Levy Keene

Other volumes in the Mason/Charter Chess Tutor Series:

An Opening Repertoire for the Attacking Player
David Levy,Raymond Keene

Opening Moves by Pierre R. Schwob and George Kane

Ele:ments of Combination by Leslie H. Ault

to come: End Ga:mes
by Pierre R. Schwob and Bruce Panclolfini


An Opening Repertoire for the Attacking Club Player

An Opening Repertoire for the Attacking Player
David Levy Raymond Keene



New York 1977



First published 1976 © David Levy, Raymond Printed in Great Britain First published in the U.S. by Mason/Charter

Keene 1976


Publishers, Inc.

Library of Congress Levy, David N L An opening repertoire


in Publication player.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Symbols Preface Introduction The Backbone of the Repertoire Petroff's Defence Philidor's Defence Latvian (Greco-Counter) Gambit Queen's Pawn Counter Gambit Sicilian Defence French Defence Caro-Kann Defence Alekhine's Defence Pirc/Modern Defence White against the Pirc Centre Counter Game Nimzowitsch's Defence Benko Gambit English Opening 1 N-KB3 1 P-QN3 Nimzowitsch-Larsen Attack 1 P·KN3 Reti-Benko Opening Bird's Opening


ix 1 22 30 33 38 40 50 69 78 94 112 118 123 125 139 149 152 154 156

for the attacking

London ed, published in 1976 under title: An opening repertoire for the attacking club player. 1. Chess--Opening1i. I. Keene, Raymond D., joint author. II. Title.

GV1450.L45 1977 ISBN 0-88405-436-5



+ ++ This book is written for the club player who would like to have a good command of the openings he plays but who has insufficient time to study reams of chess analysis.VI vii Symbols Preface Check Dou ble Check . induce the reader to make a thorough study of all our recommendations. schoolboys and students. The openings and defences that we have chosen to offer our reader all lead to interesting sharp positions. we hope. If the conscientious reader makes a more detailed examination of the more critical variations he will find himself scoring . have learned a complete repertoire of chess openings suited to his style. at the very least. The slimness of this volume will. variations in which the theory is unlikely to change frequently and in which you feel comfortable because you have grasped the basic ideas and know sufficient theory to guarantee at least a level position when entering the middle game. which guarantee him either some advantage [Porn the opening or. but he is told how he should play against each of his opponent's plausible replies. In this book we suggest a repertoire of openings that we feel will appeal to the more aggressive and dynamic club players. At every stage the reader is given only one choice if it is his turn to move. With thesejdeas in mind the publishers have commissioned two volumes. In this way we immediately reduce to a fraction the amount of material that the reader needs to study in order to master a particular system. He will then.t Some advantage for White Some advantage for Black += ± Clear advantage for White + Clear advantage for Black ±± White has a won e-ame " ++ Black has a won game Balanced position Good move rr Excellent move !? Interesting move ?! Doubtful move Inferior move ?? Losing move 1·0 Black resigned 0·1 Whi te resigned !-t Draw agreed War B at the side of each diagram indicates which side is to move. each tailored to a different style of player. Bernard Cafferty's companion volume has been written for those who prefer a more positional struggle. After a day at work it is too much to ask of a club player that he spends a couple of hours studying the latest Soviet analysis before he plays a local league match or a game in his club championship. who have plenty of time for home analysis and study and who are armed to the teeth with the very latest innovations? The answer lies in being able to channel the game into variations that you will know better than your opponent. a lively position offering chances to both sides. How then should he combat the growing army of young players. with the minimum of effort.

16.DNLL London Introduction This book has been t~ilored for those with aggressive styles and it is therefore natural that we recommend I P-K4 as the opening move with White. after I N-KB3 P-Q3. If the reader does not particularly like the system that we recommend after 1 P-K4 P-Q4 2 pxp N-KB3. And if. he can force a transposition to the variation that we suggest against the Caro-Kann . Chapters 10. 17 an d 18 are written by Ra ymon d Keene. our reader's opponent should shy away from 2 P. We recommend it as the defence to 1 P-K4 and of course the reader must also know how to play against the Pirc with White. The Pirc Defence is of special importance to our readers. In fact the opposite occurs more than once. he will transpose into one of the lines considered elsewhere in the book. while against quieter opening moves we offer lines that quickly lead to unbalanced positions. The most common reply to I P-K4 is the Sicilian Defence with its numerous variations. RDK. the move 2 P-QB3 which often leads into the Smith-Morra Gambit Declined. the rem ainde r by David Levy. When deciding which openings and defences to recommend to the repertoire player we were careful to ensure that transpositional possibilities could not lead to variations that we do not discuss.Q4. As White's main weapon we suggest the Max Lange Attack-Two Knights' Defence-Scotch Gambit complex of openings. after 1 P-K4 P-QB4. This is to thwart opponents who are experts in the Ruy Lopez and to help the reader reach positions that are rich in tactical possibilities. b . In order to combat all Sicilian players with one fell swoop we suggest. Against 1 P-Q4 the reader is recommended to adopt the lively Benko Gambit. some of which must be remembered to beyond move twenty by those who wish to practise them or who are likely to meet them. For this purpose we suggest the Robert Byrne variation which leads to sharp positions that offer chances to both sides. We should like to thank Margaret Fitzjames and Jacqueline KeeneLevy for typing our m'a:nuscript and helping with the diagrams. II.viii Preface well from these 'roughly equal' positions through his familiarity with them. and Kevin O'Connell for checking the typescript and reading the proofs.

Black can safely play 4 . NxP 4 NXN PXN 5 QXP leaves White with complete command of the centre and allows him much the easier development.1 The Backbone of the Repertoire 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 In this chapter we examine the Max Lange Attack. These three form the most important part of our discussion of the symmetrical KP openings... the Classical Variation of the Two Knights' Defence and a line of the Scotch Gambit that can arise if Black avoids the other two systems.. 3 P-Q4 This is the best way to reach the position shown in diagram 1 because if 3 B-B4 B-B4 4 P-Q4. P-Q3 White can exchange on K5 and Q8 and play the semiending in which he has a slight advantage.. PXP 5 B-QN5±) 5 pxN pxp 6 QXQ+ KXQ 7 N -B3± After 3.... B-B4 110W and must ... 4 B-QB4(1) 1 / W... pxp 3 . 3.. BXP! 3..e haw reached the first irnporr a nt point of divergence sJillit nhis chapter inno rhnec distinct sections: Part One: 4 . P-Q4 can be refuted by 4 NxPl NxN (or 4 .

pxP 7 BxNP N-BS (not 7 . e... . Q-Q2 (not 7.. b) 6 . 7 . One possible plan for White is 13 B· K3 and if IS . R-B2 and QR-KBI. Q-R5 14 Q-N3 QXQ+ 15 RPXQP-B416 P-B3 N-B3 17 P-KS pxKP 'L8 pXKP N-Q2 19 P·K6 N-K4 20 pxp BXP 21 B-R3 P-QN3 22 BXB+ pXB 23 N-Q2 K·K2 24 P-B4 N-NS 25 P-BS N-K6 26 R-B4.2 The Back bone of the Repertoire The Backbone of the Repertoire 7. In return for the sacrificed pawn White has somewhat the easier game. Black will eventually lose his advanced QP and his king will have trouble is finding a safe haven) 11 NXP Q-BS 12 B-N2.. Q-BS or 7.) 12 P·KB4! N·N5 (orIz ... S0-0 B-B4 P-Q3 B·NS(2) If 7 ... His development is complete. N-K4 11 BxN RxB (11. .pxB loses to 12 R-Ql followed by IS BxN etc.. N·B3 6 P-K5 transposes to the Max Lange Attack (Part Three) 6 P-B3 B-KN5 RQ-N3 9 BXP+ 10 pxB BXN K-Bl N-B3 After 6 ... White has the advantage of the two bishops and his king is the safer of the two.: a) 7 . both of which can be met by 8 NXP with the unpleasant threat of 9 N-Q5. B-NS+ S P-BS pxp 60-0 gives White a dangerous attack.g.. e. PQ3xP II N-RS NxN 12 BXN P·QN3 13 pxp QXP (ifl3 .. \ 5. or 7. P-Q3 7 P-QR3 B-R4 8 P·QN4 B-N3 9 Q-N3 Q·B3 10 NxP with a strong attack for the pawn . PXP? 14 QXNP Q-B3 15 Q-B8+ ±±) 14 QR·Ql Q-B3 15 QXBP and Black is helpless.. P·Q4 10 pxN PXB II QRSI P-KRS 12 N-K4±±) 10 BxN P-Q4 11 Q-B2! P·KN3 (11. 3 Part Two.. Previous theory only considered 7 Q-N3 when 7 . B-NS 10 B-K2 pxp (if 10. Hence the point of 7 P-N4! The present position is rather interesting. N-QR4. N-B6+ 13 K-N2 N-RS+ 14 KRl when Black's knight is out of play) 13 P-B4 with a complicated position offering White slightly the better practical chances. K-BI 8 P-KS.g. According to Keres White has a won game.) 8 QXBP P·B3 9 B.KS B-N3 10 N-RS N-K2..g.. All in all we slightly favour White's chances... a) 6 ... c) 6 Q-B3 7 P-K5 pxp 8 BxNP! Q-N3 9 B-Q3 Q-K3 10 P-QR3 ± or d) 6 P·B7 7 QXP KN-K2 8 P-QR3± with a powerful position for White in each case.. Black has completed his development ancl he has the better pawn structure... In contrast.) 12 B-Q3 N·NS 13 N-KBS NXB 14 NXN Q-B3 -1S P-B4 and Black's three pawns offer no match to White's extra piece. P-B3? 8 P-KS.. or if 10 . pxp 7 Q-N3... 'L3... 7P-N4! A new move...NxP+?l 12 K-Rl RXN 1~ N-Q2 gives White sufficient compensation for the pawn because Black's king is the more exposed. b) 7 . Part One: IP-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QBS 3 P-Q4 pxP4 B-QB4 4..: a) 9 . Q-K2. N-R4 8 BxP+ K·BI 9 Q><BP KxB 10 N-N5+ K·Bl II QXN PKR3 12 N-KB3 N-K2 when Black has slightly the better development but his king is somewhat exposed. akin to some varia tions of the dreaded Goring Gam bi t Accepted. B-Bl 8 N-BS±... and White has ample compensation for the pawn. e.. e... Black's king is still in the centre and Black is exposed along his KNl·QR7 diagonal........ N-KB3 11 P-QR4 P·QR3 12 QXP RKNI 13 Q-R6 P-Q6 14 B·Ql.g. _Q-B3 then 11 N-R3 NxN 12 BxN PQ5xP 13 pxp pxp 14 BXP (threatening IS B-K5). BxN 8 QXB N-K4 9 Q-N3! Black's position is not easy. a lively position is reached offering' chances to both sides... BxB 14 pxB K-NI IS N-R4 followed by N·QB3. the text would not be possible because with White's QNP at QN2 Black could reply .Keres. The reader is strongly .. 4 N-KB3 50-0 NXP Part Three: 4 N-KB3 50-0 B-B4 4 . b) 9 . II B-QB4 In the variation mentioned in the note to White's seventh move. ExN 8 BXP+ K-Bl 9 PXB N-B3 10 g·KB4 pxp II pxp can be met by II -\NQR4 12 Q·K6 Q·K2 13 QXQ+ KXQ with complete equality.. \ If 10 . NxB 10 pxB and now if 10 . and in each case White has more than enough for the pawn-Keres) 8 N-NS 0-09 P·K5 NXP (if 9.....

9NxN 10 B-N5 . P -KR3? (This is sim ply an em b arrassing waste of time.QxQ 13 QRxQ 0·0o It.B4 8 RxN+! pxR 9 Q-RS+ ±± 7 BXP SN·B3 We now examine: A8. B-K3 shutting Black's queen au t of B-QN51 6 ..B-K2 11 BxB NxB 12 NxP B-N5 (or 12..g. O .. . Q-Q4 12 P-B3! P'Q6 13 N-Q4 NxN 14 pXN Q-QR4 15 QXP B-NS 16 P·Q5! ±± Szabo-Muhring.N4 16 Q-R5± (Black is almost lost-his king is stuck in the centre and his Q-side is very weak. Other moves are certainly inferior. Paris 1900. even .... Part Two: 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 4 . e. 1\ I P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N·B3 5 0-0 R-Kl P-Q4 7 BXP QXB 8 N-B3 8 . Euwe-Geus. 0:0-0 and temporarily 10 .. QB4! B·K3 (if 11.. Q-KR4 B8 Q·Ql C8 Q"QR4 8...PXPep 12 N-QB4!) 12N-N3 Q·RS 13 NxBP+ K-Ql 14 NXB+ pXN 15 RXN P·K4 16 B·NS+ K·B2 17 P-B4!± Schlechter... . Rossolimo... Q-KR4(4) NxP 6 5 .R-K3 10 NXP NXN 11 Q:xN B. ---~-.B. B·Q2 8 N-B5 BXN 9 pXB 0-0 10 P·KN4 NQ211 P-B4 N-N3 12 B-Q3±) 8 P-QN3 B-Q2 9 B-N2 R-Kl 10 Q-Q2 NK4 II B-K2 P·B3 12 P·KB4 N·N3 13 QR-Kl± (a considerable space advantage and good chances on the K-side. P-QB4 is not available... Q-R4 13 Q·Q2!±) 13 P-B3 pxp 14 NXP and both Black's QP and his QBP seem to be ripe for early picking. Q-KB4? is equally bad because on 9 NxN White has various ways take advantage of the position of Black's queen. .K2 12 B·R6!! R-KNI 13 B-Q2 P·QR3 14 B-B3 B-B3 15 Q-R4+! p.4 The Backbone of the Repertoire The Backbone of the Repertoire t@ 5 urged to devote some time to a study of this position as it may be crucial for the symmetrical KP part of the repertoire.. especially against KN7).. Zaandarn 1946) 12 NXP! pXB 13 NXP + K-K2 14 P-QN4! NXP 15 NXB! KxN 16 Q-Q4+ with a killing attack. 6. Karakla jic -W esterinen.Q3) 11 NXB+ pXN 12 B-B4 0-013 NXP QXQ.) FajarowiczPreusse... P-Q3 6 NXP B-K2 is a line that allows White too great a share of the centre as well as eventual attacking prospects against Black's Kvside e.. a) lL.. N·KN51) 13 P-KB3 B-Q2 14 Q-Q2 0·0 15 N-KB6+ ± ChigorinJanowski.. and now 14 KRXQleaves White with a slight plus. P-B4 fails at once to 7 NXP B-. 50-0 N-B3 NXP(3) 8..) 11 B· B6! Q-R4 (or 1l . 9.. 1932. e. B-K2 10 B-N5 oo 11 N-N3 Q-B4 12 BxB NXB 13 QXP±.Prins. or 9 ... 4mn_~ni1 6 R-Kl P-Q4 Preventing play..g. Beverwijk 1967 then continued (10 ... B·Q3 also deserves some consideration.. 11 P·B3 pxp .... Possibly best although 10 .. 7 N"QB3 0-0 (or 7 .. .. The Hague 1925.. Bilbao 1951. . Q-B5? is bad on account of 9 N-Q2! Q·R3 10 N-QS Q-R4 II p.g..B-K2? 7 RXN P-Q4 8 RXB+ NxR gives Black a rook and two pawns for two minor pieces but in order to attempt to retain both pawns he must tie himself up in knots: 9 B·Bl !P-QB4 10 P-QN4! P-QN3 II pxp pxp 12 B-R3 Q-B2 (or 12 . b) l.

. Neishtadt..l B-K3 Not 9.. We consider: 5~~~~~~==. Tringov-Rossetto ._. 0-0 II NxN! Stronger than the immediate 0-0 R-B4 QXQ+ 12 NXN pXN 13 NXQ B-Q3 14 R-B4 This position arose in the game Ragozin-Botvinnik... W hi te should have con tin ued wi th 15 N· B3 and 16 B. K-K2?? 14 N-Q5+ wining the Queen. 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5 0-0 NXP 6 R-Kl P-Q4 7 BXP QXB 8 N-B3 8 . Leningrad 1956.. Black tried to relieve the pressure by exchanging bishops.. Leningrad 1968 went 12. B C IP-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5 0-0 NXP 6 KKI P-Q4 7 BXP QXB 8 N-B3 8. Sofia 1962. 10 11 10 NXP P-B4 10 .. ca 13 N·B6+ K-QI Naturally not 13 .6 The Backbone of the Repertoire 12 pxp B-R4 The Backbone oj the Repertoire 7 It is not dear that the bishop has a better future on any other diagonal. Moscow 1945..10...eak Q-side pawns.K3? is definitely wrong' because it does nothing to help Black get his king into safety. 11 12 9. B-K2 13 BxB KxB however. P-KR3 is better but 14 Q-R5! still leaves White with a dear plus) 14 N-B6+! and White won. After 12 . B-K2 10 B-N5 B-K3 11 BxB NxB 12 QXP± (Keres) B-Q2 Black now has four plausible moves at his disposal. Geller- ~ P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KBS N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5' 0-0 NxP 6 . B.. Q-Ql(5) 10 CII0.B-QN5 C31@ Q-Q4 C410 Q-KB4 {.... Leningrad 1930.B4 with the bet ter endgame prospects because of Black's v._. Q-QR4(6) 6 0-0 for the sacrificed pawn...Q-N3 C2. Shkurovich-Khasin-Bushyev. B-K2 13 R-Nl 0-0 14 RXP BxB 15 NK4xB B-N5 16 RxBP QR-BI 17 QQ6±-BIack had no compensation for the pawn and also had to watch his back rank. 14 B-N3 White has ample compensation for the sacrificed pawn. White had more than one good way to continue.. 13 Q·B2 14 Q-N2 White has ample compensation Karnarnitsky-Estrin . P-Q4 7 BXP QXB 8 N-B3 Q-QR4 9 NXN B·K3 10 B-Q2 Q-N3 B-N5 P-KR3 B-R4 P-KN4 In Tringov-Lilienthal . .~ 9 RXN+ B-K2 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5 0-0 NxP 6 R-Kl. Amsterdam interzonal 1964 continued 10 NXP NxN II RXN Q-Bl 12 B-N5 B-Q3 13 N-K4 O-O? (13 . possibly the strongest being Estrin's suggestion 14 N-N3 KR-QI 15 Q-Q3! with an excellent game t@r the pawn.

be convinced that castling Q-side does not supply Black with the solu tion to his problems. B·K2 12 ..-Rl! and.. N·B3 15 R·B5 Q-N516 QXQBXQ17 R-KN5 B-K318 B·B3! PiS3 [9 NXP+ K·B2 20 N-Q5! ±± Van Oosterwijk Bruyn-Van Dank. 0·0 13 pxB also seems to be unsavoury for Black.. N-N4? 17 NB6+! pXN 18 BXP R-Q4 19 Q-Q2! 1·0 Kinzel-Duckstein .... contrast the activity of the rooks! After lL.. Malchev-Gudev. _. After 15. Q:KB4 (13 ... Black's king is too exposed.. K-N1 15 N-N3 Q-N3 16 B-B4 N-N417 Q-R4 N-Q3 18 B-K3 PN3 (or 18 . d) 14 .g.. e. QxN and 20 . N-K7+?! 13 QXN B-K2 was tried in Karaklajic-Traikovic. 12 .. NxB both anow 21 QXP forcing mate. So castling Kvsid e is also not good enough from Black's point of view. Yugoslavia 1956) 16 B-B3 with a very strong attack.. b) 14. White has much the better ending because of Black's grotty Q-side pawns... BXP? 15 R-B5 Q-Q2 (or 15 . Lenzerheide 1964... I? 13 pxN Q-Q4(8) On 13 .. Herzegovina 1949 which continued: 14 Q-Q3! 0-015 Q·N3 K·Rl 16 BB4 P-QB3 17 B-K5 R-KNI 18 B-Q61± White's pieces are better placed.. e. and now with Estrin's suggestion 20 R·K7! White's position would have become overwhelming.... e.. White should still continue with 14 R-QBl and it is difficult to see how Black has improved on the debacle discussed above-His queen stiB provides Whitewith a target that can be used to gain a tempo for the attack. c) 14... Now back to the main line. QKIH 14 R·QBl and now: a) 14 ...·B3!± MarieGligoric... Bulgaria 1960 Poro. Q·N5 (if 17 ... R-Q415 N-N3 Q-N316 B-B4 N-B3 17 Q·R4 Q-B318 BxP KxB 19 P-N5 Q-Q5 20 P-N4 Q-N3 21 pxN R·Q7 22 pxp+ ±± KinzelPfleger.. . Q:B116 B-B3 N-K3 N·B6+t px~ 18 BXP R-Ql 19 Q-N4+ K·Bl 20 R-KR5 ±± Matevic-Kalic. 7 B-QN5 (7) A natural looking move which simultaneously developing a piece. Q.. White wins a piece after 16 .... since 20 . VitolinsKoriakin. e. Black has various ways of allowing White to regain the piece. NxR 18 N·B6+! pXN 19 QXP fallowed by mate) b) 14 . Yugoslav Championship 1948. Q·Q6 18 B·B4!) 18 P-R3 Q·R5 19 N·B5 ~-B3..8 The Backbone of the Repertoire 'FJie. 12 ....g.. II NXPI negates White's threat while After 11..g. Leningrad 1966... K-K2 24 B-B5+ K-B3 25 Q-N4. 12 P-QB3 The position has become extremely complicated as a result of White's temporary piece sacrifice. P-QN3 15 RXP QR-Ql 16 B-B3 N-N4 17 Q. 13 .0-0-0 13 pxB Q-KB4?! (13 . B-QN5? 14 P·Q5!) 14 B-N4 BxB 15 Q-R4+. QR-Ql 15 R-B5 R-Q4 16 N-N3 Fuderer-Djaja . d) 14 . Q-Q4 is better but 14 B-N5 PKB3 15 B-B4 still leaves White in command) 14 R-QBl and now Black is probably unable to stem the tide of White's attack: a) 14... B-Q4 15 N-N3 Q-Q2 16 RxP+! KXR 17 B-B4+ K-BI 18 QXN p. Sombor 1957 (if now 17. The reader should.Backbone of the Repertoire 9 R-Kl P-Q47 BxP QXB 8 N-B3 Q-QR4 9 NXN B-K310 B-Q2 10 .B-Q2 Trifunovic has shown that 16 N-Q6++12s decisive. Black's ieoes are left looking ridiculous. none of which seem to leave hisking~\lell placed.tinued 17 .. QN3 19 R-K7! with a terrific attack (Analysis by Konstantinopolsky) b) 14 .. Black is in greater difficulties than in the main line because his queen is funther from the theatre of war.. Q-Q4 has been tried in place ofl3 ... .R41 B-Q4 16 N·N3 N·B6+ 17 K.. by now...O-O 13 pXB. 23 .g.. Black's most serious tries are the two castling moves: 12 .. BXB 12 NxN pXN 13 QXB QXQ 14 NXP_. Soest 1949 c) 14 . QN3) 17 RxR BxR 18 B-B3.... QR-Ql 15 R-B5 QXP 16 B-B3 N-N4 (not 16 .. KB4.. P-QR3 19 Q-R5! R-QBl 20 P-QR4 with a strong attack) 19 RxP! KXR 20 QXP+ K-B3 21 P-N5+! NXP 22 QXNP+ K·Q2 23 Q><N+ ±± (Analysis by Estrin) White has a mating attack.. Vienna 1958) 17 Q·N4 N-Q5 18 N-B6+ K-Rl 19 Q-R4N·K7+ 20 K-Rl P-KR3 21 RKR5 and Black cannot prevent himself from being mated.. 13_. P-QN3 (best according to Euwe) 15 B·B3 and White's pieces are better placed. a) 14 . BxP 15 Q. Q·Q6 (or 16.

Px Pep 14 Q. or 19 .. Q-B5? 20 K-Bl 21 QXP±±) 20 NXR RXN 21 1961.B2! is a gam bi t continuation suggested by Estrin which leads to good attacking chances for White.. 13 P-B41 If 13 .N4 pxN 18 QXQP+ K-Nl 19 R-K5 Q-N5 20 PKR3 when White regains the piece and the game is over. Black is given no respite.. Other fifteenth moves arc no improvement: 15.10 The Backbone of the Repertoire Tl!e Backbone of the Repertoire 11 a) 16 ... Pogats-Szily... QR4 17 Q-R3 P-N5 is refuted by 18 Q-R4+ B-Q2 19 N-B5+ when Black's king is kept in the centre.. B-Q3 leads to a level ending after 12 B-B6 0-0 13 NXP NXN 14 QXNQxQ15 BXQKR-Ql.... because of the vulnerability of Black's KRP and the threat of N-N5. P-QN4 16 QXB P. Budapest 1951 continued 13 . 0-0-015 strong.. East German Junior Championship 1967. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 P-QB3 12 BxB B-B4 P-QB3 16 Q-R4 when White's attack is very B-N5! R-B5 RXB RXP QXQ P-QR3 P-B3 P-KR4 BXB Q-Q2 0-0-0 QXP RXQ KR-Ql P-KR4 If 12. 14 Not 14 .. both Black's king and queen will find life on the open central files very unpleasant. Finally 15 .White's QR enters the fray with gain of tempo on Black's queen. P-KR3 14 B-R4 Q-N3 15 Q-R5 (threatening 16 N-B6+ pXN 17 RXB+) 15 . Now he must attend QBP. N-K2 16 N4-B5 when White has some advantage and a very persistent initiative. 8 11 B-N5 B-K2 14 R-QB1 to the needs of his U .. b) 16 .. QR-QBI The ending is clearly better for White... Q-B5 provides White with the convenient regrouping manoeuvre 12 N3-Q2 Q-N4 13 N-QN3. Torman-Vogt. C3 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5 0-0 R-Kl P-Q4 7 BxP QXB 8 N-B3 Q-QR4 9 NxN B-K3 10 B-Q2 10 Q-Q4(9) NXP 6 With the mortal threat of 18 P-N5 followed by 19 Q-R3. 15 Capturing the QR P puts Black's KR-Ql 17 RxN PXR 18 NXP+ K-Kl N-Q6+ ±±.. NxB 13 NXP 0-0 14 NXB results in Black's pawns being weakened...N4 R-Ql'>Tl 19 N-Q6+ pXN 20 QR-Bl+etc. Bucharest erdi na ted and he has t he strong threa 16 17 Q-BI P-QN4! Q-Q2 queen offside: 15 . 11. 14 R-QBl Q-Q4 15 R-B5 The same theme appears again . 11 . White's pieces are well cot of 22 N -B5. ..... K-Bl 17 QXB... QXP 16 NXP 19 Q-B2! Q-Q4 (if' 19 . K-Ql 17 NxNP+ K-BI 18 QXB. Q-N6 20 N-B6+ Qt<P± Radulov-Ciocalrea . P-QB3 16 QXB is clearly overwhelming.... P-KR3? 12 B-B6! has similar consequences to note (b) to Black's tenth move in variation A.

continued 16.B3 9 . Havana 1864. 12 B-R4 B-B4 Not 12 . at the moment. It puts the knight on a square from :which retreat is.K5XP! BxN 25 R5-K5 K-Nl 26 RxN QBl 27 RXB Q-Q3 28 Q-B51-0. good a square for Black's queen_ 11 KB4 is not too 4 5 0-0 N-B3 B-B4 P-KR3 After 11. concluded: ? B-Q5 P-B4 8 PXPep NXP. Part Three: The Max Lange Attack 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 PXP 4 B-QB4 (11) 11~~~~~~~~~ fe}~ m:=-~ _w .12 17 The Backbone of the Repertoire K-Bl tr..~BA. Heidenheirn 0-0 Q:Q4 QXP 1959. 5. B-K2 transposes to an inferior line of the passive Hungarian Defence. ..J.. Now that White's KR4 square is occupied by his bishop he no longer has the possibility 13 N-R4 Q-Q4 14 P-QB4 at his disposal (see previous note).N5·B3 P-KR4 22 N· N5 R-R3 23 Q-KB4 Q·Kl 24 N . P·QN3 20 QXNI pxR 21 QXBP+ K-Kl 22 NxP±± (Estrin) 18 19 20 P-N5 N-K5 N-N5! N-K2 Q·Ql Wroclaw 1960. Mogilev 1966.. P-KR3 21 N.....he Backbone of the Repertoire 13 If 17... 6 P-K5 P-Q4(12) ~. concluded: 20 . mimi • ~ m ~'"' r4i1:."Z. Radulov-Shia novsky.K3 8 NN5. Bi!rO m . 13 P-QB4! is very strong. White has a winning attack. Kiev 1962. Leningrad 1966. . 13 B-N3 14 N-R4 15 P-QB4 16 R-QBl. as in Estrin-Riskin . C4 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5 0-0 NXP 6 R-Kl P-Q4 7 BXP QXB 8 N-B3 Q-QR4 9 NXN B-K310 B-Q2. B As in many of the similar positions already examined. B-QB4 12 N-R4 Q-Q4. Q-Q2 15 Q-N3 B-QN5 16 N-K5! ±) 15 R-QBl and Black's king will never be able to ·find a safe haven. 19 .. .. 10 10 .&W&\lI . 5 . Sydor-Dzieciolowski .1. impossible.t Pfleger-Neunhoffer.. while 13. 12. and Black has no dynamic !'l()ssihiliti~s with which to offset this disadvantage. 'lit _ ·_r.• ~D'~Bj'D' Q-KB4(10) White now wins a piece and he has the better game even though Black can gather another pawn or two. Estrin= Machavariani. P-Q7 17 NXQ PXRQ+ 18 QXQBXN 19 P-KB5 and White won quickly.g. e. NxP.. Bulgaria-Ukraine match... P-Q4 is also inferior because of 6 pxp NxP 7 R-Kl+ B. Q-K4 (the only other move that keeps the QB defended) is refuted by Estrin's suggestion 14 P-B4! P-Q6+ 15 K-Rl Q-Q5 16 N·KB3.. pxPep loses the queen to 14 N-B6+. 13. Q-Q4? is also a mistake because of 13 B-B6! R·KNI 14 P-E4! QXP (or 14 . One modern example of this outdated debut is the game Zagorovsky-Starovoyt.. • •• B'i'B . fi§ B-N5 ~ ... 18 N-K5 Q-Ql 19 Q-R3 is still decisive. Black's Q-side pawns wi lt come under heavy pressure and his king position cannot be considered completely safe... •. P-KN4?? because of 13 NXQP NxN 14 QXN pxB 15 N-B6+ K-K2 16 N-Q5+ 1-0.. N-K5 is a pointless move. Moscow 1963... A game MorphyDominguez..... which continued: 6 P-K5 N-K5 7 ~-Q5 P~B4 8 NXP NxN 9 QXN B-B4 10 Q-B4 Q-K2 11 N-B3! and Black IS already in trouble-he will have difficulty completing his development and his king remains stuck in the centre.

13 pxB B-K3 This is more or less forced... ... since on 8 .. lD) 9. B. and Black has no satisfactory defence to the threat of 15 B-B2... K-K 1 then 14 NxB K-Q2 15 NXNP or jf 13 K. 15 B-N5 B-K2 10 BxN.. but Black still has to survive... Estrin-Ginsberg. .are enhanced by the possibility of manoeuvring a knight to KBS or KR5. e) 9.0-0?? 12 NXP RxN 13 Q-R5±±) 9 RKl + K-Bl (not 9 .Vukovic.. B-KN5 12 NK4 B-KBI (Kazic. 12 . K-BI comes 9 B-N5 pxp (not 9 . White's attack should prove too strong... 1I.g.~B-QN5 10 pxp R-KNI 11 NxB pxN 12 RxP+ K-B2 13 R-K4 RxP 14 N-Q2 with rich prospects for White (Euwe) d~ gxP-KN3 10 Q-B3! K-Q2 (or 10 . but it would appear that White can get slightly the upper hand with 7 B-B4! and now: a) 7".. Black loses his queen. e. 12 Q-Q4(13) Again virtually forced as will be seen from a quick look at the .."P-Q3 8 pxp BXP (Keres refutes 8. Or 11 .B-N3 II .0-0? 8 P-KRS! N-R3 9 BxN pxB 10 P-B3 P-Q4 (not 10".. 0-0 11 RXBI pxR 12 P-B7+ KRl 13 NxKP Q-K2 ]4 B-N5! Q_xP15 NxB± Feilich Veksei...pxP 11 NxP P-Q3 12 N-K41 with a very strong attack) 11 B-N3 pxp 12 NxP PQS 13 N-QS! B-K2 (or 13. b) 7."B-B4 14 Q-Bl B-K2 IS QXP±) 14 Q-Q3.. postal game 1920) 11 NXBPI BxN 12 Q-N4+ K-Q3 13 B-B4+ N-K4 14 P-N4! K-B3 iJ."PXP 13 N-K41) 13 N-Q4 NxN 14 pxN QXP 15 Q-B3 QB3 16 Q-Q5 'with equality' Keres.alterna rives': a? 9 . II.. Pxl' with 9 R-Kl+ NS-K4 10 BxN! pxB 11 NxKP.B1 12 BxB KxB 13 N-K4 followed by 14 Q-Q2 with a clear advantage to White... Tashkent 1950." P-N3 13 P-B3 N-K4? 14 NXN BxQ 15 N-Q7 B-K2 16 N4xP+ BXN 17 R-KS+! Q_xR 18 NxB mate) 13 BxB KxB 14 Q-Q2 K-N2 15 QB4 when White's attacking chances against Black's exposed king... 7 pxN 8R-Kl+ 9N-NS 10 II N-QB3 N3-K4 Q-B4 We have now reached a major crossroads in the Max Lange Attack and there are three varia rions to be examined in detail..N I 14: pxp followed by NXB and NXQP) 13 N7xB pxN 14 pxp KXP 15 Q-Q2± . ... B-K2 10 B-QN5 0-0 11 BxN PXB 12 NxP± e.. Yugoslavia 1940 went instead 12..g. QxP??) 10 NxB pxN 11 Q-R5+ and White wins a piece.. Moscow 1944. pxB 11 N-NS! N-K4 12 Q-R5+NN3 13 B-B7+K-Bl 14 Q-R6 mate) 11 R-Kl+ N-K2 12 N-K5 BxN 13 QRS+P-KN3 14 QXB R-Bl IS N-Q2 P-B3 (or 15"... 6 ..Q4 PB3 17 B-K6 BxB 18 RxB P-Q419 QR-Kl R-B2 20 N-B3±±) 16 N-B4! P-Q317 NxP+ K-Q218 B-K6+ K-B2 19 NxB+ with mate to follow. B-Q2 13 BXP) 10 BxB+ QXB II P-B3 Q-B4 12 QNQ2 P-Q6 (12. A 11 0-0-0 'B 1l B-KB1 C t i.. After 15 . Q-Q2? 10 B-R6! pxB 11 Q-Q2 when Black resigns) 10 B-R6+ K-Nl 11 N-B3! with a tremendous game for the pawn...P-Q3 16 QxP.14 The Backbone of the Repertoire The Backbone' of the Repertoire White's moves each carry a direct threat. Q-Q3 10 NxB pxN 11 pxp R-KNI 12 Q-R5+ K-Q2 13 N-Q2! QK2 14 N-K4 B-N5 15 B-N5± Yukhtman-Kim.SBXN BxP 16 P-QB3 B-B4 17 pxp White has a won position as Black's king is f'ar too exposed. N-KNS is far more sensible... pxP?? does not come into serious consideration because after 12 J?-KN41 Q-K4 13 N-KBS.. Q-Q2?? (or 9 .KB6 BXB (if 10 .White ha~5the initiative and Black's pawns are weak. 9 . BN2 13 N-BS or 12 .. N-K2 10 BXB Q_xB 11 Q-K2 when Black cannot castle: nor 9.B-Q3 is also bad: 12 NxBP 0-0 (or 12 KxN 13 N-N5+ and if 13. If now 11. QxP (forced) 16 N-B6+.

