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Central Intelligence

Agoicy

WashingiDTi,

D,C, 20505

5 July 2001

Mr. John Greenewald,

Jr.

Reference: F-2001-01033

Dear Mr. Greenewald:
This acknowledges receipt of your letter dated 20 June 2001 in which you request a copy of the document that we sent to you, in part, in response to

your 24 April 2001 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for records on
Project Chatter,

This document, "Joint Hearing Before the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources US Senate," totals 171 pages. However, because fees would be minimal, and as an act of administrative discretion, we have determined that no fees will be charged for this request.
I

We have enclosed the document you requested.

hope you find this information useful.
Sincerely,

Kathryn I. Dyer Information and Privacy Coordinator
Enclosure

MORI DocID: 163357

PROJECT MKULTRA, THE

CIA'S

PROGRAM OF

RESEARCH

IN

BEHAVIORAL MODIFICATION

JOINT HEARING
BEFORK
Till:

SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE
ATfD

TBE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
OP THK

COMMITTEE OX HUMAN RESOURCES UMTED STATES SENATE
MXETV-FJFTH CONGRESS
FIRST SESiilON

AVfilfiT

3,

1917

Frinfpd for ih^

u^

of

III^

?^Iro(
oii

rnmattt*^ nr iDtelirepncv

ind ri'UimilTK"
U.S.
9fr-trv

Hiinjon Ri'Tw^urrw

GDVERKME?fT PRIKTING OFFTCZ

WARHINCTON
Hiili

T

1»T7

}'-j

b\

i!"

SiiinTliii'ii'l" Ml

"f

I

nitmH".
u:,;

1

N

Go* iriiDknii

rrliiliiiff Offio*

si»«k

Nm

ikru-n^jir-T-i

MORI DocID:

163357

CONTENTS
KtfitfliiHKs of:
Artuilrnl Mlnnsflpld

Pus
Turner. Dirwlnr. CeiHrnl IiitHlijrenof Ap-nry
:

ic-

Coiin>*l, (VTifrnl IntpLli^pnrc* Appin'j. aiiri (ifYirpe Cary. li^^.-Jluthp C'-iini^l ri'iiTrsiE liiTrNiiit'ii. . Apn^y... , ... ,^___ PJiiii]! 4;*»l<liii,'iii. foroii^r -'uilJoyeo. Ttmriir Inrpiricvi^rp Acpj*o John IlirjiuntT. ff'nii*T pjuplnyp.-. C+NJiriil lurfTlU'*'"'"*' Au'i'iiry __
Tp-itiiip nnil T'sp nf ri>miirnl anil Biulopi.-nl Ac»T»t^ hy Thi" IntplliiTpncp ('(unTuuiiity Aii|N^iMli\ 11.--l>'>cuDi^n<< Rt-fprrijif U> DiH-on-ry of AdJUjomiT

H
Tai

5J

Aiki*'inli\

A.— XVfl.

ci jQQ lUO
i:^-

MKri.TKA
^^ 111.11-.

M.TnriiiJ
Ai-^it^niliA

C—Docunipnc
of

,.^_^_,_

^_

Rpfprriiig to >^ubproj>^is
: ,

^

M.-irprinl ^iiliiLiilf«d
P<!,rrlnilncir{il rfiii''TrrH'(ion

for ihe Recort Asf^^SuiPnl
*i

^

"TnKli" \nne< U\
Slilpi^r^WT r^

IiiTfrnitLiiinii

"1"'_
^.
_

iiiirtiiiiii

Aimh-n

_,
_

^

3f*

_

11111^

41
i6!> i7rt

MKSKARr-11. OtTFX, rilirKWIT
Kiiii-^.Tws Tpniiinn'^tPil Rp.iiii-^p
Su^|l^<p^flI
*»f

1""^!!"'
in

TUeir i'flrU<ii«tiot:

MKrLTRA

3
n^fiiiirioij
(III)

OKHll^LTOP

l__l

mmillimil

171

MORI DocID:

163357

PROJECT MKl LTRA, THE CIVS PROGRAM OF RESEARCH IX BEHAVIORAL MODIFICATION
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST
3,

IPTT

WS. Skn
.\xi>

vtk,
ii\

Si

m uM^iM'm:

Hk utii

ASr> S' n.vTiFir K*».aih'||

ronmutlr<»v u)ci^ juitsiianl to notirr. nt U:l>7 bah. in rooin 1^0-2. J>irkM'n S^-tinli' oni^i- Itiiilhtin^rv Sciiitim' I>iLui('1 K^ hioiive (clutinnaii

Thv

of

mi InlrflJi^rMri") iin'-iiliii^'. Present : Senator-; Inouyc (prt'si^linf:), Kennodv, GoMwatrr, Bfivh. Hathaway, Haddlestoiu Hart, Scltweikcr, Cflsc, Gam, Chafee, Lugar
ll»* Si^IitT
(

'ohjinilh'i'

Also present
t^n
}

:

WiHinm G.

Milirr, Ftaff diivctor, Si^lerf
:

Committee on
n^enJicr^ of

feu

[til

a till S* rentier Ki'<>c;nr}i

juhl

|ir'<>f***-i<iri:L] '^(alT

Spnator J\n\Yi--. Tlir Seuafo St'li^d Cmunuttoc on InfelHpence is meetin;: today and is join(*d by the Subconimitfrt* on Health and Snrntific' Rt^M^nnh I'hsniVil hy Sf^nnlur Kdwanl Kennodv of Mofsachnfotts nnd Senator Richard Schwciker of Ponn^ylvanin, Senator Hiilhsnvuy nnd Sfn;itor Cliafcr tuv inemlicrs of ImiIIi cojMniittees. VCc are to hear trsliinony fTyini the Director of O-iiIra J Infellipenre, Adni. Stansfii Id 1 nrjn-r. nw] fyrtm oihrr Affenoy \vitne>M'> on ir^f^nes roneernin^ new doenments supplied (othe rominitte<* in the lai^t week on drug te*:tinp conducted by tJie Cent ml Intollipenrc Aprenry. It should bo jnad*^ clear from tbe outset thnt in peneral, ire are foeu^inp on events thai ]>npt>oi)i-d ovrr ll' or ns lonp n^ years apo. It should be eniplia^ized that the proprams thnt are of preatest concern have stopi»cd and that yrv are reviewinc these past events in order to better understand \\\\ni slat ute? and otljer pnidelines mipht hr necessary to prevent the rerurn^ncp of such ahn^os in the future. "W^ also need to know and nndirstand ^^hat is now beinpdoneby the CIA in the field of Ix^hnvioral researcli to he certain that no current abuses
ii-'i

are occurring. I want to commend Admiral Turner for hi*? full cooperation vjth this committee and with the Sul)rommittee on Health in recognJiinp that this issue needed our attention. Tlie CIA has a^':isted our committees and stflfT'i in their investipafive efforts and in arrivinp at remedies which irill serve the best interests of our countrw

MORI DocID: 163357

ilnij: pn-prnm^ and n-i"nl- nf oth.-r |.ivvi.ni^ly i»tiknf>vvi. JU-v-.^Uy for f^ffcrtive ,M-..rH- for lH-}irivi.^nil n^uirn] nn^lriliiu- \\u-

irrn.i

^T^.l

ovriM'-lit
,ry...^

nr«i.r.lniv-

T-c^fli

hi

ll*r

i\i-.utiu- lo'nn^li
Ijii^

inicl

ni tlif

ton-

"tIh- Srli^.l

(^lrMTllllI.f "Jj luhlli^rHH'C'

U-ni woikinn- vrrv

.Wi-lnjmii: l»JiM^ rf,»ire|,t^ for Ptniniory in1i-llip*-h<o Jk;:Hitio> iruiJiliiM- wliirli vill t"»\i'n, i»ll rirtivilii-orHiP <if i1m- Initi'il Sla(->. v\\»-ri:it\nu \hi\\ lli<> I'rr-nV'iil ^\l^ ^mit nni^nim<'r It i-^ tn\ Ill fn.\ ini''lliirMi'«' niniirii'^ of Uw lii^ .l.ri^ii.M- Dti Im'" In- !in- a.N i,^^l til*' MnlUin;: Vuih-.t Sl:ifr- shiiU !„ .»Ti::ini/-.l, 'Hl^ rc>H,IHiri.v Will U' Tiutict hi plnriii*r \]\i< new rlr.-.l\ Mitli l!ii' l^rr-i'^-m nr^il AiltufniT

Tiinu

r ni..l In^ ii-.^HMui.- in

MliMuiv
It
1h' i-

nnilrr Oir

--li'in
till']

nonfi.li-iit tlint nny if iUs- LCJiniiiillrr ;in.l llh- yuUhr \- 1" fnn-*'fijlly. t]':(li-:rn --ii'li'^ «:iTi hi- ilrjiU witli C|iliikl> nnd the niihlir ^»iTi"'-r i)f fiii^ Itrmlii:; i- fo L'n^' ^1"" t'omiiiiltc'^ mu\ 1»^'"' iiifnniiJirioii hn^ IfPi'U diM'Ovprrcl tliflt nil uiiiliT-liiM-IliiL- i'f "li:'<

full

.l.-v.lnp cffrrfivc nvrisl^l.t pi-or-o-lnro-. rtT*-nv*' f.\.T'-'iL-lil riHiriin- lli:ir ihf'iunritinj, mu^( rli;.i foillhoriiinj:. Knll ;mii1 iin..)\ ijif'HTiKitjoTi i- nhviiniF^ly

Inv mnl

tii

tir.-,-^^;n\

W

Ouv

nil.K I" 1)m' ktM.wlrnl::.- ;ilr.'n*lv nvjiihili!.' fmrn provir^n^ (1orninrTit=' w(^it K»'uiu^.lv Mi<ini(i.'^, iin'l 1.^ hi-:ir tlu' hm-otu wliy thr<o i-nmtnitlri'^. Il 1=; nUo thr liol :.\:Mt;iM* (o il.r Clnirvli mikI K.Tnu-.ly
ftll<1

ClmMl

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till- l*.:niJi;: ii>
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it

i<- lli.it linvi' ornciL'^-O

from

firr til^- nn<l

to

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iiii

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n*Miu.
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mill ilir
tM.Ti^
i1i:lT

Tl».'h'

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ini Mlili;:iitini>

tli.'

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tlii^

rommittpe
or
Or
in-titiillh';:;il

riA
1

1-. ii,;i]i.'

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Ii:»ni.i-il

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|J,»-.' llii|.l -HiPT

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1h-.^i,

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firnvilir^.
1
\\ti\\}']

Mtii .i'ltjiii tli:ii

Ailiniiiil

TiniM-r will uc»tk wjtli ihis^'^imiiio^t
-li^t

TiiitTi'i' (<» ->^i' tli:it

\)i]^ \vi\} In- ilmn",

iTiion^lnnl S.nnlor from S<*nntor Afii^'-jMliN^rtl^. llir r!i;iinii:iii of tlir 11i:i1t)i S^I>^c.l^nni!Tt*l^

ui'W lik<' U' wrlnnin^ tlu>

Spnr^tor Kfvkft^y, Tliiiuk \on vi-rv nni.-li. Mi. riiiniTiinn. A^p nro iin]"irt:int jirr:i i»f pubhc inill iiii- M-v\ *li'ti;:}i!i-.l t.i ir»in ln-rilui
niiir^
t.-lii
:iriit i^iil.lir
-J

iiilcr^-l.

>o|iM-

Un\t Thtilli-'in-^ A-i ii.\. 'Vhi- hrjitfU hivr.ri.i of ilir CIA Ivv.n^'.l inviiKnl in jiit 'V'Xh'Ti-ivp f.vt'i ::o iniivri-iiir- iiii.l iM^'iiuhoii- ^\»-i.fc-tiii" mill i'\»"i inn riisniini" ^iriiL'i;»iii wlii.li in. Im^-il <'nv.it *lrni!

V

lir:inl \'^:M'^ :!»L'". lt»*' S'tkii^' lli-:i)ll. SiiU'ortilhllT.T nlKiiii iIm' lnnii:iii ^•\]'^i iri>i'iil jiT i. :* jirlivilii- of (In*

rluNm:: CVtiHh*

IlM- on iinwiilin-* cHi/^^n^ "i^l jill -<" i;il \>-m-]-^ Iml-Ji nii-l Io-i\ inihvr tlii' inlmiiii-AMirii.':n.^ =111.1 foivii'n/' S.vrnil i^f Kr>r i*M^ in^oh.^.l
. 1

tr:ii

iiiit

(*f

LSI
\

»

3o "iiM\^ ininir *nhii'L'i> in
fit II.

-ih-ciI *ini:inou-'.

\i IriiM

orii' ill

Ili:il

of
llii-

|)i. (IN*)!.

1— iilri-il
Wi-r.-

fi<»ni llir-i' ndivirio'^.

Til- A-'i-ni
^.rii^r. 'I'lir

noi i^nnlifn'.l -nmDh. Ih-vooiI tin' fir=t f)l.^,'r\rr-- VUf ti-t Miljir-1> wrr*- M-kl-iin :m'r— iMiU.-iuno ill liout> f^f llir li-^l. In :i nnniiHTof in-iim- 1-. iJii' <*-t MjhiinM
iL^'i'm- l^linl:
tiiiirjiioi in:j

iui

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jirkno^\K.<!j.-.l il»al ili.-i^ li-i- nmii.-

ImV

-^

^-nnfi--

for hi^u\- or .kn-,

jiiiI i'llr.(i\i^

folTou itp w.x-

ini|"»->jl>li'.


MORI DocID: 163357

OOior osprriTiirtit'- wm- fHjM:rlly f*fl"*'iisivc. For rxjimplc. heroin niMirK \v*r*' ontiinl iiHo icirii- ipatfn<: in LSD e.NiNTinK-iils in order
Pi^Tli.np- jijosf di-linloji;.' tti nil
porintcnliitifiti

wh* fhr
^v:^^

farl Oiat iIh* pxirni of

tjt-

on

liuTrj^ni

s^llJil'^t'-

ujikMown. Tin- ivrnnls of

all

fhpso nrtivitU's yVQit- *\f^Uo\*-t\ in JiMiiiiuy l?>7:t, at iho insfnWion of then CIA Ditvs'tov l!)i'li:ncl U*1ru-;. In -jiiti' of jwi'sish'nT iikf|iiiries by bciMi ihr Ili'iilili Siilh''niiJiiifU'c iniil tin- Inii'lhiT^-ii" *' Cojnmi(teo> no adililionnl rr**oTjI- or infonuniiojj foiilH'»niin;r. An<l no one

no
tlu'

sin**!*' iinlivifhiiil

wnv

rnultl U*

fnuml wIjo
or<lere<l

n'menjlri^ri-d

f

In*

defail^. not

DinWor

of

tlie

CIA. who

tli<"

diH'nnn-iitv ilestroyed, not

tho oflUial rofpon^ihh' for thi' i»r<f;rrjnii- nor anv of hii- Jtv^orjatesiK^lirverl tlmt tin- rertiv*!, iTn-oni|ilrt(> as it w»s. vrn^ as comploic* ns if wfl- ^'oin^' lo lie. Tli* n oh^ intlividnnl, Ihroiiph a Freedom of In-

We

formation r^tiest, flrcomplished what two

VS.

Senate committees

couM

not. Ih' simrivil (Ik- H;r''"*v

''>t<»

finrlin;; atMilioiujl iftxu'd'* jier-

tninin;:tofh»>CIA'^|ir(»;rnimof

i'\|ioi'iim'nifilr"n witli

human

ftubjorts.

The'^o nrw nv^nnU wi^vf tliM'ovniMl h\ thv am'nr-v in MnrHi, Their esislenrf ^Tii< not n»a<)i> knnwn Hj ihi- <'on^'iip- until July, Tlic rerords irvr*!*! n fur nn^rr ^xtcpi-jivi- -criis of io£|rr-ntMent«^ than had ijrevinu^ly l»e*'n tlmn^^lti. Kit'hty--i\ nnhi^nritn-^ or inf^titutions ^TeIe involvotl. Jn-tinno^i of nncihicul iK'hnvior were revealed. The infellipen*-i' rnnimnnity of iln- Nulion, whivli re(|iiires a f=hroud nf M-rrecy jn ordiT to i*|u'niT*", ha> ii vi-ry ^a^Ted irnsl from the Amrrirnn pif^pli-. Tl>r TIAV pro^'raiP) of hnntan e\l>enmentntion of

»w

tlii"

trn-i, li «a<-' vio)ni<'d a;r«ir^ on the day tlir bulk 'if tlu* n£reni'v'-' »vi'<iriK were dt'SMYived in IfiTS. It is viohiti'd efivh tinii' ti iv-nmisihh' nflir iai refill-- to recollect the detnils
rlijit

fifiir* nui\ ^'wt'u*^ vjfil,ifi'd

of thp pro^nMni. Tlir In'-t '>i»f»-:;n:nd a^yain^l nhn^'PR in tlie future is a conipl*'ti' publir j»*'rr»nnliii;,' of ihr ahn-it-sof tl)(' |)a*^t. I flunk ilii- i- inn?i!r;Hnl, a- Chairman Innnve pointed ont. Thepe are is-^nc-. an' f|in-ti(jn> that ha|i[u'n<d in thr fifties and si.Thes, and po bark ^rynxi' M. 'in year- a-jo, hui th* y arr front pa^re news today, ns we R*e in the niiijni' newspaprr^ anil on tin* telrvi-^ion and in the media of tlijii roinitry and ihr n-a>i>n tl)i-y arr, ] think, is Wran'ie it just rontiniioi?ply Itej^iij-H ui tri<kh' ont, si»rt of, montlj aftrr month, and the be<it way to put thi< }Nri*n} Uhiird m^^ obvion-^lw j? to havp the full information, and I think tliat i^ thf dr^ire of Admiral Turner and of thememl>ei^of thisronnnitlrr. The Oontml Jnfe^Ij;^'n^^ Airenry ilrij;r*reil Amerienn ritizens trithont tlieir knowlediif or rooM^nl. It nscd nniver-itv facilities and personnel withoTit their knowli'd^fr. It frnjdt-d h-adiiifr rej^enrcJiers. often
;

without

tl^eir kiiowh»d;:i\

Tiiese inMitiHew, tlirw* individn:<1s havi' n ri^jht to know who (hey are and how and wljen llna were nnd- A- of fixhjy, the Airenry itjielf refuses to def^ln-ftjfy tlif names of tlion^' iostitntion-. and individnsTs.

appropriatelv- 1 nTi;rht w^y, ivitli rcL'nrd to the individiinU nnder the Privacy Art, It MeTn^ tn iiu- to Ik* a fmidamontiil recponpibilitv to notify tlioso imlividnnl- or inslitution>, rath.^r. 1 think manv of them wen' ean^'lit ni> in an nnwitlinij n»anncr to do research for the A;ren''y. Mam- re>'rarrfirr<i. di-^lin^on-licd ivs*'arclier>. some of our most outstanding TnenkhpEs of our Sf ientifii' mnnnunity, involved in
finite

J

MORI DocID:

163357

th>^ nct^vnrlc. lu.u rc.llv -In -ot n . ,n>I i- <-.-m' t,. ,.» tl,.t tl.",,,

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163357

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1.

Bpsenrrli Into Ih** t-ffH^fi nf !*f hnviftml dnipR ind/nr alrohol 1" ^^ihjtr^tjw'* i»rr>t»i*MT Tinr invMvint: hiirunn t^RUnc
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T>ii*i nrtiiily is Si-i'-hil r»fii>r:irii»M^ IiivlM'-ii nt V'. I»ftr3<k. tiiiU.i,*- in 1 **f lh»- riiur- li ('..ruTniMn- ll>]».<rr. t>)i ."ivv-ris:!. jSh' AM'''"''!^^ Aio d*T^I'ipth*" Ariuj- AssisTed p[». H^-*H* rnil-r f'lA- I'lrji'^f iu^. ii-vrint. "lid rii:iini:iinim; 1nc.|<»;:lial jiE*-"!'?* Hiul riplhtry sjslruiK fi»r n^tf ih»-ip hniiiiiri^ ns "vll ii^ Hj^iiii-"! ^lninnll^ atn\ cniiw. Th** <»l-i--*tivi-i of

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lw.'H rp:»"prii'<! i*» llip riinr- 1» r.»uni)1tTPf ;iii[1 p.£ If li,:i*Mi fin rhi*M' Ir'jilf'-. TJn- ?ir*w»"r J-^ ,'iddiJ i<"i»iil iVlJiil. f'^^r J In- iini^r (irtrt Mip mnn'* "f jpn^rii'iiOi iiTiJdoa'liit'd n-^p-irilxpr- nnd in^Htuti^'iiv H>*'"in[i'd rm n<'livHii'^. niid I In- nniiip- of I'inirr :i « iUin^ --r nnv% tIUm:; \h\^\-I .

ndd-i f.> wlint li-i* i*rpTir>iisly !> ^--Miirnr KpnTiPily's <ftidn'p''ii»ndirpp

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.

tulh p c df»tntU rri?u'priilnc i'r'*i>*»'<:iU f"r pxinri* friTiMx," ninircn-'il K jiKi* juv'-pn' Tii*'T»'ntic»ri fiii'l HiiiUii! Ip'^rini: n*i«"Jnfi'd niUi vjiri^n^* rPM»;irili nr-Ocrt*. niid a pn'i'iirih imT'r<»t-rr nmlrihiHi'in liv riA f" :* vriv/iTp Jn-rirnth-n. H<»wpipr. thp T>ftn't|»:il tyi"-'> nf ji«iivir|i"> iin liidi'i^ hr\y*\ f.ir rhi' nioct \^!\t\. PiUiPt I-ppii ouIliii'Hl fn oioup i'Sl-'Mf IT fiHTnTly d»'Mril»pd in whnt \v:is nrpvinii'-ly A\nilriMp t" f^lA in HiP wfly i'f diN'imiPninfion nnd wu^ Miii[dird h\ TIA fi. Spii,itr iTive-iticnlorn.

riA

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i-r tUo imti-I lOrji-lW4 fnr T^ nf thp .id-t^niirM^. hnd In-ru rr, -n.^nvl fn^m Mip njTl«-p -if FinnTirt by CIA jiji'lnop'^nindr nv,iilA>pli'hiTli''nnirili <'.i[iii"inpf invpsiii:ntor^ in Ancni*t or Si*iplrTni''*r 107.V Tlif lf¥l."l ln'<inft*pr nc'Tirnd m-^^r on MKTT.TRA mndr a^nilnhlp in Imtli tbP ^ SnU MTiiiniriP.- DipntNan fl^-i'ir'-Bhock S<*imT'»r Krnni'il* rhntrli rciu.iniirpf
F»nfinri;il nilTidn-n'd
ili'^lnir^rini-n'

ppoi-triN

US

MKIJTKA

md

:

MORI DocID:

163357

tliniUKh arrUDC^mf^m - xvjtii HpeclilIsi* in unr\»-r>ities, jiharmarnMiial Jmujsps, hosjiliijlv ^rnif wrifl fpcli'ral InMJtut|i>riv ;inil prhnle rf^p;irrji urFnin2:irji>i)-> |ip. T. U And th^ tun rhai \Ut T^bnU".i} SiTvl''*' I>ivisiciii iif c'lA h:ii) irjltiLj(i-d ]+l ^utiproirt-Ts rflatfd to tb^ control
<lip. T.

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rin- wnrt'li

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i

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liuNifin iH'iinviiir iK'lxvt^n 1!i'>:i-1!K(^t t|» in i. The releviinf i^^-rinn nf a ]!rtT lns|HH'(.ir <;*'1i>t!i1 rfi-'^rf tm III*- Te'lmifal S^rrIce l>ivi^ion v.a'-^ also imult nvAlluii|f> I" rlje rjjifp.li r<oiniiittp»- stnff. TJ*ai report disi u<^se>

for buiiian s:^'>^?(mH]r btm) ui^nrllirHln^ ii>eMjiid> of omupjiiuiintit'n (]i. 2*^1 dis' Tt'Oiiirij: uud di>aliljiit' iiiHleh-iK vbkli can be roT^rtly adiuLtii'^fer^ r]it» ^i]-2(fJj ; Miidif^ r>ii ijini:ii jun-^' atJn us ajiiillwl Ik ci'Vprt opt>rFjkPf'ifir fuuiTiu^ iiipi]i:iiii>nis fnr r^cjinli i*rr'»riii*»d "ixihidt' of ition* [p. £0:^1 CIA fli|i^ :K^1'L''>:a. -2itr,\ resj-nn-h iK'iu;: dniif npi ^K'^ ikrjiH-koiiI j mulerJll. Alitiljr>l
lef]t[iii|U("^
I ; ; ;

toli-rarKv.

rcsi'iiri'h iMi I,S]> r|i iNm and IimmmUsuj ^\i :£iL't anrJ-KriBonnvl firrnxd rmiTiii'irK^ mtd hiin^^iut'nr and a^>^l^^jhufirTl drlivi^n -.y>rHn^ jiirludii^i: tJm- ndr ctf K^'rt l>f(nrk in nu|']«»ri *»f CIA's o«b**r sptiiy di'vii'P'i i|i]». aiifi-jusi liioLitci'd) Vtiviiiirnl Wurfiirt- r:ii];il-j1ir> (|< ::fr^ and Mi-ii»Tia1 saLji»rHjr(^ re^arcb
i : : i ;

ip, l^LAir MU['h iT (liis DiQttriaL is rrilnifr^l \n }i**ik ). jiji. :*'^"-^JJ. iS4-cApi>i-iJ<U\ A. ]>]i »i.vnc'>.

fhe

I'burf-li C'Diumlttt*?

Report.

iirnjt^t and. viecondlT. a MTid insTiiuii>'n<i veiw \'»Ti'uUi-.\ivi.\ hi llif MKl arr Don* In pi>^<-Lldy lUJiT^^jr^r cDiiirH-niinn U\ CJA in n privut^ iiisiltiilion. pn4>«vi|i>n «if ihi' nniiit^ of iK'i rii)iif;i>\t>niiiieiir rt>s4*arrli4Tv and aRsLsraniij who ar** ldcniErip>l in tlip m-ntprfil uiuitTJjl dnnlini: nith Hip 14U KUbproJects^ Tb«DRines uf >i) in>\\t\n\*'Hti wljprv wurk uas dune nr witJi nljirh fbes« i«*>ide ware

Tbf

nins^ si=]iiH<nnT n*>*\

djJin

Oi^itVfrrd

ar*-.

flr^T. flii»

ntmfs of rrsen rchrrpi

LThA

U>

afnil:it^ arr*

aNn

ttjf'nTiont*d.

renpan'b foundations or rhpniij-nl jt pbEinnnf^fiitk-al iiUiiwnif*^ Jiinl lb*- ttk^. 12 bn^plInN i»t cWnU-^ In addiiiini (n thi^-i*' nss-K'lnrM wirh uni^ersif it-sin and 3 iienul innlliulloup. Wbile tbe IdpniiTip^ of f^fiijie c»r tljp<^p i^i'i'lt- and ln<t1ii]l]ou<: wnrf knimn prprlouslj. tbe diM'iner.T i-f the new id^nTitit^J ftibN lin»iir kninile'lcp **t MKILTKA. follow* Tli*- fiu'i> ns tliev i*r(aii» to lb** ii*»ssiNf imi'roinT <i»niributlon are ai Oiip pri>ji-i-t involves a rrtntriUiiiiiin of |.'17-\fMio lo n Intildiuc fund nf a prlraie uuHliriir insliiutiiin. Tbf fiirr Ihnr a (-onrrlbiirinn vu^ mudf wa? prerlously knmvn: Indif^ il wn^ mfuMi^ned in a l!*ri7 hisii^tiir Gentral fepoM on tbe Terbnii-fll Svnir^ Phi'iion nf CJA. |»frtinpm iiortlf»ns of which had l*en reviewed hT ibe Chnnh Cfinimitiif vtnft. The newly diw*»vered ttiBterUl. boweT^r. nnikt"i it clenr ThJir tlil* eonlrJhntloii was niBdi- thriHieJi ftn Iniermediarv. which miidr U Bp|»e.Tr to lie a prlvnie dcnniiiiji. A* a private rtonaeion, ibe eontributlon waK fhen mnirhed l»y ft^prul fmul^. The Instilutioii w«»* not mode aware of Ibe conrurriKl frn»- siAiTCf of Ibe riH. ThU jirojwl was ipiirxved by Ibe then IX'J, and Counsel wbo In by (~IA'k top manuc*'in*"nt ni the time, including rbe then General wn»ic nn nplniim supporting tbe lett-ililj of the rontributii»n. tht Tbi' HH^iitlr dif*n»n"rHl d<'cnmen(s ri\e\'i prenter In^ifbl Into tbe »eoiie of nnuitfint dnic l«*tinc Imt enntrHmle Utile ninre tbnn lli:it. We now have colcarrlwJ on hJl»>rn(inc Inf^rniati'in tbnt oonie of rbp iinwining rtmc teHtinc wa^ Identified that in iBrtfelion-p- in Sun Kninris.-.. nnd New York *"il}, and we bnve oj^ki*«I lo the preTiou^ly Ihrr.- individiiJils wt-rp involved in tbi* nndeptakinir a* took place re]-<>riPil onp |»fr*on. MV rIh. know nnw tbnt mi.hh' nnwittinp t^tiur on criniinn! sesnol p^Tebopnilis confined ot a Sfnl^ boKplial and thai, addihonalwiib rei-enrch to Iv. n-«'i»nb Hii^ ib-nf nn ji kno. k-ont i-r "K" dmc In imrallel ilf\i"l'»ii iJiiin kiUer*^ for roncer pntirni-. ThiM'. rhen nrt- Ihi- prinriiKil fitidinc- IdeHllfitHl lo rtnle in our review of tbe recMM-reil inntPrinl. A* noipil wirlipr. wp l^lifve Ibi' detnil on Ihp IdenUtieP of rispnnlier'' and InMitnllput tnvolvwl in riA"" [N»nnop^bip nf dmiT'^ and l»eri.nMderable probbJivif.r:il ni'Klifl*-ntlnn Ik a new eleniPiit nnd nnp wIiIpIi iw.tfe^ n nol nware of A^euej b>jn. M*»^t of the |ie*tple and in*(nniii<^n* imcdved nrp in^lituTi^io -.lrf.iiv<»r<lilp W'r Kbciuhl r^rtninb Bs^unn" thnt lb»- rfspiifber'- and in tbe ^^Jii'h oonperrHe^l ivltb TIA nn h wlUiMi: bii'>i> nrtM In p«xl fnith and purpoMbobpf ibar tbPT ^vpre nidinc their cnv#Ttnnent in n WSiinnite nnd proi-r rf*':inlH'rs nnd InHitution^ to 1 |«Hji,»vt' wi- 111! Iinve a nu'nil oMii::Uinn iip tlie-^j^.ilP<T them from an> unjust ifl('*l enilMrri^^-mp^ir or dnnuiup t^ rbeir repufntions whirh ri'vpli^ii.iri of ib-'ir Idmiilip^ nntbt l-rin^ In nddiliun, I have a lepnl obli-iii-m midiT Ihp Vrivncv Art n*>t !< pnbli' ly diM-bi-r tbr names of the Individii:il re^:irt;..-rv wlOiout their eon^^ent. Thi^ U e^jiepinlly tnie. of ooiir*., for

Tbf

in<ikiuii«>n^ Imlitde

44
i

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or iiniv»rs|Tlps,

ifj

i

MORI DocID;

163357

8

J

n».i

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CIA iv in nn «:m eiiiTiiL'^il in eith.-r VII nut' ,.r ntjwiiuui: ri"tfj|jc *»r ilrnt'- \iM\it\ Kijmlh'. 1 nni wurkiP.*:' vljH, tl>.. ATt-^nirj «;<-ijf^nil ni.ct ^Irii IN,- Si^rn^ »> nr> i.f lJ<'iiUh. KrliiiJitioM ancT \V»-in.n- mi flu. nijiU.r. AV*. ,inMr.:-kn.:; nvi.il;*M,> i» IIm' Ariurn^'x (..n.-n.] uJiiiu^wr Tii,ii*Ti:.S l,.. mjiv «|..-j ,>..j.ri r*" '""' *"'*^"' '" ""«> '^'i^'' \y'^ :in' working i^ JM, U.U, tli.-Atr-.n.rv ^V"^''"''^ "if^TM-rsil nn.1 iki.^ S^htHjih hf ll.-..h],. Kilm :.n.Mi nn^l W, irtn- t., d-^r^-riciu^ wtiHrMT IT Is pmrnm1i[<' frojh II. ix ii,.,x ^vj,!*ri> flrfi-iii]*? t*P irt.'iilifv aim c-r Ih.' i-r-.ijs Til ulmm ilriii;^ jji?,v luivr \^..„ nthmm-^ti^r"*] htj" jriii.sh \., ^nrh iifiihr^ jin- i«irr f>f il r-.i.r<l-. loir »^*. :,n- «r.rkii(rloirr/urh*^ If (h.rr nrifiili«|inu-i]iii<-: I.. |i';ni toilM-ir jdoiiriiJiMti ] if .f», |io^ j:i. nln-iti fulhlliiic
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umwri:

TXSTIMONY OF ADM, STANSFIELD TUllNEH. DIRECTOK OF CENTRAL IMTEILIGENCE, ACCOMPANIED BY FRAMK LAUBINGER. OmCE OP TECHinCAL SERVICES: AI BEODY. OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL: ERNEST HAYERFIELD. OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL AND GEORGE L, CARY, LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL
Ajlnnnil Tfn\f:ii.
In- eI,!nikni;r>'oii
irii-l

TImnk

Vfur.

Mj. rhnlnnnn.

I -xvoiild liko (olM'^rhi

iiM.inini'. 1
T

Jiop,.

uifornjiilmti tluir

K^juh-ih for liinjup n ywl liriniui.' tlii-^ tUU ^vill oxp-'^lih' n\M] UrlhtaU^ oni t"-nin;r all t)w jjuflj of yoinroTiiTnitico^ jurd juloflio locniil ^pncklv.
Si^ruilor
Tliiiiik

t]w ]('Piiftrk^ Ifxinv its all tlmt tln^ ('vc^nfc nlifHii wl»icl» wt niv Wi-f to tulk are 12- fo24-ypAi>ol(l. Tfn'v in t|rm!iy ivpn'si-jii tlir^rnrrml nf^tivilir-H o;;_m>lj^i<^nf ilip rontm] JnU-ni;^>in-t- Al^'>i '-vVkh-Ai wr nrr JhK' to <1o i> tn '/ivc you «71 fHo iiiformjition thnt \V4» noxv Jiavr npitl wliirji wo Hi'l ijoi ]irpvioii-lv liavo oi> n -nlii**.-! knnwii
l>otli ff.i (iivfjiriij;:

wrviiM

liki'

nJso Tn

vou

I'V

i-ennndn^ir

fl<iI*rojrrt

took phtrt- fmin lOr.n to lf>fi4. It wn^ nn umKpTlla piTiji-.-t inifln «l»i.-|i llinv wvit nuirM^tou'. siihpro)rrtj; for iv-onrrlK aniojii: oiImt thii>ir-. on tlnijrs nip'j iK^hjivionil
pT-ojr><^l

MKULTl^A,!!
IVIuil

wJiirli

lJ»oilifh!i(Ir,|i.

till'

now

iiiiUrrial

rhiU

ht

oftiT trhl:iv

i-

a ^nji-

plrrnonl 1o flu- ^OIl«i^lo^:^^ll' TimhTinl thi\i wn^^ inndo nvullnl-l*^ in lf"7:.. diirin^r ||,(* riiiuvlj roiiihiirh-o lirmiju's. nml nl-^ to tJir Si'imlo Sul*rommittot* on llc-ultli nn^l Siit^ntific Itrspjivh, Ar tlirit tiiiK". 0\v (*1A oifi^yoi] np nil of tl»o infrknnntion rinil <Io.miTn(>nN It l»otiovf»(i it lin-l avnilahlo. Tin- pniiiipnl onr n\:iil;ih]o nt itiiit t>pi"' fliiil tM\r the L'li'nto^it nmonut of iiifoipimf ion on iJii- siil>ifrl jvji^ii n-pon offlH^l'I A"k In^iHv'li.rricnrnil wriitrn in l!Hi:;.Hn.l wliiHi lod Hiif^i-tlv to tlio ff>TTiirnntion of t]u^ nrtiviiv in IPt^, ^^ vcnT-n^ro. Tlir inforinafinn nvrtil:iME* in ift?.". 1o tUl- vnrioiH in^'p-tiLM'iTi;:
ffTr>up.
tlinl

was

iij.lrr^rl

took iilarp JTi minute n^o. •niih tlio fonnirrrpifr of |}ir then nirmorof rrnfinl TnlpHi?rnn^r n'lil nmlPT Jhr =nprrvi*:ion nf tli Dip^-.-Por of tlu^ Offof Trrluural SfTVL-e-H tli:it snpfTu^orl Projiif MKl'LTIfA.

=priiM». firvf 1^,-inisr of tln' ilo^ijiiriion 107:!. rj^ di'tr^ilrd hy Sc-n:ifor K-'pnioHv n

of

ninti-rinl

.

MORI DocID: 163357

peoplo wa?: also fiiun-sr iH'ruuM- most nf tl.r \\1i'.1iikI Uri* inv<ilM-i| ill yx.:', \n Un'A in l^i^ iii-livity liu-i rrriMul fnini tlir A;;*'n<'y. 1 wnnl] fijiil.ci a<lil lljut 1 Oiiiik tlip jn.iH-riMl was si>nrw' in ]Kirt U-rMM-c it vii-. ilic jinirli.-r al lljal linn' not t<» kw'}' d^'laili'd
Tlir
iiirilorial i]i li^T-".

CIA

For

in-l..iiiO- till- VMV.;
inritf-n**'

ripoH of
In-

tin-

In-pfrtor
flu-

(jcriPial iKiif^s:
»titl

rn^iiii

i^

III

iij:iiiiE:Mii

r<'i<»riW *'f

liNiimiii;;

u]iiirmnl

ttl

Tiw| |irM:;raiu-.

hi

l^i'iff.

lli'Ti'

wvn^

li'w

ivc-orJv tn U-;5iii wiili

jiinl

li'^p

nftn

ll^r

ile^rmi-nou nf lltT'l. WJjrH 1 utHjld liki'l*>doiu»\v,(}inM:rlj,i'^ tnpifk^prfl ^fn} wliai iin' matrrijil mlil'- lo our k»M»" livl^^r of tliis

Irt _vo»i
l*ij>ir,

know
nncl
I
il

mw

will

<Tiiii

^\' (los-T'i'iliinjr l»ir«

iln' jiinW'riiiT

wijs flixovrri'H jmk)

why

^\;[- ijoi

|iri'vi(nt>lv <Ii-iiivi'i'i iT Tin' inniiiiji]

m

'juf-tjun, s/nm- h'Vch

Ih»m'-. ]i:ut inrri srnt to oin
^\ii'<ii)Jii:f njj

mva.

