Catalogue of Greek Coins in

The

Hunterian Colle6tion

This

Catalogue

of

the

Greek

Coins

in

the

Hunterian Collection University of Glasgow
has been presented to the University by

James Stevenson of Hailie

CATALOGUE OF GREEK COINS
IN

THE

HUNTERIAN COLLECTION
UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW

FURTHER

ASIA,

VOLUME III. NORTHERN AFRICA, WESTERN EUROPE

BY

GEORGE MACDONALD,

M.A., LL.D.

HONORARY CURATOR OF THE HUNTERIAN COIN CABINET

GLASGOW JAMES MACLEHOSE AND SONS
^awbiishn-s to the anibersitg

1905

PREFACE
In the Prefatory Note to Volume
its
I.

it

was explained that

this

Catalogue owes

existence to a suggestion ma,de
offer

by Mr. James Stevenson, that suggestion being
to

accompanied by a munificent
publication.

bear the whole expense of

printing

and

Unfortunately Mr. Stevenson was not destined to see the conclusion

of the enterprise thus initiated.

But the

friendly
it

welcome accorded
characteristic of

to the first

two volumes gave him

real gratification,

and

was

him

that he

took special pleasure in that portion of the scheme under which copies of the work

were presented to nearly three hundred

libraries at

home and

abroad.

Those who

knew him
memorial

will, I trust, feel that

the completed Catalogue provides an appropriate

of his genuine interest in learning, his enlightened public spirit,

and

his

deep attachment to the city of his birth.

The

loss of

Mr. Stevenson

is

not the only serious blow that the undertaking

has encountered since the appearance of the second volume.
Professor Young's long tenure of
closed
circle
office as

In December, 1902,

Keeper of the Hunterian Museum was

by

death.

One

of his cherished wishes

had been

to secure

from a wider

a proper appreciation of the treasures under his care, and the zeal he showed

promoting Mr. Stevenson's project was but the natural outcome of the spirit in Dr. Young's place as a Trustee was filled which he regarded his whole duty.
in

by Mr. Robert Gourlay, LL.D., who, along with Mr. James J. MacLehose, has earned Mr. MacLehose the cordial thanks of all to whom the book in any way appeals. Avas one of the original Trustees, and on him has devolved from the outset the In this as well chief responsibility for the business management of the Fund.
as in other matters his help has It will

been invaluable.
is

be found that the present volume

considerably larger than either
it

of

its

predecessors.
less fully

At

the same time,

the

ground which

traverses has been

much

explored.

In some

series,

such as the currencies of the Arsacidae

and the Ptolemies and the native coinages of Spain and Gaul, the new material available was too scanty to admit of any attempt at an independent contribution
towards the settlement of far-reaching
difficulties of classification.

In other
b

cases,

ii

PREFACE
I

however,

have ventured to depart more or
in

less

widely from the traditional

arrangement,

the hope

that

the

innovations

introduced

may

be

generally

accepted as improvements.

In dealing with the

money

of the Seleucid Kings, for

instance, (and, indeed, wherever suitable opportunity offered) I have endeavoured to

gather the bronze

homogeneous groups by combining the evidence of Aveights, monograms, and types. The Alexandrian issues, again, are catalogued upon a principle which is not, perhaps, strictly scientific, but which may be left to justify itself by the fresh light it throws on the history of a mint of firstcoins into

rate importance.

have incidentally been led to enter on the consideration of some interesting questions. Certain of these the chronology
In preparing the volume
for the press, I

of

the

money

of

Tigranes

I.,

the

portrait

of

Antiochus

Tlieos,

the
of

coinage

of Hierax,

the issues

of Antioch

under the early empire, the era
letters

Rhosus,

and the significance of the numeral
already been discussed
the
footnotes.

on

imperial

pieces

of

Syria

—have
in

elsewhere.

Others are
it

now touched on more

briefly

Among

the latter

may

be convenient to indicate

specifically

the dates on the coins of Apamea, the supposed use of the Actian Era at Tripolis,
the legends
of

that
II.,

occur at Gaza, the well-known crux connected with the
'

money

Agrippa

and the employment of a
I

die-test

'

as

an aid in classifying the coins

of Gyrene

and of Carthage.

am

exceedingly sorry that the exigencies of space

have compelled

me

to reduce to the narrowest possible limits the

Appendix showing
letters

the corresjDondence with Combe's Bescrlptio, and also to refrain from supplementing the Introduction to

Volume

I.

by the reproduction of additional

and papers

dealing with Hunter's unlucky purchase of the Peralta Collection.

in
it

of

Acknowledgment has once again to be made of many obligations. The references But the footnotes will show the published works that have proved most useful. to be recorded that M. Th. Reinach allowed me to consult the new edition ouirht his Jewish Coins while it was still in manuscript, and that Dr. J. N. Svoronos

generously put the proof-sheets of his Ptolemaic Corpus at

my

disposal.

On

several

special points I had the advantage of Dr. Imhoof-Blumer's

most valuable advice.

Museum, and also (on three several occasions) at the Bodleian Library, every facility was granted me for making a personal examination of particular series, while casts came from the public museums at Berlin, Paris, Vienna, Athens, St. Petersburg, Copenhagen, Gotha, Turin, and elsewhere, as well as from the private cabinets of several collectors at home and abroad. After all, how-

At The Hague,

at the Fitzwilliam

ever,

it

is

to the

British

Museum

that

my

chief debt

is

due.

With unwearied

patience Mr.

Head and

his colleagues allowed

me

to scrutinize the contents of the

PREFACE
trays for nearly every district included in

iii

Volume III. Casts for close comparison were ungrudgingly supplied, and neither counsel nor suggestion was ever asked in
vain.

Even the laborious task of reading the proofs was willingly performed by Mr. Wroth and Mr. Hill. In spite of their vigilance, and of my own efforts, many blemishes must remain. Still, the work is finished and, with all its imperfections, it
represents twelve years of strenuous leisure.
to be surmounted, they
If these years

have brought

difficulties

have

also

brought kindness in abundant measure.
I

My deepest

regret

is

that some of those to

whom

of thanks

from

me

can reach them.

owe most have already passed where no Avord Of Mr. Stevenson and Dr. Young I have

spoken in the Prefaces to earlier volumes.
I shall always preserve a grateful

And

they are not alone.
of the

In particular,

recollection

stimulating encouragement

constantly received from the late Professor Robert Adamson.

GEORGE MACDONALD.
August, 1905.

b

2

CONTENTS
Preface
Corrections

Signs and Abbreviations

Further Asia
Kings

Kings of Armenia
of Syria

Commagene
Cyrrhestica
Chalcidice
Seleucis

Coele-Syria
Trachonitis

Uncertain of Syria
Phoenicia
Gralilaea
.

Samaria
Jndaea

Kings

of

Arabia Petraea

..,.,.,.. ........ ........ ....... ....... ........ ........ ....... ........ ........ ....... ......
. . . . .

PAGE
i

iv
viii

1-

1

5

119 132

.

.

.

."

.

.

.

.

.140
141

and Pieria
.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

218
222 223 225
275 275

.

.

.

.

.

280
297

Mesopotamia
Kings
Characene
Persia

of Parthia

India

Northern Africa Kings of Egypt
Alexandria

Nomes
Libya
Syrtica

of

Cyrenaica

...........•• .....• .....• ...••• ,..••• • ...••
. .

Nabathaea

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.299 301 .321
353
354
355

356 356
^^''^

.

Egypt

Byzacene

....... ..•••
. .

562

567 ^79 579 ^83

CONTENTS
PAGE

Zeugitana

584

Islands between Africa and Sicily

Nnmidia
Mauretania
.

Western Europe
Sjjain

....•

603 608

613
"19 619 676
714

Ganl
Britain

Supplement

Uncertain Coins

Addenda

Corrigenda to Vols.

Indexes
I.

Geographical

II.

Kings, Qaeens and Dynasts

III.

Roman Emperors and
Types

....•••• ,....• .....••• ....• ......
I.

..•
and
II.
. . • •

'^-''^'^-'

741
'^7

'^" '51

IV.

V.
VI.
VII.
VIII.

Symbols

Countermarks
Magistrates'

IX.

Names on Autonomous Coins Magistrates' Names on Imperial Coins Roman Magistrates' Names
.

.... ........ ....... .... .....
Imperial Personages
. . . .

754
755

758

774

.

(a)
(/3)

X.
XI.

Eras

Remarkable Inscriptions,
(a)
(/3)

(y)

(8)
(e)

{0 Other

....... ...... ........ ....... ...... ..... ...... ....... ......
. .

.777 778 .779
780
780
781

Latin

Greek

782 783 783 786 788 789 790 791 793 798
799

Titles of Cities, Magistrates, etc.

.

Greek

Latin

Phoenician and Neo-Punic

Hebrew

Iberian

Scripts

Appendix, showing Differences from Combe's Descriptio
Table of the Relative Weights of English Grains and French

....
.

Grammes

Table for converting English Inches into Millimetres and into the Measures of Mionnet's Scale

CATALOGUE

SIGNS

AND ABBREVIATIONS

In printing the inscriptions the following conventions have been observed
(1)

:

Square brackets indicate that the place of the letters they enclose
E.g.

is

oiF the coin.

AGHNAICriN]
uncertain number of illegible

(2)

Short strokes on the level of the line indicate an
letters.

E.g.

Fl

E

(3)

Dots on the
letter

level of the line indicate a dejinlte

number
. .

of illegible letters, each
.
.

being represented by one dot.

E.g.

TAPAN
while
it.

N
letter
is

(4)

A

dot

placed

beneath a

letter

indicates

that,

the

certain, it is

impossible to decide between two or more forms of

E.g.

AAEiANAPOZ

In references for illustrations 'B.M.G.' means in each case the appropriate volume of the
British

Museum

Series of Coin Catalogues.

CORRECTIONS
Page
Page
49, No. 55,
.58,

Page

96,

No. 54, and Page 236, No.
250, No.
12,

1,

for

A<JV>^ real

A'^if'

No. 33,

and Page

for

}^'\i^

read

^')>^

Page

270, No. 58, for 0aiTv\oi read fiairvKot.
1

Page 275, No.

(Tiberias), for
'

RE
'

read

EP
'

Page Page

866, footnote f, for 423, No. 171,

Ptelemy

read 'Ptolemy.'
of Osiris.'

and Page 429, No. 218, omit
'

Page

585, No. 8, for
7,

petnncnlus

'

read

'

pectunculus.'

Page 643, No.

for

AWETTIACVS

read

LVETTIACVS

Page 689, headline, for South-Westebn read Westkrn.

Page

692, No. 5, for 'pentagon' read 'pentagram.'

FUETHEE ASIA
N(..

Weight

Metal
SlZK

Obverse

Reveese

AEMENIA
KINGS OF ARMENIA
TIGRANES
Circa
1.

97—56

B.C.

It touched the limit of its early Itistory of the Armenian monarchy is obscure. greatness under Tigranes I., who in 83 B.C. succeeded in making himself master He joined his father -in law Milhradates in Ms struggle against Rome, of Syria.

The

and became involved

in

his ruin.
to

Seleucid series, appears

His coinage, which is often included in the have begun after he made Antioch his capital. It falls naturally into three periods.*
Circa

83—78

B.C.

No

represents a

The liev. type of Nos. 1 S. dates have been observed on the coins of this period. famous sadptured group by Eulychides of Sicyon, levown to us by many other copies, notably a marble statue in the Vatican.-f
SiLVEB

Euboic-Attic

Standard

Tetra drachms
Head
Tigranes r., wearing a lofty tiara decorated with an eightrayed star placed between two eagles, which face outwards, but have their heads turned back; bead and reel
of

BAZIAEfl Z

Armenian

TirPANOY
The Tj'che
of

downwards) downwards) Antioch, draped and wear(to r., (to
1.,
;

border.

ing turreted crown, with veil, seated r. on rock, holding palm-branch in her r. at her feet, the river-god Orontes, swimming r. the whole within wreath.
;

241-8

M 11
[Plate
*

on rock, }^
lxiii.

;

in field

r., pellet.

1.]

See Num. Chron., 1902, pp. 193 S. For Greek Sculpture, ii. 354. t A. S. Murray, Hist, of Pausanias, Yol. iv., 'pp. 6 f., and Wroth, B.M.O. Galatia, p. Ixi.

list

of

references,

see Frazer,

ARMENIA
No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

238-5

.R 1-05
.R 1-16
(Xo. 3
is

on rock,
on rock,
pierced.)

M
±

;

in field

r.,

J^

232-2

([BA]ZIAEn[Z])

248-3

.R 115
I

in field

r.,

T

(TITPANOY)

Beonzb
Tico ilenoini nations of the contemporary hronze issues are represented here.

Similar type; dtcoration of tiara more obscure border of dots.
;

B AZ A ED.T. TirPANoY
I

(to r.
(to

,

downwards)
down-ivards) holding wreatli and

1.,

Nike advancing
palm.
65-5

1.,

/E
[Plate
Similar
;

beneath,
lxiii.
1

}£>)(?)

AP(?)

2.]

bnt behind head,

A
[i3.il/.

Similar

;

border of dots.

45-0

M

-G

nothing visible beneath.

C, Pl.
77

xxvii. 9.]

('ircn

— 73

B.C.

Bnring

period the Idwj uses the title fSaai\(h<; /SaaiX^wv, while the silcer pieces are dated according to an era Iwijinnhuj in 111 B.C., the year of the return
this

if Aiitiochus

feld

r.

nil. (Gri/pus) from Aspendus* The letter in o/Ao. 7 pnibably indicates the month of issue.
SiLVEK

the

Euboic-Attic Standard

Draped bust
decorated

of Tigranes

r.,

as

on

Nu.s. 1

wearing tiara fE. bead and
;

Drachm BAZIAE
, '

reel border.

BAZIAEHN TITPANOY
The Tyche
;

HZ
of

(to

r.,

downwards)
(^own-n'ards)

(*^o !•'

Nos. 1 fE., her feet in
in field
r.,

Antioch seated r., as on with the river-god Orontes at
field
[

above, g"
;

H = 8]

A [= 75

B.C.]
;

in ex.,

border
7
():!-2

ZC

no

visible.

-R

-8

[Plate

lxiii.

3.]

Bronze
Here again
there is a higher

and a lower denomination,

the types heing

in each case the same.

Similar to No. 7
ir,:

;

border of dots.

.E

-96

Similar to No. 7
10.]

;

no

letters

:

no border.

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. xxvii.

* Sec

Num.

Chron., 1902, pp. 197

f.

;

TIGEANES I.— UNCERTAIN KING

Weight

Obverse

Similar.

!

Similar.

.E

-S
!

BASIAEI2Z

off coin.

("'/',

71—69

B.C.

The rare silrer (etradrachns of this period hear dates of ihe Selencld Era. The It seems 'worhmanship of silver and bronze coins alilce is marlcedli/ degraded. improhaUe that Aniioch was the place of issue. Two denominations of bronze are again represented here.

Bbonze

Head

r., wearing Ai'menian decorated "witli star behind and simple volute in front drapery about neck boi'der of dots.

of Tigranes

tiai'a,

BASIAEI2Z Tir PANOY

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards) downwards)

;

;

Figure of Tyche seated 1. on rock, wearing turreted crown and slight drapery; she stretches out her r. hand, and holds beneath her feet, cornucopiae in 1. border river-god swimming to front
;

;

of dots.

10

99

n
12

94

M M
M
M

-85
-85

(Part of No. 11 has been cut

off.)

93

-9

I

[Plate

lxiii.

4.]

Sir

Similar.

13

62-5

-8

(No. 13

is

restruck.)

UNCERTAIN KING
Circa 30
B.C.,

or

later.

lie He loas Lucnlhis.^ Tigranes appears to hare issued no money after his defeat ly The survived. succeeded bi/ his son Artavasdes J., one or two of whose coins hare The style and the the dynasty after his death is obscure and confused. history of assigned to this period. Eev. type of the folloioing piece suggest that it shotdd be

Bronze

Draped bust of king r., wearing lofty Armenian tiara decorated with crescent border of dots. behind, y^
;

BAZIAEnCZ] M PA A O [Y] J.NNAAOY
I

(above)
(sic, to r.,

downwards)

(beneath)
r.
;

Galloping
legs,

biga,

beneath horses' fore-

M CO
B 2

66-5

JE

-7

[Plate

lxiii.

5.]

ARMENIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

TIGRANES
Cirr.a

III.

AND ERATO
and

12

—6

B.C.

3—1
Ms

B.C.

Our of

the

few facts

lenoion about

this

king or

rei</n

is

that, after

lie

had

h'niisetf

been slain in battle, his sister Erato held the reins

of

ijoreniineitt

for some time alone.

BACIA€YC M€rAC N€oC TITPA

NHC

ePATW BACIA€COCTirPANoY
AA€A<t>H
Drajjed bust of Erato
1.

Draped bust of Tigranes weai'ins- Armenian tiara.

III.

r.,

107-3

M

-9

inscr. reads

downwards from

r.

inscr. reads

downwards from

1.

[Plate

l.xiii.

G.]

SYRIA
Mktal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

SYRIA
KINGS OF SYRIA
SELEUCUS
Circa
Selciiciis,
I.

(NICATOR)
B.C.

312—280

liud been appointed satrap of Babylon by the regent Antipater in driven ont by Antigonus five years later. With the aid of Ptolemy he regained his authority by the victory of Gaza in 312 B.C., at which date the ivho

321
'

B.C., loas

money

Era' loas aficrwardu rechoned as beginning. As satrap he had struck names of Alexander and of Philip III. In 305 B.C. he assumed the title /Sao-iAcu's, and hcijim to place his oimi jiame on his coins. The battle of Ipsus gave him control of Syria (301 B.C.), and subsequent campaigns added considerably to the extent of his dominions. While he introduced types of his own in all metals {e.g. Nos. 1 S. and Nos. 29 H.), he continued to employ contemporaneously the types of Alexander the Great.* His earlier money was issued at Babylon, but before the
Selciicid
in the

close of his reign there

must have been various mints

in operation.

Silver

Eiiboic-Attic Standard
Tetradracliin
Head
of

Zeus

r.,

vveariiig

wreath of laurel;

border of dots.

BAZIAEnZ ZEAEYKOY

(to

1.,

upwards)

(in ex.)

Athena, lielmeted, with shield on 1. ami and thunderbolt in raised r. band, standing in chariot drawn r. by four homed elephants, the nearest of which wears a in field above, to bell round his neck r. anchor, and to 1. /% aad border
;

O

;

of dots.

268-7

.R 105
[Plate
lxiii.

7.]

Drachms
Similar.

Same

inscr.

on elephant's neck in anchor border of dots.
; ;

Similar type, without bell field r., above,

61-9
i

.R
i

-7

beneath shield, IaP and

64-

Al

-05

beneath

r.

arm,

A

;

beneath shield,

O

* Sou

Imhoof-Blnmor, Die Miiiustdtte Bahylon ziw
ff.

Zeit der

Makedonischen Satrapen, in Nmn.

Zeitschr., xxvii., pp. 1

KINGS OF STRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Tetradraclims
Head
skin
of
;

young Herakles border of dots.

r., -R'eariiig

lion's

BAZIAEX2Z Z E A EY KO Y

(in ex.)
(to
r.
,

down-wards)

Zeus, naked to -waist, seated I. on throne with back, his feet resting on a footstool,

and his r. leg drawn back behind his 1.; be holds in extended r. eagle r., and in field 1., [Stp leans with 1. on sceptre
; ;

border of dots.
263-6
2.577

/R

1-1

beneath throne,

K

^R .R

1

beneath throne, K; (monogram in -wreath. beneath throne,

2631

1-1

^ ^

[Plate
240-3

lxiii.

8.]

M

1-1

beneath throne,
(Xo. 7
is

double-struck, and has been pierced.)

Similar.

Similar but in dolphin 1.
;

field

1-,

/$^

,

above -which,

260-6

M

1-2

beneath throne,

AB

H emidrachm
Similar
;

execution

rude,

but

not bar-

ZEAEYKOY
seated eagle
1.
;

barous.

1.

(to r. doivnwards) Zeus on throne, as above, holding

;

his r. leg visible in fi-ont of his

30 6

/R

-65

execution rude, but not barbai-ons in field 1., border of dots.

Z

;

;

(Xo. 9

is

pierced.)

[Pl,ATE LXIII.

12.]

T e tradracliins
Head
of
;

young Herakles
border of dots.

r.,

wearing

lion's

skin

BAZIAEnZ ZEAEYKOY
Zeus seated
1.,

(in ex.)

(to r.,

as

place of eagle, in field 1., vai-ying of dots.

downwards) on Nos. 4 ff. but, in -wreath-bearing Nike r.
; ;

monogram

;

border

10

264-3

M

1-2

[Plate

lxiii.

9.]

SELEUCUS
Metal
Size

I.

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

11

264-3

.R

1-1

it

263-1

M
.R

1-1

13

259-8

1-1

14

256-3

.R

1-1

'^

;

beneath throne, "P

[Plate lxik. 10.]
15
261-9
:

.R

1-1

P
£

on shield

;

beneath throne,

AZ

16

263-2

.R

1-15

;

beneath throne,

^

[Platk Lxni. 11.]

Beonze
j4.s

one might expect fro)ii the length of Ids reign and the number of possihie mints, the bronze coinage of Scleitcus exhibits great variety of types. The material here available is not sufficient to justify any attempt at a scientific classification. Under

the earlier Seleucid Icings it is not uncommon to find series consisting of three denominations, each of the tioo higher being, roughly, double the weight of the (ue With a few exceptions, the whole of the belo'W, and idl having the same types.'^ following belong to one denomination.

Bust of Athena r wearing crested Corinno border thian helmet and aegis
,

,

;

BAZIAEHS ZEAEYKOY

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards)

visible.

downvrai-ds) Nike standing ]., holding in 1. a palm, and in r. a wreath, which she is placing on the king's name beneath r. arm,
;

A

17

106-5

M
7E

-75

(nothing visible beneath

r.

arm.)

18

129

-7

doubt, as is sho-wn by the monograms on later pieces, the x"'^"-"'"*. SixaXitov, and TerpaBut, where series are incomplete, and there see Imhoof-Blumer, Monn. grecq., p. 429. are no marks of value, it is impossible to distinguish the diifereut denominations with certainty. In such cases (and they constitute the great majority) no attempt has been made in this Catalogue to distinguish the bronze coins by the names of the denominations they may have belonged The variation among those with marks of value proves clearly that weight is a very unto"
*

No
:

Xa\Koi'

reliable guide.

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeveese

19

22

23

24 25

26

27 28

29

SELEOCUS
Metal
Size

I.

No.

Weight

Obverse

liEVEESE

Elephant standing r., with lowered trunk;
bui'der of dots.

BASIAEfl[Z]

(to
(to

r.,
1.,

ZEAEYKoY
Head
anchor
of
1.

downwards) downwards)
1.
;

bridled

horse

beneath,

30

129

.E

-8

[PiATn LXin. 15.]

Apollo, naked to waist, holdhig arrow extended r., and leaning with 1. rock on which he is seated 1.

BAZIA Ens (above) ZEAEYKOY (beneath)
Head
of

horned elephant

r.,

with trunk

uplifted.

31

91

.E
[Plate
lxiii.

16.]

Head

of Apollo

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

BA ZlAEnZ ZEAEYKOY

(to (to

r.,
1.,

downwards) downwards)
in usual atti1.

Athena Alkis standing r. tude, with shield on
thunderbolt in raised
r.

hand

arm, and border
;

140

M

of dots.
-9

[Plate

:ill.

17.]

Similar.

BAZIAEilZ
[Z]

(to r., (to
1.,

EAEYKOY
; ;

downwards) downwards)
dots,

Similar type verted anchor

in front of Athena, in-

border of

33

102-5

JE

-sr,

(no chlamys visible.)
!

(Nos. 32 and 33 are distinguished frnm the otlier bronze pieces here catalogued by their On the Obv. the edge is rounded off in very marked fashiou.) fabric.

Similar.

B AZIAEn[Z]

(to

r.,
1.,

ZEAEYKoY
Similar type
;

(to

downwards) downwards)

border of dots.

34

132

M
M

-8

in front of Athena,

O

[BJI.C., PL.

II.

13.]

35

95-5

-8

behind Athena,

P
P
in front, ?

36

91
VOL.
III.

M

-8

behind Athena,

;

10

KINGS OF SYEIA

No.

Wejghi'

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similaj?.

.

BAZIAEflZ

(to
(to
1.,

r.,
1.,

ZEAEYKOY
Nike standingthe king's

downwards) downwards)

name with
;

palm
5G

in
r.

1.

placing a wreath on r., and holding border obscare.

M
Similtir.

beneath

arm,

A

BAZIAEHS SEAEYKoY
Humped
title,

(above)
(in ex.)

bull,

butting

r.
;

and pentagram

above king's border obscure.
;

38

92-5

JE
[Cf. V.M.C., Pl.
II.

15.]

Head

of

Medusa
:

in her hair

r., wing-ed, with serpents border of dots.

BAZIAEnZ ZEAEYKOY
Humped
bull,

(above)
(in ex.)

butting

r.

;

border of

dots.

39

98
9i-5

JE

-8

40

/E -75

beneath king's name,
[BJI.G., Pl.
II.

14.]

41

100-5

M

-85

beneath king's name, E oblong countermark, containing caduceus 1.
;

2he

follcwiiKj ohviously rejnrtrut

a

rcj^ire.ieutcd bij

lower dnwm'maili.^, Nus. 3'.) if.
Similar.

ilie

higher being

probuUy

Simila

42

41-5

M

-65

no

letter visible.

Similar.

Similar

;

but above king's

title,

G

and

star of eight rays.

43

37-5

Ai

between
[Plate lxui. 18.]
Similar.

bull's

hind

legs,

j^

Similar

;

but bull

to

1.

44

40-5

/E -65

in ex., niaeander pattern.

[Plate

lxiii.

19.]

mlr^: Tlt\iL^r^iocV.

"th""'"

*''"*

"

u""^

''^''''''''^

^ ^°^'' denomination than the

SELEUCUS I.— ANTIOCHUS
Metal
I

I.

11

^o.

,

Weight

Size

Obverse

Revhrse

ANTIOCHUS
Circt

1.

(SOTER)
B.C.

293—261

III

Tuelre years heforc his death Seleiicus I. associated his son Antiochus irith him the ijoi'cnimf.it, and accorded him the title of King' mahing Mm regent of I ppcr Asiii. A fen- iiiniiisiiiiitic memorials of the joint reign have surtired, and, of these Nu. 1 is among the most reniarkahle.
^

SiLVEK

Euboic-Attic Standard

Tetradrachm*
Head
of

Seleucus
like a bull

I.
;

horned

r., diademed, and border of dots.

A NT OX OY
I

BAZIAEnZ
Head
in field
r.,

(to

I.,

downwards)
;

(beneath)
r.,

of horse
dots.

above, >j6,

horned like a bull and beneath, ^\

;

iorder of
251-2

-R

1-1

[Plate

lxiii.

20.]

A few coins with the ti/pes of Alexander the Great hear the name of Antiochus I. But the number of these is relaticelij small. If their issue continued after he Lecame sole rider, it must have soon come to an end.
Gold

Stater
Head
of

Athena

r.,

wearing crested Corin-

[BIAZIAEXIZ

(to

r.,
1.,

thian helmet.

ANTIOXOY
;

(to

downwards) downwards)

Nike, standing- ]., holding wreath and trophy-stand at her feet, to 1., NK (reading horizontally), and, to r., (J (reading up^Yards).
2

131-9

A' -75

[Plate

lxiii.

21.]

Slf.-VER

Euboic-Attic Standard

Te tra drachm
Head
of
;

skin

young Herakles border of dots.

r.,

wearing lion's

ANTIOXOY
BAZIAEIIZ

(to r.,

downwards)

(beneath) Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back, holding on extended r. wreath-bearing Nike r., and leaning in field 1., traces with 1. on sceptre
;

of

monogram
is

;

boi-der of dots.

259-3

^1-3
(No.
3,

which has a very concave Rev.,

double-struck

)

*

The corresponding drachm was published by Imhoof-Bluraer, Monn.

grecq., p. 424.

C 2

12

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
SlZK

No.

Weight

Obversj!

Reveksk

Drachm
Similar.

Similar,

"vvith

ex.

line
r.
1.
; ;

;

instead of Nike,
r.,

Zens holds eagle
forepart of lion

in field

GE, and

beneuth throne,

Al

61-6

.R

-7.1)

(No. 4

is

pierced.)

[Plate lxui. 22,]

BliONZE

The foUoimng hronxe pieces

full

into

two groups, each containing

two denominations.

Head

of

Athena

crested
dots.

r., wearing necklace and Coriuthiun helmet; border of
|

ANTIOXOY

BAZIAEflZ

downwards) downwards) Trophy, fixed on basis, and consisting of cuirass, helmet, spear, and round
(to
(to
r.
,

1.,

shield; in field

r., (ffi);

border doubtful,

104

JE

-7.5

monogram

obscure.

Similar.

Similar

;

lines of inscr. curved.

63-5

M

-7

Similar type

;

same border.

ANTIOXOY BAZIAEHZ
Similar type and, outside plain border.
;

(to

1.,

(to

r..

upwards) upwards)
r.,

in field
title,

inside

EAE

title, f^ (upwards)

,

;

89-5

M

-7

ANTIOX
BAZIAE
39-,

(to

].,

upwards)
upward.s)
r.,

(to r.,
;

M

Similar type border.
-6

in field

M

;

plain

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

I.

13

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Revekse

It

is

doubtful loheiher Antioclms placed

the death of

Ms own portrait on Ms coins until after rossihly one or two of the following may be father in 281 B.C. earlier, hut on the great majority the portrait is that of a middle-

Ms

aged or elderly man.

Gold

Stater
Gold staters with the types of No. 9 appear to come almost exclusively from The currency eoidently circulated in the extreme east Afghanistan and N. India. of the Selcucid Empiire, and was probably inttitcd there.*

Head

of Antiochus

I. r.,

diademed.

[A]

BASIAEHS NTIOXOY
se.ited

(to r.,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

Apollo, his liiiir in long ringlets, with clilamys over r. thigh and beneath him,
1. on omphalos covered with net, looking along an arrow which he holds his 1. is placed point downwards in r. on the top of his bow, which stands on the ground behind him beneath his r. hand,
;

;

9

1307

A^ -75
[Pla-i'E

A

lxdi. 23.]

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

TetradracTims
Similar type;

f
r.

hang
JO
257-3

M

ends of the diadem one being straight, the border of dols. other turned upwards
the
stiffly,
;

Similar; beneath Apollo's

hand,

11

Similar;
of

the ends of the diadem, instead hanging down, are turned back and

BAZlAEnZ

(to r.,
(to
1.,

ANT
is

lOXOY
;

downwards) downwards)
outside inscr., JZ^

11

258-7

M

laid along its side.

Similar type
(N'o.

in field

1.,

1-15
11
pierced.)

[Plate
Similar type
the ends of the diadem hang loosely, one falling downwards, no border. the other turned upwards
; ;

lxiii.

24.]
r.,

Similar; in field border of dots.
in field
1.,

outside inscr.,

hP

12

260-8

M
M

1-15

outside inscr., fS]
3.J

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl.

III.

13

2G2--1

1-15

(AN TIOXOY);

beneath omphalos, /^

* See Journal of Hellenic Studies, vol. xxui,, pp. 108 f. n the younger heads, as a rale, come before i, + In thfe arraneement of the tetradraohms, the regarded as secondary. The grouping has beer. elderly ones. This principle has, however, been monograms. determined mainly by aimilarity of stylo, and by
,

14:

KINGS OF SYRIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvekse

Reverse

Similar

;

ends of diadem not shown.

Similar;
.

in

field,
r.,

o-utside

inscr.,

to

1.,

/% and
14

to

A

;

beneath omphalos,

2667

M

1-1 (No. 14 has a very concave Rev.)

Similar
dovi'n

;

;

both ends of diadem border of dots.

liaiig stiffly

Similar with monograms to 1. and r. outside inscr., but none beneath border
; ;

of dots.

262-9

.R 11
[Jl.M.C, Pl.
Similar

/^ and
III.

4.]

;

no border.

Similar

;

no border.

16

263

/R

1-2

/^ and i^ [Plate
lxiii.

25.]

17 18

263-3
2f33-l

M M

1-1

?

and

^

11
(Nos. 16

ffl

and

^
off

— 18 are

of similar fabric

;

all

have the eJge rounded

on the Obv.)

Similar type ends of diadem freely border of dots.
;

treated

Similar

;

border of dots,

;

19

261-8

Al 1-25

:

#(

and -i^
1.]

[Plate lxiv.

Similar.

Similar.

20
21 22 23 24 25

258-6 260-4
258-6 263-2

M
JR.

1-15
1-2

f^ and I^
(no border visible.)

f^ and i^
,,

(ANTI OXOY)

M ^
/R

1-2 1-2
1-2

and

i?i

^^

and
and
and

,,

262-9
262-1

A
I^

,,

M

1-15

[S]

Similar

;

harder and cruder

style.

ANT
26
264-4
.'R

BAZIAEXIZ
lOXOY
;

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards)

downwai'ds) Similar type harder and cruder style to 1., outside inscr., border of (?)
dots.

m ^^

;

;

1-15

[Plate lxiv.

2.1

ANTIOCHUS
Metai.
Size

I.

15

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar type ends of diadem liaiig loosely, one falling downwards, and the other no being turned upwards style good
;
; ;

[B]

ANTIOXOY

AZI AEnZ

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards)
;

border.

downward.s) Similar type, of better style Apollo and Al wears boots; in ex.,

n

2G2-S

..R

11
[Pr.ATE LXIV. 3.]

Towards

tie

end of his reign Antioclms I. received the title of awT-^p, Cf. No. 44. of a great victory gained over the Galatai.

in

honour

Similar

;

but ends of diadem hang more

stiffly.

[A]

SUTHPOZ NT OXOY
I

(to
(to

r.,
1.

downwards) downwards)

Simil9,r type
!

;

no border.

28

!

252-7

:

Al

1-2

[Plate

lxit. 4.]

Bronze
The
is

-proper attriliition of the Ironze coins inscribed

BAZIAEflZ ANTIOXOY

a matter of doubt and difficulty. As a general rule, the different groups, much as thei/ vary in iveight, contain at least two denominations, one of which is intended to he douhle of the other, and both of luhich have the same types.
still

The Dioskouroi on horseback, wearing piloi and chlamydes, trotting r., carrying
their spears upright.

BAZIAEflZ [ANTI OXOY]

(to

1.,

(to r.,

upwards) upwards)
usual
1.,

Athena Alkis standing r., in attitude, with round shield in
thunderbolt in raised
r.

and

29

143

;

/E

-8

countermark, eagle

r.

[Plate lxiv.

5.]

Similar.

BAZIAEflZ

(to r.,

ANTIOXOY
;

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

Similar type ; in field r., inside inscr., beneath, traces of anchor 1. (?). /¥\

30

89-5

M

75

same countermark.

No. 31 represents a lower denonnnatUm.

For

the higher, see B.M.C., Pl. iv.,

No.

9.

Head

of

Apollo

r.,

laur.

;

hair

short;

Same
r.,

inscr.

Similar type
|-p

;

in field
[ZJ
;

1.

and

border of dots.

inside inscr.,

and

border

of dots.

31

97

yE

-75

IG

KINGS OF SYKIA

No.

;

ANTIOCHUS
Metai,
Size

I.

17

No.

Weight

Obveksk

Reverse

Siniilar.

41

38

iE

-55

The

(tttyihiilion

of No. 42
is

to

Aniiochus

I. is

more than usually doubtful.

No. 44

interesting because of the inscription.
[ B ] A Z A E I2Z [A]NTI OXOY
I

Head

of

Apollo laur., three-quarter face
r.

towards

do wn w ards) downwards) Crtiped female figure standing 1., holding patera in extended r., and cornucopiae in 1. border of dots.
(to r
(to
,
.

1.,

;

42

3S-.

.E

-6

[Plate lxiv.

6.

Round

shield,

on which
;

is

tripod-lebes

-with three handles

border of dots.

BAZIA ANTI
Bow

(above)

(beneath)
1.
:

in case

border of dots.

43

41

JE

-55

Head

of

Antiochus

1.,

diademed,

r.

border

ZnTHPoZ
ANTI 0[X0Y]

(to r.,
(to
1.,

of dots.

downwards) downwards)

Inverted anchor, with ring for cable beneath the blades, caps of the Diosto r., above bar, kouroi with stars
;

44

I

70-5

JE
[Plate
lxiv.
7.]

Types and fabric have pieces that follow form a chiss by fhemselres. The still wanting. origin, bid i^atisfartor!/ evide.ice as to provenance is types, and each consisting of two class contains three main groups, disiingiuslied by their least two of the grmps denominations, the lower of which is a fourth of the higher. At /e^. man be further snhdirlde I according to the presence or absence of the monogram denomination slionld he uncertain to which subdivision specimens of the smaller It is the smaller denomination attached as they bear neither monograms nor symbols. For the third group (Nos. 53 S.), see B.M.C., Pl. iv., No. 14.

The

suggested

a Mnce.Ioiiiaii

of

Head of Apollo
of dots.

r.,

laur.

;

hair long

;

border

BAZIAEflZ A N T O X OY
I

downwards) downwards) border Tripod-lebes with holmos
(to
r.,

(to

1.,

;

o f

dots.

45

102-5

^

in field

1.,

traces of

monogram.

Similar.

Similar; but above title, club beneath name, strung bow.

r.,

and

/^;

46

95

JE

-i:

[7;.37.r., Pl.

IV.

17.]

VOL.

III.

IS

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obvkkse

Eevekse

Similar.

AN

B A

47

24-6

M

downwards) downwards) Similar type same border.
(to
r.,
1.,

(to

;

-45

[Plate lxiv. 8.]

Macedonian

shield, decorated with six crescent-shaped ornaments in centre, anchor, within double circle.
;

ANTIOXOY
;

BAZIAEXIZ

(above) (beneath) Horned elephant walkingr.,\vith lowered
legs, letters

trunk between elephant's border of dots.

102-5

M

-8

n
Z

and

O O
;

49

82-,

M

-8

and

countermark, anchor

1.

Similar.

Similar, without letters above title, /5t, aud clab 1. ; beneath name, jaw-bone of
;

50

114

M
710

boar
-75

1.

IB.M.C, Pl.
111
-75

IV.

7.]

countermark, anchor

r.

Similar type

;

anchor v/ithin single

circle.

B A AN

26

JE

(above) (beneath) Similar type border of dots.
;

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

BAZIAEflS

ANTIOXOY
;

(above) (beneath)

/^t

M
54
92-5

Thunderbolt above title, club r. and beneath name, jaw-bone of boar r. border of dots.
; ;

-75

IB.M.C, Pl.

IV.

15.]

M

-8

countermark, anchor

1.

55

94

M
M

wo

countex'mark, anchor

r.

56

SS'o

-8

countermark, anchor

r.

ANTTOCHUS
Metal
Size

II.

19

No.

Wkigut

Obverse

Reverse

The folhwing
<iic iiKiiii/

!•<

ronnedcd

tUffeieiicefi

hi/ !tK iijpcs iritli tlie necond of ilic pn'ccHiKj giumpH, hut Jl nnii/ licloinj of detail, imil the fohn'r is not tlie .svi/i/c*

tliere

to

Aiitiocliitu II. or Antiocliiiti III.

Macedonian shield decorated with eight crescent-shaped ornaments in centre,
;

ANTIoXO[Y]
;

^

^
r.,

conventional anchor, within

circle.

Elephant walking lifted no horns.
traces of

with trunk up-

57

69-

Ai

monograms

?

[Plate

i.xiv.

9.]

AKTIOCHUS
Circa

II.

(THEOS)

261—246

B.C.

ThoiKjh the stritgijle uotaUij throiiijli the Tlie eoiiix of AiifiorlriiK II. present a siieren>ifid revolts of Fartliia and Bartrid. they great variety of portraits, inirili/ heeain:e of the vnriejji of miuts from ivhirh were issued, and partly hecause the head is in some eases ideali::ed.\
Antioclius II. iiilirritcd

from
the

his

father a war with Ptolomii
Eiiijiire

II.

ended

ill

an iiUimiee,

Seiriirid

siiffrred

aeiisiiihi,

Silver

Tetra drachms
To. 1 helougs
Antiochvs II. at to a speriid class of coins struelc diirinij the reign of specimen is prohahly rarions cities in Ionia and Acolis. -The syinhol on this ( 'yme. tlie mint-marh of

Head

of Antiochus II.

r,

,

diademed; border

BAZI AEnZ

(in field

r.,
1.,

of dots.

ANTI OXOY
Herakles,

(in field

downwards) downwards)
;

round

naked but for lion's skin his r. is 1. on rock placed on the top of his club, which
loins, seated

stands upright before him his 1. rests in field on rock between his legs, in ex., one-handled vase r., beneath, <j>
; ;

A

;

;

].,

and

M

202-3

M

11
[Plate lxiy. 10.]

havo observed, the heaviest * It will be noted that it is also considerably lighter. So far as I resembling Nos. 50 f. coins of the preceding class are pieces
t See J. H.
'

S., vol. xxiii.,

pp. 109

ff.

D 2

20

KINGS OF SYEIA
Metal
Size

K"o.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

On Nos. 2 ff. tJie portrait is yonthful, and resemhlos that found on the gold staters of Aiitiochiis II., ivhicli come from the East* Theij are grouped according to fabric. The high, relief on the Ohv. of Nos. 4 7 is spjecialhj noteworthy.

Head
of

of Antiochus II.

r.,

diademed
loosely.

;

ends

diadem hang doM'u

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOY
Apollo seated

(to
(to
1.

r.,
1.,

downwards) downwards)
us-aal
;

attitude, holding

and
256-8

r.,

on omphalos, in arrow and bow putside inscr., monograms.

to

1.

M

11

\V?

and

^

(?)

Similar

;

style different.

Similar, with
ferent.

ANT

lOXOY;

style dif-

262

M

11

[?]

and

[Plate lxiv. 11.]

Similar type, of different style
of

;

one end

diadem fluttering

;

relief high.

ANT
N

BAZIAEIIZ
loXOY
Similar type;
in ex.,

(to r..
(to
1.,

downward,s)

downwards)
boots t;

Apollo wears

two monograms.

262-5
264-6

M M

1-05
1-25

R

N R
[Plate lxiv.
12."]

Similar head
of dots.

;

relief

very high

;

border

A NT

BAZIAEHZ
I

263-1

.R

1-1

downwards) downwards) Similar type: no boots; to 1. and outside inscr., ^ and
(to r.,
(to
1.,

OXOY

r.,

A

I

Similar; relief less

his-h.

BAZIAEnZ AN T OXOY
I
;

(to r.,
(to
].,

Similar type in border of dots.

downwards) downwards) ex., two monograms;

268-1

M

1-1

[?]

and

[?]

* See

J".

H.
^'

S., vol. x.xiii.,

pp. 108

f.

No

•^7^'°^15'

^^°^^'^

"^^

compared

witli the

tetradrachm of Antiochus

I.

described above as

ANTIOCHUS
Met AT.
Size

II.

21

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar head
of

;

relief as usual

diadem

fly

loosely

;

both ends border of dots.
;

BAZIAEIIZ

(to r., (to
].,

ANTI OXOY
Similar type.

downwards) downwards)

259-6
261-7

A\ 1-15

in ex., bee upwards.
to

A\ 1-15

1.,

outside inscr., filleted branch

;

in

ex.,

£1

10

261-6

JR

1-15

as preceding.

[Plate lxiv. 13.]

On

the followiiKj the

head

is

more mature, and the

style

and fabric

are different.

Head

of Antiochns II. r., diademed; both border of ends of diadem fly loosely
;

B AZ A EI2Z ANTI OXOY
I

(to r.,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

dots.

Similar type; to
in ex.,

1.,

outside inscr.,

|Z;

11

260-3

M

Z

1-15

Similar type

;

style

different

;

ends

of

diadem hang down.

BAZIAEnZ AN TIOXOY
Similar type
X
(?)
;
;

(to r.,

down-wards)

(to

1.,

downwards)
r.

beneath Apollo's
outside inscr., Xj"

hand,

to

r.,

(?)•

12

255-5

M

1-3

[Plate lxiv. 14.]

Dr ac liin
Head
of

Antiochns II.

r.,

diademed; border

of dots.

BAZIAEHZ AN TIOXOY
Apollo, with drapery over r. knee, seated 1. on omphalos, looking along the string of a bow which he holds in
his
r.

hand.
1.,

13

64-3

yR

-75
[Cf.

in field

outside inscr.,

A

I

(?); in ex.,

K

BJI.G., Pl.

v.

4.]

The following, stnirk

at

Alexandria Troas, was •prohably minted daring the 'reign' of Antioehus Hierax,* q.v.
idealized,
r.

Head

of Antiochns II., wearing winged diadem.

BAZIAEnZ AN TlOXOY
Apollo, seated

(to

r.,
1.,

(to
1.

downwards) downwards)

attitude, holding

on omphalos, in usual arrow and bow; ber.

neath, horse feeding
to
1.,

14

263-7

Al 1-3
[Plate

outside inscr.,

[if\

and

K

lxiv.

15.]

* See

J",

ff.

S., vol. xxiii.,

pp. 113

fE.

22

KINGS OF STRIA

No.

Weight

Metai.
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Beonze
The
coins lieix described fall info three groups,
in Her.
distinf/ttished hy sliijht
to

differences
f£.)

group (Xns. 22 All seem are, on the urerage, marl-edJy lighter than the rest.
type or symbol.
to

Those

behn/ijiiKj

the last

represent

the

same denomination.

Head

of Apollo r.,laur.

;

hair long; border

t

BAZIAEXIZ

of dots.

,

ANTIOXOY

downwards) downwards) Trijjod-lebes, with bolmos the legs of the tripod are long and slightly curved,
(to r.,
1.,

(to

;

while the lebes is shallow beneath, Solenoid anchor r. border of dots.
;

;

15 16
17

93-5 90'5 78-5

M M M
iK

-7

(border not visible).

above

title,

@

;

beneath name,

AH

-8

as preceding.

-7

as preceding.

18

92-5

-75

above

title, [?]

;

beneath name,

@

[Plate lxiv. 16.]
19

88

JE

-65

above

title,

[?]

;

beneath name, ^S]

Similar type

;

no border.

B AZ A EnZ ANTI OXOY
I

(to r.,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)
;

legs

Tripod-lebes, with three handles of the tripod are short

the

and

straight, while the lebes is deep; beneath, Seleucid anchor 1. to 1. and r., outside inscr., monogi-ams or letters;
;

border of dots.

20

81-5

^
iE

-65

y and
[Plate lxiv. 17.]

MIA

(downwards)

21

73

-65

as preceding.

Sinailar.

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY
Similar
;

(to r.,
(to
1.,

downwards) downwards)
;

handles of tripod wreathed

anchor
22

r.

65
72-5

M

-65

no

letters or

monograms.

23

'

JE 75

Y(?) and

tzj

SPJLEUCUS

II.

23

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

24:

24

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

JSfo.

Weight

Obveese

Reverse

Silver

Euboic- Attic Standard

Tetrad rachms
Head
of

Seleucus

II.

r.,

diademed, -with

BAZIAEIIZ

(to (to

r,,
1.,

sligM whisker.

ZEA EYKOY

downwards) downwards)

Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along an arrow wliich. he holds point downwards in r., and leaning with 1. arm on tall tripod-lebes which stands behind

him, wreathed with laurel.
258-2

M

1-2

to

1.,

inside insor.,

|€

Similar

type

;

no

-^vhisker

;

border of

Similar
to
].,

;

border of dots.
t+l

257-3

M

dots.

1-2

inside inscr.,

and head
{'?)

of horse

(?)

1.;

to r., outside inscr., /S^

[Plate

lxiv.

19.]

Similar

;

with

^\

hisker.

Similar, with
to
1.

ZE AEYKOY;

no border,

263-2

M

1-1

and

r.,

outside inscr.,

^ A

and

o

Similar

;

no whisker.

Similar, with
to
1.,

ZEAE YKOY

262

Al

1-1

inside inscr., i,^

[Plate

lxiv.

21.]

Drachm
Head
of

Athena

r.,

wearing crested helmet;

border of dots.

BAZIAEflZ ZEA EYKOY

downwards) dowmvards) Apollo, naked, standing 1., with arrow and bow, as on No. 1 f.
(to
(to
r.,
1.,

60-6

JR

-7

to

1.

and

r.,

outside inscr., (|)

and

x{<

[Plate

lxiv. 20.]

;

SELEUCUS
Metal
Size

II.

No.

Weight

Obverse

Rever.se

Bronze
Tlie bronze issues of Scleiicnn II. were nmneroHS and varied. The specimens descrihfil helow are grouped according to the Ohr. type. At least four different denoiirinafioiiK are included ; hut, cxcejit in one case, there is no eridcnce of any close connection between them.*

Head

of

Seleucua

slight

whisker

;

II. r., diademed, with border of dots.

BAZIAEnZ KOY
cing
].,

(above) (beneath)
fl3'ing

Horseman, with
holding
border
364.
visible.

spear

chlamys, pranno couched
;

.E

r2

behind head, downwards,

AIO(?)

beneath horse,

^
(to r.,

Similar type

;

same border.

ZEA EYKOY

BAZIAEnS

downwards) downwards) Apollo, naked, standing 1., with arrow and bow, as on Nos. 1 f.
(to
1.,
].

ISOo

M

-So

to

and

r.,

outside inscr.,

^

and

f^

[Plate

lxiv. 22.]

Similar.

BAZIAEHZ ZEAEYKoy
;

(above) (beneath)

Elephant walking r., trunk driver seated
behind,

with lowered on his neck

monogram

;

border of dots.

10
11

93-5

M
JE

-75
-7

^p

(V)

71

*
[B.M.C., Pl.
Similar.

(?)

VI.

4.]

BAZIAEnZ ZEAEYKOY
;

(above)
(in ex.)

Free horse walking 1., its 1. forefoot raised high from the ground beneath title, two stars beneath horse, monogr.
;

12

66

M

-6

I

^
VI.

IB.BI.C, Pl.

6.]

13

53-5

M

-65

* Examples wliere such connection can be proved by community found in Imhoof-lilumer, Monn. 'jn-cq., p. 427.

of

monograms

will be

VOL.

III.

26

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

Xo.

Wetkht

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

[BASIAEnX]
. .

(above)
(in ex.)

AEYKOY
;

Similar type
horse,

no

round

stars visible beneath shield decorated with
;

Seleucid anchor.

]4

40

JE

-6

Head of Athena r., wearing
hair in formal cuils
;

crested helmet

BASIAEI2Z

border of dots.

ZEA EYKOY

15

101

M

downwards) downwards) Apollo, naked, standing 1., with arrow and bow, as on Nos. 1 f.
(to r.,
(to
1.,

-8

[Plate lxiv. 23.]

Similar type, of slightly different style;

Similar; to

1.

and

r.,

outside inscr., mono-

no border.
16
56-5

grams.

JE

-65

r^

and
and
6.]

?

17

62

M

-65

m
[B.M.C., Pl.
(No. 17
is

[?]

VI.

restruck.)

Similar type, of freer style
dots.

;

border of

ZEAEYKOY
r.
;

BAZIAEI2Z

(above) (beneath)

IS*

74

M

Elephant, with lowered trunk, walking driver seated on his neck behind, bunch of grapes border of dots.
;
;

-7

[Pl.^te lxv. 1.]

SImilarifij of

atijlc and ident!t:j of monogram show iliat No. 19 is the double of No. 20. The fractional character of the latter is indicated by the Ber. type'.

Bust of Apollo r., laur. hair long; drapery about neck bow and quiver at shoulder;
;

;

BAZIAEHZ ZEAEYKOY
Humped
bull,

Cabove)
(in ex.)

border of dots.

butting

1.;

in field

1

19

129

m

-85

[B.M.C., Pl.
Simila

VI.

10.]

BAZIAEnZ
[Z]EAEYK[OY]
Forepart of
in field
1.,

(above)
(in ex.)
bull,

20

63

M

-65

^

humped

butting

1.;

[Plate lxv.

2.]

'^^^^ represents tlie higher of two ATo ISo. 26, as compared with Ibid., Nos. 24 f.

denominations with similar types '^

; .

see »«b

BMC

.o./u.i.., r> 18 , p. i.

yi-M^EUC'US II.— ANTIOriLUS

HUaiAX

27

No.

i

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvkrse

Hevkksk

Similai' type;

same border.

BAZIAEnZ ZEAEYKOY
Humped

(above)
(in ex.)
].,

bull, standing turned to front.

with head

•21

70-O
G3-0

2E -65
j

in field

1.,

beneath,

^

22

.U

()£

as preceding.

[Ji.M.C, Pl.

VI.

12.]

23

510

:

.3i

-65

beneath bull,

EY

The

bcai-cled portrait

of

Sclriini:^

(Uwyoiv) shows that Nu.
reiyit.

2'k

heloiujs to the

latter

part of his

Head

of Seleucus II. r., diademed, wearing long beard border of dots.
;

,

[Z]

BAZIAEHZ EAEYKOY
Pegasos, in full
16.]

(above)
(in ex.)
careei',
1.

2i

68-5

M

-65

I'D.M.C, Pl.

VI.

ANTIOCHUS HIERAX
r/;

246—227
when

B.C.

his father Antiochus II. died. His brother, support against Ptolemy, recognised him as ill Aaia j\Iiii<ir. Sifjijiorti'd by his mother Ijiodicc, Ilierax aimed at ftamX.iv'i comiilctc indcpciideiice. The fnttriridnl struggle lasted for tirrlrc or fifteen years,
loas
hoij

AiUiodms Hiera.r
Seleiicns
II.,

a mere

in order to secure his

and, only e,ided irith his dnifli. To judge from Ms mints, the chief seat of his pjower would seem to hare been in Troas and Aeolis. No. 1, for exampile, was struck at Alc.candria 'Iraas. Many of his coins bear

the

deified

head of

his father.^'

Silver

Eaboic- Attic Standard

Te t radrach.ms
Boyish head of Antiochus Hierax ing winged diadem.
r.,

wear-

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY

(to r., (to
].,

downwards) downwards)

Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. thigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual
attitude, holding
ex.,

horse feeding
r.,

arrow and bow in 1., standing on line.
;

261-5

yil

1-35

to

1.

and

outside inscr.,

>i-

and

)S(

[Plate lxv. 3.]

*

For a

fall

discussion of the points here raisecl, see J.H.8

,

vol. xxiii., pp.

113

If,

E 2

28

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Head
260
Al 1-2

of Autiockus Hierax* r., diadenied, wearing slight whisker border of dots.
;

Similar

;

but in

ex., fish

1.

;

border of dots.

no monograms.
[Plate LXV. 4.]
(No. 2
ia,

at one point, bevelled at the edge on both sides.

A

shallower, but

much

more extensive, bevelling appears on both

sides of No. 1.)

SELEUCUS
Circa
SeJeucus III.
jjursue the
loas
tlie

III.

(CERAUNUS)
B.C.

22G— 222

war

loith

Ptolemy

elder of the two sons of Seleucus CnJlinlcus. III., doubtless because peace witli Egypt

He

did not

had become

necessary if he was

to defend his inheritance in Asia Minor against the steady encroachments of Attains. At the outset of a campaign against the Pergamene Icing he was murdered by mutinous troops.

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

Tetradraclim
Head
of Seleucus whisker border
:

III. r.,

diademed, with

of dots.

ZEAE YKOY

BAZIAEHS

(to r.,
(to
1.,

downwards) downwards)
r.

Apollo, naked but for drapery over
;

thigh, seated 1. on omphatos, with arrow and bow, in usual attitude to 1. and r., outside inscr., monogranrs.

257-4

M M

^
[B.M.C., Pl.

and p
6.]

VII.

Bronze
The following bronze coins are usually assigned to Seleucus III. At least two denominations are represented. The different groups are dissimilar in style, and no connection between them seems traceable.

Head

of Seleucus III.

r.,

diademed

;

border

of dots.

BAZIAEnZ ZEAEYKOY

(to r.,

(to

1., 1.,

downwards) downwards)

Similar type; to

outside inscr.,

„_ ~~

[Plate lxv. 5.]
60-5

M

-65

ex., off coin

;

inscr. partly off eoia.

The attribution of this piece to Hierax rests solely on iconographio grounds. But the suggestion seems to have, at least, some probability. The presence of a border of dots on both sides of the com differentiates it from other pieces 1 have elsewhere attributed to the reign of Hierax. (J.H.S., xxiii., pp. 114 f.)

;

SELEUCUS
Metal
Size

III.

29

Ko.

Weight

Obverse

Revekse

Bust of Artemis r., of indifferent style liair tied with fillet, wliicli passes several times round, and is gathered in knot behind quiver at shoulder border of dots.
;

Similar

;

in ex., one or

more monograms

or letters.

;

3

69
65-5

JE

-6

M
KA

4

M
JE

-6

(^

off coin.)

SO

-6

M

(ZEA EYKOY

ininscr.

;

title off

coin.)

Similar

;

barbarous.

Similar

;

barbarous

;

no monograms or

letters visible.

GO -5

JE

-65

Head

of

Apollo

r.,

laur.

;

hair rolled,
of dots.

BAZIAEflS

with ringlets hanging; border

XEAEYKOY
laurel;
to
;

downwards) downwards) Tripod - lebes, with holmos and three handles, surmounted by a wreath of
(to r.,

(to

1.,

].,

outside inscr., letter or

monogr.

border of dots.

116

M M M

-85
(No. 7
is

restruck,

EY BAZIAEI2 EY

being visible on Obv.)

113

-8

[Cf.

B.M.C., Pl.

VII.

9.]

9

134-6

75 75

10

116

M

Similar
11

;

style different.

Similar

;

style different
visible.

;

no

letters or

monograms

46

^

6

Head

of

Apollo
;

r.,

laur., of

good

style;

hair short

boi'der of dots.

BAZIAEHZ 2eX EYKOY
Apollo, seated
attitude,

(to r.,

downwai'ds)

(to

1.,

downwards)

1. on omphalos, in usual with arrow and bow.

12

60

Ji:

-6

30

KINGS or SYRIA
Metal
Size

l\o.
I

AV'kight

Obverse

Bevekse

ANTIOCHUS
Circa
Aiitiorliiis III., the
lie

III.

(MAGNUS;
B.C.

222—187

he had suppress the reeolts of his jmircrfnl snbordinale.-t, Molou and Achaeiis, each He also engaged in a fierce strnipjle of H-hom usurped the right of iniiitiiig money. n-ith Ptolemy. He conducted a series «/' siieeessfid cmnpiaigris against the l-ings of Partliia and Baetrin, and carried Iris rietorions arms as far as India. Sv-hsequently lie rccorcred Asia JSIinor, only to lose it nlien he came into conflict u-itli Home. Tlie nnmber of his mints is rejlcetcd in the variety of his pwrtraits.
Ills

niieeeeded

yomiger son of Selene nx II., wh» about twenty Ihirimj the early part of murdered brother.

ijcarH
liis

of age vlien

reiiju

to

Gold

O

c

tadraohms

*

Head

of Antiochus III.

r.,

diademed.

BAZIAEflZ

(to r., (to
1.,

ANTI OXOY
Apollo, seated
attitude, with

downwards) downwards)
;

1. on omphalos, in usual arrow and bow to 1.

outside inscr.,

monogram.

525-8

AT 1-15
j

head youthful; whisker; no border

visible.
[Pla'I'k

lxv. 6.]

524-3

M

1-15

head mature

;

no whisker

;

border of dots.

$
VIII.

[IIM.C, Pl.

4.]

Silver

Tetra drachms
IMiile ^,ls.
all

3—7 tire distingnished from one another li/ differences of still e, hear a yoiithfid portrait, and therefore belong' to the early part' the reign of Antioclms. of

Youthful head of Antiochus III. r., diademed one end of diadem hangs
;

loosely

down

BAZIAEflZ ANTI OXOY
monograms.

(to r.,

(to
1.,

1.,

;

the other

downwards) downwards)

flies

out freely

Similar type; to

behind.

outside inscr., two

2584

.11

1-li

^

^
[Plate lxv.
7.]

m ant.quity as

* It is not easy to believe that these pieces ever actually circulated as money. The coin known the xp^<^ovs 'A..„Jx-os [e.g. Dittenberger! Si/Hoi/e^, 588, 189rwas more Vu-obaWv a stater of ordinary weight, such as is described in B.M.G., p. 25, No 3 The marked diWni^

;

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

III.

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revek.se

Similav head

;

botli

behind;

sliglit

ends of diadem whisker.

fly

out
\

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOY

downwards) downwards) Similai- type monograms to 1. and outside inscr., and also in ex.
(to r., (to L,
;

r.,

261-3

I

M
.R

1-15

3V1

C?]

(g) (border of dots)

1

263 3

1-1

head larger

;

border of dots.

^

f*1

(^

[Plate lxv. 8.]
259-9

.H

1-1

Similar type;

no whisker; both ends diadem hang down border of dots.
;

of

Similar

;

but in

ex.,

instead of monogi'.,

synabol.

2G3-4

'

-R

1-2

[A ?] and
Xi'K.

R

;

humped

bull butting

1.

8

— 17 form
of

n

iJintliicf

Si'leiicat:

group. Their done resemhlance to the IV. indicates Antio'ch as the probable mint.

tetrddrni-liins

Head

of Antiochus III. r., diademed one end of diadem flies upwards, the other falls forward over king's r. shoulder border of dots.
;

ANT

BAZIAEflZ lOXoY
Similar type
;

(to (to

r.,
1.,

downwards) downwards)
r.^

;

to

1.

and

outside inscr.,

monograms.

io-^o

M

1-05

@
Similar head
;

and

[?]

bead and reel border.

BAZIAEnZ
[A]NTI OXOY
Similar
;

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards) downwards)

border of dots.

260

M

1-1

and

^
(to r., (to
1., 1.,

Similar.

A NT

BAZIAEHZ
I

OXOY
type

downwards) downwards)
outside
inscr.

Similar symbol.

to

10
11

262-7

JR

1-1

bow

in case.

237-4

M
JR

1-1
[J,'..¥.r',,

(plated ?)

Pl.

viit.

7.]
;

12

259-4

1-15

bow

in case

in ex.,

AZK

[Plate lxv. 9.]
13 261-4
259-9

M
JR

1-2
1-2

tripod-lebes

;

(ANTIO XOY)
(?).

14

inverted anchor

[Plate

lxv. 10.]

32

KINGS OP SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar

;

but, in place of symbol,

A|

15 16 17

259-3 263-7

264-4

M M M

115
1-15
1-2

(ANT
(ill ex.,

loXoY)
<t))

lower end of diadem Langs straight.

No. 18 presents some

affinities

to

tlie it

prereiJiii;/

series.

Nos. 19 and 20

differ

from

markedli/.

Similar

;

both

ends

of

diadem

liang

Similar, with

y

in jDlace of

A|

straight.

18

260-2

.R

1-1

[Plate lxv. 11.]

Head

of

Antiodms

III. r.,

ends of diadem border of dots.

%

diademed both out freely behind;
;

|

'

ANTIO XoY
Similar type
;

BAZI AEI2Z
monograms

(to r.,

down-wards)

(to to
1.

1.,

downwards)
r.,

and

outside ins

;

border of dots.

19

262

M

1-1

Isr

and rn

Similar

;

ends of diadem obscure.

ANT
20
260

BAZIAEHZ
lOXOY
;

(to r.,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)
;

Similar type
of dots.

in ex.,

monogram

border

Al

1-2

w
Xos.

21-23

are eonrse In sti/le, and may have been struclc in the Eastern prorinees which Antiochus recovered.

Head

of

Antiochus

III.

r.,

diademed;

both ends of diadem hang border of dots.

down behind

ANT

BAZIAEflZ lOXOY
Similar type;
dots.

(to
(to

r.,
1.,

downwards) downwards)

in ex.,

21

252-3

22 23

263-5
j

M M
Al

Al

;

border of

1-1

1-1
1-1

behind,

A

to

1.,

outside inscr., outside inscr.,

]/\

260-2

to

r.,

AC

[Plate lxv. 12.]

ANTIOCHUS
Mktal
Sizs

IIT.

Weight

Obvkkse

Revkuse

Kits.

24 — 27
hjj
(I.

tire

lliili-cd

together

hij

siiii'darifij

of fiihrif.

Tlicj are eliaraeferized
strikinij.

certuhi

(jlonniiie.ix aj' mirfiin',

and

hij

a want of cleanness in

I

Head

of Autioclius III. r., diademed one end of diadem liangs down behind, the
;

BAZIAEnZ ANTI OXOY
Similar type.

(to r,,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

i

I

other

flies

oat

freelj'

;

border of dots.

263 8

:

.R 11

Similar head
sti-aight.

;

both ends of diadem hang
I I

AN TIOXOY
type; monograms or
lol

BAZIAEHZ
Similar

(to r., down-«-avds)
(to
1.,

downwards)
outside
inscr.,

to

1.,

letters.

260-4

j

.R

1-2

no border.
[PlATE

LXV.

13.]

212-6

.R 1-25
(plated)

border of dots,

S

(poor condition.)

261-3

M

1-2

border of dots.

ATTO

(style

barbarous;

ANT

lOXOY)

No. 28
here.

diff'erti

ronnpirvniishj in stijle from any of the other tetradrachms catalogued the Ki/iidiol is really a lee, the piece may Jiare been strvch at Ephcsiin If dvring'tlie doiiiiiitition of Antiochits there {circa 197—190 B.C.).

Head

of Antioclms HI. r., diademed; one end of diadem flies up^^-ards, the other hangs down behind.

BAZIAEXIZ

(to r,,

ANTIOXOY

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

__

Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., in ex., eE. a-i^d bee (?) r.

^

28

262-9

-R 1-25
[Plate lxv.
1-1.]

Drachms
Ko. 29 connects
directly, through the

monogram, with Nos. 15 S.

Head

of

Antiochus HI.

r.,

diademed.

B AZ A EflZ ANTI OXOY
I

(to r.
(to
1.,

,

1.,

dowmvards) downwards)
A|

Similar type; to

outside inscr.,

29

02-2

M

-7

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl.
(No. 29
is

VIII.

8.]

pierced.)

34

KINGS OF SYRIA

No.

Weight

ilETAL
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

BAZIAEflZ

(to r.,
(to 1.,
;

downvs-ards)

ANTIO XOY

downwards)
;

style barbarous Similar type outside inscr., /^

to

1..

30

61-

M

-7

Similar

;

portrait youthful.

[B]AZIAEI1Z

(to r.,

[A]NTIOXoY
;

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

above top of arrow, Similar type doubtful symbol or monogram.
31
f)l-8

M

-65

[Plate lxv. 15.]

the retnni The appearance of tie eJepliant as a ii/l"' i'« ucf iiiiprahahl ij connected with in 205 B.C., n-hca he hronght iriih him of Aiitlochiit^ front his Eastern cawpaiijns, Fahric and portrait suggest a connection n-ilh a hicqe number of Indian elephants. Xo. 25.

Head

of

Antioclms III.

r.,

diademed.

BAZIAEXIZ

(above)
(in ex.)

ANTIOXOY
Elephant
field
r.,

r.,

with lowered trtink

;

in

62-,

M M

{^

-7

[Plate lxv. 16.]
-7

(No. 33

is

pierced.)

Bronze
of the hron:<cs here atfrihnted to Antiochns III. can he regarded as Xas. 34 These are the prieces iriili-h hear his jiortrait. 38, Xo. 34, irliich vhich include tn'O denominations, n-cre cridi'nilij struck in I'lnn^nii-ia is dated according to the ScJcnciil Era, pn-orides the standtird portrait of Antiochns.
Oidi/

a

fen-

certainhi

his.*

.

Head

of Anfiochus border of dots.

III.

r.,

diademed;

BAZIAEIIZ

ANTIOXOY
1

(above) (beneath) Stern of galley lying 1.; beneath kind's

title,

PK = 192
[

B.C.]

3-4

02

M

'9

[Plate lxv. 17.]

* Nor can any approximation to certainty be attained until the whole of the earlier Selencid bronze coins are made the subject of a much more full and thorough investigation than they have yet received. The main reason in favour of assigning Nos. 49 ff. to Antiochns III. is that they do not certainly belong to any other king, and that witliout them his bronze coinage would seem unduly meagre.

;

ANTIOCHUS
No.
I

III.

35

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvkr.se

RiSVJiKSE

Similar type.

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY
[PLATli)

(from

r.,

35

19

jE

-6

downwards) Palm-tree; border
LXV.

of dots.

18.]

36

32-5

M

>:
I

110

border

visible.

-Ni'.s.

37

f.

differ in fahr'ic

from

the two preeediiig pieie3.

The portrait

is

less

realistic^

and

less certainlij that

of Aiitiuchas III.

Similar type one end of diadem falls forward over r. shoulder, as on Nos. 8 if. border of dots.
; ;

Similar

JE
3S
•Sb'O

-6

JE

-G

border doubtful.

in field

1.,

)^

No. 39

is

one of a series which contained at least three the types being in each case the same.*

deiioiniiuifioiis,

Head

of

Antioclius

III.

r.,

diademed

luscr.

obliterated.
;

Elephant

r.,

with

border of dots.

lowered trunk

much

worn.
r.

39

231

.E

1

countermark, horse's head
[Cf.

lUI.C,

Pl.

IX. 4.]

The monograms
pjossibly
three,

deno^ninations

suggest some connection between Nos. 40 48, at least two, being represented. The head of Apollo on
to

and
tlie

obverse bears some resemblance

the piortraits of Aidiorlnis III.

Head

of Apollo

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

ANT
to
1.,

BASIAEnZ

downwards) downwards) Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos in usual attitude, with arrow and bow.
(to r.,

lOXOY

(to L,

40

183

JE

-95

outside inscr.

Similar.

Similar, with
to

ANTI OXOY

41

43-5

M
M

-0

1.,

outside inscr.,

^

42

35 '5

-55

as preceding.

* The three are represented in B.M.C., p. 27, Nos. 36 similar series are described Ibid., Nos. 40 tt'.

fE.

Two denomiaations

of a very

36

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revebse

Similar.

ANT

BAZIAEnZ
lOXOY

(to (to

r.,
1.,

downwards) downwards)

Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along arrow held point downwards in r,, and leaning with 1. on top of bow which stands on ground behind him to 1., outside inscr., one or more monograms or letters.
;

4a
44

JE
JK
26-5
29-5
.-E

-5

-5
,,

and

?

45
4G
47

-5

jE
.E

-45

?

(AN TIOXOY)

27
21

--I5

[?]

48

^

-4

P

(?)

The

afti-ihiitiim

of

fJie

fulloa-iiiij piecct;

to

Antiochus III.

is

hiijlhj conjeiiiiral.

Archaistic head of Apollo
in stiff ringlets
;

r.,

laur.

;

hair

BAZIAEX2Z
[A] N^

(to r.,

border of dots.

Tl [OXOY]

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

49

M

Similar figure of Apollo standing 1. behind him, instead of bow, is a tall tripod-Iebes on which he leans with his 1. arm.
-55

[ll.M.C, Pl.

IX.

14.]

Female bust
of dots.

r.,

draped and veiled

;

border

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY

(above) (beneath) Head of elephant 1. with trunk uplifted behind 1, ear,* tripod beneath king's name, letters or monogram.
;

I

50
51

74-5
I

OEK
.E
-6
I

67-5

n
[Plate lxv. 19.]

58-5 47-5

-E

-6

lA
hP

40 5

M M

-6

-G

[?]
(No.5.

53

ff.

are restruck.

0,i X,.. 54 there are visible,

from the previous striking,

traces of Apollo seated on omphalos.)

*

On

Xos. 50 and 52 the tripod

is

partly concealed by tho flap of the ear.

ANTIOCHUS nr.— SELEUCUS

IV.

37

No.

38

KINGS OF SYRIA
Mktal
Size

No.

Wetsht

Obvekse

Heveese

Similar head, of slightly different style; bead and reel border.

Similar, with

ZEAE YKoY
r.

264-5

Al 1-15
A\
1-1

wreath-bearing Nike

263-4
263-5

palm.
filleted

Al 1-15

palm;
palm;
in ex.,

(ZEA EYKOY)
in ex.,
<t>

260-1 261-3
263-7

Al
.11

1-1

filleted

1-2

palm
,'

;

1-P

Al

1-2

palm, with wreath; in
X.

ex.,

^
;

[IIJI.C, Pl.
261-6

5.]

Al

1-2

filleted

palm and aplustre

in ex.,

(ZEAEYKoY)
[Plate lxvi. 2.]

^

Similar

head

;

style

slightly

different
;

Similar, with

ZEAEYKOY
1.,
;

both ends of diadem hang down

bead
bust of Athena
thian helmet

and
2C2-S

reel border.

Al

1-1

wearing crested Corin\/^

iu ex.,

ZA

[Plate lxvi.

3.]

Similar head
of

;

different style
flies

;

one end
the

Similar.

diadem

upwards,
r.

falls

forward over

other shoulder; border
filleted

of dots.

10

247

.11

1-15

palm

;

ex. blank.

[Plate lxvi.

4.]

Bkonze
Nds. 11
are af Plioenin'mi fabric, are dated according to tie Srh'iidd Era and thus i/ne a n;i,i!it portrait of the Icing. They represent the higher of two denomiKitiom* Although the edges of these coins are smooth, both
f.,

u-Jiifh

hare

swiall holes in the centre.

Head
end

of Seleucus IV. r., of diadem falls
;

diademed; one forward over

|

shoulder

BAZIAEHZ ZEAEYKOY
;

border of dots.

(above) (beneath) Stern of galley lying 1. date border of dots.
'

;

beneath

title,

11

116-,

m

-85

€AP
[Plate lxvi.
5.]

[=177

B.C.]

(obscure).

105-5

M

-Si
I

PAl
*

[=175

EC.]

(very obscure).

For the lower, see Babqlon, Rois de

Sijric,

p. 66,

No. 513.

;

;

;

SELEDCTJS

IV.

39

No.

1

Weight

M.ETAr.

Size

Obverse

Revrhsr

Jhe follo.nug h,-on,e jucc,-, fall into two series, having simihrr t>,p.,, Ut distimnu^.ed from, each other bn a characteristic monogram* In each series three denomLatioi.s are here represented, and a fourth e.msts.^ AU hare serrated edges, and a small
Iwie VI
the

centre of one side, or of both.

Series

I.

Archaistic head of Apollo r., with long locks falling over his neck; behind head, /^ border of dots.
;

BAZIAEI2Z

(to (to

p.,
1.,

ZE AEYKOY

downwards) downwards)
1.,

Apollo, naked, standing

looking along

an arrow held point downwards in r. he leans with 1. arm on tripod-lebes, which stands behind him to 1., inside inscr., letter or monogr. border of
; ;

dots.

13

167

^ M
JE JE
AH JE

"S.J

IBJT.C, Pl.

X.

9.]

U
15 16
17

175
21-1

-9

A

-9

AB
..

(ZEA EYKOY)
(?)

138
139-5

-9

-85
-9

(?)

and /vT

18 19
•20

196
149-5

^

-85

149

JE -85

Head
;

of Dionysos

v.,

wearing wreath of

ivy one or two long looks of hair fall over neck thyrsos behind shoulder behind head, /^ border of dots.
; ;

BAZIAEHZ ZEAEYKoY

(above) (beneath) Prow of galley 1., adorned with fillet beneath, title, letters or monograms

border of dots.

21
22 23

123

JE -75
.1']

A
I

110
133
109-5

-75
-8

(place of monogT., off coin.)

A B

jE

A
AC?]
(monogr. doubtful.)

2i
25

.E iE JE

-75
-8

105
111

AB

26

-75

*

In other collections
I.

I

have seen one or two specimens -where no trace
f.,

of a

monogram

was

visible.

t For Series

Sfc Babelon, p. 65

Nos.

50.5

ff.

;

and for Series

II.

see B.M.C., p. 33,

No. 30.

40

KINGS OF SYRIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvekse

Eevef.se

27

69

M

-7

28
29

140
151
14S-5

JE -85

JE -85

30
31

JE

-8

180-5

M

-85

128
33

34

83-5

36

75

ANTI0CHU8
Metal
Size

IV.

41

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

IV.

(BPIPHANES)
B.C.

175—164

Antioclms IV. was the brother of Seleucus. Taken to Borne as a hostage after the battle of Mtttjncsia, he remained there nearly fourteen years. On his way bnclc to Syria he spent some time in Athens.* He was still in Greece when news of his brother's deatlt reached him. Hastening eastwards, he had his nephew (loho had succeeded him as a hostage to Home) set aside, and secured the crown for himself. Throughout his reign he remained, on good terms with the Unmans. Evidence of the divine honours accorded him in his lifetime is borne by his coins, not merely through the inscription (Nos. 21 ff.), but also through the appearance of stars on the diadem (Nos. 4, etc.), and through the idealization of the head (Nos. 5, etc.).
Class

I.—ORVINARY REGAL COINS

A. With Title Bao-tXeus only.
Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

T e t r a d r a c h. m s
Youtlifnl head of Antioclms IV. demed ; border of beads.
r.,

dia-

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXoY
and
r.,

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards) downwards)
;

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos, in usual to 1. attitude, with arrow and bow
outside inscr.,

monograms.

263

.R 11.5
[Plate

ISp and
lxvi.

ll

7.]

Head

IV. of Antiocbus bead and reel border.

r.,

diademed;

ANT

BAZIAEflZ
lOXOY
;

(to r.,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

Similar type

lyre (kithara)

;

in field 1., outside inscr., in ex., M^

262-9
I

M

1-25

lyre to

1.

263-3

i

-R 1-15

(same

die.)

lyre tor.;

(ANTI OXOY)

[Plate lxvi.

8.]

Head
of

of Antiochus IV. r., diademed at each end more mature type one of diadem an eight-rayed star end of diadem flies freely, while the
;

BAZIAEHZ

(to r.,

;

AN TIOXOY
;

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)
r.

;

Similar type; beneath Apollo's
in ex., 1^; to /^ palm-branch border
;

hand,

1.,

outside inscr.,

other falls forward over border of beads.

r.

shoulder

of dots.

;

261-2

/R 1-25
[Plate lxvi.
9.]

Vol. For numismatic record of his soiourii there, see

II., p. 61,

No.

96.

42

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metat,
Size

^0.

Weight

Obverse

Reveese

Head

Antiochus IV. r., diademed ends of diadem hang down behind bead and reel border.
of

BAZIAEflZ

(to r.,
(to
1.,

features idealized
;

;

ANTIO XOY
Similar type;

downwards) downwards)

to L, outside inscr.,

and wing;
ex.,

to r., outside inscr.,

^

;

Jb^ in

club

1.

261-

-R

1-2

[Plate

lxvi.

10.]

D r aclini s
Head
62 4
of Antiochus

IV.

r.,

diademed.

Similar.
to
r.,

Al

-7

ontside inscr.,

(ANTI OXOY)
(No. 6
is

^

;

in ex., club

r.

pierced.)

611

Al

-7

to

1.,

club

downwards; no monograms

visible.

The

relief on the two folloioing
is

drachms

is

higher,

and

the fabric

different.*

Similar type
60-1

;

border of dots.
:

Similar.

.R -R

-6

above arrow,
to
].,

A

1^

(ANTIOXOY)

62-9

-65

outside inscr., club downwards.

Beonze
The monograms on
pieces
,s

the Ohr. of Ao.s. 10—15 are value-marhs. The fabric of these peruhar, the edges beiug rounded off in conspicuous fashion, irhile small projections are usually visible, shairiay that the blanks were cast in bars or roivs.

Dichalka
Head
of Antiochus

IV.

r.,

wearing radiate
bead

B
diadem;
border.

behind,

X;

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY
high back
;

and

reel

downwards) downwards) Tyche, draped, seated 1. on throne with
(to r., (to
1.,

she holds in outstretched

r.
1.

at her feet, long-billed bird border of dots.
1.
;

Nike

10
11

134 114

JE

-9

JE -76
[B.M.G., Pl.
XII.

2.]

to th^e nian coins, the

U::::rin'^^t^t:1

Anhochus lY.

whole haWrg been acquired Dy cioquueu by'^hfminPefl him in Tersia.

Wfw cl^tr:/ """"'tl """'''"'rT."^ head The

is

'^^^^ P-sented °* ^'^^^^'^'^ ^"'l ^assanot certainly that of

--

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

IV.

43

No.

Weirht

Oevkkse

Reverse

C ha
Similar
12
;

1

k

o

1

but beliind,

X
(No. 12
is

Similar.
I

GS
restruck.)

13

63

IE

-6

[B.M.C., Ph.

XII.

3.]
1.,

14
lo

54
43-0
1

^ M

-65
-6

(value-mark obscure.)

(in field

traces of

monogram.)

(No. 15

is

restruok on a piece with insor.

BASIAEnX AN

I

)

The following have no marks of value visible. The material is too scanty to admit The rounding of the edge is very conspicuous on No. 16, of proper classification. On Nos. 17 and 19 hardly visible on No. 18. The other three pieces are serrated. there is no trace of a hole in the centre of either side, while on No. 20
a hole is visible on both sides.

Head

of

Antiochus IV.

r.,

diademed.

No
1.

inscr. legible.

Similar type

:

in field

and
(?)

r.,

monograms; no border visible.
ISP

16

94-5

JE 75

^
Similar to Nos. 10

and

[Plate lxvi. 11.]

no value-mark ff. one end of diadem flies back, the other falls forward over r. shoulder.
; ;
[ !

Similar to Nos.
border,
beneath, throne,

10

ff.

;

bead and

reel

17

36

M

-6

H

Similar type

;

border of dots.

BAZIAEflZ

(to r.

ANTI OXOY

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

Artemis, wearing short chiton, standing to front, with quiver on back, leaning with r. on long torch and holding bow border of dots. in lowered 1.
;

18

46-5

JE

-6

[Pla'ie lxvi. 12.]

Similar type

;

bead and reel border.

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOY

(to (to

r.,
1.,

downwards)

do\fn wards) Hera, veiled, wearing chiton and peplos, standing to front, leaning with r. on

long sceptre.

19

42

JE

-65

IB.M.C,

Pl.

XII.

10.]

G 2

u
jNo.
I

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

Weight

Obverse

Beveese

Head

of Antioclius IV.

(?)

r.,

diademed

;

border obscure.

A N T OXO Y
I

BASIAEHZ

downwards) downwards) Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual attitude, holding ari'ow and bow;
(to
r.,
1.
,

(to

border of dots.

20

Jhj

'o

to

1.,

outside inscr.,

palm

;

in ex.,/1^*

B.

With

Title

(®ebs)

£Vi</,ai/7;s

The enthusiasm of Antiochus for the Hellenic gods is loell hioim. In 168 B.C. he dedicated the Temple at Jerusalem to the worship of Zeus Olympios. The introduction of the type of Zeus on his coins shoios the same teiideruij.

Silver

Euboio-Attic Standard
T e t r a d r a c h. m s
Idealized head of Antiochus IV. r., diademed stars at ends of diadem, which hang straight down behind bead and reel border.
;
;

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOY GEOY
ETTI<t)ANOYZ
;

(to

r.,

downwards)
downwards)

(to

1.,

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back he holds on outstretched r. Nike v., and leans with 1. ou sceptre;

both pillars at back of throne are visible in ex., A

21
257-4

Al .R

M
1-2

(monogram

doubtful.)

[Plate

lxvi.

13.]

23

Al

1-2
ex. blank.

Similar.

Similar;
visible.

but only

1.

pillar

of

thrc

24

'.81

.

Al 1-2

iJUI.C, Pl.

XI.

8.]

Tliis

monogram and symbol should be compared

,vith

Xo. 46.

ANTIOCHUS
No.

IV.

4.')

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Drachms
Similar head
of dots.
;

no stars

visible

;

border

BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) ANT lOXOY (to downwards)
1.,

ETTI

<l>ANOYZ
;

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual attitude, with arrow and bow
in ex.,

monogram.

25

62-4

M

-7

[Plate lxvi. 14.]

26

64-4

M

-7
I

AT

(?)

(Eni<|)

ANOYZ)

Hemidrachm
Head
of Antiochus IV.
;

r.,

wearing radiate

diadem

border of dots.

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY GEOY
Eni<|>AN0YZ

(to r.,

downwards)

(to

1.,

downwards)
its

Aegis, outspread, having in
25-4

centre a

M

-45

head of Medusa.

Bronze
Certainhj tiro, (ind probably three, denominations are represented here. The lack A possible clue is, of monograms makes the classification into series doubtful. however, afforded by the precise arrangement of the inscription.*

Head

of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate diadem, one end of which falls forward over r. shoulder border of dots.
;

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOY eEOY
Eni<l>ANOYZ

(to

r.,

downwards)
downwards)

(to

1.,

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne, holding patera in extended r., and leaning with I. on sceptre.

28

118

M
JE

-7

no border

visible.

beneath

seat,

[^

[Plate lxvi. 15.]

29

116-,

-8

as

* The chief, indeed practically the only compared with Nos. 36 ff.

point, is the position of

©EOY

on Nos. 28

3.5

46

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar

;

border obscure.

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY

(to r.,

downwards)

0EOY
Eni<l>AN0YZ

(to

1.,

downwards)

Aegis, outspread, having in the centre a

30

60

M

head of Medusa.
-6

IB3I.C., Pl.

XII.

7.]

Simila

BAZIAEflZ

(to p.,

downwards)

ANTIOXOY GEOY
Eni<l>ANoYZ
31

(to

I.,

downwards)

405

M

Apollo, naked, seated ]. on omphalos, in usual attitude, holding arrow and bow.
-K

li;.]\I.C.,

Pl.

XII.

9.]

Similar

;

border of dots.

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY ©EOY
Eni 4>ANoYZ

(to r.,

downwards)

(to

1.,

downwards)

Zeus, wearing himatlon, standing 1., holding thunderbolt in r., and leaning with 1. on long sceptre; at his feet,, eagle 1., looking back to 1., outside
;

mscr., letters or

monogram.

32

107

33
34

92
89-5

^ M M

-75

-8

-7

<|)E

96

JE -65
[Cf.

l-p

B.M.C., Pl.

XII.

6.]

Simila

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY
,-r,.^^^°^
ETTI<l>ANOYZ
Similar type
;

(to

r.,

downwards)

(*°

^'i

downwards)

no eagle.

36 37 38

109-5
97-5

JE

-7

81

M M

-

-7

[Plate

lxvi. 16.]

ANTIOCHUS
Mktai.
Size

IV.

47

No.

Weight

Obvkbse

Similar type.

39

43

44 45

46

48

KINGS OP SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeverse

47

50

;

ANTIOCHl'S

IV.

49

No.

AVkight

JIetal
Size

Obversk

llKVlCK.SK

BUONZE
Tliire
dciioiiiinationn

are
is

here rnpi-eaentcd.
the
Iciiufs

Oalij

ou

the

loircst

of these

portrait fonuil.

Head
52
&!':

of Zeus Sarapis r.. laur., and wearing cap of Osiris border of dots.
;

Similar to No. 51.

.E

13
IB.M.C,
Pr,.
XII.

11.]

Bust of

Isis

r.,

wearing characteristic

Similar.

head-dress and wreath of corn; borrler

53

137

M

of dots.
1

lllJf.C, Pl.

xir.

12.]

Head

of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate diadem, one end of which flies out behind, while the other falls forward over shoulder border of dots.
;

Similar,

54

151-5

.E

-8

[n.M.C, Pl.

XII.

13.]

Class III.— S7'ffli7CA'

I-V

PHOENWIA, WITH ROYAL NAilE AND PORTRAIT
Bkokze

Nos. 55
been

which were fovmerly nttribated to Laodicea ad TJlinniuii, have now to Berytns, which at one time hare the name of Laodicea* The Phoenician inscription on the jRev. means 'Laodicea in Canaan.' -f Onli/ a single denomination is represented here. But in Sidon, at least, there was a lonrr one (B.M.C., Pl. XII. 16).
f.,

transferred

Berytus
Similar head
;

behind,

I

;

border of dots

BAZIAEHZ
Poseidon,

ANTl0X0Y,„Si°^;;^,^,)
(to
].,

j,o^yAyv>^>fyA>^Z,^
draped,

downwards)
front;

standing to
r.

he holds patera in
1.;

and trident in and
•f' (to !•)

in field,

AA

(to r.)

border of dots.

125
56

80

M M

-85
-8

inscr. partly olf coin.

[Cf.

B.M.a,

Pl.

XII.

16.]

Num., 1896, pp. 265 ff., 377 ff. not (Tlie t See Clermont-Ganneau (Rev. Arch., xxx., 1897, pp. 301 ff.), -n-ho reads older reading meant motiier (metropolis) of Canaan ') The letters and monogiam ( = *oi;'i'«7)s) in the field thns represent simply the Greek translation.

* J. Rouvior, in Rev.

W,

Y

.

'

H

50

KINGS OF SriilA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

SiJon
Similar
t^-pe
;

beliiiid,

Z

ANTIOXOY ZlAHNinN
67
90-5

^^^'^'''^

Galley lyi^g

(beneath)

M

-85

[Cf.

ii..l/.(,'.,

Pl. xn. 14.]

Class

IV.—MrNlCIFAL COINAGE, WITH ROYAL PORTRAIT
Bronze

The iivmher

oj' cities

iclddi, at
luiiiilrijjal

IS rciiiarkalile.

The

one lime or other, bore names in honour of Aiitiochus coinage deseribed below loas struclc in three denomi-

wttions, the largest of n-hich is rare. If ice may judge by the rahie-nuirks on the pieces issued at Xisiljis, the denominations were the telrachalkon, the dirhall.on, and tlie chalkoas. On Nus. ."iS S. the classifcation of the groups icithin each denomination has been based npon the j^recise division of the legend. Jt IS siqiporli'd by the ecidenee of the monograms.
^

Aiitioeliia

ad Orontem
of Apollo at Daphne,

The legend on

the following alludes to the oracle

fee

miles

from Antioeh.

Head

of Aiitiochus JV.

r.,

as on No. 57

ANTI0XEX2N

(to r.,
(to

downwards)
1.,

border of dots.

n

POZAA<|)NHI
Zeus,

downwards)

naked
1.,

head
1'.;

to waist, standing to front, holding wreath in outstretched

iu field, outside inscr.,

monograms

or letters.

58 59

13G

Ai -75
A']

3

to
to

1.

]30
123

-85
-8

M
(both ends of diadem
fly

1.

GO
6J

.E .a
.E

out behind.)

•t^

to

1

128
94

-85
-8

C^
\^

to
to

1.

;

AB

to

r.

62

1.,

AB

to

1-.;

omphalos;

A

and

H

beneath
in

RT

inscr.

Similar.

Similar, with

TTP 0ZAA<1>NHI
letters.

63 64 65
G6

1245
141-5 141-5
125-5

.E -85
.+J

no monograms or I^
to
1.
;

-85
-9

AB
fse

(?)

to

r.

.E
J']

»
-85

to

1.

;

to

r.

»

to 1.;
1.]

AB

to p.;

12 in

inscr.

[Cf.

n.M.C, Pl. xm.

AXTIOCHUS IV
Metal
Size

51

No.

I

W'Einirr

Obverse

Ueverse

Similar.

Similar, with
[?] to

TTPO ZAA<t)N[HI]
r.

67

127

.E

1.

;

If to

The foIhiwiiKj are of one half of

the value of those that precede.

Similar.

Similar, with TT
to
I.,

PoZAA<|>NHI
trijjod.

G8

41

JE

-6

3, beneath a

[Plate

i.xvi.

20.]
].,

69

O:.

-E

-65

to

AA,

beneath a tripod.

Similai'.

Similar, with
to to
to
1.,

nP

OZAA<l>NHI

70
71

65

JE .E

-65
-6

tripod.
pSy

1.,

,

beneath a tripod;
above a tripod;

to

r.,

[?].

72

65

^

-6

I.,

p!\[,

to

r.,

yOfi

O. in inscr.

Laodicea ad Mare

Bust of AntiochiTS TV. r., diademed and border of dots. draped
;

[AAoJAIKEnNTQN
[nPoZ]OA AAZZHI
dolphin on extended with 1. on trident.
r.,

.JZ^^;,,^
(to
1.,

downwards)
1.,

Poseidon, draped, standing

holding

and leaning

73
74.

59

I

Ai -65

M

-65
[C'f.

(nPoZO AAAZZHI)
B.M.C., Pl.
xiir.

6]

Seleucis in Pieria

Head

of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate diadem, one end of which flies out behind, while the other falls forward border of dots. over r. shoulder
;

ZEAEYKEHN

THN

(to r.,

downwards)

EMTTIEPIAI
Thunderbolt,
outside inscr.,

winged

downwards) to 1. and r., monograms all within
(to
1.,
;

;

wreath.

127

.E

-9

Qt and t?P
[Plate
lxvi.

21.]

52

KINGS OF SYRIA
Uktal
Size

No.

Weight

Obyekse

Rkversb;

Tripolis

Heads

r., jugate, of Antioclius IV., wearing radiate diadem, and liis queen, wearing stephane border of dots.
;

T PinoAITflN
The
ing
Dioskoui'oi,
r.,

(from 1., upwards) on horseback, gallopwith spears and flying chlamydes;

beneath, date.

7G

89-

Ai

-7

2MP
[Plate lxvi. 22,]

[=16,^

B.C.]

66

/E

no date visible

;

inscr. continuous.

Ace-Ptolemais

Head

of Antiochus IV. r., ^veariug radiate diadem, as on No, 75 border obscure.
;

A N T OX E 12 N
I

(to r. ,

downwards)
(to
1.,

TUN
EN TTToAEMAl[AI]
I

downwards)

].,
i

Zeus, draped, standing to front, head holding wreath in extended r.
1.

7S

207

.K

J

I

to

and

r.,

outside inscr., 171

and

MY

[Cf.

BJLC,

Pl.

XIII.

2.]

Nisibis

Tetrachalkon
Smnlar type

A
;

behind,

X

;

border of dots.

\

ANTI OXEHN

(to

r.,

downwards)
'Jownwards)

ENMYfAONIAI
on
7<J

(^o l-

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. he holds in r. eagle r., and leans with 1.
;

sceptre.

174

yE

-9

to

1.,

Al

;

to

r.,

|VE

;

in ex.,

©£

[Cf,

J}.21.('.,

Pl. xni. 7.]

Edessa
Similar; no

mark

of value.

A N T OX En N
I

(to r
,

,

downwards)
^
>

ETTIK

AAAfPoHl

(*°

c'o^nwards)

Zeus, wearing himation, standing ] he holds r. eagle r., and leans with 1. on long sceptre to ]., outside inscr monograms or letters.

m

;

'

80
I

lOG-S

JE
A<]

-S

81

:

99

'.>:,

[Jl.M.C, Pl.

XIII.

3.]

84

iE

-8

ANTIOCHIJS IV.— ANTIOCHUS V.

53

No.

Weight

Size

Obverse

Kevebse

Similar.

Similar; with

ETTIKA AAIPOHI

83

79-5

;

Ji.

S:
(No. 83
is

ceo
double-struck.)

84

92 -5

'

^V.

-75

85

.E

-75

The foUowinij are one

lialf the

value of those that jjreeede.

Similar.

Similar.

86

i

44-5

.-E

-G

.

ca

87

I

45

;

Al,

-65

ANTIOCHUS

V.

(EUPATOR)
B.C.

Circa 170

The folio iring piecex iruiij hare been atrnrlc in honour of the eoiiferring of the title He is hnoirn to have attained to this distinction as early BaaiAtu's on Antiochiin T. as 170 B.C., that is, hij the time he loas three years old*
Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

Te t r adracliins
Head
of

young Antiochus
reel border.

r.,

diademed

;

^

BAZIAEI2Z

(to r., (to
1.,

bead and

ANTI OXOY
attitude,

downwards) downwards)

Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. tbigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual

with arrow and bow
ex.,

;

to

1.,

outside insor., tripod; in

letter or

monogram.

2641

.R

1-3

hP
(No. 1 has a slightly bevelled edge.)

[Plate lxvii.
260-9
262-3

1.]

M

11

/?

(ANT OXOY)
I

Al 115

B
[ll.M.C, Pl.
*

vm.

1,]
pp. Ill

See J.H.8.,

vol.

xxiii.,

ff.

KINGS OP SrBIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

CV;

164—162

B.C.

His short reign old when Ms father died. iBas brought to an end by the arrival in Syria of his cousin Demetrius [son of Seleucns IV.) loho had escaped from Home, and loho speedily established his claim to the throne. As Antioclins ii-as hilled before he loas twelve years of age,
AnflocliHS
V.

was

hut.

nine

years

the

head on the following coins can hardly be a true portrait. Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard Te tra drachms
Head
and
of Antiochns
reel border.
"\

r.,

diademed

;

bead

ANTIOXOY (to downwards) EYHATOPOZ (in ex)
1.,

BAZIAEX2Z

(to r.,

downwards)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne without back; lie holds in r. Nike L, and leans with 1. on sceptre; to 1., outside inscr., 1
1

258-3 251-2

.R 1-25
(Xo.
4 is pierced.)

Al

1-1

[JS.M.C, Pl.

xm.

12.]

Drachm
Similar
59-1
tyjae
;

border of dots.

I

Similar.

A\

-7

[Plate lxvii. 2.]

DEMETRIUS
('//-(•,(

I.

(SOTER)
B.C.

1G2— 150

circumstances under which it had been made good, of the claim of DcLictriits to the crown was recognized by the llomans. He was a ruler of mahuhled capacity; but he made himself so impopular both with his own snb/ects and with his neighbours that ready .support was given to a pretended sou of Epiphaurs, Alexander Bala, when he raised the standard of revolt against him. In the decisive engagement Demetrius
//(

njfite

the

was

slain.

Class

l.—ORDINAUY REGAL COINS
BatriAeu's

A. With Title

only

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

T etradrachms
Head
and
of

Demetrius

I.

r.,

diademed

;

bead

reel border.