15"... and (3) White has the initiative... Black 18 . B3 28 RxN+ KxR 29 QXBP 1-0 from sim i 1ar vintage comes a more active try in 16 . 18 nried to manoeuvre R-Q2 In a 1949 USSR correspondence game. 13 14 IS NxB. P . . while 17 . Q-Q2 QK5 (23 ... 19 Heading for K82.. .16 The Backbone of the Repertoire The Backboneof the Repertoire 17 A 1P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 50-0 B-B4 6 P-K5 P-Q4 7 pxN pxB 8 R-Kl + B-K3 9 N-N5 Q-Q4 10 N-QB3 Q-B4 11 N3-K4 II 0-0·0 P-KN41 12 At first sight this thrust might appear to be too loosening. N-Nl?! 19 R-K3 N-Q2. 16 P-QB3 B-K2(l4) In Marshall-T'arrasch ... is better) and now 24 R-KI! is quite strong (±)24 . When the reader understands this move and appreciates its merits he will not be so surprised to see the move P-KN4 appearing more than once in the cou rse of 0 u r exa mina ri on of the M ax Lange. continued 22 . Play continued 20 PN5 Q-KB4 21 R-KBI N-B4 22 N-N3 Q-NS.. Only by making good use of these assets can White justify his whole strategy. White's best line seems to be 17 R-K2 R-Q6 18 NxB QXN 19 RXQP NK4 20 RXR pXR 21 K-N2! Q-Q4+ 22 K-N3. Q-N3 25 B·B4 RXP 26 P-KR3 P-KR4 27 P-B3.. Hamburg 1910. Estrin has shown that White's momentum is sufficient for him to be able to force a decisive advantage in reply to 15 . White could have maintained a clear plus. with chances for both sides... P-R3 24 pxp pxp 2§ K-N2! N-Ql (if2S . P-Q6 is met by 18 NXR) 18 QXB P-K419 NxR RxN 20 P-BS and White's passed pawns give him a winning position as in Estrin-Chuckov. N-R4 23 QR-Kl K-Q2 24 P-B5±±) 23 P-QR4! and Black's p0sition was falling apart.. White's returns for the pawn are threefold: (1) Black's QB is vulnerable.B-K216 Q-B3 P-Q6 17 P-B3 transposes to the text.. The game Radulov$okolov... B-Q3 17 P-B4 Q-Q4 18 Q-B3 B-K2 19 poNS Q-KB4 20 N-N3 Q-B2 21 Q-N4 QR·K1? 22 R-K4J P-N4 17 18 P-B4 Q-Q2 Q-Q4 White's last two moves initiate a plan suggested by Sokolsky whereby White threatens to double rooks on the K-file and follows this up with M-B2. Q3 was shown to be the wrong square for the bishop: 16.. removing the bishop from attack with gain of tempo on White's rook and at the same time opening up two new escape squares (QN4 and QR4) for Black's queen. 14 IS. Moscow 1940... The game Chigorin-Albin 1897 continued: 14. Q-Q3+ 24 K-N2 P-K4 25 P-N5 N-Ql.Q-QR4 17 N-B6 BxR 18 QXB costs Black a tempo because now he must move his queen again since 18.Q7. The game concluded: 23 . B-N5: 16 P-B4! Q-QN4 (if 16". B-B4+ J 9 NxB QXN+ 20 Q-K3 QXQ+ 21 RXQleaves White with virtually a winning position. and now with 23 K-N2! followed by 24 P-KR3.. 18 .. with the threat of 28 Q-K3 attacking the KP and QRP. This move was played with su ccess against Marsh ali by Leonhard t in 1911. Sofia-Belgrade match 1961. Q-Q410ses the exchange to 13 pxp KR-NI 14 N-B6. 12 Q-K4 12."B-N5 looks to be a logical move. but it is the only means by which White can satisfy the dynamic demands of the position. B-Q3 26 N-RS±±) 26 Q-B3 Q·N3 27 R-Q4! p. 20 21 R-K3 P-N3 PXP N-Ql N-B2Q-QR4 .... One of his K-side pawns will surely promotr-. N-B2 23.. However. Q-QB4 White has the simple move 18 K-N2 at his disposal.6 pxp B-R6! ~ pxN ~R-NI P-Q6! (if 22 .. being defended only by its queen: (2) Black's queen will be very short of squares for some time to come.Q-Q3 IS NS-K4 Q-K4 16 P-B4 PQ6+ 17 K-N2 Q-Q5 18 P-B3! and Black's queen was lost. QxQ+ 19 RXQ PQ6 20 pxp pxp 21 NxR RXN 22 R-Ql wins easily for White) 17 N-B6 BxR (in reply to 17.. Kochergin-Homsky.

N 8+ and the endi ng is an easy win. White has three pawns for the exchange and should experience little difficul ty in converting this advantage into a win. c) 14 ... Black's king is unsafe and White can readily regain his sacrificed material. Estrin now analyses 18 P-KR4 BxB 19 Q><BKR· Kl 20 Q><QBP+ K-Nl 21 QR-Kl RxR 22 RXR Q-N2 23 RXN pxR 24 Q><BP R-N! 25 QXQBP+ K-RI 26 N-B7+ K-N! 27 N-Q6+ K-Rl 28 Q><P.B3 15 RxB Q-Ql 16 Q-B3 Q-Q2 17 R-K7!! 1-0 SarnischRaiman.g. Q-Q4 15 NXB N-K4? 16 P-B7+! KxP 17 N-N5+ K-NI 18 RXN! QXR 19 Q-B3 1·0 Denker-Avram . White's forces are well co-ordinated and Black's king is somewhat unsafe.. B-Q3. New York 1944 and Sazhakv- Rubinstein's If Black defends his QBP by 17 . leading to a terrible position for Black.Ostroverkhov. 17 B-B4! N-Ql move. /' 12 NXBP // KXN Naturally not 12 . 19 RXP pxp 20 R-Q7+ N-B2 21 QXKNP pxN 22 B-K5+±± Estrin-Webitsky.. White should win comfortably. 13 N-N5+ K-NI 13 . Moscow 1939.. is far too risky: After 14 NxB pxp 15 P-KN4! (that move again) 15 . QXP. e.. 19 QR-Kl adds fuel to the attack.18 The Backbone of the Repertoire NXB RxP Q-KB4 difficulties to both The Backbone of the Repertoire Romanishin. he allows White an extra tempo for the attack... B-K2 17 P-KR4 N-K418 RXN! pxR 19 Q-Q5+ followed by N-K6+. Bremen 1929.. QxNP+?? 15 O_XQBxQ16 P-B7 mate... b) 14. BxN?? 13 N -Q 6-1:"+ end of game. sides. 18 R-K4 P-KR4 If 18 .. White's attack wins quickly in each case. 28 . Q-QR4 16 B-B4. e..) 14 P-KN4! Here it is again! 14 Q-N3 All at her moves lose at once.. 19 22 R-R3 23 RXN 24 poN5 This com plica ted position presents Markelov.. The 1949 correspondence game Crowl-Kloss concluded: 16 . RXP 29 N-B7+ (29 QXR?? allows perpetual check) 29 .. K-N3. 15 15 RXB Q-B3 pxp K-N2 B 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P·Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5 0·0 B-B4 6 P-K5 P-Q4 7 pXN PXB 8 R-IZl+ B-K3 9 N-N5 Q·Q4 10 N·QB3 Q_ B411 N3-K4 11 B-KB1(J5) If 16 .g.. P-QB4... Lvov 1947... corres 1951-52. C I P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 B-QB4 N-B3 5 0-0 B-B4 6 P-K5 P-Q47 PXN pxB 8 R-Kl+ B-K3 9 N-N5 Q-Q4 in N-QB3 QB411 N3-K4 B-N3(16) 11 16 . as might be expected...... N-K4 17 RxN! pxR 18 Q-Q5+ K-N2 19 N-K6+ K-Nl 20 NQ8+1 K-N2 21 QXKP+. or 16 . K-Nl 30 N-R6+ QXN 31 QXR QXP 32 Q.: a) 14 . B-Q3 17 BxB PXB 18 P-N4! NxP 19 Q><PP-Q4 20 Q-B4 QR-KN1 21 Q·B5+ K-B2 22 P-N5 R-N3 23 P-KR4 KR-KNI 24 K-Rl 1-0 (White was threatening both 25 pxp followed by 26 N-N5+ and 25 N-B4 R3-N2 26 Q-Q7+ [or 26 QK6+] and mate.

Q-N3 20 P-R5 Q-N4 (if 20 ........ P-Q6 accomplishes nothing after 16 PXP! e... Leipzig lS99. R-B2 17 N-B6+ RxN IS Q><RQXQ19 BXQK-B2 20 P-NS and White's material advantage should prove decisive.a couple _ofchecks. Or lS . 15 RxP 15 . RxP 17 pxp B-Q5 IS P-KR3 R-B2 19 KN2 followed by P-B4 (±) as in another correspondence game between the same opponents. RxP then 17 N-B6+ with a similar win.'--.. BxR 30 Q-K5+ R..20 12 13 What else! 13 14 15 NxB B-N5! pxp P-KN4! The Backbone of the Repertoire R-KNI 11keBackbone of the Repertoire 21 r t 17 Q-N3 pxN White a clear I The first move of a new wave of attack that guarantees advantage.K-Q2 Other defensive moves have been tried here without success. R-Q2 22 Q-B5 Q><NWhite mates by 23 RxN+ etc... Q-N4 20 P-QR4 Q-QB4 21 QR-KI N-Ql 22 R-KS P-B3 23 RIK5 Q-Q3 24 Q-B5+ K-Nl 25 R5-K6 Q-N5 26 Q-B4+ K-Hl 27 N-K4 BB2 (or 27 . 16 ---.QB2 31 R-KS P-QR4 32 RXB+ K-R2 33 QXQP+ P-N3 34 RxR+ KXR 35 Q-QS+ K-N2 36 N-Q6+ K-R3 37 Q-RS+and mate in two. .) 26 Q-K5+ K-Bl 27 Q-K6+ and White will give a kmght check diseo~ering an attack on Black's queen. 16 Threatening Q-B31 17 N-B6+ followedl?y_ IS RxP. pxP 17 QXP RXP IS QR-Ql R-B2 19 P-KR4± (correspondence game Abezs and Kosmann-Zemsch and Chigorin). P-KR3 17 N-B6+ K-QI IS RxP N-K2 19 BXPI QXB 20 Q-Q5+ and Black is being mated.. b) 16 . 29 ... P-K4 17 N-B6+ K-B2 (or 17 .. 16 .. This last variation is an excellent illustration of the vulnerability of Black's king when on the Q-side and of the poor co-ordination of Black's pieces. Q-QR4 20 R-KS+ N-Ql 21 N-Q5 P-B3 (on 21... P-KR3 fails to 16 Q"B31 and if 16 .. R-B2 26 Q-K5+ wins the rook :vith. pxB then White wins by force: 17 N-B6+ K-B2 IS RxP KXR 19 R-Kl+ N-K4 20 Q-Q5+ KxN 21 QXN+ followed by mate....) 22 Q-B5+ R-Q2 23 N-K7+ K-B2 24 Q-IH+ R-Q3 25 N-B5±± d) 19 . c) 16 .. a) 16 .... or if 16 .. or 16.. QXRP?? 20 R·KS+ N-QI 21 Q-B5+ followed bymate .g....... Holzhausen-Zoege. once again Black's king proves to be too exposed in these lines. QxBP then 21 Q-Q5±±) 21 QRKI N-Ql 22 R6-K5 Q-R5 23 R·K8 P-B3 24 Q-B5+ K-Nl 25 P-R6! Q_XRP(or 25 . P-QR3 2S N-Q6+ K-N1 29 N-B7+ K-R2 30 NXN±±) 2S QB5 K-Nl 29 RXN+l with a winning attack. London IS99. 15 .White has an easy attack against Black's stranded king. K-K2 IS P-KR4 R-B2 19 RxP+ NXR 20 R-Kl K-Bl 21 RXN±±) 18 P-KR4! P-KR3 19 N-K4+ K-K3 20 P-R5 Q-B2 21 B-B6 R2-Nl 22 Q-BS+ K-Q4 23 P-N3 RxP+ 24 QXR RKNI 25 pxp+ KxP 26 B-N5 J>xB 27 Q-N3 1-0 Chigorin-Teichmann .g. 17 IS N-B6+ RxP! K-B1 QXB b) 19 ...... N-Ql 19 R-K5±± 19 P-KR4!(I7) Zemsch now analyses: a) 19 . e. c) 19 .

when White can launch a dangerous attack with 13 P-KR4t) 11 N-Q4 B-N2 12 NxN pxN 130-00-014 B-Q4± (Black has pawn weaknesses) Spassky. Q-K2+ 9 B-K3 transposes to variation (ll) in the above note... We therefore examine: A3 ?xP B 3 NxP Other moves do not warrant a serious study. P·Q3 merely transposes to Philidor's Defence (page XX).. White could have increased his advantage with The most natural move... 2 Petroffs Defence A 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-KB3 3 P-Q4 3. B-N2 11 N-Q5 QQ.g.._. B-K2 is a less sensible plan than the text lile€ause not only does Black wish to develop his KB but he should also .. B-Q2 6 NxP NxP 7 O-O±) 6 pxp pxp 7 B·K2! B-QB4 8 P-B3 pxp 9 Q><Q+ KXQ 10 NxP KK2 11 0-0 R-Ql.. 1964. often qui tt: right! y so. After 4 KPxP pxp (if 4 .. 8 Q-KB4 P-KN3 Again the most natural.. It usually leads to symmetrical or nearly-symmetrical positions in which White's advantage may only lie in his one move initiative. White's advanced QP gives him a useful space advantag-e. P·K5 5 N·K5 NXP 6 B-QB4 B-K3 7 O-O+-Black's advanced KP wili become a targeL) 5 B-QN5+ P-B3 (or 5 . 8.... P·Q4?! was tried in the game Stein-Bronstein. a) 8 .. White's pieces have no development problems and the apparently exposed position of his queen cannot be exploited to any real extent.l 120-0-00-0. QK2+ 8 B-K3 which merely helps White's development. 8.. and it is this very initiative which White must exploit if he is to emerge with a tangible plus. N-B3 9 Q-KB4 P-KN3 10 N-B3 B-K3 (or 10 . B-Q3 13 B-K3! N-Q4 14 B-Q4 P-B3 IS KR-Bl and in each case Black's isolated QBP gives him the inferior game.-N3 13 P·QN3! BB B2 14 B-K3! or 12. has the rcpu ta tion of be ing dull.Rossetto. an open character... N-B4 9 BXN BXB 10 N-B3 with a big lead in development (Keres). developing a piece with gain of tempo.l?et1'OffS Defence 23 Stein's post mortem suggestion 12 N-QR4! e.. N-B3 Black must now decide whether he wishes to fight in an open position or if he prefers to maintain the closed and symmetrical nature of the defence..USSR Championship 1966· 7.. 7 ... c) 8. It. 3. I P-K4 P-K4 2 N·KBS N-KBS This defence... B-B4 9 N-B3 N-B3 10 Q-QR4 BxB 11 pxB Q-Q2 12 P-Q4 B-K2 13 P-Q!j N·Nl 14 Q-N3± Bronstein-Holmov USSR Championship 1959. Of White's major alternatives at move three.. Another idea which has been tried in this position is Bronstein's 7 ..g.. solid and marginally inferior for Black. 3. we examine the variations commencing with: 3 P-Q4(18) 4 P·K5 5 Q><P 6 PXPep 7 B-Q3(19) 19 pxp N-K5 P-Q4 NXQP The game has taken 01. e. Amsterdam interzonal. b) 8.

11 B·B3 B-B4 Haifa 1970. Leningrad pressure against Black's position. 19S8... If Black declines the proffered gifts his problems are still not solved.. and after 12 QNhis pressure against Black's KQ-K2 KxB I t. Q.\_B-K3 was another try employed by Rossetto in the 1964 interzonal. 13 Q-Q2 14 Q·R6 N·Kl IS B-N7! NxB 16 N·NS winning. P-KN3? 10 B·B3) 10 0·0 0-0-0 11 N -B3 P:!:\R3 (I 1. 14 15 16 17 N·B3 B·N5! N-N5 N5-K4 B-K3 N"QI P·KB3 1964. 90·0 10 B-Q2!(20) f@llowing the 1958 correspondence game Neumann-Spala) 17 QR·QI. this one meeting with a similar lack of success to that used in this gaine with Spassky (see note c to Black's seventh move).B3xB B-N2 Now White's strategy has been fulfilled . .O-O? 12 P·KR4! P·KR3 13 N-KNSl! with a terrific attack) while I L _ 0-0-0 is also not without its drawbacks: 12 KR -K1 P-KR3 13 B-K3± Suctin-Pollack. White could have maintained side with 13 Q-Q4! 12 13 R·QI B. 3 . Black hardly dares castle K-side (IL. 10. 4B-Q3 S NXP(21) 21 10 0-0 Let us examine the sort of fate that can befall Black if he grabs the pawn (10 ... 0·0 then 13 N-QS!) 13 KR-KI 0-0 14 N·KNS N·KI 15 Q-KR4 N·B3 16 Q·R6! B-Q4 (so far we have been There is one relevant observation which is worth mentioning at this ]lGiFlt One of the other main lines of Petroff's Defence runs: 1 P·K4 P... The resulting position is one from which Black experiences great problems of survival.. . so detrimental are the dark square weaknesses near his king. BxR 12 BXB 0-0 (or 12 R·KNI 13 B·B6±) 13 B·B6 and White has a terrific attack... White has strong Matsukevich-Chesnauskas. EvansRossetto ~~~tinued 9 B-Q2Q·Q2 (9 . After II QXQ BXQ 12 N-B3 B-K3 13 N·KNS.Black's fianchettoed bishop has been exchanged bringing about the consequential weakening of his K-side.B3 is a move suggested by Mikenas with the idea of relieving the pressureby forcing the exchange of queens. P·B3 was tried in Levy-Balshan.BxP?J 11 B·B3): a) l l .g. b) 11.BxB 12 NXB B-K3 (if 12 . however. White offers the exchange and a pawn and in return for acceptance of any of all of this material he receives ample compensation in the removal from the board of Black's KB.22N·K2. White continues with B·QB3 and has pressure along the long diagonal towards the enemy king. After 9 N-B3 B·K3 10 B·Q2! Q-Q2 II 0-0-0.. NxP P-Q4 This move leads to a more closed type of position than 3 _:pxp.24 Petroif': Defence !pelll"ofrs Defence 25 concern himself with the safety of his K-side. White's initiative and the exposed position of Black's king com bine to give the first player a slight plus. e.... (. B 1 P·K4 P·K4 2 N-KB3 N-KB3 3 P·Q4 A very interesting yet rarely played move. 8. a'FldvVhite's attack provides superfluous compensation for the pawn. B·K2 is a little better though White still retains a plus after 12 Q-QR4 K·Nl 13 B-K3) 12 Q-QR4 K-NJ 13 B-K3± (White is threatening 14 N-KS).

QXP B·K3 pXN B·Q4 10 Q-KN4 P·KR4 11 Q-R3 Q-K2 12 P-KB4 P-KN4 According to Igor Zaitsev Black has sufficient counterplay. If 7._ N-Q2(22) 22 5 P-QB4 may be strongly met by either 6 Q-K2(±) or 6 BQN5+(±). 12 .....3(23) The usual move. B-KS 6 Q-K21 N-QS 70-0 B-K2 8 N-Q2 0-09 R-Kl B-B4 10 N-NS BXB 11 QXB N-Q2 12 N-B5± Minic-Rogoff.. but Euwe ]loints out that 13 N-B3 B-B3 14 B-Q2! maintains White's plus... Amsterdam 1950.. 6 N-QB31 to 60-0 B-K2 0-0 On 6 . pxP 9 BxBP N-B3 gives White a free hand in the centre: 10 B·K3 B·Q3 11 P-B4 N-K2 12 Q-N3! (Euwe)... Black now has three plausible possibilities. pxB 10 R-Kl P-KB4 11 P-B3±) 10 Q-Q2!±... 14 .g.. B15 B25 B35 B-K2 N-Q2 B-Q3 (t<BP N2-Q4 17 Q-Q6 and White is a safe pawn up... The difference between the two positions is that in the column White seems to have played both B-Q3 and N-K5 at the same time as compared with the other line... Pees 1964. B· Q. If 5. e. White has... concluded: 14 . 7 NXN 8 B4xN 0·09 P·QB4 P-QBS 10 Q-B2~ Black must play 10 P·KB4. 8 .. B-K3 14 BxB pxB 15 QXP Q?<P 16 N-KB3 that was seen as early as Barry- 6.. Q-K2 puts the queen on a square from which usefulness is heavily outweighed by various other factors: :g·B4 NxN 9 BxN P-KB3 10 B·N3 P-KB4 II N-B3P·B3 N4+ (l2 . NxN 7 pxN is a continuation .B3-Q4 NxB discredit by White has the more fluid position. in effect. gained a tempo over another main line.. N-QB3 6 NxN pXN 7 P-QB4 e. Gligoric-Gudmundsson. continued: 13 . 6Q-K2 6. Zagreb 1971 Bl 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-KB3 3 P-Q4 NXP 4 B-Q3 P-Q4 5 NXP 5 . e..... e. pxp 15 0-0-0 R-KNI 16 QXP BXNP 17 KR-Kl± or 14 .. If 5.. 7 . 7 B-KB4 is strong. N-Q2.. within the first five moves..... B·K3 13 P·Q5!) 13 K-Nl B-N5 14 N·N5! and Dely-Malich. Q-K2 8 0-0 pKN3 9 BxN QXB (or 9 . and one which we shall attempt means of an idea which originated in the last century..26 Petroffs Defence Petr. giving White undisturbed use of his K5 sguare while the black knight can be driven away at any time by P·KB3.g. Q-KI 13 QR-Kl... Thus. P-QB3 8 pxp pxp 9 BxN pxB 10 N-QB3 and White wins a pawn: 10 . B-KB4 II R-Kl N-Q2 12 B·B4! N·B313 B-NS! 8 N-QB3 QN-Q2 8 .. P-N5 15 Q-N3 P-R5 16 QXNP P·R6 17 0-0-0 pxp 18 KR·Kl RxP 19 N-K4± B3 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 N-KE3 3 P-Q4 NXP 4 B-Q3 P-Q4 5 NXP 8 9 S . 7 P-QB4 N-KB3 . K-BI 16 QXP 10 11 12 13 B-NS BxBP B-N3 BXB Q·B3!± pxp N-N3 N. pxB 7 . Q-R5 fails to 8 B·B3 QXQP 9 P-B3 wmning a piece. 9 her tactical 7 BxN pXB 8 12 0·0-0 QBlack is lost.g. Black has a terrible position. P-B5 15 N·B7+ 1-0.offs Defence 27 K4 2 N-KB3 N-KE3 3 NXP P-Q3 4 N-KB3 NXP 5 P-Q4 thus arriving at a position with identical pawn structure to that in the above diagram.. B-K3 9 P·BS! was shown to be very good for White as early as 1913.g.. :62 I J?·K4 P-K4 2 N·KB3 N-KB3 3 P·Q4 NXP 4 B-Q3 P-Q4 5 NxP 5 ..

. USSR 1941. 10 II Threatening N-N5 B-KB4 B·K2 12 NXNfoliowed by 13 NXBP. 70-0 8 R-KI 9 B-KN5 Threatening 9 N-B3 0-0 Q-R6 Q. B-K3 Not 9.. N-K3 23 BXP±±) 23 QR-QI B-B3 24 N-N5 N... BxR 10 Q-R5 P-KN3 II NXNP±± 7 .) both 10 NXQP and 10 BxN followed by II NXQP. when Black's king's position has been weakened...Q2 17 B·KN5 (threatening 18 B-B6 followed by mate) 17 . J 896.. N-KI allows 12 Q-R5 and if 12 . P-KN3 then 13 NxNP and Black's roof caves in. Dublin zonal tournament 1957. B·QN5 White can safely castle.. continued 7. Smyslov-Lilienthal.) 20 P-KB4 P·QB4 21 N-B3 P-B4 (to prevent 22 PB5) 22 Jj·rl2 K-RI (not 22 . BxN 8 pxB NXQBP would also be baci un account of 9 Q:R5 when Black's king is again under pressure and his knight is stuck out on a rather useless limb.. Black cannot castle Kvside and the exchange is taboo because of 9.. 11 NXN Since l l . since after 7 0-0 NxN 8 PXN BXP 9 B-R3. 12 13 14 15 pxN P·QB3 N-Q4 Q-R5 N-Q2 R·KI N-El White has a very dangerous attack against the Black king.. concluded: I5 . but for the purpose of our discussion we shall consider only games that are devoid of cobwebs. BxB 18 QXB Q-K2 19 Q:N3 B-Q2 (l9 . P-KN3 16 ..P· Q:5?32 BxB QXB 33 P-K6 R-Q3 34 Q-B6+ K-NI 35 Q-B7+ KRI 36 P-K7) 32 K·R2 R-KN2 33 Q·N5 R-Q2 34 RI-QI K-N2 35Q-R4 P-R4 36 Q-N5 K-R2 37 R-KI R-KI 38 P-KN4 RPxP 39 pxp K-NI 40 K-N3 R-KR24I P-B4 BPxP 42 BxNP J-O.28 Petroff's Defence 'Petroff's Defence 29 Showalter. (The analysis has been taken from Gligoric's notes in Chess..... P-QB4 allows 20 N-N5 [onowed by N-Q6..Q-K2 32 Q-B6+±±: 3L..K3 25 NxN QXN 26 R-Q2 P-QR4 27 B-QI QR·Ql 28 B-B3 R-Q2 29 Q:"B2 P-N3 30 P-KR3 RI-QI 31 Q-R4! (theatening 32 Q-B6+ QXQ 33 px:.)ollowed by R-K6) 31.R-KBI (31. .... Gligork· Alexander.Q"R5 80-00-09 R-Kl N-Q2 10 P-KN3 Q-R6 II B-Bl and White has the edge because he can continue to harass Black's queen.. After 6 . NxP? 10 BXP+ KxB II QXN....

3 . Play might continue 6. QXP.. In fact.. 5 N-B3! This simple developing move leaves Black with no satisfactory reply... in common with the Centre Counter. Analysis by Keres. c) 3 B-N5? 4 pxp BXN 5 QXB pxp 6 B-QB4 Q-Q2 7 Q-QN3± (Keres) d) 3 pxP 4 QX!:..g. B-Q2 5 B-KB4 N-QB3 6 Q-Q2 N-B3 7 N-B3 B-K2 8 0-0-0.. N-KB3 4 N-B3 QN-Q2 (4 .. P-KR3 6 P-QR4! and Black's Q-side play has been restricted... If 5. Nimzoirwsch's Defence and the Greco Counter Gambit. 1909..5 B-QN5 B-Q2 6 BxN BxB 7 N-B3 N-B3 8 B-N5 B-K2 9 0-0-0 0-010 KR-Kl! Again White's game is the more fluid and his attacking chances somewhat better than Black's... b) 4 . N-KB3 5 B-KN5 B-K2 6 N-B3 0·0 7 0-0-0 N-B3 8 Q-Q2..IN-QB3 (if 4 ... KN·B3 5 pxp NXP (S.) 13 QXN N-B3 14 Q_XNPB-KN5 15 0-0 QXN 16 P-QB3 B-Q2 17 QXP. White has the better position. Eventually it is intended to support the advance . but it appears that the first player has a simple resource which enables him to retain a winning material advantage: 11 .. At once staking a firm claim in the centre. _ P-QN4.. P-KR3? 5 pxp pxp (or S . c) 4 .. RohachekStulik. NxP 6 NxN PXN 7 BxP+ etc.. c. there is no reasonable alterna tivc.. a) 4 ... With rook and ehree pawns for two minor pieces White's material advantage should prove decisive. Black must now make an immediate attempt to trap White's seemingly stranded knight. 6 PXP! After 6_..K5 P-QR3 9 P-Q5+ K-N3 10 B-K3+ etc.NxP 13 0-0 B-B4 14 B-K3 etc.. NXP Black loses a pawn to pxp 7 NxN pXN 8 Q:R5....) 6 BXP+I KXB 7 NXP+ K-B3 8 Q-Q4 with a killing attack.. B-K2 5 pxp NXP (not 5 . while 9 . it leaves White (in the main line) with a distinct plus which with due care and attention ought to be convertible into the full point.. B-K2 The most usual move.. and now 9 .. 5.xQB-Q_N5+ 9 Q-Q2 BXQ+ 10 NXQand White has won a pawn. in each case with the freer game and better attacking prospects for White. Lasker-Speyer. P-QN4. Naturally not 5.. Magergut-Freidin. KPxP 5 N-N5l N-KR3 6 NXP RXN 7 Q-R5+ K-Q2 8 Q-N6 R-Rl 9 BxN RXB 10 QXBP+ followed bv mate) 5 NxP! P-Q4 (on 5 . Karlovy Vary 1948. Gothenburg 1920. KN-B3? 6 N-KN5... PXN comes 6 Q-R5+ K-<22 7 Q-B5+ K-B3. 3 P-Q4(24) 24 b) 3 .. eventually breaking out with the queen's side thrust . 4 B-QB4 P-Q_B3 This is one of the key moves in Black's system. N-Q2 Known as the Hanham Variation. 0-0 10 Q-Q2 is clearly better for Whire.Philidor's Defence 3] 3 Philidor's Defence 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 P-Q3 This defence. In compensation for being only a pawn ahead. Moscow 1955. is almost obsolete in top rank chess because experience shows it to be lacking. pxP 6 Q-Q5! end of game.. this line is usually considered stronger than any of the alternatives: a) 3. Out suggested counter to Philidor's Defence often produces the open type of position in which the tactical player should revel. pxP ~ QXP will transpose to note (d) 5 B-QB4 B-K2 6 PxPI pxP? allows the combination 7 N-KN51 0-0 8 BXP+ RxB 9 N-K6 Q-Kl 10 NxBP Q-Ql 11 NxR...) . somewhat cramped defensive game.. N-Bl is refuted by 10 Pxp pxp 11 NXP! QXN 12 N-Q5 Q-Q3 13 B-R3 P-B4 14 P-K5 as in Nimzowitsch-Marco. or 4 . P-QN4 12 N<Q_5! NxN (if 12.) 6 NXN pxN 7 Q-R5 and White wins a pawn.) 6 Q-R5+ P-KN3 7 NXP N-KB3 8 Q-K5+ B-K2 9 QXB+ QXQ 10 NXQKXN 11 B-K2 R-Nl 12 PKN3... pxP 6 N-N5!) 6 NXN pxN 7 BXP+ KxB 8 Q. B-K2 70-0 KN-B3 8 PQN3! Q-B2 9 B-N2.... P-KB4? 4 B-QB4! BPxP (or 4 . In addition. Black's intention is to playa slow.. ...

P-KN3.. If White puts a foot wrong he can easilv being battered to a premature death.xQ+ KXQ II B-K2 R-KNI 12.. Hamburg This semi-ending has been reached more than once in master chess and there is universal agreement that it offers White almost certain victory.. The start of a long..32 BxN 7 ... when White has three pawns for the piece and his attack is still dangerous. Palma de MalloTca 1966) 13 B-K3 N-K2 14 R-Q2 N-Bl 15 KR-Q1 N-N3 16 R-Q6 P-KR4 17 P-QR4 N . N-Q2 13 R-Q6 N-K2 14 KRQ1 P-KR3 15 B-K3 R-Ql 16 P-B4when White has a strong initiative. 9QXB 10 BXQ(25) 25 10 Q_-R4± Schlechter-Alek Q_XQ hine. in which White experienced little difficulty in smashing Black's remaining defences: IB . with 18 PQN4 followed by P-N5.. N-R3 is also bad for Black. In either case Black's position collapses. Q-Ql IB P-N4) 16 P-N4.. B-Q2 9 BXB+ QNXB 10 Q_XB+ Q_XQ 11 NXQKXN 12 P·Q4 and White's extra pawn will be decisive) 9 NXB QXN 10 Q. and White has a won ganw. Tal-Menvielle. N· KB3 4 NxP Q-K2 5 P-Q4 P·Q3 6 N-B7 seems to be quite good for White. Now..) 13 Q_><RP+ K-B2 03 .. White forces the entry of his knight or the win of Black's QBP. Q-B3 9 BXB Q-N3 1910.. forcing sacrifices most of his pieces. 3 . P-Q4 5 Q-R5+ P-KN3 6 NXP N-KB3 7 Q:Kf)+ B-K2 R B-N!J+ P-B3 (or 8 . K-Nl 17 P-N5 K-B2 18 PXB 1-0... 4NXP Q-N4 If 4 . 3 B-B4(26) 26~~~~~~~~ sharp reaction by Black produces the sort of game that only be seen in a 5-minute competition though the author to having lost against the gambit in a world student some years ago. continued: 10 . Barden-Klein.. he can be certain of melee to his advantage and emerging with a winning Or 8 . Yugoslav Championship 1957. British Championship 1950. . Analysis by Euwe..(see p<lgr...N3-Q2. Philidor's Defence 4 Latvian (Greco-Counter) Gambit 1 P-K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 P-KB4 This ultra should really must confess championship find himself straight and turning the position. This position arose in the game Matulovic-Tornovic .-B2 13 QXRP+ K-Nl 14 R-Q3 B-B1 15 BxP+ BXB 16 QXB.K6+ Q_-B2 17 RN3+ B-N2 18 O_XKP.X X) while 3 .. P-Q3 transposed to Philidor's Defence..2 (or 15 .. but by sticking to a narrow path constructed by Keres.. Q.. NBl 110-0-0 B-K3 12 B-K2 P-B3 (or 12 . sequence in the course PXp of which White 3 . KNl is also answered by 14 R-Q3!) 14 R-Q3 B-B3 15 R-B3 N-Q. the refutation coming as a consequence of his congested central pieces: 8 N-K6! PXN 9 BxN N-N3 (9 PXB 10 Q-R5+ K-Bl 11 BXP is followed by mate) 10 Q_-R5+ K-Bl (l0 P-N3 11 Q-K2 wins) 11 B-N3! pXB 12 R-QI Q-Kl (or 12 ...

xp+ Q-BH Q·Q5+ K.·N4+ and Black can resign because the queens arc being exchanged. . B-N5+ 9 K-K2 QXR 10 B·N5+ B·K2 11 N·B7+ K-Kl 12 NxR+ K-o.. B3(1)(28) Black now has three plausible possibilities: A 9. K-Q3 9 N-B4+ K-B3 10 N-QB31 is no be-tter for Black. b) 8 . N-KB3 9 N-B7+ K·KI 10 NxR+ pxB (or 10 . 8 BxP Q><R+ Thematic! Keres' analysis refutes all the alternatives with a bluntness equal only to tha t of the text: a) 8 . . B 1 P·K4 P·K4 2 N-KB3 P-KB4 3 B-B4 pxp 4 NXP Q-N4 5 P-Q4! QXP 6 Q-R5+ P-KN3 7 B·B7+ K-Ql 8 BXP QXR+ 9 K. B5+ NxB 14 QXN+ K-Kl 15 Q!B+ KxN 16 o. This move.Count er) Gam bit A 35 1 P·K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 P-KB4 3 B-B4 pxp 4 NxP Q-N4.R6+ ±± K·Kl xo: 1£12 . c) 8" ..QI 13 B.34 5 P-Q4! 6 Q-R5+ Latvian (Greco-Counter) Q!P P·KN3 Gambit £atvian (Greco..l 13 N-B7+ K-Kl 14 N-K5+ J5 QXP and White wins a piece or two...) 9 Q.XN+ winning a piece 18 QXN+ B."K-K2 8 B-N5+ N-KB3 (8 . P·B3 (I) C 9 QXB 9 pxB loses quickly to 10 B-N5+ B·K2 11 QxR BxB 12 Q_XN+K-K2 13 Q·B7+ K·Q3 14 N-QB3! and mating (N-N5) or winning the queen.. e. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 N·B7+ NXQP++ I\1-B7+ NxR+ Q.. . K-Ql 15 Q-Q5+ K-Q2 K-Ql B·Q2 9 K-K2(27) 17.-R4 QXR+ 10 K·Q.. 10 N-QB3! Threa teni ng 11 B·N 5+ winni ng the queen.pxB 9 B-N5+ B·K2 10 QX-R±±2 I d) 8 . Il. and 9. . P-Q3 B 9....K·Ql allows a quick mate by 7 N-B7+ K-Kl 8 N·Q6++ Q-K5+ ere....N8+ N·Bl 19 Q. .2 12 BxKP Q-N8 13 B.g....5 P·Q4! QXP K·K2 9 6 Q-R5+ P-KN3 7 B-B7+ K-Ql 8 BxP QXR+ 9 K·K2 9..Kl 19 N-B7+ K·Q. KBI Or 14. 10 '" B. K-Q2 13 Q·KB5+ ±± or 12 . is relatively best.Q-1\17 to 10 N-B7+ K-KI II N·Q6++ K-Q_l 12 BXKP N·KB3 13 B·N5±±.N-Q2 allows 18 QXN .K2 If 10 .K-Q. N-K2 11 N-B7+ wins.. p.Kl K.2 B·N2 II N·B3 O_XR12 BXN+ B>'B 13 N·Q5+ with a quick win. K-Ql 7 B·B7+ P-Q3 If7.P-Q3 9 Q-N5+ QXQ 10 BXQ+ B-K2 11 BxB+ and White nets the exchange with N-B7.K2 9 ... K-Ql 11 B-N5±±) 11 QXP+ leaves White comfortably ahead on material.2 20 o. 6.... It .-B5+ or 11 "K·KI 12 NXQP++ followed by 13 BxKP. although not objectively satisfactory.

and Black cannot move his bishop without losing his rook to 18 Q86+ c 1 P·K4 P-K4 2 N-KB3 P-KB4 3 B-B4 pxp 4 NXP Q-N4 S P-Q4! QXP 6 Q-RS+ P-KNS 7 B-87+ K-Ql 8 BxP QXR+ 9 K-K2 9 QXB(29) lL.. _BXB? 17 QXRP and Black loses a piece.B-K2 allows 19 Q-N4+ K·Kl 20 QXB+ KXN 21 Q-B5+. e. .K-B2 13 B-B4±± 14 B-NS as well as 14 QXR+ If 13 .. If 11. R-BI 14 QXR+ BXQ 15 B-N5+ K-B2 16 RXQ pXB 17 NXKP with an easily won ending... QXP+ 14 P-QS 15 K-K1 Bla ck has no sa tisfactory defence. Almost three months later I met Keres at the Palma Interzonal tournament and asked him about the game.8... N-K2 13 Q·B6 B-N2 14 QXB NxB 15 Q-N8+ K-K2 16 Q:xp+. I glanced at the game briefly but at the time was unable to obtain a score sheet with the moves. 18 . and if 21 . 12_ .g.. and Black must give up his queen to prevent mate. K-B2 19 N-Q5+ mating.pxB·15 Q_xp+ K-Ql 16 N-B7+ K-KI 17 N-Q6++ K-Ql 18 Q-K8+ NXQ 19 N-B7 mate) 15 N-B7+ K-K1 16 B-B7 and White wins.ls thoroughly will be absolutely certain of winning against it.XN K-B2 18 QXB±±) 17 Q-NSI K-Q. P-B3 is-no better: 19 N-K51-! Q_pxN 20 Q-B7+ K-Q3 21 pxp+ K-B4 22 QXB+ ±±. 16 N-QS+ K-Q2 17 QXN QXNP 18 R-QI B'lacK is helpless._QxR allows Pi QXB+ K-B2 16 Q-Q8+ K-Q3 17 NBH K-K3 18 Q-K7+ K-B4 19 N-K3 mate. g. .. it al'mos~ by force! .. . . 10 11 I l' 29~~~~~~~~ N-QBS Q-B5! N-BS L This move was played in the simultaneous game Keres-N. Keres' alila-Iysisputs the opening in its correct perspective and the reader who ll':a'-FJ..g..l8 .. at Siegert during the 1970 Olympiad..l (or I7.... K-Ql 17 Q./ullter-Cam bit is literally full of varia tions which end in a position ~lt:tat s winning for White. 11 . 1..36 Latvian (Greco. P-B3 16 N-Q6! (Threatening 17 Q-K8+1) 16 . K-Ql 12 QXP+ K-K2 13 N-B7+! 14 N-B3! Threatening mate by IS N-QS. K-K1? 22 Q·K6+ mating.. P-Q4 17 N-K5+ K-Bl 18 QXB+ K-Nl 19 BxRP+ NxB 20Q-N6+ and mate next move.... /' 12 13 Threatening 13 Q. Q-B6+! Forced. The reader will have noticed that our discussion of the GrecoCt..N.K-Ql fails to 12 Q-R4+ e. . N-KBS 16 N-K5 P-B3 (or 16. Amazingly.and Black will soon be mated. N-KB3 (if ~6.XN+ Q-B7 RXB B-K2 Not 12... B-K2 12 B-B'l!! QXR 13 N-B7+ R-NI 10 11 N-B7+ NxR+ K-Kl PXB K-KI 14 NXR+ K-Ql (if 14.. e. since 14._K-K3 17 Q-B7+ K-B4 IS NQ5±±) 17 Q-B7+ K-QI 18 QXB+ K-B2 19 N-B7 and Black is in a mating llltt-19 .8-K2 13 N-B7+ K-KI 14 QXRP±± or 12 .. 16_. B-N2 18 NtlXP±±) 18 QXN+ B-K2 (or. 15 16 17 NXQ KxP R-KI pxN+ RXB Not 16.. a) IS .) 19 Q_-R8+ K·B2 20 N-QS+.Count er) Gam bit 'Latvian (Greco-Counter) Gambit 37 is the suggestion of the German analysist Gerhard Gunderam and has been extensively analysed in The Latvian Gambit MonthZy during the past few years. This is not because of any overstatement on i OHr part but due to the complete unsoundness of the gambit. P-N4 20 Q-Q8+ 'b) I5 . he remembered the ideas that he had while he was playing it and he showed me the following analysis..

