride
Perfluoroethylene,
see Tetrafluoroethylene
Petrol, see GASOLINE
lUl'ai"1r'AI,O.1I1l1t"'ln benzin,
see NAPHTHA
see Ethane
Methylthiomethane,
see Dimethyl sulphide
Methyltoluene,
see XYLENE
Molecular chlorine,
see CHLORINE
Monobromoethane,
see Ethyl bromide
Monobromomethane,
see bromide
Monochloroacetaldehyde,
see Acetaldehyde, chloro-
Monochlorodimethyl ether,
see Methyl chloromethyl
Monochlor0ethylene,
see VINYL CflLORIDE
Monochloromethane,
see chloride
Monoethylamine,
see Ethylamine
Monohydroxymethane,
see Methanol
Motor fuel antiknock mixtures,
see Manganese trichlorocarbonyl
NAPHTHA
Naphthapetroleum,
see NAPHTHA
Natural gas,
see Liquefiednatural gases
n-Butene,
see Butene
n-Butyl aldehyde,
see Butyraldehyde
n-Ethyl-ethanamine,
see Diethylamine
Nickel carbonyl
NITRIC ACID, FUMING OR RED FUMING
Methylbenzene,
see TOLUENE
see TOLUENE
Methylcyclohexane,
see Cyclohexane,
Methylene-acetone,
see Methyl vinyl
see BUTANE & BUTANE MIXTURES
27
Alphabetical List RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
hydrate,
see Phenol
hydride,
see BENZENE
Phenylacetronitrile,
see Benzyl cyanide
Phenylbenzene,
see 1, l '-Biphenyl
Phenylethane,
see Ethylbenzene
Phenylethene,
see Styrene
Phenylmethane,
see TOLUENE
Phosgene
Phosphine
Phosphorous chloride,
see Phosphorus trichloride
Phosphorous oxytrichloride,
see Phosphorus oxychloride
Phosphorus oxychloride
Phosphorus trichloride
Phosphorus trihydride,
see Phosphine
Phosphorus, white or yellow
Propanal,
see Propionaldehyde
Propane, 2-methyl-
PROPANE AND PROPANE MIXTURES
Propanone,
see Acetone
Propene oxide,
see PROPYLENE OXIDE
Propene,
see Methyl acetylene
Propenyl alcohol,
see Allyl alcohol
Propionaldehyde
Propionitrile
Propyl hydride,
see PROPANE
Propylamine,
see n-Propylamine
Propylcarbinol,
seeButanol
PROPYLENE OXIDE
Propylic aldehyde,
see Propionaldehyde
28
see
see
see 1,3-Butadiene
Quicksilver,
see MERCURY
sec-Butylamine
Siliconfluoride,
see Silicon+a+lI·n+l"UlIA,p<'llrla
Silicontetrafluoride
SODIUM CHLORATE
Stibine
Styrene
Sulforous oxide,
see SULPHUR DIOXIDE
Sulphan,
see Sulphurtrioxide
Sulphinyl chloride,
see Thionyl chloride
Sulphonyl chloride,
see Sulphurylchloride
Sulphur chloride Oxide,
see Thionyl chloride
Sulphur dichloride
SULPHUR DIOXIDE
Sulphurtetrafluoride
Sulphurtrioxide
Sulphuretted hydrogen,
see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE
SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING
Sulphuricacid (non-fuming) is not included
the Lists
Sulphuric anhydride,
see Sulphur trioxide
Sulphuric chlorohydrin,
see Chlorosulphonic acid
Sulphuricoxide,
see Sulphurtrioxide
Sulphuric oxychloride,
see Sulphuryl chloride
Sulphurousanhydride,
see SULPHUR DIOXIDE
Sulphuryl chloride
see Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate
tert-Butylamine
TETRAETHYL LEAD
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
Tetraethylplumbane,
see TETRAETHYL LEAD
Tetraethylplumbium,
see TETRAETHYL LEAD
Tetrafluoroethylene
Tetrafluoro-silane,
see Silicontetrafluoride
Tetrafluorosulphurane,
see Sulphur tetrafluoride
Tetramethyllead
Tetramethylplumbane,
see Tetramethyllead
Thioethyl alcohol,
see Ethyl mercaptan
Thiomethanol,
see Methyl mercaptan
Thionyl chloride
Thiophosgene
'rnamum chloride,
see Titaniumtetrachloride
Titaniumtetrachloride
TOLUENE
Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate
Toluene diamine,
see 2,4-Toluylenediamine
Trichloroacetic acid chloride,
see Acetyl chloride, trichloro-
Trichloro-borane,
see Boron trichloride
Trichloronitromethane,
see Chloropicrin
Trichlorophosphine,
see Phosphorus trichloride
29
Triethylamine
Trifluoro-borane,
see Boron trifluoride
Trimethylamine
Trimethylaminomethane,
see teI1:-HlltyJlamlme
Trimethylchlorosilane
Trimethylene,
see Cyclopropane
Tungsten fluoride,
see Tungstenhexafluoride
Tungstenhexafluoride
Uranium hexafluoride
Vinyl acetate
VINYL CHLORIDE
Vinyl methyl ketone,
see Methyl vinyl ketone
Vinyl methyl ether
Vinylcarbinol,
see Allyl alcohol
Vinylethylene,
see 1,3-Butadiene
Vinylidene chloride
Vinylidene dichloride,
see Vinylidene chloride
Wood alcohol,
see Methanol
Wood ether,
see Dimethyl ether
Xenene',
see 1, l '-Biphenyl
XYLENE
Alphabetical List
Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide
1
5m
8m
A be restrictedby the dike whichshould surrounda large container of flammable
represent typical dike distances; a risk assessment should use the actual distance to the
nllll I"\-n+"Il+-BaC'l of
of the substances are referred to this also
a flash-fire nn+a-n+lI #} D
so are alsoreferred to B.
w
o
ID ID +30m
.J!iIL.4. ....JlIUi'.JIL.;I.JIL.;IB
w
~
trequenciesof BLEVEs (Boiling
events
Explosions) or other catastrophic releases are
not significantly increasethese separationdistances.
Oxygen, usuallystored as a liquefied gas, is not nammaore,
release of OXV1!en thus can create a fire hazard.
it enhances a
Recommended Risk-based Seoaration Distances
Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide
/
Quantity (tonnes)
IA,"-,.1.UIo3.1.V.. U. zone 'J'V AU... U ..AA
Hazard J J n ~ .. _nr
W
l'V
1 1 Quantity (m")
Exclusion zone
Extreme
w
w
Recommended Risk-based Distances
Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide
.AIII...L.IIil\...Ill.P.JIIIj.J.JIIIj.JF
are ' l ' U ' l l l l ' l h l ~
or are assumee to
Description
Analysis
?
l-.lv.lual-.lv.u ~ . l . l V U . . l U be encouraged \..u...a."... H.&d;;..u..'VU. ... management process
Risk Management
consequence information
on thosewho may
sorne are ..I...I...I...I.IJ'-'UV'-'l- ..
voluntary risks toan acceptable level,
imposed risks ..
nature
sorne are
h.n. ...,.n..... or activities to
or no control or over
there are levels of risk that accept other levels that they not.. Adjusting
risk levels often implies costs (of risk VU.'....VILoJl'-'..I.Jl activities) may be by persons
those who bear the risk, just as the benefits activity are often to persons other
those who bear the risks.. The levels of costs benefits, as as bears or receives
affect the acceptability of risk..
Whether we judge a risk to small or large, acceptable or unacceptable, depends on many factors ..
Voluntary risks are those we willingly assume because we perceive sorne pleasure or benefit, e.. g.. ,
smoking, or sky-diving.. Involuntary risks are imposed on people by decisions made by others or by
occurrences, e.. g., second-hand smoke, or violent storms.. A recently-constructed hazardous
facility is often seen as imposing an involuntary risk on someone already living nearby, but it might
be seen as a voluntary risk if someone chooses to live near an existing facility provided that the person
is aware of the risks before moving there.. The risk acceptability criteria are selected for cases
of involuntary risk such those as due to hazardous facilities.. They are intended to be used as
safety guidelines, along with economie socio-political considerations in making a decision.. The
__............. ..., ..................'...... process risk analysis risk evaluation is usually called assessment..
Once the risks are judged to be acceptable, then further risk control measures, or system changes,
not be required.. However, in this case it is essential to develop programs to monitor the situation so
that ,it does not deteriorate over a period of time. Safety are among the tools used for this
purpose, it is judged that further safety improvements are required, risk control options introducing
system 'modifications be examined,
control answers the question: can he to reduce risks? can be reduced by
decreasing the likelihood of hazardous events or by lessening the severity of the potential
consequences .. Risk control measures can be broadly classified into:
• process safety management, which includes technological measures, such as design
changes, inventory reduction, and isolation, and management measures, such as inspection,
maintenance, training and practices,
land-use restrictions, and
incident management ..
Readers are referred to the publications Process Safety raanaeemeni
1V1L.4-/f;1f;fl,If;Â and the MIACC-CSA publication CSA Z731: ..ILl (V\AI'/VlIfUf;1
information..
Use
riannine for more
37
a
RiskAssessment Mini-Guide
uses.
H n ' ~ n r r ! J r n J J . ~ ;)U/)Istœlces Bisk Assessment..o a Mini-Guide
an
exposed to a _.................. _.......L .........
assumption
Industrial Accidents of Canada
265 Carling Avenue, Suite 600, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S 2E1
Tel: 613-232-4435 Fax: 613-232-4915

Major Industrial Accidents Council of Canada Conseil canadien des accidents majeurs

Federal Seetor
4'1'11'"11/'1111

H·lIl1~Ql

Canada

Emergency Canada Enviromnent Canada Health Canada Industry Canada Government Services Canada Transport Canada
Provincial Sector

Industrial Sector CanadianAssociation of PetroleumProducers Canadian Energy Association CanadianFertilizer Institute Canadian PetroleumProducts Institute Association of Canada Railway Association of Canada The CanadianChemicalProducers' Association
Non.. Governmental Sector

Government of Alberta Government of New Brunswick Government of Ontario
Ml1niG~ip(lJ

CanadianFederationof Labour Canadian Labour Congress . CanadianStandards Association
Ke~~onal

Sector

and Local

.A.V..IIIL...IIiI.LA'-,"-'loJ'

CanadianAssociation of Fire Chiefs CanadianConfederation of Ambulance Service Associations Federationof CanadianMunicipalities Ontario Association of Fire Chiefs
................ '-'_,............

Alberta Saskatchewan MontrealUrban Community

_'J'-''''''_JL.~~1WL'-'''.''''''1

U,U'-'IIJ\.JlVJLJL

consultation, partners standards, tools, for, to major industrial accidents involving hazardous to prevent, of these measures by jurisdictions is to achieve applying response programs Canada. also fosters exchange of information, \IooILJL.IL.>J_,...,.JL.... workshops, meetings and conferences.

For more information on assessment of industrial sites containing hazardous substances warranting special attention, on MIACC or 'on publications available through MIACC, please contact: MIACC 265 Carling Ave., Suite 600 ~l.4l... Ontario (613)232-4435, Fax: (613)232-4915
....., ......u, 'IV

Major Industrial Accidents Council of Canada 1994 (pending) No. 1-895858-06-2
The proposed application of fuis publication is stated in the section entitled Overview ofMIAcc Risk AssessmentProducts. The user is advised that neither MIACe nor the organizations nor persons involved in producing this publication warrant or represent, expressly or implicitly, the correctness or accuracy of the information presented herein. This publication is intended to be general guidance and not advice for specifie situations. It remains the responsibility of the user of the publication to determine its suitability for the particular applicationintended, to use the information provided in the publication in a manner appropriate to that application, and to consult with qualified professionals as necessary, Notwithstanding the above , or any other provisions in this publication or any applicable statutory provisions, MIACC, the organizations, or the persons involved in producing this publication shall not be liable to the user for special or consequential damages arising directly or indirectly from the application of this publication.

Printed in Canada

nararaous Substances RiskAssessment.. . a Mini-Guide

..III!L.L.m......P.A.4J!&.i4

OF CONTENTS

............................................................................................

VI

1.

. ....... 1

.................................................................... 3

........................................................................ 5

.Jl.b.JI~".Jl..Jl."""~"",b.JI

7

...................................................................................... 35

........................................................................ 39

......4 .......... 36 ii ...Hazardous Substances BiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide OF ................

... .. ... ...1t"\rlllllC'1 . .. . 1 n l Activities Where L-Snl"7n?Orl. a Mini-Guide TABLES 1 2 3 4 .. . ... . ... 34 ... .Hazardous Substances Risk Assessment....""" lL .. .·. . . . . . .n.. 2 8 9 Characteristics List of Hazardous Substances Alphabetical of Hazardous Substances .. . ... . ... IU' 30 30 C Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances Liquefied Flammable Gases (Flash-fire Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for Toxic Gases Liquefied by Compression (Toxic Gas Cloud Hazard) Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for Toxic Gases Liquefied by Cooling (Toxic Gas Cloud 31 32 . 33 F Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances for Toxic Liquids (Toxic Gas Cloud Hazard to Evaporation) . ..... ... 22 Recommended Risk Based Separation Distances for Flammable Liquids (Pool-fire Hazard) B Recommended Risk-based Separation Distances ~ e Liquids (Flash-fire .lIl1C'1 Substances ... . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . ..

.-.. remaining sites. numbers ..ar~rous Substances Bisk Assessmeni: a Mini-Guide 1h~"I"~1t"ArinlllllC'l substances amounts .JL.. many cases this will be sufficient to give an of associated iv . acute risks accident.. .. may 1C'l1nl"'\·". usual physical state.. .. a assessment and some calculated results that allow initial screening assessments to be range of simple situations.. Priority should given to amounts amounts (above the threshold quantities) of substances on substances above quantities of List 2. _ ..Hœr. identification number lUnited goods class and division numbers.. these same substances List 3.. provides results of tables of separation distances equivalent to specified risk values..... Using these results a preliminary assessment of the risk can be made having to calculations.. a a substance are above assessment a site or activity be management sites large assessment threshold quantity.OU:::h1t" Lists give the name substance.. calculated for a range of conditions.JL... ..''''''. The provides a self-contained to basic concepts risk ....

Jl.lLJL'bo"-.Il.·.. Guidelines are not to emergency response planning as such.... 'lIo<.. This is not to say that in the fullness of time..... The Lists. JL.Jl. . a site assessment not be undertaken..n~.. v .."'''''''..Hazardous Substances Bisk Assessment: a Mini....lL .u .. ..." ... it does not constitute a risk of a major industrial nature.. risk assessment products described above are meant users dealing problems which more comprehensive are not to review and understand capabilities and these relevant product... the software of risk assessment procedures more convenient. _ .. the circumstances outside the scope of these screening methods.....lL....Jl..""1IlIlI""..A.II. analyst for more detailed treatment. .. Guide to r1It:l1~'1I:l1It:1br1l investigation of user must have calculations to determine ~?O. ....u assessment can be a complicated process.. ""1IJ"""'U"...n. products are increasing sophistication..'-4l- IoI.....JLlIJ'JL..orllllll?O~:::hlC'l lIni-.lL . or is present ata site in a quantity less than the threshold quantity show in List 2.lL to implement the risk assessment procedure contained in the methodology results are identical to the Guidelines. _ .o."..Jl...Jl._'Ioo.IL.. particularly not for the calculation of evacuation distances event of a chemical release.lL...IL"J-.OC'l . _1IJ .... many situations are sufficient.'-4l-'''''''-4l- MIACC believes that if a hazardous substance is not included either 1 or 2.llnt~S the ~?Or ~"TJ'lIJf"11O' methodology described the process being considered must perform .?01I1r·U''Il+1I~n risk assessment concepts lIUllae.. _-....lL ...

.4A"'AA . Daggupaty.I.lL.lL. Canada Norman Chemical Canada Novacor Chemicals Inc.lL_lI...II.lRP acknowledges valuable have participated the activities development of U'YU'U'J.JL.. Environment Canada T..'1 .J'... to Ertugrul Wayne Bissett.II.II...4. Duncan Ellison.... Safety Services Nigel Hyatt..JI.JI. .. ...lL. Urban Community Geoffrey Granville."-"II.. .1I. ..I. Shell Canada ~lIIn.... Environment Canada '-''''-IJ..""".lL''' • 11LJ11IIh"1lO°1t-.U.... Syncrude Canada Jean-Paul Lacoursière. Canada Shrives. Stone & Webster Canada Kelly.II... University of Western Stephen Ramsay. . Environment Canada Pierre Montreal Urban S.. Environment Canada André Gagnon.Il years..1t-1t-""""""TV EnviroTech Holmes.Hazardous Substances BiskAssessment: a 1'V11TAtl"" TJrl.ILIUa .&.JL.Il. Lacoursière & Associates Mancuso.II.

.. or smaller municipalities having only one or two such sites their boundaries....... handling. .. 4 contains the ready-reference distances individual hazardous substances. growing concern has been expressed general in recent years over those and commercial activities that involve ""~".. .~r"l of risk management. 5 1I"'II.. processing.. __'. may weIl able to resolve their concerns or by reference to this which provides a ready reference more than common -. . recommended the RiskAssessment Municipalities has the calculation of the separation distances 1 ...'r7.. . by nature of sorne risk to general in the area... While the methodology out in the of great utility to those may have to evaluate a of hazardous facilities covering a variety hazardous substances. many commercial activities. " " . . ... substances are not only associated with industrial activities (i..... . .... ".I . . . .. . !L.. l. Such activities may also present to the environment .... storage or of chemicals. ~"..e... as accidents involving such chemicals have occurred and widely reported.... . +_11 ..lL4Jl Accidents Council of Canada for Municipalities which discusses and recommends a methodology to be followed. .. ... Chapter 2 of this introduces concept of approach to risk assessment. ... "IoJJL. . . .. .. "". ""~'''''~''JL'''''''''''' of chemicals) are stored . JL.. ... . .. . . commercialchemicals...rlIL'lln .. indicating a separation distance to the substance question for quantities typically or commercial sites. .JLUIIJ'UfJL .. .. ... ~ activities hazardous substances may be 1...I . .nazoraous Substances Risk Assessment: a Mini-Guide industrial and commercial activities.JL_JL.lILJL"""'~-'_"""l. . smaller or commercial activities..... ...