It

Hclinil K*-^onl*i Oolrr ont-ii*J<' of the \vn^ i\\:^o\fT*i\ iln'n' as th** fvsnll of an oxlrn^iive
Tli*'

fM'afcii
'€'

h\ an

pMijilnyi-r Hiiir^'i'il "itli

r»-jwiri*^il.ilif

v foi T?iaiiilaiii'

injr *»ur lioIclJii^^

on

lM'lti»vi-iral

ihn;:*

nml for

n"-|>o]nUn;: lo Frec^doni

of

I

tifoiniitt roil

A'T

n''|Ui-'i>

on

tlii- siiliji-ri

Ihirini: '!" rinU'li ('onni»itf*v invcPiijr-itjiin of lf>Tr*. soarrhr^ for MKrLTUA-ivl=iti-il niafori;)! wi^if iiia*!'' hy oxininrLiii^ Imlh tlic Rotiv^^ iithI iltr iftiirtl riTords of n\] of rht- hrinji'lii-p of CIA ronsidon'd likoly
t*i

havr had an rt^MwiaTion

wlili

MKl'l/l'IiA cJoiiimrnls. Tho

roiirccl

i*^i»ri!>of ihr Iliul^'i't anil Fi>'';i] Si-^-tion of t lie hratu'li that wa^ ri'=|>on' ^ilOt' fii] Mall ^Mi\U wt-n- not H^m^lic'd, li'i\\<'vpr. Tlu*^ wa*= l>orai]^ tho Hiiaiii^inl piijM'f ii*-<hiatrcl wirli soi^itivr pt-ojWts siu'h as

MKTI-TRA

wrji' iioniiallv mainlaiiinl hv ihr

lii'aoi-li

MKTLl
M'lii

KA.

not
at

liy

Thr

Hnil;r(^t

U^^-H nodcr tlh' |>rojprt tltlo. aiul Fi-ial Srrtion niider n ppeoinl

hinlpT Mir. In tlx' ra5<'

hand, however.

tl»i^

nrwly lorntpd

jnatnrinl

had Wrn

In tlic^ ]{rtii-<'(l I{i-»iMiN tVnIi'i' in ]!^7"' hv th(' l^iid;;i't and Fisral Siiliiin of ilii^hranrh n^ \Klv^ <if it,"^own n-liri-d Jjohlin;:,-. Iiiphorl. wlial

sIi'imM

[i:ivi'
!il

Ihtii

tili-d

h\ iho hninch itM^lf

y\:t< tilvd

hy iUr Bnd£*ot

S{'cMon, and wliat '•lumh] li:ni' Imto tiled niuh'r the |>roiert tiilv. MK1"I*TK A. wa" iiUA nndi-i hndi:i"l :i^id liM^al ion tins. Tho rra>'HL f*t\- this depnii inn from tho imrrMal pmrt'diin'of th^u lin^o isFiTiiply nc»i known. an<l a^ a result of it. Iinwrx'vr. i!ir niairrisit (\^-n|M-d rotrioval ajid ih'^frnrtion in 11»7H. as wv]) a- di-i^ivovy in \^7'k 'J'lir r}n|doyii- \\!io hji Mtnl this niaT<-Ti;il ihc| s** hy h^avinj: ii*» stone
Fi"-'

and

tniTniiu'd in hi^ eti'oils lo ri-|«ind mi a FM'i'ch>ni of lnf«M-nialion Art rr'^ni'*!. Ill' soirial nf tlirin. in f:i*r. III' rrvirwi'd all of the hsiini"; of
iiiaii'iial
tlif-<'i

of

t)ii^liiaTH'li, >riiMil at tin- llrtiriti

Kr^ords

(

Vtirri-. im-liidin;:

MKI

of I III- lUiilifi't inid Fi>i"il Si'i't ion. and thn- di--'orrrrd thr LTliA-ivlalril d'N-nnii'nts. \\liii|) li:id U^en missed in the provionp
tlir ajjeiii'v f:ir)i-il lo

s<^:iTil»e^.

nrjiover the^e paiiirular dorntoenls in 107-1. in thi' pivfc'-es* *»f alirin|itinj; to diMrov ihoni. 1\ piniilarly fnilod III lo-aTe thi-m in n*7"». in rr-.pmi'H" in tlu' (^loirth romniiTlr<- hrannp^. I am i»riM>nalK |HT^nade»l il^if their is no evidonrr of «ny attempt fo eo]i,-i-:it (liis oniti't ImI dllliiij; llie r;»rliiT poar-!ies. Mojvovcr. a& we will iH-iiij-s as Mc pnh'04'd, 1 do not iH'lieve the notorial itself is such that

In snn^

MORI DocID:

163357

10
iliin-

vvoulflKn ninlivf'on
h't
ii>o

ilif j>a7i f>f tl»r

CIA

in

»-jil,lif>li]

llus.hannf;

Irvafrd mnlcrial. It i- iiiii>nrtnni li» iTiimuilM^r \vli:ii | Imvi' jiie:( iK>U"ii, ihut tlipsp Mdfrs Hi;rf xverr ^lisi'iivort^'J WH- tin;iTifi- folfJrr^. Tin- luilk of tlir- mn'rrinl in Hu'Tm r-otisi-^l- uf fi|ipr(iv!»l'^ fur thi- n*lv:in''i' nf f^lu*l^. vonrl^rr*.. and jirrijiirjliij;:- and >^\ti-h. lun-r ui \\]\\ih t^u• Mnt vt'vy inffirninhvf nc to
xWi^i
tin- n:»tiin' <if llic ni'l ivilir>* tlj^il l!iry
t'l-t

Nr\(,

wiovr U'

Ih'^ iiJtM»n"

nf

riT^^nth

won*

R»i)>]»ort

iii^r,

C)cr!»>ioiiiil

proj-

jiro]K*-iH-ornn'frnirin»d:< roumiMitiiiiroiipnnir fl'^perf of n jtuhpri^irrf
W'!iM<'Ti'd lljMi*i;:hin»t
tlii^ jijiitrijjil.

Jjnwrvrr. tl)f' rf'r'»\vr<'i? iiiiilfrjfil d'KS nof iiiiliuif ovmhII Pt!»ni< rPiv>Hs nr other ilnniJiKTits ri'ljuiiii; fit ofwtaliriij;^ coij^iiJi^tnTioj*-, f»r to tin- piopri'^?: on v:ii um> Mil*i>Jnioi't^. tlii'Uj:li sinin- ilHUnnnoTi of tin* nMivitir* rOTitfjnflr*'

In

ci-jjrinl.

plipli^-l t]^H^';.l|>[|^!^

fn*jM niii*'tf>tiTf:i\

thrcf rnti-^rfirir- of proji^rt=, FirM. tlirn- nrc 140 y}K\ J^TIiA pnltpiojins. jjjjtnv of \v)i^'|i ApiH'nr (o Ijnv** some oonTic"* \U'\i \\t\\\ ivMiUiJi ititii lii'li:i\ ioriil niodijiriiiion. drufr inMnii'-itioii rtkI
nr*' intii:ld>

Tlirrc

/idiMinisfMJnj,' drtii:- ^iir-rcptiiiorisly, A'rinid, tJu-ir nrr two *H»\<- of ini^'rHsHicoiipniirrs/hirludin;: n\\d\\ report^ nrjil firmn-'isil fitntciru»iH>. fmrji inti'rmfdinry fimdinjr inMinin^ms ij*vd to ''c>nri';il s|>onsoT>ljJj» of vmioii^i rosi^arrh projrrts,
frytlriiT, "r

MKTJ.THA

riA

Fiiijilly, {]u'u-

niv

:v.i

jidilitionnl siiKpfojpctv

tC'lli/jPHir n<^tivitir< p»Tvioi)>ly fiJi.drd

ronorniinc (vrtnrn iu\m]vr MKl 1,T1!A hut iil.irli
modifications, dru^:*^

)in\i* Tn»iliiu^ til df» oitlin- witli l»*'haviorji|

nnd

loxijis. oi'jijjy I'loM'Jy n-l^ti'd ointtrr. 1\ * Iinvr fitti^nipfi'd to pionjv tlio nrtivilio^i rovorod bv the ^uhproji'i'is hihi i-niri;**ri,.K ijndrr do^rriptiv*' h'-ndliip^. In hrond oittHne. at li-ii'^f. thi,-^ pn-M^T^ts ihr ^oidi'tifF: of thop«^ filp^. The followinp 15 ratr^'uiir-i ,ir'<. tirfr ni;r- Ur dn idrd tliP--^ JIUO.

H^

hmr

of Iwliiiviornl dniir^ nod nlrohol, ^A itliTfi lilt-, thrn :ir(^ 17 propd> proKulHy not involving hninan tostinff, Tli'ir nrr 14 ^nlipnijint^ di'tiniti-h hivoUini: IrMinc on hninnn v'^liinh'f'rs. Tlnrc" ,'(n' i:'p"h;iT>iiiT*ji pmhnhlv iiK'hjdiiL2-t<-*:tson hiiiuao
i^ii^si, r*'<ir:irrli itihi iljc i»fl"rrf>.

W

S*»i'oiMh llirir i- r<"^-irrh oo hypiiosi-» oiidil ^nhj^rojM (Ml. Tomlviiij: hy]»iMi-i- :iii<1 dintr-: in I'OiuhiTintiiin.
Tliii'"!. tlirn-

-.

inrhidin;:
r-r

nvv sivni jm.jrcN

oji tlio Hiiini-iiion

of choniif^aK

f<'»jrMi,
111

four ^^nhiMoj'**'* on
iiiii^,

l]ir ji^^imtIs

of

tln' jnni:^»"ifii'V nrt.

ii^fnl
dii*;;'

I'ovcit ojiorni

for

i)i-l:in>'r, \]u-

*mn

[>ti(ion^ ih'livoiy

of

Fiftii. ihi'Tf nil'
r>'-i';ij- li.

nine proji^'U
rl/.niL'*-

lio

stodifs of

human

hohnvior, sloop

Hod

J^'liavioiid

ilinin^r

psvrhnthcrnpv.

Sixth, f lirii" ni>" proicits *iti liht:iry yraii'hr- at*!-? at(rnilnnt= at ppmiTvn- uui] infornftt jon:d r'lnfrrrrjri--- on hi'l>nviori)l nio(lTfifntioni:. SiAijiiii, th*"Tv an' 'i^ pr<»j*i'ts nu nioti* atioii;iI sUidii'S. studies of d(fi"i(*»t-;, «sft'*:*TiH'n('^ of U'liiiviiif and trnininn' tfvhniqiros, KiirhUi-lhi'rr nn- Ihn'i- ^nh|H"ir(t^ oo |folyi:ranh rrsonrfh. Nifrtli. thor<' t\v<- thvrr ^irh|)roK»r't- nu funding' iiiorhnni'^nis for K r J/ri; A\ ('xti'mal i»^s*'!ir*h lul hit '\c$.

M

^

MORI DocID: 163357

U
rewBiHi on driips. (oxins, rad Tenlli tlirre are fix siil.pmjrrls on of rx-.tir pa.hop.ns i«id the bioIoeic«ls ill hunm.. tis....'. i>r..vMon drlivrry systems^ rapaftlitv to inoorporat.. ll.ein in .-ff.-.tivr nmture s.ibj.i-ojiots on aclivities whose Elcven'il) ihrro are thm-

'"^;:mrniI^'r";llT-J-'^
^

-v..h inp fun.I.np support for
is

t>»-

on

nl

Fort

St^h

M.l. Tins n.tivity comnMt.ee r.port. papes S&S to

IW lirli.

outlined in lio.>k

1

of the

3fi!>.

(See AppeT.d.x A, pp.
as.ist^-d

''^^nder TU'^ r.-oj.-ot MKNAOMl. de elopinp. .Minp.'D.nl ni«intr.hm,e

tl,r

Army

..olopual np.n.s

t^f J.^ *" «"<! del'v.r>

Tlmteenlh. tl.Av are Mnpl.- M.b|.ro,..rl. ,n ^"''''.»^"^jVn.l«irof f..r offensive "«^ Of el.<-tro>l.o<k. harassment techniqnes "«'>f'/ °I sprays and aero^ls. and four extrasensory perception. pa« prt.i>ello,I
of the •7'"P;.*>''^ Kourternth. on. oi two M.hproi.cls .„ eaH, """""'s: enerp> stor^ pronp.np rescar< h : controllinp the artn.t.e. of stimulus and rwponse in ap. nn.l transfer in orpaiiir systems; an.l

^f

IMirih^iT are three snl.projects rBiirelejl Mot^JT^^^otV lal-or.tory druc was a.me on them havinp to d- «.th 'f^.^'Y' F^^ research on biolopically active searoli on brain foncussioii. and
"Fm.l]?v.

disrnvered material add= a.hlre" how mnch this newly to tW Chnreh to what lias previously Wen reported '•^'^-fh "f Tl'*- >"swer s basi^ Senator Kenne.lv's SulH.mnnit.ee on Health. to of activities 'n^\"ded in calh- addition.! detail. The prii.cipnl tyi^-s part been oV*''"^<°r '«.«','" thrs.. <l.«-uments li.ve for the n.o^t !>' " extent penerally d-s-riW.! in what xvas I"^V,">f •J'"'''!^'^ to the t", the CIA way of documrntntion and whiHi was j'upplied by Scnnto invest ipa tors. , ^„j „« loftrt i .x. records for the T>enod of 1960 financial dishnrsement For example, sui.projrrls had b<:f" to m.i for 76 of these 14!> '^"^t^^^> ,!jf

""now!

let

mc

Office of

SSimiMco

^

the 1?M Inspector General made arailable to both the f]!""'-'' ^^'"";''7 in electroshock and harass^ and the Sul^ommittee on Health mentions unwitt.np 1 .S. nt.zcn.. me.it subslanccs. covert testiup on arranpcments with for new materials throuph ^^^'l''^'; 'S^^^^^'"^? the fact that the Technical .^'V? "" °J and nniversities. and human B.ibprojects related to the control of had initiated CIA

Finance

at nvesti^raton..

CIA and

xver^

made

available to the

Church

For example,

MKI-LTRA

tWarch

''^™

U4

'^FoSWance
re.mrt was that report

and d.sahl.nc ma^ orthodox mctho.^ of communication, discred.tinp niap.c.ans arts can 1- covertlv adniinistei-ed. studies on y'riS which other similar topics. n« anplicil to covert r,«-ratim,-. and Th- mo,t siLM.ifi.ant ue^v da., that has bcou '^'^"^"irJ^."^'?'?institnlions who participated the nam^ of rps.-arri,er.. and

also, the relevant section of a IP." I"^?It'*°^tS"and and made availnhlr 1o the Church committee staff, """ fll^ ?'"' discusses the techniq.ies for human

»^^^™'

m

MORI DocID: 163357

12

hy

iUi-

i'l.\

I**

u

]7T}\iif'-

HE*;NMiiioM.

^Vr
liiil

iiir'

ititn

ni

thr pop<<»sIJjoBo

wlm
niiU

:iiy

]iii'iiiit[(-il

in thi' ii'ifni'UMl

I

ii<'!ilni;:

with

140

ulij'li

llu'-i'

projj.

wen-

uJlilmri^iJ.

'M»r iii-linilin]i> ii^'lml^* JJ

A\}iili' th>- hlp'iiniir-

of

>'>nj''

of

tlifs**

knoun
'i'lii'

|>U'vJ"u>h.
fnrf.

fJir tii^i'ijvri v

of

iM^opK- mi-i iii>iinihnji* tin- Jl<^^ iiirnnTii-- juliK f<»

wfw
our

i\^ flii-y |K*r»jiii^

In

llii- ]>o.=-if>ly in»|>rti|K'r
11

'^ojitni-iifioii

II-

f^tHovv-. OiH- proji'.-t jjjvolvi'-

i-onniKnti'm of
'J'jn-

>;:17ri."WJn

m

Jiiir

fNtnl
ii>ji

of

ii

pri\:Mf

iih-iltriil

iTi-Mtnrioii.
(ii'Ticrul

nil 'in
ill

u:i- Ml^JiIr \W*> |0'r\|i>n^)y

fun Hmf known. IlJlln'^L if WHS
mi

nio ii liuiMHint ton-

M/(Mnr>lH'll

ihi'

I'TtT

I*M r-*oii cjf of tJii'^ ]r.ii]
"I

n'poii of ( "lA rli;ir
Im'i'ij

tl,.'

|ii'|H-r"ioi

tlic 'IVilniii'nl

Srrvico

sii|*iTvis.'il

Mliri/n;A. ami
CJniMh

irvirvii'ii

h\

}]\f

p.Tf inoiif iiortjonton^TnitriH' Mnfl,
il

lir

n\\\]\

iW—nwM-A
W.I- limit'

iiiiMirijil, lin\\i-M.T. jjMiki'?

*-lenr fli:U
it

t]i}<

t-ittttit\njt\'.n
jn'jii- ii. tn'
;i

f)iroM£_'li

rni JMh-inu'iIfiirA', "lji''}i iiihiIi*
;i

nji-

the poMtrilnjf ioij w;i- tluii iM:Mrlu-il liv Fi"»l<'»;H fuiuK, TJii- in^titiiiion wji> not niridi' jn\!in- fil l)tr tnrc nv of lUv ;rifr. pirijcit wflc fipprovrfl 1^' iIji- iIm"]] ])ii»'ihu r»f ('»-nil';il Iiili-ll Jtr*'!**^*' nrifl roiH^Mnvd jri l»y
r'*

)>Tivjni' ijMT];iMi*n,

A-

Jvjjf^ iJoTj^rion.

TM^

riA>
info

toji hi:oi:iL'^iii»iii
Ojrfninji
'J ill'

iiirlmini:: \Utlfi'

thon

<irin'r:\l

Conn^K-K

who wi^fo nn

Miji["»Hnii:
ii'i'.jitIv

K-L':ili»y t»f flic

roTitnhutiofi.
kXtu-s Ic^lilii;,

ili-.'*iviTi"(l

ilii.iuju'iit* filso ffjvr pif»ji!pi- jnsiirhf

i!ir H-rnjn" <if tlio iiinvin iiin iiJiiiin*

hnf rotiirih^iti' lull*' jiMjfi* th:ni rli;n. AA'*' now {loh.ivr ''ormliorntin:: infornintfon thnt Mniir of ij]i- iinwiKin^' ^hw^ iv^Mu^ \\n> rorrinl mit in T^-}iut is known
in
Tfi.'

of fho

inH'Mit:*!)'!' tnnli(''ii\\

ji-

w:ifc^

hon-^- in Sun
ih^Tt

Fr-rin^'i^i-o

mid

in

N**w

\*n-U

uiu]

wi-

)i,'jvr

ifli^tjlifiid

vol\rJ in

thi'- iiTi-Ioi'liikiii;:.

wlim-Jit

^r

fhrro indfviilnnls wpir inpiovionsly rr|voM(Ml Uirn- wn^

or*lv <inr pi'T'Min. AVi' irNn kiiow nou thill M»nir nn^vittinc 'pm inp look pTn-^o on rriniiii:»l >»-\n;t! p-y.'liop;itli- ronfin.'il nt n Stjitt' lion^piinh nnd tlinf n<Mition:i)l> n'Miii.h wiis iJmH' ou n kno.'kou( or tlru;: in pjirnUol witli

K

to /h^vfjoji p;iinknh'r> for r;in''Oi' pnfirnt". « 'riir-r. tliiMi. nii^ thr piiii.ipal fiiiilinff^ iilontifiril In thU^ in our rrvn-\v of fill- rci'ovi-n-il nii»ti'i iiil. A*; noTii( cmlior, \\<- ItrYH-w tUc dofjiil tm tho idrntin^'s of re,<f?n-Ii»T- nml inslimrion^ involvi'd lu TT ^ s|Hin<ui^ln|. of Avw'j mnl i»*fi;n ionil nuwlifii'iition ii^-Ji-nrrh is now ft oh-ninK nrid oiio vhh-li pm'- ^i coii-;ifhH|';j;,hp proMom. Mo-f of tlir pooph' Nud in-tihiiJoMv jmolvrd «i'ri' nol nwrnr* of CIA ^|>nn-oi>hin. slumld j'orininlv n^-inm" tli;i1 ihi- v<'>-**nr*"hvrs :ind instilntiuns wiiirli '-onpi'iiiri'd witli <'I A on :i witliii*; lui'^i- nrtod in injod fnitli nnd in fljp InOi^f tli^T thfv wprr Jiidhi;: lln^ir novinoncnl in n h'iritiTiinJr niid proj»*r |i>n']KW|H,
n'H':M>')i

Wr

I

lirli.vf

tlijit

«<

nil lifivc

niid

insiimhon- to ptotm

tnorni o!»)r£ri''on In tho<4' ipw»rirrhpni thrjii fri>ni nny uopj-tifird rndiarrn^tmr-nt
El

MORI DocID:

163357

13
nr ilamn"!' to
tlji^ir

u\'i"h\ lii-jn-- Til

rcpnlJitlfHi^ wliirli n^vchitioii n.MitiniL 1 Imvc- it l<--:il olili;r;inun

of

tlioir rlcntitif-^
thi^

iukUt

Pnvjicy

ArV

no(

I*)

puiili'ly ciisrlose thv

nnim- of

tlx' in-livjiiiial itst-ftrcliers

'Jlii-

i*i

e<|M**-iallv Ir^n'.

"f <rnjr-i\ f'n lhoH>

rt'^^'ftn-nors

and

instilu-

lioM- \\Wu\i wevv
N-ni.'UirJ'ss.
iHM'il
fif

lijiwittiri^' jiHili''i|Knn- in

TIA

sj^nicoretl ftrtivitin=.

Mi>

hol]j

till'

CliniTfiijiTi, 1 .^<»il:uul\ ^fi-o^uv/A> (lu- ri-ilit aiul tli^' Si'iiiii-' Srlfc'i'i Coinniiiti'f' mi IntclHprncc mul tlir

SihiiU' S)ilK-oiT)niitt^i* nil Hnilrli jithI S.-i»'nlifi<' licsi'nrrh 1o inveptipatp Mm- rirrujn-rrnirr- of tlii'H- nrJivitii--^ in wlmlfvcr dolnil ymi oonsidei' of tlip doniniontam'"-(»'.->tiT\\ I mil pv'ivi.liii;: yonr rinjuniiin* \vii!i jill tlii« lioji. ini'luilin;: oil of iln^ nnnvs. un n cht^^\i\v{\ l>n*-is. T liopt^ ihnt will fn< ilitatr vonr invf«ti;:fttioTi whili^siill proiirtin;: tlip irjdividiials
I^'i

im

oniplinsi?,^- oirnin iIjM tlin

MKIXTKA
('lA
i^

tvent^ arr 12 to 2i

vrHv^ in
r-idirr

flik

pa-K and

1

nf^sinc

yon

tli-it

in

no wny enpaped

in

Tuntioi,

\\f HTv mnkinjf nvnilal-k' if. IIjc Atlornoy Gmoral ivhatever Miijii'iijils Iio nsav il**oin n*»<-<'^>:iry to niiv invostipntion^i fhnt ho may

wiftihcornn«-ittiiii;1*'-tin;.'of (Iriiff^todny. Finnllv. I am working r]*>-*-}y wjUj lUf Attornry fionpr:*! on tbis

^lirl toinidirlnki-.

Brvond

tlinl. wi' nir^ !il>n
it

woikin;rwi(h

1}io

Attorney
evidence-

(ieni'nil In (Irtrnnhu^Vlirllicr
ff>

\>

pi^a^^tirnM*'

fiom

tins

n*w

niny hnvc bcrn administnvil ninvittiiifrly. No ^nc It nnnH^- ?nr pnrt of tlirsr rerord^. IVe have \\n\ iili-nTifii'd ilir indivithinl- lo wlioni dm;:- werr ndministpred, btit wr uif tiyinjr now to ih"t*'riiiino if tlini- an* ndrqnnte rlues to lead to
hlrntifv iinv of \\w
to

pnwn^

whom dm^-

<c-

idcniirnntion. nnd if ^o }io\v l>psi lo ^-o nlvonl fnlfillinj: tlie Goveinihrnr"* ro^jjon-iliilili''^ iti l}ii<. iiiiiniT. >It. ri)oinnmi. ft= we pirwH'd wiili tlint pi-orrs^ of ftttemptinp to iil<nfifv thi' inrlividirjil- nnil tlien ilHt^rmininp whnt is onr proi-^r rp•-[.oh-^iMlity to thi'in. 1 \\\]] krvp Ik.iIi of thes^^ rnrnniitteop fully adflirir
vi-i'il. 1

fliJinkyniKtii".

SrniUor
spiril

Imh

vi:,

Tlinnk yon vpvv ninHi. Admirnl Tiinier.
i-^

Yonr

announee to tlir roiiiiniHt'*^ \hn\ in onh-r lo pivi^ every menilK^r an opportunity to pnrTiripatf in tliis Iiejirinp, tJml we ^wmld set a time limit of 10 minutes
of roo)H*riitinii
inui-h nppn'^inti-d. 1

would

like to

Senator, Aihninil Turner. |ileas(» ^ive this eonntiitiee tlje poiie^is of MKT'L TKA- Wlio or what roniinittoe or ronuni-'ion or ap^^ncY was i-esponsi|ier

hle
it

fnp-

dii^iiniioT
?

up

thi< pi'nndio<e
i> tin- r!»lif)mile

nnd
or

sinister profert,

and why

vva?

nern-^-in-y

AV)i:*t

in^tificiifion

for

*=nrli n

pmjert

y\n- tlir^ Vi-esident of IIm- Tnili-il Srnte- nwnre of tlii-? Ailniiral TnivK!?. Mr. Cliiiiiinun, 1 nni sn\n*z to a^k Mr, Bividy OTI v\i:ht, wlio \^ n lon^-tiim- menil>i'r of tin- ("*1A to addi-es*^ thnt in mori- ilehnl, I IwlieM' evervthinj thni wr knn*\ nltont the cf-iie>i= wn«

nuA

mv

tnrned over to the

Omnh

i-iHiimiltei-

nnd

is

i-onliiined in tliat

mn-

lerinl Bii'^ienlly- it was n riA-inifiatei! proin't. It stnrted out of a eoiieern of onr J>pinir taken ndviintaci' of hy otlier powers who wonld n-e dni^^ a:.':nnsl onr per-nmnd. ;ni*l it wa- :i|>nn)veil in tlie Affenrv. T have asked the question von inst asked nir, nnd have been rt^^sured that there is no ovidi'iire within tlie AL'i'ni-y of iin\ invtOvenient at hicher
erlielnns.

the Wliite Ilon-ir. for TnctnT»ec\ or s|x>eifie approval. That does not sa^' there wnF^not.hnt we have no surJi evidence.

.

4"K

MORI DocID: 163357

14

Mr.

I4r**cly,

wnnlil yon aiilplifv nn uiv rfmiinriif-

tlic»T, [jlf'n^c?

y\v. }U\i*t*\.

Mr,

I'lciirniun,
wii<'I

1

irnll^' linvr vi'i v liilli^ to

niM

to that,
it

c
Ji

1

:<l

I

f*r

1

inn'. Il

ii

A

|irtijri1.

:iT)il

u<

tin- u^liiiirnl mi: J.
^\^i\^'

vn^

|ii'oji ii

(lr>i*:pircl

in nffeiiipt to lounlornrl

what

tlicr tlifiiiplu to

1m^

HiirMt l»y our rrniuii'.* of o^inij (lii*;:* :i^Mij»*t n*, Mo.-^t of wWai iIm' wr kno\\ ^hoNt it i= in iIk^ SoTinH' Cliimli i-ohijiiitipc ivj>ort. Si'ir:iti>r fxjji V*-. AVtTi' lln' in^lliori/nl iMi-iulN'r'' of t]tv ("oii^rre^s ]h:iil( :»\\:inMtf tiit^ [Jroji-rt |}iioii<;li ihr hud^iinry |jrfK'<'sji?
u -ri
liiij-

S«'ii:iioi'
n\\-.\y

Ixorvi:,
'J*i

Arr yon

'iii;:pi'-tiTitr tJint

it

wn*- iiitnitionally kept
I

from

ifir <'"oii;:ii'» uthI llnn^^:li.
iij"

I*M^Ml^ll1 of llir

riitril

St nit-?

Aihiiitiil
<li-tii 1'

*Hii' \v;i\

No. sij-. AVr an* ajHy finyirii: iliiit wi' Imw no pvitl*f oilnr ns fo wlirtlii-r ilir ( '"ii':ri'7'S i^ji* infontipd
pati'if)c"d

of 1!m^ p:nli<ijl:ii |iro7('rt, TImto ar** iir» rPconKlo jinlifnti'. Sru.iTor Ini-i VK. Adiiiira) TnTTiri\ (ijv Vdii |H*r**onHllv
licrujil

bv

riowlv *!i'>ro\*n''l inf<"nNjiTinn intijiNo»i:ill\ kr|ii nv^Eiv from t Ik- Sriial*>of iIm- Vnilnl Sinl*'?^? A*liiiirji( T\ i:\Kr. 1 Ijiiv*- iir» wnv fo provr tlmL Pir. Thnt it
inM">f
i*;:ii icj;i

iUni

tlii*

whs not

my

con-

viii jrni

from

('viTyllii)i;:
1 »:,

1 liiivi- si-i-n

of

it.

SotjrtTor !\ii<

Now.

wi- liinc U'<'Ti ntUisOil
ill

tlirit

thrso dorinikonts

Marrli of tlii- vt'nr, nuA \*i\\ wrrr notifipd jri .hil\ itf ])i\^ V'viT. nr -liiiu* nf rlii"- yrnr, mid tlu' f-'irnniitH'o wa*; iiotitiiil in -liil\ Can yon f<'ll ii- wh\ iIk* l>in'ifor of Ccolral Tntrllic'noo wii- hoiifiitl itt*iuxh'- nfhT il*^ initnil (li>i-o\i'iy. wliy tln' dolay? Ailruir;*' Ti jjnm:, Yi-s. sir. AM fhi- stnrtr*! witli n^viTiil Fn'fdnin of liifoT million Art rr*|nrvr^, nn<J Mr. T-!inl»inpi'T on my ]rU wns tlio in*Iis i<lii;il V lio to<ili if upon liiin^Of to pni'-'iie tli'^^c rf'<|iir<t= with preat ilili;rrTi<v, ritni tjni pi'iinis'-ion to jfo to tlit- Itrtii^'il lIi'<-or<K P^ntpr. and tlirTi n*ruir tin- (h't'if^ion I'l h>t>k not only nndi^r what wonld 1* thr ?xpnii'.T -nhjcrt fili>. Imf throN*;!) ovny filr «ith whii}i tlip hraiirli that. ion'lih'i»''l tills typ4- of artivity ha*l nnv roiTOfival'l*- ronn<*^tioTn Vi'iy hiTr in ^Inrrli. ]«- t|iscovrre<l ihc**^ M'vi^n l>oxr>. Hi- arranjrrd to liav*" i]\i-\\\ sli!]*[u'(l from tho Itftiri'il I^mthiK Cantor to A\'ashinffWrit' iuihjilK ilir-i-oHTi^*}
.

'-\

(on.

nirly Aj»ril, llr ailvin-d his n]»|»n»]iri:il(' ?ini*rrior-, who askod him liow lonir hr tlifni^^lkt it wonld t;ikr }iim to ifo i!irfin;;h tlir**^ and sitoph thrni a]>pE'opriote!v, clear ihi'ni for Krii'itinji of Inforinjition Ai't n*lrn<-r. Thvrv n\*\ wc nriijiinilly iM iiintitHh .VKhj pn^ro^; hf^ro. now think
til I'Hi

]nioli|njin*'i>.

Thev

arriv<'il in

Wr

tlnil

wa- un
it

onili'iv>tipniilion. anil

it

ni:iy hi' ctosiT tf* S.i>*"J pai,'0>.

He

ilavs or into th.' iiiiddk- of Slay to do tli;ir. Ih" wa-' toht in prfh**i'<K and a^ In* did ^o \]wrv wa- iiothinp ini'-ow-ird ill thv Ih'^nnnin;: of tlir-f* 14!* raM*-; tliat fl]*^K*nri"i| pnrtiriip>tiriiali'd
t:ik»'
-iTi

wcinM

^Umi

larly startliri:r '»r partimiarly aildiltvi* to tin- kiiowlrdiji* that had alrraily hrrji ;:i\rn to tin- (^Inuih i-ominitn-f, ^<nn^' ilotaiK. hnt ho major rrM'hil io]i<^. Uv and lii- n^Mriatf- ]>i'f"'i*»'th'd with d»dilK*ratcpio>>Jmt not a prpat Si»nM' of iiiiff^nrv. 1*hi*rr wrrt* offn-r intt'rfrrin"- n<'liviiii'- that rnmo and di'Jiiandi-d lii^ tinu' ;i1^o. 1h- \va> not a Mr to |Mit liHi }H'r<-pn1 i^f hir: tiriir- on il, anil tla-ri' did ni»t a[>piMr to hr i^an^r fui.'H'at ni>Ii hrrr. wi^rr hvin;; t<» 1m' iv*jifm^*\*' to t\\r Kri'i'ihun of Information Act roijni'-^l wUImji thi- limil:^ ui uwy inanjMnM'i and onr priorities.
ii

Wr

MORI DocID: 163357

15
In
1i^

i-.ir\y

June, honi'ici
ili:t1rlv

.

]ii-

ih^.rtyfV'-i]

twn

jirojf^rts, th(- onr*
jit

K

lU

lU-

iMi^l t\n- oitr n-l<ili't]

1o

llir f ijiiilJTi;:
>iiZ>^t]kriT jjil

l)ii-

rn-^t

if

rolnfcd utjon, nrwl
aiiil

iriilt/A-il
111'

\m
jii'i

itiNi
1

111'

Ii.-i'l

lu-w iiifornutlioM,

iiHti)i>Ii:iti']v it'jkfirti'il

Jii<- I'l

lii> siijH'r in) >.

nof jfv tin* Ijiuyi'i*' of (hi' pHii' iij^»l ] ll'r>l<*!il Ijf I liffUniMl fiJII A'l lVijni'*l(»T lllJit Wr would IjiUT MlK^tHinr:ril ni'x^ ]ii:ili-riu1 ainl iIihII i( wriuhl 1h- foilhi-oniin;: n^ ntpidly Bs po**jlilt'. jirul lli<^ Hco]|i| \\i\- lo iliiti 11 j(*rjnOKni(tiiii» u|i tin* chain f Inn in"lir;ii*iMn*' Iji'lJrf iJm! wc .Klioirli? n'ltlf v flip Sojr;ilv Srli'cf Com'l\\it
jiiri^

n»'H"

riik^'fi. < >!»'

wri'- ici

niin*'i" rtn liil-i'lli^'rnri'

of

llii^ ili^^invi-jv l«"iini-.t'

of

f li*'

rljiivarU'iflt Ipast

of Un'M' U\fi
lii

Hr«tinioi»t'*.
l-'llli

A** tliai |Mih>'t"ilt-fl H]t finin thr
ifo tlii'm<rli
liii' tlii^

of Jinn',

at purlj prliplon wr*

had

^*;:!il ofiiir, llu" lc^'j^l:if ill'

f^'lii'liin

Sium- ijUr-iioTi wat}iri)ML'li lOi <>f llii-, **n ijijit wJuMi w<> notify tin- y^-uati- S**lf*<'t CfJJiimiticr wo df^ noi notify fiftlf of tIh' iiij|w>Tiiint n'lpvotioo* nn*l not thf*
jil"mT
oHi'i' hiilf^ Ti»'"

lini^on ofli'i" anil ftt fhr]\ n>k*'il *if Jnin: Jljivr you ponr

in nnv wav to l-o nil ;uiy t^ipii'. ffi\r tlw .T]ii'r:iniih'coii jHjy tojMf' of I win;: I'ecalritrant. rrJnriniiL or li-ivjii;: lo 1i:jm' yon t\n\ii tliijifr> oiil of itii', nnd inv suh(jnliiiJiTi's. tnn^li tn jijy iilcu-'nTf, had t^a^h A>k''d. Jinvc von i^collv pono
lii^T

tliin;:

I

wjuii.

Mr>

("IiuiTJnjU).

i*-

flirniiirli ifii-r

s.(*iHi

jiiipe^ rnon*-}!

to

know
?

t}»iit

we nre

not

^inf

to

nnr<nrr

a l>n]ijh"ih*'ll

dowji at tfn'Imflom
fln' •J^\U.

]{y h»!r plnn.\

jilrtnil

nnTiliril ir)c afr**?' l»is ri'virw of it 1 of it. 1 lf;.Mn riM'lin;: into ii. ] n^kod fhr Mime iJr-ohin;; qne>tion iliriTily. 1 iln-n notified -nfirrioi-, ninl on (In- l'»(li dolivered

kmw

tin- pror(»>x i^nrltod niv do]nity. on thf 7t1j ^f -Inly, whicli i* tltp firit

He

my

to yon jMV
aii'

[.fti-r lotrinir

work;nl^ m:iiiy
Irllin;:

iieopir,

von know lli;it we had tin-., and wp Jinvp Iw^n many honi- sini-o thf-n, to sure thnt what wc

W

>ou today
1

dot''-

jn<'hjili^
!jk<'

all

thv ivlevant mairrinl,

for lii?: ililiL'-'TM-i' and i-XiH^niM", !"til wn^ Thi'« diliL^i-nic the n-Milt of the Freedi»iii of lnf-.nnritii>Ti \*-t or foirld tlii^ dili;r<'n<'e hiivi^ l»orii rxrrcisfd din Oii: thi' < 1nn\h iH-jirin;:^ ? Why wa'- il not exrn-Wd ? Adtnirat Tijim ii. 'Jln-ti' 1^ no ijnp-l i'm tfiat i!ieoroliral!y thi= dilit'l'ii o I'oiil'l h\)\v liei»>i exni'iM'd at any tJTni', nnil ii may wpH Ik* that tin- KiiTiliir.i of Information An ha^ nmdo ns more awniT of thU. WiiidJ viMi >|h"ak f<n- yonr-(dt. llUaM^
Ijinliiii-^'cr

S.n;"h»i- Iv'-rir.

wimhl

to I'timmond

Mr.

Ml,
noii]i

I,\x'in^*:r.lc. 1
a-"

reully di»n"f ntnibnie

it-

S<'nnior,

tit

dili;jence

5^0

inia::ine tlic pres^-nre'; imdor oi^ dill n1 ihe time or;r:Mii/:jhoM nA In^' In r-o'^]KiiMK uliirh 1 tliink llie CI on of In- (*hni'i h i'omniirirr In a? ii;j-. th* hid way* of thr Hoor I wen- fnll of 1h)\i- fmtji onr rl'l-lnd^ i-rnU'i. K\'ery ho.\ that anyoin^ thon::lrr iniild |Mi^<ihh roniain anyihin;.- wji^ railed ti]> for si-nrelt. Il \\u^ line itf a franii'- i^tlorl lo i'<nu|d>
rhtiron^'hne:^:^.