J........ The gam"... pxQP 11 0-0-0 N- .0 7 Q-B4± (Black has little. 5 Queen's Pawn Counter Gambit 1 P-K4 P·K4 2 N·KB3 P·Q4 (30) This is not so much a defence as a joke. Paris 1859. Morphy-Mongredien.KB4 4 .. Tal-Lutikov. Q·K2 by 5 N-Q4 Q-K4 (on 5. N-KB3 Pachman suggests 6 N-Q_B3 Q-K47 N-B3 Q-K2 8 N-KN5±) 6 N-N5 B-Q3 7P-Q4 Q-K2 8 P-QB4 when White has a winning position.. Tallinn 1964. QxP 4 N·B3 Q·K3 5 B-N5+ Black's development hampered by the exposed position of his queen. 3 pxp P-K5 will be After 3. N-KB3 is met by 5 P-Q3 B-K2 (or 5. if any.Queen's Pawn Counter Gambit B3 ~2 Q-R3 B-K3 13-B-QB4 KR-KII Q-B4 17 RXB+ K-BI NXQ pxB 21 R-Q7+ K-B3 22 K·B2 25 :R-Q5 and White soon 39 Q·K2 !4'NxP QXQ 15 N·B7+ K-K2 16 18 RxN.. concluded: 7 B-QN5 8 Q-NS+ P-B3 9 QXB pxN 10 B-KN5 (returning the pawn for a crushing lead in development) 10. compensation for his pawns) and 4 . QXP 6 KN-Q2±) 6 pxp 0.KB6+ PXR 19 N·K6+ K-K2 20 R:Q6+ K-K2 23 R-K6+ K-Ql 24 NxP+ won... 5 P-Q3 N-KB3 PXp IfS . 4 Q-K2 P. QxP 6 QN-Q2 N·KB3 7 N-N5± 6 pxp 7 N·B3 White has a safe extra pawn.

.. should know how to refute: a) 2 .1... Heidenfeld-Bennett. N133 5 pxp NXP 6 pxp QXQ+ 7 KXQ BXP 8 B-K3 B-K3 9 N-B3 is not qui~e sound. Against the Sicilian we recommend the move 2 P·QB3 which was originally named Alapin's Variation but which normally transposes to the Smith-Morra Gambit Declined (1 P-K4 PQB4 2 P-Q4 pxp 3 P-QB3 N-KB3)......Q_leaves Black with poor prospects.. encouraging it to advance so that the KN will be able to use the Q4 square. Framk[.. Q-B2 6 P-Q4 pxp 7 pXP:. 1 P-K4 2 P-QB3 (31) 31 A pxP (4!. - .. B-N2 (not 3 .. while the counter-gambit 4 . nor 3. P-Q3 3 P-Q4 N-KBS? (relatively best is 3..NxP? 5 Q-R4+ loses a piece. continued 6 P-B3 N-B3 7 B-QB4 P-K3 8 NKR$ B-Q2 9 B-K3 N-K4 10 B-K2 B-K2 II N-Q2 P-KR3 12 N-B2 PKN4 13 N-QN3 P-N3 14 0-0-0 and Black has a difficult game. Black attacks Wnite's KP. Heidenfeld-Grzeskowiak. Skopje-Ohrid 1968. Most opponents who choose the Sicilian arrive at the board primed with current master systems and may know several difficult variations for twenty moves or more.j. Px P 4 Px P with some advantage to White because of his centre and easy development) 4 pxP! 'F~'is move of the late Yugoslav international master Rabar is €0nsldered Black's strongest but the repertoire player can face it with ...Sioliam Defence 41 6 Sicilian Defence '\ I P-K4 P-QB4 This is the most popular defence to 1 P-K4 at all levels of play. N-KB3 This is the most commonly seen defence to 2 P-QB3. With accurate play Black may be able to hold how own but White has chances of taking control of the centre and driving Black into a passive set-up. P-Q4? 4 pxp QXP 5 P-Q4 BN2 6 pxp QXBP 7 B-K3.!... N-Q4 3 P-K5 pxp 4P-Q4 5 B-QB4 Now there are two major alternatives: A15 Q-B2 A25 N-N3 Al 1 1"-K4 P-QB4 2 P-QB3 N-KB3 3 P-K5 N-Q44 P-Q4 pxp 5 B-QB4 5. Matulovicewrma.-6 P-Q4 pxp 7 N-K4! B-K2 8 pxp P-B4 9 N4-B3 P-Q3 10 NXN pxN 11 B-QN5+ B-Q2 12 N-B3±) 4 V-Q4 pxp 5 pxp P-Q4 (the only active move) 6 P-K5 B-N5 7 B-QN5+ N-Q2 8 QN-Q2 P-K3 9 0-0 N-K2 10 P-KR3 BxN 11 NxB... P-KN3 3 N-KB3! (this position can also arise from 1 P·K4 P-QB4 2 N-KB3 P-KN3 3 P-B3) 3 . _N-KB3 4 P-K5 N-Q4 5 N-N5!! PK3-or 5 . This system has not been exhaustively analysed and it is not easy for Black to get a satisfactory game.. Q-B2 (32) P-QB4 n~~~~~~~~ Black now has three serious alternatives: A2 NKB3 B 2 P-Q4 C 2 P-K3 There are two other less important tries which the repertoire player . fu) 2 .lJ1t-am-Main1960.. ]E'-K4 P-QB4 2 P-QB3 2. South African Ch 1955) 5 QXQ+ KX.

6.n Defence 43 confidence. 9 pxp 10 N-B3 110-0 12 P-QS 13NxP 14QxN 15 BXQ 16 B-N5 17 NXB White has a very slight Darga. For instance. concluded 9. ." P-QR3 12 N-N3 B-N3 13 [.. A game Steinberg-Soltis.') P-Q3 9 KPxP BxP 10 NxP P-QR3 II N-BS!± 6 B-N3 P-Q3 8 N-B3 8. e. It gives White at worst a. corres 1962)..P-QR3 14 B-KN5 P-K3? 15 N-K4 Q___><QP B-K3 Q-QI 17 B16 QB5 with a winning attack.promising gambit at the price of a pawn. P-Q4 7 pxp N-B3 8 N-K2 B-NS 9 P-B3 B-B4 10 QN-B3 P-K3 II {)-o followed by the advance of the KBP is also strong for White. or b) 13".-1E4N-K2 14 P-QR4 P-KR4 15 P-RS P-RS 1fi P-B5!± 7 N-B3 8 KPXP N-B.. N·K2 15 r Q-R4 B-N2 16 B-K3 P-KR317 BxN PXB 18 NXQP! pXN 19 Q-N3 B·K3 a'Fld:now20 N-B7+ would have won quickly. after the passive S.Q-K2.. Melton-Beckwith..pxp 7 NXP N-B3 8 N-B3 P·Q3 9 pxp threatening 10 N-KNS gives White excellent attacking chances. . continued 11. New York 1970.. White's pawn wedge at KS gives him easy attacking chances against the black king.') BxP? IS N-NS Q-N5 16 BXB R-Ql 17 B-B31-0 (Evans. ~leB Berg. England-Holland match 1960. cones 1967 Rei a tivel y best for BIack in this vari a tion seems 1O. 8 __ QPXP? 9 NXP pxp (or g . 90-0 P-Q3 Many players with black will accept the gambit pawn in such positions and hope to survive the attack after 9 .. 6.. P -K3 (ins te ad of 10..QxP 10 QXQ pXQ II N-QN5) 10 N-KN5 P-Q4II 0-0 B-K2 12 QRS P-N3 13 Q·R6 B-Bl 14 R-Kl+ with a winning attack.. A2 1 P-K4 P-QB4 2 P-QB3 N-KB3 3 P-KS N-Q44 P-Q4 pxp S B-QB4 5." P-K3 8 N-B. Milner-BarryVaN...g . Bognar 1961. 6 Q-K2 N-N3 7 B-Q3 N-B3 If 7." P-Q4 P-K3 is recommended for Black in many textbooks but an analysis in Chess Correspondent..P-K4 P-QB4 2 P-QB3 2..3 QXP It is easy for Black to go astray. September 1970.' P-K3 6 pxp P-Q3 7 N-KB3 N-QB3 8 0-0 B-K2 9 .. endgame B-B4 P-K3 B-K2 pxp NXN QXQ 0-0 BxB advantage.0-010 R-Ql P-QR311 N-B3 N3-NS 12 N-K4 NN3 13 B·N3 P-Q4 14 N-N3 B-Q2 IS NcKl P-QR4 16 B-Q2 P·RS 17 BXN (this move results in all Black's minor pieces being cut off from his beleagured Kvside) 17.." P-N3) but then 11 pxp B-K2 12 R-Ql B-Q2 13 N-B3 0-014 N-K1 gives White promising attacking chances..BxB 18 B-B2 N-BS 19 N-R5 Q-N4 20 R-Q3 Q_ K2 21 N-B6+! pXN 22 R-KN3+ K-Rl 23 BxKRP BxN 24 Q-R5 1-0. Bognar 1957.42 Sicilian Defence Sicilia. B 1 . 10 11 12 BPxP pxp B-KB4 for rook play on the open Analysis by Smith. pxP 10 NXP P-QR3. Rad0idc-0'Kelly... The game might continue II B-KB4 B-K2 12 QR-Bl 0-0 13 Q-K4 PN3 14 B-R6 R-Kl IS Q-KB4 and White is already threatening 16 N-K4 with a quick crunch on the dark squares. continued 14.Keller. while if Black chooses an inferior line he cim easily get crushed. N-N3(33) P-Q4 (34) . Milner-Barry- White's space control and his opportunities QB-file give him a clear positional advantage. shows that it is really good for White after 9 KpxPep QXP 10 0-0 P-N3 (10_"PXP 11 NXP PQR3 12 R-Ql gives Black a headache in return for an extra pawn) 11 NXP NxN 12 pXN B-N2 13 N-B3 and now: a) 13.0-0 14 B-K.

__ pxP 5 Pxp N-KB3 (5 ... Q·QR4 7 N·E3 P-K3 8 B·Q3 B-Q3 9 0·0 QNQ2 10 N-QN5 B-Nl II B·Q2 Q-N3 12 Q-Kl P-QR4 i s P-QR4 0-014 P-QN4± Yukhtman-Zlotnik..PXP 7 pxp B·N5+ 8 N-B3 0-0 9 0-0 Q-Ql 10 N-K5when White has chances of a K-side attack and Black's Q-side development is lagging)... N-KB3 5 N-B3 B-N5 6 B-K2 P-K3 7 0-0 B-K2 is met by SQR4+ N·B3 9 R·Ql 0-010 pxp with a big initiative. P-K4? 5 pxKP QXKP+ 6 B-K2 N-QB3 7 N-B3 Q-Q3 8 Q-R4 BQ2 9 B·KB4± Perlis-Tartakower.Primavera... ..44 Sicilian Defence Sicilian Defence 45 m 825 5 P-K3 PXP £35 B-N5 This central counter looks logical since White's QB3 square is occupied by a pawn and so White is unahle to take immediate advantage of the position of Black's queen.. _pxP 15 BxNP R-Kl 16 PR5. e. P-K3 5 N-B3 N-QB3 transposes to variation Bl as does 4 . However.. d) 4 . White stili has the initiative and it will not be long before Black's queen does feel exposed in the middle of the board. 'is rather better for White as backward. Bad Lie benstein R-QI N-Q4 12 Q-K4 P-B4 13 Q-KI. USSR 1973.Pxl' 8 pxp B-K2 9 N-B3 Q-Q3 (or 9 ..... b)4. B-B3 14 BRS_ESRch 1971. 1'l~ can keep Black's KP N·E3 B-K2 4 . P-K3 5 N-B3 N-KB3 6 B-K2 N-B3 (but not 6. 5 N-B3 And now: is 7 _ . 1908. There are two other simplifying tries. San Benedetto 1955.g. Cipslis. N-QB3 transposes to B2) 6 N-QB3 is also good for White..Zhuravlev-Karpov.Baurn bach.g. PK4: a) 4 . both involving the move . 14 . There are also two more complex alternatives: c) 4.... _QB-NI 0-0 12 N-K5 B-Q2 13 Q·B3 B-B3 14 Qchances. 6 pxp (36) pxp . In both games Black suffered through having his queen hunted around too much.. 6 . USSR 1959. White threatens to drive Black's pieces from pillar to post.PXP 5 pxp P-K4 6 B·K3 pxp 7 N·QB3 Q-QR4 8 BxP N-QB3 9 BN5 B-Q2 10 Q-K2+! KN-K2 11 N-B3 0-0·0 12 0-0 NXB 13 NxN± J anosevic. 3 pxp 4P-Q4 QXP N-QB3 6 B·Q3 70-0 Also good for White Q:l 10 B-K3 N-QN5 II R!\ with fair attacking 1963} 10 Q-K2 0-0 II !J:tB4. 8 P-B4 9 pxp 10 N-B3 11 B-N5 12 Q·K2 13 N·K4 14 BXB 15 BxN 16 KR-Ql± Zak·KrasTIov.. BxP B-K2 Q-R4 NXN NXB P-B3 82 [ P-K4 P-QB4 2 P-QB3 P·Q4 3 pxp QXP 4 P-Q4 N -QB3 5 N-B3 5 .. e.

....(.... a) 7 .. 7N-B3t Euwe's move.g. 'Moscow 1960. 7 pxKP BxN 8 BxB QXQ+ 9 BxP 10 E.. Also bad is 6."P-K4.. Angelov-Christov.. There is no viable alternative. Zaitsev-Koifrnan. B-NS 1 :P-K4 P-QB4 2 P-QB3 P-Q4 3 pxp QXP 4 P.... 7 .. Kirillov -Skuja. 7 B-K2 transposes to B3... P-K47 N-B3 B-QN5 8 B-Q2 BxN 9 BxB P-K5 (or 9. 37 B-NS(37) H6 . b) lO NxN? 11 BxN+ K-Ql 12 B-KB4± c) 10 0-0-0 11 NxN RxN 12 B-K3± .Q4 N -QB3 S N -B3 5 .N-KB3 12 N-B3 B-K2 l3 iB-iK3with a very active game..f 46 Sicilia».8 P-Q5! pxp 9 pxp and now: a" 9. II 12 13 14 15 N-B7+ NxR K-QI B-K3 B-QB4 K-Q2 B-N!1+ N-K2 N2. Here too White has a strong attack. 8 pxB Not 8 .. b) 9. _Q-Q2... B-NS with N-B3 (as in variation 82)_ pxp 6 B-K2 .. Or 6.Black's Q~side is extremely vulnerable: ']... 6 . P-K3 7 N-B3 B-N5 8 B-K2 N-B3 9 a-a Q-Q1 10 B-KN5 B-K2 II R-Bl 0-0 12 B-Q3 Letzelter-Huguet.. Q-Q3 8 P-Q5 N-K4 9 B-QN5+ B-Q2 (or 9 . N-Q2 10 P·KR3 BR411 P-KN4 B-N3 12 Q-R4±) 10 B-KB4t BxB II BXN Q-R3 12 N-Q4 and Black's development is severely lacking.. PXP QXBP (the exchange of queens is scarcely better) 8 Q-R4 BXN 9 BXB N-Q5 10 pXN QXB+ II K-K2 QXP+ (11. _N-K3 11 B-K3 P-QR3 12 0-0-0 .l..}@vich-Lyubitel. Bulgarian Cones eh 1961-2) 12 QXN B-Q3 13 N-B3 N-K2.R4+ with the two bishops. By delaying the exchange .83 Black has insufficient play to compensate for his materia t deficit. N-B7+? 11 K-Ql NxR 12 N-B7+ K-Q2 13 NxR P-K4 14 B-K3 P-QN3 15 B-QR6! when Black's knight is trapped while White's cannot readily be at tacked... USSR 1968 b) 7. . ¥lJ.. Q-QR4? 9 P-Q5 0-0-010 9QXQ 10 N-N5! Q-N3± NXQ P-K4 QXQP This is Black's best chance. Latvia 1965. France 1968. N-N5? 10 N-B3 0-0·0 11 0-0 B-Q3 12 P"QR3 BxN 13 pxN 8xB 14 QXB K-Nl 15 pxp BXBP 16 B-B4-+ ± Altschuler-Barkhatov. Q-QR4? 8 P-Q5 N-K4 (or 8... B§ 6 .. P-K3 can be met by 7 P-B4 (7 0-0 pxp 8 Pxl' transposes to the text)7 . cones 1959..QXR? 12 QXP) 12 N·Q. 1.. 0-0-0 9 B-Q2 N-K4 10 Q-Bl! QB2 II N-QN5±±) 9 NxNt BXQ 10 B-QNS+ K-Ql 11 NxP+ K-Bl 12 KXB winning. According to Schwarz this ( The a Iterna rives ha ve long been known to favou r W hi te: a) IO . White has the freer position.......g. O-O-o? is very dangerous .2 QXQP 13 KR-QB1+ K-NI 14 Q-B2 with a powerful attack. In each case White's quicker development guarantees an advantage... Defence sieiliaiJl Defence 47 d~ Hi) . e. BxN 10 BXB N-Q5 11 0"0 NxB+ (if 11. 6 . pxP 10 NxP NxN 11 QXN QXQ 12 BXQ and White still has a slight plus because of the two bishops) 10 N-K5 NxN 11 pxN N-K2 12 Q-R4+ BQ2 13 Q-N4 followed by 14 B-QB4 with the initiative. Pxp for one move Black prevents his opponent from meeting . e.

Minev-Gligoric. Now._ 4 QXP transposes to variation 5 N·BS Imprecise NS is !) __ KPxP B (note to Black's fourth N-Q_B3 B-Q.B-Q3 pawfl.R4 1972. 31'-Q4 4 KPxP 4 P -K5 t ranspost'S P·Q4 tot he Adv a nee Va ri a tion of the French.lme Yugoslav eh 1958. good play against Black's isolated QP. B·K2 13 R·K1 and Black is in trouble 8 pxp 9QN-Q2 10 N-N3 BxBP 0-0 B·N3 effecting a blockade I:il lO". 4 . P-K3 (38) 16 QR-Ql:!: Romania 38 rfWj~£ij~mJ~iil This reply is rarely seen because White may force his opponent into the French Defence and the solid French is not normally to the taste of lively Sicilian addicts.!. He has a strong passed pawn and the more active development. N-B3 Q-Q2 BxB BXQ pxN 0·0-0 B-N5 Mat ulovic-Trifunovic . 11 N.N3-Q4 B-KBl Q. B·KB4 In all these B-K5 Q-Q3 Q-B3 P·KR3 lines White' has 16 pxN BxP 17 pxP+. N·KB36 s. One possible continuation is 14 B-B4 BxB 15 QXB 0-0 (not 15".1) P-Q5! BxN Whit« could have maintained his advantage.N'Q2. 1 P-K4 P-QB4 2 P-QB3 2. and Black has .N5+ N·B3 7 0-0 B·K2 8 pxp BXP q Bon Q4_ will soon post a knight move).B-NS 12 B-N5 Q·Q3 13 Q-Q3. whe n White . " pxp 8 QXP! N·B3 9 Q-QR4 0-0 10 BXN pXB II Q><BP B·KN5 12 QN-Q2 R-BI 13 Q-R4 B-Nl 14 P·KR3 B·R4 15 N-Q4.N3-Q4 on Black's isolated 11 R-Kl If lL.NxP?? 16 Q-K5+) 16 QR·Ql .48 Sicilian Defence SieililPn Defence 6 B-QN5 49 70-0 B-Q3 KN-K2 position is level but in reality White is better. with 1. II B·K3 1If7. Amsterdam Olympiad 1954.K3 10 Q. C Q-QR4 9 pxp P-K3 BxN 10 BxB QXKP+ (the K-file).othing to show for the sacrificed pawn.: 7 pxp Not 7 B-B4 120-0 P-K4? 8 N-B3 80-0 9 N-B3 10 N-K5 11 NXQ 12 NxN+ 13 RxB 14 B-K3 So far WI' have' hero following the g. B"K3 N. 12 13 14 15 Gfuizdavu-Botez.

. Here we shall examine a sharper system once championed by Alekhine. pQ:R4 (if 1l . the break P-QB4 putting pressure on White's QP and.BPxP?. It found [a:your with Smyslov in his 1954 World Championship match against iB@~vinnikand has recently been tried on a couple of occasions by Bobby Fischel'.. the French has endured the passage of time and emerged with the stamp of respecta bility accorded to very few opening systems: It is often underrated as being too passive but this is very far from the truth.. e. 3 N-QB3 The most active move. 4 . A [ P-K4 P-K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 N-QB3 3 ..B-N5 B 3. . 5. B-Q2 6 QXP BxB 7 NxB pxp 8 QXQP!) 5 PXP! gives White an eXClelient game. P-Q5 (or 5. Black's most dynamic defence (attack!?) and the prime reason for the popularity of Tarrasch's 3 N-Q2. c) 9 Q-Q4 100-0 B-KN5 11 N...P-QB4..QxP 12 R-Kl N-K2 13 N2xP!±± 12 R"KI BK31S N-B4 and White has an enormous position.B3xP with a good pawn extra.g. Q-R4+ 10 B-Q2 Q-N3 II 0-0 (threatening 12 P-QN4) 11.. 39~~~~~~~~ B"N5 (39) ~he Winawer Variation. After White's most active third move (3 N-QB3) there is no one system that wili satisfy all of Black's possible replies. or d.tra I pawns and thereby lead to positions in which Black's pawns at K3 and Q4 are able to advance with considerable effect. Unlike most of today's grandmasters who prefer Tarrasch's quieter 3 N-Q2.... . 5 ... We have now reached an important parting of the ways and it is necessary to examine these variations in some detail: A 3. 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 Larsen has recently been experimenting with the 'Franco-Sicilian' 2. but the difference here is that Black's counrerplay takes longeF than usual to ge t going. or 11.g. .g. _P-QB4 which gives White the option of transposing to the Sicilian Defence proper with 3 N-KB3.. .B4xN 12 QXB BxN 13 QXQ rXQ)4' R"KI and White has again won a pawn. where appropriate . 4 P-QR3 The idea of this move is to reach a position similar to those-arising in whe main line (4 P-K5 P-QB4 5 P-QR3 BxN+ 6 pxB) but in which the t~([l~ics tart before Black has had time to play . 3. Most of the analysis performed on the Winawer in recent years has been devoted t@ the well known line 4 P-K5 P-QB4 5 P-QR3 BxN+ 6 Pxb. N-KB3 6 B-K3t) 6 B-QN5+ NQBS 7 BxN+ pxB 8 N3-K2! BxP 9 N-KBS and now: a} 9 B-KN5? 10 N .. B-R3 12 P-QN4 BxN 13 Q_XB+ B-K2 14 Q-B4 again winni. e.Freneh Defence 51 7 French Defence 1 P-K4 P-K3 A favourite weapon with Botvinnik and Uhlmann. Fischer almost always plays 3 N-QB3.. PXP C 3.) 9.P-QB4? 4 KPxP KPxP (on 4" . As with many s Irnes of the Winawer. B-N5 6 B-K2 BxN 7 BxB B-K2 80-0 N-KB3 9 N-R3! 0-010 N-B4 QN-Q2 II R-Kl! (Gligoric).. We must therefore treat each of these replies on its own merit.P·KB3 to attack the white pawn that so often advances to K5. bJ)9 B-QN5+ 10 B-Q2 BxB+ 11 QXB P-QB4 12 O-O-O±.. 5. . N-KB3 If 3" . Black has two traditional thematic ideas..ng a pawn. . Each of these breaks carries with it the possibility of an attack along a bishop's file and in the long term they often bring about the exchange of White's cell. e.. (see page XXX). when White retains some advantage. N-QB3 transposes to Nimzowitsch's Defence.. White grabs Black's KNP and thereby wrecks Black's Kvside. 5 B-QN5+ wins a pawn....B3xP B. A more ambitious try is 3 P-Q5 pxp 4 pxp P-Q3 5 N-KB3...

P-N3 QN-Q2 P-JIA 'R-NJ Al i p·K4 P-K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 N-QB3 B·N5 4 P-QR3 BxN+ 5 pxB pxp 7 Q><NPR-Nl 8 Q-R6 8.. 6 Q-N4 J.. Q·Bl does not help matters because White can then pIa): 13 B-N5 KN-Q2 (if 13 . 5 P><B PXp Logical and best.. I 872).. 12 . N -B3 8 N-B3 KN-K2 9 B-Q3± (Walbrodt-Noa. A Fdativel¥ unexplored 6 Q-N4! N-KB3 P-N3 move.. P-QB4) 6 Q-N4 N-B3 7 QXNP R-Nl 8 Q-R6 QPxP. 12 BXP N-KB3 WAite has gained an important pawn and because of his passed KRP alwHl!s~ny endgame will be an attractive proposition. (Huch -M an vide.. 14 B-QN5+1 Q·QR4 QXB! 6__ .. a 12..!.( lL.. two active bishops and the simultaneous ~hreMs of 14 N-B4 and 14 Q·R8+ N-N115 P-KR4. 15 NxR ~lil. N-K2 8 B-KB4 P-B3 9 B-K5 Q·B4 10 B-Q~ when Black is obliged to exchange queens leaving White with the two bishops and much the bet ter development.. N -K2 should be met by Keres' interesting bu t V '1tried suggestion 6 B-Q3.. White has considerablepressure against Black's Kside. 14 N-B4 wins a piece.e. _P-B3 IS NXR QXBP+ 16 K-K2 QXBP+ 17 B·Q2 when White is winning. if he wishes transpose hack to the text by (5 . when Black has no counterplay. P-QB4. Opocensky~ 1938.g. _ Threatening We have now reached a critical position in which it is necessary consider four possible moves.. R·N3 B·N2 P-KR3 NXN+ NXN 15 B- 9B-KN5 10 Q-R4 11 N-K2! Instead of utilizing this option White may. Q-Q4 Mavic €Onsiders this move to be dubious but fails to suggest any ahemativ. 5.52 Sicilian Defence French Df:fence A18 A2 8 A38 A4'8 53 4 ..ebrittle structure on Black's K-side has at last given way. The black queen is misplaced on the K-side..) H (t-RS.. B-R4 5 P-QN4 B-N3 6 P-K5 gives White a superior form of the Winawer Variation inasmuch as Black will never have time enough to force . White is 'threatening' 13 P-KR3 (13 N-B4? R·N5) followed Iit¥ [4 N-B41R-KNI 15 B-KN5 and 16 N-R5 winning a piece because of the piln en Black's KN. QN-Q2.B6+ mate in one! 16 N-B4 17 QXN . Play might continue 6 . Foltvs... or 7.." P-QR4 can be met by 6 KPxP KPxP 7 PXP!? N· KB3 8 B-Q3 0-0 9 N-K2 QN-Q2 10 B-K3 Q·B2 11 B"Q4..0-0 9 B-Q3±) 9 Q-B4 followed by B-Q3±. 7 QXNP 8 Q·R6 (40) R·Nl Nfilt H ....K4) during the last century e. N-K2 7 Q-N4 N-B4 8 N·B3 P-KR4 (if 8..QN-Q2 12 N-B4 R-KNI 13 N-R5 R-N314 K2(:±:~foHowed by B·R5 winning the exchange.. 7 . 13...."" N-BI 15 B·R6 N-Q2 16 N·B4 winning the exchange. 1896). to B·R3 Q-N7 QXP. 5 . 13 N-B4 Also possible is 13 B-Q2 after which White has a clear advantage because @t his extra pawn. 15 .Q-B3? was exposed as unsound (by 7 QXP..

.. I . particularly in the Winawer Variation. Siegen Olympiad 1970. QN·Q2 (41) pxp 41~~~~~~~~~ This move is also rarely seen-it exploded into fame when an unknown Yugoslav (Kovacevic) used it in a game which he won from Fischer at Zagreb 1970... q_-~5 1_2PX~±-Alekhi~e) .. British Championship 1968. One advantage of White's whole system here is that there is no KP to be p1'0tected. We have now transposed to variation A3 (note to Black's 9th move).. B-N2. The ttriple~s would then be very useful for White because between them they Ci@ntDol number of irn portant squares..P-QN3 when 10 N· N3 would have been correct (with the plan of II B·K2 and 12 0·0). P-B4 R·N3 9N·K2 9_"QN-Q2 can be met by 10 N-N3 and now: rare for White to be able to afford the luxury of tFipIecli pawns. accordmg to Keres. ~xQ+ would be a grave error since without queens on the board Black will find it extremely difficult to attack White's advanced QBP... 11 It is somewhat A2 I P·K4 P-K3 2 P·Q4 P·Q4 3 N·QB3 B·N5 4 P.2 23 B-R3+ K-Nl 24 P-R5 with a tremendous game for White.JQ.' . 11 B-Q2 1I ... ~956 c) 1O.t iEl0ch-Huss..QR3 BXNt_5pxB 6 Q-N4 N-KB3 7 QXNP R-Nl 8 Q-R6 8 _. In many of the variations hereabouts Black loses becuase his king is so unsafe. QN·Q2. c:Fea~inga useful passed pawn and attempting to prise open Black's king position.. a ..h e h as a d equate ..·B2 13 pxp pxp 14 NxP NxN 15 QXN B-N2 16 Q-KB4 P-K4 17 Q·KR4 BxP 18 R-KNI Q-R4 19 BxN+ KxB 20 B-N2 QR-KNI 21 0·0-0 with a terrific attack.. pxP 15 QXP Q-B3 16 QXQ±) 15 P-QB3± Alekhine-Euwe.. . pxP 16 Pxp N2-N3 (if 16 . Black has no immediate counterplay that can be used as a reprisal for II pxP. '83 (or H .54 French Defence Black cannot afford to capture the rooks because his king is weak: (17. however.F-N3? 11 B-QN5! R·N3 12 Q·K3 Q. Frenc'h neJence a 1(:)... 11 PQB4. White can try Keres' interesting suggestion.. K·B3?? 23 P-Q5+ winning the queen) 23 Q-N7+ K-QI 24 R·QNl± (analysis by Marie). 12 P-QR4 ) ]3 I?xp Q-Q4 produces a position in which. b) 1Q . Q><R+ 18 K-Q2 QXR) 19 NxP! and Black is soon mated. pXl?k have sufficient counterplay. . P-QB4 9N·K2 In the Fischer-Kovacevic game Black played 9". 9 B-Q2 is answered by 10 B-KN51 R-N3 11 Q-R4 B-B3 12 P-Q5! 9 N-B31O pxp R·N3 11 Q·Q2 transposes to the text.. K-Q3?? 21 B-B4+ K·B3 22 QXR+ ±±) 2I B-N5+ K-Q3 22 B-B4+ K·K2 (not 22 . After 14 Q-K3! B-N2 15 P·KR3! Blac mayI think that White's a d vantage IS sn'11 t h ere . Now White should have continued forcefully with 20 N-N6+! pXN (20 .. N· B5 1'1 BxN QXB 18 O-O±) 17 B-R5! R-N2 18 B-B3 (threatening 19 NRS) [8. PXP? 12 QXN QXBP+ 13 K-Ql Q?<R ]4 NXP and White wins. 13. R-N3 is no real improvement either because of 14 Q-R8+ K-K2 15 R-QNI! N-B3 16 R-N3 Q-B4 17 P-QR41 winniNg. 10 Q-Q2! N-QB3 After roo .. continued: 15 . Normally White HUlst maintain a pawn at Q4 so as to support its neighbour at K5... . Q-R4 H B-Q2 P·N3 (11.... FichtlAltschul. R-N3? 11 Q-K3 N-Q412 QXP NxP 13 Q-Q3 N-Q414 B-K2 Q. 3rd mateh game 1935. If then 10 . Bl k' ac s I ()Qntn~ 0f the centre and good prospects of creatmg p ay agarnst ' 55 weak king. Consequently. d) 10 . Q-N319 B-K4! P-B4 20 B-B3 K-BI 21 P-QR4! R-QB2 22 0-0 !B. White has won the exc hange and still retains an atrack. The idea behind this move is to prepare for P-Q5 (followed by NB3). pxp AS 1 P-K4 P·K3 2 P-Q4 P·Q4 3 N·QB3 B-N5 4 P-QR3 BXN+ 5 pxB pxP 6 Q-N4 N·KB3 7 QXNPR-Nl 8 Q·R6 8.... White can continue with 11 B·KN5 followed by N-R5 as in variation Al (note to Black's Ll th move).. 18 19 K-Ql Q-R8+ N·Q2 K-K2 So far we have been following the game Watson· Whiteley.) 12 Q-Q2 P-QR3 13 B-K2 P-N3 140-0 B-N2 15 PB3. Q:·B2 11 B-QN5! R-N3 (if n..

N-BS 10 B·N2 N-K2. -. A.K2 ..atethe kind of attack that White can sometimes build up against the bla€lk king.. 9Q·Q2! P·N3 If 9 . Q-K2 has been suggested instead of the U . ....·ter .FlOW: has a variety of moves from which to choose. 42 R-N3-(42) Frencli Ji)efence N-Q2 Followed by 12 ..GelIlelilt prospects in this variation and games won by Spassky and Tal HLast. N-Q4 18 K-Q2 and in each case White has almost complete control of the dark squares. With his third move Black cedes ground in the centre and tlile issue then revolves around the question of whether White can maintain his centre or whether he is forced into some equalizing exchanging sequences.chaFlges.g. 10 11 B-N2 0·0-0 B-N2 Q-Q3 .B-NS o then 141"i'LK2with chances for both sides in the lively struggle ahead. 0 (White's prevIous move left the KNP defended). Here we shall examine a few moves of the game itself as this will give the reader a good grasp of some of the ideas involved in the position. B. A4 I P·K4 P-K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 N-QB3 B-N5 4 P-QRS BXN+ 5 pxB pxp 6 Q·N4 N·KB3 7 QXNP R·Nl 8 Q-R6 8 . I7 . and If 13 . which aims at simplification through early ex. Keres now suggests 17 B-Q6 as being the best way to increase the pressure.. B 1 P-K4 P-K3 2 P·Q4 P·Q4 3 N-QB3 3 .lQ3 squares and thereby hinders the completion of White's devel~proent. BJ 4. 13 14 15 16 Q-Kl pxp 57 K-Nl N-B3 0-0-0 Q-B5+ QXKP N-QR4 sides. e... .. Keres' suggestion of II P-QB4 leaves White with the freer position (.) 9 . This position was reached in the 19th game of the 1954 World Championship match (Smyslov-Botvinnik) and after the game Botvinnik recommended 15 N·N3 as strongest (±) with the idea of 16 BK2 followed by 0-0. 0. x_ 12 P-B3 N-B3 BI k's pawn at K5 is a useful possession because it controls White's KBS a:I'H... Lutikov-Golz. For this reason the exchange 12 . N-Kl 18 B-N3 or 17 . 17 NXN BxN 18 P-B4 also leaves White with the advantage.. ~ Ii QN-Q2 White should continue with 12 P-B3 Q-K2 13 text. -... ~lall:1I..!.... 15 16 N-Q4 B-KB4+ P-QR3 K-Bl To allow 16 N-N5+ K-NI 17 N-Q6 would be foolish.r.. PXp RI!IDi'lJlstein'sDefence.56 French D~rence 12 13 14 R-QNl Q·Q6! QXQ+ Q-B2 0·0·0 KXQ So White has managed to exchange queens but in doing so he has had to make the concession of leaving Black's king conveniently situated to watch aver the QBPs. Experience suggests that White should enjoy ex.. P-B4 10 N·K2 N-B3 II pxp transposes to variation A3. Bad The )1I05iti00 offers chances to both Salzungen 1960. PXP 13 NXP can only be to Wlljte's advantage.. We shall dlvl<il~ Our disclilssion into.