A.ll'lli'..1o.. .A.A.A.A.. . . .~. -. loJ gas government facilities hockey hotels leather tanning facilities machine shops manufacturing facilities marine terminaIs medical labs mining operations non-destructive testing companies nuclear facilities 2 .ll. _.A. .J' compressed gas dealers compressed gas facilities construction sites pharmacological ~ -.._ _J 1oJ ~ ._.ll. ".ll..ll1lJ'''4._I"'.. ...~processes printing lines sidings yards refineries schools sewage facilities ship facilities storage facilities swimming tank farms textile plants trucking corridors (routes) trucking _ truck stops universities waste storage ""__'JL. JL_...ll. plastic JL. _.A.''' yeast JII _ . .JL_1oJ waste treatment facilities waterfront facilities warehouses water slides and parks water treatment facilities welding shops wood preservative _~"''''...Introduction Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide servicing barges (marine) chemical colleges """"-'.JL__"'.-.. . . __"".JL.

IL. is basis of many criteria unacceptable or 'It"""B~~'9"nhBo risk criteria are a factor to 100 lies between unacceptable acceptable levels. nnn'ô~+nhllI1l1hr7 n'9"lI'1t".Basic Concepts the activity is are based on consideration of fatality any a lives or works near a facility. Explosive materials in the context of the MIACC Lists excludes explosives but includes materials which may explode or cause an explosion resulting in over-compression. increase of 1 % or less a specifie hazardous activity. whichmeans materials or products manufactured for the express purpose of producing an explosion or pyrotechnie effect and regulatedunder the Explosives Act. reduction is Chapter 5).n. existing of everyday life. usually diminishes "J"M.rIJ"J""lIH"'"'Ia.Jl"'-4. rtôC'l1l1l"'nhlo are based on evaluated ~.O'9"lIn unacceptable risks.Jl'tJ'U. 3 . Inflammable bas the same meaning. 2 Explosive materials is not synonymous with explosives. risk risk levels is achieved by taking risk control measures (see "tolerable" or "acceptable" judgement of risks means and eosts no matter are calculated or by 1 llnl~""'''''''o'1'''·nhlô the benefits risk level The termjlammable is used in thistextto signify a substance that will ignite and bum.

4 .

. .... . as a toxic cloud)... . by release of toxic liquefied gases.. one consider the .o on situation.. .... J1Ur . along with extensions of detail. the meantime....... Canada.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Methodology . more practical approach.. This work require several years to complete. provide more separation distances calculated same toxic gas by compression than adequate separation.'... lOo...i I''' .n.. approach ... Work is way to a revised version expand to these... reflected in terms of allowable land-uses for specified levels of a guideline for allowable societal one statement.000. version of the approach rests on assumptions and approximations which disallow its use considering some hazardous substances some events...... considered unacceptable. explosive materials.. the present version is considered sufficiently accurate to be of assistance to those who face the need to assess the risks posed by tires by flammable and flammable gases. The approach is not applicable to toxic solids powdered form (which become.....J1111'l' acceptable risk level is area this in-between area is n-or\O?"G"Cb been taken to 1J'OOrll'lIl1nO 1r..rr U U. providing a general risk assessment applicable to most facilities or sites holding hazardous materials. this of the results such assessments 5 . carry out a detailed risk assessment specifie hazardous site.. exclusion zone and unrestricted land-use zone 'distances substances and inventory quantities are presented reference tables in Chapter . It is also not directly applicable to toxic compressed gases.. An fatality risk of 1 10. of less 1 1. and use of this risk contour is not restricted by presence of the facility.. and by the evaporation volatile toxic liquids..000 is negligible. .1 These criteria are risk.7 "l~"lon1t""lhU... airborne. possible events at site combine the results to give overall risk Assessment Guidelines and demonstrates a contours. developed acceptability criteria presented Figure 2.. . or flammable compressed gases..U.000 (or 10-4) presence a facility is considered unacceptable for a member of general area defined by this contour is the exclusion zone. v~~~~~~~"~ TIaeasures risk is often expressed annual (or ~1h"l"~O taken as a tolerable level.. _ .»-. " " " " " ' _ Risk Assessment inaaeunes by any quantity of a substance...0II1J'OnhUo rilO1l"'01l4ln"1l"'... ...

. The separation distance appropriate to each single container be determined several containers same substance or several.. greatest distance can taken as separation distance site as a distance cannot be met to undertake a risk assessment facility..~'''''. if one of these proves to predominating risk.4. any one of these in the usual way.". can used to calculate an approximate acceptable value the the appropriate separation distance a site with several containers.Il.Il... whether distances is more than twice as great as each and every one others.Il. .Il..'''''~ separation the user is to engage and smaller assessment present 6 .Il. The however.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide to exist from quantity of substance ' .Il.a.Il.Il. mitigating factors or conditions are not accounted recommended separation distances may result.~''-''..

all in alphabetical order. . liquefied flammable gases is further divided into two subgroups. . . . __ on by to resolve the uncertainty. . or to an accident or destruction. flood. .. . storm. tr'lnn.. _ 0 . and further _-.Jl. ... depending on their hazardous characteristics. powdered toxic solids. _. The group of outlined Table 2 of fuis Mini-Guide.. making decisions regarding use... .Jl'-4~v ""'~ to the best judgement possible at this time. . 7 . .. . ....lIliOrD to any estimation approach).. . rII01rYOIA"'1I"'lIlL:. . The groups of toxic substances are also subdivided.. decisions have to be distances next time with the present state of knowledge.. . Nevertheless. particular models used here. or explosive materials are not covered.. . . . he aware of these actual risk assessment methodology deals the likelihood and consequences of accidents or a facility or its related operations. . . c _ _ .Jl""'~ assessment is applicable are given together in Table 3 of this This Table includes subgroup designation of each substance. .. ""'~lo. . Compressed flammable gases which are not .a. ~'~u/}stances and Hazardous substances from the Lists of Substances (MIAee List 1 and List 2) to which the present . are outlined v""'. 2.llrll are a number of limitations to the results can be as a guide user of or situations being assessed may be significantly these guides. are to on an assessment measures can be _ _ _ 11-. RiskAssessment Guidelines forMunicipaltties and assigns substances to groups. .llC'l v ". . The an earthquake..UJ. according to a hazard rating combining measures of toxicity and volatility.4-v ....Jl. of substances having higher or boilingpoints. . Table 4 repeats this list of hazardous substances along names.. 1-I/'"I''"7/'"11t''/ln. Nevertheless.. UJ used may engender or over-estimates of safe separation distances. . ... and cannot be included calculation. ... . which is intended for general use .Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Classification ofSubstances contours users for a """''''''''''''_'110 or discontinuous use. . is often specifie to which could damage the facility..

. some substances which are toxic and flammable. and the "unrestricted land use zone" is defined as the zone an individual risk contour of 10-6.V. whichever is more to circumstances. one for each Group. Most present a through aquatic toxicity and impact on aquatic ecosystem food chains. a threshold quantity the quantity of a substance at the facility or site consideration is this from an accident is t". does not mean the site presents no risk at rather that circumstances assessment of such sites can in absence of other considerations such as a history of spills or accidents at the site.substances.... 8 .JL .JI. The user should select the greatest ofthe separation distances read several tables. consideration risk assessments nature presented These .... show suggested separation distances for common quantities of hazardous substances which may be found various facilities.Classification ofSubstances RiskAssessment Mini-Guide toxic cloud vaporation) 3) is not the 3. some hazards such as biological or radiation hazards .UU. for instance. Some substances present more than one hazard.. .II. "-'JLJLJL. while they may cause off-site injuries..Jl.ll.II.A~1t'"""h. so that user beaware of the hazards possible. a reference is given 3 to every lettered table of separation distances that could apply. based upon the risk acceptability criteria. are very less to an acute to the public...a and a risk assessment is not immediately necessary.n.JLJL. The"exclusion zone" is defined as the zone an risk contour of 10-4. Note that quantities are given at heads of these tables either tonnes or metres. For such substances.. The risk measure used in these criteria is the increased individual risk of fatality (in any one year) due to the given type of hazard for an individual exposed to the risk source.V lettered tables which follow this chapter.

."ftUVA... A._"""""". . A....A.. and A .....A.. Lists are intended to be reviewed on a CUITent with commercial and 1I.... "l_~JLJL_"""'. emergency response."-J'.. _ _ Substances IJ. substances not _..."" rravaranns tnaustruu Acuvuies. Canada were eliminated the Lists... as basis the areas of toxicology.rilrlln11-1I"'1In IiI-In'F7n1/G'/fI/ll7aC' basis changes to keep Any comments concerning the .UVIL.. .JL_~ assigned to different user should select one to compressed gases are not specifically covered same gases compressed to be larger than necessary... A. 9 .A.J who had expertise enforcement..... rtrrraranus Substances were developed by members of Organization of EeE Seveso were developed considering those used in Canadian experience. identifying ranking sites at which handling of substances takes from perspective of safety risks...II.."""1I'.... c .Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List ofSubstances Toxic gases _A.A.JL-' This Substances) Guuieunes is applicable.JL_'-'II-. J L _ A . .JL.. health and safety.. v .

and any beginning with 9 is a North American number. to indicate the substance is usually found as an intermediate in a chemical system. to indicate the substance is prohibited for transport bulk.a... The phrase situ appears in Column 5.a. Division 2 (2. assigned by the United Nations or used only in America.. _ .a..List ofSubstances Risk Assessment Mini-Guide '-"""-J'.1..a. 2 usual physicalstate(s) of the substance.... numbering system is based on chemical 'structure.a. The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations class and division for each substance. with the Class..2) Class 2. not as a commodity.Jl. 4 "-''-'.IL.. Substances..a..... Chemical Abstract Service number assigned to the substance by the American Chemical Society..a.. ..1 .a.Illb4..a..... or completely prohibited for transport. JL 3 _ _ .a.a.....6) Class 2..~'V.....1) Class 2. 1 name of hazardous lJu..4. phrase situ appears in Column 2. the.. Division 1 (2. and so is probably made at the industrial site where it is used. or is used in small quantities.III.a.. are substances catastrophic events..a.'UJV&...a.a... Sorne substances fall into more than one class and division.a.J1. Divisions 1 to 6 (1.3) Explosives ~ 1 ~ ...Jl.. .I.. II-'A.. Ib4.a.. These are from 2. primary class appears first in Column 5.._....JL. .. the physical state.. When this is the case..._ . 5 Class and Divis. product identification number for the substance. "-''-'... The classes are: _ _ ..\..on Class 1.ll.a. Any beginning with 0 identifies an explosive. Flammable Gases Other Gases Toxic Gases . Hazardous Substances. others are UN numbers. names of hazardous substances which have the potential to cause acute events but it are not priority substances.. Division 3 (2...

the thresholds defining these larger quantities are . Division2 (6.. threshold quantity is given in tonnes 000 kg).given print....:...1) Flammable Solids Spontaneously Combustible Materials Water-reactive Materials Oxidizing Substances OrganicPeroxides Poisonous Substances Infectious Substances Radioactive Materials Corrosive Materials Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods Environmentally Hazardous Substances ! r:'!<>~~ 1 Class 1 4. Division2 (5... Division 2 (9. reference tables of separation distances.2) _Jl~II..2) 1 Class 7 (7) 1 Class 8 (8) s. Division 1 (5.. ..II.. Division 1 (9....ILJLJL _.. 6 recommended threshold quantity.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List ofSubstances Class and Division ) Flammabl .. Division 1 (6.1) Class 5.4. .1) 1 c. Division 2 (4. Division 1 (4. These tables are: C"I.2) Class 6.. an assessment of risk should be carried out. should be given to the assessment of sites which hold large quantities of List 1 hazardous substances.. .... .IUL...2) Division 3 (4.. _Jl. 5. this quantity is met or exceeded at a site.3) 1 Class 4..lI.1) 1 1 Class 6..JLJL..4....IULJL 7 A Flammable liquids (pool fire hazard) Flammable 1· B C s (flash fire hazard) Liquefied flammable gases Toxie gases liquefied by compression Toxie gases liquefied by eooling 1 Toxie liquids D E F Il ..

1 in situ 2.1 6.5.1 8 0.3.94-5 10210-68-1 1754 1 0.1 in situ 0.B A A .B C lowbp.9.8 in situ 3. 2.1 in situ 2.2 1 200 50 50 50 50 10 CYCLOHEXANE Liquid 110-82-7 1145 A Cyclohexane.3. 19287-45-7 1911 0.1 in situ A A 1 Liquid Liquid Liquefied A. Fhigh 6.2.3.1 Chlorosulphonic acid Cobalt carbonyl Liquid Solid in situ Liquefied 7790 . methylCyclohexene Cyclopentane Liquid 108-87-2 110-83-8 287-92-3 75-19-4 1 2296 2256 1146 1027 1 3 3 3 2.1 1 Il Threshold' ("'- Substance ..5 6.1 D/Ehigh... 'eT Table tonnes 0.1 Fmed F very high D very high /Ehigh Fmed Cyanogen 460-19-5 1026 Gas Cyanogen bromide Solid 506-68-3 1889 2..2..1 i Gas Dichlorodimethyl ether Liquid 542-88-1 2249 DIE veryhigh..List of Substances Risk Assessment /'II'f11111J"f111 .III'yflJ/1I8J/U Coll Usual State CAS Number PINIUN Number ~ TDG Class & Div.2 1 1 Diethylamine Diethyl ether Diisobutylene Diisopropylether Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid 109-89-7 60-29-7 25167-70-8 108-20-3 1154 1155 2050 1159 3 3 3 10 50 50 50 A A.1 in situ .3. C lowbp . Clow bp D/Ehigh Carbonyl sulphide Comp-Gas in situ Liquefied 463-58-1 2204 CHLORINE 7782-50-5 1017 Gas Chlorine dioxide Gas in situ Liquid 76-06-2 1580.1. 1583 in situ 1 F veryhigh Flow Chloropicrin 6.2.. A Cyclopropane Gas Diborane (6) Comp.

Liquid Ref.....6.A A Flow.1 1 D very high IEhigh.78.84...0 75.1 A.3 109.7 1 100 10 ETHYLENE 74-85.1 1038 1962 100 10 C lowbp.. 96..A Flow.3 75.1 3 3 2.93.1 10 3.3 1032 D/Emed.....2 10 1 10 10 1 Liquid Comp.3 3 3.1..1 6.94.1 3 3 3..4 75.1 74..1.6 1160 1162 1033 3. A Ethylene chlorohydrin 107-07r3 1135 6.00.4 109.9.88.4 1173 1917 1175 1000 1 A A A 200 50 10 Ethyl bromide Liquid 74.. Flow C high bp.B.3 i 1891 6.9.8 2...1 CAS Number PIN/UN Number J State TDG Class & Div.08-1 78.91.Flow Fmed..1 10 1 50 1 1 541 .5 100.10...5 115.04. Chigh A B..3 75. A Dimethyl sulphide 1..2 1 50 0.0 1164 1165 1035 1961 3 3 2.2 2...8 Substance Threshold r"'-.. anhydrous Liquefied Gas 124..78....6 140.41..4.1.41..liquid Gas Under Pressure Liquid 1037 1182 1190 2481 2363 1193 1036 2270 1 2. A Fmed.. tonnes 10 Table Dimethylamine.1 1 w ...40.90. Gas..9. solutions Dimethyldichlorosilane Dimethyl ether i Liquid Liquid Liquefied Gas 124.8 3.A Dimethylamine.. 2.A Flow.D ioxane Ethane & Ethane mixtures Liquid 75.3 123.A A D/Elow Ethyl chloride Ethyl chloroformate Ethyl formate Ethyl isocyanate Ethyl mercaptan Ethyl methyl ketone Ethylamine or Ethylamine solutions Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid Comp.40..18.. Gas Ref.1 2. 1 Ethyl acetate Ethyl acrylate ETHYLBENZENE Liquid Liquid Liquid 141. Liq..Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide List of Substances Col.A A ·C lowbp.

5 Hydrogen 1333-74-0 2.1 in situ 200 50 10 A.3.B C low bp.3.6.22Q9 2. or liquefied gas Liquefied gas/liquid Liquefied Gas/Liquid Liquefied Gas/Liquid 74-90-8 1051 1613 1049 1966 1048 1788 2186 1789 1052 1790 6.2.2 10 1 1 DIE veryhigh Dhigh IEmed. 9.1 1 C lowbp Hydrogen bromide 10035-10-6 2. A FLUORINE Formaldehyde 1045 50-00-0 1198.9.2 8.1.6. A GASOLINE Gennane Liquid Liquefied gas 86290-81-5 7782-65-2 1203 2192 3 2.2 1 DlEhigh HYDROGEN 7647-01-0 50 10 DlEhigh CHLORIDE/ACID HYDROGEN FLUüRIDE/ACID 7664-39-3 50 10 DlEmed .1.1.8 50 10 A Fverylow A Fhigh Hydrocyanic acid Liquefied gas/liquid Comp.6.1 8.5.8.1.List of Substances Assessment Mini-Guide Coll Substance e ne dibromide ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE Liquid 107-06-2 1184 3.1 in situ 3. 9.9.2030 3.Flow ETHYLENE OXIDE Liquid: Gas Under Pressure Gas 75-21-8 1040 50 10 DlEmed.8 in situ 2. DIE veryhigh A Heptane Liquid 142-82-5 1206 3 50 Hexane Hydrazine Liquid Liquid 110-54-3 302-01-2 2029.1 20Q.2 0.6. 50 A.9.3.4 8.2 2.

