SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a 1.Reference Theme 1 Learning area : Science year 5 practical book page 1 : Investigating Living Things : Microorganism

Learning objective: 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living thing Learning outcome: 1.1.4 State that microorganism grows Topic : Mouldy Bread

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the number of day (WTC) and the numbers black spots (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed Bread, water, a plastic bag, hand lens.
sps 7(C4)

Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Bread, water, a plastic bag, hand lens. 3. Hypothesis: Questions: i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The more the number of days, the more the black spots. ii) If the number of day increase then the black spots increase 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : the number of black spots Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : the number of days Questions : i) What to keep the same? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Number of bread, type of bread, amount of water to sprinkle the bread SPS 7( C2 , C5) SPS 7( C1)

5. Procedure / What do I do 1) 2) 3) Sprinkle a few drops of water onto a piece of bread. Put the bread in a plastic bag Leave the plastic bag on the table for five days. 4) Use a hand lens to observe the bread. Do not take out the bread from the plastic bag. 5) Draw what you observe in your Science Journal every day.

6. Method / What do I find

sps 7(C3)

1) A few drops of water was sprinkled onto a piece of bread. 2) A bread was put in a plastic bag 3) The plastic bag was left on the table for five days 4) A hand lens was used to observe the bread
SMS 3 (C3)

5) The observation was drawn in the Science Journal every day. 7 Observation /what do I find: The table below shows the result of the investigation: sps 7(C6)

Day 1 Unchanged

Day 3 Some black spots

Day 5 More black spots

Day 7 Plenty of black spots
sps 7(C6)

Observation i) What is the number of black spots? ii) What can you say about the number of black spots ? Suggested answers : The number of black spots increases.

8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation iii) State one inference about the increasing of the number of blacks spots Suggested answers : The number of back spots increases because the mould is growth. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The more the number of days, the more the black spots. ii) If the number of day increase then the number black spots increase

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a 2.Reference Theme 1 Learning area : Science year 5 practical book page 7 (Field Trip) : Investigating Living Things : Survival of The Species ensure the survival of their species.

Learning objective: 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to Learning outcome: 2.2.7 Relate characteristics of seeds and fruits to the ways they are dispersed Topic : Survival of The Plants.

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the characteristics of seeds (WTC) and the way they are dispersed (WTO).
sps 7(C4)

2. Materials / apparatus needed Specimens of seed and fruits ( coconut, tomato, rambutan, angsana, broad bean, lotus fruit, love grass, okra, lallang ) Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Specimens of seed and fruits ( coconut, tomato, rambutan, angsana, broad bean, lotus fruit, love grass, okra, lallang )

3. Hypothesis: Questions:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : Each fruit or seed has certain characteristics to help it to be dispersed easily. 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : The way of seeds to dispersed Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? SMS 1 (C3) Suggested answers : Types / characteristics of seeds 5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Work in groups. 2) There are four stations in this activity. At each station, you are provided with fruit and seed specimens as shown in the table below 3) Observe the characteristics of each specimen relate them to the way they are dispersed. 4) Record your observation in your experiment book. 6 Observation /what do I find: The table below shows the result of the investigation: Station A B C D Name of fruit / seed Bean , okra Angsana , lallang Rambutan, tomato, love grass Lotus fruit, coconut Characteristic SPS 7(C6) 2 (C2) Way of dispersal SPS 7( C2 , C5)

7. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : Each fruit or seed has certain characteristics to help it to be dispersed easily.

Sample question. Bread A B Water ( Drops ) 3 6 Number of black patches 4 8

A group of pupils carried out an investigation to find out if microorganisms can grow. They sprinkled two breads with a few drops of water. The breads were left on the table for one week. 1. State two variables based on the table. a)………………………………………. B)……………………………………… 2. What is the aim of the investigation? ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. State two controlled/ fixed variables a)……………………………………………….b)…………………………………… 4. Based on the table, what is the observation can you make for the number of black patches on bread B ? ………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 State one inference based on your answer in ( 4 )

……………………………………………………………………………………… 6 What is the trend of the number of the black patches?

…………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 What conclusion can you make based on the result in the table.

………………………………………………………………………………………….

Suggested answers 1.a)The drops of water b)The number of black patches 2. To study the relationship between the drops of water and the number of black patches 3. a) type of bread .b) type of water 4. The number of black patches on bread B is more than bread A. 5. The number of black patches on bread B is more than bread A because 6. increasing 7. The more the water drops the more the number of black patches / if the water drops increase then the number of black patches increase.