5best met by 9 B-Q2 Q><BP 10 O-O! and if 10 . The disadvantage of the text is that it does not pose White any immediate problems and the first player therefore has a free choice of moves with which to fortify his centre and/or prepare for an eventual K-side attack. White has an advantage in aee and tl1e two bishops. .... Spassky-O'KeIly.. N-Q2 8 Q·K2 0-0 (or 8... . 7 Q-K2 KN-B3 8 0·0 x..B'XN "l! BXE P·QB3 80-0 N·BS 9 B-Q3. 5 N-KB3 N-KBS 5...g. B·Q2?!( 44) This m€w..erepresents a completely unthematic idea in which Black plans to develop his bishop on the QRI-KR8 diagonal while evading the cOFlsequences of 4 .. P-QB4). Q-K2 10 P-KR4! 7". Paoli -Kottnauer. 1949..B5.. On QB3 Black's bishop blocks his QBP ami it is then almost impossible for him to put pressure on White's Q!P in che usual way (. If . P·KN3 0-0 Black prepares for .._ If 8 . The game Fred-Skold . . .. San Juan 1969. 6 Already Black has difficulty in completing his development. 5 N·KBS 6 B-Q3 B-B3 N-B3 i The recent exchanges did little to help Black because White has remained with one very important advantage -on an open board he has the initiative... e.!. 6 NxN+ 7 B·Q3 BXN N·B3 Now Black cannot castle Q-side and White threatens Q-R4 RlaC:khas solved the immediate problem of the safety of his king but White remains with the more active position... RKIlO 0-0-0 P-B4 II P-KR4! or 9 .. N-Q2 B5 Otherfourth BI 1 P-K4 P-KS 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 S N-QBS pxp 4 NxP 4. continued 6.P-B4 9 P-Q5 Q-K2 10 pxp QXP II QXQ+ pXQ±) 9 B-K3. .0 9 BXN lixE 10 QXB P·QB3 11 P-B4 B·K2 12 P-QNS 0·0 lS-B-N2 .. White gets good attacking chances after 9 . .. P-QN3 (see B5). P-QNS is much too slow. 1951 continued 6... BXP then 11 R-NI B·B3 (11... N-KBS in such a way as to be able to recapture (after White's NXN+) with the bishop and thereby intensify his pressure on White's QP.P-B48 pxp Q-R4+ i. French Defence Frerwh meJence 11 N@t lL. .. 11.0-09 44~~~~~~~~~ P-K4 and a K-side Q·B2 P-KNS 10 B-KR6 followed by 0·0·0 9 Pxp 10 NxN NXP BXN pawn storm. On 7 .v-· 59 0-0 B-QS regaining B-K3 the piece and 12 BXP+ KxB IS Q-R5+ nO' moves thereby winning a pawn.·QN-Q2 10 P-B4 B-QS II P-QNS 0-0 12 B·N2 Q-B2 13 Q-B2. B-Q3 N·Q2 7 Q·K2 B-N2 80-0 KN-B3 9 R-Ql! P-KR3 10 B-KB4 NQ4 11 B'Q2(:t) whereupon Sk51d blundered and lost very quickly. N-Q2 transposes to variation B4. "1 NXNN-n2 leads • a sirm ar sort of position. 12 R-Kl+ 13 Q·R5 TI'IFeateliling 14 RxB+ as well as 14 Q-QN5+ B-K2 13 14 14 15 Q-Q2 B-KNS 15 B.58 B24 B-Q2.. iB2 l! P-K4 P·K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 N-QB3 pxp 4 NXP 4 .B·R6?? 12 R·N3±±) 12 B-N4 with a tremendous game for the pawn. 8.?! B34 N-KB3 B44. N·N5? 12 BxN BxB IS P-Q51 P-K4 14 B-N5 B-Q3 15 NxB+ pXN 16 NxP pxN 17 QXP+ K-Bl 18 Q-Q6+ 1-0.. note to Black's fifth move.. 5 . 8 P-B3! Securing White's centre still further._.


French D~fence

R·KI 14 o...R·o...l:t (Black is very cramped. but not necessarily losing) Shianovsky-Kostyuchenko, 'Avangard' tournament Kiev 1965. 7 NxN+ pxN
If 7... Q.xN?? 8 B-KN5! BXN 9 0...-0...2and Black loses his Queen (9 ... QxP 10 B·N5+)

8o...-K2± B3 I P-K4 P-K3 2 P·Q4 P·Q4 3 N-QB3 pxp 4 NXP 4... N-KB3(45)

French Defence d Ibaden 1969. After 7 B-Q3 B-Q3 8 Q·K2 Q-B2 9 B-Q2 N-Q2 Cup, AI. ~ P-N3 Black's game was very cramped and White had fine 1000-v. , n both sides of the board. The game concluded: 11 N-R4! Erospects e 'P 12 Q-iR!ii N-BI 13 Q.R6! R-KNI 14 KR-KI 0·0·015 Q_><EP R-NS ~: I"-KN3 P-B4 17 N-BS! N·Q2 18 NXB+ O_XN 19 Q_xBP RXQP 20 xKP Q-Bl 21 B·KB4 RxB.BS 22 pxR o_xP+ 23 K-NI }·O. Q Onh€Fsiocnhmoves are just as bad for Black. e.g , a) 6 ... 13·(1):2 B-K2 B-B3 80-0 R-NI 9 P-B4 B-Q3 10 Q-B2 P·B4? 11 7 p.Q5!±; b) IL.P-@4 7 B·K3 Q-N3 8 B-K2 N-B3 9 0-0 B-Q.2 (not 9 ... pxP? 10 NXI" B-B4! 11 P-QB3 P-K4 12 N-N5! BxB 13 Q-Q6! winning) 10 P-B3 EK2 11 P-Q5! and Black's pawns will be seriously weakened. RichterPetrev, 1936; or c~ 6... 13-Q.S7 B·Q3 P-N3 8 B·K4 P-B3 90-0 B·N2 10 B·K3 P-KE4 II



7 B-QJ\15+! 8 B·QB4

P-B3 B-QN2

After an examination of the consequences of this move, the reader will come to understand why 4 ... N-Q2 (variation B4) has long been the main line. 5 NXN+ On 5 .. ,QXN 6 N-BS, White threatens 7 B-KN5 followed by 8 B·Q3 with a colossal lead in development. Black may then try: a) 6 ... P·KR3 7 B·Q3 N-B3 (if7 ... B-Q3 80-00-09 Q-K2 N-B310 QK4 R·Ql 11 P-KN41 with a very strong attack) or 7."P-B4 8 B-K3;;!; Janosevic-Puc, Yugoslavia 1948) 80·0 B-Q3 9 P-B3 B·Q2 10 o...·K2O· 0-0 11 P-QN4! ± (analysis by Duckstein), White's attack will prove stronger than Black's because he can gain control of his K5 square, providing his knight with an outpost; . b) 6... Q-Ql 7 B-Q_3 P-QB4 8 0-0 pxp 9 NXP B-K2 10 B-KB4 gwes White a handy lead in development, Hubner-Troger, West Germany 1964; or c) 6 ... B-Q2? 7 B-KN5 Q-N3 8 B-Q.'3 P·KB4 9 P-KR4! N-B3 10 Q-K2 p. KR3 II B·KB4 0·0-0 12 0-0-0 B·Q3 13 B·K5!± Tarrasch·Lasker, 6th match game 1908.
6 N-B3

111S B·QR3 9 BXB NXB 10 P-B3;;!;;(Black's knight is poorly placed), er if8 Q-B2 9 0-0 B-QN2 10 R-Kl N-Q2 (not lO ... B-K2? 11 Q-K2 N·Q2 12 BXP! PXB 13 o...XPNxBl 14 QXKBP N·N3 14 B·N5 winning, Toka,rev-MakaFov, USSR 1951) 11 Q·K2;;t; - BxP is again threatened and the black king would not be happy after Q-side castling either. 9B-B4 10 B-KN3 11 Q-K2 120·0 13 B-R6± B-Q3 Q-B2 N-Q2 0-0·0

This position was reached in the game Liublinsky-Ufimsev, USSR Cham.pi0Il.sfiip Semi-Final 1945. White's advantag-e lies principally in the fact that his king is much less vulnerable than Black's, the black pawns at QB3 and QN3 providing White with targets for his Q-side pawns to attack. 1fmegame continued: 13 .. ,P-R414 BxB+KXB 15 P·B4 ± iB4
I P-K4 f'QB3 2 P-Q4 P·Q4 3 pxp pxp 4 P·QB4 N -KB3 5 P- B5

4." 'F~e normal move, preparing p0ss1ble CiFcUmstances. 5 N-KB3 5... B-K2 6 B·Q3 KN-B3

N.Q2(46) to play ... KN-B3 under KN-B3

the best

P-QN3 Clare Benedict

6 ... P-B3?! was tried in the game Glauser-Troger,

7 NxN+


to the text after

62 46



French Jj)efence


7 .. NXN. If instead Black tries 7 ... BxN. White can obtain g-ood attacking chances with Par hman's suggestion 8 Q-K2 0-09 B-K3 R-Kl 100-0-0 P-B4 II P-KR4. 6 NxN+ 7 B·Q3 \Ve have reached all important position in the Rubinstein Variation. White's plan is to increase his hold on the centre by Q-Q2 and B-KN5, and then continue 'with either 0-0 followed by R-Ql or 0-0-0 followed by P-KR4. Black has tried various moves from this position and we examine the more plausible of them under: 8417 P-QB4 B427 B-K2 B437 P-QN3 7 .. P-KR3 prevents one of White's key moves but in doing so it wastes a tempo and creates a weakness, Spie lrnarm-L'Hermct , 1927 continued: 8 Q-K2 B-Q3 9 B-Q2 0-0100-0-0 B-Q2 II N·K5 P-B4 12 pxp BxN 13 QXB B· B3 14 B· KB4± with excellent attacking chances. 7 .. P-B3 is also weak. Prins-Guimard , 1950 continued: 8 B·K3 B-K2 9 Q-K2 Q-R4+ 10 B·Q2 Q·B2 11 0-0-0 N-Q4 12 N-K5 B-B3 13 PKB4 P·QN4 14 KR-Bl P-QR3 15 B-K4 R-R2 16 R·B3± (space advantage and extra mobility). Black's KR is useless because ... 0-0 would result in him getting mated. B41 I P-K4 P·K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 N-QB3 pxp 4 NXP N-Q2 5 N·KB3 KN· B3 6 NxN+ NxN 7 B-Q3
7 ...

lead in development: (2) He has a Q-side pawn majority; good prospects of an attack against Black's K-side. 9B-KN~ Thr>eatening 10 BxN QXB II B-N5+, 9 ... B-K2
9.. .oo 10 Q-K2 P-KR3 II B-Q2! followed by 0-0-0 lPosinionof the kind discussed earlier (±), 1\fi9... B-Q2 10 Q·K2 Q-B2 11 0-00-0-012 N-K5;;t

(3) He has




Q-K2 0·0·0

0-0 and is now ready to launch a

his development f(·side atback. Spielmann-Petrov, 1938,

White has completed

[ P-K4 P-K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 N·QB3 pxp 4 NxP N·Q2 ~ N·KB3 KNB3 fii NxN-I:-NXN 7 B-Q3

7 ...


P·QB4( 47) 8B·KN5 The most aggressive move. 8 .. P-B4

8 pxp BXP If 8 .. Q·R4+ 9 B·Q2 QXBP, 10 Q-K2 followed by 0-0-0 gives Whitea clear advantage due to three distinct factors: (I) He has a two move

After 8. P-KR3, Keres recommends simply 9 B-R4.

French Defence

French Defence »43


8." N· Q4 is a rather surprising move that fails to accomplish anything. Ljubisavljevic-Canal, San Benedetto 1967, continued 9 BXB

QXB 10·0·00-0 II R-KI N·BS 12 B-M· R·Ql 13 Q-Q2 Q-Q3 14 QRQl N-Q4 l[) N-K5 N-B3 16 B·Q3:!:;-White's superior development gives him greater freedom of action. Black's only serious alternative to the text is 8".0·0 9 Q-K2 and now; a).9 .. P-B4 10 0-0·0 pxp 11 P·KR4 is good for White (Tal); b) 9 .. Q-Q4 100-0 P-KR3 11 P·B4 Q-Q3 12 B-R4 shows Black's early queen excursion to be mere loss of time, Matulovic-Canal, Reggio Emilia 1968- 69; or .c) 9" R-Nl 100·0·0 P-QN3 11 KR-Kl B-N2 (so far as in Pantaleev. Popov, Buiga ria 1967) 12 N -K5;t - Whi te has a fine cent ralized position and Black's king will he in permanent danger.
9 Q-K2

t F-K4 P·K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4· 3 NpQB3 pxp 4 NxP N-Q2 5 N-KB3 KN1336 NxN+ NxN7 B·Q3

7 ... 49

P-QN3( 49)

10 If 10 0-0,

0-0-0 KR-Kl

pxp P-QR3 before). B"Q2

8Q·K2 Wi~h the same plan as before (see B42). 8 ... 9 B-KN5 100-0-0 Inl1l... Q·Q411 K-Nl± • 11 P-KR4 Q-Q4 Not n... -B4 12 K-Nl Q·B2 13 R-R3 KR-Ql 14 R·K] QR-Bl 15 N· p K!li± Milner Barry - Wade, Nottingham 1946. K-Nl P·B4 14 KR-Kl 15 B·Bl 16 N·K5;t B-1'0F1stein-Kan,Moscow Championship 12 13 KR-Ql Q-Q3 P-KR3 B-KB] 1947. B-N2 B·K2 0-0

11 P-KR4 is strong (as is mentioned

If 11." 0-0 then 12 K-NI! followed by NXP, or 1L ,N·Q4 1~ BXB QXB 13 Q-K5!, when 13".0·0 is not possible because of 14 QXN winning a piece. 12 13 Not 13 ... QxP 14 NXP+ 14 15 16

NxP N-B5 K·Bl 15 B-R61 NxP+ BxN B·B4!

Q-R4 P·KR3 K·Bl BxB

defending the QRP and attacking the bishop at Q7. 16 17 18 19 K-Nl BxB B·R4! Q-KN4+ B·N4 QXN

:85 ([)llhel' fourth moves Afiter:I P·K4 P-K3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 N-QB3 pxp 4 NxP, there are four 0tFterInQves to ~·,'hichI should give a brief mention. a)4 ... N·QB§ 5 N-KB3 B-K2 6 P-BS N·B3 7 B-Q3 0·0 8 Q·B2 P-KR3 9 B-Q,2 P-Q_N3 100·0-0 B-N2 11 NxN+ BXN 12 KR-KI nK2 13 NK5+ ""~K ir>lau''-'s casteI d position IS sornew h at vu inerab Ie because ate h ". f = weakeliling ... P-KR3;

Black is completely lost. His king is awkwardly placed, his rooks both undeveloped and his queen and bishop doing nothing of any consequence. T'al-Barcza , 1962 concluded; 19."P-N4 (if 19."BxP 20 Q-K4 B-R6 21 QXNP±±) 20 B-N3 BxP 21 Q-K4 R-Kl (or 21. .. R·BI22 Q-QN4+ K·Nl 23 BxP! B-B6 24 BxP+ winning) 22 Q-N4+ K-Nl 23 R" K3 K-R2 24 R-N3 Q·K4 25 P-KB4 Q-K7 26 KXB! P·QR4 (26 ... QxR27 Q-K4+ P-B4 28 Q-N7+ etc.) 27 R-Q7! 1-0.


French Defenc e ,

french Oefernce


b) 4." P-QN3 5 Q-B3 P-QB3 6 B·KN5!;t; c) 4 .. ,P-K4? 5 N-KB3 B·KN5 6 B·QB4 (threatening 7 BxP+ KXB 8 NXP+ K moves 9 NXB±±) 6.,. P-KB3 7 O-O;;!:; Black's loss of two tempi g-iveshim a poor game; d) 4" ,Q-Q4 5 Q-B3 QXQP 6 N-K2 with ample compensation for the sacrificed pawn.

5 ...
6 P-BS


6... P-B3 weakens Black's KP and it is therefore not surprising that El!lv#~ suggests 7 N-B4! as White's strongest counter, e.g. 7 Q-K28 BQ.3 Q-B2 9 N-B3 and Black must retreat a knight to the back rank. 7 P-B4 Q-N3 Altel'Fl~tives are: a) 7... P-QN4!? is an interesting idea of Lasker's designed to increase Slack's Q.-side space before continuing his pressure on White's QP with ... Q.-N3. After 8 N·B3 P-N51? (not 8 ... Q-N3 9 P-QR3 P-QR4 10 P-B5 Bi?xP 11 KBPxP BPxP 12 pxp B-K2 IS N-B4± Enevoldsen-Czerniak, Helsin.ki 1952) White does best to play 9 P-KN3 with the idea of B·R3 foUowed by 0-0 and P·B5 (±). b~ L.pxP 8 pxp B-N5+ (or 8 ... Q-R4+ 9 B-Q2 Q-N3 10 B-B3±) 9 SQ2 Q~N310 N-KB3 0-0 11 BxB QXB+l2 Q-Q2;t Tarrasch-Noa , 1885. Black's 'bishop is very 'bad', his king is unfavourably placed for the endga!Hle,and White has a space advantage to boot. c) 'l...B-K2 8 N-B3 0-0 9 P-KN3 pxp (or 9... P-B4 10 PXPep NxBP II iB-N2 pxp 12N2xP NXN 13 pXN N-K5 140-0 and again Black's QB is se~erely restricted, Enevoldsen-Teschner, Helsinki 1952) 10 pxp N-N3 H N-B3!followed by B-Q3, 0-0, Q-K2 and B·K3 with advantage to Wfuite - Alekhine. . d) 7 ... P-B3 8 N-B3 P·QN4 is a suggestion of Pachman's. The idea is to continue with ... Q-N3, . _ .P-B4 (to blockade the centre) and play on the Q-side. As an interesting and virile counter to this plan I suggest 9 P-B5!.e.g. 9... KPxP 10 N ·B4! (threatening the QNP as well as the QP): 017~ ..• KBPxP 10 BPxP followed by 11 pxKP and 12 N-B4_ 1I.. P-B3 8 N-B3 Q-N3 transposes to the text. . 8N-B3 9 P-KN3 10 BPxP P-B3 QBPXP B-N5+

1 P·K4 P-K3 2 P"Q4 P-Q4 3 N-QB3
3 ...



4 P·K5 An old idea originally popularized
4 ...

by Steinitz , N3-Q2

4 ... N· K5 lands Black in difficulties at once because after 5 NxN pxN 6 B-K3, his advanced KP becomes a distinct liability. e.g. 6... P-QB4 7 pxp N-Q2 8 Q"N4;:!;.. Troianescu-Wade , Bucharest 1954, now continued: 8... P-B4? (better would have been 8 ... NXKP 9 Q_XP.K4:t) 9 PXPep NxKBP 10 B-QN5+ K-B2 11 Q-K2 Q-B2 12 N-RS BXP (better is 12,.P-KR3) 13 N·N5+ K-K2 14 Q-B4!± 4" .N-Nl is not quite so ridiculous as might first appear. The idea is to take advantage of White's advance P-K5 by manoeuveting the KN to ... KB4. As a suitable counter to this paIn I suggest 5 N3-K2 so that 5".P-QB4 can be met by 6 P-QB3, and 5.,.N-K2 by 6 N-N3 (preventing both ... N-B4 and ... P-KR4) followed by Q-N4. 5 N3-K2 The idea of this move is clear. White intends to bolster his central pawns by P-QB3 followed by P-KB4 and then to play for the advance ~KB5. The system has only been seen sporadically in master chess but It was given a new lease of life by the Danish International Master Encvoldsen who played it frequently during the early 19505. For auf main line we follow the game Kavalek-Marovic, Amsterdam 1968.

]1ll.. pxP 11 BPxP B-N5+ is less flexible than the text: 12 N·B3 0-0 . (~lheatening 13 ... RxN 14 QXR NXQP and 15 ... NxKP) 13 B·KB4 B-K2 14 P-QR3! P-KN4 (not 14 ... 0__XNP? N-QR4 winning the queen, not 15 14 ... R-B2? (too defensive) 15 N-QR4 Q-QI 16 P-R4 N-BI 17 B·Q3 BQ2 18 f-QW4 P-QN3 19 N·B3 P-QR420 P-N5 N-R2 21 N·KN5! with ~n (i)verhwelming game for White, Dubinin-Alatortsev, USSR 1947) 15 -~R4 Q-Ql 16 B-K3± Black has weakened his castled position and White even has the better game on the Q-side- traditionally Black's preserve in the French. 11 B-Q21

. whl£n DOES create sharp positions against the Caro-Kann.. analysis of this variation the reader is t-o.ffnungswege it is hardly mentioned in chess literature. 'Why doesn't he take up fishing instead of chess?' his tnue that the Caro-Kann offers White little or no scope (in the main liFles) of reaching the type of position in which a tactician can Few!. N-B5. P-B4 can he met by 23 N-QN5! 20 21 R-Kl BPxP± PXp almost by £0J1Ce.. N-K6? helps White considerably. Many tactical players cringe with horror at the sight of Black's first move 1.) 33 N-N5 RxR 34 QXR 4 .. P-QB3 _ 'How dnll' they say to themselves.. HIs Idea Black's 'good' one.li"his weapon was first suggested in 1 951 by the German analys» GeFflart Gunderam and apart from an extensive analysis in his i'...)(%)'k Neue E1'o. Forestalling Black's 16 depcnlilabj[. For further feferrea to pa..B4 2 P-QBC'. 11 12 13 Ivkov suggests IS French Defence is Kavaiek's improvement to exchange off White's BxB+ QXB B-N2 alternative. 5 P-B5 (51) 51~~~~~~==~ . 1 P·K4 2P-Q4 3 pxp 4' P-Q)34 P-QB3 P-Q4 pxp N-KB3 The Kavalek-Marovic game concluded: 21 . "fbe reader might therefore be thankful to receive a little known weaiPOlil. e.ge XX. Possibly White can then afford to play 33 P-KN4!? with the idea of PN5. White threatens 23 P-B5! and 22 .. Q-N4 R-B2 Q-B2 N-E3 R-R3 N-BS Q-R4 17 18 19 19 . P-QR4 P-R5 N-R4 I P_K4P-QB3 This d'€Jsea defence is endowed with a reputation of solid on the accepted 'bad' bishop fa r 0-0 8 Caro-Kann Defence 13 B-R3 as a possible 13 14 15 16 0-0 K-R1 Q-B3! _ . when a posit ion is reached that eam also arise out of our recommended system against the Sicilian Defe'FI€@: 1 P-K4 P-Q.O\:atio~ response 11 N·B3.. N -Q:B3 is met by 5 px P! QXP 6 N -KB 3..g . Q-K2 when Ivkov assesses the position as unclear.ity which has been built up p~rtly by the resu_lts of such defensive maestros as Capablanca and Botvinnik.. After 20 Q-K2 QXQ 21 RXQ NxB 22 KXN. _Q-QI 22 P-R4 P-R3 23 P-N3 pxp 24 pxp N-R4 25 N-QN5 R-QB3 26 Q-Q3 P-QN3! 27 N-R3 R-KB2 28 B-Bl Q-B1 29 N-QN5?! B-R3 30 Q-K3 BXN 31 BXB R-B2 32 RI-KBI Q-N:S?? (the best way to meet White's threatened 33 N-N5! RxR 34 RXR was 32 .. RxN 34 QXR QXP+ 35 K-Nl Q-K2 36 Q-B7+ QXQ 37 RXQand White wins a piece.68 This important inn. 33 . P·Q4 3 pxp o__xP4 P-Q4 PXP?! 5 pxp N-Q:B3 I} N-KBS..

7. N-B3 nn :Defence ~w.. 9B-K3 Now White's passed pawns are both protected and Black is probably aheamy helpless against their combined force.8-Q2 10 B-. -P-K4 possibly represent Black's most logical attempts since they are the only moves that confer an immediate attack on White's pawn chain.. P-QR4 9 Q-R44.R5 1:7 Q-B3 B·K2 18 KR-Kl 0·0 19 Q·N2 R·Nl 20 B-Q4 P16 ~1 -K2 B-Bl 22 QR-Bl K-Rl 23 B-Rl Q·R2 24 N..B3·Q4 PXN 25 ~~p N\4 26 Q. N3-Q2 B QXP leaves Black devoid of compensation after 8.. NxB 17 R·KNl) 17 0-0-0.NS N-R311 P-QR3± or B... 10 P·N6 Q-K4 HI.. 6 P-QN4 P-QR4 Also: a) A different move which also accomplishes this task is 6 . .QXP+ 41 K-Rl RXQ 42 RXR Q-K7 43 R-KB7+ K-N3 R-Q. b) 6 . QN-Q2 9 P-B6-followed by Q-Q4. B .g..P-K4 10 Q:-!R4 [B·Q2 11 P·N6 has an even more disastrous effect on Black's game. This move initiates the Gunderam Attack.. while 9. N-N5 10 P-B61 and Black's QN is entombed. Q-K2 9 P-B4 or B .. .7 QXRP 45 RB-Q8 12"12. In fact the only master game that has tested the Gunderam Attack reached this line. N-B3) 9 NKB 3 with a firm gnp on the centre as well as a Q-slde pIus. The basis of White's system is the imrnedia te utiliza tion of his Q-side pawn m ajorit y which 'f . NN5 is refuted even more drastically by B B-QNS+ B-Q2 9 P-B61 because on 9 . Q:--B3 by lJ P·QR4 or II N-QB3 to be followed by B·QN5 and P- 86... . but no real conclusion can be drawn from the game because White played all his moves in IS minutes and rushed offior a date with a local wench: 7 B·K3 pxp 8 QPxP P-QR4 9 Q-R4+ N3-Q2 10 N-Q2 J3-N2 11 pxp Q-B2 On S.Ka .... Q:·N2 is refuted by 11 B-QN5 (with obvious continuation ) and 10 . BxNP+ 10 B-Q2 Black must lose a piece.. pxP 7 QPXPI P·K3 8B-N2 has a similar effect e.. Black can resign with confidence. .. a2) 11. P-K4 9 P·B6 or 8.. P-K3 is too slow and after 7 B-N2 followed by P·QR3... 11 12 52 N-Q2 R-Bl!(52) NXBP . c) 6. . but then 7 QPxP N-KS (7 ... Q-B2 9 P-B4. P·K4. almost in its entirity to Gundetarn. 9. while 7..27 NXB Q·QB2 28 NXR P-K5 29 P·B6 QXN 30 p-M Q-B[ 31 B·K5 P-R3 32 R·N1 R-B5 33 R-NB Q-K3 34 RXB+ K-R2 35 B-M P·Q. the situaoion on the Q·side has fully justified Gunderam's 5 P-B5. N·BI 16 KN· K2 BXR (16 .... White's pawn majority will prove too much for Black to handle. will soon result in the creation of at least OUe and often two passed pawns wreaking havoc amongst Black's Q. QN-Q2 1f9 . N@whack to the main line...) 8 B-QN5+ B-Q2 9 QXP presen ts Whi te with a winning material ad van tage: 9 BXB 10 'QxR B-B3 11 QXP and: al) 11" . After 15 .. A 5 P·QN3 B5 P·K4 C 5 P-QR4 D5". 8 pxp A 1 P-K4 P·QB3 £ P-Q4 P-Q4 3 pxp pxp 4 P-QB4 N-KB3 5 P....I allowed too much leeway.70 Caro-Kann DefienCe ...B5 5..N-B6 12 NXN BXNP fails to 13 B-N5 N·B3 (otherwise 14 R-Ql will be killing) 14 BXQ NXQ 15 BXP leaves White a rook and three pawns ahead with no real obstacle in his way.. Q-B2 F5". He considers.P-KN3 G5 . 71 ?4 7 P-N5 Ahea(ily the pawn majority is beginni ng to roll. ....XNPXQ. Mariotti-~Ie~ch. 8-~2 (or B.P-K3 E5 .. PXP 12 B-K3 and at the correct moment White's P-B3 will bring about the total collapse of Black's game.. P-QN3 This and S. pxp 12 QXP Q-B2 13 N-B3 P·K4 14 B-QN5 N-QB3 IS BXN BXB N-N~o R.sid e army..5 36 P-KR3 P-K6 37 pxp P-N4 38 B-K5 P-Q6 39 RI-KBI xB 4@ P-B8==Q. . Sombor 1970. The analysis which follows is due.. ......

R-QNl 16 R-B8+!!) 16 BXB+ RXB 17 R-B8+ R-Ql 18 Q-R4 matc' c) 12 . B-K2 9.. N-Q2 20 Q-B6) 20 N-K5 etc.. 7. White has deve. winning instantly. isolated QP or :"'hite's mobile Q-sid€: majority.. B-K3 11 N-B3 he enjoys a distinct advantage in an open position. e) 12 ... N4-K5 13 B-QN. N-N2 16 B-Q4) 16 N-KS and the threat of 17 P-N7leaves Black helpless.. .. 53 P-K4(53) -n CairO. 10 p-QN4 P-QR3 II KN-K2 P-KN3 12 B-N2 B-N2 13 RBXB e... N-K5 10 P-QN4 Q-B3 fails to 11 B-QN5+ B-Q2 12 BXB+ NXB 13 B-K3 N-K4 l4! R-BI! N-B5 15 N-QB3.loped his Q_ ~Ide while leaving the other wmg untouched and even at this early stage In the game Gunderam's analysis suggests that Black is lost in all variations: a) ] 2 P-K3 13 KN·B3 winning a piece..Ka "...d 1.. B-N2 and White will eventually reach a 'good' knight v foll@we Illy 'bad' Dishop ending.... P-N3 11 B-B4! and Black's QB is a 'bad' piece or proliJle~.5+ B-Q2 14 P-N7 R-Ql 15 R-BS BXB 16 Q-N3 P-Q5 17 BXP NXN+ 18 BXQNXQ 19 RXR+ etc. 13 B-QN5 P-K3 14 KN-B3 Q-N7 15 P-QR4 Q-N5 (IS ... C 1 l'-K4 F-QB3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 Pxp pxp 4 P-QB4 N-KB3 5 P-B5 5 . N3-Q2. 54~==~~~~~~~ 6 N-QB3 P-QN3 6. N4-Q2 13 Q-N3 Q-Nl 14 R-B7 B-N2 15 B-QN5 P-K4 16 BXN+ NXB 17 Q-N5 B-Bl 18 N-K2 with the powerful threat of RXB+ followed by P-N7. P-B4 then.16 N-Q4 QI O-~ b an eventual P-B3. P-QR4(54) Frev. or 7. and if now 15. pxB 10 KN-K2 also gives Black f@JI)owe :.. 9. 0-0 8B-K3 N-B3 9R-Ql 10Q-QR4 [or B1acik has no compensation for either his...... ·Q. In each of the above variations Black has lost because of the vulnerability of his Q-side and the strength of White's advanced QNP.. when Black has nothing to show for his pawn minus. N-N2 13 B-QR6 N-Q3 (or 13 . P-K5? 7 P-QN4... White can complete his develop~ent Wlt~ ~ase and. the blockade in the centre deprives Black of any counterplay there and White's pawn majority has a free hand as it rolls towards the far side of the board. Q-N1 14 B-QNS+ B-Q2 IS Q_ R4 N-Q3 16 BXB+ NXB 17 R-B7 Q-Ql 18 KN-B3 when Black cannot prevent this knight from coming to K5 or Q4.72 Caro-Kann Defence . R-KI 11 B-K2 or 10 . P-K4'} pxp is at least as good for White as in the similar positions all1eady examined.. d) 12 . · [40-0 N-K5 15 Q-Q3.. N-NS a B-QN5+ N-B3 9 P-KR3 NXBP (or 9.g.. b) 12 N3-K5 13 NXN NXN 14 B-QN5+ B-Q2 15 P-N7 R-Ql (if IS . 10 . B I P-K4 P-QB3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 pxp pxp 4 P-QB4 N-KB3 5 P-BS 5.. when Black will have no adequate means of preventing the eventual advance of White's Q-sicte .g· 9.enting 6 P-QN4.. NxKP 1U QXP) 10 KXN lB'XiBP+H K-Bl Q-R5 12 Q-Kl! and White wins.. 1f)el"em:e l' 73 83 at once is met by the awkward stroke 8 B-QN5 B-Q2 9 BxN! N 7.. Cont~nuing ~n the spirit of ~he variation.. 6 N-QB3 PXp 7 N-R4! 8 pxp 9 P-QR3 pxp P-K3 B-Q2 On 6..2 N-R4 N-K5 12 P-QN4 P-QR4 13 P-QR3 pxp 14 pxp 10. N3-Q2 8 QXP BXP 9 N-B3 followed by B-Q3 and 0-0.. This whole line serves to highlight many of the tactical resources-that White has at his disposal in the Gunderam Attack. e. f) 12 ..) 14 RXB+ RXR 15 BxR NXB 16 P-N7 N-R2 17 KN-B3 Q-NI 18 BXN QXB 19 Q-R4+ K-QI (19 ... after HI......

P-K3 8 B-KB4 gi.B3+.t· n similar to that arising• in.re variation B. 5 . Iea .. B-Q2 7 N·B3 N-B3 8 BQN51 and if 8 . Q-K3+ 10 Q-K5. (Compa.B6. Wh~te's advantage will lie in the 'good' knight v 'bad' bishop ending.N5 and p. the .. the exchange ahead and still with his united passed pawns.QB4 N-KB3 5 p.... B-N2 and P-N5±. 'Fme disad.. 10 II 12 P-QN4 pxp B-R3 PXp N-B3 RxN Caro-Karm Deren . ' Q.. or 6. last note. P-K4 7 N-N5 Q-QI 8 pxp N-K!!i' 9 N·Q6+ BXN io BPXB±. 8 N-QB3 9 QXP P-QR4 P-K4 pxp Q-K2+ 9 Q-N3 1f9 . N-B3? both lose a pawn to 8 NXP while 7 . and N-R4 followed by R-BI will Whlt€ 5 tng h d :. 10 B-K3 B. "White......K3 White proceeding . i 9... T e advance d to a jll@Si JO .74 majority. t nN5 and QB5 once again dominate the proceedings.. of 8P-QN4 Not 8 . E '-K4 p-Q!B3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 pxp pxp 4 P. Q-B2 10 N·R4 N·K5 11 B-K3 (followed by R·Bl) leaves White's passed pawns strongly supported.K2. P-QR4. followed by QXQ. NxKBP 15 KXN Q. 'ski will be safe on KB2. has a clearly won game.ge. 7Q·B3 Q-B3 7. Ce n Delence coro Ka n f' 75 11 P·B3 Otherwise 13 N-N6 will be too strong' since it enables White to exchan. 10 P-KR3 B-B4 II P-R3 This J1I0Sition.. N -N4 18 B.B2(56) 56 If 14 .g. B5 1p . note to Black's seventh move).vantages of the text move are that it does nothing to advance iBlaok's development and it contributes significantly to the weakelling @f the dar k squares. P-K3 (55) A passive move which fails to COntest White's Q-side advances.. but after 10 P-KR3 B-B4 11 B- KB4 White has com plete control of the dark sq uares.B5 5 . .BI 6 P-QN4 7p·N5 So Black has already conceded a tempo. Another move of that serves ~his aim is 9 . 6". P·KR4. B-Na? aUG 7.on Q7 at will and he can choose the moment in such a Way as to maxtrrnze the effect of the follow-up P. white pawns a X!.. P-K4 9 P-N5. B-N5 Q. 55 ~ififii~if""_ Blade must protect his QN4 square e. I P·K4 P-QB3 2 P-Q4 P-Q4 3 pxp pxp 4 P-QB4 N-KB3 5 P.. 15 16 17 D N·B3 P-N5! PXN N-Q5 NXN+ 6N-QB3! P-QR3 and Black can resign after 17 . N·Q5 15 P-N5 Q-B3 16 Q-R8+ Q-Ql 17 QXQ+ KXQ 18PN6.s typical of the whole variation.... P·QR3 then 9 BxN pxB 10 N·K5 followed by B-B4 whew...... 13 Threatening 14 QXR R·BI N-K5 Q-B3 14. The jIHi)~n~ the text move is tha tit overprotects the Q B.ves White a positional plus because of his extra Q·side space and his C01'lt<1'01the dark squares.