If y*»u

r:Mi

A

I

1

am

.

thr pri'-^nrr of ihai -itnalioii e"<d- »1owjk nnd yon fan stnil liHikin:: at thinir- »iv*ti'rojn nalh yon air a] it lo Hnd ihini'*^ thflt yon wonMn't niidi-r tin- licat nf rra*h ]iro;;i:nn.:ind thai i^ \vhal ha|>|>en('d
\\\\ri\
.

:i

hetr.
l\**l M- J'hank von M^ry nm<h. Senator Kerniedv? Srimlor l\l.^^rl^^ Admiial 'rnrm^i, Ihi-* i> Jiri enormously di-^Trrs'^' ( *oni:i'e^- and In thr Anierli'an ih;i rrporl Uiat von ;:i\e tnthe Ann'rii-an |H'<»|ile lodiiv. (nanlrd, it ha]^]"'ned many \eai> a;ro. linl wlirtt vt arc
.*^riiai(*T
.

,

MORI DocID:

163357

Ifi

„.hv.-, ul.H, t.K.k pJn-,. in (lie cnunfrv tli.il rtM.,lw<l tl„. («,.. t-M.. li i,r,.| fh- .oiTMi.tKm ..f mrniv of our oiif-Miiri.lrti- i-(.m:ii.1i ,vij«-r> u, ij.,- ,. iiiv.«iili ('lA fi.n.U. wiipro 'onie <.r i.iir i..|. iv-.r:MvI,.-,> «n.- ni.wit. !„;..)>ii.vr.Iv.',} in rp^iiroh Eimns..rc,; 1.V III,- A-.'Pi.v ii> wl.ii), tl„-i l,;i,l no Iciiowl,.,!-,. of til,. I'ack;.l-.put

;i^

p.Ilv

nlU-a'

IS n,.

m'llllirj iilllir Shl]l].l>ll for.

v;t^ ,lotH- «i(li Anifii.iiii liii/cns wIki wi-rr roninl'telv ..(ik(,..«,f,;: ill Ivrr.i- of ti.kiii- Viiii..u> dni-s. nn.l liu-rr niv ptrlmps ''"' "f Aiii,ij..:mj: m1„> iut ""> ' wnikiii-'jiniiiinl tr»iin"oii 11)0 Pn<t
..f
it

Mii.l,

ronMnrwo^lrnnM wlM»wnvyivHMhi,p^,wiiJ,nnt)u-kinrK*»fp}n-i^^
nii'l |i«r.'Iit>l«i;rMiil ihw-.iizi- tl^jii

r^nvf.il .It-tiul, nthf il i< si^'in[i,-m*t an^ fU'Vi-ro iiuIi'iMl. ilii not I kiir^v i-miU l.r tUmv in n l*— (Jriinirrnlif <*oiinfrv thnt \v(nij.l 1h- iMiw nlirh lit <t\vjj fijirjif i»n- rli;ut ^0- rvaUv t]nne

muiy

nni

1-.-

rauM-.I.

We linvo pnno nvrr tlint thai

whM

m

om

Iliw iiiin-.n\ iuviiti* jjol

n>i.l j*>

you'^riu^ ^In^ rcj'OTl fn Mir i-oni»nlTt*^, I

wo|i)il hki^

(!oiji(^

wn>i> of yonr

own ooiuvni

nlHiitt

tlits !vj»f

of

nffivifv-nii'l J»"\v
ity

vou iva<-MuivHij
of

ri-suriiffl ilij>

importnnt ivsjKm 'nihil-

Cuih^r ajmI tUv inprwhfhiiUif: siip|>f^n, nlivjc^iisly. of ihp, t '^-u^'if'--.. tmthr J)ii- M^t of fivninisiaiKV.-^. I tlid Jiol t'lt iiiitrh of n frrli>i;: ii) ic-viow inp vour Ptn1oN>(>nt horolhis nioniint: of iIm- liiiu] of nMmnx-iirtH tr» tlii^ lyp'r of |)nct flclhjtv wiiidi T tliini; thi' Aiiirri.'jui peop^^ wouLI roTlninlv iK]ilon' Biul ivhich I
rM'>:i*li-iil

with

t^.- f<iiifiilcTiri-

U'lirvrllia( voiijii.lmi <on(i|
prrhi^iin;::Liri
*

;,'ivi-

u-i \\hi\\

iilriis

yon roiiiiiif]iln|»on flint vnu |ka\o to iu^inv tlh-u
it is

ijiirFT
it

ion, ftiiiUlsn

cannot linppen

totally nl)}inrreiit to nif to think nf M-iTi;: ji ImniitTi U"in;:;i^!i ;:iiin<M pi^iiml in iuiy wny jciiimHizni;: ill- Hfr un-1 hi-- luTilil). n>i jonHd how irirjit Hn- (nn-r, I am not

.\ihi\'\r.x]

TyusYM.

Sfi\itU4}- Kc-rnTi-Oy,

hnr
T

ti'

p;j-- ]n(l;:ii/»"ni

on n»\

prfjli'ir->'>rs. I»n1

I

run

n'^-niT

von that
itic^

till- i< Tot:)l*y Ipi-wnid iliv p:ii,-

of niy rfinttinpl^lion
inTi'MJ;:rnrc^
n;:!'/!*]!--^

ttf t\f\\\

Ihi^

CIA
:tnt

f»t'

any ndirrof onr

-honM

that nntloflake.
to

ili'^nn-

taking' ainl liaxr t;ikin whal 1 1m li.-vo tlijii -lull tUini'- jjTi* n^t i'fnilin>iin:;linia\.
(

:Mk- a'li^*in;itr j'ti^p'^

S-nrUor K^.^^^*>.
Ai}niirjtl It n^fi;.
thci-o UT.'
iln»^' n-i^'^^K'^innJltli^M^rl.
iij 1

rjuM \nn

u-)]

n- a InHi'

Jtit

:jl.ont th:}! ?

fmu'

ii-k.--!

fur n ^ih'ri^J
iliat i^,

no ihn;r awiviiii- rxtunt.
< ll.\

thnt thn^z airiMni»> flmt in\oivc
a-^nririi:

rrp^m

mo

iini-Iy,

wr
hin

rnllv.l

in1rlli::rn* r
-

f»llirr ronJiliii**'-

tlir n- ari

wUtni ilni;:- nm) no rNih^ri^iij i^ia T^*'^^" LciJ^r
aihTi liaw

<n»ilni'iri| Jjy tin' (^-niial lnt*Oii;:t'ri.'(' A;.'*"i»y,

had

a -in-riaJ

nu'i'k nijiih'

iM'.aii-'i' fif nrMitliri- iri'-iilcrii

lliaf

iva- tou'ovcm'iI ^onic vonrs^

"p»
iJ)*'

^"^

(

llir

nnan(ln^ri/.r*l

ntnitinn

'if >"ni<- ni\i.-

maUriaK

at fhv

CJA.
-n-h

I

h;iM'

tjMiL

an arinai

in-pi'ii i.»n niaik-

rcrijlii-atain fiiiTn >]*. \Ht>\.]t^ in char*:*'
''l.''nrii'al h(iih/;:i.;il

of ^hl^ -inia^v ph>'-<'- ami of iliij-r tij.'it ihrT'- ah' no
1

niafrrraU pn-rni

in <n\r Ivrpin^'. ati*l

linvo

i-'*n'<h\|ni>-oiih'T-thrit tliaf -li;ill rmt hrlhiMa-r. Ht'Miiul fh:ii. 1 |i:n,> io ii'T\ in hniri' nn-^-nrp on niv -otw,. of ronv manii :in.| dir.-iilnn f>f ihr pi-upl- an- ihrir knnu Ir.li.-^' fif thr aintnde
1

I

)\u\> jn-1

<-\pic-M',ltuyoN in ihi" M-^rar.l. Snjn.t'Kr'wrjn. } ihuAi fU:it \^ ^^ly rin Ai}r*iirMl T\ u\i:t:. Tiiimk \nii,-.ir,
1

i-n-hil.t,

Srnatnv Kkwvmt. nmh-r-tand lh;it.

liiink

ii

i-^

inipmiaiK

liial

ihr Aninirnn p<>ople

;

MORI DocID: 163357

17

VoM know,
tivifips dfini*
^';ri*iTiiah"

Tuiirli

of

till-

iv-('nr<1» wlii.li

i^^

our arra of

iiilrrp^f

that

bv

ilic

A^'l^^ v,

1

nm

(oiivincril f0i»1il hnv** U'on

way
I'lTi.

lliMuiirf* fl^' r<*-*"iHr[i |»M>;;rJijtj-.
-irrin^-inril

in n of llrr Naltonn) ln^l\I

douf

lnh>

*if

Mc-nlal Ui'nltli.nllii'i
h\ii
]

mlnitio,

incnn.

tltnl

is*oim'

*^tln^r fjin'-f

iln">r tlnji;-^ i-ouUI

think you wi-n^ to nu nnfnl have U-i'ii.

loi

of

froiihlf, wlioi'e

r^j ihc :i-U >ou s|M'<'ifi*ulIy, on llir folluwuf* of MKl'LTRA. arc iJjpvi' now 1 think you \\u\*- nn-wwi-iL bnt ] \Minl t't pft n riijiipUlp nnvwfv ulioiil any c.\|«*i inx'ntntiori- xh;tt n\v \mAu'^ <lonf on htniian bein^:*. Avljc'tlior if i'- dm;:- <>r lH"li!»vioi;»i nItriiUion* or |>ntlcin* or any Mi[>poir. ('itlirr (liivrHy or iinlfr'-^ily. Kctu;: jnoi idril }i\ t]iv Aj^rrif y in Irpni^of !inv PXjirnnirntjU ion on linnnit lH'in':>.

AiJniii':il

Ti

nvr.i:.

Tli

UJjf^-. \vitt]>>;jor unw jfiifii:. Iw-hi^TooiiM-tiM liTInil \v ^ ^ Scniiror KKNVKnv, All Tiplii.<'i l» in;;MjiHioi (t^riiiTlTrvotly
t

-'H'

i'

norMn'njii';ntjiti'Mi tvlMr Jftj^:^

on ImjiMTt
?

I

mean.

Ailnni:il 'rrT;\r(;-<*iU"in^inini>
Strjiiioi
Tinii

wuv

^n]'|uir'i**l,

K IN %>:»>!,
la ri'H'jiii'J/

11"!

inir (\»ninhi(l»"i"

All hn^

rij;Jii.

lloiv

;jl»>i]r

tin-

M-i-n

p^v^i»c*^u^;:^r-\^

noniJrnp rx|H^iinjpr>tafor fxinniilo, or Pfv-

nMoirn'.'H

i'l*

Ailmiriil TiuNr.i;, W'v
'^r.j-rncnf

:\rv

of hrhnvjor. For

ronlinniilly involve*! in wlmt we rail npins^inr*^ wi- nrr trying to f-ontinnally ini-

a-M^*^ u-|ii>ilioi a jirrMin I- ]\hi^ ill uni. 'r)jj- t!#h- lu'i in Veil vr tiny tJuujMTini: with lln' indivifinjil IkhU. 'Jhi- i)ni>Tvr* -Inclyin;; H'loril*. of iiPo|ik'"> Iwlinvior nndor fHtfVrt'ht ''iTv-nnr-r:nrr(\s. txut] h-i on, l<nl it \> no* an cxjwrimontaJ thinp, H:i\<' I iIi'-,rilH\l that inrmuii'ly. A!?

prcvy our

|>ri1><:v:i|iji jiiin'i'iJun*- to.

yon know.

Ml,

Yt-. Si-nalor lCi:vNrnY, A\'rlL
IJi^c.nv.

it

i-liniilril fi^liifiM*

arra-?

Vo-; ii ihn-^ tuH in^'o^e attpniptinff to ino<Iify beliivior. It only invohi- -tnil>ni;r hi*li:n ior rmnlitioji-, I»n1 noi Irvjnp to a.^tJAi'ly rnoilify it. a- wn-^ orn- nf thv nbjiv(i\v- of AIKTLTKA/ Si'iioior Ki:>;\rr>Y, Wi-lh wi- :>rr >i":iriv on tinir, hnt 1 Am inlri^stntl in till- othri' urc;!'* !H'siiji-^ |»ol_\;:n»|)h wlu'ir yon nri' iloin;: it, Mnvlw Vim ran cithi^r ri'-|"i»nl nr»w or>nhnnl it for |]»V mtohK jf von wonlij do rJiat. WonM yon providi- tliai foi'ilir uvoi.i?
'J^n;\i:r:.
I

A-hnicn

A'lmii'Nl TrifNJiK. \o^.

[Thcnuni'iiiilon iiMiliolo^rii^al

a->->«'->Mnv]i(-

fi>l!ow>:l

I's>rlnp|n;:itn3 n'^M'^'^mi'uK iin- |»'rf.triinM i\^ ii s^rvin- (c« n1h-l>t^ lit th(» ni«*ranioi^ ilini'tnriir wU.. n-cTiin nud i,f tiiiiLilh- ucf-i.T^ Kxiv^i f.,r |ioiinl.> Ijivolvi'd II) innniiii: .-inirv-. ijn^ *.iii»jr.r* .^f tu*- ».^,-.>,i„-nj^ -jr,. f,irfii:rj imtM-nfth TJii-

A

iii:i>.rily .rf
J>rr<-iT

ihf \*oTk

in ^li.iu^

)»*

^ijiff i»f Jrnijii'*!

i»vvr'hnh-cJsl»i

nontP nf

la^Jirr't.
Ki'ii.^

»w,s*iin"tit< iim»lv<- a i-i-xpiiat iinprvi<»w pf tlip fJUl^Wl bj- (he
\^

1y>l

'

wliirh
)».>!

ncXanUy u

disfllis.-il I^Tr|)ulMj;iri»J
*^Nhif<-tr«l
r-.

tpsi

»..,..,,.,! ,,n

ludivid^Hils

l*»iiiff

;rjWNJ

.hn^v

/»"r itr.> tIh^x

r*Ji.*>i.;.J

hi\r:f^^iin^t,t ..r

\\t,vu n|i,T:i[]iii.' "..u.lrri.iii. jin- Kii.n lU-.ii u Uuf^tf-Tn*,. iiitervi^-w ik iu>l jM.-^'^iUNTill' |K,^^lh,^.^i^r ih:i> fjn :ni iiKhr.'.r n^*^v,n.rut. n^iuK j|>> MMirr* m:it*Ti:Llx t|.'x.Tij.tiMi,- nt rlu- '^Lili.i.Hi l..^ „iliiTv iJXerv.^uj* with
JiW»iilt

T'-rnir,*

ftJm kin>w

MORI DocID:

163357

18

TJir wvti^ j^ d<>iiv l-\ it |-.iir >if ir;jmk'ii 4:r;j]jJi4ih>i;isls. A»j(jlMi b} a Muall iiiiiiiInT uf JiJiii^uri'Uit'ur Tttljhi'jiih'«, 'Mn'* isrinTiiUj n-^jinrf at leuBl Mi'a»iirtiuf]il-> ure UJJjf of about a'|ia;:i- ot liijJiil» rillr'ii s(n|i1 !> Ibi- ^M^Je• au il.ll.rtul wniiii:; rtiiir;ii UTl^ill-^> and Uw>i' ;in- tburied uuU furujihtnJ lu Uj«
Jo^jciil ;i:-M'>-iL<i hr
t

'J

ln'

iP'jn h*»luj;i?'i*

aUi"
liir

;:ivi-

iTHiiM's

tij

jt'itc hifl*'j:K'ul

ii-^i's^-iuviir

li*

gruui> of
CAclt witlj

till?

truiJiiui:
'I'iif

nmrM'.

iu'-lru' i">r

i^iudeiii.

blHiWuib- uri- vsiUlJJt;

U^-o u i»vi bulogirjil utM'»un'iJT of i>iinjd|iaui>> Hh*} r»uha art djei^ukbrd

11 i> iLip'TtJiiJi In reilfrufi' ihnt iihvi'li'^Iojjkal assi-sMut'JUs urr only a iwrvit* U' 1h%- olmTUJJiitJs iiibt-vr^. Ill IL^ liuul jiJiul>al^, it In llti- rt^iHMi->ttiiUl> iff tbiu|4>riLlJiiJih ottiriT lit diiiJt liow u jioKTiliuI Uhfi'Nl Kliuiih) U- up^iruucUed. ur Iv

Tlir kind of tliiJig ^m- art iiitin-MiiJ in is, what will niuii^Hti.' u iitaii lt> betuun- an a^iil of Uli' Inili'Li States in a ditiicult siluutioii. W'v haw to U< fanulinr wjtJt thai kiiul oi actituiiina] itri>on!jo (hat \\i- ^aii cxpi^cl fnmi ^>ei»plc wi- up]'tou< )i tu foj one rta>ou or uji"ilifr iM-ruhir (nir i>pJ('^, but 1 wilJ U- Ixiipj^y ly bubinii a very

Adiun^] TvHvtR.

spi't:itic

listing of t^le^e.

Sciiiiti/r

KtN>ti»y.
followup>,
<.ould

AVoiiliI
ill

vou do that for

tJjr

lonniiiMrf?

In

tJu

tlio

MKSKAKCIL
us
uJ:&o

CillCKWlT,

you

givi»

and the in tina report un thosr pani^-Lilar

OFXKN,

Admiral Tliinlb. Vcs, sir. tH*n:it<ir Ki;\m:uv. Did th*'y

involve

oxperinicntntijm,

hinnan

expfriiumlation^ Adniiiul Tvi;ni:i(. No, sir. Sennioi KrwKin. None of them?
say this, that CIIK'KWIT j>M>j:rani is the rode nmiip for t)ie CIA partinpuliuji iji whrtt was Imsitally a l>ei>artmcni of Defense program, Tni> pio^rrain ivas suinininited and ref>oi1rdiotlie C'Injrch lunuuiUrr, lo the ConJ:re&^, and 1 liavc sintr they lave U'en reinentioneil in tlie pre.-^ in the last :l <h"y# here, 1 have not \\\\d time topo tfii-oiiirh and pixinally review tlieni. I have n?rei1ainrd that alJ of \\h- lik-s that we had and made availahh- liefoiv are intact, and 1 Jiave put a speeial order out that nobody will enter tht>j^' tiles Of in any way touih them witlmnf niy iw*nni--iiai at this point, but tliey an- in tJie Ri tired Re^'ord?^ Center ont^ide of "Washinj^on, and ihey air availidih-. 1 am not iirepaivd to pive yon full details oti it. licraa>'e I J^implv haven*! read into I lint part <»f ^nr hist iny .hut in inhli(ion ] woiihl s\igg:*-t wiu-ii we waiU iv p-t into thai we >hiadd >rel the DepJirtnnnt of
Adtnii'jd
'1
1

nsr.ii. 1-i't nio

DefeiiM' in with us.

Senator

KrwKin.

AVelL you will =nj>ply that information to the

Iniein;5riiee O'lnniittee, the rrh'vant, 1 iin'iiu. tiu> heultli a^iiect?. obviously, a»id the researdi we are inli^resn d iTi *

Aihnital TtwvK"- Ye-,

sir.

Senator Kf^NVKPY.

'Will

you
V>e

Admii ill Trn\Kn. I
f

will

u< ktmw. Admiral Turner? ha]>py to.
let

l^n for th*' niaferjal i-efrrr»'d to.] SennH"- K>;xnki>v. Thimk yf>u. 1 nm rutnifu^ mit <>f tiuje, Dn you = ni»prtn the e\teu-ioi» of the profreljnu of lunnau sidijeets le:;i^latinTl *>i'!ihly on that t'. ineludi' the CIA and ihr DOU? Von r*.nuui nird fa
Se(* p.

MORI DocID:

163357

19
before,

posed legifilntion. sir. It is not my rol? in tin* adiiiinisfratton lo be the supporler of it or the endorser of it. Senator Kenn-eht, A*i n porsonn! nmtti-n sinre yon havr rpviewed tlieso snl*jec'f^, wonli] yon ronniKnf ? I knnw it i> uia\U unusual but you cnn undt^rstnnd vhni we are altoinptinp to do.

and I anj hopeful we cni> pet that on the calendar eirlj in Sepi ember, and ihat is onr strong inleii-sl. Adiiiirai Ti-rxer- Tho CIA rei1«inly has no olijertion fo that pro-

Admiral Tcrneb. Ye?:, sir. St^nntor KrvvEnv, Fron) vour own exprnrnre
can understand the value of
-fu*^! filially,
it.

in tiie

apenrv tou

te^tiinonv now with this ndditionnl information, it seem*^ quite apparent to mo tlmf vou rnn reron^tniri in Ter\' rarefiil detnil this whole pT-ojrrt in tenn« of thr rrsponsiMe CI \ ofhnnis for the propram. Von }»nve so indicated in vour testimony. >ow with th^- additional infornii»tion. and the peoplrl that hav*. been revealed tlie exnmmation of th^ df^ftiments. it seems to be prettv olrar that vou can track that whohproffr^m in ven careful detail. Hml I would hope, you know, ihai vou would want to pet to the bottom of It, as the Conp:res^ docj= as wiOI. I will come back to that in mv next
in

yonrown

m

round.

much. Senator Inouit.. Senator Goldwaler ? Senator GornwATKR. I have noouestion*.
ver\'

Thank you

was m fact ifiven to the Church rominittee staff to see? Admiral Ti rnf.r. The answer to vour question is ''Ves,*' The informatiiui that a contribution had been made was made available, to the best of my knowlod^. Senator SdivKiKO, Only certain sections of the re|>oit were made nvflilabli". The rriK)rt had fo be reviewed out at I^anplev it was not reviewed here, and cojiies w*-i-e not (jiven to %\^ }»oi-e. 1 j»st want vou to carefully coiiFider what you are savinp, because the onlv record we have lire the noie> that ilie siaff took on anvtlun" tliat was of
;

Senator Ixm IT. Senator S<'hwpiker? Snnator SrHWKTKKii, TJiank you, Mr. Chainnan. Adnnnjl Turner, I would like f o pi> b^n k to vour teptimonv on naire 12. ivlietv yon dtscu^s the contribution to tfie huihlinnfund of a private medical mstitution. Vou statr, "ludej^d. it wn-^ nicntioned in a IpM Tnsp^rfor (Irncrai i-ei>ort on the Technical Sen ice Division of * lA. jH-rlmfnl poition^ of whirli had l>i'pn n^viewrd bv the Church committiT staff/" I would !ik»- to hnve yon con-kler tliiv que^inon verv canfnm, ] sined as a member of thr oripinul Ciuirch committed. 31y stflflir dirl a lot of the work that yon are referring to here. He niadu not*'> on the lOV iTpon. Mv fjuesiion to vou is, are vou sayinff that the 'Section that spi'cificnliy drlin.'atos an iniprojXT contribiilion

sipiiifiinnee.

Admiral Tir.ver. My nnderstandinp was that Mr. Maxwell iras shown the relevant portion of this rejiort that disclosed that the contrdmtion had Iven made. Senator SnnvEiKKR, To follow this up further, I'd like to sav that *^*'"^/'"^ff ^^^^ « serious fliiw in the wav that the IG rei>ort was T handled anil the Church committee was limited. I am not making any accusiiimns, but becauf^' of limited arcess to the ivport, we have a situ

h

-

MORI DocID: 163357

20
Rtinn wliorp
it

15

not even clear whether

-s^e

actually siiw

'^-at

mateml

bTLlmi

bj prked,\res thnt so restrict
; -ro,..l .,u..^li.m. 1

its ability

to exerose effective

"Tw iu'

"f„
.

f

cT^
San,;

.1

f^nn.i..-.

Ad.mral. that «c .sc.1 constn>c:i«» grant n-M.lu-a i., tl.e u^' of F.-a,.n.l on oo,- ojrn for .Ik^m; sort- of ^x,.e.,n,en,s

W<=

it

n-ncern

yo.>.

l--..l'n;i t;m.. n.....nt to i>n.vi.l.-

on n p>o,i

f.nt!, \>«^i- ".'^^^

'"R

n.at.hiny
wn-^
11-iillv

f.n,.l-. «..i,.- l.iW.I

on an

all.-g.iUy i-nvatr .lonnt.on wh.cl.

riA

iiionry.

en.l

C.Mn-.l of tb.

CIA

u^

thn. t.m.;

m

rnl a Icpnl "I""'^" '';":

tbc ainn..b-s nt tb.t tun.-, so T^'hethrr pro.n.,1 or not. 1 »io not enonpb of a ,1... ,.,.„„.,.l vvi.- on -Io-hI bp;.l to nii- if it lianH^nc^l l.wv.r ... I..- ^".v. but it ..ni.iiily wonl.l o.ciir , tn.l:ivii-!i verv.|in-lionnb!cai'livity. , .„„„„,! , , on nn.l ".iw.iK.u. Wrll. 1 tbn.k tboM- of Hs who worked <;,^u,y S. oilw bo^i.itnl con=ininiion a^ft,i,cn,b.i lb.' llill-ltiiHoii A.1 ami "-onbl bar.- n rnllier .bIT.-rrnt opmion on '^i^liin.r b."- ov..,- lb.- vf;ii-. Conpr.--^ ill |.(i"nip In" - to provide hostlu- I.-m' ii>t.-ni or obii'-rt of for pn.j.'.'l Hion.'y. Tb.'s,- fnn.l<. wfirnl intended

."W>,

tb,. :.n„<.-,.b<.<v. tb.- la^v^.

i.iriil

o.ii^li-ii.ii.m

ui>

\sWu

1

\vii>

on xUv

\v;i«,

»w-il lo i»n>-lij*r u wrjuv u4n-i:<'J»oi-iil Ii*>s|mI:i1

The PnMi<' Hnilih >orj-ice .Vmllv ]^\^*u wilh PiiMir H^'nltli nmnp) Hei-e
d^iiivli rmnii.itlH-.
.

nm-iru-iifm uitmrv loi'aiTV on a soiie^ol
1

roi.M )*i^t \^. T think. «cfniid^ were rinulc. 1 <li>iri liiiiik ai^v of tliis M^.j^^ or ill*- rn.nt.lunff the hoi^wort^ »im.I If* UH'.l 1.» .on.l>iil clnip rxi»oriiMCiit-. Thoy Nnu, llh' {]\ Ibrn j.nt morr innm^v iiilo n fmiidnfion Thnt wn? Tiiiiil hospital, w> mii.hh'ti)i«MVH;M^li (-ri Uii' ('lAV }«>h!ilf>upivo^i-illy in tlmi ^x;.^ not M^<^d foi^ Wi»- t-rriiiinlv tIkti-. Imt tlu- i.ioni-v
Cirini;.! 1 ri;xKn.

Kxru^o mc. ^n. If

hmM

rih'

inu-iU

Srn:.ic.T S. iiwKihKir.
nii'ui-

AVrlK

nim1:iT. Imt thr hiirks ^v,-lv

nruVi-tnn.l H ^n^^ n^d for hnrl^- nnd exi>enll>^-d to Imilil iIk> fiirilii_\ wlioiv tin7

\MTiMini i*sl on ; woivdh^v m>l t they «erp. Adininil TrnNKi;. A\> .io not l.av,- pn-itn.' rvidi>nro ihnt
i-Mlnly woul.l

Ir .1

^nn

lh:n Hjnt

\\ii-^ilii'

imc-nt.hut
lliry
"'^^'^^

I

do noT want to
f'»r

Srhiil..r
fl.r

S

iiw>

ImiMiiiij

na-r W^n ^vliY *'Im- wnn!d fnnd if tlir t»nildin£r ^va^ ii'>«
1

pivr tins monr^y
f^"'
''*

i>i]rj>o-c Ihni

Adnnr:^ Trirsnr

fprlninh

drnw
of

tlullir

i'\jHTTr.| T.*lK-i>ilii fruin jt,ftnd >.onir

mft-rrnro Ihiil thi- CIA woidiufr ^"v^ thr General

MORI DocID: 163357

21
,.
. '

,1

-.1

ii.w w-i^

\t"^'^^

oiilv if IfM-

("lA was

pmn^

t

%vh^ u>c<L ilifrivinr i^ iJmiI om-sixtli fjf flu; si>in-o on, hnt il.m- 1= no furlnnl f>vi. flMii rM.r7iTi..'Utr.f ii.T. ^li^ «!<"».. «n.l s" or wlmt ucnt on ii. a.n.v of wl,=.t ^^^lll -m »^ n n'Mih of ll,:n ,niytiirnt it ihdn t hai>i)en. fluii It.i^iiiiiil.It NjiH iiii-inp:. li Knotllmi S-n:.!oT St MWLiKri:. ,\<lmii:il Tumi-r. one otlirr-

X.Tn.in.l

TnixKi:. Sir,
fl..-

1

;iim

nnl Ji^pniniv'

><>'»

Al/ilK»>n(

Mh of n^

»iv ^iivm-

tl^iK

viHi! oil ihM i>oint ? vloriinipnt'. Sji:roi S. inu-iKKK, 1 iniikr>luo(l tlm( lo tl.** np-nry ^^ tJml oiiP-sixTh of tm- lanht> oil i]m' :i"iv,i^iriii if \y»- v\\^]\ri\]\- MuH-d revi,uh\ \h- «li-i-r.:»ii'tl for CIA lis.' niul irm.lr nvaikbU- for t lA
Snijitoi

Kin vK.hV, Would

(ln'

Suntnr

sojiirli.

All'

vim

fjiiiolijii-

.

My. ItLMin. St^iul.M. .1^1 n-.'nll.voTinnM'ijrlit tiimofoin-sixnij^nl iinv Torsional iill liii^ todu
niv no
Mil»-4'.(iuriT

m that tlirrr ip h
.

,

,

wilh

Ijlaimin;;.

mn*Thoro

i^iunr- a> lo

wliiit

liap|KHra afn^r tin construction
iiino^^

S']i:Hi)iS.'n\v}:iKKi^ A.liiiiniVniniriJ inul in the >rw ^ ork involved mi tiv ilint |.ui of ilii- Hii.^ of MKlJ-TIiA oxiKiinuntti-M J-SP Mirr:Mi^i'oii'iil virl, tin- Fnl.-nil llnivao of Nnivoli-j.^ tt» in l«n> in Nt'w "^ ork and San n i^titioii-^lv nil unwilling iiiiif Fnin.i«,r<,/Si.iu,- of iliv snl'irH^ U-.jniu' violonllv ill and vtkiv Jio=wore i>itidi/,t'd. 1 wondii if von wonM in-r l.iiofly dr^nlK* wlial we

doinjrllionnnd Low
Adn.init Ti mnkil
Irnrni^d

il

wn- OMii.d "nt

?

1

n-morit w»^ throuph
s-if*-

jii>n-r i>i-rt-r:iii*in. 1 <li.iri U-lii^vr voiir r.(ui*-inrnt
1

a fiofo W4>nt into mnrli dPtniK

iM

nimiinn tU'
liow
tlir-^'
i-^

wi:i(fiiu-ni. -ir. luid tlnil I-

wrw

!»on^^ oiK-rafion in carrn-d ont. hat wo havt-

my
nt

W

from
siifi

ilir

mw

di»tiun>'ritnl ion

thi^

lorntion

and tho da'o^

whirh thr

lMniM'> \v*Tr

inn

liv tlio

CIA

ihm- iTidividiiiiU win* wt^n- xi-^.-'i^ii-il with \\\- know stMiirlhin;: hIkh*! tUv ronst nirt ion work
thrni
lH',!ni-4'

;ind llu- idenlifiration of vnnniiip iho-^*^ *^fe hon>c;s.
tfiai

wn- dono

in

nnhh

ihrro wm'rnnTisirt^ for ihi^. Hi-yond rhnt. ii'o nrc pretty dnnMiip infiTenri^:- :r- to ihr rhin;:-thiil wrni on a= to what you

an- >;ivinp Ih-n*. SriKiinr SniwKiKrii. infvnhm Miinh, rifrht ?

Wrlh

thr ^nhjrrts wcri' unwittinp, '^ou ran

Adniinil Tiitxrn. Kiirht.

^
i

MORI DocID: 163357

22
Senator Sciiwokkr. If you happened to be
o1

Ihe

wrong bar at the

wrong pJmf aitd tijiie, jou gf>t

it,

-wn: made, as we uiKleT>EaTid it, in bai>, ft cetera, an<l then l)ie people may have been inviieil to tJjest- safe Ijouscs, Ti>ere really isn't any indication as to
ihf
fac'i xhixX

Mr. Humuy, Senator, that woukt be

—contact*;

t}n> irHik

jilnvt' in i1k' bat's,

A^tniiral Tlrni:k, arr trying to be ver\ precise nithyou, sir, and not draw ju) inft-ivinv lieiv. Then' arc G ras^^s i»f t]ji">^^ ]4^> whtre wc hriM' enaupli evidenec in this new documentation to substantiate that

AW

invtthcs these safe hon^e*-. Tiiorc mv other case& where it is ambiguous as in whether the t^'ttin^' WHS witting' or voluntary, Tiiere aiv others where it was clearly
thei-e war;
tJjal

unwittnip testing and sonw of

volinitarv. SrT/:Uor S'IIwkikm:.

Of

eonr>t\ after a few

wliethcv infonneil consent

mean^

cjnof nmnble anything to a persoji in a bar
ilriikk?^. it i>

these case- wljrrr it j^ ninhi^nous involved drinking of any kind. Tiiere are casr- in junal institution^ when* it is not cJciir whether the prisoner wa^ '/wi-n it rhoi'T or not, I don't know that he wasn't given a cJioice. Init I don'i i^o-itivt'ly know thsit he was, and I classify that at an
a)]

anvwav. AdnnrrH TrK\»:K» 'Welh we don*t have any indication that

ombi^uoii* ineid*'nt, St'nnifirl>i-rvh. Yonrlinje
Si-nnli>r lliiddlr'^^toti?
Si'nn1<^r IhiMii.KSTuN.
A'Iniirii?

is

np, Senator.

Thank yon, Mr. Chninnan.

TunH"i\ yon stated in your testimony that yon are convjnij'd therr w/>s no .Tttenipt toroncea) this n*eenih' disiovered doeumenlatjcjii dnnn;: 11h' enrhrr searclies. Did yon qni«tion the individuals coninifi'd witli f ho earlirr -^nreh Ijefore yon made that jn<]<:rnent ? Ad?iiir.d Tnivrii. Yrs: 1 haven't- I donVtJunk. fptcMioned ever^btxly who looki'd in tln> files or is still nn onr pnvroll who looket! in till- (ili'K b;ii k in l!iTr)J>nf Mr. Lanhinpev on my left istlieWst authority on thi-. nirrl I hnvo pone over it witli him in some detail, Srn;itor H»-nnry*iTr)v. Rnt you have inquired, yon think, snffirientlv to as'iiii'*' Yoinsi'U that there w^it no intmt on t!f»e pnrt of any person to**oncoid the<j^ I'eford*^ from the previons committer? Adinirnl Tiunfr. I am per^undrd of That both by my finestioning of peujdo and hy the eircnmstnnce^ and tike way in which these dorumnit- wore filed, hy the fact which I did not and shonld hnvp mentiojiod in my tesliiMony, that thi-^ were not the oifieinl filps. The ones that wr Idivc rrreivcil nr i-etricvi'd wen* cojiies of file? that wrre work*iTijr file'^ that youiclK>i1y had nsed, and therefore were slipped into a diffi-n nl Irtnfiori, nnd npain T say to yon, sir. T can't imagine their deliU'ndely f'Onc-ealin;: these partindar fih-s and revcalinir the other
thjn:r^»(!iM/-l'
tli:»t

tliry

did tv^eal in
thjit

107-'. T don't

ihi^-catc rmt
)>n>vid«-d,

damning

the niotivr for that, eornp;( red ivith the overall niateriaj
s***-

th:il

wa-

Senator lTi'hnrr>Ti.N. Js this the kind of oprration thai if it wen^ f^ontinnin^'n^'"' or if flif^n* were anvtlirnff -iniilar to it.thaf von i^onld fori eompidlid to rrpoii to the ronmiittri* on Tnielliijenref

^W^

AdniiiMl TriiNr.n. Vi-^,
f}\U]'^ liki' Thifrt'l iili-^ihitily

sir.

Von nuMn.

if 1

di-<'ovrr4^d that

some-

urre

i.'^nn;;

on wflhmit

my

knouh-ilpe? Yes. I wonld

thr n'*|iiin'u>rnt to

MORI DocID: 163357

23
ScTiatoi Hi in.i>»:sTi»N. H»il if i( wi^*' t'^iu;: <m wiJh yonr knowledge, woiilJ vciTirt^pon ittc*theroi(»nutU'e?In--iiiiu'>ou would. i^owii on with Ad^nnu! 1 inNKif. V^-s, AWH, it wotild not kiK»\vleilp"J'tullnH>ivtlcalK-f}n-iui>wor i-^yn^,sir. Stiuior Hti>/nj>i>*N. ^Vell, then, "}jur st]^t:''>tions would you have agencies? What iks we divj^f djnrter> for thr vjirinus inleHi^ronce pi<»visii»]i would voii sug^'vsl io proliilni xWi- kiud of activity from

U

my

Uking pliKC^
liiu-d

WoM

vou

sup^-isi thnt

it

ougU

stntutory ciimtej' SL^rtinf: out tlie pii'>>iliJf oiKTiTtiojt of t]je viiriods ap'iieie>? Admiral Tuknlb. I tliiiik tlmt ccrtninly is sometJiing we must consider as \\\^ loiik at the lepi>latinu for rlmrUrs. J am not on the face of it opposed lo it. 1 think wc wouM have to look at th<' particular wording as we are goin;: to have to dcnl witli the whoh' charter issue as to exactly liow preei-io you want to be in delineating restraints and curb- on the intelhpence activities. Senator Hi'Di>LJ-ST<^N\ In the case of sensitive type operations, which this certainly whs, which miglit l>e ii<w'^ nn (oilny. is the oversipht activitv of the apencv inoi^ intensive now tlian it was at tliat time? Admiral TiRvra. Mucli more so. I mean, J have briefed you. sir, have the Intelnnd the conmiittee on our sensitive operations. lipence Ovei-siirht Board. AVe have a procrdure in the National Seriiritv Council for approval of very sensitive operations, I think the nmoiint of spotlight focused on tliesi- activities is many, manyfold whnt it was ill tlie^- 12 to 24 years ago. Senator Tli'ni>T,r.^T<tN. How about the record keeping? Admiral TniNEn. Yes; I can't imagine anvone having the gall to think tlmt he can just hlithelv de^^froy records today witli all of the nttent ioij th^it ha*- come to this, and certainly we are emphasizing that
in
Ji

specificaHy oufparujueters of the perto
l»e

We

tlini i* in'T tin- I'asi".