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a 3. Reference Theme 1 Learning area : Science year 5 practical book page 17 : Investigating Force and Energy : Energy another. Learning outcome: 1.1.4 State that energy can be transformed Topic : Series Circuit

Learning objective: 1.1 Understanding that energy can be transformed from one form to

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the number of battery (WTC) and the brightness of the bulbs. (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed 2 batteries, battery holder, switch, 2 bulbs with holders, A4 paper, wires with crocodile clips.
SPS 7(C4)

Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : 2 batteries, battery holder, switch, 2 bulbs with holders, A4 paper, wires with crocodile clips. 3. Hypothesis: Questions: i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) ii) i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. The more the number of bulbs , the less the brightness of bulb SPS 7( C1)

ii) If the number of bulbs increase then the brightness of bulb decrease 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? iii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : the brightness of bulbs Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : the number of bulbs Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Number of battery, type of bulb, type of battery. SPS 7( C2 , C5)

5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Build a series circuit according to the picture.. 2) Switch the circuit on. 3) Observe and compare the brightness of the two bulbs. 4) Draw a circuit diagram for the series circuit you have built. SMS1(C3)

6. Method / What do I find 2) The circuit was switched on.

SPS 7(C3)

1) A series circuit was built according to the picture 3) The brightness of the two bulbs were observed and compared 4) A circuit diagram was drawn 7 Observation /what do I find: Observation SPS 7(C6)

i) Which bulb is the brightness? ii) What can you say about the brightness of one bulb? Suggested answers : The brightness of one bulb is the brightest.

8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation iii) State one inference about the increasing of the number of blacks spots? Suggested answers : The brightness of one bulb is the brightest because it get more power. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : iii) iv) i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. The more the number of bulbs, the less the brightness of bulb.

ii) If the number of the bulbs increase then the brightness of the bulbs is decrease

Sample Question. The picture shows a torchlight .The table shows the ability of the torch light using three batteries to function at different times. Time(hours) 2 4 6 Brightness of the bulb in torch light Brightest Bright Dim

1. Based on the experiment, state the following variables: What to change/ manipulated :……………………………………………………….

What to measure/ responding :…………………………………………………………. Kept the same/ controlled : ………………………………………………………….

2. What is the aim of the investigation? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. Suggest one hypothesis based on the table. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. What is your observation about the brightness of the bulb for two hours? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 . State your inference based on your observation. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6. What is your conclusion based on the table? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Suggested answers 1. Based on the experiment, state the following variables: What to change/ manipulated : time

What to measure/ responding : Brightness of the bulb in torch light Kept the same/ controlled 2. To study/ investigate the relationship between the time and the brightest of the bulb in torch light. 3. The more the time the more the brightest of the bulb in torch light / if the time increase then the brightest of the bulb in torch light decrease. 4. The brightest of the bulb in torch light is more brightest at two hour. 5. The brightest of the bulb in torch light is more brightest at two hour because there is enough power. 6. The more the time the more the brightest of the bulb in torch light / if the time increase then the brightest of the bulb in torch light decrease. : type of battery, number of battery

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a 4. Reference Theme 2 Learning area : Science year 5 practical book page 21 : Investigating Force and Energy : Energy

Learning objective: 2.2 Understanding a series circuit and parallel circuit. Learning outcome: 2.2.7 compare the effect on the bulbs when various switches in a series circuit and a parallel circuit are off. Topic : Series and Parallel Circuit

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the type of circuit (WTC) and the condition of bulbs (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed
SPS 7(C4)

2 Batteries, Switches, Wires with crocodile clips, 3 bulbs with holders, battery holder. Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : 2 Batteries, Switches, Wires with crocodile clips, 3 bulbs with holders, battery holder.

3. Hypothesis: Questions:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. ii) If the circuit is series then the bulbs will not light up / if the circuit is parallel then the bulbs will light up in other path. 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : Condition of bulbs Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : Type of circuit Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Type of battery, type of bulbs. 5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Build a series circuit as shown in the circuit diagram. 2) Turn on switches K, L and M 3) Observe the bulbs 4) Turn off switch K. 5) Observe the bulbs. 6) Turn on switch K and turn off switch L. SPS 7( C2 , C5)

7) Observe the bulbs. 8) Turn on switch L and turn off switch M 9) Observe the bulbs 10) Record your finding in your experiment book.

6. Method / What do I find

sps 7(C3)

1) A series circuit was built as shown in the circuit diagram. 2) The switches K, L and M were turned on. 3) The bulbs were observed. 4) Switch K was turned off. 5) The bulbs were observed. 6) Switch K was turned on and switch L was turned off 7) The bulbs were observed. 8) Switch L was turned on and switch M was turned off 9) The bulbs were observed. 10) The finding was recorded. 7 Observation /what do I find: The table below shows the result of the investigation: Situation Turn on K, L and M Turn on L and M, and Turn off K Turn on K and M, and turn off L Turn on K and L, and turn off M Observation i) What happen to the bulbs when one of the switches is turned off? sps 7(C6)

Observation

sps 7(C6)

Suggested answers : All bulbs do not light up. 8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation Suggested answers : All bulbs do not light up because a circuit incomplete. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The bulbs in the series circuits will not light up when one of the switches is off..