1 BXN pxB 12 0-0 B-R3 13 R-KI B-B3 14 B-K5. is free to complete his Once again Black can offer little resistance to White's Q-side advance. G Conclusion..76 Caro·Kann Deren . Ce calmly with B-N2.ie result IS a position a III to t ose m cent~a I iB (note to Blacks'h)seve nt move an d va riauon E (note to .1 ed by White s control of the dark squares. 6 B·K3 7 N-QB3 8 N-B3 9 B-K2 IOBxB 11 P-QR3 12 R-QNI 13 0-0 B·N2 0-0 B-N5 BXN N-B3 P-QR4 R-Kl Black has fun out of play and by B-K3 and N-Q2. P. . ki h .IO~tlh~' 7 N-KB3 pxp 8 QXP N-K5 9 P-QN4 B-K2 10 B-KB4 0Blae S SIX! ~. P ycr F 1 P-K4 P·QB3 2 P-Q4 P·Q4 3 pxp pxp 4 P-QB4 N·KB3 5 P-BS 5 . t .. The black pawns ~l aIDd Q4 form an inherently weak structu~'e w~lic:h provides QB3 Waite wi~flthe strong squares Q4 and K5 for use by his kmghts.. 77 6 B-QN5 P-QR4 i I so as to prevent 7 P-QN4.. guarantees the first 10.e reader has ample opportunity for original creative work withilflthis system. .. P-KN3(57) 7 P-QR3 8 N-KB3 9QXP 10 BxN 110-0 12 P-QN4 13 Q-N2! 14N-Q4 develepment P-K4 pxp B-Q2 BxB HI. Canderam's Attack is an unusually virile counter to the Ca110-KallFi Oefience. ' a lasting advantage..K4. An insipid move that does nothing to oppose White's strategy. pxp followed by Q-N3 and R-RI. After P-QN4 pXP. N-B3 and an eventual P-QR4 and P-N5 Thi I id . N-B3(58) . n Caro-Ka n IJ'e.. pxB leads to the type of position mentioned N-K5 B-K2 B-B3 White in the previous note. If instead Black tries the usual £. White has the traditional advantage of the advanced pawn majority. It at once provides White with a strong pawn in the enem¥ camp and offers him various possibilities based on the Sl:Ipport ef rthis pawn by P-QN4 and the eventual advance of either or both @£ the pair.' vanakt. COllinter-stroke 6 ..{enc e . IS P an 0. Since Cunderam's analysis is almost completely untest€~. tm.ssent a I" . .

because of a game won by the brilliant Yugoslav grandmaster Velimirovic. BrusselS 1927.. e... The reason is that Velimirovic has revived a line in which White forsakes castling. White's pawn mass a0(S not suffer from the same vulnerability of some other lines and his ad.. for 5. NB3 9 N-KE3 P-K3 10 P-QR3 Q"Q2 II P-QN4! R-QI 12 B-K3..vantage in space guarantees him a clear plus. Czechoslovakia 1961. If 2 .. and (2) the va£lil!J11 ereared behind White's pawn mass will eventually give Black a hunting g'I'IJIRnd his pieces..B4.. Now.. USSR 1966. Vama 1970. After many years of m aster experience with the Four Pawns Attack it was discovered that Black has.A lekhine ~ [) ejence 5P -B5 N3-x. P-QB4 9 N-KB3 P-K3 10 0-0 N-B3 11 NB3 NXQP ~2 is-N5! Q-Q2 13 N-K4 P-KR3 14 B-B6! with a strong' attaek. Vesely-Alster . and instead proceeds with an early central attack heralded by the thrust P-Q. Black's passive play has resulted in White having much greater freedom of movement. Miter 5 . While builds up an imposing pawn centre with pawns at Q.5.B3 IS Bxp BXB 16 N-Q6+ K-BI 17 NxN pxN 18 RxP+ K-Nl 19 Q-N6 R-R2 4 N-B3?? loses a piece to 5 P-Q5..g.. continued: 6 KPxP NPXP (on 6. pxp Inferi@Falternatives are: a) 5 .. continued: 14 . b) 5 N-NS 6 P-B5 N3xP 7 P-QR3. Kupreic hik. P-KN4?! The purpose of this outlandish thrust is to lure one of Whit~'s pawns away from the centre but it would seem that Black has great aiEnculty in justifying his sacrifice of a pawn.4 and K5.!. masters facing Alekhine's Defence turned away from the Four Pawns and expressed a' preference for quieter systems that were typified by the move 4 N-KB3. PIa tonov. EuweCoUe. e. Black again lacks anything to show for his pawn) 7 i(i>Xi8P XBP 8 N-QB3 P-K4 9 pxp N-B3 10 BxP B-K3 11 N-K4 Q S-QN. 79 5 P-B4(59) 59 -- 1i:l'26P-QN4 P-QN3 7 P-QR3_ 9 Alekhine's Defence I P-K4N-KB3 up to the mid 1950s the most popular counter to Alekhine's Defence was the Four Pawns Attack... Q.. or c) 5 N-NI 6 P-B5.. N-K5? 3 P-Q3 N-B4 4 P-Q4 White enjoys a. and White had no difficulty in maintaining his advantage.great advantage in space. 8 .2 NxBP 13 BxN BxB 14 N-KB3 R-QI IS Q-QBI QNSf.. 3 P-QB4 4P-Q4 N-N3 P-Q3 This pos-ition marks the start of the Four Pawns Att~ck .3 7 B-KN5 B-K2 8 Q-Q2. Black has encourage-a White to create this particular pawn formation In the hope that (1) it will soon provide a target for Black's counter-attack. or 8 .. iscussed on page XX (note to Black's 6th move) has been d reached. 4 P-Q4? allows While to obtain an enormous advantage in space by .. N-QB3 pxp 7 BPxP P-K3 8 B-K3 B-QN5..B3 and bishops at K3 and K2) his position has all the appearance of being a dominating one. Because of this opinion. N-Nl 3 P-Q4 P-Q4 (or 3 P-Q3 4 PXP) 4 PXPep KPxP 5 B-Q3 N~QB3 6 N-K2 N-B. B-B4?1 6 B-Q31 BxB 7 QXB pxp 8 BPxP. NxQ:p. N4-R3 5 P-KB4±.. b) !ii .g. 'The fault in this transposition lies in the fact that White can safely Jillay tl'l€ immediate B-Q3! without having to worry about .... The game TringovPlaniuc. in the crucial position.. when the 6 vaFiatll@n. avoids the crucial position mentioned above. e.Hi B-K3.P-K4. the Four Pawns Attack is back in vogue. a) 5 NxKP 6 P-B5 N3-B5 7 P-B4. 2 P-K5 N-Q4 After 2 . 4 N-K3 5 P-Q5± or 4 .H [2 K-B. 13-B'4?1 The idea behind this move is that Black hopes for the CGlntinl[atilDn. Q.. and in conjunction with classical piece development (knights at KB3 and Q. QxP 7 P-B5 QK3+ III [(-82! N-Q4 9 PxP.g. perfectly adequate counterplay based on the move __ -P-KB3 followed by a strike at the centre with an eventual __ .

P-QR3 13 P-K6! pxp 14 QXP+ B-K2 15 B-NS N·Bl 16 B. consulation game 1934. B.g.. Grigorian.NS Q-QN3 190-0-0 R·Ql 20 RxR+ KXR 21 R·QI+ K-Bl 22 B-B4 1-0.. B-B47 N-QB3 P·K3 8 N-B3 B-QNS is an idea that has enjoyed some popularity recently.. B·NS 9 P-QB51 and 8. But with 9 B-Q3I White retains the initiative. Zurich 1955..." BXB 10 QXB P-QB4 11 0·0 White threatens 12 N-K4) 10 0-0 N-B3 (10 .. or 9... pxp R BPxP P-QB4 9 pxp N3·Q2 10 P-K6 pxp 11 N·B3 Q-R4 12 R-Bl Nxp 13 B-Q4 is somewhat better for White.. 9 N-B3(60) Blaok FlOW: has five plausible moves at his disposal. B·NS (on 9.. 6 .13·[8414 B-Q3 with a clear advantage.. NxP 13 P·K6I pxp '(or 13 . Vrnjacka Banja 1973. Samisch-Rellstab.QN5xBor b) 12 .Q2 13 QR·Ql is fatal for Black) 11 P-BSI B. P -Q B4 is a very trappy move designed to undermine the Support of White's KP.. 9 ..-B8. Bordeaux 1964. continued 9.£feFen~ yet equally unsuccessful way for Black to try for an early counter-attack is 8 N-NS.. B·KN5 10 Q-Q2I Brli!.. BxB 14 NxB Q-QN5+ IS B-Q2 QXP 16 pxp++ KXP 17 Q-RS+ K-K3 18 N·KB3! QxR+ 19 K·B2I winning) 14 Q_XP+N·K2 15 N·B3 Q-B3 16 Q-K2 BxB 17 NXB N·R3 18 B.. Black .. We sliran examine in turn: A 9 13-KN5 B9 B·Q_N5 C9 D9 E9 A Q-Q. Balashov.g..B3?) 9 P-K6! N·N5 10 R-B1 BxP 11 P·QR3 N-R3 12 N·B3 P·B3 13 N·R4.. P-BS! can be answered by Bagirov's interesting suggestion 10 P-Q6! with the idea of N-B3 followed by B-KN5 as one possibility. because of 12 pQ6 N-K3 13 B·QN5+ N-Q2 14 N-B3 P-QR3 IS BXN+ QXB 16 0-0 00-0 17 N·Q5 Q-B3 18 N-N5! winning the exchange and the game. e. and N-QN5 as another.. B-B4 7 B-K3 P-K3 8N-QB3 If Black tries to undermine White's centre too soon by 8.aki'mg pirn a t once an d t h ere b y rendering the . If instead Black tries 12 ..Ql 140-0 with advantage to White in both cases because of his substantial lead in development."B-K3 9 P-QN3! both augment White's advantage) 9 QPXP! Experience has shown that White enjoys a slight advantage in this position. N-B3 10 P·QB5 N-Q2 11 B-B4 P·K3 120-0 P-N3 13 Q-R4 B-N2 14 B-N5. 6 BPxP N-B3 6 .... a) 12..) 10 P-KN3 Q·QS II B-QN5+1 B-Q2 12 Q·K2.KN3 is unthematic and permits White tu transpose to a superior form of the Pirc Defence: 6 B·K3 B-N2 7 N-QB3 0-0 (7 . c) 5.f:mann·Honlinger and Glass.. A Fa. he seill fares none too well after 14 pxp P-BS 15 P-Q6 Q-Q2 16 N· Re3..QN5xN 12 pxB NQ4 13 Q-KI1 N4·K2 14 R-Nl R-QNl IS N-N5±-Black's monarch must face the combined onslaught of all White's pieces. N-Q6+ 13 BxN Ox]?. Kupper-Schmid.. P.. Wolifand Kau."P-B3.80 A lehhine's Defence A lekhi'ne 's t9~fence 81 20 Ri-KBI K-Rl 21 R·K7 NxP 22 N·B7+ and White was winning.. 0·0-0): 9 N·B3 E·N5 10 P-QS BxN 11 QXB NxRP 12 Q-K4I N-N5 13 0-0-0 again with a clear advantage.. Q-Q2 ~pFeparing for . e. white can build up an extremely active position by sacrificing a pawn: (8 ... Q·Q3 13 B-B4 Q..B3 9 . 12 N-B7+? loses to13 RxN BXR 14 pxp N·BS 15 BxN Q-RH 16 P·KN3 QXB 17 KN·K2 B-N3 180·00-0·0 19 P-Q6 with an overwhelming position..KNsxN? II QXB QXP+ 12 BK3 Q.K..s second move .. B-B4 8 NQB3 P-K3 9 B-K2 N-R3 10 P-QR3 pxp 11 pxp nB2.) 9 pxP QR5+ (9.) 8 N-QB3 pxp (S . Maranovic-Darga . The same can be said of 8..:2 M-N5 B-K2 1 P-K4 N·KE3 2 P·K5 N-Q4 3 P-QB4 N-N3 4 P-Q4 P·Q3 5 P·B4 pxp 6 BPxp N-B3 ~ B·K3 B-84 8 N·QB3 P-K3 9 N. Riga 1967. or 12 ... A dj. Q-RS+ 9 P-KN3 Q-Q5 is best met by 10 B-Q2! QXKP+ II B-K2 pxp 12 N-E3 and if 12__Q-K3 130-0 B-K2 14 R·Kl 0-0 15 pxP.. White should continue: 7 P-Q5 P·K3 (not 7 . Germany 1931) 8 N-B3 pxp (8 .. Velimirovic-Martz .relly )1l1ayecl move.P'QB3 10 Q-N3 B-N5 11 B-K2 BxN 12 BXB Q-Qfi 13 N-K4 QXQ 14 pXQ. It avoids the main line and contains some unpleasant surprises for White if he is not careful. After 9 R-Bl P-B4 10 P-Q5 P-K3 II P-QR3 pxP12 Q. P. and White's advantage is probably decisive.

concedes the advantage of the two bishops without extracting any compensation. In that position Black's choice normally lies amongst the moves 13 .B-N5 15 R-N3 BxB 16 QXB White also has good aHadkimg prospects on the K-side) 15 pxp RxP 16 R-N3 R-N3 17 Q-Kl Q·R5 [8 RxR BXR 19 8-B4 N4xP 20 B-N4 R-Kl 21 BxBP N-Q4 22 B'XiP4 K-Rl 23 Q-B21 with a safe extra pawn. 5 d I yer as cas .. B-QN5(61) 1 P·K4 N-KB3 2 P-K5 N-Q4 3 P·QB4 N-N3 4 P-Q4 P-Q3 5 P-B4 pxp 6 BPxP N-B3 7 B-K3 B-B4 8 N·QB3 P-K3 9 N-B3 61. B-QN5 II 0-0 BxN 12 pxB N-R4 13 N-Q2 0-0 14 R-B3 PK8... the reasons being his twO Q_Q2 lS P-Q IS t I pawn mass and the lead in development fuis strong cen ra . Tribushevsky-Bastrikov....! With a dangerous attack.. P-KB3 15 pxp pxp 16 B-R6 R-B2 17 BXN NxB 18 N-R4 B· N319 NXB pxN 20 Q-Q31 P-KR3 15 N·R4 B-R2 16 B-B1 Q-K2 17 R-B3 18 R·R3 Were it Black's move and were his QB on KB4 instead of KN5. The only consistent attempt by Black (10 .. BXN) to justify his previous move.. The result is that Black's counterplay."R-B2.Q2.. with the plan of building up pressure on White's QP. BxN II pxB Q-R!i+ 12 B·B2 Q~K2 13 0-0-0 0-0-0 14 P-B4 Q-N5 IS P-QR3 Q-N6 16 Q-B2I QXQ+ 17 KXQB-K2 18 P'N4 and White's game was positionally overwhelming because of his substantial advantage in space and the mobility of his bishops.hWI h tied Other possibilities are lO .. cor res 1959.. The _l{ame Henneberger.. inevitably directed along the Q-file....'. P-N4 19 P-Q5 KPxP 20 QBPXP N-NI 21 P-B5! the white army soon crashed through. B-K2 Kons tan tinopolsky's suggestion I 0_.. '1'1 pave t e way PB whlC.. B-KN5 in place of one of the three more usual moves. the position would be a standard one for the Four Pawns Attack . 13. After 18 . has not yet got going...0-0 B. N Q2 secon J'I a 0...P Q4 P. USSR: 1959.. N·R4 11 . N -R4 II P -Q N 3 B-N 5 is best met by 12 B-K2 and 13 0·0 when the black knight on R4 is left Out of play and the pressure exerted by the bishop at QN5 has been minimized...3 (01'1 14".N3 4. B·N5 11. h bishops. .Q3 5 P-B4 pxp . Q·Q2 (62) 62 10 B-K2 The @ulyconsistent continuation. and White can simply build up his position by 14 QR-QI (±) B 9.. 1 6 HiP""'? N-B3 7 8-K3 8-84 8 N-QB3 P-K3 9 N-B3 9 . Alternatives are: a) l(i) . BXN 11 0-0 N-R4 12 pXB N3-B5 13 P-B5 14 B-N5 Q. Q'KI and 1~. II 12 13 B·K2 0-0 pxp 0-0 P-B3 BxP r ointed out that 10. Prada-Esnaola .Q2 Net ~4.Trueb. A lekhine S Defence A liJlf. 1941 continued: 10_. KN5~N 12.0 13 O-O± and 10 . C iP-K4 N-KB3 2 P·Kb N-Q4 3 P"QB4 N. The text position is therefore one that can be thought uf as arising out of a normal Four Pawns Attack though with the exception tha t Black has played the unthematic 13 .. Q-Q2 11 0·0 N-R4 12 N3-B5 12 '6-o..82 with his QB somewhat ineffectual. RxB 'TaFtakowe ~. ' h for an attack against the black kmg once t e .B1 O-O-@ rs P-B5:j.hine '5 l1ifence 10 B-K2 0-0 83 10 ". clearly better for White. Q.

12 Again the alternatives overwhelming position: merely result NxKP in While gaining an HI R-BI P-B4 a) I2. corres 1956... oOse k mg h ton . B-84 loses to 16 RXB! QXR 17 BN4) 16 NXB PXN 17 RxP! NXQP 18 P-K6! pxp 19 RXN.5N-N5 B-QN5 16 P-Q. KPxP? 13 BXNBPxB (if 13 ..1 This thrust.. be If:~~~..p>la has had time to cast Ie._. IS QR-Ql BPxP 19 pxp B-Q3 20 F'-N4 B-N3 (if 20 . k way for his knight to retreat. P-QR4? Black ~agegestion 1...:P? ~eets wi th an even more dras tic ref u ration in 15 RXB! QXR JBu:~ 16 B-N4! (WBa<t elsel)..rst. pxP 21 RxB P-Q5 22 B-QN5!) 21 pxp Q-K2 22 Q.N-K2 14 P-Q6 QBPXP 15 BXN pXB 16 pXQP RxP 17 N-QN5+) 14 BxN RpxB 15 BPxP N-N'S (if 15. 14 Q-R4 followed by 15 NQN. and ifI9 ..e 14 P-QR4! 85 c) JO.. The most d JT K-Nl 14 . causes a grave disruption within Black's ranks and opens the way for a direct a. rte 17 P-R5 Q-N3 P-R6 N-Bl P-B3 1L . Analysis by Doroshkevisr h 12 I ~ P-Q5! The game Teschner-Maier. corres 1962. ' 11 0-0 '. QR4.B-K2? is so slow that White's central push is virtually decisive: 12 P-Q5! pxp 13 BxN RPxB 14 pxp N-N5 (or 14_. 1. Black's laiS~ 1)W:1iJ meves introduce a system pioneered by Alekhine.' at is db . .. B-KN5 11 a-a R-QI (or IO. nee 13 Pxp A lek hine '5 D ejerll.Q-B2? 13 Q-N3 KPxP (or 13..i.roves a handicap (16_.? is very strong )14 BPxP N-K2 (or 14 . 15 16 P-B3 W h'. e@Il:~itlued. but agalll White has a forceful rejoinder: 12 P-B5! N-Q4 (I2 . BXN 17 QXB with a double threat). 63 N-NS (63) 1. B-B4+ 15 K-Rl N-K2 16 N-KR4±) 15 N-Q4 P-KN3 (I5.-(5) ip-K5 23 Q-B6 Q-QB2 24 QXQ+ BXQ 25 R-Q7 and White ha([ a winning endgame... R-QI II 0-0 B-KNS) 12 N-KNSI NXBP (12 . RpxB. ect method of attack.Q-KI 13 BxN RpxB 14 Q-R4 with a strong attack: c) 12_.. originally suggested by Mikenas. ...6·!P-B4 17 Q-Bl to f '1 tID Slitasum s su ...se8at least an exchange) 13 0-0 P-B4 14 QR-QI pxp LS NXP B-K5 16 Q-BI and again the 1 .... . Ullmann-Tnnb....84 A lekhine's De{e :J' b) IO.. NxQP 14 EXN QXB+ 15 K-Rl leaves Black helpless against the threat to his KB2) 13 B-B2 BXB 14 QXB B-K2 (not 14 . N-R4 11 P-QN3 B-QN5 12 Q-Q2 R-QBI (not lL_P-B4 QXQ+ 14 BXQ BxP 15 N-QN5 and Black 10. I t is true tha t if W hi te does yer net ])11aycarefill'Hy he can meet with a variety of horrors.~sault against the black king. PxR then 20 B-N4 wins the black queen. a clear advantage... the aim of wh..p... N-N3 15 QR-QI±) 15 Q-R5! P-KN3 16 ~-R6 NXQP 17 Q-N7 R-KBI 18 NXRP with a won game for White Estnn-Oakley. N-RI 13 Q_ R4_and 12.1. NxP 15 NXN pxN 16 RXB!) 15 pxp pxp 16 N-KR4 B-N3 17 RxP and White threatens the ubiquitous 18 B-N4.. but with at. -. b) 12. BXN?? 13 pxN BXB 14 pXRP are both quick routes by which Black can commit suicide) 13 NXN QXN 14 N-N5! BXB 15 QXB NXQP 16 BxN QXB+ 17 K-RI Q-Q7 18 QXQ RXQ 19 RxP BxP 20 NXKP B-N3 21 NXNP B-Q5 22 P-K6 BXNP 23 R-KJ BXN 24 RXB with a probably winning ending..g-Q2 when White still has a strong attack. . B-N5 . Schmidt-Lingier.... since 14 .... B-KN5 is an attempt ro put further pressure on White's QP. 13 NXN PXN . 1 P-K4 N-KB3 2 P·-K5 N-Q4 3 P-QB4 N-N3 4 P-Q4 P-Q3 5 P-B4 pxp 6 BPXP N-B31 B-K3 B-B4 8 N-QB3 P-K3 9 N-B3 9. _BXB can be met by 13 QXB! because 13_ . T) .:Chlrateand inoi5ive play he can be sure of a significant and lasting aevantage_ U B-K2 Now Black tan C'noosebetweenDIlJ . 1962._.. (17 . BeTlin .. _P·QN3 :Ii) hal.il!:his to shatter White's pawn centre and start the tactics before the f. KPXP 18 R x B. Germany 1923.l7 .... _N-K2 16 P-K6) 16 P-K6±J.

.~age: .. USSR Championship 1949..wed lBy iB-Q. . a) 13 QxBP [4 NxR Q?<P 15 BxN wmnmg a piece . 13 KPxP 14 N·K5 15 BXB 16 B-R5+ 17 QXQ 18 O-O! 19 R... + b) ts BXip]4! NXiBpXN 15 BxB QXB 16 N-NS followed by 17 N-B7 winning....XK.I...B4 pxP 6 BPxP N-B3 7 B-K3B-B4 B N-QB3 P-K3 9 N-B3 N-NS 10 R..Bl P..B4 11 B-K2 II pxP? (64) N·Q2 13.e. Q:·B2 13 F-B5! is another line that gives White an almost winning aclva..·:7 P·B4 27 B-KiB4! [-0. l\xp los€S to 14 B-QN5+ and now if 14 .. . . B-Q121 B-QN5 0-0 22 conclnd~~! 9 \)+ iXN 24 RxN B-QI 25 B-R6±±) 21 N-B7! R-~l 22 ~~~. or B Ii) IS N-Q:2 (F€latively best) 14 P-QR3 N-QB3 (if 14 .. D2 I P-K4 N-KBS 2 P-K5 N-Q4 3 P·Q_JH N·N3 4 P-Q4 P-Q3 5 P.B2 23 NxR+ RxN 24 R4-Q4 K-K3 25 P-QN4 B-El 26 B-QN5 i2 N·. On 13. K-BI then 15 NxP+ PXN Hi BXI\+ on if l4 .QBI-QI 20 pXN NPxP pxB QXP K-K2 pXQ pxN B-N3 NxP 13 NxB QXQ+ 14 RxQ pXN. 12 .-Fazekas. P-B4 N5xQP 17 NXN NXN 18 BxP B-N5+ 19 K-B2 B-B4+ 20 K-N3 (Bagirov) when Whi te's powerful bishops give him the upper hand. N-B3 then IS NxN QXQ+ 16 NXQ! winning a piece..... of Black's N5·Q4 KPxP Or 20 . 14 Q_-R4+ is killing.fi. QXKP 17 B-KB4 wins at.ination.Nottingham. K4 P·B3 _ 220 N-Q5! K-BI (if20 .· Bronstein-Mikenas.4 etc. 14 15 16 Q-R4 BXN R-QI H: P-B6 with a colossal advantage. N3-Q4.xN 1!'. N-Q6+ BxB B-N3 . B·N5! b) 12.. QXKP then 15 NXB hlllG. or B-N5 P-B3 15 pxp N·Q2 16 P-QR3 N. Analysis by Boleslavsky.. ~-:B3 J5 0-0 E-K2 16 RXP P·N3 17 R·B4 NxKP 18 Rbetter for -:h~t_e~. iBa~!lI.. mnce) 170-0 P-KN3 18 Q-Q2 with a great advantage for White. NxP 21 pxp with the threat of 22 P.. 13 P-B5! This stl'ORg move suggested by Levenfish takes advantage lack of co-oFd..) 15 NxB pXN 16 N ·Q5 Q-QI (if 16 . 1954... B-K2 13 BXB QXB 14 N-K4 0-0 QB3 17 Q"Q6± (Schwarz)..i -Q4 again wmnmg a piece. .QI-KI+ 24 N-Q6+ 25 NxP+ 26 B-R5+ 27 R·B7 28 pxp R-KNI K-KI B-K2 K-Ql K·KI K-Q2 N·BI With a won game for White.. c) 13 QxKiP 14 NxB p... the ending is much After 12.86 D2 11 P><P' D311 B-K2 D411 Q-Q2? DI Alekhine's Defence 87 I P-K4 N-KB3 2 P-K5 N-Q43 P·QB4 N·N3 4 P·Q4 P·Q3 5 P·B4 Pxp 6 BPxP N-BS 7 B-K3 B-B4 8 N·QB3 P-K3 9 N-B3 N-N5 10 R-BI P-B411 B-K2 II 12 Alternatives are: a) 12 .B4 21 N-B7 22 B-N4 23 R. Q·Q2 13 P-Q5 BxN 14 pxB pxp 15 pxp P·B5 16.

Uld be 26 . 15 RXQ White is a tempo ahead of the BronsteinMilenas game menti0ned in va riation 02.. concluded: 26 .: QRxQ I P-K4 N-KB3 2 P-K5 N-Q4 3 P-QB4 N-NS 4 P-Q4 P-Q3 5 P-B4 PXP6 BPxP N·B3 7 B·K4 B·B4 8 N-QB3 P-K3 9 n·B3 N·N5 10 R-Bl P-B411 B-K2 B·K2 (65) This is undoubtedly the best of Black's four options.g.' IS somew hat better for White.Win was . Keres-Sajtar. note to Black's twelfth move.. It is this difference... Q-N4 23 NXR Q!N 24 BK3± AfteF l4l. B-N5+ is not possible whereas with White's QRP on R2 instead of R3 Black would be able to play 17. that reduces White's advantage.. The difference here is that White has played P-QR3 and Black . B-K2.. 7 R. e..N3 B-N4] R. Petrev-FlOe. B-N5+ 18 NxB NxN 19 P-QR3 N·B3 when Black has at least alevelgame)I7 . Q:xQ+..g 21 22 23 24 25 Prague 1943. · 'NO 3J. QXQ+ 15 RXQ pXN it is logical for White to take advantage of his 'wasted' move (P·QR3) and the following continuation is indicated. Black's development being one move further advanced. 1926. }-O. K8 trouble) 34J . k way.... The :O. 15 16 Q-B2 R·Ql NxKP Q-B3 .....-. NxKP 16 RxP QXQ+ 17 NXQ! N3-Q2 18 N-BS P-KN3 19 R5-Bl ± (threatening 20 N-Q5) Tartakower-Colle..~.. R N61 . 14 NXB PXN On 14... 12 13 P-QR3 NXP pxp N-B3 -rae 1)41 RXR N-K4! B·K2 BxR! BxB+ P·QN3 R-K2 NxB B-B2 .. P-QR3? (better White. ne 's Ji)ejence A lekhi 89 19 20 nxQ x.Nl P-QN4 28 PXPep RxB 29 P·N7 N-QB~ N K6) 2 R Q8 32 K-B2 RxB+ 33 KxN N-Nl 34 R-Q6.. 15 0-0 0-0 Or 15 . to .. 16 17 18 RxP R-B1 B-B5! P.. 65 II R. ) 35 K B1' 36 (A qUiC eli K-Q4? (35 K-Q2! is still superior . endiFl. but the advantage remaining is still significant. Now the position is almost identical to that arising in the previous variation.QBI·QI NxKP R-Q7 21 RxR BxR 22 B-Q6! BxN 23 pxB endiNg after R-B1 R-K3 26 B-B1 is also much better for NxKP 24 F-BS ~-Q K~meri 1937. 16 BXN PXB 17 N·Q5 (now 17 . 22 .KlJ B4 N-N3 4 P-Q4 P-Q3 5 P·B4 pxp 6 1 P-K4 N-KB3 2 P·K5 N·Q4 3 P-Qp K3 9 N-B3 N-N5 10 R-BI P-B4 11 BPXP N-IB 7 ]3-K3 B-B4 8 N-QB3 B-K2 Q-Q2? (66) 11 66 This mo\\e is completely wasted. BXR? leaves Black extremely weak on the dark squares surrounding his king: 19 QXB! R-Kl 20 N·K4 RXP 21 N-B6+ K-N2 22 N-N4! and White has a clear plus._ 34 K-Q2! the text was an error made 10 time . 12 13 14 P-QR3 NXP NXB PXp N·B3 pXN 18.. R-QII8N-B7+K-B1I90_0±.88 D3 Alekh£ne's Defe l' nee .. R.+ 35 K K2 38 K-Q5 R-Ql+ 39 RXR KxR 40 K-Q6! R-Q8+ R:Kl 37 R-B8! . . • 30 P-B41 N-K6 ..

.S P-B4 pxp 6 BPxP N-B3 7 B-KS 8-B4 8 N-QB3 P-K3 9 N-B3 B-K2 10 P-Q!)!! 10 II 12 pxp N-Q4 PXp N-N5 pXB B-K2 B-KNS P-K7 PXRQ+ Q_xp RXQ R-KB4 0-0 P"B4! Q-K4 pXN RXQ QXQ N-B3 The only satisfactory move. B·K2 which for so many years has been the main line of the Four Pawns Attack.while at the same time guarding the square QB2 and preparing for the possibility of a later P-K6.. at E2 ~ P~K4 N-KB3 2P-K5 N"Q4 3 P-QB4 N-N3 4 P-Q4 P-Q3 5 P·B4 pxp 6 P P N-ES 7 B-K3 8-B4 8 N-QB3 P-K3 9 N-BS B-K2 10 P-Q5!! iO N-N5(68) . Stanciu-Partes..fthe tWG bishops. B-N3 13 B-QNS+ K-BI 140-0 (threatening 15 N-K6+ winning the queen) I4 . .. N (ei.4loses to 17 B. E 1942. 1':) 12.R5 + etc. We now consider: E110 ?xP E210 N-N5 EI I P-K4 n-KB3 2 P-K5 N-Q4 3 P-QB4 N-N3 4 P-Q4 P-Q3. 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 This is the move that was brought into the limelight by Velimirovic in his game with Cipslis at Havana 1971.. P-B5 B-QN5± N3-Q2 A lekhine's Def' :J€nce Alek I P-K4 N-KB3 2 P-K5 N-Q4 3 P-QB4N-N3 4 P-Q4 P-Q3 5 P-B4 PXP6 BP><PN-B3 7 B·K3 B-B4 8 N-QB3 P-K3 9 N-B3 9... It leads to sharp play in all variations and poses difficult problems to 9.. P(22 8-N2 was better but then 23 N-Q6 leaves Black in bad 22 . British Championship 1971... Q-Q. .K2 20 N-R41! Q-K3 (If 20 . B-K2(67) 6 RXBt(±) N5XQP (or I6 .NxN 19 pxN N-Q4 20 QBXP 1~~-21 B-B3±) 19 N-8S! B-QB3 20 N-K4 N-KBS 21 B-83 N3-Q4 N3 R.!avu-Suta.~he'F)Q. B-Q2NXB·~XN 24 BxN QR-QI 25 Q-B31 B-NS 26 B·R4! QXB 27 shape) 23 ~ Q_xNRXB28 N-B51 I-D.90 Not 16. B[ ~3 B-QN5+ P-QB3 14 pxp 0·0 IS 0-0 P-QR3 16 pxp B b) 12. K-NI IS N-B5 BXN.... It would be a mistake for Black to exchange roCiJ'ks the moment. Romania 1970...41+ Gl1ize...NSxP 14 NxB and White wms a pIece. -i2 NS-Q4 18 B-821 B-N4 (If 18 . . Black played 17.. 12 B-Q2 The alternatives are certainly no better: a) 12..2? 13 P-QR3! N . N3xP 17 Q-N3 P-QB3 18 pc@ncluded I~ NxN pxN 20 BxN pxB 21 RI-KBI±) 17 BXN! NXB 18 QQR3 N-R31 9 K-RI Q. Romania }971. Q3 Q.' 6)...Q-K3? 17 N-Q5! 17 18 Medina-Canzo. . R4 2!rl P-N4II-G. White boas slightly the better endgame prospects because of the advantagt.KR6!! pXB 18 Q.... . NxN 21 B-B4 R-KBI N3 B-B4-T-i ins) 21 NxB nXR 22 R-KBI Q-R4 23 B-K2! Q-N3 24 B· 22 Q_R-KBl WillS x.. 10 P-Q5!! In WiUiams-Cafferty. The game _concluded 22 N-Q.. 25 Forcing Black to make a decision about the future of his QB . 13 14: 15 16 17 P-K6 pxp Q-N4 P-KN3! 0-0-0 pxp B-QB3 B-KRS+ BxR Q-B3 hine's INien6e 91 16. B-KB3P and lost by force: 18 N-BS NS-Q4 19 NXP+ BXN 20 Q" R5+ K-K:'/:2~ B-BH KxP22 B·KR3+ 1-0..

J~~ ~. Parma... 13 If 13.N7 mate) 22 . B·R5+ 16 K·Q2 B·R4.. 12 13 P-QR3 P-KN4! ..Q7 Q·B8+) 29 RXP+ K·RI 30 draws by perpetua c Q_xr-+ }-0. uaek is devastating. His opponent..Q w the arne should have been drawn) 25 ..KB4? 16 N-Q4) leaves Better is 14. one of the local players. grandmaster Tringov. 0-0 may seem natural but it can be refuted by 12 P·QR3 N.3 .) 20 QXP R·BI 21 N·Q4R·Kl 220-0 Q-B2 23 KR-Kl N-Q2 24 P·K6 N·B3 25 Q·B5 R. 26 RXP+ ~.... 11 . . Mihaljcisin.N8+ K-B2 28 Rl.. concluded l. when 15 B-K2 (threatening White with ample compensation for the pawn. K·RII 29 NXP Q·BI! pxp B-U3 . 'improved' with UJ_ . B-R4.R3 13 B·Q3! when Black's position is already beyond repair. An incredible move. Rodriguez. W.BI-QI 26 pxp+ QXP 27 NXP R-Q7 28 N·K5 Q·N2 29 N-B3 RI-K7 30 RxR RXR 31 Q-Q3 Q-K2 32R-QII·0.:[ -Q125 P-N4? (25 pxp B-B3 26 N·K2 threatening N-B4 N4!24~" . P·B5! (~hrea. B·B4 (if 13. QxQ20 NXQPXN 21 NXP KR·Kl 22 P-B5 N-Q2 23 K-K2 with a won ending. pxP 20 Q·R5! R·Bl 21 The Velnnl'r~vIC 22'~-QN5) 21. R-Bl! After IL. . 15 P·R3 BxN A few rounds later. RxP 22 BxR? (a time trouble error. I heck after 30 P... -Gi slis game concluded 19 .. NxB 23 R2-N2 p...BxB 14 QXB N-B4 15 BxN BxB 16 P·QN4 and Black has no room to move) 14 B. White sacrifices a pawn in order to open up the KN·fiJe for an attack against the black king. .0.. B·N3.I I 92 Alekhines De" :J ence 93 A lekhine'5 JJ eJence 16 17 QXB R-B2 0·0 This was the continuation II in the Velimirovic-Gipslis P-KB3 game.pxP 12 P-QR3 NXP 13 BxN pxB 14 pXN.. K3xB NxB 15 BxB pxB 16 P·QN4 nK5 17 Q-Q4 P'QB3 18 pxp pxp 19 NXN pXN (or 19 ..KB2 23 BxR NxB 24 B-N5!Q·B2 25 QXR+ KXQ Better IS22 27 R. .K~! 28 N-B4 QXP?? (28 . .. . 14 QPxP wins a pawn for nothing. in the same tournament.. Sarajevo 1970. but one that is typical of Velimirovic's ingenuity. Black has insufficient compensation for the lost piece.. 14 R·KNI P.. N4-Q2 26 would stdl . was not in the least put out by the new course of events and the g'ame ended very ra pi dl y: 17 RxP pxp 18 Pxp NXP 19 Q·R4+ P·B3 20 QXB BxN 21 B·KN5 Q·R4 22 P-N41.Jf[N~:2 N.hltes a Q·Q2 17 QR-KI 18 R·Q2! 19 P·Q6±± ...

