Leo 24: An untidy, unkempt man

T h e w o r d u n t i dy de s c e n d s f r o m t he I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t d a -, t o di v i d e . 1 P a r o n y m s i n c l u d e t h e w o r d s

de m e ( on e o f t he t o w n s h i p s o f a n ci e n t A t t i c a ; a l oc a l,
u s u a l l y s t a b le p op u l a t i o n o f i n t e rb r e e d i n g o r g a n i s m s o f t h e s a m e ki n d or s p e c i e s ) , de m ot i c ( o f o r r e l a t i n g t o t h e c o m m o n p e op l e ; p o p u la r ) , de mo n , da e m on , t i de,

t i di n g , de m a go gu e , de m o c ra c y, e n dem i c , p an de m i c a n d ze i t ge i st .
The g embh word which u n k empt means descends “ t o ot h , from the IE r o ot n a i l. ” 2 I t s p a r o n y ms

i n c l u d e c o m b, ka me ( a s h o r t r i d g e or m o u n d o f s a n d and gravel deposited during the melting of glacial ice) ,

go m p h o s i s ( a t yp e o f i m m o v a b l e a r t i c u l a t i o n , a s o f a t oo t h i n se r t e d i n t o
its bony socket),

o a ku m ( l o o s e h e m p o r j u t e f i b e r o b t a i n e d b y

u n r a v e l l i n g o l d r o p e s) , c h i m e ( t he r i m o f a c a s k ) , ge m , ge m m a ( a n a s e x u a l b u d l i k e p ro p a g u l e ; a b u d ) . T h e w o r d ma n i s a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h re e d i f f e r e n t I n d o - E u r o p e a n r o ot s. T h e w o r d i t s e l f d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e I E r o o t ma n -1 w h i c h m e a n s “ ma n ” a n d f r o m w h i c h a l s o d e s c e n d m an i ki n, ma n n eq u in , m en s c h, a n d M a n u. 3 T h e r o o t n e r -2 m e a n s “ m a n ” a n d i t s “ b a si c s e n se ” i s “ v i g o r ou s , v i t a l , s t r o n g. ” 4 D e r i v a t i ve s o f t h i s r o o t i n c l u d e p h il a n de r, a n dro u s , t h e p r e f i x a n dro -, a n d t h e s u f f i x - a n dry. T h e G re e k an e r w h i c h m e a n s “ ma n ” i s a l s o re l a t e d t o t h i s r o o t . F i n a l l y , t h e r o o t wi -ro a l s o me a n s “ ma n . ” 5 A m o n g i t s d e r i v a t i v e s a r e t h e w o r d s vi ri l e , vi rt ue , a n d vi rt u o s o, a n d we re wo l f .

1 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 14 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 26 3 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo Eu ropean Roots, p. 51 4 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 58 5 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 101 Starling Hunter © 2011 1

TH EME: T h e t h e m e u n i t i n g t h e t h r e e k e y w o r d s c o n c e r n s P RO PA GATIO N a n d/ o r ( S EX UAL ) RE PRODUCT ION . R e c a l l t h a t on e o f t h e p a r o n y m s o f unt i dy i s de m e , “ a s m a l l, l o c a l l y i n t e r b r e e d i n g g r o u p o f o r g a n i s m s w i t h i n a l a r g e r p op u l a t i o n . ” I t c o n t i n u e s : Demes are isolated reproductively from other members of their species, although the isolation may only be partial and is not necessarily permanent. Because they share a somewhat restricted gene pool, members of a deme generally differ morphologically to some degree from members of other demes.6 O n e o f t h e p a r o n y m s o f u nk e mpt i s ge m m a , “ a n a se x u a l b u d l i ke p r o p a g u l e . ” A p ro pa gu l e i s “ a n y o f v a r i o u s u s u a l l y ve g e t a t i v e p o r t i o n s o f a p l a n t , s u c h a s a b u d o r o t h e r o f f s h o o t , t ha t a i d i n d i s p e r s a l o f t he s p e ci e s a n d f r o m w h i c h a n e w i n d i vi d u a l m a y d e v e l op . ” 7 F i n a l l y , re c a l l t h a t t h e w o r d ma n d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e I E r o o t ma n-1 w h i c h m e a n s “ m a n . ” O n e o f i t s p a ro n y m s i s Ma n u w h o , i n t he H i n d u r e l i g i o n , i s t he p r i m o r d i a l f a t h e r o r p r o g e n i t o r o f t h e h u m a n r a c e a n d “ a n d so v e r e i g n o f t h e e a rt h w h o f i r st i n s t i t u t e d r e l i g i o us c e r e m on i e s a n d d e v i s e d a c o d e o f l a w s . ” 8 A l s o , t h e r oo t n e r -2 m e a n s ma n , p a r t i c u l a r l y o n e t ha t i s “ vi g o r o u s , v i t a l , a n d st r on g . ” A m o n g o t h e r d e r i v a t i v e s o f t he r o o t i s t h e v e rb ph i l a n de r , “ t o ca r r y o n a s e x u a l a f f a i r , e sp e ci a l l y a n e x t r a m a r i t a l a f fa i r, w i t h a w o m a n o n e ca n n ot o r d oe s n ot i n t e n d t o marry.”9

6 http://dictionary.reference.com/cite.html?qh=deme&ia=ahsd 7 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/propagule 8 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/Manu 9 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/philander Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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