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a 5. Reference Theme 2 Learning area : Science year 5 practical book page 23 : Investigating Force and Energy : Energy

Learning objective: 2.2 Understanding a series circuit and parallel circuit. Learning outcome: 2.2.7 compare the effect on the bulbs when various switches in a series circuit and a parallel circuit are off. Topic : Series and Parallel Circuit

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the type of circuit (WTC) and the condition of bulbs (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : 2 Batteries, Switches, Wires with crocodile clips, 3 bulbs with holders, battery holder.
sps 7(C4)

2 Batteries, Switches, Wires with crocodile clips, 3 bulbs with holders, battery holder.

3. Hypothesis: Questions:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. ii) If the circuit is series then the bulbs will not light up / if the circuit is parallel then the bulbs will light up in other path. 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : Condition of bulbs Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : Type of circuit Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Type of battery, type of bulbs. SPS 7( C2 , C5)

5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Build a parallel circuit as shown in the circuit diagram. 2) Turn on switches A, B and C. 3) Observe the bulbs 4) Turn off switch A. 5) Observe the bulbs. 6) Turn on switch A and turn off switches B and C. 7) Observe the bulbs.

8) Turn on switch B and turn off switches A and C 9) Observe the bulbs 10) Record your finding in your experiment book.

6. Method / What do I find

SPS 7(C3)

1) A parallel circuit was built as shown in the circuit diagram. 2) The switches A, B and C were turned on. 3) The bulbs were observed. 4) Switch A was turned off. 5) The bulbs were observed. 7) The bulbs were observed. 8) Switch B was turned on and switch A and C was turned off 9) The bulbs were observed. 10) The finding was recorded. 7 Observation /what do I find: The table below shows the result of the investigation: Situation Turn on A, B and C Turn on B and C, and turn off A Turn on A, and turn off B and C Turn on B, and turn off A and C Observation sps 7(C6)
SPS2 (C3) SMS 1(C3)

6) Switch A had been turned on and turned off for switch B and C.

Observation

sps 7(C6)

i) What happen to the bulbs when switch A is turned off? Suggested answers : All bulbs do not light up. 8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation

Suggested answers : All bulbs do not light up because a circuit incomplete. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. ii) A break anywhere along the path of a parallel circuit does not interrupt the flow in the other paths.

Sample question

Diagram 7 shows two types of circuits P and Q. The brightness of the bulbs are different.
dry cell dry cell

bulbs

bulbs

P Diagram 1

Q

(a) To investigate the relationship between the type of the circuits and the brightness of the bulb. (b) What is controlled variable? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ (c) State one inference on the condition of bulbs P and Q. _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ (d) What conclusion can be made from the experiment? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Suggested answers (a) To study / investigate the relationship between the type of circuit and the brightness of bulb. (b) Number of battery, type of bulb, (c) The brightness of bulb in circuit Q is more brightness because get more power. (d) If the circuit Q is used then the brightness of bulb is increase

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a 6. Reference Theme 2 Learning area : Science year 5 practical book page 25 : Force and Energy : 3 Light

Learning objective: 3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line Learning outcome: 3.1.1 State that light travels in a straight line. Topic : Travelling Light

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the position of the cards (WTC) and the beam of lights (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed scissors, books, cardboard Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Masking tape, cloth pegs, Circular black paper with hole at the centre, torch, office pin, scissors, books, cardboard
SPS 7(C4)

Masking tape, cloth pegs, Circular black paper with hole at the centre, torch, office pin,

3. Hypothesis: Questions:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. ii) If the position of the cards in a straight line, beam of light can be seen / if one of the cards is moved, the beam of the light cannot be seen. 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : Beam of light Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : Position of the cards Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Size of the cards, position of hole, light sources. 5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Cut three pieces of square cards ( 10 cm x 10 cm ) 2) Put the three cards together and make a small hole in the centre of the cards, using an office pin. 3) Cover the front panel of a torch with a circular black paper. 4) Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram. 5) Switch the torch on. 6) Adjust the cards until you can see light passing through the holes. 7) Move the middle card slightly to the side. 8) Observed the beam of light. SPS 7( C2 , C5)

6. Method / What do I find

SPS 7(C3)