1.. For White we recommend against the Pirc the Robert Byrne method (with B-KN5) which combines the virtues of solidity and aggression and which creates a tense position with mutual chances.. cOFitiFlI:lNiLO . .. 5.. Austrian Attack I P·K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B4 5 N-B3 B-N2 P-B4 (69) A . W1Jk aan Zee 1974) 1. 69~~~~~~~~ White has set up a broad pawn centre which Black immediately attacks. T ..967. P-()4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B4 B-N2 5 N-B3 pI p-K4 P-Q3 2 x.:USA 1968. .i!_XH NXBP+ l!:l K-Ql N7-K6+ 20 BXN QXB 21 QXR+ K-Q2 and wins. Byrne . P-B4 enforces an asymmetric pawn structure at a very early stage and so ensures a strategically unbalanced struggle..B 1 or I 5 QXKP N -B4 and Whl te will have gTeat difficulty ionco-ordlnating his pieces. the theory of which is still expanding.3.. 9 KPxP+ 9 N-N!) Ii'-B4!is hopeless for White.:s Q:-R4::!t Lee-Suttles. . Jensen-Keene. There is relatively little information to digest on this defence in its main lines since this whole strategy for Black only became 'respectable' as the result of victories by Soviet grandmasters with it in the 1962 Candidates' Tournament at Curacao. BxB 15 IJ. or too little. The Hague 12 N-QB3 pxp 13 Q-K2 PXN 14 Q.x . Once again collapse of his centre.pjrc 1M-adem Defence 'biTities here: main POSS1 A 6 n-N5+ B 6 p-K5 C 6 p-Q5 D6~P 95 10 Pire/Modem Defence The Pirc Defence (I P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3) is an ambitious set-up for Black which tempts forwards White's centre pawns in the hope of undermining them. N-QB3 e.h e) 8 P-KR~ when Black can offer a promising exchange sacri Ice Wit 8 'l'Pl<P 9 ""xp pxp 10 Q-Q5! P-K5t II N-N5 N-KR3 12 QXNP 0-013 ••• -"1 ~-.IS ~P~P HJli':K...' QXB 9 N-KN5 . B N+I 14 pxB QXR (so far Kurajica-Keene . 8 .. The piece saerrfice 10 N-N5?1 is unsound.g.NS 13x13 QXN B-Q2 10 P-K6 BxKP II NxB pxN 12 pxp BXN~! 9 [~ 'p. ' B4 6 B-N5+ 7 P-K5 8 P-K6 B-Q2 N-N5 OJ?': . 10 NXB K-Q2 This king journey looks odd bu t the line is very pi aya ble for Black.R. P-KR4 II NXB Q-R4+ ! BxB .6 pxp II QXN pxN 12 NXKPPXP 13 NXB+ K-B214 QXQ 'XB""Q+ Hi RXQNXQ. TilUs we can see that anyone adopting the Pirc Defence (or the alternative move order I P-K4 P-KN3 2 P-Q4 B-N2 3 N-QB3 P-Q3) will be involved in a highly up-to-date opening system.. The alternative methods for White (dealt with under Black section) tend to err on the side of attempting too much.. 9. BX!6+? (White's centre dlSlTItegrates a f ter this) 8 .-KH K-Ql 15 P-N4 Q-N3 16 R-Bl when Black could have gone in for immediats counter-attack with 16 . Havana 1966.. White has four 10 11 12 N-B3 NxP Q-R4+ pxp BxN (70) .._.. 17 QXNP I'IXI"ll" lIS I. : $ N. 16 R-QNl N -B4 0-1 Purdy.tXRPQ.

nsbacked I!lp by the strong KB are more mobile than White's Q. driviNg White's queen to the awkward square KR3 (otherwise .I'Xl{P 8 N-KN5 N-KB3 9 pxp N-B3 10 B-QS pxp 11 0-00-012 Q-Kl N-QN5 13 NxKP NxB 14 pXN BxN 15 QXB+ K-R1 16 B-K3 RBl+ HaFtS~0n-Timman. Oxford University Championship 1968.. Hastings 1973·4..·S€El. iii) 'Ii P·KG1? A pawn sacrifice designed to cramp Black's game but it v@ll!lntarily liquidates White's own centre.janbalances the isolated K P..: (Black's centre ~a. NKN5). repn. . R-R4!± (White's knight is tied to the protection of his KBP and his castled position has been slightly weakened. Zuckerman-Benko.w.K2 0K316 P-B3 B-N317 B-Q2 QR-KBI 18 P:QN3RXP 190·0·0 P-KR4 20 P·KR3 P·R5 21 KR·Kl Q·B3 22 B-K3 BxB+ 23 QXS. 14 0-B3 N-B3 15 N. together with pressure on the Q-file and long diagonal. N-QB3 is .' .. O-O! Black sacrifices a pawn for dangerous chances. but now he has a choice of recaptures: a) 13 QXN+ Q-KB4 is in Black's favour e. Black is threatening . Side maj0Fity).) Tringov -Benko. li'xp 10 NXP R-Kl suits Black well for White is now unable to castle fI! I 0 -O~ Q-B4) and he has a good lead 1TI development... Matu.96 70 Pirc/Modern Defence pire /Modern Defence n ~==~~~~~~~ 97 Thus far White's moves have been forced.lcmc·Adorjan... and 8 B-B4 0-0 9 0·0 as in TirnofeevaFaJi)rinmaslllivili. B Other moves pose Black fewer problems a) "l iB-84 BPxP 8 QXP 0-0 9 P-KR4 pxp and White does not have much (omvensacion for the pawn.) !!I . Wijk aan Zee 1974. QXP+ 9 B-K2 (9 Q-K2 ~Q+! ]0 NXQ N-QB3 11 P-B3 R·KI 12 P-Q5 N-K2 13 P-B4 N-N3 w en nlal[i( will recover his pawn and still have the better develop· ment... Sar ajevo 1967 or 14 QXQ+ pXQ 15 N-K2 N·B3 16 P·B3 B·N3 17 P·QN3 QR·KBI 18ll-N2 RxP 19 0-0-0 P-KR4+ Harding-Botterill. 8 pxKP PXBP Q_-R4!?and Black has promising chances in the complications.. 7 . Play could continue: L.g.) 8 . New York 1967.. c) 'ij QtP*P-PXKP when 8 pxp NxKP 9 QXQ+ KXQ is in Black's favour due till his Detter pawns. or 8 B·K~ Q_-N3 9 PXKP R-Kl and Black will regain material with a dang:em~s initiative since White's' king is exposed in the centre. 7 KPxP N3-Q2 Aherna tives are weaker e. or b2) 14 Q-Q2 KR-KBI 15 P-KR3 N-B3 16 P-QN3 RxP 17 P-KN4 P-R4 18 P-N5 N-Kl 19 B-N2 N-N2 20 0-0-0 N-K3 and White's KBP is too weak.tsypiea I P' t . These factors outweigh his slight pressure on the central files. when 9 ... Vilnius 1958. b) 13 14 QXB Q·Ql N·QB3 l'h€ displacement of Black's KN by means of this thrust forms a tecurring theme of White's play against the Pire/Modern Defence. Beghan-Shaskin. 6. b l ) 14 Q-Q5 QXQ(now Black's centralized king is well-placed for the endgame) 15 NXQN·Q516 K·Q2 KR·KBI 17 P-KR3 N·R3 18 P·QN3 RxP 19 B-N2 N·K3 20 KR-KBI QR·KBI+ Zuidema-Suttles. Ire/Modern play for Black in that he is prepared to I P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B4 B-N2 5 N-BS po B4 6 P-K5(71) . This. R-B3. IllOI1e t}. 14 Q-R4 White hardly has anything better than 15 Q-B3 KR-KBI 16 B-Q2 NB3! when the endgame should be slightly in Black's favour in view of the weak pawn at KB4 and the lack of scope for White's QB. Sverdlovsk 1969. This . Havana 1966. g.

... . continued 11 Q-K2 QR-Bl 12 B·K3 Q·B5 13 Q-Q. P·K3. 7. 99 Riga 1956.!aek. 8 pxp 90·0 Black has a promising position in the centre.014 pxp KR-Kl 15 QXQNP N-B3 16 R-Ql K·N2 an K.ce invest material to ensure himself of the initiative and to enhance h scope of his powerful fianchettoed bishop. B4 6 pxp Q-R4! 7 B·N5+ 8 BxB+ B·Q2 7 ..N-Q2 10 B·K3 N-N3 11 B·Q4 0·0120-0 B-Q2 13 K-Rl B.QR3 P-QN4 20 B-BI P-Q4 when Black's pFessure on tnt QB-flle gIVeshim the advantage. QN-Q2 . 8 B-K3 9N·Q2 Q:·Q:2 Q.. D 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B4 B-N2 5 N·B3 pB4 6 Pxp Q-R4! (72) 72 98 . D3 1 li'. N-B4 with a perfectly satisfactory game. Ela€k's pressure on the Q-side is worth more than White's rather Vague cmarFIces n the other wing. te C 1 P·K4 P·Q3 2 P·Q4 N·KB3 3 N·QB3 P·KN3 4 P·B4 B·N2 5 N.K. Q?<BP 8 N-N3 Q. B2 9 ilVK2 Q.3 p-QR314 QR·Kl KR-Ql 15 P·K5 N-Kl 16 QXQRXQ17 R· Ql .4! P-Q.Monaco 1969. D2 1 P-K4 P·Q3 2 P·Q. 0-0 and follow up with ..XBP Q-QR4 8 Q-K2? NXP! 9 BXB+ NxB 10 QXN BXN+ 11 pxB QXP.. NXP! unleashing the force of the fianchettod KB..B6+ 12 QXR 13 pxp 0...7 B·K2 thensti1l7 .tel'slost ..B3 p. Torremolinos 1961. o Q.I Pt'rclModern De" .B! Or9 8-1\:2 G·O 10 0-0 P·QR3 11 K-Rl QN·Q212 P-QR3 N-B4 13 QL82 14 B-Q3 P-K3 15 Q·Kl N-NS=+:Geller-Nikolaevsky..KS 18 R·B2 Rl_-Bl.Ielj... sfuouJd now play 9 . Kiev 1958.R41 P-K3 pxp N·B3= Now 7 PXP? fails to 7. Kliavins·Kampenus.19 P'. .4 N-KB3 3 N·QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B4 B·N2 5 N-B3 PB46 FXP Q-R4! 7N-Q2 Now O'Kelly-Farre.3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P·KN3 4 P-B4 B-N2 5 N-B3 PB46 pxp Q.. Pand .. W h. lVl' Plre /"v1odem Defence . so: D1 7 B-N5+ D2 7 N-Q2 D3 7 Q·Q3 D4 7 B-Q3 DI 1 P·K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P·KN3 4 P-B4 B·N2 5 N-BS p.B3 ~4 R-Q:3 P·K4 15 pxp pxp 16 B·B5 KR-KI with an equal game-Whit<l' can make little headway on the KB-file.. 8... B4 6P-Q5 7 B-Q3 If. QNXB QXBP+ 0-0 90-0 10 K-Rl 0-0 li(1)r..Jfi-Hort. went 7 .

... The game could N·B3 11 P-KR3 RxN 12 QXB 0-0 13 14 B-Q2 Q-N3+ 15 K-Rl N·B4 16 Hastings 1973/4.. P·B4! preventing A stml7lg move taking advantage of the unprot.. SQ-K2 By pinning influence continue and then exchanging off White's KN. to launch 5 . .. White faces a diiffieult r. 6 N-B3 B-N5 does not solve ~he pF@blem of the QP's defence for White.K3 allows Black to obtain a fine posicion with 6 .voblem here.. White's 6.. NxKP 7 BXP+ (7 NXN P-Q4 and Black regains White Plays B-QB4-the Holmov System 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KR3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B·QB4 The obvious purpose of this move is to secure as dynamic a rok as possible for the KB.R8 diagonal B 1 p. Black . or .after configuration. . . P-Q4.. P -Q4. maintain a good position with P·I<\. Black's KB would represent an a~)preciati~g investment on the KR 1which is rapidly being emptied of White's pawns. . while 6 P-Q5? blocks the KB's diag@F1al and is answered bv 6 .. N-QNl with a sound position. ~.K... BlaeK's· position is flexible with t... an immediate attack by means of the push N·B3! P..."K·N!. Black increases his over the vital squares 9 B-K3 Q-QR4 100-0 ..he bishop pair.. KXB R-Kl for QP.winh a Frer game) 7 .. and artificial castling is as g00cl as the genuine article in this case. After 6 P·K5 NXQP 7 pXN NXQ8 PXB R·KNl 9 KNxN RXP Black is better with his queen and two pawns taking on tl'ltee minor pieces. NxK P followed by . or . 7 B-Q3 (74) The usual move. P-QB3 and ..4! P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 5 P·B4 fi BxP+ 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B·QB4 B-N2 delay committing 4 . P-QN4. .. his central pawns B-N2 (75) to any rigId 6 NXN?! P-Q4 makes matters very comfortable I'ccaptlJrimO'th e piece h e WI'11b e threatening ..100 D4 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 B4 6 pxp Q-R4! 3 N·QB3 P-KN3 Fire/Modern Deren J< Ce pirc /Mode'Ii"Umefenee 75 101 4 P·B4 B-N~ :) N-B3 p.ected QP. Here Black can K-side agg-rrssion WRite intends P-K5.. Q5... These possibilities reveal the advantages connected with Blac~'s decision to ~nt'piec-e.R3 N·Q2 (unmasking the bishop) QR-Nl NxB 17 pxN Adorjan-Suttles. even sometimes the liule fork.. t ric k com bi na tion . Q. 7 NXN .K4 and . KxR R NXN R·KI followed bv .. The bishop exerts threats on the diagonal QR2KN8 but on the minus side it is also vulnerable to attack by means ot .B5. with 17 .. The more cautious 6 B. 74 Now White may choose between the moves: A 5Q-K2 B 5 J!-B4' C N-B] A I P-K4 F-Q!:3 2 P-Q4 N·KB3 5Q-K2 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B·QB4 B-N2 7 ... hi tt ing tWO pieces..

C4 I P-K4 P-(2.. 8 pxp pxp N·Q4 9 B-Q2 NxN 10 BxN P-QN4 11 B-Q3 Q-N3 12 P-QN4 B·N5 VeselyMarsalek ." QB5 by playing his knights . ~R5. C2 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-QB4 B-N2 5 N·BS p. or 9 B-KN5 P·KR3 10 B-Q2 P·QN4! is simila[' (0 the above. continued 7 B-Q3 P·N5 8 N-K2 BN59 N·N3 QN-Q2 10 P-KR3 BXN and Black had an initiative on the Q-side. 9 P-K5 crosses this plan ht after 9. and now...P-Q4 7 pxp pxp 8 B-N3 B-N5 9 p·Rg BxN 10 QXB N. NxP. U3 os 2 p... P-N5 8 N·Nl (or 8 N·K2) 8 ..NS+LukinMa~0kh11A..."pxP 10 NxKP (10 pxP? ~-N5 willning. 7 B-N3? loses a pawn after 7 . B-K3=... P-N5 9 N-QI B-QR3 10 B-QB4 BxB 11 QXB NXP 12 QXNP Q.. 7 . 7 B-KN5 P-N4 and 8 B-N3? is poor because of 8.th~ K~) 10 ....B3 II B-K3 P-K3 120-00-013 KR-Ql R-Bl 14 Q-K2 N-Kl=+ Eliskases-Wade Buenos Aires 1960." p.n 1!Jefence C3 103 Black's excellent pair of bishops balances the slight weakness of his backward KP.102 Pire IModern Defence ?ire IModer.B-N3 see C4. B3 6 B-N3 Rern0ving the bishop from any inopportune disturbance. C 1 P-K4 P·Q3 2 P·Q4 N-KB3 3 N·QB3 P·KN3 4 B-QB4 B-N2 5 N-B3 76 I p-K4 p-'<.N5 and . Black has an ideal jilositiolil for he plans ~o contr~l. Therefone 8 B-Q3 Q-B2 intending .. 6 P-QR4? woulrl not serve the same purpose in view of 6. B-QR3 and. Black has a comfortable position. F-QR4! with the nasty threats of. gives Black a slight edge since White has 100sened his pawns too much. P-K4._3 2 P'Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-QB4 B-N2 5 N-B3 p.Q4 N·KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-QB4 B-N2 5 N-BS p6 Q-K2 P·B3 (76) 0·0 (77) 77 Now White's main tries are: Cl 60-0 7 P-K5 7.. I)\!)F C26P-K5 C36 Q·K2 C46B·N3 CI 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N·KB3 3 N·QB3 P-KN3 4 B·QB4 B-N2 5 N-B3 PB3 60-0 P·QN4! Active play gaining space on the Q-side at the expense of White's exposed KB.. Ostrava 1960. 7. By moving it on the 8th turn 7 NxN? is revealed as a waste of a tern po... Black holds the centre and has the better L bishop. Black's pieces are active and WhIte cannot mamtain his knight 0ut:P0St on K5. Siegen 1970. . ':l 0-0 P-~N4 8 B-N3 (8 B-Q3 is similar to Feller-Keene) 8.. Feller-Keene. eningrad 1965. after 8 NXP Q-R4+ 9 N-B3 pxp 10 NXP BxN 11 pxU QXKP+ 12 B·K3. B3 N-Q4 6 P-K5 7 BxN 7 NxN? pxN 8 BXP?? Q-R4+ and White loses the bishop..

P-K4. 8 . Storm on the Flank 1 P·K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4B·K2 5 P-KR4 A bold but somewhat artificial attempt expose Black's KNP as a target. Minsk 1964. 7...rc /Model'l1 Defence 6 pxp 105 Q-R4 for White: 0-0 70-0 7 Q-K2 B-N5 8 P·KR3 BxN 9 QXB QN·Q2 is equal despite White's two bishops. B-K2 N-R3 N-B4 N·BS B-K3 0-0-0 P-Q4! with good chances. or 7 P-KR3 P-QR4 8 p.. Now A 6FXP B 6P-Q5 are jolted by this move which Now Hl1ack goes over to attack Gap>riJJlGiasvili..... n 6 . Mikenas- White's attempts at Kvsid e attack crea tes a fluid central posi tion. after 10 B-K3 or 10 B-NS. but this should not' bother a devotee oil ~he Pirc. P-R5 9 BxRP NXP.. Q-B2 9 R-NI B-K3 10 P-R3 QN-Q2 11 . . R3 (stopping 8 .. B4!!6 pxp Q·R4 7 K-BI 8 B-K3 9 P-R5 g. .. as Black's position is very flexible. 10BXKRP O. 5 . . e. B4! N_~~-Q. 10 II 12 13 . 8 P-K5 pxp 9 NXP N-Q4 is all right for Black too) 8..N4? is feeble. P-R5 9 B-R2 QN-Q2 10 0-0 P-K4 11 B-K3 Q_ B2leaves Black with a solid position. Q-B1 12 P-KB3 N-R4 13 K-B2 B-K4=FMalinova-Gaprindashvili .104 to Q3 and QR4.... 78 B-N2 to storm Black's Kvsid« and It is rare indeed for While to be able to answer .Q-R4 in sueh typica~ positions with pXQP and still emerge unscathed. Black can occupy his fair share of the centre with 10 ... p. or any rook move. A3 ~ P-K4 P-Q:3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N·QB3 P·KN3 4 B-K2 B-N2 5 P-KR4 p416 pxp QcR4 7 B-Q2 8 P-R5 QXBP A I P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P·KN3 4 B-K2 B-N2 5 P-KR4 p. 8 P-KR3 9QxB B-N5 BxN QN·Q2 st h re now three alternatives T ere a ' 7 pxP? A27K-m Ail 7B-Q2 Al 1 p-K4 F-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N·QB3 P-KN3 4 B-K2 B-N2 5 P·KR4 PIH! {i Fxl? Q-R4J 7 pxP? 8 pxp 9 pXN 10 K-BI NXP NXN BXP+ N-B3± Now.. A2 1 F-K4: P·Q:3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-K2 B·N2 5 P-KR4 p. and White is powerless to interfere with the occupatio of the light squares on his Q-side.g. Pxp 10 ip-B3 likewise leads to sharp play.!BP Q-QR4 P·B4! (78) H9 N-R3 BXN 10 RXB P-R4 and Black has no problems....

crotr e . The black king shelters behind his opponent's ..t th~s will maintain a slight edge. P-K4..!li and contest the centre at P . ~hJ1\1st -iK.. 9N-R3 A suggestion of O'Kelly's tournament play. Bruzzimove P-KR4 is just wasted P-QN4 _ .. IMoaer. a once occu PJes the centre' a ) 7 Pxp Pxp 8 Nxp N . XP! and Black regains the pawn with a free game..lassi(lal System I F·K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N·QB3 P-KN3 r.. Ilford 1964. . 4N-B3 5 B-K2 Alneacl.l{N"5 D60·0 7 . BxB 15 RXB p-K3 ~6 J?xp RXP+ 17 N-K3 N-B3 18 N-R3 Q-K2 19 Q-Q2 N-Q5 20 00-0 N-K5 with an overwhelming position for Black.. 7 BQ-Q2 Q><BII P-QB3 N-Q2 initiative for Black... continued 12 N-B4 B-N2 13. P-Q4 breaking the position open to the advantag-r of the better developed side.B3 R·KI 14 B-R6 (trying to get at the black king) 14. While 1il0W has a choice between four plausible moves: A 6 p-KR] B 6 B-1<.106 PirclModern Defence 1957..'ywith his first two moves cemural Jilawn formation... B 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N·KB3 3 N-QB3 P·KN3 4 R-K2 B-N2 5 P-KR3 B4! White's extra pawn is worth nothing and only obstructs White's pJer('s 'JJiI rheir hunt for the black king. 0-0 up the central files e.g.B4 C 6B. P.QB4 or 0-0 (80) 5 . or 7 N-B3 P·K3! when the and irrelevant. White has no good way of defending side. 8 . He continues tNa..rt Ptrc fJefence 107 10 N-N1 11 N-Q2 • NXKP N·KB3 still awaiting N-B3 experirnC(' In Black stands well since the white pieces are awkwardly placed and it is hard to prevent . NxKP! PONS! K-Rl pawn... IORxB which IS the weak squares on thr K0-0 BXN . An inspired sacrificial idea to wipe out White's centre. 6 . Tile ('.. B. Black has all the play in the ..Littlewood. 9 pXRP+ A I rp·K4 P·Q_3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P.. 7 P-R5 Other 7th moves give Black time to open KN5 P-N4! 8 BxP NXKP 9 NXN Q·R4+ 10 12 Q-K2 Q·N3 13 N-B3 N-B3! with a strong Botterill 1971. Wade-N.KN3 4 N-B3 B-N2 5 B-K2 0. 8 pxp 8 BXP allows the well known combination 8 ..0 6 P-KR3 P-K4 ThisIiT10w t . B·N2 White has obtained the 'ideal' quiet development in the belief Black must guard against the a safe moment with .

S 2 iP·Q4 N-KB3 3 N·QB3 P-KN3 4P·B3 Tllie moves to castle long Q2.oB4 Q-K2 2@F-K5 R-Kl 21 QXQP BXP 22 Q-Q3 B-Q3 23 P·KN3 Q-K8+ 24 iN2 Q:.. 8 B-KN5 . C 1 P-K4 P·Q3 2 P·Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P·KN3 4 N-B3 B-N2 5 B-K2 0·0 6 B·KN5 QN-Q2 A good move which prepares . contintHla lil Q-Bl RoQl 12 RXR+ QXR 13 R-Ql Q·KBI 14 P-KR3 BxN Hi BXIBP-Q. .. poQ. Quinones-Keene._ ..... Wijk aan Zee 1974. D 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P·Q4 NoKB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 N·B3 B-N2 5 B-K2 0·0 60-0 7 B-K3 8Q-Q2 BoN5 N·B3 Black's fues~chance because it prepares to counter-attack on the Q'side wliIeFe White intends to castlet __ .PoQN4 and . Q... Westerinen-Razuvayev.18 BxN pXB 19 o. N·N! 9 Q-Q2 QN-Q2 10 B·KR6 BXN 11 B2xB PB3 12 BXB KxB 13 KR·Kl Q-R4 14 P-QR3 QR-Bl 15 pxp pxp 16 p.". however..g..0 6 B-KB4 7 P-Q5 N-B3 If 7 0·0 then 7.....----------- ---------_.. 5 B-K3 6Q·Q2 81 QN-Q2 B-N2 (81) 8 P-Q5 is not very impressive and merely increases the scope Black's KB after 8 . 4 .-Bl! 10QR·Ql ManulQvic's innovation which maintains equality while keeping some life In Black's game._. White Plays 'P-KB3 and B-K3 ~ P-K4 P-Q..> P-K4! Botvinnik's suggestion as an improvement on 8 PXPep? BXP 90-0 R· KIlO R-Kl P-KR3 11 P-KR3 P-KN4 12 B-K3 P-Q4 13 pxp NxP 14 NXN Q><NUnzicker-Botvinnik . Black. USSR 1962.Q:B8 25 P·N3 R-K8 26 B-Ql B. P-B3 7. Q-R4· are both new 'P@ssiJiJle'.1 k's ehances on t he Kvsi 1 are no worse t Iran Wh"ite S on t h e e Kvsir e case vat': o. 8. 8... B 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 N-B3 B·N2 5 B-K2 0. Timman-Matulovic.. N-K2 there could follow 9 Q-Q2 N-R4 10 0·0-0 with a sharp and difficult position in which Black's prospects are not inferior. but the advanced QP provides Black with a target for attack) 8 . The main 7th move .. B-NS is a good move intending to force through . went 7 0-0 B-N5 8 P-Q5 (driving back the knight. In that retreat "'. Tseshkovsky-Ushakov.his bishops are raking White's Q·side. QN4 Q-B2~ White has only succeeded in weakening his Q-side.. has many opportunities to attacking efforts.5.. _P-KB4.pposju~wing. B-KR6. Varna 1962.. PXp 9 . Vilnius 1969.. If anyone can play on it is Bla€k whose major pieces are actively placed.. 7 Q-Q2 P-B4 8 0-0 pxp 9 NXP P-QR3 10 K-Rl Q-B211 P-B4 P-R3 12 B-R4 P-QN4 13 B-B3 B·N2 with equal chances. _P-QB4 establishing a 'Sicilian' central structure: e.. Camaguey 1974. rebue White's P-KB3 and B·K3 indicated that White probably intends and attempt to storm the K-side with the conventional QP-KR4 etc..R3 16 N-Q5 NxN 17 RXN N-Q. . BXN 9 BxB N-K4 10 B-K2 P·B3 11 P·B4 N4·Q2 l~ Q-Q2 pxp 13 pxp Q-R4 14 QR-Ql QR-Bl 15 B·Q4 N-N3 16 KR·Kl N-B5 and Black stood better. ~ 108 Pire/Modern Defence Fire/Modem Defence 9 pxp 109 b) 7 P-Q"i P-QB3 with a target for counter-attack against White's cent ral position. P-K4 (with tempo gain because of White's bishop on KB4). P-K4 o! re!:ack h~s furthered his development with his last two moves and is y to wnhs~and any of White's attacking plans. when Black had the more active pieces.5 N-K2 followed by a move of Black's KN (-KR4 or -Kl ) the Or 9 of B'lack's QB to Q2 and a Kvsid e push with .--=--.

Zagreb 1955.110 alternatives to 7 B-KR6 (D) are:A 70-0-0 Pirc/Modern Deren Ce . B 1 P-K4 P-.. If anyth mg BIack Ilas t h e more active pas! non.N-NS 8 N-Bl B-K3 9 N-NS N-B5 10 BxN BXB II B-R6 BxB 12 QXB Q-N3.. .NI-K2 B-Q2 16 Q-K3 0-0 wit chances for both sides. B-K3 10 Q-K2 N-R5 II NXN QXN 12 P-QN3 and Black will have to regroup for the attack. 9. Razuvaev. . Belgrade 1952. . 10 N3-K2 I P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B3 P-B3 5 B-K3 QNQ26 Q-Q2 B-N2 70-0-0 Immediately 8 K-Nl Q-R4 N-N3 starting an attack on White's king. TRis tense situation and now if: a) 9 N-Q5 QXQ 10 NxN+ BxN II RXQ P-Q4= Blau-Medina . with 7".. pirc!J"ou • . . as in Milic-Pirc.rurni 1969. Zurich1964.g. a BotVlnnlK. Or pieces aFe ~-K4 10 pxp pxp 11 0-0-0 Q-K2 12 KN-K2 P-R3 13 K-NI b) 9 B-Q3 _ N-84 15 N-N3 NXN 16 RpxN 0-0-0= KupreichikB -N2 l4! NB1H . .. which continued II K-NI P-R4 12 N-BI P-R5 Averb a .P-QN48 P-KR4 P-KR4! (holding White's attack) 9 N-R3 N-N3 10 P-N3 P-R4 II P-R4 P-N5 12 N-K2 N. with even chances.B3-Q2 13 R-QI Q-B2 14 K-B2 pQB4 where Matanovic and Pirc agreed a draw. Black's KB has been exchanged but White's B 7KN-K2 C 7 P-KN4 D 7 B-KR6 A assively placed.h 13P-N4 P-'B4' 14 pxp NXBP 15 N.K: )]et:n fJefence MlilsCOW 111 1964. P-N5 Q-N3 with rival attacks underway arose in Karasevkh Harkov 1963. D I P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B3 P-B3 5 B-K3 QNQ2 6 Q-Q2 B-N2 7 B-KR6 BXB 8QxB P-QN4 90-0-0 Other 9th moves offer White little chance of advantage e. Bakuhn- . b) 9 B-Q3 (a better attempt than the simplifying 9 N-Q.: a}9 N-R3 P-N510 N-Ql Q-N3Il Q-Q2 P-B4J2 PXPNxBP= .) 9 . C 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B3 P-B3 5 B-K3 QNQ2 6 Q-Q2 B-N2 7 P-KN4 7".Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 P-B3 P-B3 5 B-K3 QNQ2 6 Q-Q2 B-N2 7 KN-K2 and Black can reach a position..

11 White vs The Pire on the Q-side. N-N5 8 0-0-0 pQ:B3!!1 F-KR4 NXB 10 Q?<N P-N!'>II P-B4 Q-R4 12 P-K5 pxp 13 QPxP 8-K~ 14 K-Nl! N-Q2 15 KN-K2 N-N3 16 N-Q4 N-Q4 17 NXN QXN 18 P-R4 Q-B4 19 Q-QB3 0-0-0 20 B-K2 B-Q2 21 P-N4 Q-N3 22 P-QB5 Q-B2 2:3 Q-B4 with great advantage to White-space advantage and tactical Jilrossih>ilities such as P-K6. b) 6. P-KN4 The Robert Byrne Variation I P-K4 P-Q32 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-KN5 (82) Very d€lIclOkedged.. If White pushes P. P-K4 10 pxp N2xP gives Black equalizing chances) 10 0-0-0 P-N4 II B-K3 N8:3 12 P-Q_!il P-QN5 13 PXN pxN 14 QXBP 0-0 15 P-K5± VeresovZairsev." P-QN4 is a better chance) 8 0-0-0 QR4 9 K-Nl N-N3 10 P-K5 P-Q4 II P-KR4 B-K3 12 N-R3 NI-Q2 13 NQN5! QXQ 14 N-B7+ K-Bl 15 RXQ Levin-Kostuchenko.'!'ak as we II.. The Pine 5. whi~e has a ~remendous advantage with possibilities of NxB and P-R5 to shut iF! mack's KB for ever.. 68-KB4 113 J(R3 and he ~as a lot of developmg Now Bla€k cannot castle on the K-side because of the pressure on his to get t h roug-h before he can castle 6 ... 5 B-KB4 6Q-Q2 and we Nave transposed into variation A. a) 7 B-K3 Now Bivshev-Shilov.N-B~!? 'J B-QN5 N-Q2 8 N-B3 P-R3 9 B-K2 P-QN4? (9 ..K:J the pressure along the diagonal KR4-Q8 may become painful for Black.. Black is a pawn down and his king position is .. The American grandmaster and recent world championship candidate Robert Byrne is the line's chief exponent.·· p-B3will norrmally transpose into variation C... but alternatives arc not attractive. Also dangerous is the continuation Q-Q2 with P-KB5 in the air intending B-KR6 to exchange Black's fianchettod bishop and perhaps launch a pawn storm against the black K-side.. 6. Sochi 1961. 8-N2 Or I P-K4 P-KN3 2 P-Q4 B-N2 3 N-QB3 P-Q3 4 B-KN5 N-KB3 5 Q-Q2 P-KR3 1}?-K4jli'-Q132 P-Q4 N·KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-KN5 4 ..4 P-KR3 C 4 P-B3 D 4 QNQ2 A 4.[he QB is posted on the business side of the pawn front.. Black has four reasonable replies to 4 B. P-KR3 B-N2 .. P-B3 'J P-B3 N3-Q2? (7. is An aggressive and natural system with an advantage over the system of development that characterises the Austrian Attack .. Moscow 1964.white tJs.KN5: A 4 B-N2 B. QN-~2 '} O-O-O. continued 7.t c) 6". Kiev 1959.

Pirc .. QN-Q2 P-KR3 6 B-R4 N-R4!? NxP! 7Q-Q2 P·KN4 8QXN 9 Q-B2 9 8xP pxB 10 QXNP B-R3 II Q-N3 P-QB4 and Black has excellent play on the dark square-so 9 Q-B3 PXB 10 8-B4 P-K3 II BxP N-K4 12 pXN BXB with advantage. b) 5 . Belgrade 1%2..I.. 9 . Introduced () 8-R4 viol arion of gf'Ilt'ral principles N-R4!? If the safer 5 ....N·R4 9 P-BS! pxp 10 pxp P-R3 11 B-Q2 N-B3 12 Q-K2 P-B3 13 pKN4 and White alre-ady had a promising attack in Djurasevic... D I P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-KN5 4. Q-K2 R-R2 Pire used to play 5. 5 ... 5 P-B4 White. leaves Slack with weak squares and boxed in pieces: or R.. Q-N3!? . This is the only move to give White's P-KR3 move is 11 0-0-0 12 B-K2 13 N-R3 13 .B3 here but neither . . P. P-B3 6 P-K5 N-Q4 7 NxN pXN 8 N-B3 Q-N3 9 B-Q3 B·N2 10 QK2 and now 10 . a subtle method of striving for control of central squares. V. 3rd Yugoslav Championship 1947. then N-B3. P-QB4 pressurizing the dark squares and especially White's QP.. And now alternatives are: D1 7 Q-Q2 D2 7 P-B5 D3 7 KN-K2 DI 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-KN5 QN-Q2 5 P-B4.114 C White vs. 5 P-B4 (84) by Benko against Ostojic at Monaco 1969. The move prepares". P-B3 (83) N-N3 fi P-QR4 7 B-Q3 S-N2 8 N-B3 and now 8. N -N3 or 5 . B-N2..satisfactory: P-K5.KB3 II B-R4 P-QB4 12 P-Q!).. 8. 8th Yugoslav Championship 19:)2.. pxP 11 BPxP N-Bl 12 P-B3 B-Q2 130-0 N-K3 14 Q... The Pire White il) :'I . Udovcic-Pirc. ... B-N2 and . Seemingly in it is. Iklgrade 1952. retai ning t he ext ra pawn. 14 KR·BI pxB P-K3 N-N3 B-Q2 If 13 N -83 then .. nevertheless.R-Kl 0-0 1:1 B-K3 gave White a fine centralised position 'with chances on the Kvside in Crosck-Pirc.. B3-Q2 10 Q-Kl P..0-0 9 0-0 N. or 10 "P-B3 11 PXBP NXP 12 B-N5+ B-Q2 13 BxN BxB. 10 8-B4 Immediately threatening system any bite... B-Q3 and 0-0 is a guod plan for 6Q-Q2 7 R-Nl 8B-Q3 QXi~P Q-R6 position for a White has a big lead in development and a menacing pawn. The Pirc 115 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P-Q4 N-KB3 3 N-QB3 P-KN3 4 B-KN5 4 ..K2 is possible.. Trifunovic-Pirc.B3 14 l!\XB+ KXB 15 0-0-0 with obvious weaknesses in Black's position.

Q!B4 f..C Paignron 19{)9.4 and . 9Q·Q2 P-K3 Black has severe weaknesses B·K2 pxp P·QB3 in the struggle his K4 square. p. a) 7. has good prospects..."P-KN4 10 B·B2 P-B4!'+ seized control of his K4 sgua re .iP-Q:B4 8 N·Q5! and Black's pieces are painfully hemmed in. White vs.rdsoll. Black at . 8 pxp 7 ".. NXP? 8 NxN P·KN4 9 N·K6 pXN 10 Q-R5 mate!! b) 7. is firmly in Black's BXB Q·Q2 P-R3 N·QB5= or 12 BXB+ QXB 13 pxp Q-N5! and the initiative 12 13 NXB 14 P-R4 15 N..116 We have been fofl~wi~g Richa. a com man theme in t his line..olI@wed by strong-pointing 120·0 12 Pxp 8xB 13 NXB pxp with equal chances.. 9 B-B4 10 KN-K2 11 B-QN5+ PXP P-B4 N-N3 B·Q2 14 0-0 P·R3 pl ans".. KE4.K{'('nc. Black pawn compcnsarins:. but did not do well. li'-K4 9 Q-Q2 B-K2 10 O-O-O±. The P£rc 117 7 KN-K2(86) D2 I P·K4 P·Q3 2 P-Q4 N·KB3 P·KR36 B-R4 N·R4!? 3 N·QB3 P·KN3 4 B·KN5 QN·Q2 5 P'B4 7 P·B5 (85) 'FhJ7~atening KR3 u<Il13-N2. .. ' 01 Whife '(Is. P- 7. f. hIS bishop palr and extra his cramped position. N· has B5 9 Q·B3? (9 Q·Q2 is better) 9. The Pi".S-fi3 hands.. 100-0·0 11 B-B2 and 0@th sides have chances 8. R pxp Ostoijic tried 8 B·84 against Benko. to acquire a massive position by means P-KN4!? of P-KN4. D3 1 P-K4 P-Q3 2 P·Q4 N-KB3 P·KR36 B-R4 N·R4!? 3 N·QB3 P-KN3 4 B·KN5 QN-Q2 5 P-B4 . Q. ahead.. 8 8-84 Black 8-N2 8 ..