BASIAEX2Z

(to

v.,

[A] H M HTPI [OY]
;

downwards) (to 1., downwards)

25M-S

.R

1-2

lyche, draped, seated ]. on throne without back she holds short sceptre in r and coniQcopiae in ].; to r., outside inscr., border of dots.

A

;

[Plate

lxvii. 3.]

DEJ[ETR1US
Metal
Size

I.

Xo.

,

Weight

DjlVKRSK

Reverse

Similar type; wreath border.

AHMH

BAZIAEnZ
TPIOY
;

(to

r.,

downwards)

Similar type

(toL, downwards) back leg of throne has

form of (female ?) winged figure, body of which ends in two scrolls to 1., outside insor., monogram; no border.
;

2-17-7

.R

1-3
(Xo. 2
is

Ai
pierced.)
/^l

251-

A\

1-2

(AHMHTPIOY)

M

1-3

m
llt.M.C, Fl.
XIV.

2.]

Similar.

Similar, with in ex.

AH MHTPI OY

;

monogr.

5

253

-R

1-3

[Plate
6

lxvii. 4.]

255 3

.R

1-3

hP

Similar.

BAZIAEnZ

(to r.,

AHMHTPIOY
Similar type;
inscr.,
to

(to
1.,

1.,

downwards) downwards)

with aplustre beneath

outside inscr., pfj, to r., outside
;

p^

;

in ex., club

1.

253-5

.R

1-2

Bronze

The

folloiciiiij series

is (IoiiIjIk

theireiijht of the one
irith

consists of three denominatious, each of the two higher of u-hich The edges of the coins are immediately henenth it.
the c.rrejilion

serrated, and,

of No. 15,
0)1,

all

have a small hole in the centre

i

both sides.

Head

of Apollo

r., laiir.,

over shoulder,
of dots.

bow and

with long locks border quivei'
;

;

AHMHTPloY

B AZ A EnZ
I

(to

r.

,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)
;

Tripod-lebes with three handles the top is laid a fillet.

over

jE 11
210i 2E 1
[Il.M.C, Pl.
XXI.

13.]

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revebse

Bust

of

Artemis
;

stepliaiie

r., draped, and wearing quiver at shoulder border
;

AHMHTPI OY

BASIAEflZ

(to r.,

(to

1.,

10
11

128
119 104

12

M M M

of dots.
-S

Quiver and bow, side

downwards) downwards) bj side, upright.

-75
-75

[BJLC,

Pl. XXI. 14.]

Head

of bridled horse

1.

;

border of dots.

AHMHTPIOY
Head
trunk.
of

BAZIAEnZ

(above) (beneath) elephant r., with

uplifted

13
14 15

62
57-5

-^

-65
-6

^

[B.M.C., Pl.

XIV.

l.",.]

The folloiohg piece has a smooth edge.
series, with types similar to the

It forms part of a much more uncommon preceding, hut not serrated, and apparently only about half the weight .*

Bust

of

Artemis

r..

as

on No. 10.

AH M HTPI OY
16

BAZIAEnZ

(to (to

r.,
1.,

downwards) downwards)

JE

-6

Quiver and bow, as on No. 10. [Plate
lxvii. 5.]

B.

With

Title 2o)T7;p

the tyranny

The Babylonians bestowed on Lenietrins the title ^o.rrip when he delirered them from of the reoolted satrap Tnnarchus {circa 160 B.C.), icho had set himself up as an independent ruler. The dates on Nos. 18 ff. are
reclioned

from

the

Seleucid Era.

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

Tetra drachms
Plead of Demetrius within wreath.
1.

r.,

diademed

;

all

BAZIAEI2Z

(to r.,
,, "°
,
'

AHMH

downwards)
,

TPIOY XriTHPOZ

'^O'^^'i^wards)

17

!

249-G

.R

1-3

Tyche seated 1. with sceptre and cornuon Nos. 2 if. to 1., outside insor., /M (?) wreath border.
copiae, as
; ;

(No. 17
*

is

pierced.)

Tbere

is

a piece similar to No. 16 at Paris (Babelon, Sois de Sm-ie v 93

No

'7^0^

„r,.i

DEMETRIUS
Metal
Size

I.

57

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar, with £2

;

to

1.,

^
;

-with a second
,

monogram beneath
18
25-i-2

it

in ex.

date.

M
JR

1-2

|-P

and

HNP eNP
.

[=154

B.C.]

19

256-8

1-3

(style different

;

one end of diadem

flies

A| and
ferent)

[=153

B.C.]

(style dif-

out behind.)

20
21

256-8

255-2

M M

1-2

andAZP[ = 15lB.u.](ZnTHP0Z)
and

1-15

rft

BEP

[=150

B.C.]

[Plate

LXVll. 6.]

Drachms
Similar type
border of dots.

;

BAZIAEHZ

(to r., down-tt'ards) (to
1.,

AHMHTPloY

ZHTH POZ
0NP
ZP

do-wn-wards)

beneath bend, Comncopiae 1. varying monogram, and date.
;

H*

;

22

61-3
62-5

23

24 25 26

59-5

59-4 62-4

M ^ M ^ ^
^ ^

-8

AJ and

[=153
[

B.C.] (12 in inscr.

-7

and and

= 152

B.C.]

-7

hf

HP [=152

B.C.]

-65

/jM

and
and

AEP AEP
AEP

[=151

B.C.]

-7

If

[=151

B.C.]

[Plate

lxvii. 7.]

27 28

62-8

-7

^
t&l

and and

[=151
[=161

B.C.]

60-5

-7

AEP

B.C.]

Barbarous imitation of preceding.

B AZ A EflZ ]A/ITPIV [
I

(to

r.

,

downwards)
1.,

[

]POZ

(to ^

downwards)
;

Barbarous imitation of preceding type no letters or monograms visible. r.
;

29

55-3

M

-75
(No. 29
is

pierced.)

VOL. in.

58

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revekse

Bronze
The following is the lowest of animaVs head as type on both
Pl. XIV. 12
f.

a series of three denomiiiatioits, each of loliicli lias an For the higher denominations, see B.M.C, sides.
e.ich

There exists another series of four denominations, has a head of the king as Oho. type.*

of which

Head

of griffin

1.

;

border of dots.

BAZIAEHZ

(above)

AHMHTPIOY
[ZnTHPoZ]
30
55-5

(beneath)

M

Head
-6

of stag

r.

IB.M.C, Pl.

XIV.

14.]

Class

ll.—STBVCK IN PHOENICIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND PORTRAIT
Bronzis

Sidon

The two following represent

A
Head

the same denomination, hit lelong to different series. lower denomination will he found in B.M.C, Pl. xiv. 8, which probably belongs to the second of the two series.-f

of

Demetrius

I. r.,

diademed; border

BAZIAEilZ

,

,

,

of dots.

ZlAflNinN
(beneath)

31

103

M M

Galley lying
-76

behind head,

AN
[Plate lxvu. 8.]
of letters.

1.

;

border of dots.

32

98-5

-8

behind head, traces

NinN]
Head

BAZIAEnZ AHMHTPIOY [ZIAH
(from
of
1.,

upwards)
I.
r.,

(above)

Demetrius

diademed

;

border of dots.
(beneath)

33

86

M

Rudder
-7

1.

* See Imhoof-Bluraer, Vonn. grecq., p. 432. t The series represented by Nos. 31 f. appears to be, on tbe average, slightlv heavier than

DEMETRIUS I.— ALEXANDER

I.

59

No.

60

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
SlZH

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar

;

head larger.

Similar, with
inferior
;

A and £2 in inscr. style throne •without back beneath in ex., date and r. hand, monogram a second monogram.
;

;

;

247-i

M

1-25

4^

AHP = 148
[

B.C.]

^
A
is

(?)

228

Al 1-15
(A considerable portion
of No. 3 is

A
broken
is

qHP

[

= 146

B.C.]

(?)

(OEOTTATOPZ),

off, and the inscr., which partly off the flan.)

blundered

Drachms
Head
of

Alexander

I. r.,

diademed

;

border

of dots.

AAEZANAPoY GEonAToPoZ
KAI

BASIAEQZ

(to r.,

downwards)

EYEPfEToY

,

(to

1.,

downwards)

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos in usual attitude, with arrow and bow.

60-3

M

-7

Q. doubtful.

Plate

lxvii.

10.]

Similar.

Similar, with

GEOflA TOPOl!

EYEPr ETOY
63-9 58-4
57-6

M M M

-7

in ex.,

^

A

-65

in ex., TaT
to

-7

1.,

outside inscr., .^

;

H in

inscr.

Similar.

Similar, with

GEOflA TO PoS EYEP TEToY

62-3
60-4

M M

-7

in ex.,

^
monogram.

-7

in ex., doubtful

Similar.

Similar, with

©EOTT
1^

ATOPOZ

EYEPfEToY
10
64-7

M

-7

to

1.,

^

;

in ex.,

Similar.

Similar, with

©EoTT ATOPOZ

11

61-7 61-4

M
JR.

-7

m ex.,
in ex.,

^
lag

EYEP TETOY
l-T

12

'65

t

ALEXANDER
No.

I.

61

Wkight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Simila

Similar, witk

0EO TTATOPOj EYE PrEToY
monogram
;

13
14

64-6 69-2

-R

-7

to
to

1.,

doubtful

in ex,,

W

M

-7

1.

and

in ex., doubtful

monograms.

Similar.

Similar, with

OEonAToPoZ
EYEPrETOY
[=149
B.C.]

15

62-5

.R

-7

in ex.,

rZP
2.]

[B.M.C, Pl.
16
62-4

XVI.
1.,

.R

-7
I

to

cornucopiae

;

in ex., doubtful date.

H emi dr a ohms
Head
of

Alexander
;

I.

r.,

wearing radiate

BAZIAEIiS

(to r.,

downwards)
(to
1.,

diadem

border of dots.

AAEEA NAPOY

downwards)

Apollo, naked, standing ]., looking along arrow whicb he holds point downwards in r., and leaning with 1. on bow.

17

28-9

41

-5

beneath

r.

hand,

p)

(?)

Similar.

Similar, with
to

AAEZ ANAPOY

and 12

18

29-5

M

-5

1.,

outside inscr,, cornucopiae.

[Plate

lxvii.

11.]

Beonze
is remarlcable for the title loMch is there given to the king* Nos. 20 32 have Apolline types. Three denominations are represented, but it is difficult to trace a connection hetioeen them, except perhaps through the symbol on Nos. 30 f. and 32. Although all have smooth edges, Nos. 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31 have the small central hole lohich is usually associated loith serrated coins.

No. 19

Head

of

Alexander

I. r.,

diademed

;

border

of dots.

AAEZANAPOY
E Y n ATO P OZ

BAZIAEI2Z

(to

1.,

upwards)
,

(?

to

r.

upwards)

19

92

M

holding shield in extended I. and brandishing thunderbolt in raised r. border of dots.
r.,
;

Athena Alkis standing

-75

* M. Babelon (Kois Ae Syrie, pp. cxxiv. f.) doubts the reading of the corresponding London piece (B.M.C., p. 54, No. 33). Bat the letters are perfectly distinct. They are more uncertain on the Hunter specimen, which is from' a different die. jNo. 32, however, may belong to Alexander Zebina. The portrait is not decisive.

62

KINGS OF SYEIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eevekse

Head

of

Alexander

I. r.,

diademed

;

border

of dots.

(to BAZIAEHZ [A] AEEA NAPOY (to

20

125

^

downwards) downwards) Apollo, naked, seated 1. on ompbalos in usual attitude, with arrow and bow.
r.,

L,

-75

[BJI.C, Pl.

XVI.

5.]

Head
skin

of
;

Alexander

I.

r.,

wearing

lion's

BAZIAEQZ

(to

r.,
1., 1.,

border of dots.

AAEZ ANAPOY

(to

downwards) downwards)

Apollo, naked, standing

arrow wbicli he holds in with 1. on bow.
99

r.,

looking along and leaning

JE

-7

Similar.

Similar; to
in ex.,

1.,

outside inscr., palm-branch.

84
103
87

M M M

-8

A(?)Y

-75
-75

ex. off coin.

to

r.,

APoY)
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XVI.

outside iuscr., 2S

E (AAE HAN

10.]

61

JE

-7

in ex.,

^(?)

;

12

Similar.

Similar

;

but to
;

1.,

trident.

M
87-5

75
-7

in ex., {S]

beneath Apollo's

r.,

J? (?)

100 5

^ ^

m ex.,
in ex.,

,

-75

^

(No. 28

is

restruck.)

Similar.

Similar
in ex.,

;

but to

1.,

cornucopiae.

75-5

yE -85

[S]

Similar
85-0

Similar

;

but to

1.,

star,

JE

-75
-7

(n

in inscr.)

79-5

^

ALEXANDER
Metal
SiZK

I.

63

No.

Weight

Obverse

32

45-5

.E

-6

33 34
35 36 37

89-5

38 39

40
41

42

43

44 45

64

KINGS OF STEIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Aegis ornamented with head of Gorgon border of dots.

;

BASIAEHZ AAEZANA[POY]
Pegasos, flying
r.
;

(above) (beneath)

beneath,

monogram.

46

32

JE

-5

[Plate
No. 47,
lohtch has a

lxyii.

13.]

smooth edge and no central hole, appears

to

stand by

itself.

Head

of

diadem

Alexander 1. r wearing radiate border of dots.
,

;

BAZIAEX2E (to r., downwards) [AA]EEANAP[oY] (to downwards)
1.,

47

114

M

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back, holding in r. eagle r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre.
-8

[Plate

lxvii. 14.]

The following have

all a serrated edge, generally with a small central hole.* They are here arranged tentatively in two series, each represented by tioo denominations.

Head

of

Alexander

I. r.,

diademed

;

border

BASIAEIIS
throne, which

(to

r.,

of dots.

AAEEANA[PoY]
anchor
r.

(to

downwards) 1., downwards)

Zeus, seated as above, holding eagle is without back, rests on

48

137

M ^

-8

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XVI. 6.]

49

82-5

-8

Similar.

BAZIAEnZ

(above)

AAEZANAPOY
50
51

(beneath)

60
69
65-5

52

M M M

Prow
-65
-65
-6-)

of galley

1.

to

r.,

traces of symbol or

monogram.

[Plate

lxvii. 15.]

Similar.

BASIAEHZ AAEZANAPOY
chiton, standing
r.,

(to

r.,

(to

1.,

Athena wearing crested

downwards) downwards) helmet and long

1., holding, on extended wreath-bearing Nike r., and leaning with 1. on shield, behind which stands spear; beneath r. hand, monograms or letters, one above another.

53

126

^

-85

K,

star,

and

A
'"^^

artJciln^tfottd'^^nfr^Lrdtd^^"^*^'-

^""^ ^^^ '^'^^

^^^^

appearance of having been.

ALEXAND]<]R

I.

65

No.

66

KINGS OF SYRIA

Ko.

ALEXANDER

I.— DEMETEIDS

II.

67

No.

68

KINGS OF SYEIA
Metat,
Size

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Youthful Lead
denied
;

of

Demetrius

II.

dia-

all

within wreath.

AHMHTPIOY
OEOY
<|>IAA

BAZIAEHZ

(to r.,

downwards)

AEA<|)OY

(lo

1.,

downwards)

[NIJKATOPOZ
Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. thigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual beneath attitude, with arrow and bow
;

r.

hand, [^

;

between

feet,

H

259

M

1-15

in ex.,

HZP [ = H4

B.C.]

[Plate

lxvii.

18.]

Drachms
Similar type 01 1
;

bead and

reel border.

Similar, with
in ex.,

/S and
[=144

rn

M

-8

HEP

B.C.]

Similar type

;

border of dots.

Similar,

with

<I>IAAA
;

EA<|>oY,
1.,

NIKAT opoz
to

monograms
star.

in field

outside inscr.,

61-3

JR

-7

in ex., traces of letters or

monograms.

Bronze
The proper
cf
difficidtij.

classification of the numerous bronze series of Demetrius II. is a matter Where there is no date, it is not easy to decide to which of his tiDO

reigns any one set shoidd he assigned, although the portrait often furnishes an Xos. 6 15 are all of somewhat similar fabric, and all have the central hole. It is doubtful whether No. 6 is connected loith the others. But Nos. 7 14 are clearly a higher and lower denomination 9 and Nos. 10 one
indication.

of

series.'*

two different issues, one being dated. The higher denomination of the dated issue is not represented here.
least
II. r.

Of

this scries

there loere at

Youthful head of Demetrius
denied.

dia-

A H M H T P oY
I

BAZIAEnS
A<|)OY

n
*
'

A ^ ^ 'io'^'n^vai'ds)

GEOY
(to
1.,

downwards)

Artemis, wearing short chiton and endromides, standing to front, head 1., leaning with r. on long torch, and holding strung bow in 1. behind 1. knee, star (?)
;

in ex.,

eZP

[=143

B.C.]

and

^

(?)

207-5

JE

-95

date doubtful.

[Plate

.lxvii.

19.]

* Thougt the Huuter specimens afford no illustrative example, there is elsewhere abundant evidence of correspondence of date or monogram, e.g. B.M.O., p. 62, Nos. 33 and 38. For a somewhat similar series struck during the second reign of Demetrius, see p. 87 f.

DEMETRIUS
Metal
Sizs

II.

69

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revebse

Bearded head
dots.

of

Zens

r,,

laur.

;

border of

A^HMHTpi?Y eEoY
<^
I

(tor.,

downwards)

A A A EA<1>0Y

(to

1.,

downwards)

NIKAToPoZ
Athena, helmeted, standing 1., holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on shield.
lofj-o
.-E

-95
-9

no monogram
beneath
r.

visible.

176o
151

M M

arm,

lyi

-9

beneath

r,

arm,

^

(?)

Head

of Apollo r., laur. curls border of dots.
;

hair in formal

Same

inacr.

Tripod-lebes with holmos
sides; to

;

hang down from the inside inscr., monogram.
fillets

1.,

10

M

-7

4^

(BAZIAEHZ

off coin)

Similar.

A?fM/rmoY
<|)|

(to
(.. (to

-'downwards)
, '

AAAEA<l)OY

NIKATOPOZ

clownwaids) 1, rl„^„™,.rlc\
;

Tripod-lebes with three handles fillets hang down from the sides, and each handle is decorated with a sprig of
laurel;
to
L, inside
inscr,, letters

or

monogram;
11
98-5

in ex., date,
B.C.]

M

-7

5 HEP
[PtATE
LXVll. 20.]

[=144

12
13

98-5

A
.E
-75

(?)

HEP [ = 144

B.C.]

107-5
98-5

^
A

;

traces of date,
traces of date,

14
1.5

91

M M

-7

;

•7.">

monogram

doubtful

;

ex, ofi coin.

Tlwiigh the foUotrliig groups differ from one another in fabric, all lane one feature The fabric in common: tlicre is no trare of the central hole on either side. of Nos. 17 f. is different from that of No. 16.

Youthful bead of Demetrius

II.

r.,

dia-

demed

:

border of dots.

A^HMHrSof'J]
eEo[Y]
<|>IAAAEA<|>0[Y]

(tor.,

downwards)
downwards)
;

(to

1.,

NIKATOPOZ
Seleucid anchor top 1.

upright

ring at the

16

71

M

-7

[Plate

lxyii.

21,]

70

KINGS OP SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Reverse

Similai'.

A^HMHtS?Y
NIKATOPOZ
Similar type.

(to

-'downwards)
].,

(to

downwards)

17

70-5

M

-6

BAZIAEQZ

partly off coin.

18

65

Nos. 19

f.

are of rude style and loorlcmansJdp.

Youthful head of Demetrius demed border of dots.
;

II.

r.,

dia-

BAZIAEIIZ
'^mKA^T^plS'

(to r.,

downwards)
downwards)

(to

1.,

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual attitude, with arrow and

bow.
19
70-5

20

85

^ M

-75
-7

in ex., |-p, branch,
ex. off coin.

and

(?)

[Cf. JiJl/.C, Pl.

xvm.

6.]

The two following pieces are connected hy
less titan

the general character of their types, no by their fabric. It is quite uncertain to -which of the two reigns they belong.

Head of Hermes r., wearing winged dem border of dels.
;

dia-

[baiziaehz [ah]mhtpi0y
[e]EoY
[<t>l]AAAE A<|)OY

(to r.,

downwards)
downwards)
fillets.

(to

1.,

[NI]KAToPoZ
21
91-5

^

Caduceus upright, tied with
-7

[Plate

lxvii. 23.]

Young head

r.,

wearing corn- wreath.

AHMHTPlOY
GEOY
<l>IAAAEA<l)OY

BAZIAEnZ

,.

.

(

^'''

downwards)

(to

1..

NIKAToPoZ
22 34

downwards)

M

Pair of tongs.
-5

[Plate lxyii. 24.]

DEMETRIUS

II.

71

No.

72

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

VI.
b.c.

145—142

Antioclms VI. loas the son of the. usurper Bala, on whose death he fled to Arabia. loas espoused by Dioclofus (Tryphon), who had been one of his father's chief su.ppiorters, and whose name is possibly to be recognized on Nos. 1 f. and Nos. 14 f. With his nssistaiire lie endeavoured to establish his claims to the crown, and speedily gained a considerable footing in the kingdom.

His cause

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard
T etra drachms
Head
of Antiochus VI. r., wearing radiate diadem bead and reel border.
;

BAZIAEQX
ANTIOXOY
Eni<l>ANoY2;

(above)

AIONYZOY

(beneath)
pilei

The Dioskouroi, wearing

crowned

with stars, galloping 1. on horseback, with couched spears and flying chlaniydes;

behind,
B.C.]

TPY
between
;

and
;

ZTA,
beneath,

with

monogram
[

OP
oak.

= 142

all

within wreath of

253-7

M M

1-2

[Plate
252-7
1-3

l'xviii.

2.]

rfl

Drachms
Similar type
;

border of dots.

BAIIAEnZ
ANTIOXOY
Eni<t>

,,
^
^'•'

^
,,
^
,

downwards)
'

AlON YZOY

ANoYZ
attitude,
legs,

<iownwards)
'•

,

m nsual
64-2

Apollo, naked, seated

between

1. on omphalos with arrow and bow

letter or

monogram

:

in

M
Al

ex., date.
-7

K
[Flatb Lxvni.

HZP[ = 144B.c.]f!TTI<l)A NOVZ\
3.]

64-8
61-2

-7

^ HEP
IAk
.

[=144
[-— ?]
;

B.C.]

M

-7

-P

gram above point

traces of second of arrow.

mono-

ANTIOCHUS

VI.

73

No.

74

KlNCxS

OF SYRIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Head

of Antiochus VI., wearing radiate

crown wreathed with ivy; no border
visible.

ANTloX?Y

(*°

^' '1°^^^^'^'^^)

Panther moving
31-3

1.,

r.

forepaw raised

M
M

in ex.,
-5

K

[Plate

lxviii. 6.]

19

27-7

-5

'

Similar type
dots.

;

no ivy

visible

;

border of

ANTIOXOY ^^^""^'^ EHKDANOYZ .^^ ^^
Panther 1., holding palm in month and above tail, r. forepaw
;

ZTA

20

27-3

JR

-5

\B.M.G., Pl.

XIX.

5.]

Beonze
The Dionijsiac
types,

viMch appear even on the silver [Nos. 18

ff.)

are specially

characteristic of the bronze coins of Antiochus VI., who, as his titles show, claimed right af identification with the wine-god.

A.

Series with

Smooth Edges.
series,

Nos. 21

— 28

include a higher

and lower denomination of one
it

distinguished

from

that which follows

by the position assigned

to

the

monogram.

Similar type; border of dots.

ANTIOXOY
Eni<l>ANOYZ

*

'^''

'^°^^^^a'i"'is)

AIONYZOY
;

,,
^

1

,

,

'iow^'<^a,i"ds)

V

Dionysos, standing 1., holding kantharos in r., and leaning with 1. on thyrsos in field 1., beneath, mono-

gram.
21
184-5

1

M

-do

Similar type

;

radiate

crown wreathed

Same inscr.
to
r.,

Kantharos

;

in field, beneath,
1.,

with ivy

;

border of dots.

gram
22

a palm-branch, and to or letters.

mono-

129 103

M
M

-85
-8

fib

23

A!

ANTIOCHUS
Mktal
Size

VI.

75

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

24

136

M
JE

-8

TyT (no palm branch).
[Pla-je lxviii. 6.]

25
26

109
120-5

-8

M

-8

27

125-5
129-5

28

M M

-8

£

-S

n
[Plate
lxviii. 7.]

Of

the

second

series, only the

denomination corresponding
will he

represented.

The higher denomination

found

in

to Nos. 22 ff. is here B.M.C., Pl. xix. 8.

This series also contains a third denomination, lower than the following.*

Similar

;

no ivy

visilile.

Similar shape

;

kantharos of slightly different
;

monogram
1.

or letters beneath,

instead of to

29

114
115
86-5

30
31

^ M
JE

-85
-7

rr?

A P

-7

A
A
no
I

P

32 33

92 07

JK

-65
-7

M

letters or

monogram

visible.

The following hears no monogram, and helongs

to

a distinct series.f

Forepart of panther leaping

r.

[B]AZIAEnZ [A]NTI0X0Y
[E]ni«l>ANoYZ

[AJIONYZOY
All within a wreath of
ivy.

34

45-5

M

-55

[B.M.C., Pl.

XIX.

10.]

* Examples are B.M.C., p. 65, Nos. 33

f.,

and Babelon, Rois de Syne,

p. 133,

No. 1129.

t The

may

coin from the Pembroke Collection described by Leake, Num. Hellen., p. 29, 86-5 grains, and has an ivy-wreath possibly represent the higher denomination. It weighs
first

on Rev.
L 2

76

KINGS OP SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revekse

B.

Series with Serrated

Edges
is

The folloinug

scrie.^,

ivMcli

contains two denominations,

distinguished hy the

presence of the letters

ZTA

and a symbol.

Head

of

Antiochus VI.

r.,

wearing radiate
;

crown wreathed with ivy
dots.

border of

ANTIOXOY
Eni<t>ANoYZ

^^^°^^>
(in ex.)

AIONYZOY

Elephant advancing L', holding a torch in field r., symbol, in his raised trunk above which,
;

ZTA

35
36 37

J

25

124-5

M M

-9

oornucopiae.

-9

palm-branch.

124

^
^

-9

palm-branch.

IB.M.C,
38
121-5
-9

Pi,.

XIX.

12.]

star of eight rays.

[Plate lxviii.

8.]

Similar; no ivy visible.

Same

inscr.

ing palm-branch in

Panther advancing ]., holdmonth and in r.
field
r.,

forepaw which,

;

in

symbol,

above

ZTA

39

525

M

-7

cormicopiae.

[B.M.C,
40
41

Pl. XIX. 14.]

70
59-5

M M

7
-7

palm-branch

(?)

star of eight rays.

Kos. 42 ff. are dlstiiu/nislied hy a, monogram instead of hy a symbol. There irmiJd appear to be three detiominations, although Nos. 49 f.

may

possibly belong to a different series.

Similar
ivy.

radiate

crown intertwined with

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY
ETTI<t>

.,

^^°

''

, downwards)

,

,

ANOYZ

AION YZOY

(to

1.,

downwai'ds)

Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along arrow which he holds in r., and leaning with 1. arm 'on tripod; to 1., outside
inscr.,

monogram.
doubtful.

42

119

M

-8

monogram
[Plate
lxviii.

9.] off coin.

43
44

109

106

M m

-8

monogram

-8

ANTIOCHUS VI.— 'J'RYPHON
Metal
Size

77

No.

Weight

Obvkrse

Reveese

Similar

Same
to

inscr.,

•standing
1.,

1.,

with lines unbroken. Nike, holding wreath and palm;

outside laser., monogram.

45 46
47 48

65-5
52-5

64-5 62-5

M M M

-7

^
,,

(?)

-65
-65

(?)

JE -65
[Cf.

monogram
n.M.C, Pl.
XIX.

off coin.

i;5.]

Similar.

BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY
Eni<t>ANoY5:

,

,

.

^''^°^^>

,.^g^x
^'"^
1.,

AIONYXOY
Horse
raised
;

^ '

advancing
in field
r.,

with

r.

forele

monogram.

49 50

56
64-5

M M

-65

^
[Plate lxvui. 10.]

-65

TRYPHON (DIODOTUS)
Circa

142—138

B.C.

Diodoftis (Ti-jipJion) had been instrumental in securing the recognition of Aniiochus VI. Before long he caused his protege to he assassinated and seized the crown. In turn he luas defeated

and

capiar.'d by a brother of the exilsd D.nnctrius.

Silver

]<]uboic-Attic

Standard

Tetra drachm
Head
of

Tryphon

r.,

diadem.ed

;

bead and

reel border.

[A]YToKPAToPoZ
(to
1.,

downwards)
straps,
;

Richly chased Macedonian helmet with
spike, check-pieces

and

1.

;

it is

deooi'ated with tall ibex-horu

beneath

peak, a

monogram

or letters.

258-3

Al

1-25

X
[Plate
lxvlii.

11.]

78

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metat,
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Dr ach.ms
Similar type
;

border of dots.

Similar.

561
54-6

^l

-7

rfi

M

-7

XP
[Cf.

B.M.C., Pt.

XX.

2.]

Bbonze

Similar type

;

no border.

Similar but, beneath peak, letters reading dov\?nwards ; chasing hardly visible.
;

4
5 6

82 81

M M

-75
-7

AZ

AZK AZK
[Plate
lxviii.

92

M

-7

12.]

Similar type 82-0

;

border of dots.

Similar

;

but in place of

letters,

M

symbol,

-7

star of eight rays.

[BJI.C, Pl.
73-6

XX.

3.]

M
M

-7

caps of the Dioskouroi with stars,
aplustre.

62

-7

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

VII.

79

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

VII.

(SIDETES)
B.C.

138—129

While Demetrius

forward

II. loas a prisoner in Tdrtliia, his younger brother Antiochus came He defeated and captured TriipJian, and maintained claim the throne. Finallij he fell in a war his position as hintj for eleven years. with the Partkians.
to

Class I.— OK.DIJfJ.Rr

REOAL COINS

Silver

Euboic- Attic Standard

T e t r a d r a c li m s
Head
of Antioclius VII. bead and reel border.
r.,

diademed;

BAZIAE2Z* ANTIOXOY EYEP TETOY

(to r., downvfard.s) (to
1.,

downwards)

Atbena, wearing crested helmet and long slie holds on excbiton, standing 1. tended r. Nike 1., and leans with 1. on her shield, adorned with Gorgoneion spear is planted in ground behind her beneath r., letters or monogram in ex., ATTP [= 131 B.C.] all within wreath.
; ; ; ;
:

2-i8-3

.J\

1-2

AE

254

M

1-2

m
[Plate
lxviii.

13.

Similar.

EYEP PETOY
Similar
;

(to

1.,

downwards)
1.

spea-r

supported by

arm

;

no

date,

2387

M M

115

A
B

244-3

1-2

A
both exhibit the same variations

» It
in the

are is worth noting that while the two dies form of A,

different,

80

KINGS OF SYRIA

No.

Weigp

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reveksb

Similar.

Similar,
letter

-with

,

additional

monogram

or

above shield.

256-7

JR 1-2

4^

and
14.]

A
[Pla'I'e lxviii.
\

A O

iSZ and

V

in insor.)

252-4

M

1-2

^ A

and

Similar.

Similar, with

A
(V (V

in insor.
in insor.

257G
252-7

i

.R

1-2

A

and

A
<t>

.R 1-2

^
A

and

iu insor.)

245-9

JR 1-25
(No. 9
is

A
A

and C\

^

pierced.)

10

242-3

M

1-1

^
Similar.

no additional monogram.

Similar, -with
letter

A in insor.,
r.

and an additional
;

beneath
r.,

stands

elbow of Athena Nike placing wreath on king's title.

11
j

247-9

M

1-05

^ A A
4^

E

12

i

233-5

Apl.l-l

A
A

r

A

13

239

M
M

115
(Xo. 13
is

double-struck.)

14

237-3
i

105

Similar.

Drachms BAZIAEHZ

ANTIOXOY EY EPrETOY

a
'

^''

A .. ^ °o^n'<^ards)

(to ]., downwards) Nike advancing L, holding wreath in extended r., and gathered drapery in 1. beneath wreath, monogram; beneath tip

of wing,

monogram

or letter.

15

60-9

/R

-65
-7

^
,,

and A(?)

16 17
18

61-4
62-4 60-3

M
.-R

and

/^ in insor.)

-7

4i and TT (V
[?]

M

-65

and
15.]

O

[Plate

lxviii.

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

VII.

81

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

19

59-8

M

-7

20

59

M

-75

21 22

197-5

^

-85
-85

173

M

23

190-5

JE

-85

24
25

174-5

^

160-5

26

150-5

27 28

170
163-6

82

KINGS OF SYEIA
Metal
Size

So.

Weight

29

93-5

JE

-75
-75

30

86

M

31

93

32

33

34
35

36

37 38

90-5

93 5

39

76 74

40

41

93

42
43

80
81

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

Vir.

No.

Weight

Obvkbse

Revebsb

Similar.

Similar; beneath,

TTP

[

= 132

B.C.]

44

83

M

-7

beneath

monogram,

same

monogram

repeated.

Similar.

Similar; beneath,

ATTP [=131

B.C.]

46

72-5

.E
jE

-7

46

93

-7

monogram

obscure.

Similar.

Similar; beneath,

BTTP

[

= 130

B.C.]

47

86
81

48
40

92

M M M

-7

beneath monogram, palm.
11 11

-7

-7

club downwards.

Similar.

Similar

;

date and
typ«i,

monogram

off coin,

50

96-6

M
Head
of lion r.
;

beneath

large sfar of eight rays.

border of dots.

BAZIAEHZ ANTIoXoY EYEPrETOY
EOP [ = 137
EOP [=137
B.C.]

(to r., (to
;

downwards)
downwards)

1.

Club downwards
51
45-5 43-5 42-5

beneath, date.

52 53

M M M M

-65
-6

B.C.]

-7

EOP [=137
and
\_B.M.C., Pl. XX. 12.]

B.C.]; to

1.,

outside

title,

/^

aplustre.

54

48-5

-6

lop [ = 135
/^ and
The Ohv.

B.C.];

to

1.,

outside

title,

aplustre.

iiipe.

ichich

Antioclins

of the folluiDing coin indicates that it loas minted at Jerusalem, VII. captured, after a struggle with John Hyrcanus, circa 132 B.C.

Flowering

lily

;

border of dots.

EYEPrETOY
Anchor inverted
55
38-6

(to
;

1.,

upwards)

beneath, date.

m

-55

AHP

[=131
14.]

B.C.]

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XX.

M

2

8i

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Class

ll.—STRVOK IN PHOENWIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND POUTBAIT
SiLVEK

Phoenician Standard
Sidon

Tetra drachm
Bast of Antiochus VII. r., diademed chlamys about neck border of dots.
;
:

ANTIOXOY BAZIAEnZ
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

Eagle standing
over
r.

with wings closed shoulder, a palm; in field ].,
I.,

date and
aplustre
;

^

;

in field

r.,

ZlAfl and

border of dots.

56

214-3

M

11

[H?]op
[Cf. B.3I.C., Pl. XX. 4.]
(No. 56
is

pierced.)

Tyre

Te
Similar.

t r

adrachms

ANTIOXOY BAZIAEnZ
Similar type galley ; over
1.,

(from 1., up-svards) eagle stands on beak of r. shoulder, palm in field
;
;

I€, and on club; in field r., and date between legs, monogram or

^

Af

*

;

letter

;

border of dots.
B.C.]

57

218-3

M

1-05
(No. 57
is

AOP [ = 138
pierced.)

and (Ip

Similar.

Similar; with p'^^ to

1.,

and

58

217-4

M

A^

to

r.

1-1

90P
Similar.

[=136

B.C.]

and f=p

Similar, with

A

throughout.

59

219-3

M
Al

1-1

lop
XOP
[Plate
lxviii.

[=135 [=135

B.C.]

and and

R

GO

220

1-1

B.C.]

Z

19.]

ANTIOCHDS
Metal
Size

VII.

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

61

217-4

.R 11

TTP [132

B.C.]

and fp

62

219

I

M

1-2

BTTP

[

= 130

B.C.]

and fp

Bidrachms
Similar.
Similar, with

p_

and A't^

63

108-4

A\

-9

AOP

[=138

B.C.]

and2B

(?)

Similar.

Similar, with

„B.C.]

and

AZ
Z

64

108-8

M M

-9

cjOP [=136
[Plate
lxviii. 20.]

and

65

103-4

-8

BTTP [=130

B.C.]

and

fi

Bronze
Sid on

Similar

tyjae.

ZIAI2N0Z

OEAZ
1.

(to

1.,

upwards)

(tor.)

Astarte, wearing long chiton, standing

on prow, holding wreath and trophystand; in field r., TTP [=132 B.C.] 66
87-5

^

-75

[Plate

lxviii. 21.]

Head

of Antiochns VII. border of dots.

r.,

diademed

;

BAZIAEnZ]
[AN]TloXoY ZlAHNIflN
Galley
r.,

(above)

(beneath)

border of dots

67

48-5

M

-55

[Plate

lxviii. 22.]

86

KINGS OP SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

DEMETRIUS
Second Beign
Circa

II.

130—125

B.C.

Wlieii the PartMan Icing found himself hard pressed by Antioclius VII., he freed Demetrius II. from captivity, and put him forioard as a rival to his younger brother. Demetrius recovered the croivn, hut shortly after^oards quarrelled toith Ptolemy (Physcon). Ptolemy brought forioard a neio claimant for the Syrian throne, Alexander II. Demetrius was defeated and subsequently assassinated. After his return Demetrius began to groio a beard (see Nos. 2.3 f.). On the ordinary silver struch subsequent to his restoration he appears fidly bearded, while the place of Apollo as a Eev. type is taken by Zeus.

Class

l.—ORmWARY REGAL COINS
Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard
Tetradrach.in£
Head
of Demetrius II. r., diademed, wearing flowing beard bead and reel

border.

AHMHTPIOY OEOY
NIKATO PoZ

BAZIAEQZ

(to

r.,

downwards) downwards)

(to

1.,

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on tbrone without back; he holds in extended r. wreath- bearing Nike 1., and leans with 1. on long sceptre. 253-4

M

125

beneath

throne,
B.C.]

M
ftp

ex.,

[= 127
(No. 1
is

EnP

pierced.)

Similar.

Similar, with has back.
to
1.

NIKA TOPOZ;
Z
;

throne

249-7

M

1-2

of title,

beneath throne,

date.

o

;

no

Similar.

Similar, with r.n,., »

®^°Y.

-v,--,

[NJIKAToPoZ'

^

'^•

259-4

/R 1-15

in ex.,

\C^

fY\

[Plate

lxviii. 23.]

DEMETRIUS

II.

No.

88

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eevekse

Head

of Apollo flowing locks

r.,
;

laur.

;

hair rolled, with

|

border of dots.

BAZI AEHZ AH M HTPlOY 0EOY
<I>IAAAE A0OY

/,


'

,lownwar-d<5^ '^0^'^^^^°^-'

^

(to

I.,

downwards)

NIKATOPOZ
Tripod-lebes with three handles
laid over the top of it
;

in ex.,

^ and

;

fillet

varying monogram.

14

104

M
M

-8

Al

[B.M.C, Fl. xvni.
15 91
-75
I

14.]

W
[Plate lxix. 1.]

16

86

M
«

-7

T3P

17

89

M

-75

second

monogram

obscure.

18

79-.

M

-75

ex. off coin.

The following dated pieces are not
the preceding.

directly

connected

with

Head

of

Demetrius

II. r.,
;

ing flowing beard

diademed, wearborder of dots.

AH M HTPlOY
NIKATOPOZ

BAZIAEQZ

a
(

'^'

A downwards)

(to

!•'

downwards)

Apollo, naked, standing three-quarter face towards 1., looking along an arrow

held point downwards in r., and leaning with 1. on bow in ex., date.
;

19

83-5

M
M

-7

ATTP [=128 ATTP [=128
S(?)
[Plate lxix. 2.]

B.C.]

20

90

-7

B.C.]

;

to

r.,

outside inscr.,

21

80

M
JE
-7

ex. off coin.

22

76

ATTP [=128

B.C.]

K

;

,

,

DEMETRIUS
Metal
Size

II.

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

The followliKj possibly represent two denominations of a series.* The fact that the portrait of Demetrius is slightly bearded shoios that they belong to an early period in the second reign.f

Head of Demetrius IT.

r.,

slightly bearded;

BAZIAEnZ
Z^HMHTPloY N ATO PO Z
I

(to (to

r.,

downwards)
do wn w ards)

bead and reel border.

1

.

,

dr^ss, quiver clasping by the hand Tyche, who stands 1., wearing modins, and holding cornucopiae.

Bearded figure in Parthian
at

back, standing

r.,

2;b

115-5

M

-75

behind male figure,

^

<

^^ ^^^ ^^^*'

Y

[Plate

lxvji.

22.]

24

104

M

-8

(no beard visible.)

no

letters visible in field.

Similar type

;

no border

visible.

A^HMH™\
Nl

(^°

^

downwards)
'

KATOPOZ

(to
].,

1.,

downwards)

Nike standing
palm.

holding wreath and

25
26

70-5

M M

-65

(no beard

visible."

[Cf. B.M.r., Pl. xviii. 5.]

50

-6
i

The following represent

still

a fourth
reign
is

series.

The attribution

to the

second

not certain.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

AHMHTPloY
OEOY
NIKA TOPOZ
;

BAZIAEUE

^(.(j

j.^

downwards)

(to

1.,

downwards)

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and palm to 1., inside inscr., Zi, and outside
inscr.,

symbol.
;

27

87-5 85-5

yE

-7

cornucopiae

inscr. partly off coin.

28
29

M

-65

cornucopiae

,

,

M

-7

symbol
[Plate lxix.
3.]

off coin;

,,

,,

*

The

letters

types resembling No. 23
] See Bunbury,

with those on a piece with and monogram on No. 23 appear to be identical Num. Sel., t. I., Tab. lu., ho. 57. f., figured in Mm. Sanclem.
,

Num.

Gliron.,

3rd Series, toI.

iii.,

pp. 101

f.

N

90

KINGS OF SYRIA
Mktai,
Size

No.

Weight

Obveesis

Reverse

Class

U.— STRUCK IN PHOENICIA, WITE ROYAL NAME ANB PORTRAIT

On

the great majoritij of this class of coins (iMch the dates prove to belong to the second reign), the Icing's head is beardless. This shows

that

the portrait is

an ideal

one.

Silver

Phoenician
Tyre

Standard

Tetra drachms
Head
of

Demeh-ins
;

II.

r.,

beardless of dots.

clilamys about neck

diademed, border
;

BAZIAEHZ AHMHTPloY
(from r., downwards) Eagle standing 1. on beak of galley
-wings closed
; ;

behind,
;

palm

;

in field
r.,

1.,

p_ and
and date
30
31
216-2

-^ on club
;

in field
legs,

A^

bet-ween

monogram

border of dots.

A\

1-1

rnP

[=129

B.C.]

f=p

211-4

M
.11

1-05
1-1

An[P]

[=128b.c.]
B.C.]

(A throughout) (A throughout)

32 33

214 2
210-1

EHP

[=127

2B
pp

M M M

1-1

ST[? [=126
[Plate lxix. 4.]

B.C.]

34

216-4

1-15
(^fo.

STTP [=126
34
is
I

B.C.]

(A throughout)

pierced.)

35

214-4

1-15
I

ITTP [=125

B.C.]

Didrachm
Similar. Similar.

100-3

M

-85
I

STTP [ = 126

B.C.]

Fp

Uncertain City

T et radrach.m
Head
of Demetrius II, r., diademed, wearing flowing beard bordei- of dots.
;

BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPloY
(from r., downwards) Eagle standing ]. upon thunderbolt; wings closed; in field r., ETTP 127 B.C.] between legs, [

=

;

M

197

M

l-l

in front, traces of

monograms.

DEMETRIUS

II.— ALEXANDER

II.

91

No.

92

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar

;

monograms
234-3

but throne has high back, while and. date are |Ap [^
,

OnP[=123B.c.]
^l
1

Similar.

Similar, without date

;

to
;

I.,

outside inscr.,

monogram or
letter.

letter

beneath

seat,

3 4

252-8 235-4

/R

1-2

A
[B.M.C, Pl.
(^os. 3

A

(A and 12

in inscr.)

M

1-15

PT A
XXII. 2.]

and 4 are both pierced.)

5

246

.'R

1-2
1-1

PP Z

(A

in inscr.)

6

2519

Al

z z
[Plate lxix.
7.]

Drachms
Similar type
;

border of dots.

AAEEANAPOY

BAZIAEHZ

(to r.,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

Double cornucopiae with fillets attached to 1., between inscr. and type, monograms and letters.
61-2

.R

-65

PP A

<|)

58-7

M

-65

9

59-4

M M

-7

z
-65

10

61

[Plate lxix.

8.]

H emidrac hms
Similar.

Similar;

but

cornucopiae single;
or letters.

to

1.,

monograms
11 31-2
31-1

.R

-5

(no border visible)

pf
'y
[Plate lxix.

(?)

(outside inscr.)

;

A

(inside inscr.)

12

JR

-55

(outside inscr.)
9.]

ALEXANDER
No.

II.

93

94

KINGS OF STRIA

No.

Weight

27

32

33

34
35 36

37

38

39

ALEXANDER
Metal
Size

11.

No.

WErGHT

Obverse

Reverse

Head

of Alexander II.

r.,

wearing crested

helmet.

BAZIAEHZ AAEZANAPOY
;

(to (to

r.,
1.,

downwards) downwards)

Tyche, wearing high bead-dress, standing 1., leaning on rudder and holding cornncopiae to 1., inside inscr., |^ and symbol.

40

49

jE -65

ivy-leaf (?)

[Plate lxix. 12.]

Head

of Alexander II. r., wearing radiate diadem border of dots.
;

BAZI AEHZ AAEZ ANAPOY
Nike

(to r.,

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

Athena, helmeted, standing 1., holding 1. in extended r., and leaning with 1. on spear, against which shield rests to
;

1.,

inside inscr.,

£

and symbol.

41

113

M

-8

aplustre.

[B.M.C., PL.

XXII.

7.]

42

103-5

43

111-5

44

114

M ^ M

-8

cornncopiae.

-85
-8

palm.
star of eight rays.

Head

of

Alexander
;

H.

r.,

wearing

elephant's skin

border of dots.

AAEiANAROY
Aplustre; to symbol.
1.,

BAZIAEHZ

(to (to

r.,
1.,

downwards)
downwai-ds)
'^
.

inside inscr.,

and

45 46

58

Ji

-7

monogram obscure

;

symbol

off coin.

50

^ ^

-7

monogram and symbol
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 11.]

obscure.

47

47

-65

wreath
I

(?)

The following pieces, irliich are all of one denomination, have a serrated edge. They may belong to Alexander Bala; hut the symbols rather suggest
the reign of Zebina.

Head

of youthful
;

long ringlets

Dionysos r. border of dots.

hair in
I

BAZIAEHZ AAEZANAROY

downwards) downwards) Tyche, winged and wearing high headdress, standing I., leaning on rudder and holding cornucopiae to 1., outside inscr., monogram and symbol.
(to r.,
1.,

(to

;

48

91

M

-7

^

and head-dress

of Isis.

[Plate lxix. 13.]

96

KINGS OF SYKIA
Metal
Slze

No.

Weioht

Obvekse

Reverse

49
50
51

91

JE

-7

2E and [?]
7i^

114
95

52 63

84
103

^ M M

-8

and wreath.
aplustre.

-65
-7

?

and

[?]
-8

and club downwai'ds.
and
wi-eath.

[?]

Class

ll.STRVCK IN PHOENICIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND PORTRAIT
Broa'ze

Berytus

Head

of

Alexander

II. r.,

diademed.

[BAZIAEI2Z AAEZANAPOY]
(to r.,

downwards)

(to

1.,

downwards)
;

Poseidon draped, standing to front holds patera in r., and trident in 1.

lie

;

in

64

65

iE

-8

field, r.,

AA

and 4*

;

border of dots.

[Plate lxix. 14.]

CLEOPATRA AND ANTIOCHUS
Circa

VIII.

125—120

B.C.

Cleopatra (Thea) was the iJaiujhtcr of Ptolemy Pliilometor. She iras in succession infe of Alexander I., of Dcmetrin^ U., and of Antiochus VII. By Demetrius II she heeame the mother of Selciirus V. {of lohom no coins ran he identified and whom she is send to hare assassinated), and of Antiochus VIII. The joint' portraits
point to a regency.

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

Te tr adrachms
Head
r.,

Cleopatra and of Antiochus VIII. Antiochus is diademed, while Cleopatra wears diadem, stephane, veil, and necklace bead and reel border.
of

BAZIAI[ZS]HS

jngate

;

KAEOHATPAZ eEAZ
KAI

(to r.,

downwards)

;

AN TloXoY

BAZI AE

nz

(to

1.,

downwards)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back, holding in extended r. wreath -bearing Nike 1., and leaning with 1. on sceptre; to 1., outside inscr.,

2o7-3

M

^

1-2

iu ex.,

OTTP [=123

B.C.]

[Plate

lxix.

15.]

CLEOPATRA AND ANTIOCHUS
Metal
SiZK

VIII.

97

No.

Weight

Obverse

Beveese

Siinila
[

BAZIAIZZHZ
K] A Eon

AT PA I. OEAZ
loXOY
;

(to r

.

,

downwards)

KAI

ANT
.R
1-2
in ex.,

BAZ lAEHZ
Similar type
to
seat,

(to

1.,

downwards)
insor.,

1.,

oatside

/^

;

beneath

/f^
B.C.]

BSP [ = 120

(Nos. 1 and 2 are both pierced.)

Similar type but no necklace visible border of dots.
;

;

KAE^oni?PAZ
KAI

(*°

''

'i™-^^)
downwards)
IE;

BAZ lAEDZ AN TIOXOY
Similar type; to beneath seat,

(to

1.,

1.,

outside insor.,

A

(?)

2:,2-s

.R 115
[Plate lxix.
16-.]

Three

series

are

here

represented.

Beonzb Each contained two denominations.
first,
is

The undated
Similar

series,

which

is

placed

heavier than the others.

;

necklace visible.

BAZIAIZZHZ KAEOTTATPAZ

(to r.,

downwards)

GEAZ
KAI

BA ZIAEDZ
palm
4
5 6
7
;

(to

1.,

downwards)

AN TIOXOY
Nike, advancing
to
1.,

1.,

at

holding wreath and Nike's feet, |-p and

symbol.

118

122 119

M M ^
M

-8

aplustre.

-85
-85

palm-branch.
star (?)

119

-86

star (beneath feet).

[B.M.G., Vh.

xxm.

4.]

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

kaeotta¥p"az
KAI

(*° ''

-i— -^^)
downwards)

BAZ A EHZ ANTIoXoY
I
;

(to

1.,

Double oornucopiae, fastened with the royal diadem to 1., outside diadem, |-p and, inside diadem, symbol.
73

M M
III.

-65

bunch
[Plate
lxix.

of grapes.

17.]

59-

-65

palm-branch.
I

VOL.

98

KINGS OF SYRIA
Mktal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeveese

The lower denomination of

the earlier

It possibly

had

the

same types as

of the two dated series is not here represented. the higher one*

Head

of Antiochus VIII. r., wearing radiate diadem border of dots.
;

KAEonATPAZ
KAI

BAZIAIZZHZ

(to

r.,

downwards)
downwards)

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOY
Head-dress of
globe, plumes,
Isis,

(to

1.,

and
[

consisting of horns, ears of corn.
B.C.]

10
11

85-5

99

M M

-65

beneath,

HTTP

= 124
= 123

-76

beneath,
bolt.

©TTP

[

B.C.]

and thunder-

Similar.

KAEOHATPAZ
KAt

BAZIAISZHZ

^

... •^o^^^'^rds)
-,

s

°

'^"

BAZIAESZZ

(to

1.,

downwards)

ANTIOXOY
standing three-quarter face towards on overturned amphora; beneath, date and symbol to right of type,
r.
;

Owl

I

12

93-5

13
14 15

96
93-6

M M M
M

-75 -75

qp [=122
cornucopiae

B.C.]

and aplustre
[

r.

r.,

and <JP

= 122
r.

B.C.]

-76
-8

qp

[=122

B.C.]

and dolphin

96
102

qp
[B.JUG, Pl.

[=122

B.C.]

and ear

of corn

r.

16

M

-76

qp [=122
XXIII. 5.]

B.C.]

and palm-branch

r.

Similar.

Similar

;

£2 in

inscr.

;

no

|

E
r.

17 18 19

97
98-5

90
76

20
21

86

M M -75 ^8 M M
-8
-7

qp [=122

B.C.]

and wreath

AqP

[=121

B.C.]

and aplustre

r.

as preceding.
as preceding (?)

-75

AqP = 121
[

B.C.]

;

no symbol

visible.

Thus B.M.O., p. 86, No. No. 1341, weighs 59-5.

9,

weighs 58-5 grains, and Babelon, ^ois de Syrie v

173

CLEOPATRA AND ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

VIII.

99

No.

Weight

Obverse

Rbversk

Bust of Tyclie
kalathos
;

r.,

draped and -wearing

border of dots.

KAEonATPAZ
KAI

BAZIAIZZHZ

(to

r.,

downwards)

BAZIAESZZ

(to

1.,

down-wards)
of type,

ANTIOXOY
Handle of rudder and ASP [=121
beneath, symbol.
; ;

to

1.

IE,
;

B.C.]

downwards

22 23

52
46-5

M M

-65
-6

symbol doubtful.
wreatli
1.

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

VIII.

(GRYPDS)
B.C.

120—96

The comparativehj long reign of Antioclms VIII. was anytliing liU a peaceful one. In particular, his struggle with his brother, Antioclms IX., resulted in the partition of the Seleucid Empire.
Silver

Euboic- Attic Standard
T etradrachins
diademed;

Head

of Antiochus Vlll. bead and reel border.

r.,

BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY
ETTI

(to
(to

r.,

do-wnwards)
do-wn-wards)

0ANOYZ
;

1.,

Zeus Ouranios standing, naked, threeon his head is quarter face towards 1. a crescent in extended r. he holds star of eight rays, while with 1. he leans on
;

beneath sceptre within wreath.
;

r.

hand,

M

;

all

243-1

M

1-3
(No. 1
is

piorced.)

Similar.

Similar
date.

;

beneath

r.

hand,

AP
it
;

with
in ex.,

letters or

monogram beneath

253-3

JR

1-2

EZ rqP
[Plate lxix. 18.]

[

= 119

B.C.j

(A

in insor.)

248-4

255

M M

115
1-15

Pf rqp [=119

B.C.]

ASP

[=118

B.C.]

(EH l<t>ANOYZ)
2

100

KINGS OP SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Eeyebse

Similar.

Similar

;

but
waist
r.

round
beneath no date.
250-5

Zeus -wears himation and over 1. shoulder

hand, letter or

monogram

;

M

1-25
(No. 5
is

M
pierced.)
I

250

M

1-2

>AP

( X7

in inscr.)

[Plate lxix. 19.]

Simila

Similar, -with
to
r.,

A

;

but beneath

r.

hand, IE

A

251-3
249-2

M M

115
1-1

inside inscr.,

A
N

(No. 8

is

pierced.)

Similar.

Similar, -with

two

A but beneath r. hand monograms, one above another
;

in ex., date.

9
10
11

244-3
248-1

M M

1-1

^^
NH
(No. 11
is

5-SP
PI

[

= 116b.c.]

1-25

HSP [ = 114b.c.]
(?)

247

JR 1-15

same monograms
pierced.)

0S P = 113
[

B.c.J

The

tijpe

and

style

of the Rev. of the following

closelij

resemble, those of certain

issues of Seleucus VI. and of Fhilippus (q.v.). ifo. 12 should also be compared icith the autonomous bronze coins of Antioch,* which was probably the mint.

Simila

baziaehz antioxov
Eni<t>ANoVZ

(to
(to ,

r.,

downwards)

downwards) , Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back, holding on extended r. wreath-bearing Mke r., and leaning
1., ,

with

1.

on long sceptre; jbeneath throne,
to
1.,

outside

inscr.,

12

251-8

M

1-05

•within wreath.

A

£

;

all

[Plate lxix. 20.]

*

See B.M.Q. Galatia, &c.,

PI. xviii.,

Nos. 11 and 12, and

tlie

oorresponding pieces described

in this

volume

(e.g.

Plate

lxxi. 30).

ANTIOCHTJS

VIII.

101

No.

Weight

Metal
i

Size

Obverse

EEVRltSE

Drachms
Similar type
;

-

border of dote.

BASIAE2Z ANTIoXoY
Eni<|>ANOY£
iiiscr.,

(to r.,

downwards)
downwards)
; ;

(to

1.,

Tripod-lebea with, handles
rise three laui'el-branclies

to

1.,

out of it outside

monogram above

letter.

13

57-8

M
JR .R .R

-7

and
[Plate
lxix. 21.]

r

U
15

57-7
59-1

-75

I and

A
N

-75
-7

^

and r
and

16

61-3

Hemidrachms
Similar.

ANTK)X^Y
palm
above
27-4
;

(^°

^•'

downwards)

ETTI 4>AN0YS (to 1., downwards) Nike, advancing 1., holding wreath and
to
1.,

outside inscr.,

monogram

letter.

17 18 19

.R

-5

I and
/\

A (?)
N
[?]

29'4
28-2

M M

-5

and

-5

and

[Plate

lxix. 22.]

Bkonze
Oiiniu/ to the length
difficult
'

and
f.

to classify.
f.,

Nos. 20

22

the vicissitudes of the reign of Grijpns, his bronze coins are Identity of monogram affords some ground for connecting and 24 f.; hut whether there is anij close relation between them is very doubtful.

Head

of Antiochus VIII. border of dots.

r.,

diademed;

ANTIOXOY
ETTI<l>ANOYZ
;

BAZIAEQX

(to r..
^

downwards)

(to 1., downwards) Double cornucopiae, fastened with royal diadem to 1., outside inscr., E

20

116-5

M
Ai

-85

beneath monogram, star of six rays.
lli.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 6.]

21

114-5

-8

to
I

1.

of diadem, star of eight rays.

102

KINGS OP SYRIA

No.

Weight

70 23 89

24 25

49-5

58

26

67

27

86

28

91

29

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

Vlir.

103

No.

Weight

Obvebse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar; bat, in place of IE, monogram;
date,

BZ [ = 110
;

B.C.]

36
37

Gl

/E 2E

-7

n

(?)

palm
;

1.

93
92 'S

-7

^
[?]
;

(?)

no symbol

visible.

38

M

-75

ivy-leaf r.

The following are remarkable for

the use of a title not found elsewhere on the coin of Grypus, although known from lapidary inscriptions*

Similar.

ANTI^OX^Y

(*° ^•'

downwards)

4>IA0MHT0P0Z
Similar.

(to

1.,

downwards)

39

102

M
M
jE

-76

/fv

cornucopiae

1.

[Plate lxx. 2.]

40 41

98
94-5

-75

date,

monogram, and symbol,
symbol
off coin.

ofi coin.

-75

/fv

Nos. 42

ff.

Probably they represent a lower denomination of Nos. 28 ff. of one of the early issues, but in no case is the date visible.-f

form part

Bust of Artemis r., draped bair in knot above over shoulder, bow and qaiver
; ;
;

BAZIAEHZ ANTI 0X0 Y
ETTI

/.

^

*^°wnwarus; downwards")
'

border of dots.

<t>ANOYZ

(to

1.,

downwards)
;

Apollo, naked, standing 1., holding arrow in r., and leaning with 1. on bow or to 1., outside inscr., monogram letters ; in ex., date and symbol.

42

54

43

44
49-5

M M
^

-6

[?]
[?]
?

[?]

aplustre
[?] [?]

1.

'55
-6

[?]
[?]

(En l<l>ANOYZ)

.

IB.M.C, Pl.
45

XXIV. 5.]
(?)

44

^

-55

I

n

[?]

[?]

* For references, see Babelon, Rois de Syrie, pp. oliv. f silver coin which haB hitherto been the sole evidence for
.

It should be

mentioned that the

the

title

<|)|

AO M HTO POZ

found described on coins of Grypus (Babelon, I.e.), does not belong to him at all. It will be under Seleucus VI. (No. 8). below elsewhere on coins with these types are all early. t Such dates as I have noted

104

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeveese

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

IX.

(CYZICENUS)
B.C.

116—95

Antiochus IX., son of Antiochus VII., came fonoard as a, rival to Ms brother. He had been brought up at Ci/zicus, ichence his surname. After some years of conflict the two agreed on a division of poioer, Gijzicemis talcing over Coele-Syria and Phoenicia. As the legend shows, Nos. 2 f. loere strucJc at Sidon.

Silver

Euboic- Attic Standai-d

Tetradrachms
Head
and
of

Antioolius

r.,

diademed

;

bead

reel border.

baziaehz ANTIoXo Y <l>IAon ATOPOZ
;

(to r.,

down-wards)
do-ivn-wards)

(to

1.,

250

M

Athena, -^-eariug long chiton and crested helmet, standing 1. on extended r. she holds Nike 1., while with r. arm and hand she supports spear and shield, the latter decorated with Gorgon eio a to ]., outside inscr., all within wreath.

A

;

;

1-2

Similar.

Similar, with <|)|AO
tol.,outsideinscr.,

TTATOPOZ and HIEP andmonoffram

ZIAI2
247-5

M
JR

1-2 1-3

AZY
E
Similar.

253-8

Similar, with Q.
in ex.,

to

1.,

outside inscr.,

^1

254-6

M

1-2

E

E

Similar.

Similar, with
to
r.,

A;

to

1.,

outside inscr.,

"T^J

inside inscr., letter; ex. blank.'
in inscr.)

5

247-4
25.3-1

6
7

M M M

1-1

A (2

1-15

A
N
O
(No.
is

248

Al 1-1
1-35

(A beneath monogram.)

pierced.)
3.]

[Plate lxx.

;

ANTIOCHUS

IX.

105

No.

Weight

Mkt.^l
Size:

Obverse

Revebsk

Similar

Similar, witli

2i
1.

to

1.,

outside inscr.,^

A

no
9

letter.

249-3

Al 105
.R 11

beside goddess's

hand,

>^
I4L

10

252-4

above goddess's

r. foot,

[Plate lxx. 4.]

Drachms
Head
of

Antioclius

IX.

r.,

diademed

border of dots.

<i>IAoTTATOPOZ

(to 1., do-wnwards) Tyobe, draped and -wearing high headdress, standing 1. on rudder, tiller of in ]., cornuwhich she holds in r.
;

copiae; to

1.,

outside inscr., letters.

11 12

62 1 55

M M

-65 -65

only

E

visible.
,

traces of

E ft ^ . ^

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. XXV. 2.]

Bronze
Nos. 13
represent the

if.

known

dates, the two series do not

same denomination as Nos. 20 ff. To judge from appear to have overlapped.

the

Head

of Antioohus

r.

,

diademed

;

border

of dots.

ANTIOX?Y
<j)|AOTrATOPoZ
date
;

(*°
(to

'' downwards)
1.,

downwards)

Winged thunderbolt;
and beyond
;

to

title,

1., above title, "R and symbol,

13

14
15

83
89

^ M M M
iE

-7

-65
-75

ORP = 113 B.C.] 0qP [ = 113 B.C.];
[

cornucopiae; (Tl
star; (P|)

)

0CJP [=113
IB.M.a, Pl. XXV.
3.]

B.C.]

;

bunch

of grapes.

16 17

83-3

-76
-75

Z [ = 112

B.C.]; aplustre.
B.C.]; star.

104
96-0 98-5

18
19

M
JE

-75
-7

Z [ = 112 Z = 112
[

B.C.]

;

no symbol symbol

visible.

Z [ = 112

B.C.]

;

off coin.

106

KINGS OF SYEIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Head

of

bearded Herakles

r.,

laur.

;

border

BAZIAESZS

of dots.

ANTIOXOY
<J>IAO
to
1.,

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards)
downwards)
;

TTATOPOZ
1.

Athena, standing
ex., date.

as on tetradrachms

outside inscr.,

^ and
B.C.]

symbol; in

20
21

70-5
79-5

M
M

-7

cornucopiae;
ear of corn

TZ

[

= 109

B.C.]

-7

;

TZ [=109
;

22

85-5

M

/o

date and symbol, off coin

(A)

[Plate lxx.

5.]

The

issued

Xus. 23 ff. (the denomination being still the same) loas ocer a long series of years,* and overlapped irith the one immediately preceding. This and the absence of symbols indicate a different place of mintage.
series represcnled by
r.,

Bust of Eros

draped

and

winged;

border of dots.

ANTIOX?Y 01 AOTTATOPOZ
Nike,

(*° ^•'

downwards)

(to

1.,

downwards)
advancing
;

naked

to

waist,

].,

holding wi'eath and palm
inscr., date.

to

1.,

outside

23 24
25

81-6
51-5 70-5

BZ [ = 110

B.C.]

BZ [ = 110
date off coin.

B.C.]

[Plate lxx. 6.]
Similar. Similar,

with <|)|A0

TTATOROZ;

in

place of date,

monogram.

26
27

88
78-5

JE.

-75
-7

M

obscure.

The two

series that follow hare no dates,

with any others.

and do not appear to be connected The denomination is still the same.

Head

of Antiochus border of dots.

IX.

diademed;
I

BAZI A EHZ A N T 0X6
1

u ^°
(to

-,

''•
'

<i°""iiwards)

<>

I

AOTTATOPOZ

].,

downwards)

Zens, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back; he holds on extended r., wreath-bearing IS' ike p., and leans with
1.

on sceptre
1.

;

to

1.

outside inscr.,

above

foot, symbol.

^

28 29

83
76-6

^ M

-7!;

ivy-leaf (?) star (?)

-7

See B.3I.C.,

p. 94,

Nos. 27:

.

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

IX.

107

No.

Weight

Obverse

llEVERSE

Head

of Antiochus IX. r., wearing radiate diadem no border visible.
;

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOY
<|>IAOTTAToPoZ

(to r.,
(to
I.,

downvfards)
downvp-ards)

30

70-5

M

Athena, wearing cre.sted helmet and long chiton, standing ]., leaning witl\ r. on long palm, and with 1. supporting shield and spear to 1 inside palm, H the whole within wreath.
;

,

;

-7

[Plate

lxx.

7.]

Comparison of

the letters

and monograms on published specimens shows
a higher denomination of Nos. 32 f

that

No. 31

is

Head

of Antiochus border of dots.

IX.

r.,

diademed;

ANTlixbY

(*°

'^•'

'5°^^^^^'^^)

<l>IAO TTATOPoZ (to 1., downwards) Dionysos, standing 1., wearing short he holds kanchiton and kothornoi tharos in r., and leans with 1. on thyrsos above r. hand, E beneath it,
; ;

;

31

143

M

n
-85

[Cf.

V.M.C, Pl.

XXV. 6.]

Similar.

ANxfoX^Y
4>IA0nAT0P0Z

(*° ^•' (to
1.,

downwards)

downwards)

Athena, wearing crested helmet and long chiton, marching r., holding spear over to 1., r. shoulder, and shield on 1. arm
;

letters.

32

69-5
58-5

^
JE

-65 -65

[?]

outside inscr.

;

E

inside insor.

33

? outside inscr.

;

E

inside inscr.

[Cf. B.M.C., Tl. XXV. 6.]

A

certain siwilariti/ of style suggests that Nos.

34
f.

f.

represent a higher denomination

o/iVos. 36

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

<t>IAoTTATOPOZ

(to

1.,

downwards)

Tyche, wearing high head-dress, standing 1. on rudder, tiller of which she holds in r. on 1. arm, cornucopiae.
;

34 35

67
64-5

M

-7

M

-05

[Cf. B.3I.C., Pl. XXV.

108

KINGS OF SYRIA

^'o.

Weight

Metai,
Size

Obverse

Eeverse

Head

of

Athena

r.,

wearing

crested

BAZIAEI2Z

Corinthian helmet.

ANTIOXOY
<t>IAonATOPOZ
Prow
of galley
r.

^^^°^'^

,.s

(beneath)

36

31

M
JE

-6

head small.

37

29

-6

head

large.

SELEUCUS
Circa
Sclriiciis

VI.

(EPIPHANES)
B.C.

96—95

VI. loas the son of Antiochus Grypiis. After his father's death he continued the ivar against Antiochus IX., and subsequently against the latter' s son, Antiochus X. He v;as driven into ('ilirin, and, talcing refuge at Mopsus, perished in a revolt tjiere.

The symbol on Nos.

1

—6

is

probably the mint-mark of Heleucia ad Calycadnum*
Silver

Euboic-Attic

Standard

Tetrad rachms
Head
and
of Seleucus VI. reel border.
r.,

diademed

;

bead

BAZIAEQZ ZEAEVKoV EHIOANOVZ NIKATOPOZ

,,
(

° "'
1

downwards)
, downwards)
-,
-,

.

,

-

,,

(to

1-.

Athena, wearing crested helmet and long chiton, standing 1., holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with
r.

on
1.,

shield, beside

which stands spear

outside inscr., five-leaved flower; beneath goddess's r. hand, downwards,

to

names
1

of magistrates.

244-2

AX 1-25

AAE AH AAE AH
Alor€MI
NE IZI
(?)

2

!

2:.0-4

M
Al

1-15

il8-3

1-2

242-7

M
.11

12
13

2oO-'

no

IZI

[Plate lxx. 8.]
241-3

A\ 1-1

&/ZH
[B.M.C., Pl. XXV. 12.]
*

See Imhoof-Blutner, Kleinasiatische Miinzen,

ii.,

p. 482.

;

SELEUCUS

VI.

109

No.

Weight

MlCTAt,

Size

Obverse

Reverse

The following should he compared with No. 12 of Antioclms VIII.
SiQiilar.

BAZIAEHZ ZEAEVKoV
nVkATO^oI

(to

r.,

dovcR-wards)

(^oL, downward.)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne, holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre; beneath throne, to 1., outside

^;

A
233-4

M

inscr.,

R

;

all

within wreath.

1-05

H emidr achms
Similar type
;

border of dots.

IeAE^V^K^V
ETTI<t>ANOVZ

(to
.,

-.downwards)
1
'

N KATOPOZ
I

^

flowTiwards^ ^°^"'^*™^''
to
1.,

28-9

27

M M

Double cornucopiae, filleted; between fillet and horn, C
-55

[Plaie lxx. 9.*]
-5

(No. 9

is

pierced.)

Bkonze
Xos. 10 and 11 tippcar
to

represent two denominations of one series.

Head

Seleucus of border of dots.

VI.

r.,

diademed

ZEAEYKOY

<i°^^*^^<^^) ^*° ""'
(to
1..

mKATOPoi
;

downwards)

Tripod-lebes from the lebes rise three branches of laurel.

10

174

M

-95

[Plate lxx. 10.]

Similar.

baziaehz] ZEAjEYKOY
Lyre

(to r.,

downwards)

of five strings

(clielijs).

11

M

-7

[Plate lxx. 11.]
* A comparison of the illustrations will make it evident that this is the identical coin represented in Gondii's Coins of the Seleucidae (PI. xx., No. 12) as belonging to Antiochus IX., and (^^e supra, p. 103, footnote). The Dnane Collection (which as reading (AO Gough's book illustrates) passed into the Hunter Cabinet.

^

M HTO POZ

no
Metal
Size

KINGS OF SYRIA

No.

We [Ght

Obverse

Eeveese

monogram and Connection between Nos. 12 f cmd No. 14 is proved by community of letter. The higher denomination is evidently double the lower.
.

Similar.

^rli

KAT?P°0Z^
naked,
(?)
;

^'° ''

'^^-^^^)
1.,

Apollo,

fstanding

holding
].

branch

in
to

r.,
1.,

and leaning with
outside inscr.,

on
ex.

colnmn
off coin.

^

;

12 13

126
118-5

M M

-8

-85
[Cf. B.M.C., Vh. XXV. 14.]

Similar.

BAZIAEnZ ZEAEYKoY
Eni<I>ANOYZ

(to r.,

downwards)
^owTlwflrdq^ '^o^""^*^^^)

N KATOPOZ
I

,^^^
^
'

Tripod-lebes, with three handles, above each of which a branch of laurel ; to 1.,

14

68-5

M

outside inscr.,
-Go

A

!5

;

in ex., star.

IB.M.C, Pl.

XXV.

15.]

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

X.

(EUSEBES)
B.C.

95—83

His reign was spent in endeavouring to hold Antloclms X. was a son of Antiochus IX. the throne, first against Selencua VI., and then against Antiochus XI., Philippus, and On his final defeat he fied to Farthia. Demetrius, brothers of Seleucus.
Sidon

Euboic-Attic Standard

Drachm
Head
of Aniiochus border of dots.

X.

r.

diademed

BAZIAE2Z
ANTIOXOY EYZEBoYZ
«!>IA0nAT0P0Z

(to r.,

downwards)
, downwards)
,
,

,,

,

(to 1-

Tyche standing 1. on rudder, the tiller of which she holds in her r. on 1. arm.
;

cornucopias; to
5S-7

1.,

outside inscr.,

M

-75

s

[Plate lxx. 12.]

;

;

ANTIOCHUS X.— ANTIOCHUS XL
Metal
Size

111

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Beonze
Antiochus X.
struclc

bronze in at least two denominations, only the liigher being here represented*

Similar.

BAZIAESZ
A NT 0X0 V
1

(to

1'.,

downwards)
<^°-'^-^^'^^)

OIA^HATO^P^OZ
Piloi
stars
to
1.,

(*°

1
'

of Dioskouroi, surmounted by and having straps hanging down

outside inscr., pj'
pilos

135-5

M

-75

between straps of
grapes.

on

r.,

bunch

of

115-5

M

-8

no symbol
[Cf.

visible.

B.M.C, Pl.

XXVI. 2.]

ANTIOCHUS XL (PHILADBLPHUS)
Circa 92
B.C.

Antiochus XI., one of the sons of Antiochus Grypus, perished early in the struggle Many of the pieces formerly attributed to this prince with Antiochus X. appear to belong to his father.f

Bronze

Head

of

Antiochus
;

XL

r.,

diademed

slightly bearded

border of dots.

BAZIAEHZ ANTIOXOV Eni«l>A NOVZ
<I>IAAA
EA<t>0V

(to

r.,

downwards) downwards)

(to

1.,

Athena, wearing crested helmet and she holds on long chiton, standing 1. extended r. Nike 1., and grasps with 1. spear and shield which rests on ground
;

beside her; to

1.,

outside inscr.,

$

130
114-5

M

-8

beneath monogram, bunch of grapes.

122

M M

-8

no symbol
no symbol

visible.

(<|)|AAAE A«t>OV)

-8

visible.

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. XXVI. 8.]

*

t

For the lower, see Babelon, Rois de Syrie, Pl. xxvii. 10. Kois de See Friedlander, Zeitschr. fur Num., vii., p. 225; Babelon,

Syrie, p. olxvii.

112

KINGS OF SYRIA

Ko.

Weight

244-4

245-7 233-9

4

S
;

ANTIOCHUS XI.— DEMETRIUS
Metal
Size

III.

113

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar, with one letter or

V

;

no thunderbolt above
r.

monogram above

foot of

Zeus, and a second in ex.

12

232-8

.R

1

A

and

H

13
14 15

220-9
226-9 211-6

M
JR

1-1

f^
T^
<l>

and

A

(resting on thunderbolt ?)

1-1
1-1

and "pj"

(A, Y, and £1

in insor.)

M

and pj*

(base)

Similar

;

style diiJerent.

BAZIAEHZ
<|)IAinnoY
*',!^'a*Ae''a;o^Y

(to r.,

downwards)

('»!.
;

^«™^-)

beneath throne

no monogram Similar, style different in ex., thunderbolt.
;

16

228-6

M

11

above

r.

thigh of Zeus,

/^

and /Si

[Plate lxx. 14.]

DEMETRIUS
Circa

III.

(PHILOPATOR)
B.C.

95—88

At first he Demetrius III. loas the fourth of the sons of Antiochus Grypus. A quarrel resulted in civil war, and iDttS joint-ruler with Philippus. Demetrius loas carried off as a prisoner into Parthia.
SrLVEK

Euboic-Attic Standard

T e t r a d r a c h. m
Head
of Demetrius 111. bead and reel border.
r.,

diademed

;

baziaehz AH M H T P O Y
I

(to

r

.

,

downwards)

eEoY

<|>IAonAToPoZ

ZHTHPoZ
veil

(to

1.,

downwards)

Cultus- statue of Demeter, wearing long which reaches to her feet ; from each shoulder there rises a large ear of corn with leaves, while she holds three to 1., outside smaller ears in 1. hand
;

inscr.,

N
B.C.]

[=94
234-5

and "^ and |^
;

;

in

ex.,

H

I

all

within wreath.

M,

1-1

[Plate lxx. 15.]

114

KINGS OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Wei&ht

OliVEBSE

Reverse

Bkonzb
The Beo.
hjpe of Nos. 2 ff. is characteristic of Selencia Pleria, lohere, therefore, these pieces loere prohalihj strucJe.

Head

of Demetrius HI. bead and reel border.

r.,

diademed

AHMHTPIOY
<I)IAoM

BAZIAEHZ

(above)

HToPoZ EYEPrEToY KAAAINIKOY
Thunderbolt, tied on a low cushion.

(beneath)

-with' fillet,

and resting

2 3

117-5

JE -75

107

JE

-8

4

1025

M

-8

[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI. 11.]

Fossiblij

Xo.

5

<iiid

Nos. 6 ff. represent of the same series.

two

denominations

Head

of

Demetrius
;

III.

r.,

wearing
[

[BAZIAEHZ]
A] H M H TP[ lOY]
(to r.,

radiate diadem

border of dots.

downwards)

GEOY
<l>IAonAToPoZ Z-£2THPoZ
Nike
,,
^
1
'
-,

cio'^'n'^'^'3'rds)

advancing r., holding over 1. shoulder filleted palm, the tip of which she supports with outstretched r. to 1.,
;

outside
[

inscr., B.C.]
;

letters;

in

= 94
;

ex.,

HIZ

border of dots.

106-6

M

-8

7

(^)

date obscure.

Head

of Demetrius III. bead and reel border.

r.,

diademed

;

AHMHTPIOY
«l>IA0

BAZIAEnZ

(to r.,

GEOY HAToPoZ
;

downwards)
T clownwards)

,,

,

jfiTHPoZ
Hermes, standing in 1. and palm iji r.

i™
1.,

'•!

holding caduceus
].,

to

outside inscr.,
B.C.];

monogram;
bead and

in ex., reel border.

HIZ [=94

80

JR

monogram doubtful
[Plate lxx. 16.]

;

date obscure.

Y
DEMETRIUS
Metal
Size

III.— ANTIOCHUS XII.

11.5

Obveuse

Reverse

Similar type

;

border of dots.

Same

inscr. Similar type but Hermes stands on cippus to ]., outside inscr., letter border of dots.
; ;

;

60
47-5

M
JE

-75
-75

N N
The follow !ii{/ piece,
loliich

(?)

(caducens in

r.,

palm

in

1.)

at BciHCtrias, possibly

hears a portrait of Demetrius III., loas striich a citi) founded by Demetrius in Coele-Syria, but more probably Damascus under a temporary name*
r.,

Head

of Demetrius III. bead and reel border.

diademed

:

TPIEHN

AHMH
THC
Female

(to

r.,

downwards)

lEPAC

(to

].,

downwards)
turreted
(Tyclie
;

figure,

of

147

M

Demetrias), seated 1. on rock r. hand extended beneath feet, river-god swimming to front border of dots.
;

;

-95

[Plate lxx. 17.]

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

XII.

(DIONYSUS)
B.C.

89—84

He aspired to succeed Antiochns XII. loas the youngest son of Antiochus Grypus. Ms brother, Demetrius 111., as King of Goele-Syria. He was IciUed in a war with Only a single specimen of his silver money is knotun. the Araliian Icing, Aretas III.
Bronze
Three denominations are represented below (Nos. 1 5, Nos. 6 No. 10). It is not clear how the different series involved are connected with one another.

9,

and

Head

of

Antiochus XII.

r.

diademed;

BAZIAEHZ
A N T 0X0
1

border of dots.

(to

r.

,

downwards)

Eni<l>ANoYZ
<f>IAo

TTAToPoZ
figure,

/,

KAAAINIKOY
Female
r.

, i ^ , (*« 1- downwards)

kalathos, standing

wearing long chiton and 1., holding palm in
in
1.
;

and cornucopiae
J$j;

to

1.,

outside

inscr.,

border of dots.

116-5

M

-85

inscr. partly off coin.

[Plate lxx. 18.]
114-5

M

-8
I

inscr. partly off coin.

There is some reason to tliink that the coins eta., p. Ixxvi. Eolthel long ago drew attention to the period were also minted here. evidence furnished by the Rev. type {D.N.V., in., p. 248). Another point of connection is the curious form [=200] in dates. This is regularly used on the tetradrachms of Demetrius III.
*

See

B.M.C. Oalatia,

of Tigranes's third

£

(e.g.

supra, p. 113, No. 1),
it

and

also on those of Tigranes's third period {e.g.
else.

B.M.C,

PI. xxvii. 5).

I

do not know that

occurs anywhere

Q 2

116

KINGS OP SYRIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

OsvEasE

Reverse

Bust of Antiochus XII. r., diademed and draped border of dots.
;

basiaehz ANTIOXOV AIONYZOY
Eni«I>ANoYZ
<l>IAOTTAToP02I

(to

r.,

downwards)

(to

I.,

downwards)

KAAAINIKOY
I.

Zeus, draped, standing 1., leaning with on long sceptre, and holding in r.
;

Nike crowning him
3

in ex., f^^

;

border

104 103

4

M M

of dots.
-85
-8

[B.il.a, Pl. XXVII.

3.]

Similar

;

no drapery

visible.

BAZIAEQZ ANTIoXoY
Eni<l>ANoYZ
<t>IAoTTAToPoZ

(to

r.,

downwards)

KAAAINIKOY
108

(to
1.,

1.,

downwards)
ffi
;

^

Similar type ; to border of dots.
-8

outside inscr.,

Head

of

Antiochus XII.

r.,

diademed

border of dots.

BAZIAEQZ ANTIOXOY
Eni<l>ANoYZ
«l>IAo

(to r.,

downwards)
J

KA AAI N KOY

HAToPoZ n °
*-

1

^•'

f^o^awards)

Apollo, naked, standing 1., holding palm in r., and leaning with 1. arm on tripod border of dots.
;

80

M M ^

-8

to (No. 6
is

1.,

outside inscr.,

ffl

double-struck.) to
1.,

61-5

-7

outside inscr.,

\^

IB.M.a, Pl.
59
55-0
-7

XXVII. 1.]

no monogram
-75

visible,

M

no monogram

visible.

Head

of

Antiochus XII.

r.,

diademed

Same
ing

inscr.

border of dots.

purse (?)

Hermes, standing 1., holdand caduceus; border

10

38

M

-6

01 dots.

[Pl-iTE LXX. 19.]

ANTIOCHUS
Metal
Size

XII.

1]7

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

The f(Mowing hears

the

name of Demetrias,*
he that of Anttoclms

hut the portrait appears to

XII.

Head

of

Antiochus XII.

r.,

wearing laurel-

vfreath.
'

^^

(to

1.,

dovTii-wards)

Male figure (Zeus?) standing 1., naked but for chlamys over 1. arm, leaning all within witb r. on long sceptre
;

wreath.

11

112-5

M

-8

no border

visible.

[B.M.C. Galatia, Pl. xxxv. 11.]

* See supra, p. 115, No. 9.

I

118

CITIES

AND STATES OF SYRIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Oeveese

Eeveese

CITIES

AND STATES OF SYRIA
KOmON

OF SYRIA

Tlic following coins

were struck under the authorit>j of the kolvov or provincial

assembly of Syria.

The mint was douhtless Antioch*

Trajan

€BrEPM

AYTOKPKAICNEPTPAIANOCC KOINON CYPIAC
(from
r.,
1.,

upwards)

(from

1.,

upwards)

M M
JE

Head
-75

of Trajan

laur.

Bust of Tyche

r.,

draped and turreted.

[B.M.C, Pl.
-75

XIV.

6.]

AYTOKPAKAI
TPAIA NOC

off coin.

-8

in legend.

* See E. Beurlier, in Rev. Num., 1894, pp. 286

f.

;

KINGS OF COMMAGENE

119

No.

Weight

Mktai,
Size

Obverse

Reverse

COMMAGENB
REQAL SERIES

SAMOS
Circa

140—130

B.C.

Nothimj whatever is hnown of this prince, except that he is conjectured to have been His date is suggested by the style of his coins* the founder of Samosata.

Beonze

Head

of

Samos

r.,

v^earing pointed tiara
;

BAZIAEI2Z

behind,
dots.

branch of laurel

border

of

ZAMOY
Thyrsos

(to

1.,

upwards)

KAfA?KAi?Y
173

(to

-> upwards)

between

two

cornuacopiae

M

crossed.
-85

[Plate lxx. 20.]

Head

of

Samos

r.,

radiate

;

border of

BAZIAEHZ

dots.

ZAM OY
I

(to r.,

downwards)

A^KAiSy K^A Nike advancing
palm
93-5
;

(*° ^'

downwards)

1., holding wreath and beneath, traces of

M

FA

-7

[Plate lxx. 21.]

MITHRADATES
With Mithradaies
I.,

I.

(CALLINICUS)
B.C.

Circa 96

Conmagene

enters
it

rendered

a son-in-law of Antioclms Grypus, the mountain-state of more definitely into history. Its geographical position of some importance in the struggles between Borne and Armenia, and Borne and Parthia.

Bronzk

Head

of Mithradates pointed tiara.

r.

beardless,

wearing

[B]AEIAEn[Z]t rM]l0PA AAToY [K]AAAINIKO[Y]
Athena, wearing

(to
(to

r.,

downwards) downwards)

1.,

cresl-ed helmet and long chiton, standing 1., extending r. hand, and supporting with 1. spear and shield, which stand on ground beside her.

83-5

M
M

-85 -75

116

[Plate

lxx.

22.]

* See Babelon, Bois de Syrie, pp. coviii.f. ,-,.,..-,,, the third letter has in both cases a form not distinguishable t Although the dies are different, Athena's r. hand. In neither case is there any trace of a Nike on from E-

120

COMMAGENE
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ANTIOCHUS
Circa
Inscriptions

I.

(THEOS)
(?)

69—31

B.C.

much

influenced by astrological beliefs.

therefore,

mausoleum of this monarch shoio that he was The Bev. type of the following has probably, The same may be said^ of the Rev. types used an astrological significance. on tlie coins of Antiochus IV. and lotape {see infra).*

and

reliefs

foimdin

the

Beokze
Bust
of Antiochus I. r., draped and wearing lofty Armenian tiara, decorated with an eight-rayed star, placed between two eagles which face outwards but have their heads turned back; border of
dots.

BAZIAEHZ
ANTIOXOY
Lion walking

(above)
(in ex.)

r.

74-5

M M

-85

IB.M.C, Pl.
56-5
-76

XIV. 8.]

ANTIOCHUS
Circa

IV.

(EPIPHANES)
a.d.

38—72

In the reign of Caligula the kingdom of Commagene, lohich had previously been incorporated in the Boman province of Syria, loas restored, and Antiochus IV. loas placed upon the throne. His coins, which are in three denominations, each with a distinctive Bev. type, were struch in various districts, two of which (Commagene and lacanatis) are represented here. On the types see under Antiochus I.

Bronze
Bust of Antiochus IV. diademed inscr. from
;

r.,
r.

draped and downwards
;

KOMMAr HNON
Scorpion
is

border of dots.

(from r., downwards) within plain circle, which enclosed by laurel- wreath and border
;

all

202

M
M

of dots.

1-1

BAZIAEYZM EANTIo XOZ

EHI
XIV.

[B.M.C., Pl.

9.]

234
191

1-1

BAZIAEYZMEr AZAN TloXoZ

276

M M

1-1

BACIA€YCM €rANT IOXOC€ni
BAZIAEYZA\E TAZ ANTIoXo[

1-05

KoMMA THNON

*

See B.M.C. Oalatia, pp.

xliii. £E.,

with references to

Humann and

Kleinasien itna Nordsyrien.

Puoiistein, Keisen in

;; ;

KINGS OF COMMAGENB
Metal
Size

121

Ko.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar.

254

M
M

1-15

countermark, anchor between inscr. as on No. 1.

A

and

N

[Plate lxx. 23.]
6
22-1

1

countermark, two corniiacopiae crossed inscr. as on No. 2.

(KOMM/T HNON)
;

7

195

JE 1-1

countermark, anclior between

A and N BACIA€YC M€rANTl0X0C€ni
;

(KoMMA rHNON)

8

19G-5

JE

11

doubtful countermark inscr. (partly coin), probably as on No. 1.

off

Inscr.

from

r.

downwards

;

similar type

KoMMArHNON
;

(above)
;

border of dots.

Capricorn r. above, star of six rays all within plain beneath, anchor 1. circle, which is in turn enclosed by laurel-wreath and border of dots.
;

9

122
118

10

M M

-95
-9

BAZI

MEP ANTloXoZEni
[Plate lxx. 24.]

BAZI MEfAZ- ANTIoXoZEni

Similar.

K«MMArHN±N
Similar
;

(above)
1.
;

but Capricorn

anclior

r.

;

style rude.

11

103

JE

-9

BACIMEPA NTloXoCeni
[Plate lxxi. 1.]

Similar.

Two

cornuacopiae

crossed

;

border

of

dots.

12

87-5

M

-75

BAZIANTI OXOZ

MAT H N2N

KOM

(above)

(beneath)

[B.M.C., Pl. XV. 3.]

13

07

^

-7

BACIANTIOX OC
r

KOM

NON

H

(in field)

(beneath)

122

COMMAGENE
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse-

Eeversp;

Similar to Ko.

1.

AAKAN ATnN
Type, &c. as on No. 1
circle.
;

but no plain

14

244

JE 1-05

BAZIAEYZ

.

.

.

ASANTIOXOZ
[Plati; lxxi. 2.]

15

209

M

1-05

inscr. obscure

;

do-abtfnl countermark.

lOTAPE
Ths
queen was the wife of Aniiuclms IV. Her coins are practically identical with licr husband, her name and portrait being placed on certain issues Lacanatis is again of the highest denomination of his currency. represented here as well as Commagene.

those of

Beonze

BASIAIZZA \a
AEA<t)OZ
Bust
213-5
of

TAHH
r.,

<I)IAA

Similar to No. 1 of Antiochus IV.

(from
lotape
r.,

do-vrn wards)
;

diademed

border

M

of dots.

1-15

[Plate lxxi. 3.]

BACIAICAIOT A nH<I)IAAA6A
(sic)

Similar.

Similar,

181
200-5

^ M

1-1

countermark, anchor between

A

and

N

-''

(KoMMA THNON)

1-15

same die

;

obscure countermark.

BAZIAIZZA...A
<l>0Z Similar.

nH

<|)IAAAEA

AAKAN ATXIN
Similar to No. 14 of Antiochus

IV

205-6

M

1-1

[Plate lxxi.

4.]

;

KINGS OF COMMAGENE
Metal
Size

123

No.

Weight

Obvebstd

Reverse

EPIPHANES AND CALLINICUS
Circa 72 a.d.

After the flight of AntiocJius IV., his two sons made a brief stand against the Bomnns. The following coins loere, however, probably issued during the father's reign. Nos. 1—3 are analogous to the issues of lotape, except that the princes are placed on the obverse of the second denomination.

BACIAeoc
[Y]lol

Similar to No. 9 of Antioobns IV.
(in ex.)

Epiphanes and Callinicns riding 1. on clilamydes flying horseback, with
border of dots.
129-5

M
JB

-86

[Plate lxxi.

5.]

116-5

-9

C E

H

in insor.

O

in inscr.

\_B.M.C., Pl. XV. 5.]

Similar.

Similar, with

AAKAN ATGN

111-5

M

-75

types from the series to lohich Nos. 4 f. are marked off by their Weight and module indicate that they Nos. 1 ff. belong. correspond to the second denomination.

BACIA€ 12CYIOI

KOMMA
Tiara,
;

r

H NUN
;

(from r., downwards) Two cornuacopiae crossed out of each the princes; rises head of one of between cornuacopiae, anchor, above

(from r., downwards) decorated with scorpion ; all within laurel-wreath border of dots.

which, a star
133

;

border of dots.

M
j^

-8

[Plate exxi.

6.]

120-5

-lb

[

]

E

YIOI

KOMMA

n-l

NUN

E 2

124

COMMAGENE
Wkight

No.

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

COMMAGENE IN GENEBE
The following jjrobablij belong to circa 72 A.D., when Commagene was 'settled' bij being reincorporated, in the province of Syria, to which settlement the Obv. type and legend of No. 1 may allude* All the Meo. types of the immediately pn-eceding regal
coins are no-w
to

made use of except the double cornucopiae, which mny have been felt have been too closely associated -with Epiphanes and Callinicus.
Bronze

ni Z Tl Z Two
56-5

M

(above) (beneath) clasped hands, holding a caduceus; border of dots.

KOMMAr HNI2N
Anchor
:

(from 1., upwards) border of dots.

-65

[B.M.C, Pl. XV.

7.]

Capricorn

r.

;

above, star

;

border of dots.

KoMMA TH N2N
Tiara
;

62-,

JE

-

(from r., downwards) border of dots.

[B.M.C, Pl.

XV. 9.]

Capricorn

r.

;

above, star

;

border of dots.

Scorpion; to

r,,

star; border of dots.

35

JE

-7

[JIM.C, Pl.
(No. 3
is

XV. 8.]

pierced.)

CITIES

OP COMMAGENE

ANTIOCHIA AD EUPHRATEM
Imperial Coinage

The numerals which appecir on
on
J\o.
1

the Rev. of tU coins of many S„r!„u towns, as 0/ Antiochia, probably indicate the month of i-,s.s»,-.t

M. Anrelius

AYTOKPATOPAKAIC APAMAP

KONAYPHAIONANTWNINON

ANTIOX€WNnPoC€Y<l)PATHN
A
(from 1,, upwards) Athena 1., wearing crested Cormthian helmet and aegis beneath,

M

(fi'om 1., upwards) Bust of M. Anrelius 1., laur., weaiinc cairass and paludatneutum.
-95

Bust

of

;

[Plate lxxi.
*

7.]

See W. Wroth, B.U.C.,
See Num. Chron.,

p. xlviii.
iii.,

t

4fch Series,

pp. 105

ff.

ANTIOCHIA AD EUPHRATEM— DOLTCHB

125

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

ANTIOXeWNHPOC €Y<t»PATHN
(from
Similar type
r.
;

r.,

downwards)

no

letter.

2 3

.E

-So

inscr. partly off coin.
inscr. partly off coin.

a: -85

[Plate lxxi.

8.]

L. Varus

[AYTO]KPATOPAKAICAPAA0Y KIONCOYHPON] (from upwards)
1.,

Similar.

Bust

of

cuirass

L. Verus r., laur., wearing and paludamentum.

M

-85

DOLICHB
Imperial

Coinage

M. Aurelius and L. Verus

Heads

of
;

M. Aurelius and L. Verus,
both laur.

face

to face

AOAI XAIWN A

within wreath of laurel.

iE

-95
-95

no

inscr. visible,

M

traces of inscr.

[B.M.C., Pl. XV. 11.]

Commodus

[KOM]MOAON KAICAPOCYION

Similar.

M

upwards) Bust of young Commodus r., draped head bare.
(from
1.,

;

-85

KOMMOAOC

[

]

Similar.

(from

1.,

upwards)

Bust of young Commodus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

^

-85

126

COMMAGENE
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

GEEMANICIA CAESAREA
Imperial Coinage
L.

Verus

AOY AYPH OYHPOCAVr
(from
1.,

[K]AICAP€WNr
[WN]

PMANIK6
;

upwards)

Head

of L.

Verus

1.,

laur.

Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding ears of corn in r. beneath, river-god swimming to front*;
in field
r.,

A
[Plate lxxi.
9.]

yE

1

Commodus

AYTKAIAO KOMOAONC€
(from L, upwards)

KAICA

Bust of Commodus, bearded, r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

repMA NIK€nN

KOM
B

JE

within laurel- wreath.

-96

S AMOS AT
Circa 31
27*6
B.C.

—38

A.D.

autonomous coins of Samosata (lohich loas the capital of Commagene) belong probably to the period between Antiochns I. and Antiochus IV., iclien no regal money appears to have been issued.

Beonzb

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

CAMO
CATW

(above)
(in ex.)
r.
;

91

M M

Lion walking'So
-8

border of dots.

[B.BI.C., Pl.

XVI. 3.]

Lion walking

r.

;

border' of dots.

CAMOCATIl nOAEjQC

(to (to

1.,

r.,

upwards) upwards)
r.

117

^

-85

Tyche, draped and turreted, seated on rock, holding palm-branch in r.
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XVI.

4
6

87
72

^ ^
iE

4]

-7.5

-75
-7

6

64

(no border visible.)

On

the type, see supra, p.

1.

S AMOS ATA

127

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar
125-5

;

type barbarous

;

no border.

Similar

;

type barbarous,

inscr. barbarous,

59

M

-75

inscr. rude.

Eagle
dots.

r.,

witli

open wings

;

border

of

CAM[0]
LATtO

(to r., (to
1.,

downwards) downwards)

60-5

M

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne, holding in extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre.
-65

[Plate

lxxi.

10.]

Imperial
llie

Coinage,
ff.

em from

ichich

Nos. 13

are dated begins in 71 a.d.

Hadrian

AAPIANOC C€BACTOC

<t>A

CAMO MHTPO
(from
r.,

10

M

upwards) Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from
1.,

downwards)

Head

of

Tyohe

r.,

tnrreted and veiled.