1) Three pieces of square cards (10 cm x 10 cm ) had been cut. 2) The three cards were put together and a small hole was made in the centre of the cards by using an office pin. 3) The front panel of a torch was covered with a circular black paper. 4) The apparatus was set up as shown in the diagram. 5) The torch was switched on. 6) The cards were adjusted until the light can be seen. 7) The middle card was moved slightly to the side. 8) The beam of light was observed. 7 Observation /what do I find: Observation sps 7(C6) i) What is the position of the holes in the cards when light passes through? ii) Can you still see the light passing through the last hole when the middle card is moved slightly to the side? Suggested answers : i) The holes in the three cards are in a straight line. ii) I will not be able to see the light passing through the last hole. 8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation iii) State one inference about the increasing of the number of blacks spots? Suggested answers : The light cannot be seen because the light is blocked by the middle card. sps 7(C6)

9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : Light travels in a straight line.

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a 7.Reference Theme 2 Learning area : Science year 5 practical book page 28 : Investigating Force and Energy : Light

Learning objective: 3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line Learning outcome: 3.1.3 Describe how shadow is formed Topic : Make it Big, make it small.

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the distance between object and the light source (WTC) and the number of squares on screen covered by the shadow (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed Metre ruler, masking tape, plasticine, Square cards, torch, toothpick, graph paper, books. Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Metre ruler, masking tape, plasticine, Square cards, torch, toothpick, graph paper, books.
sps 7(C4)

3. Hypothesis: Questions:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The more the distance between the object and the light source, the less the number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow. ii) If the distance between the object and the light source decrease, then number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow increase 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : Number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow Questions: i) What to change? ii) What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : i) Distance between the object and the light source. Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Type of object, the light source, size of object. SPS 7( C2 , C5)

5. Procedure / What do I do i) Set the apparatus as shown in the picture.

SPS 3( C2 , C1)

ii) Stand the square card ( object ) 5 cm from the graph paper ( screen ) iii) Put the torch (light source) 10 cm from the object. iv) Shine the light source on the object to form a shadow on the screen. v) Mark the position of the light source. vi) Count the number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow. vii) Repeat steps (iii) to (vi) by changing the distance between the light source and the object as shown in the table below. viii) Record your observations

6. Method / What do I find

sps 7(C3)

1) The apparatus was set as shown in the picture. 2) The square card (object) was stand 5 cm from the graph paper (screen) 3) The torch (light source) was put 10 cm from the object. 4) The light source was shined on the object to form a shadow on the screen. 5) The position of the light source was marked. 6) The number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow was counted. 7) Steps 3 to 6 were repeated by changing the distance between the light source and the object as shown in the table below. 8) The observations were recorded

7 Observation /what do I find: The table below shows the result of the investigation: Distance between the object and the light source (cm) 10 15 20 25 Observation the shadow 80 60 40 20 sps 7(C6) Number of squares on the screen covered by

sps 7(C6) i) What is the number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow? ii) What can you say about the number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow? Suggested answers : The number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow is decreases.

8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation Suggested answers : The number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow is decreases because the object is far from the source of light. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The more the distance between the object and the light source, the less the number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow. ii) If the distance between the object and the light source decrease, then number of squares on the screen covered by the shadow increase

Sample questions

Diagram 1 shows two pupils, P and Q who are watching the lighted bulbs through two rubber pipes with the different shapes.

P Diagram 1 (a) What is the observation can be made by pupil Q about the light of the bulb? _________________________________________________________________ (b) State your inference for your answer in question 1(a). _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ (c) What is the aim of the investigation? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ (d) What is the conclusion can be made based on the experiment? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

Suggested answers (a) Pupil Q cannot see the light of the bulb (b) Pupil Q can see the light of the bulb because the rubber pipe is bent. (c) To investigate the relationship between the shape of rubber pipe and the light of the bulb. (d) Light travels in a straight line 8.Reference Theme 2 : Science year 5 practical book page 37 : Investigating Force and Energy
SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a

Learning area

: Heat

Learning objective: 4.1 Understanding that temperature is an indicator of degree of hotness Learning outcome: 4.1.5 State that temperature of an object or material increases as it gains heat and decreases as it loses heat. Topic : Rise and fall

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. i) To investigate/ study the relationship between the time (WTC) and the temperature (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed tripod stand, retort stand and clamp. Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Lighter, labogas, water, wire gauze, glass rod, stopwatch, 250 ml beaker, thermometer, tripod stand, retort stand and clamp.
sps 7(C4)

Lighter, labogas, water, wire gauze, glass rod, stopwatch, 250 ml beaker, thermometer,

3. Hypothesis:

SPS 7( C1)

