Kiel John P.

Mendoza IV-SC-A

Ionizing radiation
Ionizing radiation has always been a part of the human environment. Along with natural radioactive sources present in the Earth's crust and cosmic radiation, manmade sources also contribute to our continuous exposure to ionizing radiation. Environmental radioactive pollution has resulted from past nuclear weapons testing, nuclear waste disposal, accidents at nuclear power plants, as well as from transportation, storage, loss, and misuse of radioactive sources. While there are risks associated with exposure to radiation benefits of nuclear applications in medicine industry and science are well established. WHO’s radiation programme aims to assure that the benefits of radiation technology far exceeds any known risks. WHO's Ionizing Radiation Programme The Radiation and Environmental Health Programme within the WHO’s Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments Cluster, evaluates health risks and public health issues related to environmental and occupational radiation exposure. The aim of the Radiation and Environmental Health Programme is to look for solutions to protect human health from ionizing radiation hazards by raising people's awareness of the potential health risks associated with ionizing radiation, and the importance of its safe and rational management. Through promoting research and providing recommendations for emergency medical and public health responses to radiation accidents and terrorist acts, and providing advice to national authorities, we hope to enable national and local public health authorities to deal with radiation exposure issues effectively, facilitating key research programmes and providing sound advice Ionizing Radiation: Benefits Versus Risks Over 90% of the genetic dose to the United States population from man-made sources of ionizing radiation derives from medical exposure. Most of this is from diagnosis and only about 1 % is from occupational exposure. It is estimated that over 90% of the health physicists in the United States are engaged in programs designed to reduce unnecessary occupational exposure and most of these efforts are limited to the nuclear energy industry which, partly through their efforts, has become one of the safest of all modern industries. There is no question that medical

on the assumption of a linear relationship between dose and effect. this in na wise justifies an average patient dose that may be 10 times that necessary to obtain required medical information. Although many lives are saved by medical X-ray diagnosis. A large number of scientists. articles in mainstream peer-reviewed scientific journals. This theory is almost undoubtedly true.. where exposure to small to modest levels of ionizing radiation is not only harmless but also beneficial. forcing or training the immune system to produce higher levels of anti-inflammatory compounds and to engage in higher levels of tissue repair .e. The focus of this site is the realm of health benefits of low level exposure (LLE) to radiation from natural sources. considerable lives also are lost because of unnecessary and excessive patient exposure. the term "radiation hormesis" referneces the fact that the effects of radiation upon living systems may best be described by a U-shaped or J-shaped curve. at its most conservative and minimal definition. and numerous website articles ranging from the wild and wooly to the very tame and conservative. articles in the popular media. internally produced) antioxidants. however. The vastness of the literature in this field. It is indicated that through education.) The postulated mechanisms for this benefit from such exposure. by the application of improved techniques and the use of better equipment. several books. here is a really quick-and-dirty synopsis and summary of the field of radiation hormesis: First. sometimes obscures what the theories and theorists in the field of radiation hormesis are really saying. It is expected that in the days ahead a large fraction of the attention of the health physics profession will be directed toward maximizing the ratio of benefits to risks in medical X-ray diagnosis. have almost always included one or more of the following:   the hypothesis that exposure to low or modest levels of ionizing radiation challenges the body via mild oxidative stress. for the most part. there exists a pretty strong body of evidence for it. somewhat related to the above model. training.X-ray is an essential diagnostic tool. along with the complexity and the ever-changing nature of jargon employed. folks working the field of radiation health physics. Radiation Health Benefits and the Broader Concept of Radiation Hormesis The information that comprises the approximately 100 year-old field of radiation health benefit and radiation hormesis spans a spectrum ranging from obscure printed articles and booklets. forcing it to produce higher levels of endogenous (i. patient dose can be reduced by an order of magnitude while greatly increasing the amount and improving the quality of diagnostic information. and others feel that exposure to small to modest levels of ionizing radiation may be beneficial to humans and animals (and to all other life forms. but where exposure to high levels of ionizing radiation is decidedly harmful. certification and proper motivation of all doctors and X-ray technicians permitted to use X-ray diagnosis. the hypothesis that exposure to low or modest levels of ionizing radiation challenges the body via mild oxidative stress. In recognition of this problem.

that is. In any case. so-called radiogenesis has been rather reliably demonstrated across a range of plants and microbes.within the fields of alchemy and ormus who further believe that these ormus-like effects may also be induced directly into the body via whole-body exposure to natural sources of ionizing radiation offering far higher levels than normal background levels. this radical-sounding hypothesis is largely all but proven within the mainstream sciences for plants and microbes. to modest amounts of ionizing radiation somehow increases the levels of certain much-needed nutrients in these substances. there is the added presumption that the beneficial effects noticed from ingesting such foods and drinks are likely due to ormus or ormus-like effects. . the model revolves around the hypothesis (for which there exists considerable evidence in the literature) that the cells of living organisms (including the human body) can somehow intercept quanta of ionizing radiation and convert it into usable energy in a harmless and beneficial manner. Interestingly.and this one is quite a bit more on the fringes than the abovementioned hypotheses -. There are also some folks -.  and regeneration. This theory is almost undoubtedly true. the ability of cells to use incident radiation as a beneficial energy source seems to be one that is far more widely distributed than photosynthesis. with the effect that people or animals which ingest such irradiated foods or drinks experience improved health or reversal of aging. the ability to use light as an energy source. when this model or similar models emerge at times in the rather wild and wooly world of ormus nutritionals. that the radiation exposure created ormus or ormus-like compounds in the food or drink. So. or water or other beverages. there already exists a pretty strong body of evidence for it. then there exists the hypothesis that cells in humans and other organisms are able to utilize incident radiation as a beneficial source of energy. And. including many genera that are not classified as photosynthetic. and thus these two terms are likely not optimal.including myself on Tuesdays. and then -. that is.there is the hypothesis that exposing fruits and vegetables. This latter theory is particularly popular in some circles of alchemy. Some authors have referenced this phenomenon using the terms radiogenesis or radiosynthesis. Thursdays and Saturdays -. but the problem here is that both of these terms have already been used to describe the production of radioactive isotopes in the laboratory via exposure of various elements to neutron or positron radiation from active sources.