-9

[Plate lxxi. 11.]

Similar.

CAMO MHTPO KOM
within wreath, between the ends of which, a patera.
all

<|)AA

11
12

M
J&

-8

-85

AAPIANOC C€BAC
13

€TZ [=

Similar.

M
M

131 A.D.]
-75
-7

Similar,

14

title

and date

off coin.

AAPIANOC C€BACTOC
(from 1., upwards) Similar type, without cuirass.

C A

(in field, above)
;

Winged caduceus

in field, date.

15

M
M

-6

% J

t

= 130A.I,.]

16

-6

IB.M.C, Pl.

XVI.

6.]

128

COMMAGENE

No.
Size

Oeveese

Eeveese

Antoniims Pins
Inscr.

from

],,

upwards.

Bust

of

Anto-

Inscr.

from

].,

upwards.
1.

ninus Pius

r.,

laur., draped.

and

turreted, seated
r.
;

Tyche, draped on rock, holding

ears of corn in

beneath, liver-god
to front.*

Euphrates swimming
17

M

-9

.

.

.

.

NOC
18

KAITIAIAAAPIANT(UN€I

<l>

[MHTP]

CAMOC l€P ACY AYTONO KOM

M
M

-95

AVTOKAI TIAIAAAPIANTWN €INOCC€B€VC€

<t>

CAMOC l€P ACY AYTONO MHTP KOM

19

1

ANTWN6INOC

[A]YTO

KAI

T!

AIA

AAPI

«l>

CAMOC l€P ACY AYTONO MHTP K[OM]
[Of. B.M.G., Pl. XVI. 10.]

M. Aurelius

AYT- KAIC- M

[__
r.,

]

<|)CAMI€PACYAYT

(from Bust of M. Aurelius

20

M

cuirass
-85

downwards) r., laur., wearing and paludamentum.

MHTP KOM
Similar type.

_
r.,

_
downwards)

(from

L. Verus
Inscr.

from
1.,

r.,

L. Verus

laur.,

downwards: Bust of wearing cuirass and

<t»CAMOI€PA
(from
Similar type.

MHTPKOM
r.,

paludamentum
21

downwards)

M

-9

AKAAVPH
AYKAICAAY
- .

22

^

-9

OCC€B

CAM

MHT- KOM

Septimius Severus

AC€n C€OYHPOCn€PTIN ^AACAMOCAT€I2N THC MH AZC€B downwards) TPOnO downwards)
(to r.,

Head

(to

r.,

of

Septimius Severus

1.,

laur.

Two

female busts, draped and turreted

face to face.

'

23
24

M
^

1

iuscr. obscure.

1

€12 N
'

doubtful.
[Cf. J]M.C., Pl. XVI. 7.]

*

Ou

this type, see sitpra, p. 1.

;;

SAMOSATA
Metal
Size

129

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Caracalla

AYT-K

MAY ANTWNINOC
(from
1.,

<|)CAM[
T3-clie,

]

MHTPOKOMM

upwards)

Bust of young Caracalla r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

(from r., downwards) draped and turreted, seated '1.

on rock, holding ears of corn in r. beneath, river-god Euphrates swimming
to front.

.E

1

AYTKMAY ANTWNINOC C€B <|>CAMoCAT€WN MHTPo downwards) (from Similar. KOMMA
r.,

female busts, draped and turreted, between them an eagle. face to face
;

Two

26

yE

-9

eaD^le

in field above.

AVTKMA ANTWNIN0CC€B
(from
Similar.
1.,

[

]€WN MHTPO- KoM
(from
Similar.
r.,

upwards

downwards)

M

-75

eagle in field beneath.

Elagabalus

AVTKAIM AV ANTnN€INOCC CAMO CAT6I1N Tyche, draped and
(from 1., upwards) €B Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., draped.

(from

1.,

upwards)

on

turreted, seated 1. rock, holding ears of corn in r.
feet,

beneath her

Pegasos running

1.

28

M

1-25

AVTKAIMAPAV
CC
Bust
(from
1.,

ANTI2N€!NO
r.,

CAMOC AT€£1N
Similar
;

upwards)

of Elagabalus, slightly bearded,

(from 1., upwards) but oq r. hand, eagle.

radiate,

wearing cuirass and paluda-

29

M

mentum.
1

Philippus Senior

AVTOKKMIOVAI<|)IAinnOCC€B
Bust of wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from 1., upwards) Philippus Senior r., laur.,

<|>ACAMOCAT€WNMHTPOnK

OM
r.

(from
;

1.,

upwards)
ears of corn in
r.

Similar

Tyche holds

hand

;

eagle perched on her

arm.

30
31

M
M
VOL.
III.

1-3

tE 1-35
1-4

(MHTPOKOM)
head radiate.
[Plate
lxxi.

32

12.]

130

COMMAGENE
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Reverse

Similar, with

33

M

1-25

nnocc€B

AVTOKKM AIOV<|>l Al

Similar, with

<|>AACAMO CAT€(ON

AVTOKKM IOVAI<|)IAinnOCC€B
(from 1., "ujj wards) Bust of Philippus Senior 1., radiate,

Similar, with
eagle.

CAMOCA

TEXIN

;

no

34

M

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
1-15

Philippus Junior

AVTOKKM IOYAI<t>IAinnOCC€B
Bust of
35
(from 1., upwards) Philippus Junior r., laur.,

Similar, with

CAMOCHT6I2N

^

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
1-1

[Plate lxxi. 13.]

ZEUGMA
Imperial
C'oiiiaije

The date on No.

the year of Actium, wJiicli urns also the year of the original incorporation of ConwuKjeiie in Provincia Syria. The single numerals appear to record the month of striking.*

I is

prohaUy reckoned from

Trajan

SeYrA\ AT€a)N
Head
42-5
of Trajan
r.,

(from

l.,

upwards)

laur.

Lyre (chclys) 107 A.D.]

;

beneath,

5PAHT6

[--

M

-6

(No

1 is

double-struck.)

[Plate lxxi. 14.]

Antoninus Pius f
Inscr.

from r., downwards. Antoninus Pius 1., laur.

Head

of

Z€Y TMA T€WN
temple, with peribolos enclosmg grove and having a colonnade (indicated by roof slabs) running down on 1. and r. to join the portico or panelled wall of two storeys which
rises

^ letrastyle

(from

1.,

downwards)

in front.

M M

-95

-95

ANTWNINON[ AVTKPA KAICTIAIA
[

]

in field in field

r.,

A
A

r.,

*

See Num. Chron., 4th Series,

t

Ou

iii., pp. 105 flF. the arrangement here followed, see Num. Chron., 4th Stries

iii.

pp. 105

fi'.

ZEUGMA
Metal
Size

131

No.

Weight

Obverse

Hevebse

Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.

Similar type

r.

Similar

above temple, horns upwards.
;

crescent

with

M M M M

-9

]ITAIAAAPIA- ANT[
]AITITAIA[
[ ]
]

in field in field

1.,

B

;

(crescent off coin)

-9

ANTW[
- -[

1.,


so
rc

(countermai'k, star of five rays).
-8

ANTWNINOC
A[

in field

1.,

-9

]ITAIAAAPIA(countermark, star of

in field

1.,

five rays).

..y

Similar.

S€YrAA
wreath of

ATeWN
;

(from

1.,
;

upwards)
all

Similar type

no crescent

within

laurel.

M
9

-8

lANAAP
[

.

.

A/

{sic)

[- -

in field

r.,

A
[Plate lxxi. 15.]

M
M

-95

]

AAVIAITIA>I;

{sic,

from

r.,

beneath type,

upwards
-85

head

1.)

10

]TIAIAAAPIAN

[---]

beneath type,

S

L. Verus

KAI

AOYAYP OYHPONAYT O Z€YrMA
(from
1.,

upwards)

TeOJN
wreath.

Head

of L.

Verus

r.,

laur.

with numeral beneath

;

all

in laurel-

11

M
JE

-9

inscr. partly ofE coin.

r

(?)

12

-9

A
IB.M.C, Pl.
XVI.

12.]

Similar

;

head radiate,
legible.

Similar.

13

J3

-8

only

AY

r

Elagabalus

AVTKAIMAVANT£lN€INOCC
(from
1.,

S€YrA\ A T€£2N
central
pillars,
r.

(from

1.,

Bust
14

of Elagabalus r.,laur.

upwards) and draped.

Tetrastyle temple as on No. 2
pellet;

;

upwards) between

beneath type,

Capricorn

M

1-3
s

2

132

COMMAGENE — CYRRHESTIC A
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Philippus Senior

AVTOKKMIOVAI<l)IAinnOCCEB
(from 1., upvpards) Bust of Philippus Senior r., wearing 15
16

Similar,

with X2 but, between central draped statue seated to front, leaning with 1. on sceptre base of
;

pillars,

;

^

cuirass
1-2

and paludamentum.

pediment arched.

JE I'lo

countermark, eagle

r.,

with closed wings.

Similar, with head instead of bust.

S€rM AT€f2N
Similar type
; ;

(s/c,

from

1.,

upwards)
;

statue obsoare

base of

17

M

pediment straight, with crescent above it no Capricorn.
-9

[Plate lxxi. 16.]

Otaoilia Severa

MAPnTAKIAC€OYHPANC€B
Bust of hind shoulders, crescent.

S€YrM AT€aN
Type similar
to

upwards) Otacilia Severa r., draped
(fx'om
1.,

(from Nos. 15

1.,

upwards)
beneath,

f.

;

;

be-

Capricorn

1.

vE 1-15

obscure countermark.
[Cf.

JUI.C, PL.

.XVI.

13.]

Philippus Junior

AVTOKKMIOVAI<|)IAinnOCC€B
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Philippus Junior r., wearing
cuirass

Similar, but capr icorn

r.

and paludamentum.

19

^

1-15

obscure countermark.

Cyerhestica

BEROEA
Bronze
Time of Hadrian
(?)

Head

of

Tycho

r.,

veiled

and turreted

border of dots.

B€
POI

all

within wreath.

M

A
[Plate lxxi. 17.]

BEROEA
Metal
Size

133

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

Imperial

Coinage

Trajan

AVTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA PICTC€Br€PMAAKnAPe
(from beneatli, towards
1.)

B€POI

AIWN
Beneath, a numeral
of laurel.
;

all

within wreath

Head

of Tra,jan.

r.,

laur.

M

1-05
1 1
inscr. partly illegible,

A
B
r
[B.M.C, Pl.
XVII. 1.]

^ M
M

inscr. partly illegible.

1

inscr. partly off coin.

H

Similar.

Similar.

M

-t;

last part of inscr. off coin.

A

Hadrian

AVTOKPAKAIC TPAIAAPI
(from
1.,

B €

(in

field)

Branch

of

laurel

;

all

upwards)

within laurel -wreath.

Head

of

Hadrian

r.,

laur.

M

-6

[Plate lxxi. 18.]

.-

TPAAAPIAN
;

BgpOl A ICON
Branch
of laurel.

(from

r.,

downwards)

Similar

execution rude.

M

-5

Antoninus Pius

AVT KAITIAIAAAPIAN TGJN€ B€POI towards AICON
||VIO[

Head

of

(from beneath, ] Antoninus Pius r.,

1.)

laur.

Beneath, a numeral
of laurel.

;

all

within wreath

9

M
M

-9

first

three letters also off coin.

A
B

10

-95

134

CYRRHBSTICA
Metai,
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Reverse

CYREHUS
Imperial

Coinage

Trajan
Inscr.
r.,

from

1.,

upwards.

Head

of Trajan

AlOC K ATAI B ATOYKYP PHCT
(from 1., upwards) (ON Zeus Kataibates, wearing himation whicli leaves r. shoulder bare, seated 1. on rock, holding thunderbolt in extended r., and leaning with I. on sceptre; in
ex.,

laur.

numeral

letter.

M M

1-1

AYTO

[ ] TPAIANOCAPICT OCC€Br€PA\AAK

B(?)

1-05

AYTO[---]NOCAPICTOC€B---

B
[B.M.C., Pl.
XVII.

4.]

Similar.

KYPPHC

TWN

beneath, a numeral all within laurel- wreath.
;

^ ^

76
-75

AYTOKPKAINCPTPAIANOCAPIC
TC€Br€P/vAAAK

B
B

KnAP

KPKAICN

€Br6PMAA

Antoninus Pius
Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.
laur.

Head

of Anto-

ninus Pius

AloCKATAIBAToY KYPPHCTWN
(from 1., upwards) Zeus Kataibates, seated 1., as on Nos. If.; in front of him, eagle; in
field r.,

r.,

numeral

letter.

M ^ ^

-9

lANTWNINOCCCB
[
]

A A
B

inscr. partly ofi coin.

-85 -95

ANTWNIN

J!

AYTOKPATC0PK6CAPTITOC--NINOCC6B

M. Aurelius

PHAIoCoYH PoCC€B
(from 1., upwards) Youthful head of M. Aurelius r., laur.

Inscr.

from 1., upwards. with eagle; in field r.,

Similar type

B

^
iE

-9

-9

AloCKATAIBAToY KYPPHCTHN ]ToYKY PPHCTflN
[

CYRRHUS
Metal
Size

135

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.

Head

of

M.

Similar type, with eagle
letter.

;

in ex., numeral

Aurelius

r.,

laur.

10

M ^

1

AYT0KA\AYPHAI ANTilNINoC C€B

AloCKAT€ BA ToYKYPPHCT upwards) A (?) XI N (from
1.,
;

11

-95

AYTKMAYPHA ANTnN[.

_]

AIOCKAT
(from
r.,

[

]

KYPPHCTflN
;

downwards)

ex. off coin.

[Plate lxxi. 19.]

L.
Inscr.

Verus
Inscr.

from 1., upwards. Verus r., laur.
]

Head

of

L.

from

1.,

upwards.

Similar type,

with eagle.

12

M

-95

[

OYHPOCCCB

13

^
JE

-85 -85

AYTKAAYP HAO[
[

14
15

]

HAOYHPOC

KYPPHCTHN AIOCKATAIBAT OY Y KYPPHCTUN (ex. ofi coin) [_--]T€BA TOYKYPHC[.
[ ]
]

(ex. off coin)

M

-85

traces of inscr.

AIOCKAT6BATO YKYPPHCTIl
N
(ex. off coin)

Commodus
Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.
laur.

Head

of

young

Similar

;

abovo head of eagle,

A

Commodus
16

r.,

M

-9

[__]AAVPHA

KOMMOAO--

[

]

PPHCTilN

AVToKPAAoV AVKoMMoAoN
Similar.

Similar

;

in field

r.,

B
O VKVPP[_]

17
18

M M

-95
-8

A!OCKAT€BAT

AI0CKAT€BA[T] o VKVPPHCT

Philippus Junior

AVTOKKM IOVAI<l>IAinnOCC
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Philippus Juuior r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludameutum.

AlOC KA T€B ATOV
(from
1.,

€B

upwards)

in ex.) Hexastyle temple, Avithin which is statue of Zeus Kataibates, seated 1., with eagle at his the feet, as on the preceding coins
(sic,
;

KVPHCTXIN

base of the pediment is arched so as to form a canopy for him above temple,
;

ram running
19

r.

M

1-2

IB.BI.C, PL.

XVII. G.]

136

CYRRHESTICA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Keteese

HIEROPOLIS
Imperial Times
Nos. 1 f. are dated according to the Seleucid Era, and belong to the time For a higher denomination, see B.M.C., PI. xvil. 8. of Antoninus Pius. The issue was probably due to some special occasion. It is worth noting that the same year sciio an abundant issue of pseudo-autonomous piieces at Antioch.

ICPOflO AITflN
Head
26-5
of Apollo
r.,

(from
laur.

1.,

upwards)
\

Ljre (chelys) on either numeral letter.
;

side, date;

above,

M M

-5

€TO
I

(1.,

upwards)
B.C.];

ZVN

(r.,

downwards)

[=145
25

r(?)
(r.,

illegible.

€TZ (L, upwards) NVO = 145 B.C.]; r
[

downwards)

[Plate lxxi. 20.]

Impierial

Coinai/c

Trajan

For

the

'

Syrian goddess alluded to on the Bee. of the coins of and following reigns, see No. 24 iff.
'

thi

Inscr.
r.,

laur.

from 1., upwards. and draped.

Bust

of

Trajan

ACI€POnO
Beneath,
laurel- wreath,

e€ACCYPI

numeral letter; all within between the ends of

which, a patera.

^ M

--

KAICNePOYTPAIANOCAPIC TC€Br€PA\AAK
- -

A

^

1

AYTOKAICN6PTPAIANOCAPIC

TOCC€

A

Similar

;

but bust, with cuix-ass and palu-

damentum.

Similar, with

GCACCYPIA ciePonoAi

^

1-1

AP

PAIANOCAPlCTC€BrMAn
[sic)

B

Similar.

Siinilai-,

with

M

1-1

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA PICTC6B [- -] AAKHAPe

0€ACCYPI ACl€POn

)

HIEROPOLIS

137

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Antoninus Pius
Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.
laur.

Head

of Anto-

e€ACCYPI

ninus Pius

r.,

ACiepono
Beneath, numeral
laurel-wreath,
letter;
all

between

the

within ends of

which, a patera.

M M
9

-9

[---]IAAAPI ANTa)N€IN[---]
[---]
[.-_]

A
r

-85

€INOCCeB€[---]

(bust with

pal udamentum

10
11

M M M

-9

NTWN€INOC€B
AITIAIAAAPIAN
[.--]
(bust

A
Z

-85
-8

--]K

AYTOKAITITAIAAAPI[---]
witb paludamentum)

Similar, showing bust, with cuirass and

Similar, with

GCACCYP
lAciePono

paludamentum.
12
13

14
15

M ^ ^ M

-95
-9

__.TITAIAAAPI

[---]

B B r

---IAAAP-- ANT(jON[---]
[...]
[_..]

-85
-85

ANTWNeiNOCC€B
...NOCC€B---

z

M. Aurelius
Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.

Bust

of

M.

e€ACCYPI

Aurelius

r.,

laur.

ACI€POnO
Beneath,

numeral

letter

;

all

laurel-wreath, between which, a patera.

the

within ends of

16

^ M

-9

[.

.-]

ANTWNINOC
AYP.
-

e
[Plate lxxi. 21.]

17

-9

AYT KA

ANTOaNI

lA

NO C

L, Verus
Inscr.

from r., downwards. Verus 1., laur.
[---]

Head

of L.

Similar, with

A

in inscr.

18
VOL.
111.

M

'So

AYTKAI[--]

A

(patera not visible)

138

CTRRHESTICA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reveksb

Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.

Similar busb

r.

Similar, with

A

19

JR

-9

[.._]

AYPHOVHPOC

A
Z

(patera off coin)

20

M

1

---H OYHPOCAYC---]

[B.M.C. Pl.

XVII.

9.]

Commodus
Inscr.

from
r.,

1.,

upwards.

Head

of

Com-

e€ACCY

modus

bearded, and laur.

nOA€ITWN
All within wreath, between the ends of which, a patera.

PIACI6PO

21

M

-9

[-.-]

KOMOAONC€B
e€AC
CVPIAC
of inscr.,

Similar.

(above)

(beneath)
r.
;

beneath lower line within laurel-wreath, between the ends of which, a patera.

Lion walking

A

;

all

22

iE

-7

[-.-]

KOMOAONCeB
[. . .]

23

^

-7

AAIAVPHAION

Caracalla

AVTOKAI

[

]

ANTIININOC

e€Accv
chiton,

[P]

r., downwards) Bust of Caracalla 1., laur., wearing cuirass and aegis.

(from

lAciepono
(from
1.,

upwards)

AITHN

(in ex.)

The Syrian goddess Atergatis, wearing peplos and high head-dress,

seated r. on throne with back; she leans with r. elbow on arm of throne,

and holds in 1. hand a tympanum her throne is guarded on each side by a
;

lion r.

24

tE l-lo
[Plate lxxi. 22.]

Inscr.

from

r., r.,

downwards.

Bust

of

Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.

Caracalla

laur.,

wearing cuirass and

Similar type.

paludamentum.
25
Ji;

1-1

AVPHANTflNE

[A]VTOKPATnPKAIMAPKOC esAccvpiAc leponoAiTiiN
]

Similar, with head only.

Inscr.

from

r.,

downwards.

Similar type.

26

MM

AVTOK MAP KAVPH ANXn
NINOC-

eeAccvpiACi€Po

no [ajithn

.

HIEROPOLIS

139

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Revekse

Similar.

e€AC nOAITUN
.

PIACI€PO

27

M

All witliin a laurel-wreath, between the ends of which, a patera.
-9

AVTOKPAKAI

NOC

[.

1HANTI2NI

Caracalla and Julia

Domna
]

Traces of inscr.
laur.

Head

of

Caracalla

1.,

[

ACI€POnO
(from
1.,

upwards)

28*

M

Bust of Julia
-9

Domna

r.,

draped,

Macrinns
Silver

On

this

Imperial silver coinage in Syria, see under Antioch, No. 239.

AVTKMOn€AC€
OC C€
29
202-2
(from
1.,

MAKP€IN

AHMAPX €Z V
lion striding
r.

[
1.,

]

upwards) Bust of Macrinus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

upwards) Eagle standing to front, head r., holding wreath in its beak between legs,
;

(from

M

-95

[Plate lxxi. 23.]

Severus Alexander

AVTKAIMAPAVPC €AA€3EAN (from upwards) A [- ]
1.,

i:e]€ACCVPIACI €POnOAI[T]
£1

N

(from
;

1.,

upwards)

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

The Syrian goddess Atergatis on throne, as on Nos. 24 ff. but seated 1., with 1. elbow on arm of throne, and tym-

panum
30

in

r.

M

1-05

[Plate lxxi. 24.]

AVTKAIMAPAVPC6
[ ]

AA€EA

e€ACCVPIAC l€POnO AITI2N
(from
1.,

Head

(from 1., upwards) of Seyerus Alexander r., laur.

upwards)

The Syrian goddess Atergatis, wearing chiton, peplos and high head-dress,
she sits sideways, riding 1. on lion her r. supports but looks forward tympanum, which I'ests on lion's neck, while she holds sceptre in 1.
; ;

31

M

1-1

[Plate lxxi. 25.]

* This coin has been deliberately defaced on the obverse, the features of Caracalla being entirely destroyed.

T 2

140

CHALCIDICB

No.

Weight

Metai,
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Philippus Senior

AVTOKKMIOVAI
€B
Bust of
Philippus
vcearing cuirass and

<|)|AinTTOCC
Senior
r.,

e€AC cvpiAciepono
(from L, upwards)

laur.,

AITIiN
The Syrian goddess

(in ex.)

palndamentum.

Atergatis, riding
;

32

M

on lion, as on No. 31 but type r., and sceptre held in r., while 1. hand rests on her lap.
1-05

Chalcidice
CHALCIS
Imperial

Coinage

The occurrence of the elate 25 on coins both of Trajan and of Hadrian {Nos. 2 f., Nos. 6 f.) shoivs that this city used an era beginning in 92 a.d. Possibly it was in that year that it received the title of Flavia,' which
'

would thus be bestowed

in

honour of Domitian.

Trajan

AYT [
(sic;

] _ _ C€Br€AAAAKn _ _ from beneath, upwards, towards 1.)

<I>A

XAA
all

KIA€(ON
Beneath, a numeral letter;
laurel- wreath,

Bust of Trajan r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

between

the

within ends of

which, a patera.

2E

-95

[B.M.a, Pl.

xvni. 1.]

AYTOKPKAICN6PTPAIANOCA
[-_-]
JE
1

rePAAAAKHAPe

Similar; but beneath,

K €

[

= 117

A. D.]

Similar.

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA
PICTC€Br6P/v\AAKnAP
Similar.

<I>AA

(from 1., upwards) and wearing himation, standing to front, head 1., upon pedestal be holds palm-branch in r., and in 1. spear and small round shield.
Helios, radiate

XAAKIA

jn

'go

infield, beneath,

K €

[:^117

a.d.]

[Plate lxxi. 26.]

CHA.LCIS— SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

141

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Hadrian
Inscr. from.
r.,
1.,

upwards.

Bust

of

Hadrian

<I>A

laur.,

paludamentam over

shoulder.

XAA KIAEWN

Beneath, a numeral letter; all within wreath of laurel, between the ends of which, a patera.

M
JE

-95 1-1

[

]

CTPAIA NOCA
.
.

B

CTPAIA NOCAA A AYTOKPK PIANOC-K €

Similar.

Similar; but beneath,
[

[

= 117

A.D.]

M

-9

KAICTPAI--

]

Similar.

0A

OC

K € [ = 117

XAAKIAeWN
standing,
as

HAIOC€IP
1., upwards) on No. 3 no
;

A.D.] (from

Helios

pedestal.

M

1

AYTOKPKAICTPAIA NOCAAP[
[Plate
lxxi. 27.]

Seleucis and
Second Century

Pieria
B.C.

hy all founded Antioch, Apamea, Laodicea ad Mare, and Seleucia Pieria Seleucus Nikator, and named after members of the family— formed a group specially close of four cities that were at one time hound to each other hy The coins for this group were prosisier cities* ties ; they were called the haUy minted, not at Antioch, as has usually been supposed, but at Seleucia Pieria. \ These pieces, u^ich are dated according to the Seleucid
' '

Era, were issued in three denominations.

Bronze

Two

ing taenia

bearded heads, jugate, r., each wearborder of dots.
;

AAEA<|>inN

(to r.,

AHMHN
ex.
;

(to

1.,

downwards) downwards)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne, holding on extended r. Nike L, and leaning with 1. on sceptre date in
;

monograms above and
B.C.]

beneath

inscr.

236

M

1

EZP [=147
neath)
.

;

2f\ (above)

;

BY

(be-

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl.'xviii. 6.]

» Strabo, xvi. 749, characteristic t Some of the most coins of Seleucia,

„^ _^ monograms (BY, B<I>

,,^,

H)

are found on contemporary

142

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

AAEA<l>r2N

(to
(to

r.,
1.,

dovpnvs'ards)

AHMflN
two

Thunderbolt, date and monogram

downwards) winged above
; ;

inscr.,

monograms

;

beneath, one or all within laurel-

wreath.

132

M M M

-85

AHP[=148b.C.];
(beneath).

B<J (above); I^f

/^
(be-

132-5

-86

EZP [=147 B.C.]; B1
neath).
as preceding.

(above);

BY

131

-9

[B.M.C., Tl.

xvm.

7.]

Head

of Apollo
;

r.,

laur.

;

bow and quiver

AAEA<|>flN

(to (to

r.,
1.,

at shoulder

border of dots.

AHMIIN
above
wreath.

downwards) downwards)

Tripod-lebes, with holmos; in ex., date; inscr., one or two monograms; beneath, a monogram ; all within laurel-

52-5

JE

-7

AHP
[Cf.

[=148b.c.]; B1

'

(above)

;

(beneath).

y^

BM.C,

Pl. XVIII. 5.]

71

M M

-7

EiP [ = 147
neath).

B.C.];

B1

(above);

BY

(be-

67

-7

as preceding.

The following, which

is

undated, obviously belongs
later,

to

a

different,

probably a

issue*

Tvv-o

bearded heads, jugate, r., each wearing taenia border of dots.
;

AAEA<|)I2N

(to r.,
(to
1.,

AHMflN
Tyche

of city,

downwards) downwards) wearing high head-dress,

chiton and peplos, standing 1., holding wreath in extended r., and cornucopiae in 1. in field 1.,
;

128

JE

-85

y^

[B.M.G., Pl.

XVIII.

8.]

* If the Obv. type may be taken as an indication, No. 8 correqnoTids +n represented by No I In that case there has been a rknc ion by

0?^ aW ahal?
+l,o

.qo^„„

aI'J

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

143

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ANTIOCH
First

Century

B.C.

Antioch had been a mint during tlie days of the Seleucid monarchy* Subsequently As a the city itself issued bronze coins, usually in two or three denominations. ride, each issue extends over a series of years, and is followed by a period during lohich the mint appears to have been idle. The types of the highest, which is also the commonest denomination, varied but little. In the case of the lower denominations changes were not infrequent. At first the dates are reclconed according to the Seleucid Era. The earliest of the following must have been contemporary
with the latest silver issues of the Seleucid Icings
:

see supra, p. 100.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

ANTIOXE12Nt

(to r.,

downwards)
1.,

MHTPOnOAEQZ
sceptre

(to

downwards)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated ]. on throne with back, holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on long
;

monogram,
132

in ex., date; to 1., inside inscr., letter or symbol.
B.C.]

M

-75

AKS
[Plate

[=91

;

;

(to r. of date,

<|))

lxxi. 28.]

2 3

138
117
85

PKS [ = 89 TKS

B.C.]

;

branch of

laurel.

[=89b.c.];

H

4
5 6
7

140
120-5

108
118 131

M M M
M

85 85

as preceding.

AKS [ = 88
EKZ [ = 87
EKZ [=87

B.C.]; <|)(?)
B.C.];

85
85

handle of rudder

(to r.)

B.C.];

A; palm-branch
jjj

(to r.)

8 9

117 123
145
121

10
11
12

13

122
137
131-5

14
15

M M M M m M M M

EKZ [=87

B.C.];

EKZ[=87b.c.];
85
9

a above star of eight rays.
pomegranate;

ZKZ
ZKZ

[=85 [=85

B.C.];

A (tor.)

B.C.]; head-dress of Isis.

76 8 75

HKZ
AAZ

[=84
[=81

B.C.]

;

cornucopiae.

B.C.];

V^

as preceding ?

PAZ [ = 79
*

B.C.]

;

nothing

visible.

See supra,

p. 31.

t The

insor. is often partly off the flan, -while the

forms of

0.

and H vary somewhat.

144

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
iSiZE

Obvbesh

Reverse

16
17 18

93
112
129-5

M
M M

-7

CAZ

[=77b.c. ?]; nothing
B.C.]; crescent

visible.

-S

q"AZ [=76
date off coin
;

upwards,

-8

star of eight rays.

Head

of the Tyclie of
;

Antioch

r.,

veiled

ANTIOXEHN

and turreted

border of dots.

THZ

(to r.,

downwards)
1.,

MHTPOTTOAEnZ
inside
inscr.,

(to

downwards)

Tripod-lebes, out of which rise three branches of laurel; in ex., date; to 1.,

monogram,

letter,

or

symbol.
19
47-5

M
M

-65

EKZ [=87
ray a.

B.C.]

;

A

above star of eight

[B.M.C, Pl.

xviii.

10.]

20

49-5

-7

EKZ* [=87
rudder.

B.C.];

N

and handle

of

[Plate lxxi. 29.]
21
96-5
54-5 79-5
75-5

22 23

M ^
JE
iE

-6

ZKZ

[=85b.c.]; head-dressof Isis

(tor.).

-6

SKZ

[=85

B.C.]

;

head-dress of

Isis.

-6

AAZ

[=8lB.c.];
B.C.];

^
nothing
visible.

24
25

-6

BAZ [ = 80

73

M

-6

MZ [ = 72 B.C.];
The influence of

|S](?)

the rioinan conquest now sliows itself in the adoption of the Caesarian Era as the method of reclconing. At Antioch this began in 49 B.C. llie new titles should be noted, as well as the increase

in the weight

and module of

the pieces.\

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

ANTIOXEHNTHZ MHTPOTTOAEHZ
lEPAZKAIAZYAOY

(to r.,

downwards)
(to
1.,

AYTONOMOY
r.
;

downwards)
Nike,
as

date; to 1., inside inscr., symbol; above, a thunderbolt; all within laurel- wreath.
ex.,

Zeus, seated Nos. 1 f£, in

with

on

26 27

184 153

Ji

1 -95

r [=46

B.C.]

;

palm-branch,

iE

as preceding.

it

wilh'No
t

'^

""'

'^"''^

''''^'^'"'

^''^ ^^^ ^'^''^ °* ^^^ ''°'"'

'e'*^

"^^^ *'"*"

*^^ symbol, associates

Nos. 40 and 41, have been correctly read then these pieces represent respectively the second and third denomination of this issue. The form of the inscription would rather associate them with Nos. 36 ff., intra. (Mionnet v., -n 152 Nn o» ,•= "o- -^Q is misdesoribed the titles axe as on Nos. 26 f., supra.)
v., p. 152,
.
;

If the dates

on Mionnet

ANTIOCH

145

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

28
29

171 152

M

-95

^
(countermark, head of Apollo
r.)

[=45 [=45

B.C.]

;

liead-dress of Isis.

M

1

A

]3.c.]

;

(?)

Similar.

tA]NT^OX_EnN

(t„ r^ (to 1,

downwards)

A^TOn'oMOY
Similar
;

downwards)

but no thunderbolt above.

30

233

M

1

H
IB.M.C, Pl.

[=4lB.C.];
12.]

^

XVIII.

No. 31 shows marled signs of reaction* The old method of dating is rerived, while the border of the obverse is also reminiscent of the Seleucid coinage.

Head

of Zeus palm-branch

r.,
;

laur.

;

bead and

over shoulder, a reel border.

[TH]ZMHTPOnO
[AE]nZTHZIEPAZ [KA]IAZYAOY
Similar
throne.
;

[AN]TIOXEr2[N]

(tor.,

downwards)
(to
1.,

downwards)
beneath

symbol

repeated

31

190

M

1

BOX
star.

[=40

B.C.]

;

pilos,

surmounted by

[Pl.ATE LXXI. 30.]

With Nos. 82

fi.

the

Caeiarian

Era

reappears, and

is

not again abandoned.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

ANTIOXEHN MHTPOTTOAEnZ

(to r.,

AYTONOMOY
Tripod-lebes, branches of laurel

downwards) (to 1., downwards) from which rise three
;

in ex., date.
type,

32

76-5

M

-7

Al

[=38

B.C.];

to r. of

cornu-

copiae.

[Cf. Jl.M.C, Vi. XIX. 2.]

33

88

JR

-8

:

Bl

[=37

B.C.];

to

1.

and

r.

of

type,

cornucopiae.
i

*

A

similar

lAenomenon occurrea

in the

same year

at

Apamea

;

see infra,

ApaMea, No.

vol.

m.

U

UQ

SELEUCIS AND PIKRIA

No.

;

ANTIOCH

147

Weight

Mktal
Size

Obverse

Ukvkrse

jN^o.s-.

,-);!

f.

^vi'iii

til

heloiuj

til

ilio

name

(IciKiuiiiiiitioii

appenr ihat

in

22

B.C. ilwrc tcere

It would as Nos. 40 ff. two distinct issues.

iJtns

Head

of

Zens

i-..

lanr.

;

border of dots.

ANTIOXEHN MHTPOTTOAEHZ AYTO N O M OY (to
Tripod-lebes,
;

(tor.,

downwards) 1., downwards)

out of wliicli rise three brandies of laurel beneath, date all within -wreath of laurel.
;

4.5

81-0 83-5

.E -05

ZK [ = 22
[Pla-je
lx.xi.

B.C.]

u;

M

-65

as preceding.

33.]

On

noiir
to

of the

follon-in{i is the

date

IciiiJile.

It is, there.fore,

uncertain

what
r.,

series they belong.

The

wciijhts suggest that tliey are late.

Head

of

Zens

laur.

;

border of dots.

ANTloXEnN MHTPOTToAEnZ AYTO N O M OY (to
Zeus, seated
to
1.,
1.

(tor.,

downwards) 1., downwards) on throne as on Nos. 1 ff.,
;

holding Nike

r.

in ex.

,

traces of date
;

inside inscr., sj'mbol

all

within

-wreath of laurel.

47 48

142

^
yE JE

-8

!

no symbol.
palm-branch.
ear of corn.

116
131

-8

49

-7

[Pj.ate lxxi. 34.]

M. Antonius and Cleopatra
Srr.vEit

T e t r a d r a c li m

ANTWNIOCAYTOKPATOJPTPI TONTPIWNANAPOJN
(from Head of M. Antonius
of dots.
I.,

BACIAICCAKA€OnATPA0€AN
€(|JT€PA
Bust
earring,

(from
r.,
;

1.,

upwards)
diadem,

up-^vards)
,

of Cleopatra

-\voaring

r,

bare

;

bordei-

there are pearls in her hair, -svhile her dress, -which is fastened at the shoulder with a brooch, .is embroidered -with two rows of pearls

and necklace

in front

;

border of dots.

50*

233-6

/R 1-O.V
[Platk
Lxxri.
1,]

The attribution

of those pieces to

Antioch

is

not certain.

U 2

148

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Mktat.
Size

Obverse

Reveese

Iiiqji'iiid

Tinies

Under

to Borne,

rule Antioch, as a mint, became second in importance only and senatorial bronze being freely struck, in addition to the usual pronncial issues. At times, too, the city appears to have enjoyed
iiiipeii'al

silver

exceptional privileges.

Augustus
A.

Imperial

(and Municipal')

Coinage.

Silver
Tlie felradraclims strnch

under Aitgn.stus form a class by themselves.

They were
a

more (fa local

issue than most of their successors. They probably represent debased form of the Attic standard, as does all the silver of Antioch.

They are dated according

to the

Action Era.

KAISAPOZZE
Head
of

BAZTOV
r.,

Tlie

(from

downwards)
laur.
;

Augustus

r.,

bead and

Tyche of Antiocli, draped and turreted, seated r. on rock, holding palm-branch in r. at her feet, river-god, swimming
;

reel border.*

r.

around, from 1., upwards, NIKHZ, with varying date; in
;

ETOVZ
field

r.,

P^ and TA, with number

of consul-

ship.

51

228-2

.R

1

(inscr. partly off coin).

oc

K [=6— 5

B.C.]

IB

[B.M.C., Pl. XX. 10.]

52 53

235-4 233-5

.11

1-1

GK[=3b.c.]
eK[=2B.c.]
[Plate
lxxii. 2.]

IB
ir

JR 1-05

BliOKZE t

At first the small change corresponding to the tetradrachms loas furnished by pseudoautonomous pieces in one denomination. They bear the name of the'Eoman legatus, and are dated according to the Actian Era.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

ANTioxEriN
Similar type
;

ehioyapoy:
(from
in field
r.,
1.,

up-wards)

date.

64

109-;

M
iE

-8

EK [=7— G
[n.M.C, Pl.
XIX. 4.]
--8
I

B.C.]

125-5

cc

K [= 6—5
"

B.C.]

coi„:o7inf;or!;nii\rhaTrLr;ordtt^
times, see
t P-

^'^^ '=°"*^^-^'

-^-^

'^^

-^-^-^

^^^^ ^"

"'""y °* ^^^ P°'"*s l^^™ touched upon in re-ard to bront^PaLLl^'f'"^,'^''-'''''''"",''*. the bron.{e comage of early imperial "

Num.

Chron., 1904, pp. 105

^

ff.

CJuintilius Sex. F. Varus, lerjatus of Syria,

7—4

B.C.

ANTIOCH-

149

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Revekse

Similar.

ANTIoXEnN En
Similar.

I

OYAPOY

56

117-5

M

-8

ZK [=5—4
[Plate
lxxii. 3.]

B.C.]

In
the

ilie

course, of the year 5
jJteces being struck

new

4 B.C. a much more elaborate system loas introdncrd, The type ami inscripprobably in four denominations. tion contain a more than usually direct personal reference*

KAIZAPIZEBAZTn APXIEPEI
(from
r.,

downwards)
laur.

Head

of

Augustus

r.,

APXIE PATIKON ANTIOXEIZ
Beneath, date crown.
;

all

within archierafcic

57

275

M M
M

1-1

ZK [=5— 4

B.C.]

[Plate lxxh.

4.]

58 59

273
269

105
1-1

HK

[=4-3b.c.]
B.C.]

A [=2—1

Similar.

Similar.

60

208

M

1-05

ZK [=5—4b.c.]

Similar.

APXIE

PATIKON ANTIO
XEIZ
Similar.

61

137 118

62

^ ^

-85 -85

ZK [ = 5—4

B.C.]

GK [=3—2
The preceding
series

B.C.]

was issued during five successive years. Then, after an internal The new reverted to on such occasions as coins were required. the old system teas 12 a.d. should be noted, as well as the appjearance types for the year 11

change in the form of the inscription, of a second denomination, and the disappearance of the name of the legatus. espesially the

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

ANTloXEnN
OY
E,A
{sic,

from

1.,

ETTIZATOPNNN upwards) OYOAOf
if.

(in field r.)

Similar to Nos. 54
A.D.]

63

114-5

M

-75

[=4—5

*

For alternative explanations, see B.M.C.,

p. 167, footnote,

Q. F. Saturninus, t L. Volusius

lerjatas of Syria,

4-5

a.d.

150

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

ANTI[0]

XEHNMHTPonoAEnZ
;

(from above, towards r.) leaping r., with head turned back above, star of eight rays ; beneath, date.

Ram

64

119

JE

-7.:

BM [ = 11—12
Head
of 'IVche
r.,

A.D.]

veiled

and

turreted.

ANTI

(from 1., uj^wards) [ ] Three ears of corn on one stalk

;

in

field, date.

65

44-,

JE

-6

B
[Plate
lxxii.

M = 11—12
[

A.D.]

6.]

With

Ihe advait of a iiei.r loijatus, the form of the inscription choiiges, the name licimj not only restored, hut placed first.

Similar to K"o. 64.

EniZIAANoV*ANTIoXEIlN
(from
Similar to No. 64.
1.,

upwards)

60 67 68

124

TM [ = 12—13

A.D.]

99

^

•7.-|

110

AM
B.
Senatorial

[=13— 14

A.D.]

Coinage

Beonze
The semdorial
issues ace distingnislied by their characteristic rercrsc and also by the use of Latin for the obrcrse inscription. There were, probably, four different denominations, the largest beitig the most common.

IMPAVGVST TR POT
(from
r., r.,

S

C

in plain circle
;

;

all

downwards)
laur.

within wreath

of laurel

Head
GO

of

Augustus

plain border.

M

1-1

beneath,

»^
[/.'Jl/.r.,

Pl, XX. 9.]

AVGVST TR POT
(from r., downwards) Similar type head bare.
;

Similar.

70

/E

-95

Similar
71

;

head

laur.

Similar

/E

-9

;

no dot between

letters.

* Q. Caccilias Metellas Creticus Silaaus, legatus

ol'

Syria,

12—17

ANTIOCH

15]

No.

1,52

SELECJCIS

AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reveesb

GermanicTis
Senatorial

(?)

Coinage

Bronze
[

]

RMANICVSCAES-(from
1.,

SC

upwards)
laur.

in plain wreath.

circle

;

all

within laurel-

Head
78

of

Germanicus

(?) r.,

JE

1

[Plate

lxxii.

6.]

Caligula Imperial

Coinage

SiLVEU

Tetradrachms

TAIOYKAIZAPOZ- ZEBA- PEP
MAHead
(from r., downwards) of Caligula r., laur. bead and
;

AfPinnEINHZ- ANTIO* MH (from TPO downwards)
r.,

reel border.

of Agrippina Senior r. behind, pellet ; in front, regnal year of Caligula.
;

Head

79

228-4

M
.11

-95

inscr. partly off coin.

A
ET
B
[

= 37

A.D.]

80

229-8

1
(No. 80
is

ET
[Plate
lxxii.

[

= .38

A.D.]

double-struck.)
7.]

Claudius
Senatorial

Coinage

Bkonze

IMTICLACAEAVGER
Head
81
(from r., downwards) of Claudius r., laur.
;

S'C

in plain circle;

all

within

laui-el-

wreath.

M

-95

(inscr.

obscure standing r.)

countermark,

Athena

Similar,

Similar

;

no dot.

82

^

-75

inscr. obscure.

* These letters (which have not been noticed before) are usually entirely on the specimens here catalogued they are only partially visible.

off

the flan

Fvon

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

153

No.

Weight

Obvebse

Reverse

Nero
A.
Imperial

(and Municipal) Coinage
SiLVEJB

The following,

the attribution of

loMch

is

not quite certain, are remarkable

as having Latin inscriptions.

T e t r a d r a c li m s

NEROCLAVDDIVI CLAVDFCA

ESARAVGGERM
of

DIVOSCLAVDAVG CPATERAVG
(from
r.,

GERMANI
upwards)

(from

r.,

upwards)

Head
83
8-4

Nero

r.,

laur.

Head

of Claudius

r.,

laur.

208-5

M
^l

1-05
1-05

(inscr. partly off coin.)

2101
201-3

behind, star behind, star.

;

(inscr. partly off coin .)

85

JR 1-05

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 5.]

Didrachm

[NEROC]LAVDDIVICLAVDFCA (from upwards) ES AR
r.,

[DIVOSCL]AVDAVGVSTGERM
ANICPATER[AVG]
(from
r.,

Head
111-4

of

Nero

r.,

laur.

upwards)

Head

of Claudius

r.,

laur.

M

-85

[Plate

iaxii. 8.]

The folloiuing are dated loth by the Caesarian Era and by the regnal year of the Emperor. In No. 90 lue meet for the first time with the Eev. type that was destined to become characteristic of the imperial silver of Antioch.*

Tetradrachms

NEPHNOXKAA
(from
r.,

[

-

]

lOY
of

downwards)

Head
dates.

(from r., downwards) Claudius r., laur. in front,
;

Head
87
221-8

of

Nero

r.,

laur.

M

-95

[=56a.d.]
jIp

[Plate

lxxii.

9.]

NERjQNOZ
Similar.

ZAPOZZEB
(from
r.,

ArpinnEiNHZ zebazthz
Bust
of

downwards)

(from r., downwards) Agrippina Junior r., draped;

in front, dates.
[

227-6 221-2

JR

1

EP

= 56

A.D.]

M

-95

as preceding.

*

The

series

had been inaugurated

at least

two years previously; see B.M.G.,

p.

174,

No. 189.

X

154

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Wbmght

MtTAL
Size

Obverse

Reverse

NEPQNOZKAISAPOZ ZEBAZ

TOY
Bust

(from

r.,

downwards)
wearing
aegis.

of

Nero

r.,

laur.,

Eagle standing to front on thunderbolt, with head 1. and wings open in field in field r., dates. 1., palm-branch
; ;

90
91

232 226 4

M M

1

1*^

[

= 6lA.D.]

1

as preceding.

NEPnNKAIZAP ZEBASTOZ
Similar
;

Similar type
field r.
1.,
;

style different.

head r. palm-branch in around, from beneath, towards
; ;

date.

92

230-5

/ll

1

ETOYS

AlP

O

[=62

A.D.]

NePnNKAICAP CE BACTOC
Similar.

Eagle, with wings open and wreath in beak, standing, three-quarter face towards 1., on branch; in field 1., palm-

branch

;

to r.,

downwards,

date.

93

229

-,1

M

1

ETOYC O AlP
[Plate
lxxii.

[=62a.d.]

10.]

Similar to No. 92

;

style different.

Similar to No. 92

;

style different.

94

233-;

M

1

ETOY2. BIP

I

[=63a.d.]

Bkonze
ruder Nero there irere great developments in regard to the bronze currency. The of pse.udo-autonomous pieces loas revived, and these tcere brought into connection. with the pieces that had superseded them (see under Nos. 72 ff.). To each of the_ pseudo-autonomous groups to be described below there corresponded an issue of bilingual pieces, in two denominations, resembling No. 96, but dated, like the pseudo-autonomous pieces, according to the Caesarian Era.
issue

IM

NERCLAV CAESAR
(from
r.,

Eni

downwards)

Head

of

Nero

r.,

laur.

OYANTI OXEG
N*

KESTl

.

95

101

M

'8

In plain circle
inscr. obscure.

;

all

within laurel- wreath.

The mag
It

strate

is

C. Cestius Gallus, legatas a.d.
66.

probably belongs either to a.d. 65 or to A.D. connected with Nos. 103 ff., iti/ra.

63—68.

(Cf.

Although the piece B.M.C.,>f 175, Nos. 201 f ) p. )
'

is

undated
ii is tnns It isthn^

ANTIOCH

15c

No.

Weisht

Metal
SiZK

Obverse

Reverse

Hie

(jiicxlioii

of precedence, as belioeen

the

people of Aniioch and

tlie

legatus {see

iVo.s.

54, 63 and 66), is now settled by a compromise, the name of (he former On the loioer denomination it remained being transferred to the Obv.

on the Kev.

A N T O X EG N
I

(to r.
r.,

,

do vs'h wards)

EniKoYAAPATOY*
(from
1.,

Head

of Tyclie

veiled

and turreted.

upwards)
:

Ram
96
98-5

leaping r., with head turned back above, star of six rays;, beneath, date.

JE

-65

inscr.

oS

coin.

AP
[Plate
lxxii.

[=55
11.]

A.D.]

Similar.

Similar

;

but star within crescent

r.

97

84
97-5

JE

-7

ETAP
[B.M.C., Pl.
XIX.

[=65

A.D.]

98

M
M

-7

ETEP [ = 56
8.]
[

A.D.]; (star has seven rays)

99

93

-75

EToc P

= 5G

A.D.]

Bust

of

Artemis

r.,

draped and wearing

ANTIOX EQNAP- [=55
(from
r.,

a.d.]

stephane.

downwards)

Branch
100

of laurel.

46

M

-65

IB.M.C, Pl.

XIX. 7.]

The following group was probably struck in the interval between the death of Qtiadrafus and the arrival of Corbulo. The name of the Roman legatus now disappears finally, nor were any pieces resembling No. 95 60 (HP)strnch for the year a.d. 59

ANTIOXEHN
Head
101
100-5
of

(to r., doi^Tiwards)
r.,

Lighted

altar,

garlanded

;

in

ex.,

date.

Tyche

veiled

and turreted.

M

-75

ET-HP

[

= 59a.d.]

Bust of Artemis
stephane.

r.,

draped and wearing

ANTIOXE ET-HPLyre
{chelys).

[

= 59
r.,

a.d.]

(from

downwards)

102

52

M

-65

[B.M.C., Pl. XIX. 10.]
legatus of Syria, A.D.

*

C.

Ummidius Durmius Quadratus,

51—59,

X

2

156

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

METAIi
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Nod. 103

ff.

leere issued while

see

Cestius Gallas held under No. 95, supra.

office

as legatus

Similar to No. 101.

Similar to No. 101.

103

89

M

-75

ET-AIP

[=65a.d.]

Similar to No. 102.

Similar to No. 102.

104 105

70
47

M M

-65

ANTIO

XEET

AlP [=65

a.d.]

-65

as preceding.*

ANTIOXEQ N
Head
of

Zeus

r.,

(from r., downwards) wearing taenia.

The Bonle seated

1.,

wearing chiton and
; ;

peplos, dropping pebble into voting-urn 1. hand rests on seat around, from r.,

downwards,
106

date.

M
89-5

-8
I

-6X0 €IP [=66a.d.]
[Plate
lxxii.

12.]

107

M

-7

ETO EIP
Head
of Apollo
laur.

[=66a.d.]

r.,

ANTlOX-€T€IP = 66a.d.]
[

(from
108

r.,

dovynwards)

55

^

Branch
-6

of laurel.

IB.M.C, Pl.

XIX.

12.]

B.

Senatorial

Coinage

Bronze
In.scr. illegible.

Head
JT'

of

Nero

(?) r., laur.

SC-

109

^

in plain circle; wreath.

all

within laurel

1

countermark,

IM
-110

NER CLAV- CAESAR(from
r.,
;

Similar

;

no dot after

letters.

downwards)
in front, lituus.

^

Head
1-1

of

Nero

r.,

laur.

111

M

Similar.
-95

Similar.

*

Possibly, however, the date

may

be

AlP

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

157

No.

Wkioht

Obverse

Kbversb

Similar

;

bnt in place of lituus, serpent.

Similar

;

but dot between

letters,

and

in

112

M M M M

field above.

-75

Similar
-85
-9

;

no serpent.

Similar

;

but dot in

field

beneath only.

113
114

115

-85

no dot

visible.

Galba
A.
Imperial

{and Municipal) Coinage

Silver

T etradrachm
Head
of

Galba

r.,

laur.

;

in front, star.

Eagle, vntb wings open, three-quarter face towards 1., standing on thunderbolt in
;

116

215-3

M

palm-branch upwards, [ETOYZ]
field
1.,

;

around, from

1.,

NEOYIEP*---

-95

inscr: illegible.

(No. 116

is

pierced.)

Beonzr

IMSERSVL
Head
of Gralba
r.,

G
(from
r.,

AE
downwards)

ERI

laur.

NOYANTI oXEUNt
all in plain circle enBeneath, date closed by laurel- wreath.
;

MOYKIA

117

236-5

^1-2

•ETZIP [=69a.d.]

Similar; border plain

(?).

Eni

NOYANT
ioxehn
Similar
;

MOYKIA

but no plain

circle.

118

222

JE

1-2

ETplZ [=69a.d.]
[Plate
lxxii.

13.]

*
^'

On

Pick, Zur Tihdatur der Flavier, in Z./.N,, the significance of this legend, see
is

xiv,,

No.

t The magistrate 123.

legatus of Syria, a.d. 67-69. C. Licinins Crassua Mncianus,

Of.

158

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Revebse

ANTIOX
119
98-5

6I1[N]
(from
1.,

Lighted

altar,

garlanded

;

in ex., date.

downwards)

M

Head
-85

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

ET-ZIP [=69a.d.]
Bust of Artemis
stephane.
r.,

draped and wearing

Branch

of laurel

;

around, from

r.,

down-

wards, date.

120

67-5

^

-65

ET ZIP [=69
B.
Senatorial

A.D.]

Coinage

Beonze

IMSER SVLG ALBACAE
(from
r.,

S-C

in plain circle;

all

within laurel-

downwards)

wreath.

121

M

Head
1-2

of

Galba

r.,

laur.

(No. 121

is

from the same obverse die as No. 117, indicating that imperial and senatorial issues were probably struck at the same mint.)
[Of. B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 11.]

Similar,

Similar

;

no dot between

letters.

122

M

-Sc

inscr. illeg-ible.

Otbo Beokze
A.
liiqteriul

Coinage

IMPM OTHO CA EAVG
(from
r.,

Similar to No. 117.

downwards)

123

248-5

M

Head
1-25

of

Otbo

r.,

laur.

ET-ZIP [=69
[Plate
lxxii.

A.D.]

14.]

B.
Inscr.
r.,

Senatorial
of

Coinage
in

from

1.,

downwards.

Head

Otho

laur.

SC

plain circle

;

all

within laurel

wreath.

12i
125 126

M

1-1

IA\P

M

OT... AESAVG
H OCES--VG
countermark,

dot between letters, dot in field above,

M M

11
1-1

IMP

MOT
;

inscr. illegible

M'OTO
{sic)

no

dot.

Similar.

Similar.

127

^

1

IMP

MO

THO CAE AVG

dot between

letters.

ANTIOCH

159

No.

Weight

Mktal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Vespasian
A.
Iinperlal

[and

Municipal)

Coinage

Silver

T etradr achms

[AYTO]KPATKAISAOYEZn
(from
1.,

--

upwards)

[T<|>]AAYIOYEZnKAIZETOYS N EOYI EPO [Y]* (from upwards)
1.,

Head
128

of

Vespasian

r.,

laur.

Head

of Titus
A.D.]
;

r.,

laur.

;

in

front,

B

222

M

[=
-9

70

behind, star.

[B.M.C., Pl.

sxii. 4.]

AYTOKPAOY€CnACIANOC
KAICAPC€BACTOC
of

Head
129
216-5

(from beneath, towards Vespasian r., laur.

1.)

Eagle, -with wings open and wreath in beak, standing, three-quarter face toin field 1., palmwards 1., on club branch around, date, from 1. upwards.
; ;

JR

1

(inscr. partly illegible)

€TOYC N€OY l€POY
A.D.]

B [=70

130

227-9

M

1

as preceding

;

partly off coin.

AVTOKPATKAIZAOVEZnAZIA

Similar type

;

NOV

Head
131
230-5

(from 1., upwards) of Vespasian r., laur.

symbol

;

ai'ouiid,

no -wreath in beak sam.e from 1., upwards,
;

ETOVZ lEPOVi
numeral.

above

r.

wing,

132
133

237-2
211-5

M M
JR

1 1
inscr. partly ofi coin.

B [=70a.d.]

A

[=

72 A.D.]
off coin.

pi. -95

numeral

AYTOKPATQPOY€CnA CIAN (from upwards) OCKA
[

]

1.,

Eagle, with wings open, standing to front, holds head r., upon garlanded altar
;

Head

of

Vespasian

1.,

laur.

palm-branch iu
in beak;

r.

claw, and caduceus
r.

around, date, from

down-

wards.

134

222

JR

1

6TOVC N6[OV
[=
[Cf.

]

I6P

OVA

72 A.D.]
5.]

B.M.C.

Pl.

XXII.

*

See

p. 157, footnote.

160

SELEUCIS

AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveesb

Bbonze*
135 forms one of a small group, struck apparently in 73 A.D.f Probably they were issued on some special occasion. It is remarkable to find the name For a corresponding piece with Greek inscription, of the city in Latin. see infra, No. 189.
No.

IMP VESP- AVG P M T P
(from
1.,

ANTI OCHIA

(from

I.,

upwards)

135

72

M

Head
-85

of Vespasian

r.,

laur.

Draped bust of. the Tyclie veiled and turreted.
XXII.

of

upwards) Antioct r..

[B.M.C., Pl.

3.]

B.

Senatorial

Coinage

Bronze

IMPCAESAR VESPASIANAVG
(from
1.,

SC

within laurel- wreath.

upwards)

136

^
M

Head
1-05

of Vespasian

r.,

laur.

Similar.

Similar.

137

-85

Titus

A. Imperial {and Municipal) Coinage

The following, although struck under

the authority of Titus, really belong to the reign of Vespasian.

SiLVEK

Tetradraclim

AYTOKPTITOZ
Head
138
220'2
of Titus
r.,

KAIZ
1.,

OYEZn

(from
laur.

upwards)

Eagle, with wings open and wreath in beak, standing 1. on palm-branch in
;

field
1.

1.,

club

downwards

;

around, from

upwards, date.

M

105
[Plate

ETOYZ
lxxii.

r IEPOY[=71

A.D.]

15.]

Bronze

TCAESARIM PPONT
(from
1.,

€ni
upwards)

Head

of Titus

r.,

laur.

NOY ANT
ioxchni
Beneath, date
;

TPAIA

all

within laurel- wreath.

139

109-5

JE

-85

€T-€KP

[=76a.d.]
[Plate
lxxii.

16.]

* See also Nos. 139—141, which were struck in Vespasian's reign. t See Pick, inZ./.]f., xiv., p. 347. Cf. No. 147, in/ra. + The magistrate is M. Ulpius Trajanus (father of the Emperor Trajan), legaius in 76 a.d.

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

IGl

Ko.

Wkight

Obvebse

Keveese

ANT
140

I

O X Eil N
of Tyclie
r.,

(from
veiled

r.

Head
84

downwards) and turreted.
,

Lighted

altar,

garlanded; in

ex., date.

JE

-8

€T€KP
[B.M.C., Ph. XX. 2.]

[=76a.d.]

141

101

JE

-Tc

€Tb: KP [=77

A.D.]

B.

Senatorial

Coiuaga

Bronze

TCAESARIM PPONT
(from
14'2
1.,

t

SC

witliin laurel- wreath.

upwards)

143

M M

Head
-85
-8

of Titus

r.,

laur.

inscr. partly off coin.

Domitian

A.

Imijei'ial

(and Mnniciijal')
SiLVBE

Coiiuuji'

Tetra drachms

AVTOKKAIZAPAOMITIANOZ
ZEB
Bust
of

(from

1.,

upwards)
r.,

Domitian

laur.,

wearing

Eagle, with wings open, standing r. on thunderbolt; in field r., palm-branch; around (from beneath towards 1.),

ETOYZ NEOYIEPOY
144
223-9

M

1-1

above L -wing,

B

[_— 82 a.d.]

[Plaie

lxxii. 17.]

AYTKAIZAPAOMITIANOZZEB
]45
224-2

Similar, with

H

[=; 88 A.D.]

M 1-05

TEPM

Similar.

O

and

V

in inscr.

AYT OKAIZAPAOMITIA NOZ ZEBTEPM Similar.

Eagle, with wings open and wreath in beak, standing to front, head r., on

thunderbolt; in field 1., palm-branch; around, from r. downwards,

ETOYZ NEOY lEPOY ENAEKATOY
A.D.]

14G

213-2

M

l-Oo

[

= 91

162

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Mktal
Size

Obveese

Eeverse

Beosze
The following belongs
It
is

to a group lohicli we have alreadij encountered (No. 135 the mention of Doinitian's second considship that enables the

ff.).

date to be determined. *

CAESARDOMITCOSII
(from
l-i7
1.,

ANTI OCHIA
upwards)

(from

1.,

72-5

M

Head
'75

of

Domitian

I.,

laur.

Draped bust of the Tjche veiled and turreted.

of

upwards) Antioch r..

B.

Senatorial

Coinage

Bronze

IMPDOMITI ANVSCAESAVG
(from
1.,

SC

all

within laurel- wreath.

upwards)

US

M

Head
1-2

of

Domitian

1.,

laur.

IMPDOMITIA NVS
Siniilar;
r.,

Similar.

countermark, Athena standing

with spear ajid shield.

149

JE 1-05 JE
1

160

DOMITIAN VSCAESAR,
Similar
;

Similar.

no countermark.

151

152

M M
M

-95
-9

N

oS

coin.

inscr.

continuous

;

N

has form

H

CAESARDOMITCOSM
-9

Similar.

153

S-C

within laurel-wreath.

Nerva
Senatorial

Coinage

Bronze

On

the significance of

tlie

numeral

letters

which now make their apijearar,
12-i.

sea supra,

p.

IMP CAESAR NER VAAVG(from ICOS upwards)
• 1

S-C

Beneath, numeral letter

;

all

within

1

1.,

laurel-wreath.

Head
15-1
2S1

of

Nerva

r.,

laur.

1-05
1-2

inscr. partly off coin

A A
*

155

M

See Pick,

!..

%

.

ANTIOCH

L63

No.

Weight

Metat.
Size

Obverse

Reverse

156
157 158 169

M

1-05

B

JE 11

A
DC

M M

m

1-1

0*

Similar.

Similar.

160

M

1

inscr. partly off coin.

r

Similar.

Similar.

161

M

-85

B

Trajan
A.
Imperial
Coinar/e

Silver

T e t r a d r a c h. m s
For
under the Eastern method of dating by regnal years there was siibstitided Trajan one lohich, though less precise, was more characteristically Boman.-\ The reappearance of the Tyche as, a Rev. type is interesting.

AYTOKPKAICNePTPAIA NOC upwards) (from C€Br€PM
1.,

Eiigle,

beak,

Head
162
219-3

of Trajan

r.,

laur.

with -wings open and -wreath in standing facing, head r., upon palm-branch around, from 1. up-wards,
;

AHMAPX€ZYnATB
[Plate lxxil 18.]

M

1

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC €Br€PMAAK (from upwards)
1.,

The Tyche

reted, seated

Head
r.

of Trajan
1.

r.,

laur.

;

beneath, eagle

of Antioch, draped and turr. on rock, holding ears at her feet, river-god of corn in r.
;

and club

swimming

r.

;

around, from

1.

upwards,

AHMAPX €EYnAT€
[Plate
lxxii.

163

216o

M

1-15
19.]

"^^^"^ « On thi3 coin the apace between the ends of the wreath, ,^*'°-''' " °^^"P|,^f pellet. jf, a conventionahzed bulla (?) or a ^J,f standing 1., looking back. The usual ornament is Z./.JJ^.,xiv.,pp. 314f. ^ ,. ,,, t SeePiok, in t Nos^ mo f 163 f Antioch as the mmt of ^ * The Rev. type appears to point almost irresistibly to in separating these pieces from Tyee, Nos. 4o I have had great hesitation At the samrtime, of style, and on account of the eagle and and 47 ff both oA account of the general similarity the Obr. club on
.
>.

T 2

1G4

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obteese

Eevebsr

Similai".

Similar, with

. . _

€HIHYnATC;
A.D.]

164

211-9

M

1

[Tni. Pof.

xviii.

= 115

B.

Senatorial

Coinage

Beonze
The disappearance of Latin inscriptions even from should he noted. For a temporary revival,
Inscr.
the Senatorial issues see

No. 264.
letter
all

from beneath towards
v.,

1.

Head

S C

of Trajan

laar.

Beneath, numeral within laurel-wreath.

;

165

JS 1-05

C€Br€PMAAK
166
167

AVTO KPKAICN€PTPAIA NOC A
ICN€PTPAIANOCAPIC--with paludatnentuin.)

M M

1-1

---

B

(no dot between letters)

(bust,

11

AYT OKPKAICNePTPAl ANOC C€Br€PA\AAK
[.

A
H

168

M
^

1-05

€Br€PA\AAK
169
1-1

]OKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA PICTC€Br€PMAAKnAPe (bust,
with cuirass and paludamentnin.)
Similar.

Similar.

170
171

M

-85

--- ICN6PTPAI
[---]
[
.

ANOCC€Br€P

A
Bl

M

-8

.JOKPKAICN6PTPAI A--.

Hadrian
A.
Imperial

{and Mmiicijial) Coinage
SiLVEH.

T61radrachm
The Eeo.
ti/pe

m
P
_ _ .

which

of the following doubtless alludes to the legend regarding the the future site of Antioch loas divinehj incUcated
to its

manner

founder.

AYKAI0€TPAnAPYie€N€PYIT
6B*
(from
1,,

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., and paludamentum.

upwards) wearing cuirass

Eagle, with wings open, standing facing, head 1., holding leg and thigh of an animal in its talons around, from 1.
;

upwards,

AT
172
194-'j

r

AHMAPX- €Z r-Yn
III.

.R

1

\Trih. Pot.

= 120 A.D,]
form is—

* This inscription

ia

better preserved on Nog, 190

f.

Its full

AYTOKPATWP KAICAP e€OY TPAIANOY HAPGIKOY YIOC e€OY N€POYA YIWNOC TPAIANOC AAPIANOC CeBACTOC

ANTIOCH
Mbtal
Size

165

Xo.

Weiohx

173 174

83
85-5

JE
JE

-7

-7

175 176

74 70

M M
JE

-7

-65

177

70

-7

178 179

77
71

^
JE

-65
-75

180

39 5

M

-6

181 182

44
52

M

183

55-5

166

SELEUCIS AND PIERTA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

ANTIOX€I2N THCAAHTPOH
(from
].,

Similar.

upwards)

184

46

M

Similar type
-6

1.

€TOVC ZOP
r.,

[=128

A.D.];

in field

r

Traces of inscr.

Bust

of Apollo

r.,

draped

aad

laur.

Lyre (chehjs) aroutid, wards above, letter.
; ;

date,

from

1.

up-

185

38

JE

-6

€TOY ZOP [ = 128 A.D.];

above,

A

ANTIO
186
58

MH
(from
r.,

Similar

;

but date from

r.

downwards.

downvpards)

M

Similar type.
-6

€TOYC ZOP = 128 A.D.];
[

above,

B

ANTIOXeWN THCMHTPOnO
A€
187
58

Similar.

M

(from 1., upwards) Similar type 1.

-65

€TOYC ZOP- = 128 A.D.];
[

above,

B

[A]NTIOX€WN /v\HTPO[Similai".

Similar

;

but date from

1.

upwards.

188

45

Al -55

€TOY ZOP = 128 A.D.];
[

above,

f

The cji-oiqj to loMch No. 189 belongs furnishes an exact parallel to a group, with Latin inscriptions, issued during the reign of Vespasian (see Nos. 135 and It may hav^ been strach in Novemher 129 A.D., during 147). the period
of Hadrian^s residence.

AYTOKPKAICT
Bust
of

..

[. . _]
1.,

C€B

(from

upwards)

ANTIOX€WN THCMHTPOnO
A€
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

Hadrian

r.,

lanr.,

paludamentum

over shoulder.

Draped bust of the Tyche of Antiooh r., veiled and turreted in front, numeral
letter.

189

72-5

M

-7

B
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 13.]

;

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

167

No.

Weight

Obverse

Severse

B.

SeiMton'id

Coinaije

Bronze

AYTKAICeTPnYieN€PYia)TP AAAPIANOCC6BAC*
(from ]., upwards) Bust of Hadrian r., laur., weaa-ing cuirass and paludamentum.

SC

Beneath, numeral letters f;

all

within

laurel- wreath.

190
191

JE l-Oo

inscr. partly off coin.

AB
countermark, branch.

M

11

inscr. partly off coin

;

AB
[Plate
lxxii.

20.]

Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.

Similar type.

S-C

Beneath, numeral letter

;

all

within

laurel-wreath.

192

M M
M

-8

AYTOKPKAICTPA AN AAP AN
I I

193

-8

AYTOKPKAI --[---] PIANOCC €B

194

-8

AYTOKPKAICTPA AN AAP AN OCC€B
I
I

Antoninus Pius
A.
f

Municipal

Coinage

Bronze
It

would seem that, the years
characterized

145—146 and 146— 147
Nos. 173
ff.).

a.d.

weve marled

hi/

some noteioorthy event -which led to specicd monetary activity such as

had

128—129

a.d. (see above,

Of. Hieropolis,

Nos. 1

f.

The remarkable

decline in weight should he noticed.

ANTIOX€a)N THC
(from
r.,

MHTPOH

Ram

running
star

r.,

with head turned back;
crescent
r.
;

I'Jo

34

M

downwards) Head of Tyche r., veiled and tari-eted beneath, ram running r., looking back.
-7

above,

enclosed by

beneath, date.

€TOYAqP [ = 145a.d.]
Similar.

[ANTIOX]€
196

T MHT

Similar; no

38

M

ram
-65

beneath.

€TAqP
* See footnote on No. 172. double letters, see t On the

[=145a.d.]

Num.

Chron., 1903,

p, 110.

168

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

Ko.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

ANTIOX6C0N
Similar type.

[

]
1.,

Similar; but type and symbol
Tipvfards)

1.

(from

197

36

M

-6

ram beneath

?

€TAqP
Lighted

[=145

A.D,]

AN Tioxen N
198 40

[

]

altar,

garlanded

;

in ex., date.

(from L, upwards)

M

Similar type.
-65

€TOASP
ANTIOXeWNTHCAAHTPOn--Similar; beneath, head tui-ned back.
Similar.

[=145a.d.]

ram running

r.,

with

199

43

JE

-65

[€]TOYCAq[P]* [=145
field r.,

a.d.]

;

in

B

[Plate

lxxii.

21.]

Same
200
53-6

die as No. 198.

Similar.

JE

-65

€T€qP [= 146

A.D.]

;

in field

1.,

B

AN[
Bust
201
32-5

]HCMHTPOnOA€GJC
(from
of Apollo
1,,
1.,

Branch

of laurel

;

around, date, from

I.

upwards)

upwards.

laur.

and draped.

M

-6

€TOYC Aqp
I2NTAA
r.

[=145

A.D.]

[

]

(from

r.,

downwards)

Similar

;

but date from

r.

Similar type

downwards.

202

22-5

JS

-55

€T eqP

[=146

A.D.]; in field r.,

ANTIOX
Similar type
1.

(from

1.,

upwards)

Winged caduceus
downwards.

;

ai'ound, date,

from

1.

203

24-5

JE

-5

6TO €qP
above,

[=146

A.D.];

in field

r.,

A

[Plate

lxxii. 22.]

*

This date cannot be regarded as certain;
flan.

the

the lower portion of th^ letters

is

off

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

169

No.

Weight

Obveksk

Reverse

ANTIOXeCJNTHCMC
20 i
26

]

Similar

;

but date from

1.

upwards.

M

Similar.
-55

€TOYC €qP
r,,

[=146a.d.]*; infield

beneath,

I

Bij the year

158

a.d. a great recovery in weight

had taken

place.

ANTIOXE[-.Head
205
58-5
of Tyclie

-]

MHTPO
r.,

(from
r.,

veiled

downwards) and turreted.

Garlanded altar, on which is eagle, with open wings, standing to front around, date, from 1. upwards.
;

M

-7

•€TO -ZC
[^B.M.C, Pl. XX. 7.]

[=158a.d.]

B.

Senatorial

Coinage

Beonzb
Insor.

from

1.,

upwards.
laur.

Head

of Anto-

S-C

Beneath, numeral letter

;

all

within

ninus Pius

r.,

laurel- wreath, t

206

M
^

-95
1.,

AAP ANTWNCIN
with paludamentum.)

(bust

B
r
(no dot between letters)

207

1-1

AYTO KAITI Al AAAPI ANTWN€I NOC
_ _ _

208

JE 1

AAPIANTa)N€INOCC€[- - -]
wearing cuirass and paludamen-

(bust,

tum).

209

JE 1-05

AYT KAITIAIAAAPIANTO) N€ with paludaINOCC6B
mentum.)
(tinst,

210

JE 105

AYTOKAITIA[-

- -]

WNeiNOC Z
I

(no dot between letters)

C€B€YC€
AYTOKAITIAIAAAPIANTCONG
H

[Plate lxxii. 23.]

211

JE

1-05

NOCC€B€YC€B

Similar.

Similar.

212

M

-95

KAI

AAPANT
AS P

Oa[

]

B

(no dot between letters)

* Possibly the date

is

the ends of the wreath, above, the following reign the ornament between t During this and has usually "the form of a small garland.

170

SELEUOIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weikht

Metal
Size

ns

iE

-9

214
215

M
/E

-7

-7

216

JE

-7

217

JE

-7

218 219

jE

220
221

222

ANTIOCH

171

No.

172

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Commodus
Imperial

Coinage

SiLVEE

Te tradr achm

KOMMOAU
Head
of

KAIC€BYIU
(from
1.,

r€PMAN CAPMATI
(from 1., upvsrards) Eagle, -with -wings open, standing threequarter face towards 1., laolding in its claws the leg and thigh of an animal.-*
lxxiii.
1.]

upwards)
1.,

young Commodus

bare.

230

173-4

Al

1

[Plate

Septimius Severus
Inqjerial Coinage

S:lvee

Tetradrachm

AVT

KAI

C€OVHPOC

C€

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur.,

Eagle, with open wings and wreath in beak, standing to front, head 1. between its legs, star of eight rays around, from
; ;

wearing paludamentum.
231
219-7

1.

upwards,

M

1-1

oc TO
[Platb
lxxiii.
2.]

-AHMAPXei-YTTAT
r

Caracalla

of Antioch have leen comparative! ij scanty. more became very active. This special activity dates from his fourth consulship. Nor toas it confined to Antioch ; various other mints in Syria and Phoenicia struck imperial tetradrachms in silver or hillon.f
the issues

From

the reign of

Commodus

Under Caracalla

the mint once

Silver oe Billon

Tetradrachms

•AVTK
C€B
Head

MA

ANTHNGINOC

(from 1., upwards) of Caracalla r., laur.

Eagle, with wings open and wreath in beak, standing to front, head 1. between
;

its

feet,

a star

;

around, from

1.

up-

wards,

ah/v\apx€i:yttatoc

232

220-9

MM
Similar.
Bill. 1-05

•T-A-

Similar; with

TO-A-

233

213-3

* See supra, No. 172. t See HiEROFOLis, No. 29, Heliopolis, Nos. 3 £f., Uncertaix of Syria (or Phoenicia) Nos. Iff. Berytus, No. 18, SiLOv, No. 48, Tyke, Nos. 50 ff. On the whole question, see Imhoof-Blumer, Qriech. Miinzen, pp. 234 (758) ff.

;

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

173

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

AVTKAI ANTIIN€INOCC€
Similar
;

beneath neck, three

pellets.

Similar type, with star around,

;

eagle's

head

r.

;

AHMAPX eiVHATCT

[--]-(s'c)

234

197-

Bill.

11

Bronze
Durintj the reign of Caracalla the hronze coinage, hitlierto senatorial, passed under more direct imperial control. Hence the appearance upon it of the letters Possihli/ the eagle on Nos. 236 f. has a similar (as on B.M.C., p. 194, No. 357).*

A€

significance.

Cf. Nos.

213 S.

AVKAI ANTnN€INOC
(from,
r.,
1.,

5-C

downwards)
radiate.

closed

Head
235

of Caracalla (?)

Beneath, numeral letter; all enby laurel- wreath, between ends of which, small garland.

m

-65

Inscr.

from
r.,

1.,

upwards.

Head

of Cara-

5 C

calla

laur.

with wings open

Beneath, eagle standing to front, all within laurelwreath.
;

236
237

M M

-9

AV ANT0aN€INO

eagle's
eagle's

head
head

r.

-9

AVT

KAI

ANTWN6

1.

Geta
SiLVEK

Tetradrachms

AYTKAI
Head

r€TAC(from
1.,

upwards)

of Geta

r.,

laur.

Eagle, with wings open and wreath in beak, standing to front, head r., holding in its talons leg and thigh of animal

around, from

1.

upwards,

AHMAPX-

€2-YnA-TO B
238
201-8

M. 1-03

AVT
Bust

KAI- -rexACof Geta
r.,

ce

laur., wearing palud

mentum.
239
225-5
ill

Eagle, with wings open and wreath in beak, standing to front, head I. between around, fi-om 1. upwards, its leo-s, star
; ;

AHMAPX eiYHATOC TO-B

1-1

[Plate lxxiii.

3.]

»

See Pick, in Z.f.N.,

xiv., p. 315.

174

SBLEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveese

Macrinus
SlLVEK

T

e tr

ad

r

ac

hms
[

AV.
Bust

K

AAOnC€ AAAKPINOCCe AH
(from
].,

]nATOC(from
1.,

lapwards)

upwards)
;

Macrinus r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
of

Eagle, with wings open, standing facing,

head

r.,

its legs, crescent,

240

174-2

M

in field
1

with wreath in beak between with horns upwards 1., star; in ex., two pellets.
;

Bkonze

AVT
Head
241

KMOC
of

€MAKPINOCC€
(from
I.,

A
s c

upwards)

within wreath of laurel, between the ends of which, a star.

Macrinus

r.,

laur.

JE

Macrinus and Diadiimenianus

Beonze

AVTKMOCMAKPINOCC€
(from
1.,

AVTKMOAAN[TnN
(from
].,

INOCJ
;

upwards)

Head
.242

of

Macrinus

r.,

laur.

upwards) Head of Diadumenianus r., laur,
field,

in

^

-75

S C

AVTKAI MOCe M AKPI [NOC]
(from
].,

KAIMOAIAANT£lN€INOC C
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing cuirass and paludamentum head bare
;

Macrinus r., cuirass and paludamentum.
of

Bust

upwards) laur., wearing

243
244

M

in field,
-7

S C

in Caesar's name.)

M

-7

(without

[Cf. B.M.O., Pl. XXIV. 4.]

Diadumenianu s
Bkokze

AVTKMOAANTQNINOC
(from
1.,

C

A
S C

upwards)
r.,

Head
245

wiihin wreath of laurel, between the ends of which, a star.

of

Diadumenianus

laur.

M

-75

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

175

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

KAIMOAANTQNINOC C
(from
1.,

Similar.

upwards)
r.,
;

Bust
246

of

cuirass

Diadumenianus and paludamentum

-wearing
bare.

head

.E

-8

KAIC-

MOAIA ANTUN

[

]

s c
2-17

within -wreath of laurel, between the ends of which, a bulla (?).

M

Bust of Diadumenianus 1., bare-lieaded, wearing paludamentum.
-65

A

[Plate

lxxiii. 4.]

Elagabalus

A.

Imperial

Coinage

Billon

Tetrad r achms
Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.
;

Bust

of Elaga-

AHMAPX€IVnATOCTOB
(from 1., upwards) Eagle, with wings open and wreath in in beak, standing to front, head 1. field, above, €
;

balus r., shoulder.

laur.

paludamentum over

A

248 249

188-4

Bill.

1

KMA

N€IN
C C€B

no symbol

visible,

179-8

Bill.

1

AVTKMA ANTWN6INO

between

legs, star.

250

164-4

Bill.

1

AVTKMA ANTWN6INOC[---]
(wears cuirass and paludamentum.)

Similar.

Similar, with

VTTA

TOC

;

head

r.

251

212-7

Bill.

1

AVT-K-MA- ANTWN€INOC

between

legs, star.

AVTKM
252
199Bill,

A ANTWN6INOC C

AHMAPX €IVnATOCTOB
Similar, with eagle's head
visible in field.
1.;

(from r., downwards) 6B Bust of Elagabalus 1., laur., paludamentum over shoulder.
1-]

no

letters

between

legs, star.

176

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weiuht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

AVTKA\
253
197-8
Bill. 1-05

[

]NeiNO C C€B
1.,

AHMAPX €Z VnATOCTOA
Similar, with eagle's head. above, €*
r.
;

(from
Similar bust
r.

upwards)

in

field,

A

between

legs,

doubtful symbol.

AVTKMAN
Similar.

[

]

C€B

AHMAPX€lVnATOCTOA
Similar, with eagle's

head

1.

254

178-8

Bill. -95

between

legs, star.

Similar.

Similar, with star.

255

167-4

Bill.

1

[__]TKM A ANTWN6INO. C€B
[_

AHMAPX€ZVnA
AHMAPX€IVnA
head
r.

[

]

256

204-2

Bill.

1

_]TKMA

.

.

.

ANTWN€INOC

[

]

;

eagle's

Beonze

AVTKM AVANTHNINOC
(from ]., up\\'ards) Bust of Elagabalus r., radiate, v^-earing

S C

A

Beneath which, ram running r., with head turned back in field above, and beneath, € all within wreath
;
,

;

257 258

M M

paludamentum.
-85

of laurel.

-85

AVTKMAVPC ANTUNC
(from Bust of Elagabalus r.,
I.,

]

upwards) laur., wearing

sc

A

all

within wreath of laurel.

259

^

paladamentum.
-75

ends of wreath

off coin.

avtkaiaaapavpantun
Similar.

S C

260

M

Above, beneath, eagle facing, r., with wings open all within laurel-wreath, between ends of which, a
;

A€

head
star.

;

-85

AVTKAIMAC
Head
2^1

]

ANTHNINOC
r.)

Similar.

(from above, tovpards of Elagabalus 1., laur.

JE -75

AVTKAIM AANTI2N6INOC
(from
Similar head
r.,
1.,

Similar.

upwards)

radiate.

262

iB

-75

IB.M.C, Pl.

XXIV. 9.]

* These letters are, of course, quite meaningless here, alongside of the actual words which they represent. See Pick, in Z.f.N., xiv., p. 315.

ANTIOCIi

177

No.

Weight

Metai,
SlZK

Obverse

li E VERSE

.

-N € N CC (from 1. upwards) Bust of Elagabalus v., laur. paludanientum over shoulder.
I
,
;

TQ

O

SC

Above,

K
;

;

plain

circle

beneath, A* all within the whole enclosed by
;

laurel-wreath.

263

JE
[Plate
lxxiii. 5.]

Xo. 264

is

intercstiiK, (J

on account of the revival of the Latin iascripimt.

IMPC
Siniihxr type.

ANTONINVS AVG

:

A-e

Beneath, star; all within laurelwreath; between ends of which, bulla (?).

26i

JE

-9

jB.

Colonial

Coinage

Bronze
During
the reign

of Elagahaltis a marked change comes over the bronze coinage, as

the result of the establishnent at Antiocli of a "-coloniu.' Greater variety of types is introduced, and the size of the pieces is largely increased, the denominations being

two

in

number.

The larger denomination

is

generally distinguished, not merely by

its size,

letters

A€

but also by the presence of a ram on the lieo. In spite of the use of the cind SC> ii u'ould apjpear that the right of bronze coinage leas noiv

transferred to the city.\

AVTKAIMAPAVPHAI ANTUNC ANTIOXeHN MHTKO
INOCC6B
Head
(from
].,

upwards)

of Elagabalus

r.,

laur.

(from ]., upwards) Antioch, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding ears at her feet, river-god of corn in r. Orontes, swimming ].; above her head, ram running 1., looking back; in field,

The Tyche

of

;

A
265

€ and
1.,

S C
;

jE

1-3

in field

crescent

S C

very large.

[Cf.

B.M.C., Pl. XXIV. 11.]

AVTKMAV ANTHNINO CC
266

ANTIOX €£2NA\KOA
no crescent.

Similar,

M

Similar
1-3

;

paludamentum over

shoulder.

AVTKAiAAAVANTHNGINOCC
C €
Similar.

ANTIOX€I2NM KOAi2
but type, river-god, and

Similar,
r.

ram

267

^

1-3

*
-|-

No

obvious interpretation of the letters
xiv., p. 315.

KA

tas suggested

itself.

See Pick, ia Z./IV.,

178

SELBUCrS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

AVTK /nAVANTHNINOCCL--] ANTIO
Similar.

X€I2fM [M]
;

KOA-

Similar to No. 266

no ram.

268

JE

1

AV TKAA AVANT[I1]N INOC
269

Similar.

M

Similar.
1

(No. 269

is

pierced.)

AV T
270

K /v\AVAN[TI2NI]NOC
;

ANTIOX€I2[N] A\KOAQ
Similar to No. 267
;

Similar

biit

bust

shown with

cuirass

no ram.

and palndamentum.

M

1

Severus
Colonial

Alexander
Coinage

Bkokze

AVTKAIMAPAVPC€ AA€IAN (from APOCC6B upAvards)
1.,

ANTIOX MHTPOKOC
Similar to No. 265
;

]

no crescent.

271

M

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., wearing cuirass and palndamentum.
1-3

APOC
272

K€ A^APAVPHA

_ _

[

]AN
Similar
;

-

M

(from beneath, towards 1.) Head of Severus Alexander r., bare palndamentum over shoulder.

but no ram.

KOA

1

AVTKAI MAPAVPC€ AAeiANA POCC€ (from upwards)
1.,

ANTIOX€I2N

MHTPOKOA

Head

of Severus

Alexander

r.,

laur.

273

JE 1-3

(from 1., upwards) The Tyche of Antioch seated 1. on rock, in usual attitude, but head to front; she is being crowned from behind by the Emperor, who stands 1., wearing military dress in front of her stands Tyche, facing, head r., holding rudder and cornucopiae beneath, river-god Orontes swimming 1. among waves beneath waves, in field, 6
;

;

;

SHC

;

A

\_B.M.C., Pl. xxiv. 13.]

Simila

374

iE 1-3

Similar but river-god and waves occupy space marked off by ex. line to I. and r. of him, €
; ;

A
A

s c
Similar.

275

JE

1-3

Similar; but

in field above.
lxxiii. 6.]

[Plate

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

179

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revf.bse

AVTKAIMAPAVPC6 AA€ZANA (from upwards) POCC€B
1.,

ANTIOXenN MHTPOKAnNI
(sic, from 1., upwards) Bust of the Tyche of Antioch r., draped, above, ram runveiled, and turreted ning r., with head turned back; in field,
;

Bust of Severus Alexander r., lanr., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

A
!7(j


[Cf.

S C
.-E

1-35

BJI.C,

Pl. XXIV. 12.]

Julia

Mamaea
Coinage

Colonial

Bronze

IOVAIAMAM€A C6BACTH
(from
1.,

ANTIOXCXIN MHTPKO
but in place of Similar to No. 265 orescent, star of eight rays.
;

upwards)
draped, and

Bust of Julia Mamaea wearing stephaue.
JE l-2o

r.,

Similar.
•lib

ANTIOXen NMHTPOKOA
Similar to No. 276.

.E

1-2

Gordian III.
Imperial

Coinage

Silver or Billon

The legends

SC,

MON
silver,

VRB, ANTIOXI A
Tetradrachms

,

ic^'V^

now appear on

the

cannot have any real significance*

AVTOKKMANXrOPAIANOCC
gg
186-7

AHMAPX€ SOVCIAC
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing to front, wings open, head r., holding wreath in beak; in ex.,

(from

1.,

upwards)

Bust of Gordian 111. 1., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

279

M M

SC
Similar; but head

1-1

Similar

;

but bust

r.,

and

laur.

1.

280
281

166-8
178-2

11

Bill. 1

AHMAP X620VCIAC AHMAP X€ XOVCIAC
#

See Pick, in Z.f.N.,

xiv., pp. 315

f.

A A 2

180

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

^^^'^^^
!

Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

between eagle's legs, ram runSimilar ning 1., -with head turned back, above which, crescent, up-wards.
;

282

220-7

;

M
,11

1-1

AHMAPX €2VnATOB
[Plate
lxxiii.
7.
"J

283

132 -5

103

- -

B

Similar, with

paludamentum

only.

Similar.

284

157

Bill.

1

i

first

half of inscr. off coin.

AHMAPX€
Philippus
Imperial

[

]

B

Senior

Coinage

Silver

oe Billon

T e t r a d r a o h m's

AYTOKKMIOYA<l>IAinnOCC€B
(from.
1.,

AHMAPX €Z:OYCIAC
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing facing, head L, with wings open and wreath in beak be;

upwards)

Bust of Philipjjus Senior 1., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

neath,

285

175-1

/R

1-1
(No. 285
is

sc

pierced.)

AYTOKKMIOYA<MAinnOYC6B
286
169 2

Similar
ex.,

;

but beneath wings,

M

Similar; but bust
1-1

r.,

laur.

MONVRB
A

S C

;

in

[BM.a,
287
198-2
Bill. 1-1

Pl. XXV. 3.]
in field
r.,

above,

;

no

ex. line.

AVTOKKMIOYAI<f>IAinnOCC
€B
Similar.

288
289

186-2

Bill. 1

174-6

290
291

1908
222-9

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

181

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar; but bust laur.,

r.

Similar, with

YTTATOA

292 293

195
192-8
171-2

Bill.

11
1-15
(eagle's

Bill.

head
j>

r.)

294

Bill. 1-06

J)

Similar

;

but bust radiate,

Similar,
(eagle's

295

207

Bill.

1

bust
bust

1.

head

r.)

296

163

Bill.

1-1

r.

Colonial

Coinage

Bronze

AVTOKKMAIOVA<t>IAinnOCC upwards) (from £g laur.,
1.,

Inscr.

Bust of Philippus Senior r., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Bust of the from 1., upwards. Tyche of Antioch v., draped, veiled and above, ram running r., with turreted head tui-ned back in field, A €
;

;

s c

297

JE 1-15

ANTIOXen NMHTPOKOA

298

M

116

ANTIOXeHN MHTPOKOAH

AVTOKKMIOVAI<t>IAinnOCC
299

ANTIOXGQN MHTPOKOAflN star.
Similar
;

but beneath bust,

M
J5

Similar
1-2

;

bat

bust radiate.
[PX/ATE LXXIII. 8.]

300

1-1

Similar

;

but bust laur.

ANTIOX€QN MHTPOKOAIIN upwards)
(from
1.,

standing Apollo, wearing long drapery, patera and front, bead 1., holding to with at his feet, serpent coded, lyre
;

head

erect, r.

;

in field,

A €

s c
[Plate
lxxiii. 9.]

301

JE

1

182

SBLEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weisht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Kevebse

Pliilippus Senior

and Junior

Colonial

Coinage

Beonze

AYTOKKMIOYAI4>IAinnOI
(from
1.,

ANTIOX€I2N

MHTPOKOADN

upwards)

Similar to No. 299.

C€B
Bust
of
;

(beneath)

Philippus Senior r., laur., facing bust of Pliilippus Junior 1., radiate each wears cuirass and palu-

damentum.
302

jE

1-1

[BJI.C, Pl. XXV.

6.]

AYTOKKMIOYAI<t>IAinnOICeB
(from ]., upwards) Busts of Philippus Senior, radiate, and Philippus Junior, laur., jugate, r. each
;

Similar.

303

M

wears
1-1

cuii-ass

and paludamentum.

Otacilia

Imperial

Coliuuje

Billon

Tetradrachm

MAPI2TAKIAC€OYHPANC€B
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Otacilia Severa r., draped and wearing stephane behind shoulders,
;

AHMAPX€ OVCIACVHATOr
(from ]., upwards) Eagle standing to front, head r. wings open and Avreath in beak beneath,
; ;

crescent.

304

]90-4

Bill. 1-05

ANTIOXIA S C
Colonial

Coinage

Bronze
Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards,

Similar type,

Inscr.

with

ci'escent.

from 1., upwards. Bust of the Tyche of Antiochr., draped, veiled, and turreted above, ram running r., with head turned back in field, € and
;
;

s c
305

A

M

1-2

MAPIiTAKIAC€OVHPANC€B

ANTIOXenN MHTPO KOA
Similar

Similar.

;

beneath bust,

star.

306

M

1-1

MAPnTAKIAICeOVHPANC€B

ANTIOXenN MHTPOKOAnN

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

183

No.

Weight

307

187

Bill. 1

308

187-3

Bill.

11

309

M

1-25

310

JE 115

311

^

312

313

314

184

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeverse

Similar; bust laureate shield on sjjear over r. shoulder.
;

1.

arm;

Similar.

31c

JE

1-1

316

M

Similar; bust radiate; shield thrown forward spear in front.
;

more

Similar.

1-15

AVTOKKMIOVAI<l>IAinnOCC
€B
317

Bust

S C

of Philippus Junior

r.,

radiate,

M

-wearing cuirass
-8

and paludamentum.

Above, beneath, eagle standing to front, head r., with wings open all within laurel -wreath.
;

A€

;

[Plate

lxxiii.

11.]

Trajanus Decius
Imperial

Coinage

Billon

Tetradrach.ins
The pellets which now hegin to appear on the obverses of the tetradrachms are numerals* Fo^slhhj this may be a rerival of the custom already noted on earlier coins. (See abore, p. 124.) Or it may be the officina'
'

of the hunt that

is

indicated.

CC6B

AVTKrM€KYA€KIOCTPAIANO
(from ]., upwards) Bust of Trajanus Decius r.,
laur.,
;

AHMAPX6ZOYCIAC
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing to front upon palmbranch, with wings open and wreath in beak beneath, C
;

wear-

ing cuirass and

paludamentum beneath,

pellets or letter.

S

318 319

183-3

Bill.

1
1-1

two

pellets.

head and branch
head and branch

1.

209-6

Bill.

four pellets.

r.

Similar, with

TPAI ANOC A€KIOC

Similar.

320
321

!

205-5
207-4

Bill.

1

three pellets,
five pellets.

head and branch

r.

Bill.

11

head and branch

1.

C€B
322
183-6
Bill.

AyTOKKrAIM€KVINA€KKIOC
Similar.

Similar.

I-l

pellets obscure.

head and branch

1.

*

See No. 326, and compare the coins of Trebonianus Gallus, especially No. 343.

ANTIOCH

182

No.

186

SELEUCIS

AND PIERIA

No.

ANTIOCH
Metal
Size

187

No.

Weight

337

JE 115

338

166-7

Bill.

11

339

M

1-2

340

188

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

N"o.

Weight

Metai,
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar

;

but eagle's head

r.

344 345

170-3
164-7

Bill, 1-1

one pellet

;

(reads

AVTKK)

A
B
r

Bill. 1-1

two

pellets,

846
347

204-1 190-7

Bill. 1

three pellets,

Bill. 1 Bill. 1-1

four pellets.
5"

A
5"

348 349

199
202-7

Bill. 1-1

Z
(numeral
off

Z
coin; type
1.)

350

168

Bill. 1

Z

Similar.

AHMAPX€XOVCIACVnATOB
Similar
;

eagle's

head

1.

351 352

222-6
187-4

Bill. 1-1

four pellets.

Bill. 1

nothing visible beneath.

Z

(break bet-ween

and

X

)

Similar,

Similar; but

Q C

beneath eagle's wings,
;

and numeral in
353
183-8
Bill. 1-1

ex.

eagle's

head

r.

three pellets.

Colonial

Coinage

Bronze
Similar

;

no numeral beneath.

Similar to No. 328
elaborately

;

details of slu-ine

more

354

M

1-2

worked

out.

[Plate lxxiii. 15.]

Similar

;

type radiate.

ANTIOXenNMHTPOKOAXlN
(from 1., upwards) Tyche, wearing chiton, peplos, and modius, standing to front, head 1., holding rudder in r. and cornucopiae

355

M

in
-85

1.

;

in field,

A

;

in ex.,

SC

ANTIOCH

189

No.

Weikht

Metai,
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Trebonianus Gallus and Volusianus
Colonial

Coinage

Brokze

AVTOKKrATP€ B TAAAOCKAIO VOAOVCIANOCC6BB
(from beneath, tov^ards 1.) Trebonianus Gallus r., laur., facing bust of Volusianus 1., radiate each wears paludamentum and cuirass.

Similar to No. 328, but
in field.

A

lower

down

Bust

of

;

356

M

1-1

\_B.M.C. Pl. xxvr. 5.]

Volusianus

Billon

Te tra drachms

AVTOKKrA<|>INrAAOV€NAOV

AHMAPXeiOVCIAC
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing to front, with wings open and wreath in beak in ex., SC between legs, numeral letter.
;
;

OAOVCCIANOCC€B
cuirass
pellets.

(from beneath, towards 1.) Bust of Volusianus r., radiate, wearing

and paludamentum

;

beneath,

357
358

164-3
190-9

Bill. 1 Bill. 1-05

one

pellet,

A
B
Bronze

;

eagle's
eagle's

head
head

r.

pellets not visible.

;

1.

359

M

Similar
1-1

;

nothing beneath.

Similar to No. 328.

Late Imjierial

Times
coin, not

The following, which
perhajis
belongs

is to

really a
the

lloman
iii.,

a Greek one,

reign of

Mian

the Apostate.

See Eckhel, D.N.V.,

p. 304.

G6NIOAN TIOCHENI
(from 1., upwards) The Tyche of Antioch, draped and at turreted, seated to front on rock
;

APOLLONI(s/c)

SANCTO
j

(from 1., upwards) Apollo, draped, standing to front, head and lyre in r. 1., holding patera in 1.,
in field
r.,

360

38

M

her
-45

feet, river- god,

swimming

to front.

S;

in ex.,

SMA

[Plate lxxiii. 16.]