Questions: i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The more the time heated the more the temperature ii) The more the time cooled the less the temperature iii) If the time heated increase then the temperature increase iv) If the time cooled increase then the temperature decrease SPS 7( C2 , C5) 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : Temperature Questions: i) What to change? ii) What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : i) time Questions : i) What to keep the same? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Size of beaker, time to measure the temperature

5. Procedure / What do I do

i) Set up the apparatus as shown in the picture. ii) Use the thermometer to measure the temperature of the water. iii) Start the stopwatch and heat the water at the same time iv) Stir the water using a glass rod. v) Measure the temperature every 2 minutes for 10 minutes. vi) Record your observations in the table as shown. vii) Turn off the labogas and start your stopwatch at the same time. viii) Measure the temperature every 2 minutes for 10 minutes. ix) Record your observations in the table SMS 1( C2 , C3, C4)

6. Method / What do I find

SPS 7(C3)

1) The apparatus were set as shown in the picture. 2) The thermometer was used to measure the temperature of the water. 3) The thermometer was started and the water was heated at the same time. 4) The water was stirred using a glass rod. 5) The temperature was measured every 2 minutes for 10 minutes. 6) Observation were recorded in the table as shown 7) The labogas was turned off and stopwatch was started at the same time. 8) The temperature was measured every 2 minutes for 10 minutes. 9) Observation were recorded in the table

7 Observation /what do I find: sps 7(C6)

The table below shows the result of the investigation: Time (min) Temperature of water when heated (0C) Temperature of water when cooled (0C) Observation i) What is the number of temperature when heated? ii) What can you say about the number of temperature when cooled? Suggested answers : i) increase ii) decrease 8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation Suggested answers : i) Increase because it gains heat ii) Decrease because it loses heat 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding / what to measure………….. i) The more the time heated the more the temperature ii) The more the time cooled the less the temperature iii) If the time heated increase then the temperature increase iv) If the time cooled increase then the temperature decrease SPS 7( C2 , C5) 0 2 4 6 8 10

sps 7(C6)

Sample question An investigation has been carried out as shown in the table below.

Time(minutes) Temperature of water after it is heated( oC)

0 24

2 26

4 28

6 30

8 32

10 34

12

1. Based on the experiment, state the following variables: What to change/manipulated :……………………………………………………….

What to measure/responding :…………………………………………………………. Kept the same/ controlled : ………………………………………………………….

2. What is the aim of the investigation? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. What is the trend of changes in the temperature of water after it is heated? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4. Suggest one hypothesis based on the table. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. What is your observation about the temperature of water after it is heated for 10 minutes? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 . State your inference based on your observation. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Suggested answers

1. Based on the experiment, state the following variables: What to change/manipulated :time

What to measure / responding :… Temperature of water after it is heated Kept the same/ controlled 2. To study / investigate the relationship between time and temperature of water after it is heat. 3. Increasing 4. If the time increase then the temperature of water after it is heated increase 5. The temperature of water after it is heated increase 6. The temperature of water after it is heated increase because its gain heat. : type of water,

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a Reference : Science year 5 practical 13 page 43

Theme 3 Learning area

: Investigating Materials : States of Matter

Learning objective: 1.1 Understanding that matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas Learning outcome: 1.1.2 State the properties of solid Topic : Properties Do Matter

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. ii) To investigate/ study the relationship between the weight of marble (WTC) and the volume of water (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed
SPS 7(C4)

Container of various shape, string, nail, syringe, paper, water, 50ml measuring cylinder, balloons, stone, milk, masking tape, kitchen scale, marble, 2 glass containers, pin, ruler, beaker and cooking oil. Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Container of various shape, string, nail, syringe, paper, water, 50ml measuring cylinder, balloons, stone, milk, masking tape, kitchen scale, marble, 2 glass containers, pin, ruler, beaker and cooking oil.

3. Hypothesis:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : v) vi) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The more the mass of marble the more the volume of water ii) If the mass of marble increase then the volume of water increase. 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? iv) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : The volume of water Questions: i) What to change? ii) What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : A mass of marble Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Size of the marble, type of the marble SPS 7( C2 , C5)

SPS 3( C1 , C2, C3)

5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Weigh a marble. Record its mass. 2) Pour water into a measuring cylinder. Record its initial volume. 3) Put the marble into the measuring cylinder. 4) Record the final volume of water. 5) Calculate the volume of the marble. 6) Repeat steps 1 to 5 with a stone and a nail. 7) Put the marble in a beaker, and then in a cylinder. Note whether the solid takes the shape of the beaker and cylinder. 8) Repeat step 7 with the stone and the nail.