..3 MERCURY 7439 ..3 0.1 100 1 2396 .0 55.5 2202 2..4 4098 ....07.6 2809 8 in situ 3.84.8 Threshold Table tonnes 1 DlEhigh 2197 1787 2984.1 in situ 0...2 2.2014 20'15 Hydrogen peroxide 7722 .11.7 1075 2.9 2284 2290 1218 2..1..14.5 463...71..8 in situ 5.79..85.3.3 1649 6.3..06. 2...1 100 10 1 12108 .85.Risk AssessmentMini-Guide List of Substances CoL 1 Substance Hydrogen iodide Usual State Liquefied gas/liquid Liquid CAS Number 10034 ..91.97. it may ignite combustibles.82.13.6 1994 6..1 10 Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizing substance and will accelerate buming when involved in a fire. A C lowbp.4 DIE veryhigh Liquefied natural gases 8006 ..1.51.1 Liquid Ketene Liquefied Gas in situ Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas Liquid in situ Liquid 78..7 1055 Isobutyronitrile Isofluorophate one diisocyanate Liquid Liquid 78.40.. A F veryhigh Fmed LIQUEFIED PE1ROLEUM GASES Manganese trichlorocarbonyl 68476. Clow HYDROGEN SULPHIDE Gas/Liquid Under Pressure Liquid in situ Liquid 7783 ..1 10 1 Iron pentacarbonyl 13463 .2. Hydrogen selenide Liquefied gas 7783 .1 10 C lowbp..2.4 1053 2.2 PINIUN Number TDG Class & Div...3.5 DIE extreme.6.1 in situ 1 amine Isobutylene Liquid 115....

.94.87..1 6..B Methyl mercaptan 74.61.6 1064 1 A 2.A Liquefied Gas...6 1251 2553 1256 2553 1259 200 50 Liquid in situ 13463.~'~J tonnes ~ Table Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate lVIETHANE Liquid 30674 .2 3 3 1 1 50 Flow.3 1919 1062 1063 1239 1 74.83.80.39....1.....1 4.3.2 107.A A.1 F very high..30.1 D _" _" " 1230 1231 1060 1 ". Ref.. A . C high bp A A A...1 3...1 75.List of Substances Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide CoL 1 " Substance Usual State CAS Number PINIUN Number TDG Class & Div.1 2.6.3.3 3 6..16... 11 ~~/~ 1000 10 1 0.iquid Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid 1 74.. acrylate Methyl bromide 67.2.3 6...3 Methyl chloride 1 1 50 1 50 1 10 Dhigh /Emed Fmed.3 Methyl magnesium bromide in ethyl ether Liquid Solution in situ Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid Liquid A.1 3 2.7 74. PETROLEUM NAPTHA or NAPTHA SOLVENT Nickel carbonyl 11"\ 7 1 78...99.93. 556.8 2478 1971 1972 3.62...5 A A C lowbp. A A D/Ehigh ..3 2..3 in situ 0.4 8030.6.9 74.B Methyl methacrylate Methyl vinyl ketone NAPHTHA.A Methylchloromethylether 01 1 1243 1 Methyl iodide Methyl isobutyl ketone Methyl isothiocyanate 1 74-88-4 1 2644 1245 2477 1928 1 ~ Solid or Liquid 108..82.. Liquid Liquid 1 100 10 C lowbp.31.1 1 3 3.1 80.30.7 ~3 2....B Fmed A Fmed. A Methanol Methyl acetate Methyl acetylene and Propadiene mixtures .1.3 107.9.56. Threshold r .1 1 Fmed.1 1 (lC .

Solid or Liquid.44-7 1072 1073 10 Oxygen does not bum. Flow Flow 0. dry or in solution.3. white molten. 1 Pentane and pentane mixtures Perchloryl fluoride : Liquid Gas in situ Solid. 9.9..2.1.2.9.6.2 4.3.2 4.5 Fhigh Nitrosy1sulphuric acid [ Octanes Osmium tetroxide 7782.6 1265 3083 ! 3 2.Bisk Assessment Mini-Guide of Substances CoL 1 Il Usual State CAS Number C"l .5.2.2032 Nitric oxide Comp-Gas 10102-43-9 1660 0. amorphous or amorphous red.1 19 .1. FUMING or REDFUMING Liquid 7697-37-2 2031.. Ref. 6.0 1067 0.1 A. 9. and may ignite combustibles.5.5 DIE very high.01 D veryhigh Phosphine 7803-51-2 2199 2.1 Threshold r"- 'el Table tonnes 10 1 Fhigh NI1RIC ACID. but supports the combustion of other substances.2 1 8. 8 in situ 2.5. white or yellow.2 8.6.1.. Moltenor .2 1 A Phosphores oxychloride Phosphorus trichloride Liquid Liquid 10025-87-3 7719-12-2 1810 1809 1 8.1 in situ 2.9.2 50 0.9..1 in situ 0.B Dmed /Blow Phenol 108-95-2 1671 2312 2821 .1.3.1..7 65-9 20816.5.44.78.2 2.1. Gas 109-66-0 7616-94.8 0.5 DlEhigh Nitrogen dioxide Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid Solid 10102.3.5. C lowbp Phosphores.9.11 PINIUN Number TDG Class & 8.1.1 1 50 10 Fmed A Flow Oxygen Liquefied Gas. 1076 10 A Phosgene 75-44-5 2.9.3..2 A v. Molten. Solid 7723-14-0 1381 2447 1338 4.12-0 2308 1262 2471 8 3 6.2. Liquid Liquid... Liquid 7782.1 in situ 6. Liquefied Gas in situ Comp.

.8 in situ 5..1.2 50 1 10 A.JI.5 SODIUM CHLORATE Solid.3 1 l Flow ..iquid 1 -- -2404 1277 '" '" c 11 10 1 A 1 10 F very low A 107-10-8 3 PROPYLENE OXIDE Liquid 75-56-9 1280 3. Stibine Comp-Gas 7803-52-3 2676 2.3 in situ ~ DIE very high Fhigh Fmed 1 [ trioxide Solid 1 1 Il SULPHURIC ACID.B A DlEhigh ·Pyridine Silicon tetrat1uoride 1 Liquid Comp-Gas 1 110-86-1 7783-61-1 1282 1859 2..1.ê-methyl 74-98-6 1075 1978 1969 2.5 Dhigh IEmed Sulphur tetrat1uoride C1 . C high bp C1 0' T -nnll1i1 .JI. 2.3 100 0.5 0.2..2428 200 10 Sodium chlorate is an oxidizing substance and will accelerate burning when involved in a fire..iquid .. and PROPANE MIXTURES Propane... Liquid SULPHUR DIOXIDE Liquefied Gas Comp-Gas ~ ..i ~ 1 Propionaldehyde Propionitrile n-Propylamine L~ . .6. FUMING 1831 8.~ 8014-95-7 2. Liquid 7775-09-9 1495. 9..1 0.List of Substances Assessment Mini-Guide Coll Usual State CAS Number PINIUN Number TDG Class & Div..1 100 10 10 Clow A C lowbp.1 DIE very high. it may ignite combustibles. t-= 1079 2418 D -s ~""~ 50 ~ A 1 7446-09-5 2.3. ~ 'J Table tonnes 10 Clow A Propadiene Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas Liquefied Gas 463-49-0 2200 PROPANE.3.1 in situ 0..1. 7783-60-0 7446-11. A 75-28-5 .2 0 10 1 Sulphuryl chloride TETRAETHYL LEAD Liquid Liquid 78-00-2 1834 1649 6.9.1 in situ Threshold Substance r .

1 in situ Threshold 0 "'- '01 Table tonnes 1 C high bp Tetrafluoroethylene 116-14-3 75-74-1 1081 1649 .Dmed lE low Chigh "r- Liquefied Gas 75-01-4 1086 2.. -....8 3..Toluylenediamine 1 Triethylamine Trimethylamine 101 10 10 0.)U/ ":l 2..1..1.3 . TOLUENE 1 A 100 50 11 Il Toluene-2.9. Liquid Liquid Liquid Liquid rmed 1 .J.8 2...... " Tetramethyllead Liquid 6. 50 1 1 Flow Thionyl chloride .. Fhigh Vinyl acetate VINYL CHLORIDE H 1 T· ..Risk Assessment Mini-Guide List of Substances Coll ~ Usual State Comp-Gas ~ CAS Number PINIUN Substance Number TDG Class & Div.... 7.. 2.JI.9.l.2 Titanium tctrachloridc ..2978 1301 3.U-' If)" ~ A ..V-L.3 in situ 1 1 3..8 -. 2474 1838 1294 2078 1709 1296 1083 1298 2196 2977..2 2...... 11 osgene 463-71-8 7550-45-0 108-88-3 584-84-9 95-80-7 .J.. A Clow A.1 50 10 1 Vinylidene chloride XYLENE ""E'" """" FI / A : 1 ....1 200 10 Vinyl methyl ether Liquefied Gas Liquid Liquid 107-25-5 1087 303 !. 4 ..5 1 50 1 A DlEmed 75-50-3 75-77-4 7783-82-6 7783-81-5 Trimethylchlorosilane F very low A F Tungsten hexafluoride Liquid Uranium hexafluoride Solid _1 .8 7.4~üsocyanate Liquid Solid Liquid Liquefied Gas Liquid Flow Fmed 112.

see Acetyl chloride. 3-Chloropropene.alpha-Dichloroacetylchloride. see chloride ACETALDEHYDE Acetaldehyde.1-Dic~oro-ethylene. see Ethyl acetate Acetyl chloride Acetyl chloride. see sec-Butylamine _IVD.l' -Oxybis-ethane. see Ethylene chlorohydrin 2-Isocyanatoethyl. see Allyl bromide 3-Butanone. see Diethyl ether 1. see Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate 2-1sopropoxypropane. see Isoprene 2-Propen-1-amine. see Methyl methacrylate 2-Methylbutadiene. see ethyl ketone 2-Butenal 2-Chloroethanol. chloroAcetyl chloride. see Acetyl chloride Acetone Acetonitrile Acetoxyethane. see Isoprene 2-Methyl-2-propenoic acid methyl ester. see 2-Aminobutane. see sec-Butylamine 2. see Allylamine 3-Bromo-propene. see Chlorine dioxide Allene. see Allylamine 3-Aminopropene.3-butadiene.3-Butadiene 1.Alphabetical List Risk Assessment Mini-Guide 1. dichloroalpha-Chloro-toluene. see Methyl acetylene alpha.4. . see Ammonia Anaesthesia ether. see Diisopropyl ether 2-Methyl-l.t-"SBllU. see Vinylidene chloride 1. see Diethyl ether Anthium dioxide.4-Trinlethylpentene. see chloride propylamine.4-Dioxane 1-Aminoethane. see Benzyl chloride AMMONIA Ammoniumhydroxide solutions. chloroAcetanhydride.4-Toluylenediamine 2. dichloroAcetyl chloride. see Ethylamine 1-Chloro-butane. see Ethyl chloride Alcide. see ACETALDEHYDE Acetic anhydride Acetic chloride. see Acetic anhydride Acetic aldehyde. see Diisobutylene 2-Amino-2-methylpropane. see Chlorine dioxide 22 .1 -emnenvi 1. see Propadiene Allyl alcohol Allyl bromide Allyl chloride Allylamine Allylene. trichloroACETYLENE Acrolein Acryladlehyde. see Methyl ethyl ketone see Acrolein Aethylis chloridum.

JLJL . -. see Boron trifluoride Boron hydride... see Phenol Carbon chlorosulphide.RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List see Antimony A... see 1.lLJUI.. see Arsenic trichloride Arsenic hydride.. JLa... see Thiophosgene Carbon disulphide Carbon monoxide Carbon nitride."'.... see 1.. see BENZENE see see cyclohexene see see NAPHTHA see BENZENE Benzyl chloride Benzyl cyanide see sec-Butyl amine Butal.. see Cyanogen Carbon oxychloride...-_. se~ Butyraldehyde Butanal..... Atlacide... see alcohol.1'-Biphenyl Bisulphite..J"-'·.. see Ethane Biphenyl.lI. . see SULPHUR DIOXIDE Boroethane.. see Butanol chloride Butylene..JI. see Azine.. ethyl ketone vinyl ketone .. see Diborane (6) Boron chloride.JLJLJL'J.. see Phosgene . " Bertholite. see Butyraldehyde BUTANE AND BUTANE MIXTURES see Butene Butenone. see CHLORINE beta-Methylacrolein..J!... _~ . JL~ . see Diborane (6) 23 see Methanol Carbolic acid. see see bromide Butadiène. see Boron trichloride Boron fluoride..JlY see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE see BROMINE ..3-Butadiene Butafume..... •v .. see 2-Butenal Bimethyl.. see ARSINE Arsenic trichloride ARSINE J.. Azabenzene.JlWJlJlJlV. see Cyanogen bromide Bromoethane..._ cyanide.. see Stibine pentafluoride Antimony see Stibine Arsenic see Arsenic trichloride Arsenic chloride.. see SODIUM CHLORATE .._ _ hydride..JLJLJ If-'_.. . see Butene Butyraldehyde Calcium carbide Carbinol.