190

SELEUCIS

AND

PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eevebse

APAMEA
First

Century

B.C.*

Bronze
Apamea, on the Orontes, named after the wife of Seleucus I., ivas a town of great importance under the Seleucid kings, and one of the royal mints (see p. 67). During the first century B.C. bronze coins were issued, at fairly regular intervals, usually in tvw or three deitomi7iations. At first these are dated according to the Seleucid Era. The other combinations of letters are doubtless magistrates' names. From a comparison of these it loould appear that the magistrate who signs on the coins held On the other hand, different signatures are office for two or three successive years. sometimes found in the course of one and the same year.'\

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
lifted
;

^^^°^^>
(in ex.)
r.,
;

Elephant advancing

witli

trunk up-

in field r., date beneath lowest line of inscr., magistrate's name.

121

JE -So

MZ
TMZ EMZ

[=72

B.C.];
B.C.]

/V\NA
;

(?)

118
131-5

M
M

-9

[=69
[=67

MNA

-85

B.C.];

MNA

[Plate lxxiii. 17.]

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

draped and turreted

;

border of dots.

THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
;

AnAMEHN

(to

r.,

downwards)

(to 1., downwards) Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and palm above lowest line of inscr., date beneath it, magistrate's name.
;

99

M

-8

MZ
Head

[=72

B.C.];

BA

(?)

[Plate lxxiii. 18.]

of

Demeter
of corn
;

r.,

veiled,

and wearing

wreath

border of dots.

yiiyippA^
Ear
date

AnAMEXlN

u

(to

r.,

. ., downwards)

KAIAZYAOY
of barley
;

;

(to 1., downwards) on either side, a poppy-

head
;

beneath second line of inscr., beneath lowest line, magistrate's

80-5

M

name.
-7

MZ
[Plate
*
p. 141.

[=72

B.C.];

BA

(?)

lxxiii.

19.]

For earlier coins struck in association with Antiooh, Laodicea, and Seleucia, see suvra ^
'

'

In 17 B.C., for example, each of the three denominations is signed by a different magistrate (see Nob. 14, 21, and 24), while in 72 B..C. the highest denomination bears one signature, and the remaining two another (see Nos. 1, 4, 5).
J

APAMEA
Metal
Size

191

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

In the next issue represented here the method of dating is changed. The era employed appears to be the Caesarian* lohich had been introduced a year or two previously at Antioch.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
lifted
;

^^^'""'^

(in ex.)
r.,
;

Elephant advancing
in field
r.
,

witli

trunk up-

date beneath lowest line of inscr., magistrate's name.

182

106

M M

-85

X

[=42

B.C.];

MH MH

(?)

-85

H [=41
[Cf.

B.C.]; 6.]

(?)

B.M.C. Pl. XXVII.

In 40
the

B.C. there is

a return

to

the Seleucid

Era.

A
into

similar reaction tooJc place in

same year at Antioch

{see supra, p. 145,

No. 31).

There

it

was temporary.

Here

it

was permanent, lasting on

Imperial times.

Bust

of

Athena

r.,

wearing crested Corin;

thian helmet and aegis

border of dots.

AHAMEflN THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY

(to r.,

downwards)

(to 1., downwards) Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and palm; above lowest line of inscr., date; in ex., magistrate's name.

113-5

M

-85

BOZ [=40 B.C.];

AN

Similar.

AnAMEflN THZIEPAZ (to KAIAYToNOMoY
Similar.

r.,

downwards)
1.,

(to

downwards)

9

106-5
92-5

10

M M M

-8

EOZ [=37
5*0 Z
[Cf.

B.C.];
B.C.]

AN
name
off coin.

-75

[=36

;

B.M.C, V^.

XXVII. 3.]

11

97

-85

BTTZ

[

= 30

B.C.]

;

no name

visible.

The difficulties involyed in such a * It has been commonly suppoBed to be the Actian. The adoption of the Uiv.). view are well stated by Mr. Wroth {B.M.G., GaUtia, etc., p. style into their proper places m the Caesarian, as here suggested, would bring types and

192

SELEUCIS AND PIEEIA

No.

Weight

Metal
SiZF,

Obverse

Reverse

The next

series contains three denominations,

and

the issue seems to

have been an abundant one.

Head
ivy
;

of

young

Dioiij'sos r.,
;

wreathed

-witli

liair in ringlets

border of dots.

THZIEPAZ
KAIAXYAOY
inscr.,

(to-, downwards)
(to
;

1.,

downwards)

Thyrsos upright
date
;

above lowest line of in field beneath, magis-

trate's

name.
B.C.];

12

155
135-5

13

M M ^
JE

-95

EnZ [=27
rqz
[Plate
lxxiii. 20.]

A N
e
I

(?)

-95

[=i9b.c.];

14
15

135
133-5

-9

EqZ
countermark, head of Tycbe of City
draped, veiled, and turreted.
r.

[=17b.c.];
B.C.];

E

I

-9

ESZ [=17

name

obscure.

Bust

of

Athena

r.,

wearing crested Corin;

thian helmet and aegis

bordei' of dots.

T H Z E PA Z KAjAZYAOY
I
;

AHAMEnN

(*°

... .. downwards)
1

'

downwards) Nike advancing r., holding wreath and palm above lowest line of inscr., date; in ex., magistrate's name.
(to
1.,

16 17
18
19

105-5

122
98'5 93-5

20
21

110-5

101

M ^ ^ M ^ ^
.^

-75
-8

STTZ [=26
ZTTZ [=25

B.C.]

;

name name

obscure.
off coin.

B.C.]

;

-8

BSZ [=20
rS Z [=
19

B.C.];
B.C.]

NOY
name
off coin.

-8

;

-8

rqz [=19
EqZ [=17

B.C.];

xp
XP
name
illegible.

-8

B.C.];
B.C.];

22

122

-85

EqZ [=17

Bust of Tyche and turreted

of City
;

r., draped, veiled, border of dots.

AnAMEHN -p|_j^|gpA2KAIAZVAOY

,, (.to r.,

downwards) downwards)

-,

(to

1.,

Athena, helmeted and draped, standing 1., holding in r. wreath-bearing Nike r., and leaning with 1. on spear, against which rests her shield above lowest
;

line of inscr., date; in ex., magistrate's

name.
23
71

^
zE

-7

SnZ
[Plate
lxxiii.

[=26

B.C.];
B.C.];

AN OE

(?)

24

66

-65

EqZ [=17
21.]

APAMEA
Metal
Size

193

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeveese

It seems doubtful

whether the following represent two series, or merehi two denominations of the same series.

Head

of

Dionysos

r.,

Avreatlied

with ivy

;

hail" in lonof rinsrlets.

THZ^EPAZ KAIAZYAOY
I

(tor.,
(to
1.,
;

downwards)

downwards)
above lowest line

Cornucopiae, filleted
of inscr., date
trate's
j

;

in field beneatli, magis-

name.
B.C.];
B.C.];

130
26

JE

-8

FT [=9 rX [=9
I

A
Al

I

119

M

-85

[Plate lxxiil 22.]

Similar type

;

border of dots.

THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
inscr.,

AnAMEHN
date;

(to r., (to
;

downwards) downwards)

1.,

Thyrsos npriglit
in
trate's

field

above lowest line of beneath, magis-

name.
B.C.];

27

106

.oli

"c*;
i

AT
[Cf.

[=8

M A

B.M.C., Pl. XXVII.

.5.]

First

Centnrij

a.d.

The dates on
to

the

followiru/ are

difficult,

hit

the simplest

solution seems
_

to

he

regard

those on Nos.

28 and 29, and on Nos. 32

and 33, as abbreviated

Seleiicid
'

formitii with

a chronological arrangement that is in entire conIn each of the three series there sequence of types. In the second, the Emperor displaces Athena as the arc two denominations. being transferred obverse type of the larger denomination, the goddess In the third the Tyche of the to the reverse of the 'smcdler one. second. city is treated much as Pcdlas loas in the

dates*

This

r/ives

the naturcd

Bust

of

Athena

r.,

thian helmet and aegis

wearing crested Corinborder of dots.
;

AHAMEflN THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
Nike advancing

(to
(to
1.,

r.,

downwards) downwards)
inscr.,

1.,

holding wreath and
date
;

palm

;

above lowest line of

in ex., magistrate's

name.

28

143

M

-85

AK [=13

A.D.?];

AN

* The weight of -^"U; 28, no less than the different j,ne weignx. oi No. "". mi,,
,

method of dating, marks it off from orirmtion of either the Actian or the Caesarian

displacing the Emperor's head as a type.
c c

VOL.

III.

L94

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveese

Head

of

Tyclie of
;

turreted

City r., veiled and drapery about neck border
;

Similar.

29

76

^

of dots.
-7

CC

I

[= 5

A.D. ?]

;

name

of: coin.

[Plate lxxiii. 23.]

Head

of

Tiberius

r.

laur,

;

border of

.

.

AMEHN
I

dots.

.

HZIEPAZ
palm
;

(to

1.,

upwards)

[KA]

AZYAOY

Nike standing

upwards) holding wreath and above lowest line of inscr., date.
(to r.,
r.,

30

159

M

-95

CCKT [=15
[Plate lxxiii. 24.]

A.D.]; ex. off coin.

Head

of

Tyche of City
;

r.,

veiled
;

turreted
visible.

drapery about neck

and no border

[An]AMEilN

THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
Athena,
cing
1.,

(to r.,

downwards)

(to 1., downwards) draped and helmeted, advan-

and

shield

carrying spear over r. shoulder on 1. arm above lowest line
;

of inscr., date.

31

117-5

M

-85

oc

KT [=15
in ex.

A.D.];

nothing

visible

[Plate lxxiii. 25.]

Head

of Tiberius (?)

r.,

latir.

;

border of

dots.

THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
;
i

[A]nAMEn[N]

(to

r.,

downwards)

1., downwards) Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and palm above lowest line of inscr., date in ex., magistrate's name.

(to

;

32

161-6

^-E

-9

HK
[Plate

[=17

A.D.?];

AH

lxxiii. 26.]

Similar

ATTAMEHN
[ ]

(tor.,
(to
1.,

downwards) downwards)

Bust
veiled,
trate's

of

Tyche of and turreted
;

of inscr., date

City r., draped, above lower pai't beneath neck, magis;

name.
A.D.?];

33

108

jE

-8

HK
[Plate

[=17

AH(?)

lxxiii. 27.]

EMLSA

195

No.

Weighs

Metal
Size

Obverse

Keveese

27(6

title

which the

citi/

noiu (isi<nmes shoioa th<d

the followiinj lelorujs to

It is prohahli/ dated from the reign of Vluudiun. with the adoption of the new title*

an era heginmiKj

Head

of
;

Zeus

r.,

laur.

drapery about

KAAYAI6WNA H M€WN

neck

border of dots.

(from 1., upwards) Tyclie of City, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding ears of corn in extended r., and leaning with 1. on shield, which stands on the ground behind her at her feet, river-god swimming 1. in field 1., date border of
; ; ;

dots.

34

94

M

-S

6TO
[Plate lxxui. 28.]

[=Year

2]

EMISA
Imperial Times

Antoninus Pius
Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.
laur.

Head

of

Anto-

[€]MI
on
closed,

CHNGJN

(from

1.,

upwards)

ninus Pius

r.,

Conical stone of the solar god Elagabal;

perched an eagle r., with wings and head turned back, holding a wreath in its beak in field r., numeral
it is
;

letter.!

M

1

[

]

N€INO
Similar.

Similar.

M

-d

.

.

KAITIAIAAAPIANOC

[- - -]

Similar.

Similar, with

€MIC HNCJN

3

^85

I

AVTKAITIL---] N€INOCC€B€

B

VC€
AVTKAITIAI
- - -

4

M

95
i

N6INOCC€B
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXVII. 8.]

€V

* See Imtoof, Num.

Zeitschr.,

xxxiii., pp.

5

f.,

where the legend

is,

for tie

first

time,

correctly rendered. f On these letters, see

siipi-o,

p. 124.

C C

196

SELEQOIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar, with wings open.

€M CH NflN
I

;

eagle's

M

-9

inscr. illegible.

AVT
JE
-9

-

[-

--]

€MICH NWN
;

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludanientum.

(from 1., upwards) Bust of solar god Elagabal r., radiate and draped in front, numeral letter.
(?)

5

[Plate lxxiv.

1.]

Julia
Julia

Domna

Domna teas herself the daughter of a priest of Elaijahal. It toas, doubtless, in honour of this that Caracalla made the city a colonia.'
'

The dates are rechoned from

the Seleucid

Era.

lOYAIA

AOMNAAVr
(from
1.,

€/v\ICn

N K OAHNI

upwards)
draped.

Bust of Julia

Domna

r.,

(from 1., upwards) Great altar of the solar god Elagabal, decorated with a doable row of statues (six in all), each placed in a niche formed by two pillars and an arch the great pillars that flank the body of the altar are richly carved on the epistyle which they support is a long flat superstructure on which a fire is blazing; beneath the whole, date.
; ;

.E

1

ZK<|)

[=216a.d.]
[Plate lxxiv.
2.]

Similar, with

AVFOY
I [

€/v\ICn
;

N KO AHNIA C
;

Similar but the great altar rests upon a base, while the superstructure consists of a double arch no fire.
ZK«1> [=216a.d.];

M

1
I j

a

[Plate lxxiv. 3.]

Similar, with

AVP

€MICnN
;

K [O AI2NIAC]

Snnilar but superstructure consists of a small altar which is lighted.

JE

-95

ZK<I>

[=216a.d.]
[-B.3/.C.,

Pl. xxvii. 11:]

; ;

EMISA

197

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Beverse

Caracalla

AYTKMAYP ANTnN€INOCC€B €MICnN
(from
1.,

upwards)
-wearing cui-

KOAflN

Bust
rass

of Caracalla

r., laur.,

upwards) downwards) Hexastyle temple of solar god Elagabal
(tol.,
(to
r.,
;

and paludamentum.

a flight of in pediment, square object four steps leads up to centre of temple, in which stands conical stone of the god, surrounded by a balustrade and in front of shaded by two parasols stone is an eagle in ex., date.
; ;

10

JE

!:

ZK<t»

[= 216

A.D.]

;

eagle hardly visible.
XXVII.

[B.M.C., Pl.

12.]

Similar type.

€MICnN KO[

]

(from 1., upwards) Conical stone of the solar god Elagabal on it is perched an eagle r., with wings closed and head turned back, holding a

wreath in
11

its

beak

;

in field

1.,

date.

M

-85

inscr. obscure.

HK<I>

[=217a.d.]

Elagabalus

Elagabalus loas
transported
to

By Us order, the sacred stone was .jod.games mentioned on Nos. 12 S. were held in The appearance of Latin honour of the local divinity is plain from their name. (Cf Antioch, ^o. 264.) inscriptions in this reign should be noted.
a pylcst
of the
the

Borne.

That

AVTKAXAAMTiimM
Head
(from 1., upwards) of Elagabalus r., radiate.

fA HT-

MICof

upwards) downwards) Agonistic urn, flanked by two branches

(to

1.,

KO

(to

r.,

laurel;

above,

-HAIA-;
letter.

in

ex.,

TTV0IA
12

and numeral

JE

-9

e
Same
inscr.

(or

6

?)

Bust

of

Elagabalus

r.,

laur.,

MHTP
K€A\
Similar,

(to (to

1.,

upwards)

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

r.,

downwards)

with

TTVeiA

above,

and

HAIA
13

beneath.
?)

M

-9

e
Inscr.

(or

B

from
r.,

1.,

upwards.

Head

of Elaga-

MHT POK€MICnN (from
Similar to No. 12.

1.,

upwards)

balus

radiate.

14 15

M
M

-9

-9

IMCM ANTONINVS IMCMA NTONINVS

3

3

[Plate lxxiv.

4.]

;

198

SELEUCIS

AJSTD

PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveese

AYTKAIAAAMTr2M€l MOCC6
(from 1., upwards) Head of Elagabalus r., laiir.

€AMC KOA

[- -]

(from

r.,

downwards)
;

Conical stone of Elagabal on it is perched an eagle standing- to front, head I., wings open, and wreath in beak beneath, date.
;

16

^

-76

A* [=219
(No. 16
is

A.D.]

pierced.)

AVTK
Similar
tyjje.

(from

1.,

upwards)

€A\ICX2N

A\HTPOK
;

(from r., downwards) Eagle standing to front, head ]., wings open and wreath in beak in field 1., numeral letter.

17

M

-7

Uranius Antoninus

C€

AVTOKCOVAH ANTWNINOC
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Uranius Antoninus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

KOAX2N

upwards) downwards) Hexastyle temple of solar god Elagabal
(to
1.,

(to r.,

in pediment, crescent upwards in temple, conical stone of god, shaded by two parasols ; in ex., date.
;

18

JE 1-25

eZ4> [=2.54

A.D.]

[BJI.C, Pl.
(No. 18
is

XXVIII. 2.]

pierced.)

EPIPHANEIA
Beokze
Second
Ccnfuri/ B.C.
tlie

Ejjiplumeia, orujinaUi/ Hamath, loas renamed hy Antiochus Epiplianes. Buring second century B.C. it struck autonomous bronze in two denominations, only
Ictrger
I

the

of

wliicli is Jiere

represented.
the era

The

folloiointj are
B.C.)

prohabh/ dated

from
of

of Aradus (259-8

Head of Tyche W turreted.

City

r.,

veiled

and

Eni<|>ANEnN

THZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY

(to (to

r.,

downwards)

1.,

downwards)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back, 1. foot on stool; he leans

with 1. on sceptre, and holds on extended r. wreath-bearing Nike r. in ex., date.
;

1

83

JE

-B

eS
I

[=159

B.C.]

2

86-5

M

[Plate LxxI^. 5.]
'75

ZP(?) [=151b.c.]; (Cininscr.)

f

EPIPHANEIA— GABALA

199

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

GABALA
Imperial
('oiiicKje

At
in

Gahdla 47 B.C.

Caesarian Era appears to have been regarded as beginning Instead of the numbers of the months, as in many Syrian cities, abbreviated magistrates' names appear on the Rev. from the reign of Trajan till that of (Jeta.
tJie

Claudius

Head

of Claudius

r.,

laur.

rABAAEIlN

(to

r.,

downwards)

Goddess,* draped and wearing kalathos, seated 1. on throne, leaning with 1. on long sceptre, and holding poppy- head on either side of the in extended r. throne is seated a sphinx 1., with kala54a.d.]; in ex., thos; infieldl., P [ KA above ethnic, traces of letters.
;

=

;

lE -85
[Plate lxxiv.
6.]

Trajan

N6PKAIC TPAIAC€B[r€P]
(from
1.,

rABAASIlN
Similar type
;

(to

r.,

downwards)
;

upwards)

Head

of Trajan

r.,

laur.

goddess holds poppy-head between ears of corn star above head in .field 1., above, of sphinx in front
;

BNP

[=107a.d.];

in ex.,

CU)

^ ^

-9

(countermark, Athena standing spear and shield.)

r.

with

-9

[B.M.a, Pl.

xxviii.

8.]

_

N6PKAIC TPAIAC€Br€PM
(from
1.,

TABAAenN
;

upwards)

Head
jE
-7

of Trajan

r.,

laur.

(to 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on palm-branch, wings open in field ]., star in ex.,
;

CW

[Plate lxxiv.

7.]

Commodus

AYTKAIMA[P] AYPK
(from
r.,

.

.

AON

TAB A A€(0.
Owl

(in field above)

downwards)

Bust of Commodus 1., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentam.

standing r. on globe, face to face with sphinx seated 1. on decorated basis; in ex., €(?)T; above ethnic,

PAC

behind owl, A (or ?), .above which, crescent with horns up-

[= 187

A.D.]

;

A

wards.

M

I

-95

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxviii. 10.]

* See Imhoof-Bhiraer, Num. Zeitsohr., xxxiii. (19U1), + Possibly the coin has been restruck.

p. 7.
A.

n

-n

^^

i

i

and star on No.

9.

200

SELEUGIS AND PIEEIA

No.

Weisht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Sejjtimius

Severus

AYT

HPOC

rAB;\ A€W N
Within
distyle
?)
r.,

(to

1.,

upwards)
(of

(from r., downwards) Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur. wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

shrine, bust

Julia
to
r.,

Domna

wearing turreted head;

dress and resting upon basis downwards, C A\ [= 194

A.D.I

M

1

H

(?)

P*
[Plate lxxiv.
8.]

AYTOKAIACen
Bust of wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from 1., upwards) Septimius Severus r., laur.,

TABAAGCON

(to r.,

downwards)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1., leaning with 1. on sceptre, and holding on extended r. wreath-bearing Nike r. in front, eagle standing 1., with wings open and head turned back beneath ethnic,
;

€T;

in ex.,

M

1.,

upwards,

1

countermark, SA(?)

AN

AMC

;

[=195

a.d.]

;

to

[Plate lxxiv.

9.]

Caracalla

BC [
Head

MAVPANTC0NINON€VC€
]

(from

TAB A

1.,

upwards)
r.,

of Caracalla

radiate.

M

1

(from 1., upwards) Goddess, draped and wearing kalathos, seated 1., leaning with 1. on sceptre and holding patera in extended r. to r. of throne, sphinx (?).
;

AV KAM
Head

C€B

(from L, upwards) of Caracalla r., laur.

TABA A€WN

(from 1., upwards) Cultus-statue of goddess, draped, veiled, and wearing kalathos, seated to front on
;

throne with high back; beside either knee, sphinx seated in field above,

M

1-1

crescent and star.

AVKAI.yv\A
(from
1.,

upwards)

TAB A A €WN
and
cornucoj)iae.

Head
10

of Caracalla

r.,

laur.

(from 1., upwards) Tyche, draped and wearing kalathos, seated 1. on throne holding rudder
;

JE 11

*

This

is

the legend

TYXH
letter,

l^obably the coin cited from Vaillant by Mionnet If the reading here given be correct,
.

(v., p.

236, No. 641) as having

the doubtful

HP

will be the magistrate's

however,

mav

name.

be

N.

GABALA
Metal
Size

201

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

AVKAIMAP ANT(0N€INO
Bust of paludamentum.
(from 1., upwards) Caracalla r., laur., wearing

TAB A [A€]WN
Athena,
helmet,
altar
;
.

draped
she
leans

and

(from 1., upwards) wearing crested
before
1.

standing

1.

lighted

11

M

on shield, against which spear rests, and holds on extended r. wreath - bearing Nike 1. in field 1., above, crescent with horns upwards.
with
;

1-1

[Plate lxxiv.

10.]

A

MA ANTHNINOC
upwards) laur., wearing Bust of cuirass and paludamentum.
(from Caracalla r.,
1.,

Similar, with

TABA A6I2N

12

M

1-05

_K
13

ANTHNIN
(from
1.,

TABA A €£2N
T3'che,

upwards)

Similar type.

draped and wearing kalathos, standing to front, head 1., holding

M

rudder and cornucopiae.
-85

Geta

AOYC€n reXACKAIC
(from
1.,
;

rABAA€

upwards) Bust of Geta r., wearing cuirass and paladamentum head bare.

CON (from r., downwards) Goddess, draped and wearing kalathos, she leans with 1. seated 1. on throne on long sceptre, and holds flower (?) in extended r. on either side of throne, beneath sphinx 1., wearing kalathos in goddess's r., obscure date [CN A ?]
; ;
; ;

field,

above,

AION

14

M

1-0.5

[Plate lxxiv. 11.]

Macrinus

AVK€On --KP€INO- upwards) (from
1.,

TAB A A €(0N
cornucopiae.

Macrinus v., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
Bust of
15

(from 1., upwards) Tjche, draped, and wearing kalathos, seated 1. on throne, holding rudder and

M
VOL.
III.

1-1

D D

202

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
SlZR

Obvbkse

Reveksk

Elagabalus and Aquilia

Severa-'=

[

]

ANTWNeiNOC C€B
(from
1.,

lOYAIAAKOYAIA CGOYHPAC
£B
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Aquilia Sev(}ra (?) r., draped behind shoulders, crescent.
;

upwards)

rABAAeCON
16

(in inner cii-cle)

M

Bust of Elagabalus (?) r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
1-2

[Plate lxxiv. 12.]

LAODICEA AD MARE
First

t

Century

B.O.

Some of

numerals;

the combinations of letters on the folloioing pieces undoubtedly represent The coinage but their precise significance is still unexplained.

generally shuidd be compiared with that of Seteticia.

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard T et radrachm
Head
of

(debased)

turreted

Tyche of Laodicea r., veiled and bead and reel border.
;

[A]

AO A
(to

(to r.,

down-

TH5:i[EP]AZKA[l]

wards)
1.,

AYTO N O M OY

downwards)

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne, leaning with 1. on sceptre, and

Nike

221-5

M

holding on extended r. wreath-bearing r. beneath r. hand, beneath seat, 1^ in ex., the whole within wreath.
;

AK

;

;

KA

;

1-05
(No.
1 is

pierced.)

[Plate

lx.xiv.

13.]

Bronze

Young male head
about neck.

r.,

radiate

;

chlamys
(to r.,

downwai'ds)
(to
1.,

AYT O N O M OY
bow (?)
101
in
1.

downwards)

Artemis, wearing short chiton, standing 1., leaning with r. on spear, and holding

M

-9

in field

1.,

traces of letters.

*

This piece has the appearance of having been tooled and altered.

f For coins struck by Laodicea in association witli Antioch, supra, p. 141 f.

Apamea and

Seleucia see

LAODICEA AD MARE

203

No.

Wkigiit

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

117

M

-85

135

204

SELEUCIS AND PIEEIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Revekse

Imperial Coinage Such dales as occur on imperial coins are reckoned from the Caesarian Era, commencing in 48 B.C. Magistrates' names are frequent, as at Gahala.

Claudius

KAI
Head

CAPOCCEBACTOY

[IO]YAIEnNTf2[N]

(to

r.,

down-

(from r., downwards) of Claudius r., laur.

KAIAAOAI

wards)
(to
1.,

KEHN

downwards)
1.,

draped, standing rudder and cornucopias.
Tjclie,

holding

10

M

-85

in field

1.,

above, S*

1

*

[= 48

A.D.]

Domitian

AVTOK KAI AO/v\ TIANOY [FE]
I

PA\
I

(from
r.,

1.,

upwards)
line)

A N KOY (to (beneath) C€
Head
11
of

IOYAIEXlN[T] £1NKA\

u (to
(to L,

r.,

A A ^ downwards)

on inner
r.,

AAOAIKEHN
Tyclie,

downwards)

Domitian

laur.

draped and wearing kalathos, standing 1., holding rudder and cornucopias.

M

-95

in field,

C A

(above),

and

XAP

(to

1.)

AVTOKPAXnPAOMITIANOCC
€BA
(from
of
r.,

loVAlE

upwards)

(to r.,

upwards) upwards)

Head

Domitian

1.,

laur.

KAIAAO
AlKEflN

(to

1.,

J2

JE

-9

Tyohe standing 1., holding wreath in extsndsd r., and with 1. holding cornucopias and leaning upon rudder.
Similar.
Similar.

13

M

-8

(AAIi

in inscr.)

raj an

Inscr.

Trajan

from beneath, towards 1. Head of r., laur. paludamentum over
;

lOYAieWNTWNKAl
CONBZP
.

AAOAIK6
upwards)
r.,

[=114a.d.]
(from
1.,

shoulder.

Bust

of the

Tyche

of l.aodicea
;

draped,

veiled,

and turreted

bunch
;

of grapes

hangs down in front of ear neck, magistrate's name.

in front of

U
15

Ai

1

N€PTPAIANOCAPICT
KAICC6B

A
[Plate lxxiv. 15.]

M

1

AYTOKPN6PTPAIANOCAPICT K
The traces
of the

q

are very slight.

LAODICEA AD MARE
Metal
Size

205

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

16

M
JE

1

AY TK

.

N€PTPAIANOCAPIC

K
lOY

17

1

AYTOKPN€PTPA[IANOCA] PIC TKAICC€Br€PAAK
[AYTOKP]N€PTPAIANOCAPIC
TKAICC€Br[
Similar.
]

18

M

1

lOY

Similar; with

fZP [=115

a.d.]

19

M

1

[

]N€PTPAIANOCAPICTKA
]

KO

IC[
20
JE 1-05

AYTOKPN6PTPAIANOCAPICT
KAICC6Br€PAAK
Similar.

IOYAI€a}NTa)NKAI

A[AOAI]K

etONTZP [=115

A.D.]

21

M

(from ]., upwards) Tyohe of Laodicea, wearing chiton (and high head-dress ?), standing to front, head r., holding on extended 1. Nike rudder; in 1., and leaning with r. on field r., P^
-75
inscr. obscure.

Antoninus Pius
(from 1., upwards) Antoninus Pius r., laur.

IOYAI€C0NTWN
(from 1., upwards) Bust of the Tyche of Laodicea r., draped, and wearing necklace and castellated bunch of grapes hangs head-dress down behind ear behind head, STTP [= 139 A.D.] in front of neck, magistrate's name.
; ; ;

Head

of

22

M

1

0O
Similar.

lOYAICWNTWNKAl
00

AAOAIK6
[=140

(from 1., upwards) Similar type; behind, HTTP
A.D.]
;

N

in front

of

neck, magistrate's

name. 23

Ji

-95

inscr.

obscure
r.

;

countermark,

bearded

0€

(inscr. obscure)

head

24
25

^ ^

1

1

AYTOKAITIAIAIAAPIANTWNe INOCC€B€YC ANTO) N€INOCC€B€Y
;

KO (TOONK AIAA)
/v\0

(TWNK A

lAA)

countermark, small head

(of

Commo-

dus

?) r.

206

SELEUCIS

AND PIERIA

JSTo.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar

;

but type

1.

26

M

1-05

[

ONCeB€Y
Inscr.

]TIAIAIAAPIAN TWN6IN

KO

(T(0

N KAIA)

from

1.,

upwards.
1.,

ninus Pius

laur.,

Bust of Antowearing cuirass

Similar to preceding.

and paludamentum.
27

M

-95

AIAIA

A

PIANTWN
(of

---;

e€ (TWNK A lAAO)
KO
(TCaN K AIAA)

countermark, small head dus?) r.

Commo-

28

M

1

--C0N€INO
mark.

;

same counter-

Inscr.

from

r.,

upwards.

Similar type.

Similar.

29

JE

1

WN€INONC€€V
Similar to No. 22.

$o

(TO)

N KAIA)

Similar; but behind,

MP

[=142a.d.]

30

M

1
[

TIAIAAPIANT r2N€INON
]
;

KPA

(TO)

N KAIA)

countermark, small head
?) r.

(of

Corn-

modus

[Plate lxxiv. 16.]
Similar to No. 27.
Similar.

31

M

-95

AITIAIAAP
same countermark.

ANTWNe

;

e€

o

(inscr. obscure)

32

M

1

AYTOKATIAIAAP ANTHNeiN ONC€B

Y^ (Tn NK

AIA)

M. Aurelius and L. Verus
Inscr. illegible.
laur.

Head

of

M. Aurelius

r.,

- -

nPK AlC
of L.

Head
neck,
JE,
1

(from 1., upwards) Verus r., laur. iu front of
;

AAO(?)

Commodus
Head
laur. of

Commodus

r.,

loYAI€ONTON
Within

[
].,

]

(from

upwards)

distyle shrine, bust of Tjche r., draped and tnrreted, resting on a basis

outside shrine, to

1.,

upwards,

34

^

and
1-05

ATTO

to

r.,

downwards,

MAP(?)

[Plate lxxiv. 17.]

LAODICEA AD MARE

207

No.

Weight

Metal
StZK

Obverse

Reverse

Septimius Severus

Inscr.

from 1., upwards. Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur., wearing cuirass arid paludamentum..

Inscr.

from

1.,

upwards.

Within
r.,

distyle

shrine, bast of Julia

Domna

draped.

35

^ M

1-05

AYTKAICen C60YHP0C

AVrAOMNA TYXH WC
[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. XXX. 9.]

36

1-1

[

]

KAI

countermarks,

C €nC€OYHP; COL, and OI(?)

two

AVrAolVNA

TVMMHTPOnO
A€IiN
{sic)

Caracalla

ANTONINVSPIVSAV GE ROMAE
RC
37
(from
1.,

(above)

upwards)
r.,

FEL

(in ex.)
r.,

Bust of Caracalla

laur.

;

paluda-

Wolf

suckling twins.

mentum
JE
1-2

over shoulder.

Macrinus

IMPCMOPSEV AAACPINOSP
AVG38

Similar.

M

Head
1-2

(from ]., upwards) of Macrinus r.. laur.
(sic)

Elagabalus

_

ANTON -MAVR (from upwards)
1.,

COLLAODCMETROPOLEOS
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

Bust

of

Elagabalus

r.,

laur.

;

paluda-

mentum

over shoulder.

Distyle shrine, resting upon basis and having a dome on the top within stands

an eagle, facing, with wings open and € head 1. in field,
;

A

39

VE

1

IMPCMAVR ANTONINVS
Similar.

AA AO K€ W N
I

{sic,

(on

r.,

on 1., upwards) downwards)

Within
of

Laodicea

distyle shrine, bust of the Tyche turreted, r., draped and
basis
;

resting

upon

in field,

A

40

M

-75

;

208

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveese

Similar.

Inscr.

on

1.,

upwards, and on

r.,

down-

Within distyle shrine, bust of wards. the Tjche of Laodicea r., draped and in ex., turreted €
;

A

41

M
M

-65
-7

42

AVRANT IMPCMAVR ANTONINVS

CEON LADI CEON
[Plate ixxiv.
IS.']

Inscr.

from
r.,

1.,

upwards.

Bust of Elagacuirass

LAVDICEON
Two naked

balus

radiate, "wearing

and

paludamentum.

1., upwards) on the point of getting into grips with one another behind the one on the 1., amphora; behind the one on the r., palm (??) in

(from

wrestlers,

;

ex.,

A


off coin.

43

44
45

M ^
tB

-75 -76

IMPCMAVRANTONINVS AVG
IMPCM AVRANTONIN[VS]AVG

palm

(??)

-75

IMPCMAVR ANTON[

]

[Plate lxxiv. 19.]

Philippus Senior

AYTOKKMIOYAI4)|AinnOCC€
B
(from
1.,

upwards)
r.,

COLLAODMETR OPOLEOS
(from
1.,

upwards)

Bust

of Philippus Senior

laur.,

wear-

ing cuirass and paludamentum.

draped, and wearing turreted head-dress, standing to front, head r., leaning with r. on rudder, and holding small figure (of athlete?) on extended

Tjohe,

46

M

1.

;

in field,

A

1

Similar

COLLAODMETROPOLEOS
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

Distyle shrine, resting upon basis and having a dome on the top within stands eagle facing, with wings open and head

47

^

1.

;

in field,

A


XXXI. 7.]

1

IBJI.C, Pl.

Trebonianus Gallus

C€B

AVTOK K rOV BTPe BTAAAOC COLLAOD METRO POAEOS (from upwards)
I

1.,

Bust of Trebonianus Gallus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

(from 1., upwards) Tyche, draped and turreted, standing 1., leaning with r. on rudder, and holding on extended 1. two small figures 1 in

48

M

field,

A

1-2

PALTOS — EAPHANEA
Met At
Size

209

No.

Weighi'

Obverse

Revekse

PALTOS
Imperial

Coinage

The coins of Pallos seem to be limited to a particular epoch in the reiijn of Septimins Secervs* The dale on No. 5 is reclconed from the Era of Arndtts, licgiiriiiiig in the The meaning of the letters on the lii'v. is doiditful. autumn 0/259 or 258 B.C.
Septimius Severus
Iiisci'.

from ]., upwards. mius Severus r., laur.

Head

of Septi-

AVrAOMNA
Bust
of Julia

(to

1.,

upwards)

M ^

erCO;
1

beneath,

Domna r., draped rPHA(?)

;

above,

inscr. obscure.

1

[

]

C€nC€OY HP

[Plate lxxiv. 20

]

Similar.

TTAATHN

^^^

j.^

downwards)

Bust of Julia Domna r., draped and wearing turreted head-dress, resting uponbasis; tol., upwards, €rrPHA(?)
3

AH
1

1
1

.

-

cenri C€

-

inscr. obscure.

4

M

- -

C€nC€OY
Geta

[Plate lxxiv. 2

1

.]

Traces of inscr.

Bust

of

Geta

r.,

draped

;

TTA ATH NO) N

.(to v.,

downwards)

head bare.

Similar type; tol., upwards, beneath ethnic, HNY[=200a.d.]

HPAAA;

M

1-05

[Plate lxxiv. 22.]

RAPHANEA
Imperial

Coinage

Elagabalus

AVTKMAVP ANTflNINOC upwards)
cuirass

P€<l>

A N€n TflN
(from
1.,

(from 1., Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing

Jilale figure,

and paludamentum.

upwards) and turreted, standing 1., holding patera in r. and cornucopiae in 1.; in field, to 1. and to in front, a r., eagle with open wings

naked

to waist

;

bull

1.

M

-96

[Cf.

n.M.C, Pl. XXXI.

13.]

*

See Itnhoof-Blntner, Zur griecUschen Miinzkunde,

p. 43.

E

E

VOL.

111.

ilO

SELEUCIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

RHOSUS
The Era of Ehosus begins
in the year

39

B.C.,

when

Veiitidius

Bassus

drove the PurtMans out of Syria and Cilicia.*

Early Imperial Times

Shield,

in

centre
r.

of

which

a

bull (?)

advancing

[PjnZEHN [TjHZIEPAZ KAIAZYAOY
(?)

(to r.,

downwards) downwards)

(to

1.,

Draped male figure standing to front upon a basis which is fl.anked by the foreparts of two bulls reclining and
I.

49

M

the figure holds in r. a thunderin field, above bolt, and in 1. a harpa beneath basis, f5] each arm, star
r.
; ;
;

-7

[Plate lxxiv. 23.]

Head

of

Tyche

1.,

turreted

;

in

front,

upwards,
28-5

ETOHA\P [ = 109

pncE
Between
lines of iuscr.

A.D.]

M

harpa.

b

[Plate

lxxiv. 24.]

Iiiqi('ri(d

Coinage

Caracalla

AYTKMAYPCeOY ANTHNINO
NC€
Head
(from 1., upwai'ds) of Caracalla r., laur.

P W C€ W N
Bust
(of

(on

1

.

,

upwards)
;

Selene F) r., draped, resting ujDon crescent with horns upwards hair
rolled
;

to

r.,

downwards,
A.D.]

SNC

6TOYC

[=217
A(?)

M

-9

after date,

[Plate lxxiv. 25.]

See Joitrnal Intern.,

vi.

(1903), pp. 47

f.

;

RHOSUS — SELEUCIA PIERIA
Metal
Size

211

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

SELEUCIA PIEKIA
The coin-types of this city relate chiefly to the worship of Zeus Keramdos, whose symbol was the thunderbolt, and of Zeus Kasios, possibly tioo different aspects of one and the same divinity* Second and First Centuries
B.C.

The

first

two issues of bronze have the legend in its simplest form. ; they are represented here by three and by two denominations respectively.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

ZEAEYKEflN

(above)
;

Thunderbolt, with, large wing.'!, 1. beneath, to 1., monogram within circle border of dots.

199

M

1

pa
[i.Jf.a, Pl. xxxir. 4.]

Similar.

Similar.

115

JE -85

Similar.

ZEAEY KEHN
Similar.

(above) (beneath)

55-5

/E

-6

[PLiTB

Lxxrv. 26.]

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

ZEAEYKEHN
beneath,
dots.

(above)
;

Thunderbolt, without wings

in field

monogram

in circle; border of

122-5

M

-9

j^

(?)

;

above,

A

88

M

-75

PP

;

nothing above.
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxxii. 3.]

*

See Wroth, in B.M.G., pp.

Ixxi.

ff.

E E

I

;

212

SELBUCIS AND PIERIA

Xu.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

The

followirifj

are represented.

Two denominations group probably covers more than one issue. The date on Nos. 8 f. is reckoned from the Seleucid Era. The monograms suggest a connection loith the coins struck for the Seleucid Tetrapolis (see supra, p. 141).

Head

of Zeufs

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

ZEAEYKEilN (,,„„
EMniEPIAI
(beneath)

Thunderbolt, with small wings, 1. above and beneath inscr., letters, monograms or symbols the whole within wreath.
;

1-1.5

A-]

-9

above, (^ and piloi

;

beneath,

B f^P

IB.M.C, Pl.
127

xxxii. 5.]

JE
IE

-9

above,

|^_^

and

piloi

;

beneath,

B

|YP

116-,

-S

above,

P^(?) and
B.C.]

piloi

;

beneath, 8=3

[=146

SZP

Similar.

Similar

;

thunderbolt has no wings.

9

135

;

Ai

-85

above,

SZP [=146
BY K
;

B.C.l

;

beneath,

piloi (?)

10

119

M

-8

above,

beneath, ??

Head

of

Apollo
;

r.,

laur.

;

ringlets

at shoulder,

bow and

hair in long qaiver
;

TUN

ZEAEYKEIiN
EMTTIEPIAI
within wreath.

(to r.,

downwards)

border of dots.

(to

1.,

downwards)
;

Tripod-lebes, with holmos

the whole

11

64-5

M

[Plate lxxiv. 27.]

Similar.

ZEAEYKEHN

THN

(to r.,
(to
1.,

downwards)

EMTTI EPI A

downww'ds) Similar type no holmos above and beneath inscr., letters, monograms, or symbols the whole within wreath.
;

;

;

12
13

58-5

GO

M M

-65

above,

|^ and
(?)

piloi

;

beneath,

B

(S^*

6

as preceding

;

details obscure.

;

SELEUCIA PIERIA

213

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

The

city was freed from the control of the Syrian Kings circa 108 The change in the form of the inscription may date from that time.

B.C.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laar.

;

border of dots.

,.. ZEAEVKEHN ^^^°^''>
THZI EPAZ
Thunderbolt,
inscr., piloi;
r.,

aOVoNoMEoV]
letters
;

(^^^^^^^)
;

above with wings, 1. beneath inscr., and in field the whole within wreath.

14

140-5

M
JE

-85

E(?)

and

IZI

[Plate lxxiv. 28.]
15
122-5
-75
I

M

and

A

;

to

1.

of piloi,

Zi

Soon

after

dates

The the town obtained its autonomy, silver began to be issued. on Nos. 16 fi. are reckoned from the year in which the grant The representation of the thunderbolt of autonomy was made. as a cultus-object is notable.

Silver

Euboic-Attic

Standard

(debased)

Te t radr achms
Bust

Tyohe of Seleucia r., draped, and turreted she wears a necklace, and an earring which has the form bead and of a pendant bunch of grapes
of the
veiled,
; ;

ZEAEVKEGN THZIEPAZ
A,,-,-!$f^L4^»/ AVToNoMoV

(above)

(beneath) '
^

reel border.

Thunderbolt, filleted, resting on a cushion, which is laid upon a stool beneath stool, date; in field r., letter; the whole within wreath.
5"

16

227

Al 1-25

[=102

B.C.];

A

[Plate lxxiv. 29.]

Similar

;

earring of simple form

Similar

;

type slightly varied.
B.C.];

17

226-3

JR

1-2

Al [=97
[B.3I.G., Pl. xxxii. 8.]

r

18 19

222-9
217-1

M M

1-15

Bl
(no necklace visible)
5-1

[=96 [=92

B.C.]

;

e M

B.C.];

1-15

214

SELEUCIS AND PIERTA

No.

Weight

Metai,
Size

Orverse

Eeverse

Hemidrac hm
Similar type
;

border of dots.

ZEAEV KEHN

(to r.,

downwards)
(to
1.,

AVTO NO[MoV]
Mke
palm
;

THZ

down-

wards)

advancing 1., holding wreath and above inscr., date the whole within wreath (?).
;

20

27-3

M

-6

n
(No. 20
is

[=95b.c.]
30.]

pierced.)

[Plate

lx.xiv.

Bronze
Type similar
to No. 17.

Similar to No. 17 letter in field 1.

;

but with additional

21 22

113
112

M
M

-75
-8

border of dots.

AA

[=74

B.C.]

;

to

r.

;

Z

to to

1.

bead and reel border.

BS [=16
Early Impericd Times

B.C.]

;

H

tor.

;

Z

1.

Similar type

;

bead and reel border.

Similar.

23

128

m

-s

Pn

[=72a.D.]

;

H

tor.

;

A

to

1.

I€

PACYA
of the

AYTONOMOY
(from
1.,

C€A€YK€
[n]€l€PIAC

,

,

,

upwards)
r.,

Bust

veiled,

Tyche of Seleucia and turreted.

draped,

(beneath)
filleted,
is

Thunderbolt, cushion which beneath stool,
border.

resting on a placed upon a stool
;

letter

;

bead and

reel

24

91

M

-8

[Plate lxxiv. 31.]
Nos. 25
ff.

are possibly dated according to the
a.d.]

Era of Actium*
,
,

ETTIKDMDAnY HHP [= 157
(from
r.,

CEAEYKEIU

,

Similar type

;

downwards) behind neck, palm bead
;

and

reel border.

NTHQIEPAC KAIAYTDND

(^^°''®)

MDY

Similar type

;

no

letter

;

bead and

reel

25 2G

L06-5

M

border.
-85

108

M

-85

*

See Eckhel, D.N.V.,

iii.,

pp. 327

f.

The evidence, however,

is

not quite satisfactory.

;

SELEUCIA PIERIA

215

Xo.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Keveese

Similar;

but type

1.,

and

inscr.

from

1.

Similar.

27

;

91

M

upwards.
-8

The date of

the

following
its

is

doubtful, but style

and weight

point to

being very late.

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

bead and reel

border.

ZEAEVKEnN[TH]ZIEPAZKAIA [VTONO] MOV (from upwards)
1.,

Bust of the Tyclie of Seleucia r., draped, she wears earring veiled, and turreted and necklace behind neck, palm, above
; ;

23

89-5

^

which,
-9

PA

;

in front,

B
j-

IvHJefial

Coinage

Augustus

The following

It was is also dated according to the Era of Seleucia. prohablij once plated, to pass current as a siher tetradrachm.

KAIZAPOZZE
(from
r.,

SEAEYKEflN
downwards)
laur.
;

THZIEPAZ

(above)
(^^°^^*^)

Head

of

Augustus

r.,

bead and

reel border.

AYTONOMOY
Thunderbolt,
cushion,

filleted,
is
;

which

and resting on a placed upon a stool

in field, beneath, date the whole in wreath.

A

and

I'l

;

29

M

1

lAP [=6a.d.]

Tiberius

No. 30

is

dated according

to the

Artian Era.

For

the magistrate see

Aktioch, Xo. 66

ff.

ZEBAZTOXZEBAZTOV
(from
1.,

- -

upwards)

AANOV
ZEAEV
KEI2N
Above, regnal year beneath, date the whole within plain circle, which is enclosed by laurel- wreath.
;
;

Enizi

Head

of Tiberius

r.,

bare.

30

M

l-l

r

ZM

[=16a.d.]
B.M.C., Pl.
XXXIII. 1.]

[Cf.

; ;

216

SELEUOIS AND PIERIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Keverse

Trajan

Inscr.
r.,

from

1.,

upwards.

Head

of Trajan

laur.

ni€PIAC

(beneath)

Thunderbolt, filleted, and resting upon cushion which is placed upon a stool beneath stool, numeral letter bead and
;

reel border.

31

M

1

KAIN€PTPAIANOCAPICT C€Br€P
[Cf.

BJI.a, Pl.

xxxiii. 2.]

Similar.

C€A€YK€QN
ni€PIAC
Similar.

(above) (beneath)

32

^95
AK

N6PTPA

C€Br€PA\A

Similar.

C€A€YK€ajN HiePIAC
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

Shrine, composed of a pyramidal roof supported by four pillars within, the sacred stone of Zeus Kasios, filleted on highest point of roof, eagle with wings

open; beneath shrine, i^a^iAV^ K

Ad L/C

;

iii

field r.,

numeral

letter;

bead and

reel

border.

33

M
M
JE

-95

PKAICNePTPAIANOCAPIC TC€Br€PAAAAK

34

1

AYTOKPKAICN€ PTPAIANOCA
PIC

B

35

1

AAAAK
36

TPAIANOCAPICTC€Br€P

M
.'E

1-05

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA PICTC€Br€PMAAK
NOCAPICTC€Br€PA\AAK

37

-95

Similar.

C€A€YK€WN n6l€PIAC
r

Similar.

38

M

1

KAICN6PTPAIANOCAPICT
C€Br€P/v\AAK

(K€W Nn€)

SELEUCIA PIERIA
Metal
[

217

No.

Weight

Size

Obverse

Beverse

39
I

iE

1

TPAIANOCAPICT
[Plate lxxiv. 32.]

40

JE 1-05

AYTOKPKAIN€PTPAIANOCAPI CTC€B

Similar.

41

M

-85

TPAIANOCAPICTCeB

Commodus

AVTKMAV KOMMOAOC
42

C6A€YK€CJ Nni€PIAC
Bust
of the

M

upwards) Bust of Comniodus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentnm.
].,

(from

(from 1., upwards) Tyche of Seleucia r., draped,
turreted.

veiled,

and

-7

[Plate lxxiv. 83.]

AVTAN KOMOAON
(from
Similar type.
1.,

C€A€ VK€W M
upwar

(from 1., upwards) Shrine, with, stone of Zeus Kasios, and eagle, as on Nos. 33 f£.

43

JE

-7

Septimius

Severus

AVTOK6AOV
Head
44
(from 1., upwards) of Septimius Severus r., laur.

C€AeV K€a)Nni€PI ACS€ vc
(from
Thunderbolt,
filleted
is

M

cushion, which
-9

1., upwards) and resting on a placed upon a stool.

Caracalla

AVTOKK€

ANTWNINOC

C€A €VK€WN ni€PI AC
Similar.

45

M

(from 1., upwards) Bust of youthful Cai'acalla r., laur.. wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
-9

218

COELE-SYEIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Coele-Syria

DAMASCUS
For an Alexandrine tetradrachm strnclc at Damascus, see Vol. One or two of the later Seleucid Icings may have minted at
I.,

this

p. 313, No. 165. city {see supra,

Coin>< were also issued here hy the Naltathaean Mag, Aretas p. 115, footnote). III. (q.v.). The dales on the folio id in g are reckoned from the Seleucid Era.

First

Century

B.C.

Bust of Cleopatra r., draped, vs'earing diadem, earring, and necklace border of
;

AAMAZKHN

.

.

(to r.,

downwards)

dots.

Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock, extending r. hand and holding cornucopiae in 1. in front, ear of corn growing out of the ground; beneath feet of Tjche, river-god swimming to
; ;

upwards, within wreath.
].,

SOS

[=36

B.C.];

all

126v

jE

1

[Plate lxxv.

1.]

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

turreted

;

border of

AAMAZKH
NX2N

dots.

(to r.,

downwai'ds)

138

M

Tyche, draped and turreted, standing to front, head ]., holding rudder and cornucopiae; in field 1., Z(?)T [=5 B.C. ?] all within wreath.
;

-0.^

Imperial

Times

Under Nero

Head

of

Nero

r., laiir.

;

in front, lituus.

AfKt^fK

CKH NnNZOT[=66A.D.]

M

-95

(from 1., upwards) Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock, extending her r. hand and holding in 1. a cornucopiae beneath hei' feet, river-god swimming.
;

{B.M.C, PL.

XXXIV. 7.]

Young head

(of

Dionysos

?) r.

AAA\ACKH
Two

(on r., thyrsoi crossed

M

'6

ZOT
[Plate lxxv. 2.]

;

downwards) on 1. upwards,

[=66.i.D.]

DAMASCUS
ETAL

219

No.

Weight

11

Size

Obverse

Revfese

Antoninus Pius

TAIAAAPIA ANTWNGINO
[

AAMACKHNWN [M]HTPOnOA
€(jOC
(from r., downwards) Tyche, draped and tnrreted, seated 1. on rock, holding doubtful object in extended r. and cornucopiae in 1. beneath her feet, river-god swimming.
;

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentuni.
]

^

-9

L. Verus (?)

Traces of inscr. Bust of L. Verus (?) r,, laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

€WC

AAMACKHN WNMHTPOnOA
upwards) with within, bust of Tyche
(from
1.,

Tetaastj'le

shrine,

1.,

arched roof draped and
;

turreted.

jE 1

Colonial

Coiitcujc

Philippus Senior

VG

IMP

MIVL

PHILIPPVS

PF

A

DA MASUO- METROPO
Tyche, draped and tun-eted, seated
r.
1.

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Philippus Senior r., radiate, wearing cuii-ass and paludamentum.

on

rock, holding doubtful object in extended

and cornucopiae
river-god
1.,

feet,

swimming

ram running
hand
i

beneath her above r. arm, with head turned back
in
1.
; ;
;

in front, statue of

Marsyas

1.,

wit.h

r.
1.

raised shoulder.
/

and

wine-skin

over

JE

1-2

[Plate lxxv. 3.]

IMPMIVL

PHILIPPVS

COLAAMA[
bust of Tyche
1.,

]

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
.'E

(from

1.,

upwards)
;

Tetrastyle shrine, which is placed upon within, basis ornamented with wi-eath

draped and turreted.

1-1

Volusianus

IMPGALLOVOLOSSIANO
(from 1., upwards) Head of Volusianus r., laur.; paludamentum over shoulder.

COLAA MAMETR
(fi'oni
1.,

upwards)
child
1.
;

Doe standing r., suckling ex., head of ram r.

in

.E

1 V
i-

2

220

COELE- SYRIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Oeveese

Reveese

IMPGALLOVOLOSSIANOAVG
(from.
1.,

COLAAMA SM[ETRO]
(from
1.,

Bust

of Yolusianus

r.,

upwards) laur., wearing

upwards)

cuirass and

paludamentum.

Agonistic urn (or head-dress ?) with two apertures, in the upper of which is inserted a

palm across
;

it,

pc r a P M A
I

'

beneath,

|

and head

of

ram
8.]

r.

.E

-95

[B.M.C, Pl. XXXV.

HELIOPOLIS
Imperial
Coiiiuije

Commodus

KOA\ ANT-Bust
of

(from
r.,

1.,

Commodus

laur.,

upwards) wearing

Lj

p

{^^ centre)
I

cuirass

and paludamentum.

Two

military eagles, face to face; the
of laurel.

whole within a wreath
/E
-8

Septimius Severus

IA\PLSE
(from Bust of Septimius

PERTA
r.,

-

-

COL HEL
Bust

downwards)

^

Severus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
1

1., upwards) Tyohe of Heliopolis 1., draped, veiled, and turreted behind, palm-branch and cornucopiae.

(from

of the

;

Ill

the

Third

Ceitfnri/

A.D. Heliopolis was for a short time an imperial mint*

Caracalla

Billon

Tetr a drachms
Inscr.

from
r.,

].,

upwards.

Head

of Cara-

Inscr.

calla

laur.

from 1., upwards. Eagle, with wings open, standing to front, head 1., holding wreath in its beak; between eagle's legs, draped bust of Helios 1.,

radiate.

3 4

191-1
214-2

Bill,

1-05
1

AVTKA\ AN TWN€INOCC €
--]TKA\A-

AH M A PX€2: VHATOCTO A
[AHM] APX€ZVnATOCTOA
[Cf.

Bill.

ANTQNC

]

B.M.C., Pl. XXXVI. 5.]

*

See Imhoof-Blumer,

Griecli.

Mimzen,

p. 767,

and

of.

supra, p. 172, footnote.

;

DAMASCUS —HBLIOPOLIS
Metal
Size

221

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Macrinus
Billon

Tetra drachm

AYTKMonC€ AAAKP6INoCC€
(frona
1.,

A H M A px€i vnATOcnn
(from
Similar.
1.,

upwards)

upwards)

Head
182-2
Bill.

of

Macrinus

r.,

laur.

1

Colonial

Coinage

Philippus Senior

IMPCAESMIVLPHILIPP
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

COLHEL
Propylaeum
on

(above)

of the temple of Jupiter Heliopolitanus ; a flight of steps, flanked either side by a pedestal, leads

up

to

a portico, consisting of twelve columns and flanked on either side by a tower in the centre of the portico is an arched space contaicing a cypress-tree, and having a pediment rising above it on the apex of the pediment, a patera in ex., above pediment, IO doubtful symbols (?).
;

MH

;

;

JE

1-1
[Cf.

B.M.a, Pl. XXXVI.

6.]

Valerianus

Senior

IMPCAESPLICVALERIANVSPF

COLIVLAVGFELHEL
(from
1.,

AVG

(from ]., upwards) Bust of Valerianus Senior r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

upwards)

Agonistic urn (or head-dress ?), containing two palm-branches, and flanked by two similar objects, each containing one

palm-branch; in

ex.,

CERT-SACR CAP OECVISE HEL-

JE 1-05
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxxvi. 8.]

Gallienus

IMPCAESPLICGALLIENVSAVG
Bust
of

(from 1., upwards) Gallienus r., laur., wearing

COL HEL
Two

IVL

AVG FEL
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

(beneath)

cairass

and paludamentum.

cornuacojjiae

crossed

between

them, a winged caduceus.

^

-9

[Plate lxxv.

4.]

222

COELE SYRIA— DECAPOLIS
-

No.

Weight

Metai
Size

Obverse

Eeverse

LAODICEA AD LIBANUM
Imperial

Coinage
Severus

Septimius

AVTKAC€n CeOVHPOC
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur.,

[AAOAIK?]n POC AIBANGJ
(from
1.,

upwards)

The god Men, wearing short chiton and
Phrygian cap, holding short whip(?) in h hand, and with r. leading his horse by the bridle 1. in ex., A\ H N
;

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

M

1-15

[Plate lxxv.

5.]

Trachonitis

CAESAREA PANIAS
Imperial

Coinage
?>

The Era of Caesarea Paiiias ronniiences in
it

B.C.

Vwle.v the

name of Neronias

was a mint of Agrippa

II. (q.v.).

Commodus

AVTKAAAV ANTWKOAA
(from
1.,

KAI

CeBI€P. ACY

upwards)

THP nAN

Head

of

Commodus

r.,

laur.

M

-95

(from 1., upwards) Pan, naked, standing to front, head r., legs crossed, leaning against the trunk of a tree, and holding in his raised hands his flute, on which he is about to play; infield, PH [= 188 a.d,]

A

[Plate lxxv.

6.]

Decapolis

ANTIOCHIA AD HIPPUM
Imperial
This coin
is

Coinage

dated according

to the

Pompeian Era, heginning

in

64

B.C.

M. Aurelius

AVTKAICM[A] AVPANTWN
(from
1.,

upwards)

ANTIOXnPin l€PACVAO
(from 1., upwards) Tyche of the City, draped and turreted, holding cornucopiae in 1. and with r. leading horse by the bridle 1. in ex

Bust

of

cuirass

M. Aurelius r., laur., wearing and paludamentum.

M

1

GKC

;

,

[=166

A.D.].

[Cf.

BM.a,

Pl. xxxvin. 1.]

UNCERTAIN OF SYRIA
Metal
Size

223

No.

Weight

OSViSKSE

Reverse

UNCERTAIN OP SYRIA (OR PHOENICIA)
Billon

T e t r a d r a c h. m s
On
tetraclrachms such as the following, see supra, p. 172, footnote. possibly belong to Gabala.

No. 1 may

Caracalla

AYTKAIAN TWNINOCC€
Head
(from 1., upwards) of Caracalla r., laur.

AHMAP€Z YH
(from
1.,
;

OA

upwards) Eagle standing to front, with wings open and head 1., holding a wreath in its beak between eagle's legs, forepart
of galley
1.

1

219-2

Bill.

11

Macrinas

AV KMOnC
C€
174-3
Bill. 1-1

]AAAKP€INOC

AHMAPX€2VnAT
(from
Similar type
;

(from

1.,

Bust of laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

upwards) Macrinus r.,

1.,
;

head

r.

upwards) between eagle's

legs, altar (?).

AVKMOn€A C€/v\AKP€INOC
C6
221
Bill. 1-1

AHA\APX[
Similar symbol.
;

inATOA

(from 1., upwards) Similar type style markedly different.
;

(from 1., upwards) between eagle's legs, doubtful

[Plate lxxv.

7.]

Bronze
No. 4
is

dated according to the Seleucid Era, No. 5 in according to the Caesarian.

all probability

Head

of

Artemis

r.,

wearing earring
quiver
;

;

at

her shoulder,

bow and

border

Nike, advancing 1., holding wreath and [=72 palm; tor., downwards,

LMZ

65

^

of dots.
-7

B.C.]

[Plate lxxv. 8.]

Bust of Tyche
turreted
;

r., draped, border of dots.

veiled,

and

Similar type
of letters
;

r.

;

in field

r.

,

beneath, traces

border of dots.

44-5

IE

-6

[Plate lxxv. 9.]

224

uncertain-

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Chalkoi
Bust
(of

Artemis

?) r.

;

border of dots.

Bow

in case,
r.

from
44

and quiver around, legend, downwards border of dots.
;
;

^ M
JE

'5

XAAKOYZ AlP
[Platb lxxv. 10.]

[=62a.d.

?]

25-6

-5

XAA KOYZ

25

-55

XAA KOYZ

(from

r.,

upwards)

The following

lias

been aasigned by some to Agrippa II., but the grounds for
the attribution are of the slenderest*

27-5

M

Anchor, with ring at the top; above, ET K border of

^

in field,
dots.

XAAKOYZ
pellet
;

;

arranged round a central border of dots.

-55

No. 10

is

probably a

rerij late coin

the

of Antioch, not earlier than Third Century A.D.

Bust
10

of

Artemis

r.

;

border of dots.

Lyre (chelys)
above,

;

A

;

aronnd, traces of date border of dots.

(?);

]3

JE

-4

* See Madden, Coins of the Jen's (1881), p. 146. Against the attribution might be urged the shape of the anchor and the fabric of the coin, neither of which is characteristically • Jewish.

X

;

AEADUS
Metal
Size

225

Weisht

Obverse

Kkvekse

PHOENICIA*
ARADUS
Before circa 332
B.C.

Before tie conquest of Alexander the Great, Aradus loas ruled hy a Phoenician It employed the Persic standard, possibly to facilitate commerce dynasty.-f Nos. 3 and 4 are probably the oldest of the following group, loith Cyprus. Nos. 5 and 6 the
latest.

SiLVEK

Persic Standard

Staters
Head
of Melkarth r., wreathed; tlie hair and beard are curled and the latter is brought to a point in front no border
;

i^W

(above)

Galley, with rowers
;

and

visible.

steersman, moving r. on waves at the stern is the styhs with aplustre, while a male figure § stands on the prow to 1. of iiiscr., single letter; the whole within slight incuse, on the upper side of which is visible a row of dots.

161-5

163-8

M M

-75
-8

'^ O

galley has ten rowers.

galley has eight rowers.

[Plate lxxv. 11.]

Tet rebels
Similar head
as
if

whole eye represented, r. seen from the front; border of
;

J^Y

(above)

Galley with rowers and

steersman,

moving

r.

dots.

within incuse, on the

on waves upper side
;

all

of

52-7

M

which
-55

is

visible a

row

of dots.

Similar
45-4

;

border

less

prominent.

but galley has a well-defined Similar eye in front.
; ' '

JR

-6

[Plate lxxv. 12.]

* In cataloguing the coins of Phoenicia, much help has been derived from Dr. Jules Eouvier's useful series of articles in the Journ. Intern., iii. ff. a good description of the site of Aradus will be found. t See Strabo, § 753, -where + See Dr. J. P. Six, in Num. Chron., 1877, pp. 182 ff., and Rouvier in Journ. Intern., iii.,

pp.\28ff.
§

The

naToiftoSj characteristic of

Phoenician ships

:

see Hdt., an. 37.

G G

;

226

PHOEXICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvekse

Revebse

i^y

(in field above)

Dagon, swim-

with beard and long curls the upper part of his body is human, while the lower part, which curls away 1., has the form of a fish his hands are raised, and in each he border holds a dolphin by the tail
ming,
head,
r.,
;

Galley with rowers r. beneath, sea-horse all within shallow incuse, which r. is iDounded by a row of dots.
;

;

;

46-5 43-1

M M

obscure.
-55
-6

dots visible on

r.

side only.

[Plate lxxv. 13.]

Ob
Head
Nos.
of
1

ol
Galley with rowers, )^'y (above) moving r. on waves all within very slight incuse, on the upper side of which is visible a row of dots,
;

Melkarth
fi'.
;

r., wreathed, border of dots.

as

on

11-9

A\

-35

drra 300—2.39
Tlie incovporaiion
Ai-(iihis

B.C.

Empire of Alexander led to the adoption of At first the silver currency appears of tlie Euhoic-Attic standard for silrcr. to have consisted eut/rch/ of Alexandrine tetradrachms and drachms {see Vol. I., pp. 313 and 324, Nos. 166 f£. and 263 f.). It is possible that Antiochiis I. and some of his snccasors may have strnclc tetradrachms at this mint.* The following belong to the early Seleiicid period.
in the

Bko^ze

Head

of
;

young Herakles
border of dots.

r.,

wearing

lion's

Prow

1.

;

on front
1.,
1.
;

of it stands Athena,

skin

helmeted,

in attitude

of

attack

;

above, anchor

border of dots.

59

^E /E

-65
-7

Circa

259—243
B.C.,

B.C.

The era of Aradiis dates from 259
its

year the city apparently secured autonomy. It is p>robable that Alexaiidriiic types were still used for the larger denominations of silrer. At first the coins were undated.
in
loliicli

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

Hemidra ch.ni
Head
10
29-7
of
;

Tyche

r.,

wearing turreted head-

/?

(above)

Prow

of

vessel

1.,

with

dress

border of dots.

'eye

' ;

border of dots.

^l

-5

[Plate lxxv. 14.]
* See Rouvier, Journ. Intern., bo regarded a3 mint-marks.
iii.,

p.

145

£F,

Monograms, however, caunot with certainty

;

ARADUS
Metal
Size

227

No.

Weight

Obverse

Keveese

Beonze

Head

of

Tyclie

r.,

turreted

;

border of

/?

dots.

(above) Prow 1. on front of it stands Athena 1., helnieted, in attitude border of dots. of attack
; ;

11

'

49-

JE

-7

Circa

242—187

B.C.
tJioy

Small

silver pieces continued to

1)6

issjted (hiring this period, hut

are not

plentifid.

hronxe coins fall into loell-marked groups, indicating that the series ivas not continuous.

With a general similarity of

types,

tlie

Bronze
Similar.

Similar; but beside monogram, palm-tree, and, beneath pi-ow, Phoenician date.

12

87

JE

-85

palm-tree

to
B.C.]

1.;
;

II

III

III

/V[hV]
i^

[=231
[Plate lxxv. 15.]

to r. of

prow,

13

92

JE

-85

palm-tree

to
B.C.]

r.

;

Ill

III

lll/VllV

[=230

Similar type

;

no border

visible.

Similar type; behind Athena, oornucopiae; to r. of prow, >^; beneath, date; above.

14

JE

-7

.

_]III|-/V[

[Plate lxxv. 16.]

Similar

;

border of dots.

Similar

(?)

15

72

M

-7

||||||||-/VhV [=221

B.C.]

Similar type

;

border of dots.

/^ (above) .Prow

1.,

rising in a lofty curve

on

either side

of

monogram,

\

O

;

beneath, Phoenician date; border of dots.

16 17

91

117

M M
m

?]lll/V/VhlV [=216
-lo -75

B.C.?]

WWNNhV
Similar.

[

= 215

B.C.]

Similar

(?).

-b

|-/V/V/VhV [=188b.c.]
G G 2

228

PHOENICIA

No.

ARADUS
Metal
Size

229

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

27 28 29

64-5

M M
J&

-7

III

ll|-/VA'/V/VhV

[

= 163b.c.]; ^o
')['!)

44
63-5

-6

llhlhV
same date
;

[=157

B.C.];

K

-6

A

h

30
31

56-5

M M M

-65

as preceding.

51-5

-6

nil hltlV

[=155b.c.]:

A)
'yo(?)

32 33

55-5

-65

IllllllinhX/
IllllllllhlhX/
same date

[=151

B.C.]*;

60-5

34
35 36 37 38 39

62-5

53 69 61
69

49

40
41

48
45 '5 55

M M M M M M M M M
iE

-65

[=150

B.C.];

yy

-65

;

y^

-7

as preceding.

-6

-^^V
same date
;

[=149

B.C.];

A)

-65

'^\

-7

as preceding.

-6

as preceding.

-7

as preceding.

-6

l-rihV
same date
;

[=148

B.C.];

iK^

42

-65

^

'^

43 44
45

46
52-5

M M

-7

as preceding.

-G

same date

;

same

letters (?).

44
58-5

46
47

63
54-5

48

M M M M

-65

II-

rihV [=147
;

B.C.];

A)

-6

same date

^ ^\

(?)

-7

Ill-hlhlX/ [=146
same date

B.C.];

^;e'(?)

-6

;

^^

*

The date

is

not quite certain.

230

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

MetaTj
Size

Obverse

Reverse

49 50
51

61

JE

-6

same date

;

*i^

53-5

55-5

52

66-5

53 54
65

61-5

53
63-5

M M M M M
M

-6

same date

;

letters doabtfnl.

-6

iiii-rihv [=]46b.c.]; )if
as preceding.

-6

-65

-7
>)

)?

•G5

llll|-nhV [=144
as preceding.

B.C.]

;

);^

56
57

47-5

M M M
M

-65

61-5

-6

iiiiii-nhv
same date
;

[=.143

B.C.]

;

);^

58
59

46-5

-65

.

.

)i<^

66
53
61-6

-55

same date
III

j^O
;

60
61

M
iE

-66
I

Ill-l'lhlV [=142b,c.];

)0

-6

as preceding.

62 63 64

42
52
52-5

M
ZE

-6
II

Illllll-ritW [=140

B.C.]

;

)i^

-6

Nr\\\SJ

[=139
?)

B.C.];

j,^

^

-6

doubtful date (95

;

a^O

65 66

64-6

M ^

-65

doubtful date (116
date and letters

?)

;

^^

55-5

-75

illegible.

Head

of Tyclie
;

dress
dots.

r., wearing turreted headover shoulder, palm border of
;

Aplustrer.; beneath, date; above, Phoenician
lettei's.

G7

28

M

-55

Illl-nhV [=145

B.C.];

^Y

ARADUS
Metal
Size

231

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Circa

136—111

B.C.

Soon after the middle of the Second Century B.C. Aradiis succeeded in finally The resulting increase in prosperity overthrowing the power of its rioul Maratlms. is shown ly the abundant issue of tetradrachns which now commenced. The bronze coinage is represented here by two denominations.
Silver

Euboic-Attic

Standard Te tr adrachms
and

(Reduced)

Bust

of

Tyclie
;

turreted

draped, veiled, r., border of dots.

APAAIflN
aplustre in
1.,

(to r.,

down-wards)
1.,
1.
;

Wiuged Nike advancing
r.

holdingin field

and palm in

beneath -wbich, single Phoenician letter above t-wo Greek letters the vs^hole -within a laurel- wreath.
date,

;

68

221--1

M

1-2

HKP
[Plate lxxv. 19.]

[=:13lB.c.]

;

y

AN
ON
eC

69

223-6 224-3

70

M M M

1-2
1-1

AAP

[=128

B.C.]

;

^
'>^

GAP
(Nos. 6H, 69 and 70 are
all

[=120
pierced.)

B.C.];

71

232-8

1-1

MP
D raclini
Bee
;

[=119

B.C.]

;

^ €N

in field above, to
letters
;

1.,

date, and, to

r.,

APAAIHN
;

tv^fo

border of dots.

(to r., do-wnwards) Stag standing r. in the background, a beneath stag, Phoenician palm-tree
;

letter.

72

5G-7

M

-75

BAP

[=]27c.c.];

€N

\
Bronze

The

types of the higher denomination are identical with those found in the The Obo. type of the lower is new.* preceding period.

Bust

of

Tyche
1.

r.,

over
dots.

shoulder,

draped and turreted border of palm
; ;

Prow

1.

;

attitude of attack

on front part of it, Athena 1. in on the side, Poseidon
;

seated to front, leaning with

1.

on sceptre,
;

and holding with r. a wreath over the head of Athena beneath, date in field above, two Phoenician letters beneath
;
;

date, a third.

73

124

M

-8

?]iii/vri[|iv]

[=

134

B.C. ?]

;

)

^
[Plate lxxv. 20.]
*

[V]

Perses AoUmhtkles, For a third denomination, see Babelon, Les

PI. xxiii. 21.

232

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Revekse

74

110-5

M
JE

-8

Illllll/VhIhV

[

= 132

B.C.];

)

[?]

A
j,

75

103-5

-8

llllllll/Vhl[hV]
[?]
[?]

[=131

E.G.];

76

111

M

-9

-/Vrir\V [=129
as preceding.

B.C.];

>

i^

^

77

110-5

M

-8

Heads

j-agate

r.

of

Poseidon

laur.,
;

and

of

Prow
1.

Amphitrite, wearing stejDliane
of dots.

border

on the front part of it, Athena 1. in attitude of attack beneath, date above, Phoenician letters ; border of dots.
; ;

;

78

49
57-5
44-5

M M
^

-76

Ill/VnVhl [=136
as preceding
(?)

B.C.]

;

)0

79

80

-65

(No. 80

is

pierced.)

81

44
54-5

-6

Illll/VnhX/ [=134

B.C.];

)o
);^;
be-

82

^

-65

l|-/VnhlV
neath date,

[=127b.C.];

A

[Plate lxxy. 21.]

M

-65

as preceding.

Circa

111—106

B.C.

During

this
loith

period

the issue
to

of tetradrachms continues.
the weight

But

there is a change

regard

the bronze coinage,

being

much reduced.

Silver

Euboic- Attic Standard

(Reduced)

Tetra drachm
Similar to Nos. 68 S.

a PA AIHN

Sijnilar to Nos.

68 S.

£4

227-1

/R 1-1

OMP
(No. 84
is

[=110

B.C.]

;

IK

BC

pierced.)

ARADUS
Metal
Stze

233

No.

Weight

Obverse

Keveese

Bronze

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

turreted

;

behind, palm;

Prow
don

1.,

-with

border of dots.

seated, as
;

Athena standing and Poseion Nos. 73 if. beneath,
;

date
date,

behind Poseidon,

A

;

beneath

f^f>nyy

(?)

85

53-5

86

73-5

^ M

-7

(much

"worn)

I

III

Ill/V/VhIhX/ [=112

B.C.]

-7

date partially, and letters wholly,

oif coin.

[Plate lxxv. 22.]

Circa

106—30

B.C.

The

issue of tetradrachms contiimed down to at least 46 B.C., smaller The types denominations of silver being also sfruclc from time to time. of Nos. 96 ?L. appear on the bronze for the first time about 93 B.C.

Silver

Euboic-Attic Standard

(Reduced)

Tetradrachms
Similar to Nos. 68

S

Similar to No. 84.

87

231-4

88
89

224-4

224-5

90
91

221-2

229-2

92 93

232-9

M M M M M M

1-2

BZP [=97

B.C.]

;

J^'

ON

1-15

HZP
0ZP

[=91

B.C.];

A AC
<\

1-2

[=90

B.C.]

;

OC

1-15

AOP
AOP
BOP

[=88
[=88
[=87

B.C.]

;

7)

MZ

1-1

B.C.]

;

A MZ

1-1

B.C.]

;

^ MZ
^

221-4

JR 1-05

rOP [=86
(Nos. 88, 90 and 93 are pierced, and No. 91
is

B.C.]

;

MZ

double-Btruok.)

94

229

M
M

1-05

-

HOP
znP

[=8lB.C.];

^ MZ
^

[Plate lxxv. 23.]

95

226-6

11

[=72

B.C.]

;

AZ
H H

I

234

PHOENICIA

No.

;

ARADUS
Metal
Size

235

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eevbrse

[

]

PAIANOCAPICTKAICC€B
1.,

APAAICON

r€PAAK

_ - _ (from Head of Trajan r., laur.

upwards)

(beneath) Poseidon, naked to waist, seated 1. on rudder, -whioli he holds with outstretched in r., while in his 1. is a comucopiae in field r., Phoenician field 1., date
^

;

;

letter.

105

122

JE

1

EOT [ = 117
(No. 105
is

A.D.];

'^(l)

pierced.)

Bust

of Helios

r.,

draped and radiate.

APAAICON
date.

(to

].,

downwards)
;

Basket, containing two ears of barley and a vine-branch with grapes above,

106

105

M

-8

€OT

[=117

A.D.];

no

letter visible.

[Plate lxxv. 25.]

Bust

of Tyche r., draped and turreted; palm over 1. shoulder.

Pro w 1. with Athena standing and Poseidon beneath, date seated, as on Nos. 73 S.
,

;

in field

r., letter.

107

76-5

M

-75

EOT

[=116

A.D.]

;

M.

M. Aurelius and L. Verus

ANTCaNINOCKAIOVHPOC C€
BACTOI
(from 1., upwards) Busts of M. Aurelius r. and L. Verus 1., face to face; each is laur., and wears

APAAIWN
Humped
in field

(beneath) bull running

1.

;

above, date

;

r., letter.

paludamentum.
108
181-5

JE

1

AKY

[=163a.d.]

;

[Plate lxxv. 26.]

Similar.

APAAICON
105
;

Poseidon seated
in
field

(beneath) I. on rudder, as on No. ]., date; no letter visible.

109

125-5

M

-9

much

worn.

AKY*

[=163a.d.]

*

The

A

is

obscure

;

it

may

be

B

H H 2

236

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Bevekse

BBRYTUS
Second and First Centuries B.C.*

For

coins of the Seleucid Kings minted at Berytus, see supra, pp. 49 and 96. not improliable that some of the Ptolemies also struck money there. The autonomous issues were not very extensive.

It is

Bronze

Head

of Tyclie shoulder, palm

r.,
;

turreted

;

over

1.

border of dots.

(from

1.,

downwards)

Poseidon, wearing flat head-dress and himation, standing 1. in quadriga of hippocamps, holding patera in extended r. and trident in 1. on back of one of the hippocamps, small male figure, guiding the team in field 1., and
; ;

BH

64-5

JE

-75

aplustre; in field

r.,

<^

;

border of dots.

[Plate lxxv. 27.]

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

veiled

and turreted.

BH PY T I2N
I
;

(in field, above)
(in field,

beneath)

126-5

M

-75

Trident, round phin in field Dioskouroi.

which is twisted a dol1. and r., caps of the

Imperial

Times

Bronze coins were probably struck at Berytus by Cleopatra VII. (a v ) But it not tdl c^rca 15 B.C. that the .,int became an iiportant one. time the was '^d^-;fonia,'with the titles of Julia' Augusta, Feli.,' and vur. legions bemg settled there. In the time of Caracalla it received the additional title Antoniniana.'

was

A^'lt

^

rJ^^tJZf^:^

Z

of

'

Time of Hadrian

(?)

CO
26-5

L

(infield)

Statue of Marsyas 1., holding r. hand raised, and carrying wine-skin over 1.
shoulder.

BER
Prow

(above) of galley

r.

M

-55

See

J.

Rouvier, Les ^^onnaies autonomes de B^ryte in

iJ.u.

^m.,

1898, pp. 437

fF.

BBRYTUS

237

No.

238

PHOENICIA

No.

BERYTUS
Metai,
Size

239

No.

Weikht

Obverse

Revebse

Caracalla
lleri/liis

mas one of the mints at tohich imperial tetrudrachns were struch during CaracaUa's fonrth conmhJiijj. [See Antioch, Nim. 232 ff., p. 172, footnote.) SiLVEB

Tetradrachm

AYT
Bust

KAI
of

AN TWNINOCC€
(from 1., upwards) Caracalla r., laur., wearing

Eagle, with open wings and wreath in beak, standing to front, head 1.; in ex., dolphin and trident around, from 1.
;

cuirass

and paludamentum.

upwards,

TOA
18

AHMAPX eZYHATo
[Plate lxxv. 29.]

211 -.9

.R 11

Bronze

IMPMAVR
Similar type.

- - ANTAVG (from 1., upwards)

COLIV LANTA VGFEL
(around, from
1.

upwards)

BE R
Type
as

(in ex.)

on No. 17.

19

M

1

Macrinus

IMP CAESMACRINVS AVG
Bust of Macrinus r., laur., wearing cuirass, with aegis, and paludamentum.

COL

I

VL A VGFEL
B ER
;

(around, from 1. upwards) (beneath steps) Type as on No. 13, but much elaborated in pediment, patera, flanked by two on summit of pediment, Poseipellets don grasping trident in 1., and carrying
;

at either end Nike holding untied wreath above her head within temple, on either side of the usual group, small cippus, on which stands an Eros stretching out a wreath towards the goddess in ex. on either side of steps, small winged figure mounted on dolphin and grasping trident, the two being so placed as to face
off
;

nymph Beroe with r.*
;

of pediment,

;

,

each other; beneath each
goblet.

of

them, a

20

M

1-15

Diadumenianu s

•MOP DIADVMENIANVS
ES
21

CA

Similar.

Diadumenianus r., -wearhead ing cuirass and paludamentum
Bust
of
;

M

bare.
1-2

[Plate lxxv. 30.]

*

See Bckhel, B.N.V.,

iii.,

p.

358, with references there.

240

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Elagabalus

IMPCAESMAVRAN TONINVS AVG (from upwards)
1.,

Similar to No. 20.

22

M

cuirass and

Bust of Elagabalus r,, laur., wearing paludamentum.

1-05

IMPCAESMAVRAN TONINVS COLIVL AVGFEL (from AVG (from upwards)
1.,

1.,

upwards)
temple,
;

Similar type.

B ER

(iu ex.)
_

Asfcarte standing in

tetrastyle

being crowned by Nike, as on No. 13 temple has pellet in pediment, and

23

M

akroteria.
1-3

IMPCAESMAVRAN TONINVS AVG (from upwards)
1.,

COLIV L A VGFEL
(from
1.,

upwards)

Similar type.

B ER

(in ex.)

Tetrastyle temple, within which, statue of Marsyas r., raising r. hand, and carrying wine-skin over 1. shoulder the columns of the temple rest on
;

bases and have elaborately decorated capitals ; the entablature on either side is also decorated, and is crowned by battlements the portico is arched above arch, small male figure r., riding on panther, and raising r.
; ;

massive

24

M

hand.
1-2
first

part of inscr. off coin.

Similar.

Similar.

25

iE

1

type partly

off coin.

Similar.

Similar, with

COLI VL AV GFEL;
r.

beneath

BER, prow

26

JE 1-05

(insor. partly off coin.)

[Plate lxxv. 31.]

27

M

-95

no prow.

BERYTDS

241

No.

2.12

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obveese

Eevekse

Siniilai'.

Similar,

with

COLIVLAVG FELB

ER
33

JE

-85

Similar.

COLIVLA VGFELBER
(from 1., upwards) Dionysos, naked, standing facing, head r. his r. hand is placed upon his head, while his 1. caresses a small satyr who stands beside him looking 1. and stretching out 1. hand at his feet 1., panther the whole 1., with head turned back group enclosed by two vines, with
;

;

;

grapes,

making an

arch.
3.]

34

JB

-85

[Plate lxxvi.

IMPGORDI ANVSAVG
(from
Similar type
;

CO

1.,

upwards)

(to r.)

BE

^^

1

)

head

laur.

Poseidon, naked, standing ]., with r. foot resting on rock he holds dolphin on r., and leans w^th 1. on trident.
;

iE 75

Val erianus fcenior

IMPCPLICVALER ANVSAVG
I

COLIVL AVGFEL
(from
1.,

Bust wearing cuirass and paludamentam.

(from 1., upwards) of Valerianus Senior r., laur.,

upwards)

BER
facing, her

(in ex.)

Astarte, draped and turreted, standing 1. foot resting on a prow ; she leans with r. on cruciform stylis, while

she holds an aplustre, and at the raises her robe so as to expose her 1. knee on her 1., a small column, on which stands JS'ike 1., stretching out
1.

with

same time

;

to

36

JE

crown

her.

1-2

37

M

Similar
1-2

;

head radiate.

Simila

Gallienus

IMPCPLICGAL LIENVSAVG
Bust
38
yfi

Similar.

of

Gallienus

r.,

laur.,

wearing

cuirass
1-1

and paludamentum.

BYBLUS — CAESAREA AD LIBANUM
Metal
Size

243

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revkkse

Salonina

CORNELIASA LONINAAVG
Bust
39
of Salonina
r.,

Similar.

draped and wearing

40

M M

stepliane.

1-1
1-1

BYBLUS
First
Ccutui-ij

B.C.

Bronze
The following piece
is

prohahlij dated according to the Selcucid Era.

Draped female
1.,
;

figure (Astarte ?) standing stretching oat r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre border of dots.

Head-dress of Isis on either side, EIC [= 97 B.C.] upwards border of dots.
;

;

59-0

M

-5

details very obscure.

[Plate lxxvi. 4.]

CAESAREA AD LIBANUM
Imperial

Times
to

The

follotoing

are dated according

the

Seleiicid

Era.

Antoninus Pius
Inscr. illegible.
r.,

laur.,

Bust of Antoninus Pins wearing cuirass and paluda-

KAICAP6
Male

I

ACAIBANOY
in r. and bow in 1. the letters being one above
;

nieLitmn.

(from 1., upwards) wearing under-garoaent, short cloak and anaxyrides, standing 1.,
figure,*

holding ensign in
field L, date,

another.

JE

-9

B H

Y

[=151

A.D.]

AYTKAITIAC
Similar type.

]

KAICAPI [AC]AIB
1.,

ANO Y
1.,

(from

upwards)
Similar.

(from

upwards)

M

-So

i Z Y [=156

A.D.]
5.]

[Plate lxxvi.

* There seems to be no sufR-Jent reason more probably one of the auxiliaries.

for describing the figure as

'

the Bmper)r.'

It is

I

I

2

244

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Revekse

M. Aarelius

OC

AYPHAIOCK[AI]
(from
1.,

[C€]B€YCYI

KAICAP6I [ACjAIBANOY
(fronr
1.,

upwards)

upwards)
r.

Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentnm.

Bust of Tjclie r., turreted; and one breast exposed; in
r.,

shoulder
1.

field

and

date.

IE

-8:,

Z E Y [=156

A.D.]

[Plate lxxvi.

6.]

CARNE
Came was
the aeaport of Aradiis, and natuvallij follows the of recko7iing.

same metliod

Bronze
Third and Second Ccnhiries
B.C.

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

turreted

;

border of

b\^

(to

1.,

upwards)

dots.

Asklepios, naked to waist, standing r., bis r. hand placed upon bis hip, while his 1. leans upon his serpent-staff in front, a column, on which stands Nike stretching out 1. to crown him in field
;

;

1.,

/\

;

to

1.

downwards,
[

date.

92

M

-To

Ill III

ll|-/Vf\V

= 220

B.C.]

[Plate lxxvi.
91

7.]

M

75

as preceding.

Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted, wearing long necklace border of dots.
;

\^
to
r.

(to

1.,

upwards)
field,

Cornucopiae; in

beneath,

O a

downwards,

date.
B.C.]

46

M

-65

~/V/V/VhV [=189
[Plate lxxvi. 8.]

^

^'N

V

(*° !'

downwards)

Similar type; in field beneath r., traces of letters; to r., date downwards border
;

of dots.

43-5

M

-6

Ill/VrihV [=136b.c.]

C ARNE

— DORA—MAE ATHUS
Reverse

245

No.

Weight

^etal
Size

Obverse

DORA
The dates on
the coins of

Dora are

recleoned

from

the

Pompeian Era (64

B.C.).

Bronze
Imperial

Times

Bust

of

Tyche

r.,

draped and turreted.

AWPITWN
to front, head

(to r.,

Astarte, turreted
r.
;

downwards) and draped, standing she holds in r. a mast
1.

with sail(?), and in 1., upwards, date.
111-5

a cornucopiae

;

to

M

-7

LPKH

[=G6a.d.]

Imperial

Coinucje

Trajan

AYT.N€PTPAKAIC AK (from upwards)
1.,

- - ;

PMA

Similar, but Astarte stands three-quarter face towai'ds 1.

Head

of Trajan

r.,

laur.

in front, star.

M

-8

PO€

[=113a.d.]

N€PTPAKAIC€rA
(from
Similar type
3
;

AW PA
1.,

upwards)

l€PA
Galley
1.

(above)
;

in front, star.

beneath, date.

^
M

-65
-6

PO€

[=113a.d,]
(?)

4

same date

MARATHUS
It loas the third century B.C. Tlie coinage of Marathus begins in the latter half of appears to have svgered severely fairly abundant until circa 149 B.C., lohen the city The dates are, perhaps, reckoned at the hands of its rival Aradus.

from

the era

of Aradus.*

Beonze

Head

of

Egyptian queen

r.,

veiled

;

border

No

inscr. visible.

Prow

1.

;

beneath, date;

of dots.

border of dots.

47-5

M

-55

\\\\-NNN\\V

* Babelon {Les Perses

AMmin.,

&o., p. clxxi.

ff.)

Dr. J. N Svoronos accession of Ptolemy Soter.
(in his

Ptolemaic Corpus, pp. 170

ff.)

argues in favour of the Selendd Era and prefers to make them begm with the

.

246

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveese

Bust

of

Egyptian
as
;

king
;

r.,

lanr.

and

f^\W

draped,

Hermes
boi-der

over
dots.

shoalder,

(to r., downwards) The hero Marathos(?), naked

to waist,

caducens

of

standing 1., holding aplustre in r., and with 1. grasping the iolds of his himation to r. npwards, date in field, border of dots. letters
;

;

;

2

111-5

3

104-5
86-5

4
5 6

106 110
127

^ M M M
M

-75
1 1
1

1

/VA'/V/VhV
;

;

y

and

(?)

-8

same date
Ill

'vO

(to r.)

-7

lll/V/VA^A^hV;

y

and

y
^

-8

as preceding.

-8

(ends of wreath hang doi\Ti

;

drapery not

I

llllll/VA'/V/VhV;
;

i^ and
(?)

shown.)
7

129

M M

-8

same date

'tv

and )^
;

-8

-NNNN\\V
[Platk lxxvi. 9.]

y(?) and

^

Female bust r., hair rolled, with tresses hanging over neck border of dots.
;

/'^y
Is

(*'° ^•'

downwards)
1.,

ike

advancing

holding wreath

;

border doubtful.
59-5

J3

-7

no date or

letters visible.

Bust

of

Egyptian queen

r.,

draped and

veiled

f'\y

(to r., downwards) The hero Marathos(?), naked

to waist,

he holds an aplustre in r.,' and leans with 1. arm on short colnm.n to 1, upwards, date; in field, letters;
1.
; ;

standing

border of dots.

10
11 12

146
135 119

^]

-85

llinhV(?);

^

and O

^
JE

-85

l!iinhV;

y(?)

and

^O

-85

as preceding (?)

jorm
Similar.

the hordeys ore large

and yromwent.
Similar.

No.

U

is

very thick.

13

105
170-5

^
Ji;

-9

"Illh^ryhV; 7^and
-85

14

as preceding.

[Plate lxxvi.

10.]

;

MARATHUS — ORTHOSIA
No.

24,7

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reveese

Similar.

Similai'.

15 16

115
120-5

zE

-8

Illlllhirw;
Ill

o

(tor.)

JE

-85

nil

hlhV; V
>

^

and

O

[Plate lxxvi. 11.]

Bust of Tyche
over 17
1.

r.,

shoulder,

draped and turreted palm border of dots.
;

;

Similar.

18

53-5

M M

-7

date illegible

;

y

and

\0
5

-6

) and

If

the following belong, as seems
to strike

probable* to Murathus, iJien the city continued money, thoitgh much more sparsely, even after the check which it is supposed to have received at the hands of Aradus, circa 149 B.C.
r.,

Head

of

Zeus

laur.

;

border of dots.

Double cornucopiae, bound with diadem
in
field
1.,

\^

;

in

field

r.,

date

upwards
19
90-5

;

in field beneath, letters.

20
21

97

96

M M ^
M

-8

]lll/V/Vrih[V];

) and >

^

-75

iiiii/v/vnh[v];
III

^
and

-8

iii/y^/vri[hx/]; >(?)

^

[Plate lxxvi. 12.]

22

92

-8

I

11 III

iii/v/vri[hv];

V

'^"'1

V

ORTHOSIA
hiiperial

Coinage

The following

is

dated from the Seleucid Era.

Antoninus Pius

AYTKAITIAIA[

]

.

.

WCieCON

(in ex.)

(from ]., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Dionysos Pogon, draped and wearing kalathos, standing upright in car drawn r. by two panthers, winged and horned he holds harpa in raised r. and reins in
1.
;

in field

r.,

date.

iE

-9

BE[Y] [=15lA.D.]
(No.
1 is

pierced.)

* See Imhoof-Blnmer, Monn.

grecq., pp.

444

f.

If the era

be really that of Aradns, the

coins fall between 116 and 111 B.C.

248

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

PTOLEMAIS-ACE*
TJiis port, originally

Philadelphus.

hioion as Ace, changed its name in honour of Ptolemy was suhsequenthj one of the numerous towns which loere called after Antiochus IV.f It was n regal mint under Alexander the Great as loell as under the Seleucids and the Ptolemies.
It

Beonze
Second Century

B.C.

Heads

of the Dioskouroi, jugate,

r.

ANTIOXEQEN]
(to

(tor.,

downwards)

[E]NnToAEM[AIAI]
1.,

downwards)

Cornucopiae.

63

JE

-6

details obscure.

Colonial

Coinage

Some

time in the reign of Claudius the city

was made a

'

colonic

Traja

IMPCAEL
(from

]GERDAPAR
1.,
;

COL PTO[L]

upwards)

Bust

of

Trajan

r.,

laur.

paladamentum

^

over shoulder.
-95

(from 1., upwards) Tyche, draped and turreted, seated r. on rock, holding ears of corn in r. at her feet, river-god, swimming r.
;

Hadrian

IMPCAESTPAI

[

]
1.,

Similar.

upwards) Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

(from

M

-85

* The town is included in Galilee by Eckhel, but never subject to the Jewish kings.

it

was

really

Phoenician, and was

t See supra, p. 52.

;

PTOLEMAIS-ACE— SIDON

249

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Keverse

SI DON
Cin-a
Nii>i.

500—330
icho

B.C.

coiiqacxf

held siraij in Sidon prior to tie belong Icings The heavy loeight and the lumpy fabric of Alexander of Noa. 1 and 2 show that they must be placed very early, perhaps even Nus. 3 5 may be placed circa 350 B.C. earlier than 500 B.C.
1
to the

— 11

time of the the Great.

Silver

Plioeuioiau Standard

Ootadrachms
Galley with rowers, mast, and four sails, moving 1. on double line of waves ; border of dots.

King

of Persia, bearded and wearing tiara and kandys, standing, with r. hand

raised, in three-horse chariot advancing

in front, charioteer bending 1. forward and grasping the reins in both hands the whole in incuse square.*

slowly

;

;

442 -5
435-3

Al 115
[Plate lxxvi. 13.]

.R 1-05
[Plate
14.]

Gralley

lines of

with rowers, moving 1. on four waves border of dots.
;

Similar type

behind chariot walks a male figure in Asiatic costume, holding in r. a sceptre with animal's head, and in 1.
;

above charioteei-'s r. arm, Phoenician letters line of ex. double border of dots.

an oinochoij

;

;

341-7

/R 41

1-4
I

much worn
I

;

no date
(?)

visible.

369-9

I-l

traces of date

above.
(Xos. 3

inscr. illegible.
j

and 4 are both pierced.)

Piece of One Obol and a Half
Similar, with double line of waves.

King

of Persia, wearing tiara and kandys, standing r., contending with lion, which stands erect 1. on hind legs with r. forepaw drawn back to strike the King
;

holds short sword in raised the combatants, upwards, o within circular incuse.
8-2
.11

r.
;

;

between

the whole

-4

[Plate lxxvi. 15.]
of the forepart of an aninml, incnsc, neither specimen is there visible any trace PI. 20, 44. found, e.g., on Head, Coins of the Ancients,

*

On
is

such as

K K

250

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

MlCTAL
Size

Obverse

Reverse

102-5

M

-7

93-5

10
11

47-5

44

12 13
11.

86 70
61-5

15

53

;

SIDON

251

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Chra
Sidon, nice Tripolis, dated
its

ni— 35

B.C.

later coins

from an era

hegimiincj in

111

li.C.

Bust

of Tyclie r., draped and turreted behind, symbol (?) ; border of dots.

;

ZlAIlNinN
1/

(above)

!^^\^
Galley
dots.
1.

(beneath)

above

inscr., date

;

border of

IG

L'9-5

JE

-6

Z

[

= 101

B.C.]

Bust

of

Tyche
;

turreted

r., draped, border of dots.

veiled,

and

ZlAflNIXlN
;

(beneath)

Galley 1. upon it stands Astarte 1., draped, leaning with r. on rudder, and in field, date holding stylis in 1. border of dots.
; ;

17

128

18

100

M M

-95

much

Tvorn.

toh,

LIA

[?

= 97b.c.]
B.C.]

-85

behind head,

^

to

r.,

LAA

[=80

Heads and

of of

Tyche r., veiled and turreted, Zeus r., jugate border of dots.
;

yJjAV^Z,
Galley
visible.
1.
;

(beneath)

above

inscr., date

;

no bordei-

19

111

JE «
[Plate

LAA
lx.x.vi.

[=77

B.C.]

18.]

If

the

monogram on

the Obv.

of the

tioo

following

is

a value-mark,

then

the pieces are tetrachalka.

Head

of

young Dionysos
;

v.,

long ringlets

falling over neck

behind,

A

;

border

^'o^Z^
;

(beneath)

of dots.

Cista mystioa, against -which, on ],, leans a filleted thyrsos in field, 1. and all within wreath of ivy date r.,
;

border of dots.

20

97-5

M M

-8

r N [=58
(No. 20
is

B.C.]

restruck.)

21

78-0

-85

r N [=58

B.C.]

K K 2

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvekse

Reverse

Similar

type,

of

difFereut
in

style;

ivy-

ZlAnNI-r.,

wreath

visible

hair;

behind head,

^
22

;

border of dots.