Senator lIiiau^rs-n-N. Admiral. I was particularly infere^^ted in the nctiviiy that took plaee at the T'.S. Public Heallli Service Hospital at LexingUni. Ky.. in wliich a Dr. JTarri* Ishell conducted exi>erinients fiu |'H*o]ilo who were pre-umaldy patients there. Tliere was n narcotics inMitutiiiu. 1 take it. nuil l>r, iftl»ell was. acconling to the New York Tiriiec story, carrying nn a secret series of con'e*'|>ondence with an individual at Ihr agency by the name of Ray. Have you identified who
thiit

person

i«=?

Aditjiral TiTtN'Zft. Sir, I find m\-self in a difht-nlt po«ifion here at a pnhlir hearing to confirm or deny thes*' names in view of my legal respoiisihilili<^"i under the Privacv A<*t nol to di'-rlo5i> the names of individuals here. Senator Hi niiTT«Tov. I nm jn^^t a^^kinc you if yon have identified the ]ierson referred to in that article as Kay, 1 am not asking yon who he was. 1 iust want to know if vou know ^^ho he is. Adufciral TrRNEii. No, 1 am ioiry. was this IVr-n-v or I^-a-y? in Senator Hi m>LKSTOx. It is lisl<".l in tJie news nrtirle as finniations. Admiral TtrxKH. No. sir, we ha>'c not identified him. Senator HvTa>i,r>-niN. So von have no knowledirc of whether or not he iss'ill a menilH^r of vonr staff oi rounoeicd with the Agency in

Ray.

any way. Have you attempted

to identify

him?

MORI DocID:

163357

24
[Pause.]

I

A(i;nirai TntNrit, Diiii is -ori^vi Senator Hn>i>i.i>T.iN. Thank m,».

Thank

yoii.

Mr.
i-e.

nifiiiii,aii.

"

Sonafor Ivoi

Sector
7«n of
tfic-

Sciininr AVji)lop»

1V.u.,.<,|..

Thnnk

vt>u.

Mr

Cli^iirmnn.

nC
*

is that a fajr Mntmienf

iydonus i.nn.rr of *or>,.. of tl,.-^,. ,.rni,.r(«. b,:'. not all „f ,],.. "<'"'" ;^'^' '-^?-^ *"' "^ ^"-"'- «' '^*" « """"i '"". "
?

Adtniml Titinkr, SrnatAr Wam>ip,

Th.'>1

h

rorr^rt.

I^oJ^ijiff ,lf>\>n

inairjrinji^ :nt il doi-M.'f i. nnvf]iin;r vrrv .=iin==trr Bl>ouf tJj.iK Smdi<-^ of hnman bolmvior nntT sl^^op iv^^jprl*. lil.mrv .w»arrlj<- Votv thonthiii^ 111 thou- M-ay niT still of inlcn^st, arr tlirv noi, \o tbr prore->=, of intoni^oiu'o pi^thoriiif:?
lli*^

not mvolvnifr hiinmji w>rm ns tIioii;rli ,]j,.,.j.

thmi^h
of

s/imt*

nf thcw- IT ntr^iM*:

li-^iin;:, as|M^rt>

Admirnl Trnvfit. Vr^,
<'ithfr arr not

fit. T

hnvp
not
it

mt

dninir or

T.vf>nlil

do

mvolvMiTiMKrLTRAJnit
t^'srititrof |>t'Oi*lo

trinl to iiulir^to thnt wp nnv of fho tliiutr-^ tliat itcrr

wli.-n

wiHi

ih'i*;^. tJiiit

wittinj "r miwiTtin;: isoertainlv vcrboton. l>u( tiu^ro or^

^^onio^'totJir

nflirr

tliiiiiTii.

vrtlnntorr pnti^rfs? I t^wn^\. T nin not trrinETto put you nu tli^ spot fo'-ny ^hftln^r it 19^ pouxunn, hni 1 nn-aw. it isnm i»n unroniiiinn tl<iTiir> i^ h. in t)if ]iriw*T/«i *^f tlu' T'nitfl Stafr.c for \hf Pnl'li' lT.'filt)i ^irvirr lo ronduci vario»- kinil'^ of oxivyijttoMl^ with vm^^iJir'- atuK s.ty. ijinlxmi t-imrns? 1 kn^w in Arizoiin tliry h.ivr
t^irli

So^HTlru- WAi.T.or.

y,\on

done

so,

Adrnirnl TiTvrn, Afv imi1rr=tnn'!Jiiir i^ ^r^U of tlmi i^ nutl»r^ri70il. but T flm not of tlir opinion lh:it tJii^i i« n^l tbo rTA*- bii-inp^^. jind thnt if wr^ nopfl Min>o jnforninlion in tlinf ontriror\-, J ^noM pn^fnto ^^^ In tTip otlu-r ni»i>i''i'ri;ilo inilTinvit jr*; of ll^f fia> ('vnnjrni nMf\ n^k tlirni 111 iT'^i il for iw T-*lln'rth:in toin nnv wnv Si'n:it"T \M.iii\ XViTl. yon kniiw. voii li:ivo libr.irv sfnnlio^ ^m} nt-

W

tornl:initlic luilk

:if

r7i<»

njilii*ti:i| ^-nniii'ii*.

Tl^i-

i?;

"bv
tl*^

I

wanti'*] to nfk

von

if

of

cin'-i'

pmicru

wri-o in

A £,'*''">
by

nn;r)'' ntit

do rm«, A
b'^'lntii.Tt*"

kitid^ of tliinc- tliat tbr Vri-i*l<'nf voiild T*ot h:t\c Ix-f^n bnrrifrd
tliir^tr--

nnv wny

l]n- H-J

of

tbi"

typr- of

I=n'i tbnt

prob;*bly tho

A'lriiini]
St'ri:?J"r

TiRvrn. Yc-, sir
W.\j
1.1

ihA in fn-i apf>-:ir in tbo TH TT|>ort. i= tbrn' niiv M'f>-on tf* supjio-r f}i,it rbi' Vrp-idojjt did not kjioM- nf tliifi pri>ii'i1 ? Y(i)i -!ii,l thriT w,n- no irji-ioji tn -npp<wr tbnT })r dvb bi?t Irt nkr ri'voTM' tliiil. I- tlirn- any n-M-nn to -iipposo Wxni tboy did not ?
yv.

Ami

if

it

Aibiiival

Truxrn, No.
IVi-IT

-r:

rninmf iTnn-jinr^ von ov Jiipcnlly jiivvbndv mub-iinkiT^c iirojVn^ nf tbc mripnitudr of dollars brr** niul in^t nut tiio^Mu;: nU.iit JL niir informing your sii]>prior tbat
T

Sonntor AVvij.or,

von know.

ju=t

»

MORI DocID;

163357

25
t!K':-c

wriv poinc on,

r-p*'' iallv ^^licn

rnlBiii

iloiii^

of

i1

o|Jl>car in

thr

w";ir

1^,.

iz.r;. ":;; m:^.^^
I

.o ^n-s.

.n., .1.

iev..i

of know,.
it,

'"'so>w('.r WAixt.r.

nm

rrnlly not a=kinjr

y.m to sooon^-pnoss

but

"XhliVaf-l^
\vc vif'w
ii
-.M-

'vri.. 1 «.. sorry.
?

Yonr

,n..tion i.

wo.

,l.i.

vita,?

D.d

vital

\<iiniral

Ti

HVK.iE.

ki.mv how SciKHor
h. von
Uu.^l
^^h.it
1

hiirli tl.nl

Wau.t.

invnii. 1 ntn nnl snj:trf*>tiii;: th;il ftiivoju^ ;:"

of tinn;:

wa- -.oni: put one of dti'M'
^

bark and do tiiHt 1>.- of ns.; lo vou to know :i-:nTi. Inil Thi rrrtinn if wouKl sonK^ono hnd [o ^inpprn to one of vo^ir n-f^nt^ av'^mniiij:
t^li»»^'^

Y^-, ^ii\ I »'' '"H' lli<^y *'»*! 1>»»' JiJ^'^i" * )"^* ^*^" prnm-MrdtiM-oxf^-mivt^hirtiirli. Jtnt tW kimK of iiifo» hnt.on niT villi i^'^P^^f

'

mo

hib hlooilsirpaiik or

tnrd

(o

modify

hi^^

or other rcnu'd if we nilijirlod to by »sp or imthinps tint our apfnt5= or otliei-s. conM npont>, proper iiM. of dr i»;:s liv otlji-j pr.wer- ii^MiM'^t i.nr in-nple or are Senator W.mj.op. AVo tlieie? J don't a*k you lo iinnio them, but _ tliere snch sernm^? ,,_ ,^ ^ _ t}iore are. I would have to Admiral Ti rnfh, I don't know of thorn if

\dmiral Ti

i^nkk. Al-^ohit^'h, mid von know, ^\o would tlionpht fliore won tliinf:-^ likt- Trnlh penim=

W very ron-

U

.

,

answer thnt for tho

i-erord.
I

f=ir.

Smator AVALi-nr.
[The material

would nppiv'inte

Ihnl.

i-efeired to follows:]

iMiii^Uiknic »r.,l f imM'.-i.|,bIwM^.I ciKTij.^i. li;»^ Jit liiii^'- l»^-» snU^tiriMrtl f-r Jum*-^ |ir.Kli itii^Il n-'ijH*Mjljiliii; iTHiUirv in ibp Im lirf [l»;"t ilin-*! iiH-ih-nN pr:ir rvjiiip'b- of "llnr^l ^h-trrk^ SlH^li**!!" wnrin;: in l>v<r nin..n:.li«". a crM> j.l.':i-:(iiiiT r. -it n'Diforirtl-b \m lUo '^JinU' "li i> f lii*!iJi fi,i-^ hv fhi' jp-^H *>iiri Imnfiiiff ni» }><^\>\tor in a im.ct dfvirni e,\f> i|j:iri n. t-o :il"«ir in Ihr rul'l'inj:

mnnft nooa U'f ,'fr,itivf^ nidfi ti> liil*»rr.»»niriitxi \-^ i»r'>KnM> np olfl n^ fmu, uit «ij.'iM.i*T:iHM- sinin.^ »iiir1 n^ ii^r^.-^rfnl (I* hi^: l,> nMniEL iiifnnum In Hi.- ^liiiiiK <»r VoU.v iiiv,-^ ic:nr.-iL ii.n.:ilM'i«<^ I*' vh^^r'riJt j.h> li^rMum^ itjilli
Till- KTBrrli

Mr

Ut

mi

niHi* In c\rrju'liMt <*uirr'*'-i"ii^

from nc-cuTil

in-rj-'U^. drut'"

h biHi nr-

rtuuit^

J

MORI DocID:

163357

2fi

10 r»0;i\ thf^ tTuliviilHnlK iM-U-u-f^

t*> Uji' iM^iiii

Hi^it

li*'

niikiii'wihy^y rcv^nln truth*

In thi^ fMinntry, ^IwH' ilrue*- lifi^p C'iSi>»-il 'mlv ni«rptiritl nr"'|ti:ini'< hi ip-'li'i' nnrk, thoJr H-af Jm* |*r"wikpil itipv r>r "iisyi-lifili.ijirnl thkrt i»i"1 lin-i i>r*'ili'li:m'il iniMTiii»-li"i;iil iiimr"»\iT'-i»-> tiuiT jif^T ;i rjnarri^r of rt< cnr" **. i';j>iiihiilh flJirr ilUn th<^ njii'li. ,T ri'MllTrv Mill sinrilsir ii« Hip nrn-i^lwl ThP 11^' *»r Kii--tilli"*l "rrJillj Ant::^ in jHiJin n^rk

rmht^

^HIi^

lilifrtji-*.

'

N

Thi- ini' ijr'i^liir*-^ lies itrnrTiiT Fif luir^n-unalj'^i'' . ll**' clilTrnnifi' *-»iic>rJii il ^vli!i PUiinTiml Till' x^ili-i- Inw^l JL:iilor Jii lljiir ihfT.'n'ril iiliuiti\i'^ friilh (luir in;it *•* hsjhI m:;NriT.r ili»» siisjitil, :iiii] i Iji'TCfi^rp iiliiinm nulPly tvltli l*r'H/.(ifn * iriiHi Hh- ii^-ff^iiin'os of thf ^»i^(ii" !<' r*"v«l!iii<ii»v <b[H'(i*K iilhnj-Tply mi Oii'ir :n'<vi»iin)i'r In rviiVnr*- }•}. n nnirl -f li<u 'Hn' it*y<hiiiTiM. fni flit nHiPr hnml. ii--in^ rUi- «:rtiif' "I ritl 1j" ilrn;:^ In iliiiLinn^^ Jifi*) trruliiirnt nf th*- iiiciiljilh ill, 1^ liTiiimrilv r TriiPil ^ith piij/f*liotf>*if'^} inrM. *ir j**ic'h"]"i:i* jjI n'iiJir.v rnilipr iIii>n A iwiHiiils iil""rriiti*Oi'- jirr iruli^y f»*r liiiii i*l llii- t^in' 1l***y ncriir. f jiil-irii'siJ fiH
livyi hi;(irii

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m

:

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<if

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nillior

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fplinhU-

ri*i<flhi'li"ii *'f im^-r rvi'iit* '-i\u la' Ih*- key lo n-f-iv^rr. Ilip iiolioii of i1riii:<^ i-;kii;il4i» of ilUiminnTiht: lii<M>'ii
iiif

1"

hn*

Hirt.ijjlJv i1^ 11 ml iirp\r'ijliiic "T iir'^vicfui nu »'^c^*^iilli^^y ilijn(h}i' rhoiiii' f^r
h»':il rJi**

n
:i

r^T^^pi' of llir iDinil. hPli*vrrsiiij: ihe mim'Sirrijitfe ft JiiMli-i-.

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ftr/* »ii>»

iivkii'iwli'<Ti;iiiir lliiii

'injih Hirniu"

K

tUf |iri- * nn<l f'i'i^^jii' li'tTrtlnrf, niisnoimr (wirT i*vpr— fl»p ilnri:|iri'kii[h»' ir'Uli

sipni

am)

tji>»y i1<> jn-r iiPip'^^nriV^

i»niii:

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m-i'iPiim* (-oriTimif I" p\|*T<'it

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ni'i'i-iil

"f

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— JovinuilKtlc fi'nnMl;»
is

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n

fk'>^

N]ipri:iciiljir

)iiHlif;m-il

"tniih" ilriii; )iiif'iv^<-i'SM iiint I't (iii|>ly tu-.it rii<- driie^ rb:in m^il K- :ioi1 iiii>ri' uliliOy plii|iU>.M'0 &ii iTiminiil invo^MuiiUon tbnu

up nrp mnrp

r^n

"ffki

i:iHy tH>.iiiiiMri(Hl.

N»<1iiiiiim' fpMii !iii iiuroiii]i)i;iur

Any

UaW itnmiUps
vfiiir'i'
j*<-Tii-<^

rtn imrj'niHTif rtf si)rT*^*i In
fftf^tt,

PXtfacUuc InformRlinn
ihp ii^- of iinrr-o^Vpviprn ^^rvh-pc

1^ ii^m,

of {h1i'rp!^t In tni i^Uifff-uo^ oKratlAni!.
r»iniilri»'* liiJjihli
LiiTi^lZiCiiiiv.

If

l]ji' '•Jli'uiil

tiiii^uh-riii'tnti-.

whtih

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triii'^l
111

In
1$i-

hi>rk utp
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fell

tlic

nrivpr^nrT. An njHlt-r-^l.iii'hui: rT "inilh" ilrnf:^. ri>r>ir rljnrnrf.-rKMr jirlii>iis, ai^iI ihpJr ]i'it»'nri]ili' lifs. |ki<iiiUi' 1111(1 o<-i:jiijvi\ fi-r flinrint: tir^fitl inforticirimi is ftiM<lariJpiiroJ Co tu
1phI'»t

jircjiiiri'il

iN

]Hiv<;ilt1i- i>ui]if<niiiPiil

by

tlip

adfiHiiTi' (1pfftiM> iiL:iiiii^i flii'in. Tlij* fliH»i»i<ni. )ii»-;jiii Mi IhOi> l"wjinl »iUili .in iin<liT'*la)irti(ii:. drAS^s^ primnrily ilfi^Ji oH'Jil^ iiMMr-hi^l iiciTrri'jN. If h.n^ rhf> JjziitriUi<>zi> <if jin'j»^'i>i£ fn>JM rririit^ nnr inM'«iUnih<- |trjM-Uc'i-^ jtud froiu Uiv iiprnii^^h'^ utiiinsi-hiTP of drue ii^ychi>ihfnij.y.

KiJTh

111

ihi> .I'lifurj

iiliy«ii-jrtn%

l«<*»:ini

fo pniiiloy w^|Kkbnitnp. mli^tc with

ihlnn-fi^niL in hiftmo it >'t:il*' nf -tT^illirlii Klf^ii" tixirlnir rhjhU'irlh A f*-ii"*ijr'M"nT "f \u-ii\Kii,t: M-ojkrljitiii^M- «*i- kjnuvj^ ti> itntTn^f se(l;iri"n nnddr-mel' ni<'*. MMifn^ioii mill <jip«»rh'iiT:MiTiti. iiii-iMirclMi:iUf»ti. iimt ainnosi;) for ^vpnJ'i ^-xl-pri.iurd ilnrlric inloi^ivjiiiMh. VpI itii\*.irmn^ M*'\n\ lluii woiiirn In fivilicbt Kl»-ej» no^nprrd ii)iiMjiP?i* nfT'tr.it* ]y nml iff}fu vi*lnnn'*'ri'rl pMi-«liiiBJv fmnlril rt-inarkf, Ju llCl' ir iM-rurrnl fi- H-U'tI H-mi^- n Piill:i-. TeinT^ -Ti*r#rrni;in. rh.iT n wDlilar iwhniijio- lui^'bi l*- ^iti|pb.,w»il iu tht' hi|prr.*i::ii|p»ii of Hu-iji^ipd iTimimiN, aimI h* oiTiincnl \- inrtTvir^r iinOrr .ir-p|i-.hiioij»- th^ |iri^"/ior* in Hjp J>anj»^ rniiuTr jjii! vUni'x" t'MJM HjHi rinirb fOuftnoi'cT Indpr (hi* ilnji;. ^m^Ii ii»i-ri iTpmImI TJip i-liiirp- iMi i>liiili iln-\ wi-n- IipM n)H>ii trinl. wiri- f<nuiU Iii*l piiljv :ui'l l-iHli Kiii|»'i^i;i^n(' Jir thi- Mii'f»>*. Hp-»i.*p i'-nrJ*HPfl ih;\\ n \Kiiit>\\\ itmivr tb*> iJifliipnip of H>'4.j>pl,ii]iirio "rjiitn-iT vtv-ttf a lip nod UiiTi' i* i]<> |^h>^,t fi* Ihink nr re;iBon " 141 His px|irrhneiLt arid this ifmHu^iou ailrorti^! widf ntiptition, and tb?
inuriphiii.- mill
I ;
. . . 1

'irnrJi' dm*.' na^ tbn- Ljiiiirhml »>i»<Mr rht' p»il.tK c"'»n-i.-tuii*jiif»<i, Tl«- pbriix,. "irutl* HUTiKii" iii \M-Mv\ft\ (it [i;iir iip|wMn>c1 fif'-r in n nc^ s r**|"irr nflliiusfspsinriiin'iii in tin- /.'**.4wyi ^ h'ti-'ivii. s'tinfMmt* iu v^,'j, llmw.' rp*i-|pd rhi" i-Th^ T-T a xihiU- hnt r*\cutita)\r ciunc- f-'(*aiidp»v iz roc"il;(rli hiin-i^Jf pidt
*drij iif
ji
ji

I J*'

fi-lki,1 xiiinc p|p\|.|) iirMrli'Hi

mt

4-i>]k>Liiniiii» jn iii»' \i-nr'- 1!»L'1 -lir_".».
111-

^

jtIj

n

ti.ifiii'

tiim- iipiil i>ji. \Vh;iI bfld )'»';:nii o»; ^pniHhiJic of It <i-\Mitif\r sFj/ptio-nr lirNH^d ftnnlly Inf- .i dt-dfrnr.-d *'rii>jidi" hy the fjir^rr 'pf rrnili s^-rnni" nn l^i-h^iir "f hw off'-ipriii::. nhon'm !ir i^as "Br.»*:^1*
ill

flUi- iiMn-M-H'

jj.plojuii'iil

T.riil

v^aywiinl

Uluniur

.ii>d

whiMhtruK

]ir<piid

mT

jl<>

indului^nT miiinr ni'liJp^iiNpoK "I II

-if

ir*

MORI DocID: 163357

27

M,

.1'.

LMrtKH.-. TMTi.l hp!»n. rtud l-larnMl

viHr>l..

wh.tl. .l.strHH Dip

ki> -j^-J

from

,lrv "cie-rri"
f\fit\
jLi

n...i»li hr.ni*:!]!

*«.

by the rtruF

is

hardLv mndoriv*- lo

fret-

Jalkmp.

n trurtabl** Mibjpci,
Tll».

ARHltriLiTF;il

Ihnt dmcs mJcht fftrilJinrp rnmmnniC'ttlnn with j-moIHKi, Arllmr S. J-ovpnhBrt liniialh UisinrlN^*! rat'Mit* v&m^ iiniie b^ nci-id^'ur in Mpprin.pniinc wirh rf-pirat^.rr nh<1 h\< B^zK-K-inrps ai Ih*- T'hlvprsity -J W)>r<.h'*Sii. rranidf • ^RTll^*nl^ arimulmifs v^^-rv surprN^il n-bfu. mftPr an nupitJ-n -^f *'"»i'Jni .ijipuprt m^ ptp-, and iiuirnr i^'hn h;id I'-Jif b^n mur^ and ricid '^mMt'nlv rf'l.ixprt. nnml-pr of |»«yrhiQtnsra P^fii flii'-n^rpil n fpw c]up-iinn5. By IUp early jnSO"^ n w^u- esjiprinn'nrtijp vUU dnit*i a* ftn adjnui^l \" p^rabli-ih*"!! mpthiKl- *>f thprapy p..ji-lbltiry druc^ At nlwinr tlii^ tiiiiP P"**'* offiriil^^. *iin jittrai^rpd by ihf tuniM !* Ji cU»it of D)lL'h hH]» in ihe TnlPrpcicati'*!! of rupI"^*" """1 wilnp*-Pv Mn^-hllK-rKPr. dPiTrs^:iii1 dniir- kunwu ii'^ TliP bijrbidiniri-s. By J?W» ClrtPPn-v W. u^Jnp hpiJd ipf the Mi<bJcnn Crimp l»HH-<'U»in I-n^N^rHtnry at EB«t I,anr*lnc, w'abAn>j»prpcl bari>ilur:ilP'> nn rplunani pusi»P4ri>» tbf>iifih itolit'p *<»rk ooinhnipd t- »hTh*^ flr*i
*:*icc«*Minn
.

mm

li.T

ihi" p<tnrr*"

n'jpt'ti,pii

of druc

iiidi"'prt »'unfp^>i<»rjfi ptt-ppi

in

a ftw carefullj'

liri'

'ii-rJNed

jnsliincp'i.

TJip barbiliirnh--'. flr^l ^ytilhr^iitprt in ISKIS, arp amoiic tbP *^1i1h*i( of modPTii driic- i\ii.} ih>- iM'-i \pr''nnli' <»f alJ drprpssnnt*. Jn thi- bair'<'Ptktiiry »i>uip ^.riOO limr bM'.i jin'ii.in-d- iind p^Imhii tT».» d^'lP" nf thpw hnvp uun flTi imp.»ria)it iiUi-P in ineih'-mi*. An e-^liinatt-d Ihrf- t<» four biUb^n d'-'i*';- <»f b^^bit^lrfltp^ arp prp*'riiinl h; jthx <-! i;iij-' in Un- l'nil*'d ^tnii-* paih yvar. nrid Ihpy bavp oiim** h* Iw
kiiM^sn b^
».;ilN.'

Tbrpf druc^

ii'ininpniiil nrtint"« nnd r-itln^rfitl *^:t^^e Plpfpssionv "^nrtfTPil dpvjlx." ">plbiw jnrk»':v" -pink lndip<."' pre. I.uiuiicil. Ni'MjSul.ll, ^if tliPiN wb^Ii jiri' ii^nl in nan'u.iiinb *j^ and bji*- sppi> *ervl*r a>- "inilh" arp <^iHliniir Hiinyinl unh^barhiral i. penh^tbai ^'idiiirn ( 1bi>>|ipnia] u and lo •
fi

vnriPTv

iif

:

i

a Kiibjcoi rominir iindpr tbp infliipnop of B H"*^> (Jir^Hjirli hIL tbp kIji^ps of ppiMtrp-Airp driiTik^'iiiip^-. but t|jp linii' >4Tib' i^ nn Uiv urdpr nf ntiiiuipv inMpnd of bour» rniuvsirdly rin- ^e^tuiiiHi pfTt-i'T j> dramniir. Psjn^Jnlly if ihp Kiibjpri ih a iifiyrUiKTrir luiripui in tpnsMPiL III" fpJiTiirp^ ^Iftikm, hi'^ IWHly rpln\p*. Soiiip ppoplp irp ni'iTiiPntiirily pTiriipil: a fpw l-'i-mp sillx nnd ^ti:1y Tlu*^ nsnnlly iifl«p*i. and
pltn niifnolo^rist PX]>l.Tins tnrbiliirjiii- iliiiiTPd int r:ni-uiMi'.t>
<'in-

A-

It,

m*t^\

s})hit*t-i-

fnll

!I''Ipp|i. pnipr):iiii: lati-r li*

Tin- di-Mi-nt ini" Tinn-o'^is

wini-wnkpfiilnpsK. nnd lipymid nitl» i»fi-prp'»ii\-ply InrcPt dosps p»n hp
di-iotipturtl

divided
J

ij*-

fiill.iw^:

Spi!:itn»' stiitro
I'ni'oii'-i'nisiip'Jv

IT
III.

wlUi PiacFPrntp*!
wjrlinol

rnr-on*<i'ii>i)'<np>i^,

rpflp*p*. lhypi'Tft<*Hrp afafip)rpnpJl rvrtt in iwiiufiil NtiDJull.

IV, IJpftTh

Wtiptbrr
Inruplv

nil

Ihp!**'

inEP* mil N'

diJiriucni'^liHl

in

niiT

pivpij

Kiibjprt dPl>Port*

itml ihp rapidit x w'tih whn li tlif dnic \s indurpd. aripsf1ip^i:k^ htiii^ps, I aim] II nniy I»k1 oii|> tuo or tbrpr MpcondK, fiirHipr dividi-d Thp first nr KP«lalivp fitOi:p rnn 1- N^* pvidpni rlTi-'J. or Hliebl K«ln[ivp pffiTt. riBnr rijLnp :? l']inidinpv^ fsibmn-w, fttnupfiln. Vi-m rp*vivpr\. tbp *ubjp^l will not rpiiipnil>*'r \vha> hiitiixi'i'^l >n Ibi-^ or "lo^vpr" pbiiii<s or nfncps > Pbinp ^. Slnrn-d s|KH>fli, old Ili<ttii:]i( pAirprii% diK-rnptpd. iiinbilirr 1o Infp-

nn

tlip

il^^t-

]

W

:

<

fEratp

or

Ipjirn

rtpxv

|ijinfrn><.

Poor

t-ourdi nation.

Subjpct

lippoDippi

utiavarp

of

itfiniful

i<riuuU.

MORI DocID: 163357

28
Planp 3 in thfi puj-rrhlilrtc "irork'^ Mi^. It ta»r hiM only a few EainiitM, bat run Ik* nlPurtwl hj- further hIi"^ Jnjeoiinn »iT JruK. Th* i3>unl rrartk-e I* to l>Hnjr Ihe Ktihii^ri qulclclr fo SU^p II ii>d to roudncr lhf> Interview Sh be pftwei backlnTothesedanrpBUgeoD tbeiraj tofuUc^DSCJOUtiUns.
It

4

I

CUMfAL IXU EXFEUMEKTAT.
Ttip e^ufral abb(irr^nc« In
"t*.

BTl'ldUl

Wtsi^m

study fat

fans j>r^1u<1(Ht Kpricut-^ RTslemstlc IPQ^t Bs piilill^hnl op«n}y) of the itoleTitialLtl^s of dnifr^ for I'nferroffathiM Ixiuis A. Gnt(/4rbRlk, »urT«yiti(£ their ntti- In In format imi-np^kinp loTerTlt'\vs,[l3J ril*-N ]3fi refereiJ0*K: hat only rwi. foucli ui-on the eTstrarlinn nf l(it*iri(rfii*"e InfMniintiiiii. aiul on** of thes»» roht-lndt's m(*re1y thai Ruwiati lech"

mBk«

cotinlri^r tor th^ uffp of ^hemfetl af«iit«

ii*^i|ijf

dn ihfiiE^ ArBlDVt thoir will

nl<LUi>.'<

III

mHNniN
olifnirirtl

jutpmi^niloii and Inditrtriikfltloti are dvrh>d fn-ju afn^old fx^llce and dci rmi depend on ihe line of dnip^. On \hr validirr of c^nfension^ wifL dru^H, GodKchalk found ouK tliree jmMlfJhwl exjierimental FludieK

Ihni

D. P, Mnrris In whlrh Intravenous aodJum «as belpfut In deiw^tinc m^Unpeivo.IlSJ TIh' subjerts, oldiM'-, were Ql first MillHi, iieentlvlntir. and nnnprodtirtive under amyt^tL hnt as the Interrl^w iirort^ded Ihey revealed t be fart of and ratiM-*: fnr ihelr malLngeririe. Ciuallj lb* Interviexvn turut^l uji a neurotic or p«yoboTJr liasU for <be dfi^fptlon. The other ttvci eonfrw^^ion Ptudie*. mor»' relevnne to the highly apeclalIt^l. unlduebed arra i-f drups In Intettlffencr ItilerrxiEntLMn. d^Herrc more detailed
I>.t

Ow

ht^ d^M'Uif'd

reriorijne, of \hf:v reported e^iterlm^'nefi

worih

aniytal

Mnp

review, Ger'ionantT virtorofT 121 mnduciedamytat InterviewR with 17 neurop^yehtatrie [latleiifs. M'liUers »ho had charprK airalnM them, at Tllton General Hofpiial Fort nil. FlrsT they were Intrnlewed without amyial hy a psycblairlst, who neither Ijrnorjnc nor irtres^lnit their ^dtuation ait prisoners or aufli^rti under wnitiny, irrjrwl «ifh nf tli^ni fn diwrinu hi^ iiiri\a\ and f*milv haok^rniind bl" anny career and Wf version of the cbanres i>endinc apnmst him. The pntient*: were toirt only a few minutes in ndvnhre that narc^oanalvsis would r>e perf.iniifHi. Tlie d<irr<ir wps considerate, hur |K)»flive and forthright. He indicated that they had no cNilce but to futtkniit to the prorednre Their ailltudea
[

vaned from

from tbernjK'utir narcoannlysii* tn sf-veral ways: the aellinc the ty|ie of jiaiienis. and the kind of truth" soncht Al>i'i, the i>'nl>>«H-ia were kejit in twilicht (*on*irun»ne*is louder than uMinl. Tbi'* stwte pruveil ricbeitt Jn yiel.l of artmis-LmK prejmtiHnl ti. the ^'ii^Ject. lu It hi^ H|.»-erh was tbirk nminrilinc. ami dlHconn'^tiid. bnl his discretion was marked^ rednrt^l. This valnnble intem-eation periiril. lasiinj: .mly tlve ii» ten minuti-s a nme, rould be reiniTu*-.'d by lnje<'tini ni'ire nniylal and poitini: the jKilieiil lnu-U ii* sleeft. Tin- inlerr-i|:ntinn ie<'lini^}m- vnriHl fnmi niM' li» vut^- nncmlin!: ti» 1»Ht'kBroin(d inf-nnntlMj] Qlnnit the |inticnt. the serl"n*m'ss i.f \Uv Hn»ri;i'w. t\„. jwrienft^ aTritndi- under njirftwiv ntnl his rapjmn wjib Ihc d-ttur SimiHiniK* it wn-^ nj<f*rnl lo preiend. ns ibe piilleni cre\\ m"te fully einisrimi^. tbni ht- li:kd alreiidx confessed dunnc the Bmm-stli- i-eTiinl of ibe inlerr"CMt|.>n. and U. urue him. whiii- his jiiemnry and ii-nse of M«ir'pnH-riknn wrre still liininnL t.. rnntinne to eliOi'imie The derails of •Khat he hiut 'nlrejidy rte*rrlU-d." WUvu it was obvious that a snhje<'t wns withh-'ldinc the truth, hi-^ rteni^iU were i|uii-kiy pas^eil over and ipnnreii. and till- ke> <i'i»^" i.-n^^ wonM !- reft-nh-il in u new aiijtr.mi h. S.-vemI piitv^Hjii-. reveab-d fiinia^ii-^. fenrv. and ilelu*i.ins ai*i-roarliJnc dellrinni " '' "f w-hirh .nnid riTidily l*e di'^tlnt'ui^bftl fr^ni ri'alit>. lint si^nu-tjnies tliere

pri^i^r staF** irf nnm»sH. Ttie firin-ednre differ--d

himself the chare.'** itt-nttin;: apainsf him befi.re lieiii;^ rjn."<itinnHl nl-mt them If he did this ii: a %'"• fnily eonw^iuini Mate. Li provi^l nion» effti>iiv»* tr» a>ik him tn "tjilk fliH.iit thai laivr am] to Inten-ofie a topir ilmi wnuld diminish xnRpirion diia,Unc the Interrocatkon on bij* rrlniinnl a^tiviir nutH be uns Itaik in the
"

nmjui'stl^nlni! compliance to doinnrislit refusal. Kuril pntieht ^\a^ broufrhi to conijitete narconiK and j^'rmltled to fcJeep As he Ijecnnie nenii'-i^nwions iind roiild I* MhnnlRle<l tn «penk. he wns held in this *!&*' with addllliiuat amyif^I while the qnesrionine pnKi^-dwl lit- wa^ iiueniionHl flri^l alKiiif innocu.ioK umiti*r' frotn hi*: tiarkKronnrt thnt he hnd dixriis^ed l*fore m^lvlnc lh»» druc Whenever posvihle. be i\ns niuin|mtfiiri] int^ l.nndiiff ui»

m

«n-

O'.
fi'

wa>

ence

r»r iln* e\;iniin^T disnn^-nisli Tnitli fnon fnuTii^v i-\it'pi hy referoihiT wmrt^'s. <HH- suhjeit i-Iaimeil t.. hnvi- n child ihat did not eiisl.

m

I-

MORI DocID: 163357

29
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NORI DocID: 163357

30
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163357

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MORI DocID:

163357

32
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i»itpnii;<"ii'>" Kfrvjf-^, iht* iriftJ Pxi-^-^Nrf-

of

fl

nnrririilnr oiiprn'ivp

trt

iiii^'iir

im.vi.li- n
III'

nuith
iivi-r

iK^iirliin.i
Lti

rK

fi»r

assf^MDir
driii:

lUt^ kiutt uiid

amouui

of

infiTuiJiti'ni

\>*iulit iliviilt"*'

iinr"i<.i*-.

TImt'"
jvith
Hii-

ni:i,v

r* iiOni'Di

ihr i-Mi-^Jiiliry nf

RddTCtinji itfr^ntinunUr nr

iiMv nrnl rin- hrtrl'f'ijrrtr**^ nrp rjo *'J5<ejtliri|(. In r<*f^iit urinJtr** nr Vu\.h'- H-JiUl, S.Tvi'** I?— piiaT f(»r addi-ts in LesIiirtoD. Kr.. i.»ihj<*ct* p»"t>iv<il Jjirt'' il"'«t** i-f lijiHnii»r:i: - •*\\t ji p^rii"! of iiinjiJli^. l'|"fn rpjnnvu] of 111*' ilnir. l|}i"y pxiJfriPhrf.l iilf uiliHjr..w.'>] syijipu-ms and h^lmvprf In *very
|*n.l..i(i;*-c|

I'.s

m

rt:*|ii-*'r

Jikf rljritnir Jl«:iir^' tliiMr .ii rfith
fJii-^
'

jt](-ii}'<-(ii-«

»*

s

likidiik'NHi rh:iT
l»i>pIiiniP!nt'

v\i>iilil

^TtrwniHy shorf, hrmex^r. niui It^^^au^r thpfr U litfl*in- ndiiiinisieri-'l r**cnUirIy nvpr o ppoir.ncfii f^rind.
pp^'O^iii

Mitfhi ti>k i>f iiinTJ>ii<»i>!il ndilirtjotj. If the ndvrr<:iry KopvirN- Wf-rr inlpor on rfp.nfJiii: Ailil^if i'm in urihr t" uplnlj i^^hdrjiiijil. ir n^iH-l h:iu- inh'T. niori- nit rid iiit-iius of pptnliiiinc Mnie^i as un|*JpQjinnt
ilni:;'^

"irnUi

AS

vvl(hi1rau:il ^yMiiiit«ni<> Tin- bj*lUMii:iinpy Hnd ji'^yi-li.itomiinoiir
jr-,

I->*J*

nml

iijj'Titihit' !ire M>tn*']iiiif<>

liitf^Tv-^iifit'ii

Tl*fN€'

rtriJ::<;

sn-li fis n>^*o,ilin*. tnnrilninnn. ml^firknidy ns-ifM'IntMd will) tinr''''niinlvtii' d^^l'»n tin- THTrt'fiMim nnd iiiifr\trfln\u»i of rhf »*u-

drijc

Kory hiimt to Uu- .fnirjii ihtmiU'^ sy>.tt*iu aird flff*'-r vKt^m. nudirion. smt-}]. tIip HiM<:iin'ii nf rile m7»» -if l«nly ^mrt^ and \\\v\r jw'<;iiion in w|inrr. nr- Mf'J-nlinp and I-Sl'-L'"' hii\*" l^vti n-Jil li» »rf:i(p fijMTinK'ntnl "p^yohoin sI:U*v" fliid iit
a jH-r^ou in n j*<ychori<- rtmc Mn»p ffoijM Prf* iiiirpiib>Tif. Itiziirn-. and <'irr**meb dirii* nil ro ii^si-'^^. ih'< M-lf ndtuhii'-rrrtri->ii of I.Sl*-^", «Jii,b i'* efrprTi^i- ill xninnti" d^K^ll^t'^, luichr in w|»"'ial ipriini*l:njcpR
Siij'i" iuti'Tnin\\ti\\ ni-rriiii*K} fr'-in

offt-r

prntt^-ti^in Hi:i^nis» iiiTPrr'ic.-iiii'n. ConrPivnFOy, on \hf fJht^T imnd. nn ndxiT-^^ry M-rvif*- *»n?ld n**- sinh dn;*?." t(» iircKlFn-*- rniXJPiy or lerr^T in mpilMiiUy nns'iiilii%ric;iT*'d isido*-i nnnri}p fo dt'-lnn^ni'-h drnc-indiir^
flii

ii|*^r:ni*H T**):Ji*"riir>

N

|isyrliHtvj^
[riiTjsi*ii>T

fn-ni

:o-tii:il

ln>^;iniTy

An

pnliL'T(f*^ii''d

friL'i'iniHL |ioi^i"\,-r, kn**ftiiii: ihnt

flit-

cjipriiihr cnUl not thus ^lT«'i of fht»>ii' bftllnoinoKP»1' iirenrs i^

W

M-'ST

h, intnun} imlividnHN. r-n".[il]*, (hi-n' i»- pviil^iM-p thiit dnji:*

IndMidunN v\th
Onn
^virh-.t-ind so ill nrtn'o-iis Tijr iudividii)}!.

on wpll-ndjiimwl izmit\ di-fpuM's nnd (ri>tMi t-nmii'ih;*! ^-ontrnl. nnd that unyonf who Ihr -iln-s-i nf mini>>>ip|ki ihtPKni;::iriini ih lln* wnkihiT -inr* cru t\n
}^ns^ flf^ci

Imvp

TIk- fSM-ntijil re^MiriT* fur r^si-Hiiiuiv Thu*^ apj-enr rO\<
I

tr.

liP xtithii)

T'iIO\H
ilii'.