. Q..0· Naturali y thl~ gdame IS not .Pillsbury. A post~l game KochMayer. 4P-Q4 P-K4 Black may now follow one of two distinct paths: A 2".. B-R4 7 P-KN4 B-N3 8 N-K5 P-B3 (8 . pxP? 6 NXP B-QN5 7 B-Q2 Q-' d 4+ 8 <. Tarrasch... '11) 5 B-K3 P-BS (not 5 .and 9.Q:2 gives White an irresist. 1968.. . a defence which allows White to make full use of his one move initiative.. continued 4 B-K2 B-N5 (If 4. Black must retreat his attacked knight as IL . a safe form of the Danish Gambit reversed in which his two extra pawns give him a two pawn advantage..) 8 B-QB4 Pxp 9 . gives White a lasting' K "fhe ol'll:yl@gical continuation.. The reason for this is not merely that fashions change but that some of these older lines have been shown to be just plain bad. Black has nothing to show for his pawn...BxN 14 BXB N-Q4loses a pawn.. concluded amusingly B-N5 P'x" . . One such 'opening is the Centre Counter Game.N5± Krasn@v-D(i)f.. a P ieee that can be at tacked at rat h ef I 0"."P-QB3 (not 8".. while 5:.· Q ~5 rhe game Mieses-Ohquist . with 6 . .3 B-B4 6 N· QB3. 3. N-K5 by 10 B-Q2 Q-N3 (or lO . 3 N-QB3 Q-QR4 12 Centre Counter Game (Scandinavian Defence) I P-K4 P-Q4 Many of the openings that were popular fifty years ago or morc have disappeared almost completely from master chess.Centre . P-K4 4 pxp BXP 5 P·Q. .. 2 . the oldest form of the Centre Counter. P-QB3?. _.. N-B3? 6 P-Q5) 6 B-Q3 B-N5 7 KN·K2 p. [952. continued 7 Q_ 12 N-K2 8 !\Ixp 0·0 9 P-QR3 B·Q3 10 N4-N.KN5xN 8 RpxB BXQ 9 RXQ BxP 10 RXKP+ erc.-. sacrifices a pawn for the sake of gctting a lost game: After 3 pxp NxP (or 3.. USSR 1962. N-K4? 7 NXN BXQ 8 B-QN5+ 1. b) 6. 9.. role (lonse(luence of Black's fourth moveb ut It oes seem an meYlta _ . A 1 P-K4 P-Q4 2 pxp 2 ..N-QB3 5 N·B3 3. B-K5? is now met by 10 N-B4 Q-B2 II NXB NxN 12 Q-B3 N-BS 13 B·B4±. N-KB3 The gambit. .ible hold on the centre and a beautifully developed game.. QN-Q2 by 10 N-B4 Q-B2 II' P-R5 B. BotvinnikKcmstaliltiliHJp1@lsky. 1896. Tal. NxB II QXN P-B3 [2 NXB pXN 13 B-Q3 P-KN4 14 P-R5 N·Q2 IS B-N6+ with a winfolingposition due tGJ Black's wrecked Kvside) 11 NXB NXN 12 BXN RpxN 13 Q-Q2 P·K3 14 0-0-0 Q-B2 15 R·Kl± (analysis by TaFtaK(i)Wer). when White has reached.. P-QB3 :) N-B3 Q-B2 6 P-Q4 B-BlI!"l P-Q5!±) 5 P-Q4 BxB 6 KNXB Q-KR4 7 P-Q5! Q-N5 8 QQ3 (~hl'fat(>lilililg Q-N5+) 8. 5". 5N-B3 B-KN5 This.OU lead Ii" nter Game (Scandinavian Defence) 119 · III dr:veI0J1lment.. 9_..Skuja. N-K5? 9 Q-B3!) 9 PKR4! and Black's position bears a strong resemblance to a bad form of ~he Care-Kann. .. '11 Oiicalfor Black to first develop. Pxp is again -.. N5) 12 .Q><NP?) 9 B-KB4 Q-BI 9 100-0-0 asnd Black's 'undeveloprnent' presents a sorry spectacle...) 4 P-Q3 P-K4 5 N·KB3 B·QB4 6 B-K2 N·B3 7 0-0. B. B-Q4 13 P. USSR 1952.11Q-N3 II 0-0-0 B-K3 7 B'N5! N-N3 13 NxB PXN 14 P-KR4±) 7 P-QR3 B-Q3 (not .HIiar. .(-1\2 QXQ+ 9 BXQ gives White an important lead in cvel0lHFlclilt.. mistake. Q-K4+? is another time-wasting ~ove. 1903. I P-K4 2 pxp P-Q4 ~~ 8 _QI is too passive and 4 P-Q4 N-KB3 (after 4... B·QN5 also fails to solve Black's problems: 6 B~+B'N5 (6 .. QXP (87) 87~~~~~~~~ 4 N-KB35 N·B3 B-N5 is best met by 6 P·KR3! and now: a)6 BxN 7 QXB P-B3 8 B-QB4 P-K3 90·0 QN-Q2 10 B-B4 B-K211 KR-KI oo 12 P-RS KR-KI 13 B-KN3! Q-NS 14 Q-Q3 QR-QI 15 PQN41 wi~fu a tremendous game for White.K5 12 RR4! (:tmreato:ming to win a piece by 13 p..QxP B 2...

was discovered by the Soviet the{)rhician glTan<ilmasterSuetin . White has ample time with which to contest the [(!Ing diagonal by 6 B-Q2 B·N2 7 B-B3.. 1962.. and first employed in master practice by him in his game with Sharnkovich from the 1965 USSR Cham.. .NP: 8 Q_xpN4-N5 9 B-QN5 B-Q2 10 BxN NXB 11 Q-N3 and Black has no .. It should be noted that White may..... P-KN3?. VIZ: 5 N -K B3 and now: intalll an". (if 9. . with a useful protected passed pawn at QB5 and Black is. 'mpreSSIV€ 100 I . f .B3 BxN B-K2 gives the opening certain characteristics thar make It ThiS [N@V€ • Wh" . ' 6 P-KR3 centre . 7. transpose to Gunderam's Attack in the Caro-Kann (chapter 8) by 3 P-QB4 P-B3 4 P-Q4 pxp 5 P-B5. 6 .h~s already moved five times for one that had only moved once.. continue WIt!! h o. anyway... N-KB3 (88) ~~~~~~~~~ 3 P-Q4 6 P-B5! This.120 Cerure Counter Game (Scandinavian Difence) Q-K2+ Q-K4 10 QXQ+ BXQ 11 NXB pxN 12 BXKBP+ K-K2 13 Bxp IIK3 14 BxB KxB 15 0-0-0 and Black's position.K4I and possibly a K-sI~e fianchetto. 3 . . rna r. _P-QB3 in that it offers a pawn for which Black gets no return: 4 pxp NXP 5 N·KB3 8-N5 6 B· K2±.. a pawn."B. J .S P-B5! NXP 6 BxP+ P·QB3 7 8-K2. pxp 6_... is hopeless. tat Itey to White's whole system..e..B3 is akin to 2 . S-NS 8 Q·N3.4+_ White threatens 10 B-QB4 as well as 10 QXNP and Black has grave difficulties completing his development..pensatlOll or the pawn... a) 5 "".'" dvantag€' since he controls more spaces. . r nter Game (Scandinavian Defence) 121 . a p-KN3 6 N-B3 B-N2 7 P-KR3 0-0 8 B-K3. anowl~g White to support.-. .. If instead he plays 3. 0-0 8 B-K2 B·N5 9 0-0 BxN 10 BxB N-B3 11 P-Q5 N·K4i 12 'E"K2 and once again White has a greater share of the board. Black hopes to undermine ite s IniS @ N rem . f Alekhine's Defence. .: Ceilt . . . B-N3? 8 Nxp) 8 QXP B-N3 9 B-Q2 N-QB3 10 B·QN5 KN-K2 11 N-K5! with an overwhelming position for White..P..active continuationBlack at once applies indirect ('JFeSSIH'C t@White's QP.BxN 7 Q><Bis also bad for Black after either 7 .. _. .es 6 N-B3 B·N5 7 B-K3P-K3 8 B-K2!± (Fine).O'lCIl I(jIQ ke"d the threat of 5 •.... B-K2 and R-Ql with an enormous gnp on t e centr. N0~e rha~ 12 .. and White can on:) 5". . p.au .he's material advantage is overwhelming.. 3... if ld if N-N5? is just plain wrong-Its only jusn ication wou come J W 4h··. After 5 P-QR31 N5·B3 6 P-Q5 N-K4 7 N-KB3 NxN+ (7 .. 5 N-KB3 The B-N5 @Flly. continued 7 . QB3"N.1 even augment his cen tral control.. N-Q4! allows White to put into practice the full force of Suerin's argument. The idea is to take advantage of Black's voluntary weakeniNg ofhis QN2 square and thereby to unpin White's KN. P-NS is a l.KJ33 would be a passive step. Q-N5 10 P-QR3!).os .B-R4? is an outsize blunder: 7 P-KN41 pxp (7. B 1 P-K4 P-Q4 2 pxp 2.. 4 P-QB4 N-N3 6 . 14 BxN and 15 Q-Q. QXP 6 QXQ N-B7+ winning a pawn ite fOli nothing. White s game is clearly superior..... €@ID. Wh.N (eitherjxb P loses apiece after 13 BxB..i~tle slow. Mardle-Hollis. BXN) but White can safely snatch the Q. After 7 Q-N3! BXN 8 QXP N-K6 9 QXB N-B7+ 10 K-Ql NxR U Q_xR. N'" 6 B-K2 P-K3 7 Q-N3 Q-Bl 8 N-B3 and White has the b) 5. king pawn duo at Q4 and QB4 by such means as. _ 5. P-QN4 (otherwise Black is just a pawn down) and then comes .. 4 P-QB4 forces 4 .. Black has exchanged off a piece that . pxP 8 QXNP pXN 9 P-QN3! 7 Q><P 8Q-K3+ 9 QXB.. 4. down with his king exposed on the central files.' h . a pawn down as well...pi(!lnsh1p. P-QB3 8 B-QB4 N-B3 9 0-0 or 7. ~ "<. '. if he so wishes. N-QB3 is a marked improvement (over 7 ..!) 8 QXN. Black must recapture the pawn at once. BxN 6.

..5 B-N2 8 P-K6 Pxp 9 pxp N-Nl 10 P-B5! N-KB3 11 N-KN5 pxp 12 B 3:'!: Bogcllan0vic-Nikolic. Komg .B-K2 14 B-K3 K-Ql 15 R-Bl R-Kl 16 P-KN3 B-N4 17 B-N21 BXB 18 PXB RXP+ 19 K-Q2-R-K3 20 KR-Bl P-B3 21 R-B5 R"Q3 22 RXQP RXR 23 BxR K-K2 24 B-N2 N-R3 25 P-QR3 (leaving Black's knight miserably confined) 25 . althou_gh his move does rank as an improvemcn..the defence does uRfer White a slight but definite advantage yet it would be most unwise te taiKe it too lightly and try for a quick crush..g. 10 N-B3 P-K3 10.... 7 PR. P-K3 3 N-KB3 P-Q4 4 P-K5 P-QN3 (Cording-Braune. If h The defence named after him conforms to this prmclp e rom t e outset.... B-N2 6 B-Q3 P·B4 7 PXPep QXP 80-0 P·KR3 9 R-Kl and here too White's control of K5 gives him the edge-NagL'is-Bonch-Osmolovsky.. P-Q. 1954.. went instead L. NxN 11 pXN P-K3 would be slightly better but Black's position would still be under tremendous pressure. postal game 1965. 13 Nimzowitsch's Defence N-Q4 P-QN3 1 p_K4N-QB3 Since 8 . The Suetin-Sharnkovich game concluded 13.. B·N5+ 5 P-B3 B-Q3 6 NQ4:t} s D-K2 B-N5+ 6 QN-Q2 NXN+ 7 BXN N-K2 8 0-00-09 N-N3 s'howsBlack's KB to be misplaced. 9 . b] 2.. N-QB3 9 QXP N4-N510ses at once to 10 B-QN5. penc h a .. Keres-Kevitz... 1960) 6 B-Q3 P-QR3 7 Q-K2± White has much more freedom of action and Black lacks development. .. 12 QXQ 13 P-B6! pXQ A beautiful move which leaves Black's Q-side completely bottled up. Q-K6 mate. .3'3 P-Q5 N-Nl (after 3. Vrnajcka Banja.Mieses. II NXN One of ~he features that characterised Nimzowitsch's play was his nt For trying to control the centre with pieces rather than pawns.'€arrenrion. however.. N-QB3 prohibits the tematic freeing move". NXP??) 14 B-NS K-Q2 15 R-QBl and Black can resign.P·B3 5 B-QN5 B-Q2 6 Q-K2 Q-K2 7 0-0 0-0·0 & R·K] R·Kl 9 P-B3 with some advantage since White has 'retained ooncrol of K5 and can advance his pawns against Black's king) 5 iP-iB3 N3-K'2 (or 5. After simply 7 B·K2... i . N-K4 4 N-QB3 P-QB4 5 P-B4 N-Q2 Ii N-D3 P-KN3 White's strong pawn centre is very dangerous. c) 2.. 19 39..B4 30 R-K7 1-0.... P-QB4. The strategy that we rectilmmend. 1 P-K4 N-QB3 P-Q4(89) QXN 2P-Q4 Or 11. White has a good game. over the text. 1965) 4 N-K2 P-K4 5 PXPep xp 6 QN-B3 N-QB3 7 N-B4 Q-Q2 8 B-K2 N-B3 9 0-0 0-0-0 10 N4-Q_5 B-K2 H P-QN4! N-QNl 12 B-K3 when White has considerable attac~in h . P-QN4 28 P-Q"i NB4 29 pxN+ KXP.. it still fails to provide Black with sufficient resources.. 10 B-QB4 P-QB3 11 N-B3 winning at least a Q-Q2 Not 9 .. g e a nces. for White leads to a French Defence type of position in which ~lack's .. R-Ql 26 R-K1+ K-Q3 27 p-QN4 (suddenly placing Black's king in a mating net) 27 . '7QxB 8 Q-QN3! 9 B-KN5 Now White threatens pawn. a) 2. Th« mest incisive reply.. Now White's game plays itself..QXBP?? 13 B-N5). Its Ul'lDa~urallooking. . pxN.]22 Centre Counter Game (Scandinavian Defence) 6.. P-K4 3 [Fxp NxP 4 N-KE3 Q-B3 (or 4 .first move is no cause for jest. P-KR3 10 B-QB4 which wins because of the second degree threat of BXBP+ K-Q2. N3-Q2 is a move that was tried by Karaklajic shortly after the Suetin-Sh arn kovich game.. though there are naturally other moves that meser1. e. Karakl ajic has long been a supporter of the Centre Counter and has contributed much to the theory of the defence In this case.. The pawn cannot be captured because of (13 . 12 P-B6! imposes a similar bind to the one in the g-amt' (l2.

Q2 (from where it L an go to . Vrnajcka Banja. The T a€~leal . and ethess ""nil) DaVewitnessed their successes with the defence have jumped 01'1 the bandwagon. and all sharper defensive systems are considered theoretically ..... making the Gambit relatively easy to learn. QN4 or to to' QN5 followed possibly by ... 4" . All. The Beako Gambit is an ideal weapon for the repertoire player. or it ran sit at . hoping' to smash White's influential pawn centre.. 4 P-K5 P-B3 Typical Nimzowitsich. Black's position resembles a bastardized French Defence in which there is not the usual counterplay based on the move .t 8B-Q3 9Q-Q2 100-0-0 11 QR-Kl.... or 4 .I' Ce 14 )3e:nko Gambit 3 N-QB3 P-K3 1 P. Black's knight being faced with an unfortunate dilemma. .R4! or . K4 or .. Its thematir ideas are easy to understand and the same moves appear in many @f irs variations thereby...t. 1965.red to .t) 6 NxP NxN+ 7 QXN N-B3 8 B-KB4 P-QR3 9 P-KR3 P-KN3 10 P-KN4 B-N21I 0-0-0 0-0 12 Q-N3 with a tremendous position for the pawn.lay€rs sometimes feel at a loss when meeting 1 P-Q4.. e. . MestrovicNikolic..-R4 White has the more active position and some useful pressure along the K-file.. Black's rooks work well side by side at QRl and QN[ or tne¥ may be doubled on one ~ile or the other depending on whieh white pawn is the immediate target.. Q.. 1 P-Q4 2 P-QB4· N-KB3 .6 (bom ""nere it can be supported by P-QB5). Black sacrifices a pawn on the Q-side in order to create active play fOF his forces which immediately set about applying pressure to White's Q:-sicl.. dubi@us. I k' idi nd lumma!l:>' Denoni Defences are usually not to the taste of t le attac mg .' J !iDes that White can choose when playmg agamst t e Kmg s po51tHilFla . h .de attack and experience suggests that Black has ample compensation for the sacrificed pawn. B-Q2 8 Q-Q2!. His QN usually makes its way via . KN-K2 which soon lands him with an unwieldy piece deployment... 5 pxp 6 N-B3 7 B-KN5 Or 7 . The other knight can be tliansfer... Daring d'w la te 19505 and early 6 Os the G am bit was see~ from time to time in master chess but it eventually went out of fashion.t NXBP B-Q3 0-0 B-Q2 Q-KI Q.124 Nt'm:wwilch's Deren ... all of Blaek's pieces are used in the Q-si. If Biaok can win White's QNP or QRP he will nearly always win the game beeause the vemaining Q-side pawn will be isolated and exposed and his Own QBP will become a strong force in the endgame. Czerniak's suggestion 4 P-Q5! is very strong. In short..~Q.. QR3 eith@T . Q. pXP. I payer... .N-K4 5 P-B3! (a promising gambit) 5 .e pawns... After 5 N3-K2 N-B4 6 N-KB3 P-QN3 7 N-B4 (±). QN 3) and its mll)Meraentopens up the long diagonal for Black's KB.. . Black's only plausible alternative is 4 ... except the Benko Gambit. P-QB4..P-K3 6 Q-Q4. PxP (or 5 . A decade later it has li>een revived by Grandmasters Benko and Browne.. QB2 ready to support the eventual advance of the QBP... ~B2 followed by . On 3 . QN3.4N-iKB32 P-QB4 P-B4 3 P-Q5 P-QN4 . Black's queen can sortie out to . that is.. N-Nl 5 B-KB4 N-KB3 6 B-B4 p_ KN3 7 Q-K2 B-B4 8 0-0-0 B-N2 9 P-B3 pxp 10 NXP. White's superior development and hold on the central squares provide ample compensation for a pawn. ..g..

...N5 (3 B-B4 is innocuous) L. 2 '" P-B4 (90) QZ Q-K3 15 QR-~1 QR-Bl and Black has no problems.N-B3 8 N-B3 B-K39 0-0 Q-Q2! 10 P-QR3?? BxKRPlll pxB Q><P 12 N-KR2 N-Q5 13 B-K3 P-KR4 14 P-B3 N-N5 15 NxN Q-N6+ 0-1 Gronberg-Domino Bedin 1sse.'aatirnopolsky. and now Black found the surprising move 12 .. Curacao 1962. c) 2 P-KB3... P.u.pxp p-K4 g-ivesBlack the initiative. USSR 1948. P-KN3 4 N-QB3 B-N2 5 N-B3 0-0 Bhu:k has an easy game_ 3 ..) 7" ..P-KN3 6 B-QBt B-N2 and White's gambit has only its spirit to compensate for the sacrificed pawn. e alternatives: a) 2 N-QB3 P-Q4 3 B..B-B4 6 N-Q6+ (not 6 Nt-B3 P-Q3 7 BN5 P-QR3 8 BXN pxB 9 Q-R4? N-B3 10 N-Q5. BxP 5 P-K4 P-KR3 6 B-Q3 P-Q3 ~ P-KR3?! (b@tter would be the immediate 7 N-B3+) 7"._. e. I lg da~](-s€J..4 N-KB3 2 P-QB4 P-B4 3 P-Q5 P-QN4 4 pxp P-QR3 5 PXP 6 N-QB3 BXP 6 P-KN3 P-Q3 7 B-N2 was tried in the game Ruderfer-Alburt . because dilO .Taimanov. KpxB 5 P-K3 P-B3 6 B-Q3 B-Q3 7 Q-B3 0-08 N-K2 R-Kl 90-0-0 P-QN4 10 P-KN4 P-N5 II N-R4 N-Q2 12 P-KR4 N-N3leaves White in a quandary... . el) 2 N-KB3 P-B4 3 P-Q5 P-QN4 4 P-B4 B-N2 transposes to the Benko Gambit Declined (sec page XX). . A '5!PXP A B:5 P-KJ (and other fifth moves) . is 3.g. USSR Championship semi-final 1971. 4 N-QB3 (not 4 P-QN4? PQN315 ]Ix}?BXP+ 6 B-Q2 Q><P+) 4. 1 1f'-Q. P-QR4 giving White QN5) 13 Q-B2 N-K2 14 B- Aga~n we nave a dichotomy. The game continued: 12"P-N3 Ii! P-N3 B-KN2 9 B-N2 QN-Q2 10 N-Q2 0-0 II P-K4 Q-R4 Q-B2.P'Q4 4 P-KB3 N-KB3 5 N-B3 P·K3 6 B-N5 B-K2 7 N-R3 P-QN3 8 N-B2 B-R3 =White's pieces are not well placed to meet Black's French set-up. R-Q4 and emerge with the advantage. White's' intention was not merely to ~~~ e move N -QB3 but to develop his QN on Q2 and contest the .QXN and now: ' a) 8 N-B3 P-Q3 9 P-K3 R-Ql 10 B-K2 N-B3 11 0-0 K-BI 12 P-QR3 pQR3 (better than 12.. pxN! 11 QXR 0-0 12 pxp N-N5 with an excellent game. 3 P-K3 is innocuous-after 3.. none of which offers Black a serious threat..K-K2 7 NX~+ (After 7 N-B5+K-BI. P-Q4 3 P-K4 pxp 4 N-B3 pxp 5 NxP (5 QXP P-KN3 6 B-Q3 B-N2 also leaves White lacking in compensation)5 . Belgrade 1954.. We shall content ourselves with giving a brief mention of one active idea each against some of th . b 8 B-N5 Q-B3! 9 N-B3 B-N5 10 Q-N3 N-R3 II 0-0-0 BxN 12 QXB ~Q3 13 p-K3 N-B4 14 P-B3 N-K3= Rabar-Czerniak. 5 N-N5 (5 N-B2 P-Q4 produces a completely level position) 5". transpose to a Sicilian' Defence in which Vlrhite has already established a Maroczy Bind.g. P-QN4 (91) Pa. c) 8 P-K3 R-Ql 9 N-B3 B-N5 10 B-Q2 BxN 11 BxB N-B3 12 Q-N3 NK5..rt One: The Gambit Accepted 4 pxp P-QR3 3P-Q5 3 N-KB3 transposes to a line of the English Opening which may. if Black is not careful. Tal-Geller. Rons. P-B5! After 13 t .) 6. . An interesting and virile counter to 3 N-KB3.ared diagonal with his bishop..126 Benko Gambit Benko Gambit 127 White has a variety' of unusual alternatives at his disposal.pxp 4 NxP P-K4! e.KR3! 4 BXN (or 4 B-R4 P-K3 5 P-K3 P-B41) 4". ~hite's king is no better off on the Q-side than Black's in the centre.. b) 2 B-NS N-K5 3 B-B4 (or 3 B-R4 P-Q4 4 P-KB3 N-Q3=) 3. Black will follow up with.

P-N3 P-B3 N-R3 N-B2 P-K3! As a price for achieving the exchange of bishops White has given up his right to castle.. TNe move . the complications eventually resulted in a draw.. US Open Championship . Black should proceed normally with 9 . 15 pxp Hi B-K3 at once has been suggested as an improvement. 9 P-KN3 P-N3 While White is overprotecting his whole army Black strikes out in the P-K3 is sometimes a strategic error in the Benko GamMt liie«ause it opens up a file which can be used by White to force the exchange €Ifsome of the heavy pieces.. Q-R4?) but with 12. Atlantic Open 1970.. Now Black is on top... 8 .K4+ 22 K-N2 BxN 23 pxB Q-B4) Visier-Benko.h2. b) 10 P-B3 0-011 KN-K2 P-K3 12 K-N2 pxp 13 NxP N-B3 14 N2-B3 B-K3 Q-Q2? pxp Q-B3 17 Q. 0 r c an he? After II. N -R3 I 2 fe P-KR4.. P·Q3 We now divide our survey into four main lines: Ai 7 P-K4 BxB 8 KXB A2 7 N·B3 P-N3 8 P-K4 AJ 7 NBJ P-N3 8 N-Q2 A 4 7 P-KN3 P-N3 8 B-N2 Al 1 P·Q4 N-KB3 2 P-QB4 P-B4 3 P-Q5 P·QN4 4 pxp P-QR3 5 pxp Bx]l 6 N·QB3 P-Q3 7 P-K4 8 KXB(92) NxN ~5 pxN N-N5! 16 P-KR4 P-B4 17 P-N5? P-QB5 18 P-R3 N-Q6 19 R-QNI Q-N3 20 Q-B2 KR-Kl 0-1 (if 21 Q-Q2 BXN etc. B-N2 and now: a) 10 K-N2 0-0 11 P-KR3 P-K3 (with White's king exposed Black call safely open up the centre a little) 12 pxp Px P 13 P-K5 N-Kl 14 pxP NxP 15 Q-K2 Q-Q2 16 P-B4 N-B3 17 N-B3 N-Q5 18 NxN pxN 19 NK4 Q-B3 20 R-Kl KR-Ql 21 Q-B3 NxN 22 RxN P-Q6 with the better practical chances for Black..128 Benko Gambit Benko Gambit ]29 pxp KR-Bl 14 B-QB3 Q-B4 15 R-B1 N-N5 16 N-R3 N2-K417 B-Bl NK6!! 18 pXN Q><KP+.. - Gross-Benko.play for the pawn. 9 J{N-K2 B-N2 10 N-B4 0-0 11 P-KN4 is a somewhat stronger idea which was successful in Formanek-Browne. or 21 K-N3 B. White's idea is not only to create a 'safe' square for his king but also to try for a spatial advantage on the K-side. 9 10 11 92 $(!) 12 12 13 14 centre.g. P-K3 and can continue with his Kvside attack with()JIlIt ar of retalia tion in the centre. ~xp [6 pxp KR-Kl! Black ha~ a fine game (17 B-B2 Q-N2!) 15 16 111111 9 P-KN4?! is a desperate attempt that has been seen occasionally. K-N2 KN-K2 R-QNl B-N2 0-0 Q-N3 as t(!) be able to develop his QB..... . Q-Bi! e... but after 15. Avram-Benko. continuing with his development and his preparations for a Q-side attack. The differrcMe between this and the previous move is that with his knight on KB4 Wlhio€ prevents . 13 P-N5 N·KN5 (threatening 14 . Malaga 1969.. the opening up of the position is usually to Black's arllv:aliltag€.. B-Q5) 14 N3-K2 RNl with goo@. 17 18 19 pxp B-B4 P-Q4 pxp P-Q5 + 1968. When White's king is a little exposed however. 6. US Open Championship 1968.. He intends to bring his king to safety by P-KN3 followed by K·N2 but meanwhile Black can put this time to good use. maok should not continue as Browne did (12 .. wi'~nplay on the Q-side files providing sufficient COFFectwould have been 17 P-QN4 pxp 18 RxP KR-NI 19 Q·N3 Ncompensation for t e pawn.

14 BxB 15 Q-Q3?! 15 Q-Q:2 is better. Even so. 15 KR-Nl 16 R-K2?! A. N-N5 13 P-KR3 N5-K4 is also good enough to maintain the balance.N-R3! 12 K·R2 Q-N3 which he tried in his game with Schaufelberger at Luxemburg 1971. Trifunovic-Kozornara . A:3 1 P-Q4 N-KB3 2 P-QB4 P·B4 3 P-QS P-QN4 4 pxp P-QR3 5 pxp BXP liiN-QB3 P-Q3 7N-B3 8 N-Q21(94) 94 P-N3 93 BxB KXB B-N2 10 P-KN3 Gli. reserving the option of ....e~. Black's initiative (after 15 .md helle 16 QR-NI is better according to Browne. Pars-Browne. ana NIDW that Will te has no dark squared bishop he will forever have pl'o@lems along the long diagonal. and (2) Black's QBP is strong.. Another possibility which seems even more convincing is Parma's 11. Black's game is by far the more active and were the difference in playing strengths not so enormous he would surely have converted his advantage into a win. N·NS winm... NXP 22 NxN Px N and Black was winning the ~(j)(j)keI'lding.. Adelaide 1971.. continued 21 P-K5 (if 21 N-Q2 NK4 22 K-Bl N-Q6 23 R·N7 K·Bl followed by . N-NS with a good game for Black in each case. Play continued 13 N-Q2 N-Q2 14 Q-K2 N-NS IS N-B4 Q..QB3 P-03 xp 7 N-B3 8 P-K4(93) P·N3 ACCOF(.130 Benko Gambit Benko Gambit 131 A2 1 P-Q4 N-KB3 2 P·QB4 P·B4 3 P-Q5 P·QN4 4 pxp P·QR3 5 pxp B 6 N. QRN~.R3 16 R-KI N-K4 17 NxN BxN+ 18 P-KN3 KR-Nl 19 QXQRXQ20 R-K2 N-Q6 21 R-Q2 N·K8+.. . Q-R4.ting Browne.. out ~ tortuous consolidating manoeuvre Black has been busy mobilising his whole army. though White VIlIDuid still! be on the defensive..... continued 14 NXN NxN 15 P-B4 N-Q2 16 Q-Q2 Q-N3 with a roughly even position. N-B8 or .goric has suggested 10 P-KR3 0-011 K-NI so as to use the square KR2 instead of KN2 for his king. passed and protected. Yugoslav Championship 1963. 12 . Now comes a combination that fFeql'lcntly occurs in the Benko Gam bit. Q-N3 or _ .. gaining a tempo by attacking the KRP.. RXP! 16 QXN RxR 17 BXQ 18 QXQ BxR 19 RI-QNl R-RS! RxB 20 Black has regained his pawn and now has two typical advantages on which to base his winning plan: (1) White's QRP is isolated and weak.. 13 14 B-N5 BxN P-R3 . 8 9 10 11 12 K-N2 R·Kl 0-0 QN-Q2 Q-R4 A flexible move. KR·NI. This idea was tested in the game HortJimenez. R-N2 and . Palma Interzonal 1970: 11. White's QNP will come under renewed pressure after ..iFlg' the RP) 21 .. K·N2) is still significant.QN-Q2 12 K-R2 Q-R4 13 R·Kl KR-NI 14 R-K2 N-K1 15 R-B2 N-B2 16 B-Q2 N-N4.. While White has carri. P.. 14 B-K3 and 14 B-B4 can both be answered by to H ...

.-B2 -R4 12 B-NS KR-Nl 13 KR-Kl R-R2 14 QR-Nl R2-N2 Q 15 iB-Q2 P-B5 16 P-QN4 PXPep 17 RxP B-B5 18 RXR RXR 19 N-KN5 Q!-R3 26 R-QBl R-Nl 21 B-R3.. Yanofsky-Gheorghiu. achieves nothing. P-R3t 11 P-B4 R-QNl 12 P-K3 Q-R4 0 13 KN-K2 B-Q6! Black's game is already looking good. P-BS.ceuld maincain his pressure and remain with a slight advantage. AntoshinM1hai~icsin.... 8 9 10 11 12 captalize P-K4 NXB N-K3 0-0 Now that the light squared bishops have been exchanged Black can on White's weaknesses on the fl'a6 diagonal.B3-Q2 16 B-N2 KR-Bll with good play for the pawn. 100-0 11 Q-B2 P-N3 8 B-N2(95) ..3!~[6 . Sarajevo 1970. 13 14 QN-Q2 P-QN3 Spassov-Tringov.. N-N3 IS p_ QN3 N....the Q-side. The only move (believe it or not).xQ 17 NXQ N-N5+ 18 K-Kl NxRP and Black was well on the waf to victcrv. 14 Interfering IS 16 17 18 19 20 21 Q-B2 QR-Nl P-B3 KR-QI QXQ K-BI P-N31 Q-Q6! N-K4 KR-Nl N-Kl N-B2 NXQ R-N2 with the regrou ping of Whi te's minor pieces. US Open Championship 1969. continued 14 K-B2 P-N4 15 Pxp Pxp 16 Q-R4 (if 16 QXP BKR. The text is an attempt to prevent .E'VV.. A4 1 P-Q4 N-KB3 2 P-QB4 P-B4 3 P-Q5 P·QN4 4 pxp P"QR3 5 pxP BXP 6 N-QB3 P-Q3 7 P-KN3 9 N-R3 has been tried here but it looks too artificial to be of any real vahle-it is even difficult to find a plausible reason for the move since the lIi1gicalfollow-up. Siegen Olympiad 1970. 13 B-Q2 8 . USA 1968. €) 11 B-Q2 Q-N3 12 R-Nl KR-Nl 13 P-N3 N-Kl 14 Q-B2 N-B2 15 PQ!R4 N-!B3 16 N-B4 R-R2 17 P-QN4 pxp 18 B-K3 Q-N2 19 N-N5 BXN 20 JjJxR Q_XB21 PXB RxP with a slight advantage to Black. In particular.. 9 N-B3 " B-KN2 If 13 Q-B2 QN-Q2 14 P-B3 (not 14 P-QN3? NXKP) 14 . . P-BS. 9... N-B4. hoping to be able to build up a direct attack against Black's Kvside.1? QN-Q2 10 Q-R4 is a strange idea. 9 Q_cR4-+.N-NS 22 P-QR4 N-B7 and Black's active piece play is worth much mare than the pawn.132 Benko Gambit is to be able to recapture B-KN2 BxB 0-0 Q-R4 Q-R3t with thl' - Ben'ko Gambit 95 133 The idea of White's manoeuvre knight after P-K4 BxB. and Black has ample compensation for the pawn. for example. After 10 .. Barlay-Benko. . Black .. So far we have been following DenkerB@nk0. b) 11 CQ:.g D. three plans have been tested: a) ~~ N-B4 Q-B2 12 Q-B2 KR-Nl 13 R-Nl P-BS 14 N-R3 N-B4 15 NKN5 B-QRl 16 P-B3 N-R5. Black is preparing for . White's Q3 square is rather vulnerable. After the natural 9. Vile la -l. Now.N-N3l.. Cam aguey 1974. with 21. . This early sortie puts White's (!jueen offside for long enough for Black to be able to get m~lViD. Varna 1973. If. 21 B-Q5 22 K-K2 N-N5 The chances are eq ual . 21 N-B4 then 21. went 14 Q-B2 P-B5! 15 N-K2 N-B416 N-N3 KR-Bl 17 B-B3 Q-R5 with equal chances. continued 17 NxN Q-R2+ ~8 K-Rl QXN 19 P-N3 QXRP 20 R-N2 PXP! 21 RXQ pXQ 22 Rxl? P-R3 23 N-R3 NxP 24 N-B4 N-N5 25 R-B7 P-K4 and Black went on towin. 0010 ®-O QN-Q2. Q.

. .ucn White is a tempo down on variations Al A2 and A3 ) 8 N3-Q2 9 KN . having won back his pawn.) 8 ..>€l1sation Black's pressure along the QN-file. 1 PosslbililJies to off se t hi materia.. Yugosl av Championship 1961... for b) '" N-B3 B-KN2 8 B-K2 0-0 9 0-0 pxp 10 BxP B-QR3 1I BxB RxB 12 Q:-K2 Q_-R4 13 N-Q2 QN-Q2 14 N-B4 Q-B2 15 P-K4 R1-Rl 16 RNl N-NS 17 P-QR3 (so far as in Erwich-Lundvall. QN-Q2 8 P-QR4 QXP 9 P-R5.Q2 1~ B-N5 R:Kl (+) 19 K-Rl P-~5 (I~la€k has fine pressure on the Q-slde Without being a pawn down. White has no (Jom}.B3-. . it seems rather generous of White not to accept the pawn. B-KN2 9 B-K2 0-0 10N-Q2 P-QR4 11 N-B4 Q-R2 120-0 B-QR3 13 P-QR4 BxN 14 BxB N-R3 IS P-84 N-Q2 16 K-Rl N-N3 17 B-N5 N-N5 18 B-K3 Q-B2. Black's fine Q-side play gave him the advantage..1Vantage after 9 . Goteborg 1971. B-R37 N-QB3 P-Q3 and Black has gained a tempo over all of the main lines already discussed.. e) I?xp 8-KN2 8 B-N5+ (8 N-B3 0-0 9 P-K4 produces a position in w}.. -. Played with the idea of developing the KN at K2..So farwe have been f0110wing Reshevsky -Browne .. This position offers man Y POSSIihili rues for both Sides. Siegen Olympiad 1970) 12 .Mihal [cisin . b) 5 P-N6 QXP 6 N-QB3 P-N3 7 N-B3 P-Q3 8 N-Q2 (The immediate 8 P. Siegen Olympiad 1970. After 8 .. Wijk aan Zee 1970) 17. Now Browne Ii(lCOmmeFlds9 . there are two others that can be mentioned: a) 5 N-QB3?! Pxp 6 NxP (not 6 P-K4? P-N5 7 P-K5 pxN 8 pxN BPxP 9 BxP Q-R4+ 10 Q-Q2 QXQ+ 11 KXQ NPxP 12 N-B3 B-KR3+ ±) 6.. B 1 P-Q4 N-KB3 2 P-QB4 P-B4 :l P-Q5 P-QN4 4 pxp P-QR3 5 P-K3(96) This quiet move is unthematic in Benoni type positions because the pawn is required at K4.! . I d e fIClt. N-KI. t. Before we examine this move in depth... 6 N-QB3 7 B-B4 P-N3 P-Q3 H Sarajevo 1970. Q-B2 11 B K2 QN-Q2 12 B-B4 N·N3 13 N-K3 P-QR4 14 Q-B2 P-R5 15 0-0 B- .. 13 ... -K2 0-0 10 0-0 NxP II P-K4 N-B2 12 B-Q3 N-K4.an d t Ile practical chances are . B I!lcn@s ires 1970. A 96 According to Browne.. both to overprotect the QP and in readiness for the advance P-K5. N-N3 13 B-B4 KR-Nl 14 P-N3 NN5 15 B-Q2 N-Bl 16 P-KR3 N-K4 17 NXN BxN 18 R-NI N-R2 19 Q_ B2 P-B5 20 R. B-KN2 9 P-K4 0-010 N-B4.. Q-B2 10 N-B3 B-KN2 11 P-R3 0-0 12 B-B4 R-NI U O-G N-KI 14 Q-K2 Q-N2 (hence Browne's preference for the immediate 9 . Q-N2 as best although in the game he got a slight acl. superior alternatives. Three other moves come into serious consideration: a) 7: P-N6?! (When Black has so many positional advantages to eompeFlsate for the pawn that he offers up for sacrifice. uijpers- ? .. Toran. IS a eour even K '.·. SpasskySzabo.. Johansson -Westeri nen. P-N3 B-Bl B-Q2 B-Bl 5 . B en k 0.. Q-N2) 15 B-Q2 N-B2 16 Q-Q3 N-K4±..KI-QBl R-QBI with roughly equal chances. . Skopje 1970. R-R2 are all Q-R6 Q-R4 Q-R6 QR3 16 "BxBRxB 17 P-KR3 N..... R-N2 and 13 . Dresden 1969. b) II R-KI Q-B2 12 B-Q2 (better than 12 Q-B2 KR-Nl 13 B-B l? Q-BI 14 P-K4 N-N5 15 BXB QXB 16 B-B4 N5-K4 17 NXN NxN 18 BXN BXB :j: when White's position contains too many weak squares. Wijk aan Zee 1970.] 34 Benko Gambit Ben'ko Gambit ] 35 White has tried two alternative (though similar) plans to bolster his Q-side: a) II R-NI Q-N3 12 B-Q2 B-B5 13 P-N3 BXQP 14 NxB NxN 15 B-NS P-K3. and Black.) 20 Q_R-KI p-R6J 21 pxp N-B4 22 N-N5 Q-Q2 23 R-QNI P-R3 24 B-B4 NQ6 25 B-N3 R-QBl 26 NXBP N-N7! (winning' the exchange) 27 RxN RXN 28 Q-K2 BxR and Black WQn quickly in Adgarnus-Cheorghiu.. Trikaliorjs. Black has the usual dynamic . NxN with a roughly equal position. 14 15 16 17 Padevsky-Browne. now enjoys a distinct advantage..K4 was no more successful in Sokolov.. 11 12 13 R-NI B-Q2 Q-R4 KR-QNl N-N3?! 13. Lorinczi-Browne. 'The refutation of a gambit lies 1m its aeeeptance'_) 7 .