(beneath) Cista mystica, against which, behind, in field, 1. and leans a filleted thyrsos
;

date; all within wreath of ivy; border of dots.

112

M

-85

L Z

[

= 51

B.C.]

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

iu front,

palm-

Z All N
I

I

UN

(beneath)

branch.

Europa, to front, head 1., seated sideways on bull galloping 1. ahe grasps horn of bull with r., and with 1. holds her inflated veil arched above her head to beneath inscr., date; all 1-, within wreath of oak.
; ;

rO

;

112

M

-85

5-0 [=35

B.C.]

Inijjcrial

Times

Augustus

Bkonze
Tetrastyle temple, resting on oblong basis on either side, an isolated column in pediment, three pellets plain border.
; ;

ZIAnNin[N]
;

(beneath)

;

Europa, seated on bull galloping 1., as on No. 23 above inscr., date plain
;

border.

2i

127

L ZIP

[=7a.d.]*

Claudius

Bronze

Head

of Claudius r., laur.

^^

(beneath)

Europa, seated on bull as on No. 23, biit bull gallops r., while Europa has head r,, grasps horn with 1., and holds veil with r. above inscr., date.
;

M

-9

BZP

[=52a.d.]

*

K

is

This piece wag read by Combe. Certainty probably merely the result of double striking.

ZKP

is

not possible;

but the apparent

SIDON

253

No.

254,

PHOEN-ICIA

No.

Weight

Metae
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Domitian

Bronze
Similar to Nos. 29

ff.

Similar to Nos. 29 beneath.

if.

;

nothing

visible

34

60-;

^

-6

HqP

[=88a.d.]

Trajan

Beonze
Inscr.
r..

from

1.,

upwards.

Head

of

Trajan

ZIAHNOZNAY
APXIAOZ

laur.

(to

,.

1

].,

j„_^„ ^ ^ downwards)

Male figure,* naked to waist, running 1. on prow of galley 1., his head turned back and his r. hand outstretched as if
to encourage others to follow
1.,
;

with

his

which

up the

his 1. hip, he holds skirts of his robe and grasps
rests
;

upon

parazonium
35

beneath

r.

arm, date.

M
M

1

-

TP
TPAIA

LZKS

[=117a.d.]

36

1

P

as preceding.

[Plate lxxvi. 20.]

Bust of Trajan r., radiate, wearicg cuirass and paludamentum.

OEAZ
as on date.
r.,

(beneath)

Europa seated sideways on bull galloping
No. 25
;

above bull's head,

37

JE

-9

ZKZ

[=117

A.D.]

38

M

-9

as preceding.

[Plate lxxvi. 21.]

* This figure is usually described as Aeneas. There seems to be no substantial the identification. A more probable suggestion would, perhaps, be Cadmus, in embarking. Cadmus would be suitable to Tyre and Sidon, and also to Samos, type is found as well as in Phoenicia. (For Cadmus at Samos, see Boscher, vol. ii.,

reason for the act of where the
872.)

SIDON

255

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Hadi-ian

Bronze
The
folloiriuij reinarltahle
be.jaii

group of pseudo-auionomons pieces (Nos. 39 44) pcvliaps under Trajan, who died in August, 117 A.d. {cf. Aeadus, Nos. 104 ff.). No coins of this class were eoer It contains three denominations. struck at Sidon afterwards.

Bust

of

Tyche
;

turreted
star.

draped, veiled, and r., behind, aplusfcre ; in front,

ZIAHN OZ 0EAZ

(from 1., upwards) Sacred car, standing to front; the body of the car rests on two wheels, and supports a four-pillared canopy, under which, upon a low pedestal, is placed the simnlacrum of Astarte, decorated with fillets beneath car, date.
;

39

175-5

:

M

-95

no star

visible.

ZKZ

[=117a.d.]

Similar.

ZlAflNoZ 0EAZ
Similar
car.
;

two jialms

rise

from top

of

40

]65-5

M

-95

date not legible.

[Plate

lxxvi. 22.]

Similar.

ZIAX2N0
Similar
;

[Z]

lEPAZ
;

no palms

plain border,

41

166-5

42

155-5

M M

-9

ZKZ
aplustre obscure.

[=117a.d.]
;

-9

as preceding

inscr. obscure.

Head

of

young

with

ivy,

Dionysos r., wreathed long ringlets falling over neck.

ZIAHNOZ OEAZ
wreath of

(beneath)
;

Cista mystica; above, date
ivy.

all

within

43

85-5

iE

-75

ZKZ

[

= 117a.d.]

Bast

of

Tyche
;

turreted

draped, veiled, r., behind, aplustre.

and

ZIAI2N0Z

eEAZ
Galley
r.
;

(above)
above, date.

44

44

M

-65

HKZ

[=11Sa.d.]

-

256

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eevekse

The two following, especially No. 46, are of a

thiclc,

lumpy fabric, unlike any

of the other pieces in the imperial series.
Inscr.
r.,

from

1.,

upwards.

Head of Hadrian

ZIAHNO Z OEAZ
Similar to No. 39.

laur.

45 46

^ M

-8

- -

A

- -

EB

HKZ

[=118a.d.]
;

-7

as preceding

inscr. obscure.

-TOTPAIKAI AAPIANn
(from
1.,

ZlAriNO Z IQPAZ
Similar to No. 39
car,
;

upwards)

Head
47

of

Hadrian

r.,

laur.

on

r.,

rises

palm (?)

but from top of no date visible
;

beneath.

JE

1

Caracalla

Billon

Te tra drachm*

AVTKAIANT(0NINOCC€
upwards) Bust of laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
1.,

(from Caracalla r.,

Eagle standing facing, head 1., with wings open and wreath in beak between its
;

legs,

sacred car of Astarte,
1.

to front;

around, from

upwards,

6IVTTATOCA
48
199-7
Bill.

AH MARX

1-1

[Plate lxxvi. 23.]

Colonial

Coinage

Bhosze
Culler Elagahiilus, Siihm nuts
(if
'

Aiirclia

made a colonia,' with Pia Metropolis.'
'

the

titles

Elagabalus

IMPCAESMAVRANTONINVSA VG (from upwards)
1.,

AVRPIASIDONCOLON

lA

Bust

of

Elagabalus

r.,

laur.,

wearing

cuirass

and paludamentum.

(from r., downwards) Founder of colony, head veiled in toga, ploughing out the primigenivs sulcus with team of oxen r. in the back;

ground a legionary standard, inscribed

L
49 JE 13?

III

GAL
See supra,
172, No. 232.

p.

;

SIDON

257

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Kevebse

Smilar, with

NTONIN

IMPCAESAR MAVA

COLO M€TROP AVR€ PIASI (from beneath, towards DON
1.)

50

M

Sacred car of Astarte, to front, as on Nos. 39 ff. two palms rise from above it.
;

1-2

countei'mark, car of Astarte.

Similar,

with

IMCAAAV ANTON IN

COLAV

PIA

M6TRO
(from
1.,

SID
upwards)

51

M

Similar type.
1-2

same countermark.

Similar, with

_ _

TON IN V

CAESARM AAN
]

COLAVRPIAMETRSIDON
(from 1., upwards) Laurel- wreath, within wliich ER

[

C

HOCVM
52

SAPE

M

1-2

ISELA
Similar, with

IMP CMAVAN

[- - .]

COLAVRPIA
'^^Id'^^
Galley
1.,

(above)

(beneath)

with rowers.
[Plate lxxvi. 24.]

53

JE 1-05

Similar,

with

|MPC

- - [- -]

COLAVR
S D
I

PIA

METRO
(from
1.,

INVSAV

upwards)
f.

(beneath) Sacred car of Astarte as on Nos. 50 but from top rise four palms.

54

M

1

Similar, with

[

]

NINVSAV

COLAV
r.,

(beneath)

P

(in field

1.)

Europa seated sideways on bull galloping as on Nos. 37 f.

55

m

-v..

Annia Faustina

ANNIA FA VSTINAAVG
(from Bust of Annia Faustina wearing stephane.
1.,

Similar to No. 54.

upwards) r., draped and

5G

m

1

countermark, car of Astarte.
L L

258

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Julia

Maesa
Similar to No. 52.

IVLIAA\
57

A ESAAVG
(from
].,

up-wards)

Bust of Julia Maesa

r.,

di-aped.

JE 1-1

Similar, with

IVLMAE SAAVG

COLAVPIA METSIDON
(from
1.,

up Vizards)

58

M

running 1., prow, as on Nos. 35 f.
figure
-9

Male

-with r. foot on

TRIPOLIS
This city loas a joint settlement from Aradus, Sidon and Tyre. It was a royal mint under the Seleucid Kings, and also under the Ptolemies.* At one period it dated its coins from the Era in use at Sidon (111 B.c.-f) ; but during the greater part of its history it employed the Seleucid Era.
First

Century

B.C.

Bronze
Bust
of Tjclie r., draped, veiled, and turreted behind, cruciform stylis
;

TPinOAITilN
1.

;

border of dots.

(on ]., downwards) Nike standing r. on prow r., holding wreath in extended r. and palm over

shoulder

;

iu field

r.,

date

;

border

of dots.

105-5

^

-95

LIB [=99

B.C.] J

Bust of
of dots.

Tyche
;

turreted

r., draped, veiled, and over shoulder, palm border
;

Galley

1.

;

with

stars

above, piloi of the Dioskouroi beneath, date. ;

40

M

-55

- Henceforward
Similar to
pilos
all

K
the Seleucid

the coins hear dates according to
stylis

Era.

No. 1; but, beneath surmounted by star.

Similar to No. 1

;

but, beneath date, star.

93

JE

-9

LHnC

[=24

B.C.]

110
109-5

JE

-8

same date (incomplete).

^

-8

* See Index

I.,

s.v.

Teipohs.

dnce an almost un ntelligible confusion into the methods ^^datL as may Te seen bv oomparing Rouv.er's No. Ifi65 (I.e.) with his No. 1647 {ibid., p. 22).^' The reTl sf-^nTflcance

lupous

(Ibid,.,

pp. 28

f,,

Nos. 1677

flf.)

is

explained below (Nos. 10

f.).

;;

;

TRIPOLIS

259

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Busts of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r., laur. and draped, surmounted each by a star bead and reel border.

AITON
5 T [=6

^^^ field, beneath)
;

Palm-branch

in
;

field,

date

;

all

in

laurel-vv'reath

bead and reel border.

160

M

-8

B.C.]

The dates on

the three following pieces are illegible.

Heads

of the Dioskouroi, jugate,

r.

;

border

TPITTOAIT
;

of dots.

(on r., downwards) Tyche, draped, standing to front, leaning with r. on rudder, and holding cornucopiae in 1. beneath and to 1., traces of letters all within wreath of laurel.
;

99

M

-75

details obscure.

details obscure.

Bust of Tyche
turreted
;

draped, r., border of dots.

veiled,

and

The Dioskouroi, on horseback, prancing r., with flying chlamydes and spears at
rest
;

above head of each, a star

;

border

of dots.

82

M

-8

beneath, traces of letters.

[Plate lxxvi. 25.]

Similar.

TPin
Similar
:

(beneath)

no stars

visible.

68

M

-7

Imperial

Times

Augustas
Busts of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r., laur. and draped, surmounted each by a star border of dots.

TPITTOAITI2N
;

(from 1., downwards) Nike standing r. on prow r., holding wreath in extended r. and palm over 1.
shoulder beneath prow, Seleucid date above, regnal year of Emperor.

10

146

^

-85

LTKB LMA

[=10a.d.]*

(as on Possibly they may be E and are not quite certain. and It year will be 13 ad Journ. Intern., 1903, p. 29), in which case the Rouvier's No. 1679, not the year of the Aotian Bra, but the will be seen from No. 11 that the second date gives, these were identical. regnal year oE the Emperor. In the case of Augustus

* The letters

B

A

A

L L 2

260

PHOENICIA

No.

;;

TRIPOLIS

261

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

TPITTOA€IT(0N

(to r.,

downwards)

Busts of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r., draped and wearing laureate piloi above each, a star; to 1., upwards, date.
17

170

.E
2E

-9

18

143

-95

AYTOKPKAICAPTPAI ANOCA APIANOC AYTOKPKAICAPTPAIA NOCA APIANOC
Similar to No. 17.

HKY
same

[117A.D.]

date.

[Plate lxxvi. 28.]

TPITTO AEITWN
in field
1.,

(from 1., upwards) Nike 1., standing upon galley 1., holding wreath in extended r. and palm in 1.
date.

19

96

M

-8

YKH
PIAN

C=117a.d.]

AYTO K PKAICAPTPAI ANOCAA TPinOA€ITWN
(from beneath, towards
Piloi of the Dioskouroi, laureate
1.)

Similar.

mounted by
20
54-6

stars; to

1.,

and surdownwards, date.

^

-6

HKY
Cara,oalla

[=117a.d.]

_ _

KAAAVANTWN
(from

TPITTOAI TCON
upwards) laur., wearing
I.,

Bust of Caracalla r., cuirass and paludamentum.
21

(from 1., upwards) Distyle shrine, with arched roof; within, turreted bust of Astarte r., draped; after
inscr., date.

JE

-9

«|>KB [=210a.d.]

AYKMAYANTO)
(from
Similar type.
1.,

TPI no A IT
upwards)
other
;

(in ex.)

to meet each each wears pilos, surmounted by star, and holds spear in one hand, while with the other he grasps the bridle of his horse which raises a forefoot between them, above, small shrine containing turreted bust of Astarte r. beneath raised forefeet, date.
; ;

The Dioskouroi advancing

22

M

-9

rK<i>

[=2iiA.D.]

Diadumenianus

MOnAIAAOVMCNIANOCKAl
upwards) Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing cuirass and paludamentum head bare.
(from
1.,
;

TPinO

Al [TOJN]
;

(from 1., upwards) in iield above, Galley 1., in full sail beneath galley, date. piloi with stars
;

23

^

-95

eK<^ [=217

A.D.]

[Plate lxxvi. 29.]

262

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveesb

Elagabalus

AVTKMAVP ANTWNINOC
upwards) Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from
1.,

TPinO A
Tetrastyle

TCUN (from 1., upwards) temple facing in background, above sides of pediment, is visible a high flat roof in pediment,
I
; ;

turreted bust of Astarte, facing; between central pillars, circular altar

approached by a narrow flight between side pillars, on 1., statue of Helios, radiate, naked, standing to front, leaning with r. on spear, and on r., statue of Artemis, wearing crescent
is

which

of steps

;

and draped, standing to front, holding torch in both hands; beneath steps,
date.

24
25

M M

1-16
1

AA*
AV
for

[=219a.d.]
[

AVT

BA<t>

= 220

A.D.]

[Plate lxxvi. 30.]

Julia

Soaemias
Similar.

lOYAIA C€AMACC€B
(from
1.,

upwards)
BA<|) [=220a.d.]

26

M

Bust of Julia Soaeniias
1

r.,

draped.

Similar.

TPI

(from 1., upwards) Al Pa9ade of hexastyle temple; the two
ceutral
pillars,
rest,

no

TWN

which are taller than form a shrine, which is approached by a broad flight of steps, and has a flat roof with arch rising above it within, Astarte, draped and
the
;

turreted, standing to front, her
;

1.

foot

on a prow the goddess leans with r. on stylis, while with 1. sbe raises her robe to her 1. knee to r., Nike on small column crowning her; each group of two pillars on either side is surmounted by small pediment, and forms
;

the beginning of a short colonnade, the remaining pillars of which are visible, in perspective, behind above the whole, the main roof of the temple rises to a
;

point

;

to

1.

of steps, date.

27

M

1

BA<I> [=220a.d.]

;

TRIPOLIS— TYRE

263

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

TYRE
Of tlie money struclc hy the petty Mngs of Tyre before the conquest of Alexander, there are no specimens in the Hunter Cabinet. It consisted of silver pieces on the Phoenician standard.
Third Century
B.C.

Silver
Eceii

after its capture by Alexander,

own name.

The following piece

is

Tyre continued dated according

to

strike silver in its

to the

Seleiicid

Era.

Euboic-Attic Standard

Bid rachm
Melkart, bearded, riding r. over waves on the back of a hippocamp lie holds strung bow in extended 1., and grasps the reins of his steed with r. beneath waves, dolphin r. border of dots.
; ; ;

Owl, with closed wings, standing r., head facing; behind him, flail, and staff with crooked head; in field r., date; border
of dots.

122-4

yR

-8

above waves, V\

IIIIO [=288
[Plate lxxvi. 31.]

B.C.]

After circa 126

B.C.

During the Third and Second Centuries B.C. Tyre was a mint both of the Ptolemie and of the Seleucid Icings.* In 126 B.C. it entered on a fresh epoch of autonomy, and from this year its subsequent coins are dated.
Silver

Phoenician Standard

Te tr a drachms
Head
laur.,

young Herakles - Melkart r., lion's skin with slight whisker about his neck border of dots.
of
; ;

TYPOYIEPAZ KAIASYAOY
(from r., downwards) Eagle with closed wings btanding 1. upon rudder, and holding palm-branch over r. wing; in front, club downwards between legs, Phoenician letter in field 1., date; in field r., monogram; border
;

of dots.

210-8

M M

11
(No. 2
is

X^

LZ
ri

[=119

B.C.]

M
2B

pierced.)

221-2

1-1

I

^

[=113

B.C.]

[Plate lxxvi. 32.]

*

See Index

I.,

infra, s.v.

Tyre.

2G4

PHOENICIA

No.

Wei&ht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eevebse

The

series did not

come

to

an end
to

loith

the

Soman

conquest.

and didrachms continued
Similar.

be issued

down

to the reign

Tetrn drachms of Ves2}asian.
inscr.
;

Similar, -with
field r.,

V, E and A in KP, beneath which monogram.

in

letters or

218-4
218-6

JR
Al

1 1

^

PIE [=11

B.C.]

BN

-sr(?)

PAE

[=10a.d.]

Similar.

Similar, "with
[?]

Y, E and
A.D.]

A

in inscr.

219-3

M
JR

1

PZA

[=36

X

(?)

214
217
176-5

-95
1-1

5 5
[?]

POA [=46
PCS'*
[.

A.D.]

obscure.

M M

[

= 5lA.D.]

Eft

pi. -85

.]A

t^(?)

Did rachms
Similar.

Similar to Nos. 4

f.

]0
11

103-1

100-3

M M
(No. 11
is

^
[?]

PIE [=11

B.C.]

B
?

N
(A
doubtful)

PMH

[=23a.d.]

pierced.)

Similar.

Similar to Nos. 6

if.

12
13

107-6

M
Al

•8

^
jfc

PZA [=36

A.D.]

-I^C?)
ep,

109 3

PoH [ = 53a.d.]

[Plate lxxvi. 33.]

Bkonze
several denominations were struch contemporaneoush/ toith the preceding silver, the Fhoemcicm element receiving more prominence on these.
in

Bronze pieces

Similar.

\\^
iu

(in field r.)
its

Club, do-wn-wards,
the

upper part ending
;

monogram
;

-^
;

in

field

1.,

monogram, and date
11
15
157-5

the whole within

172

^ M
*

oak-wreath

border of dots.
A.D.]

7R

Cr [=78

as preceding.

[Plate lxxvii. 2.]
The coin
is

double-struck, and the last numeral

is

blurred and uncertain.

. .

;

;

TYRE
Metal
Size

265

No.

Weight

Obveese

Reverse

Bust

of TycLe r., turreted over
;

draped, veiled
1.

shoulder,

and palm

\\^

(beneath)
1.,

border of dots.

Galley

to r. "y,

with rowers in field above, and to 1. date above galley,
; ;

ICP
16 17 97-5 92'5
':

AT'

boi'der of dots.

M
:

-75

LM [=35

B.C.]

(Q and

A

in inscr.)

JE -85

ZB*

[=78a.d.]

After the cessation of the autonomous silver issues, hroiixe continued to be struck, apparently in greater abundance than ever before. The title firjrpoiroXi^ is usual, and the Phoenician legend becomes less and less important, not being found at all on some of the coins. There seem to be four denominations, each with a characteristic liev. type.

Similar to Nos. 14

f

Similar to Nos. 14
in field,

f

.

;

no monogram to
,

1.

MH TPO nOA EGOZ
and to
1.

beneath which,

to

r.

date,

\\^

18

193-5

M

1

HAZ
Similar.

[=114a.d.]

Similar;

but, instead of club ending in

^,
19

its

handle

is

prolonged into the

central letter of

TYPOY

166

M

-95

HAZ
Similar to Nos. 16
f

[-113A.D.]

MHTPOnO
AEtOZ
Galley
date.
1.;

f lEPAZ

(above)

beneath,

\\^

;

above

inscr.,

20
21

129

113

^ M

-85
-9

eiZ*

[=95a.d.]
[

HAZ

= 114

A.D.]

;

nothing

visible

beneath.

Similar.

i^MHTPOnOAEGJZIEPAZ
(from
Palm-tree, with fruit
;

1.,

upwards)

in field, date.

22

50
52
48-5

M

-7

A Z [ = 106a.d.]
/V\

23 24

JE -55

Z

[=116a.d.]

M

-6

as preceding, t

*

This date is not certain. cases the date t Possibly in both

is

AA Z

[

= 110

A.D.]

M M

.

;

266

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obveesb

Reverse

Similar.

^/E^^

(above, to r.) Astarte, draped and turreted, standing galley 1., holding aplustre in 1. upon extended r. and stylis in 1. ; above, to
1.,

date.

25

29-5

26

23

M M

-5

[e?]IZ [=95a.d.];

beneath,

^

-55

AKZ

[=100

A.D.]; beneath,

^^^

Similar to Nos. 18

f.

Similar to No. 18; but EGl)Z around, from
in field, to
r.,

MHTPOTTOA
r.

downwards
1.,

date,

and

to

\\f'

27

154-5

M

-9

AMZ
Similar
to

[=117a.d.]

Nos.

20

f.

;

but,

in

front,

Similar to Nos. 20

f

murex- shell.
28
154-5

JE

-85

AMZ
Similar to Nos. 22
fE.

[=117

A.D.]

Similar to Nos. 22
inscr.

ff.,

with

and

C

in

29

43-5
72-5

M
M

-6

rA\

C [ = 119a.d.]
[=122
[=123 l€PA)
A.D.]
A.D.]

30
31

-6

S MC

58

^

-65

ZM C
OAIC
[Plate lxxvii.
3.]

(-^MHTPOn

Similar to Nos. 18

f.

Similar to No. 27

;

but

a

>^

if.

in field
;

beneath, and date in field above

and

C
32
199-5

in insor.

M
JE

-95

S NC
(No. 32
is

[=132a.d.]

pierced.)

33

214

-9

SN C [ = 132a.d.]

Similar.

Similar.

34

126

JE

-9

5 NC

[=132a.d.]

TYRE

267

No.

;

268

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metai
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Imperial

Coinage

SiLVEE

OE

Billon

Te tradrac hms*
Trajau

The Eev. type of

the following

appeals

to indicate

Tyre as the mint.f

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC eBr€PMAAK (from 1, upwards)
Head
42
210'6
210-5
of

Trajan

r., la"ar.

Eagle standing to front, head 1., upon club 1.; wings open; to r., palmbrancb inscr. from 1., upwards.
;

^R 105

43

M

-95

AHMAPX eZYHAT 6 AHMAPX eZlZynATC,
A.D.]

[=113

AYTOKPKAICN6PTPAIANOCA PIC€Br€PMAAKnAPe Similar.
44
220-0
.-R

Similar.

-95

AHMAPX
A.D.]

€ZKYnATi;

[=117

- -

NeP TPAIANOCC€Br€PM
(from
1.,

Head
laur.

of

young
1.,

45

221-7
i

M

-apwards) Bust of Trajan 1., laur., resting upon eagle standing 1., -with closed wings, holding palm-brancli over r. wing ; in front of eagle, club downwards.
1

f

lion's skin fastened

inscr.

from

Herakles-Melkart r., about neck upwards.

AHMAPX eZYHATB
[Plate lxxvii.
5.]

AYTOKPKAICNePTPAIANOCC (from €Br€PM upward,s)
1.,

Similar.

Bust 46
163-2

of

Trajan

r.,

laur.

.R

-95
?)

(plated

AHMAPX €ZYTTATr
[Plate lxxvii.
6.]

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC €Br€PMAAK (from upwards)
1.,

Similar.

Bust of Trajan r., laur. beneath, eagle walking r. in front, club downwards.
;
;

47

230-4

!

.R 1-15

AHMAPX €EYnAT€
'''"^'

cf

iL° Vo^s"

'^^

"'^™'
GriecJi.

'""^^'' '*-'*"°"''

les^f

^^ ^-

^""^ ^^*li

tl't'

Ohv. of Nos. 47

ff.

t See Imlioof-Blumer,

Munzen, pp. 239 (763)

f.

TYRE
Metal
Size

269

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

AYTOKPKAICNCPTPAIANOCA PICTC€Br€PMAAK
Similar
;

but club lying

1.,

behind eagle.

48

'

225-3
I

.11

-95

49

M

AIANOCAPICEBPEP AYTO MAAKHAPe Similar.
-95

50
51 52

203-5
189-3
176-8

.R

53

180-4
i

54

;

270

PHOENICIA

No.

"Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Caracalla
- -

(?)

AVANT ONINVSAV

SEP TIM TYR COL
(from 1., upwards) beneath a central Astarhe, turreted and wearing arcli, short chiton, standing to front, laying her outstretched r. on trophy fixed on pole, and holding sceptre transversely in 1. ; her 1. foot rests on a prow, beyond which, Nike, standing on small column, stretches out to crown her the temple rests on a broad flight of steps, beneath which, a lighted altar, flanked by a palm-tree and murex-

(from 1., upwards) Bust of young Caracalla (?) r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Hexastyle temple

;

shell.

55

JE

1-1

Elagabalus
.

.

.

AVG

OKAIMAVAN TONINVS TVRIORV
laur.,

[M]

(above)

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Elagabalus r.,
cuu'ass

wearing

and paludamentum.

Quadriga advancing 1. at a trot, the nearest horse having his head turned back within, male figure standing L, raising his r. hand, and holding sceptre
;

in

1.

;

in field, above horses,

star

;

in

56

M

ex.,

murex-shell(P).

1-1

[Plate lxxvii.
Aquilia Severa

8.]

IVLAQVILIA SEVERAAVG
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Aquilia Severa r., draped and wearing stephane.

TV

Rl (from 1., upwards) Astarte standing to front, turreted and wearing short chiton she places her r. hand on trophy, and holds transverse sceptre in 1.; her 1. foot rests on a prow, and she is crowned from r. by
; ;

O RVM

Nike on column,— all as on No. 55
field,

in

57

M

l-O,:

inside pole of trophy, palm-tree, and, inside column, murex-shell.

Gordian III.

IMPGORDIANVS PIVSFELAVG
(from
1.,

COLTV RM ET
Two
;

(from

I.,

upwards)

Gordian III. r., cuirass and paludamentum.
of

Bust

upwards) laur., wearing

conical stones (/iaLTvXoi) * resting on an oblong basis; to 1., a thymiaterion to r., an olive-tree whose

branches
beneath,

overshadow

the

paiTvXoi;

AMBPOCI€
[Plate
lxxvii.

and a murex-

58

M

1-I5

shell.

9.]

I

* On the type, see Eckhel, D.A'. (Dionys., xl. 467 tf.).

iii.,

p. 390,

with the quotation there given from Nonnns

.

TYRE

271

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Philippus Senior

IMPMIVLPHIL

- - -

AVG
1.,

COLTV R OMET
(from 1., upwards) Dido, wearing chiton and peplos, standing 1., with sceptre in I. and wand (?) in r., watching the building of Carthage in front of her is an arched gateway, with pinnacles, on the summit of which a workman is busy, while at her feet a second workman is squaring blocks of stone (?)
;

upwards) Bust of Philippus Senior r., wearing cuirass and paludamentam.

(from

59

JE 1-15

Volusianus

IMPCGVIBVOLVSTANVSAVG
upwards) Bust of Volusianus r., laur., wearing cuii'ass, with aegis, and paludamentum.
{sic,
1.,

COLT VRO METRO
(from 1., upwards) Figure (of City?) wearing chiton, peplos, and high mural crown, standing r., stretching her hands over lighted altar towards temple of Herakles, which is the seen sideways in the background temple is tetrastyle, and is approached by a broad flight of steps in pediment, pellet; in arched central space, club
; ;

from

downwards

;

slabs of roof

and side-wall
r.,

distinctly visible;

in field

beneath

60

M

temple, naurex-shell.

1-05

[Plate lxxtii. 11.]

;

Valerianus

Senior

IMPCPLICVALERIANVSAV
upwards) Bust of Valerianus r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from
1.,

COLTV RO MET

(from 1., upwards) Bearded male figure standing 1., naked to waist, holding roll of parchment in extended r. and caduceus in 1. at his behind him, a palm-tree, feet 1., ibis 1.
;

;

above which, murex-shell.
61

JE 1-15

[Plate

lxxvii.

10.]

Similar.

COLTV- ROME
field
1.,

(from 1., upwards) Nike standing three-quarter face towards 1., holding wreath and palm; in
murex-shell.

62

M

1-15

Similar.

COL TV RO MET
Type similar
to No.

(from 1., upwards) but temple 65 smaller, steps less well marked, and positions of murex-shell and palm-tree
;

in ex. reversed.

63

i

M

1-1

;

272

PHOENICIA

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeveese

Similar, with

AVG

COLT VR OM ETRo
(from
Similar to No. 57
;

1.,

upwards)
place of

but, in
r.

M

palm-tree, statue of Marsyas
I'l

[Plate lxxtii. 12.]

Similar.

COLVR

o

METRO
;

65

M

(sic, from 1., upwards) Dido watching the building of Carthage, but in field, above, star, as on No. 59 and beneath, to 1., murex-shell.

1-1

[Plate lxxvii. 13.]

Gallienus

IMPCPLICGALLIENVSAVG
upwards) Bust of Gallienus r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
1.,

COL TVR ME
Galley
1.
;

(from

(from

at either

1., upwards) end stands a female

figure supporting

a tent-like canopy,

which extends the full length of the vessel, and is open in front and to r. beneath canopy, simulacrum of Astarte,
draped.

66

JE

1-2

details obscure.

[Plate lxxvii. 14.]

UNCERTAIN OF PHOENICIA
Silver

The followiwj
to

Tarsus

of the Persic standard, have sometimes been usslqmd The legend on No. 3 may give the name of a dynast, as may the monogram on No. 2.
staters,
tlie

;

hut

true attribution remains doubtful.

Circa

600—450

B.C.

Cow

standing
is

which she

r., looking back at calf, suckling border of dots.
;

Herakles, naked,
club,

brandishing in r. his is about to strike lion, held downwards by hind-leg in outstretched L; the lion has his head turned upwards the whole in incuse
r.,

with which he

;

164-2

M

-8

square.

[Plate lxxvii. 15.]

;

UNCERTAIN OF PHOENICIA

273

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

C;,-c<i

450—400

B.C.

Herakles r., naked, quiver slung on back, brandishing in r. his club, with which he is about to strike lion which he holds downwards by its tail in outborder of dots. stretched r.
;

5^

(above)

standing 1. on dotted line, suckling the whole within incuse square, the inner edge of which is lined by a
calf
;

Cow

row

of dots.

165-4

M

-8

(No. 2

is restrvick.)

[Plate

liXxvii.

16.]

The King

kandys, standing

wearing kidaris and contending with lion, which stands erect 1. on hind legs, with r. forepaw drawn back to strike the Bang grasps lion's neck with 1., and prepares to stab with short sv^ord held
of Persia,
r.,
;

X^'^O^

(above)
;

Similar but calf stands between forelegs of cow.

in

r.

;

border of dots.

166-5

M

-8

TPlatb lxxvu. 17.]

Bbonze * The dates on Nos. 4 S. are prohahly
rechonecl
B.C.

from

the

Era of An

beginning in 259

Bearded head

r.

;

over shoulder, tongs

(?)

A y/v
with
of
r.

(to

1.,

upwards)
1.,

border of dots.

Astarte(?) standing

draped, leaning

on stijlis {?), and raising hem robe with 1.; in field r., upwards,
;

date

border of dots.

101-5

^

-8

\\\~N\\V [=Tear33]
[Plate lxxvii. 18.]

*

p. 137),
is

(Les Perses 4.cUm.., KT K a arc i^iaio-ned to Aradus by Babelon ^'^'', Corns resembling N°^,.° Neither attribution i-;iyui, pp. ^-t^ f.). ^^''f j^, Ronvier (Joiirn. lutein., ^goi pp^40 and to Marathus by

^-^

quite satisfactory.

N N

274

PHOENICIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeteese

Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted palm over 1. shoulder border of dots.
;

;

Female

figure standing

1.,

wearing chiton,

and turreted head-dress, holding wreath in extended r., and leaning with
peplos,

on long sceptre; to 1., upwards, Phoenician letters to r., downwards, date border of dots.
1.
;
;

116-6

^
JE

-8

^)^

[- . .]

/V/V

[---]*

88-6

-8

j^X^ [

]

A'iV/V
[

87-5

M M

-8

/'O

ll|-/V/V/VhX/

= Year

73]

[Plate lxxvii. 19.]
91-5
-75

y^

[

]/V/V/V/Vf\V

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

turreted;

border of

dots.

Palm-tree; in field, beneath, Phoenician letters, above which, date (?).

53-5

M

-6

^ ^
[Plate lxxvii. 20.]

-/V/V

hV

[=Tear60]t

*

Both No. 5 and No. 6 have in the

ex.

a series of short strokes, which

may be

a prolongation

of the date.

relied on.

t The letters are very obscure, and reading given above cannot, therefore, be absolutely The types are Tyrian.

GALILAEA— SAMAEIA
Weight

275

No.

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

PALESTINE
Galilaea*

DIOCAESAREIA- SEPPHORIS
I)i)peri(d

Coinage

Trajan

Tie remarkable

inscription on the Obverse of this piece probably refers to some privileges or benefits conferred by the Emperor.

TPAIANOZAVTO KPATOPEAO
KEN

;

M

(from 1., upwards) nead of Trajan r., laur.

^PHNON
\

ZEH

<l>o

^.

(^'^

^^^^^
fruit.

,,^

Palm-tree, with two clusters of

-85

TIBERIAS
This
city

was a foundation of Herod Antipas, who used it as a The Era loas reckoned as beginning in 20 a.d.
hnperial
Coinage

mint.

Hadrian
[

]PIANW KAICC6B
(from
1.,
;

TIB PE KA
upwards)
paluda-

AVA
;

Bust

of

Hadrian
over
1.

r.,

laur.

Nike

1.,

(from 1., upwards) holding wreath and palm
beneath, date.
[

in

mentum

shoulder.

field r.,

M

-65

[Lor ET?]AP

= 121

A.D.]

Samaeia

CAESAREIA
Imperial

Coinage

Nero

[N]EPI1N[AYT] KAIZEBAZT[0
Z] (from 1., downwards) Head of Nero r., laur., in
front, star.

KA1CAPI[A
0|
_ _ _

H nPOCjEEBACT
1.,

(from

upwards)

Astarte, turreted and wearing short chiton, standing 1., her r. foot planted on a prow she leans with 1. hand on
;

sceptre,

and holds in extended
bust
r.

r.

small

human

M

-85

no date

visible.

[Plate lxxvii. 21.]
p. 248.

*

For Ptolemais-Acb, see supra,

N N 2

_

276

PALESTINE

No.

WEleHT

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Gaesareia was made a

'

colonia
to

'

by Vespasian, with the
'

titles

of

'

Flavia,

Prima, Augusta,'

which

Felix

'

was afterwards added.

Trajan

VGGERDACCo
Head
of

[IMP]CAESNERTRAIANO oPA

COL
NSI
in

PRI
1.,

FL

AVG CAESARE
laureate

.
1.,

(from

upwards)
(?),
1.,

(from

upwards)

The Emperor
toga,
1.,

Trajan

r.,

laur.

standing

and wearing holding cornucopiae and with. r. laying sacrifice on

M

small portable altar.
1

--TRAIANO.
Siniilar type.

(from

1.,

upwards)

COL- PRI FL
Nike
1.,

AVG CAESAREN

M

(from 1., upwards) holding wreath and palm.

-85

Antoninus Pius

IMP CAES ANTONINOAV[P]lP P

upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludanientum.
1.,

COS

Col PRIM

(to

1.,

IV (from

FL

AVG

(to r.,

upwards) downwards)

CAES AREA

(in ex.)

Tetrastyle temple, with akroteria; beneath a central arch, Astarte standing 1., precisely as on No. 1 to 1. and r. of
;

between the other columns, two statues facing that on 1., appears to represent a male figure, naked, standing leaning with r. on spear, and holding drapery (?) on 1. arm; that on r., a female figure, head 1., wearing short chiton, and holding 1. hand on hip; the base of the temple is elaborately decorated; on gi-ound in front of it, and just to r. of Astarte, stands (or
her,
;

kneels ?)

M

1-2

small figure extending certain object towards goddess.

un-

[Plate lxxvii. 22,]

Faustina Junior

FAVSTINA AVGVSTA
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Faustina Junior r., draped.

COLPR[

]CAESARE
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

M

'85

Astarte, standing as on No. 1 river-god, swimming r.

behind,

CAESAREIA— NEAPOLIS
Metal
Size

277

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Macrinus

IMPCAEMA CRINVSAVG
(from
1.,

CO[

]

FC-

CAESAR
;

upvpards)

Macrinus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Bust

of

(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing to front, head 1., with wings open and legs wide apart on its back and Avings it supports a wreath, within which,

M

SPQR*

1-2

[Plate lxxvii. 23.]

Diadumenianus
[

]

CAE
(from
].,
;

[

]

FCCAESA
r.,

upwards) Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing head bare. cuirass and paludamentum

Head

of Sarapis

(from 1., upwards) wearing modius.

J5

-8

Trajanus Decius

IMPCCMESS

[--

-]

[ [ ]

]

AVG

F

C CAES METR

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Trajanus Decius r., radiate,

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

upwards) Athena (or Eoma), draped and wearing crested helmet, seated 1. on throne she holds on extended r. with back Nike r., and leans with 1. on spear
(from
1.,
; ;

beside her,

round

shield.

M

1

NEAPOLIS
The Era of NeapoUs dates from
Imiieriul
the year 72 a.d.

Coinage

Domitian
_ . - of

ZEBAZTOZ
(from
r.,

downwards)

Head

Domitian

r.,

laur.

NEAnoA ZAMAPE
beneath
inscr.,

<|)AAoYI

date

;

all

withm wreath

of laurel.

2Q 1

countermark,
j

VH^

LEI [=87a.d.]

i

* This

is,

figured and described by no doubt, the identical specimen

Haym

{Tes. Brit.,

ii.

Tab. xvii.

5,

pp. 249f.).

278

PALESTINE

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Antoninus Pius

AVTOK KAICAP ANTWNINOC
C€BAC €VC€of

<|)A

HA

N€ACn OA€0aCCYPIACAAI CTINHC

Head

(from r., downwards) Antoninus Pius r., laur.

(from

1.,

upwards)

^

Zens, naked to waist, seated to front on throne witli back, holding patera in outstretched r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre on his r. stands Athena r., draped and helmeted, leaning with r. on spear and with 1. supporting shield which stands on ground beside her * on his 1., Hera 1., veiled and wearing long chiton, holding patera in outstretched r. and sceptre in 1.
;,

;

1-5

[Plate lxxvii. 24.]

AYTOKK
€B€YC€

ANTWNINOCC

[<l>A]N€ACnOA€ GJCC YPIACH AAAI CTINHC
(from
1.,

(from r,, downwards) Bast of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cnirass and paludamentum.

Mount Gerizim, with

its
;

upwards) twin peaks,

the higher being to r. at the foot of the hill is a long colonnade, with arches
at end on r. from end on 1. a flight of steps rises straight to lower summit, on which is seen a temple, placed at ap angle, with fa9ade 1. from centre of
; ;

M

colonnade, a road winds up to higher summit, which is likewise surmounted by a temple, smaller than the first, and having facade r.
1-4

[Plate lxxvii. 25.]

M. Aurelius
-

PHAIOCKAICAP €YC€BC€
of

[_

Head

(from 1., upwards) M. Aurelius r., bare.

-]NeACnoA€CaC CYPIAC
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Sarapis r., draped and wearing modius in field, date.
:

M

1

€T

TTH

[

= 160

A. D.]

*
_

The coin has been

so

guishable.

double-struck that the figure of Athena

is

barely distin•'

NEAPOLIS
Meial
Size

279

No.

Weight

Obverse

RnVEESE

Commodus

MAPAYP

Ko/VAA\oA[(from

.]

«f>A

N€AC CYPinA
of
;

upwards) Bust of Commodus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paladamentum.
1.,

Cultus-statue
dress

Artemis Epliesia

(from L, upwards) goddess resembling she wears high head-

and has
;

fillets

each arm

at her feet,

hanging down from two stags,* r.

JE

and

1.

A\APAYPH KoAA/noA
(from
1.,

<|)AN€A
upwards)

no CYPnC-

-]

Head
JE
-65

of

Commodus

r.,

laur.

(from 1., upwards) Apollo, naked, standing to front, leaning with r. on long laurel- branch, and holding bow in 1.

[Plate lxxvii. 26.]

Diadumenianus
-

OHAN AIAA0VM€NIAN
(from
1.,
;

- -

ACn OA€WC CVP

upwards) Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing cuirass and paludamentum head bare.

(from 1., upwards) Tyohe, draped and wearing high headdress, standing 1., leaning on rudder and holding cornucopiae.

2E

-9

Ill

the reign of Philip^ms Senior, Neapolis loas
the
titles

made a

'

colonia,' loith

of

'

Julia,

Sergia.'

Philippus Senior

(?)

IMPCMIVLPHILIP
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Philippus Senior (?) r. wearing
,

COLIVL NEA
(from 1., upwards) naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back, holding globe in extended r., and leaning with ]. on
Zeus,
sceptre; at
his
feet,

cuirass

and paludamentum.

eagle

I.,

looking

back.

^

1-1
(No. 8
is

pierced.)

Usually described as humped bulls, but on this specimen the stags' horns are

distinct.

280

PALESTINE

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Oevbesb

Eeterse

Volusianus

AVT-

KAI

roy

€B(?)

<t>A

N6AC noA€WC
Grerizim, only one

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Volusianiis r., laur., wearing
cuirass

and paludamentum.

(from 1., upwards) peak visible; a colonnade runs along the whole foot of the hill from near its end to 1., a

Mount

;

temple placed on summit, at an angle, and having fagade 1. to r. of temple, a large tree is growing beneath the whole, eagle standing to front, head 1., with wings wide apart so that the hill seems to rest upon their tips.
;

flight of steps rises straight to

;

M

1

[Plate lxxvii. 27.]

Judaea
ASOALOlSr
Ascalon loas a royal mint under Alexandev the Great, and subsequently under the Seleucid Kings and the Ptolemies. The Era used on the following coins is reckoned as beginning in 104 B.C.

Beomze
First Centiirij B.C.

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

veiled

and turreted

;

AZ

(above)
1.

border obscure.

M

Galley

7
hnpericd

Times
(?)

Nero

CE

(to r.,

Head

of

downwards) Nero (?) r.,

AC
laur.
;

in

front,

trident,

upwards.

(to 1., upwards) Figure of male divinity standing threequarter face towards 1. on low pedestal; he wears short chiton, and holds sword in raised r., branch and round shield
1.

in

M

-76

[Plate lxxvii. 28.]

Vespasi

ZEBAZ TOE
Head
of

(from r., downwards) Vespasian* r., laur.

AZ

(on

r.,

upwards)
1.,

Similar type; no pedestal; to wards, date.

down-

M

-75

SOP
The head
is

[=74a.d.]

very youthful

;

it

might be that of Titus or

of

Domitian.

;

JUDAEA

281

No.

Weight

Mktai.
Size

Obverse

Kkvkese

Titiis

CEBAC

(to
(to

I'.,

TOC
Head

1.,

downwards) downwards)
r.,

ACKAAn

(to

1.,

upwards)

of Titus

lanr.

Tyche, draped and turreted, standing 1. on prow of galley she leans with r. on stylis (?), and holds aplustre in 1. in front, trident, upright behind, dove 1. beneath dove, date.
;

;

;

M

-9

BHP [ = 79

A.D.]

Domitian

TOC
CEBAC
Head
JE
-95

(behind, downwards)
(in front,

Similar.

downwards)

of Domitian, laur.

head

1.

QTTP [=86a.d.];

beneath date, B[

JE -So

head

r.

©TTP

[=

86

A.D.]

;

nothing

visible

beneath.

ACK[

(to r.,

M

Head
-55

of

upwards) Tyohe r., turret«d and

Galley
veiled.

r.

;

above, date.

HMP

[=95a.d.]

Hadrian

C

(to r.,

downwards)
r.,

ACKAA

(to

1.,

upwards)
to

Bust of Hadrian

laurv

Type similar

No. 3

;

in field

r.,

date.

M

-75

AK[C] [=118a.d.]

Antoninus Pius

ANTWN
Head

CeBACTOC

ACK

(from r., downwards) of Antoninus Pius r.. laur.

(to r., downwards) The Dioskouroi standing to front, side by side, with heads turned towards

chlamys

each wears short chiton, and piles, and leans with outer hand on spear, point downwards, while grasping parazonium with inner one; above head of each, a star; in field above, between them, crescent upwards to 1., upwards, date.

each other;

;

M

-9

6NC [ = 152

A.D.]

[Plate

lxxvii. 29.]

282

PALESTINE

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvebse

Kevebse

GAZA
Fifth

Century

B.C.

Silver

Eaboio-Attic Standard
The Bev. type and even the legend of the following coins {which are usually Gaza on grounds of provenance) are borrowed directly from Athenian models, a strong testimony to the popularity of the Athenian currency. After Alexander' s conquest Gaza became a royal mint.

attributed to

Drachms
Janiform head; male head on 1., bearded and laur. female head on r., -wearing
;

•*

AGE

stephane and earring.
5G-6

1., upwards) Athena r., wearing crested Athenian helmet the whole in deep

(to

Head

of

;

incuse square.

M
/R

-6

[Plate lxxvii. 30.]
47-5
-55

Circa

250—150
Bronze

B.C.

If the last
Bev.

letter be

a date,
that

the

legend

suggests

StAevKeis, tohile

era used on the following coin is uncertain.* The citizens of Gaza at one time called themselves retaining the original name of their iown.f
the

Head

of

Tyche

r.,

veiled

and tnrreted

;

AHMOY
1.,

A

C€

(to r.,
(to
1.,

downwards) downwards)
to waist, standing
r.,

border of dots.

rAIHG(?)
Zeus, laur. and

naked

£)/•&

M

-8

1.

holding wreath in raised rolled in his himation.

and with

[Plate lxxvii. 31.]

IV. (see su;pra, p. 50, Noa. 58
t

* The Ebv. type recalls that employed on some of the 'municipal £F.) ; but the style is rather better.

'

coinage of Antiochns

We

should thus have a parallel for

C€ ABI AHNX2N,
De

and

also for the puzzling

ANTIOXEI2N TflN EN nXOAEMAIAI.
as a date

Sauloy's explanation of

C€

{Num. de

la Terre-Sainte, p. 212)

would throw these coins
forbids.
leas clear I

as late as the reign of

M. Aurelius. a supposition which their style absolutely similar specimens in the B.M. The reading on these is
M. Babelon has sent

hare examined the two than on the Hunter coin.

me

a cast of Mionnet, Suppl.

viii.

371, No. 45.

It reads,

AH M OY C€

A

|

r AI A

I

I

XiZN Ei— only the last

two

letters being at all doubtful.

JUDAEA
Metai,
Size

283

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Tiiiprriid Times Hie best-hioion Eva of Gam begins in 61 B.C. But on coins of Hadrian another method of reckoning is found, usually in combination loith the first. This second method dates from an era beginning with the visit of Hadrian in 129 a.d. The letters ETT or ETTI, which invariably follow a date of the second era,

doid)tless refer to the

ETTIST^^ma of the Emperor *

Under Hadrian
Traces of inscr.
sliorfc

(to r.).

Memo,t wearing
;

PAZA

chiton, standing 1., holding long branch in r. and spear in 1. in field 1.,

upwards) 1., downwards, Hadrianic Era; in field r.,
(to
1.,

Tree;

to

date
Mi

of

55

M

beneath, Phoenician letter
-55

(?).

B

En

[=131

A.D.]

_ -

TPA AAPIAN
(from L, upvtfards)

PAZA
wearing

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., cuirass and paludamentum.

upwards) (Tjcheof City?), wearing modius, chiton, and peplos, standing 1., leaning with r. on sceptre, and holding
(to
1.,

Female

figure

cornucopiae in 1.; at her feet is seen forepart of bull standing 1. in field r., to r., downwards, date of Hadrianic 4i Era in field 1., date of ordinary era.
;
;

;

JEi

'9

r- EHi

B MP [=132

A.D.]

[Plate lxxyiii. 2.]

Antoninus Pius
[-

-]KAI[

]

ANTWN

PAZ A

(to

1.,

upwards)
4j
;

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing

Similar type, with bull and
of date, off coin.

place

M

cuirass
-85

and paladamentum.

M. Aurelius
- r.,

ANTlaur.

Head

of

M. Aurelius

FAZA

(to r,,

downwards)

Herakles,J naked, standing facing, leaning with r. on club, and holding lion's skin in 1. in field 1., Mf ; to I.,
;

upwards, date.

M

-65

AAC

[=174a.d.]

* Eckhel (D.N.V., iii,, p. 453) ingeniously explains r-ETTI'BSP as equivalent to BSP. Bat such an explanation could not be maintained in face of No. 4, or even in face of the arrangement of the letters on No. 5. t 'Meino' and 'Eio,' who figure on the coins of Gaza, are identical with Minos and lo. So popular was their cult that Mii/ii'T? and 'iduri were alternative names for the city. (Staph.
Byz., s.v.)

t There was a tradition that Gaza was founded by a son of Herakles.

(Steph. Byz.,

s.v.)

2

234

PALESTINE

No.

Weioht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Revekse

L. Verus

Head

of L.

Yerus

r.,

laur.

rAZA
date.

(to

1.,

upwards)
to
1.,

Similar to No. 6;

downwards,

M M

-8

OYHPOCKAI CAP
(from
r.,

AKC
downwards)
].,

[=164a.d.]

-7

OYHPOC KAICAP
(from

as preceding, witli

S

upwards)

Commodus
- -

KA

- -

- -

KOMM

- -

Youthful bust of Commodus r., laur. wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Eio, draped, r., extending her r. Land to clasp r. hand of Tyche of City, who advances I. to meet her, wearing high head-dress, chiton, and peplos, and

holding cornucopiae in them, i+i to I., upwards,
;

I.

;

between
;

€IW

to

r.,

downwards,
10

TAZA

;

in ex., date.

M

-9

/v\C [=180a.d.]

Julia

Domna
Similar.

lOVAl
11

AAOMNA
Domna
(from 1., upwards r., draped.

M

Bust
-75

of Julia

ZEC [ = 207a.d.]
[Plate lxxviii.
3.]

Julia

Maesa
Similar to No.
8.

lOVAIA MAICA- C
(from
1.,

12

^

Bust of Julia Maesa wearing stephane.
-85

r.,

upwards) draped and
€7"

TTC [=220a.d.]

NICOPOLIS-EMMADS
Imperial

Coinage

The town of Emmaus recdved
of Titus over the Jews.
''

Its

name of Nicopolis in honour of the victory ... era dates from the bestowal of the name (71 A.D.).
the
,
.

M. Aurelius

AYTOKPATOJP AYP
upwards) Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
I.,

N€IKO n O AITOJN
(from ]., upwards) naked to waist, seated I. on throne without back, holding on extended r. Nike 1., and leaning with I. on sceptre beneath, date.
Zeus,
;

(from

A=]

-9

€T MA

[=162a.d.]
[Plati; lxxviii. 1.]

JUDAEA
Metal
Size

285

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revebse

KINGS, PRINCES

AND ROMAN PROCURATORS
OF JUDAEA*

A.

Hasmonaean Family
SIMON MACCABAEUS
143—135
B.C.

There are no early Jewish
the invention of coining

coins.

The people had been carried

into captivity hefore

reached Palestine.
cities.

On

their return they doubtless

made

use

of the money of the Phoenician
shekels

The

first

coins struclc at

Jerusalem were
the

and half-

shekels of the following types.

They are dated, not from

granting of autonomy by Demetrius II. (143

B.C.), but

autonomy by Antiochus VII. in 138
privilege of striking money with his

B.C.,

lohen

from the granting of complete Simon loas expressly accorded the
This coinage lasted for five years, to Antiochus.

own

dies.'\

and came

to

an end

in

134

B.C.,

when Jerusalem surrendered

SlIiVEE

Phoenician

Standard

Shekels

If^ W^/- *P

W

(from

r.,

upwards)
(from
r.,

Chalice, with broad rim; above, date; border of dots.

upwards)
blooms
;

Flowering

lily,

with

three

border of dots.

2151
1739

JR

-95

^W

[==137

B.C.]

[Plate

lxxviii. 4.]

/R

-85

as preceding.
(No. 2
is

very

maoh

worn.)

* In dealing with this section, I have made much use of the recently published English It will be seen that I have edition of M. Theod. Eeinach's moat interesting Jewish Coins. followed hia change of view in regard to the thorniest of all questions of Jewish numisbut I confess that matics. His historical and general arguments seem to me very strong the style and fabric of the coins still remain a difficulty.
; •j-

"I

give thee leave
xv. 6.)

alao to

coin

money

for thy country with thine

own stamp."—

(1

Maccabees

286

PALESTINE

No.

Weight

Metai.
Size

Obteese

Revbkse

JUDAS ARISTOBOULOS
Circa

104—103

B.C.

After the victory of Antiochus [wJw himself striiclc bronze coins at Jerusalem circa 132 B.C.*), tlie Jews again became dependent on their neighbours for a silver currency, notably, after 126 B.C., on the Tyrians. Simon had been assassinated
in 135 B.C. Under his successor, John Hyrcanus (135 104 B.C.), small bronze pieces, for local circulation, began to be minted. They were issued in the name of the ruling prince as high-priest, and of the ' commonioealth f of the Jews.
'

Two cornuacopiae,
at the foot;

filleted, r. and 1., united between, a poppy-Lead;

H^'V

All -within wreath of laurel, t

border of dots.

29

M

-6

ALEXANDER JANNAEUS
Circa 103

—76

B.C.

Bronze
Alexandei

Jannaeus continued the issue of pontifical coins, but he also struck regal pieces which have a bilingual inscription, and on which he assumes in Hebrew and Greek, the title of Eiiig (^Nos. 4 ff.).
' '

(a)

Pontifical

Coins §
inscription in archaic within wreath of laurel.
letters;
||

Two
32-5

cornuacopiae,

at the foot;

and 1., united between, a poppy-head;
filleted, r.

Hebrew

all

M

border of dots.
-55

29-5

JE

-6

'[^^ :^y+y

20-5

M

-5

yY:3'V

rt]^Ai:^y

* See sujpra, p. 83, No. 55.
_

t

This

is

M. Eeinach's rendering
425°'
to be

of Cheher.

It

'o/Z
t

mt" Yol'm

"^ ""' '^'"" ^^^^^^' ^'

agrees substantially with Cavedonj's '^^' """"^ K«°°«'iy. Hastings' Diet.

The third letter is cleiTrly It may be that it is meant for daleth, and that the engraver, discovering his omission, subsequently inserted a ^au in the wrong place. But the letter here printed as vau ^ IS obscure.
not vau.
§

The legend appears

blundered as well as defective.

For the sake of continuity these are placed
'^'^ V op. cit.,
''°''''

first

A„„ mIZ (bee Madden,
II

pp. 86

7;^^ ^^^ *yP^'
f.)

°*

No.

4,

but some of them are certainly on which they are often restruck
;

I
18

iau

doubtful.

cannot read the fourth letter on No. 1 otherwise than as a Greek N. The following Indeed, all the letters are badly cnt, and the reading uncertain.

JUDAEA

287

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

B^EVBRBE

(/8)

Begal

Coins

[BAZIAEnZA]AEIANA[POY]
41-5

M

Anchor, withia plain has double bar.
-SS

circle

;

anchor
Half-opened
[Plate Lxxviir.
5.]

flovcer

(from above, tovsrards border of dots.
;

1.)

BAZIAEnZAAEZANAP
(from 1., upwards) Anchor, with double bar and bell-like extremity border of dots.
;

Hebrew

inscr., in archaic letters, between the eight spokes of a wheel.*

6

51

6

49
41-5

^ M
JH

-6

'3

/.

^

13

y +

-65

:d /."ij :3

y+ y^ ^
y
• • •

-v
'^^

7t

-65

':3

1

y ^

^

ANTIGONUS
Circa

40—37

B.C.
to issue

After Alexander's death
his types.

The last Hasmoprotection (64 B.C.). Parthian support, succeeded %n seizing the naean prince loas Antigonus, against Herod and the Bomans. chief power, and holding it for a brief period
their country

But

the

liis leidow, Alexandra, continued Jews were prohably deprived even of

regal hronxe with

this small privilege lohen

passed

definitely

under

Roman

loho, loith

Bronze
Greek
within wreath.
Inscr., in archaic

inscr.,

Hebrew

letters,

from

1.,

upwards.
118-5

Comucopiae.

M

-7

BACIA ANTiro

y-g

.1^++"^!

NOV
21

M

-7

BACIA

'v++y

AN

- -

in all early Jewish coins.

+

On No

7 the

Obv type

is

4.1 i, naturally suppose to be the relegated to what one would
j.

fian

was placed between them

?

_,

.

connected rowB,

is

Ptolemaic bronze coins. often noticeable on Seleucid and

288

PALESTINE

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

B.

Idumaean

Pkinces

HEEOD THE GEEAT
Circa 37

—4

B.C.

power and

Herod, son of Antipater, had, through the support of the Romans, acquired great influence in Judaea. When the troubles with Antigonus became acute (40 B.C.), he loas recognised as 'King.' With the aid of Sosius, he captured Jerusalem from Antigonus in 37 B.C., and jiermanently established himself as ruler. As a vassal of Borne he struck only bronze. It is notable that the inscriptions on the coins of^ this dynasty are exclusively Greek, indicating the advance of Hellenic
influence.

At

flrst

the types

conform

to the

Second Commandment.

Bkonze

BALI HPU)
25-5

(from

r.,

downwards)

Two

cornuacopiae,
;

1.

and

r.,

joined

Anchor, with ring on top and double

at

M

bar
-55

;

border of dots.

lower ends between them, cadaceus upright border of dots.
;

HEROD AECHELAUS
Circa 4 Aft^r
tl,e_

B.C.

—6

a.d.

Samcmaand Idnmaea)

loas divided. One half (chiefly Judaea Archelaus, though not the eldest son. Augustus granted him the title ethnarch.' In consequence of misrule, he teas exiled and his territory administered directly by Roman procurators,
fell to
'

death of Herod

I. his

kingdom

'

for whose coins

see pp.

292

f.

BfiONZB

HPCO

AOY

Bunch
of dots.

of grapes,

(from above, towards r.) with leaf 1. border
;

G0

(from beneath, towards 1.) Helmet, with check-pieces, and plumes which fall down on either side in field
;

I.,

beneath, small caduceus

;

border of

dots.

1

30-5

2*

44

M M

-65

caduceus obscure.
-65

[Plate

lxxviii. 6.]

No. 2 has the peculiarity noted above under Alexander Jannaeus, No. 1

(p. 287).

JUDAEA
289
No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obveesb

Reverse

HEROD ANTIPAS
Circa

4

B.C.

— 40

a.d.

^'''VofEerodtU G,eafs divided between PUlip IT. Mn'Tnlll few cotns-) and HerodMngdom was the (who kfta Antipas, Tetrarch.' The share

\y the of

'

latter

was Galilee and Peraea. His coins bear of the new capital, which he founded.
BfiONZE

the

name

HPWAOY TGTPAPXOY
Jr'alm-branch
,
. ;

in

(from ]., upwards) field, regnal year

TIBG RIAC

within wreath of

]aui-el.

;

border of dots.
164-;

M

-85

Z /r [=29

A.D.]

HEROD AGRIPPA
Circa

I.

37

—44

a.d.

Agrippa I., grandson of Herod the Great, loas made a 'King' by Caligula immediately upon his accession. His dominions were extended by Claudius. The following
pieces,

of which the great majority, if not all, belong to the same year, appear to have been issued immediately after the increase in Us power.

Beokze
Three ears of corn, springing from one
stalk
dots.
;

BACIAGWCArPIHA
(from r., downwards) Umbrella, with hanging fringe border
;

in field, regnal year

;

border of

of dots.

46
2 3| 32-5

M M M

-7

L

5"

[=41

B.C.]

t

[Plate lxxviii.
-7

7.]

as preceding, as preceding, as preceding,

40
34-5

-7

4
5

M
M

-7

40-5

-7

date obscure.

* These are remarkable ag being the first "unorthodox" pieces in the Jewish series: they have "graven images" of Augustus and Tiberius. See Madden, Coins oj the Jens (2ud edition, 1881), p. 125. t For proof of the correspondence of this with Herod's "Year 6," see Reichardt in

Num.
J

Chron., 1862, p. 272.

Nos. 3-5 have the peculiarity noted above under Alexaxler Jannaeus, No. 7

(p. 287J.

V P

.

290

PALESTINE

Eeverse

AGRIPPA
Agrijjpa
I.
'

I.

AND AGRIPPA

II.

of

followed the examide of his predecessor, Philip II., and struck a number The following loas unorthodox pieces {see supra, p. 289, footnote).
'

issued in the joint names of himself

and

his son.

[B]AciAEYC ArpinnA
(from
1.,

[Arpi]nnAYioYBAi:[
(from.
1.,

]

Head

of

Agrippa

I.

upwards) diademed; r.,

upwards)
;

border of do la.

II. as youth, on horseback, galloping r., raising his r. hand beneath, traces of date ;* border of dots.

Agrippa

[Plate

lxxviii.

8.]

AGRIPPA
Circa

II.

48—100

A.D-t

When Agrippa But four years

too young to exercise royal power. on him the hingdom of Chalcis, p>reciously It is in this year (48 a.d.) that tJie first of the two eras used held by his uncle. ipon his coins is reckoned as commencing. In 53 a.d. he exchanged Chalcis for a vjider dominion. In 54-55 a.d. the limits of this latter loere extended by Nero, and Vespasian made further additions. His second era comrnoices in 60 A.D., about which time he enlarged the city of Caesarea Panias, changing its name to Neronias. No. 1 was struck there.
I.

died,

his son

was considered

later Claudius conferred

Under Nero
This scries loas struck in three denomhiations.X
It is

modelled on a group

_ _

_ of

BAZTOZ
(from
r.,

downwards)

En BACIAE
I

Within plain
wreath.

circle

;

the

whole enclosed by

laurel-

Head
190'5

Nero

r.,

laur.

ArPinn

NEpn
NIE

M

-95

* Possibly LBi as given by Sestini, Lett. Num. Cont., vi., p. 103, No. 2. noting that this is withont doubt the identical specimen described by Wise, Serin. Boil., p. 118.

It is

worth
Antiq.

Numm.

The Bosanqnet coins were bought by Hunter.

t This is the date usually given (on the authority of Photius). But see Carl Erbes in Zeitschr. far wissensch. Theolo'jie, 1896, pp. 41.5 ff., where Agrippa'g death-year is placed in A.D., a view which is not necessarily inconsistent with the numismatic evidence (see 86
infra)
X
§

See Madden, Coins of the Jeu-s, 1881, Cf. swpra, p. 154, No. 95.

p.

145, for examples.

JUDAEA
Metai,
Size

291

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Under Vespasian The follow;,^ represent the chief series of Agrippa's coins. Issues took place in at least four chfereiU years under Vespasian, two under Titus, and tioo under Domitlan
llie

ICeo.

head of Vespasian is placed on the Ohv of the highest denomina/ Ion, that of Titus on the Ohv. of the intermediate one, and that ofBomitian on the Ohv. of the lowest.* No. 3 is dated from the Second Era, all the others from the First.

inder

types characteristic of each denomination remain unchanged throughout

the first of the three emperors, the

Highest Denomination

AVTO[---]Nn KAICAPIC€BA T XI t (from downwards)
{stc)
r.,

Tyche standing
ears of corn

Head

to front, Lead 1., holding and cornucopiae in field,
;

of Vespasian

r.,

lanr.

ET
ArPI
[77 A.D.]

ReBA
TIUA

242

JE l-Oo

Intermediate Denomination

AYTOKP[181-6

_
r.,

]

[

]
r.,

Nike marohino' r

holding wreath and

(from

downwards)

^

Head
-8

of Titus

lanr.

palm;
[74 A.D.]

infield,

^JA ,^8A^j

|

AYTOKPTITO[ (from BAC
206

M

- -]CAPC€ downwards) Bust of Titus r., lanr., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
r.,

Similar; but, in

field,
;

^.O "^^^^

-9

[74 A.D.]

Lowest Denomination

AOMITIANOC KAICAP
(from
r.,

Nike,

standing

r.,

downwards)

shield

which she holds
;

writing upon round in 1. around,
;

Head

of

Domitian

r.,

lanr.

from 1., upwards, ITTTTA to r. of shield, a
[74A.D.]

ETOKSBA ATP
star.

102

Zi

-8

[Plate Lxxvin.
Similar; style different.
Similar,

9.]

with

- -

BACI ATPin;

125

M

no
-8

star.

* The application of this principle clears away many of the difficulties that have hitherto surrounded the dates on the coins of Agrippa II. Under Titus the head of Vespasian disappeared from the highest denomination (Madden, op. cit., p. 153, No. 4), and under Domitian the head of Titus was similarly displaced both on the highest and on the intermediate one {Ihid., p. 156, No. 5, and p. 159, Nos. 20 f.). Under Claudius and Nero the First Era is used. In the earliest issue under Vespasian (74 A. v.) a fitful attempt was made to introduce the Second Era, both systems being employed in that year. The First Bra alone was used in 75 and in 77 a.d. But in 78 a.d. it was definitely superseded by the Second Era, and was not used again, except possibly on Madden p. 159, Nos. 19 — 21, which may thus belong either to 83 a.d. or to 95 a.d. t It is worth noting that the name of Vespasian is always in the dative on this series,

ArPITTOY

those of his sons in the nominative. on certain coins of this year, associated with the spelling J Tlie use of L for and with a more lumpy fabric, may indicate a diflerence of mint.

ET

P P 2

:

292

PALESTINE

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eevisbse

ROMAN PROCURATORS OF JUDAEA
Bkonze
After the banishment of Archelaus in 6 A.D., Judaea was reduced to the status of a proviuctal territory by the Iioiiiaiis, and administered by procurators. It was incorporated in the h'ngdovi of Agrippa I. in 41 a.d. but on his death, in 44 A.D.,
;

it

became a territory once more, and so continued until the First Bevolt. The bronze coins struch by the procurators for local circulation conformed strictly to Pharisaic orthodoxy. They are dated according to the regnal years of the emperors.

Under Augustus

KAICA POC
Palm-braiich.
34-5

(from

1.,

upwards)

Palm-tree,

with two clusters of

fruit

in field, date.

JE

-65

L
[Plate
lxxviii.

Ae
10.]

[=8

A.D.]*

2

29
34-5

3

M M

-6

L
L

A\

[=9a.d.]
[

-7

MA = 10a.d.]

Under Tiberius

TIB KAI
4
5

All within wreath of laurel.

Palm-branch

;

in

field,

loY

AIA,

32'5

M
M

CAP
-6

beneath which, date.

L G [=19
as preceding.

A.D.]

32

-65

Wreath
date.

of

laurel,

in

centre of

which,

TIBGPIOY KAICAPOC
Lituus
;

40 SO

M

-6

LIH

[=32a.d.]

(from border of dots.

I.,

upwards)

^

-7

as preceding.

(title off coin.)

Under Claudius

lOY

All within wreath of laurel

AlAAr
pinni

[TIKA]AYAIOCKAlCAPrGP[M]
Two
(from r., downwards) palm-branches, crossed; in field
beneath, date.

NA

38-5

iE

-65

LIA [=54

A.D.]

* See Pick, Zur Titulatur der Flavier, (Lips:ae, Jmcccxc), pp. 28 if.

in Z.f.N. "•j-^'m

iiv., xiv

n p.

107 n,,^ dV7, and

v. t Ivaestner,

n a Ve Aeri

;

JUDAEA
Metal
Size

293

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revebse

N€P WKAAYKAI CAP
Two
shields

and two

javelins

(around) placed

BRIT K A
I

crosswise.

(above) (beneath) Palm-tree, with two clusters of fruit in field, date.

37

.E

-7

L lA
Under Nero

[=54a.d.]

0)

NGP NO

All within wreath of laurel.

KAIC APOC,
Palm-branch.

preceded by date (from 1., upwards)

O

10
11*

35

M
M

-65
-6

L- G [=59a.d.]
last letter obscure.

34

date obscure.

FIRST REVOLT AGAINST ROME
Until the end In the early summer of 66 a.d. the great Jewish war hrolce out. of the third year the money issued by the rebels was uniform in loeight and type. It is dated from an era beginning in the autumn of 66 A.D.f

Second Year

(67—68
I

a.d.)

Silver

Chalice,

with
;

39-5

M

handles
-65

(from 1., downwards) broad rim and two border of dots.

(from

1.,

downwards)
;

Vine-leaf, with tendrils

border of dots.

(base)

[Plate lxxviii. 11.]

Bronze
Similar.
Similar.

2

62
48-5

3

^ ^

-7

-7

4
5

44
33

^ M

-65
-65

* No. 11 has the peculiarity noted above under Alexander JaNNAeus, No. 7 (p. 257). t Almost without exception the pieces bear conspicuous traces of the blanks having been originally cast in rows. See Bupra, p. 287, Nos. 1 f. This would indicate, roughly, about 20 gravity of this piece is 9-25. I The specific per cent, of silver. The existence of base silver coins of this epoch, with types corresponding to the bronze, is not without a bearing on the attribution of the "Shekels of Israel" {vide
supra, p. 285, Nos. 1
f.).

.

294

PALESTINE

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvbkse

P.EVEBSB

6*

52

^

-66

[Plate lxxviii. 12.]
7

46-5
40-6

M
JE

'75
-7

8 9

31

]0

22

M M

-65

-65

Third Year (68-69

a.d.)

Beonze
Similar.

11

29

M

(from 1., doAvn wards) Chalice, with two handles and cover.
-65

Fourth Year

(69—70

A.D.)

Burhig

divisions,

year the Jewx were besieged in JcrusuJem. In addition to the folloioinq perhaps of the shekel, loere issued in bronze as a money of necessity I The Bev. types refer to the ceremonial connected with the feast of Tabernacles
this

o^9
(from Cup, with beaded rim
r.,
;

JC'

+ yw
(from
r.,

upwards)

upwards)

border of dots.

Bunch
on

12

107 101
95
82-5

JE

of twigs fastened together (lulab); either side, a citron [ethrog)

13 14
15 16

M
JE

•75
•75
•85

87

M
[Plate
lxxviii.

13.]

17

80
78-5

18 19

M M
M M

•75
•8

69-5
61-5

20
21

•7

85

75

No.*7'(p"28^."'^"'
t

''°-'' ^"

^^-*'^^P-"l-%-t'3<i above under AlexakbebJannaehs,
f.

See Eeiuach, Jewish Goine, pp. 43

;

JUDAEA
Metal
Size

295

No.

Weight

Obverse

Ee VERSE

FIRST REVOLT SUPPRESSED
TJie successful suppression
teas celebrated by the strilcing

of the great revolt hy Vespasian, and ultimately hy Titus, of coins both at Rome and in Palestine.
Titus

Bronze

AY
(from
r.,

lOVAAIA ZE [AAfiKVIAS]
downwards)
(from
1.,

upwards)

Head

of Titus

r.,

laur.

M

Trophy on pole; to 1., Judaea captive, seated 1., witli head bent forward and hands tied behind back to r., pelta.
;

-85

[Plate lxxviii. 14.]

AYTOKP.ITO CKAICAP
(from
Similar type.
r.,

lOVAAIAZEAA HKYIAZ
Nike standing r., placing her r. foot on helmet, and supporting on 1. knee a shield on which she is writing
in front of her, palm-tree.

downwards)

M

-86

SECOND REVOLT AGAINST ROME
Under Hadrian the Jews once more revolted, and for three years (132 135 A.D.) The leader during the first year ivas a certain maintained a fierce struggle. Later it was Simon Barcochba, whose name Eleazar, whose name occurs on No. 5. The occurrence of the name Jerusalem,' appears on Nos. 2—4 ayid Nos. 6 9. as on Nos. 1 and 10, may indicate that the insurgents loere in possession of the ruins of the city for a time, lohile the Obv. type of No. 1 perhaps holds up as an ideal the rebuilding^ of the Temple.* It

'

is signifi.ccmt

that the lohole of the silver coinage

is

restruch.f

Silver

Phoenician Standard T etradrachm
Year 2

[=

134

A.D.]

ytW

VIJ^

(from

r.,

upwards)

t'^'lW'V IBf-^VS/
(from
Lulab, to
1.

Conventional representation of the Temple, consisting of four pillars colonnade and resting on a small
besurmounted by an entablature tween central pillars, a beaded portico
;

r.,

upwards)

of which, ethrog.

or shrine.

225-3

-R

1

[Plate lxxviii. 15.]
pointa see Th. Rehiach, Jewish Cuius, piD. 53 f. Of the specimens hero catalogued, all, except possibly the tetradrachm, show veryNo. 3 is probably, and No. 4 is certainly, restruck on a obvious traces of the process. drachm of Caesarea in Cappadooia. The latter retains on the Obv. a clear outline of the and on the Eev. YrTATS" head of Trajan, as well as the letters the edges of the silver coins of this epoch are It should be added that tbe way in which hammered is characteristic. Another remarkable point is the accuracy with which the It is this (along with the inscr.) that justifies dies are adjusted towards one another. "inverted." description of the bunch of grapes on Nos. 3 £f. as
* t

On both

AIANC€Br€PM,

the

296

PALESTINE

No,

;

JUDAEA—ARABIA
Metal
Size

297

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

AEABIA
KINGS OF NABATHAEA*
ARETAS
Circa
III.

87—62

B.C.

It

that the

was wlien the empires of the Seleticidae and the Ptolemies loere breaking up kingdom of Nabafhaea first rose into importance. About 85 n.c. Aretas succeeded in occupying Damascus, where the following were probably struck.

Bkonze

Head

of Aretas III.

r.,

diademed.

APETOY (to 4>IAE AAHNOZ
which

BAZIAEnZt

r.,

downwards)
1.,

(to

downwards)

Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock of conventional form, from
issues river-god, swimming to front ; she stretches out r. hand and in field 1., holds cornucopiae in 1. outside inscr., letters or monogram border of dots.
;

123-5

M M
M

-8

AP
[Plate
lxxviii.

(?)

18.]

119-5

-76

AP
AP

(?)

97

-8

(<|)IA

EAAHNOZ)

Similar.

[BA]ZIAEn[Z]

APE Toy
Female

(to

1.,

(to r., downwards) downwards)

draped, standing 1, figure, holding patera in outstretched r., and to ]., leaning with 1. on sceptre;
outside inscr.,

^

(?)

45-5

JE

-55

»

The most

full

and recent account

of these coins is the article of
is

M. Reng Dussaud in the on any
of the

Une of the inscr. •"^r Neifhfr*r'flr'?*k??-the'l!st here described.
VOL. ui.

fully legible

specimens

298

AEABIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

AEETAS
Circa 9 B.C.
This

IV.
a.d.

—40

Mng

bore the surname of Philopatris.

Tlie liev. inscr. gives his

own name

and

that of his wife.

Bronze
Heads
of Aretas IV.
r.
;

jugate,

the

and Queen Sequilat, King has long hair,
;

c

Of

(™

field,

above)

which
front,
dots.

is

bonnd by a laurel- wreath Nabathaean letter border
;

in
of

h

Jl

(in field,

Two

beneath) cornuacopiae, in saltire;

border

of dots.

71-6

M M M M
JE

-75

[Plate lxxvui. 19.]

64
60-5

-7

letter obscure,
letter off flan.

-65
-7

58-5
57-5

-7

EABBBL
Circa

II.

71—106
Bronze

a.d *

The ner.

inscription again gives the

names of

the king

and

his queen.

Busts, draped, of Rabbel II. and Queen Gemilath, jugate, r. the king wears long hair, which is bound by lanrel;

lT

jyj

'

(in field, above)

Two
dots.

wreath

:

border of dots.

cornuacopiae, in saltire

;

border of

49

JE

-65

[Plate lxxvui. 20.]

48 46
39-5

M
M

-66
-6

Appendix

II. gives

a full

summary

of

what

i

Anoin regardin'g

^hl'^^^a^hatan

m 'narl^h^.^

;

BOSTRA
Metal
Size

299

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ARABIA PETRAEA
BOSTRA
Bronze
Colonial

Coinage
_

The games mentioned on No. 5 were celebrated in honour of the Arabian god Busares, who is possibly represented on the Bev. of Nos. 3 and 4.*
Julia

Mamaea

IVLIAMAMAEA AVGVSTA
(from
1.,

COLONIABO STRA
(from
1
,

Bust of Julia Mamaea wearing stephane.

r.,

upwards) draped and

Bust

of
;

Tyche

of City

1.,

upwards) draped and

turreted

at her back, coruucopiae.

M

-85

Similar, with

GVSTA

IVLIAMAMAE AAV

COLON A
I

B

OSTRA

(from 1., upwards) Statue of Marsyas r., with r. hand raised and wine-skin over 1. shoulder

wears boots.

M

-7

Similar to No.

1.

COLONIAB OSTRA
(from
1.,

upwards)
r.,

Bust

of

male

divinity

draped,

having ram's horns, and wearing globe
as head-dress.

^ M

7
-6

inscr. partly off coin.

inscr. partly off coin.

J)

"

[Plate

lxxviii.

21.]

Philippus Junior

MARCIVLPHILIPPOSCESAR
(from 1., upwards) Bast of Philippus Junior r., radiate,

COLMETROPOLIS BOSTRA
Laurel-wreath
;

(from 1., upwards) within which, AKTI

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

AAOV
CAPIA

M

11
See Dussaud in Bev. Num., 1904, pp. 171

*

ff.

Q Q 2

300

ARABIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

ESBUS
Imperial This
city struck coins only

Coinage

during the reign of Elagahalus.

AVTCMAVP- AN

[
1.,

]

AVP6CB OVC
(from 1., upwards) naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with low back he holds patera in extended r., and leans with 1. on
Zeus,
;

(from

upwards)

Bust of Elagabalus r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

sceptre.

M

1-05

in ex., traces of letters (?).

[Plate Lxxvia. 22.]

PETRA
It

was, doubtless, at Petra thai the coins of the later Nahathaean hings loere struck. The imjxrial coins begin under Hadrian.

Imperial

Cuiiuige

Antoninus Pius
Inscr. illegible.
r.,

Head

of

Antoninus Pius

laur.

MHTPO
nOAIC

n€TPA

All within wreath of laurel.

M

-6

PHILIPPOPOLIS
This cityAoas founded by Philippus Senior, himself a native of Arabi
Colonial Coinage

Philippus

Junior

AVTOKKAMIOVAI<t)IAinnOC (from C€B upwards)
1.,

^lAinnonoAiTHN
AC
(from
1.,

koahni

Bust of Philippus Junior r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

upwards) Roma, wearing crested helmet and chiton, and having peplos over knees, seated 1. on low chair, against which her
;

shield

rests

she leans with 1. on spear, and holds on extended r. eagle 1., with wings half open, and having two small

iE 1-05

fagures on his back

;

in field,
23.]

S C

[Plate lxxviii.

;

CARRHAE
Metal
Size

301

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

MESOPOTAMIA
CAERHAE
The coin-tijpes of Garrhae are significant of the popularitij of the worship The foundation of the colonia dates from the of the sun and moon. The legend on the Rev. of No. 3 shows that reign of M. Aurelitis. Garrhae toot its title of Aurelia from Verus, under whose leadership the Soman conquest of Mesopotamia was effected.
'

'

'

'

Imperial

Goinage

L. Verus

--

KAI

AOYK AVHOVHPOC
{sic,

KAPHNCON«|)IAOPCOM _

_ (ON

from 1., upwards) Bust of L. Verus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
JE -65

(from 1., upwai'ds) Crescent, with horns upwards, placed upon a globe which rests on a basis
of

two

stages.

Septimius Severus
[_

_]v

ccnriMiocc

€[

]

KOA AVbH AIA
;

>IA - -

(from r., downwards) Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur.

(from r., downwards) Tetrastyle temple between each set of
pillars,

surmounted by from each crescent long fillets hang down on either side of the cultuscultus- statue

crescent

;

statue beneath it in pediment, crescent resting upon cushion (?).
;

M

-95

[Plate lxxyiii. 24.]^

AVTKAIC

]€OYHPOC AOVKIA

A[

]

KAPPA

(from r., downwards) Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

(from above, towards r.) upon cushion upwards, Crescent between the horns, star of six rays.

M

-8

[Plate

lxxyiii. 25.]

K A\IOC
Similar.

AV

(su',

- - 0[V]KIOC€nTI from 1., upwards)

KOAOJNIA
Similar type.

PHAIAKAPPA
(from beneath, towards
1.)

M

-85

AC6TTTC

[

]

(from

1.,

upwards)

KOAa)N[
Similar type.

]

AKAPPA
1.)

Similar type.

(from beneath, towards

M

-9

* Of. the coin described (tmder 'Aelia Capitolina

')

by Mionnet,

v., p. 520,

No. 24.

.

302

MESOPOTAMIA

No.

Weight

Mktai,
Size

Obverse

Eevekse

Caracalla

A\AVPANT[cuirass

-]

NOC

KOAA\HTPOnKAPP
(from
Crescent, upwards; star of eight rays.
r.,

(from r., downwards) Bust of Caracalla r., laur., wearing

downwards)
horns,

between

and paladamentum.

^

'75

Inscr.

from

r.,

downwards.

Bust

of

Inscr.

from

r.,

downwards.

Bust of Tyche

Caracalla

r.,

laur.

of City

r.,

draped, veiled, and turreted.

M

-75

MAVRANTO

[

]

COL/v\€TANTO
[ ]

NINIANAAV

^
M

-75

/^AVRANTO NIN

COLAA6TANT
R

ONINIANAAV

[Plate lxxviii. 26.]
-75

ANTON
Similar.

COLA\€TANTONINIANA
Similar
[

;

in front, cornucopias.

10

M

-75

AAAVRA

]NTO NINIANAAV

Similar.

Similar

;

in front, (?)
- -

11

M

-65

A\AVRANT ONIN VSPFAVG
Similar.

COLAA6T

N TONINIANA

Similar

;

nothing in front.
. . .

12

M M

-6

ANTONINVS

_ .

COLAVRM ANA

OLIANTONINI

13

-55

ANTONINVS

- .

COI-AVRMET ROPOLIANTON

Elagabalus
Inscr.,

from
r.,

1.,

balus

radiate,

upwards. Bust of Elagawearing cuirass and

KAPKOAMHTPOnOAIC
upwai-ds, resting on globe, and having eight-rayed star between horns the whole placed on pedestal

paludamentum

^ Crescent
^

(from

1.,

upwards)

;

14

M

-8

AVKAAA
AVKAA\

-

NTGJN6
. .

hang down over globe and
- .

two

fillets

pedestal.

15
16

M M

-75

[Plate lxxviii. 27.]

TWN6INOC

-8

AANTWN6INOC

CARRHAE
Metal
Size

303

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

AK-

ANTWNCI
of

Bust

(from 1., upwards) Elagabalus r., radiate.

KAPKOMTT
rays

(from 1., upwards) Crescent upwards, having star of six

ou
17

between its horns, and resting very small globe, to which are
fillets.

attached two

M

-65

Severus Alexander

AVTK[M]ACAA €I:ANAP0
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

[

]

[.

-IPPHNWN
City,

(from 1., upwards) draped and turreted, seated I. on rock, holding ears of corn in outstretched r., and leaning with at her feet, river-god 1. on rock

Tyche

of

;

swimming
lighted.

;

in

front,

small

altar,

18

JE

-85
(No. 18
is

pierced.)

AVKM[
19

]ANAPOC

KAPKMH

/v\€CCOTT
(from
1.,

M

Bust of Severus Alexander 1., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
-85

upwards)

Similar type

;

in field

1.,

A

[Plate lxxviii. 28.]

Gordian

III.

A
B

marked improvement

iioio

appears

in the execution

and

style

of the coins.

AVTOK KM ANTrOPAIANOCC€
(from 1., upwards) Bast of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum..

M HTPKOAKAPPHNGJN
(from 1., upwards) 1., draped, veiled, and turreted above her head, crescent upwards in front, column, on which (of Aquarius?) r., stands statue* raising r. hand, and holding waterskin (?) over 1. shoulder.

Bust

of

Tyche
; ;

of City

20

M

1-2

[Plate

lxxviii. 29.]

Similar

;

but bust radiate.

MHTPKOAKAPPHNWN
Crescent upwards
of six rays.
;

(from 1., upwards) between horns, star

21

^

105

* This little figure, which has been most varionsly described, bears a strong resemblance But it seems much more probable that it is a to the familiar colonial type of Marsyas. This would correspond to the representations representation of the constellation Aquarius. Soe especially infra, of Sagittarius and Aries on the coins of other Mesopotamian towns.

Khesabna, Nos. 19

f.

;

304

MESOPOTAMIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCCe
B
22 23
24.

MHTPKOAKAPPHNWN
(from ]., upwards) Crescent upwards within, one above another, two stars of eight rays.
;

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Gordiau III. r., laur., wearing
cuirass

M M M

and paludamentum.

-9

-8

(same

die.)

(same

die.)

-8

EDESSA*
A.

UNDER THE PAETHIANS

Edessa

loas at one time called AntiocMa ad Callirrhoen.f After the fall of the Seleucid Empire it became a vassal state of Parthia, ruled by its own princes. Only once during the period of Parthian domination was the right of coinage conceded to the 'kings' of Edessa. Probably this loas immediately before the

Human

conquest,

in

the reign

of M.

Aureliits.'^

Wael
Circa

163—165
Bbonzb

a.d.

l^^jyj (to 1., downwards) Jr^O (to r., downwards) Bearded bust of King Wiiel
within wreath.

[ [
all

] ]

fY)J|C" (to
L/r*"
(to r.,

I.,

downwards) downwards)

§

91

M

-7

temple seen from the side approached by flight of steps cut in the rock on which it stands in pediment, star of three rays between pillars, table, with lion's feet, on which rests a shrine on upper part of front and side of shrine is a small circle with a dot in the centre border of dots.
it

Distyle
is

;

;

;

;

[Plate lxxvih. SO.]
Similar.

JA^UK
l^mj
[

(to
]

1.,

downwards)
downwards)
details less distinct.

(tor.,
;

120-,

^E

-76

Similar type

[Plate lxxviii. 31.]

the authSr's Mel. num.,ii.) t See supra, pp. 52 f., Nos. 80
as

^

'^'

'^^

Numvsmatxiue, 1892 and 1893, reprinted in

£E.

gases III.
I

I thTJhron'oW of Kin^ Wa'f "^'"'^' ^•^

^

'1?'"""
^^

^'^^^^^^urg, 1887, pp. 29 f., for a discussion ^' appears !\ to have been certainly a contemporary of Vola-

.ill be seen tbat

hirendltou?ed'tVrfprodu"ce\\f " \"' '°l'' ''^'^^ "'^ ^"""''^ '"^^P^^^ '' satisfactorily, tbe^do^Ctt^firm m'! BlbeTon-s^r::derrg^^'^^ "'' '""^ «^"*" ^^^-^'^'- "

EDESSA
Metal
Size

305

No.

Weight

Obverse

Kevebse

B.
It

UNDER THE ROMANS

was under Trajan that the Bonians first laid a firm hold on Mesopotamia.^ His conquest was folioioed immediately by a revolt, after the sujipression of which the Icings of Edessa icere friendly allies of the liomans until 163 A.D., lohen there brohe out serious disturbances, one of the results of which seems to have been the accession The duty of subjugating of Wdel and the achiowledgment of Parthian suzerainty. the revolted districts, and carrying on the Parthian war, loas entrusted to L. Verus.
Verus restored Maiinus VIII., who had been driven out by Wdel.

I.

Pegal

Coinage

Under M. Aurelius

Mannus VIII.
Circa 167

— 179

a.d.

(Second Iteign)

SlLYEK
This silver coinage probably lasted only so long as operating in the district.

Eoman

troops were

Denarius

AKAAVP OVHPOC
44-9

BACIA[€]

Border of

dots.

M

(from ]., upwards) Bust of L. Verus r., wearing cuirass and paludaiuentum head bare.
;

YCMAN[N]
OC<l>IAO[P] a)A\AIO[C]

-65

[Plate lxxviii. 32.]

Bronze
Contemporaneously with the silver there were issued, for local circulation, small At character. bronze coins with the name of King Mannus in the Estranghelo Subsequently the portrait these bore, like the silver, the head of Verus.* first of 3Iannus was allowed to appear.
of Manuus VIII., bearded, r., weardrapery about ing lofty conical tiara shoulders.
;

Bust

1J.^"TD

Border

of dots.

22-5

M
M
-5

[Plate lxxviii. 33.]
19-5
inscr. indistinct,

and ligatured.

* This seems
1892, PI. X. 10.

more probable than that the head

is

that of Mannus, bare.

Cf Rev. Beige,
.

K E

SOS

MESOPOTAMIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Beveese

Abgaeus VJII.
Circa

179—214

a.d.

Under Commodus
Inscr.

from

r.,

downwards.
laur.

Bust

of

Inscr.

Commodus

r.,

Bust of from r., downwards. Abgarus VIII. r., draped and wearing
lofty

conical

tiara,

decorated

with

cruciform ornament.

34

M
M
JE

-6

KOA\OAO[C KAI]CAP

ABTAPOC BACIA€YC
[Plate lxxviii. 34.]

33 34
33-6

-55

KOA\OAOC
[K]OA\OAOC
KOfA
- _

[

]

ABrAPO[C] BACI

-65
-6

- - -

AqOC
KAICA

ABTAPOCB ACIVC
[
]

M

OC

IVCOC

Under Severus
Inscr.

from 1., upwards. mius Severus r., laur.

Head

of Septi-

Inscr.

from r., downwards. Bust of Abgarus VIII. r., draped and wearing

lofty conical tiara, decorated with three stars, the u.ppermost of which is placed

between the horns of a crescent
front, sceptre.

;

in

10

M

-9

AVTKAOVC€n
C€OVP

ABFAPOC BACIA6V
[Plate lxxviii. 35.]

11

]2

^

-9

- -

OKPAC OCAPOCAT

ABFAPOC BA CAAYOC [- - -] CPAOC

Similar
13

;

ruder

style.

Similar; ruder style; tiara plain

(?).

14

M M

1
-95

CH€
[-

- _

_ _

ATOC
-]

BA

- .

- _

-]Od €A[-

BfA q

AO O ACO

Similar to

JSTos.

10

ff.

Similar to Nos. 10

ff.

15 IG

M
.'E

-8

-8

C€YHPOC AVTOKPA ]
[

]

[

ABFAPOCB ACIA€VC ABFAPOCB ACIA6YC

EDESSA
Metal
Size

307

No.

Weight

Obverse

Rea-ersu

[.
j t

__]

_ .
;

OYHPOC
bust

ABrAPO
with
paludaSimilar.

Similar

shown,

mentum.
17

jE

-7

,

Similar to Nos. 10
- - -

ff.

Similar to Nos. 10

ff.

;

no sceptre.

18
19

JE

-75

20

M ^

-75
-7

C€OYHP OC AATO - - C€OVHP[--]

ABTAPOCB
ABTAPOCBC-

C

]CVOC

ABTAPOBA OGGn
Similar
;

inscr.

from

r.,

downwards.

Similar.

21
22
2:5

M ^ M

-65
-65
-7

C€

ROC

C60VHP OCATO
C€YPOC
[ ]

ABTAPOBA OC€n ABfAPOC BACIA
ABfAPOC BACAA[
]

The following piece shows that Ahgarus associated his son iliininis loith him in the government. It is uncertain loheii this took place. But we Icnoio that the successor of Ab gurus VIII. was not Maniius but Abgarus IX. (Seuerusy*

ABTAPOC BCIAC
(from r., downwards) Bust of Abgarus Ylll. r., as on Rev. of preceding pieces.
21,
7I<]

AAAINN OC
(sic,

from
v.,

r.,

downwards)

Bust of Mamius

lofty conical tiara,

draped and wearing decorated with dots.

-6

[Plate

lxxviii. 36.]

II.

Colonial

Coinage

Bronze
Caracalla treacherously seized the person of Abgarus IX., f and transformed Edessa into a colonia.' It received various titles.
'

Caracalla

AVToKAICA\[-

-]ANTa)N€
(from
1.,

KOAWMA PeAGCCA
(from 1., upwards) draped and turreted, seated 1. on rocks, holding ears of corn in r. at her feet, river- god, swimming

upwards) Bust of Caracalla r., luur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Tyohe of
;

City,

to front.

25

^

1'05

* See Babelon, Rev. Beige de Num., 1893, pp. f Dio Cassius, Ixxvii. 12.

5'iO

ff.

E E 2

308

MESOPOTAMIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reversk

A
26
27

ANTWN6INOC
(from
Similar type
;

Inscr. fi'om L,

upwards.

Similar type

;

1.,

upwards)

in front, small altar.

head radiate.

JE
JE

-95

MAKAP €A€CC
same
die.

]

MAKAVP. .A€

Macrinus
Under Macrinus
the

new

titles

'

Opellia Macriniana

'

appear.

AKM AKPINOC
Head
28
of

Macrinus

r.,

(from L, upwards) laur. all within
;

OA\€A€
Bust
veiled,

- (from
;

r.,

downwards)

of

M

wreath.*
-7

Tyche of and turreted

City r., draped, all within wreath.

Iiis^T.

from
r.,

1.,

Macrinus

laur.,
;

upwards. Bust of wearing cuirass and
within wreath.

Inscr.

around. Similar within wreath.

type

1.

;

all

paludamentum
29 30

all

M M

-8

AKM

-

-75

AKMO

C/v\AKPINOC

OM€ A6CCA (from downwards) 9A9MO downwards)
r.,

(to

1.,

CCA
[Plate lxxix.
1.]

(to r.,

upwards)

Elaojabalus

Some of
- -

the following pieces

may

possibly lelong

to

(

',

alia.

AVPANTI2N€INO
(from
r.,

Bust of Elagabalus paludameatum.

upwards) laur., wearing
1.,

MAPAVPANTOK OA€A
(from beneath, towards I.) draped and turreted, seated 1. on i-ock, holding ears of corn in r. at her feet, river-god swimming

Tyche
;

of

City,

to front

;

in front of her, small column,
(of

on which stands statue
r.,

Aquarius

?)

raising
(?)

r.

31

.« 105

skm

hand and holding water1.

over

shoulder.

[Plate lxxix. 2.]

9NC0TMAqAMDIA>l[_
(from
r.,

_]

upwards)

KOAOOMA S€A€CCA
„.
.,

Similar type, with cuirass and paluda-

(*'Cj

fi'om

1.,

upwards)
small

32

mentum
JE
1

;

head radiate.

Similar type; but, in front, temple, with pediment (?).

*

those tsaued b,

The wreath border forma a curious link between the pieoea strait „„^ . nr Csee su.ra, Kos. 1 .). I. fabric, howe^eTthe r^o .1^.^";^^^^^^

Wm

EDESSA

309

No.

Weight

MetalSize

Obverse

Reverse

[

]TWN€INOCC
(from
1.,

A\APAVPAKO €A€CCA
upwards)
Similar type
;

33

M

Similar type.
1

(from 1., upwards) nothing in front.

AVTKAI MAPAVPANT

KOAWMAP 6A6CCA
(from
Similar.
1.,

34

^

upwards) Bust of Elagabalus 1., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from
1.,

upwards)

1-05

AVTKM[

]ANTQN€INOC
(from
1.,

MAPAVP ANTK€A€
Similar
;

- 1.,

upwards) Bust of Elagabalus 1., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum, and carrying shield on 1. arm.

(from

upwards)

Nike

r..

but above r. band of Tycbe, with wreath and palm.

35

iE

-95

[Plate lxxix. 3.]

AVTK/v\[
;

]

- -

K

OA6A€C
(from
1.,

(from

1.,

upwards)

upwards)

Similar but shield thrown farther back, leaving visible a raised hand and fore-

Similar to No. 31.

36

M

arm.
1

[•

. .

.-]N€INOC
(from
1.,

KOAO)
upwards)
face to

MAP€ V€
[sic,

from

1.,

upwards)

Similar type.

Two busts of Tycbe, draped and turreted,
in field beneath, small face temple, with pediment (?).
;

37

M

-85

[Plate lxxix.

4.]

AVTKM[

]TIlN€INOC CG B
;

[

]

MAYA NTH
;

€[-

-]

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Elagabalus r., laur. paluda-

Similar type

(from 1., upwards) nothing beneath.

M

mentum
-9

over

1.

shoulder.

Inscr.

from
r.,

1.,

upwards.

Head

of Elaga-

Inscr.

from
1.,

1.,

balus

laur.

of City

upwards. Bust of Tyche draped and turreted.

39

M

7

AVTOKAICMAPAYPANT

KOAWMAP €A€CCA

Similar

;

head

radiate.

Similar.

40

iE

-7

AYTK[-

]NT

KOAWMA

P€A€CC[A]

;

310

MESOPOTAMIA

No.

"Weight

Mktal
Size

Oeveesb

Reverse

Similar

;

but head

1.

Similar.

41

M

-7

AVTAICNAPANTW
from
r.,

- - (sk)

KOAWMA
Similar
;

P€A€
5.]

[Plate lxxix.
Inscr.
].,

upwards.