Tlu"

*oilif*nI ixijiii ^

Muii Mriprt'p

from

dj*. ii^^iiHj jitp iIjo fiA]ov, iun

N"i>

atM-h

n- Ihr j-niriLtr NnTi^in of Tmrli M-niMi cxi'^J" Th-- bnrMnirnJp^. by dlTiip/In:: drfpn^ivp iMMrrn^. tniiy Miun^tunp*. in- liclnfid in li»tprniL'rtti'<i[. Imr
\'Tf\\

ntncu

*v*»n

tiir U'»-T <-»Hidi(iioj^ Xltvy will idiri^ sih oi^j^ui routrtiiiiiinml by d*'<-i'ji' Hi'i). f:ii>Tn»iy. ciipl-ltHl si*-.- b. t*u\ in.'Mi-r vnlm-nibHil^ tlif^ |in>tln''p in Ibp «ii(»i*i n fpndi'niy (i^ »N"]i<i. J*«'l Pif Im* iri ftthi\ inr>rr 1b:in be lni'« li is pl^;'-jldt'. h"n -

nndiT

A

p^cr. fnr
ir

P»iifli

nrirtri:il

mdi*

idiui^- nni1 |i*>*

tiniP^ir Pi^ fft rr>-;iv|

dnn: in'^Tncf"*'*!'

MH'Th'- lik'»Iy rlnit liny iii<1iv iibm) y\Ui' nin witli-rMiid ordinnry inrpn^ivr iiifprriicuiidii 4HU htiUl oni in nnni-**!- Titi- Ix-M riiil (»» ft dpfpn^f pc:iin«l nnpoo-inipr nie.TiiifM i^ f'lrpknipw li-iltr nf thy- |in'.'»»^>. jii>d ii> liiuiiaiioiis, Then- i^^ nn ftrnrp
n<t-<l
litLl

f'T iNininiJl^'^l i'\|»'rriMpnlj*I Minli'^" *>f drnu rPii-lioit. no* only f*> i\^i>rvs^n\t^ riKf< [n kUnkiibiiti*- nnd [o n»lnbilEurj<lo^ of tli-|ir^<^^nt<. ptiniuZiitiis. and

aTnrniiis.

: .

MORI DocID:

163357

33

t
J

V
;?

Ail:iin-i,

K

Hjjd.iiriniTi". Sri.
l>rui:'-

i

Tj
,?

Iljir^Jiuni, J. Triirli Til
JtiMM ln>r.

^:^u. TtriV. f *'i i i, fifi-f:j Tiif ii»-w rririn- fjihtr. V>r'fH't.
.{tii
.

Jan.

l'X-1, 29.

I

H

K. Ait^-MUi'^iji

S'-i.

Atti

^

.tan.

li*.",;,

r'^_

j*.

T'»

srn-> Aiif
r.
-

——
t

r. ./.
.

Ptiir^t'sl. lP:.*i.

MT,

iri3-in!V

E^l•*'nJtl^'tllnl
'\yi\<ttii.

iibiirni!iH»Ii";;y

and uiKi^umm-iil

4if

ili*-

sulijiTih>
tij

7.

llni^sc*. J. A..

I'. I'.,

|i>i>rJi]jirriii»rac'h«-»**.

P\v

''in',

SJinnhrl. I*. AV. Th*' ust- of mt-ibt^lrlr)*' V '*'"' l-'-'^J. /". H-^l-StM.
Jr..

k

uhiy. J

I'lisinnjiritliiui"' fXiil^rii

turns ut
.1/"'..

rlif

|#TKnu;ihlv
4-''-

:

iiari'iiikiin]i>i> aiid

-im-tl*. ilrinr" **Jiftrk. /T'yr fr"V. ^^''T, l^M''. '*1lJ-^^Hk !, ilt'R'Hiijp. It S /*( HO* nJi'F ^lir ^linif. Svy\ Vurk : f Irm*- I'lv^s. Jur,. Iftfti. I'K Kri^iriiuni. I., 7.. ""iriiTii" <|ni;,"- h*'**. .4i.i .M;(r'li If"!". 1471-1.-^
.

^
k

* A

IJ. l«Hv. (; hi H'r>jifil:jjuiii»- verHj'>, Tin- c:irl.v hi^rnry of r}r]|):JniJii<'«N} >JtHr^' Jiji-ur-i J. 'if rni^i. Anir. fntinnnl. A l'*A. N'n.. N<n.-I»»'r, V.\Ty\\. 5"Jc4i. S4T-55e. IJ. "iiTM'ii. M. .r„ & Vi('ic"n>fl, V. K^iitrinifiiTiil in\»'sli*:;iti<>ii iutu ihv vuluJity
*if i-t'\\U'Sf*i:t\--. a}tXii\\tf<\ \Xu\\vT

MKjinm u«iy»»>
i

nari'i»<'K. J. t'hn.

tjud

y^j/,. I'M^thrt-

13
wf.v,f

nf rtruc-^ In n f* Urm- aniline itirHnif^-s, TrrArrp'T^ £-\ ,4/?//'' Stutly Slf J77-/> Cfw/r^'l ^Z" JS {600i lli*!. It^. VX>s.
*i"*ir('H('l»:klk,

L. A.

T\w

ii**-

>

mm

]tii]V:>]|

nf Six i^k) Sririii-r ni'H':irrb, \\\v. 14, H'MiM'. R. K Th^ ii*H' <»r R<ki*^linuItU'
jrV.

i[t

rrimiiioiucv. Trj-tyn Si. J. of ifnl

IJi'tiit.imi,

F.

A

iin'liiiiirnir.v iiiv^Hli^:irinii

ilriiii' :iui!
]fi,

s.ntiiiui :iin>'!iT

with nflipr

iin'th^iils.

hilo iiUn-iii-Hnu r<»iti|mriijc mpthfJ. Mint Sti,, 11C-, '^. TOT-TlO,

ltl^nl^K.l; SrJf.inirtMiinntr'tfi Suriwe^^Ui- V.K\
J>^eJ**<t"^*^

7 Uotiu\s. l^y

IC

of fnifM

>>»r-i,prrrfr.

Feh. 23.

IflTiH.
iti

>

Jllinonunl iitilfvlrliiii]^ iihi|<r )}iv itiiiii\'it\-k' of ^mlimn jnitvi^il. Awrr. J. pMfi'hiar.. VXiJ. Jl. ]tiK:U11i4]. 2iV iJi't'ni. K. I-. Til*- Qihvt-iL in(»Tvie«'. A ivvji^iv. Anut. i'rttrtif. Itigctt Trra/..
ID. IjMirl*'tii;inti.
jVv'-TjiiIo^ir'jrl r'ljNM^f^'

E

unrjiiiil nrifl

lfi.-ii,

;.

li^na

1^1

MnrlVtiiJilil, J
X*.

M

Nnronniinlv<dis nnil orimtufil \a\\
:

.4nirr, J. Pttyrhiai..

IWH

22 Morris-. J*
iiimjt

lutrrt vi-n/mi- ImH'IrNrnli's

nf i*i.nVfr^i>a» hy'<t»Ti:i nn*l i*»!i1m]i;iTiiil' Tin- jM»iriiii;M vi'^"^ i>f hv^nu'M^ \u \i\\fTr*^ii:iti->\i. An **viiliniflnn. 23 <>ni»', Alfrtr fituifu /TT-;> r/intrarf A?' tftHOO, np:. r>rt- Hr,V Mui^ntj of Soriiil

M T

an n\i\ in »hf dincnosih mirf tn-fti ViT -vw^*/., VM\ iHi TifHt-MS.

SK

24. TVTltnn, K, U".. ft K^M'^Ut. <'. J. P*iliiilvrs Ttn-n pluiriiiMmli>Ey Ki']iriiir fnitn Thr Mflii-fi} r tirmn '*/ \iii-fh Uiifiifit W. B. S^unrft-rv
;

and

uspp.

f'om|mni.

2T^

llt-rtTirii.

F. T.. R:n-ii^,

T.

.T.s

*

Ih-HL-iou.

C,

J|.

Nnn-oaimh-hN And fmrh

Holiii. J. /'o»^-i />! w^»». Tniii-liiii-d l»v I.ll.rnTy. lft%r.,

2C 27

I,.

J.

PKUdit

Nf« Ynrk

:

rbiloso|»biri»l

RnremiL

U'..

A

.^Ijirrr

K
(;.

/'^HfrviJ

turrh-'tl.^ ,.f trrntitirtrt ra pMt/rhttjrru. i3rt\.
1^'"»«. flj.

t^.1 niUlimon- M'ini:iiH'> i*riri Wilkin-. lir.J ->. Pui-lrr B *4 rerrU'lJnin svr .!**.. Anc

rhr L.. A Mtll.-r. John Wnpj ft Si»nK Jnr..
2r*

I.

tt-d-

).

JH-utrt

aitti

liihnrinr. Tifw york-I>irdoii

lf<frf>

Rpiintor lV.<i,i,i»r. If ihry »iv, I woul*l nfi?inno ihni vou wfnild sti^l Irv (o find from oifhrr t!ioir<i or -oinH»o*ly oUrV information liow to prnioolour|>oni^li' fi-iktii tliat kiiul of i»rlivity.

AdTniral TmsFjt.

Vpfi,

Senntor

T\'.m,lop-

Thank you vrty

iiiiirliH

Thnnk

you. Xfr CliBirmnn.

Spiintor JNOivr, Srnator Cbafpr? Senator rnA>TE.Tlin7ik vou. Mr. CJininnan.

NORI DocID; 163357

+

34
'S'

A<^iniml
i
ini:
i»l:i(v

Tmnon
Ifiii;:
i)-^

1

ai>]»roi'j?jW' thttt thcf<'

tnwfJr>' Bftivitios

werr tak-

Inl^'li'd tlu^ni

iK-fon- vfiui' waf'Ji, anrl 1 think you liavp correctly abliorrojiL biu not only wcro thcv'flMiorrcnt, it f^ems

to nif tlifv woiv rntlii^i- I'UTi^flc], nhlntoMri^}l rxjprriiMcnt- Cfmf don't sooiii \n Iinvp l)pi'(i hnn<IIoci in ik ven- M-iontifiint loa*-t from the

waw

i

scanty evidence v<' hnv<*,
lo nn» tlmt iIjiti' ^^cro Mk» mininnim of report^ nnd the A;;<'T^ry di<hr( hnvo tin- ahiJity tu ftiU i( 4ji(il>. Jt went on for some 12 yc'!U'-, nji you luiiitioniil. "Wlint I wouM likv to pet to is, air you convin^A'd uttw ijt ytini A^'rJiry fJuH flii»>i' SfiiUMti*- i'X]>rj iiiiMU^. Jrijilimj»1p r>m-- ihnt ynsi wciv comiuctin;: wii)i polvirrii])}^ and so forth, were Ivinp I'ondiM'tHf in a sripnti^ii- mnnnci' ami liinf you arr Jiandlinp it in a coni'c't manner to pel flu* brsi infminntiojj tllnt you aro seeking in
Jl
M't-nj'^

thr end

?

Admiral TiRxm Yr?, I am, and I al^ l»ave a srnsp of confidence that wr aiv linntinn; ourselves to lltp area^ whore we need to be involved n?: oppoM'd In ni'ea^ whn-e wc ca?i rely on others. S<'n:itf»r Ciiaft:}:- 1 ai>i ronvi?ired of Ihntfrom your I'eport. I jutf do hojir that you Ii,n\e tM'o|*]e wlio an* ti.nined in not only hnndlinc this tvpc of exi>erimoiu,lnit in prej^nrinc the proper report and drawing Mil' proper diita tvoui tlie rejiort^. You an- convinced that you have
*i

tJii^tyitcof peopN-;

AihrnnilTcfiM-.n, Yes.
Si"Ti:itor ("n.^ry
>:.

sir.

doinp all it can in cooperation with other hramin-r^of the (lovernment to fan aliout t rack inp down the identity of tho*^» wlio weiv ill some way ndvei'sely atTr-^ted. and =ee what can be iloue to fullilt the povcmn>ent'^ re>:pon^iluhtier^ in that respect. I mipht add thnt J ronniicnd you in ihnt, and I liope \ou wjU pursue it
viporou^ly.

linr^ \u your th^l i- thai tin- Ap-rK-y is

interested in wn^ the finrtl tf^Piimony hei-o. which T l>elicve aiT very important, and
pe*'ond point 1

The

am

State wa^ invoh-^rl in the^* proc^edinps, and it is nnrlrar oxarily wli.it did fnke plarr, s<j 1 havr !>oth a |>anwljinl interest in tlii^ :i]u\ i\ national intp)e-f a^ ^vell. j>nd ] do hop»' \i>u wiH prt»<> on witli it. It involvi-. nf>i only you, 1 appivrintr, but al-^oHKW and ixrbo]>- hf Attorney General.
lio^pital in
1

A

my

Thank yoii.sir, lAV wilk Senator Ci WKK, Thank vou. Thank vou.Mr. Chairman.
AdniiiTjl Tii*yi:TL
I,
^

I

Si'iuitor iN^iiYi.. Tluink vou ^rrv nn»ch. Adrniral TurTit-r. MKl'LTb'A suhpmi-Ti

ihr ^^^reptit^^lu^ udmininninion of J.SI
not
f

>

on

wa-j a ]nojort invohinp uu" ininp jhimiu?'. wa- it
:\

A<1iniral TrrM:i!. Yi'H.sir. Soiintnr Iwuyk. Iti K*-hrunry
Phip"-.
thi-y

VXA,

rtnd tlii(

wm-

in thr very earlv

of

MKTLTKA,
*yrvr''<'<.

thf

]

JiriTii.r

of

Vnlr:^

lutrlliirf^U'-r

wrote to

the tei'hnical

had of KSl' nn an unw inin;^' ha^i* ui l>r. Frank ( )1miu, who hiter comnntled suii'idi Now, till' hidiv idnaU rriii*i>:rd wi-r*- die ^wuw indi\ idual'* wfio wi»n' p^sjujn'^ihh' for lhi^ suhproji^-t -1. invoU iup I'xnctly thi' ^nnc pracirf^. Kvrn thonpb t)n'Si' indn idnuls wvw i'U»ail\ a wan- of the dunp*'r^ of surreptitious adunni*Iralif>n and i»nd Ivi-u orif ii-i^eil hv the l>i rector
.

stutT ofti-iiiU <ritt(t/.iup their jndpmi'nt itocnu'ie parti'-ipau-d in iUt e\JieT'inii'?n invnlvjn;^' t\w adnuuii^f ration

f

MORI DocID: 163357

J-

35
of Crnlnil
Iti(rlU|r''n*-c. sijl»|jr<ijirt
'*,

^viis

noi iiTininftfet! immediately

\

to dfn-niin-Til*. ii cfiniiuiicii foi n nuni^»fr of years. Ctui yini |irnviilr tl^^ colninitliT nitli n*\\ i-xpliiiiiilioTi of Jiow such
Ill fjiiT. iirrnriliJi;;

i
Atljuii-.ii
S(»ii:»(or

ihr Ipchru'-iil service?; cniriedon subpifijcct -Jj^tiU uji lIn*('IA l»iiyn>]W Ailnjinil TrJixxir- I am sorry- Arr Vini askinp. ar*^ lliey lodny? SviKilor Imhyk. \\'^.

TruNM*. No.5ii\l xviiWy i-.inx. Im"Iyk. Are tin' infH\ i-huils in

who

I

\*h\ura} TrNXHR, No. ?-ir. Soniiiiir IxoiYi:, Wliat woulil you ih' if you rritirized offirialp of the ifM'jinif'ul servings Pt;itf niifi tln'y oonnniu'd to airry on ^xiwrinientatjon fo] n ?iiimlter of yvars ? Ashijinil TriixxK. I woulti do two il»iui:>, sir, Om* is, I would \w sinv nt flu- U^pniuMp tliut 1 was exjih^-i* vi?oiii:ft tiiat tbey km^w that 1 diilij'i Mni>T tljjit 111 J«' rontiiiiiril i\uy wJii'ii' l)H^ »ju) two. if 1 found it
U'iii^ I'Onrinm'-il. I would roll Mimr l»i'Hd>. Si^iator Jnoi ^^:. CoTild you provide this romMiiff«»f with informntjou lis tft whctlipr tht^ individjiji)? iinoUed lind thpir Jjpjids roll^-d ?

Adiuii'Hl
]

Ti Hvru-

I ilou't

U'lii^Mi*

ilinv

i^

any

I'vidc^nrc tli'-v did,

but

windoiiM<M!u*rk il^aL S«V |J. 17(1 foj- (irrn^Tial Il'foiird !"».] Si jiaior 1n<h Yi:. As y<iu know. S-uiifiir lludinc^tou and his suboomuiiftvi' iiri' diTply ihvuhc'd in (lir iliTiftitj^ n{ rhar1<*r? and piidflinef for ihr i»jh'Hip'»iri" <-ojiu]iutiiiy. AVi* will l»i' UM*fliup ^ith thf l'i"«'sid*'nt
I

toiinnrow.

<hu
?

i-t»ui-*'ru

ij^.

I

think,
it

fl

husir
1h*

on<'.

(an

nuythiu;' like this
first,

on-iir iipiiu

Admire] Tikneu.
rime'
in the
Wi' ntv
fifti('^,
Jill

1

think

wi>uld

very, verv- unlikely,

be-

uiucli moil' cons^'iou^ of x\n-?n- issue? thiin \ve were haik s«*oiid. U-oausi' vt- hnvp nieh thoroiicli oversipht piof^e-

chnr:^. 1 canirof

tod;*y without

inju^ini- ihat this kirjd of artivity could takr plnrp sonu- nLeniU>r of ihr itself i>ynas?inp nie, if I were

CIA

anthohzinfr fills, and wrilinjr to the Jiitilli^'cniv Oversi^lif BoArd, and blow i]iptl]p\vhjM Iron this kind of nclivify. I nni also doin^ njy vcrv Ix'st, sir, (o encournpe an oi>pnnes= with mvsolf nuil a free fouuitunirafion in tlie Ap'iicy. so (Jiai ] am the ftne whfk finds fhrso thin;:? if they should happen. The f»rt is fhftt we must ki'fpyou iiud your coiiunittee and now tht- new commit rpe in the House inf<»nned of /mr sensitive activities, 1 think all of tlw-sc add up to n deprreof scrutiny such that thiskin<1 of extensive and fluprant activity could not hap]>eu to^liiy without it coming to the attention of tlie proper ituthoritie:^ to stop it. Seunlor Inovyk. Rad aspect of the pi-ojeet was that it naturally iuvolveil (lu> peojdo who unwirtinirly or wittinplv pot involved in ex|ierimentatioN- I would nppiv i:Lle it if you wonid j-eport l>ack to tliis eonnnitli-e in 'A monllis on whjit the Apeucy has done to notify thc'^' individusd- aiu^ tlu*sr institutions, ami fui-tlifrniore. to notify u^ as to wlint st''|j- lune Nen lnk"U to identify ^irtin^s. and if identified, wlml you have done to ftS':ist thetn. niouctiuily or otherwise,

A

MHTLTRA

Admirul TrR\ni. \]]

rijrlit.sir. 1 will 1h>

happy
t

to.

Serj!itr>rOoij>WATKu. Will the Siuntoi yield

MORI DocTD: 163357

36
Si'i/n*nr
S<^ii:*i(nI

I\ni vr. Yes.
<ioUi\v,\TUiJ

.cir,

\v()jnhT if In

f<.iilil

iihIii*!'-

in t}in( n-jiort for

>

y

p\|n'n'"*'Ml> ilfi?n-oii ll*r»i, riT»<l wljHlji'tllri'v TC(^iv ^v in ]?/;,' ur umvining, v<i(iiin,-*T or muniilimh'i'f, nncl wlmt liiis iMrn tin- ivmiIt in rnrh cast\
I i}iiril< rlirir \v*»u]<l l»r

iT^trrestiup.

t

Srn:it(n
y^i'UuUii

IvnrvK.

Si'imloi'

Knnn-'h

*

Ky.xsyity. TUnnk you. iTis yonr inu-ut'iou fo notify tlK* inilivjOiiM^s w]u> ]uivf lnN'n Hir snlijt'ris of tl^- n-^:iV'l^ is thai ri;;hi. A<iuiintl Tiirnor-? I in von int<*n(J to notify tJif*^' imlividnnl?? A'linin*! Trh\Kir. Yes. S-niihn- KksntjiV- If yon r:ni identify tli^-n^, \i>n JTitmrl to noiifv
Mi*'in<

--''

>

J

k *

Yf5. JN'nniiO- K>NNKnv. An<l you ]nlen>) lo notify ihi' nniversitiis or n*st>!»ri fi I'l-nti'j*' US wi'H t A^lriiinil Trif>KE{. S'n:itnr. I niti torn on thut- T urnli-rvtan^l yoniojH'jMniT stHtrnn-ni. I put iny-rlf in thr popjiion of tljp |>vrM*lmf of onr of (hoM- niuvpi>itii's U'(V sny. ]f In- wen- wifiin^— if iiii^ nnivi'r=i(y Inn) lK-«;ii witling of tlii"^ iniiviiy will* u,«. !»<- li«* necoF^ to nl) thnl information to^lav- If hf won- nof wittin;:, 1 wojulor if Tlu> pro(*i"P- of informing Inni rni^Hit jnif lii^ iii^^TifinionV ivpnintion in niort' j^^opniily t]iun Wtin-r t)ifiii )ri*u\i t]ir wny thi-y jiir tod;iy. nor knowing, J jfnlly
n>;r-F.
il(»n"t

A<1inrra1

Ti

k}iovv

\]\i.-

njniiii's lu'rc.

K>:NVK('V-W<'n,tlio ]>m>Ii1oiii is, nU von Inivo !oHi>i'Hpirk np tlio npWipMi>rr- t}ut\ run sc** (he.-Hp nnivrr-rlio> inrntion*^!. In ninr»y inFit nnii-. I think you ;\v\- pnttinir lln- univi-r-ify projiUr»i nn pxlrnorcliiijuy iii-^!i(lv;in(n;_n\ wlirn- lluTi' i- n t'oiuplrio etiiuim- of inliiiini^trntion. nn.l tlit-y niuy for mu- Tfjtstm ov niioi))(*r not Utwt* infonnntion that ilu'v nil' ninUr -u-pi<'ion. Thnv is iiniurnilo: Ihorr i? rnnior- I oflnnot \it']y hnt In-lii^vo tljnt it uill jn-f -rot sinpiircil nil over tJio iiow*:imj>pr in spile itf u]) l]tv sr^ennty Ptrp* lh:ti linvr lw>en f wken,
<;

SomU oi'

si^cin^tonu' llnif tlifiso nuiversitii-. ^bonlcj (m* enlitU-il tot 1ml inforni:»tii»n, so fljaf tlir ono^ with oMii^r rnliiiiuislriHion^ onn n^lnpt pixir*'tlim-'* to pron-** |Jh>A' nnivcrsitje-'. TJ:e jjnjiortanri' of pn^^orvinp llir inil4-)K'nil»*niT of -rmr ivsenrrli nivH" nnd tin- i'ojnnuniilic<ii<*onisto nie to U^ n Yi'iy fmulinnoritnl kiihl of (|tn'-fion nJ^ont tlie piTilodion of the
II

of onr nitive]>ilirs ;^^^l] i>ur i-e?-ravi'h r**nier-. Ailniiral Tiijnkk. Yon an* >ayiii;: \}vM yon fepl that if we identify tln^io f>riMit('lytn tlujiwi-hi'-. \\i' rnn U'nvfil thcui in nn n^lofpr.ite wny to
intt't'riiy

lJn> will JhjiI ton njnre pulili^' di-elosnri'f There ni'^ lot> of Ifie Ml \\]ut iiEi^i" not iK't'n iili'ntitie*! jinhln-ly (it tlii^ i>ointSi'Tiiittn-K^wKov, 1 fliink t)ie niiivei>itt(*s tlieins^JvessliOuld l>enotifierl. I tliiiik llie)i tin' nni\eiviiir- inn take wlintever stei>s in terms of their ^'itin;: up tlir pr*H'ednre:; ti^ protit't iLeii- own kimts <»f inle^rrJty in terni-i of ilie futrjTv, 1 ^Mnilil rertainly l»njM> that tliry wonld feel
rovei'tJn' risk
I

lint

llnjl

Hum- t^nOil niak»^ a |inMJr cuninirnt or n pidilir staiement on it. i liunk it i^ iif ;:*'nernl j>nMii' intm-sf- patli^^nlaTly f'ntlie i)eoji}e thnt ore involveil in Tl»o-e iiniversili*-'. to lji»\** >nmv kimi of ;nvinvne^- of Trlietltei- tlsry wi-re u-^-A or weiv not n^nl and Jiow tljoy wei'p nsrd. jnil>lir 1 tlonli Ihev iwv enlilli-d to it. nn-l ipiilr frankly, if llnne ioffiriijl or nn'oflirinl of tJii- nni\er->ii\ thai yon jiotify nnd he wants
ii


MORI DocID: 163357

37
r

J
F

for
Iiv

Jiis

tli<'-r
it

rrnsoii- not to Ijavr it }if Ion wlio ill « lop-(i-ei'lirloii or l<i\vci r« should not h\\\c llie inforniniioT» u> wi-ll.

own i^aHimlnr

pnMio,

Unw

I don'f Bet why been effectively used

"So,
t

I

wonM

I

nl-o iiidin.t(' tini^f-rsity i>eo]>le nt not Ix' put onl ill tlu- no^^>p:M» '«- ='»^<1 i' 1'^^'^ '**^ some of it is wron;:. an exiinordiiisn V disitdvinituire, and of <f.nr^ Mm.j- univriEily »fficj;d whic^h is thr fnrt of ti.e maft-'r, ni.d I Ibink tln^y k """>( js ronsnvin-. wHl, it i^n-t so. i? n 1"! .Urh'ivnl tl.»T. if

von wonld TM.tjfv llu^ imivrrHfios and then witl to Wn- \mhhr. 1 cnn"l nmmve fliat tlnt^ inforniatjon
Im-ik-

tlml

of tlir finn.-d or it i* not roufinin^l in trrnitln'ii- i- a iv-ixm^i^'ilitv ilu^r*-,

Ap'nry

iisi-lf. 1

llimk

tliat

i
--j'

wuh wlinl von are ^nyinp. Ailn.iral JviisyM. 1 ii:ivr *riViil -vini-^.tl^y inMitul ion lieniiis*- tli<^ involvement T^as I Imn' aln^dv notitivd one l^rotert them^lvec a»d extensive that 1 tlionjrlit they i^nlly nr.-d.M to whoever wny wil help all of the 1 am most flnxion< to An ihi^ in in this, and the neonle \v1jo ivere nerliuiis ninvittin^r pnrtK ipaiits wl»M yon suffpe^led, cnltv I will hnve is, I enn t <iniie d<>, I think. extent and nature of that I mny not be able to toll nn institution of the

^

mm-

m

itsi^nrticination.

thtni 1o the bost of your inSenator Kv-wPY. or an foimnlion. nnd it .^ms to inr th.M ,iiNt lHTaii>e the uiuvemty for clatsifvinp individnnl i- poinir to In- i'iiibnrn»--<'d i> not ji mison 1 tn*!in. I obvion-ly speak as an t\w inf-^rmnti^n. So. 1 \\'*n].\ li.»pi (h:il that i-^ an incredible di^MTvire to iIl<U^ idufll S<-jia(or, bnt 1 f.4'1 di^eivirr to the intec-rity of the innoreni individiud^ nnd. 1 ibnik. n nonlird, to Ih> able to develop prothi' univri-«inr^ nuW-^ rhi-v nnyonr own inf^titotion and cedure^ von niv drvMopiri^r with Jv;r:^ld^ io universities we are tVyin;! to in ieini> <.f lU- Con-ii-, I eiliiinly fli*^
^V*!!.

^

,

»

,

#

von rnn

toll

an-entith'-d to tlie*^:iine.

Adinirid IrnvKa. \i>. Not all of rln ^ , of eoniso. wire unwittinp, Srnntoi KK\MJ»v.Tb:irMiLdiT, , , ^i M-niv of \Ur\n w*tv wiltin;:. and tlioreforr they \.bnind Tirnikperfertly enn take all tbo^e pnTJinlionai v >(eps on ihvir own, bnt 1 am when oivn l.> doiiijr tlii-.. 1 nin onlv intrr^-sf..! in diun;: it in a way that of the idrntifvinjr n nniver«ilv it will not Irud tolhi> imblir ib^losure
1

inilividu:iK.
\cliniral

will -** if w,' cno d.-visr a way of notifvinj: mnke their thcH- ii]'^titinion> on a |niv:itv b:»M- -^ thai thi-y ran tb**n l»ePl s*>rvrd by th-'ir annonncottii decision wlH-Hier thrii r*initiv^ it— in^'il pnblirU- nr thrir :itlt'iopiin;r i"^ iii:nul!im

al!o\M'd lo di-rUi'M'. and <o on. SenfitrirKFANKi'Y.Tbiit roid-H"' .1>iiim1 si'ern-tonip.

wbnm

1

am

i»of

TrKM:K.

Sci.

wr

uv

Semilor Ki vvKin. Oi loanni-nneior inilii'att'J

y'>iu 1

wondn. WU-M

if

thry weiv to ask yon

*i - t ron-'ii^ncv. Mr, at tbw time i? tlint ! i>c'w.iod Adndnd TriiNKii, iiotjti^^d tl»o l""!';!!;"' vvc.nl.! br doin- ^1 di-si'iw lo ib.-^- nmvn'siHr''^ if 1 KivvrnY, IWurld von meet wrtli ^nine iiiuveVFilv offirinis

Mv

»

S.-ti:»l.iv

pi-e^^iva\\mv view^ are or ^^Uthi'v tln^v fe.^l thm the Wtier served ornotr tion of the inlemitvof tho nnivcisinr- wmdd Ik^ f nm. Mn;i1h lariri-. private, and 1 think thnt would Ik- ns,^f id to find om

and a^k

^^]u^t

piiblir nnivi-rsiiic- orti.'ial>

Ihrv vn-w tbr inlirnty-^ presidents Admiral 1"i hnku. Fine. 1 will pbom- ^evend nnivei-itv (In-, and ask t^Mbiv who inv niv friemU an.l wh.. mv m>( invohed would U'. tln-ni wJijjt ibi'v think lb^e^n^til'^

how

m


MORI DocID: 163357

S

38
• **-*",-^

i

SpnntrtrKTNSKny, ATI AibnirjU TrFVKiE. Hut

rijlif.
1

Von

lot

nm

iit.l

-iirf

u'-know.irH*, ti*:U 1 mi' tlmt thpiv

is

k
I

nny

(rrrnt

i.i 111

ill

Tuy iiotif\

JTT;: tlu-

jinbli*- h-> o|i|H>si^d in t],v uriivct>iiy ni^tifv-

S*-u:il<jrK>vvfj.v. '^'i'-. I'iii' Tut \vnulil ivuinin lli;ii th^ iiislitulioirs ^n-diliHity avokM U' U-H*'!- -n v<-,1 if iIm- iiiMinni'Hi'- I'M'-iilonr wqu- io
{}>})}
it

iMiil til*'

pv"l'rjuj» fl»!i»i luittiiic. '* siTtii- fo

Hhivf'isiiy in.lH:jli'(! tli,i» it *ii*i ivit |i:iMi.i|»^i*' in that if tl»' nnivrr-ii V wi-tp To ilnn- il jtml lljr Au'f*i"v savs
ii]»'

liiiit

flijii

woiilil U-flir ttn»ri^»-(. nn<] iJir
1

only

u;n

t||:iT

Hi:ir I- 'J<tiU'^

In

!.*

chibM''.

wnuM

\

Ji]\U- it

if yoi] ivn;J(| jrpl
i-

s^iiMc itijJNl fif»TM

inn\

civil

ii'v

ns lo wljjn tJiry Iwlicvr

}i^o f/nre-t

wny

/
J

prrM^i'viiiion of tin* inlcijiify of fhr ijniv4"i>jtii*-. J-i'T u\'\ if 1 foiiVJ. ii»ik on tln' <)tK-ii<jn of tlic ii-t'?- of tlu'-i* pafp jjon-i's. u> I nncl'TMiirnt froTu infnnn-'ihon tluti wn^ |irovicl<»i| to us in llii- c'onr-c of onr iRst i-onnniTiM-. tin- (i-sTin;: of variondm;:*; on in<livi.in:iN hnpjH'ju'it a! ;i)l soiij»l Ifv4'l>. h\i;]t uml htw, il )ni|i|>t-nc<l on
iln"

in hTJii-

of

n:i(iw ATNt'iintn- and nKooTi fon'i::h n^^ion!^J^, Tli:if i*- wh:U 1 ujiderstan.l wjt-ilii'nuniivof llir projd iiMlf. Now. ] mu jn.-il Monrfrrini: w]jpi)ii'r iliOM't^*^N ivoi'onmilnHpd af the l\v,i ^^h'jition- on thi' j^mm ,t,i\^i nmT Tl»*' wrsl i-oasl \\hir]i w.-rt- known H'* y!if<' Imn-c-. To yont' knowlcfl;:*-. i< thai lorrivt ? Ailniin^l Ti i;\n;. Vr-. S't^-ifoj- KrxMHv. I)» tPrnj- of tln^ rr%4-nMi in tin- pnniruJar propi jnn.
til**

it iliil jinT 15'

U

\oii,l !?ir
1 iin^

^jifi--

fiiitKi'^kortitnl

on

tlnTii-^l rowsi

and
rflTi-

west

rojisT

? 1

U-licvi*
i:,

.oru'-'t

on

t)i:it,

A'lniir:i|

'IrnM

Tftijt

ty|H> of mnvittin;: trstin;; of sort

of

(lonily

-i*l<"i'ii'(i

'iuih\ i-lnitl-, v*-*.
It \v;i^ in-t loi^Mti'i] in flio<iu
till'

SrnuioT Kkwjjiv.

uvo

11101*0-?

Ailninal Txi:n>i:/1'u
Si'U;>Toj-

Ih-t

of onr

Ur(ovli'd;r<^ tb**n'

w^rvonlj- two

Ki:\\).n^, 'W.-IT. Jmw ifo wp inforpn-f nnnloniTy >f!iTto(l* AOiiiir:»l T riiM t:. Wi'l). n- i.pjHwil tn |irift*>n»»r*^ i[i n pri^um vjio worr
S<'n:»toi-

Kv\v}:iiv. All nirlM. }h. yon krtow from this information
n'cniiii'if iJurin^'ihi- |>crJoil
?

li<»wnjnny jn»oph'\M*rr
Ailinit:il
V

Si't*:i.Tni

Ti r.\T:i:. No \i}\-a. Krvvrp'i I ^i von know
.

uI>j»T"\ini!Uph

?

Adnjiral Ti'Kxn;. ] ii^kr.l iIt.h jjUf-lion tlj** iilljt>r dnv. nnd wo JTftt lioifi havi ai^i'in-i'ntty wi' an> very wtA). riUirr tl^Ti^ wpro no ivrnnU ki'jit of x]w :ii-Hui1 nnrnU'r- nn^l ^V|h- of |h'o[-Ii" ir>?*'tl ur (lu\v
S*»n:itov Srlnvi-ikri. ftn:itnr S^ll^v^.n^^;l^ Thjjnk yon, ^Ii\ Clinirniiin, A<tiniiji1 TurntT. 1 would likf to ifnhr Imck to (In- e\|»orinionts whirh may linvr Iw-f-n *-niuhhti'<l ^t ihr bn-piiaJ r^^prinvli fat'ilitirF winrli tinlu'lpi-d lo finnni'i'. li \v;iin"T rl**nr 10 nn- fn>ni yonr prr*vioi]^ an-wi-rs ^vli:ii kind of work wjj> donr f iiori-. 1 jr:if Itor von arf iin-

wrn- <loMrnv*'iL Scn»to( l\Mi I?:.

CIA

iv*in vinii- n'nmrk?*, yet 1 titid in xho CIA doonnu'tihitifn' wliirJi y^ui hsw^ ^^npi'lir'd n-, n Tivt di-^oriliini: sonir of the Mdvi»ntft;ri'^ \hv A'^nu-y lio|>rd Toi:nin. It -;iy-ch'iiv cin dial. i<^^. ia
s

OiM' sixfli nf

I

he-

(nint ^pnor in thi-

nvw

hi>spifnl

whit will

l*e

a*;iUaI>lp to thp


MORI DocID: 163357

t

39
prcSwctp Kill »* t^.tiii-l^tt-fy detiiftr>Ii'; ir) FiilT |tr.T«*wioDal c<»ver wtlJ be proT-id^ for Ml' I't MirrO IpJpm In'iuii-nl i"ii.ii]'0#»e'' nf tlir f*Jjpj|)irnl Divi'-i/tji jrfp Human
;

imiji'iit*^ :iu(1 ^nlnnii'i'r*-

I
1

cliD^ijI rroidrfitm^

um- ui(J nith Thf full si^i'^rvj^jr'n of
*-sp«rinif'iHiil

Tt

I4-

ivailaliJe

under controlti^

li
f

-»'rin>

pn-t«> liriir

iculiir

\\ ill;:.

lipv|»!iviiti'ins,

wUax llicy iiili-mK-d to i]<i in that pnrI J^k'-ji'i it ta you Wliv vv<ntli[ you jjo to mk-Ii pliWioiat*' |ri Imy jiiiit of flio \vi(i;r, liiiiip ihr** of your own pert*> iin'
'.

pciiiLc]
F

ilii'M',

^ivr

Wliv u<*[rM you
y*»ri

n covrr, nn»l ffivt^ iIk'hl ncr^-^s to jjnlients? jro to ^-jK^Ii (niiihic firul ("xpniT-f* to nnnn^''p nil tliat, if
ilu-rji

wcn'u't |0;otiuiiir to

i'\[K'riiiK'rit

on

jxxrplt- in

rJic*

Jio^pilat

?