see SODIUM CHLORATE CHLORINE Chlorine rill1"'TlIrilL:h . .'""'. see Acetonitrile CYCLOHEXANE Cyclohexane... . .. .. . see Chloroacetic acid chloride. ._ . see VINYL CHLORIDE Chloroformyl _. tetroxide. see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE see Chloroethylene.-. . .. _ . . .AlphabeticalList Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Carbony1 _. _ (6) Chloro(chloronne~oxy)nne~ane. .. . . . see chloromethyl ether Dimethyldichlorosilane see Acetone see PROPANE . see 'r11n'\~~1"tn71~t" SeeXYLENE see Styrene naphtha. see 1.. . see SULPHURIC ACID.... . .... FUMING see Carbon O1S111ptnae 24 ..-. . . methylCyclohexatriene.. . see Isofluorophate Diisopropyl Diisopropyloxide. see Phosgene see Diisobutylene see Chlorophenylll1e~ane. .. .. .._.__. chloroChloroallylene. . .. _. see BENZENE Cyclohexene Cyclopentane Coal Dimethylchloroether. ... l '_Hl1nnpl"'","doc_promotions_enabled":false,"static_promo_banner_cta_url":""},"eligible_for_exclusive_trial_roadblock":false,"eligible_for_seo_roadblock":false,"exclusive_free_trial_roadblock_props_path":"/doc-page/exclusive-free-trial-props/75449368","flashes":[],"footer_props":{"urls":{"about":"/about","press":"/press","blog":"http://literally.scribd.com/","careers":"/careers","contact":"/contact","plans_landing":"/subscribe","referrals":"/referrals?source=footer","giftcards":"/giftcards","faq":"/faq","accessibility":"/accessibility-policy","faq_paths":{"accounts":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246346","announcements":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246066","copyright":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246086","downloading":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/articles/210135046","publishing":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246366","reading":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246406","selling":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246326","store":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246306","status":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/360001202872","terms":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246126","writing":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246366","adchoices":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/articles/210129366","paid_features":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246306","failed_uploads":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210134586-Troubleshooting-uploads-and-conversions","copyright_infringement":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210128946-DMCA-copyright-infringement-takedown-notification-policy","end_user_license":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210129486","terms_of_use":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210129326-General-Terms-of-Use"},"publishers":"/publishers","static_terms":"/terms","static_privacy":"/privacy","copyright":"/copyright","ios_app":"https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/scribd-worlds-largest-online/id542557212?mt=8&uo=4&at=11lGEE","android_app":"https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.scribd.app.reader0&hl=en","books":"/books","sitemap":"/directory"}},"global_nav_props":{"header_props":{"logo_src":"/images/landing/home2_landing/scribd_logo_horiz_small.svg","root_url":"https://www.scribd.com/","search_term":"","small_logo_src":"/images/logos/scribd_s_logo.png","uploads_url":"/upload-document","search_props":{"redirect_to_app":true,"search_url":"/search","query":"","search_page":false}},"user_menu_props":null,"sidebar_props":{"urls":{"bestsellers":"https://www.scribd.com/bestsellers","home":"https://www.scribd.com/","saved":"/saved","subscribe":"/archive/pmp_checkout?doc=75449368&metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D","top_charts":"/bestsellers","upload":"https://www.scribd.com/upload-document"},"categories":{"book":{"icon":"icon-ic_book","icon_filled":"icon-ic_book_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/books","name":"Books","type":"book"},"news":{"icon":"icon-ic_articles","icon_filled":"icon-ic_articles_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/news","name":"News","type":"news"},"audiobook":{"icon":"icon-ic_audiobook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_audiobook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/audiobooks","name":"Audiobooks","type":"audiobook"},"magazine":{"icon":"icon-ic_magazine","icon_filled":"icon-ic_magazine_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/magazines","name":"Magazines","type":"magazine"},"document":{"icon":"icon-ic_document","icon_filled":"icon-ic_document_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/docs","name":"Documents","type":"document"},"sheet_music":{"icon":"icon-ic_songbook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_songbook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/sheetmusic","name":"Sheet Music","type":"sheet_music"}},"categories_array":["mixed","book","audiobook","magazine","news","document","sheet_music"],"selected_content_type":"mixed","username":"","search_overlay_props":{"search_input_props":{"focused":false,"keep_suggestions_on_blur":false}}}},"recommenders":{"related_titles_recommender":{"ids":[363920940,101900525,81283805,218809841,258128209,80826560,264480082,56052807,93707567,186585225,257348691,385393806,368354491,356184601,69092632,343808947,295926364,261600060,44314948,136126174,301357558,14513931,55171522,155662857,46097354,344991660,50775329,296222676,283554189,160178547,282766939,263504218,239488191,212863738,244157917,253264900,224369806,225916486,238704340,224355300,224258670,163646054,224419023,182553141,202691564,211302755,239588474,293461549,224410295,224326250,224426877,224349281,234028503,273582508,273440534,224306619,249309502,337536061,182565115,254039238,163580087,224270540,235411767,224285255,224252178,224248577,231689346,235583696,250006950,182546874,249308781,224266633,182522032,216442529,163647832,163603389,246897514,182560283,163579056,163564256,224248520,249308236,224421552],"title_link":null,"title":null,"track_opts":{"compilation_id":"UV6pnIE6l1+S6NGodCb3UvKWYv8=","module_id":"2bi5O0t5h89S7W+s/RfTsuKMDOY=","widget_name":"right sidebar","track_id":"flattened_recommender"}},"footer_recommenders":{"recommenders":[{"ids":[363920940,101900525,81283805,218809841,258128209,80826560,264480082,56052807,93707567,186585225,257348691,385393806,368354491,356184601,69092632,343808947,295926364,261600060,44314948,136126174,301357558,14513931,55171522,155662857,46097354,344991660,50775329,296222676,283554189,160178547],"title_link":null,"title":"Documents Similar To DQ5.4","track_opts":{"compilation_id":"UV6pnIE6l1+S6NGodCb3UvKWYv8=","module_id":"eVhizFdRzs/dC2oZ5Yc58ohzguA=","widget_name":"document_carousel"}}]},"seo_new_docs_recommenders":{"recommenders":[]},"documents":{"14513931":{"type":"document","id":14513931,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/14513931/108x144/7d8550e0d4/1276119391?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/14513931/216x288/2a03e7fd79/1276119391?v=1","title":"FirePlan Update Vol 24 April 2009","short_title":"FirePlan Update Vol 24 April 2009","author":"Fire Flyer","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":14513931,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"CiSFxIiV7kN99b4p4pbjirzM82c="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/14513931/FirePlan-Update-Vol-24-April-2009"},"44314948":{"type":"document","id":44314948,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/44314948/108x144/5f1bf7a683/1395169291?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/44314948/216x288/b096596893/1395169291?v=1","title":"Untitled","short_title":"Untitled","author":"eurolex","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":44314948,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ZYOEG2VXGWXGhLfhk0rxVxKik3Q="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/44314948/Untitled"},"46097354":{"type":"document","id":46097354,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/46097354/108x144/c03cdab7e8/1417611573?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/46097354/216x288/8bb29d4de1/1417611573?v=1","title":"ASSIGMNT BINA","short_title":"ASSIGMNT BINA","author":"DS Nan Salim","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":46097354,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ZkF2vxFrl2wRZyyzQWNOwbH5HxA="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/46097354/ASSIGMNT-BINA"},"50775329":{"type":"document","id":50775329,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/50775329/108x144/f28ef2555e/1356813522?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/50775329/216x288/075ec72674/1356813522?v=1","title":"Organizational change","short_title":"Organizational change","author":"Vivek Soni","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":50775329,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"CWuf52ZPf/572E2tcISdhFH1VrI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/50775329/Organizational-change"},"55171522":{"type":"document","id":55171522,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/55171522/108x144/f536a7d38a/1361133318?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/55171522/216x288/41d10e54f5/1361133318?v=1","title":"Colour Coding","short_title":"Colour Coding","author":"Vipin Patil","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":55171522,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GiO0dHr+amoqNYvJJUEqJccEp5k="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/55171522/Colour-Coding"},"56052807":{"type":"document","id":56052807,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/56052807/108x144/a9bc7f0092/1407828423?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/56052807/216x288/3a68b54e73/1407828423?v=1","title":"msds HBr","short_title":"msds HBr","author":"rnoviati","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":56052807,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FW4GRwYbGP1auNfGXqWmCoQzPRI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/56052807/msds-HBr"},"69092632":{"type":"document","id":69092632,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/69092632/108x144/e136f88bd0/1318833793?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/69092632/216x288/c9e3d69cef/1318833793?v=1","title":"An Ex 7","short_title":"An Ex 7","author":"Niranjan Panda","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":69092632,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"c4uFnh1AfUuTn9LxFoSPGykzGyQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/69092632/An-Ex-7"},"80826560":{"type":"document","id":80826560,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/80826560/108x144/e76c183a4b/1328645994?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/80826560/216x288/4f9be4bf89/1328645994?v=1","title":"Mercaptohexanoic Acid","short_title":"Mercaptohexanoic Acid","author":"MeliDavila22","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":80826560,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ROp+PvyCSEOLz6fKMt4fjtbAhyM="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/80826560/Mercaptohexanoic-Acid"},"81283805":{"type":"document","id":81283805,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/81283805/108x144/4ddb6b3f1f/1388274869?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/81283805/216x288/dc9ab450da/1388274869?v=1","title":"Chemical Safety Assessment","short_title":"Chemical Safety Assessment","author":"evarol","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":81283805,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"1ZQNtyiqCqhc1mwtx3xf1Iha66Q="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/81283805/Chemical-Safety-Assessment"},"93707567":{"type":"document","id":93707567,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/93707567/108x144/f6416323a2/1360937063?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/93707567/216x288/b47832c50e/1360937063?v=1","title":"sh-c-en","short_title":"sh-c-en","author":"catalcla46","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":93707567,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DKQaNWccHPbJu+Uoz8hWLwG2w84="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/93707567/sh-c-en"},"101900525":{"type":"document","id":101900525,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/101900525/108x144/a6628f2eeb/1377882882?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/101900525/216x288/e75f533744/1377882882?v=1","title":"Calcium Hypochlorite MSDS","short_title":"Calcium Hypochlorite MSDS","author":"tradeasiagroup","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":101900525,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"J1mOWOm5LgT/DNBhCPnTQjWrdL4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/101900525/Calcium-Hypochlorite-MSDS"},"136126174":{"type":"document","id":136126174,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/136126174/108x144/30d18f57ad/1402710810?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/136126174/216x288/286869570f/1402710810?v=1","title":"I2","short_title":"I2","author":"Raditya Rizki Amalia","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":136126174,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DQYkaMNgNPNfMddavXUTu5wg4V4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/136126174/I2"},"155662857":{"type":"document","id":155662857,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/155662857/108x144/b43adb4dc3/1450582226?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/155662857/216x288/f3bedeb69f/1450582226?v=1","title":"Progress Report.docx","short_title":"Progress Report.docx","author":"Rozi Khan","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":155662857,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"5DvY6C+GEhtIE+IdEXwwytF6Zk4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/155662857/Progress-Report-docx"},"160178547":{"type":"document","id":160178547,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/160178547/108x144/fd1697c0fa/1376469723?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/160178547/216x288/467870de7b/1376469723?v=1","title":"Country Risk Rating","short_title":"Country Risk Rating","author":"taijulshadin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":160178547,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"6YQFfUlUMdIt/UG5yjbVrVkGagY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/160178547/Country-Risk-Rating"},"163564256":{"type":"book","id":163564256,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163564256/108x144/19b813ddea/1537610449?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163564256/216x288/50918b57c9/1537610449?v=1","title":"Beautiful Ruins: A Novel","short_title":"Beautiful Ruins","author":"Jess Walter","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163564256,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"SU2qar56PR90Yr8zY4Yp6AAl9o4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163564256/Beautiful-Ruins-A-Novel"},"163579056":{"type":"book","id":163579056,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163579056/108x144/b0cc4a522d/1537615945?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163579056/216x288/cc1bed9752/1537615945?v=1","title":"The Art of Racing in the Rain: A Novel","short_title":"The Art of Racing in the Rain","author":"Garth Stein","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163579056,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FfA5USC35q1NntF0OY/jb61/Pz0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163579056/The-Art-of-Racing-in-the-Rain-A-Novel"},"163580087":{"type":"book","id":163580087,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163580087/108x144/865888b820/1537617364?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163580087/216x288/a50ec4d378/1537617364?v=1","title":"Bel Canto","short_title":"Bel Canto","author":"Ann Patchett","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163580087,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"xNP9ktd3cQhD8XLUHOIVXwBdpIc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163580087/Bel-Canto"},"163603389":{"type":"book","id":163603389,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163603389/108x144/9281c90791/1537621758?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163603389/216x288/a0de7e7dea/1537621758?v=1","title":"A Prayer for Owen Meany: A Novel","short_title":"A Prayer for Owen Meany","author":"John Irving","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163603389,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"yE9str9I80RFMqU+I37uAIv8rRQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163603389/A-Prayer-for-Owen-Meany-A-Novel"},"163646054":{"type":"book","id":163646054,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163646054/108x144/c8eb9eae18/1537609694?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163646054/216x288/d6d700f05f/1537609694?v=1","title":"Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America","short_title":"Devil in the Grove","author":"Gilbert King","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163646054,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Pphr3eScznwtMh72o1MAPTkNPbw="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163646054/Devil-in-the-Grove-Thurgood-Marshall-the-Groveland-Boys-and-the-Dawn-of-a-New-America"},"163647832":{"type":"book","id":163647832,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163647832/108x144/9f4ce0c73a/1537609427?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163647832/216x288/c8974e0a45/1537609427?v=1","title":"The Cider House Rules","short_title":"The Cider House Rules","author":"John Irving","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163647832,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"D2mhnfBiXW/A47ZaIhmHYNTMlT0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163647832/The-Cider-House-Rules"},"182522032":{"type":"book","id":182522032,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182522032/108x144/671b9a055b/1537610043?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182522032/216x288/ec6eb5c88b/1537610043?v=1","title":"The Bonfire of the Vanities: A Novel","short_title":"The Bonfire of the Vanities","author":"Tom Wolfe","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182522032,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"a6UYagZ3MaB8C7uQjJeFfwkJZK4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182522032/The-Bonfire-of-the-Vanities-A-Novel"},"182546874":{"type":"book","id":182546874,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182546874/108x144/817bab2149/1537617153?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182546874/216x288/a6b6573207/1537617153?v=1","title":"The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.: A Novel","short_title":"The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.","author":"Adelle Waldman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182546874,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"iO6wwX+XguvlQ3zL1BHa0nwwibs="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182546874/The-Love-Affairs-of-Nathaniel-P-A-Novel"},"182553141":{"type":"book","id":182553141,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182553141/108x144/1b40063d80/1537616069?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182553141/216x288/098f7f1651/1537616069?v=1","title":"The World Is Flat 3.0: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century","short_title":"The World Is Flat 3.0","author":"Thomas L. Friedman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182553141,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"cDogb6IEJDPyoVuBE1L7yCw9qp4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182553141/The-World-Is-Flat-3-0-A-Brief-History-of-the-Twenty-first-Century"},"182560283":{"type":"book","id":182560283,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182560283/108x144/229169a793/1537614263?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182560283/216x288/fc0b9ebffa/1537614263?v=1","title":"Wolf Hall: A Novel","short_title":"Wolf Hall","author":"Hilary Mantel","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182560283,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"rHYbkqxsj3fj5YO70ikrT93uYiQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182560283/Wolf-Hall-A-Novel"},"182565115":{"type":"book","id":182565115,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182565115/108x144/50e3fc9eb2/1537615534?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182565115/216x288/8bbf81282a/1537615534?v=1","title":"The Silver Linings Playbook: A Novel","short_title":"The Silver Linings Playbook","author":"Matthew Quick","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182565115,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"p3YPUP60Ic45X8Oh7OdLfhGJbEA="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182565115/The-Silver-Linings-Playbook-A-Novel"},"186585225":{"type":"document","id":186585225,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/186585225/108x144/95c3bc0bf1/1415848407?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/186585225/216x288/51fcf44698/1415848407?v=1","title":"326 MSDS","short_title":"326 MSDS","author":"Ahmed Emad Ahmed","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":186585225,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"YpGPt8R2Sl5uau1rwVb0EM+ziEY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/186585225/326-MSDS"},"202691564":{"type":"book","id":202691564,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/202691564/108x144/f0e6e6416d/1537619120?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/202691564/216x288/56a5d067c6/1537619120?v=1","title":"Smart People Should Build Things: How to Restore Our Culture of Achievement, Build a Path for Entrepreneurs, and Create New Jobs in America","short_title":"Smart People Should Build Things","author":"Andrew Yang","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":202691564,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"BjjTFE8QqBdnUSkM3woGC1zEcHY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/202691564/Smart-People-Should-Build-Things-How-to-Restore-Our-Culture-of-Achievement-Build-a-Path-for-Entrepreneurs-and-Create-New-Jobs-in-America"},"211302755":{"type":"book","id":211302755,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/211302755/108x144/2424de51a2/1537619904?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/211302755/216x288/09ee7462f3/1537619904?v=1","title":"The Hard Thing About Hard Things: Building a Business When There Are No Easy Answers","short_title":"The Hard Thing About Hard Things","author":"Ben Horowitz","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":211302755,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FUarj5oN8gTmZiZR+3JMHxdB408="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/211302755/The-Hard-Thing-About-Hard-Things-Building-a-Business-When-There-Are-No-Easy-Answers"},"212863738":{"type":"book","id":212863738,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/212863738/108x144/5bad102ef1/1537618239?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/212863738/216x288/8fc36df455/1537618239?v=1","title":"The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America","short_title":"The Unwinding","author":"George Packer","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":212863738,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"9VeYnZ+KNHg1E7nWOLGic+iJ0lo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/212863738/The-Unwinding-An-Inner-History-of-the-New-America"},"216442529":{"type":"book","id":216442529,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/216442529/108x144/7945e537de/1537610826?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/216442529/216x288/95db88293e/1537610826?v=1","title":"Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932: A Novel","short_title":"Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932","author":"Francine Prose","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":216442529,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Uvun+F2LJyVbDTM+vY24UY+CL4E="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/216442529/Lovers-at-the-Chameleon-Club-Paris-1932-A-Novel"},"218809841":{"type":"document","id":218809841,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/218809841/108x144/7537bbaf42/1441304795?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/218809841/216x288/a0e1290e8c/1441304795?v=1","title":"OBrien-Robach Call for Action on S.4614","short_title":"OBrien-Robach Call for Action on S.4614","author":"TedOBrien","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":218809841,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"44l/3SeMHyZa1+ZhghGthLFqHPQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/218809841/OBrien-Robach-Call-for-Action-on-S-4614"},"224248520":{"type":"book","id":224248520,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248520/108x144/57b8f15c1c/1537621124?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248520/216x288/2fc602273a/1537621124?v=1","title":"The Kitchen House: A Novel","short_title":"The Kitchen House","author":"Kathleen Grissom","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224248520,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"agl/FLnQ29BdOyWESqOZEgApWxo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224248520/The-Kitchen-House-A-Novel"},"224248577":{"type":"book","id":224248577,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248577/108x144/d525463c67/1537609395?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248577/216x288/2b59844b99/1537609395?v=1","title":"The Rosie Project: A Novel","short_title":"The Rosie Project","author":"Graeme Simsion","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224248577,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"rvSV4bDpBvr6uywoC0ojAtEkG68="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224248577/The-Rosie-Project-A-Novel"},"224252178":{"type":"book","id":224252178,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224252178/108x144/68dbc1000d/1537612869?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224252178/216x288/57a65a5750/1537612869?v=1","title":"Brooklyn: A Novel","short_title":"Brooklyn","author":"Colm Toibin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224252178,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"yDGpdIwl+QPTVAUbp1cT0EnHRW0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224252178/Brooklyn-A-Novel"},"224258670":{"type":"book","id":224258670,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224258670/108x144/3c7a87a449/1537624200?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224258670/216x288/ef3c1ca84d/1537624200?v=1","title":"The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power","short_title":"The Prize","author":"Daniel Yergin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224258670,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"lmDhNnzk1cEwjznBg1RzSpml+60="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224258670/The-Prize-The-Epic-Quest-for-Oil-Money-Power"},"224266633":{"type":"book","id":224266633,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224266633/108x144/d0de7b5bf4/1537624497?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224266633/216x288/a40600a76d/1537624497?v=1","title":"The Perks of Being a Wallflower","short_title":"The Perks of Being a Wallflower","author":"Stephen Chbosky","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224266633,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"MfUlskZKkPjFkAZlq2/l6IosIJg="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224266633/The-Perks-of-Being-a-Wallflower"},"224270540":{"type":"book","id":224270540,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224270540/108x144/f484685ce1/1537623252?