. II 12 B-N5 B·B6?! BXP Better is 12 BxB RXB when Black will follow up with . R-Rl is also very strong) 25 K-B2 N-B7 26 BxN QXB. . and Black's control of .. Johanesscn-Fischer" Havana Olympiad ~966. B. The reader will appreciate.Browne.. has Qpen lines on the Q-side withou t being a pawn down. Atlantic Open 1969. e) 4 P-QN3? voluntarily opens up the long diagonal and allows Black to 0pen tbe Q. 'National OJllen' ~971. RxP 26 N-B4! RxN! 0-1 . Masera-Benko .NXKP+112 PXN RXB! 13 QXR BxN 14 Q-Bl N-B3! 15 N-B3 ~if l!'i B-Q3 BXR 16 QXB Q-Q7+ ++ or 15 K-B3 B-KN5+ 16 KNil iB-K44-++) rs .. 12 13 R-Nl R-N! N·NS! There are a host of even more insipid moves with which White can re£use H) take up the challenge: 4 p-KN3 pxp 5 B-N2 P-N3 6 N·QB3 B-ON2 7 N-B3 B-N2 8 0-0 a)_o 9 N-K5 P-Q3 10 NXQBP QN-Q2 11 R-K1 B-QR3 and Black's :ame is already looking promising. 8 KN·K2 90·0 10 pxp B·KN2 0·0 QN-Q2 N-N3 Benko Gam bit Benk() Gambit 137 White's plan of developing his bishop at QB4 is now meeting with its consequences . NxKP+ 16 K·K3 BxR 17 QXB N·BS 18 B-QS 0-0 19 P-KR3 B-R3 and Black won quickly. Threatening to come to K4 followed by . b~4! N-QR3 was played in Velimirovic-Negovan.. . QN ·Q2 and an eventual .. from this example... Blumin-Benko . c) 4 P-B3 pxp 5 P-K4 P-Q3 6 BxP P-N3 7 N-B3 B-KN2 8 KN-K2 0·0 9 0-0 Q.R-Nl with good compensation for the pawn.N~Q. Once again Blad. Agrentinian Championship 1960. I recommend 4.... NOM( back to the main line.. .NxB and the capture of White's pawn at QB6. B4 3 P-Q5 P-QN4 4 N-KBS (97) 97~~~~~~==~ I 4 .. the usefulness of the ON-file as a line of infiltration. . 15pxB N-B5 Black has a beautiful position to compensate for the sacrificed pawn.. Q6 gives him a clear advantage. Here however.7+ 27 K-N3 Q-K7 28 P-B5 BXP 29 R·Q2 Q-K6+ 30 K-R2 Q-B5+ 31 K-Nl R-N8 32 R-Ql Q-N6 33 R-Q2 Q-K8+ 0-1. Now White's bishop is left with nothing to do while Black's exerts its influence along the QR3-KB8 diagonal. 14 . 14 Unwieldy P-B4 but possibly best..N -N 3 . d) 4 P·QR4 pxBP 5 N-QB3 P-N3 6 P·K4 P-Q3 7 N-B3 B-KN2+ NajdQrl-de Miguel. Part Two: The Benko Gambit Declined 1 P-Q4 N-KB3 2 P-QB4 p.]36 7. the exchange is not positionally detrimental because there is no way that White can take advantage of the weakening of the dark squares around Black's King-his QB is hemmed in on one side by the pawns at K3 and KB4 and on the other by Black's next move. concluded 12 Q-R4 Q-B1 13 N-R5 N·NS 14 Q·R4 RKl i5 B-N5 Q-B2 16 N-B6 B-N2 17 P-K4 N. concluded 16 RxR QXR 17 Q-R4 Q-N3 18 P-K4 N-Q7 19 R-Ql BXN 20 RxN P-B5+ 21 R-Q4 Q-N8 22 Q·R3 R-Nl 23 P-R3 N-K6 24 B-R4 B-Q6 (24 .. Reggio Emilia 1!!J7[ . and now instead of 4 .N-file. Q-Rl and.. ... Yugoslavia 1966. !l"xiE> s pxp P-QS 6 N-QBS P·NS 7 B·N2 B-KN2 8 P-BS QN-Q2 9 PK4I R-QN1 10 Q·B2 Q-R4 11 K-B2? (better is 11 KN-K2 Q-NS 12 RQ_N[ Q_xiP+)H .Black is gaining time for his Q-side attack. P-N5 congealing the Q·side. pxp 5 NXP B-R:3 6 P-KS P-Q3 when Black can continue with.N2xN! It is most unusual for Black to give up his fianchettoed KB for White's knight at QBS.. .. IS J B-N21 ~ Because of the pressure on his QP White will not be able to change . mind and capture the QNP a move or two later than usual... This move has only been seen once in master praxis: 4 ..N3-Q2 18 P-B4 K-Rl 19 p-if{§ pxp 20 pxp NXQP 21 NXN QXN 22 P·K6?! N-K4! 2S RxN BXR 24 pxp R-KBI 25 P-KR3? (if 25 N-B4 Q-NS 26 BxB P·B5+I+) 25 .210 B-K3 N-K4 11 B-N3 B-QR3! Lim.

Klaman-Keres.Rings up as he goes along.. Tarasevich-Zaitsev Moscow 1965. 5 P-QR4 P-QR3 6 RPxP Pxp 7 RXR BXR also gives Black an easy game. 6 B-N2 7 a-a 8 R-KI 9 P-K4 P-N3 B-N2 P-Q3 Pxp 0-0 15 English Opening Black has many of the typical Benko Gambit advantages without having sacrificed a pawn. Black's central domination.1'IsJil0sitionalpossibilities are rife in many of 1tS variations and the @::€r in which some of its moves are played is often of ~itt~e G@llSfi(ipaence.. P-N5 with an excellent game. superior development and more active piece deployment enabled him to crush White without any difficulty. the En JisJilOpening is less tangible in many ways tha~ 1 P-~4. e.138 5 P-KN3 Benko Gambit 5 PXP? BXP gives Black the advantage at once because of his superior development and central pawn preponderance. HeFe we recommend a system for Black in which he plays to achieve all aggt1essiveset-up from the very start. 1 P-KN3 and 1 P-QN3. is because of these manifold nuances that the English ~s It often regarded with an apprehensive vagueness by many players.. 1 P-QB4 P-K4 We shall divide our J\:hleady we have arrived at a point of divergence. USSR Cham pionshi p 1957. with Black having whatever advantage is going. 9 N-QN5 Q-N3 or 9 Q-R4 pXN 10 QXB pxp 11 BxP Q-N3. It IS n(!)~l!Isu~l1ythought to be the sort of opening that one can get one's teeth: into and the dub player who encounters it is usually content to make t. continued 8 N-B3 and now Black should have played 8.. Kan-Keres.and 1 P-K4. continued 6 N·QB3 B-N2 7 Q-R4 P-Q4 8 N·K5 P'K3 ~ N·B6 Q-N310 N-R5 QN·Q2 11 P-K3 B-Q3 12 NxB QXN 13 Q-R6 Q_ NI 14 B·K2 0-0.g. 1" g. USSR Championship 1955. 5 . The position is roughly equal. survey into: A 2 N·KB3 :R2 !J'-KN3 C2 N-Q'B3 A [ P·QB4 P-K4 2 N·KB3(98) . 5""N-QB3 is best met by 5... As with the other flank openings 1 N-KB3. P-N5 6 Q-N3 Q-N3 with a roughly equal position.

in some variations. Behind his aggressive looking pawns Black plans to develop his pieces in readiness :liOf a K-s-ide attack. 7 P-N? 0-0 . 8 B-K3 0-0-09 P·Q4 N·B3 10 P-B3 B-QN5+ 11 N·B3 KR·Kl 12 K-B2= Tartakower-Alekhine..g. I' 4 N-N3 gives Black another opportunity to show his aggressive nature.4P-K4 2 P-KN3 3 B-N2 P-Q3 P-KB4 (99) This move: represents an important part of Black's strategy in VamiabiOFl as well as this one. Tomson."P-QR41 5 P·QR4 N-B3 6 N-B3 B-K2 7 P-N3 P-Q4 8 pxp N·QN5 9.B-N2 B·KB4 10 0-0 N5xP 11 NxN QXN =1= with a crushing central superiority for Black.. e.R:!3 9 iE-Q2 B-K3 10 P-N3 N·R3 II 0-0-0 N-B2 with some advantage to B"la0k(Bobotsov). the position offers chances to both sides.. B 1 P-QB. 1936. 5 N·B3 QPXN JFom this diagram the reader can perceive the basis of Black's s'tfategy .140 English OPening English Opening 141 This move at once provides Black with a target for his aggressive tendencies! 2.N-K3..'·Q4 N-KB3 5 pxp pxp 6 QXQ+KXQis not a very ambitious way fOF White to behave.B5.N·R3-B2 with the possibility of an eventual" .. went 4. 4 P-K3 4 N ·QB3 or 4 P·Q3 will transpose to variation C. USSR 1939.. 5P'Q4 5 .. 8 N-QB3 p.. to prepare for tlile manoeuvre.K§·Q5+ NxN 16 NxN+ K·B2 17 P·B4 N-R3 with equal chances a!FIm early draw. to blunt the effect of Wfuite's fjanchettoed bishop and.in5 N ·QB3 or 5 P-Q3 will transpose to variation C..Phillips. 4.he is two tempi ahead in development he has a distinct advantage in space. 6 P·K3 N·B3 Ag<t. 6. The idea is to play a sort of Du tch Defence in whie h Bla ck has already a€'hieved . an 4 . 4! if. 4 P-K3 produces a position akin to the Nimzowitsch Variation of the Sicilian Defence in reverse. .g..se of his Q5 square after he has played QN-B3." P·Q415 pxp QXP 6 N·B3 Q·K4 7 P·Q4 PXPep 8 QXP N-N5 9 NxN BxN 10 Q-B4 BxN+ 11 QXB QXQ+ 12 pXQ B·K3.." 7 P·B3 B·KB4 B-QN5 and Agai!FI6 pxp pxp 7 Q><Q+ KXQoffefs White nothing.. his pieces already being actively placed. f. " P·B3 Black has a fine position .. 5 P-Q4 PXPep 6 QXP QXQ 7 pXQ B·KB4 also produces a balanced position. After 4". World Junior Championship HHi9. In addition White's Q-side pawns are weak..!B@ R-K3 11 0-0-0 K-K2 12 P-B3 P-K6 13 N-Bl BxP 14 NxP B-K3 15 N. continued 7 N·KB3 B-N5+ 8 B-Q2 BxB+ 9 N3xB P-K5 10 N-Q. P·K4 (his thematic break in the Dutch). NxN 5 pxN P-Q3 6 N·B3 N·B3 7 P-Q3 Pxf 8 BXP B·K2. _ 6N·K2 N·KB3 5 P-QN3 is innocuous: 5. 3N-Q4 4NxN P-K5 N-QB3 I. Fine assesses the position as equal but we are of the opinion that Black's chances are slightly the better.. B-K2 6 P-KN3 B-QB4 7 B-N2 B·B4 8 0-0 0-0 leaves Black with much the freer game.. The idea is to deprive White's knight of C ~he u. _P. 6. Black has a Q-side pawn majority and a lead in development. (. 4 N-B2 is also somewhat passive and against it Fine suggests the following line: 4. Chekhover-Kan.-KN4 andlor ."B-KB4 6 B·N2 N-B3 7 P-K3 B·B4 8 B· K2= Pachman. Black has an easy development and White must watch that his backward QP does not become a liability.. Black has the freer development but White's central pawns cannot easily be attacked. 5. _.

British Championship 1958. . Q-N3 17 KR-Nl N-KI 18 P-B4?! (18 P-R4 B-KB3 19 B-BI is better.QN5. maintaining the balance..Black's queen Can be pu t to good use on the K-side either at . which continued 7 NxP B-K2 8 0-0 0-09 P-Q5 QN-Q2 1(1) -Q_4! N N-K4 11 NXP NxBP 12 P-K4 N-K4 13 B-R3? K-Rl and now... continued I. 10 11 3 }i'-K3 P-KB4 4 P-Q_4 B-K2 5 P-B5 accomplishes nothing for White.. P-Q4 11 BPXP pxp 12 P-QR3 P-Q5113 N-Q5 N5xN 14 pxN R-Kl 15 K-BI NXP 16 BXP B-N4=i=-the position of White's king will calise him trouble. 5 P-Q3 N-KB3 5 P-Q4 P-K5 6 P-BS PxP was played in Keres-Levy. 13 14 P-Q5 N-QN5 P-B4 The practical chances are. 2 N-QB3 This is by far the most usual move. Ujtelky-Barcza.? P.. the knight is trapped) 16 .0 . continued 8 Q-N3 N-B3 9 N-BS N-K510 E-N5 NJHlll Q-Q5 QXQ 12 NXQ B-Q3 13 0-0 B-K3 with a fully satisfactory game .. 2 .) 10 . continued 6 P-KN3 B-K2 7 B-N2 0-08 P-N3 N-QN5 9 B-N2 P-B3 }O P-K4 (This is just an invitation for Black to open up the position. 7 .-Q_4 P-K5 5 P-B3 N-KB3 transposes to the Keres-Levy game which is also mentioned in the next note. KR4 or . 8 P-Q.. Bamberg 1960. pxN 17 pxp N-Nl!and lost quickly. Better would be 100-0 Q-R4 with chances for hoth sides. in a position that was already looking good for Black. BKB3 19 K-NI N-B2 20 B-KBI QR-KI 21 B-BI R-K2 22 Q-Kl RI-K1 and Black's strong pressure (especially the rooks) gives him the advantage.N3 N-Q21 and Black has excellent attacking chances for the pawn) 16 . In both cases Black's position is ID(')J)ective.. e. QN5. Budapest 1960.... simultaneous game 1962... Aft(i:)l 5. a 4 P-K3 is dealt with in the note to White's next move. in Jilavticular his Q4 and KB3 squares are weak.about even. Thomas-Beach. P-KB4 4B-N2 4: P.. Cl 1 p-QB4 P-K4 2 N-QB3 P-Q3 3 P-KN3(100) 100 B-QR3 Q-Q2 0-0-0 P-QR4 N-NI! N-R3 Heading-for ..B3 B-Q2 16 P. pxp 5 NxP N-KB3 6 BN2 N-B3 '] N-K2 B-K2.-K4? is completely unthematic....g .... After 4 . -'1 P. 4 .4 NxP 9 N2xN pxN 10 Q_xp NXN II QXN 0. P-Q3 We now consider: C1 3 P-KN3 C2 3 N-B3 3 P-Q4 pxp 4 QXP presents Black with a couple of free tempi: 4·. 10 P-QR4?! at Sornewha t inaccurate as it allows Black to get a knight entrenched .. Hungarian Championship 1959..) 18 ..K4 (not 16 N -N5 BxN 17 RpxB PR5! 18 BXN pxB 19 Q><Ppxp 20 QXP. Keres walked into my €heapo 14 Q-K2? P-KN3 15 B-R6 R-B2 16 R-B4? (or 16 NxB BxB and. White's game suffers from various weaknesses.142 English Opening 8 B-N2 9 QN-B3 QN-Q2 Q-Kl English OPening 143 This move is characteristic of the Dutch Defence.. to open up the position under ci)l€t1!!iOstancesfavourable to hIS opponent. or 80-0 B-N5! 9 P-KR3! B-K3IIO NxN+ BXN 11 P-Q3 Q-Q2 12 N-B3 00-0 += Bialas-Schmid. . KN3. N-KB3 6 BPxP BPxP 7 pxp pxp White seems to have sac r-Ificed a couple of tempi . NQB3 5 Q-Q2 N-B3. 12 13 13 0-0 is possibly stronger but then Black's position would still offer attacking prospects against White's king. C 1 P-QB4 P-K4 3 . Lengyel-Barcza.

Black has a fine game.P-Q3 but the transposition is of little significance) 12 B-BI N-B2 13 P-Q5 N-R3 14B.ement.3R·BI Q-KI +.3 B-B5 13 pxp pxp when White's bishops are t~ restricted. and now with 26 .. __ B3 6 P-1}!5he can afford to give away a tempo by 6". GonzalesRossolirno. pxp wa~ suggested as an i~prov.~'. Veto-Lombardy.. After 5. 6 Q-B2 is out of place because it is not yet cle aF where White needs his queen..9 N-B2 NxN it RxN N-Q2 12 K-Rl nB3 1.-KN2 pxp 22 pxp B-N4 23 B. 5 P-K3 is another possibility.K2 7 P -K3 0 -0 8 KN-K2 Q-Kl 9 P-KR4 Q-B2 10 Q-N3 N-R3 11 N-B4 P-B3 (Black had actually played . Black's . Golembek-Haygarth.. a favourite with Forintos. van Oos. h N-B3 B-K2 6 0-0 P-B3 7 P-Q4 is proved bad by 7 ."P-B3 earlier and only now . but then Black has a satisfactory form of Dutch Defence In which he never has need to worry about White's dreaded thrust P-K4." B-K2 play might continue 6 KN-K2 P-B3 7 P-Q4 0-0 8 P-N3 (or 80-0 Q-Kl 9 P-B5 P--K5 10 pxp BxP 11 B-Q2 B-K3 12 P-B.K2 R-K2 18 KR-Kl poNS 19 P-B4 NpxPep 20 NxBP N-BI 21 NQ.. can tinued 6. continued 9 pxp pxp 10 QN3 N-B3 11 B-K3 N-QR4 12 Q-B2 B-Q2+. . P-B5! Black's attack would have been stlstaimed (e. iV-BS)9 ..t~romMat1!eFls. 0-0 7 0-0(101) 7. 6 J'-K3 represents a different plan to that arising in the note to White's fifth move. After 5 P-Q4 P-K5. Uj tel ky. White therefore does best to play with restraint.. 5 N-R3 was. he is giving llis i((lBJPthe freedom to advance whenever it will be necessary to forestall Black's .B3xB RXR+ 24 QXR NXB 25 QK2R-KBI 26 N-QI R-B8+ 0-1. After 5 N·B3 B-K2 6 0-0 P-B3." P-K5 8 N-KI because after White's P-B3 pxP. R-B5 QN-Q2 8 pxp BxP 9 0-0 (if 9 N-QN5 B-B4 folloved by . continued 7 B-N2 QN-Q2 8 P-Q3 P-KN3 9 P-QR4 PQR'l! 10 PXPep RXP 11 N-B3 B-N2 12 N·Q2 0-0 13 N-N5 R-B2 14 BQB3?1 N-BI IS P-K3 N-K3 16 0-0 P-KN4! (with an excellent attack) 17Q. continued 6. It would appear that Black still has no need to worry because after 5. Varna 1962. Fazekas-Fallone: Leicester 1960. K2 N-B4 15 Q-B2 P-KR3 and Black had the initiative. BF:itisb Championship 1959 continued: 8" _N-N5 9 P-K3 B·K3 . P·B5. and B-lackstdl had att acking prospects 0 n the K-side.Rivera.N3 22 N·N3 B-R3 23 P-R5 N-NS 24 B-Q5+ K-RI 25 Q-Q2 R-N2 26 K-Rl.. P-Q4. at one time. P-B4!.2 N. transposing to the text by 7 P-Q3. C)-@ 7 P-K3 pxp 8 KPXP R-KI 9 KN-K2 P-B3 10 P-Q4 N-R3 II QN3 K·Rl leaves Black's pieces better co-ord inated . The pQ-side is now blocked and Black can turn his attention to the other wing where he will be the aggressor.Nezhrnetdinov. 6 B-N5 does not seem to have much point. preparing for P-Q4 in conjunction with KN-K2 or N-KB3... White is not playing for the break P-Q4.."P-B3. Lyons 1955) 8 QN-Q2 9 0-0 P-KR4 10 P-KR4 N-N5 11 P-B3 N-R3 12 B-QR3 Q-KI 13 pxp pxp 14 BxB QXB 15 Q-Q2 N-B4 and Black has a minimal space advantage. White's bishop exerts no useful pressure along the KR4-Q8 diagonal and it can later be used as a target for the speeding up of Black's attack. The game concl udcd: 16 B-lN2 Q-R417 BPxP QPxP 18 B-BI R-B2 19 N-B3 F-B5 20 B·B3 BNS 2~ Q. PKN4 will come with gai n of rem po on the knigh r. NXP he will be a tempo down on the Keres-Levy game mentioned earlier and in addition Black has played the useful move . 6 P-iB4 at once allows Black to open the Kvfile to his advantage: 6. Havana 1952. After 5_" P -B3 6 P-Q4 B-K27 0-00-08 R-Nl N-R3 9 P-QR3 K-RI. Fi li pov..-. 6 N-R3 P-B3 7 0-0 0-0 8 P-B4 is no better.. Korchnoi-German. Leningrad 1960. Rostov 1961 . It seems rather difficult to justify putting the knight on such a square. __ 0-0 7 KN-K2 K-RI 8 R-QNl Q·Kl 9 P-QN4 N-B3 10 N-Q5 NxN II pxN N-~l ~2 oo B-Q2 13 P-B4 B-KB3 14 Q-Q2 N-B2 15 P-K4 N-R3. 6 "..Leningrad 1960. Stockholm Interzonal 1962. 5 P-QN4 is yet another possibility. . 27 KPxP NXBP!) 5._. starting the Q-side attack earlier than usual and before Black has had time to complete his development.. In fact White's loss of time is already serious and it is possible that Black can take immediate advantage of this by 8.. B.. since even if White can coax Black's KP away and then play N-B4.g.. P-B3 7 N-B3 0·0 8 0-0 K·RI 9 P-Q4 P-K5 10 N-KN5 J'-Q_4with a good game for Black.Djurasevk-Blamy. I i I.. weakening White's control 101 . P-B3 10 Q-B2 is a fruitless plan.144 English OPening English Opening 145 . c0FltiiNued 6.__ 6 N-B3 B-K2 'FNe most natural move.

.. Campomans-. . 8 0-0 BR3 9 P-QN4 0-010 P-N5 R-KI with equal chances. 6 N-KR3 B-K2 6 P-KR4 is adorned with an exclamation mark by Schwarz but it seems that it is-only justified if Black plays . 5 N-N5 P-K5 Otherwise comes 10 ...R4! 8 N-R3 NXB 9 NXN P-K6! 10 P-KN3 pxp+ 11 KxP P-B3 and White had nothing to show for his weakened king position. 7 . .. 4.B-K2 6 N-R3. WhIte GaDnot imitate his opponent's hold on Q5. A 1959 G01!r..... Leningrad 1960..146 English OPening fftglish Opening 3 .espondem:egame... 5. The reader will have noticed throughout his study of this variation that Black frequently acquires an active position by means of a series of almost stereotyped moves..Q-K211 B-N5 P·KR312 B-Q2 N. P-KN4 will soon appear on the horizon.Bronstein from the 1953 Can did ates to u TO amen tat Z~ n ch. Instead Black should simply continue with his development: Naranja-Tan. BPxP 12 pXQP pxp 13 BxP N-Q2. 7. N-R3 N-B2 ..he dark sliJuares. Stockholm 1965·6) 7. Mozulevsky-Marini. . The game concluded: 23 pxp BxP 24 B-KB3 Q-R6 25 B-Bl N-N4 26 l)xB RxB 27 B-N2 Q-R5 28 N-B6 BxN 29 RXB RI-Bl 30 RXR pxR 31 RxP P-E6 32 BxP Q-B5 33 R-B2 NxB 34 R-B2 P-N4 35 P-Q6 P-NeS 36 Q-Rl+ K-Nl 37 P-K5 R-Bl 38 Q-R2+ K·N2 39 R-B2 Q-Q5 0-1. went 4 . K-RI So that when the tactics start Black will not need to worry about awkward checks on the light squared diagonal.. continued lO.2 Q-R3 Black has built up excellent attacking prospects against White's Kside. 4 P-KN3 N-KB3 5 P-Q3 will transpose to variation B... P-KN3.N-B3 II P-QR3 N-Q5! nB3 B-Q. R-NII12 P-QN4 P-QN4 Black's advantage is not so pronounced. C2 1 P-QB4 P-K4 2 N-QB3 P-Q3 3 N-B3{J02) 5 N-Q2 has been played on a few occasions. The game continued 5 P-B3 6 P-K3 N-KB3 7 B-K2 (If 7 P-B3 at once. 6. Instead White should play 11 B-Q2. P-KR3 allowing N-R3· B4. notably in the g~me B(')iI?slasky. 5 N-Nl transposes to the text after 5 .... 0-0 White should not play 11 P-Q5? because of 11._.. S P-QN4 9 B-N2 10 P-K3 10 II P-QR3 12 N-Q2 Q-KI Q-R4 P-KB4 4P-Q4 4 P-K4 unnecessarily weakens White's Q4 square.N-KE3 5!-Q3 ~B3 6 B-K2 B-K2 7 0-0 0-0 8 N-Kl N-Q5 9 P-B4 P-B3+. After 10 . continued 13 N-Q5 NxN 14 pxN N-QI 15 R-BI R-BI 16 P-B4 B-KB3 17 N-B4 N-B2 18 P-K4 PQN4 19 BPxP QPxP 20 N-RS B-N4 21 R-QB2 B-K6+ 22 K-Rl P-B5 with a vcry strong attack. and after U .. 147 of his Q5 square and increasing the scope of Black's KB.. v White intends to break up the centre with P-B3 but Black can hinder ~b. 8N-B4 9 P·KR4 9 .. Leipzig 1960. Black can take the initiative with 7 pxP 8 QXP P-KN3! 9 BCji[3 -N2 10 P-K4 O-O! 11 pxp N-K1 =+= and both White's queen and QP B are exposed. N·KB3 7 B-B4?! N. This ease with which the repertoire player can put his plan into practice should make our recommendation all the more attractive. N3 13 QR-QI B-K3 14 N-KR4 Q-KB2 and Black had the more active game.. 10 P-K3 N-B3 0-0 Otherwise . Schmid-Nilsson.is {'lan by .. Lagha . P-KN3 and B-R3 with good play on t. when Black has the use of his beau tiful K4 squ are (±). I-Iallerod-Hearst. 7 P-KN3 P-B3! 7 P-K3 N-B3 8 B-K2 N-R3 9 0-0 N-B2 10 P-B3 is possibly a better plan. went 6 ...... Leipzig 1960..

16 N-KB3 Old Indian Defence (Tarrakower 1 N-KB3 2 P-Q4 2 P-B4 transposes to the English.K4. Pachm an -M a tanovic. a The game M."BxN. rare line Defence Black into 3. Portoroz interzonal I9!'i8. B·N5(J03) Variation) P-Q3 2 . British Championship. COntinued 3 P-KR3 BXN 4 NpxB N-Q2 5 B-N2 KN-B3 6 P-KB4 (bringing his KB to life. 3 P-B4 3 P·KR3? is a waste of a move which forces move he intended anyway.. Coventry 1970. A favourite move of the Polish grandmaster Savielly T'ar takower and of one of the co-authors.P-Q47 P-B4 P-B3 8 N-B3 N-N3 9 pxp pxp 10 Q-N3 P-K3 II p. .. Black at once takes steps to block the diagonal) 6 . P"BS B·NS 13 pxp pxp 14 0-0 (note that Black's . 2 P-K4 to the Pire/Modern. QR4 P·QR4 12. Fuller-Keene. this comparatively takes us out of normal 'theory'. If now 3 P. Raymond Keene..148 II B-Q2 12 Q-B2 English OPening K-RI B-Q2± Kvside is full Black's pieces are harmoniously developed and White's of holes. a Modern position can arise if Black fia nchettos his KB.

0-0 15 P·K4 BXN 16 pxB NxKP 17 R·Nl R·R3 18 P-QB4 Q-R5! 19 B·R3 R-B3 20 pxp NXQP 21 QXP P-R3!! (Offering a rook for fantastic complications-White has to weather a furious combinative srorrn.-0. While he can operate on a semi-open K-file in place of a KN"file. P-KN3 against virtually any Black can now continue his plan of development of White's possible piece-developments.2 10 pxp pxp II o.XR R·N3 23 RN3 (White misses a probable draw here: 23 o. R6 and with a strong attack plus an extra pa wn Black soon won..-B2 B-K2(04) .-B2 N·B5 25 o.-N3 is answered simply by 5 . He has a very sound position and has completed his development. if 5 B-NS. 5 o.) 14 .XB.l 12 0-0 R"KI 13 0. SN-B3 N-KB3 Black is well poised to hold any White advances in the centre or on either wing.) 22 o. continued 6 P·B4 P-KN3 7 B-N2 P-B3 8 N"Q2 (8 P-K4 B-N2 9 p.KN3.150 N-KB3 N-KB3 151 surrender of bishop for knight has weakened White's king position-a factor Black exploits in subsequent play.XP 26 R·B8+ K·R2 27 o. Appel-Tartakower.. 5. the capture away from the centre gives up the chance to create a central pawn mass. Kluger-Petroslan.3 PKB4-'unclear'.g. continued II R-Bl 0·0 12 K-Rl N-R413 P-KB5 KP><P14 pxp N2-B3 15 R-KNI K-Rl 16 o.. A similar set-up would have arisen after 3 P."B8+ K·R2 24 o.. The position has thus been 'unbalanced' very efficien tlv. Black must take care to play QN-Q2 at once to avoid the doubling of his KB pawn. answered by 3.. e. BxN! 4 . Black won. Furthermore. o. 5 B-N2 or P-K4 or P-B4 will all probably transpose to the game we are following.N-Q211 B-K3 P-K3 12 QR-BI R-QI with a sound position for Black. White cannot quickly post his KB actively on the long diagonal by B-KN2 as he can after 4 NpxB.Q-N4 24 R-N3 NxR 25 pxN o..-K3+ K-o. K5 N3-o. Lodz 1938.. However...XN NxP+ 26 K-R2 N-B5+ etc.."B3 Q:R-Kl 17 P-N4 N-N2 with a vel)' complex position. T'artakowerj S.-B1.. 4NpxB 4 KpxB offers White fewer possibilities.-K2 o.) 23". Black exchanges bishop for knight to double White's KBP. B-N2 9 0-0 0-0 10 N·B3 o. 3 "... 6 P·K4 7 B-K3 8 P-B4 9B-N2 100·0 P·B3 P·K3 QN-Q2 o. White's pawn structure now becomes more cumbersome. Leipzig 1960. but as compensation he possesses the bishop pair.

N"B4. .N-R3 and . P-Q4will more than equalize for Black.. however. B·Q2 13 P-N5 N-R4 14 N-K4 P-KB4 15 PXPep NXP 16 N3-Q2 NxN 17 NXNQ-R5 18 N"N3 N-B4 19 B-B3? RxP 20 KXR N-K5+ 21 KNl QXN+ 22 B-N2 Q.xP+ 0-1. 1 P-QN3 P-K4(105) If 4 F-KN3 Black can continue his development with . 4. such as certain lines of the Lopez or the Sicilian... 10 P-QR3 II P-R3 This is a sound and aggressive pawn move which occupies the centre while limiting the scope of White's QB on the long diagonal. B...... The chances are even after 12 B. Black has a good pawn centre and excellent piece development. 6 N-B3 7 P-Q4 If7 B-K2..... not 3... P-Q3 If5 P-Q4. 3 P-QB4 This is considered White's most important move. PKN3 and .. N-Q. Black had the better of it. Belgrade 1970. In the g-ame Larsen continued riskily with 12 P-KN4? which led to another quick finish: 12..K2 N -B4 13 0 -0... P-Q4 because of 4 B-QN5 with initiative. B-KB4 as occurs later in the line we are following. B-B4 As in Larsen-Portisch. Against 3 P-KN3 or 3 P·Q3 3.. 4 N-KB 3? is a move whie h has been regarded with a jaundiced eye ever since Larsen-Spassky. P-KN3 B-N2 7 . 2 B-N2 The only logical reply.. It gained complete respectability when Fischer used it to defeat Filip and Mecking in the 1970 Interzonal.Larsen Attack 3 . N-R3 0-0 N-QB3 Defending the KP while developing the QN. 2 . Siegen 1970.. The game concluded drastically 10 P-B4 N-NS 11 P-N3 P-KR4 12 P-KR3 P-R5 13 PXN pxp 14 R-Nl R-R8 15 RxR P-N7 16 R-Bl Q-R5+ 17 K-QI pXR=Q+ 0-1. More solid development. 5 . That game continued 4 .. of course simply 7 .. . Larsen continued: 8P-Qr:i 9 R-Bl To prevent P-QN4 after. P-Q3 as in the text. 5 N-QB3e S ..... P-K5t 5 N-Q4 B-B4 6 NxN QPXN 7 P-K3 B-B4 8 Q-B2 Q-K2 9 B-K2 0-0-0 and with his harmonious development and pressure in the centre. If 3 P-K3. P-Q3...N5 P-QR4 _ ... Once again Black's development is harmonious and he has an equal share of the centre. 0-0. 4 P-K3 1 QN 3 P- 153 N-B3 17 Nimzowitsch-Larsen Attack= l P-QN3 ! I This is an opening which was first popularized at international level by grandmaster Aaron Nimzowitsch in the 19205_ Subsequently Bent Larsen adopted it in an attempt to avoid well analyzed openings where thinking becomes automatic.N2.Nirnzowitsch.. but 3.

8 N-R3 P-Q4! Now Black has a fine game since White can no longer undermine his centre efficiently with P-QB4... P-K5 8 N3-Q2 P-Q4 and White will find it very hard to continue with the thematic P-QB4 in view of the resulting weakness of hisQP. Black's KBP can later advance to .K!'i. I P-KN3 Logical and strong. 0-0 Furthering our sound development and preparing for action with the king safely tucked away and the KR ready for action. A typical continuation could be 9 N-QN5 P-KS 10 N3-Q4 NxN II pXN P-B3 12 N-B3 B-K3 13 B-R4 B-Q3 14 B-K5 Q-B2 15 BXB QXB 16 Q-Q2 and Black has a good position. 2 . 3 P-Q3 transposes back to the main line.. KB!'i to take advantage of White's tarze r pawn on KN3 or support a central thrust via . just weakens Black's centre so 2 . 7 . Black. White's obvious intention after P-KN3 is to exert pressure down the long light-square diagonal and usually the move P-QB4 would support this. but it will fail after 7... Zurich 1959.. 2B-N2 If2 P-QB4 we have an English. l06~~~~~~~ Black prevents White's space-g-aining operation P-QN4. The second knight bears down on the important central squares. direct development.:Reti-Benko OPening - 1 P-KN3 155 3 P-Q3 (2) creation P-B4 An aggressive move with twin points: (1) influence on the centre a nd of possibilities of K-side attack for Black. 7 P-QR4 7 P-Q4 is an attempt to challenge Black in the centre." N-B3 18 Reti-Benko Opening-l P-KN3 This opening is very much of a byway since it will normally transpose to the English. already has a strong central position and potential for comfortable. and after 2 P-QN3 we are back to the Nimzowitsch-Larsen attack. 4 N-KB3 A transposition to the English can still occur with 4 P-QB4. P-K5 3 N-Q4. 5 a-a 6 P-B3 B-K2 P-QR4 P-K4 A sound pawn move like this must always be good.. This advance would leave him with weak squares at QN4 and QB5 inviting occupation by black knights.. as III Larsen-Donner. N-QB3(106) White has spent his first two moves accomplishing little more than the development of one bishop. P. and 3 B-N2 P-K5 is obviously good for Black since White's KN can no longer advance and must beat the dismal retreat back to KNI.. Considering his solid centre he can afford to improve his position slowly forestalling White's attempts at counterplay.... r-"LQB3 is the best reply. . 4. on the other hand. 2 N-KB3 is an interesting attempt to playa reversed Alekhine's Defence with an extra move (I P-KN3). Then 3 P-B4 is an English again. 2 ...

. 2. BxN 4 .. is the game Wyss-Barcza. P-K4 at all costs. 4 p·QN3 P-KN3 5 B-K2 B-N2 6 B-N2 P-B3 7 0-0 0-0 also produces a balanced position. 1 P-KB4 Black must prevent . P-KN4 with good attacking 2 N-KB3 The only consistent move.. g. 70-0 P-K3 P-BS= P-Q4(107) 107 Reti-Kaufmann. P-K4! Agai nst at he r moves BIack has a very free hand in the centre. 3 P-K3 N-KB3 B-N5! Already Black's position is becoming active. Black might well continue with ".. 0-0-0. An amusing example of the sort of thing that can happen to him if he forgets to do this.QP-KR3 and . White must play 6 P-Q4 (in order to prevent 6 _" P. .g.. Vienna 1914. castle Q-side and then Jaunch an attack against White's king. P-K4... 5BxB QN-Q2 6 P-Q4 19 Birrl's Opening- 1 P-KB4 This old debut is occasionally employed by Larsen.... prospects. 4 B-K2 If 4 P-KR3 BxN 5 QXB QN-Q2. . e.Bird's OPening - 1 P-KB4 157 K3 10 B-B4 Q-B3=. 82...N2xN B-R7+ 14 K-Rl B-N8 0-1. His plan is to force the break.. Lugano 1968: 6 P-QN3 P-K4 7 pxp NXP 8 0-0 B-Q3 9 B-N2 P-B3 10 P-Q3 Q-B2 11 P-KR3 P-KR4 12 N-Q2 N4-N5 13 B. 6 P-Q4 N-K5 7 N-Q2 P-KB4 8 NxN QPXN 9 Q-B2 P- .K4) and BIack is then able to sit a knight on ... . 6 .... e. . K5 to good effect. 2 P-QN3 N-KB3 3 B-N2 P-Q5! 4 N-KB3 P·B4+": or 2 P·KN3 Q-Q3 3 BN2 (or 3 N-KBS P-KB3 4 P-Q4 N-B3 5 P-K3 P-K4!) 3. but that is about all that can be said in its favour. increasing White's grip on the K5 square. Black has a wide choice of plans-the repertoire player is recommended one whose quick and easy development will be combined with early attacking possibilities if White does not play accurately.

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