A^liniijl Tm{\k«, ] njrnv willi yoij I'Ni p''h'<^nt, sir. TJioh' \v**re rlc:uly Mjr tnlfiri ioji-. I }i!i\*' tio f'vjilrnii- tljnt 1! wjj^ i-itrrinil onT ii> Ihiit wjiy. 1 orii i»oi trying: to )« clrffm-iv*^. Spnnf«»r. 1 only trying U> lu' nlis(^liiTrly pj'rTJM' h\-rv.

am

>

1

SrEiwKjKKC. \\\-\]. xhi-n. n= fo tin- nnfiin- of vrhut ^Ta- donr' fhi'rv, tilt InH jjuni^njpli on liji- ^nmp pni'i- of tin* doriinn^iit snys. "TJ»r fmulin^-. of i1k» ln>spitii] nn'! the aMlity to conrfiict confroljo<l o\}>.'rijm'nii»ti<iii- un'Jrr ^^nfo cliniinl rontlition? iisinc mal^rials with whiili any apriny coniit-rtion must l)o ronipl^Hy <lpiiiH}»]e will augment an<I coih|»)oio(-nr oiLor pro^niins t^cently token over by TSS. siuli rt*;," niui rJieii thrn'- aTiotht-r <1pl<>tlon. Nr>\'\ tin- HOI J- followintr ''^urli flft" Jinvp l*ppn fleletpd. That is still
Si^rijiinr

wlion thi> tlo^^nrnpnt whs sanitized jnnl n']''ii-i'J. It M-rnis to In- ih;jt wlj.itever vrn^ tM^tt^l r'lfzhx there would Civt' yau a prnity poi**? 'O^e as to wh-M they were doin^- since it says tJiaT }h*- jK'tivitii^- wonlil "an^iurnt aj^d ronipJeinrnt otlicr propninis" }*nJriljiIii'n hy Tt^>^, S<i. 1 havt^ tt^uhh' nncjcr-ianiling why you don't know wiuH \\a- lontmi/iliitrd. Just tin- fmi that similar pi-ofrnms are ref^irJ to in tl»o doimupnt. thrtuph whiit th<y are is still deleted. shouM ejiiihlk- \'<i\i tiJ (hvrk it out. You rould hrtik at what wvut on in the Hinilar i>ropram5i mentioned followiu;: iln' "^ui'h h^" in i\w rhi^s^itipd v^^r^ion 01 thi- do^-uuient.
rh*-sitir^d. oi- at \fust It \vn6 n-nrovpil

Ailuiinil Ti

i:\t:i:.

Srujihir.

1

U:\vt'

not

s;ii*l

that

WH^

i-oniT'hLjilii1<'il ^K'in;: <hirn' thei'i\

AVe

d<i

not

we JonV know what know what was done

thciv-

X

SiMviikKr;- lV}iy did yon di-Vto thnt ivferenre? "Why h tlirit ttid rl«-riti*'il, that piU^ii^ulMr projrt't of whjjtevn- it is ^ _\(huirrd Tx ^^>:J^ ) Attui kn<»u l}ji^ pari imhu *'!(sr. UV will lift you il>'' **\nri !in««i'r 10 tli:n niif and infiutu you al^nu it, hut ii is fpiir*' prol>:ilii*' ihal l!jiit oUut tjim- J- nnn'hurt* h* Thi> in I hi wpIL i>o! nnSi'iui'or

nOninl, hut thai t!i:il wjis a piojvrt tlial [Tlie material refenpd to follows:]
Con«tniori'pn
*'t

still ih'SiTvps

to

Ik*

ehissJHed.

h-'C"" i" 10.17 and rh<* Anne?; wn^ ilMlir,.Uvl ih Miinl. yXtU. of iii^ ..ri^njl |l^OP^l^ <"cmclintPtl at tJi^in^'dirtii *'U]} "\iv iiiviihiiii: liniiuUL It^-Htiii;: tmf rui n (likir spiLii nul«-^n3UfiK
ih*'

Cnnuan Auw\
J.-,

^rft^

MKM,THA

ji.

M;inli
tliKir

V.^'At

S\,\.],T.-)t-n

r,-in

rr-»ii^

n*.V>

m

liwiri.

rlMi-^

U

iK inw.-^ihl*'

ih-.\X

fmir >i"ar> *lUTiU n«L't. ,if ili»- Miri]*ri»Vi t nniUl liJk^*- Ih>*'II n|H"(if In Ibp iM»nimii Ajiij<»\, H<mi-vtT. thiTP is no rt'fi'rfjiii* to Ihp GiTiHJiii Adhph or a |H"« Aniirs" hi Suhiiri'Vc-i ^r* i.jijht^. iieiUitr l^ rih-re iin> mpuUim at tlip ftul*Th»'

AiUlMprinnm^ to
AiiiH\
LUiUt-:il
J*.

t'll

r4»m)ilpuf.' i'lA f li*H:irJ <'<>U*itn»i tlon of Ihp GorinaiL 'nriiHrri.fl iu S>\\.i»rt.}f*rt X» "f MKl'LTIfA UprHUly di^i.vprpd aiarprifll Tlijif l*r. itt^t'liirkliT nMHiiitii'il hi* ri^t^in'h f'T ii|fp|»- jiiiil aiiiii^a'tr'ii'-'

U

lif..4biH iriL'

iiiicl.T

ri'p.if^-T

MKSKAltrir
ihi}><«ssiMtt4>

Uif.-ri::li

July

1W7

itr

Gpur^pfowD

f'iiiM'rsLr>
<;Hri«i;irj

llMK.jot:il

lliiT

U

ih-

dt*ifriiinip if

Ibe fHiiltitps of tbr

Ann

'\ «i-ri* ljkii>hed.

MORI DOCID;

163357

F

40
SrimNir SruMKiurn.
AVnpiiii-^rl
t

T t}jfnk tlint
il'ii>o
jit

0^ Jn wJkiT wn.^ pF>jn^'HilH'
xh'-yy

wntjld in i[ip win;:
i]>

ifi*'' <i^
tljt'

a prrffy er>od rJiie
)j<-)j.**ri i/i

CIA

finsn^.

Hn>

irnli-'Jiiion

:il]
|i:(l

1])^

n-i'nj*!^
ti'j

you foujxj thai the
ill

iiltjiiijjitly

um'iI

y\\\v'\'\

iriii>

or

iniiiiilly

pationt? in

roiwi'i'Tion \\\\\\ tliip fiirililyf
l!>i?l;r l(^ L^rJ llif (hl1:l

OU

l)}--

J^-^r

iHh'. I

Mill n-Mil
d'H'^u'i

Vmi

|)ir litiuik.

S('iw!r»r SniTAKiuyji. fi'» iiln-jui.

AifiHMul IVhvki:. yKlMLLTor, Sf»;*f<ir Sin^'»:rKmt. <'mm vim \\-\\
r1ii"-ilii-J
{

It
it>

fw'!)»

y<ni. Imt
is,


it

wJi:M
\

lliin

or
\\\^'

J-

^i
llial

AOiJiiJvi]
wi" ih'li'Nsl

Ti
ii.

i;m:i!.
11

1

rli>ii'i

\\^^y^^

,

A\\i\
1

\\>-\\\\\v
.jri

fn-m

f.-i'^r

i^

-ijU i'Ui--jti-^-K

i'Ui

Mill

v,n( ifuit nii-\\i'r. ^ir.

Senator Scimvmkkk. Thnnli vnu. Td
IS'i"
|>.

UU

to sor timr inffinimtioTi.

171 for
in tljai

iiiiir^-riiil

rrfi'nvcl hi.
\-\'\\U'\

J

|.ri>jrriI r

|>niiirn)Hi

iinolvrEl f\|K-i']nii>Tiianoi7

on

tcr-

iniiinlly illrjiriorr }iflticntf-?

A'Jniinil vcn- sorry,
ii^'nl-'

liHXMi.

]

nii-M\J

Ww

first

pari

f^f

vour cjuoMion,

sir. I

an

S^'hjih*!- S<

invKiKrK. l>o ymi
\\'A\z\'

linvt* ariv
ill

in

\W

fji--ility iis^'il l»^nijii):)lly

itKHrjiiion thnt somo pxinxti^xwwn- pali^-nN ji- ^uhj^^^t-?
ir
j.>

rlnr fr^rn oUirr dotuini'TiN tJiiil Hu'**!' Mm'K f'f i"\|n^Tirni'nt^ wf^i'^- at sonir p*iinl lioin;; diint* sfj|iicw!i<Ti". (|TM-tto[i i-, i^ Ui^'jf nny iuiUrjitjon tli:it i'Hn*'rr |»ntiriifs or frrrtiinrdh iM jMifrTM- wi^vf \'\\w\\\\\i-\\\^A with in tlii- wiii;;^
ilr>

Von

;m kn<^\\

in yinir '^tnti-un'iu nn<l

My

ihn> np|>.'jir lliriv » rouji^riion l»rr»-. ^^ir. SetniiDr Si Hwrntni. Thi- olhcr qm^Hioii ] IkhI i*'I:H*>- U\ \\\\> iJrvv^Jnj.iuriii nf xHiH-fliii];! vvlurli \\\%^ \w^\\ rallinl \\\k^ ]n^rfi'r| roncu^siou. A Mi'ii'^ of »A)M'riTu*'TiN tounnl fluit v\\\\ wrir ili**'rilh'*l in tlic CIA iJ^i'iiriM-n'-, 1 uomlrr if voir Wfnild \\\?x wW w^ \\\y.\\ yoijj iiii(i{'i>tnmlin;: of jHrfiTi rojiru^tiion J-=. Ailniirnl TiiiNhii. I-^ thnt in iijy toMimojiy, Fir. or in soinn other
il
i.-;

Ailijiirn)

TrKMj\

Ye-,

(I'H'nuM'ui

^

SiMjifoi

S. ir^vKiKiJi. SuK|wojr*'f

;»-J,

MKrLTRA.

winch invohof*

r\:njMij:niiiri

tu rjm--** hr:riti 'nn!w^'i<)n'' \\\\<\ wnwwi'Wx h\ 11-in^' n-rjipr)ri< or jioinnl wnvf'p U\ lifrik*' in^ivi*bi.'>l<^ ^^'itl^o^^t pninp wnrinjj;; \\\m\ witJiom Waving' any oh^ir physirnl infirk-^. Sninpom^
iiv}iiir'|Hr*
il

of

fhihlh'ii
pfirt

"prfrr'i

iiiTiiU'-'-iiHi"

— iiiayU'

t?in!

wns

|HK*iii' lin'tiM\

on the
if
\

nf

riiir ^tjiff

riilher thnii

your

jiocfs ov*'r theri*.

vnn<Jpr

j'on

oouM

jn-t tr]l w^ vc\\\\X hrain roiiru"i'>ion expfrirreTit?- v^i'xc^ nhorjf \*\n\\r\\y TiKWi?, TIwt^ ;»^]prK No. M, wa- rm**fl.-it. ami

novnr

oin. Si'iuMor S'liwKiKrii- "WrlL ] Ho l»e^i(Me Jhr firM yenr of iho urojorl in JfC". \\\\^ rjn rri'il oul hy ihe Oftii f of \rtv:il Ki-M-nnh, inTonlin;: to the informal ioTi ih:u yon >it)>|i1in1 uF-TlieClA so<»!n- to itH\ e hren jmrrjirrii'il

li*ip;ilMi^' in j-o»n*' \\\\\ »1
thfji thi' e\)N-i-in)etiii'r nl \\\wi
il

lii:ii

|>i*int, Jh-i'an^c lh''

n-roMl- co on
^v!^s

ti>

>ny

(INH
mill

fom)il oni nl>oni
tlie

CIAV
fln»

roh'. dis^-overed

\\iis

:i

<"nvi-i\

then

^IK^I.TI^\
Iinve ;rivcn

\\\

V.K^\\. .\s:iiin,
it

Tiv^

So,

nns

this t^ nil onncuh»<] at -^jmc time. T

trnn-fenv^l to from Ww- Uaeknj* iniilerinl you
projri-t

not i)i-»;;i'eomp

MORI DocID: 163357

41
s

n year or t\vo- somt^tuxly was inv<->ii;!;itnj;: ihi' i»i''hJiM'no!i of I>n»iri romus>^iiiiis uilli sim^cihI blackjnrl^-, Miinni \\jivr.>, j\m\ o\h^v nn'iln"U aa drlailnl in tlic backup
Kix]t t]»aK
i>Ti«

Jii>]»jin^iii!y

tny Of

I*^n^t

1

]

Aihiiinil TvitXKK. Tin-

i

iifVM fiimlrd hy ijif'irmjnlfih for the n'coid f^r yon us tf» whetluT thMv was ever any counn^tinn horc and if ^a what the not^n-of the work wa??[Til"' luntn iai referred to fon<nv> :]
Mr.
I^iiliiiic^r

Rvniljihlc to tuc is tliat this projprt waf> th('<~lA.hM( I will d iubl''-rln'ck that and furnisli the
<lnfii

pomvted

his tTOflmon.r r^cnrdinc Ruhprojw^t

M

ilitrlnp

\h^

has pot a ratt^ stensalioBaJ projiosal in tlierp, In iiTii^s of ihv ^<*rk that tb^j pr*>i*i»H*" to do. and y"" n'^kod atmut (bf |itv(>os^1 nua I vjilil. iu fac, ir itas n*'*<'r firr^flwl oi^lf^r MKlKTHA N-m, J ovrrlcK>kril—at lt^.1^1. niy Hn'iNorj' did »ni serve jiie mrrwll^- wlirn T wui thnnich that flli- fold<*r io srt- i.iK* iiieiiK^nniduui daii^l .Irtaunrv lo. IIKW. whirh makes i( ignite clear n*: a iimii^r or fact, that tliat proposal wqs baaed uit prior irork tbai uas funded hy
-M !

T-AiBJNi.FR. '>n limjf-ri

W.

Jt

^

thf

.\peiM'3\

J

Si'imtnr SiiiwKiKEii.

By

whttl?

Mt. 1,A^BI^M:^
did n"i hiipi->h
ar*;iie.l iif
siHriitf*

By
}>#

the CIA, So, that Infonnntlon

wtt

in their

file

Wder.

It

in Djy head wh»*ii 1 fe*tifi«l. Sfu:Li<ir Si n^^KiKEK I ibiiik 1 inifht havf rend
ih*» fUi.t-

with
it

,v<m, I>^caiis4>

1

Think

I

jou that, and that ta whj I had Jh frout of me. an I rec;jll,

(here, 1 did read ihal to you. So, did >iU]t]ily it l<i n^ lliiTf^ \-i 111! arpuiiiohl nlxiur Ihal Infonitilfimi. -Mr I.Ai Br^<;^:K. iVrbnp* 1 ant ^nrt f>r headsrr'^n;:. mypelf, oi»d in my own t^^h I arij rt-:ii]]j>c inxler Tht- VT.TKA projtH'L thai if il hnd l>^rn fmidetl under llJItA. ji wimld hflvp IkhI fi jiroj»-ct niimlx^ and Ideiitifivd os «uch. The rhiuc rhnf Thn-H ini* vh^ Ihnr \1 wa-- fnjide<l. iijifuireiin> onisidc of atij MKn.TIlA jiriiviTy nnil ii undrr the nrtrmal rnnfrartinp jirrire^s, *i that it wns nnt Lur|iiJ<-<i in MKVJ^TKA as any \sork clune iin-h^r ihnf fntidjiii: nnilirelta. Tilt' lilt' fipM^r thai yttit atrd I htt^v. n^ilji Ji^rp. niakiw jf r|Mli»' rlrar, hri\M"»rr. Uijit a yi'urs work was d*»ne thrinifth navy fimrtinir— s navy funOint" niiih-iiii'-ni nil which tin* proiHiK,-!! wns iKi-'i'd tha( ulttmniely ramp inro fh<MKri/ntA itnit'PUJii. That iu4v>nd pro|-»*aI vras nevrr fimd/»rt. So, there mi^ i-i>nflirj nnd 1. ii*r'«onalIy, 1 think, intrndnewl a litlle hit of confintirin in that in liiy Tf^liinmiy. s**na(-»p s* imv*jk#:r. Weil, do yon npree or nor wrree xrllh IWD'p Btfll«tieDi ht'n- rhni evrn TJiioijrh fh*» initial r^indiu^- was navy. i\ was really a conduil for
)}}f1icaiiriM

rl;aT

wav

fiind'-il

^u

.

wm

,

haw

(he I'lA?

Mr

Lai

^tM3fji. I

think that

Ik rorreot.

Sfn-itni- SrirvKiKFit.

Ye^;

kiFou ht>w
ii'-'K

if

^^rllt ti^ttu

wmdd np|m'rin*e t}int, I would lik*' tn ON H to CIA nftrin yej*t. S>tnrli*Hlv min\r
I
ii

ilrii-i'Tij li» itijiki' tluit

Iriui-fn-.

nuA

to liud^x
ittin)

tlii- :in

MKfLTKA
t<i
ji

"-oli-

Tfirn-

h;ii\

to !« soiiir
it

'H*iri

'vmlinmmill

t)i!(t

kiti.l <*{ roini^-sicin

of rrvN-w

tliaf

h'd

drii.-ion to
t<**iiij;;.

hkj.kotiL

iii:L\liiitNM atiitn^j^ifi.

whatovor iOh' ^ft, L\i mN*ii:fi. till* f\}f^ ihut wondf»

ycn^ w<'iv liiffU'>rrd in— ^^tiidv ntid Sniiitiir. if 1 ntuy try tf" ^iiy ji ivw won]'avfiil;iliU'

was

on thai,

to os iov

iii-i»oi'ii<iiK

lliiliriHi^d thill

1o
rsl

wild

I

\\n> w \moy-k-X tioiu^ rsirrioil he ellVrly; of hr;nii roiu'Ux-ioti. Tiic (*IA dcv('lii|n'd :ui irUi'Vj-onsi<?4*f-i-.|

ihm'

which niv lin^itcd. on hy t!u* N;»vv !iin it^;:

in llwt. niuf

f|j>idn»:! il.

tin-jidnntid n-tilu-ij. iho i> ineivh .1 fiindin;: iiivih:ini-uia id;ii-i* thoy ^<» for njoi>ry In do ^lU'li thin;,";, hnt lin'iv t- im e\ iilencp thil 1 JiJiww of tiiat t]iat projni wjis evrr fnndeih

MHTLTKA

hni nmiidly never iluh and n-

NORI DocID: 163357

42
S<>ii:Mni Si'invi iKKir. ^\t*^\. I niti onnfii^^.h l^omii'^o wluili otluT .[Mr^h- fpuni !i iW>»'MiMriil tliiU %vi- hiWi' sc^TK
Irrt-i'il
\

how

a;riiin is nti-

von

lijnc re-

-Tiiii-Jii'il ti» MJ*:
i-^

r.il|.»^viMi;

111*' rpcliiii'-nl

prc>pn»ss

mode umhr
uu
ri^ijv
:

rbP nirrent [dt-Medl rontrQCl
l.-s^tirr

:

ini

>ij"-rinlin-.l
1.1

iiivtniTnpnrntiiPii
tlii-

nut}

f^liiilni)-'^

d.-^*'lMiio.l

<.Mnin
;.r>

.J^^^Itph!

d}uamic- ilafn

^^l

i'..risi.l,Tftl.lv

"nve l*eD dntji hn^ now

i

U'»

l-Tvli

i..-.rI.T:Jli

Im-sh..ltl liniii b^i-

l-^u

f»l'l"i'i"i

f^r a flJuU-fiUed

Ii

.',H-

,.i,

I.I

inlk

.il-tiii
I.I

loi V, -Uu- li.-u

-..MM.-wiuar.-frM.t l.il.t.r^a l>Ui-l fnnp.- an,l n lK-i|n n..t.-> lli;.i 'lliivi- Dust ti»t ^n<-s iii>t11

nm

i
i.i.k -ii ill"
1
l.iii
II

1.

it'll

["'Ilk iini'ii.i f"!' V will.
ni-c
lliiit

li.w mill vmfi.'^-

i.i;<-->iii-c

.i;:i.M>

tin-

riTonl-

iivon-Ui-ivr

n*^

to tlf rt-uH- of U.i- wnrk.
duiu'.
ii>

iririliiiiilv M-riii-

!-miii' li'^tiii^' tt-n-

in earlier in refovrin;: to tlocuan- .i.iolinp froiii a proiwfeal iiiri.t- iml lK.f<.n. u^. l.iit 1 briicv.- voii refci rni2 -a.i.ii-oTi.. to llic Apcii'v t'. fiiii.I tl.H wtiik. Blul !.. IS
I

Mr

l.^rl>^^;.|.l:. S.'.i.iu.r. voii

mv

piittinj;

m

tl.<-

sfiim- )>o?ition

lliiiik villi «.-i.-stniiiit.'tliat Villi

wrie

ilni

S.-111

t„

n lot of ttun;:«<.ik. 'Hi.' pa-t «.ivk "-...iM iii.vo piiroi.ii.a'sc.l lik.lhai.l.m CIA wa, ii.it iiiv.ilve.lwillithat ]>a-r Oof >oin AVl.iil .lo v-.u m<-ni.. Admiral, on
i.n-t

S....al.ir S,

li.-tiii..i(iy

nwniK.i!. wh»-n y.ii. ]i.eiitinn projerts \mu}z inopcians art?
L'.'t

How

(to

iiiii"iiini'i-

Vi..iral
i„i'.. tl,..

illl" tlicBl'iiok I'"'-!'"'"'-' Tn:N...^ ] l.avr interi-n-t*-.! this

fii.ri.

!mi
1

M,

Il,",.v.

w.iiiM like 1.1 n^k ii.v ih.i.U that i^ ..wmially it.
1

HS to liow 10 slip the mickey mlvi-ri-^ ln-rc t<. roiiimciU. Senator, ll ..- M.rrcptitioii.
.lo.iij:

,

,.1-1

,l,c,,;„i

^t.„,i'..ii..-s

annitioi,

villi.-

yon a.v
]...«

-..n.-tlimc els., ns

,„,ii.rt il.vi.h ..J « itl, the .t.l.ly 'V\"-;TnZ,. m,.I.Mm..ni,..ll..ryitlio''t,ha\nipotl|.i L.rL|,,.-,.u.iiii,iii..i1.-ii.f..ii
'

of

,l>a-.nal,^ aiul

„,„,,1,'

km."

-;l.i„ii.ii

that S.iiw(:i..v.i;.'lhaiik>.iii.Mi.( haini.an.
it.

Tin-

i^

H"

tyi>.-

-if

tliuif.'

^va-

nnoh^.i.

sir.

S-iini.irlN..i

VI-..

S.'iial..rll'i.hll.'-l'>ii;
111.-.- i..-vvh

.

^.ini..i-llri.i.i.^i'.v.Tliaiik\oi;.Mi.( liainiian.

V
i,.,..

II

I

.1

ii

v.iiM

.L.-ki..;:

.li.cov.-i^.l d,«'..nu.nt-

nm
tl.a

i!

;;.",. i.i.ilKi- of Ih;<-1A ..mi.
....t....i..>i.i

.I.a voi. im-l

n.f..nuanon

;.i,,v

.-..iiiiTiiiti

'''-''vv'^'^'r:'v;..:noi of

of i-.\p*'iiiin"mniioii?

I

MORI DocID:

163357

\-

43
A(l(nir;il

TiKVEn. Yes
rJjantHrr
fjjvit*

;

I think tln-iT

is.

I

hnve nof

Mvn
think

in Ihis series
tlie

>

of

ilcHiiiiHriUitiiJij evjilrirrc

nf

*^e^i^' Jo kilK but 1
lui intriiijon hi^n*

project
it

<

fiinK-,1 ii^

fn>j»>

n (h'fon-ivc lo nn

offrnsii'<> oix^

*
r

alon<;.

mu]

(rrtftinly

wa^

went todrvplop drupsthat
as
it

w J'"

r

Srii:iiin' UnuJi.itsTitN".

Tlio
it ?

}M'nji"Ct

cimlinm^il for &oinf time after
ditl

t

"v^^
t

Ii":trrn'cl fji.it.

in fart.

fon*ip» |Htvvei>

not have ^uoh a drup as

" jiji

ni fii>t finri'f], <]i*]trt

\
I
i.

ArfjiiiiiilTi'HNKR. Tlint isniy nnilpi^tandin^, Yefi. sir, Si'jiahM' Tfii^ni.FSTi'X, Ta tht^re nnv imlirntion thai knowlpd^je c^iTi^^d a^ a rrsnlt of tlnso exix^riiiiPiifP has be*'n useful or is beinp ajjplied in nnv wnv tct jiu**t'nT oi>c*rations? Mi\Ilii'»nv, S<>ri.Tf"r. 1 anniot surr if thnrp is any l>0(!y of knowledpr. pn-iit ih'jil of whnt thorp \va>., 1 pailipr, was lU-^lJoved in 197:1. I wo)ili| lik<*lfidi"fi'rtoFrnnklioiP. Dovoiiknntt of any? Ml: )-AiiiiV(=EB, I know of nodnicrs or anytliin;! like that developed wnd'j- (J(is piojzTMti thixt ever rparh»'d I'peraiiniial usp or arr in use

A

lodav.

Senator HiT»nLT:sToN, So appareiitly any information that v^as pathpred wns n]>pnrpntly iis<*Ipss and not worth continuing, not worth fiutlierih'vetopnient on tlip part of the AffpnovMr. L.\i'nT\fiETi. 1 am iMviu^ditfKijlry lira riu£rvnur questions. SpnatoI'III'I>rn,^>To^^ 1 ran hnrdly hparnnsolf. AdnornlTiRNFii. I think the answer to vonr question i« that we have nn pvidencp of proat nsefnhn's- on this, and yet I llunk we should
renipmlK-r

Senator 1 1 TT>nLF<Tov.lVelh is it amirate tosny tljat this experimentation pnwhired few uM^ful rpsiilis or hal litllr application at all to the oiiprnlioniicif till' A;:pucv or anyiwidy oIr' n^ far as \ve know? AdrnrnT Tihnfh, I tliink tluit i^ ha-ir»aHv correct. At the »tame time. T ironld point oni that w** had two riA pri^^onorc in China and one in the Soviet Vnkm at tlii^ tinn-. and we were conrerned as to what kinds of thinp- niipljt 1h» done to them, l>nt I am not sayinp that Sennl«»r Hrimi.KSToN. Havr you dctoiird any sipn thnt anv other nation is eontiimiup or h-.t'^ in ihf pa-f condnrtcd ex|>erinient?i similar to
thisor\vitlMi?^innhtro)>jertivp? Admiral Tibxf-h. 1 am not prepared to answer that one off the top of mvhpad. ht. luii I will ^jet it toyou. IThc uifttpriiil nfernd to follows:]
^

^

>nf<*rmrtrif*n nn the tesliiu: of drupi* io Tpnr>j iip^^ Wc oerfl!':i"nntly fimilrl review ttir^lp^i re?-earf"h fnri'it'i i-^uniri*"" S^nnr on /tiFiiP»iM|ji> uiu\ |jhrifNm*-Pi»tiraW in mimrt-iiiin wltli imiKUc lifulili nrnl i-ivil Oefi'iiM' i^^%<">irbHri(*.. Fcir a ft-ys- years ln-citjiiinc in \i*^*.' «> nitsesstHi forerpj
niaifU.TiTj
)'> flip*
fp'H'jirrli
rtriiL"'
1*11

We

nf iir-fo-dntp

LSI*

tniiirr

mitfliJ

Ih" *'mi»I'»>>fl

rt»Iniivt* ift thi"i

w

r»rk hji*^

ennreni tbai Mich ffaiTi*Jl Acp'^v antl nrher V.R fierwnnH. l»tf*>rcnflti'*n already |<wu i»pnvii!M if> reieTjint CotnmHfeen. In this
l*H'nuTi^ of
;

I'Fnjwt

ARTirilOKK

nn'nsjftMrtUy l.iok<wJ ni forr'isni hmnnh eip^riJiienfflUoji w** i-«r li'ilitiiii:* oh This smi.iwi And no roilertlon miiilrpmenr?^ liihk: ncn Mimiii:UiHT ftrr iit'r ImJirer j*rrvpil. A** 001*11 ij»»'r j»jfer#»»;i jji Ibi'' nreji linx dni|>)w*i1 off and hiijUor i*riiiriiv nrrn*^ need ntrenti'-ii, ap hnif ^irninlly nn |irpi*eiiT eorera^e \vi)h riiP- pns^ii!.!.' esrp|»tion of oji oci-n^ji-piinl M-niiiiiiic nf Uio nternlurr for a M^^ciflr vr"LT:iru Tn tlie J-e^r nf nnr krmwlwlffp nn othpr unit Jo th*' InteUteenre i'ojnnnnih> ip irnckitij: ihis subjoPi now
fur]}
xi<>rk

wp aN"

v

MORI DocID:

163357

44
Srn,ifc»T Ihn>i>LKST*>N. You Hon't know Mljetlicr any of vour a^ntfi Hiivi\|jciv in \\w \\kn\K\ have bent ^^iihiivtc^l to aiiv kind ik mocedurc

I

likcthi>?
Adijuviil
***-p;irrh
ill

'

TntNKR. AVo rrrtainly know of othfT powers tonducling
llicsf
.-ii'^^ns,

vos.

Si-nntoi JlriinhKsTnN. I)o yoi* kno^v liow

Hjovpo about that rescnrrh?

man

pfetly skHchy, the information we have, Sna^or UnHii.Ksn.N-. Do yon krifiw of any other orfzftnization in this ronniiy or »ny institution \\\aX has PondnVted r.\ton<iive research on unwittiii;: individuals «nd through unwitting; instiintion''? Adniinil Trn\rK. AVeJI, I have read fonietldn^ in the newspapers nlninJ ihi-. hut 1 hrne not faniiliari^-ed myself ^lith it in ?pe<'ificfi. Senator Hrni>i.»>ni\. Ii is not a normal mode of operation for huIt is

Adiniral Tt rnfr.

rescMTvh.

i^^

it?

Admiral Tirxkr. Xo. sin
Sennlor Hrinii.»>T<'V. Thank you. Mr, Chairmnn. Si-natnr Jvovn-:. Seuntor Wnllop? SrjinJoF W.u.vr. Mr, rhairmaiL I only have one to follow up on Senator- HuddlesionV qne.Ktiojjs and my ea'rlirr one>. Von are not refill snyiu;:. nn^ von, Aduiiral Tinner, thnt theiv ai-e no mind-nlterinp din;:< oj- l»ehavior nindifiration procednres wliirh have been used by
f'"hi;jn pnwoT'*;?

Admir:»l Tnis'F.Tt. N'o,

sir. 1

am

not,

drew that inference pnrtly in nncwer to my f]uej^tinn that you knew of no (rutlj serum. ^Inyl>p that j- a misnomer, but *;nrt'ly Www nrr Tvlaxmit-^ thiU muke ton^Mn> ]ofl^^^ tlian lliey would
T

Sennfor AVatt/ip.

othorwise

that true? .Xdinir.il TrHN'VJi. Ye^. Si-nator AVxru^r. S<i 1 think it ip fair to &ay. too, that the experienr^e of iiifiny An»erir-nn piisonei-5: of war in (lie Kotvnn conflict wonld indii-ate that there are l)ehavior modifiefltion pnteedure:^ in use by foniini powers of a fnirly advanced de;rree of so]dustieation. Achnirnl Tttinfk. Yes.sir. Si^rjato) \VAi.j,r»r. Affain. T will jnsf po back and say I thiuk this mu-^t hnve l»een pjirl of the motivation. T don't think yon wonld have
Ik-. Tsii't

nnniioiu'd Canlinal Mind-/entv hnd yon (linu^rht hi> liehavior was nonnal «t thf' time or had anyl>ody else. So, I would juM acain N»y T think it is n little bit peft]x^;:oatiinr, I don't think the object of this heiniuq is in nnv way to Iny hlnine on (ho^ pn^^ed or tho?^ desd or oth'Twi-r. )iut T think it i-^ a Httlr hit sraj>riroatitifr to sav thV '* st'j|ip,'d with the dii'ertors of the CIA or the DCT's of the time. AIw> I think it i^; a IWtle hit senpe^ontinp to say they didn't even know it. hnt thnt it was some lower erhelon netinc alone. T think thi< wa* n l>ehnvicir i>nltern that was prevalent in those ypjn-v, and I think the ohieet le--ou is t?ial we linve diseovi^red- we think an'1 we hojK*. thronLdi ycww a^.i^uran'^e't find other arfivities of thi' Conirnss. nieans of nvojilin;: fntnre ineidents of tliat kind. T thank yon^Ntr. riiainnnu.

Senator 7\nrTK. .Senator ThHfee? SemitnrCnAKKr. Koqnrstions, Senator Imh yk. Senator Kennedy.
Question.

1

think yon liave another

MORI DocID: 163357

45
Spn;i''*v

KvNMJo.
r

oh\<{

\\i}U\))iz iil>oiiT

fill"

rn>l
\}\s-

itiul

\\f>i

i*ji-i

ji-

U'jn:: Hk' ^*nii'<'^ furf

Iwii snfr houses on tlio llu' mh wilt in;: lnal?», non\
ii.
I

iiitj-'nUiJin'

of

i)ij» iui'i

lir

i'ijit'i*]'>J*ii'

of

(Jjiiik. is
lln»^<'

of sipuifi-

cjiiriT. lN''jnt>r

wi- lijm-

htm

fi'fuii

wiiir ri'<*)r«U
)tt

iJjsrl

were

usotj

ovrr

II

iH'rinif

uf ^
ru'i'

111'

'J

vi'iijs, ;jni) iJ»t' iniJiiln-r- roiil<( liiivp bf'Pi)

ron-

>itli'P:*l»U\

^

(1(1

nTii*lili' i*t

(U-u-iiu\tii\

Kiisr in

vonr

<iwri

rrspanh.
|f**riu<l

wcrr
of
ll
Tlii'

JTnoUi'il,
\vrMi}<l

JftiE

il

c

oiilil liii\f

In^n ronvivit-raMi- diniji^ th}^
tin-

llMlr,

rriliiinlv aj"j»f:n' lo

in exiniiiniiij: th*' (]rt<'iunrn*i' an<\

ffiiw fl^jH'Ts

uf

ni*ii

,^li|>- iJirii

wi'ii'

r\p'ihlf<l in

!|ifs<' Afi^sis tliaT it
it,

\\:i-'
il

consi^lMjjljIi'. hiEi

ticii

i^

II

jiii[;rnn'mril

in<Uir on

bn( T fJiink
to
is

j- iiji|nni:in* til fiv :in<l

tiji*]

oni

\\jiin ijn- A^'i'Jjry i> atl*'tj»|iTinii

il(Mit;ri'r

fo ilic \Kt\uni\
(In- itiinripjfl
;ni(l

<if il.
ii^'i'ijt

Nu\s,
*]rr*-n^*-[l

tJiai

whs

invo^M-il

a*.

I uiulprstai)']

it

overall a^.'^ni. Mr. iiuitliili. ]i:j* iniLii:iti».| ;i fu/^^^y |j»vjiin>y jtlxiTif iJiis wijolo an-a. Up hii- fi-Trfif'J td'foTi' fill- InTrUi^j.Miv ("iHiirdilU'O. \ot lie wasi n-sponsil.]. fcii lii.^ wiK»U' pii»::Kini. J'jicn, i}ie J*iri(lo»- Juid iiHliralml thr <[e.-rrn'-iifirf "f tin- vatinns maU'riiiU oml uiifaiiiiliai'ity with the
hii^ ii^ri il<-ii'iiMsI for- J \i.'M>.

The

pmii'ii.

Nn«\yoJi
ijiMiiiiitj.n

iTjni" iinlriat*-Ll in

a^^^ni> on \>;\-:v tiif r\\.. inliJii niun\ i\'^K ni" wliit'li \o!i linvt' nnmv<T<'il at tbr boMom of il. -Aitil yoM >;iy. tin- i»:ini*'* i»f (*I.\ offii iiil<. wlio ii)*]frnv('(l or nioiniorec!
tlir viii'iiin- jiMijcir-,
Iprvi

youi'U'i-tiiuoTiy to<h»y that Miere are two U of your irr-liinony. yon inrticate*! theif

\<,u

Mik

jiltout

I

111-

iwu

ad<iitic.niil

agents in your-

in^onv.
xAojiilfrin;: if

\(iw\ 1 uni JM-T lo fniil out r\;irll\
till-

inteju? to inter-view those a^renfs \v|i:n i- U'liii: i^onr. I sniiposi. HrM of alL slkf>ii1dii't

y^m

prujrc-r iiiifiiairrr

knou

\x\uit
tit-i

wiisIm

ifi;»<lorie

f

A'liJiirjil 'l\ y.sY.i:.

Onr
tiihl

prol-Ii^nj, S'?inior. i- tlinl

wr

hiive been

njuiblr u> -A^^i'tuif

an
In

ini1i\iilii;il willi iIiom'
'>»»!

names

at this |K>int,

We

arr

-till [>nrio\viji;:

h

)jo ilii>*- |H*opli' alt*,

We haven't
know
1

idenli-

Hr<l llu-ni :i- havifi;;
lin^x'

U^cn

<'l

A

einj>7*»y*v>. an^l

wo

'livn't

^rhether
it?

wrre

fnl.'ir ninoi'-,

-S'liJiior

IvrNMov. Vou

itn' !ni. kin*:

that d"wii. n=

understand

A'huinil Tih\i:j:,

^"i*>. sir.

Senaror K>:nmi>v. Yon an- tnn-kini' that down, and yon Jiave every intontimi of ijMt^rs i»"\vin^ t)iiw jwoplo lo find on! whatever yon ean nl»ont til"' |iri>irrarti and |»roii"*t t A*tnoT;il ']'i ij\n;. M_\ onl^ hi-^itarion heie is wht^lht-r 1 will do thi^
orlJU'-'uMii-e
Sc'inilor'
1 k»|nirtnn'rii, ll

Iw.wiJiT.

win U-

piirsit>'d,

thon;rh,

1

understand?

Adniiral

'\\ iism:. Vi-^. *jr.
tlir

SpTiaUir ]vi:NNt;nv. Kithvr thron*:li
tiiT l>*'j>HnlJiieTjr
t

Ap-nry or thTon^h the Jns-

Admiral Tiknkk, [Nod- in tln^ nflirinativr.] Senaior Kvvnkhv. K it phnrsihU' that tl^e <liiv'>tor of the projiram would not inidi'rslnnd or kno^^ ah<.nt the detail- of thr proprani? Is il plnn^ihh' that I*i'. fionhi'h wonhl iK»t under^laiid the fnM ranjiP
of aetintiesin those ]>ar1indar safr hounds?

-f .*iii

^T

-

'1

-

MORI DocID: 163357

46
A.I.iiinil

Ti

»M:ii, l>'t

i.ir -i.v

il

is

-ulik.lv. 1

(I....-t

knt.w Mr. G-rtt-

'"kiuit.n- KrvvKi.v. Hii> ..iL>U"ly in tl»
Goltliili<"liini"iiI
i
k^'

Af."!.'

y lulked will. Mr.
-oim- o>il. .-11. «liy nol

iilwiiii llii-r

Ail.i.inil

Tikn™. Not

Mii.i' ilii- ivv.li.iu-.i

l,u_.