6. Method / What do I find 1) Weight a marble. Its mass was recorded. 2) The water was poured into a measuring cylinder. Its initial volume was recorded. 3) The marble was put into the measuring cylinder. 4) The final volume of water was recorded. 5) The volume of the marble was calculated. 6) Step 1 to 5 was repeated with a stone and a nail. 7) The marble was put in a beaker, and then in a cylinder. Note whether the solid takes the shape of the beaker and cylinder. 8) Step 7 was repeated with the stone and the nail.

7 Observation /what do I find: A. Solid Marble 50 100 Mass (g) 100 150 sps 7(C6) Volume (ml)

Observation

i) What is the number of the volume of water when the mass of the marble increase? ii) What can you say about the volume of the water? Suggested answers : The volume of the water increases. 8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation iii) State one inference about the increasing of the number of the volume of water? Suggested answers : The volume of the water increases because the mass of marble increase.

9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : vii) viii) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The more the mass of marble the more the volume of water ii) If the mass of marble increase then the volume of water increase.

Sample questions

A group of pupils carried out an investigation by using the apparatus as shown below.

Period of boiling(minutes) Volume of water (ml)

0 0

5 2

10 4

15 6

20 8

The volume of water that was obtained in measuring cylinder was recorded In the table every 5 minutes. (a) What is the trend of change in the volume of water in the investigation? …………………………………………………………………………………………… (b) State the variables in the investigation. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. i. manipulated/what to change:……………………………………….. ii. responding/what to measure:………………………………… (c) Predict the volume of water if it is boiled until 25 minutes.

……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………. e) What is the aim of the investigation?

(d) State one inference to explain why the water droplet is form in the investigation.

……………………………………………………………………………………….. f) What conclusion can be made from the experiment? ……………………………………………………………………………………….

Suggested answers (a) increasing (b) i. manipulated/what to change: Period of boiling ii. Responding /what to measure: Volume of water (c) 10ml (d) The water droplet is form because of condensations process. e) To study / investigate the relationship between period of boiling and the volume of water. f) The more the period of boiling the more the volume of water.

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a Reference : Science year 5 practical 14 page 51

Theme 3 Learning area

: Investigating Materials : 1 States of Matter

Learning objective: 1.2 Understanding that matter can change from one state to another Learning outcome: 1.2.1 State that water can change its state. Topic : Surface Area

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. iii) To investigate/ study the relationship between the size of the surface area (WTC) and the volume of water left (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed 4 Petri dishes, plate, stopwatch, fan, cup, water and 100 ml measuring cylinder. Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : 4 Petri dishes, plate, stopwatch, fan, cup, water and 100 ml measuring cylinder.
sps 7(C4)

3. Hypothesis:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : ix) x) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The bigger the size of surface area, the less the volume of water left. ii) If the size of surface area increase then the volume of water left decrease 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? v) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : the volume of water left Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : the size of surface area Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Volume of water, type of material, place of experiment. SPS 7( C2 , C5)

5. Procedure / What do I do

SPS 3( C2 , C4)

C. Surface area. 1) Pour 10 ml of water into the cup and plate made from same material. 2) Place the cup and the plate at the same place such as under the Sun. 3) After 2 hours, measure the volume of water left in the two containers. SMS4 (C1 , C2)

6. Method / What do I find C. Surface area. 1) 10 ml of water was poured into the cup and plate that made from same material. 2) The cup and the plate placed at the same place such as under the Sun. 3) The volume of water left after 2 hours was measured in the two containers. 7 Observation /what do I find: Condition A: : Water in the cup B: Water on the plate Observation i) What is the number of the volume of the water left? ii) What can you say about the number of the volume of water left? Suggested answers : The number of the volume of water left is decreases. Volume of water left (ml) 8 5 sps 7(C6)

8. Inference: i) Why it happened?

ii) State one inference based on your observation iii) State one inference about the decreasing of the volume of water left. Suggested answers : The number of the volume of water left is decreases because the process evaporation. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) The bigger the size of surface area, the less the volume of water left. ii) If the size of surface area increase then the volume of water left decrease

Sample question

Amirul carried out a fair test to investigate the factor effecting evaporation. The volumes of water in the containers are same. The containers are placed outside the lab under the sun. The time taken for the water in each container to evaporate completely is shown.

M 45 minutes

N 30 minutes

O 10 minutes

In the fair test, state (a) (b) (c) (d) What is changed/ manipulated:…………………………………………… What is kept the same/ controlled:…………………………………………….. What is measured/ responding:…………………………………………………. Predict the time taken if the beaker is placed in an air-conditioned room ………………………………………………………………………….. (e) What is the aim of the investigation? ……………………………………………………………………………………..