Bust of Elagacuirass

but

inscr.

from

r.,

downwards.

balus

laur.,

-wearing

and

paludameutum.
42 JE
-7

AVKAAAANL

lOC

?-)

*

(

€A€CCA

Similar

;

but type
. _

1.

Similar to No. 39.

43 44

M M

-7
!

[

]

I2N6INOC

AVANT€A eCCA
[ ]

-6

[

]

[..]V PANTO

€A€CCA

Similar to No. 42

;

but head radiate.
-]

Similar to No. 42

;

bat type

r.

45

M

'75

AVKA\AAN

TOJN€l[-

AVAN€ A€CCA

Severus Alexander
Inscr.

upwards. Youthful bust Alexander r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentam.
1.,

from

Inscr.

of Severus

from 1., upwards. Tyche of City, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock;

at her feet, river-god swimming to front before her, small altar, lighted.

46

JE

-95

M

[

]NAPO€K
tlie

{sic)

MAKAVP

[

]

In

course of this reign Eclessa received the

title

of

/irjTpoTroXis.

Inscr.

from 1., upwards. Alexander r., laur.

Bust
;

of

Severus

Similar.

paludameutum

shown over
47

1.

shoulder.

^

-do

AVTKMACA A€ZANAPO C C
Similar, with cuirass and

A\HTKO €A €CCHNWN
Similar.

paludameutum.
(sic)

48

JE

-95

AVTKynACA€ ZANAPOC C

A\HTKO€A€ CCHNCUN

Reading and attribution both doubtful.

;

EDESSA
Mktal
Size

311

No.

Weiqht

Obverse

Reverse

Similar, with aegis on cuirass spear over shield on 1. arm. r. shoulder
; ;

Similar.

49

iB

1

AVT

- -

62ANAPOC

/v\HTKO€A€

CCHNWN
6.]
-

[Plate lxxix.

Inscr.

from
;

1.,

upwards.
r.,

Alexander

laur.,

Bast of Severus wearing paluda-

in field Similar eight rays each.
;

1.

and

r.,

two

stars of

mentum
50

slightly bearded.

M

1-25

[A]VTKMACAA CZANAPOCC

MHTKO€A€

WN

Similar, with cuirass

and paludamentum.
]

Similar.

51 52

58

M M M

-95 -95 -95

AVTK/v\AC€VA[
[- .

B

yv\HT[

]

-]A

A€ZANAPOCC€B
A[
]

AVTKMAC6VA

(same die)

MHTKO[ MHTKOA€A€ CCHNWN
]

(same

die.)

Similar

;

but type

1.,

and

raised

r.

hand

Similar.

visible in front.

54

M

1

[A]VK/^ACeVAA€[Z]ANAP

[

]A€CC

HNWN

Similar

;

shield

on

1.

arm

;

style poor.

Similar.

55

M

-9

AVTKMC€AA€IANAPOCC€B

/v\HTKOAe AGCCHN(iO[N]

Similar to No. 48.

Similar to No. 48 ; but Tyohe holds in r. hand small temple with pediment (?)

no

altar.

M

-65

AVTKAAAC AASZANAPOC

/v\K€A€C

CHNWN

Similar to No. 55

;

style better.

Similar.

57

M

-65

AVTKA\ACAA€ZANA[

]

/v\K€A€C

CHNWN

312

MESOPOTAMIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Eevekse

Severus Alexander and Julia

Mamaea

AVTKA\AC€AA€ZANAPOCCIO
VAIAAAAAA
(from beneath, towards 1.) Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur.,
.

AAHTKOA €A€CCHNWN
(from 1., upwards) draped and turreted, seated 1. on stool, holding in r. small temple with pediment at her feet; river-god swimming 1. above her head, small statue (of Aquarius ?) r., with

Tyche

of

City,

wearing cuirass and palndamentum, and of Julia Mamaea 1., draped and wearing stephane, face to face.

;

;

58
59

M M

water-skin (?) over 1. shoulder; in front small altar, lighted in field, four stars, two to 1. and two to r.
of her,
;

1-Oc
1-1
inscr.,

partly off coin.

[Plate lxxix. 7.]

Julia

Mamaea

lOVAIAAAA M6AC€BACTH
(from
1.,

[A\HTKOA€A]€CCHNWN
(from
Similar.
style poor.
1.,

GO

M

Bust of Julia Mamaea wearing stephane.
1-15

r.,

upwards) draped and

upwards)

Similar, with

C€BACT

AAHTKOA 6A€[CCHNWN]
.

Similar;
star to
1.

Gl

^

(from ]., upwards) but no statue, and only one and one to r. altar narrow
;

'95

at middle.

IOVAIAAAAM€AC€BACTH
(from
1.,

upwards)

A\HTKOA€A€CCH NWN
„. ., feimilar type

62

M

Similar type.
-9

(from
;

altar of

1., upwards) normal shape.

Gordiau

III.

AVT[

]rOPAIANOCC€B

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing cuirass and palndamentum.

MHTKOA6A6CCHNWN
(from 1., upwards) ]., draped, veiled, and turreted in front, small pedestal on which stands small statue (of Aquarius?) r., raising r. hand, and holding water-skin (?) over 1. shoulderbetween pedestal and bust, small temple with pediment (?).

D Bust
.L

of

rrr,

Tyche
;

,

of City

63

M

1-2

EDESSA
Metal
Size

313

No,

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€
B
6J,

Similar.

(from 1., upwards) Similar but head radiate.
;

65

M M

11
1-15

inscr.,

partly

off

coin

;

(no cuirass).

inscr., partly illegible.

(No. 65

is

restruok on a coin which has had a precisely similar Rev. from a clifFerent die.)

AVTO[
Bust
66
of

]OPAIANOCC€
(from
1.,

AAHTKOA€A€CCHNC0N
(from.
1.,

upvirards)

upwards)
draped,

Gordian

III.

r.,

radiate;

^

paludamentnm over
-7

shoulder.

Bust of Tycbe of veiled, and turreted

City
;

r.,

in front, star.

Gordian III. and Tranquillina

]OPAIANOCC€BTP ANKVAAIAN - _ C€B
AVTO[
(sic, from beneatli, towards 1.) Busts of Gordian III. r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paladamentum, and of Tranquillina 1., draped and wearing stephane, face to face.

Similar to No. 63.

67

M

1-2

Tranquillina

<I>OVPCABINATPANKC€B
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Tranquillina r., draped and

Similar.

68

M

wearing stephane.
1-1

[Plate lxxix. 8.]

III.

Begal Coinage Bestored.

Bronze

Abgarus X.
Circa

242—244

a.d.

Under Gordian

III.

AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€ AVTOK rOPAl ANOCAB FA POC
B
(from 1., upwai'ds) Bust of Gordian III. r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paludamentnm.

BACIA€VC
Svggesius
,

(from 1., upwards) surmounted by sella castrensis, on which is seated Gordian III. r., laur. clad in toga, and leaning with he extends r. to receive 1. on sceptre from Abgai'us X. a small Nike holdingwreath and palm Abgarus stands 1. in front of suggestns, wearing lofty tiara with diadem, kaiidys, and anaxyrides, and holding with ]. hilt of short sword, which hangs at his 1. side.
;

;

69

yE 1-3
s

s

;

314

MESOPOTAMIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obveese

Reverse

Similar

;

head laur.
r.)

Similar.

70
71

M
M

1-25

(countermark, bust of Tyclie
(no cuirass)

1-26

[Plate lxxix. 9.]

Similar to No. 69.

AVTOKrOPA A N OCABrAPOC
I

BACIAeVC
Gordian

(from

1.,

upwards)

and wearing paludamentum, standing r., holding mappa consularts in r. and small globe in 1. in front of him stands Abgarus X. 1., in same costume and attitude as on
III., laur.

Nos. 69
72

ff.,

but holding in

r.

a wreath,

instead of Nike.

iE l-2c

(countermark, bust of Tyclie

r.)

[Plate lxxix. 10.]

ABfAPOC BACIA€VC
(from
1.,

upwards)

Abgarus X., weai-ing lofty tiara with diadem, kandys, and anaxyrides, seated on horse, with rich trappings, advancing
73

M

slowly
1-2

r.

[Plate lxxix. 11.]

AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€ ABTAPOC BACIA6VC (from lieneatb,
B
towards 1.) Bust of Gordian HI. r., radiate; paludamentiim over shoulder; in front,
star.

71

J3

-9

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Abgarus X. r., having on his head a lofty tiara, fringed, diademed, and ornamented with star, and over his shoulders kandys; he wears a beaded collar, while a string of beads (?) hangs down over his chest behind head, star.
;

M

-9

vyears cuirass

with paludamentum.

Similar to

No. 75

;

but inscr. from

1.

Similar.

upwards.
76

JE

-96

Similar to No. 75

;

but head laur.

Similar; but three strings of beads
chest.

(?)

on

77

M
M M

-9

[Plate lxxix. 12.]
Similar to No. 71.
Similar. (three strings of beads (?))

78 79

7r>
-8

(AVTOKKMAN rOPAIANOCC€

; ;

NISIBIS

315

Metal
Size

Obverse

Kevkrse

Similar

;

but head laur.

Similar.
inscr. partly off coia.

80

M

-75

inscr. partly off coin.

IV.

Colonial

Coinage Besmned

Bronze

Under Trajanus Deoius

AVKA€KICCeB

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Trajanus Deoius r., laur. paludamentuni over shoulder.

KOA€A€CCA
Bust of Tyclie and turreted
lighted.
;

(from
of City

1.,
1.,

upwards)

in

draped, veiled, front, small altar,

81

M
^
M

-7

Similar
-75
-75

;

but head radiate.

Similar.

82

83

wears cuirass with paludamentum.

NISIBIS
Coins were struch at Nisihis {wider the name of Antiocli in Mygdonia ') during tlie^ reign of Antioclius IV.* Thereafter it issued no money until it became a 'colonia,' probably under Septimins Sevenis, from whom it took the title Septimia.' The was derived from Philippus Senior. The spelling of the name on Julia title No. 1 is the only instance of agreement with the traditional literary spelling.
' ' ' '

BRONZiS
Caracalla
(?)

AVTKAI

(from 1., upwards) [ ] Youthful bust of Caracalla (?) r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum beneath, eagle r., looking back, with

[

wings outstretched.

NIC IB (from 1., upwards) ] Tyche of City, draped, veiled, and wearing high head-dress, seated three-quarter face towards 1. on rock, holding ears of corn (?) in r., and leaning with 1. on
rock.

^

-7

[Plate lxxix. 13.]

Maorinus.

AVTKAICHead
of

-

-

-]ONC€B
(from
1.,

KOAN
upwards)

€CI Bl
of
;

(from
of City

1.,

Head
veiled

Tyche

r.,

turreted

upwards) and

Macrinus

(?) r., laur.

in front, obscure symbol.

M

-6

[Plate lxxix. 15.]

*

See supra,

p. 53,

No. 79.
S

S

316

MESOPOTAMIA

Obverse

Ebvbese

Gordian

III.

and Tranquillina

AVTOKKMANrOPAIANONCAB CenKOA ONeCIBIMH TP TPANK NAC€B (from upwards)
1.,

M 1-25

upwards) Busts, face to face, of Gordian III. i-., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum,_and of Tranquillina 1., draped and wearing stephane.
1.,

(from

City r., draped, veiled, above her head, sign of constellation Aries r. before and behind her, a star.
of
; ;

Bust

Tyche of and turreted

Otacilia Severa

MAPnTAKIAC€OYHPANC€B
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Otacilia Severa r., draped and wearing stephane; behind shoulders,
crescent.

IOVC€nKOAf2N6CIBIMHT
1., upwards) between central pillars of which is seated Tyche of City, turreted, draped, and veiled, on rocks, facing at her feet, river-god swimming r. above her head, sign of

(from

Tetrastyle

temple,

;

M

;

-95

constellation Aries

r.

Philippus Junior

AVTOKK/vMOVAI<|>IAinnoCCe
B
Bust_ of
5

Similar to No.

4.

(from 1., upwards) Philippus Junior 1., radiate,

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

iE JE

1
1

6
7

M

1

[Plate lxxix. 14.]
'^'""''"'I

IOAC€nKOAnNeCIBIMHT
(*''", from 1., upwards) „^ Wreath, within which is sign of con,

^

-7."

stellation Aries r.

RHESAENA
Imperial Times
BJ,e,aen„ tms maclea^colonia,' probably hy Septimius S.r.r,. and with the e.cept^onof No. 1, its coinage is au'colJuial The belonged, as the coins show, to the Legio Tertia Fia.'
'

,,.,.,7

7

.eterl^^sMdZr

Caracalla

AKM[-

(from 1., upwards) , -] Bust of Caracalla r., radiate, wearing paludamentuni and cuirass (with

PHC

.

.

.

HCI[riN]
<^^^'°™
'•'

J •NT 1 , ^ iNaked f female figure reclining 1., holding ears of corn (?) in r., and supporting her 1. arm on overturned vase whence water nows.

up's^ards)

vE

-8

in field

1.,

f

(?)

EHESAENA
Metal
Size

317

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revebse

Severus Alexander

AVTKC6 AACIAN APOCC€
(from r., downwards) Bnst of Severus Alexander r., laur.,

PHCAINH CIWNLEIIIP
(from 1., upwards) draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding on r. eagle 1., with wings closed and head turned back at her feet, river-god swimming 1.

Tyche

of

City,

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

;

JE -95

[Plate lxxix. 16.]

Trajanus Decius

AYTKrM€KYA€KIOCTPAIANO CenKOAPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP
CC€B
of

Bust wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

(from 1., ujiwavds) Trajanus Decius r., radiate,

(from

1.,

Female

figure,

draped

and

upwards) wearing

modius, standing three- quai'ter face towards 1., holding cornucopiae in 1., and with r. pouring libation from
patera over lighted altar; in field 1., above, eagle r. on palm-branch, with wings open and wreath in beak in field 1. and r., beneath, a palm-branch.
;

3

4

^ M

1-1

1

(no palm-branch visible

r.)

Similar.

Same

inscr.

toga,

Founder of colony, wearing and holding military eagle in 1.,
;

ploughing out the primigeniiis sulcus in field above, with team of oxen r. standing, facing, upon palmeagle branch, with head 1., wings open, and wreath in beak; in ex., river-god

swimming

to front.

M M

1

[Plate lxxix. 17.]
1

AVTKAirAIM€CKVTPAA€KIOC upwards) (from C€B
1.,

Similar;

but in

ex.,

wreath, on

either

side of which, a palm.

Bust of Trajanus Decius 1., paludamentum over shoulder.

radiate;
(first

^

1

H

omitted from inscr.)

Similar.

Similar;

but eagle stands wings closed.

1.,

and has

JE

1

318

MESOPOTAMIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obterse

Reverse

Simila

C€nPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP
(from
1.,

upwards)
;

9

^105
JE
1

Distyle temple, the six side pillars of which are all visible to r. of facade between front pillars, eagle standing 1., with wreath in beak beneath, rivergod swimming to front on either side of him, a palm-branch.
; ;

10

[Plate lxxix. 18.]

Same
11

insor.

radiate,

Bust of Trajanns Deciiis r., wearing cuirass and paluda-

Similar

;

on
its

side,

but temple has only five pillars and eagle has no wreath in

M

1-05

mentum.

beak.

12

JE 1-05
Similar.

NHCICONLIIIP
(from 1., upwards) draped, veiled and turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding ears of corn in r. at her feet, rivergod swimming 1. above her head, eagle 1., with closed wings, bending forward and holding wreath in beak.

Tyche

of

City,

;

;

13

JE

1

[Plate

lxxix. 19.]

AVTKrMKVTPAA€KIOCC€B
(from Similar type; head laur.
1.,

C€nKOAPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP
Two
and
busts
of

upwards)

(from ]., upwards) Tyche, draped, veiled,

14

M

turreted, face to face.

-8

AVTKfM KTPA€KIOCC€B
(from
1.,

Same

inscr.

Vexillum.

upwards)

15

16

M M

Similar type.
-05
-65

Trajanns Decius and Herenuia Etruscilla

AVTKrAM €KTPAA€KIOCC€P€
NNI€TPOV
(from 1., upwards) Busts, face to face, of Trajanus Decias r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paluda-

Similar to Nos. 5

f.

mentum, and of Herennia Etruscilla draped and wearing stephane, and 1.,
having crescent behind shoulders.
A?,

1-05

;

EHESAENA
Metal
Size

319

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Herennia Etruscilla

€P€NNIA6TPOVCKIAAAC€B
upwards) Bust of Herennia Etruscilla r., draped and wearing stepliane crescent behind
(from
;

Similar to 'No. 3.

1.,

shoulders.

18

.E

1

Similar.

CenKOAPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP
Two
(from 1., upwards) Tyche, draped and turreted, standing facing, grasping each between them a small other's r. hands altar in field above, eagle standing to front on palm-branch, with head 1., wings open, and wreath in beak behind Tyche on 1. (City of Oarrhae, or Edessa), small column, surmounted
figures

of

;

;

by statue (of Aquarius ?) r., raising his r. hand, and holding water-.skin (?) over behind Tyche on r. (City of 1. shoulder Rhesaena, or Singara), sign of con;

stellation Sagittarius r.

;

in ex., river-

god swimming
19

to front.

^

1

Similar.

Similar; but altar has peculiar being supported by caryatid.

form,

20

M

1

[Plate lxxix. 20.]

Similar.

Similar to Nos. 11 in beak.
oif coin.

f.,

but eagle has wreath

21

M

1

first

part of inscr.

€P€NNIANAITPa)CKIAAANC€
B
Similar.

Similar to Nos. 9

f.

(from

1.,

upwards)

22

m

1

€P€N N ANC0TPACKAAAANC6B
I

CenPHCAl NHCIWNLI!

IP

(sic,

from

1.,

upwards)

Similar type

;

no crescent.

(from 1., upwards) Tyche of City, draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding ears of corn in r. at her feet, river-god swimming above her head, eagle 1., bending 1. forward, with wings closed and wreath
;

;

in beak.
2.3

M

I'Oo

;

320

MESOPOTAMIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Rbveese

SELEUCIA AD TIGRIM*
Very few antonomons coins of this city are Itnowu. ProhahJy it was the mint for the regal coinage of the Paiikian monarchs. The attribution of the following to Seleiicia is not certain. If the era employed is the Seleucid, the coins belong to 88 B.C.

Head
30-5

of

Tyclie

of

City

r.,

turreted

M

border of dots.
-5

AKZ AIOY A

24
23
22-5

JE -45

M

-5

[B.M.C., Pabthia, Pl. xxxvii. 12.]

SINGARA
Colonial

Coinage
loith the single

The coins

loith the

two heads obviously represent a larger, those a loioer denomination.

head

Gordian

III.

AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€ AVPCen KOACINTAPA (from
B
1., upwards) Bust of Gordian III.

(from
of

1.,

r.,

laur.,

wearing

Head

cuirass

and paludamentum.

of turreted

Tyche
;

of City

r.,

veiled

upwards) and

above, sign
r.

constellation

Sagittarius

JE

1

Gordian

III.

and Tranquillina
(from

AVTOKKMANXrOPAIANONCA AVPC€nK OACINTAPA
BTPANKVAAINACGB
laur.,
1.,

(from beneath, towards

1.)

Tyche

of

City,

draped,
;

veiled,

M

Busts, face to face, of Gordian III. r., wearing cuirass and paludamentum, and of Tranquillina 1., draped and wearing stephane.
1'3

upwards) and

turreted,

seated 1. on rocks, holding ears of corn in r. above, sign of constellation Sagittarius 1. at her feet, river-god, swimming 1.
;

AVTOKKMANTOrOPAIANOCC AVPCenKO ACINTAPA ABTPANKVAAINAC6B
(from (from
Similar type.
1.,

1.,

upwards)

.

upwards)

Similar type.

M

1-2

Tranquillina

CABTPANK VAAINAC€B

Similar to No.

1.

M

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Tranquillina r., draped and wearing stephane.
1

, J. p^t/r.

Lx'£Lt-;Xfv £^-!zr E2s^^^^

;

KINGS OP PARTHIA
ItETAL
Size

321

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

KINGS OF PAETHIA*
The Parthian Kingdom oviginated in
Antiochus II. (circa 250
the
B.C.).

the great revolt against the Seleucid

Icing,

The leaders were Arsaces, afterwards reckoned as

reigned

founder of the royal dynasty, and his brother, Tiridates I., the latter of whom The difficulties that surround the classification of from 248 to 210 B.C. The the long series of coins issued by the Parthian monarchs are well hioion.f The standard used arrangement here followed is that adopted in' the B.M.G.
for
silver is the Euboic-Attic, often debased.

EARLY KING
Coins nice
the

following hare been conjecturally assigned
B.C.)

to

Phriapatius

(191—176

and Phraates
Silver

I.

(176—171

B.C.).

Drachm
Bust
of

Arsaces

1.,

wearing

peaked
earring,

helmet, bound with diadem, torque, and cloak.

BAZIAEHZ M EfAAoY APZ AKOY
Arsaces,

(to

1.,

upwards)

(above)
(to r.,

downwards)

seated r. on omphalos, looking along the string of a bow which he holds in outstretched r. he is helmeted as on the Obv., and wears armour, cloak, and- boots tied
beardless,

with

strajDS.

17 -G

M

-75
[Of. B.M.C., Pl. (No. 1
I.

9.]

is

pierced.)

the oiiginal Hunter * A considerable number of the coins here catalogued do not belong to presented by Mr. Campbell in 1895 are specifically Collection (see supra, p. 42, footnote). Those enumerated at the beginning of each reign. literature passing through the press, an important addition to the t While these sheets are von Petrowicz's Arsaciden-Munzen (Vienna, subject has appeared: Bitter Alexander of the
1904), a catalogue of his

own

fine collection.

T T
vol,.
III.

A
322

KINGS OP PARTHIA

.No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

MITHRADATES
Circa

II.*

123—88

B.C.

llithradates II. was one of the greatest of the PartMan wonarcJis. It was during his reign that Parthia first came into contact with Home.

I.

Head Bare
Title BaaiAews

a.

With

Silver

Drachms
Bust
of Mithradates II. I., bearded; wears diadem, spiral necklace terminating in ornament, earring, and cuirass; border

BAZIAEnZ MErAAOY APZ AKOY
ETTI<l)ANOYZ

(to

I.,

upwards)

(above)
(to r.,

downwards)

of dots.

(beneath) Arsaces seated r. on omphalos, as on

62-4

M
M

preceding coin, holding bow.
-75

globular ornament.

[B.M.C., Pl.
-7

VI.

7.]

61-6

[Plate lxxix. 21.]
51-2

M

-8

half-horse ornament.

insor. careless.

Similar

;

half-horse ornament.

Similar

;

but Arsaces

is

seated on throne

with back.

54 6

Al

-8

Bkonze
Similar
;

half- horse

ornament.

BAZIAEnZ

(to

1.,

upwards)

MEfAAoY
A PZ KOY
45

(above)
(to r.,

downwards)

M

-65

ETTI<l>AN0YZ (beneath) Head of horse r.
behind,
?

[B.M.a, Pl.

VII.

2.]

Nos.

4, 5

and 6 were presented

in 1895.

MITHRADATES
Metal
Size

IT.

323

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar

;

globular ornament.

Sa^me insor.

Nike advancing wreath and palm.

r.,

holding

18-5

M

-ih

behind,

?

inscr. obscure.

[Cf.

BJI.C, Pl.

VI.

10.]

jS.

With

Title Bao-iXews

Bao-iXe'u)!/

Silver

D rachms
Similar
;

half -horse ornament

BAZIAEHS
BAZI AEX2N M EPA AOY

(above)
(to r.,

downwards)
1.)

(beneath, towards

Arsaces seated, as on No.

4.

581
57-1

AX

-85

[Plate lxxix. 22.]

M

-75

(y)

With Blundered
Beonze

Inscription'

Bast

of Mithradates II. 1., bearded wears diadem, collar, and cuirass; no border
;

.
.

MON3
.-]
]

- - (above)

visible.

.

(tor.) (beneath)
(to
r.
1.,

.

3

>X

upwards)

Horse walking
42-5

^

-65

[Plate lxxix. 23.]

II.

Head Helmeted
SiLVEE

D rachms
Bust of Mithradates II. 1., bearded; wears helmet, which is bound with diadem and elaborately decorated with pellets
Similar to Nos. 7
f.
;

better style.

and a star of eight rays; has spiral necklace with globular ornament, and of cuirass, the neck and shoulder-piece which are likewise decorated with style remarkably good. pellets
;

10

60-2

M

-7

[Plate lxxix. 24.]
decoration less elaborate
style

Similar

Similar.

;

;

inferior.

11

51
59-9

12

M M

-75

globular ornament,

[B.M.C, Pl.
-75

VIII. 2.]

half-horse ornament.

T T 2

;

324

KINGS OF PAETHIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Rkvkrse

ARTABANUS
Circa

II.*

88—77

B.C.

The

attribution
is

is more than usnalli/ doubtful, as the very existence of the Idng See B.M.G., pp. xxxi. f., where the matter of conjecture. remarhable legend on No. 7 is also discussed.

Silver

Drachms
Bust
of Artabanus II. 1., with short beard; diadem, spiral necklace terwears minating in globular ornament, and cuirass, the neck and shoulder-piece of which are decorated with pellets border of dots.

BASIAEHZ

(above)
(to
r.,

ME FAAOV APZAKOV
Arsaces seated

downwards)

(beneath)
.,
,
'
-,

GEOTTATOPOZ EV EPrEToV
r.,

,

(

'lo^'^^'a-'^'c's)

^

,

t

as on preceding piece.
r.

60-2

M
M M M

-8

APSAKOV
[Plate lxxix. 25.]

towards

62-2 61-2
59-4

-85
-8

APZAKOV

towards

1.

-8

half-horse ornament.

[Plate lxxix. 20.]

Similar to Nos. 1
57-6 62-1

ff.

Similar to

N"os.

2

ff.,

with

MET AAOV

.R .R

-75 -75

Similar.

Similar

to

No.

1

;

but,

above

65

M

TAAOV, [K]ATAC TPATE[IA]
-8

ME

[Cf. B.M.C., Vl. IX. S.]

* Nos. 3 and 4 were presented in 1S9.5.

t The forms of

A

and

O

vary considerably, even on the same specimen.

;

ARTABANUS
Metal
Size

II.— SINATRUCES— PHRAATB3

III.

325

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

SINATRUCES Circa 11— 10 B.C.
Tlio portrait

He

on the following pieces agrees with lohat we Icnow of Siiiatniccs. did not become Icing till he loas well advanced in years.

SiLVEB

Drachms
Bust of Sinatruces 1., bearded; wears helmet bound vyitli diadem and decorated with pellets and star of six rays, spiral
necklace terminating in globular ornament, and cuirass border of dots.
;

APS AKOV (to AVTOKPATOPOZ
<t>IA0TTAT0P0Z ^^ A l^A^'^U MnV <I)IAEAAHNoZ
Arsaces seated
r.,
^

r.,

downwards)
(beneath,

towards
(to

1.)

1., downwards) '

with bow, on throne,

in usual attitude.

61-2

.11

-8

[Plate lxxix. 27.]
51-2

59

M M

-lb
-75
(No, 3
is

pierced.)

Similar
67-1

;

but star on helmet has eight

Similar.
'N^-

M

rays.

-75

[li.M.G., Pl. X. 4.]

PHRAATES
Circa

III.*
B.C.

10—51

The attribution of Nos. 4

f£.,

is

and particularly of No. 11, to Phraates III. anything but certain.
Silver

Drachms
Bust
of Phraates III. 1., with pointed beard wears helmet bound with diadem and decorated with pellets and horn device, as well as with a crest-like
;

baziaehi:

APZ AKOV EVEPrETOV

MEfAAoV

(above)
(to .
1.,

downwards)
1.)

(beneath, towards

fringe formed he has a spiral necklace terminating in globular ornament, and a cuirass of the usual type no border visible.
;

of the foreparts of stags

Arsaces seated r. on throne, with bow, in fi'ont, letter or in usual attitude
;

monogram.

56-9

50-2

M M

-75

K
[Plate lxxix. 28.]

-8

i

n

(?)

* Nos. -1—3

and 8—10 were presented

in 1895.

826

KINGS OF PARTHIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Brokze
Sir

57-5

M

Similar inscr., prancing r.

barely

legible.*

Horse

-65

[IlJI.a, Pl.

XI.

6.]

Silver
I)

rachms

Similar bust

1.

;

border of dots.

BAZIAEHZ (above) MET AAOV (to downwards) APSAKOV (beneath, towards
r.,

1.)

NIKAtJpoZ
59-6

(to 1.

downwards) t

61-3

M M M

Arsaces seated r. on throne, with bow, in usual attitude.
-75

[Plate lxxix. 29.]
-75

Similar.

Similar
visible.

;

inscr.

more

careless.

59-2

-75

no border

Similar,

Similar, with
?

GEOTTAT* P • Z

61-5 52-5

M M

-7

border plain

-75

no border

visible.

Beonze
Similar
;

no border

visible.

49-5

^

Similar inscr., barely prancing r.

legible. J

Pegasos

-65

[B.M.C., Pl.

XI. 12.]

Similar.

Similar inscr.

Nike advancing

r. ,

holding

wreath and palm.
10
24.-

M

-65

inscr. partly

ofl;

coin.

[B.M.a, Pl.

XI.

11.]

t

however, is unmistakable, has often the form • X On both this and the following piece the crucial word

<l>IAEAAHNOZ,

O

.

(NIKATOpOZ)

is

certain.

;

PHRAATES
Metai
Size

III.— MITHRADATES

III.

327

No.

Weight

Obversb

Reverse

Silver

Drachm
Bust similar to Nos. 1 ff., except that tlae horn device is replaced by one consisting
of three sprays, while for the foreparts

BAZIAEX2Z

(above)
(to r.,

are substituted a series of small projections each terminating in a globular ornament behind, anchor, inverted border of dots.
of

stags

MEr AAOY AP ZAKOY EYEPfEToY
Eni<|)ANoYZ
Arsaces seated

downwards)
1.)

(beneath, towards
(to
1.,

;

<t>IAEAAHN0Z
r.

downwards)

;

on throne, with bow,

11

63-4

M

[Plate lxxix. 30.]
-8

in usual attitude.

UNKNOWN KING*
Before circa 57
B.C.
fill,

On

the

gap which

the 'portraits of this king

see

B.M.C., pp.

xxxiii.

f.

Bronze
Bust
wears of King 1., with short beard diadem, spiral necklace, and cuirass behind, small Nike placing wreath upon his head border of dots.
; ;

Inscr. illegible.

Horse walking

r.

36

M

-6

IBM.G., Pl.

XII.

12.]

MITHRADATES
Circa 57

Ill.t
B.C.

— 54

On his father's death he Mithraclates III. was one of the sons of Phraates III. divided the inheritance with his brother Orodes I., receiving 3Iedia as his kingdom. He speedily quarrelled with Orodes. For a short time he gained the upper hand, but he was soon ooerthrown and put to death.
I.

With

Title Bao-iXeMS

Silver

Bust of Mithradates III. 1., with short beard; wears diadem, jointed necklace with clasp, and cuirass border
;

Drachm s very BACIAEnC

MErAA«V
AP LAKOV
AIKAIOV
Eni<t)AN»VC

(above)
(to r.,

downwards)
1.)

of dots.

(beneath, towards
(to
1.,

eEoVEVHAToPoC
<1>IAEAAHN0C

downwards)^

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual attitude, with bow.

56

M

-8

in front,

/^

[Plate lxxix. 31.]
* This piece
t

was presented
is

in 1895.

t

No. 7 was presented in 1895.

The

letters are often

badly formed, the bar of the

omitted; and there

sometimes great variation

m shape.

A,

for instance,

bemg

frequently

328

KINGS OF PARTHIA

No.

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

57-5

62

M M M

-75
-8

in front,

^
;

in front, '/^

behind,

B

[BJI.C, Pl.
4
68-i
-8
1

XIII. 1.]

front,

rp

Similar.

Similar, with
in front,
r|~

KAI<|>I

AEAAH NoC

601

Al

-8

[B.M.C., Pl.

XIII.

3.]

Simila

Similar; with

"^

^^'j^^^^V

^^^^^'^'

M

towards
-86

r.

Sinaila

Similar,

with

ME TAAOV

;

inscr.

blundered.

60-4

M

-8

in front, TT

H.

With

Title

Bao-i.Xcu:';

Baa-iXi

Similar.

BAEIAEHN A PCAKOV
ETTI<t>ANOVi;
<J>
I

^''^°''^^

,,

,

(tieneath,

towards
(to
I.,

1.)

GEoVEVHAToPoC AEAAH NOC
Similar type.
66-2

downwards)

M

-85

in front,
(No. 8
is

K

pierced.)

Similar
60-6

;

but, behind head, star.

Similar,
in front,
/C.'r

M

-8

[Cf.

BJI.C,

Pl.

XIII.

12.]

;

ORODES
Metal
Size

I.

329

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ORODES
Circa
27(6 reign
it

I.*

57—37

B.C.

He

the most eventful in Parthian history. Crassus at Carrhae, and ivlio afterwards attempted to utilize the cioil loars that followed the assassination of Julius Caesar for the extension of his own empire. He had joined his brother Mithradates

of Orodes

I.

was one of

loas loho defeated

in murdering his father Phraates III.,

awn

son,

Phraates IV.

and he was in turn murdered hi) his All the specimens here catalogued belong to his later
coinage.]-

WitLout adjuncts on Obverse
Silver

Bust of Orodes 1. 1., with very short beard wears diadem, spiral necklace terminating in globular ornament, and
cuirass
;

BACIAEnC
BACIAEIIN

(above)
(to r.,

border of dots.

AP CAK-V EVEPPETOV
AIKAIOV

downwards)
1.)

(beneath, towards
(to
1.,

Eni<l>ANOVC

<|)IAEAAHN«C
monogram.
1

downwards)

Arsaoes seated r. on throne, in usual attitude, with bow in front, letter or
;

57-7

2 3

611
58
57-6 60-8

M M M
M

-8

-75
-75

K

K (A PCAKOV)

4
5

-75

M

-85

[Plate lxxix. 32.]
61-3

M
M

-8

^-t-

(insor.

much

blundered)

IB.M.a, Pl. XV.
54-2
-8

6.]

in front,
(No. 7
is

K

;

behind,

O

double-struck.)

Beonze
Similar.

J

Inscr. illegible.

Horse's head

r.

10

JE

-4

in front,

'p^ (?)

[B.M.C., Pl.

XV. 10.]

20, 23, 25, 32—37 and 50 were presented in 1895. according to the character of the adjuncts on t The coins are arranged, as in B.M.O., the obverse, if any. + On Nos. 8—10 the back of the head approaches the edge of the flan so closely that it of adjuncts. is impossible to be quite certain as to the absence

* Nos. 8—11, 18

U U
VOL.
III.

330

KINGS OF PARTE lA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Ekvekse

Simila

Inscr. barely legible, or off coin.

Fortress

(or city gate), consisting of two tall central towers, flanked by two shorter

35-5

M

-5

IB.M.C, Pl.

XT.

13.]

Simila

Inscr. barely legible, or off coin.

Crescent

upwards, containing

star.

10

22-5

M

-4

to

r.,

7^
15.]

[B.M.C, Pl.

XT.

Similar.

Inscr. barely legible, or off coin.
r.,

Eagle

with wings half open

;

in front,

11

24-5

JE

-5

^

With

crescent on ObTerse

Silver

Drachms
Similar to Nos. 1
ff.
;

but,

behind head,

Similar to Nos. 1
7?,

ff.

12

69-3

13

51
62-2

M M
yR

crescent upwards.
-8

-8

14

-8

[B.M.C, Pl.
15 16
57-4
61-5

XTi.

1.]

M M M

-8

K

;

behind,

O

-8

[B.M.C, Pl.
17
59-6
-85

XTI.

6.]

Bronze
Simila

Same

inscr. (partly illegible, or off coin).

Bust
18 19
31-5

of

Tyche

of
;

City

r.,

M
/E

turreted head-dress
-5

in front,

wearing y\

20-5

-45

20

16

M

-46

(much worn)
[B.3LC, Pl.
xvi.

8.]

;

ORODES
Mrtal
SiZK

I.

331

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

With, star and crescent on Obverse

Silver

Drachms

21

57-i

22

56-:

M M

Similar to Nos. 1 ff. but in front, star and behind, crescent upwards.
;

Similar to

N"os. 1

ff.

-76
-8

in front,

K

;

behind,

B

Similar.

Similar, with

A PCAKOV

23
2-i

571
61-5

M M
.R

-85 -85

7?.

[B.M.C, Pl.

XVI. 10.]

25

55-4

-8

m{?)
6

26
27

61-6

M
.R
.R

-75

60-4

-75

28
29

59-1

-75

52-6

M

-75

[Plate lxxix. 33.]

Similar.

Similar

:

inscr.

much

blundered.

30

M

-8

e
[B.M.C., Pl. XVI. 13.]
(No. 30
is

pierced,)

31

64-8

yR

-8

I

T

(?)

Bronze
Similar.

Eagle Inscr. barely legible, or off coin. walking r., with wings half open and

wreath in beak

;

in front,

J^

32

21-5

^

-45

[B.M.G., Pl. xvii.

1.]

B u 2

332

KINGS OF PARTHIA

No.

ORODES
Metai,
Size

I.

333

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

With two

stars

and orescent on Obverse

;

wart on forehead

;

anchor on Reverse

SiLYEE

Drachms
Similar
to

Nos.

21

ff.

;

crescent, a second star

;

bat beneath king has wart

Similar to Nos. 21
inverted.

f

;
.

but behind, anchor

41 42

59-9 52-2

M M

on forehead, while his spiral necklace has half sea-horse ornament at end.
-76

7K
-7

[B.M.C, Pl.
43
55-5

XVII. 9.]

M

-75

7^ (A

PCAK-V)

Similar.

Similar to Nos. 23 S. last part of inscr. blundered through lack of space.
;

41

59
56-3

45

M M

-75

rf

-8

(No. 45

is

probably restruok.)

Similar.

Similar to Noa. 23 anchor.
7r\

ff

;
.

but behind, inverted

46

57

JR.

-8

;

above anchor, crescent upwards.

[B.M.C: Pl.
47
56-5

XVII. 11.]

M

-75

Y^; above anchor, 4'

(APCAKOV)

[Plate lxxix. 34.]

Similar, with longer beard.

but behind, inSimilar to Nos. 21 f verted anchor surmounted by trident.
;
.

48

58-5

M

-75

7?;

[Plate lxxix. 35.]

49

58-3

50
51

57
48-4

M M
Al

-75
-7

-75

334

KINGS OF PARTHIA

No.

Wei&ht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Retekse

PHEAATES
Circa 37
It leas against
it

IV.*
B.C.

—2

Phraates IV. that Antonyms Parthian campaigns loere conducted, and was he who restored to Rome the standards captured at Carrhae. From his reign onwards the Parthian telradrachms regularly hear the month and year of issue.
SiLVBB.

Tetradrachm
The superior
style

s

of No. 1 suggests that it is earlier than No. has otherwise much affinity.

2,

with lohich

it

Bust of Phraates IV. 1., diademed wart on temple hair in flowing locks beard brought to a point; wears spiral necklace, and cuirass, the shoulderpiece of which is decorated with pellets, and 1. breast with a star; border of
;

BAZIAEflZ

;

;

BACIAEHN APCAKqY EYEPTET'Y
AIKAIDY

(above)

^

.,1 ^'

J '^^'^^^'^^^^ds)
^ 1.)

(in ex.,

towards

dots.

ETTI<I>ANdYC <t>IAEAAHND[i;]

(tol.,

downwards)

Phraates IV., wearing tunic and loose trousers, seated r. on throne with back,
receiving palm-branch from r. hand of Tyche of City, who stands before him
1.,

draped and wearing kalathos, with
1.

cornucopiae in

202-5

M

1-1

in second line of ex., traces of date.

[Plate lxxx. 1.]

Similar.

BAZIA[EIiZ]

BAZIAEHN APZAKDY EYEPrET«Y
AIKAI-Y

(above)

'

^' °o^'"'^ai'as)

(in ex.,

towards
(to

1.)
1.,

EHKDANQYZ
[<I>I]AEAAHN«Z

m
209-,

Similar type second line of
;

downwards) but Tyche hands diadem
ex.,

:

towards
t

r.,

date.

M

1-2

HEPIZnZ

[=26

B.C.]

* Nos. 9-23, 25-27, and
t

31-33 were

The third

letter resembles

Z

prescnteLl in 3895 rather than P, but the month

must be

n.p.V.o..

;

;

PHRAATES
No.

IV.

335

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar;
^vitli

but shoulder-piece decorated large star, aud 1. breast with [?].

[BAZIAEIiS] BAZIACEflN]

(above)

[EY]EPrE[T»Y]

(to

1".,

downwards)
1.)

AIKAI«Y
Similar

(beneath, towards

[E]ni«|)ANoYZ

(toL,

[4>I]AEAAHN»Z
;

downwards)

but Tyche hands palm-branch

no
209-3

ex. line.

A\ 105

no border

visible.

YHEPZnCZ] [=25

B.C.]*

Similar, but shoulder-piece decorated with eagle 1., and 1. breast -with star.

Same
as

inscr. (?)

f

Phraates IV. seated
coins,
r.

r.,

hand of Athena, who stands before him 1., wearing crested helmet and chiton, with spear
in
1.

on preceding diadem from the

receiving

a

line,

beneath, towards date ; no ex. line.
;

r.,

in second

208-9

231-5

223

M M M

1-05
1

(no border visible) (decorations obscure)

--

n

--1

[Plate lxxx. 2.]
1-1
I

[- - -]

TJie draclims

and the bronze coins of Phraates IV. are here arranged, as according to tlie adjuncts {if o.ny) that occur on the obverse.

hi

B.M.C.

With

eagle on Obverse

Silver

Drachms
Bust of Phraates IV. 1., diademed; wart on temple hair in formal rows beard wears linked brought to a point behind, eagle 1., necklace, and cuirass holding in beak a wreath which he is about to place on the king's head
; ; ; ;

BAZIAEnZ BAZIAEHN AP ZAKOV
AlKAloV
Eni<l>ANoVZ

., ^^^°^^>
.

(to r.,

downwards)
1.)

(beneath, towards
(to
1.,

border of dots.

<|)|AEAAHNoZ

downwards)

56-3

M
/R

Arsaces seated r. on throne w-ith back, looking along the string of a bow which he holds in r. in front, J\
;

-7

[n.M.a, Pl. XX.
55-2
-7
I

4.]

(A

PZAKOV)
3.]

[Plate lxxx.
*

YTTEP ( = "TirepPipiTaLos)

is

not quite certain,
Cf.

t Not fully legible on any of the speoimeng here catalogued. + The type is charaofceristio of the year HTTZ [=24 B.C.]. Nos. 34 ffi, and Von Petrowioz, Arsa.ciden-Munzen, p. 84, Nos. 33 ff.

B.M.C,

pp. 105

f.,

336

KmGS or PARTHIA
Weight

No.

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eetebse

Brokze
Similar.

Same

inscr.

(fragmentary).
to
r.,

Head
1.,

Helios, radiate, facing; to

of crescent

upwards;
9

20
13-5

JE

-3 -4

J^

10

^

[B.M.G., Pl. XXI. 9.]

Similar.

Same

inscr.

Tyche
11 12

of City

(fragmentary). Head r., wearing kalathos

of

;

in

22
13-5

M M

-55
-5

front, 7?; (?)

[B.M.C, Pl.

XXI. 13.]

Similar.

Same

13

17

M

-4

inscr. (fragmentary). Arsaces, seated r. on thi'one, looking along string of bow which he holds in r.

[B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 14.]

Simila

Same

inscr. (fragmentary). Head of bull facing, with star between horns to 1., crescent upwards, containing star- to
;

14

18

JE

-4

IB.M.a, Pl.

XXI. 15.]

Similar.

Same
ing
7?v

inscr.
r.
;

(fragmentary).

Horse stand:

in front, palm-branch

above

15

23-5
21-5

16

M ^

-45
4,

[B.M.C, Pl.

XXI. 17.]

Similar.

17
18

25-5
20-5

M ^

Same

inscr.

(fragmentary).
field
r.,

-35
-4

winged; in

Caduceus,

Tj^ (?)

[BJLC,
Similar.

Pl,.

XXI. 21.]

Same

mscr. (fragmentary).
;

Two

19

IG

M

-35

corn, upright between them, grapes, beneath wLich,

ears of
of

bunch

7^

IB.M.C, Pl.

XXI. 22.]

PHRAATES

IV.

337

No.

Weight

Met.41,

Size

20

13-5

.E -35

21

^

-35

0-2

16-5

^

-So

23

19-5

M

-35

24

58-6

J^

-7

26 26
27

21

338

KINGS OF PARTHIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeverse

"With star, -within crescent, and eagle on Obverse

SlLVBE

Draclinis
Similar to No. 24
;

but star

lies

within

Similar to No. 24.
in front,

crescent upwards.

28 29

56-1

JR

-8

J^

67-4

M

-7

[B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 10.]

Without adjuncts on Obverse
Silver

Drachm
Bust of Phraates IV. 1., as on Nos. no adjuncts border of dots.
;

7 S.

AP ZAK»Y EYEPrEToY

(to
,,

r.,

downwards)

AlKAiroYl Eni<t>ANOYZ [<t>]IAEAAHNOZ

^^v, /I ("eueath, + towards ^^ 1.)

(tol.,

downwards)

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual attitude, with bow.

30

58-1

M

-75

in front, Tf^

[Plate lxxx.

6.]

(No. 30

ia

pierced.)

Bronze

Similar.

Same

31 32

24-5
19-5

M ^

inscr. (fragmentary). Fortress (or gateway), consisting of three tall central towers flanked by two shorter ones.

-4

-4

33

18

[B.M.C., Pl.

XXIII.

4.]

VONONES

I.— ARTABANUS

III.

339

No.

310

KINGS OF PARTHIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

VARDANES
Circa 41

I*
a.d.

—45

Vardanes

Authorities differ as to wJietlier I. loas one of the sons of Artabanus III. he or his brother Gotarzes ioas the immediate successor of their father. But it is certain that, after a struggle of a few years' duration,
the latter

became sole rider.f

Silver

Bust

of

Vardanes

I.

].,

diademed, with
;

short beard and flowing hair, which is represented by wavy lines wears earring, spiral necklace, of dots.

and cnirass;

A

I

:

ND
i

(to

r.,

downwards)
(beneath,

boi'der

AVC

rCT[-

-]

AIXAIDV
C[:n]i<t>ANnvc

towards
(to
1.,

1.)

[--lAHXDC

downwards)

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual attitude, with bow.
57-7

Al

-85

in front, J3^

[Plate lxxx.

6.]

Beokze
Simila
Nike, wearing chiton, standing ing diadem in outstretched r.
r.,
;

hold-

oblong

20
18

iB

-46 -45
-4

border of dots.

M
jE

12

[B.3I.C.,'Pl. XXVI.

!).]

Simila

Male

13

AS

-35

wearing short chiton, standhead 1. his r. hand is raised, and he holds cornucopiae in 1. oblong border of dots.
figure,

ing to front,

;

;

[B.M.C, Pl.

XXVI.

10.]

« All of the coins of Vardanes

t See B.M.C.,

catalogued were presented in 1895. pp. xlv. t, especially the comparative table on p. xlv.
I.

here

;

VARDANES
Metal
SlZli

I.— GOTARZES

34]

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Eagle standing three-quarter face towards r., v^rith wings open and wreath in beak
in front,

20
18 14

M
JE .E

palm

;

oblong border of dots.

-45 -46 -35

no border

visible.

[B.M.C, Pl.
(Nos.
2, 3,

XXVI. 11.]

4,

6 and 7 are all of very irregular

GOTARZES
Circa

*

40—51

A.D.

After finally disposing of

Ms

rival,

until his death.

Gotarzes maintained Us position securely His coinage was very extensive.

Silver

Drachms
Bust of Gotarzes 1., diademed, with long beard and flowing hair; wears spiral
necklace,

and cuirass

;

border of dots.

A I- CANDP>
=

(to r.,

downwards)
1.) '

^F-^S.^JR^ AIXAIDV

(beneath, towards ^
(to
!•'

J.^'."''A^A^iPvYfr fiA:AAHALJL

downwards) f

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual attitude, with bow.

58
65-4 53-8

M M M
JR

-8

in front,

^
») T)

-8

5)

-75
(No. 3
is

1)

pierced.)

52-7

-85
-8

in front,

^
i> )»

52-2

Ml
^l

)>

52
47-2

-75
-8

55

M

[Plate lxxx.

7,]

*

All except Nos.

2—7 were

presented in 1895.
,
.

,

.

,

..

words has the form A±

Washed with

silver.

;

342

KINGS OF PARTHIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reveese

Bkonzb
Similai'.

Half-lengtli iigure of Artemis standing to front, head r. holds bow in 1., and
;

11-5

M

with r. draws border of dots.
-4

arrow

from

quiver

[B.M.C,

Pr,.

XXVII. 9.]

Simila

Three-quarter length figure of Athena, standing to front, head 1., helmeted and wearing chiton she leans with r. on spear, and holds shield in 1. border
; ;

of dots.

18

M

-43

[B.M.C,

Pl. XXVII. 10.]

Similar.

10
11

20
14-5

M M

Half-length figure of Tyche of City r., draped and wearing tnrreted headdress, holding palm-branch oblong border of dots.
;

-4,

-4

[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 12.]

Similar.

12 13 14

17-5

M
M
JE

-35
-35
-4

Three-quarter length figure of Tyche of City r., draped, wearing head-dress, holding palm-branch; border of dots of ordinary form.

15-5

[B.M.C, Pl.

XXVII. 13.]

Similar.

Bust

of King ]., wearing helmet bound with diadem, and cuirass; border of
dots.

15 16

24

20

M M

-4

-45

[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII.

17.]

Similar.

Gotarzes, wearing helmet with diadem, seated r. on horseback ; border of dots.'
in front,
(?)

17

21-5

M

'5

(?)

[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 20.]

GOTARZES
Metal
Size

343

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

18 19

23-5

19
17-5 14-6

20
21

M M M
^E

-4

-45 -45 -45

14-5

M

-4

23

19-6

24
25

26

27

28

29

30
31 32

33 34 35
36

344

KINGS OF PAKTHIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Hand

r.,

holding oaduceus

;

oval border of

37

22-5

M

dots.
-45

[B.M.C., Pl. XXVIII. 7.]

Similar.

Pomegranate

;

border of dots.

38 39

19 18

JE
Ji

-45
-5

[B.M.C., Pl. xxviii. 10.]

40
41

16-5

14 14

42

M M ^

Similar.
-4

Wreath.

-45
-4

IB.M.C,

Pr,.

xxviii.

U.]

VOLAGASES
Circa 51

I.*

— 78

A.D.

Gotarzes was succeeded hy Vonones II., who reigned for only a few months. He left the crown to his son, Volaganes I. His reign was troubled hy internal reoolt and hy foreign wars.

Bronze
Bust of Volagases I. ]., bearded hair in formal rows; vrears diadem, spiral necklace, and cuirass border of dots.
;

Head

of horse r. border of dots.

;

in front, 7J^ (or "p^) *

23-5

23
19 17 10

M M
JE

;

-4

-4

-4

M
JE

-35
-45

IB.M.C., Pl. XXIX. 4.]

* All of the coins of Volagases here catalogued

were presented in 1895.

.

;

VOLAGASES
Metal
Size

I.— VARDANES

II.

345

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Bust of Volagases

I.

1.,

liaving pointed beard

diademed, and and flowing hair
;

wears
6
7

earring

and

sjDiral

necklace

border of dots.

Atliena standing to front, head r., leaning with r. on spear, while her 1. rests on her shield, which stands beside her on the ground oblong border of dots.
;

JE 20

-45

M

-55

[B.M.C., Pl. XXIX.

S.]

Similar.

I

2

"'ith.in

oblong border of dots.

M

-4

IB.M.C,

Pl. XXIX. 13.]

VARDANES
The folloioing
coins

II.II.,

may

lelonrj

to

Vardanes

irho

revolted

from

his father

(Volagases

I.)

circa

55

a.d.

He

did not succeed in establishing

aiuj

permanent power.
SiLVEK

Drachm s
Bust of Vardanes II., beardless, facing wart on 1. temple wears spiral necklace, cuirass, and helmet, decorated in front with three horns and round its edges with pellets on either side, star
;

;

DAEIAEAN
Al

DADAEAC
IAND>

(above)
(to
r.,

downwards)
1.)

;

of six rays

;

border of dots.

+IA:AAHXnC
1

IVEirETD> (beneath, towards AIXAIDV mi + ANDVC (to downwards) f
1.,

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual in front, attitude, with bow
;

55-7

2

56
59-1

3

M M M

^

-85
(No. 1
-9
is

pierced.)

-75

[Plate lxxx.

8.]

Bkonze
Similar.

Naked male

figure (Zeus ?) standing r. within shrine formed by two columns and an arch holds eagle in 1., and has
;

22-5

M

r.

hand drawn back.

-45

[B.M.C,

Pl. XXIX. 17.]

* All but the
t This
off the flo.n
is

first

of the following pieces
;

the most ordinary form

were presented in 1895. but there are slight variations, and portions are often
'

Y y

346

KINGS OF PARTHIA

No.

Weight

ilKTAL
Size

Obverse

Retekse

PACORUS
C'ii-ca

II.*

77—110

A.D.

Tlie

death of Volagases

I.

inauijunited for Parthia a long period of iateraul strife,

the details

veri/ inadequately known. Over a protracted period of years different Icings are found strilcing coins at iuterrah, sometimes contemporaneously. '\

of which are

Beonze
First

Coinage

Head

of Pacorus II. 1., diademed and with flowing locks no beard Avears earring and spiral necklace border of
; ; ;

Kantharos (or amphora)

;

border of dots,

dots.

19-5

^
JE

-45
-4

border off coin.

17

\_B.:\I.C.,

Pl. XXX. 7.]

Second

L'oinago

Bust of Pacorus II. 1., diademed, and having short beard and whiskers hair in formal rows wears spiral necklace and cuirass; in front, date, downwards;
;
;

Bust of Tyche of City r., draped, and wearing turreted head-dress border
;

of dots.

border of dots.

46-5

JE

E9T [=83

A.D.]

in front,

A

[Plate lxxx.

9.]

Third

Coinage

Bust he

of

Pacorus II. 1., with short beard; wears earring, spiral necklace,

Nike advancing

palm

;

r., holding wi-eath and border of dots.

and helmet, which is diademed and decorated with star; border of dots.
cuirass,

20

JE

-6

details obscure.

[B.M.C, Pl. XXXI.
(No. 4
is

3.]

very irregular in shape.)

*

All but No. 3

were presented

in 1895.
liii. ff.

t Sec the Table in B.II.C, pp.

PACORUS

II.— OSROES—VOLAGASES

II.

347

No.

348

KINGS OF PARTHIA
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

MITHRADATES
Ci'rm

IV.*
A.D.

130—147

The date am<jHed

to

this

Ichuj

is conjectural.

(h-aclims which hear,

in addition to the in

His name is Tchowh from certain Greek inscription, a legend

Pchhi

letters.-^

Silver

Drachms
Bust
Mithradates IV. 1., diademed, witli long pointed beard and flowing liair; wears earring, spiral necklace, and cuii'ass border of dots.
of
;

aAllAhAC

All HAM A IANDp>
I-

^^^°^^^
(to r.,

,.s

downwards)

IVIiriTQ

AIXAInV

n fi ^ ^^ (beneath, + towards I.)
/+

ini+AMnVC
+ IA|AAHXnC
Arsaces seated
attitude, ivith
1
r.

(to

1

l->

1 downwards)

.

^

on throne,
;

in usnal

bow

in front,

7^

56-9 51-7

M
JR

-7

inscr. partly oif coin.

2

-7

[Plate lxxx. 11.]
3 49-5 46-3

.R
.R

-75
inscr. partly off coin.
-8

4

"
I

n

(Xo. 4

is

pierced.)

Beoxze
Bust of Mithradates IV. 1., diademed, with pointed beard and flowing hair; wears earring and necklace; border of
dots.

Humped
above,
dots.

bull reclining r., head facing; crescent upwards border of
;

16-5

JE

-4

MITHBADATES IV.—VOLAGASES
Met.4l
Size

III.

349

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeverse

Similar.

10

18

M

Eagle standing r., with wings closed and border of dots. •wreath in beak
;

-35

[BJIC,

Pi..

XXXIII. 18.]

Similar.

Horned

sheep, reclinilig

r.

;

above, to

1.,

A
11
10-6

;

border of dots.

M

-5

IB.M.C, Pl.

XXXIII. 22.]

VOLAGASES
Circa

III.

147—191

A.D.

^'ohl<JlJ'«}»

III.,

>i:lio

succeeded Volagioses II.,

loitiiessed

a continuous

decline

It loas during his reign that L. Vcrus -wrested Edessa of Parthian power. and We.-<terit Meso2)otamia from Parthian doiiiinatioii. The first line of the inscription on the drachms gives his name and title in Pehlvi characters (=Volgasi malka). The Greek portion becomes more and more harharous.

Silver

Drachms
Bust
III. 1., with long wears earring, spiral necklace, cuirass, and diademed helmet with flap and spike- Shaped appendages; border of

Volagases

^Hl+it;>b
DAIIAI<l IANn>

(above)
(to
r.,

beard

;

downwards)
1.)

IVIiriTD

of dots.

AXIADV
txa'^aahd

(beneath, towards

(*° ''
r.

^°^^^^-'^)

Arsaces seated
attitude, "with

bow

on throne, in usual in front, J^
;

52-7

M

-8

[Plate lxxx. 12.]
62-2

M

-85

Similar.

Similar

;

inscr.

more barbarous.

495

M

-7

[B.M.C, Pl. XXXIV.
(No. 3 has been used as an amulet.

7.]
it.)

A portion of

the clasp remains attached to

; ;

350

KINGS OF PARTHIA
Metal
Size

No.

Wei&ht

Obverse

Eevebse

Bronze
Bust of Volagases III. 1., with long beard wears necklace, cuirass, and diademed helmet with flap in front, date, downwards border of dots.
; ;

Bust of Tyche of City
head-dress
dots.
;

r.,

in

front,

wearing turreted border of

A

;

64

M

-65

€OY = 163a.p.]
[

Similar

;

no date.

Wheel-like device border of dots
;

;

felloe

formed

by

in

alternate

angles,

13-5

M

pellet, or r\ -4

[B.M.C., Pl. XXXV. 2.]

Tlie

The following remarlcaUe bronze pieces were prolahhj struck at Edessa* Pehlvi legend appears, in some cases at least, to read Volagases
'

Arsaces, King of hings.'

Bust

120-5

M

Volagases III. 1., with long wears earring, necklace, and diademed helmet with flap, hooked appendages, and (obscure) device behind, R border of dots.
of

beard;

I

surrounded

(from I., upwards) by inscr. all within
;

wreath.

;

-75

[Plate lxxx. 13.]

Similar.

It/>1

(to

1.,

downwards)
(tor.)

(above)

--L

]

(beneath)

86

Similar.

JG

-8

[Plate lxxx. 14.]
Similar.

133-5

M

Inscr. indecipherable.

Similar.

-85

[Plate lxxx. 15.1

.See B.II.C, p. 236, footnote, where a
also given

list

of referenees regarding the i nsoriptiou is i

VOLAGASES
Metal
Size

III.—VOLAGASES V.

351

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

VOLAGASES
Circa

IV.

191—208

a.d.

It

was during the reign of this Icing that Septimius Severim inflicted a crushing defeat on the Partkians, who had sided with his rival, Pescemiius Niger. The Bee. of the drachns hears the name and title of YoJagases in Pehlvi characters.
Silver

Drachms
Bust
of Volagases IV., facing, with long pointed beard and moustache hair aiTang-ed in three large bunches, the central one of which is bound by diadem wears spiral necklace and cuirass border of dots.
; ; ;

LI7IX\t/7ll (above), beneath which, and also beneath type and at sides, barbarous Greek inscr. Arsaces seated
r.

on throne, in usual attitude, with
;

bow

in front,

7^

56-6

!

Al

-75

[Plate lxxx. 16.]

M

•£

t/7ll

off coin.

VOLAGASES
Circa

V.*

208—222

a.d.

Volagases IV., the date of whose death is doubtful, was succeeded hy his son, Volagases V. A younger son, Artidtumin V., subsequently revolted against the new Icing (213 A.D.), and after a struggle of uncertain duration, gained the crown for himself.

Silver

Drachm
I
i

Bust

of Volagases V. 1., with long pointed wears necklace and diademed beard helmet, which has flap, spiked ap;

IJ7IX
and

pendages, and

^

on side

;

behind,

If7[l!>] (above), beneath type barbarous Greek inscr. r. on throne, in usual
also

beneath which,

and at
attitude,

sides,

Arsaces seated

mth

1

;

border of dots.
56-6

bow

;

in front,

^

M

-85

[Plate lxxx. 17.]

* The coins of Volagases V. and of Artabaiius V. were presented in 1895.

;

352

KINGS OF PARTHIA

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

ARTABANUS
Circa 213

V.
a.d.

— 227

The rohjH of

this Icing

saw

the rise of the

give the death-bloiv to the

Sa sua uian power that was kingdom of Parthia.

to

SllVEB

Drachms
BustofArtabanus V.
;

1.,-vvitli long pointed beard wears necklace and diademed helmet with flap, spiked appendages, and on side border of dots.
:
;

U7IXI7nik1
and
also

(above), beneath wMch, beneath type and at sides, barbarous Greek inscr. Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual attitude, with

bow
55

;

in front,

monogram.

M M

-8

A
[Plate lxxx. 18.]

50-9

-7

A

UNCERTAIN KING
The head on the folhui-imj coin bears some
assigned
to Artai-dsdcs,

rescntlilnnfe to the portrait
son.

on the coins

possibly a

of Artabanvs V. *

Head

of king 1., with forked beard wears necklace, and diademed helmet decorated with pellets and having flap and spiked appendages border of dots.
;

Inscr., partly off coin, barbarous.

seated

r.

Arsaces on throne, in usual attitude,
in front,
"J^

with bow

;

53-5

M

-S

(No. 1

is

pierced.)

[Plate lxxx. 19.]

* The resemblance was pointed out to me first by Mr. Wroth. See c xv fontnntp There was probably a Pehlyi inscription on the die, but the^Jan is too small' to make' it visible viaiuie, a few traces can be discerned.

BMC

[The Sassanian coins, of which the Hunter Collection possesses a number, have been placed among the Oriental pieces.]

fah-

UNCERTAIN KINGS
Metal
Size

353

No.

Weight

Obverse

Ebverse

CHAEACENE
This district lay along the banks of the Tigris. Originally it formed part of the kingdom of Parthia ; but it appears to have attained independence at an early period. The following are among the latest issues of coins struclc in Characene.

The

difficulties in the

way of

their precise attribution

appear almost

insuperable.'^'

UNCERTAIN KINGS
Bkonze
Second
Century a.d.

\'^\A /^O-^/

(behind,

downwards)
downwards")
(from
r.,

fin front,

downwards)
;

Bust of king r., bearded, wearing loftytiara, bound with diadem, and having border of dots. cuirass and cloak
;

king r., with pointed beard head hair arranged in five bunches bare border of dots.
of
; ;

Head

250-5

.E

1

inscr. doubtful.

last part of inscr. oif coin.

[Plate lxxx. 20.]

231

^

1-1

inscr. doubtful.

[Plate lxxx. 21.]

The folloioing coin

is

lumpier in fabric than either of the preceding.

Inscr. obscure.

Similar type

;

bust larger;

Similar.

no border
244-5

visible.

2E

-95

inscr. partly ofi coiii.

[Plate lxxx. 22.]

they form the * The coins of the earlier kings can be dealt -with more satisfactorily i., pp. 381 S. = Melanjes num., snbieot of an article by Mons. E. Babelon (Journ. Intern, later coins is the elaborate 3rd series, pp. 221 flf.). The most recent effort to attribute the study by Mons. E. Drouin {Rev. num., 1889, pp. 211 ff. and 361 ff.). specimens are inconsistent with M. Drouin's reading, t None of the traces on any of the complete, as will be seen from which I have followed. The Eev. inscr. on No. 2 is almost the Plate.
;

Z Z

354

PERSIA

No.

Weioht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

PEESIA
Tfie very extensive

coinage of the Persian Icings

is

but _poorli/ represented in the

Himter Cabinet.

The

districts
to

where such pieces are found had not been
in the eighteenth century.

opened up

any extent

Silver
Circa

500—332

B.C.

Persic Standard
S igloi

The King
kidaris

of Persia, bearded, and wearing and kandys, running r. in his r. he grasps a spear, the butt end of which is formed like an apple, and
;

Irregular incuse of oblong form.

82-G 82-5

M M

in his extended
-65

1.

a bow.

-65

Half-length figure of the King of Persia, bearded and attired as above, standing r., holding short sword in r., and strung bow in 1.
80-8

Al

-6

Circa 400

B.C.

The follotoing

is

one of a series struck on the north-west coast of under one or other of the great satraps.

A.si,,

Elinor

Phoenician Standard

Ob
Similar to Nos. 1
f.
;

ol

border of dots.

Head

7-6

M

of satrap r., bearded, and wearing Persian liead-di-ess plain border.
;

-45

INDIA

355

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

INDIA
The
that, in the
ijet

of Bactrian coins from the Hunter Cabinet is due to the fact end of the eighteen,th century, the regions from lohich these come had not The Greeh Icings of India are, for the been opened up to European influence.
entire absence

same reason, represented in the scantiest manner.

PACORES
First
Centiirij
B.i

The date of

this Icing is quite doubtful.

Probably

the dynasty to

which

he belonged loas of Parthian origin.*

Beonze

[BACIA€YC B]ACI

A6WNM

€r

T3:i"n:)5T^1~^

ACn[AKOPHC]
Bust
of

king

1.,

(fromr., downv^-ards) diademed; hair in
;

[y T77/7T"7~^]
Nike
r.,

downwards) downwards) holding wreath and palm;
(to
1.,

(to r.,

great buncli behind torque.

wears cairass and

beneath her wing, t£

127

M

-9

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxni. 8.]

UNCERTAIN KING
The
types of the following piece are

Parthian in character; bid
to

the

fabric appears rather

be Indian.

Bronze

Head

king L, diademed, with short pointed beard border of dots.
of
;

Three-quarter
waist,

in

r.

;

length figure, naked to advancing r., holding branch border of dots.

34

^

-5

[Plate lxxx. 23.]

B.M.C., Greek and Scythic Coins

of India, p. xliii.

Z

Z 2

NOETHEEN AFEICA
No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

EGYPT
THE KmGDOM OF THE PTOLEMIES^^
PTOLEMY
Circa
I.

(SOTER)
e.g.

311—285
Egypt

No

coins appear to have been struck in

until after its conquest

hij

Alexander

Ptolemy secured the satrapy of what was undoubtedly the wealthiest and most secure portion of his kingdom. At first he acted nominally as governor for Philip III. (Aridaeas) and Alexander IV. O.i the death of the latter (311 B.C.) he recognized no new master, but he did not formally assume the title BaCTtXcus until after that step had been taken by Antigonus (306 B.C.). Nos. 1 and 2 probably fall within the interregnum (311 305 B.C.), No. 2 having been struck in Cyprus before its capture by Demetrius.

the Great.

On

his death

Silver

Rhodian Standard

Drachm
Head
Alexander the Great r., vs'ith liorn of Ammon, wearing skin of elephant, and aegis.
of

AAEj-ANAPoY
Athena
attack,
r.
;

(to

].,

upwards)
of

Promachos,
in

in attitude front, eagle r.

on

thunderbolt; beneath which"
57-8

Al

.R

-6

no border

visible.

no border
[Plate lxxx.
21^.]

visible.

* The immense difficulties attachinst to the classification nf +Tio Pi-^i known, The recent book of D. J. N. Svoronos (x/^oVCr °'c ^pir^^^l^ far the most comprehensive effort yet made to grapple with

°^ Svoronos are accepted in their entirety or not, hfs worl. has rcndlred ^. ^7^"°''^ hypotheses quite untenable, and his Gorpls is likely to remain the standaTd book of reference "'\^.*'>''idai for years to come. d It has, therefore seemed ronveniBnt t^f n arrangement simpliciter, even where his arguments are not coivincTng.

these

n^oriX/Arw WhntW fl I

bnlT

PTOLEMY
No.

I.

357

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Kevebse

Bronze

Head

ing hair
flowers

Cyprian Aplirodite r., -witli flowwears earring and Stephanos, which is ornamented with conventional
of
;

PTOAEMCAIOY]
Eagle standing
front, wreath.
1.,

(to v.,

downwards)
closed;
in

wings

and

stars.

135

JE

-85

ex. off coin.

[Cf. BJI.C., Pl.

I.

9.]

In spite of the difference in the inscr. of the Bev., Nos. 3 6 appear to belong to one and the same group* The continued use of the name and types of Alexander for the silver is remarhahle.

GOLO

Phoenician Standard

Stater
Head
of Ptolemy I. aegis round neck.
r.,

diademed, with

PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEnZ
;

. . ^ ^^^°^^>

Alexander the Great, naked but for aegis, standing in quadriga of elephants moving 1. he holds thunderbolt in r., and reins and sceptre in 1.
109-5

^r

-7

in ex.,

^

(?)

Tl

[Plate lxxx. 25.]

SlLYEE

Phoenician

Standard

Tetradrachms
Head
of

Ammon,
aegis
;

of Alexander the Great r., with horn weai'ing skin of elephant

A A EH A N A PO Y
Athena
attack,
r.
;

(to r.,

upwards)
attitude
of

Promachos,
in
;

in

and

border of dots.

front,

eagle

r.

on

thunderbolt
207-6

border of dots.
R1 to
r.

Al

pi. 1-2

(g) to

1.

;

I

A

in ex.;

[Plate lxxx. 26. f]

241-8

M

1-1

PSJ

to

1.

;

^ and /^

to r.

*

The evidence on
The disfigurement

this point appears to be conclusive.

See Svoronos, op. cit, pp. 19
all

ff.,

for lists.

t
of

of the coin (which is Tvell

shown on the Plate) has

the appearance

having been done deliberately.

358

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Oevebse

Reverse

Bkonze

Head

of Alexander the Great r., with horn of Ammon wears diadem, and has long hair.
;

PTOAEMAIOY
Eagle standing wings open in border of dots.
;

(to
1.

].,

upwards)
thunderbolt
;

on
front,

monogram

;

54

Ai

-6

The following are also

early, as the corresponding silver hears the types

and name of Alexander*
Similar to No.

6.

Similar to No. 6

;

but, in front, Corinthian

helmet
visible.

1.

and

aplnstre

;

no

border

78-5

74

M M

-7

(inscr. illegible.)

-7

{B.M.C., Pl.

II.

1.]

Henceforward Ptolemy s own name and title appear on coins of all metals. The following group, in addition to the metals here represented,
also silver pieces, struclc on the

contained

monogram

in the field

same standard as the gold.f The letter or indicates a magistrate rather than a mint.

Gold

Phoenician Standard

Triobols
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and having aegis fastened round neck.

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEnZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open in front, letter or monogram.
;

9 10
11

23-7

27-6 27-4

^ ^ ^

-4

A

'4

-4

[Plate lxxs. 27.]

* See Svoronos, op.

cit.,

pp. 26

ff.

t See Svoronos, op.

cit.,

pp. 32

ff.

;

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

T.

359

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Bronze

Head
skin 12

of

horn
;

of

Alexander the Great r., witli Amnion wears elephant's
;

Similar to preceding

;

border of dots.

border of dots.

156

M

-9

m
[B.M.C, Pl.
III.

6.]
off coin.

13
14

138
116-5

yE -75

(border off coin.)

171

(border and inscr. partly

M

-95

JVTos.

15

— 21

are precisely similar

to

tfie

except that, instead of a single

monogram

siUar coins of the preceding group, or letter on the Eev., they have tioo,

the upp)er one of lohich often remains constant -while the lower varies.

Silver

Phoenician Standard
T etradra
Head
of
li

ms

Ptolemy
aegis

I.

r.,

diademed, and

PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open; in front, P, beneath which, varying monogram or letter.

having behind
of dots.

fastened round neck border ear, a microscopic

A

;

15 16

210-4
197-5

M

1-1

A

/R 1
(plated
?)

17 18 19

212-7 216-7

JR 1-15

l^
(A
donbtful.)

(border of dots)

218-3

M M

-95
1-1

I

(No. 19

is

pierced.)

20

214-1

M 105
Similar.

A

Similar, with

<|>

in place of

P

21

226-9

M

1-1

[Plate lxxx. 28.]

;

360

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metat,
Size

Obverse

Reverse

The following are perha-ps contemporary

loitli

the preceding groups.

Bbonze

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

HTOA MAIOY BAZIAEflZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open in front, A, beneath which, viirying monogram or letters border of dots.
; ;

22

263
239 5

23

^ M

1-05
1-1

rp
[B.M.C, Pl.
hi.

4.]

24.

237

M

1

X
Similar.

Similar, with

fi^ in

place of

A

25
26

244
256

^ M

1-1

R
Tl
[Plate lxxx. 29.]
Nos. 27

1-1

if.

were struch in Cyrenaica.

The bronxe coins hear the monogram o/Magas, Ptolemy's stepson, who controlled the province for fifty years.
Silver

Phoenician Standard

D idrachm
Head
of Ptolemy I. having aegis about dots.
r.,

iieok

diademed, and border of
;

PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEHS
Eagle standing wings closed;
behind, crab.
1.

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with
in
front,

aplustre

27

104-4'

iR

-8

[Plate lxxx. 30.]

Bkonze

Head

of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, having aegis about neck.

and

HTOAEMAIOY (above) BASIAEnS (beneath)
Til under bolt

28
29

130-5

M
iB

-85
-9

name

with four wings

;

beneath

of king,

y^

118

30

112 6

^

-85

[B.M.C,

Pl.

yi.

6.]

PTOLEMY I.-PTOLEMY
Metal
j 1

II.

361

No.

Weight

Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEflS
Eagle standing
1.

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with

wings open
31

;

in front,

^\

120
115 5 106

.E JE JE

-V:

32

-7

[Plate lxxxi.

1.]

33

-7

Similar.

34
35

JE 49

-6

.E -65

1

219-2

2

3

4

362

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeveesk

BeONZE

Head

of Alexander horn of Amnion,
;

tlie

Great

r.,

with

PToAEMAloY BAZIAEIIZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with wings open in front, group of letters above monogram border of dots.
;

-wearing

elephant's

skin

border of dots.

;

118-5

.E

-8

EY

and

;^

Head
55-5

of Arsinoe II. r., veiled and -svearing stephane border of dots.
;

Similar, -with .star

between

letters

and

monogram.

JE

-6

countermark,
(ithyphallic
?)

small

male

figure

r

A

I

and
4.]

171

[Plate lxxxi.

The

Me

t^T^p

is

said

to

have been hestowed on Ptolemy

I.

by the Bhodians after
to

the great siege

had

been

abandoned by Demetrius.

It

does not seem

have

been used officially in Egypt until after his death*

Silver

Phoenician Standard

Tetradrachm
Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and havmg aegis round neck; border of
dots.

[PTOAEM]AIOY §X2THP[0S]
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. upon thunderbolt, with wings closed in front, one above another, three monograms or groups of letters border of dots.
;
;

212-6

.R 1-05

nr,
[Plate lxxxi.
(No. 7
is

Al, and

^

5.]

pierced.)

Sc^Ti^p

must have been adoDtpd

(See Niese,

o....iZ

^ ss "i::."^:.::';^: n::T
,

nffir^-.ii^

f

T

'"^

"eht> then the

title

"''

^^""^ '^^" ^"^^°^^"

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

II.

363

No.

Weight

Obverse

He VERS E

Slime years after his accession Ptolemy II. had divorced Arsinoe I., and married Ills elder sister, Arsinoe II., a woman of strong character, who speedily acquired

immense influence in home and foreign politics. She died circa 271 B.C., and was accorded dirine honours immediately therecfter.* If the nunjeral letters on the
following coins represent years reclioned from the date of her death,-\ then that e.iient must have synchronized with a great series of changes in the coinage, \ including the No. 14 introduction of bronxe pieces of exceptional weight and module. has been countermarlced at Byzantium,

Gold

Phoenician

Standard

Oc tadraclims
Head
of the deified Arsinoe II.
;

r.,

veiled

APZINOHZ
;

<|)IAAAEA<|>oY
(from
1.,

over 1. shoulder she carries sceptre, the top of -which is visible above her head ; lo-west lock of hair curves round ear so as to form a horn behind, numeral letter border
; ;

and -wearing stephane

up-wards)
filled

Double cornuoopiae, filleted and with fruit border of dots.

of dots.

426-7
427-3
428-5

^
iV

1

A
[Plate lxxxi. 6.]

9

1-1

I
H
[Plate lxxxl
7.]

10

N

1-05

11
12

429
429-3 428-2

Ji 1-1
N' 105

K

13

N

1-1

[Plate lxxxi.

8.]

Silver

Phoenician Standard

T etradr achm
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and behind, having aegis round neck numeral letter border of dots.
; ;

rXoAEMAloY suthpos
(from 1., up-wards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with border wings closed bet-ween legs, X
; ;

of dots.

14

209-1

M

1-1

letter not visible

;

countermark, |\p' [Plate lxxxi.
9.]

»

On

the date see Sfcrack in Bhein. Museum,

ly.,

pp. 165

£E.

Her

(iivine title

was

Ota

t This is the vie^w of Svoronos. here represented (No. 14), there were silver decadraohma and J Besides the tetradraohms Svoronos, op. cit, pp. 64 fe.) tetradrachma with the head o£ Arainoe. (See 3 A 2

364

EGYPT

OnVEKSE

Reverse

Bronze *
The following are grouped according
the sequence of
first. to

denominations.

Witliiii

each denomination

numercd

letters is

followed, those which have no letter being placed
cdl these pieces

With

the exception

of No. 28

have a small hole in the centre

of Ohv. and of lleo.f

Head

of

Zeus Amnion
;

r.

diademed and

horned

rXoAEMAloY BASIAEnS
(from r., downwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open and head turned back between legs, numeral letter border
;

border of dots.

;

of dots.

15 16
17

1240
1535

1185

M M M

1-8
1-9

E

A
(No. 17
is

(?)

1-85
pierced.)

[Plate lxxxi. 10.]

Similar.

PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEHS
upwards) by side, each upon a thunderbolt wings closed between legs of foremost, numeral
1.,

(from
1.,
;

Two

eagles standing

side

;

letter

;

18

1003

M

border of dots.

1-6

f
Similar.

PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEQg
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open; between legs, numeral letter border of dots.
;

19

GS9

M

1-4

no
(No. 19
is

letter.

pierced.)

a

Man.. unO.K,chnung,r.erte,

-t?oyc"sTe'/fr'o^?heT.t,^^^^^^^^^^ LeLT 1903 especiaUvT SQ

very obscure.

1

Hultsch has evolved

"' sources (D,e FtoUm-AiscUn

Of the material avaiiaUe, see

^^^\^J:t^t:^^Xi:-tv.JaX^l.^'^^^^
lX^:5rNorryX'=t^

.ellu^ur

5 an explanation of the phenomenon, see Svoronos,

o''p=ni"

"C/LXf

V

H..e.ata.o.ued as
""""^

ci«^ p!

'

'

^°'- *^

^-

^°''

J.,"'

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

II.

365

No.

Wkigut

Obverse

Reverse;

Similar.

Similar

;

but wings of eagle closed,

20 21

37G 356

.E

1-2

no

letter.

M Wo
Head
skin
of

X

(?)

Alexander
of

tlie

Great

r.,

with

Similar

;

but wings of eagle open.

horn
:

Amnion, wearing

elephant's

border of dots.

22

187

JE JE

-95 -95
-9

A

23
2-i

14S 156

A
E
[Plate lxxxi. 11.]

M M

25

187-5

-95

O

(?)

Similar.

Similar.

26

91

M
iE

-85

no

letter.

[Plate lxxxi. 13.]

27

97

-8

letter obscure.

Head
28 76

of Zeus Amnion r., horned and diademed border of dots.
;

Similar.

^

-7

[Plate lxxxi. 12.]

The cliaractenstic feature of

the group to which No. 29 belongs preseitce of the shield on the Bev., as well as of the letters either separately or in monogram.

is

the

HT

Silver

Phoenician

Standard

T e tradrachm

Head

of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and having aegis about neck behind ear, border of dots. a microscopic
;

fToAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with behind, oblong shield wings closed in front, two monograms, one above another border of dots.
; ; ;

A

;

29

218

/R

11

T
[B.BI.C, Pl.

and
III.

NN

8.]

366

EGYPT

No.

;

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

II.

367

No.

Weight

Obversb

Rbversb

At some period after
oiDii

the death of Arsinoe there was instituted, in addition to her loorship as Hea <^iXd8eX(;6os, a special cult of Ptolemy II. and herself as dcol To that cult the type and inscr. of the,c/old pieces of the next dSeA.(^oi.

group may possibly bear witness*

Gold
Plioenician Standard

O c t a d r a c h. m s

AAEA<I>I2N

(above)

GEHN
Busts

(above)

Busts jugate r. of Ptolemy IT., -with whisker, wearing diadem and clilamys, and of Arsinoe II., diademed and draped behind, oblong shield border
;
;

jugate r. of Ptolemy I. and Berenice I., both diademed and draped

border of dots.

37

429

^

of dots.

1-05

[B.M.C, Pl.

yii.

2.]

Similar;
shield,

in front,

but Ptolemy has no whisker; above double cornucopiae
;

Similar.

At
[Plate lxxxi. 15.]

38

428-9

M

11

T etradrachm
Similar to No. 37.
Similar to No. 37.

39.

214-7

N'

-8

[Plate lxsxi. 16.]

Silver

Phoenician Standard

Triobol
Similar
29-2
;

no

inscr.

;

no whisker

visible

;

Similar; no insor.

;

border doabtful.

no border.

40

JR

-45

[Plate lxxxi. 17.]

* It is difficult to avoid connecting the

two

side.,

although each

may

well be regarded as

n -S^ wLra'^Hshtrr:a.r

In

z""Jo-

3B

i^

^^^«-«y

-p-^-

^°- ''

;

368

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Eeverse

Beonze

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

border of dots.

PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEHS
(from L, upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with in front, oblong shield wings open border of dots.
;

41

265

M

1

[B.M.C, Pl.

IV.

4.]

tlie absence of any definite indication, tlie coins hitherto described cannot be assigned to any special mints, and they may be supposed to have been struch in Egypt. The club on Nos. 42-51 is the mint-marh of Tyre, to lohich city these pieces may, therefore, be assigned. Some of then appear to be dated.* No. 42 has been countermarlced at Byzantium.

Ill

Silver

Phoenician Standard

Tetradrachm
Head
of

Ptolemy

I.

r.,

having aegis about neck
microscopic

diademed, and behind ear, a
;

TTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEI2Z
Eagle standing
1.

A

;

border of dots.

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with
;

wings closed
dots.

;

in front, club

border of

215-9

M

1-05

countermark, |<ff

above club,

O

Bronze

Head of Alexander
43
65-5

44

62

M M

and horned
-65
-6

;

the Great r., diademed hair long boi'der of dots.
;

Similar

;

but eagle has wings open,

above club,

H

The dates on Nos.

45—47

indicate that they belong to a different series

from

the preceding.

Silver

Phoeniciaa Standard

Tetr a drachms
Similar to No. 42
;

no

A

Similar to No. 42 but TT in in=cr., and above club, -^ behind eagle, date.
;

;

45

2103

A\

1

no border

visible.

* Svorono3 his text (op. cii., pp. 94 ff.), considers that on all of them the dates are reckoned by the rognal years of Ptolemy 11., suggesting that at first the older system of numerals was use. In his Introduction (op. cit., po.') this proposal is withdrawn. While still holding that Nos. 4.5 ff. are dated by regnal years, he puts forward the view that the series to which No. 42 belongs IS dated by the era of Tyre, and that one system of numeration was in use throughout, on No. 42 being equivalent to

m

m

Q

Q

;

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

II.

3(19

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revebsb

Similar.

nXoAEMAloY znxHPoz
Similar type
;

(from 1., upwards) same symbol and mono;

gram

between eagle's legs, in front bebiud, date, beneath which, monogram or letter border of dots.

O

;

;

46
47

199 9
212-5

M
.11

11
1

(no border visible

)

A

and /%

AH

and

B

[Plate lxxxi. 18.]

The following are without

letters or monograms of any hind. ratio of the three denominations is obvious.

The

Bronze

Head

of Zeus Ammon wearing taenia border
;

r.,

homed and

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEXIZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed in front, club border of
; ;

of dots.

dots.

48

176

M

-9

[Plate lxxxi. 19.]

49 50

85
8(3

M
^

Similar.
-75
-7

Similar.

61

43

M

Similar.
-65

Similar.

The two following, whieh have the mint-marl of Sidoii, correspond in types, inscription, and method of dating to the Tyrian issue represented hy Nos. 46 f.
Silver

Phoenician Standard

Tetrad r achms
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and border of having aegis about neck
;

nroAEMAloY ZflTHPOZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed; in front, Zl with varying
letters

dots.

or

monogram

;

behind,

date

border of dots.

52

2154
216-4
VOL. ai.

M

1-1

A
I

I

and

KO AB
3 B

[Plate lxxxi. 20.]

53

M

1

M

and

370

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Wkight

Obverse

Reverse

llie

monogram on Nos. 54
group corresponds
cities.

— 57

represents Ptolemais.

In general

litis

of Tyre and other Plioem'cian But Nos. 54 f. are loithout dates.
to the issues

Silver

Phoenician Standard

Tetradrachms
Similar.

HTOAEMAloY BAZIAEflZ
(from
].,

np-wards)
-witli

Eagle standing
wing.s
vifhich,

1.

on thunderbolt,
front,

closed

;

in

@), above
-visible.

monogram; no border

54

218-9

M

1

I2P

Similar,

HTOAEMAIOY ZflTHPoZ
(from
;

].,

np-wards)
;

Similar type in front, jfj monogram border of dots.
;

behind,

56

210-'

M

1-1

<?Yt

[Plate lxxxi. 2]

.]

Similar.

Similar

;

but in
it;

front,

fp

,

with

|\/E

beneath

behind, date, -with monoit.

gram
66
67
215-6

or letter beneath

217-4

M M

1-05
1

AA AT

and

/^

and

The next group hears

the

monogram of Joppa.

Silver

Phoenician Standard

Te t radrac hm
Similar.

Similar; but in front, |<n and

M

58

212-2

M

-9

AT
(No. 58
is

and

O

pierced.)

; ;

PTOLEMY
MSTAL
Size

II.

371

No.

Weight

Obvbrse

Reverse

The following are obviously parallel

to

Nos. 49

ff.

Head

of Zeus Aminon r., liorned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEflZ
(from 1., upwards) Eaglo standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed in front, harpa border
;
;

59

85

M

of dots.

-75

[B.M.C., Pl.

XI. 6.]

Similar.

Similar.

60

44-5

JE

-65

The attribution of No. 61 to Gaza That of Nos. 62

is

rendered certain by the monogram.
quite doubtful.

f. is

Silver

Phoenician Standard
T 6 1 r a d r a c h. m
Similar to No. 58.
Similar to No. 58
;

but in front, fA and

61

218-2

M

1-05

AB
[Plate lxxxii.

and
1.]

^

Beonze

Head

of Zeus Ammon r., liorned and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEnZ
(from

Two

eagles standing side
closed, each

1., upwards) by side 1., with

wings

upon thunderbolt
;

in front, club downwai-ds of nearer eagle, double

over shoulder curnucopiae

border of dots.

62

926

M

1-6

[Plate lxxxii. 2.]

Similar.

BAZIAEI2Z (from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with in front, double cornuwings open
;

copiae,

wards
63

;

beneath wbich, border of dots.

club

down-

635

M

1-4

3 B

2

372

EGYPT
Metal
Size

Ko.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

It is uncertain to

what mint
to

the following should he assigned..
ff.

But

the

resemUance

Nos. 48

and Nos.

59

f.

suggests

some

city

in Phoenicia or Palestine.

Bkoxze
Similar.

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEflZ
(from 1., upwards) Similar type eagle has wings closed in front, flower; border of dots.
;

;

64

186

M

1

(No. 64

is

pierced.)

Similar.

Similar.

65

133

M

-8

[Plate lxxxii. 3.]

Similar.

Similar.

66

46

M

-65

About 280 B.C., 3Tagas, goeernor of Gyrene and half-hrother of Ptolemy and assumed the title of BacrtAevs. A numismatic record of his revolt
under Cyrene.

11., revolted
is

described

The foil oioing were struch after

his reconciliation with Ptolemy.

Bronze

Head

of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and having aegis round neck; border of
dots.

BAZIAEHZ HTOAEMAIOY
Head
of

Libya

r.,

(from 1., upwards) diademed; hair in
front,

67

87
78-5

formal curls; iu border of dots.

cornucopiae;

68

M
[Plate lxxxii. 4.]
Simila
Similar; but cornucopiae behind.

69

53 5

M

-6

Similar.

Similar

;

but cornucopiae in front.

70
71

29 28

M M

-65

-55

PTOLEMY
Metal
SiZB

II.—PTOLEMY III

373

No,

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

The

style

and fabric of

the following piece shows that

hut in some city of

it was not struck Asia Elinor or Thrace.

in Egijpt,

SiLVEK

Phoenician

Standard

Tet r adra clim
Head
of

Ptolemy

II. (?)

r.,

diademed;

border of dots.

[rT]OAEMAI[OY] BAZIAEI2Z (to r.,
Eagle standing
1.,

(to 1., upwards) downwards) with wings closed

;

behind, inside inscr., [5], beneath which, in front, pomea second monogram granate (?) border of dots.
; ;

2167

.R 11
(No. 72
is

N<
pierced.)
5.]

[Plate lxxxii.

PTOLEMY
Circa

III.

(EUERGETES)
B.C.

246—221

Ptolemy II. tiuts succeeded hy Ais son, loho had been for some time associated with him in the Icingship. Bij his marriage with Berenice, daughter of Magas, the new monarch re-nnited Cyrenaica to Egypt. He proved himself able and energetic, and Nos. 1-6 belong raised the influence of Egypt higher than it had ever stood before. Each group is characterized by a special monogram to a different group from No. 6. (or letter),* and includes gold and silver pieces of Euhoic- Attic weight.

Bronze

Head

of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

nXoAEMAloY BASIAEQS
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with in front, cornucopiae, wings closed between eagle's legs, :%. filleted border of dots.
;
;

;

993-5

M
M

1-6

Similar.

Similar.

549-5

1-4

[Plate lxxxii.

6.]

Similar.

Similar.

202

m

-95

* Svoronos (op.

cit., p. a-itf')

sees iu the

mono^am

attached to the

first

group the name of

Chremonides the Athenian, the yaiapxos of Ptolemy

III.

;

374

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revbksb

Similar.

88

M ^

Similar but cornuoopiae rests on eagle'i 1. shoulder.
;

•75

Head
65-5
-65

of

Alexander the Great
;

r.,

wearing"

Similar

;

but cornucopiae in front.

elephant's skin

border of dots.

[Plate lxxxii.

7.]

Head

of Zeus Ammon wearing taenia.

r.,

horned,

and

nroAEMAioY baziaehz
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed and head turned back filleted cornucopiae rests on eagle's 1. shoulder between eagle's legs,
;

p

;

733

M

border of dots.
1-5

no border

visible.

The following gold pieces resemble in type* those wMch are attached groups. But they have no characteristic monogram.

to the

preceding

Gold

Euboic-Attic Standard Trihemiobols
Head
of Berenice II.
r.,

veiled

;

border of

BEPENIKHS BASIAISSHS
(from 1., upwards) Cornucopiae, filleted; on either side, star ; border of dots.
stars stars

dots.

16-4
16-7

N

-4

have eight rays each,

AT '45
[Plate

have

six rays each.

lxxxii. 8.]

Phoenician Standard

Hemidrachm
Similar type;
dots.

different style;

border of

BEPENIKHZ BAZ[IAIZZHZ]
(from r., downwards) Similar type, of different style.
.

23'5

AT

-4

(No. 9

is

pierced.)

pp.*i45"ff?

"''' "^ ^°"- ^ """^ ^ "'^ '^'^^°^' ^""^ ^''°^^''

li'^k.

(See Svoronos, op. cit,

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

III.

375

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

The group

to wliich Nos:.

10

— 14 belong

consisted almost entirely of hronxe pieces.'*

Bronze

Head

of Zeus Ammon r,, horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

nXOAEMAloY BASIAEQS
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with in front, cornucopiae, wings closed between eagle's legs, letters or filleted monogram border of dots.
; ; ;

10
11

1298 1155

12

1065

M M M

1-6

SE

1-65
1-65

[B.M.C., Pl.

XVII.

6.]

Similar.

Similar.

13

546

M

1-35

Similar.

Similar

;

in field

1.,

club.

14

181

M

-95

The gold and

silver coins to
toeight.-f

which Nos. 15

f.

attach themselves are of Phoenician

They bear

the portrait

of Ptolemy III.

Bronze
Bust of Ptolemy
ing aegis
;

III. r., laur.,

and wear-

nToAEMAlOY BASIAEHS
Eao-le standing
1.

border of dots.

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with
cornucopiae,

wings
filleted
;

closed

behind, border of dots.
;

15
16

101-5

92

M M

-75
-75

[B.M.G., Pl.

XII.

2.]

*

See Svoronos,

op. cit., p. 15,3.

•f

See Svoronos, op.

cit.,

p. 154.

;;

376

EGYPT
Mktal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

On No. 17

there

is

a return

to

the

types of

Ptolemy

I.

SiLVEE

Phoenician Standard

Te tr a drachm
Head
dots.

of

Ptolemy

I.

r.,

having aegis about

diademed, and neck border of
;

HTOAEMAIOY ZliTHPoZ
(from ]., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open in front, cornacopiae border of dots.
;

17

215-6

M

1-15

The

Iter,

type of the following pieces points to Cyprus as the place of issue.

Beonze

Head

of

Zens Amnion
;

^^•earing taenia

r., horned, and border of dots.

HTOAEMAIOY BASIAEI2S
(from 1., upwai'ds) Cultus-statue of Aphrodite, standing to front, upon low pedestal she wears long chiton and pilos; her r. hand rests upon her breast, while in her lowered 1. she holds a flower (?) border of dots.
;

18

292

M

1

[Plate lxxxii. 9.]

Similar.

Similar.

19

153

JE

-95

[B.M.C, Pl.

XI.

1.]

Similar.

20

102

M

Similar.

Similar.

21

49

^

Similar.

-6

[B.M.C., Pl.

XI.

2.]

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

III.

377

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

JN'(i.

22 repi-esents u group of gold octadrachms, with types of Arsinoe II., and silver All the tetradraclints, with types of Ptolemy I., striiclc in Phoenicia. principiil fi7«'es j;r(r</c/jj«ted, the pjresent specimen being minted lit Sidon. The numeral letters are prrohahly dates.*

Gold

Phoenician Standard
O c t a d r a c h. m
Head
and
of Arsinoe 11.
veil,
r.,

wearing stephane
1.

APSINOHS
with fruits
to
1.,
;

<t>IAAAEA<l>[oY]
tilleted
r.,

and

cari'ying over
of

slioulder
is

Double cornucopiae,

and

filled

sceptre,

the top
;

which

visible

above her head

border of dots.

beneath, to
letter
;

Zl

N

and

numeral

border of dots.

428-'

.Y 1-1 [Plate lxxxii. 10.]

The following bronze

pieces, lohich bear the names both of queen and of Icing, are They hare been tcntaticely attributed as follows : obviously closely connected. 27 to Sidon., and No. 2S to Gaza or Joppa.-f Xos. 23 f. to Tyre,Nos. 25

Bronzb

BEPENIKHS BASIAISSHS
(from

BAZIAEHZ nToAEMAloY
(from 1., upwards) Cornucopiae, filleted; to 1., club down-

Bust of Berenice 11. r., draped border of dots.
;

upwards) diademed and
1.,

wards

;

to

v.,

eagle

1.,

wings closed

;

border of dots.

23

75-5

M
[B.M.C, Pl.
XIII.

9.]

Similar.

Similar

;

but eagle impressed as counter-

mark.

24

115-5

/E

-8

Similar.

BAZIAEnZ nroAEMAloY
Cornucopiae,
filleted
;

(from 1., upwards) border of dots.

25 26

218 217

J& 1'05
[Plate lxxxii. 11.]

M

1

1

countermark as on No. 24.

*

Svoronoa

t Svoronos (op.
to

Ptolemy

regards them as giving the regnal years of Ptolemy III. among the bronze coins here attributed pp. inr' ff.). They stand alone either side. III., in having no hole in the centre of 3 C
{op. cit., p. (t/)
cit.,

VOL. in.

;

378

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.
I

VVeisht

Obverse

Bbverse

Siniila

Similar

;

bat

to

r.,

eagle

1.,

-wings

27

55-5

^

closed.
-75

[Plate lxxxii. 12.]
Similar.
[

]

BASIAEI2Z
;

(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. upon thunderbolt, with wings open in front, EY
28 70

iE

-65

border of dots.

PTOLEMY

IV.

(PHILOPATOR)
B.C.