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224270540/216x288/f0d4e09ce0/1537623252?v=1","title":"The Master","short_title":"The Master","author":"Colm Toibin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224270540,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"nV7AwkqLSwqe5M+4XeUrhfJRqdI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224270540/The-Master"},"224285255":{"type":"book","id":224285255,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224285255/108x144/144bc668f6/1537609549?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224285255/216x288/9dbee53a6c/1537609549?v=1","title":"The Flamethrowers: A Novel","short_title":"The Flamethrowers","author":"Rachel Kushner","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224285255,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"TiizDP+UGN2PJjnCWz6N3fl/PYo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224285255/The-Flamethrowers-A-Novel"},"224306619":{"type":"book","id":224306619,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224306619/108x144/7eeca5a1bc/1537620772?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224306619/216x288/4a8f75444a/1537620772?v=1","title":"The Light Between Oceans: A Novel","short_title":"The Light Between Oceans","author":"M.L. Stedman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224306619,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"H0eoYm+wdk66zpRGiR81rvatK84="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224306619/The-Light-Between-Oceans-A-Novel"},"224326250":{"type":"book","id":224326250,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224326250/108x144/b659f5fb6a/1537617381?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224326250/216x288/900e8864ca/1537617381?v=1","title":"Steve Jobs","short_title":"Steve Jobs","author":"Walter Isaacson","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224326250,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"cN4wdCxBExS7KS2semtvgj6+ZNI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224326250/Steve-Jobs"},"224349281":{"type":"book","id":224349281,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224349281/108x144/4df0918cea/1537625774?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224349281/216x288/befa0c6317/1537625774?v=1","title":"How To Win Friends and Influence People","short_title":"How To Win Friends and Influence People","author":"Dale Carnegie","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224349281,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"PyxoBkfL5aQTbrd4UdefYUWzRBw="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224349281/How-To-Win-Friends-and-Influence-People"},"224355300":{"type":"book","id":224355300,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224355300/108x144/0f2130a60a/1537613729?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224355300/216x288/9b9b19254a/1537613729?v=1","title":"Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius","short_title":"Grand Pursuit","author":"Sylvia Nasar","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224355300,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"IfjA+xrlh3rE2+jwuFHUC2q7UVg="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224355300/Grand-Pursuit-The-Story-of-Economic-Genius"},"224369806":{"type":"book","id":224369806,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224369806/108x144/6fb23377a8/1537614095?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224369806/216x288/b1d476d0fb/1537614095?v=1","title":"The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer","short_title":"The Emperor of All Maladies","author":"Siddhartha Mukherjee","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224369806,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"MF77oSPlYdb216DJSE1FXdJ9QU8="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224369806/The-Emperor-of-All-Maladies-A-Biography-of-Cancer"},"224410295":{"type":"book","id":224410295,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224410295/108x144/514b1bea0b/1537615671?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224410295/216x288/f7c9469e6c/1537615671?v=1","title":"Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln","short_title":"Team of Rivals","author":"Doris Kearns Goodwin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224410295,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"sE4b3ov0dXFxjgRqubflG+kwOXc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224410295/Team-of-Rivals-The-Political-Genius-of-Abraham-Lincoln"},"224419023":{"type":"book","id":224419023,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224419023/108x144/48b209bbb5/1537615774?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224419023/216x288/39263c2334/1537615774?v=1","title":"John Adams","short_title":"John Adams","author":"David McCullough","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224419023,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"sA9XzDr7uCSXYpvLCAfJWkEW8o0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224419023/John-Adams"},"224421552":{"type":"book","id":224421552,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224421552/108x144/2f2c02f5eb/1537615819?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224421552/216x288/65ac725c07/1537615819?v=1","title":"Good in Bed","short_title":"Good in Bed","author":"Jennifer Weiner","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224421552,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"bMW0Q/S+7H0FZGg3fizIUWbCGBk="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224421552/Good-in-Bed"},"224426877":{"type":"book","id":224426877,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224426877/108x144/f22cf865fe/1537615848?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224426877/216x288/a73f25e252/1537615848?v=1","title":"Angela's Ashes: A Memoir","short_title":"Angela's Ashes","author":"Frank McCourt","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224426877,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"140hZUggqyMguq/dZdADXYyTEyY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224426877/Angela-s-Ashes-A-Memoir"},"225916486":{"type":"book","id":225916486,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/225916486/108x144/241cf75eb3/1537617347?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/225916486/216x288/a042fe186a/1537617347?v=1","title":"A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True Story","short_title":"A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius","author":"Dave Eggers","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":225916486,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"WdScDb+tdJm/ei3n4VpL4rCRi8Q="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/225916486/A-Heartbreaking-Work-Of-Staggering-Genius-A-Memoir-Based-on-a-True-Story"},"231689346":{"type":"book","id":231689346,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/231689346/108x144/7e5fbbde4a/1537607233?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/231689346/216x288/b7fe80231f/1537607233?v=1","title":"The Blazing World: A Novel","short_title":"The Blazing World","author":"Siri Hustvedt","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":231689346,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"sAINS0+HyQ4KdXgN8sFjRgwoBDU="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/231689346/The-Blazing-World-A-Novel"},"234028503":{"type":"book","id":234028503,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/234028503/108x144/2c4440aa6c/1537619286?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/234028503/216x288/cfe54b8013/1537619286?v=1","title":"Bad Feminist: Essays","short_title":"Bad Feminist","author":"Roxane Gay","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":234028503,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"gP0hhKIS1Vlmdhr0ch025n+E0CY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/234028503/Bad-Feminist-Essays"},"235411767":{"type":"book","id":235411767,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235411767/108x144/b2ad7aa7d5/1537613488?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235411767/216x288/1740216c8c/1537613488?v=1","title":"A Man Called Ove: A Novel","short_title":"A Man Called Ove","author":"Fredrik Backman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":235411767,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"uvOwj06UO0g2j6gH5GBayepvA7g="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/235411767/A-Man-Called-Ove-A-Novel"},"235583696":{"type":"book","id":235583696,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235583696/108x144/a9f15763be/1537620047?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235583696/216x288/7c5ab0af0f/1537620047?v=1","title":"We Are Not Ourselves: A Novel","short_title":"We Are Not Ourselves","author":"Matthew Thomas","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":235583696,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"CZpu9pd7m6DqkM5RbhM6lgpO57c="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/235583696/We-Are-Not-Ourselves-A-Novel"},"238704340":{"type":"book","id":238704340,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/238704340/108x144/2fd0be1590/1537616230?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/238704340/216x288/191539db56/1537616230?v=1","title":"This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate","short_title":"This Changes Everything","author":"Naomi Klein","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":238704340,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"HmiKcSxobeKYmkuRu/xGMXD9stU="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/238704340/This-Changes-Everything-Capitalism-vs-The-Climate"},"239488191":{"type":"book","id":239488191,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239488191/108x144/a9a21bdc0e/1537610467?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239488191/216x288/73448c1779/1537610467?v=1","title":"The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution","short_title":"The Innovators","author":"Walter Isaacson","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":239488191,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ZLUa2ncJGYyXU6GWN6282EKeTWs="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/239488191/The-Innovators-How-a-Group-of-Hackers-Geniuses-and-Geeks-Created-the-Digital-Revolution"},"239588474":{"type":"book","id":239588474,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239588474/108x144/149fb5e6af/1537620354?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239588474/216x288/15f36354f8/1537620354?v=1","title":"Rise of ISIS: A Threat We Can't Ignore","short_title":"Rise of ISIS","author":"Jay Sekulow","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":239588474,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GQE5eiNHYgLc6ngRf8A5PVmekj0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/239588474/Rise-of-ISIS-A-Threat-We-Can-t-Ignore"},"244157917":{"type":"book","id":244157917,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/244157917/108x144/c55ae5929d/1537611462?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/244157917/216x288/c42f4ff9aa/1537611462?v=1","title":"Yes Please","short_title":"Yes Please","author":"Amy Poehler","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":244157917,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GTprjRWfgYHiAZTJ8ojB5sueUXw="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/244157917/Yes-Please"},"246897514":{"type":"book","id":246897514,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/246897514/108x144/60f21686b1/1537621920?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/246897514/216x288/4b640ccfe4/1537621920?v=1","title":"The Wallcreeper","short_title":"The Wallcreeper","author":"Nell Zink","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":246897514,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"PFhBf/pz24ZZprff1qiRM2LXQg4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/246897514/The-Wallcreeper"},"249308236":{"type":"book","id":249308236,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308236/108x144/0b356a7d6a/1537610814?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308236/216x288/cbef455d67/1537610814?v=1","title":"Interpreter of Maladies","short_title":"Interpreter of Maladies","author":"Jhumpa Lahiri","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":249308236,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"uPYFUZclQc5+u979ELcqFfcngHc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/249308236/Interpreter-of-Maladies"},"249308781":{"type":"book","id":249308781,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308781/108x144/8ccbad3c4a/1537618426?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308781/216x288/b0591f1a45/1537618426?v=1","title":"Life of Pi","short_title":"Life of Pi","author":"Yann Martel","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":249308781,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DkojjImsBi67c4R8kXlE8AhmhL4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/249308781/Life-of-Pi"},"249309502":{"type":"book","id":249309502,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249309502/108x144/06f5527c5d/1537612060?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249309502/216x288/ec3bf7c24b/1537612060?v=1","title":"Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: A Novel","short_title":"Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close","author":"Jonathan Safran Foer","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":249309502,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"mvHeW6DSN5KysVVs650Q16aGoic="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/249309502/Extremely-Loud-and-Incredibly-Close-A-Novel"},"250006950":{"type":"book","id":250006950,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/250006950/108x144/2a1edbdeca/1537611200?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/250006950/216x288/139a0bb438/1537611200?v=1","title":"The First Bad Man: A Novel","short_title":"The First Bad Man","author":"Miranda July","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":250006950,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"pN98K9mv2TRKV8a8HQBa2ytlm98="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/250006950/The-First-Bad-Man-A-Novel"},"253264900":{"type":"book","id":253264900,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/253264900/108x144/dcda7770b5/1537620388?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/253264900/216x288/ca2dc9eb25/1537620388?v=1","title":"Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind","short_title":"Sapiens","author":"Yuval Noah Harari","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":253264900,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Z0kkeKzWPLA3xNl8fycm3Kzytco="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/253264900/Sapiens-A-Brief-History-of-Humankind"},"254039238":{"type":"book","id":254039238,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/254039238/108x144/a8c6c5e065/1537617000?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/254039238/216x288/0e4e5ae0d4/1537617000?v=1","title":"Leaving Berlin: A Novel","short_title":"Leaving Berlin","author":"Joseph Kanon","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":254039238,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"i6MQz8zUTokZFwsCS5LGmdIsBMo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/254039238/Leaving-Berlin-A-Novel"},"257348691":{"type":"document","id":257348691,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/257348691/108x144/d82e45a02a/1425261973?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/257348691/216x288/d548c4276d/1425261973?v=1","title":"Corrosion Inh MSDS","short_title":"Corrosion Inh MSDS","author":"fructora","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":257348691,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GYOM4q0GrSkQ8bQYYQp0ZiQ8rmI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/257348691/Corrosion-Inh-MSDS"},"258128209":{"type":"document","id":258128209,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/258128209/108x144/64bdce80a5/1425904121?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/258128209/216x288/bf2b2bbcb4/1425904121?v=1","title":"Nafta Len","short_title":"Nafta Len","author":"Rima Agustin M","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":258128209,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"3vgc+Z3G8ve4U+v/S0S7mREIaUY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/258128209/Nafta-Len"},"261600060":{"type":"document","id":261600060,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/261600060/108x144/f2efdff475/1428807512?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/261600060/216x288/bcff12ee11/1428807512?v=1","title":"Major Projects - METEOR","short_title":"Major Projects - METEOR","author":"bring it on","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":261600060,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"WeGt3DWCIQvk7nneD2gqQ8Okzo4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/261600060/Major-Projects-METEOR"},"263504218":{"type":"book","id":263504218,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/263504218/108x144/986fa89e8b/1537618161?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/263504218/216x288/c40eb7e9a8/1537618161?v=1","title":"Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future","short_title":"Elon Musk","author":"Ashlee Vance","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":263504218,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"u0qOsWcyEnu+J/zWn61LaUo3fbI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/263504218/Elon-Musk-Tesla-SpaceX-and-the-Quest-for-a-Fantastic-Future"},"264480082":{"type":"document","id":264480082,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/264480082/108x144/5b40fdacde/1430985480?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/264480082/216x288/64e755407a/1430985480?v=1","title":"pineoilmsds","short_title":"pineoilmsds","author":"mertel_26","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":264480082,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"9KyzeSa96+hs8TM+At4TQhydcHk="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/264480082/pineoilmsds"},"273440534":{"type":"book","id":273440534,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273440534/108x144/b7e49e07d3/1537617809?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273440534/216x288/aaec1b2b1a/1537617809?v=1","title":"The Incarnations: A Novel","short_title":"The Incarnations","author":"Susan Barker","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":273440534,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"voeNL6uX9+JjjGK/iQfrXFDWn5w="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/273440534/The-Incarnations-A-Novel"},"273582508":{"type":"book","id":273582508,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273582508/108x144/fb92cadae3/1537614749?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273582508/216x288/135562ba06/1537614749?v=1","title":"You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine: A Novel","short_title":"You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine","author":"Alexandra Kleeman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":273582508,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"uN/auucIaEA+mYTf47znEta2HuU="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/273582508/You-Too-Can-Have-a-Body-Like-Mine-A-Novel"},"282766939":{"type":"book","id":282766939,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/282766939/108x144/1355dd3a71/1537618383?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/282766939/216x288/076d3f356c/1537618383?v=1","title":"Dispatches from Pluto: Lost and Found in the Mississippi Delta","short_title":"Dispatches from Pluto","author":"Richard Grant","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":282766939,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"HUFk4VutIgFgcnmTFi1/s95y77E="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/282766939/Dispatches-from-Pluto-Lost-and-Found-in-the-Mississippi-Delta"},"283554189":{"type":"document","id":283554189,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/283554189/108x144/e6b091b759/1443902434?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/283554189/216x288/71912d3a8e/1443902434?v=1","title":"SDS-GAS","short_title":"SDS-GAS","author":"ChemPetro","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":283554189,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DTMNt+7yTCs/+qz/dpnEytHCnVc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/283554189/SDS-GAS"},"293461549":{"type":"book","id":293461549,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/293461549/108x144/07628d60db/1537614356?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/293461549/216x288/8d1185b7ff/1537614356?v=1","title":"The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man","short_title":"The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man","author":"John Perkins","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":293461549,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"43PXdm6mkBqtfRMXiviFv+hLCKQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/293461549/The-New-Confessions-of-an-Economic-Hit-Man"},"295926364":{"type":"document","id":295926364,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/295926364/108x144/5297d7da1d/1453164084?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/295926364/216x288/7f435f82e1/1453164084?v=1","title":"Internal Control","short_title":"Internal Control","author":"Aleng Maria","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":295926364,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Rt8xIXfkVuQvVG4ifEcHDZf+gmY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/295926364/Internal-Control"},"296222676":{"type":"document","id":296222676,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/296222676/108x144/6353afbf88/1453434587?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/296222676/216x288/796a74b49e/1453434587?v=1","title":"Overcoming Resistance to Change","short_title":"Overcoming Resistance to Change","author":"vargasjunior65","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":296222676,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"T7qdYnufoeUe0Li94B4dBlNwPi4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/doc/296222676/Overcoming-Resistance-to-Change"},"301357558":{"type":"document","id":301357558,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/301357558/108x144/963e064aaf/1456807598?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/301357558/216x288/c8d6c4a921/1456807598?v=1","title":"Joseph","short_title":"Joseph","author":"Oliver H. Villarin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":301357558,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GxANkuwWuLK5BW7gO6ohHbcY6i0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/presentation/301357558/Joseph"},"337536061":{"type":"book","id":337536061,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/337536061/108x144/8c1b451da6/1537627080?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/337536061/216x288/45d81f5c37/1537627080?v=1","title":"The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)","short_title":"The Sympathizer","author":"Viet Thanh Nguyen","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":337536061,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"siBzvPo7G5Kbt0VQY3+7WHSga94="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/337536061/The-Sympathizer-A-Novel-Pulitzer-Prize-for-Fiction"},"343808947":{"type":"document","id":343808947,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343808947/108x144/9cf65914ec/1491162890?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343808947/216x288/764324dc39/1491162890?v=1","title":"Peer Review of Coal-Tar-Sealed Pavement Risk Assessment","short_title":"Peer Review of Coal-Tar-Sealed Pavement Risk Assessment","author":"Pavement Coatings Technology Council","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":343808947,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"TV9yx/LSna2L8D56Gz68a/ZSBH8="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/343808947/Peer-Review-of-Coal-Tar-Sealed-Pavement-Risk-Assessment"},"344991660":{"type":"document","id":344991660,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/344991660/108x144/2b0a1fbfc9/1492018769?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/344991660/216x288/ab6adcd429/1492018769?v=1","title":"Sproule Webinar Series - Predicting Long Term Well Performance Using Early Life Data","short_title":"Sproule Webinar Series - Predicting Long Term Well Performance Using Early Life Data","author":"doombuggy","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":344991660,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"gPFEGYI6SwVbZbuSOmLIWjoAslc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/344991660/Sproule-Webinar-Series-Predicting-Long-Term-Well-Performance-Using-Early-Life-Data"},"356184601":{"type":"document","id":356184601,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/356184601/108x144/d67e62c565/1502617525?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/356184601/216x288/83d9a3565e/1502617525?v=1","title":"A Decision Tree for Assessing Effects From Exposures to Multiple Substances","short_title":"A Decision Tree for Assessing Effects From Exposures to Multiple Substances","author":"Mustafa Cuneyt Gezen","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":356184601,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"yanolJpfwWxkoqw3eg5NR3pFrJQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/356184601/A-Decision-Tree-for-Assessing-Effects-From-Exposures-to-Multiple-Substances"},"363920940":{"type":"document","id":363920940,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/363920940/108x144/faf97627e9/1510203515?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/363920940/216x288/eb5e3192af/1510203515?v=1","title":"MSDS Brodifacum T3D3101","short_title":"MSDS Brodifacum T3D3101","author":"Rifky Dwi Hendrawan","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":363920940,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ekEquNXojuiVH08EzxCm7gOVoxQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/363920940/MSDS-Brodifacum-T3D3101"},"368354491":{"type":"document","id":368354491,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/368354491/108x144/9712e90c17/1515017850?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/368354491/216x288/f82653ddec/1515017850?v=1","title":"msds (1)","short_title":"msds (1)","author":"mochdimasku","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":368354491,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"2T+oJPbBuXqddRkOHWVejuycVEc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/368354491/msds-1"},"385393806":{"type":"document","id":385393806,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/385393806/108x144/20126c2158/1533325272?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/385393806/216x288/c20cd6d32a/1533325272?v=1","title":"Msds Mt-floc-8655 (1) (Ingles)","short_title":"Msds Mt-floc-8655 (1) (Ingles)","author":"LuzMarinaYucra","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":385393806,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FMchqhGj5nDE8RXS2E2wwSpNq0k="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/385393806/Msds-Mt-floc-8655-1-Ingles"}}},"seo_roadblock_props_path":"/doc-page/seo-roadblock-props/75449368","signup_context":null,"toolbar":{"search_path":"/search-4gen?allowed_pages=1%2C2%2C3%2C4&auth_token=Dlr8QZqL7ETwHoB5BXTh3pFyttk%3D&authenticity_token=NSbepd2Q00HCM8yU3TwtwmhcWxvFcWtXJR%2FTlSikcMLnlF%2BcyRhEnCz4UYWsx2HAulXiDQ%2Bl0rzQsDXWwCJqCA%3D%3D&expires=1538260293&wordDocumentId=75449368&wordUploadId=78482479"},"renewal_nag_props":null}-->