Suggested answers

a) What is changed/ manipulated: The size of the surface b) What is kept the same/ controlled: volumes of water c) What is measured/ responding: Time for water to evaporate d) Predict the time taken if the beaker is placed in an air-conditioned room The taken will increase (e) To study / investigate the relationship between the size of the surface and the time for water to evaporate

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a Reference Theme 3 Learning area : Science year 5 practical 15 page 53 : Investigating Materials : 2. Acid and Alkali substances.

Learning objective: 2.1. Understanding the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral Learning outcome: 2.1.1Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral substances using litmus paper Topic : As Good As Litmus.

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. iv) To investigate/ study the relationship between the types of substance (WTC) and changing colour of the litmus paper (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed Sieve, glass rod, knife, container, wire gauze, samples of substance such as lime juice, vinegar, detergent, blotting paper, beaker, chopping board, water, red cabbage, tripod stand and lab gas.
sps 7(C4)

Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Sieve, glass rod, knife, container, wire gauze, samples of substance such as lime juice, vinegar, detergent, blotting paper, beaker, chopping board, water, red cabbage, tripod stand and lab gas. 3. Hypothesis: SPS 7( C1) i) What is your hypothesis ? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) If the substance is acid then the litmus paper changed to red. 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? vi) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : changing colour of the litmus paper Questions: i) What to change? ii)What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : The types of substances Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Quantity of substance SPS 7( C2 , C5)

5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Chop the cabbage into small pieces using a knife and put them into a beaker. 2) Add some water into the beaker and heat it until it boils. 3) Keep stirring with glass rod while it boils for a few minutes. 4) Turn off the lab gas and leave the cabbage mixture to cool. 5) Filter the cabbage mixture into a container using a sieve. 6) Cut ten pieces of blotting paper to form 1 cm x 6 cm strips. 7) Immerse the strips of blotting paper into the cabbage extract. 8) Hang the strips to dry. 9) Use the indicator papers to test the acidic or alkaline properties of the substances. Record your observation in a table. SMS2 ( C2 , C3)

6. Method / What do I find 1) The cabbage was chopped into small pieces using a knife and put them into a beaker. 2) Some water was added into the beaker and heated it until it boils. 3) Keep stirring with glass rod while it boils for a few minutes. 4) The labogas was turned off and the mixture cabbage was left to cool. 5) The mixtures cabbages were filtered into a container using a sieve. 6) Ten pieces of blotting paper was cutter to form 1 cm x 6 cm strips. 7) The strips of blotting paper immersed into the cabbage extract. 8) The strips were hanged to dry. 9) The indicator papers were used to test the acidic or alkaline properties of the substances. The observation was recorded in a table.

7. Observation /what do I find: substances Lime juice Observation i) What happen to the colour of the litmus paper? ii) What can you say about the litmus paper? Suggested answers : The litmus paper changed the colour from blue to red. 8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation Suggested answers : The litmus paper changed the colour from blue to red because the substances is acid. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) If the substance is acidic then the litmus paper changed to red. i) If the substance is alkaline then the red litmus paper changed to blue. Colour change Blue – Red sps 7(C6)

Sample question

Three types of material labelled P, Q and R are tasted using the tongue of Sani. The observation is recorded as shown in Table 1. Type of material P Q R Observation Tasteless Sour taste Bitter taste

Table 1
(a) State the variables in the investigation. i. manipulated / what to change:……………………………………….. ii. Responding /what to measure:………………………………… (b) What is an example of material R?

………………………………………………………………………………………
(c) What is the aim of the investigation?

……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………….
(d) What is to keep the same/ controlled? …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Suggested answers

(a) i. manipulated/what to change: Type of material ii. Responding /what to measure: taste of food. (b)

medicine,
c) To study / investigate the relationship between type of

material and the taste of food.
(d) taster

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a Reference Theme 4 Learning area : Science year 5 practical 17 page 59 : Investigating The Earth and The Universe : 2. The Earth, The Moon and The Sun. Sun.

Learning objective: 2.1 Understanding the movements of the Earth, the Moon and the Learning outcome: 2.1.6 describe the changes in length and position of the shadow throughout the day. Topic : Shadow on the ground.

1. Aim of an experiment Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. v) To investigate/ study the relationship between the time (WTC) and the length of shadow. (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed Small flag, measuring tape, graph paper and metre rule. Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers : Small flag, measuring tape, graph paper and metre rule.
sps 7(C4)

3. Hypothesis:

SPS 7( C1)

i) What is your hypothesis ? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. ii) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. i) If the time increase the length of the shadow decrease. ii) The more the time, the less the length of shadow. 4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? vii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : Length of shadow. Questions: i) What to change? ii) What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : Time Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Place of experiment, SPS 7( C2 , C5)

5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Work in groups.