Circa

221—204

Ptolemy IV. did not inherit his father's force of cliuracter. He left the government mainly in the hands of Snsihlos and Agathocles, ivhile lie ijave himself up to voluptuous living. The prestige of a great victory won over Antiochus III. at Baphia, combined with the firm basis on which Ms predecessors had organized the government, prevented the kingdom from suffering so seriously as it might have done, although at one period Ptolemy had to face a most formidable revolt. No. 1 may belong to the early part of his reign before his mother, Berenice, loho had great influence over him, was deprived of her power and driven to her death by Sosibios.*

Gold

Phoenician Standard

Oct a drachm
Bust of Berenice diademed wears
;

II.

r.,

draped
earring,

veil,

and and

BEPENIKHZ BAZIAIZZHZ
(from Cornucopiae, filleted and fruits border of dots.
;

I.,

necklace

;

border of dots.

filled

upwards) with

426-3

N- 1-1

[Plate lxxxii. 13.]
Nos. 2

9 belonged to a scries ichich contained silver as locll as gold

and

bronze.f

There

is

a

considerable variety of types

but the letters

A\

furnish a connecting-linlc.

Gold

Phoenician Standard

Octadrachms
Head
of Arsinoe III. (as Arsinoe II.) veiled and wearing stephane over
;

r.,
1.

APZINOHZ
;

<|>IAAAEA<1>0Y
(from
1.,

upwards)

shoulder, sceptre, top of which

is visible

above her head 427-9

;

border of dots.

Double cornucopiae, with fruits in field
dots.

filleted
r.,

and
;

filled

Al

border of

N

M
*

[Plate lxxxii. 14.]
Svoronos, in his text (op. cit, p. 177), placed it here. In his Introduction (ibid., pp ^fe' he withdraws this suggestion, and assigns the coin to the reign of Ptolemy III -^ Neither view is convincing.

and

(TIT,)

*

See Svoronos, op. preceding reign.
t

cit.,

pp.

179

ff.,

and also

,rf„',

where Xo. 3

is

attributed to the

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

III.— PTOLEMY IV.

379

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Tetradrachm
Bast of Ptolemy III. r., wearing radiate diadem and aegis over 1. shoulder, trident, central prong of which is formed
;

nroAEMAlOY BASIAEnS
(from
Cornucopiae,
filleted
;

1.,

upwards)
;

like a sceptre

;

border of dots.

Hi-'

N

above it is a radiate diadem with ends unfastened to r., between fillet and horn, border of dots.

A

I

;

-86

IB.M.C, Pl.

XII.

5.]

Beokze *

Head

of Zeus Amnion r., horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

HToAEMAloY BASIAEnS
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed in front, filleted cornucopiae between legs, border of
; ;

A

I

;

4
5

1079

iE 1-65

dots.

1018

M

1'65

[B.M.a, Pl. xn.

6.]

Similar.

Similar.

6

I

512-5

M

1-4

[Plate
7
:

lxxxii.

15.]

493

M
M M

1-3

j

Similar to Nos. 4

f.

Similar to Nos. 4 f. but, in place of cornucopiae, club upright.
;

8
I

1100
949

1-7

9

1-55

i

The

relief on the Rev. of the two following jpieces is singidarhj flat.f

Draped

busts, jugate, r., of Apollo wearing laur. crown, and Artemis wearing over shoulders, quiver and stephane bow border of dots.
;
:

BAZIAEHZ nXoAEMAloY
(from

Head

of

Ptolemy

1.

r.,
;

1., upwards) diademed and

having aegis about neck

border of dots.

10
11
;

248
239

M

1

M

-95

(border not

visible.)

[Plate lxxxii. 16.]

* All the bi-onze pieces here catalogued under Ptolemy IV. have a small hole in the centre of each side. t The unusual arrangement of the inscr. should also be noted and compared with supra, It is not clear why Svoronos jjlaces them here. The p. 372, Nos. 67 ff., p. 377, Nos. 23 S. fabric suggests Cyrenaica, and the coins were so classed by Poole, who attributed them to Ptolemy VI. {B.M.O., p. 79).

3 C 2

380

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reveese

Nos. 12 and 17 are perJiaps connected hy a coianwn monogram.

for classing

the rest of the

group here

is

The evidence more doubtful*

Gold

Phoenician
cta

Standard

d r a c h.

Bust

of

Ptolemy

IV.

r.,

witli
;

slight

m HTOAEMAIOY
;

<|>IAonAToPoZ

whisker, diademed and draped
of dots.

border

(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with wings closed border of dots.
in front,

12

428-7

jV 1'06

TYt

[Plate lxxxii. 17.]

Bronze

Head

of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

nroAEMAloY BAZIAEX2Z
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open and head turned back between legs, letter or monogram border of dots.
;

;

13

754

M M

1-5

(beneath neck, TT

(?)

A)

ZE
Z(?)

[Plate lxxxii. 18.]

14
15

693
555

JE 1-4
1-45

Similar.

TTToAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed over 1. shoulder, double cornucopiae, filleted between legs, monogram border of dots.
; ; ;

16

355

m

1-2

Head

of

having
dots.

Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and aegis round neck border of
;

BAZIAEnZ nXoAEMAlOY
(from 1., upwards) Libya r., wearing taenia hair in formal curls behind, branch in front, double cornucopiae beneath

Head

of

;

;

;

;

neck,

monogram

;

border of dots.

17

218

M

1

'f?E(?) [Plate lxxxii. 19.]
* Syoronos in his text (p. 183) attributes the whole to Cyrenaica. This proposal is with" ^"' ^'°' ^^ ^^' ""^ *^^ oliaraoteristics spoken of supra, l'.779 footnotsT

PTOLEMY

IV.

381

No.

;

382

EGYPT

JSTo.

Weisht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reyeese

\hi.

2.J ivus

struch at Sidon, No. 26 at Ptolemais,

and No. 27 at an uncertain

mint.

The date on No. 27

is

probably a regnal year

(=219

B.C.).*

Gold

Phoenician Standard

Octadrachms
Bust of Ptolemy III. diadem and aegis
trident;
r,,
;

wearing radiate
1.

nroAEMAloY BAZIAEXIZ
(fi'om
;

over

shoulder,

1.,

upwards)

border of dots.

Cornucopiae, filleted above it is arched a radiate diadem with ends untied
to
1.,

n

to

r.,

Zl

;

border of dots.

25

428-3

N

1-05

[Plate lxxxiii. 4.]

Bust

of

Ptolemy IV.

r.,

with
;

slight

nroAEMAloY <t>IAonAToPoZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with wings closed in front, ZXl beneath which, TTT border of dots.
;

whisker, draped and diademed
of dots.

border

;

;

26

429-4

N- 1-05

[Plate lsxxtii.

5.]

Similai'.

Similar

;

but in front,

:

27

429

^

1-1

[Plate lxxxiii. 6.]

Tlie followinfj represents

a series of silver pieces uiJtich (if the dates are recTconeA
to

from

tlie

foundation of the kingdomf) belong

the reigns

of Ptolemy IV.

and

his son.

SiLVEE

Phoenician Standard

Didrachm
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, border of dots. wearing aegis
;

and

nroAEMAloY BAEIAEflZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed on thunderbolt, date.
;

28

97

Al

PA

*

See Svoronos (op.
'

cit.,

pp. 191

ff.),

who

believes that the letters on Nos. 25 and 26

represent

Sosibios.'

t This is the view of Svoronos (op. cit., pp. 197 ff.). Poole regards the era as uncertain, and assigns the coins to Ptolemy VIII. {B.M.C., pp. Ixxiv. S., and 102 f.).

PTOLEIMY IV.— PTOLEMY

V.

383

No.

Weight

Metal;
Size

Obverse

Reverse

The

follonuiKj should he coiujjared

witit the

two coins catalogued as Nos. 37

f.

of Ptolemy II.

It is

somewhat

later than these in style.*

Gold

AAEA<t>nN

(above) Busts, jugate r., of Ptolemy II., with slight whisker, wearing diadem and

©EQN

(above) Busts, jugate r., of Ptolemy I. and of Berenice I., both being draped and

chlamys, and of Arsinoe II., diademed and draped behind, oblong shield border of dots.
; ;

diademed

;

border of dots.

29

429

^

1-1

[B.M.C., Pl.

VII.

7.]

PTOLEMY
Circa

V. (BPIPHANES)

204—181

B.C.

Ptolemy V. was a mere child ivhen

The reins of government were his father died. Shortly held in turn by the leader of the faction that happened to be uppermost. after his accession Coele-Syria was conquered and annexed by Antiochus III., whose The seeds of decay daughter Cleopatra subsequently became the loife of Ptolemy. His reign was notable for S01D71 under his father came to fruition under tlpipihanes. the wealcening of Egyptian power and influence abroad {all foreign possessions were lost except Cyprus and Gyrene), and for the darlcening of the shadow of Borne Nos. 1 over the throne of the Ptolemies. 3 form a continuation of the series

represented by

Ptolemy IV., No. 28
Silver

(q.v.).

Phoenician Standard

Didrachms
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and border of having aegis about neck
;

nXoAEMAloY BAZIAEnZ
Eagle standing
1.

dots.

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with
date
;

wings closed
of dots.

;

in field,

border

106-6

M

-85

p
[Plate

e

lxxxiii. 7.]

Similar.

Similar

;

but thunderbolt has wings.

98-3

M

PI

A

103-8

P IS

Svoronos places it here on stylistic grounds, and * There is no indication of date. to those of Ptolemy IV. and Arsinoe believes that the portraits on the Obv. are assimilated (Op. cit., p. 200, and p. ti5'.) III.

;

384

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Kus. 4

—9

hear neither dates nor mint-marlm.
SlL\'EE

They were prohably struch

in Egyjit.

PhoeniciaD. Standard

T e t r a d r a c lim
Head
dots.

of

Ptolemy
aegis

having

I. r., diademed, and border of about neck
;

nXOAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on tliunderbolt, with wings closed border of dots.
;

217-1

JR

1-1

[B.M.C, Pl. XXIV.

7.]

Bkonze

Head

of Isis

r.,

wearing wreath of corn
;

:

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open border of dots.
;

hair in formal curls

border of dots.

485

M

1-2

IB.M.C, Pl.

XXII. 5.]

Similar.

Similar.

292 262

I

I

^ M

1-1 1-1

[Plate

lxxxiii. 8.]

Similai-.

Similar

66

M

but eagle has Avings closed and head turned back, while a filleted cornucopiae rests on his 1. shoulder.
;

-65
,

[Plate

lxxxiii,

9.]

64

M

-6

10 and 11 are linked hy

their

common monogram.'*

No. 10

is

marlcedly

superior in style to the similar jiiere described on p. 383.

Gold

Phoenician Standard

Octadrachm
AAEA<>£iN
Busts, jugate

(above)
r.,

0EI2N
Busts,

Ptolemy II., withotit Avhisker, wearing diadem and chlamys, and of Arsinoe II., diademed and draped
of

behind,

^

;

border of dots.

jugate v., of Ptolemy I. and Berenice I., both diademed and draped behind, spear-head upwards border of
;

;

dots.

10

429-3

A' 1'05
[Plate
Svoronos sees in the monogram the B.C. (Op. cit., p. t/.)
lxxxiii.

10.]

*

name

of Aristomenes,

199—197

who was

a!l-powerfnl circa

;

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

V.

385

No.

Weisht

Obverse

Reverse

Bronze

Head

of

Zeus

AmmoD
;

w^earing

taenia

r., horned, and border of dots.

nToAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, witli wings closed, and cornucopiae, filleted, in front, club resting on 1. shoulder border downwards between legs, /^
; ; ;

11

475

M

of dots.

1-3

The bronze coins

in the following

group appear

to

belong to Ci/reiKUca.

Gold*

Phoenician Standard
Oc tadrachiu
Youthful bust of Ptolemy V. r., wearing chlamys and radiate diadem over 1.
;

nroAEMAlOY BAZIAEHZ
(frona L,
;

upwards)

shoulder, spear

;

border of dots.

Cornucopiae, filleted above it is arched a radiate diadem, with ends unfastened

on
to

either
r.,

side,

star

of

eight

rays

;

beneath,
of

between tip of

horn
of

and end
dots.

pellet,

1^

;

border

12

428-9

N-

1

[Plate lxxxiii. 11.]

Bkonze

Head

of Ptolemy 1. r., diademed, and having aegis about neck border of dots.
;

BAZIAEnZ nroAEMAloY
(from

Head

of Libya
;

r.,

1., upwards) diademed hair in
;

formal curls in front, double cornucopiae; border of dots.

13

189

M

-95

behind, silphium

;

beneath,

^^

Similar

;

behind, club downwards.

Similar

;

without second symbol, or mono-

14

101

M
M

gram.
-75

Similar
-9

;

but club over shoulder.
(No. 15
is

Similar.
double-struck.)

15

105-6

16

79-5

M

[Plate lxxxiii. 12.]
-9

*

The monogram on the gold and the corresponding
the

(op. cit, T^^'f.) to contain

name

of

silver is considered by Svorouos Scopas the Aetolian, at one time commander-in-

chief of the Egyptian forces.

3 D

386

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar

;

no club.

Similar.

17

54

JE

-65

Nos. 18

— 21 bear dates which
the

No. 20 has

refer, in all prohahilUy, to the regnal years of Ptolemy mint-mark of Salamis {Cyprus), and No. 21 that of Citium.

V*

Phoenician Standard
Gold

Oc tadrach.ms
Youthful head of Ptolemy V. r., -wearing chlamys and diadem border of dots.
;

TTTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEflZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing I. on thunderbolt, "with wings closed between legs, N I in
;

;

field

1.,

date.

18

426-8

,

M

1

B
[Plate lxxxiii. 13.]

19

427-9

N

1-05

[B.M.C., Pl. XVII. 5.]

Head

of Axsinoe 11. r., wearing stephane and veil over shoulder, sceptre, of which only the top is visible above her head border of dots.
; ;

APZINOHZ
;

<|)IAAAEA<|)OY

(from 1., upwards) Double cornucopiae, filleted, and filled with fruit to \., date to r., beneath, between tip of horn and fillet, rose,
;

beneath which,

^

;

border of dots.

20

426-8

M 1-05
i

""^
[Plate lxxxiu. 14.]

Silver

Te t r adraohm
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and having aegis about neck border of dots.
;

HTOAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ

,

Jiagle standing

wmgs closed
club,
tied
legs,

;

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with to I., date, beneath which,
1.

with

fillets,
1.
;

between
21
207-9

downwards;
to
r.,

spear-head

Kl

JR 105

LKA
*

See the

lists in

Svoronos, op.

cit.,

pp. 211

fE.,

and 217

ff

;

PTOLEilY v.— PTOLEMY

VI.

387

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvebse

Reverse

PTOLEMY

VI.

(PHILOMETOR)
B.C.

area 181—145

Ptolemy VI. was a mere boy at the time of Ms father's death. For the first few Nos. years of his reign the regency loas exercised by his mother, Cleopatra. 1 3 and 5 ff. possibly belong to this 2}eriod. No. 4 certainly does so.

Bkonze

Head

of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ
Eagle standing wings open in
;

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with field 1., [star]*; between
1.

legs,

K

;

border of dots.

333

M

1-1

countermark, cornucopiae.

[Plate lxxxiii. 16.]

Head
skin

of
;

bearded Herakles border of dots.

r.,

in

lion's

nXoAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed and head turned back between over r. shoulder, caduceus
;

legs,

K

;

border of dots.

162

M

-9

IB.M.C, Pl.

XVI.

10.]

Young male bust
ing chlamys
;

r., helmeted, and wearborder of dots.

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEI2Z
Similar
;

(from 1., upwards) but over shoulder, sceptre.

37-5

M

-6

JSfos.

4—6

have the mint-marh of Paphos.
series

The

last two belong to

a

different

from

the first.

BAZIAIZZHZ KAEonATPAZ
upwards) Head of Isis r., wreathed with com; hair in long ringlets border of dots.
(from
1.,
;

nroAEMAloY baziaehz
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed, and cornucopiae over 1. border of shoulder; in field 1.,

^

;

dots.

57-5

M

-55

\_B.M.G., Pl. XVIII. 7.]

* Obliterated by oounterrnark.

3 D 2

388

EGYPT

No.

-

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

VI.

38»

No.

Weight

Obverse

Ebverse

Etilneus

and Ms colleague Leiiaeua
This led
to

deteriiiliieil

to

assert

the claims of

Eijij^Jt

tu

Coele-Si/ria.

a quarrel with Antiochus IV.
B.C.,

Ptolemy, who took the

goi-ernment into his oimi hands circa 170

yielded to the influence of his uncle,

ivho regarded himself as de facto riiler of Egypt,

coimterinarldng coins loith the

Selencid symbol
his

(cf.

Nos.

9, 12, 13),

and even

striking

an Egyptian currency

in

own name (see supra, pp. 48 f., Nos. 51 S.). The Egyptians declined to acquiesce, and setup the younger brother of Philometor as Icing. A reconciliation followed between the brothers, who appealed to Bome for aid against the common Antiochus abandoned his projects against Egypt at the bidding of the Roman foe. Senate, and the two Ptolemies arrived at an agreemeni as to the division of poiocr.
The double eagle on
the follonnng groupi possibly

commemorates

the union.*

Beonze

Head

of

Zeus

Ammon
;

wearing taenia

r., horned, and border of dots.

[

TTTOAEMAlOY BAZIAEHS
(froni
1.,

upwards)

i

'

15

528

M

i

standing side by side 1., with wings closed, each upon a thunder Isolt border of dots.
eagles
;

Two

1-3

border not

visible.

[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI.

9.]

Similar.

Similar

;

but to

1.,

double cornuoopiae.

16

486

M

1-3

(border not visible.

Similar.

Similar.

17
18

375-5

JE

1-1

372

M

1-05

[B.M.G., Pl. XXVI.

8.]

Similar.

Similar.

19

114-5

.-E

-8

[Plate lxxxiii. 17,]

'
1

(

20

104

.-E

-75

Cf. Svoronos, op.

cit.,

p.

rof.

590

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Nos. 21

—24

represent

a long
,

series

struclc

in

Ci/jjrus,

and consisting of gold
Paphos.

and

silver, dated,

apparently

by the regnal years of Ptolemy PJiilometor*
at Salamis,
tlie

Nos. 21 and 24

tvere struck

rest at

Phoenician Standard
Gold

O c t a d r a c h. m
Head
of Arsinoe II. r., veiled and wearing stephane over shoulder, sceptre, the top only of -which is -visible over her head border of dots.
;
;

APZINOHS <f>IAAAEA0OY
(from
1.,

np-wards)
of

Double cornucopiae,
to
r.,

filleted; tol., date;

beneath,
of

bet-ween

tip

horn

and end
21

fillet,

§A

428

^

1-1

Lir
[Plate lxxxiii. 18.]

SiLVEE

Tetra drachms
Head
of

Ptolemy

I.

r.,
;

having aegis about neck

diademed, and border of dots.

nToAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ
(from
1.,

up-wards)
-with

Eagle standing
^-sdngs closed
;

1.

on thunderbolt,
;

in front, date

behind,

TTA
22
216-2

;

border of dots.

M
JR

1-05

LIO
[Plate lxxxiii. 19.]

^3

204-9

1-1
j

LKA
(No. 23
13
i

pierced.)

Similar.

Similar

;

but behind,

ZA

24

217

/R

-9

lae:

* See Svoronos, op. cit., pp. rwff f., and 237 ff. It should be added that the forms of the letters (especially A) hardly bear out the view of Svoronos as to the close association in time between the gold and the silver.

PTOLEMY VI.— PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

VIII.

391

No.

Weight

Obverse

Keverse

PTOLEMY
The legitimate
heir teas

VIII.

(EUERGETES
145—116
B.C.

II.,

PHYSCON)

Circa

Ptolemy VII. (Eupator), the young son of Philometor. He loas, however, murdered soou after his father's death by his uncle, loho at the time of the troubles with Antiochus IV. had been i^roclaimed Icing of the The Egyptians, and loho had ever since claimed some share in the government. grounds for attributing Nos. 1 4 to this reign are very scant;/.

SiLVEE

Phoenician Standard

Didrach.m
Head
of havingdots.

Ptolemy
aegis

I.

r.,

about

diademed, and neck; border of

nroAEMAloY BAZIAEnZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with wino-s closed border of dots.
;

108-3

JR

-8

[Plate lxxxiii. 20.]

Bronze

Head

of Alexandria

r.,

wearing elephant's

OY BAZIAEHS
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings open border of dots.
;

skin.

248 165

M M

1

no border

visible.

[Plate lxxxiv.
1

1.]

Head
of

of

lion's

skin

bearded Herakles r., wearing border style very good
;

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed border of dots.
;

;

dots.

173-5

M

-9

[Plate lxxxiv. 2.]
Philometor, married her brother Euergetes II. 71.-, the sister and loidow of her daughter, Cleopatra III. speedily quarrelled with and divorced her, marrying the occasion It has been suggested that No. 5 was issued on (circa 143 B.C.).

Cleortatra

He

of the tenth anniversary of the

latier's

marriage.*

Gold

Phoenician Standard

Tetradrachm
Head
Arsinoe II., wearing stephane over shoulder, sceptre, only the top of which is visible above her border of dots. head behind, K
of

APZINOHZ
dots.

<l)|AAAEA<|)OY
(from
1.,

and

veil

upwards)
border of

;

Double cornucopiae,

filleted;

;

;

213-6

N-

-85

[Plate lxxxiv.
*

3.]

Svoronos,

op. cit,

p.

vf',

and

247.

The grounds

for

this

hypothesis are not very

evident.

The

letter

K may have

various interpretations.

f

I

392

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

The

feign of Euergetes II. as sole king

ment.

At one period

of Nos. 6

from

rendered certain by the dates, tvhich repn'esent regnal years reckoned B.C. No other Ptolemij reigned sufficiently long to make them admissible. All bear Cijpriaa mint-marks. Nos. 15 17 appear also to have been struck during this reign;* they are remarkable for the absence of any central hole. Nos. 19 24 bear the title of Euergetes ; they are of flat fabric, with lov] relief.
is

— 14

Tie

had

to

was full of troubles, due to take refuge in Cyprus (130 B.C.).

Ms misgovemThe attribution

circa

170

Silver

Plioenician Standard

Tetradraclinis
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and having aegis about neck border of
;

nXoAEMAlOY BASIAEilZ
(from 1., upvs^ards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed; to 1., date; to r., TTA
;

dots.

border of dots.

207-6

M
/R
.R

-95

LMG
LNr

[=121 B.C.]; pilosC?) with strings).
[=117
B.C.]

(beneath

date,

7

218-9

-85

218-7

1

LNA

[=116

B.C.]

[Plate lxxxiv. 4.]

Similar.

Similar

;

but to

r.,

2A

219

M M M

1

LMr
[Plate lxxxiv.
'

[=127

B.C.]

5.]

10
11

211-6

-9

LMH LMG

[=122
[=121

B.C.]

217-;i

I

-9

B.C.]

;

(beneath date, piles

•with strings).

Similar.

Similar

;

but to

r.,

K
(eagle has sceptre

12

218-3

M
M M

-95

LMA
over

[=129
1.

B.C.];

shoulder).
B.C.]

13

218-7

-9

LMr

[=127

[Plate lxxxiv. 6.]
-95
I

14

216-6

LN [=120
eight rays).
*
Svoroiios, op.
cit.,

B.C.]

;

(beneath date, star of

p. 263, cites pieces

be impossible for Philometor. t The letters that occur in tho proposed ideutifloations, see Svoronos,

belonging to this series dated
the

MA

:

this

would
for ^i
,

are doubtless op. cit., pp. vy' S.
field

names

of magistratesa

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

VIII.

3!)3

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Bronze

Head

of Zeus Ammon r., homed and wearing taenia; border of dots.

;

TTToAEMAloY BAZIAEflZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with in front, date, beneath wings closed which, lotus flower border of dots.
; ;

I

15

96

M

-85
J

LKZ

[=143

B.C.];

(nXOA EMAOY)

[Of. B.M.G., Pl. XX. 4.]

16

168-6

jE 1

LKH
[Plate mxxiv.

[=

142

B.C.]

;

to

r.,

pilos

with

strings.

7.]

]7

175

JE

-95

rude

style.

LAA
[B.M.G., Pl. XX.

[=136
5.]

B.C.]

Head

of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

nroAEMAloY BAZIAEflZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed over r. shoulder, sceptre border of dots. in front, lotus flower
; ; ;

18

325

M

1-2

[Plate lxxxiv.

8.]

Similar.

EYEPrET-YBAZIAEHZnT'AEM
A
I

• Y (from 1., upwards) Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with border of in front, K wings open
;
;

dots.

19

312

M

1-3

[JB.M.C, Pl. XXII.

9.]

Similar.

BAZIAEHZnT'AEMAhYEYEPr
ET.Y
(from Similar type 1.
1.,
;

upwards)
in front,
<t)
;

border

of dots.

20

168

M

1

inscr., partly off coin.

[Plate lxxxiv.
VOL.

9.]

3 E
III.

394

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obteese

Reverse

Similar.

EYEPrET.YBAZIAEnznT'AEM
A
I

'Y

(from
;

1.,

upwards)

Similar type

in front,

OE

;

border of

21 22

93
83-5

M M

dots.

-85
-8

23

64
62-5

24

^ ^

-75

-75

[B.M.C., Pl. XXII.

8.]

Similar.

Similar.

25

49

^

-65

PTOLEMY

X. (80TER
Circa

II.,

LATHYRUS)

116—80

B.C.

Ptolemy Physcon left heJiind /r/ni two sons, directing Ms widow Cleopatra to choose which of them shoidd be hing. She espoused the cause of the younger, hut was unable to do more than secure for him the Icingdom of Cyprus. In 107 B.C., however, the younger succeeded in winning the crown of Egypt, and relegating the
elder to Cyprus.

A

long struggle followed, and

it

was not

till

88

B.C.

that Soter II. finally reasserted himself.

Silver

Phoenician Standard

Tetradrac hm
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and having aegis about neck border of
;

nXOAEMAloY BAZIAEilZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed behind, TTA in front, regnal year border of dots.
; ;
;

dots.

214-4

tR

-9

LA [=

116

B.C.]

[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI. 4.]

Bronze
The
three following are without any trace

of the central hole usually found
style is

on Ptolemaic bronze coins.

The

cdso degraded.

Head

of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
;

nroAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ
(from
1.,
;

upwards)
in field,

Double cornucopiae,
85-5

filleted

^
JE

-8

c\

c

;

border of dots.

3

80
62

-7

4

^

-75

[B.M.C, Pl. XXVI.

10.]

PTOLEMY X.— PTOLEMY

XI.

395

No.

396

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metai,
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Nos. 3

— 10, loMcli hear

Cyp-ian mint-marlcs, belong

to the

years

ivJien

Ptolemy XI.

ruled as king in Cyprus*

Head

of Ptolemy 1. i-., diademed, and having aegis about neck; border of
dots.

nT-AEMAI'Y BAZIAEHZ
(from L, upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed behind, TTA in front, regnal year of Ptolemy border of dots.
;
; ;

220-4

220-4

M M
JR

-95

LE [=109 B.C.];
LC [ = 108B.n.];
[Plate lxxxiv. 12.]

sceptre over

r.

shoulder.

-95

218-2

-95

LH

[=106

B.C.];

beneath date, star of

eight rays.

219

M

-9

1-0 [=105
[_B.M.C., Pl. xxvii, r.]

B.C.];

palm overr. shoulder.

i

Similar.

'

Similar; but Kl behind.

219-4

M

1
1 ;

LA LA

[=110 B.C.]; wth strings.

to

1.

and

to

r.,

piles

218-7

M
Al

-9

[=

110

B.C.]

;

beneath date, club.

219-3

-95

as preceding, with star above date.

[Plate lxxxiv. 13.]

Similar.

Similar; but

ZA
B.C.]
;

behind.

10

219-3

M

1

LA [= 110
helmet
[Plate lxxxiv. 14.]
1.

beneath date, crested

* Svoronos (op. oil, pp. 289, 291) cites coins dated LI ( = 103-104 B.C.). Tliis would imply that, for three years after Ptolemy XI. gained a footing in Alexandria and transferred himseli thither, the Cyprian mints dated coins by his regnal years.
^

PTOLEMY
Metal
Size

Xr,

397

No.

Weikht

Obverse

Reverse

Tlie

provenance of coins lilce the folloioing points to Cyprus as the minting place. The issue may have covered several reigns. Iconography alone is an
insufficient basis

for classification.*

Didrachms
Bust
of

king

r.,

as

Dionysos,

-wearing

HTOAEMAIOY BAEIAEQZ
(from 1., up-wards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with wings open border of dots.
;

ivy.-wreatli

and
1.

nebris,
;

and carrying
border of dots.

thyrsos over

shoulder

11 12

102-8

A\

-75
(in front, club do-wnwards.)

109

Al S

[Plate lxxxiv. 15.] 13
109-9
!

.11

Drachm.
Similar
;

no border

visible.

Similar.

li

j

49-1

Al

-6

[Plate lxxxiv. 16.]

Bkonze
The following are rude and
late in style.

The central hole henceforivard

disappears entirely from the Ptohiimic bronze coinage.

Head

of

Zeus

Ammon

vs^earing taenia;

r., horned, and border of dots.

|

TTT'AEMAi'Y BAZIAEflZ
(from
1.,

up-wards)

|

i

Eagle standing
-wings closed
;

j

on thunderbolt, -with in front, symbol of un1.

usual size
I

;

border of dots.

15

105

JE

-95

aplustre.

IB.M.C,
(No. 15

Pl. XXX. 2.]
is

pierced.)

16

103

M

cornucopias.
1

* Svoronos (op.

cit.,

pp. 293

f.)

considers No. 14 as belonging to the reign of Ptolemy IV.
t|;8').

or v., probably the latter {ibid., p.
to

No. 11 he assigns to Ptolemy VI., and Nos. 12

f.

Ptolemy XI.

398

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

PTOLEMY

XIII.

(AULETES)
51
B.C.

Circa 80
Lathyrus.

Ptolemy Auletes, known also as Neos Bionysos,

loas the eldest

son of Ptolemy

His reign

teas long

and

troubled.

Silver

Phoenician Standard

Tetradrachms
Head
of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and having aegis about neck border of
;

TTTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ
Eagle standing
1.

dots.

(from 1., upwards) on thunderbolt, with
;

palm over
year
162-8
;

1. shoulder; in front, regnal border of dots. behind, TTA

M
M

-9
?)

(plated

LA [=77 B.C.];
of Isis.

beneath date, head-dress

214-8

-9

LIS [=75b.c.]
Bkonze

Head

Zeus Ammon r., horned, and wearing taenia border of dots.
of
;

HT.AEMAI'Y BAZIAEQZ
(from
I.,

upwards)

eagles standing side by side 1. upon thunderbolts, with wings closed; in front, head-dress of Isis resting upon

Two

2^r
105-5

;

border of dots.

^

-9

obscure countermark.
[Cf.

BJI.C,

Pl. XXX. 4.]

TIME OP CLEOPATRA
Circa

VII.

(PHILOPATOR)

51—30

B.C.

During

this period Cleopatra, the eldest daughter of Auletes, ruled either alone or in association with one or other of her brothers {Ptolemy XTV.

or Ptolemy XV.), or loith her son {Caesarion).

Silver

Phoenician Standard
Head
diademed, and having aegis about neck; border of
of
I.
r.,

Ptolemy

Tetradrachms* TTToAEMAlOY BAZIAEI1Z +
I

^°^^-f

j

I

(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed behind, TTA in front, date border of dots.
; ; ;

212-8

M

-9
.

Lr

(base)

* Poole attributes these tetradrachms to Ptolemy, King of Cyprus, with the length of the known dates agree precisely. ) Syoronos {op. cit., pp. Sf ' ff ) \ -f> fy- "«' "•; prefers to assign them to Cleopatra.

whose reign (81-58 E.c
t The border
:
is

visible only

The

letters are often badly

on Nos. 5, formed

8,
;

9 and 12. sometimes the

first

two are

lio-atured.

PTOLEMY XIII.— CLEOPATRA

VII.

399

No.

400

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

The monogram on

the Bev. indicates

a close connection between No. 17 and Nos. 18
alike, but both

f.

In fahric they are not quite

groups agree in differing
f£.

marlcedhj

from Nos. 14

Bust of Cleopatra VII. r., as Aphrodite wears drapery over shoulders, and stephane, and carries in her arms her son Caesarion as Eros behind, upper
; ;

KAEOHATPAZ BAZIAIZZHZ
(from
I.,

Double cornucopiae,
tip of horn,

filleted; to r.,

upwards) above

17

199

^

part of sceptre
1-1

;

border of dots.

p]

;

border of dots.

IB.M.C, Pl. XXX.

6.]

Head

of

Zeus Animon

r.,

horned.

HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed; over r. shoulder, palm-

18 19

129 121

yE

1

branch

;

beliind,

&]

;

border of dots.

M

1

[i'.J/.C, Pl. XXX. 3.]

Evidence of proceiianre a-ould indicate that the following were struclc at Benjtus.* Theij are dated according to the years of Cleopatra and cdso of Caesarion (or M. Antonius), and therefore belong to the year 31 B.C.

BACIAICCHCKA[€onA] TPAC
(from r., downwards). Bust of Cleopatra VII. r., diademed, and having drapery over shoulders, and necklace border of dots.
;

Head

of

M. Antonius

r.

;

around, from

1.

upwards,

€TOYCKATOYKAI[CO
;

€AC] N€WT€PAC

border of dots.

20

97

M

-8

BACIAICCHCKA€ oHATPAC
(from
Similar type
;

r.,

downwards)

same

bordei'.

Athena, helmeted, and armed with speaiand shield, advancing 1. to the charge around, from ]. upwards,
;

21

64-J

M

WT
-65

0€ACN€

[€PACeT]oYCKATOY

[Plate lxxxiv. 21.]

*

See Rouvier, J.mra. Intera.,

iii„ p. 266.

see supra, Antioch, p. 147, No. 50,

For other coins with portrait and Damascus, p. 218, No. 1.

of Cleopatra,

;

UNCERTAIN

401

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

UNCERTAIN PTOLEMIES
Bronze

The following

is

not obviously connected wiili any of

tlie

series

liitherto

described*

Head

of Alexander the Great ing head-dress of elephant's border of dots.

r.,

wear(?)

nXoAEMAIOYEBAZIAEQZ]
(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with wings closed l^order of dots.
;

skin

54

M

-6

[Plate lxxxiv. 22.]

No. 2 has

vsiirilhi

been ntiribnled
ricn- is

in

f'yrenaica on account of

its

Obv. type.

This

hardly confirmed by the fabric. -f

Ram

standing

r.

nroAEMAlOY BAZIAEQZ
(from 1., upwards) in front, star of six Similar type rays border of dots.
;
;

oV

M

reign

* Dr. Svoronos, in a private letter, informs me that it appears to him to belong to the The head on the Obv., however, seems to have a considerable of Ptolemy X.
III.
(oj).

resemblance to that on a piece assigned by him elsewhere to Ptolemy

cit.,

p. 147,

No. 969, Plate xxix. 24).
+ Attention
is

well

Ptolemy V.

{op. cit., pp. tAS'

drawn to this point by Svonoros, who would assign such pieces and 205).

to

3 Y
VOL.
Ill-

f

;

402

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Mktal
Size

Obveesb

Reverse

ALEXANDRIA*
Hfjlipf
oi-iiipieil

a
..

poMiion

ch'siinct

from
tien.ae s('ii..<<r.

that of ani/
nil an

floiiiiiiioiin. ,„,„........

If ^.

?cns in ,, peculiar .i„ ,,„ a

oilie.r portion of the Bomaii imperial proriiiee, the Senate being prorijice,

ahsolvtehj precluded

from

ani/ shiire

in

itfi

advu'nistr(ttion.

It

is

iieneralli]

assumed that Ale.candrid,

the capital,

was

the mint ivhence

was issued

the extensive currencij iieressarii

for so rich a country.

AUGUSTUS
The
first

hronr.e pieces

coins stmrl- after the annexation of the province u-cre modelled on the of Cleopatra desrrihed ahove, p. 399, Nos. 14 16 (q.v.).

Bronze

Piece of Eighty

Drachmae
(from ]., iipwards) Eagle standing ]. on thunderbolt, with wings closed in front, cornucopiae behind, value-mark.
;

[e]E«YYI»Y
Head
of

(across field)
r.,

Augustus

KAICAP-Z AVT«KPAT»P«S

bare.

23a

/E

11

n
[n.M.C, Pl. xxy.
1.]

Kos.

2—7

were

utrvclc

svhseqnent

to

27

B.C.,

formallji heslon-ed upon him. j\',.,v. 2 and appear to he related as 2:1.
is different,

irhen Octarius had the title of 'Auqnstus and ?, are closeh/ cnncrted in sti/le The sti/le of the smaller pieces
'

and

the denonvination doiditfid.

[CJEBA [:T0[C]
Head
of

Augustus

(across field) r., bare.

I

KAJ CAP

I

i

209-,

Ai

1

(acrcss field) resting on steps and having conical roof, which is supported by four columns within, thymiaterion.

Circular shrine

;

[n.M.C,

Pr..

XXX.

7.]

[SJEBA ZTOZ
Similar.

(across field)

KAICAP
I

(above)
1.,

104

JE

-9

Sacrificial vase to 1. and lituus

placed between ladle
to
r.

and axe

* The method of classification here followed is in some re.'inects a upw n,ir. T^ i the series was arranged for this Catalogue on the urincipTes adoB ed inth. R J) n ° proved that some features of real importance weU thus lost^stht of th! wh^le re-arranged on a strictly .scientific, i.e. k chronoloo-ical bash Final t.„VH

T^
'''''t

-n,

v.

t

See, however, Dattiiri,

l.'ii,,

Itat.

di

Num., 1900, pp, 267

ff.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

mi

No.

Wkigut

Obverse

Ueveuse

^

41o
•11

lo-l

139

10
11

89 66

Ai .E

-8
-8

12

39

^

-06

404

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

The dated eolns of Amivntm form

the latest ijroiqj issued in
hij

two parallel scries, one represented here varyituj Itev. types,

hij

Ms reign. There were Nos. 13—16, the other, inth No. 17.
of

Head
13
i20

of

Augustus

r.,

laui'.

Wreath

oak

;

within which, date.
A.r.]

^E

1

|Ae [=9-10

Sfmilar.

Similar.

14

163

M

-96

|_MA

[=11-12

A.D.]

SimOar.
15

Similar.

66

M

-76

|_M

[=10—11

A.D.]

Similar.

Similar.

16

38

M

-6

|_MA
i

[

= 11-12

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv. 4.]

Similar.

Nike standing
palm.

1.,

holding wreath

and

17

!

127

;

M

-96

in field,

L

MB = 12—13
[

A.D.]

LIVIA
Bronze
Ihi.riiiij

the reiijn

It will he

of Angimtiis coins with the head <;/' Iris consort wcic issued. that these corrcsjiund to the groups with the Euipcrar's owu Sec also infra, p. 406, Ao. 27. head, as described ahocc*

found

AI.YIA CEBACT-Y
(from
1.,

Eagle (or hawk?) standing

1.,

with wings

Head
18
I

of Livia

r.

;

-hair

upwards) in knot behind.

closed.

87-5

M

-9

first

word,

off coin.

[Plate lxxxv. 5.]

*

The correspoiidcnue
f.

in the case of No. 18 is doubtful,

but the style suggests that

it is

parallel to Nos. 2

of

Augustus.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

405

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

nATP«Z nATPIA»Z
(from
1.,

upwards)

Double cornucopiae
19

1.,

filleted.

105

'

^m

-tto

second word, obscure. [Plate lxxxv. 6.]

Similar type.

Wreath

of

oak

;

within which, date.
A.n.]

20

151

^

1

[M [=10—11

Similar type.

Modins

containing' ears of corn and poppyheads, wreathed with garland of flowere on either side, flaming torch, with ser;

pent twined round

it.

21

164-5

^E -95

in ex.,

LAG [=9—10

A.D.]

Similar type.

Athena, wearing crested helmet and long chiton, standing 1., holding Nike on extended v. and leaning with 1. on
shield.

106

^E

1

in held,

L

MB = 12—13
[

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxv.

7.]

TIBEBTUS
T]te earliest insues

and

sixth years, liere represented

to iniid billoit

of Tiberhm were small bronze pieces, strucle in his fourth, fifth, bij No. 26. In his seventh year he commenced tetradrachms, at first intermittently, bat afterwards annually.

Billon

TIBEPIOZKAIZAPZEBAZTOZ
(from
1.,

GEOZ ZEBAZTOZ
(from
1.,

upwards)

upwards)

Head
23
206-5
Bill.
1

of Tiberius

r.,

laur.

Head

of

Augustus

r.,

radiate.

in front,

[Z

[

= 19— 20

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv.

8.]

24

219

Bill.

1

in front,

[Z [=19—20

A.D.]

Similar

;

but type

1.

Similar

;

but type

r.

25

127

Bill.

1

date obscui'B.

40G

EGYPT

No.

WlilGHT

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reveese

Bkonze

Head

of Tiberius

r.,

bare.

TIBEPI'Y
iuex.,

(above)
r.

Hippopotamus
26
84-,

M

-8

LE

[

= 17—18

A.D.]

LIVIA
BllONZE
iSiiiall

bronze pieces with the head of Liciu toere issued cuateiuporaneoiishj witli the class of coins represented by No. 26. Cf. supra, jJ. 404, Mos. 18 ff.

Head

of Livia

r.

;

bair in

iiiiot

behind.

I

Two

eai-.s
;

of
all

com, flanked by two poppytied together.
A. P.]

heads 27 31

JE

-6

infield,

L E [=17—18

CALIGULA
Bronze
^'('||J

feir coins ivere slrack in
to his rciijii

Egypt

iiiider

Cnligida.

The

attribution

of No. 28

seems possible, ihoaijh not certain.*

Bii'd

with long leg's and neck, standing with closed wings.

1.,

Bull standing

r.,

disk between horns,

28

34

.JK

-6

above,

LB [=37 — o8

A.D.]

CLAUDICS
Billon t

TIKAAYAIKAIZZEBATEPMANI (from AYTOKP upwards)
1.,

ANTI2NIA ZEBAZTH
Bust
;

Head
29
I8f)
Bill.
1

of Claudius

i\,

laur.
A.n.]

of

Autonia

(from 1., upwards) r,, draped hair in
;

queue,
in front,

|_B [

= 41—42

[Pr.ATE LXXXV. 9.]

* See Datfcari, Kii', Ital. di Nam., 1900, pp. 378 tf. t According to Dattari's analysis, tho tetradraclims henceforth contain only about half as

much

silver as before.

{Riv. Ital. di

Num., 1902,

p. 435.)

ALEXANDRIA

407

No.

Weight

35

408

EGYPT

No.

Weight

39

108

40
41

87

60

42

120

43

65

44

146-5

45

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

409

Nu.

Weight

Obvebse

Revekse

Similar to Nu. 40.

Similar.
to v.,

94
-19

LB

[

= 41— 4'J

A.U.]

63

.E -85

insci'.

obscure.

tor.,

LB [=41-42

A.D.]

JUiitiiiij

was

rcsaiiicil,

after a break af three years, in the tenth year of

Claiicliiis.

It

was confined

to

bronze.

The fuUowing The

tjroup consists of tioo series, each of two

denominations, the lanjcr

heinij distin(jaislied, not only by

module, but also by liarimj

the date .placed on the Obv.

types of the denominations differ, so that the exact
is

grouping

uncertain.

-KAAYAIOC C€BACr€PMA
{sic,

AYTO KPA
Bust on
r.,

(across field)
r.,

from
laur.

1.,

upwards)

of

Nilus

Head

of Claudius

v.,

bcueatli,

crowned with papyx-us; two cornuacupiae above tliat
;

infant with

1.

arm

raised.

50

139-

Ji

11

infrout,

U = 49—50
[

A.D.]
(No. 50 has been retouched.*)

C€BA
Similar.

- -

(from

1.,

upwards)

AYTO KPA
Winged

(across field)

caduoeus, flanked on eithei' side by two stalks of corn the whole tied together.
;

61

142-5

^E

1

in front,

|_j_A

[=50—51

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv. 12.]

TIKAAYKAI [C€BACr€PM]
(from
].,

[A]YT OKPA

(across field)

upwards)

Head
S-i-,

of

Claudius

r.,

laur.

Right hand grasping three jjoppy-heads and two ears of corn.
beneath,

M

-8

L lA [=60—61

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxv. 13.]

TIKAAYKAI C€BACr€PM
(from 1., upwards) Head of Claudius r., laur.
76-5

AYTOKPA
Two

(above) right hands clasjjed.

M
JE

-85
-8

(first

part of inscr. off coin.)

beneath,

L
L

I

[=49—50

a.d.] a.d.]

54

57

beneath,

I

[=49-50

* Hence the curioug Obv. inscr. On the H,ev. the two cornuacopiae have been united, and, along with the infant, worliied into a single mermaid-like figure.

3 G

410

EGYPT

No.

WKiaiiT

Mktal
Size

Obverse

Eevekse

Similar, witli

A

in inscr.

Similar.

55

94

^

'85

!

KAI

obscure.

beneath,

L lA [=60

—51

a.d.]

56

xE -85

KA

in

iiisor.

beneath,

L

I

A [ = 50 —51

A.D.]

Nob. 57

to

59

nil holoiig

to

the

smue

ilenoinincUwit.

TIKAAYKAI C€BACr€PMA
(from
].,

AYTO KPA
L L

upwards)

Head
57
164-5

of Claudius

r., laui".

(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with wings closed and head turned back.

jE 1-05 J5
1

(inscr. partly ofi coin.)

in field,

IB

[

= 51—52 = 62—53
= 52—53

a.d.]

58

160-5

infield,
(Xi).

ir

[

a.d.]

58

ia

restrack ou a

ooiii

with similar types.)

5i)

148

^

1
I

infield,

L

IT

[

a.d.]

AGllIPPINA

Bronze
The coins
of
liairiiKj the

(Jliiiiitius.
lit

head of Aijiippina vialce their jiist iqjpeai-auce in the twelfth ijcar They are contemporary with the precediiuj ijroiip, and icere strncl-

three dcHoiuinatioiis, only the largest of which is rejjresented

here*

ATPinniNA C6BACTH
(from 1., upwards) ]3ust of Agrippina r., as Uemeteihair in queue and wreathed with corn.
;

Bust of Euthenia
Avith corn
; ;

r.,

draped and crowned

a bunch of corn decorates her breast across field, NIA, beneath which, date.

EYQH

60
61

!

142

JE
iE

1

L

IB

[=51—52 [=51—52

A.D.]

165

1

L

IB

A.D.] XXII. 108.]

IB.M.C, Pl.
62

128
145-5

M

1
1

L

ir

[=52—53

A.D.]

63

M

L ir [=62—53
* For the others see
Dtittari, Catalogo, p. 11,

A.D.]

No. 181

f.,

and

183.


ALEXANDRIA
MHIAT,
Size

4 LI

No.

Weight

Obvebse

Reverse

NERO
Billon
The hiUon coiiiaije of Ncrn'n rei'dii fiilh into three loeU-marl-ed period^,'-'- each harimj a rhiiritrteritflir (/(i.s.s of t/ijiex, hifliiilivi] family poriraUx. It is not likely that the.^e periods have mil/ poliliral or economic significrince. More prohahly they indicate
changes in the jiersonal administration of the mint.

First Period

{Years 3

C^).

On

the coins

to r.

rest,

of the First Period Nero's head on the Ohr. is ahrays lanreate, and the heads <f Agripiiina and (f Oclnrin. For the the Bee. types are (leith the exception, if Aijatliodtiimon) pcrsnnif cations such as are iisucdhj fonnd on Itoman coins, a dcscriiilirn title heing always added. The date is itlaced on the Per.

The family portraits are

NEP(nN)KAAYKAIZ ZEB(A)rE

PAYTO t
over
64.
r.

ArpinniNA zebazth
(from

upwards) Head of Nero r., laur., one end of wreath broadens out and falls forward
1.,

(from

Bust

of Agrippina

r..

1., upwards) draped hair in
;

queue.

shoulder. J
in front,

189

Bill.

1

NEP

|_r

[=56—57

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv. 14.]
g:.

200-5

Bill.

1

NEPfl

in front,

[E [=58—59

a.d.]

Similar.

OKTAOYIA ZEBAZTOY
Bust of Octavia r., draped hair in knot behind, with long tress falling
;

over neck.

66

206-5

Bill.

1

'

NEP

in front,

[T

[

= 56—57

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxv. 15.]

67

180

Bill.

•9.-.

NEPIi
*

in front; |_E

[-=58—59

A.D.]

ment
is

of the second of

Dattari {Riv. Ital. di Num., 1903, pp. 11 ff.) recognizes two issues, with the commencewhich he associates a monetary reform.' It should be noted that there
'

in the
if.,

B.M. (unpviblished) a coin with
is [

|_^

.

The Obv. type

is

similar to that found on Nos.

64

while the inacr.

]

KAIZZEB TE PM AYTN N

EP to EPflN f Dattari has drawn attention to the gradual growth of the inscr. from on the coins of Group I., which corresponds to his 'first issue.' He well points oiU that the change always takes place in the middle of the (Alexandrian) year that is, probably at the commencement of the Roman year {Biv. Ital. di Nwni., 190.3, pp. 1.5 ff.). This principle admits of wider application, as will be seen from instances throughout tho whole Alexandrian series. h^ive ZEBj '"'t'ilG all others hare ZEBA, the change having taken Coins with

NEP

place in the course of the Year 4.
I

On some

coins of the year

P

(presumably the

earliest) the

ends of the wreath hang

straight down.

3 G 2

n-2

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Demeter, standing

to front, head 1., clad she holds in long chiton and pejjlos ears of corn in extended r., and leans with 1. on long sceptre around, from to 1., beneath, date. I., upwards, title
;
;

;

(iS

214-5

I

Bill.

1

NEPn

AH MH

TEP(s'V) |_A
B.M.C., Pl.
|_E

[

= 57-58 a.d.]
138.]
a.d.]

[Cf.

II.

69

199

\

Bill.

1

NEPn
Similar.

AH MH THP

[=58-59

Dikaiosyne standing
peplos,
r.,

1.,

wearing chiton,

she holds scales in and gathered drapery in 1.; around,
veil
;

ami

from
70
71

1.

upwards,
|

AIKA
[=57

I

OEVNH
a.d.]
a.d.]

205
20-J--5

I

Bill. -95

,

NEP

to to

r.,

beneath,
beneath,

A
E

Bill.

11
I i

NEPH
;

r.,

|

— 58 [=58 — 59

\_B.M.G., Pl. VII. 146.]

Similar.
1

Eirene, wearing chiton and peplos, standing r., holding caduceus in r. and helmet across field, IPH in 1.
;

NH

72
j

203
214-5

:

Bill. '95
j

NEP

to to

r.,

beneath,

I

P [=56

57' a.d.]

7:1

Bill. -95
i

NEPHN

r.,

beneath,

[_E

[=58—59
Pl.
[

a.d.]

IB.M.C,
195-5
Bill.
-9,-,

VII.

148.]
a.d.]

NEPUN
Similar.

to

r.,

beneath,

Ig'

= 59 — CiQ

Homonoia, wearing chiton and peplos, seated 1. on chair with low back,
holding patera (?) in e.xtended r. feet resting on footstool fi'om 1. upwards,
;

OMO

;

NOIA

189-5

Bill. -95

NEP
(Nn. 75
is

in front, obscure date.
donble-struck.)

Similar.

Demos

of the Komans, wearing himation which leaves breast and r. shoulder bare, standing r., leaning with r. on long sceptre, and holding cornucopiae in ]. to 1. upwai-ds and to r. down;

wards,
7;;

AHMOZPX2 MAinN
|A [=57 — 58
[A
[_£
[

201-5

,

Bill. -95

:

NEP

to

r.,

beneath,

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxv. 16.]
77 rs

198-5

"•

Bill.

1

NEPn
I

to

r.,

beneath,
beneath,

= 57 — 58
= 58— 59

a.d.]
a.d.]

!

203

^

Bill. -95

NEPflN

to

r.,

[

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
SlZK

-nn

No.

Weight

Obverse

Rkvebse

Similar.

The Emperor,
liimation,

wearing cliiton and ou tlii'oue, holdingscroll in extended r., and leaning -with 1. on sceptre around, from 1. np-^vards,
radiate,
1.

seated

;

191

!

Bill. 1

NEPn

nPoNNEoYZE BAZTOY in front, [_£ = 58—59 I.D.]
[

[B.M.C., Pl.
Similar.

XI. 155.]

Roma, wearing

crested helmet, cliiton
1.

peplos, seated in extended r.

and on low chair, holding Nike ]., and in 1. para-

zonium 80
JS5-5
Bill. 1

;

across field,

PQJ
a.d.]

MH

NEPn
Similai'.

behind,

|_E

[

= 58—59

[B.M.C., Pl.

xxiii. 160.]

Serpent Agathodaimon r., with head erect, wearing skhent, and holding in its coils poppy-heads and ears of corn around, from 1. upwards,
;
'

NEO-ATAQ-AA

IM
81
i

181

Bill. -95
I

NEP

date off coin.
in front,

82

,

205

Bill. 1

NEP

[T [=56—57
[B.M.C,

a.d.]

Pl. XXVI. 171.]
a.d.]

83
8-1,
I

202
206-5

Bill. 1 Bill. -95

NEPn
i

in front, in front, in front,

[A [=57—58

NEPX2

[A
[_£

[

= 57 — 58

A.D.]

So

!

202-5

Bill. 1

NEPI2N

[=58—59

a.d.]

Second rerind {Years 10—13).*
Oil coins
Ill

of flie Second Feyiod the head of Nero is still to r., lint is radiate. the coni-se of the .Yenr 11 there is a inarl-ed modification in the Ohr. tijpe.

The characteristic family portrait

is the head of Poppaea. The other Hev. types are, for the most part, Eijyptiiin in character, no names being affixed. The date is on the Iter., and so {except on the pieces vrith the head of Poppaea) is the impericd title.

nephkaavkaizzebtepav
(from
1.,
;

nonnAIAZEBAZTH
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Pojjpaea r., draped hair in front, date. queue behind
;
;

upwards)

Head
of

Nero r., radiate both ends wreath hang down behind.
of
I

86

194

Bill. 1

[

= 63— (M

A.D.]

* There vfUft a small issue of billon coins in the Tear 9 (See B.M.O., p. 20, Nos. 169 f., and Dattari, Cataloc/o, pp. 14 and 16 f., Nos. 228, 261 f., 273 f.).. Tliese are attached, liy the s'cnora]
character of the Obv., to the coins of the First Period.

Some read

N EPXIN,

others

N EP.!!,,

and the Obv. inscription has no break, while the forms € and C .arc sometimes employed. There is also in the B.M. (unpublished) a coin of the Year 10, having the Obv. type similar to that used during the First Period, and the inscr. identical ivith that on Nos. 90 ff. It obviously
represents a transition stage.

414

EGYPT

No.

I

Weight

Metal
Size

Obveese

Reverse

87

205
198
''

Bill.

ro5
1

L!

[=63—64

A.D.]

88 89*

Bill.

IJA [=64—65
!

A.D.]

202

Bill.

1-05
[Pr.ATE

IJA

[

= 64—65

A.D.]

LXXXV. 17.]

NEPHKAAYKAIZZEBrEP
(from
1.,

AYTO KPA
in front, date.

(from

].,

upward.s)

Head

of

Nero

r.,

radiate,

n.s

upwards) on No, 86.

Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing taenia and modi us decorated with laurel
;

90
91 92

206
193-5

Bill 1-05

(form of n. doublfiil.)

y
Lj

[=63—64

A.n.]

Bill

1

[=63—64

A.D.]

201

Bill

1

(£2 in inscr.)

LJA [=64—65

A.D.]
XIII.

IJi.M.C, Pl.

168.]

Similar

;

bnfc

bust shown, with aegis.

AYTO KPA
Bust
of

(from ]., upwards) Alexandria r., draped, wearing elephant's skin on bead in front, date.
;

93 94

186
195

Bill. •95

(£1 in inscr.)

LJB [=65—66
LJB [=65—66
[B.M.C.,

A.D.]

Bill.

1

(12 in inscr.)

A.D.]
Pr..

XXIV. 163.]

Similar, with Q.

AY To KPA

(from 1., upwards) Eagle standing 1., with wings closed; palm over r. shoulder in front, date.
;

95

I

207

;Bin.

1

LJA

[

= 64—65

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv. 18.]

96

199

Bill.

•9.'=

LJA [=64—65

A.D.]

Similar.

Similar; but behind, simpulum.

97

211

Bill.

-9.'

LJA [=64—65
[7;.jl/.r'.,

A.D.]

Pl. XXV. 166.]
A.D.]

98*

199

Bill. -9

LJB

[

= 65—66

*

Presented by the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1902.

;

ALEXANDRIA
Mktal
SlZK

n:

Nu.

^\'Kll;HT

Obvebsk

Reykksjs

Similar

;

aegis less conspicuous.

AYTO KPA

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Ruina r., wearing crested lielmet and cuirass in front, date.
;

i

'J!)

210

Bill, -9

\_\r

[=66—67

A.D.]

[B.M.C., Pl. XXIII. 162.]
Similar.

AYTO KPA
Young male
in front, date.

(from

1.,

upwards)
r.,

bust (of Apollo?)

laur.

100*
101

214
195

Bill. -95

Ijr [=66—67
|ir [=66—67

A.D.]

Bill. -95

A.D.]
III.

[B.M.C, Pl.

140.]

Third Period (Years 13 f and 14).
coins of the Third Period, Nero's head is always represented radiate, and anvil ij portraits are the heads of Augustus and of Tihcrius, Willi the fxreption of the imperial ijalleij, all of the remainimj llev. tij[ies are heads of Oh/nijiiaii
Oil the
I.

to

The

f

deities,

tlic

iiumes being iuvariahlij added. I
series represented
bij

Obe.

Nos. 102 only during the I cur 18. Note that ti\:o parallel series for each lleo.

The

— 110
type,

The date is now Iransfcrrcil to seem to Itave been issued in the Year 14 there are
distinguished by

the

the pjresence or absence of a star.

NEPHKAAVKAISZEBrEPAV
Bust
of

e€OZ ZEBAZTOZ
(from
1.,

Nero

1.,
;

upwards) radiate, having aegis
(from
1,,

upwards)

Head

of

Augustus

r.,

radiate.

about shoulders

in front, date.

102 103

193-6 198-5

Bill. -95

yr = 66—67
[

A.D.]
A.D.]
[PLA'J'Ji

Bill.

1

|_ir

[

= 66—67

LXXXV. 19.]

Similar.

TIBEPIOZ KAIZAP
(from
1.,

U2) wards)

104
105

ISl 189
20-4

Bill. -9

yr

[=66—67

A.D.] A.D.] A.D.]

Head

of Tiberius

r.

,

laui-.

Bill. -95 Bill. 1-05

jjr [=66—67 jjr [=66—67

106*
107

[Plate lxxxv. 20.]

204

Bill.

1

yr

[=66—67

A.D.]

* Presented by the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1902. |" On the occurrence of a change in the middle of the (Alexandrian) year, see supra,
p. 411, footnote.
J

Eckhel (D.N. v.,

vi.

278) has connected these types, including the galley, with Nero's

visit to Greece.

;

416

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Rkveesb

Similar.

Galley moving
sail

r.

over waves, with main;

hoisted and pennons flying in the stern, -which is curved to represent a goose 1. {x>]VL(TK3-;), is seen steersman

other figures visible on deck r. dolphins among -waves above,
; ;

;

two

ZEBAZ

To<|)oPoZ
108 109

205
190
191

Bill.

-9.:,

yr = 66—67
[

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv. 21.]
Bill. -96

[ir [=66—67

A.D.]
A.D.]

110*

Bill.

1

yr

[=66—67

Similar.

Head

of Olymjjian
1.

from

Zeus upwards.

:i-.,

laur.

;

around,

AIOZOAV MR

lOV
111 187
Bill. -95
I

yA
LJA

[=67—68
[

a.d.]

200
113
201

Bill. -95

,

= 67—68

a.d.]

in front, star.

Bill.

1

yA = 07—68
[

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv. 22.]
Similar.

Bust of Argeian Hera r., wearing stephane and veil around, from 1. ujiwards,
;

114
115

199
204-5

Bill 95

yr = 66—67
[

HPA APrEIA
A.D.]

[Plate lxxxv. 23.]
Bill.

1

yA

[

= 67—68

A.D.]
A.D.]

116

185

Bill. -95

[lA [=67—68

in fi'ont, star.

Similar.

Bust of Isthmian Poseidon
weai-ing- taenia
;

r.,

draped and

over shoulder, trident

around,

from

1.

upwards

117

207
194-5

Bill. -95

yr = 66—67
[

GNIZeMIOZ
A.D.]

FIOZEIA

[Plate lxxxv. 24.]
in front, star.

lis

Bill.

1-1

date illegible.

Similar.

Bust
1.

of
;

Pythian Apollo
quiver on back
;

r.,

draped and

laur.

around, from

upwards,

nYeio[z

AnoA

A]I2N
119
189
Bill.

95

yA

[

= 67—68

A.D.]

in front, star.

[Of. B.M.C., Pl.

III.

141.]

* PresButud by the Jigypt Exploratiuii

Fimd

iu 1902.

f

ALEXANDRIA
MlCTAL
Size

417

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reveese

Similar.

Bust
1.

laur.

Actian Apollo quiver on back upwards,
of
;

r.,
;

draped

and

around, from

120
]-21

1S7

Bill.

1

[\A
[jA

[

= G7— 68

AKTIOZ AROAAQN

A.D.]

201

Bill,

-95

[

= 67—68

A.D.]

in front, star.
[PtjAte lxxxv. 25.]

Bronze
Tlie earliest issue of bronze appears to belong to the Year 6 ;* several series were struck in the Year 8. From the Year 10 onwards coins in this metal were issued The types are miscellaneous. annually, but never in great ahunilnace. The head of Nero is never radiate.

N€PKAAV KAIC€Br€P
(from
1.,

AVTO KPA
Bust
[_H
[

(from

1.,

upwards)

upwards)

Head
122

of

Nero

r.,

laur.

draped, wearing elephant's skin on head ; in front, date.
of Alexandria
r.,

83 5

.E

-9

= 61—62

A.D.]

NEPHKAAVKAIZZEBrEP
(from
Similar type.
1.,

AVTO KPA
Eagle standing

(from
r.
;

1.,

upwards)

upwards)

in front, date.

123

!

i:37-

M

1

yr

[=66—67

A.D.]

POPPAEA

nonnAiA zebazth
(from
1.,

Bust
queue.

of

Poppaea

r.,

upwards) draped; hair in

Eagle standing 1., with wings open and wreath in beak.

124

158

Bill.

1

in front,

Q

(?)

(No.

124.

has been

much

tooled and altered on both aides. J)

* Dattari, Oatalogo, p. 18, No. 292. t See B.M.C., pp. 21
X It
ff.,

and Dattari,
it

Oatalogo, pp. 17
it

f.

seemed best

to retain

here, as

was accepted by Hunter

as a rarity,

and may

have been published in some eighteenth-century catalogue.

3

H

418

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Reverse

GALEA
Billon
The short reign of (uillm included pK/ix of two [Alexandrian) years. In the course The Bee. types of the second of these the form of the Uhr. inscr. irus changed* are, for the most part, personifcutions such as viiijlit be found on Eoman coins, a
descriptive
title

lieing iitcariahli/

added.

AoVKAIBSoVAnrAABAKAISZ
EBAV(T)
|_A

upwards) Head of Galba r., laur. both ends of -wreatli hang down behind in front,
1.,
;

(from

Bust of Eirene r., draped, veiled, and wreathed with olive over shoulder,
;

caduceus

;

above,

EIPH

NH

;

[=68

A.D.]

125

198

Bill.

1

last three letters obscure.

[Plate

26.]

Similar.

Eleutheria, -wearing chiton and peplos, standing 1. she holds wreath in extended r., and in 1. (which rests on short colamn) sceptre and gathered
;

drapery

;

around,

from

1.

upwards,

126

198

Bill. -95

AV

EAEV GEPIA
in inscr.

IB.M.C,
Simila

Pl. Tin. 192.]

Kratesis, wearing chiton

and

peplos, stand-

127

195

Bill. 1-05

AVT

in inscr.

holding in extended r. Nike r., and in 1. trophj around, from 1. upwards, ZIZ
1.,
;

ing to front, head

KPA TH

Similar.

Bust of Eoma and cuirass,
shield
;

r.,

acid

ivearing crested helmet carrying spear and

128

203

Bill. -96

AV

in inscr.

around, P£2

MH

[Plate lxxxv. 27.]
Similar.

Bust of Alexandria r., draped, and wearing elephant's skin on head; around,

129

196

Bill.

1 1

AV AV

from
in inscr.

1.

upwards,

AAEZAN A PEA

130

174

Bill.

in inscr.

[Plate lxxxv. 28.]

on tL^Rey.

"^ '^'

^'"'

'

™"'

"'' '^'"'' ^°'"' "^ '"'""• ""' '^^'^"^^ ^

^^^"^ °^'

^i™P°l^m

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

419

Xo.

[

Wkigut

Obvebse

Reverse

ZEPoVirAABAAVToKAIZZEBA Similar type in front, IB [ = 68 — 09
;

Similar to No. 125

;

but in front, star.

A.D.]

131

'

204

'

Bill.

1

Similar.

Similar to No. 126

;

but in front,

star,

132

194

Bill. -95

Similar.

Similar to No. 127

;

no symbol

"visible.

133

192

Bill.

1

[Plate lxxxv. 29.]

Similar.

Similar to No. 128

;

but in front, sim-

pulum.

134

203-5

Bill.

1

Similar.

Similar to No. 129; but in front, symbol.
star.

135

195
199-5

Bill.

1

136

Bill. -95

simpulum.

Bronze
All the bronze coins of Galhu apiicfir to belong to Ms second year. The types are ijeiterallij Eiji/piian in character.

ZEPoVirAABAAVToKAIZZEBA
(from
1.,

Bust of Nilus

r.,

wreathed with papyrus;

upwards)

behind, cornucopiae.
in front, |_B

137

234

M

Similar type.
1-25

[=68—69

A.D.]

Similar.

Bust of Sarapis modius.
in front,

r.,

wearing taenia and

138

124

M

1

|_B

[

= 68—69

a.d.]

OTHO
The whole of Otho's reign fell within one (Alexandrian) year. The types both of billon and of bronze coins are similar to those used under Galba.
Billon

aytokmapkoghnozkaizzeb
upwards) Head of Otho r., laur. one end of wreath falls forward over shoulder in front, [A [ = 69 a.d.]
(from
1.,
;

Bust of Eirene r., draped, veiled, and over shoulder, wreathed with olive above, EIPH caduceus
; ;

NH

139

I

198-5

Bill.

1

8

H

2

420

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eevekse

Simila

Eleiatheria,

standing L, as on No. 126 around, from 1., upwards,

;

EAEY 0E

140
141

PIA
190-5
Bill.

1

[Plate lxxxv. 30.J

190

BUI.

-9

Simila

Bust of Eonia, as on No. 128

;

around,

PH MH
142
206-5
Bill.

1

Bronze

AVToKMAPKoenNOZKAIZZEB
(from
1.,

upwards)

Bust of Sarapis r., ivearing taenia and modius in front, |_A [ = 69 A.D.]
;

143

99

M

Similar type.
-95

Similar.

Bust of Isis r., draped, and wearing taenia and cbar-acteristic head-dress in front
:

144
145

13] 5

M
2E

-95
-95

(AVT

in inscr.)

LA [=69
"

"

A.D.]

101

AVTOKKA[
Head
146
124-5
of

]

OOnNOCC€B
r.,

Similar.

Emperor
(The Obv.

laur.

JE

1
inscr.

on No. 146

i.s

tooled

;

the head

may

not be Otho's.)

[Plate lxxxv. 31.]

VITELLIUS
Vih-llius

was recognhed as Emperor

at

yespasian having been i>rodai,u,:d there on July 1st, 69 A D 7//, coinane IS, therefore, very scanty. His billon coins hare NIh: as a type His bronze pieces resemble those of his immediate

Alexandria for

less iliaa three

months
'

predecessors*

Beonze

AVToKKAISAVAoVITEAAIoZr
Head
147 331
of

Bust

of

Nike
A.D.]

r.,

winged

;

in front,
'

^

Emperor

[=69
r.,

-A
I

laur.

1-35

[Plate lxxxvi.

1.]

OAOVOVITKAIZZEBTEPMAVT
(from
1.,

Bust

of Isis, as

upwards)

Head
148
126-5

of Vitellius

|_A [

= 69

on Nos. 144

ff.

;

in front

A.D.]

r.,

laur.

iE 1-05

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

421

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

VESPASIAN
Billon
2V(e coinage of Vesjiasian during the first three years of his reign is practically uniform in character, except fur the inscr., lohich is different in the first year* The head of Titus is introduced at once as a new Jtev. type on the billon coins. Otherwise, there is no innovation of importance.-^

AVTTIT<|>AAVIoVEZnA5:iANK
AIE
Head
149
152-S
Bill. 1

(from 1., upwards) of Vespasian r., laur. in front,
;

Eirene, wearing chiton and peplos, standing 1., holding flower in extended r.,

[A [=69

A.D.J

and caduceus and gathered drapery in around, from 1. upwards, El PH N H 1.
;

IB.M.C, Pl.

VII.

231.]

Similar.

Nike

1.,

holding wreath and palm.

150

191

Bill.

1

Similar.

Koma, wearing

crested helmet, cuirass and kothornoi, standing 1., leaning with r. on spear and holding shield on 1. arm

around, from

1.

upwards, P£2
XXIII.

MH

151

202-5

Bill. -95

[B.M.C., Pl.

240.]

Similar.

Alexandria, wearing short chiton, chlamys, and kothornoi, and having elephant's skin on head, standing 1., holdingwreath in extended r., and sceptre and around, from gathered drapery in 1.
;

1.

upwards,

AAEHAN APEIA

152

194-5

Bill. -95

AVTOKAIXSEBAOVEZHAZIAN
OV
Head
date.

<l)AAVloVEZnAZIANOZKAIZ
(from
1.,

(from 1., upwards) of Vespasian r., laur.; in front,

upwards)

Head

of Titus

r.,

laur.l

153

189

Bill.

1

IJB

[

= 69—70

A.i).]

[B.M.G., Pl. XXXII. 223.]

* On some of the coins (of all years) the ends of the laurel-wreath hang straight down On all others one end falls forward over shoulder. (so on Nos. 157, 159 f., 165, 167 and 169). and Alexandria take the place t Note, however, that full figures representative of Rome

of busts.

Year X On the coins of the shown., with cuirass and aegis.

1,

and on some

of those of the

Year

2,

the bust of Titus

is

422

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvekse

Reverse

Similar.

Eii'ene standing

1.,

as

on No. 149; around,

El

PH NH

154
155 156

193 169 169

Bill.

1

[B
j_B
|_B

[=69—70
[=69—70

A.D.]

Bill. -95

A.D.]
A.D.]

Bill. 1

[=69-70

Similar.

Nike
A.D.]
A.D.]

1.,

as on No. 150.

157

191

Bill.

1

|_B

[=69—70
[=70—71

158

208

Bill. -95

|_r

Similar.

Roma, standing

1.,

as

on No. 151; around,

PH MH
A.D.]

159

188-5

Bill. -95

|_B

[=69—70

Similar.

Alexandria standing around,

1.,

as

on No. 152

;

AAEZAN APEIA
[Plate lxxxvi.
2.]

IGO

204

Bill.

1

Billon coins with the head of

Tituf:

were struch in the fourth year (B.M.C, p. 28,
completely until the eighth

No.

2"24).

Then the year, when coins

billon issues ceased
loith the

head of Titus were again minted.

There was no further reoival.

AYTOKKAIZZEBAOYEZHAZIAN
OY
Head
date.

AYTOKPATQP TIToZ KAIZAP

(from 1., upwards) of Vespasian r., laur. in
;

(from
fx'ont,

1.,

upwards)

Head

of Titus

r.,

laur.

161

202

Bill.

1

LH
[Plate lxxxvi.
3.]

Bronze
The grouping of
Jirst

the hronze coinage folloios

that of the billon issues.

During

the

three years pieces of large niodide were issued (^Nos. 162 f.) as well as smaller pieces, the latter hearing Egyptian types. The bronze pieces

of

the first

year have the sanie inscr. as the billon coins.

AVToKKAIZZEBAoVEZnAZIAN
OV
1G2 (from 1., upwards) Head of Vespasian r., laur.

Bust

of

Nike

r.,

draped and winged.

344

JE 1-4

in front,

j_B

[69—70

A.D.]

ALEXANDRIA

42;3

No.

A
4-24

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Mjstal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

AYTOKPKAIZAPoIoYEZnAZI (from upwards) ANOY
1.,

SEBAZTOV
date.

(to

1.,

up-svards)

Similar type.

Bust of Alexandria jjhant's skin on. head

r.,
;

to

r.,

draped eledown-wards,
;

173 174

98

114

M M

-9

[ENAT [=76—77

a.o.]

1

LENAT

[=76—77

a.d.]
4.]

[Plate lxxxvi.

TITUS
Billon
In tie second and third years of Titus, billon coins were struclc. No coins at all seem evidence of bronze coinage during Ins reign. struclc during the last two years of Vespasian.
to

There is no have been

AVTo KTITOV KA IZoV EZHAZI NOVZEB (from beneath, towards
1.)

Homonoia, wearing chiton and
seated
1.,

peplos,

Head
210-5

of Titus

r.,

laur.

extended

r.

;

holding olive-branch in around, from 1., upwards,
;

OMO NOlA
175
Bill.

in front, date.

1

(one end of wreath over shoulder.)

U
Bust

[=80—81

A.D.]

Similar.

of

Sarapis

taenia and upwai-ds,

r. draped and wearing modius around, from 1.
;

ZAPA

TTIZ

;

in front, date.

176

201

Bill.

1

(both ends of wreath straight.)

|_B

[

= 79—80

a.h.]

[Plate lxxxvi. 177
187
Bill.
1

5.]

(one end of wreath over shoulder.)

IT [=80—81

a.d.]

DOMITIAN
Beonze The issues of billon during this reign were very limited. Bronze, on the other lunid, was struck in great ahiindaace. The history of the mint falls natvridly into three
periods, distinguished mainly by the

form of

the Obv. inscr.*

First Period

{Years 1

9).

Obv. iascr. is continuous, and the Emperor's name is vnamtnictrd. ivhile the form is invariably employed. Two parallel groups are distinguishable. On the first of these (which begins in the Year 2), the sign L is never used, and the numbers are written in full. All the coins of this group are of one denomination.
this

During

period

the

Z

AVTOKKAIZAPAOMITIANOZZE
B
178
137-5

Bust

upwards) Head*of Domitian r., laur. one end of wreath falls forward over shoulder.
1.,
_ ;

(from

of Sarapis r., draped, and wearing taenia and modius around, from 1.
;

upwards, date.

JE

1

ETOVZ TPITOV [=83—84

a.d.]

* The arrangement here suggested does not claim to be based on an exhaustive stndv of the material. But it is entirely confirmed by the lists in the B.ilf.C, and in Dattari's One or two apparent exceptions are probably to be accounted for by misreadin^'s, Cataloqo. or by t^e j <= occasional survival of Obv. dies from one period to another.
<

ALEXANDRIA

425

No.

;

426

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

The second grouj) of the Fimt Period contains at least two distinct series, each The sign L is always employed, and the rontaining at least two denominations* The issue ninnhrr of the year, except in the case of 9,i is indicated hy a letter.
of pieces with the
Similar to Nos. 184
ff.

]?er. type

of No. 189 hegan in the first year of Domitian.

Bull Apis standing
his

r.,

horns

;

in

front,

with disk betvFeen thymiaterion

above, date,

189

I

147
171

M
JE

1

[5-

[=86

—87

A. D.]

;

(garland about neck).
a.d.]

190

1

|_ENAT [=89—90

;

(no garland).

Similar

;

in front, date.

AOMITIA ZEBAZTH
Bust
of

Domitia

r.,

(from 1., upwards) draped hair
;

191

G6

JE 75

L_E

[

= 85—86

rolled.

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvi.
Similar.

7.]

Hawk
A.D.] A.D.]

r.,

wearing skhent with uraeus.

192 193

70

44

^ M

-75

|_E

[=85—86

-7

[

E [=85—86

Sim.ilar.

Griffin seated

r.,

with

1.

fore-paw placed

194
195

39 52

M

on wheel.
-7

|_E

[=85—86

A.D.] A.D.]

M

-75

[Z [=87—88

Scrond Period
Tliis

(Years 10 and 11).

rcry inadcpiatrly represented in the Hunter CaJiinct. The Ohr. inser. is now regularly diridcd, the Emperor's name being contracted. Almost the whole of the types prcrionsly in nse vere discarded, and a great varieti/ of new ones introduced nntcad. These are chiefly Egyptian in character, hnt the,/ also include sereral personif cations {with Greek titles) such as A7,s. 199 f. The Emperor's head is often placed to I. and IS sometnnes wreathed with corn.\ The form is introduced, and is indeed much commoner than There was no material change in regard
is

period

Z

Q

.

to the

denominations.

AVT KAIZAP AOMITZEBTEPM
(from
1.,

upwards)

Head
19G
121

of

Domitian

r.,

laur.

Harpokrates standing 1., -wearing skhent, and holding chlamys and cornucopiae on 1. arm r. hand raised to his lips
; ;

in front, date.

^

'95
[

lA [=91—92
{B.M.C,

A.D.]

Pl. XVII. 306.]

based on sufficient material will en DP cipteimiiied. tn b* cfotermiJnT'^T.!''?'*'*^^""" The types may possibly fnrnish the elues. Sec supra, p. 423 footnote. t

probahlv enable these

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metai,
Size

427

No.

Wkiout

Obverse

Ukvkkse

Similtir.

liliiuoueros

walking

r.

;

above, date.

197

to

jE

-v.-.

IJA

[

= 91—92

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvi. S.]

No
198
30-5

inscr.

Similar type.

Crocodile walking

r.

;

above, date.

.E -56
j

LJA

[

= 91—92

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvi. 9.]

AVT KAICAP A0MITC€Br€PM
(fi'oni 1.,

upwards)

Head

of

Domitiau

r.,

laur.

Elpis standing 1, wearing cbitoii and peplos slie holds flower in r., and lifts around, from skirt of robe with 1.
;
;

1.

upwards,

€AniC C€ BACTH;
A.D.]
VIII.

in field, date.

199

123

M

-95

L lA [=91—92

[B.M.C., Pl.

291.]

Similar.

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, standing 1., grasping handle of rudder with r., and holding cornucopiae ou 1. arm around, from 1. ujjwards, C€
;

TVXH

BACT
200
103

;

in field, date.

M

-9

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XI. 297.]

Similar.

Serpent Agathodaimon with head erect r., wearing skhent, and holding caduceus in ex., and ear of corn in his coils
;

date.

201

146

M

1

LIA
Similar.

[

= 91—92

A.D.]

Serpent Agathodaimon, wearing skhent, perched on back of horse galloping r. beneath, date.

202

109-5

M

-9

LjA

[

= 91—92

A.D.]

[Pla'L'e

lxxxvi. 10.]
Isis,

Similar.

Uraeus, wearing head-dress of

with

head

erect,

1.

;

in field

r.,

date.

203 204

54-5

M M

-76
-75

(JA [=91—92
date off coin.

A.D.]

Similar.

Dolphin twined round anchor
date.

;

iii

field,

205

48-5

M

-65

L A [=91—92
I

A.D.]

3i

2

428

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Third Feriod
Domiticm's Third Period
is

{Years 11

16).

It is not represented at all in the Hunter Cabinet* notable for the introdactiou, in the Year 11, of the Obv. inscr. and E being still used, although but the forms

AVTKAICOEOV

VlOCAoMITCEBrEPM,
rarely.

2

of the Second Period seems to have survived for the most remarlcable are those in lohich the Emperor is the prominent figure. These begin to appear in the Year 12 (B.M.C., About the Year IS a new and larger denomination p. 41, Nos. 338 ff.). began to be strucle.
inscr. characteristic

The

a year or

two.-f

Of

the

new

tyjjes

NBRVA
Billon
Ncri'it's billon

coinage appears to belong altogether to his first year, second year small bronze pneces loere strucle.

In Id

AVTNEPOVAZ KAIZZEB
(from
r.,

do-\viuvards)

Bust of Sarapis r., draped, vifearing modins and taenia in field, date.
;

206

203-5

Head
Bill.

of

Nerva

v.,

laur.

1

L A

[

= 96—97

A.D.]

[B.M.C., Pl.
Similar.

xm.

361.]

Eagle standing
field,

r., -witii

wings closed; in

date.

207

198

Bill.

1

L A [=96—97
Similar.

A.D.]

Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect, r., -wearing skhent holds "winged caduceus and ears of corn in coils in ex.,
; ;

date.

208

210

Bill.

1

LA [=96—97
[Plate lxxxvi. 11.]

A.D.]

TRAJAN
Billon
Tr.,j„n appears to hare issued uo billon coins during the first four years of his reign 1 hereafter they were struck almost celery year until' Iris death. The Obv legend goes through a regular development.\ For the first ten years (or L) and E are invariably employed. The mint was specially active in the Years 5 and 6

Z

AVTKAI ZNEP TPAIANZEBfE
PM
Head
209
198-5
Bill. 1
* See,

Nike

1., 1.,

(from 1., upwards) of Trajan r., laur.

holding -wreath and palm;
date.

in

field

LE [=101—102
t It
clue

A.D.]

ePMAAKIKHAP

^ A 5~ i^J^Twi-^'^^"""'^"^-'^^''" KAIZNEP TPAIANZEBTEPM (Years andeji AVTTPAIAN ZEB TEPAAKIKoZ (years7-9), AVTTPAIAN C€B r€PMAAKIK (Years 9-18, with Z and E in Years 9 and 10) AVTTPAI AN API C€Br€PMAAKIK (Yearsi8andi9), AVTTPAIANAPI VJlTr
;

however, The Nomes of Egypt, infra, No. 1. safely be assumed, however, that the great majority of the apparent survivals are to misreadings it is easy to mistake for |

may

|

,

(Years 19 and 20).

The most

comll
'"^^

method
'^'^^

of

SvisLofly ^

faTe^tedTudlfferentTy.'"""""^

'" ''^'' '^"^"'='-

"^""^

^^^

- f°- ^-^ Z and

ALEXANDRIA

429

No.

; ; ;

430

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Serpent Agathodaimori, with head erect, in field, date. r., wearing skheut
;

220

198

Bill, -9

LI E

[

= 111—112

A.D.]

Similar.

Similar tjjie

;

but serpent holds winged

caduceiis and ear of corn iu his coils in ex., date.

221

!

195

Bill.

1

LIE [=111—112

A.D.]

XuiiicfuiiN hilloH coins heloiuj to the last three years

of Trajan's reign

From

the

Year 18 onwards there

is 'usually

a star on the Ohv.

AVTT PAIANAPI C€Br€PMAA
KIK
Head
222
of Trajan

(from
r.,

1.,
;

upwards)
in front, star.

laur.

Dikaiosyne, weai'ing chiton and j)eplos, standing 1., holding scales in r., and cornucopiae and gathered drapery in 1.
to L, date.

179

Bill. -95

Lie

[

= 115—116

A.D.]

AVTTP AIANAPI C€Br€PMAA
KIK
Similar.

(from

1.,

upwards)

Bust of Sarapis r., draped weai's taenia and modius in field, date.
; ;

223

195

Bill.

1

LI

e

[=115—116

A.D.]

Those cuius of tlie last ttoo years that hear the title TTAP have usually a radiate head with acyis. It is in the course of the Year 19
tltat

the title

TTA P

apjjears first.

AVTTPAIANAPIC€Br €PMAA
KIKHAP^^
Head
over
1.

Bust of Zeus

r.,

draped, wearing tae^uia

(from
r.,
;

of Trajan

upwards) radiate, with aegis
1.,

in field, date.

shoulder

in front, star.

224

150

Bill. '95

legend obscure.

L K [=116—117

A.D.]

Similar.

Dikaiosyne standing
field, date.

1.,

as on No. 222

;

iu

225

204
209

Bill. -95

Lie [=116—116
(API C€B)

A.U.]
A.D.]
VII.

(tol.)

226

Bill.

1

L K [=116—117

iB.M.C, Pl.

365.]

ALEXANDRIA

431

No.

432

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reyerse

The

rir.rl

])eriod
Iicr.

rarietij
rlciir

of

ti/peft.

produced immense qnnntities of bronze coins, shominq n great There is also some vnriation in flie Ohr. ti/pe, as nil] he
heloir.

from

the

classification folloired

An

epoch

of exceptional
'

activitii
'

i-ommcnccd in the Year 12, which also sair the first issue of Nome-coins under Trajan-.* Smaller denominations are represented hy No. 247, and hy Nos. 248 ff.

AV

[---]

- -

rePMAAKIK
;

(from beneath, towards 1.) Head o£ Trajan r., laur. aegis visible in front of and behind neck.

Goddess,t draped and wearing disk and horns, de.scending 1. from altar, which is approached by steps; she cames in r. long reed as sceptre; to 1., a Canopic vase (?) resting on stand above it is the date, and above date is hawk r., wearing skhent, and holding fans in its talons; beneath altar, oinochoe 1.; in background a tree, which is' arched 1. above the goddess's head.
;

232

369

yE

1'4

Lir [==109—110

A.D.]
15.]

[Plate lxxxvi.

AVT TPAIAN CGBrePAAKIK
Similar.

Nike, holding wreath in slowly 1. above, date.
;

r.,

driving big

233

399

.'E

1-4

LIB [=108—109

A.D.]

AVTTPAIANCeB TEPAAAAKIK
Similar.

Isis,

draped and wearing characteristic seated r. on throne with high back, nursing the infant Harpokrates; on back of throne are perched two hawks facing, each wearing skhent r. arm of throne is formed by griffin with 1. forepaw raised; in
head-dress,
;

'

field,

date.

234

I

434-5

JE

1-3
I

L IB

[

= 108—109

A.-D.]

[Plate lxxxvi. 16.]

AVT TPAIANC €Br€PMAAKIK Similar.
235 236
307-5

Emperor holdmg

quadriga of laurel -branch above, date.
A.D.]

in

elephants

r.

and

.sceptre;

294

M M

1-33
1-3

LIA [=110—111

(ANC € Br€P)

LIE

[

= 111—112

A.D.]

Sir. Ital. di Num.., 1901, pp. 157

ff.

connect them with certain commemorations, see

HatL^rfll'^""

^"'^'' "'" '^^

""''' ^ ^^^' °f *»^-

--.

-^^.-sts that the goddess

may

be

;

;

ALEXANDRIA
Mf-tal
Size

433

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Emperor

in quadriga of horses r. holding laurel-branch and sceptre above, date.
,

;

237

304-5

^

1-3

LIE [=111—112

A.D.]

[AVT TJPAIANCeB r€PMAAK
IK
Similar.

Portico, having

two composite columns supporting richly decorated pediment, within which two flying figures of Nike, 1. and r., holding round shield within portico, statue of Zeus standing to front, naked, head 1., holding thunderbolt in r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre;
;

at

his feet, 1. an eagle r., with head
date.
A.D.]

altar,

and

r.
;

an
in

turned

back

field,

23S

293-5

M 1-35
AVT TPAIANC €Br€PMAAKIK
(from beneath, towards 1.) Bust of Trajan r., laur,, with paludamentum about shoulders.

L

ir [109—110

[Plate lxxxvi. 21.]

Nilus,

naked
;

to

waist,

crocodile

he holds
1.
;

reed

reclining 1. in r.

on

and

cornucopiae in

above, date.

239

332

jE 1-3

LIE [=111— 112

A.D.]

_

-TPAIANCeB r€PM

_

Demeter,

Similar; type larger.

draped and wearing modius and veil, standing r., leaning with r. on long toi'oh, and holding ears of
opposite her stands corn in lowered 1. Euthenia 1., draped and crowned with corn, holding ears of corn in Eaised r. in the background, and sceptre in 1. between the two goddesses, tall column with capital, surmounted by modius, containing ears of corn in field, date.
; ; ;

240

445

M

1-5

L

I

E

[

= 111—112

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvi. 17.]

AVTT PAIANC€B TGPMAAKIK
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Trajan r., laur., turned slightly towards front, so as to show bare chest
over
1.

Zeus, naked to waist, holding sceptre in r., reclining 1. on eagle, which stands r., looking back, with outspread wings
to r., date.

shoulder, paludamentum.

241

355

M

1-35

LIZ [=113—114
\_B.3I.C.,

A.D.]

Pl.

I.

397.]
3 K

434

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Zeus, naked to waist, seated I. on throne, holds sceptre in r. and with back thunderbolt in I. at his feet eagle 1., in field, date. looking back
;
; ;

242

312

M

1-4

LI

Z [=113—114

A.D.]

Similar.

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, reclining 1. on couch, and holding rudder
in
r.
:

above, date.
A.D.]

243

362

M

1-5

SJZ [113—114

Similar.

Emperor,

laur., and wearing chlamys, standing 1., holding patera in r., and leaning with 1. on long sceptre behind, Alexandria, wearing chiton, peplos and .head-dress of elephant's skin, stretching out r. to crown him, and holding sceptre
;

in

1.

;

in field, date.

244

264-5

^

1-35
I

U

5"

[

= 112—113

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvi. 18.]

Similar.

Car drawn by two winged serpents, each wearing skhent on car, modius con;

taining corn in ear

;

above, date.

245

33.:;

M

1-3

LIZ [=113—114

A.D.]

[B.M.C., Pl. XXX. 554.]

Similar, with aegis.

Similar to No. 240
[

;

but no column.
A.D.]

246

26a

JE 1-35

y Z = 113—114
AVT TPAIANC €Br
(from ]., upwards) Head of Trajan r., laur.

Uraeus r., wearing head-dress of Isis, and holding in its coils sistrum and stalk
of corn
;

in field, above, date.
A.D.]

247-

99

M

-55

LI

A [ = 110-111

AVT TPAIANCCB TEPMAAKIK
(from
1.,

upwards)

Head
248
68

of Trajan

Herakles, standing to front, holding club and hon's skin in field, date.
;

r.,

laur.

JE -75

L

I

A [=107—108

A.D.]

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

435

No.

Weight

Obvebsk

Ebverse

AVT TPAIANC €Br€PMAAKIK
(from
1.,

Homonoia,
standing

upwards)

wearing chiton and peplos, holding ears of corn iu 1.,
;

Head

of Trajan

r.,

laur.

r., and in 1. double oornucopiae and in field, date. gathered drapery

24,9

80-:

^ M

-75

LI 5" [=112—113

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvi. 19.]

250

44

'75

LIS" [ = 112—113

A.D.]

Similar to No. 248.

Eagle standing
ex., date.

r.,

with open wings

;

in

251

62-5

JE

-75

LI

[

= 106—107

A.D.]

AVT TPAIANCCB r€PMAAKIK
(from
1.,

Hawk
LI

r.,

wearing skhent

;

in field, date.

upwards)

Head
2^9,

of Trajan

1.,

laur.

56

.E

-7

A

[

= 107—108

A.D.]

During

the third period the smaller denominations of bronze were coined sparsely, if nt all*

AVTT PAIANAPICe Br6PMA
(from beneath, towards 1.) Bust of Trajan r., laur.; body turned slightly towards front, showing paludamentum fastened across chest ends
;

Emperor
;

seated 1. on curule chair holds Nike r. on extended r. and sceptre before him trophy, beside which in 1. a captive kneels r. in supplication
;

above, date.

253

282

M

of
1

wreath

straight.

LIH [=114—115

A.D.]

AVTTP AIANAPI C€Br€PMAA
KIK
ISust of

(from

1.,
;

upwards)
aegis visible

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, reclining 1. on couch, holding rudder in
r.
;

Trajan

r.,

laur.

above, date.

251

368

M

in front 1-4

and behind.

Lie

[

= 115—116

A.D.]

AVTTPAIANAPiCe BTePMAAK
IK
Similar type.

Nilas,

naked

to waist
1.,

and crowned with
;

(from

1,

upwards)

holding reed in r. behind him, 1. Euthenia, wearing chiton and peplos, and having on head uraeus and wreath of corn, stretching out r. to crown him, and holding ears of corn and gathered drapery in 1. in field, date.
lotus, standing to

and cornucopiae in

;

255

3815

^

1-4

L

I

H [=114—115

A.U.]

* The only examples I have noted are coins o£ Year 18 without the title API, and therefore ff., Nos. 847, 912, 1043, 120O. belonging to the preceding period; e.g., Dattari, Oatalogo, pp. 54 3 K 3

436

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeveese

During

the last

period the smaller denominations are again very rare,
if they exist at all.*

AVTTPA IANAPIC6 BTEPMAA
KIKTTAP
Similar.

Zeus, reclining'

1.

on back

of eagle, as
r.,

on

No. 241
1.
;

;

thunderbolt in
date.

sceptre in

to

r.,

256

296

JE

1-4

Lie
[Plate
lxxxvi.

[

= 115—110

A.D.]

20.]

Similar.

Tyohe reclining 1., as on No. 254, holding rudder in r. above, date.
;

257

216

^

1-3

Lie [=115—116

A.D.]

AVTTPAIANAPIC€B r€PMAAK
IKHAP
Similar.

Nilus,

naked to

vs'aist
1.,

and crowned with
holding reed
;

lotus, reclining

in

r.

and cornucopiae in 1. 1. arm hippopotamus r. in ex., date.
;

rests

on

258

.^ 1-3

Lie [=115—116

A.D.]

[D.M.C., Pl. XX. 474.]

AVTTPAIANAPICCBre PMAAK
IKTTAP
(from beneath, towai-d.s 1.) Bust of Trajan r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentuni body slightly turned -^ away, showing back.
;

Nilus,

standing 1., being crowned by Euthenia, as on No. 255 ; in field,

date.

259

213

M

1-1

L

I

e = 115—116
[

A.D.]

HADRIAN
Billon

The hillon coins of Hadrian, Hie those of Us predecessors, group themselves naturally hy the variations in the type and legend of the obverse. There seem to he no coins of his first year.]During the Years 2 and 3 there
are
tioo varieties,

both represented here. Sjiecimens of both occur with and 'without the star.

AVTKAICTPAIANOC AAPIAN OCC6B (from beneath, towards
1.)

Bust of Sarapis and modius
;

r.,

draped, wearing taenia

Head
star.

in field, date.

of

Hadrian
over
1.

r.,

laur.
;

;

paludain
front,

mentum
260
198-5
Bill. -95

shoulder

L B [=117—118
* I

A.D.]

have noted only Dattari, Catalojo,
is

p. 78,

No. 1188, which

is

the crucial part of the legend

not legible.

not really an example as
'

t It lasted only 18 days, as he became Emperor on August 11, 117 Alexandrian year ended on August 29. B.M.O., p. 105, No. 911,°appear3 to

ad
to

^^^^i

^^i

me

read

'l

A.

^

ALEXANDRIA

437

No.

438

EGYPT

No.

ALEXANDRIA

439

No.

uo
Wktai,
Size

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similfi

Tjche, wearing chiton, peplos, and modius, standing L, holding rudder and comncopiae around, from 1. upwards, date.
;

281

204-5

Bill.

1

L

A
of

E

KATOV
r.,

[

= 125— 126

A.D.]

Similar.

Bust

Nike

draped, laur., and pinged;
1.

around, from

upwards, date.
[

282

204

Bill. -95

L-A

EKATOV

= 125—126
2.]

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxvii.
Similar.

Sarapis, wearing chiton and himation, seated 1. on throne with high back he holds patera in extended r., and leans with 1. on sceptre at his feet, Kerberos
; ;

1.

;

around, from

1.

upwards, date.
[

283

208

Bill.

1

LAOJAe KATOV
Similar.

= 127—128

a.d.]

Canopus

elaborately deon stand and wearing head-dress of ram's horns, uraei, disk, and plumes around, from 1. upwards, date.
r.,
;

corated,

;

284
285

207 202

Bill. -95

LAE KATOV
LAE KATOY

[

= 125—126
= 12,3—126
3.]

a.d.] a.d.]

Bill

1

['

[Plate lxxxvii.
Similar.

God Ptah, wearing

chiton, himation,

and

disk, standing to front,

head
;

r.

;

leans

with r. on long sceptre, and holds tongs and gathered drapery in 1. around, from 1. upwards, date.
197
Bill. -95

LAWA6 KATOV
IB.M.a, Pl.
Similar.

[=127— 12y
XXIII.

a.d.]

636.]

Mummiform

figure * r. feet and body covered with diagonal pattern, to represent swathing bands wears round helmet, with disk in front, and clasps with both hands long staff which is planted on ground in front of him, and
; ;

from crosspiece
a
fillet
;

of

which hangs down
1,

around, from
[

upwards, date.
a.d.]

287

207

Bill. -95

LAGJAe KATOV

= 127— 128
4.]

[Plate lxxxvii.
* Dr. Wallis

Budge considers that

this is the standing

form

of

Canopus.

ALEXANDRIA

4-11

No.

442

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

VVeight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Sarapis

seated

1.,

as

on No. 283, with
;

Kerberos at his feet

in field, date.

294

196

Bill. -96

LI

S [=131—132

A.D.]

Similar.

Similar; but, on back of throne, small figures of Nike.

two

29.':

20G-5

Bill. -9

LI

S

[

= 131—132

A.D.]

Simil

Emperor standing
;

1.,

laur.

and wearing

toga receives oars of corn from Alexandria, who stands r., wearing elephant's skin on head, short chiton,
peplos,

and
1.

kotliornoi,
;

and

holdiuo-

vexillum in

in field, date.
A. P.]

296
297

198-:,
I

Bill. -95

L

IE IE

[=130—131
[

195-5

!

Bill. -95

L

= 130—131

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvii. 8.]

In the course of the Year 16* o

verij slight

modification of the Ohv. legend

was i)Uroduced.

AVTKAIC TPAIAAPIAC€B
(from
Similar type.
1.,

CABGINA C6BACTH
Bust
of

upwards)
Sabiua
r.,

(from 1., upwards) draped and wearing
is

stephane, over
front, date.

which hair

drawn

;

in

298

191

Bill. -9

IZ
[

= 132—133

A.D.]