I

Srti;.i..rKr.NM:m-. N"t -in. , ihi- iwrl:.! ion Avn.inilTiHNt:ii. lIi'liii-tffKmi nii|>I..y.S.imtor. «l.o Irnvos S.-)mror Kk>nk.i.y. 1 )<«-^ tluil nuun ll.i.t imyl«..ly
fcniiw.iinfii'tl fin tifct
11 ij>
,

M\

f

is.

you

/

with S^n.iK.r KrvNKi.T. \Vi.v v-nl-lt.-l ymi fi.lk y.m Inv.. ,-« inf.Miu.ti,.., nl.n.it ilu^ ,.r.;t"-^'>". It
of cn-i.liTi.M.\d.niti.l

lum
''^

nn.l fin.l o«

t

.

inKTvM

l-.di

!•> <.iir

.-..ni.i.ilt-f ..«"1

Vt","!!""!-!^! I" H"' Intvlli^'emc
I^

T. KVKM.

VVrll.

.ij::.i.i.
i<-..

]

t!.n>k tlM-

iw.r

--ihethcv this

1
*"
^

>iin„l.l Ih.

.1...,,.

l.v il»- .1.1^1

Ih.i,iu1i.,n,l

..lourx-lYs.

All.nin-v Cfiu'Viil
S,-im)...

lii'll 'iiiri iij;n'«--

KrNNM.v
t.. t-n.

[m.tiiinin-l.

On

wl,o

.m^rl.t

In

^"/^
of
tl.es^.

RS to I I'"- ';""^^.;,'^"t...t.-<I An...H.:M.s ... otlKT. «!,o wrr.. m.u itM,.t:ly cmut.A int.^r...„...„ RUn.t tl„. CIA n.nmnj: .mmM.Hln^ .i,l..,:>l,l..

how

7 l>:n-. in

.-mn-Hinn

^^,tl tryn.jr to fiml .11

vi.win^r

...Hi

in..Tr..r"i"L' l-l'l'-.
I

iiiipr.-i..n lluit
S..n....r

«. K.xNvnY.

"'^^ 1 ,"?<"" ""'" ''^ *-"'" .1TV a.»iiiL' rt"n..-ti.- inL-llit"-""';Tlmt t.lkir,;: al«iul on... in th.. '-"^^-^

I--'"-

.

nn>

i.,-.

fin<I

ont

xvli.^iln..- i...v.,n..
I,... M.lk.-.l

«itl>in tl,.

Auw.ry sunr

vo.i I.a\.'

n|.«

,nnt,..inl

to

(int.Ii.-l, .in,.- U'T:.. «.»i if <h.>

had th s nn-«*T .«

\
with

Innral
'

in ^^ ""-I'"" Ti»- ivn-o., h. «:.- not uit..rv..-«^d "v ^f 'l'" *^I-^ iW:. l....n.,- wu^ that h.. I.n.l l.-f. th^ r.-'P

Tvunkk.

r.j

"-"'f «ny try.nj.' to .nfi,.n«^ inv...ti;:Mor- tl,.! lU. CIA «=.< in s..n„. oil,,. l-fnir tin- ..o.nmittc.-. If tlipso ,i, nn.l inflm-.i.... hi- t<-stin...nv '^ ;., oM.v....n. .- -'':' '"•^''vv*-;-;'';.^; mlnr H ..nylliiui: lu-ir in tins n^^^ I. nii.l -.-M if he '•in niic. Gotlli. mfofn,nt.on_

—.«:,- .

..n.....n, ..n

tl...

p:i.l

-f

.h,- A,'..n<-y tl,«.

.t

"ri-ar

ni'
i'
.

w

n."
h.,t

.''.'..!.

1

.i.m-.
il-

think
1.

th.-.v is
I..

,.

h

n.

t

n-

...;«

h.. ...n .ul.l
1

In

n|.l«.Ms]

«ha! "a-

avi.il.l.l..

i

K

s-vK,.v.

W.-

vnn

.-...

A.ln.ir.l

Tnrnrr.

n. 1ft.. vo.. ro.ije In

he

irformfilinn " Nn«-. o f^i

W'v

'lon't
T

nnyihin^- m tl.^ Inve to 1* ron...TW<l nl>oii p.vf ihoM- «s-unnu-Ps to Inn-t k„o«- how yon ra.,
lOT.". 'v.-., t.lk.-.l

Xn
„,;a

to ih. pnnni.al p.-r-on that vn„ wrrr .l..s».oyo| IT. .> of th.. ,..-o^na,n. ...1 Ih- n-onls w i,.- "l an:., no. pioL-n-m. and tl,.- .V'-...T ha;!. t1.al «va- rmnnnt' ihnrw in:.trrial. , , lilkrH lohiii. «in.T tl... .li-vi-lnprni-iit of hi.nvohed. vn: Onr onl .om....-., h.-i-.. i- ih^ i.rn|n^^l.r1 T. \Hn iho Ju-t... Deparfnonl on i..lo thi< «ml wo,k with
l.av...,-t

^in-r

Un.

I

.

.

r\v!ll

!i!L.

NORI DocID: 163357

47
who,
if fitlirr

of ns.

slimiltl pot into disrus*:ion'^

not lo prfjiulk'c any Jppnl rigiils IH-ar ij) nnv way to Iw inii>ror>c»r. Srti.tJoi' Kt:xxj.iiy. ^V^1^, do T un^lorsinnd yon havr not contacted the Tlij^licr jK'pjiitjjK'iif nlmnt iht- pjirlirnljir c!t^e siiico the development of UiP^ i^t'^v nii\lcri;il ahoiu (rottlioh? Aihijii;ji Trifxr.n. No! about GottlJeJv.sperificatly.'We have contacted

wiHi Dr. Gottlieb so as that iurv be involved i^crc, or to tp-

him. Senator Kt:n\fj>v. "Well,

arna^inpto mo, I mean, can you underptiiiid the difli^-nliy tlint any of ii? un^rht have in tcrn»^of roniprehcndin;: th;u wlicn you develop a whole new serie- of mnterinl^ that are on ihv from pn;^r of every new^pai»f r in ihf country and arc on evrrv lelevi-^i<»?j, 1 ii/*Mn. thjH niHni<i s*jniPiJnn;r- I'Uf ii dne^ nnf mean nearJv as
it i^

jnnrli n< tire

iltt<'^':^t

that

we have

in tjie fa^^t alioiit the testing of'

un-

witting .\nicntun=, and every sinph^ <h>cumont that the fitaff reviews Jin> yU\ fJnitliebV nniiic on i1 nnd von enmr np to tell up that wp don*t hjnr to wnny jun mon^ wiJmvr iSje-i' other final facts, and Mr. Gottlieb hn> no! l»ccn tatkiul xo'.

Adirnml Tikxrk,
finiil

fn^'ts.

T

am

Sir. I nm noi sayinpthat the?* are in any way the sayinx: thew' art' ail the fa'^fs we have available/

have no! talked to the person who was in charffp of the prograiiL so w hat kind of value or what kind of weight cnpi wf plve Jl ? Adniinil TrrvFR. We are hapm to talk to him. I think'the iasne here apain i^ one of propriely and how to ffo abonl this. "U'e have not. I l>plic^e. enoiipli new information abonl Gottlieb*? panicipalion here to 5ipnl thai I>is interview would l>e that much more revealinp than wlin! wa- revealf^d in ] flTj. ScnaN^r Kkvnfj.v. The importiinre of if, I think- from our point of view. i=. he wonld know tlie dniir> that were administered, tlie volnine of dni;r-« how it was administcj-ed, and in terms of vour abililv to follow np to protecr thes.- people and their health, to the estenf that It c:in iN'donc. tlnit "pj>oniniil y i:>bcinplost. J want to tni on to ^lome other-, but will vou fh^r- U5 the assurance \h-.v ym wjlj iTiA alu.hl of (;oi!lii I> oi thiW vou will talk to Attorney GeuenH Jirll mi'l tiilk wjlh Gottlieb?

Sonntor Kt^nkdy,

And you

Admiral Tx-b\kr. Yes, sir.
Senator Kfxxkoy, And let us know as to the extent of if. 1 don't ^v how we can fufill onr n'spon^^ibilitv in tins ar^a on the dni^ lest1)1- w]!hoiU our besirin^- frojii Gottlieb as well, but I think it i? imporirnu ih:i! yon <U> so. pjirtir nhu'ly ?-incc all of the nialerial^ haxe
Iweii de-^irfiyt'd.

Thi'M'iirhrrtttOMp-ut- Jul veihevtnlkedio them? Adniinil Tikmi:. IVe don'i kjiow who tliev aiv.

sir.

We

are

tninp

(otriiek ilouti a fid mm- wfirib^-r ilje^- nani"-^ cnn l*e rebvUed toanvliodv, .Siiatiir Kk\>kj.v. That i-> underactive Jnve^iiipjuion bv tinAjrencv* .\dmiral'J"ii:\Ki:, Ye^.sir. Seiinfor Kk.NSKov. And von biivi' the intention of talkinp lo
IM'i^l.le when von bk'it!elhcm.T<thHl ron-ect ^ Ailnnnd TrirxFu, Y^^, ^ir, nndrr the >ame circumstances .Senator KKNVTr-v. .\nd vou hint' people working on it
?

those

a.*

Gottlieb.

Atliiiirul Ti'K.\r-i:.

Ye^,

sir.


MORI DocID:

163357

4S
S*Ti:»tf>t

KiNVKnv. Wirl)

thos'

-!tf*' IiiiU'^i':-. 11-

re;:iinU Ut tlio nftivilir*- fhnt (ook plrirp in 1 iMiilcj-sl:niil fmiii till" irionl-, (wo-wny iiurrors

A'lii>ir:il 'l'ri;\M(,

\v>,

sir.

Wv

Ii;ivi

Ti*tttyi]- fliJit

roii^^^n-NH ioii

was

dour

In put iii(w''*'Av;i\ niintir-,

SriiiH")' Kjnx?:i'Y.

Alul tln'V wvn-

Aiidjirjil TviiSKir. ]
Si»!in(oi
I '

U'lirM^

iImiI

was

in flic (*]nnvli

ivi-onh bnt I

Ki

\Nj:itY.

Ami

nillie^r i-IalioraTi' ilrroiatioiis

w^u^

n<lili<L

H9>

uTiilir^hnnK lit li'ti-t, to tlir <irii- in Sjhi Kiaiiri^i'u. in iIh- In'^liiWinK wliJF'li air Kn'n-h 'an'Ciiii ilan-rir, flora] pirtun-. <lra|K'i >\ iiulinlin^r iu^!alla»iiin of Ij('<1j*h>]|| ]niiioi>. f Inei' frarm-d ToiiIoum' Lauth'i' prjsl' rcil l«"tliirt»]ii riirpp^ with Mark silk TiiaU, nml n luinihi'v of otlur tains ;niil ri'inrilin;:' er[ijipi»n'iii. iU)il tliPti a S4'rirs nf <l'if-iiriii'Ti1'- "liioJi \\-*-if pni\ulfil tn tin- lonntiitlri' wMrli imlicati' .i wjclc prolifi^'ialioTi of iliff'ii^nl ra-li for ?1(H1. ;ritu'iiillv in iIk' ^K^i ranp- over any |irrjn*l of inn* (Hi tlir pail iniljir *"lirt'k-i. ¥,\ni ^h^ iinrnrt nir Mookr*! onl. ns fi> tin- ]K'i-uii wlm i> rpfciviTiir it. i'a';}] for unilt'n-ovi-T n;:pnt-, njiojnt-

I

in;:

r^\pi'ii-o,->.

<!riiik^. oiil^'ilnininrnt wliilr n'lniini-(<»riii;:. ntu\ tlirn

it

is ila-liod

nut.
tin'

and

tln'n tlir orlirv ilfwinin-nU.

tlijil

Ira^t

wjlli

si^rnnnin* of vonr prinrijial

Ht'*'nl

wniild ?nff;:i'Ft- nt oiH ^]n'^^^ thnf

"cijUrd

l<i til''

opprai ion. niiilni^rht. and diroax/^

\V]ia( t:ni vnii (i'!l n* lli:ji ii )ni;r]il >ii;:i:(-l (n you nl"iiit vliat iochiii'iur?! wi'ip iMin:* ii-pcl liv lh»' Al'^'iu'v in ti-i'ni'; of rt'a<'liinjr tlint sort Win;: rvidrntly riitir-od of l>ro:iiM»a-i'd ir^'"i'P ^^ Anifrii Mn- tliai for fr-tin^' in trrni- of fhni:- anil ollii^fs? T>o yon draw any kind of fOTidnFJon aWiiM wliiit rni;:lil l^av.- U-rn jroin;: on mil llirrr in tbosp

wrw

snf** Jioii-o=

?

Admiral Ti
Sp]i[itnr

knki;-

No,

sir.

[d»nc*ral l:in;rhti-r.]
nlsn nn cnorrnoncl^ ^rriiin-i >iili'. And Uiai i-iliai at Va^t flu'trc']iin*inr^ whicli nrr u-^i-l i/r wi-ii' nsi-d in trrni- of Ii'-IJti;:. nnd tryin;: ii* hiul ont oxa^tlv Tin* ian;:i" of drii;:'- n^^i'il aiul Hn- iiiiinU'ro of pi'oplr invohrd nnd r\a*'lly whai thai npi^vatuMi \\:i- al->nt. as wrll a- llu^ ron-tnnt i-oitoratioTi of till' n>'i' i»f *an:dl -inn- r>f <a-h ai iiri'Cnilat- inlrr^aN. A variety oi <|itr*'irnt fnliniiTiir^ wt-u- I'niplovi'il Iml (hrn* i^ nn awfnl lot of d<H-nnn*nrai ion put 1 in;: l]h*sr mail it* 1f>;^"11n'r. Wii.'if \oTi look at tIm' far-1 tlia' il i> a hi^Knl rnnpr pojuilation tlmt

Ki nnkhy.

Tfirn-

i-

» li;:Jif sidr

to

it,

tint

thrrr

is

tr-^'d in tln^M- twr* uri^a^. with tin- kind of c^?h sU|ithtit iM'r*' ii-rd in ihi*. paynn'Tii ni**i'Tiani*nj'- and d*'r*>ralioTis nnil nil nf ihr n-t, wi' nw not ahk* fo pni a i^ottoin lin»' oti it but onr thinp i^ for snrr, and Hint i*-. Gottlich know*. That i*= onr tiling for ^iirc, ly^ciwi^f hi^ nanir iipfn-ni- on jn-^t rd*oiit cvny onr of tln-r doriniont-. And it \-. I think, wvy iinporJaiit (o find '>ii1 ^hal lii* nndrr-taiidin;:
lia^ lHTii'l(-.n-d,
if=

of

ill*'

natnii' of ihnt. P'»,
1

Admiral TniMi;.
Pi^ni'vi". Si'nahir
\t
i->

hrar nn>t'<' nl>ont that. Wlirvi- Hotilirh ha> lK»t'n irtpniowod hy
\\ill

W'

th(>

KixxvnT. Tlin(%
>ali-fai'ioj\.

riirht. In* ha-,
il

and

lull \<-i\

and

jn-f H-cni*-

rrviowinprthc rfrord, with the now infom^Btiopi
in

i

MORI DocID: 163357

49
ftiul llii"

now

dih-innrnnuirin
fll

\m\v thf
tltat,

<-)u'fks

tlijjf

rifiH

n^^<\ tin- n*'\y

momrtrandn

— and he

diil

not

htuT iviUi (he witlr vnririv of diffcrx'nt
ii, lii^

i\ic\i\rtr-i\ii\;i

\\ \\\v

\n^ iuHiii

tm

nipniorv cfHiWl bo stimulated on

ThfDik vfliL Soimiur ix^in
pnni<'ipntiiiff
lif'niiJi':
ill

K. I

woul*] Hkp

;i»i- iK-juinfr, ]

mlntiin] aivl liU ?1aff for IxOii vf Oh^ tvrorA s)ln^M s]ioiv thni this
*'»

fliarik tl.o

iiu»

^»nf lu'lrl »r Htc Ttvjiic-t nf i1k» Apnurv fihj) flir sdniirnl. liflil iN-rnn?^ vri- Mi^ish'cl i»}>on if. It wns n voliinii-rr offorl

It

wns

on the

uf thr Air*'iirv. I tinnk lln' re<'otxl slimilii ftltn indiralp thiit Adiiiii'iU Tunifi' Ijh- f«ir\v!iiilinl lo U'\> r-onuninf^ a rlfls->ifio<l file including ftU of ili<' njitrn- of tlif iiJsrjiiit;on> and Mic [wrsons invohed a^ the
l>nrt

*honltl al-o indirijii' tJint iln^ lieannp is jn^l onp stej\ involved in thr rommincfV invi-**! j;r!irion of dni;: ahnsi'. Jiisf as yi'i^ have haH irnifli
1

\vi>rk in jr-iir*^
i((ijiil

ovrr

ilti1

hjnta

pufT,...
like-

jMcihlciii". htit

uoidd

ihi^ roniniiti','c ha^^ hnH the n»'*ord to show that yon have
fi,(.

MafTof

mti<ir rlic^r p!*in"js nii<] ihirni\n-iit> von for ihni,

^tvtiWMr to the rommiriee. 1 thank

ihc on;:nin;_' inv*»M iiTiii ion, wr Imd intended to call upon niunx dn/rn- of oiliij>. o\|H>rimentni>, or thoH^ officials in charpe, and onr- of rhfi-c Will ln' 1*1. <ioltTh'l'. In Hirinkiiif: yon, 1 woM)i\ like to say tJiis in t]ip Amerir^n people. tli;it wlijTi iu- lnn<' rxp^rK'nrTcJ thi^^ n^orninfr in thi.« rommit(t*e room i- noT lirir^L' dMpIir;Ui-d in any otfn-rronjniilter room in any other pail of ifu- worhL 1 d*'nl»t likjii \vi\ nniilk (inr A;;<'nrv and onr inteliipenee (Mrinniifiiry |jii< Nvn nndiT hiu''h cnlii-ipni ami iia- lieen subjerted to nni -li \\]fu-i-. u\ iur.uy («-'> jn.'itiiio^l. hut rlii^ i^ tJje mOft open society dun 1 ^:^u I In irk nf. Vfty f\:\ui\')t\ in iht'iti Jlrifjnn tlien- niT al>ouI -^ix piojdi' mIio n?!' ii":irr itf tlii idrnnty of iho ni:in in rlinri."' of inteili;r<n'*'- In oiliri lOLMuvJi-. ^iiuilur ii-nilinon-- rxi-t. Heif in the I'nited
jiart (if
Sinti--. wi' \\u\ iiu\\-

A-

know
i)ii-.

wj(}i hiiii,

<nih

:t-

Adrniiitl Tnnu't'. we Inive liad ojvn hearinps TJrf .'onfimaMon Jif'srinp^ wrro all open.
flir

Vnitetl States wil) debate a resohitwn* f '» .h'-'idr njKkTi wiirilirr wr slionhl rli^^hi'^e the amonnts and ftind* i"';n;: n^-d for 'nunw-nnivTli;;.!!!-." ;ind niiTionnl inn^Hici^mi'. I would lioj^c thiif in jne-i^ntiniTtliivis-uetothr pnblic, the media irilj take note th:M th-' Aff^p^v ^'"* f-oo|M'iiitcd and will continue to. Tlie abn=r ihni wr hinr hMMJid »f"nn tin-, nionnn^: is one T hope will nevor Itajipen i\'j:\m. bnl winhnit *'ciii.t:nJT ovor>ifflit on thr part rf the E:K<vntiv? Ofll.'r, on tlir piiii i^f thr Conprev^, it eonld hnppen a;?nin. It is importanf thcri'fnrr t)t;if wi- continnf in (hi- ovor-;itrhl :ietirity. ^n.^ury n^MJn, Adiiiir-iil. I tlnnik yon vety mnrli forjielpinff ns. T\> will i-onlinne lo viA) ti]ttiu yon for yoni- nsij^rnnrr. iionld like to sdhnjil to yf>n .-^'Vi-ral i^ni'-lion- thai iJjr inrnd.^T^ and staff have pir]v.m-'\. \Vo ho]M- yo»i will limk tfu'ni over rarefiillv and prepare responM-i foj' fill* rerord. ^^ir.

In » frw

w«*»'kv.

Uh' Smsito of

We

S^-nrtforKrwn^v. Mi\ rimirrunn ? S^iomtor IvoriK. V.V-, sir? Senntor KKv\-rp>v. I. loo. wnnt to thntd; AdnnrnI Tnrner for his i-p^pnTisivrtiO". T l^av.' hrnT niri'dnir- with him in tho rommifteps and nlMi i-oiiversn(ions. tele]>lioni- fOnvei-Rnf inns, and private meefinps, and

MORI DocID: 163357

5()
fc t^i Ik* cxlmiifly ros|>oT.sivc*. end it is I Iinv.- fnun-l Inni i-Tsoiinllv !ii-:Hlmp ihi- AKency viTv .U\h' uh ,-hiUi^U'ji- « liirli lir Ti:i- .i..q,hi] in

AM' i>Min-^-1 In. 1 Ihnik 11m- Ii.lc-ni-.-TKT < hMnip, -o w*- look forward ci»'.i:il n-n..nHl>il!Mr^ ill tln-> inrji of lluyM^ i1 MnviO. to.Nu»kiM;,^M(l. vo.iUM'xi"-iifiri-Hi.ll.,Tfli;i1 ^u- r-.^u
HiiH
v^.'
|.,ii
It
1

onimittf'e

has

.lo4-

H-rm'to
lc>
t

mr
ynn

tl.ut

w.- hiiw'

t<»

ill-

m

niiH

hm^h

tJio

rliaptrr

<r.

«nj>t
Jiud

|>.'r-onnllv
fi^r

ox|m-s
vour

n.y Hi^pn-nnlion to von,

Tin

lirr.

liiMik

I'fM^iM-i'alioi]

nnd vonr

hv]]).

AdmirnI and 1 Joob
.

foJ\^iml lu\\orkiu;: villi
Afliniinl

y^k

IK 1 nn. not suit yon omphnsiipd ^. II ,iMi Ih i^i>i lr> ^l.ow tliiit A*lmirol Tnnier iln. tikimH., Lmi 1 lliihk fir rnniO on-lii wlien th<- n^w ii.f-.itiii.rnn Srl<'.J CoTiinjittf.' OM hi^ own inirinliw
I

Ti

i!Xi:i:,

Tl»:uik voil v-T.^N. Mr, CWyiv

*l,H-niiM ntiiliou «!is
I ifiij.k flii- sIm^^v-1

fn
!i

\.

Tlir ,W,unoii1nnoj» l»n^

In^f-n

inadp

ftvail-

i]).l.-TtYii^\f.liiut:n'Tlv.iT»nRi>iriTof i-oo|M'r:in<i».

r\i-ir.[ inioi

lii

!}.i-

opi^rntjonthrtt vn^t rht1Vivi»<-.' fronithp iiioclf'of Ch^ivc]l M>mmit1ee, and formation fit li-aM of

.v

.

tW
,

n .litlVivti-i'lljul is\Trv)n-l|»fiil.

Siniifoi
"

In-iyi:.

Thank yon very
rjill iii»on

innrli.

Tlmnk you vprv murh,
,t^,
,

v.

\vr^'!!<nil<l iio«
'

like In
:Ln.l

Mr.

IMiilip

GoUlinnn and Mr,
plrn^^^ ri-r

-Tolin

Mr'T;!.Mii,:»u

Mr. <SiniTi-ri,

^vi^

von

and

tnU

the

'"'^iM voii ^nl.r.ilv swi-nr llint Hit' tr^tiinony
llir initli.Tl,-

von HFf aUnt to e]y^j^
vo.K (-od
^

^xl.olrlnMluniilnoMnM^lMil
^'^^ 1 »l'i.

thi' lrutli.5^>ht-lj>

Mr. <;i»M»M
^Ir.
(

iiri IN*;>I:. 1 iln.

Ivoi VK, Tl^iiik yon.^ir. Ml. Ccil.bi.iiTi. \^\U yon i.lrnhfy
S'ii;it'.i

yonr^U.

aivl

thnt, Mr. Rfirr *, . if

Ki svKi.v Itcfoiv we -laH in. wo ImH a (hiH wilno^^. Mr. tc^Mify. trnvelrd (o \\ n^h. ('fi;iirni;jti. M»^ Pit^tininr. wlh> |.bniu'd to nv* lUly^with in.'tm^-lir liM- ill IVn^l.ioLli'M, :in.l ^v:^^ ronti^-'li-^l soMiHi.in--ho .-nUt'd ^hl intrnnof, of i.-iifvin- ll.i^ hic^nunL'. And nnd indi.iih^d !»iiH lio wnnt.-d to prt a ronnwl

''Sm!i

n-^

l.iU

tlii^

DinniioL'

U'ffnr
^rl^

wi-li to fi-lify. Si'nuTor Ivitrvr.. Mi- Ool.lniiin.
In

wonld

(Mildnunu^ill >miiilcnlify yonr^olf,

pir.

CENTRAL TESTIMONY OF PHILIP GOLDMAN. FORMEU EMPLOYEE. INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
liiHJ^M ^N.1 nni Pltili|.rioldni:in. lur n forinrr eniployoo of tlio (antral Si^.ciii.r IvMivr. An.l

Mr.

ym

,,--*>
time
wlioo
at the
*

Mr. rton-iMN.Ov.^r 1"» vi-nT-^ ii;:o. K-iMVK. And yon yvvrr nnjdoyod S.-hiitro-

nt
^

the

MKri;n;\ wM^moj^mtion? ,-^„.. Tliru wnv so)n. MKl LTRA > Mr. <^n.i.M>v.
I

in

oprrnhon

*

*v.

iliii' 1

w:|-H

thiTC.

!

MORI DocID: 163357

51

you a former emInoi ii, Anrt Mr. John Gittinger, are Scnnlor
Inttlligonce ployc-e of tlic C«>tral

Agency*

TESTIMONY or

WHH

OITTIMGER, POKMEK EMPLOYEE, CENTRAL

ISTELUGEHCZ AOEBCY
.,,

Mr. GiTHNGEK. I &niSenator iNOCiX. A« you

still

an employw*

,

.

Sena?ori;;orTE''were you

a

member of

the

Agency

at

the time

MKIILTRA was in operation? ,Mr GiTTiNOER. Yes. j vou. Senator Kennedy.
cu-nBior 1nov\-X.

committee. to welcome both of you to the S^na or you the project engineer ^; coSld surt with Mr. Gold.nan. AVen.

Thank Kenn?^v. ] wai.t

n

but

anvthinj: of Penltor Kr^si^'^-. "Wei^
1

didn't

know

its

operation.

ym

a

, j «, monitor on any testinp of drugs on

_

unwittiiit:

persons in San Francisco*

proSd
pra.r>

clarified document hei^ that was ^'enB^or n'rv^Nrnv: Well, we have a monitor of the pr^ bv the Apcncy that lists your name ...

and

I

would n^eciate
I

Mr. GnuiMAN.

>o" '""''*'«'''— T. because r misunderstandinR arises v^^„_ J was tliink the
it

if

_„

take a took at that ^'s'Tnltor KFNXi-.nY. -Well, would you r?Hr.Go)diiiniiin>i*rtedthedorunient.j states is correct. Mr. G01J.MAN. This document as it

tj„.„„ However,

""WnntnrKrN-NFnv.That document

is

correct?
first

Mr

Go,j>MAX. As far as

I see

on the

pape. the project. But

""'s^tor KEVNrnY. Well, could I pet it back, pleaw. ThM would indicate that >'"" '^*'"' " ?'«"'.'"^^J ^'''" P'^*^"iV„^„ the moneys to Morgan Mr. GouiMAN. I was in charpe of disbursinp
Hall-

^ &rS.15::x:^^^HnSl^Swl.o.
, ,

,

name was

listed at the

top

"'SnltorKrvNK.v. And you knew
'%'}rnornM.r>"\ knew he was
there.

that he

was runninp the project

.he person

who was

in charpe out

^^"";;;';J!L\TSitL7noknowledpenordidTseekknowl^^^^^^^
actually

would be other thinps whnt he was doinp. because there

Penntfir Kf.nskpv, AMiat were yon doinpT

-

MORI DocID;

163357

52
wilh tin- niomys a ceipt- tl.nt c^i. wi-rt' liinif.l in balaivcd no illepal nii. all rjpl|l. 1 \n-iy wa^ pai.l ont 1f> He tl.iil everylhinp wn-^ delernLii.e i.y tlie reeeipis an.! eash. Sse of fiiiKls as far as vfr culd A;.'encv d..cuin<-nl indif^tes S.>t3t'>r Kf:sM:i»v. So even lh..upti llie
ti.
I

Mr

Gdidmvn.

1

was collpctin;;— 1

hail tn

Ik-

sure tlmt

all tlie re-

were

th:il \v».
lli;.l

*fi<. Q nifiiiilor foi tl,e i>ruj.nain.

i,oilienb.i-

Mill Vail. y. <-alif..

few monitors of for San Franei>ro and i.r..-i-:i.ii «l.irl. yon mentione.l you .les. ribe.i yonr rrsiKinsil.ility only as a earner
one of
tlie

of

seoinp mil— ^ „;„„ (i.iM.MvN. I «tnilil >av us ii disl.m>er or earryinir Ml TI.eiv wa- wiihin ti.at--l lliMi il.e n,..i,..v. «e... li..M.li.,l pn-iKTly. eoujnnction will, nil.er d.nri kii.nv wii:it-- di>ne or wjial he di.l .to in
.

iii.in.'V.i-llinl

wreel?

^Senai.ii Kknnkmv.
'

Were yon

respfmsil-le for the di^hursemenl of

Mr nnLLMAN.
us in

fiiriiislied

responnhle f<.r tiirninc over the eherk to hini. propnin. itvflf Si, Mot- Kkx\vi>v. And wlml did y.»ii kn.-^v of the wa> ,"''" \U. (;..ii.M.^N. The oiiK tliiiij: 1 knew of the i>ioj:nu.. didn I intriins ofroreii.ls and that son of thinp. 1
I wfls

dnlL'"<'t'-<'n''eiinnvM'If inthat.

wrote, and III let you exiiriiine rather sul^tanlive reMew ifs ;. eh.-Mli.d d<^iin.i.i.1— hill von wrote a ahoiit the exiMiunem^. the of 111.' in..L-ii.n, in >hiv of 1%;1. lalkintr roveit and renli-tie fiel.l trial?, fa- tiuil .hiiii th.il hml ("-n rolh-eied. talked nl^.it the fHe<alwnt iIk' nierSMiv of tho-e pailieidai-nnd vanmis delivery tive»e== of 111.' various prtiprnms. the effieieney of

Senator Kknnw-v. Y-.u

still

H-

pv-iei..-

Tli:it dot-ii'i

Mr

<;..i.j.i..\\.

Well,

i-endthi-1 would

woiihl refiv-h my nii'iiiory. if i eon Id »af -titiunly apee will, whiitever is ^I'l there, if it
if \..n
1

-ound 1o

nie like fionieoiic

who

i-

onl>-—

You've iim trvim- l-.c:ither what yonr roh- wn-. n1-iut— yon knew nl.ont a in.li.nln.l fii-i r.f nil lii:it voii didn'i know now we tind out that you're the enener for inf.- l,on=.- ill N.'« Y-.rl; ^'" l-"inn.-iseo. \\ e find out now Ih.' iv-..inv,-- a- "ell i.nd ih-' «(.""' '" were di..r. Yini're li'-lifyin;:thiil yon only \niil-s->ua-:ii tint ihi jii-t one do-'unn-nl. and th.re are ninny th.' ef.uii-r and (iv w.' have with yonr name oih.r- lh;i( talk ;il«iiii ili.' sni.stiinee of that proKTaiii role yon were on il and 1 am jusl Iryin;: to find out exa.'tly what
S.n;i'inrKT vm:my.
;

Ci

am Th.' nnlv thin^i I ean tell yon ahont thi- and I w lo was drawiuc eonu.lel.lv on niv memory i- that this individual and eei^o.-l r.l then, ''("-k »<> in rliarL-e out itieir' e.,i.di..-led th-H- thini.'s Ain know- wa- that le the \..,n<v. 1 didn't iiarli.ipale in anv of them. that wei-e dmie an.l lold of the fiirni-lii-d nil' will, n'.rii.l- f',r thing''

Mr'ni.mMiN.

work

ihal ih- V h;id d-'ii.-, i.'n-.-r KiNM'.v Well,
r..,i

.

Mr.

MMAV. Y<-.

il

t.lls

reeeiptf. lliat .lo.nmrnt eover- more llian what— they liad eondii. le.l work out

of

"fSenaior Kvnnv.i.v. Ti de-eri!^-. do,-Mr. li'MTiM vN. '-.X iiiiniheiof •oven"
.drn:.!..,-

it

not

'

K.'ad the parapmpli
,

2.

.,.

i

Ki

V vT„v.

W,dl. von
<inlt.'

.-an'l n-a,l it.

it

s a rla--ifi.;d

. , doenmenl.

ai,d

1

,l"n^ kn.,«

why.

frankly, hut

il

relate, to th- suh-tanee

I

MORI DocID: 163357

53

mPinomnHnmf on is^ sipnod to the of tho-p iin-fTniiis an-l voui nnni'' inv.ml.vint' to n^viov fm ,is now *l.nl is in -c il. I ».>. nnl inlP.v-ir.l if «. woi-o Irft Mitlithc rl,..m„Hit.lmt I tliink it w„ul.lW imfoilnni.l*courier of re-.o„r,-es jv jni * «« a opinio,, tli.it nil v..n won- ^f- a tlmt talk- HboiiUh- snb^tnnce j!,ouM.T-t wirh yonr i.;.nie on il. sifn.r.1. ,c inim-sl.-.] ni is ll,e snl.stnnrf. of tl.e rr<..'ran, An<l wliat wi^-ro of .e tiiBt uerr ),rov.<le^ bv n.o.'rani. Wc- hav the n-oont do^nl„,nt^
t-

Al'.^t..v. «lii.l,

do

iTidi.-a,.-

tliHt

v....

wp;t

nt

Inifl

inhco.
''

wl.etl.tr anii 111. iii?t tryinp to find out

mvolvpd in tJHyou re willinR lo

M"'?S,n\lAv'l
Mr.

cverytl.inp that nni prrfoctlv «illinfr to tell v.mi
Bill

I

can ri'iiicml'or. Senator KiiNNEnv.

yon ran

(;c.ij>M\N. 1 rnii'i tilings, I reallv can't.

rcninnl-'r nnytliin?. reiucmlier llie siibsl.miivc parts of thcsr
t

Senntnr Kenvfov. Of Ik. yon l.civc any pwnler familii.rify

the proprnm

tJint

i wnc takmc plaro. wUli wi.at was hapi>ening

.

in

New Vork ?
Si.;it.»i

Mr. Goi.oMAN, Ko, na
Kv.NNV.i'Y. Anil

yon hnve the same fnnetion with repards
,
.

to

New York? Mr GoLPMAN-. The same

fnnetion with repard to ^ew Senaior Kt.nnv-i>y. Did you ever po to San Kroneispn?
,

,

.

»-

••-

1

i ork.

spent in charpe! Senator KiNNrin. Dirt yo" mwt witli the , Ml. GOLTMAS. Yes. . ,ii.;„e ,. , , Kf.nxflv. Antl why did yon meet with h.m? Senator receipt, and '»""P^ ''V»' ""^ Mr. GoLPMAN. To di^e,... <om<- of the «ere nnieed tn.e ext*nditnre? and to find mit tlici-e t<, liinl oiil if thes.ripht for the work that was being if everylliiTlp wii. poinp nlonp all

heinp

SPTntnrKrvvFi'Y. What work was l>einp flonel ihmps and vrh«tever wa. Ml "'.MM X. No. the .^,.".ls nf the.to hi.t he did «port to do,,', know «ho he reported
d.m.-.
I

""seS KFNNKnv.
•^

Yni. travel out there to find on, work i. being the'>^^\'Y ZZ^. done, and wliat does he tell you, that thnfs 1-einp

"Klnl^lle told

poinp

n.e that the work that they be very alonp. propn-s^inp .atisfartorily. but to

"-/oinp wfrank with

'"si^or K^xNEov. Mr G01J.MAV. To

yon what the ^ork whs? yon. Senator I """<>' "". iH- verv frnnh w„h th.>se '^^A^j^ m^i ilicr the things that hap,-ned ha.-k in <> «» 10 >«'«'> for over J,">from the eomp.m— from the Apeney ""J I was jnst alKnit the time when 'J Pven farther hiirfc- Ihnn that, and thai But he didn't
tell

V"

''SSrli;^;^^*;.^?^;:;;^bnt if ^l^GoSrv.-I don-t reeollect
it.

.ries of .100 checks. ,0

yon have

it

there, then

'sniator KFv\-F.nT. Did yon Mr. Goi,i>MAX. Yes.

know Dr.

Gottlieb'

!

MORI DocID:

163357

M
Senator Kennetv.

How

Mr. CioiJ>MAN\

He

did you know Dr. Gottliebl had been head of the division when I was

re-

Scnaior KrANEnv. Did you talk to him about these programs? Did voii haw nin tiling: to do with liiio duri^;: this pcriotl of time! Ml. (ioLriMAV. 1 didn't liavi- aiiytliiii^' to do wjMi him until I would
&tv|>rciliMM\ in the sixHi's.

Senator Kcnnedv. And can you tell hirn thrn? Mr. G<nj>MAN. Jn=^t whnf vnu see there on the papers. Senator Kennedy. Well, that is the request for the money and he approves it. Mr. G*>iJ>MAN, That is the request for money and he approves it, and 1 am quite sure thnt I probablv disciiwed with him whethrr the work was EOing nlonp all ripht. whether his reports were beinp turned were pojng in. niid wheihor liv was snlif^fie<l with the way things and did he hnve any complaints about the way other people were rcniipstinp him, hut f did not enpipe myself in anything he was doinp. Senator Kennju^v. IVelU did you get the impression that Gottlieb knew whnt was goinp on Mr, Goi.nMAN.I didn't ask. Senntor Kevnkpv. ]*nt you told him that your impression that what wn>j:oini:onevm lliouph'vou didn't know what was goinp on, was goin^' on w(^ll,l iTiiess? fLrtUirhier.l Mr. (iiU.i»MA\. 3 told Gottlieb what you saw tn there w-Rt thnt the thinps appeared lo be poinp along all right. I was repeating and parrolin;: hsuk tlie word*^ ihnt were ffiven to nie whilt- I wbs there. Senator Kennedy. What was the money being spent for, do you
to

us what you had

do with

j

i

know?
Mr. Goldman. No: I
ean't reeall that, sir.