SPS3 (C1, C2, C3, C4)

2) Stand a metre ruler on the ground early in the morning. 3) Mark the position of the shadow at 8.00 a.m. with a small flag and measure its length. 4) Repeat step 3 every hour for five hours. 5) Record your measurements in the table as shown below. 6) Draw a graph of length of shadow versus time. 7) Draw a picture showing the object, its shadow and the position of the Sun in your Science Journal.

6. Method / What do I find 1) A metre ruler was stand on the ground early in the morning. 2) The positions of the shadow were marked at 8.00 a.m. with a small flag and its length was measured. 3) Step 3 was repeated every hour for five hours. 4) Your measurements were recorded in the table as shown below. 5) A graph of length of shadow was drawn versus time. 6) Draw a picture showing the object, its shadow and the position of the Sun in your Science Journal.

7 Observation /what do I find: 1) Time 8.00 a.m. 9.00 a.m. 10.00 a.m. 11.00 a.m. 12.00 noon 1.00 p.m. Length of the shadow (cm) Length of the shadow (cm) sps 7(C6)

SPS 7(C6), SPS 5 C4,C1

Time (a.m / p.m.)

Observation i) What is the number of the length of the shadow? ii) What can you say about the length of the shadow? Suggested answers : The number of the length of the shadow decreases.

8. Inference:

i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation iii) State one inference about the decreasing of the number of the length of the shadow. Suggested answers : The number of the length of the shadow decreases because the Earth rotates on its axis from west to East. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. i) If the time increase the length of the shadow decrease. ii) The more the time, the less the length of shadow. SPS 7( C2 , C5)

SPS

4
1 2 3 4 1 2

7
3 4 5 6

Criteri a Reference : Science year 5 practical 20 page 72

Theme 5 Learning area

: Investigating Technology : 1. Strength and stability

Learning objective: 1.2 Understanding the strength and stability of a structure. Learning outcome: 1.2.5. identify the factors that affect the strength of a structure. Topic Questions: i) What is the aim of the investigation? ii) What is the purpose of the investigation? iii) What do you want to find out from the investigation? iv) What do you want to study from the investigation? v) What do you want to proof from the investigation? Suggested answers : To investigate the relationship between manipulated/what to change and responding/what to observe/measure. vi) To investigate/ study the relationship between the shapes of structure (WTC) and the mass can hold (WTO). 2. Materials / apparatus needed Cardboard, scissor and glue. Questions: i) What are the materials needed in the investigation? ii) What do we need in the investigation? Suggested answers: Cardboard, scissor and glue. SPS 7( C1) 3. Hypothesis: i) What is your hypothesis? ii) Write a hypothesis for this experiment? iii) State one hypothesis based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. ii) If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure………….. ii) If the shape is structure B then the mass can hold is increase. SPS 7( C2 , C5)
sps 7(C4)

: Stability

1. Aim of an experiment

4. Identify Variables Questions: i) What to measure / observe? ii) What is responding variable? Suggested answers : Mass Questions: i) What to change? ii) What is manipulated variable? Suggested answers : Type of structure Questions : i) What to keep the same ? ii) What is controlled/ constant variable? Suggested answers : Type of cardboard, size of mass. 5. Procedure / What do I do 1) Work in group of four. 2) Use a 30 cm x 20 cm cardboard. Build the strongest and most stable bridge as shown in the picture. 3) Make 8 cylinders by using 30 cm x 20 cm cardboards as shown in the picture to place the bridge. 4) You may cut or make different shape of bridge but you cannot use anything else except cardboard. 5) Test the bridge by finding out the heaviest mass it can hold.

6. Method / What do I find

1) 30 cm x 20 cm cardboards were used. The strongest and most stable bridge were built as shown in the picture. 2) 8 cylinder were made by using 30 cm x 20 cm cardboards as shown in the picture to place the bridge. 3 4) Different shape of bridge were cut and made as shown in the bridge. The bridge was tested by finding out the heaviest mass it can hold.

7 Observation /what do I find: Type of structure Structure A Structure B Observation i) What is the number of mass? ii) What can you say the number of book to lift for the plank with 150 cm length? Suggested answers : The number mass increases. 8. Inference: i) Why it happened? ii) State one inference based on your observation iii) State one inference about the increasing of the number of mass. Suggested answers : The number of increases because the structure B is stronger then A. 9. Conclusion. i) What do I conclude? ii) What have you learnt from this experiment? iii) What conclusion can you make based on the experiment? Suggested answers : i) ii) The more/the less manipulated/the more or the less responding/what to observe/measure. Mass (g) 35 55

sps 7(C6)

If manipulated/ what to change…………then responding/what to measure…………..

ii) If the shape is structure B then the mass can hold is increase.

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