1 tnsutpminc acid. . see Acetyl chloride.. . . . see NAPHTHA Cobaltcarbonyl Cyanoethane.. . see Diisopropoxyphosphoryl . . see Diisopropyl 1A1"AC' 111 qr\A see ..4-Dioxane see 1.. ..'U''U' .• Chloryl anaesthetic. see Dichlorodimethyl Chloroacetaldehyde. . see Phosgene Chlorate of soda.. . see Nitrogen dioxide Dioxan. . .. see Cyanogen Cyanomethane..-. .. . . see Cyanogen Cyanogen bromide Cyanogen monobromide.

Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List Elayl. 2-chloro-. see Vinyl acetate ETHYLENE OXIDE Ethyne. see Styrene Ether. see HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/AcID Hydrogen Hydrogen arsenide. see ACETYLENE Ethoxycarbonylethylene. see HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID Hydrocyanic acid Hydrocyanic ether. methylHexamethylene. see Ethylamine Ethane Ethanethiol. see Propionitrile Hydrofluoric acid gas. see Ethyl acrylate acetate Ethyl acrylate Ethyl bromide chloride Ethyl chloroformate Ethyle~eraceticacid. see ETHYLENE Ethenyl ethanoate. ETHYLENE see Acrolein lI-ith'ulpl'lP chloride. see Vinyl acetate Ethenylbenzene. see CYCLOHEXANE Hexahydrotoluene. see ACETALDEHYDE Ethylamine ETHYLBENZENE Ethylbenz01. see Ethyl mercaptan Ethanoic anhydrate. see Ethylene chlorohydrin Ethanoyl chloride. see Cyclohexene Hexane Hexone. see MERCURY Hydrazine Hydrochloric acid. see Ethyl acrylate Ethylaldehyde. see Cyclohexane. see Methyl isobutyl ketone Hydrargyrum. see Ethane Ethyl isocyanate Ethyl mercaptan Ethyl methyl ketone Ethyl nitrile. see Acetyl chloride Ethene. see ACETALDEHYDE Ethanamine. see GASOLINE GASOLINE Germane Glycol monochlorohydrin. see Diethyl ether Ethine. . see ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE diamine dibromide ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE acetic acid. see ACETYLENE FUUORINE Formaldehyde Furan Furfural Gas. see Acetic anhydride Ethanol. see Butene Ethyl formate Ethyl hydride. see Ethylene chlorohydrin ~'th'ulpTlP lH'th'ulpT1P see Ethyl acetate Ethyl ethylene. see PROPYLENE OXIDE Ethanal. see ETHYLENE Epoxypropane. see ETHYLBENZENE 25 Hexahydrobenzene. see CYCLOHEXANE Hexanaphthylene.see CYCLOHEXANE Hexanaphthene. see Acetonitrile Ethyl propenoate. see ARSINE Hydrogen bromide .

.... see METHANE MERCURY Metallic mercury.. cyanide.HYDROGEN CHLORIDE /ACID HYDROGEN FLUORIDE/ACID 1-IJ'(7~'i1t'n.L phosphide.""IIo-'lJ.-.A...... see isothiocyanate see Acetone Ketones.. isobutyl ketone Methyl isothiocyanate Methyl magnesium bromide Methyl mercaptan 26 . see individual compound entries natural gases LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES Manganese trichlorocarbonyl Marsh gas..J . '... see MERCURY Methacrylaldehyde Methacrylic aldehyde.. . see Dimethylamine METHANE Methanethiol. hydride.. n-methyl-..Q1I'\l iodide '~&.. see METHANE . . . . . .."iI_.. see 1Wl'(7~'il1t'n. see PROPYLENE OXIDE see isobutyl ketone Isothiocyanatomethane..11...a...(T. '''"-'' ... see . see ..L peroxide ...ll...... see 2-methylIsobutylamine Isobutylene Isobutyronitrile 1sofluorophate Isophorone diamine diisocyanate..'.. see acetate ether......."""'. .(T....llJL'''"''..A.. see Methyl mercaptan JLll...... . ... see Isophorone diisocyanate Isophorone diisocyanate 'il '-II.. see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE Iodomethane.""'..Qn selenide HYDROGEN SULPHIDE uvorosuronunc Acid.L " . see Methyl iodide Iron pentacarbonyl Isoamyl alcohol Isobutane.. see Methacrylaldehyde Methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate Methanamine............ ester see ester see ethanoate.. . .

. . see ETHYLENE _. see Butyraldehyde n-Ethyl-ethanamine.4-Dioxane Pentafluoroantimony. .n-Dimethyl-methanamine. see Nitrosylsulphuric acid Nitrosylsulphuric acid '-'..n-Diethylamine.... see VINYL CflLORIDE Monochloromethane. seeCyanogen Oxirane. see Methyl chloromethyl Monochlor0 ethylene. Methylene-acetone.a. A.. see Acetaldehyde. . see Diethylamine Nickel carbonyl NITRIC ACID.. see . see Nitrogen ~'-J'''''''JL'''~'Im' Nitrosonium bisulphate."'_. see Antimony pentafluoride Pentamethylene. .1I1l1t"'ln see NAPHTHA Petroleum fluid.. ... see Cyclohexane. FUMING OR RED FUMING see _. see bromide Monochloroacetaldehyde... dioxide Nitrogen monoxide. see 1.•. see Dimethyl sulphide Methyltoluene. see SULPHURIC ACID.. ... see Butene n-Butyl aldehyde..I 'nmetnvlamme n-Propylamine n-Propylcarbinyl chloride..O.. see Methanol Motor fuel antiknock mixtures.. see Manganese trichlorocarbonyl NAPHTHA Naphthapetroleum.. see Osmiumtetroxide Osmiumtetroxide Oxalic acid dinitrile... see Ethylamine Monohydroxymethane. see GASOLINE 27 . see CHLORINE Monobromoethane. ..lL'-'fIJ . see GASOLINE benzin. chloroMonochlorodimethyl ether.IU·~IIIVI- see BUTANE & BUTANE MIXTURES see Ethane Methylthiomethane. . see NAPHTHA lUl'ai"1r'AI.. . . see ETHYLENE OXIDE Oxygen p-Dioxane.RiskAssessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List Methylbenzene. see chloride Octane Olefiantgas.. . see TOLUENE see TOLUENE Methylcyclohexane. see chloride Monoethylamine. see XYLENE Molecular chlorine... ..If?L:J>.. see Liquefied natural gases n-Butene.11l-+1l"'".1KI n. see Methyl vinyl Nitric acid ###BOT_TEXT###quot;_1hlnl1n()" \ is not mCJluC1~~C1 .. see Tetrafluoroethylene Petrol.. see NAPHTHA Natural gas. see Diethylamine n. FUMING Osmic acid.. see Cyclopentane Pentane pentane mixtures Perchloryl fluoride Perfluoroethylene. see Nitrosylsulphuric acid Nitrosyl tnsulpnate. see Ethyl bromide Monobromomethane. see Nitric oxide Nitrogen peroxide.

see TOLUENE Phosgene Phosphine Phosphorous chloride. see Chlorosulphonic acid Sulphuric oxide. see SULPHUR DIOXIDE Sulphuryl chloride see Toluene-2. see PROPYLENE OXIDE Propene. see Phenol hydride. FUMING Sulphuric acid (non-fuming) is not included the Lists Sulphuric anhydride. see 1. see Sulphurtrioxide Sulphinyl chloride. see HYDROGEN SULPHIDE SULPHURIC ACID.I1UILAl. see Butanol PROPYLENE OXIDE Propylic aldehyde. see Sulphuryl chloride Sulphurousanhydride.Alphabetical List Risk Assessment Mini-Guide hydrate. see Benzyl cyanide Phenylbenzene. see n-Propylamine Propylcarbinol. see Acetone Propene oxide.. see Silicon Silicontetrafluoride SODIUM CHLORATE Stibine Styrene Sulforous oxide. see Phosphine Phosphorus. l '-Biphenyl Phenylethane. see Sulphur trioxide Sulphuric chlorohydrin. white or yellow Propanal. see BENZENE Phenylacetronitrile. see MERCURY sec-Butylamine Siliconfluoride. see PROPANE Propylamine. see Sulphurylchloride Sulphur chloride Oxide. see Thionyl chloride Sulphur dichloride SULPHUR DIOXIDE Sulphurtetrafluoride Sulphurtrioxide Sulphuretted hydrogen. see Propionaldehyde Propane. see Phosphorus oxychloride Phosphorus oxychloride Phosphorus trichloride Phosphorus trihydride. see Ethylbenzene Phenylethene. see Sulphurtrioxide Sulphuric oxychloride. see Phosphorus trichloride Phosphorous oxytrichloride.JL see see 1. see Methyl acetylene Propenyl alcohol. 2-methylPROPANE AND PROPANE MIXTURES Propanone.4-diisocyanate tert-Butylamine TETRAETHYL LEAD +a+lI·n+l"UlIA. see SULPHUR DIOXIDE Sulphan.llJLJL~"". see Allyl alcohol Propionaldehyde Propionitrile Propyl hydride. see Propionaldehyde see JJ. see Thionyl chloride Sulphonyl chloride.p<'llrla 28 . see Styrene Phenylmethane.3-Butadiene Quicksilver.

see Boron trichloride Trichloronitromethane.Risk Assessment Mini-Guide Alphabetical List Tetraethylplumbane. see Methanol Wood ether. see Dimethyl ether Xenene'.l '-Biphenyl XYLENE 29 . see Methyl mercaptan Thionyl chloride Thiophosgene 'rnamum chloride. see Tungsten hexafluoride Tungsten hexafluoride Uranium hexafluoride Vinyl acetate VINYL CHLORIDE Vinyl methyl ketone. see TETRAETHYL LEAD Tetrafluoroethylene Tetrafluoro-silane. Triethylamine Trifluoro-borane. see teI1:-HlltyJlamlme Trimethylchlorosilane Trimethylene. see Vinylidene chloride Wood alcohol. see 1. trichloroTrichloro-borane. see Sulphur tetrafluoride Tetramethyllead Tetramethylplumbane.3-Butadiene Vinylidene chloride Vinylidene dichloride. see 1. see Chloropicrin Trichlorophosphine. see Acetyl chloride. see Boron trifluoride Trimethylamine Trimethylaminomethane. see 2. see Titanium tetrachloride Titanium tetrachloride TOLUENE Toluene-2.4-diisocyanate Toluene diamine. see Methyl vinyl ketone Vinyl methyl ether Vinylcarbinol.4-Toluylenediamine Trichloroacetic acid chloride. see TETRAETHYL LEAD Tetraethylplumbium. see Silicon tetrafluoride Tetrafluorosulphurane. see Tetramethyllead Thioethyl alcohol. see Phosphorus trichloride see Allyl alcohol Vinylethylene. see Cyclopropane Tungsten fluoride. see Ethyl mercaptan Thiomethanol.

w o . .I. .JIL.. a risk assessment should use the actual distance to the of the substances are referred to this also a flash-fire nn+a-n+lI #} D nllll I"\-n+"Il+-BaC'l of so are also referred to B..IB +30m ID ID ..4.JlIUi'.Hazardous Substances RiskAssessment: a Mini-Guide 1 5m 8m A be restricted by the dike which should surround a large container of flammable represent typical dike distances.J!iIL..JIL.

w ~ trequencies of BLEVEs (Boiling events Explosions) or other catastrophic releases are not significantly increasethese separationdistances. is not nammaore. release of OXV1!en thus can create a fire hazard. usually stored as a liquefied gas. it enhances a Oxygen. Recommended Risk-based Seoaration Distances .

."-. A U A .UIo3. U zone 'J'V AU.1...Hazardous Substances Risk Assessment: a Mini-Guide / Hazard JJn~ . _nr Quantity (tonnes) W l'V IA...1... .V.

Quantity (m") Exclusion zone Extreme 1 1 w w Recommended Risk-based Distances .

JIIIj.P..JF are 'l'U'llll'lhl~ or are assumee to ..JIIIj.AIII..Hazardous Substances Risk Assessment: a Mini-Guide ..L.Ill.IIil\.J.

.

'VU.&d.lU be encouraged \..a... H.u.u ~.u.lual-.lv..lVU..l..."...Description Analysis ? l-. management process .. ...lv.

.it does not deteriorate over a period of time... Adjusting activities) may be by persons activity are often to persons other benefits.. Readers are referred to the publications Process Safety raanaeemeni and the MIACC-CSA publication CSA Z731: information. . inventory reduction.IJ'-'UV'-'l.I.. then further risk control measures. not be required . control answers the question: can he to reduce risks? can be reduced by decreasing the likelihood of hazardous events or by lessening the severity of the potential consequences . training and practices. A recently-constructed hazardous facility is often seen as imposing an involuntary risk on someone already living nearby.. '. Once the risks are judged to be acceptable.. e.. e. ....4-/f.. ... or violent storms. nature sorne are . but it might be seen as a voluntary risk if someone chooses to live near an existing facility provided that the person is aware of the risks before moving there. there are levels of risk that risk levels often implies costs (of risk those who bear the risk. in this case it is essential to develop programs to monitor the situation so that .n.. and isolation.. such as inspection.Jl accept other levels that they not. it is judged that further safety improvements are required.. or sky-diving . imposed risks ...I. . acceptable or unacceptable. .If. risk control options introducing system 'modifications be examined..n . smoking.. The risk acceptability criteria are selected for cases of involuntary risk such those as due to hazardous facilities. . The __. . . They are intended to be used as safety guidelines.... as as bears or receives Whether we judge a risk to small or large. second-hand smoke. . Involuntary risks are imposed on people by decisions made by others or by occurrences. . .I. . g. which includes technological measures. Risk control measures can be broadly classified into: • process safety management. land-use restrictions.. The levels of costs affect the acceptability of risk... g .. .I. 1V1L. Safety are among the tools used for this purpose. along with economie socio-political considerations in making a decision. .. .I. such as design changes... .. However.. just as the benefits those who bear the risks. .. and management measures.1f. maintenance. or system changes.. '.VILoJl'-'.'lI_lIl1~ or activities to 1l"'~rtI'll1_~ or no control or over h. . V U .fl. and incident management... process risk analysis risk evaluation is usually called assessment. .. . .1 Use riannine for more 37 . Voluntary risks are those we willingly assume because we perceive sorne pleasure or benefit. depends on many factors .Risk Management consequence information on thosewho may sorne are voluntary risks toan acceptable level. .ILl (V\AI'/VlIfUf.

Risk Assessment Mini-Guide a uses. .

. .......)U/)Istœlces Bisk Assessment. . a Mini-Guide o an exposed to a _. . . . ... _.Hn'~nrr!JrnJJ. ..~ . ... . . assumption L .

Ottawa. Suite 600. Ontario. Canada K1S 2E1 Tel: 613-232-4435 Fax: 613-232-4915 .Industrial Accidents of Canada 265 Carling Avenue.