Similar.

Nilus,
to

crowned with
waist,

lotus,
1.

reclining

and naked on crocodile r.
;

holds reed and cornucopiae
date.

;

in field

1.'
'

299

205

Bill.

1

IZ

[=132—133

A.D.]

*

usually cake place

See infra, No9. 349 f. It may be well to draw attention again to the fact that changes the middle of an (Alexandrian) year. See supra, p. 411, footnote

m

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

443

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

In the course of the Year 17 tlie Ohr. Icijeiid was still further modified, the ty})e being at the same time rlmiKjcd renj slightly, to make room

for the additional

letters.

AVTKAICTPAIAN
C€B
300
I

AAPIANOC
1.)

Sarapis seated

1.,

as

on No. 283. with
;

(from beneath, towards Similar type less of bust shown.
;

Kerberos at his feet

in

field, date.

211-5

Bill. -95

LI

H
9.]

[==133—134

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvii.
Similar.

Nilus reclining
field
1.,

1.,

as

on No.

299

;

in

date. A.D.]

301

\

201-

Bill.

-9;:

IZ

[

= 132—133

In the course of the Ye:ir 19 the cnntom was introduced of placing the head, At first he loohs I., a corresponding not the hiist, of the Emperor on. the Ohv. change being made in the reading of the legend. Desire to avoid, the use led to the iinmend 19 being written as a word. of

©

AVTKAICTPAIAN (from C€B
Head
302
199-5
Bill. -95

AAPIANOC
r.,

Bust

downwards)

Sarapis r., of taenia and modius

;

draped, wearing around, from 1.

of

Hadrian

1.,

laur.

upwards, date.

L€N N€AKA [=134—135

a.d.]

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XIII. 609.]

Similar.

Bust

of Nilus r. crowned with lotus cornucopiae at r. shoulder, drapery over 1. ; around, from 1. upwards, date.
,
;

303

211-5

Bill.

1

L€N N€AKA [=134—135
L€
The custom of writing
the ninneral as a

a.d.]
a.d.]

304

198

Bill. -95

NN€AKA

[=134—135

word was abandoned as soon

as the Year 19 jJcisseJ.

Similar.

Nilus,
I I

naked

to waist
1.

and crowned with

lotus, seated

on
;

rocks, holding reed

and cornucopiae
crocodile
r.
;

beside him, on rocks,
1.,

in field

date.

305

210

Bill. -95

[L]K [=135—136
[Plate lxxxvii. 10.]

A.D.]

AYTKAICTPAIAAPIANOCC€B
(from
Similar type.
r.,

Similar

;

but no rocks

visible.

downwards)
[_K
[

306

195

Bill.

95

= 135—136

A.D.]

3 L 2

444

EGYPT
Weight Metal
Size

No.

Obverse

Reveesk

During

the last ijears the

Emperor's h-^ad

is

usually turned towards the

r*

AVTKAICTPAIA
€B
neck.

AAPIANOCC
1.,

(from

upwards)
;

Head of Hadrian r., laur. mentum shov/n slightly, in
307
201
Bill.
1

paludafront of

Demeter standing 1., wearing corn-wreath, cMton, and long veil she holds poppies and ear.s of corn in r. and long toi'ch in
;

1.

;

in field, date.
A.D.]

K
Simila

A [=136—137

Pronoia,

wreath, chiton, and holding in extended r. Phoenix 1. radiate, and in 1. long sceptre transversely and gathered drapery around, from 1. upwards, TT P NOIA; to 1., date.
peplos, standing
1.,
;

wearing

O

308

214

'

Bill.

1

^^ [=137—138
[Plate lxxxvii. 11.]

A.D.]

BuoxzK

As a general
legend,

ride,

the hronze coins display the
in

and

the

same changes
pieces.

the

way of expressing

on the

hill on

At

same variations of Ohv. type and the vmiiend's, th<(t are found

first

the issues of hronze were comparaiii-cli/ scanty.

AVT
€B

ANOC AAPIANOCC
(from
r.,
1.
1.,

Emperor
holds

in quadriga of elephants

r.

;

he

upwards)
laur.,

Bust of Hadrian paludamentum over

with

laurel-branch, and sceptre mounted by eagle; in ex., date.

sur-

shoulder.

303

yE

1-4

LB [=117—118

A.D.]

In the group that foUoii-s five distinct denominations are represented. On the three hiuhat of these (Kos. 310-316, 317 f., 319-322) the numeral is written as a word as on the contemporary billon coins. The supply minted in the Years 11 and' 12 was specially large. It is to the former of these years that the nome coins of Hadrian mainly helong.f
' '

AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC6B
upwards) Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum back shown.
1.,
;

Sarapis,

draped

and

wearing

(from

modius,

seated 1. on throne with back, holding patera in r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre at his feet, Kerberos
;

1.

;

from

around,

1.

upwrards, date.

310

I

36(i

jE

1-3

(TP

illegible)

LENAEK ATOV
LKA
coins

[

= 126-127

a.d.]

I t

have, however, seen specimens both of
p. 432, footnote.

and of
th'

See supra,

On

the

nome

doubtless tln'oujjh lack of space.

with the head I. numerals are not written as words,

LKB

ALEXANDEIA

445

No.

446

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Ball Apis, wearing disk and (round neck) in front, cord with tassels, standing r. thymiaterion above, date.
; ;

320

133

JE

-95
I

LENAEKATO V
[Pj.ate lxxxvii. 14.]

[=126—127

a.d,]

Similar.

Bull

butting
r.,

r.

;

above
~

towards
321 139

date.

and around ~
.

M

-95

LENAEKA To V

[=126—127

a.d.]

Similar.

Uraeus

1., crowned witli horns and disk, holding in his coils ear of corn and sistrum around, from 1. upwards,
;

date.

322

145-5

M

-95

LENAE KATOV
Similar.

[

= 126—127

a.d.]

Caduceus,

the upper part of which is formed of two snakes facing, each wearing skhent; on either side, two ears of corn around, from 1. upwards,
;

date.

323

125

M

-95

LA EK AT OV

[

= 125-126

A.D.]

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXX. 890.]

On

the two lowest

denominations [Ndn. 324 329 and Xns. 330 f.) tlie numernh are represented by aymhols. Lucli of space is certainly the cause.*

AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC6B
(from
1.,
;

Demeter
paluda-

upwards)

Bust

of

Hadrian
over
1.

r.,

laur.

mentum
324
78

shoulder.

r., wearing chiton, and modius leans with r. on long torch, and holds ears of corn and poppies in 1. in field, date.

standing

peplos, veil,

;

;

jE

L

lA

[

= 126—127

A.D.]

Similar.

Hawk
field,

1.,

wearing disk and liorus

;

in

date.

325

69

.*]

-75

L

lA

[

= 126—127

A.D.]

*

On

coins of fcheso denominations
{e.g.,

belonging to the Year

9,

|_EN

ia

used, and

LAE

for the

Year ]0

No. 327

infra).

ALEXANDRIA

447

No.

448

EGYPT

No.

.

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

449

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Similar

;

but on
r.
].,
;

back

of

throne,

two

hawks

and in front, palm on stalk.
visible.

each wearing skhent behind, bunch of grapes

341

140

JE

I

no date

Simila

Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect holds caduceus and r., wearing skhent ear of corn in coils in field, date.
; ;

342

120-5

^

-95

L

I

A

[=129—130

A.D.]

Simila

Emperor, seated 1. in barge which is he grasps being rowed 1. over waves sceptre in 1., and extends his r. in on salatation on prow, standard
;
;

;

poop, steersman seated

;

iu field, date.

343

134

JE 1

LI

E

[

= 130—131

A.D.]
xxvii.

[B.M.G. Pl.

871.]

344

126

M

-95

LIE
AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC€B
(from
1.,
;

[=130—131

A.D.]

Dolphin twined round trident
date.

;

in field,

upwards)
paluda-

345

86

M

Bust of Hadrian r., laur. mentum. over 1. shoulder.
-75

L lA [=129—130

A.D.]

Bust

of

Hadrian
1.

r.,

laur.

;

paludamentuni

over

shoulder.

Head-dress of Isis, with ears of beneath the horns in field, date.
;

corn

346

31-5

iE

-5

L

I

A

[=129—130

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvii.

16.]

Nos. 347

ff.

exliibit the slight modifi.cation

which <ippeared on Nos. 298

f

AVTKAIC TPAIAAPIAC€B
upwards) Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum, as on No.
(from
1.,

Nilus seated 1. on rocks, with crocodile beside him, as on No. 334; in field 1.,
date.

347

387
VOL.
111.

M

298.
1-4
'l^

[=131—132

A.D.]

3

M

450

EGYPT
Metal
Size

Xo.

Weight

i

Obverse

Reverse

I

Similar.

Emperor, laur., and holding laurel-branch and sceptre, standing in quadriga

moving slowly
348
362-6

r.

;

above, date.

JE 1-3

LIS

[

= 131— 132-A.D.]
[B.M.G., Pl. XXVII. 866.]

AVTKAIC TPAIAAPIAC€B
(froni
1.,
;

GrifBn seated

1.,

with

r.

forepaw planted

upwards)
paluda-

on wheel

;

in field, date.

Bust 349
69-5
-75

of

Hadrian
over
1.

r.,

laur.

mentum
.'E

shoulder.

LI

5 [=131—132

A.D.]

TJie

following very extensive group of hronze coins corresponds to the billon pieces catalogued above as Nos. 300 f. Three denominations are represented
here {Nos.

350—365, Nos. 366-369, and Nos. 370—376).

C€B

AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC
(from beneath, towards
of
1.)

'

|

Triptolemos, standing in car drawn r. by two winged serpents, each wearing

Bust
cuirass

Hadrian r., laur., wearing and paludamentum, as on Nos.

skhent

;

he wears chlamys, and head-

300

i-

dress of elephant's skin, and scatters seed with r. from bag supported on 1.

arm
350
366

;

above, date.
A.D.]

M

l-S.:

LIZ [=132—133

Similar.

Athena, standing 1., wearing long chiton, with apoptygma, crested helmet, and aegis she holds ears of corn in r., and leans with 1. on spear, against which
;

shield rests

;

in field, date.
A.D.]

351

366

.^ 1-35

LI

2 [=132—133

Similar.

Dioskouroi,

standing to front, side by heads turned towards each other; each wears cuirass, chlamys, and kothornoi, and leans with outer hand on spear, while grasping sword with inner hand; above each head, star; between the heads, crescent
side, -with
field,

upwards; iu
352 317

date.
A.D.]

JE

1-3

L IH [=133—134
[B.M.C, Pl.

v.

708.]

ALEXANDRIA

451

No.

;

452

EGYPT
Metal
Sjze

No.

Weight

Obverse

Beveese

Similar.

Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect r., wearing sklient, and holding caduceus facing him, uraeus, with head in coils erect 1., wearing horns, disk and plumes, and holding sistram and poppy in coils
;
;

in field, date.

359

448

M

1-4

L

I

H

[

= 133—134

A.D.]

[Plate lsxxvii. 18.]
Similar

Sphinx, wearing modius, seated 1., with wings curled and r. forepaw planted on

wheel

;

in field, date.

360

385

JE

1-4

LI

H

[

= 133—134

A.D.]

Similar.

Monster r., with body of lion and hunaan head wears head-dress of horns, uraei, disk, and plumes; over shoulders, a wiglike arrangement, from which projects
;

crocodile's

head,

in

front

of

chest

;

beneath forepaws, farther one of which is extended, a serpent on back, small griffin r., with farther forepaw on wheel
;

in field, date.

361

343

M

1-4

L IH

[

= 133—134
but type

A.D.]

Sim.ilar.

Similar

;

I.

and

griffin

1.

362

350

JE 1-35

L IH [=133—134

A.D.]

[B.M.a, Pl. XXVI. 853.]
Similar.

Emperor standing
r.,

in quadriga of elephants holding laurel-branch and sceptre
;

above, date.

363

398

M

1-3

LIZ [=132—133
Similar.
Portico,

A.D.]

formed of
;

two columns with

supporting pediment which contains shield within portico, Sarapis, draped and wearing modius, standing r., extending r. hand, and holding sceptre in 1. facing Sarapis stands the Emperor 1., laur., laying his r. on the
capitals,
;

top of small shrine, inscribed
in ex., date.
.364

,^

;

NON
A.D.]

411-5

M

1-3

LIZ

[

= 132—133

[B.M.C., Pl. XXIX. 876.]

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

453

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Egyptian shrine, consisting of two banded shafts with papyrus-head capitals, supporting arched pediment, in which within, two Canopi disk with uraei face to face on stands, one v., wearing atef crowm, the other 1., wearing crown of horns, uraei, disk and plumes; in
;

field, date.

365

363

M

1-3

L

I

H [=133—134

A.D.]

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. xxviii. 877.]

AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC (from i]p wards) €B
1.,

Nike, seated wreath in
date.

1.

r.

on pile of armour, holding and palm in 1. in field,
;

Bust
366

of

20S

M

cuirass

Hadrian r., laur., wearing and paladamentum.

1-05

LI

Z [=132—133

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvii. 19.]
Similar.
Isis,

wearing chiton, peplos, and headof uraeus, seated 1. on throne with back she holds sistrum in r. and
dress
;

short sceptre in

1.;

in field, date.

367

202
212

368

M M

11
1-15

H [=133—134 A.D.] JH [ = 133—134 A.D.]
L!

[Plate lxxxvii. 20.]
Pharos, represented as round tower, with on the lantern stands entrance 1. statue holding situla and sceptre, while two Tritons, each blowing bucoinum, lean 1. and r. over edge of tower in
; ;

Similar.

field,

date.
A.D.]

369

249-5

M

1-15

L

I

Z [=132—133

AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC
gg
370
132
upwards) Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from
1.,

Harpocrates standing 1., wearing skhent he raises his r. to his lips, and holds cornucopiae in 1. in field, date.
;

M

1

LI

Z [=132—133

A.D.]

Similar.

Bust

of Harpocrates r., draped and wearing skhenf, his r. hand raised to his behind, cornucopiae ; in field, lips
;

date.

371

129

M

-95

L IH [=133—134

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvii. 21.]
(No. 371
is

pierced.)

454

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eevebse

Similar.

Canopus r., ornamented witli wearing ci'own of horns, and plumes in field, date.
;

figures,

and

uraei,

disk,

372

149

JE

1

L IZ [=132—133

A.D.]

Similar.

Bull Apis, standing r. on flank, crescent; in front, thymiaterion above, date.
;

;

373

132-5

JE

-9

LIH [=133—134

A.D.]

Similar.

Similar

;

wears disk

;

no crescent.

374

130

JE

-9

l'^ [=132—133

A.D.]

Similar.

Similar
(No. 375
pierced.)

;

no tliymiaterion.

376

138

JE

-9
is

Similar.

Serpent Agatliodaimon, with head erect r., wearing sklient in field, date.
;

376

131-5

M

1

L IZ [=132—133
No. 376 shows that

A.D.]

the change in the Obv., described above loas introduced as early as the Year 18.

under Nos. 302

ff.,

€B

AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC
(from
of
r.,
1.,

Isis

Pharia

Head
302
fi.

Hadrian

downwards) laur., as on Nos.

and

r., wearing chiton, peplos, characteristic bead-dress, holding

inflated sail,

with both hands the upper ends of an on the lower part of which her 1. foot is planted r. grasps
; ;

sistrum

in field, date.
A.D.]

377

339

M

1

LI

H [=133—134

During

the
^

Yeccr 19, hoioerer,
IS

dies continued to be largely

and even later {e.g., No. 380) the older side of obverse employed for bronze. During the Year 19 the numeral written as a loord, precisely as on the billon coinage.
Zeus, laur., and naked to waist, reclining on back of eagle, which stands to 1. front, head 1., with wings outspread he holds patera and sceptre; around,'
;

AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC (from €B npwards)
1.,

Bust
cuirass

of

Hadrian r., laur., wearing and paludamentum, as on Nos.

300
378 388

f.

from

1.

upwards, date.

M

1-3

L

€NNeA KA

[134—135

a.d.]

ALEXANDRIA

455

No.

456

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weisht

Obverse

Reverse

AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC (from upwards) C€B
1.,

385

132

^

Hadrian r., ]aur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
of
-96

Bust

Eagle standing r., vs'itli -wings closed and around, from I. Lead turned back upwards, date.
;

L€NN €AKA [ = 134—135
Similar.

a.d.]

Serpent AgatLodaimon with head erect 1., wearing skhent, holding caduceus in coils around, from. 1. upwards, date.
;

386

130-5

^

-95

N€A
The
three following have the obverse irliich is

[=134—135

a.d.]

normal on the

billon coinage

from

the

Tears 19

to 21,

and which had been introduced on in the Year 18 {see No. 377).

the bronze

.

AVTKAICTPAIAN (from C€B
Head
387
of

AAPIANOC
downwards)

r.,

Hadrian

1.,

laur.

Demeter standing r., wearing corn- wreath and long chiton with apoptygma, holding ears of corn in 1. and lung torch m r.
in field, date.

362

M

1-3

K A

L

[=136—137

A.D.]

Similar.

Elpis

standing
skirts
1.

1.,

and from
388
408-5

of

chiton in
date.

holding flower in r. around, 1.
;

upwards,

iE 1-3

L€N N€AKA [=134—135
[-B.lf.C, Pl.
Similar.

a.d.]

vm.

714.]

Tyche,

draped
;

and

wearing

modius,

reclining 1. upon couch, holding rudder in r. above, date.

389

396

J& 1-35

L KA [=136—137

a.d.]

The following correspond

to the billon coins

described above as Nos. 307

f.

AVTKAICTPA
C€B
Head
of

- _
(from
r.,

AAPIANOC
1.,

upwards)

Hadrian

laur.

Modius, resting on top of Ionic column, and containing three ears of corn and two poppy-heads, placed alternately on either side of column, serpent with head erect towards modius, that on 1. wearing skhent, that on r. having poppy-head
;

as

crown

;

in field, date.
a.d.]

390

409

M

1-3

LK A [=136—137

[Plate lxxxvii. 24.]

ALEXANDRIA

457

No,

458

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eevicrse

AELIUS CAESAR
The coins of
Aelitis

Caesar
which

all belong to

Ms

second consulsJiip.

They have

all

the type

is

usually found on his

Boman

coinage.

Billon

AAIAIOC KAICAP
Head
(from 1., upwards) of Aelius Caesar r., bare.

Homonoia, wearing chiton

and

peplos,

standing 1., holding in 1. cornucopiae and gathered drapery, and in r. patera over altar around, from 1. upwards,
;

AHM6ZO
397
199-5
Bill. -95

B

[=137

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvii. 26.]

Bronze

AAIAIOC KAICAP
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Aelius Caesar r., bare-headed, wearing paladamentam.

Homonoia, clad

as above, seated 1. on throne with back, holding patera in r,, and gathered drapery in 1. beside throne, cornucopiae; in ex., NOIA; around,

YnAT- B
398 368

OMO AHM6IOY

;

M

1-3

[=136—138

A.D.]

[B.M.C., Pl.

X.

923.]

ANTINOUS
Bronze

ANTINOOV HPWOC
(from
1.,

Bust of Antinous r., wearing hem-hem crown.

upwards) draped and

Antinous as Hermes riding r. on hor•seback; he holds caduceus in r., while chlamys flies behind him; in field,
date.

399

371

M

1-3
I

e

[=134-135

A.D.]

(No. 399

is

pierced.)

[Plate lxxxvii. 25,]

Similar.

Similar.

400

120

Ai 1

no date

visible.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

459

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

ANTONINUS PIUS
Billon
Under Antoninus Pius a marleed deterioration
in style is noticeable.

There

is

also

much more variation

in regard to the obverse type.
the

There being no obvious system

of grouping, such as was adopted under
reign are arranged chronologically.

preceding emperors, the coins of this
the first two or three years the

During

Emperor always appears hare-headed.

AVTKTAIAAAP ANTGJNINO
C€ VC€CB
Head
401
•201
Bill. -99
{sic,

Bust of

from
r.

1.,

upwards)
r.,

modius

Sarapis r. around,
;

,

laur.

and wearing
1.

from.

upwards,

of

Antoninus

Pius

bare;

€TOVC
in front,

paludamentum over

shoulder.

B [=138—139

A.D.]

Similar

;

last part of inscr.

oft'

coin.

Canopus

r., ornamented with figures, and wearing head-dress of horns, uraei, disk, and plumes aroand, from 1. upwards,
;

GTO YC
402 203
Bill. -9

in front,

B [=138—139

a.d.]

Similar; only

ANTGJNINOC

visible.

Dikaiosyne, wearing chiton and peplos, standing 1., holding scales in r., and oornucopiae and gathered drapery in 1.
in field, •-

403

173

Bill. -9

B

[

= 138—139

A.D.]

Similar,

AVTK ANTWNINOC€VC€B
witli

_

-

AAP

Phoenix standing r., with radiate nimbus around, from 1. upwards, A OJN
I

;

404

209

Bill. -9

infield,

L B

[

= 138—139

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxvii. 27.]

AYT
405
202-5
Bill.

[

]

ANTWNINOC

Head
1

(from front of neck, downwards) of Antoninus Pius r., bare.

Dikaiosyne seated 1., holding scales in r., and cornucopiae and gathered drapery
inl.

around,

LTPI

T OV [=139— 140 A.D.]

[Plate lxxxvu. 28.]

AV KTAIAAAP ANTWNINOC
(from front of neck, downwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., bare-headed, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
Bill. -95

Eirene, wearing chiton and peplos, standing 1., holding ears of corn in r., and caduceus and gathered drapery in 1.

406

200

around,

L TP ITOV[ = 139-140 a.d.]
3 N 2

.

460

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obveese

Eeverse

AVTKTAIAAAP ANTGJNINOC
(from r., downwards) Head of Antoninus Pius 1., bare.

Similar.

407

209-5

Bill.

1

around,L-TPI

TOY [=139-140a.d.]
406,

AVTKTAIAAAP ANTWMINOC
Head
408
209
Bill.
-9

(from 1., upwards) of Antoninus Pius r., laur.

Dikaiosyne, seated 1. as on No. holding scales and cornucopiae.
in front, |_A
[

= 140— 141

A.D.]

A VT KTAIAAAP ANTGJNINOC
(from front of chest, downwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Similar.

409

206

Bill. -95

in front,

[_A

[

= 140—141

A.D.]

AVTKTAIAAAP ANTWNINOC€ (from beneath, towards V C€B

1.)

Bust of Demeter r., draped, and wearing veil and modius over r. shoulder,
;

Head
410
197
Bill. -9

of

Antoninus Pius

r.,

laur.

lighted torch.
in front, [_A
[

= 140— 141
II.

A.D.]

IB.M.C., Pl.

934.]

AVTKTAIAAAP ANTCONINOC
Head
411
(from 1., upwards) of Antoninus Pius r., laur.

Bust of Sarapis 1., draped and wearing wreath and modius.
infield,

207

Bill.

1

L €

[

= 141—142

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxvii. 29.]

Henceforward a change

is

noticeable in the Ohv. inscr.

The

coins, too

tend on

whole, to become thicker

and

to

decrease in module.

ANTGJNINOC C€B€YC€B
(from r., downwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing
cuirass

Poseidon,

prow

and paludauientum.

naked, standing r., 1. foot on he leans with r. on trident, and holds dolphin in extended 1.
;

412

211

Bill. -95

behind,

^ [=141—142
[B.M.G., Pl.

a.d.]

II.

930.]

Similar.

Artemis Huntress, wearing short chiton and endromides, running r., holding bow in extended 1., and with r. plucking arrow from quiver.
behind,

413

187-5

Bill. -95

^ [=141—142
IB.M.C, Pl.

a.d.]

III.

93S.]

ALEXANDRIA

461

No.

462

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeverse

As has been

ike case in previous reigns, the

Year 9 inaugurates a

series in

which the numerals are written at length.

ANTWNeiN OCC6 BCYCeB
Head
421
(from r., downwards) of Antoninus Pins r., laur.

Asklepios, -wreatbed

and naked
r.

to waist,

standing
altar,

1.,

holding- with.
1.

and with
staff.

patera over gathered drapery and

serpent

196

Bill. -9
1

around,

LGNA TOV [=145— 146 A.D.]

[Plate lxxxviii. 2.]

Similar,

with

422

€VC€B
206-5
Bill. -95

ANTWN€INo C€B

Bust of Sarapis
around,

r.,

as

on No. 414.

LGNA TOV [=145— 146 A.D.]

Similar

;

inscr. continuous.

Eagle, as on No. 419.

423

199

Bill. -85

around,

L€N ATOV [ = 145— 146 A.D.]

Similar, with

ANTGONIN

C€B

fioma, draped and wearing crested helmet, seated 1. on cuirass, leaning with 1. on spear, and holding in extended r. small

Nike
424 220
Bill. -86

r.

around,

LGNAG KATOV

[

= 147—

148 A.D.]

ANTa)N€IN OC C€B€VC€B
(from Bust of Antoninus Pius ing paludamentum.
r., r.,

downwards)
laur.,

wear-

Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1. on throne with back, holding scales in r., and cornncopiae and gathered drapery in 1.
around,

426

199-5

Bill. -95

— 148

L

€NA

KATOV = 147
[

A.D.]

Similar, with

ANTWNINOC C€B€
cuirass.

VC€B,
426
173-5
Bill. -9

and

Bust of Zeus wears disk.
around, 149 A.D.]

Ammon

r.,

with ram's horn;

LAWA€ KATOV

[=148—

Similar, with

VC€B
427
199-5
Bill. -95

ANTWNINO C C€B€

Dikaiosyne, seated
ex.,

1.

as

on No. 425; in

L

around,

—149

A WA€ KATO V
A.D.]

[
'-

= 148

ALEXANDRIA

463

No.

464

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Dikaiosyne standing
cornucopiae.

1.,

with scales and

43c

169-5

Bill. -8

in field,

l' €

[

= 161-152

a.d.]

ANTWNINO C C6B€VC€B
(from r., do winvards) Head of Antoniniis Pius r., laur. paludamentum over 1. shoulder.
;

Dikaiosyne

seated ]., with scales cornucopiae, as on No. 425.

and

436

188

Bill. -9

infield,

l'

H [=154— 155

A.D.]

ANTWNIN O C€B€VC€B
Bust
437
211
Bill. -95

Bust

of Sarapis

r.,

as

on No. 414.

of

(from r., downwards) Antoninus Pius r., laur.,
field,

wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

L

'

[=155—156

a.d.]

ANTWNINOC

C €B€VC€B
(from
r.,

downwards)

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Athena Arohegetis of Sais, wearing crested helmet and long chiton with apoptygma, standing r., leaning with r. on spear, and holding owl on extended 1. against
;

spear rests shield.

438

214

Bill. -85

infield,

L K

[

= 156—157

a.d.]

ANTUNIN OC €B€VC€B
from r., downwards) Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. paludamentum over 1. shoulder.
(sic,

Asklepios standing 1., as on No. 421, holding patera and serpent-staff.

439

193

Bill.

1

infield, L*^

A [=157— 158

a.d.]

Similar, with

€VCeBH
440
201
Bill. -9

ANTUNINOC €B A

Sarapis,

standing 1., wearing chiton, himation and modius he holds patera in r., and leans with 1. on sceptre at his feet, Kerberos I.
; ;

infield, L*^

A

[

= 157— 158

A.D.]

Similar, with

VC€BH
441
179-5
Bill. -9

ANTUNINOC

€ BA€

Bust of Alexandria

r., draped, wearing head-dress of elephant's skin.

infield,

L KA [=157—158

a.d.]

ANTWNINOC C€B€VCB
{sic,

Nike

1.

on globe, holding

wreath

from

and

1.,

upwards)
laur.

palm.
in field
1.,

Head
442

of

Antoninus Pius

1.,

1945

Bill. -95

LKA [=157—158

a.d.]

ALEXANDRIA

465

Weight

443

444

445

446

447

466

EGYPT

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

AV KTAIAAAP ANTWNIN upwards) (from C€B
.

Two
on

Canopi, face to face, on stands
1.

;

that
;

1.,

Bust of Antoninus Pius r,, bare-headed; paludamenttim over 1. shoulder.

draped and wears atef crown that on r. is ornamented with figures, and wears head-dress of horns, uraei, disk, and plumes; between them, lighted
is

thymiaterion.

448

infield,

363

.•E

i-35

m

ex.,

B f=,]3s_i39 L

^.d.]

[B.M.G., PL. XVIII. 1133.]
Euthenia, draped and wearing head-dress of ears of corn, reclining 1., holding ears of corn in r., and resting with 1. her lap is full elbow upon sphinx r. around, fi'om. 1. upwards, of fruit
;
;

Similar

:

inscr. obliterated.

€VeHNIA
449
295

M

1-25

infield,

B

[

= 138--139

A.D.]

[Cf.

B.M.C., Pl.

XXII. 1162.]

AYT KTAIAAAP ANTWNINO (from upwards) CeVC €B
I.,

Head

of

Antoninus Pius

r.,

laur.

Herakles naked, kneeling r. with 1. knee on back of stag, which he has brought to the ground and is grasping by the horns r. behind, his club.
;

450

397

M

1-3

around,
A.D.]

LT€ TAPTOY
[Plate lxxxviti.

[

= 140—141

G.]

CeB €YC

AYTK TAIAAAP ANTWNINOC
(from 1,, upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludainentum.

Paris

on Mount Ida beneath the golden apple to Aphrodite, who stands to front, head r.,
seated
1.

tree,

handing

naked to waist, stretching out her J. hand to receive it behind her stands Hera, draped and veiled, also to front,
;

turning her head 1. towards Athena, who stands beside her, looking r., clad in long chiton and crested helmet, and leaning with r. on shield; at foot of

Mount
r.

Ida, Hermes 1., stretching out hand, and holding caduceus in 1. to r. of Aphrodite, small Eros standing ]., with r. hand outstretched.
;

451

343

.E 1-3

in ex.,

L€

[

= 141—142

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxviii.

7.]

AVTKTAIAAAP- ANTWNIN.. (from upwards) C€B
1.,

Herakles, wrestling 1, with Antaeus, whom he has lifted bodily from the ground.
tor.,

Similar type.

452

370

M

1-3

^

[

= 141—142
J7.il/.

A.D.]

[Cf.

C, Pl.

vi.

1054.]

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

467

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

_ -

AAP ANTWNIN
(from 1., upwai'ds) of Antoninus Pius r., laur.

Tycbe,
in
r.

draped
1.

reclining

and wearing modius, upon couch, holding rudder

Head
453
331-5

M

1-3

above, [L]

Z [=143—144

a.d.]

AYTKTAIAAAP
(from
Similar type.
1.,

eVC
upwards"

Egyptian shrine, consisting of two columns with papyrus-head capitals supporting arched pediment containing disk with uraei within shrine, Isis, seated r. on she is draped and tlirone with back wears characteristic head-dress, and holds on her knee Harpokrates 1., wearing skhent and holding lotus-bud in 1.
;

;

454

354

jE

1-3

infield,

L Z

[

= 143—144
xxvm.

a.d.]

[B.M.C., Pl.

1194.]

Similar

;

only

first

half of inscr. legible.

Bast of Pantheistic divinity r., bearded, wears with drapery over 1. shoulder modius of Sarapis, with atef crown has horn of Zeus Ammon, and is radiate
;

like

over shoulder, trident of Helioa Poseidon, combined with serpent-staff in front, cornucopiae of of Asklepios
;
;

Nilus.

455

289

M

1-3

tor.,

^ [ = 143—144

a.d.]

[B.M.C., Pl. XV. 1102.]

AYTKTAIAAAP ANTOJNINO
CC€ B€YC
456 833
(from
1.,

upwards)

Tyche reclining No. 453.
above,

1.

on

couch,

as

on

M

Similar type.
1-4

LH

[=144

— 145

a.d.]

Similar.

Bull Apis, standing

r'.

;

in front, altar of

Egyptian shape

;

line of ex. double.

457

372

M |-35

above,

LH

[=144—145

a.d.]

[B.M.G., Pl. XXV. 1175.]

Similar

;

only

first

half of insor. legible.

Shrine, consisting of two columns supporting pediment containing shield; within shrine, Sarapis, draped and wearing modius, seated 1., in usual
attitude,

with Kerberos at his

feet.

458

293

-5

^ 1-35

infield,

L H [=144—145
3

a.d.]

2

468

EGYPT
Reverse

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Similar; only

AN TOON N
I

legible.

Similar shrine within, Elpis 1., draped, holding flower in r., and with 1. raisiug skirts of her robe.
;

459

410

Ah 1-25

infield,
1

L H

[

= 144—145

a.d.]

AVTKTAIAAAP ANTGJNINOC upwards) (from C€B €VC
1.,

Isis

Pharia

r.,

dress, chiton,

vfearing characteristic headand flying peplos, hold-

Similar lype.

ing -with both hands upper ends of an inflated sail, on lower part of which is planted her 1. foot; grasps sistrum in in front, the Pharos, represented as r. a square tower, seen at an angle, with entrance 1., approached by steps; up centre of each side, a row of dots on summit of lantern, statue holding sitnla and sceptre, while over edge of tower lean 1. and r. two Tritons, each
; ;

blowing buBoinum.

4G0

41(1

M

1-3

in ex.,

LH

[

= 144—145

a.d.]

The Year 8

irns

remaykahle not only for

tlie

following astronomical group, hut also

for

the issue of

a series of nome-coins*

AVTKTAIAAAP ANT(jON€INO (fi'om upwards) Ce B€YC
].,

1

Three concentric

Similar type.

circles, dotted; within the outermost, the signs of the Zodiac within the middle one, busts of the eponymous deities of the seven days of the week within the innermost, bust of Sarapis 1., wearing modius.
; ;

461

:J74-5

J3 1-35

within middle 145 A.D.]

circle,

above,

|H

[

= 144 —

[Plate lxxxviii.
Similar; only

8.]

ANTW

legible.

Helmeted bust

of

Ares
1.

1.

;

in front, star

;

beneath, scorpion

(Mars, in Scorpio.)
A.D.]

462

4130

JB.

1-1

infield,

L H

[

= 141—145

[Plate lxxxy. 10.]
Similar

;

nothing

legible.

Bust of Aphrodite
;

1.,

weaving stephane

;

in front, star beneath, bull butting (Venus in Taurus.)

1.

463

316

.E 12:.

inex.,

LH

[

= 144— 145
XII.

A.D.]

[B.M.C., Pl.

lOSO.]

*

Sor

p. 432, supra, footnote, witli

reference to Dattari.

;

ALEXANDRIA
No.

469

Weight

Metai, Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar;
- -

AYTKTAIAAAP AN
legible.

Bust

of Selene

r..

B6YC

horns upwards
crab.

(Moon

enclosed -within crescent, in front, star beneath, in Cancer.)
; ;

46 i

29S-

JE 1-3

date obliterated.

[B.M.C., Pl.
Similar

XII.

1082.]

;

AYTKTAIAAAP AN

- . -

Bust

legible.

of Zeus r., laur.; in front, star; beneath, centaur galloping r., drawing bo-w. (Jupiter in Sagittarius.)

465

314

JE

1-3

beneath,

LH

[

= 144—145
XII.

a.d.]

[B.M.C, Pl.

1087.]

AYTKTAIAAAP ANTG0N€INO
CC€ B
Sim.ilar type.

Bust of Zeus
r.

r.,
;

(from

1.,

upwards)

shoulder

fishes r.

and

laur., -with sceptre over in front, star beneath, 1. (Jupiter iti Pisces.)
;

466

373-5

J5

1-3

in field,

L H

[

= 144—145
XII.

A.B.]

[B.M.C, Pl.

1090.]

AYTKTAIAAAP ANTX2NINOC
C€ B€Y
Bust
of
(frora
1.,

upwards)

Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Bust of Kronos 1., -wearing veil and globe on head at 1. shoulder, falx in front, star beneath, youth swimming 1., wearing chlamys, looking back, and holding inverted jar in his hands
;
;

;

beneath, date.

(Saturn in Aquarius.)
a.d.]

4G7

370

^

1-3

beneath,

LH

[=144—145

[PlAIE LXXXVIII.

9.]

As

ill

earlier reigns, the

Year 9 inaugurates a

series in lohich the

numerals

are written as words.

C CGB€YC
Head
of

AYTKTAIAAAP ANTCONEINO
(fi-om
1.,

Apollo
front,

of

upwards)
laur.

Miletus, radiate, standing to naked, holding small stag in r.
;

Antoninus Pius

r.,

and unstrung bow in 1. on either side, Nemesis looking towards him, plucking -with r. her chiton at neck Nemesis on
;

r.

has cubit-rule in

1.

468

450-5

^

1-3

first

part of inscr. obscure.

in ex.,

L6NATOY = 145—146 a.d.]
[

[Plate lxxxviii. 11.]

Similar.

Ares, fully armed, standing to front, head r. ; leans with r. on spear, and -with 1. supports shield, which stands on ground beside him.

469

348-6

^

1-3

inscr. obscure.

around,L€NA

TOV

[

= 145— 146 a.d.]
1037.]

[B.M.C, Pl.

IV.

470

EGYPT

No.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

471

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Insor. (obscure)

from

1.,

upwards.

Similar

type.

Athena, wearing crested helmet and long chiton, with apoptygma, standing 1., holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on shield.
around. 149 A.D.]

4,7"

353

.E 1-35

ANTWN
Similar.

LAWA

KATOV = 148—
[

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, standing 1., holding rudder and cornucopiae.

478

306

iE 1-35

_ _

ANT

- -

around,

.

.

.

A€ KATOV

[

= 148—

149 A.D.]

Similar.

Isis

Pharia
;

r.,

sistrum No. 460.

in front,

with inflated Pharos
;

sail
all as

and on

479

32S-6

.E 1-3

TAIAAAP ANT
AYTKTAIAAAP ANTGONINOC upwards) (from C€B €YC
1.,

L

(in

ex.) (in ex.)

ACaAe

KAT

(around)

OV

[:=148— 149

A.D.]

Similar type;

only one side of Pharos

shown.
in ex.,
[

Head
480
1

of

Antoninus Pius

r.,

laur.

380

IE

1-

L;

around,

= 148—149

A(OA€K

ATO V
1.,

A.D.]

Insor.
of

Bust (obscure) from 1., upwards. Antoninas Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Shrine containing statue of Sarapis
;

as

on No. 468 shield in pediment supported on each side by flying Nike.
around,

4S1

380

M

]-3

TAIAAAP ANTCJNIN

.AW A€ KATO V [=148—

149 A.D.]

Similar.

Shrine, containing statue of Isis suckling Harpokrates, as on No. 454.
in ex.,
[

482

:

398

JE 1-35

AAP AN
Inscr. (obscure)
of

= 148—149

L;

around,
A.D.]

A0OA6

KATOV

from 1., upwards. Antoninus Pius r., laur.

Head

Nilus,

naked to waist, and crowned with
reclining
;

lotus,

1.,

his

1.

arm

leaning

he holds in 1. reed, on crocodile r. and in r. cornucopiae, from which holding genius r., small emerges above, wreath S*
;

I

483

298

.E 1-25

AAAP ANTCa

L
[

(in

field)

= 149—150

T PICK A
A.D.]

I

(around)

[B.M.G., Ph. XIX, 1150.]

* See supra, p. 431, footnote.

;

472

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reyjirse

Inscr.

(obscure)
of

Head
484
316-,

from r., downwai'ds. Antoninus Pius 1., laur.

Simila

^

1-3

OCC C€B€VC

as preceding.

€B €VC

AVTKTAIAAAP
{sic,

ANTWNINCC

from 1., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Triptolemos, with elephant's skin on head and flying chlamys, standing in car

drawn r. by two winged serpents, each wearing skhent he scatters seed with r. from seed-bag supported on 1. arm.
;

485

377

M

1-3

above,

LIA

[

= 150—151

A.D.]

Inscr.

(obscure) from r., downwards. Bust of Antoninus Pius 1., laur., paludamentuni over r. shoulder.

Altar (of Caesareum ? *) having elaborately decorated horns, and peristyle
four columns seen in front, with garlands hanging between them: beof

tween central columns stands figure goddess 1., holding patera over
small altar
;

the large altar
[

is

lighted.

486

286-,

M

1-25

AVTK

eB€VC

in field,

Q

= 151—152

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxvih. 12.]

Inscr. of

(obscure) from 1., upwards. Bust Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Busts,

draped,

jugate

r.,

of

Sarapis,
Isis,

wearing taenia and modius, and of wearing characteristic head-dress.
in field,

487

401

M

1-2,;

AIAAAP

U Z = 153-154
[

A.D.]

Inscr.

from r., downwards Antoninus Pius 1., laur.
-

Head

of

Sphinx

r.,

resting

wearing modius upon wheel.
'

;

ibs

1.

forepaw

488

339

M

1-3

AVTKTAIAAAP €B€VC

NINOCC

in field,

L

Z

[

= 153—164

a.d.]

Inscr.

from r,, downwards. Antoninus Pius I., laur., paladamentum.

Bust of wearing

Serpent with head of Sarapis, wearing modius, erect r. holds ears of corn in
;

coils.

489

365

M

1-3

AVTKTA---T(jJNINO CC6B€V

infield,

LI

Z

[

= 153—154

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxvih. 13.]

Seo B.M.G., p.

xoiii,

ALEXANDRIA
Mbtal
Size

473

No,

Weight

Obveksb

Eevekse

AVTKTAIAAP
_ _ _ _

ANTWN

Tyche

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., with paladamentum around shoulders.

of Alexandria (?) standing 1., wearing chiton and peplos, and holding ears of corn iQ r., and oar (?) and gathered
in front, end of galley drapery in 1. behind, end of r., with square sail;
;

galley
to
1.,

1.

;

at feet of

Tyche are

seated,

female figure r., naked to waist, looking back, and to r., Nilus 1., naked lotus, to waist and crowned with holding rudder in r.

490

469

M

1-3

above,

LI [H]* [=154—155

a.d.]

[Cf. B.3I.G., Pl. XXIV. 1173.]

ATKAIAAP ANTGJNINOC C€B upwards) from €V
(sic;
1.,

Eagle standing to front, head r., with wings open and wreath in beak.

Similar type.

491

357

M

13

LJ

H [=154—155

A.D.]

Similar

;

inscr. obscure.

wearing Phrygian cap and Perseus, chlamys, standing r., holding harpa over r. shoulder, and with 1. hand assisting Andromeda to descend 1. from
rocks.

49-2

313

JE

1-2;

in

field,

^ A [=160—161

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxviii. 14.]

JSfos.

493

—496

all

belong to one denomination.
5.

denomination in the Years 2, 4 and

The radiate head is frequent on this The denomination of No. 497 is doubtful.

AVTKTAIAAAP ANTCONINOC
(from ]., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., radiiite, wearing cuirass and paladamentum.

C€B

Demeter standing 1., wearing long chiton, and having peplos as veil; she holds ears of corn in extended r., and supports
with
in
field,
1.

a long torch.

493

186

^

115

inscr. obscure.

L

A [ = 140—141
with

A.D.]

Similar.

Isis

Pharia

r.,

inflated

sail

and

sistram, as on No. 473.

494

175-5

M

1-15

behind.

[

= 140—141

A.D.]

*

to this year. All the other examples I have noted belong

3 p
VOL. in.

47J.

EGYPT
MiSTAL
Size

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

C€ B€YC
495
,

AYTKTAIAAAP ANTCUNINOC
(from Head of Antoninus Pius
1.,

upwards)
laur.

Pharos, represented as on No. 460 only one side shown, which has double row
;

r.,

of projections. in field,

146-5

'

M

1-1

L H [=:144— 145

A.D.]

Similar.

Dikaiosyne seated 1. on throne with back, holding scales and cornucopiae.
around,

496

220

M

1-15

inscr. partly illegible.

L

AEKA TOV

[=146—

147 A.D.]

€Y C€B
497
loS

AYTKTAIAAAP

ANTWNINOC

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Antoninus Pius r., bare-headed,

Bust of Sarapis and modius.

r.,

draped, wearing taenia

M

wearing cairass and paludamentum.
1

in field,

L B
appear

[

= 138—139
to
it

A.D.]

Nos. 498 504, in spite of the varying denomination. Coins of the Year

loeigJit,

1 are very rare, as

belong to the same only began

on July 10, 138 A.D.
Inscr.
obliterated.
r.,

Head

of

Antoninus

Pius

bare.

Harpokrates as naked child, seated lotus-flower, holding r. hand to and carrying lotus-bud in 1.*
around, to
1.,

1.

on

lips,

498

128

yE

-Sc

€TOYCA

[=138

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxviii. 15.]

Similar.

Tyche, draped, standing and cornacopiae.
in field l.,|_B
[

1.,

holding rudder

499

104

JE

-9.:

= 138— 139

A.D.]

- -

lAAAP ANTWNIN
(from
1.,

€B

Eagle standirg
closed.

].,

looking back;

wings

upwards)

Similar type.

500

:'

149

JE

-9

infield,

L B [=138—139

a.d.]

AY
Head
501

ANTWNINOCeYC €8
(from of Antoninus Pias
1.,

Bust

upwards)
laur.

r.,

of Nilus 1., wearing lotus-flowers; over r. shoulder, drapery beside 1. shoulder, cornucopiae.
;

123

.E

-95

infield,

L €

[

= 141—142

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxviii. 16.]
* Cf. Plutarch,

Be

Pijth.

Orac,

xii.,

Alyvwriovs iaipaKiis

apxho

haToMji

iraiSiop

V(oyi/hv

ALEXANDRIA

475

No.

476

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

MARCUS AURELIUS
The foUow'mg are dated according
to the

years of Antoninus Fias, Marcus
'

Aurelius being only

Caesar.'

Billon

KAICAP- M- AVPHAIC
(from r., downwards) Head of M. Aurelius r., bare, with
slight beard.

Demeter
veil,

(?),

seated

wearing chiton, peplos, and on throne with back, 1.
r.

holding in
1.

patera over altar, and in

sceptre

and gathered drapery.

509

194-5

Bill. -9

L

(in ex.)
[

= 148—149

AWA€ KATOV
A.D.]

(around)

[Plate lxxxviii. 18.]

Bbonze

Two denominations

of bronze are here represented [Nos. 510

f.

and Nos. 512

f.).

KAICAPM AV PHAIC
(from r., downwards) Bust of M. Aurelius r., bare-headed,

Athena, wearing crested helmet and long chiton, standing 1., holding on outslretched r. Nike r., and leaning with
1.

wearing cuirass
-.10

and

paludamentum

;

on spear.

321

M

slightly bearded.
1-3

infield,

LI

A [ = 1.50—151

a.d.]

M AVPHAIOCKA
Similar type.

ICAP
1.,

Nilus, reclining

(from

upwards)

naked to waist, and 1., crowned with lotus he holds reed in r., and in 1. cornucopiae beneath, crocodile and water-plants in front,
;

;

;

Nilometer, represented as stele placed on base with steps, and having a small genius standing in front of it.
311
31
1;-

JE 1-4

above,

LI

Z

[

= 153—154

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxviu. 19.]

KAICAP [MJAVPHAIC
i !

Uraeus, with head erect

r.,

wearing disk

Head
beard.
.512

of

M.

(from r., downwards) Aurelius r., bare, with

and horns.

70

vE

-75

infield,

L

IB

[

= 148—149

a.d.]

Similar
.13

;

inscr. obscure.

Sphinx recumbent
above,

r.

M

LIS

[

= 152 — 153

a.d.]

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

477

No.

Weight

Obverse

Revekse

The ddtes on

fhe
A'^o.

foUowing are those of M. Aurelius himself. In style and fabric 517 closely resembles the coins of Commodus (q.v.). B:llon

MAVPHAIOC ANTUNINOCC€
(from 1., iipwards) Bust of M. Aurelius r., wearing cuirass and paludamentuni.
)1-1

Bust of Nilas
behind, reed
,;

r.,

crowned with lotus

;

in front, cornucopiae.

224

Bill.

-9

in field, above,

L B [=161— 1G2

a.d.]

Similai', with

paludamentum

only.

Bust of Zeus

r.,

laur.
a.d.]

A
515
177
Bill.
-9

in front,

L

[

= 163—164

Similar

;

but tjpe

1.,

and

inscr.

from

r.

Two

r.

hands clasped;

above,

downwards.
516
142
Bill. -85

NOIA
beneath,

OMO

L €

[

= 164—165

a.d.]

[B.M.a, Pl. XXX. 1279.]
[

]AIOC
Head

ANTUNINOCC€

Bust of Helios
1.

r.,

radiate; drapery over

(from 1., upwards) of M. Aurelius r., laur.

shoulder.

517

144

Bill.

-95

infield,

L H [=1G7— 168

a.d.]

_ -

ANTUNINOCC€
;

(from 1., upwards) Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur. paludamentum over 1. shoulder.

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, reclining 1. on couch she holds rudder in r., and supports head with 1. couch decked with garlands.
; ;

518

138

Bill. -85

above,

LI

[

= 169—170

a.d.]

B&OW/.E

MAVPH ANTUN
(from ]., upwards) Bust of M. Aurelius r., radiate paludamentum over 1. shoulder.
;

Sarapis,

naked to waist and wearing modius, standing 1., leaning with 1. on sceptre, and holding patera in r. in front, Kerberos 1.
;

519

271

JE 1-05

infield,

L

A [ = 163-164
1.

a.d.]

M AVPHAIOC ANTUNINOCC
g
520
119-5

Lion advancing

(from beneath, towards 1.) Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., paluda-

M

mentum
-9

over

1.

shoulder.
above,

LS

[

= 165—166

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxviii. 20.]

478

EGYPT

No.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

479

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

<I>AVCT€INA

C6BACTH
(from
1.,

Altar

upwards)

(of Caesareum ?), as on No. 486 but small altar within, obscure whole resting on basis of three stages.
; ;

528

343

M

1-3

LJ

[

= 151—152

A.D.]*

<I>AVCTINA
Similar type.

C€BCTH
from
r.,

Elpis, draped, standing

1.,

holding flower
skirt
of

(sic,

downwards)

in

r.,

and

with

1.

raising

garment.
around,

529

116

M

-95

LAOJA 6KATOV

[

= 148—

149 A.D.]

Similar, with

TH
530
68

<|>AVCTINA

C€BAC

GriflBn seated

r.,

with

1.

forepaw on wheel.

M

-7

inex.,-L; infield,

|

® = 155— 156 a.d.]
[

The following

coins, each

of ivhich represents a different denomination, are dated according to the years of M. Aarelius.

Bronze

<|>AYCTINA

C€BACTH

Sarapis,

naked

to

waist

and wearing
;

(from r., downwards) Bust of Faustina Junior r., draped.

he seated 1. on low stool holds Texilliim in 1., and stretches out his r. above a small basin, into which water runs from a fountain, with lion's head, above.
modius,
infield,

531

225

M

1-2

L €

[

= 164-165

.a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix.

1.]

Similar.

Euthenia,

reclining 1., holding in outstretched r. ears of corn, and in 1.
;

poppy-head and gathered drapery her 1. arm rests on sphinx recumbent r.

532

144

M

1

in front,

[

[

= 162—163

a.d.]

Similar

;

but inscr. from

1.,

upwards.

Uraeus erect

1.,

wearing head-dress
;

of

horns, disk, and plumes two ears of corn.
in
field,

in his folds,

533

129

M

-9

above,

L T [=162—163
[

a.d.]

*

The

I

is

doubtful.

The coin may be

of the

Year

5 of

M. Aurelius

= 164-165

A.D.].

A
480

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

LUCIUS TERUS
Billon

AAVPHAIOC OVHPOCC€B
(from

Bust

of

L.

Vertis

r.,

op-wards) lanr., -wearing
I.,

Eirene, draped, seated 1. on throne without back, holding patera in extended beside throne, cornucopiae, whence r.
;

cuirass
63-i

and paludamentum.

emerges Ploutos r.
infield,

;

around,
A.D.]

€ PH N H
I

203-5

Bill. -95

L A

[

= 161

Similar.

Homonoia, draped, standing 1,, holdinobranch in r., and cornucopiae and gathered di-apery in 1. around, from
1.

upwards,

OMONO

;

I

635

201

Bill. -9

in field,

L A [=161

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 2.]

Similar.

M. Aurelius and L. Verus, each wearing toga, standing face to face, with r. hands clasped.
field,

536

169

Bill. -9

last part of inscr. obscure.

L A [=161

A.D.]

AAVPHAIOC OVHPOCC€
(from
1,,

upwards)

Similar type.

Bust of Zeus Amnion r., with ram's horn, wearing head-dress of horns, uraei, and
disk.

537

163

Bill. -85

in field,

L B [=161—162

a.d.]

AAYPHAI OCOYHPOCC6
(from
r.,
1,,

downwards)
laur.,

Bust

of

L.

Veras

paluda-

mentum

over shoulder.

Trophy, consisting of helmet with cheekpieces and a cuirass, flanked on either side by two crossed oval shields with
crossed javelins; at the foot, captive, vyearing Phrygian cap and having hands
tied behind behind him

back,
;

seated

r.,
1.

looking

538

175

Bill. -9

APMG NIA infield, L G [ = 164—165
A AYPHAIOC
Similar type
r.

around, from

upwards

a.d.]

OYHPOC
(from
1.,

Wreath containing

date.

upwards)

539

196-5

Bill.

-S

LZ [=166—167

A.D.]

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

481

No.

Weight

Obveese

Reverse

Bronze

AAVPHAIOC OVHP
(from
1.,

NiluSj

upwards)
paluda-

Bast of

L.

Verus

r.,

laur.,

to vpaist and crowned with seated 1. on rocks, holding in comucopiae in r. and reed in 1.

naked

lotus,

;

mentum

over shoulder.

front, Alexandria,

draped and wearing elephant's skin on head, advances r., holding wreath in extended r. and reed
1.

over

shoulder.

540

280

.E

1-15

infield,

[L]

B [=161—162

a.d.]

- -

AlOC OVHPOCCeB
(from
1.,

upwards)

Similar type

;

head bare.

Tyche, draped and wearing modias, reshe holds rudder clining 1. on couch couch ill r. and supports head with 1. decked with gat-lands.
; ;

541

400

JE

1-3

above,

LT

[

= 162—163

a.d.]

AAYPHAIOC OYHPOCC€B
542
359-5

Similar to No. 540

M

(from 1., upwards) Bust of L. Verus r., wearing cuirass and paludamentum head bai'e.
;

but Nilus reclining on ground, with crocodile r. beneath.
;

1-3

in field,

L

'

[

= 162-163

a

d.]

[Plate lxxxix.

3.]

A AVPHAIOC OVHPOCC€B
(from
1.,

Female

upwards)
paluda-

Bnst

of

L.

Verus

r.,

laur.,

mentum

over shoulder.

wearing chiton and peplos, between ends of galleys, with seated figures beneath, as on No. 490 but she holds cornucopiae instead
figure,

standing

1.,

;

of oar

(?)

in

1.

54S

345

JE

1-3

to

r.,
I

[

= 164 — 165 a.d.] (details obscure)

- -

HAIOC OYHPOCC6B
(from
1.,

upwards)

Egyptian shrine, contniiiing two Canopi, face to face, as on No. 365.
in field,

544

235

M

Similar type.
1-3

L S [=165—166

a.d.]

AAYPHA OYHPOC
545
147

- 1.,

Canopus

upwards) Bust of L. Verus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludameutum.
(from

wearing crown of 1. on stand, horns, uraei, disk, and plumes.

Ji

1

infield,

L € [=164—165

a.d.]

3 Q

482

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

COMMODUS
Billon
of Commodiis are dated according to the regnal years of M. Aurelius. a marked deterioration. So far as can he judged by apiiearance, the great majority of them are. also of inferior alloy. The characteristic of the first group, the issue of ivhich extended orer three years,
Ill

The. coins

style theij show, loith hut few exceptions,

is

that the

name

ANTUNINOC
upwards)

is loritten

atfidl length.

MAYPHKOMMo ANTUNINOCC
(from
1.,

Head

of

Commodus

r.,

laur.

Zeus, laur., naked but for himation over 1. shoulder, standing to front, head 1., holding thunderbolt in r., and leaning

with

1.

on

sceptre.

546 5t7

162-5

Bill.

1-05

in

field,

^ B [=181—182
K L

a.d.]

184

Bill.

1

in field, /^ [?]

[Plate lxxxix.

4.]

MAYPHKOMM ANTUNINOCC

Similar type.

Head

of

Zeus Aramon

r.,

with ram's

(from

1.,

upwards)

horn, and disk on head.
infield,

548

206

Bill.

1

^_K

r

[

= 182—183

a.d.]

MAYPHKOM ANTUNINOCC
(from
Similar type.
1.,

Athena, helmefed,
aegiti,

upwards)

draped and wearing on throne with back, holding on extended r. small Nike 1., and leaning with 1. on spear; beside
seated
1.

throne, shield.

549

17^

Bill.

1

in front,

',

[[_]

KB [=181—182

A.D.]

Similar to No. 548.

Simila
in front,

550

193

Bill.

1

KB [=181— 182

a.d.]

MAYPHKOM ANTUNINOCC6
(from
Similar type.
1.,

Emperor
r.
;

in

upwards)

triumphal quadriga advancing
r.

holds aquila in

551

!

190-5

Bill.

1

above,

|KA

[

= 180-181

a.d.]

Similar to No. 548, with

C

for

C€

Similar to preceding
above,

;

reins visible,
a.d.]

167

Bill. -95

[KA [=180—181

ALEXANDRIA

483

No.

484

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Bust of Nil us
cornncopiae at over 1.

r.,

r.

shoulder,

crowned with lotus and himation

;

558 559

217 184
185

Bill.

1

(^K in inscr.)

infield,

^ A [=183—184
A.D.]

a.d ]

Bill. -95

|_K
(li)

€ [=184—185

560

Bill..

-95

in inscr.)

date obscure.

Similar.

Emperor, wearing chiton, himafion [and tall round cap '?] standing 1., holding patera over small altar, which stands in front of column, above which is bust of Sarapis r., wearing modius.
in
ex.,

561

189-,

Bill. -95

L;
A.V.]

in

field,

K

A [=183—

184

[Cf.

BM.C,

Fl. XXVII. 1432.]

Henceforward

tJie

form

(jj

type in the following group
to the
'

becomes regular, in place of is that of Nos. 587
vota soluta decennalia.'

U.
f.,

The most noteworthy

lohich refers

MAKOMANTOa C€B€YC€B
(from
1.,

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

upwards)
infield,

Head
562
154-5
Bill. -9

of

Commodus

r.,

laur.

^ Z [=186—187

a.d.]

563

179

Bill.

1

as preceding.

Similar.

Zeus, laur. and naked to waist, seated 1. on throne with back, holding thunderbolt in r., and leaning with 1. ou
sceptre.

564
565

161-5

Bill. -9

in field,
|_

H [=187-188

a.d.]

173

Bill. -95

in field,

K

^

e = 188—189
[

A.D.]

Similar.

Head

of

Zeus

Ammon

r.,

with ram's

horn, having disk on head.

566

202

Bill. -9

infield,

{^

Z

[

= 186—187
r.,

a.d.]

Sir

Bust

of

Helios

radiate,

wearing

chlamjs.

567

164

Bill. -95

in front,

^ [=189—190

a.d.]

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

485

No.

Weight

Obvbhsb

Reverse

Similar.

Bust of Selene 1. hair in knot on top head in front, large crescent r.
;
;

of

568

180-5

Bill. -9

behind,

^ [=189—190

a.u.]

Similar

Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1. on throne with back, holding scales in r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre.
to
1.

569

187

Bill. -95

upwards,

LKS

[=188—189

a.d.]

Similar.

Elpis, draped, standing

1.,

in r., and with chiton.

1.

raising

holding flower hem of her

570
571

173-5

Bill. -9
-9

infield,

L A [=189—190

a.d.]

198

Bill.

as preceding.

Similar.

Pronoia, radiate, and wearing chiton and peplos, standing 1., raising her r. hand, and holding sceptre in 1. around, from
;

1.

upwards,
[

HP O NOIA
A.D.]

572

191

Bill. -9

L A

= 189—190

[Plate lxxxix.

6.]

Similar.

Tjche, draped and wearing modius, reclining 1. on couch, holding rudder in r., and supporting head on 1. couch decked with garlands.
;

573

172

Bill. -95

above,

|_AA

[

= 190—191

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust

of Sarapis

r.,

wearing modius.
A.D.]

574

166

Bill.

1

field,

K
]2

H

[

= 187—188

Similar.

Sarapis,

modius, seated extending his
at his feet
sceptre.
to to
].,

wearing chiton, himation, and 1. on throne with back,
r.

over Kerberos, seated
1.

and leaning with

on

575 576

168
167

Bill. 1
Bill. -9

1.

upwards, upwards,

LKH = 187—188
[

a.d.] a.d.]

1.

LK0

[=188—189

486

EGYPT

No.

Weight

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Sarapis,

wearing chiton, himation, and modius, standing to front, head 1., holding simpnlum in r., and having behind 1. wrapped in folds of himation him, basin supported by column on basis above basin, lion's head fountain, whence water trickles down.
;

;

577

209

Bill.

-9

infield, above,

L A [=189—190
7.]

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix.
Similai'.

Bust of Nilus

r.,

as on No. 658,

578

209

Bill.

1

to r.,down wards,

LAA [ = 190— 191 a.d.]

Siniiliir.

Hermanubis standing r., wearing himation and modius he holds winged caduceus in r., and leans with 1. on
;

palm-branch behind him, jackal 1., with r. forepaw raised and head turned back.
;

579

175

Bill.

1

infield,

|_K

H

[

= 187— 188

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxix. 8.]
Simila

Emperor, wearing cuirass and paludamentum, riding 1. on horseback, extending his r. hand, and holding sceptre
inl.

580
681

18G
171

Bill.

-9

infield,

L A [=189—190

a.d.]

Bill.

-9

as preceding.

[Plate lxxxix.
Similai'.

9.]

Emperor,
I.,

holding in
1.
1.

in

toga, standing patera over altar, and sceptre; behind, Nike, with palm
r.

laur.

and wearing

over

shoulder, in act of

crowning

Emperor.
582
186
Bill.
-9

to

1.

upwards,

LKG
].,
;

[

= 188—189

a.d.]

Similar.

Emperor standing
ing branch in

as above, but holdbehind, Alexandria, draped and turreted, standing to front,
r.

head 1., with ears of corn in of crowning Emperor.
583 173 174
Bill.

1.,

iu act

1

infield,

^

^ [=187—188

a.d.]

584

Bill.

1

as preceding.

IB.M.a, Pl.

XXVII. 1436.]

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

487

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

Similar.

Eagle standing wings open.
in front,

r.

on thunderbolt, with

586

190

Bill. -95

lA [=189—190

A.D.]

Simila

Galley in full sail r. over waves behind, Pharos, represented as square tower, seen at an angle, and having door 1. the tower is surmounted by lantern having statue on the top while over its edge there leans, to 1. and r., Triton
;
;

;

blowing buccinum.

586

203

Bill.

1

inex.,

LKS

[

= 188— 189

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxix. 10.]

Similar.

Laurel-wreath, within which,

OA A€
KA€T
a.d.]

flCPI

587

156 149

Bill. -95

beneath,

LKZ

[

= 186—187

588

Bill.

1

as preceding.

[Plate lxxxix. 11.]

Towards

the

time began to

end of 191 a.d. Commodus clianged Ms praenomen, and at the same {/ire greater prominence on his coins to the title 'Felix,' which he had
in

assumed

185

A.T>.

The name

ANTGJNINOC
Zeus seated No. 564.
1.,

disappears entirely.

AAIAAVPKOM C€€VC€€VTV
(from
1.,

holding thunderbolt, as on

upwards)

Head
589
171
Bill. -95

of

Commodus

r.,

laur.

L ^ B

[

= 191—192

A.D.]

Similar.

Athena seated Nike r.
infield,

1.,

as on

No, 549

;

but

590

176

Bill. -9

|A B

[

= 191—192

a.d.]

Similar.

Eagle standing head turned
vexillum.

r.

on thunderbolt, with back on either side,
;

591

161-5

Bill

-95

in field.

L A B

[=191—192

A.D.]

EGYPT

No.

Weiuht

Metal
Size

Obverse

Reverse

Beonze
Venj
little

bronze was issued under Commodus, while under later emperors seldom struch at all.
[

it

was

MAKOANTUN
592 131

]
].,

Lion advancing

r.,

with,

mane

erect,

(from

upwards)
above,

M

Head
1

of

Commodus

r.,

laur.

K€

[

= 184—185

a.d.]

MAKOANTU C€B€VC€BH
(from
Similar type.
1.,

upwards)

Serpent Agathodaimon, with, head erect r., wearing skhent, poised on back of bridled horse, galloping r.
beneath,

593

147

m

-96

L KZ [=186—187

a.d.]

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
Billon

AVTKAcenTceoY Hpocnep
(from 1., upAvards) T- C€B Head of Septimins Severus r., laur.

Dikaiosyne, draped, standing 1., holding scales in r. and cornucopiae and gathered

drapery in
in field
1.,

1.

694

191-5

Bill. -95

inscr. partly off coin.

above,

|_B

[

= 193—194

a.d.]

julia domna
Billon

lOYAIAAO MNAC€B
(from
].,

upwards)

Dikaiosyne standing 1., with scales and cornucopiae, as on No. 594.

Bust 595
173-6
Bill. -9

of Julia

Domna

r.,

di-aped.

inscr. partly off coin.

date illegible.

Similar.

Nike driving quadriga slowly
above,

1.

596

182

Bill. -9

LB [=193—194

a.d.]

GETA
Bkonze

n cenriMioc r€TACKAic
paludamentum
597
102
;

.

.

(from L, upwards) Bust of Geta r., wearing cuirass and

Uraeus, -with head erect r., -v\-earing headdress of horns details obscure.
:

head

bare.

JE

-9

date obscure.

ALEXANDRIA

489

No.

490

EGYPT
Weight
Metal
Size

No.

Obverse

Reversb

Similar

but one end of wreath falls forward over Emperor's r. shoulder.*
;

The Emperor riding slowly r., r. hand, and holding aquila
shoulder.

raising his
(?)

over

1.

604

222

Bill. -9

in front, |_r

[=219—220

A.D.]

[Plate

lxxxix. 13.]

Similar.

Athena,

wearing long chiton, crested helmet, and aegis, standing 1., holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on spear, against which shield rests.
r.

605

197

Bill. -9

beneath

hand,

[A [=220—221

a.d.]

Similar.

Homonoia, draped, stauding 1., raising r. hand, and holding corniicopiae and
gathered drapery in
1.

606

189

Bill. -85

in front,

|_A

[=220—221

a.d.]

Similar.

Nike advancing
palm.

r.,

holding wreath

and

607

IGl

Bill. -9

in front,

[A [=220—221

a.d.]

Similar

;

but Nike

1.

608

224

Bill. -9

in front,

[A [=220—221

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 14.]

Similar.

Bust

of

Sarapis

r.,

draped,

wearing

modius.

609

204

Bill. -9

in field,

L

A

[=220—221
XIII.

a.d.]

[BJI.a, Pl.

1503.]

Similar.

Nilus, with
1.

Mmation over

r.

knee, seated

on rocks, holding reed and cornu-

oopiae.

610

198

Bill. -85

(V

in inscr.)

in front,

[A

[

= 220—221

a.d.]

* The bust also tends to become larger, with the result that the letters which are beneath it, are usually rather smaller than the rest of the inscr.

€YC€B

^

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

491

No.

Weight

Obveese

REVER.SB

Similar.

Eagle, with wings open and wreath beak, standing to front, head r.

in

611

297

Bill.

9

above

r.

wing,

j_A

[=220

— 221

a.d.]

Similar

but with paludamentum and both ends of wreath fly out in small letters. behind*;
;

Bust jugate

r.,

of

cuirass

;

of Selene with crescent

Helios radiate, and on her head

€YC€B

both draped.
in front,

012

207

Bill. -9

[€ [=221—222

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 15.]

Similar.

Bust of Athena r., wearing cuirass, aegis, and crested Roman helmet decorated in front with grifSn.
in front,

613

211

Bill. -85

|_€

[=221— 222
IV.

A.D.]

[B.M.G., Pl.

1490.]

Similar.

Athena, wearing long chiton, helmet, and aegis, standing 1., holding on extended r. JS'ike r., and supporting shield with 1.
beneath
r.

614

197

Bill. -9

hand, |_€

[

= 221—222

A.D.]

Similar.

Ares, wearing crested helmet, cuirass, and he leans with r. kothornoi, standing 1. on inverted spear, and holds in 1. chlamys and sword in sheath in front, shield, supported by his spear.
; ;

615

188

Bill. -9

above shield, |_€

[=221—222

a.d.]

Similar,

Homonoia
in front,

standing, as on No. 606.

616

199

Bill. -9

|_€

[=221—222

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust of Hermanubis r., as on No. 600, but head radiate; same symbol in front.
behind,

617

201

Bill. '95

[€ [=221—222
[B.M.C, Pl.
xviii.

a.d.]

1506.]

*

On No. 614 one end

of

wreath

falls

forward over

r.

shoulder.

3 B 2

492

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eevebse

JULIA PAULA
Billon
The coins of Julia Paula,
lilce those of the other female relatives of Elagahaliis, are dated according to his regnal years.

lOYAIA TTAYAAC€B
(from
].,

Btist of

Selene
;

upwards)

taenia

r., draped and wearirig in front, large crescent 1.

Bust of Julia Paula

r.,

di'aped.

618

202

Bill.

-9

behind,

[T [=219—220
[B.M.C., Pl.

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 16.]

m. 1525.]

Similar.

Bust

of

Isis

1.,

draped

and

wearing

cbaracteristic head-dress.

619

202-5

Bill, -95

in field,

L r [=219—220

a.d.]

AQUILIA SEVERA
Billon

IOYAIAAKYAIAC€YHPACeB
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Aquilia Severa r., draped.

Bust of Savapis
modius.
infield,

r.,

draped and wearing

620

193

Bill. -9

L

A

[=220—221

a.d,]

Similar.

Nike driving galloping biga
ininscr.)
above,
[_€
[

r.

621

203

Bill.

-9

(lOIAYA

= 221—222

a.d.]

Similar.

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in beak, standing 1., looking back.
infield,

622

190

Bill. -Sc

[Plate lxxxlx. 17.]

L € [=221—2-22

a.d.]

ANNIA FAUSTINA
Billon

ANNIA <t)AYCTINA C€BA
(from 1, upwards) Bu.st of Annia Faustina r., draped.

Athena, standing as on No, 614.
beneath
r.

1.,

with Nike and

shield,

623

202-5

Bill. -95

[Plate lxxxix, 18.]

hand, [_€

[=221

— 222

a.d.1

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

493

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

JULIA SOABMIAS
Billon

IOYAIACOAIMIACC€B
(from
1.,

upwards)

Eagle, -with -wings open and -wreath in beak, standing to front, head r.

Bnst

of Julia

Soaemias

r.,

draped.

624

190

Bill. -Si

above

r.

-wing,

|_A

[

= 220—221

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxix. 19.]

JULIA MAESA
Billon

lOYAMAICA C€BMHTCTPA
(from 1., upv^-ards) B-ast of Julia Maesa r., draped.

Bust

of Isis 1., draped characteristic head-dress.

and

-wearing

625

183

Bill. -9

in

field,

L r [=219—220

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 20.]

Similar.

Homonoia, draped,
No. 606.

standing

1.,

as

on

626

203

Bill. -9

in front,

[A

[

= 220—221

A.D.]

SBVERUS ALEXANDER
Billon
SevcfHS Alexander loas adopted hy Elagabalus towards the end of 221 A.D., and the coins on which he appears as Caesar all belong to the period between his adoption and the assassination of Elagabalus.

mapaypaa€s:anapockaicap
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Severus Alexander r., -wearing cuirass and paludamentum head bare body turned slightly to-wards front, showing paludamentum fastened across
;

Ares standing

1., with spear and sword in sheath, all as on No. 615.

chest.

627

185-5

Bill.

-9

above shield, [_€ [Plate lxxxix. 21.]

[

= 221—222

a.d.]

Similar.

Sarapis,

draped and wearing modius, standing to front, head r., leaning on sceptre with r., and holding gathered drapery in 1.

628

199-5 193-5

Bill. -95 Bill. -9

in field,

L 6 [=221—222

a.d.]

629

as preceding.

;

;

494

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

REVEKSt;

Similar.

Bust of Hermanubis r., radiate, as on No. 617 same symbol in front.
;

630

188

Bill. -9

behind,

[€ [=221—222

a.d.]

Similar.

Nilus,

naked

to waist
1.,

and crowned
;

with,

holding reed in r. and oornncopiae in 1. from cornucopiae emerges small genius 1., holding wreath in front, Nilometer; other genii clamber over Nilus and up cornucopiae.
lotus,

reclining

631

186

Bill. -95

in ex.,

L€ [=221—222

a.d.]

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 1587.]

Simila

Busts, jugate,

r., of Nilus and Euthenia; Nil as, who is crowned with lotus, has cornucopiae at r. shoulder and himation over 1. Euthenia, who is crowned with corn, wears chiton fastened in knot on
;

breast.

632

148

Bill. -9

in front,

[_€

[

= 221— 222

A.D.]

[B.M.C,

Pl. XXI. 1588.]

Similar.

Eagle, with closed wings and wreath in beak, standing 1., with head turned back.
in field,

633

214

Bill. -9

L € [=221—222

a.d.]

With Alexander's own accession
his

the form of the inscr. naturally changes, while own regnal years are employed for dating. There is also

an alteration in

the obverse type.

AKAIMAPAYPC€YHPAA€ZANA (from ROC €YCeB upwards)
1.,

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum chest not shown.

634

192

Bill. -95

in field,

L A [=222

a.d.]

Similar.

Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, with scales and cornucopiae.
;

636
636

209
189

Bill. -95

(inscr.

continuous

€YC€B)

in field
in field

1.,

above, |_A
above,

[=222

a.d.]

Bill.

-9

1.,

[^B

[=222— 223

a.d.]

ALEXANDRIA
No.

495

496

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

Similar.

Homonoia atanding
drapery in
1.

1.,

raising

r.

hand,

and holding cornucopiae and gathered

645

171-5

Bill. -95

in front,

[T [=223—224

a.d.]

Similar.

Dikaiosyne standing
-with scales

1.,

in usual attitude,

and cornucopiae.
|_A

646
647

178
201

Bill. -9

in field

1.,

above,

[=224—225

a.d.]

Bill. -9

as preceding.

Similar.

Nike running
filleted

1.,

holding

-wreath

and

palm.

648

191

Bill. -9

(inscr. largely off coin)

in front,

[A [=224—225

a.d.]

Similar.

Tyche reclining
above,

1.,

as

on No. 639.
a.d.]

649

191-5

Bill. -8

|_A

[=224—225

Similar.

Eagle, as on No. 642.
infield,

650
651

144
168

Bill. -85
Bill. -9

L

A = 224—225
[

a.d.]

as preceding.

^

Similar.

Eagle, -with wings closed and -wreath in beak, standing 1. palm over r. Aving.
;

652

187

Bill.

-9

in front,

[T [=223—224

a.d.]

is

The two following coins are remarlcalle not inerfhj for the leay in which the numeral written, hut also for their superior sti/le. Siiiiihir pieces were struck in theTear 7. All of the Rev. ti/jjes of this group allude either to Zeus Ammon or to Sarapis*
Sarapis,

AKAIMAVPC€OVHPAAei:ANA (from upwards) POC€VC€B
1.,

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., -wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 653
241
Bill.

and v/earing modius, leaning -with 1. on sceptre, and holding r. extended over Kei-beros seated at his feet.
seated
1.,

draped

1

type large,

around,

LT€TA
LTT€M

P

TOY

[=224—
[=225-

225 654 210
Bill. -95

A.D.]

type small.

around,

TTTOY

226

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxix. 23.]
*

There are also coins with the head of Julia Mamaea on the Rey. (B.M.C., Nos. 1716

f.).

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
SiZK

497

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

III

the

Year 5

tlie

size

of the type

is slightly
•e

reduced again, and the

inscr. is

shortened so that no letters a

placed beneath the bust at

all.

AKAIMAAYPC€YAA€ZANAPOC
C€Y
Similar type.

(from

1.,

iipwai'ds)

Athena, draped and wearing crested helmet and aegis, seated 1. on throne with back, holding in r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on spear; beside throne, round
shield.

655

201

Bill. -9

in front,

|_€

[=225—226

a.d.]

Similar.

Dikaiosyne, standing 1., in usual attitude, with scales and cornucopiae.
in field
1.,

656
657

194

15111.

-9

above, above,

[_€

[=225—226

a.d.] a.d.]

185

Bin. -95

(€YC

ininsor.)

in field

1.,

[S [=226—227
1.,

Similar.

Homonoia, standing

in usual attitude,

with double cornucopiae.

658

200

Bill. -9

(MAP
Similar.

for

MA

in inscr.)

in front,

[_€

[=225—226

a.d.]

Tyche, standing 1., in usual attitude, with rudder and cornucopiae.
in field in field
1.,

659 660

205 192

Bill. '9
Bill. -95

above,
above,

[€ [=225—226

a.d.]
a.d.]

1.,

[5 [=226—227
1.,

Similar.

Tyche, reclining
above,
|_€

as on

No. 639.
a.d.] a.d.]

661 662

213

Bill.

-85

[=225—226
[

203

Bill. -9

(AKAMAP
Similar.

ininsor.)

above,

|5

= 226—227
1.,

Nilus, reclining

naked to
in
1.,

crowned with lotus and r. reed, and cornucopiae, whence emerges
waist, holding in
1.,

small genius

holding wreath.
a.d.]

663

171

Bill. -95

in front,

|_€
|_5"

[

= 225—226

664

190

Bill.

1

(€YC

in inscr.)

in front,

[=226—227

a.d.]

Similar.

Eagle, as on No. 642.
in field,

665

186

Bill. -9

L € [=225—226 L S [=226—227

a.d.] A.D.]

606

201

Bill. -9

(KA

for

KAI

in inscr.)

in

field,

3

s

498

EGYPT
Mktal
Size

Xo.

Weight

Obverse

Reyeksb

The Obv. type now changes

slightly, the bust being turned
little,

more towards

the front

and

the

paludamentum thrown bach a
There
is

displaying the cuirass.

also a trifling change in the inscr.

€Y

AKAIMAPAYC€YAA€ZANAPOC
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Severas Alexander r., laur., turned slightly towards the front, wearing cuirass and paludamentum.

Asklepios, wearing liimation which leaves chest and r. shoulder bare, standing I.,

holding in r. patera over altar which is lighted and decked with garlands he leans with 1. on staff round which serpent twines.
;

667

208

Bill. -85

above

r.

arm,

[Z [=227— 228

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxix. 24.]
Similar, with

V

Busts of Nilus and Euthenia, jugate, as on No. 632.
in front,

r.,

66S
669

179 185

Bill. -95

[Z [=227—228

a.d.]

Bill. -9

as preceding.

Similar.

Emperor, in military dress, standing 1., holding on extended r., small Kike r. on globe, and leaning with 1. on inverted spear.

670

158

Bill. -95

in front,

|_Z

[=227—228

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 25.]
Similar.

Hippopotamus walking
above,

r.

671

141

Bill. -96

L Z [=227—228

a.d.]

672

179

Bill. -95

(AKAIMAPAV€CVAA€1:ANAP0
C€VC,
sic)

as preceding.

[Plate lxxxix. 26.]

On

the three foil owing there is

again a slight change

in the

Obv. ins

cV
673
19.:

AKAIMAAVPC€VAA€ZANAP0C *
(from
1.,

!

Nike driving galloping

upwards)

bic^a r. °

Similar type.
Bill. -95

in ex., obscure date

(LZ

?)

On none

of the three

specimens are the last letters perfectly clear.

ALEXANDRIA

499

No.

1

500

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Oevebse

Reverse

Similar.

Athena,

draped and "wearing crested helmet, seated 1. on throne -witli back, holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning -with 1. on spear, against -which
shield leans
;

round
683

in front,

palm.

220

Bill.

-95

(inscr.

ends at €)

infield,

L

IB

[

= 232—233

a.d.]

Similar.

Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, -with scales and cornucopiae behind, palm.
;

684

170

Bill.

-9

(inscr. partly

oS

coin)

in field

1.,

above,

|jr

[

= 233—234

a.d.]

Similar.

Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, -with flower in front, palm.
;

68S

191-6

Bill.

-95

behind,

|IA
[B.M.C, Pl.
VIII.

1620.]

Similar.

Homonoia standing
with double palm.

1., in usual attitude, cornucopiae in front,
;

686 687

189

Bill. -95

behind,

Q = 230—231
[

a.d.]

205
192

Bill.

-95 -95

behind,
behind,

[jA [=231—232
\_\r

a.d.] a.d.]

688

Bill.

[=233—234

Similar.

Nike, seated

1.

on

and
689
200-5
Bill. -9

filleted

palm

cuirass, holding -wreath in front, palm. ;

(AKMAAVP)

in field,

U

B [=232—233

a.d.]

Similar.

Tyche standing 1., in usual attitude, vnth rudder and cornucopiae behind, palm.
;

690

180

Bill.

-9

(end of inscr. obscure)

in field

1.,

above,

[jr [=233—234

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust

of Sarapis r., draped and -wearing modius, decorated with floral ornament in front, palm.
;

09

193

Bill. -95

(end of

inscr. obscure)

behind,

[Jf

[

= 233—234

a.d.]

;;

ALEXANDRIA

501

No.

Weight

Metai,
Size

Obverse

Revebse

Similar.

Bust

of

Isis

r.,

draped

and
;

wearing
front,

characteristic

head-dress

in

palm.

G92

207

Bill. -95

(end of inscr. obscure)

behind,

|_IB

[=232—233

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxix. 29.]
Similar.

Bust of Alexandria

r., draped and wearing close-fitting cap, with brim, turreted in front, palm.

693 694

189 192

Bill.

1

(inscr.

ends at C)
))

behind,

IJA [=231—232
|_ir

a.d.]
a.d.]

Bill. -86

5)

behind,

[=233—234

[Pla'J'e

lxxxix. 30.]

Similar.

Emperor

in military dress, seated sideways hand, and 1., raising his r. holding sceptre in 1. in front, palm.

on horse

;

695

218

Bill.

-9

(inscr.

ends at €)

behind,

U = 230—231
[

A.D.]

[Plate lxxxix. 31.]
Similar.

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in bebeak, standing r., looking back hind, palm.
;

69*^6

191

Bill.

-95

in front,

Qf

[=233—234

a.d.]

Similar.

Trophy, consisting of cuirass surmounted by helmet, and having pelta on 1. and round shield on r. behind each shield,
;

at foot of trophy, two captives, with hands tied behind their in field 1., backs, seated face to face palm.

two

javelins

;

;

697

174-5

Bill. -95

infield,

L lA [=231—232

a.d.]

[B.M.O., Pl. XXXI. 1702.]

On

the coins of the

Year 14 there

is

a

slight variation in the Ohv. type.

AKAIMAPAYPC6Y AA€ZANAP

Wolf

r.,

suckling

Romulus and Remus

OC

(from 1., upwards) Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., wearing cuirass aud paludamentum body slightly turned to front, show;

above,

palm

r.

ing
chest.

paludamentum

fastened

across
in ex.,

698

186-5

Bill. -95

LI

A

[=234-235 ad]

502

EGYPT

No.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

503

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Busts, jugate
crescent
1.

r.

of Helios, radiate,
;

and

Selene, wearing taenia
;

in front, large

no palm

visible.

705

161

Bill. -9

end of

inscr. doubtful.

behind,

QB [ = 232—233

a.d.]

Similar, with

C€KCTP

Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with flower; in front, palm.
behind,

706

203-5

Bill. -9

[JB [=232—233

a.d.]

Similar to No. 703.

Tyche standing 1., in usual attitude, with rudder and coi'nuoopiae; behind, palm.
in field
1.,

707

223

Bill. -9

above,

Qr

[=233—234

a.d.]

Similar, with

KCTP

Nike

shoulder,

r., with palm over I. holding in each hand one end of untied wreath in front, palm.

running

;

708

197

Bill.

-9

in front,

Qf

[=233—234

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust

of Isis

r.,

as

on No. 692

;

in front,

palm.

709

192-5

Bill. -85

behind,

Qr

[=2.33—234

a.d.]

MAXIMINUS
Billon
TiDO groups of obverses can he distingtiisTied during the reign of Maximinus.
These, however, are not successive, hut
parallel.''''

AVTOMAZIMINOC€VCC€B
upwards) Bust of Maximinus r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from
1.,

Bust

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

drapery over

1.

shoulder.

710

191

Bill. -9

in front,

|_B

[=2S5— 236

A.D.]

* So far as the evidence here recorded goes, the second group coins in the B.M, which would disprove such a conclusion.

is

later.

But there are

604

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Eeverse

Similar.

Zeus, standing- 1., over 1. shoulder
;

laur.,
lie
1.

-with

cMamys
r.,
;

holds patera in
scejstre

and leans with
feet, eagle
1.,

on

at his

looking back.
A.B.]

711

201

Bill. -9

behind,

[T

[

= 236—237

Similar.

Zeus, naked to vcaist, seated 1. on throne with back, holding patera in r., and leaning vpith 1. on sceptre at his feet, eagle 1., looking back.
;

712

235

Bill. -9

in field

1.,

above,

jA [=235

A.D.]

Similar.

Zeus, naked to waist and holding patera and sceptre, reclining 1. on back and outstretched wings of eagle which stands
facing,

head

r.

713

217-5

Bill. -9

above,

LB [=235—236

A.D.]

Similar.

Bust of Helios
neck.

r.,

radiate

;

chlamys about

714

224

Bill. -85

in front,

|_B

[=235—236

a.d.]

Sim.i]a

Bust of Selene
chiton
;

r., wearing taenia in front, large crescent 1.

and

7ir

204-5

Bill. -9

behind,

LB [=235—236

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust of Athena r., wearing aegis, and crested Athenian helmet adorned with
foreparts of horses.

716

192-5

Bill. -9

in front,

|_B

[

= 235—236

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust of Asklepios r., over 1. shoulder
stall.

laur.,

with himation
serpent'

;

in

front,

717

181

Bill. -85

behind,

Lf

[

= 236—237
Pi,, v.

a.d.]

[B.M.O.,

1782.]

ALEXANDRIA

505

No.

606

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

Similar.

Nilus, crowBed with lotus and naked to waist, reclining 1., holding in r. a cornucopiae and in 1. a reed which spreads over his head ; his 1. arm
rests

on head of hippopotamus

r.

729

186

Bill.

-9

in front,

[T [=236—237

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 33.]
Siniila

Roma

standing

cuirass,

1., wearing crested helmet, chlamys and kothornoi she
;

raises r. hand,

and holds spear in
a.d.]

1.

730

183

Bill.

-9

in field,

L A [=235

Similar.

The Emperor,

in military dress, riding slowly 1., raising his r. hand, and holding aquila in 1.
r.,

731

184

Bill.

-9

in field

|_B

[=235—236

a.d.]

The second group

is

differentiated hy a very slight change in the Obv. inscr.

AVTOMAZIMINOC€VC€B
(from
1.,

upwards)

Similar type.

Bust of Zeus Ammon r., with ram's horn, wearing himation over 1. shoulder, and head-dress of horns, uraei, disk, and
plumes.
infield,

732

186

Bill. -95

L T [=236—237

a.d.]

[Plate lxxxix. 34.]
Similar.

Bust of Helios
infield,

r.,

as

on No. 714.
a.d.]

733

179

Bill.

-9

L r [=236—237
r.,

Similar.

Bust of Selene
No. 715.

with crescent, as on

734
735

183

Bill. -95
Bill. -85
Bill. -95

behind,

[T [=236—237

a.d.]

214
155

as preceding.

736

behind, j_A

[=237—238

a.d.]

Similar.

Athena, wearing long chiton, crested helmet, and aegis, standing to front, head 1., leaning with r. on spear and with 1.

on
737 738

shield.

207
167

Bill. -95

in field,

L A [=237—238

a.d.]

Bill. -9

as preceding.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

507

No.

Weight

739
740

211

Bill.

-9

224

Bill.

-9

741

184

Bill. -85

742

608

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Similar.

Trophy, consisting of crested helmet and cuirass, the latter flanked by groups of two oval shields crossed, with crossed javelins behind them at foot of trophy, two captives seated back to back, with
;

hands
748

tied behind.

206

Bill.

-9

in field,

L

A

[=237—238

a.d.]

IB.M.C,

Pl. XXXI. 1809.]

MAXIMUS
Billon
Tlie coins of

Maximus [Caesar)
Here
also

are naturallij dated by

tlie

regnal years oj

Maxhiiinus.

there are two parallel groups, distinguished

by a slight difference in the Obv. inscr.

nOVAOVHPMAZIMOCKAl
(from 1., upwards) Bust of Maximus r., bare-headed, weai'ing cuirass body turned slightly towards front, showing paludamentum
;

Sarapis

standing to front, head Nos. 724 f.

r.,

as on

fastened across chest.

749

179

Bill. -9

in field,

L B

[

= 235—236

a.d.]

Similar.

Nilus reclining
in front,

1.,

as on No. 729.
a.d.]

750
751

195-5

Bill. -9

[T

[

= 236—237

202

Bill.

-95

as preceding.

nOVAOVHPMAZIMOCKA
(from
Similar type.
1.,

upwards)

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in beak, standing 1., looking back.
in field,

752

184

Bill.

-9

L

A

[=237—238

a.d.]

[Plate

xc.

1.]

GORDIAN

I.

(AFRICANUS)

Billon

AKMANrOPAIANOCC€MA<|)P€ (from upwards) VC€
1.,

Athena

seated
f.

].,

holdine Nike, as on

Nos. 739

Bust of Grordian I. r., laur., wearing body turned slightly towards front, showing paludamentum fastened
cuirass
;

across chest.

753

196-5

Bill. -9

in front,

|_A

[=238

a.d.]

[Plate

xc.

2.]

ALEXANDRIA
No.

509

Wekjht

Metal
Size

Obverse

75-i

194

Rill.

-9

179

Bill. -85

756

164-5

Bill.

-9

757

173

Bill.

-85

758

188

Bill.

9

759

213

Bill. -85

510

EGYPT
Mktal
Size

No.

Weight

Obvekse

Reverse

GORDIAN

III.

(PIUS)

Billon

The

best basis

for the grouping of the coins of this Emperor lies in the variation The accompanying inscr. exhibits slightly irregular of the Obv. type. changes, with a general tendency towards abbreviation.

AKMANrOPAIANOC€VC€
(from

Bust

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

Bust of Gordian III. r., paludamentum and cuirass.

upwards) laur., wearing
1.,

760

206-5

Bill.

-9

behind,

LB [=238—239

a.d.]

[Plate xc.

6.]

Similar.

Nike advancing
in front,

1., -vvitli

wreath and palm.
a.d.]

761

196

liill.

-85

|_B

[

= 238—239

The second group includes

the

Years 3 and 4, and parts of the Years 2 and
Similar to No. 760.

5.

AKMANTOPAIANOCeVC
(from 1., upwards) Similar type; but bust turned slightly towards front, showing paludamentum
fastened aci'oss chest.

762

217

Bill. -85

in field,

L

A = 240—241
[

a.d.]

Similar.

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on tlirone with back, liolding patera, and leaning on sceptre at his feet, eagle 1., looking back.
;

763

198-5

Bill.

-86

in field

1.,

above,

[€ [=241—242

a.d.]

Similar, with

€VC€

Athena,

draped and wearing crested helmet, seated 1. on throne with back, holding on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on spear beside throne,
;

shield.

764

206-5

Bill. -85

in front,

|_A

[=240—241

a.d.]

Similar.

Ares,

wearing crested helmet, cuirass, chlamys and kothornoi, standing to front, head 1., leaning with r. on spear, and holding in 1. sword in sheath in
;

front, shield leaning against spear.

r65

197

Bill.

-95

in

field,

L

A

[=240—241

a.d.]

ALEXANDRIA

SU

Ko.'

512

EGYPT

No.

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

513

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

Siniilai'.

Nilus reclining
in front,
|_€

1.,

as

on No. 775.
A.D.]

787

194-5

Bill.

-8."

[=241—242

Similar, with

SV

Eagle standing
in field,

1.,

as on Nos. 777

ff.

788

197-5

Bill.

-9

L € [=241—242

A.D.]

On

the fullowing the Ohv. type remains unchanged, hut the inscr. is broken by
the

upper part of the laurel-wreath.

AKMANXrO PAIANOC€Y
(from L, upwards)
Similar type.

Zeus seated 1., with eagle at his on No. 763.
in field
1.,

feet, as

789

205

Bill.

-9

above,

[S"

[

= 242— 243

A.D.]

[Plate

xc. 9.]

Similar.

Tyche standing
in front,

I.,

as on No. 774.
A.D.]

790

198

Bill.

-9

[_5

[242—243

Similar.

Eagle standing
in field,

1.,

as

on Nos. 777
a.d.]

ff.

791

117

Bill.

-95

L

5"

[=242—243

But there In the next group the inscr. is dioided as on the preceding. change in the Ohv. typie, which reoerts to that found in the earliest group of all {Nos. 760 f.).

is

a

AKMANTrO PAIANOC6V
upwards) Bust of Gordian 111. r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludamentum.
(from
1.,

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

himation over

1.

shoulder.

792

204-5

Bill.

-95

in field,

L Z [=243—244

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust of Helios
shoulders.

r.,

radiate

;

chlamys about

793

196-5

Bill.

-9

in

field,

L Z [=243—244

a.d.]

Similar.

Bust

of
;

Selene

v.,

draped and wearing
1.

taenia
-9

in front, large crescent
a.d.]

794

168

Bill.

behind,

[Z [=243—244

3 u

514

EGYPT

No.

;

ALEXANDRIA
Metal
Size

515

No.

Weight

Obverse

Reverse

PHILIPPUS SENIOR
Billon
The hillon coins of Ph'dippus Senior fall into four groups, distingnished from each The first group covers the Years 1 3. other by the variations in the Ohv. type. During this period the inscr., which does not vary, is frequently broken. Some of the coins are of good style.

AKMIOV<t>IAinnOC€VC€B
(from
;

Head

of

Zeus

r.,

laur.

;

himation over

1.

1.,

upwards)

shoulder.

Bust of Philippus Senior r., -wearing paludamentum and cuirass body turned
slightly tovpards front, displaying aegis

on

breast.

803

195

Bill.

-85

(<t>iA

iniT)

in field,

L A [=244

a.d.]

[Plate xc. 11.]

804

198

Bill.

-9

(*

I

A)

in field,

L r [=245—246

A.D.]

Similar.

Busts, draped, jugate r., of Helios radiate, and of Selene vrearing taenia ; in front of Selene, crescent 1.

805

192

Bill.

-9

behind,

[T [=245—246

a.d.]

Similar.

Athena seated

1. on throne -with back, in usual attitude, -with Nike r. and spear beside throne, shield, "with Gorgoneion.

806 807 808

205-5

Bill.

-85
-9

(<l>l

A)

in

field,

L A [=244

a.d.]

215
202-5

Bill.

as preceding.
infield,

Bill.

-9

L B [=244—245

a.d.]

Similar.

Asklepios, -wearing himation, standing ]., holding with r. patera over lighted
altar, in
1.

serpent-staff

and gathered

drapery.

809

206

Bill.

-9

in field,

•-

r [=245—246

a.d.]

Similar.

Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, with scales and cornucopiae.
in field
in field
1.,

810
811

168-5

Bill.

-9

above, above,

L A [=244

a.d.]
a.d.]

207

Bill.

-9

1.,

\V [=245—246
3 n 2

516

EGYPT
Metal
Size

No.

Weight

Obverse

Rbveese

Similar.

Homonoia standing

L, in usual attitude,

with double cornucopiae.

812

205

Bill. -9

(<t>l

A)

in front,

[A [=244

A.D.]

[B.M.G., Pl. X. 1958.]

813

171

Bill. -85

(4>l

A)

in front, in front,

[_B

[=244—246

A.D.]
a.d.]

814

183

Bill. -85

(<M

A)

[T [=245—246

Similar.

Nike advancing
palm.

r.,

holding -wreath and

815 816

183
218-5

Bill. -9

(<l>l

A)

in front, in front,

|_B |_r

[=244—245
[=245—246

a.d.]

Bill. -9

a.d.]

Similar.

Tyche standing 1., in usual rudder and cornucopiae.
in field
1.,

attitude, -with

817

201

Bill. -9

(<t>

I

A)

above,
above,

|_B

[=244—245

a.d.]
a.d.]

818

216

Bill. -9

in field

1.,

jT [=245

—246

Similar.

Tyche reclining

1.

on garlanded couch,

in

usual attitude, with rudder.

819

198 195

Bill. -9
Bill. -9

(<t)iA

inn)

above,
above,

L A [=244
|_r

a.d.] a.d.]

820

[=245—246

Similar.

Sarapis,

chiton, himation and standing to front, head r., leaning with r. on sceptre, and holding gathered drapei-y in 1.

-wearing

modius,

821

191
192-5

Bill

-9

(<i>iA

inn)

in

field,

L A [=244

a.d.]

522

Bill. -9

iu field,

L B [=244—245
[B.M.C, Pl.
XIII.

a.d.]

1980.]

Similar.

Nilus, crovmed with lotus and naked to waist, reclining 1., holding reed in r.

and cornucopiae in 1. his on head of hippopotamus
;

1.

arm
;

rests

r.

in ex.,

crocodile

r.

823

190

Bill. -9

in field

1.,

Q- [=245—246

a.d.]

:

ALEXANDRIA
No.

517

Weight

Metal
Size

Obvf.ustd

Reverse

Similar.

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath ia beak", standing 1,, looking back,
in field,

824
825
:

203
179'5

Bill. -9

(<i>iA

inn)

L A [=244
L B

a,d,]

Bill.

-86

in

field,

[=2M— 245

a,d.]
a,d,]

826

203-5

Bill. -9

in field,