","doc_promotions_enabled":false,"static_promo_banner_cta_url":""},"eligible_for_exclusive_trial_roadblock":false,"eligible_for_seo_roadblock":false,"exclusive_free_trial_roadblock_props_path":"/doc-page/exclusive-free-trial-props/75449368","flashes":[],"footer_props":{"urls":{"about":"/about","press":"/press","blog":"http://literally.scribd.com/","careers":"/careers","contact":"/contact","plans_landing":"/subscribe","referrals":"/referrals?source=footer","giftcards":"/giftcards","faq":"/faq","accessibility":"/accessibility-policy","faq_paths":{"accounts":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246346","announcements":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246066","copyright":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246086","downloading":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/articles/210135046","publishing":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246366","reading":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246406","selling":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246326","store":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246306","status":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/360001202872","terms":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246126","writing":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246366","adchoices":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/articles/210129366","paid_features":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246306","failed_uploads":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210134586-Troubleshooting-uploads-and-conversions","copyright_infringement":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210128946-DMCA-copyright-infringement-takedown-notification-policy","end_user_license":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210129486","terms_of_use":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210129326-General-Terms-of-Use"},"publishers":"/publishers","static_terms":"/terms","static_privacy":"/privacy","copyright":"/copyright","ios_app":"https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/scribd-worlds-largest-online/id542557212?mt=8&uo=4&at=11lGEE","android_app":"https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.scribd.app.reader0&hl=en","books":"/books","sitemap":"/directory"}},"global_nav_props":{"header_props":{"logo_src":"/images/landing/home2_landing/scribd_logo_horiz_small.svg","root_url":"https://www.scribd.com/","search_term":"","small_logo_src":"/images/logos/scribd_s_logo.png","uploads_url":"/upload-document","search_props":{"redirect_to_app":true,"search_url":"/search","query":"","search_page":false}},"user_menu_props":null,"sidebar_props":{"urls":{"bestsellers":"https://www.scribd.com/bestsellers","home":"https://www.scribd.com/","saved":"/saved","subscribe":"/archive/pmp_checkout?doc=75449368&metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D","top_charts":"/bestsellers","upload":"https://www.scribd.com/upload-document"},"categories":{"book":{"icon":"icon-ic_book","icon_filled":"icon-ic_book_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/books","name":"Books","type":"book"},"news":{"icon":"icon-ic_articles","icon_filled":"icon-ic_articles_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/news","name":"News","type":"news"},"audiobook":{"icon":"icon-ic_audiobook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_audiobook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/audiobooks","name":"Audiobooks","type":"audiobook"},"magazine":{"icon":"icon-ic_magazine","icon_filled":"icon-ic_magazine_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/magazines","name":"Magazines","type":"magazine"},"document":{"icon":"icon-ic_document","icon_filled":"icon-ic_document_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/docs","name":"Documents","type":"document"},"sheet_music":{"icon":"icon-ic_songbook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_songbook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/sheetmusic","name":"Sheet Music","type":"sheet_music"}},"categories_array":["mixed","book","audiobook","magazine","news","document","sheet_music"],"selected_content_type":"mixed","username":"","search_overlay_props":{"search_input_props":{"focused":false,"keep_suggestions_on_blur":false}}}},"recommenders":{"related_titles_recommender":{"ids":[363920940,101900525,81283805,218809841,258128209,80826560,264480082,56052807,93707567,186585225,257348691,385393806,368354491,356184601,69092632,343808947,295926364,261600060,44314948,136126174,301357558,14513931,55171522,155662857,46097354,344991660,50775329,296222676,283554189,160178547,282766939,263504218,239488191,212863738,244157917,253264900,224369806,225916486,238704340,224355300,224258670,163646054,224419023,182553141,202691564,211302755,239588474,293461549,224410295,224326250,224426877,224349281,234028503,273582508,273440534,224306619,249309502,337536061,182565115,254039238,163580087,224270540,235411767,224285255,224252178,224248577,231689346,235583696,250006950,182546874,249308781,224266633,182522032,216442529,163647832,163603389,246897514,182560283,163579056,163564256,224248520,249308236,224421552],"title_link":null,"title":null,"track_opts":{"compilation_id":"UV6pnIE6l1+S6NGodCb3UvKWYv8=","module_id":"2bi5O0t5h89S7W+s/RfTsuKMDOY=","widget_name":"right sidebar","track_id":"flattened_recommender"}},"footer_recommenders":{"recommenders":[{"ids":[363920940,101900525,81283805,218809841,258128209,80826560,264480082,56052807,93707567,186585225,257348691,385393806,368354491,356184601,69092632,343808947,295926364,261600060,44314948,136126174,301357558,14513931,55171522,155662857,46097354,344991660,50775329,296222676,283554189,160178547],"title_link":null,"title":"Documents Similar To DQ5.4","track_opts":{"compilation_id":"UV6pnIE6l1+S6NGodCb3UvKWYv8=","module_id":"eVhizFdRzs/dC2oZ5Yc58ohzguA=","widget_name":"document_carousel"}}]},"seo_new_docs_recommenders":{"recommenders":[]},"documents":{"14513931":{"type":"document","id":14513931,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/14513931/108x144/7d8550e0d4/1276119391?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/14513931/216x288/2a03e7fd79/1276119391?v=1","title":"FirePlan Update Vol 24 April 2009","short_title":"FirePlan Update Vol 24 April 2009","author":"Fire Flyer","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":14513931,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"CiSFxIiV7kN99b4p4pbjirzM82c="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/14513931/FirePlan-Update-Vol-24-April-2009"},"44314948":{"type":"document","id":44314948,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/44314948/108x144/5f1bf7a683/1395169291?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/44314948/216x288/b096596893/1395169291?v=1","title":"Untitled","short_title":"Untitled","author":"eurolex","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":44314948,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ZYOEG2VXGWXGhLfhk0rxVxKik3Q="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/44314948/Untitled"},"46097354":{"type":"document","id":46097354,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/46097354/108x144/c03cdab7e8/1417611573?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/46097354/216x288/8bb29d4de1/1417611573?v=1","title":"ASSIGMNT BINA","short_title":"ASSIGMNT BINA","author":"DS Nan Salim","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":46097354,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ZkF2vxFrl2wRZyyzQWNOwbH5HxA="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/46097354/ASSIGMNT-BINA"},"50775329":{"type":"document","id":50775329,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/50775329/108x144/f28ef2555e/1356813522?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/50775329/216x288/075ec72674/1356813522?v=1","title":"Organizational change","short_title":"Organizational change","author":"Vivek Soni","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":50775329,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"CWuf52ZPf/572E2tcISdhFH1VrI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/50775329/Organizational-change"},"55171522":{"type":"document","id":55171522,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/55171522/108x144/f536a7d38a/1361133318?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/55171522/216x288/41d10e54f5/1361133318?v=1","title":"Colour Coding","short_title":"Colour Coding","author":"Vipin Patil","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":55171522,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GiO0dHr+amoqNYvJJUEqJccEp5k="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/55171522/Colour-Coding"},"56052807":{"type":"document","id":56052807,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/56052807/108x144/a9bc7f0092/1407828423?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/56052807/216x288/3a68b54e73/1407828423?v=1","title":"msds HBr","short_title":"msds HBr","author":"rnoviati","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":56052807,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FW4GRwYbGP1auNfGXqWmCoQzPRI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/56052807/msds-HBr"},"69092632":{"type":"document","id":69092632,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/69092632/108x144/e136f88bd0/1318833793?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/69092632/216x288/c9e3d69cef/1318833793?v=1","title":"An Ex 7","short_title":"An Ex 7","author":"Niranjan Panda","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":69092632,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"c4uFnh1AfUuTn9LxFoSPGykzGyQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/69092632/An-Ex-7"},"80826560":{"type":"document","id":80826560,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/80826560/108x144/e76c183a4b/1328645994?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/80826560/216x288/4f9be4bf89/1328645994?v=1","title":"Mercaptohexanoic Acid","short_title":"Mercaptohexanoic Acid","author":"MeliDavila22","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":80826560,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ROp+PvyCSEOLz6fKMt4fjtbAhyM="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/80826560/Mercaptohexanoic-Acid"},"81283805":{"type":"document","id":81283805,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/81283805/108x144/4ddb6b3f1f/1388274869?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/81283805/216x288/dc9ab450da/1388274869?v=1","title":"Chemical Safety Assessment","short_title":"Chemical Safety Assessment","author":"evarol","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":81283805,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"1ZQNtyiqCqhc1mwtx3xf1Iha66Q="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/81283805/Chemical-Safety-Assessment"},"93707567":{"type":"document","id":93707567,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/93707567/108x144/f6416323a2/1360937063?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/93707567/216x288/b47832c50e/1360937063?v=1","title":"sh-c-en","short_title":"sh-c-en","author":"catalcla46","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":93707567,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DKQaNWccHPbJu+Uoz8hWLwG2w84="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/93707567/sh-c-en"},"101900525":{"type":"document","id":101900525,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/101900525/108x144/a6628f2eeb/1377882882?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/101900525/216x288/e75f533744/1377882882?v=1","title":"Calcium Hypochlorite MSDS","short_title":"Calcium Hypochlorite MSDS","author":"tradeasiagroup","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":101900525,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"J1mOWOm5LgT/DNBhCPnTQjWrdL4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/101900525/Calcium-Hypochlorite-MSDS"},"136126174":{"type":"document","id":136126174,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/136126174/108x144/30d18f57ad/1402710810?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/136126174/216x288/286869570f/1402710810?v=1","title":"I2","short_title":"I2","author":"Raditya Rizki Amalia","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":136126174,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DQYkaMNgNPNfMddavXUTu5wg4V4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/136126174/I2"},"155662857":{"type":"document","id":155662857,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/155662857/108x144/b43adb4dc3/1450582226?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/155662857/216x288/f3bedeb69f/1450582226?v=1","title":"Progress Report.docx","short_title":"Progress Report.docx","author":"Rozi Khan","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":155662857,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"5DvY6C+GEhtIE+IdEXwwytF6Zk4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/155662857/Progress-Report-docx"},"160178547":{"type":"document","id":160178547,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/160178547/108x144/fd1697c0fa/1376469723?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/160178547/216x288/467870de7b/1376469723?v=1","title":"Country Risk Rating","short_title":"Country Risk Rating","author":"taijulshadin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":160178547,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"6YQFfUlUMdIt/UG5yjbVrVkGagY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/160178547/Country-Risk-Rating"},"163564256":{"type":"book","id":163564256,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163564256/108x144/19b813ddea/1537610449?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163564256/216x288/50918b57c9/1537610449?v=1","title":"Beautiful Ruins: A Novel","short_title":"Beautiful Ruins","author":"Jess Walter","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163564256,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"SU2qar56PR90Yr8zY4Yp6AAl9o4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163564256/Beautiful-Ruins-A-Novel"},"163579056":{"type":"book","id":163579056,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163579056/108x144/b0cc4a522d/1537615945?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163579056/216x288/cc1bed9752/1537615945?v=1","title":"The Art of Racing in the Rain: A Novel","short_title":"The Art of Racing in the Rain","author":"Garth Stein","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163579056,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FfA5USC35q1NntF0OY/jb61/Pz0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163579056/The-Art-of-Racing-in-the-Rain-A-Novel"},"163580087":{"type":"book","id":163580087,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163580087/108x144/865888b820/1537617364?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163580087/216x288/a50ec4d378/1537617364?v=1","title":"Bel Canto","short_title":"Bel Canto","author":"Ann Patchett","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163580087,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"xNP9ktd3cQhD8XLUHOIVXwBdpIc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163580087/Bel-Canto"},"163603389":{"type":"book","id":163603389,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163603389/108x144/9281c90791/1537621758?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163603389/216x288/a0de7e7dea/1537621758?v=1","title":"A Prayer for Owen Meany: A Novel","short_title":"A Prayer for Owen Meany","author":"John Irving","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163603389,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"yE9str9I80RFMqU+I37uAIv8rRQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163603389/A-Prayer-for-Owen-Meany-A-Novel"},"163646054":{"type":"book","id":163646054,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163646054/108x144/c8eb9eae18/1537609694?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163646054/216x288/d6d700f05f/1537609694?v=1","title":"Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America","short_title":"Devil in the Grove","author":"Gilbert King","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163646054,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Pphr3eScznwtMh72o1MAPTkNPbw="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163646054/Devil-in-the-Grove-Thurgood-Marshall-the-Groveland-Boys-and-the-Dawn-of-a-New-America"},"163647832":{"type":"book","id":163647832,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163647832/108x144/9f4ce0c73a/1537609427?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/163647832/216x288/c8974e0a45/1537609427?v=1","title":"The Cider House Rules","short_title":"The Cider House Rules","author":"John Irving","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":163647832,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"D2mhnfBiXW/A47ZaIhmHYNTMlT0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/163647832/The-Cider-House-Rules"},"182522032":{"type":"book","id":182522032,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182522032/108x144/671b9a055b/1537610043?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182522032/216x288/ec6eb5c88b/1537610043?v=1","title":"The Bonfire of the Vanities: A Novel","short_title":"The Bonfire of the Vanities","author":"Tom Wolfe","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182522032,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"a6UYagZ3MaB8C7uQjJeFfwkJZK4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182522032/The-Bonfire-of-the-Vanities-A-Novel"},"182546874":{"type":"book","id":182546874,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182546874/108x144/817bab2149/1537617153?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182546874/216x288/a6b6573207/1537617153?v=1","title":"The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.: A Novel","short_title":"The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.","author":"Adelle Waldman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182546874,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"iO6wwX+XguvlQ3zL1BHa0nwwibs="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182546874/The-Love-Affairs-of-Nathaniel-P-A-Novel"},"182553141":{"type":"book","id":182553141,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182553141/108x144/1b40063d80/1537616069?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182553141/216x288/098f7f1651/1537616069?v=1","title":"The World Is Flat 3.0: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century","short_title":"The World Is Flat 3.0","author":"Thomas L. Friedman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182553141,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"cDogb6IEJDPyoVuBE1L7yCw9qp4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182553141/The-World-Is-Flat-3-0-A-Brief-History-of-the-Twenty-first-Century"},"182560283":{"type":"book","id":182560283,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182560283/108x144/229169a793/1537614263?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182560283/216x288/fc0b9ebffa/1537614263?v=1","title":"Wolf Hall: A Novel","short_title":"Wolf Hall","author":"Hilary Mantel","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182560283,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"rHYbkqxsj3fj5YO70ikrT93uYiQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182560283/Wolf-Hall-A-Novel"},"182565115":{"type":"book","id":182565115,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182565115/108x144/50e3fc9eb2/1537615534?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/182565115/216x288/8bbf81282a/1537615534?v=1","title":"The Silver Linings Playbook: A Novel","short_title":"The Silver Linings Playbook","author":"Matthew Quick","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":182565115,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"p3YPUP60Ic45X8Oh7OdLfhGJbEA="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/182565115/The-Silver-Linings-Playbook-A-Novel"},"186585225":{"type":"document","id":186585225,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/186585225/108x144/95c3bc0bf1/1415848407?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/186585225/216x288/51fcf44698/1415848407?v=1","title":"326 MSDS","short_title":"326 MSDS","author":"Ahmed Emad Ahmed","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":186585225,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"YpGPt8R2Sl5uau1rwVb0EM+ziEY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/186585225/326-MSDS"},"202691564":{"type":"book","id":202691564,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/202691564/108x144/f0e6e6416d/1537619120?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/202691564/216x288/56a5d067c6/1537619120?v=1","title":"Smart People Should Build Things: How to Restore Our Culture of Achievement, Build a Path for Entrepreneurs, and Create New Jobs in America","short_title":"Smart People Should Build Things","author":"Andrew Yang","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":202691564,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"BjjTFE8QqBdnUSkM3woGC1zEcHY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/202691564/Smart-People-Should-Build-Things-How-to-Restore-Our-Culture-of-Achievement-Build-a-Path-for-Entrepreneurs-and-Create-New-Jobs-in-America"},"211302755":{"type":"book","id":211302755,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/211302755/108x144/2424de51a2/1537619904?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/211302755/216x288/09ee7462f3/1537619904?v=1","title":"The Hard Thing About Hard Things: Building a Business When There Are No Easy Answers","short_title":"The Hard Thing About Hard Things","author":"Ben Horowitz","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":211302755,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FUarj5oN8gTmZiZR+3JMHxdB408="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/211302755/The-Hard-Thing-About-Hard-Things-Building-a-Business-When-There-Are-No-Easy-Answers"},"212863738":{"type":"book","id":212863738,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/212863738/108x144/5bad102ef1/1537618239?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/212863738/216x288/8fc36df455/1537618239?v=1","title":"The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America","short_title":"The Unwinding","author":"George Packer","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":212863738,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"9VeYnZ+KNHg1E7nWOLGic+iJ0lo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/212863738/The-Unwinding-An-Inner-History-of-the-New-America"},"216442529":{"type":"book","id":216442529,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/216442529/108x144/7945e537de/1537610826?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/216442529/216x288/95db88293e/1537610826?v=1","title":"Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932: A Novel","short_title":"Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932","author":"Francine Prose","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":216442529,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Uvun+F2LJyVbDTM+vY24UY+CL4E="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/216442529/Lovers-at-the-Chameleon-Club-Paris-1932-A-Novel"},"218809841":{"type":"document","id":218809841,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/218809841/108x144/7537bbaf42/1441304795?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/218809841/216x288/a0e1290e8c/1441304795?v=1","title":"OBrien-Robach Call for Action on S.4614","short_title":"OBrien-Robach Call for Action on S.4614","author":"TedOBrien","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":218809841,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"44l/3SeMHyZa1+ZhghGthLFqHPQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/218809841/OBrien-Robach-Call-for-Action-on-S-4614"},"224248520":{"type":"book","id":224248520,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248520/108x144/57b8f15c1c/1537621124?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248520/216x288/2fc602273a/1537621124?v=1","title":"The Kitchen House: A Novel","short_title":"The Kitchen House","author":"Kathleen Grissom","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224248520,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"agl/FLnQ29BdOyWESqOZEgApWxo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224248520/The-Kitchen-House-A-Novel"},"224248577":{"type":"book","id":224248577,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248577/108x144/d525463c67/1537609395?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224248577/216x288/2b59844b99/1537609395?v=1","title":"The Rosie Project: A Novel","short_title":"The Rosie Project","author":"Graeme Simsion","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224248577,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"rvSV4bDpBvr6uywoC0ojAtEkG68="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224248577/The-Rosie-Project-A-Novel"},"224252178":{"type":"book","id":224252178,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224252178/108x144/68dbc1000d/1537612869?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224252178/216x288/57a65a5750/1537612869?v=1","title":"Brooklyn: A Novel","short_title":"Brooklyn","author":"Colm Toibin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224252178,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"yDGpdIwl+QPTVAUbp1cT0EnHRW0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224252178/Brooklyn-A-Novel"},"224258670":{"type":"book","id":224258670,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224258670/108x144/3c7a87a449/1537624200?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224258670/216x288/ef3c1ca84d/1537624200?v=1","title":"The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power","short_title":"The Prize","author":"Daniel Yergin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224258670,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"lmDhNnzk1cEwjznBg1RzSpml+60="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224258670/The-Prize-The-Epic-Quest-for-Oil-Money-Power"},"224266633":{"type":"book","id":224266633,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224266633/108x144/d0de7b5bf4/1537624497?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224266633/216x288/a40600a76d/1537624497?v=1","title":"The Perks of Being a Wallflower","short_title":"The Perks of Being a Wallflower","author":"Stephen Chbosky","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224266633,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"MfUlskZKkPjFkAZlq2/l6IosIJg="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224266633/The-Perks-of-Being-a-Wallflower"},"224270540":{"type":"book","id":224270540,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224270540/108x144/f484685ce1/1537623252?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224270540/216x288/f0d4e09ce0/1537623252?v=1","title":"The Master","short_title":"The Master","author":"Colm Toibin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224270540,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"nV7AwkqLSwqe5M+4XeUrhfJRqdI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224270540/The-Master"},"224285255":{"type":"book","id":224285255,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224285255/108x144/144bc668f6/1537609549?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224285255/216x288/9dbee53a6c/1537609549?v=1","title":"The Flamethrowers: A Novel","short_title":"The Flamethrowers","author":"Rachel Kushner","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224285255,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"TiizDP+UGN2PJjnCWz6N3fl/PYo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224285255/The-Flamethrowers-A-Novel"},"224306619":{"type":"book","id":224306619,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224306619/108x144/7eeca5a1bc/1537620772?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224306619/216x288/4a8f75444a/1537620772?v=1","title":"The Light Between Oceans: A Novel","short_title":"The Light Between Oceans","author":"M.L. Stedman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224306619,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"H0eoYm+wdk66zpRGiR81rvatK84="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224306619/The-Light-Between-Oceans-A-Novel"},"224326250":{"type":"book","id":224326250,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224326250/108x144/b659f5fb6a/1537617381?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224326250/216x288/900e8864ca/1537617381?v=1","title":"Steve Jobs","short_title":"Steve Jobs","author":"Walter Isaacson","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224326250,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"cN4wdCxBExS7KS2semtvgj6+ZNI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224326250/Steve-Jobs"},"224349281":{"type":"book","id":224349281,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224349281/108x144/4df0918cea/1537625774?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224349281/216x288/befa0c6317/1537625774?v=1","title":"How To Win Friends and Influence People","short_title":"How To Win Friends and Influence People","author":"Dale Carnegie","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224349281,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"PyxoBkfL5aQTbrd4UdefYUWzRBw="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224349281/How-To-Win-Friends-and-Influence-People"},"224355300":{"type":"book","id":224355300,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224355300/108x144/0f2130a60a/1537613729?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224355300/216x288/9b9b19254a/1537613729?v=1","title":"Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius","short_title":"Grand Pursuit","author":"Sylvia Nasar","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224355300,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"IfjA+xrlh3rE2+jwuFHUC2q7UVg="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224355300/Grand-Pursuit-The-Story-of-Economic-Genius"},"224369806":{"type":"book","id":224369806,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224369806/108x144/6fb23377a8/1537614095?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224369806/216x288/b1d476d0fb/1537614095?v=1","title":"The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer","short_title":"The Emperor of All Maladies","author":"Siddhartha Mukherjee","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224369806,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"MF77oSPlYdb216DJSE1FXdJ9QU8="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224369806/The-Emperor-of-All-Maladies-A-Biography-of-Cancer"},"224410295":{"type":"book","id":224410295,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224410295/108x144/514b1bea0b/1537615671?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224410295/216x288/f7c9469e6c/1537615671?v=1","title":"Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln","short_title":"Team of Rivals","author":"Doris Kearns Goodwin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224410295,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"sE4b3ov0dXFxjgRqubflG+kwOXc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224410295/Team-of-Rivals-The-Political-Genius-of-Abraham-Lincoln"},"224419023":{"type":"book","id":224419023,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224419023/108x144/48b209bbb5/1537615774?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224419023/216x288/39263c2334/1537615774?v=1","title":"John Adams","short_title":"John Adams","author":"David McCullough","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224419023,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"sA9XzDr7uCSXYpvLCAfJWkEW8o0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224419023/John-Adams"},"224421552":{"type":"book","id":224421552,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224421552/108x144/2f2c02f5eb/1537615819?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224421552/216x288/65ac725c07/1537615819?v=1","title":"Good in Bed","short_title":"Good in Bed","author":"Jennifer Weiner","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224421552,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"bMW0Q/S+7H0FZGg3fizIUWbCGBk="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224421552/Good-in-Bed"},"224426877":{"type":"book","id":224426877,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224426877/108x144/f22cf865fe/1537615848?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/224426877/216x288/a73f25e252/1537615848?v=1","title":"Angela's Ashes: A Memoir","short_title":"Angela's Ashes","author":"Frank McCourt","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":224426877,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"140hZUggqyMguq/dZdADXYyTEyY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/224426877/Angela-s-Ashes-A-Memoir"},"225916486":{"type":"book","id":225916486,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/225916486/108x144/241cf75eb3/1537617347?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/225916486/216x288/a042fe186a/1537617347?v=1","title":"A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True Story","short_title":"A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius","author":"Dave Eggers","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":225916486,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"WdScDb+tdJm/ei3n4VpL4rCRi8Q="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/225916486/A-Heartbreaking-Work-Of-Staggering-Genius-A-Memoir-Based-on-a-True-Story"},"231689346":{"type":"book","id":231689346,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/231689346/108x144/7e5fbbde4a/1537607233?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/231689346/216x288/b7fe80231f/1537607233?v=1","title":"The Blazing World: A Novel","short_title":"The Blazing World","author":"Siri Hustvedt","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":231689346,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"sAINS0+HyQ4KdXgN8sFjRgwoBDU="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/231689346/The-Blazing-World-A-Novel"},"234028503":{"type":"book","id":234028503,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/234028503/108x144/2c4440aa6c/1537619286?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/234028503/216x288/cfe54b8013/1537619286?v=1","title":"Bad Feminist: Essays","short_title":"Bad Feminist","author":"Roxane Gay","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":234028503,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"gP0hhKIS1Vlmdhr0ch025n+E0CY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/234028503/Bad-Feminist-Essays"},"235411767":{"type":"book","id":235411767,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235411767/108x144/b2ad7aa7d5/1537613488?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235411767/216x288/1740216c8c/1537613488?v=1","title":"A Man Called Ove: A Novel","short_title":"A Man Called Ove","author":"Fredrik Backman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":235411767,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"uvOwj06UO0g2j6gH5GBayepvA7g="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/235411767/A-Man-Called-Ove-A-Novel"},"235583696":{"type":"book","id":235583696,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235583696/108x144/a9f15763be/1537620047?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/235583696/216x288/7c5ab0af0f/1537620047?v=1","title":"We Are Not Ourselves: A Novel","short_title":"We Are Not Ourselves","author":"Matthew Thomas","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":235583696,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"CZpu9pd7m6DqkM5RbhM6lgpO57c="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/235583696/We-Are-Not-Ourselves-A-Novel"},"238704340":{"type":"book","id":238704340,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/238704340/108x144/2fd0be1590/1537616230?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/238704340/216x288/191539db56/1537616230?v=1","title":"This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate","short_title":"This Changes Everything","author":"Naomi Klein","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":238704340,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"HmiKcSxobeKYmkuRu/xGMXD9stU="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/238704340/This-Changes-Everything-Capitalism-vs-The-Climate"},"239488191":{"type":"book","id":239488191,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239488191/108x144/a9a21bdc0e/1537610467?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239488191/216x288/73448c1779/1537610467?v=1","title":"The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution","short_title":"The Innovators","author":"Walter Isaacson","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":239488191,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ZLUa2ncJGYyXU6GWN6282EKeTWs="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/239488191/The-Innovators-How-a-Group-of-Hackers-Geniuses-and-Geeks-Created-the-Digital-Revolution"},"239588474":{"type":"book","id":239588474,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239588474/108x144/149fb5e6af/1537620354?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/239588474/216x288/15f36354f8/1537620354?v=1","title":"Rise of ISIS: A Threat We Can't Ignore","short_title":"Rise of ISIS","author":"Jay Sekulow","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":239588474,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GQE5eiNHYgLc6ngRf8A5PVmekj0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/239588474/Rise-of-ISIS-A-Threat-We-Can-t-Ignore"},"244157917":{"type":"book","id":244157917,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/244157917/108x144/c55ae5929d/1537611462?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/244157917/216x288/c42f4ff9aa/1537611462?v=1","title":"Yes Please","short_title":"Yes Please","author":"Amy Poehler","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":244157917,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GTprjRWfgYHiAZTJ8ojB5sueUXw="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/244157917/Yes-Please"},"246897514":{"type":"book","id":246897514,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/246897514/108x144/60f21686b1/1537621920?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/246897514/216x288/4b640ccfe4/1537621920?v=1","title":"The Wallcreeper","short_title":"The Wallcreeper","author":"Nell Zink","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":246897514,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"PFhBf/pz24ZZprff1qiRM2LXQg4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/246897514/The-Wallcreeper"},"249308236":{"type":"book","id":249308236,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308236/108x144/0b356a7d6a/1537610814?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308236/216x288/cbef455d67/1537610814?v=1","title":"Interpreter of Maladies","short_title":"Interpreter of Maladies","author":"Jhumpa Lahiri","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":249308236,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"uPYFUZclQc5+u979ELcqFfcngHc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/249308236/Interpreter-of-Maladies"},"249308781":{"type":"book","id":249308781,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308781/108x144/8ccbad3c4a/1537618426?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249308781/216x288/b0591f1a45/1537618426?v=1","title":"Life of Pi","short_title":"Life of Pi","author":"Yann Martel","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":249308781,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DkojjImsBi67c4R8kXlE8AhmhL4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/249308781/Life-of-Pi"},"249309502":{"type":"book","id":249309502,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249309502/108x144/06f5527c5d/1537612060?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/249309502/216x288/ec3bf7c24b/1537612060?v=1","title":"Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: A Novel","short_title":"Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close","author":"Jonathan Safran Foer","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":249309502,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"mvHeW6DSN5KysVVs650Q16aGoic="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/249309502/Extremely-Loud-and-Incredibly-Close-A-Novel"},"250006950":{"type":"book","id":250006950,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/250006950/108x144/2a1edbdeca/1537611200?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/250006950/216x288/139a0bb438/1537611200?v=1","title":"The First Bad Man: A Novel","short_title":"The First Bad Man","author":"Miranda July","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":250006950,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"pN98K9mv2TRKV8a8HQBa2ytlm98="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/250006950/The-First-Bad-Man-A-Novel"},"253264900":{"type":"book","id":253264900,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/253264900/108x144/dcda7770b5/1537620388?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/253264900/216x288/ca2dc9eb25/1537620388?v=1","title":"Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind","short_title":"Sapiens","author":"Yuval Noah Harari","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":253264900,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Z0kkeKzWPLA3xNl8fycm3Kzytco="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/253264900/Sapiens-A-Brief-History-of-Humankind"},"254039238":{"type":"book","id":254039238,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/254039238/108x144/a8c6c5e065/1537617000?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/254039238/216x288/0e4e5ae0d4/1537617000?v=1","title":"Leaving Berlin: A Novel","short_title":"Leaving Berlin","author":"Joseph Kanon","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":254039238,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"i6MQz8zUTokZFwsCS5LGmdIsBMo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/254039238/Leaving-Berlin-A-Novel"},"257348691":{"type":"document","id":257348691,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/257348691/108x144/d82e45a02a/1425261973?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/257348691/216x288/d548c4276d/1425261973?v=1","title":"Corrosion Inh MSDS","short_title":"Corrosion Inh MSDS","author":"fructora","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":257348691,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GYOM4q0GrSkQ8bQYYQp0ZiQ8rmI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/257348691/Corrosion-Inh-MSDS"},"258128209":{"type":"document","id":258128209,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/258128209/108x144/64bdce80a5/1425904121?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/258128209/216x288/bf2b2bbcb4/1425904121?v=1","title":"Nafta Len","short_title":"Nafta Len","author":"Rima Agustin M","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":258128209,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"3vgc+Z3G8ve4U+v/S0S7mREIaUY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/258128209/Nafta-Len"},"261600060":{"type":"document","id":261600060,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/261600060/108x144/f2efdff475/1428807512?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/261600060/216x288/bcff12ee11/1428807512?v=1","title":"Major Projects - METEOR","short_title":"Major Projects - METEOR","author":"bring it on","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":261600060,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"WeGt3DWCIQvk7nneD2gqQ8Okzo4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/261600060/Major-Projects-METEOR"},"263504218":{"type":"book","id":263504218,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/263504218/108x144/986fa89e8b/1537618161?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/263504218/216x288/c40eb7e9a8/1537618161?v=1","title":"Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future","short_title":"Elon Musk","author":"Ashlee Vance","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":263504218,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"u0qOsWcyEnu+J/zWn61LaUo3fbI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/263504218/Elon-Musk-Tesla-SpaceX-and-the-Quest-for-a-Fantastic-Future"},"264480082":{"type":"document","id":264480082,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/264480082/108x144/5b40fdacde/1430985480?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/264480082/216x288/64e755407a/1430985480?v=1","title":"pineoilmsds","short_title":"pineoilmsds","author":"mertel_26","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":264480082,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"9KyzeSa96+hs8TM+At4TQhydcHk="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/264480082/pineoilmsds"},"273440534":{"type":"book","id":273440534,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273440534/108x144/b7e49e07d3/1537617809?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273440534/216x288/aaec1b2b1a/1537617809?v=1","title":"The Incarnations: A Novel","short_title":"The Incarnations","author":"Susan Barker","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":273440534,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"voeNL6uX9+JjjGK/iQfrXFDWn5w="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/273440534/The-Incarnations-A-Novel"},"273582508":{"type":"book","id":273582508,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273582508/108x144/fb92cadae3/1537614749?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/273582508/216x288/135562ba06/1537614749?v=1","title":"You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine: A Novel","short_title":"You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine","author":"Alexandra Kleeman","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":273582508,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"uN/auucIaEA+mYTf47znEta2HuU="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/273582508/You-Too-Can-Have-a-Body-Like-Mine-A-Novel"},"282766939":{"type":"book","id":282766939,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/282766939/108x144/1355dd3a71/1537618383?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/282766939/216x288/076d3f356c/1537618383?v=1","title":"Dispatches from Pluto: Lost and Found in the Mississippi Delta","short_title":"Dispatches from Pluto","author":"Richard Grant","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":282766939,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"HUFk4VutIgFgcnmTFi1/s95y77E="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/282766939/Dispatches-from-Pluto-Lost-and-Found-in-the-Mississippi-Delta"},"283554189":{"type":"document","id":283554189,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/283554189/108x144/e6b091b759/1443902434?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/283554189/216x288/71912d3a8e/1443902434?v=1","title":"SDS-GAS","short_title":"SDS-GAS","author":"ChemPetro","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":283554189,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DTMNt+7yTCs/+qz/dpnEytHCnVc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/283554189/SDS-GAS"},"293461549":{"type":"book","id":293461549,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/293461549/108x144/07628d60db/1537614356?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/293461549/216x288/8d1185b7ff/1537614356?v=1","title":"The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man","short_title":"The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man","author":"John Perkins","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":293461549,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"43PXdm6mkBqtfRMXiviFv+hLCKQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/293461549/The-New-Confessions-of-an-Economic-Hit-Man"},"295926364":{"type":"document","id":295926364,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/295926364/108x144/5297d7da1d/1453164084?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/295926364/216x288/7f435f82e1/1453164084?v=1","title":"Internal Control","short_title":"Internal Control","author":"Aleng Maria","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":295926364,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Rt8xIXfkVuQvVG4ifEcHDZf+gmY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/295926364/Internal-Control"},"296222676":{"type":"document","id":296222676,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/296222676/108x144/6353afbf88/1453434587?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/296222676/216x288/796a74b49e/1453434587?v=1","title":"Overcoming Resistance to Change","short_title":"Overcoming Resistance to Change","author":"vargasjunior65","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":296222676,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"T7qdYnufoeUe0Li94B4dBlNwPi4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/doc/296222676/Overcoming-Resistance-to-Change"},"301357558":{"type":"document","id":301357558,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/301357558/108x144/963e064aaf/1456807598?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/301357558/216x288/c8d6c4a921/1456807598?v=1","title":"Joseph","short_title":"Joseph","author":"Oliver H. Villarin","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":301357558,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"GxANkuwWuLK5BW7gO6ohHbcY6i0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/presentation/301357558/Joseph"},"337536061":{"type":"book","id":337536061,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/337536061/108x144/8c1b451da6/1537627080?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/337536061/216x288/45d81f5c37/1537627080?v=1","title":"The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)","short_title":"The Sympathizer","author":"Viet Thanh Nguyen","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":337536061,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"siBzvPo7G5Kbt0VQY3+7WHSga94="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/book/337536061/The-Sympathizer-A-Novel-Pulitzer-Prize-for-Fiction"},"343808947":{"type":"document","id":343808947,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343808947/108x144/9cf65914ec/1491162890?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343808947/216x288/764324dc39/1491162890?v=1","title":"Peer Review of Coal-Tar-Sealed Pavement Risk Assessment","short_title":"Peer Review of Coal-Tar-Sealed Pavement Risk Assessment","author":"Pavement Coatings Technology Council","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":343808947,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"TV9yx/LSna2L8D56Gz68a/ZSBH8="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/343808947/Peer-Review-of-Coal-Tar-Sealed-Pavement-Risk-Assessment"},"344991660":{"type":"document","id":344991660,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/344991660/108x144/2b0a1fbfc9/1492018769?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/344991660/216x288/ab6adcd429/1492018769?v=1","title":"Sproule Webinar Series - Predicting Long Term Well Performance Using Early Life Data","short_title":"Sproule Webinar Series - Predicting Long Term Well Performance Using Early Life Data","author":"doombuggy","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":344991660,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"gPFEGYI6SwVbZbuSOmLIWjoAslc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/344991660/Sproule-Webinar-Series-Predicting-Long-Term-Well-Performance-Using-Early-Life-Data"},"356184601":{"type":"document","id":356184601,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/356184601/108x144/d67e62c565/1502617525?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/356184601/216x288/83d9a3565e/1502617525?v=1","title":"A Decision Tree for Assessing Effects From Exposures to Multiple Substances","short_title":"A Decision Tree for Assessing Effects From Exposures to Multiple Substances","author":"Mustafa Cuneyt Gezen","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":356184601,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"yanolJpfwWxkoqw3eg5NR3pFrJQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/356184601/A-Decision-Tree-for-Assessing-Effects-From-Exposures-to-Multiple-Substances"},"363920940":{"type":"document","id":363920940,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/363920940/108x144/faf97627e9/1510203515?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/363920940/216x288/eb5e3192af/1510203515?v=1","title":"MSDS Brodifacum T3D3101","short_title":"MSDS Brodifacum T3D3101","author":"Rifky Dwi Hendrawan","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":363920940,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ekEquNXojuiVH08EzxCm7gOVoxQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/363920940/MSDS-Brodifacum-T3D3101"},"368354491":{"type":"document","id":368354491,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/368354491/108x144/9712e90c17/1515017850?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/368354491/216x288/f82653ddec/1515017850?v=1","title":"msds (1)","short_title":"msds (1)","author":"mochdimasku","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":368354491,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"2T+oJPbBuXqddRkOHWVejuycVEc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/368354491/msds-1"},"385393806":{"type":"document","id":385393806,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/385393806/108x144/20126c2158/1533325272?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/385393806/216x288/c20cd6d32a/1533325272?v=1","title":"Msds Mt-floc-8655 (1) (Ingles)","short_title":"Msds Mt-floc-8655 (1) (Ingles)","author":"LuzMarinaYucra","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":385393806,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"FMchqhGj5nDE8RXS2E2wwSpNq0k="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/385393806/Msds-Mt-floc-8655-1-Ingles"}}},"seo_roadblock_props_path":"/doc-page/seo-roadblock-props/75449368","signup_context":null,"toolbar":{"search_path":"/search-4gen?allowed_pages=1%2C2%2C3%2C4&auth_token=Dlr8QZqL7ETwHoB5BXTh3pFyttk%3D&authenticity_token=NSbepd2Q00HCM8yU3TwtwmhcWxvFcWtXJR%2FTlSikcMLnlF%2BcyRhEnCz4UYWsx2HAulXiDQ%2Bl0rzQsDXWwCJqCA%3D%3D&expires=1538260293&wordDocumentId=75449368&wordUploadId=78482479"},"renewal_nag_props":null}-->