Senator Kennedy. Would you remember if we told you it was red curtains and can-can pictures Mr Goldman. No. sir. Senator Kennett, Flora! pictures and the rest> Mr. Gou-MAN. No, pir. Senator KENNX^Y. Recorders. Mr. GoLPMAV. No, sir. Senator KENVEnT. Eecorders and two-way mirrors, Mr. Goldman, Wait, hold on. You're slipping a word in there now. Senator Kennfdy. But you would have authorized those fund?, would vou not. since you were the Mr. GoijiMAN. Did vou say two-way mirrors t Senator Kennfj>t. Yes. Mr. Goi,DMAN. 1\^ere? Senator Kknxki>y. Tn the safe houses. Mr, GoiJ>MAN.Wlierel Senator Ke\nfj>v. San Francisco, Mr Oo!,nMAK. No. Senafnr KENXEnr. How about New York! Mr Goi.nMAN, Yes. Senator KrvNEnv. You remember now that you approved etpenditures for

New York?

MORI DocID;

163357

55

Mr. GoiJiMAN. Yes. „*„i What werpthow>pxpeiidituresfor? Senator Kknnei.v. over for the use Mr. (i..u.>iAN. Tliat «a. n tnn.sfcr of monev of Narx^tics. It was for an apartment in Xew York by the Bureau

m

"'Sc'niuir

going Kennb>t. Do you have any knowledge of what was
sir,

"^tr'&nrNoonlinp

oM.r than

I

know

that

.t

had been

-d

a.

'^"^.^^.^^^-^J;* individtmls who thej were Uuroau of Nftrrotkv to pushing dope, but sellim.re^lcd in with rep«rd 1o puf-hinp dope— not tiling. ini! narcotics and that son of many responsibilities and SoniLior Kjvnei'v. Well. I am sure you had does indicale that you were project ilV a lonp time iip'.. but the Ap.'n.y

von to tlK- inforn.Mion that I have been pi

make mwtmp^ with

monitor for thai particular proj-rani.

you went out toreSciialor KKN-\F.t>Y. Your own testimony indicates to find out whether thev were being vi;«- the exprn.llluro. of fnnd^ vou came back and talked to the project director,
about Golliirb. to pive "him a propn-ss re(>ort ' there.
.

«i-Hv used

tliat

Mr

what was going on out

complete blank

a. ^:^.SrS^s^^^^ tHinpsthe project and "^"^-4 That where what was
trtie.

in

terms of

itserf.

s

"

nor did did not po out there to rt-view the projects review what I fad ob^rved come hack ana talk .ith Mr.Go.ttiehand I thev~tha IS. Other P"/*\?' '^Apeney term-- of onv projects that in 1 simply reported back those thinf^ n i"ht have in operation there. earned > were told to me bv the individual out there who-and I in front «-h"i have l.ackVnd thev ^re -contained in the report that you

vTtSinM'v.'l

rhen,

piventome. of vou, won! forword.iust asit was
Senator Kf.nvcot. The

report that and PrO)•^'^And IJ^on thml' propram^"^"'"'"r^i^^S^T Yr.n' t thfnk live report on the particular pro]ect-th.s is * nnvone who wasn't familiar with the .PT^J^ll'^'V^on the substance of it withont kno*""? at^nn-could write a report remember and recollect. it.\ow, that's mine. Maybe you can't

„,w.n

Et

down in there i,«, /^i"?; t^l-jj ''"Mr''G'^;:;;7AV. no: everything 1 put was any « a< told while 1 was out (here.and if tberv •"5l"»P 'V^^"^"" reallj can tell you 1 ]U,M don t remember that. 1 lion involved in there I
time-a lot of time his '^"^{the time-that was some year. apo. At the ""^^ rec^'f ' paVii since then and I have made quite sut^ that if 1 J* have some P;P^'7"l>r» at all. I would do it. If vou recall that is so, 1 can do that, but I can t tify whether yes. this is so or

"f,"lVS

"

Sir Kexn«>v. You
here. T would

just certified

the principal. There are othei^

up

likf*

to potoDrGittinpfr.
s«*rv^

_

^.

,

Senator Kennedy- Hoit lonp did yon

with the

A^ncyf

MORI DocID: 163357

66
Mr. GiTTJViiTin. Twnilv-sa v(^:»rs. Spnafor Kk\nfj*\- Exf'w>^ ii»p? Mr. Gm^JNiJKK. Twj^niy-si:^ _v*'ars. Sorirtlor Kr.NMiuv. Tw(*iity-six ycar^.
Au'}
tlia(

at ^imu- p^iiit yoii

movrt] info

iW

oi>onjlifwn) sup|>orf 5idc,

H

coiTPCt ? Mr. (TiTDXfiFn. Yes.
S<'iiiitr»r

Kf.nsf.hv.

And

diiJ

you know
inforiii

Siiliiey

Gottlieb?

k

Mr.
{•cX>

(iI7Tik*;f,r.

Yo-^fin

*

Si^nnlor Kkn'nui^y,

And

did he

you

iiboul tliv rorarrli proj-

iinohin;: LSI>? Mr-(irrn\<ini:. Yps. sir, Sfjial<ir KK\Nri>Y, It i? my undei-shutdliif; thnt nprf ftl-oAwnro ni S4>]iH- of llie drup tcstin;; pi-ojci^'is ooudiU'H-d on unwiniuf: suijoots <^u thi' wr^t roy>'l jj-'in^ \)n' lijin-aii of XHn-ot »<> [ioupl<' jn tljeoiHTBtjoii.

yn

I"' llint

triu'^

(irmsfiKR, 1 was Stnuhir Inulyk, Kxcu^v me.
Jlr.
1 (-fliuiot

Would you ^jwak

inio the niicroplionc?

lienr yoii.

Mr,
^ep^^?

(iiiTiXiiKii.

Sorry.
tliose

Senntor KKN\w>r, I>o von know whirli drujrs wei-e involved in

I can't rpntf*ndier for siire nmoli of the ot}ji'»>^. AVhiU isihi'-ul'Staiireof iij,nrihui>nn.cannnhi>. i^tJi:ii npht.fhal rail \tc drlivod'd l>y otlu-rtlinu ^ninkini;?

Mr,

<iiiTiviii;u. I,SI>.

And

di^rn«ion of fliat ; ye*^. S<'uari>r Kkwkfo. And wa-^ lieroin alM>uspd ? Mr. GiTTiNCF.u. Ilei-iiin \i^i\ U\ Cl\ ? /^m.nfor Kknnki*y. No. Jji the wfst coast operation. Mr. (iiTTiN^iKH, Ai^M)ln(ply not, Senntnr Kknxkim. No«-. to your kuowledpp. how ivrre tJ»e drr^^rs ndnuui'^lfTed totii*'innvitlin;:«nh;ieets? Mr. (iittj\*;kk, 1 h:<vrnTidinM-f knowledge.

Spuntor Kknnhjiv. (^nniuhi.-.^ Mr. ( irm-vcKK. Theiv had l>ern

^me

Senator KvNNKi^T.Wliy did yoii cotothrsafehouiac?? Mr. GiTTixcKif. liVn verv ronjpheated Mory. Juvf in jn*:tifirafion of
raino up just ijuy In^fore yesterdjiy. 1 hnw not rrjilly enou;:li tiiite to ;rpt it all Mrnichtem>d in luy minrh -n I raniMe'

myself.

tiii>

had

Senator Kk.nnkuv. Well, yon tnke your

tiine

and

lell \\< in

your own

wonN. We've
Mr.
jM-rjiiil
(

^it sonu-liine

liere,

iiTTiMiKii.

M\

n-'-pou'^ilhililies

of

liiiki'

tlial

y<nr

weiv

iuv*ilvo anv of the t^dkfn^ al«»u( n-nllv v.t^ nni diivrlly

which woulii

relnlod to drn^rs at nil, | was a ]»5Jyi'lioh»jrisi cluir^'d wiiii thr rejipon^ihihty of try in;: to devi"lo(> «* luuih lufiinuiilion a'> I could on vfirioii?i rulturi's, oviTsi^a> tullutv^. anthro]>o^>^ii'id ly]»e djiia. if you follow wjjnt I mean. 1 wa- :iKi>rnffa;,^'il in tryiit^ to uorkout ways and nicnn? of !i.-<r-^)n<ri>eofilrnni| tnidcr^landini: |n*oph', 1 ori^rinaUy liennne involved in thi^ lhn>u::h working on Chine^i* fiillni'i'. and over a s-'ries of tiim- 1 wjk inh-oilu^-ed Jo the prohlcu) of hrninwn-Iiinjr. wlnih is lln' thin;: (hut realh wn^ the nio-t cou4]n-llin'i thin-r in rehiiion^liip lo tins, and lieeninr rharirrd witli tl»e re^pon^^ihili!y of tryinpr t*> find out a Ihih- hit al«»ut iuiermcution (echniqups-

MORI DocID: 163357

57
onjprfliinf:>, wo (Iccid^-d or I d**ftdfd that one of the best sonrcc-i(if Hid rmifutioti io('liiii<jij(»> wouM tx^fryin': to locate and interai]j'»iip

And

view nnd lK'(t>nie intohti? widi exiH-rirnreirponrr interrojratorf in the rnuntry mid PXjH'rienml |»-<>j>le who Um\ irni pniftical knowledjrc
of iiUrrri»pytioji, Tlie
i-en^'-n

foMhis

ij^tliat wi* ]}ai1

* *

co!U iiiivd nftrr tlu' exjM'rii'nip of llir uMt of ('i)inu. lliHi it wBfi i1m> tecljui^in*- of tlir ini<'rTopjitor- tjjftt were rai»-inp tiu' indiviihialslo n»nkf ronfrs-ioi!>* Hmi su fonii in rcliuioii^liip 1f> thi>, rnlluT than nnv kind of dnij^'piup onil so fonli. So we wen* vpry mnrh interested in inl4vn>palJon tiT'lmi'tues, and tins Jed to me lieiii;: intrMiHTd lo tl>p »^'eiii in \Uv we<l cojim, nn<] I l>e^>-A]) lo talk to
liliii

lHT*nue ])re(ty treJI Nriiinwn'^hifijj j>nyMcni5 coming

I'

in (nnnt*crion

wiih

ifie-e interro^rntioii te'!mi*|ui*f^,

Seiintor KFxvwr. OK- Nort% (Jial i,* t]u- affi'iu that ran the teMs on the AVptt coa^t nn tlir lunviftui^ i>#*n|de, ThalV wlien- you come iiK eorrerl ? Mr. (Simvcrn. If I iinder-ifnnd— would you pbv Hint tpain f ScniUiU- Krvxn^v. The name Mor^nii "lIiiU )ifl> been— that is the nnnn' thnt hfi«l>PcnTiped, Ml (irms<!r-R, Yes, SinntorKT.\NO*Y. Andtimt iFtheapcnt thai yoHmet witli.
.

Mr.
M)'.

(iiTriNi;t:ic.

Thnl

i^ri^rht.
at

SriiinrnKv:\NKi»v.
S']j:i!iir

And >ou met

the safe

hoiij-e,

(ijmvcFTi. Ves-sii\

K3:\NM>y.'\Vi]on» dill you nipr? within the r^afehnnso? Mr, (iiTTiMira, Thi- i- the pnrt that is hiivd for me lo ^y, and 1 am snrrv lliflt i liitve Uk Id contu^-tinTJ witji sonn' work fhiil we Ttere
doiiii^, \vr ni"''th"il (o h.-ivi' wiiiir inff^rritaiion

habits Morpon IhiU |ir<n i'h'il iuforrtiiuil*i for n^c to talk to in <'OJtneelion with the sex hnhit« that 1 wris iiiten»sted in tryJMfr to find information. Pnrinp one period vf time the safr h'»ri^\ u*i far n^ I vn- concerne^K wa= nsed for jn-t thi'H- pnrti-'idiu' tyjw of interviews. And I didn't 5oe the red

on

?=pxnal

curtains:.

Sermtor KKN\ri*v. Tfiosp were prostitutes, were they?
Sfr. fiirnNCpKn. YeR.Pir,

Sennlor KrNVKhY. yon Jtnd similar

H"W many

diffeti-nt

time^ were you thpre that
T\-ith

Mr

GmjMiKTi.
liuie-.

1

couldn't po5i.=ibly <ny

any eertainfy on

that.

Four or iyw
Senator
ins; ah**nl
]\Ki\\

KrwKov. Fouror fivp linifs.
wln^n
1

^fr, fiiTiiMiKi;,

Over yon renieniher now, the jveriorl wonhl have nr)y invojvenjent in thr-;
nl»ON( a
-1-

that
is

I'm lalkfrom about

year i>eriod which is the only time that 1 know ariythin;: al"Oiit what yoti aiv talkinj: about here today. Senator Krssinv, Did Ahiriran Hall juiiko the orranp^^niput? for lh*' proetilnti'sin meet with you? Mr. finTi\<^Kft. yps.Mr, S(*naliir Kt.xnkoy. Did the inlorvipws ihaf you had have tTiythinp to do with drup-* Mr, fiiTTiNrFp. ^Velh n^ T tried to exphiiu enrlier when thi- wa« l-ein:: diMu-seii ii IjIiIp hit Wforehand, ns\i'm 1 think it is prplty hard fr>r niO'^t pi'ople now to recognize Iinw lilth- Ihep' wa'^ known al>out drufjs at the i»rnod of lime that we are lalkiuj; al>out, bocanse tlic
io VM\\.
it's

So

or

Ti

MORI DocID:

163357

dnjp

on. C»ns"'qiirntly, those of iif w Ii*i li:<i] rvriy n'r-iiuh-il'^lity iu thi^ un-Ji w^^v inr^-n— tr*l iii trviuc to tr*'t a- )niii li nif*irtii:tn<Mi n- wivouM uti tlu- tiiilK'ulnnv, ilu- ^ubi-uluirc di-ij;: ^'t<.ii|i-, ;nii) uliviouwiy tin- Hun-jiti of Narcdtir.^ n-pre^'ntod a Tiiruii- c»f A'nu'^ \\i\r-. ( 'onM'i jui'jif fy. (iflni ty|n-> (if ihin*:^ tliai Titers iuvolvr.l iu <H^i'ii-siiii^- u! tlmi linu" ^\oiiKl li;T\i' in i|i> Willi ilii' ^jiJcriiroiihJ n-i- of dni^"i. Wjn'ii J nin talkiii;: jibfiu! llii> ] nui tulkin^' ^U^ouf
ii'^t'

or

tin-

Onifr ^^ullnrf romot

Inff^r

lljt-

f-ilk\V!iy-

ill

trims uf

innvitiin*:

iim' i>f

dni^'v Diil ihesc

|)0i>plc il^ot

>Mi-iiilkiii;r Tn (i;ni"!n)> jpifnnijiiTmrj nlw*ijt ifiJMtikl on nirt' itj-hnm-p i1ji"\ miti" :iMr fo 1**11 ijH' nlw^ni ihi^ir um-. nivl in mo-1 <'h«^h tlji^
1

wouM

l:ir;ri)\

I

urn out
>v;j^

ir»

U' n MirkiT Finn or MmtHliJiii! of

tiiai

sort ratijtT

\h:\ii :tllM[iiti;: r^olt^l }C.

n-latlvclv liHlf \iift'it\i:iiviu. )H-)\v\t- ]\ fir iiof. :ii Ihnt timi'. in h'Trii- of x]w iujjoirs n-ji'-nun- lli:n |M'<i|>U" Wi-w liavin;: to drii^:^. 'l"lion»f<ii'c, (litM- ]x-<*i>!r
1i

I

nKu

vny

mn*

iiitrn-PM'd

ln-i-aii-*'

wv

}j;nl

Wi-vv \i't\ iufuiriiiiTivt- in tornis of they lion alniut i>^!nhrin>.

know

u preut deal of infoiinu-

Sn;ii.»r Kr.wK.n^. Ar U-n^i \tni puiWu^t] nv am I cin-ri'il in n--iniiin;r ilmi \<»n ;::»tlMrril \\iy ii(ipn>Mun iliai ihv ino-ninu-> iii!\t ynu h:ii1 !alk<-*l n. wm- ;iM,- ut slip till- ilrn;.'.- lo jKujpTi' ns J n)nli't>tjniii ii. iJiil you foiih ;in> iiiipi'*'*-iftn on tJmi ^ >fr. (JirriMiu:. I r<'il;iinly <liil J^ot fr>nn tho jniprfs^ion lh;ir tliry <\if\ lh\^ ii- :i rulr nr .S^n;jlni'KK^\F)»v.llnt llioy lunl ihi- knnwlril;54\ Mr. tin*n\<:i:it. TIhv InuI the krj<-M-l('il;:<' or sonn- nf rlipni hnd hrtJ knowlnl^Tf. of ilii^l^'iii-^'dfino. Itnr iipuTMiKir tnnu'il out.ii wu^ liirjr<^ly in ilji> ftTiM of kiioikoin <lT"op-i. S*»nnrnr J\F\vi:nv. Ijinikiui: im'-k now ilJil you fonn any iin]>i'i^^?^iou nhfiiu liow till" Ap'iiiy w»>ni'hi;iny H'stin;: tiu> In-omJ -inM"Trnnu»f M>rial cln=*;i'^ in tiii'sr -:if,' Ijoo^p-f A\"itli ilir lai";:^' ih-lmr-jil of cash in

Mnall ijniuuii

ji'-, ?^l<»i^

Kill- lonl f)ir

klmls of

i-UilHtrsitc <Joroiiition>

ami

fWfiAvjiy n»Jrroi- in ilir U-ih'oo»).> nnil ijll \\w n'^t. i> flji-n- :iny oni'-tion in yonr owji ruinil w l]:»i wn> jjoinj.' on in tlir >jifr iioii?<*'?-, or llir trrhniijni^-. rliiii

wrrr

U^iTi:;
J

o^n! lo
if

a'liuiTU^^n'V

f

Ih'h- ilni;:'-

?

Mr.
hit'l

(in-riNrfihrr.

lirnl

vvi\ 'lit!i*nh h<

an-wcr

lint: f|np>tio?>,

f-jr.

I

liml ;il*-oliift0v

no

ilinrt kn*iwk<^;:i' tl»on* Wji^
:iTi\nn'' orlK-r tlt:in

no kooH

i*"(ijfc |}i:ri

nny wjiy iniolvnl
Si-niMor
S*'Ti:itnr

in ilir

nowitrin^

Mcir;:r»n II u*l^uini^tiJiMOJ^ of den^-.

— tinin

ji

lj»r;:c'

mmtlior of
it

this. I

11

whs

in

K»\ v*;ii>.
I

^^\n (iotrliH)
\vr
;;i>
it

wouM
was

know,

^\<nilil hi-

n<u

i

^fr, <i»TTi\*;i:i;.

JM'lir\4' mi. vi'^.sir.

Kknnkov. C'nnM
:iiii!

into thr

Jlnmnn

Koii]o;;v

Fonmln-

linn :ind iiilk iiiiinn tluii

how

ii><'il i»r- iin

in-irnmeni inU'iins

of ihr *np|K*n

Mr.

rrM'arrh t (iin FNiiKj;. Vr>. >ir,
t>f

Si"n;jror

KKWirnv. Conhl yon
.Sj!i\
'.

ih^-rrilH'
ir

it

lo ii*?

t'*i>nhl
:in'l
it

yon

(losrnlw*

th<'llinii:ni K*'olif;:v l-"ouTvhitir»n, h'nv

fnnrtioni>il

hr>wii w^rkiMl?

Mr.
tliirik

(iJTTivcKr:,
i''

1

trll sornrilnrii^' ;ilH>iir

how

r\oh'Oil,

wlmh

I

iinporhinl SrhiU'ij Kr:\M:r'V, Snn'. >fr fitniv<iKi;. Tin- Socirty for thr Invest ijnt ion of Iluninn E^olopy. >ci-r:»Jh-.l. w:i- artuii^y u 1 am confuwul hrn- now a? lo whcihor

1

KhonM muni' \\m namos.

MORI DocID:

163357

59
Senator Keskedt. Well, we're not inlerested in names or institutions, so we prefer that \ou do not. That hns to be worked out in arrajipenients between AJmira] Tiimi-r and tbe individuals and the
insniutionf. h\u ttVn' irvt'^i'oMed in w]iai xhv Foundation really
funrtioiii^il

was tnd how

it

awl whut

il--

jJuriKiM- was;,
it

_i

underlakc research in the g^-n^ral an'a of iln* b<'bavioral sti*"i]i<-s, ]t dffinitt'Iy had almost no f'Kiij.<tr iiilerest in. wiy, druii-rrlnicd iy|>e of artivitifii except in a very luinor iray, ln'<'aNM' il w;j> JHr^oly Sfi u\i to anenjpt to pain a certain auionni of infi>rination and lo fund projects which were ])sytholopicaK sooitjh^pinil, an(hrojK»lofricat in character. It wat estabhshed in tht' priiM- of a jX'TJocl of tinu' ihnt a lot of u- whn an- in it wi>h we could doii ovirapiin, but we wefvijilcrenle'J in tryiuptoiret topetliera panel of the most ivprer-entatiw hipUJevrl UOiavioiul scientists we could to overnCT and help in terms of drveloj>inf the Society for the Investi^lion of Unman Ecohipy lyiw of propraru, TJ»o Apency in effect provided the money. They did not direct the projecrs. Now^ the fact of the matter is- there are a lot of innocent peo>li\ (iiTTiNrtV-iL
pRialili^licil to

AVrlK

wa^

who received Hic Society for the Investipation of Human Ecology money which I know for a fflct they were never asked to do an^thinp for tfce CIA but they did pet throuph this indirectly. They ^ad no
ple

knowledge thflt they were petting CIA money^ Senator KenvedV, Over what period of time did this take placet Mr. GiTTiNriER. As far a? I was concerned, it was the perioa of time endinp in lf*(>l. I believe the Human Ecolop\" fund finally phased out

was not involved in thi?=nha?iinp out. Senator KtNVEnv, Can you pive the ranpe of the different sort of individual projects of the univ4»rsifie- in whirh it was active? Mr. GiTTJNOER. Well, it would have as many as I am very fiuzy on njy memori' on the nnmlvr of projoct?^. It is o^^er 10- 20. 30. Senator Kenxkhy. After it made the prant^, what was the illationship of the Apenry with the results of the studiesf The Foundation acquired the money to make the prantp from the Apency. and then it made the pranlr to these various research proprams. Mr. GrmNnFin. Yes. sir.
in l^-"». but I

Sena(or KrNyfioT,

And

that included eipht universities as wtll as

individual reioarrhers! GrrnxfiKw. Yes, fiir.

Mn

Senator Kfvxkdv. Then whnt follow-up was there to that, sir! ifr. Girnxfux. "Wrll. in every- senf^- nf the word, the orpaniAtion wns nm exnrfly like any other foundation, and it earned with it the same thinp in ferm= of nial^inp rertain thnf the people that thev had ffiven money to Tisrd it for the purpose f'>r which it had heen printed, thnt they had nrce=*: to any of the reports; thnt they had put out. but there W4*re no strini«; attached to anyl>ody. There wa?in't any reason tliev couldn't publish ^'MthinsTth^f thev niit out. Senator Kr-Nxmr. WI>at (tort of hudEret are we talkinc about here! Mr. GrrnxflKK. T hone<rtlv do not remember. T would j^uesF we are talking in the realm of about $l.'>0,f>00 a vear, but don*t hold me to that,

becan^ I dont know.

-

MORI DocID:

163357

60 Senator Kexnedt. What is your viw about such fiindinp as a professional pejson, in terms of compromising the jnlcgritv of a universily.

nr?
"WVII, obviously, sir. insofar as

*

todav there is no mieslionaboiitit. Iwillhflvetosavat thetimrlhat wr wire doinp this there \rfm quite an entirely different kind of an altitude, and I do know for a fact that we moved to ^art towards phapin? out the Society for the Tnvesti<jation of Human Eeolop- and the Humnn Erotop>' F;iTid for the very TCiiwnthnt we werebepinnin? forecopni/e that it wnp movinc into nn nren but thi^ would be eompromised. Senator KFVxmv. Well, that js oommendabir, both vonr attitude and tlir reftsons for it, btit dnrinff that period of limo it still was involved in behavior research pmpram^. asl nnderstand it, Mr OiTTivfiKR- Ye?:, Fir. On its own, in ronnection with this, it partjripated npnin, nnd these a^min wero not CTA-diree!ed projects, biit thecr were nil thmir^ whirh wonM theoretienllv contribute to the jrenfrnl knowledge at the time where the thinff? like the studv nf the Hnnffarian refncees obvinntly. the Miidv of the Hiinparian fefii^reeF

Mr. GiTTiNOFR.

i

who

r-ame to thi^ roiinfri after tho Hiin^rinn revolt wns a ver\- n?efnl exerrji^e to try to iret infnrmntJon about the personality characterisfict of the rommunict= nnd po forth. Senator Kkv-nfov. Were there other foimdntjons that werv doinp

similnrkind^of work? Mr. GiTTiNCFH. Not to mv knowledge. sirSenator KrvNFPV. You believe Mr. Hi-rnNvirK. Yon n^enn. CIA. other CIA? Senator Kfxnf.ov- Rijrht.
^fr. GiT-TivoFR. 'U'ell, ansivor i* in the i^nse that T otlier fonntlitinn'^, no. ThiT*^ were, of course, other

my

riA

know of no
foundations

doinc^ifuilarkiiKlsof vork in thoTnited StnteF. Son.itor KrvvKov. ITnve you heard of the Ppveholoiriral Assefs-

menls

Mr

Foiiii'lation? fiimvcKn. T eertninlv have.

Senator Kpssfov. Wlint was that? Vnml function did that hare? Mr. Gn-nvrpKR. Now, this wim briti^iui: u^ np to n different era. I bclievo the fnnrtinnc of that ori:aiii7ation have nothing whafcoever to do with the thinps that are boinfr talked about here while T was a?^orintril with it. Senator Kkvvfov. Ffithrrfhan pettinff into the work, if was another fouTidatiou. was it not? It wa*: luiother foundation supported bv the
Apr-ney?
>rr. OrTT'vorff. Whr>t. the Pcvcholopieal Ai=!5essment
?

Senator Ki:\VKnY. Ye=. Mr. GimvoT:!!. Xo. sir. it wnsnof. Senator KrvvKor, It did not ^ret anv support

at

a]l

Apenev? Mr. GiTTis'^FR. Oh.
firm.

from the
a buFiness

yes. sir. If did pet support, but

it

was

MKn.TRA

Senator Kf-nneov. It was a business but it cot support from the Ai'enry? Mr. GiTT7voFn, It pot mnnev from it. but it definitely was not in or in anv wav assoeiale<l with tins.

'

MORI DocID:

163357

61

wnnt tu tlmnk yon for your helpful lei?timoiiy, 5Ir. Gittln^n: If if no! ^n^-_v lo pti bock into thr past. I think you hfivp bron \evy fnir in vo»r rh:>rnrterization5, and I think
riL''"'.

Snmtnr KKN\rjiY, All

I

nre different stfindai^s nowfrmn wliat they were 2f»VKirsapo.nnd I think voii have responded very fnirly and completely <o the inf|Niries. and 1 think with a (jwd deoj of feelin;: iilx>ut it. ^011 niv a |>eiwin who i= obviously aftinipliiii: to serve the oountrv's inlereM, so I want to thnnk you verv much for your statement and for your helpful timeline??. Mr, GiTTixcKii, Thnnk you. Fir,
tJint tJi<>ro
^-

it

is (|irilo

BppmprialpK inJiontoJ

Senator 1n<*i'vk. Senator Cas*'? Senator Cask. TJinnk yon, Mr. Chairmnn. 1 nm Porn- that 1 had another commitfeo that I Jmd to romple(t the hearing vith this morning l>efore 1 ;roI here. I shall reod the (esiimony with verv preat interest, and I appreciate your testimony n^J have heard il. 1 wonld like to comment just on one iKunr.and that is, it relates to a story in the pre^s yesterday about pan of this pi-oirrani involvinju' llie fundinp of a prant at a forcj^ university. I woul<i hke to elivit fnnu vou a commi^nt as to the additional s<>nsif]vity and diffirulty tliat thai practice' involves from your stnndi>oini as a scientist, as well as a citizen, if vou wilh Mr. CirnNoKic. I will say )l was afler the fiirt thinkiup. It was utter stupiHiiy the way tiiinp. worked out to have u^l some of this money ouui.Jt' the Viuui] Slatr< wlnn jt was VJ\ monev, 1 nm enter-oricanv Stat*' in my kno.vlo.I^'r luul I don't eh.in, a mmpllte knowledce alt thV way arri>^_-. of l)ie hrmj:tn ci-olof.-y funcMon^, but to n»v knowledge, and thi< is nnfnnunaT< tJirvi' penph^ did not know that thev were cettinc moury frf^J^, (}\^ ^rid thry uen not askrd lo conirihute anvthinc to ' ^
,

(

lA

n^ Piich.

SeuPTorCASK. It wouhl )« iniensriiic to tn to examine this bv m- tir Hnn- around und thinkiui: wh:H we" would think if thi* turnhappi-neH from a forii^'U ofti- uil ap-uc v (o our own universitv, TJiank vou "
y}i\
i

liairmjin.

'

'

Senator Sc}nveiker Sennir^r SrnwTiKV.R. Thank vou. Mr. Chnirman. ^^^^"\'^':'(>'>" ^'<^M tell us what your traininp and orl '.",ir i"l'''''i' e(tn<'aiioiial
.

Srn,anr

Iv.. I vf^

Jmi-k^rround if?

Goi^MAx. I have already piven a bioc-rnphv for the record Scrudor SrnwnKvn. ] havi^ not hvu it. IVI*.. luis K it da«^ified Me may have it f,|r t... re. ord, hut may I ask you it ? brieflv describe to >ourtramm;r smd barkirround for .i^nnw? J hot>e it i« no
Dr.
SfVret

tohi thai by your stnff ,>e,.|>h-. but J have no objection to tcllinp vou. J am a n-snh-ut from renri^ybania. M.ulhweM Pennsylvania. Lanra.jer rnui^ty, I weni to Slale. and T an^ Jn niitrition. >cnn(or Sriiwi:TKKPi. In what ?

Vnm

Dr. GoijiM

w.

Nntriiifui.

tufriT^ the( lA in

'^f-n^KiK^ii.

Were you
"'^^

in

eharpe of a
''^^

vourpnst rapai'ilv?

sect ion

or sepment of ^

in H'.;n^'n7''' small section **"r^ jn cUarpe of one of it.

'*"T^

one

orpnrn..ntion. I small Sipment of it yes.
^^"'^^ *'*'^'
;

was

-4-

>

-

^

MORI DocID:

163357

62
Senntor ScM\vr,iKFR,
tioii lliitl yoti )iruLl('(l
'.

What was

the function or purpose of t}iat sec-

(ii»iJ>MAN.Toprf>vidi'Fi]ppnn fortlir other pnrfF of the division. Senator SriiwKiKKii. Who»-e in tlie fhnin of command would ti*al put you in rrlntionfo l>r (ionlieh? Dr. (iinj>MAN, I'retly fnidown fhc ]jnr.
J)r.

juFt like to ask you a few t\yw-t ioii^, \\\. iippn-t'iafe v<iur fr:!nkne'><i nuil camlor with tl^r'.-oniiinih'4'. nud *\o n\T)J>:i' ihi^ is a verv diffUuh rtn^a. to pri into. J n'vt
<;ifiini:ci-. I

S*')):Moi

SrnwuijiKK, Mr.

wouM

am

qu]\v chavfiu
hnusi*-

U\umuUfv-ih.\\ wpiv liii-^cd pnrJier First, ^verp tljo safe we wttv tii!ki»i;: al»onl lirre »isi-d on or^a-^ijon bv \hv pi-osiitutes
I

yoM ivii-vivi] 1o? Mr, tiiniNtjKk-

Jtnvenol the^li;;rhtcst j^lea. St^n:»tor S<imvi:iki:i;. \Vrif the pro-tiiute" um^U in nnv fl»i'nj-hJimr>ilrn^- furoiiM^rviilion purpo.io=i*

n-Mv

way

to slip

MrfiiTHNcin. \r« fnnivdirert knowledp^v
S<'naicir Si liWKrM.Jt,
fiti^iwer

AVould you have

lieen i D position (o in

know

the

toeiiher

'if ih*--^ fjne-fion*;?

Mr, fSnTiNcvR, M:iy I sov, priibahh not, anri mav 1 ninfce an n«iide tor.M^lairi n hiOv h\i of tl»is/]»lrn<ic.sir'? Soimtor SrMWKiKi:ii. Mr, Gittin^rer, a moment flfro you moniioned hrniinwi-hmjr lei inn«n>cs, nsono an-n that yon had, 1 tztn^s^. done -onie wiJTk in, Ut>\v Wiinhl vou rh,Tnirteri/P (hr sintr of the nrt of hrainw^^^liitic: (cujjiy? \Vho Iins the me^j exjx-iiisr in this (iehh and wJ,o is or i>no( doinjjit in itTUisof oniPicovoiniuents? l>uriTiir t)»e Koreair \\r\r th*'T'(> ^va,^ n hn of serious di.sriission nliout
hnnnwji^ni^;,'
intMi'-^h-'J
iTi

f.-rhni.|i>e>i Iw^inj: listed

hy the Norlli KniT!»n>, itml

1

nni

Mr.
on

lindiii:rT*Mi wh;>i flu- MaTi-'of the art is toiiny. nsyon 5*0 it. (it r-iT\(;n:. of i-onrsi'. tUt-n- hfi^ U*en a frront deal of work

WcU.

cnn tell yon that a^ fur a^ 1 kTifw, liy I'M'.]. VM'rj. h wiis at least proven to niy sati-.furtinn ihal hrjiinwiisliinj;. m» rsiUfih is somr kind of an c^oferir device
tlii-.
ji

;ind Uh'M' is -till

irn-M

iIimI

of

c'ot*i[vivoiTy. J

niTnd;dU'rin£r kind'- uf rnuditions and so forth wt^re TJst-.l. diil mil c\j«f .viii ihoiiirh *TIk* Miinrhiuinn Pandidnte" as a niovi" ii"all\ Hi II- h;*. k a luitL' umc, U^rariM- it miidr soruetluM;: inip^K>il.ii- h»ok phui-ihlr. Ik* yon folhiw whnt I mean Bui hy inC-2 nnd ]flr.:', Ihr ppTUTJil idra (hsii we wrrr nhir it* eonie Up wiili is that hraijiw:t-lnTjjr wu-i lar<rid\ a proi-e---; of isiihitiTiL' hnmnn boinc. keopinp hitri nnt of rnnla'-t, putlin*: hrni nnih-r lon^r stn'ss in ndntionship to
i!rij;;> i*r
'.

wlu-jv

.\

inlerrii'wiuiT

rhan^r MliI

nnd iT^inroL-m ioti, and that thev eould produ^'e anv \vi»y wiihorji having to nwrt to any kip*d of esoteric
tin*;

Sinsdor Sf'invuKvn An- there ways that we ran a5vertain
a di<:tan<o

from

siv a raptive prisoner either po on telrvisi^n, in a pliolf^'raph. ny nt a piv>- i-onfej-en* e? In olhrr wnrtt.-, aiv t)u*n* errtain sitrn* that yon hnve leanird 10 nvoind7-o froni vour teohniral hri-'k;ri<iiirid. to tell wlivn hniinwji>hin;: ha« ocruni'd ? Or is that verv

when we

diff^-nlllodo?

think if is pf»sihh-now in terms of lorfikin^' at n pirtnn- of sonirN^ily vvho hn^been in enemv hands for a loii^r nerind of tiiKi, f^nn p*! sonie pret(v pond ideasioif what kind of eiirnfiislanres ho hns been under, if that is what vou mean.
1

Mr,

fiiTTiNr^KK. It is djfljrult

lodo.

Wp

MORI DocID: 163357

63
Sonntor S* hweikfh. That is nU I hare, Spnafor iNorvii. T}iank vou very miKh.
ifr.

Choim»an. Thank you.

IVfori' n*ljoiiniin;r ll»f^ )»(^nnnff'R. I \\o\M like to havp tJie ircoH sliow rfin( l»t-, (itilJnian and Mr. (littinprr have voluiilarilv cooperated
-witli tJn- ronijiiittcc

volijjjtjirily.

ami
I

in Staff interviews, tltat thev t]*ev are not nndt- r snJ>i>pna.

appearthis morning

realize tJinr thi^^-xporinire mny hnvc boen an unhappy mu- and po*:sihly a painful onr, TJierefore. we thank you vcrv much for piiniiipjieififrihis morninp, also realize that tlie circuinstances of tljat finic (liflVml verv J\\\^r\i from this dav, and possihiv the national attitude, tin* national [xjlilicat otnnide" condoned tliii tvpe of
(ieiitleinni,

We

hove noi asked von to come here as prrsons who hare eomniiiteil crimen- but rathrr in l»o|)e that you can assist us in Fitudyinp
a<r jvity. Sr>. \vp
t}n>i

proMt-na so thnt it will not ^Hrnr onVe apain. In that spirit wc thiink yon for your partieipatioTi» and we look forward 4o working wirh you furtiier in this case.

murh. Senator J\knnVj>y. Mr. Chairupan, I would like also to thank the witnewes. The^e are diffi< ult matters^ and I think all of us are very
yoii ver\-

Thank

pratefjd.

that thouph it m,ny not always s*oni that wnv. what we are f rviiip lo do is to proli thv pi^-r oud look at tl^- |»olirie-of the ptif^i lo aff* ct ihe fnture. I think our eiupha=:is reidly jf^ on thr future, not ihe past, but it is important tliiU wf' learn from thr past a^^ we fornuilate policies and lepislation for thr fNfiiM', T hoj>e that all of the witnrjwt^* who did come before us vo!»intnrdy ihis ui<iniin|r, iTuhidiup Admiral Tnnirr respect the fact that wi' nre qnestionin;r the past to learn fll>oni the future, 1 think it should lie looked at in that Ji^jJit. Senator Kr,NNr,nv. T think that is the -spirit in which wp have hid these hearinc'^. If sienis to lue that fwm Imth these witnessef^ ind other's, OolilJeli knows the ioforujation and can l>e«i resj>ond. and we are poinpto make every effort in the Seiiaie Health Committee to ptt 5fr. noftlieh to appear, and we obviously lo<»k fniward to cooperatmg: with Senntor Inouye and th^ other memlier- of the committee in pettinp th** final chajUer written on this, but we want to thank vou ven-

SniatorSniwnKEP.

I think the witnesses should

know

TnridiforyouraplKMrani'o?iere, Senator Ixoryj:, The liejirinp will stauil recess, subject to the tall of the Chair. flVhereujwnn. at }2:\2 p.m.. the hearinp was recessed- subject to the call of ihe Choir.]

m

MORI DocID:

163357

APPENDIX A

AND USE OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGI'CAL AGENTS BV THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY
XVll TESTING
the Select Committee has st udicd the test ing and agencies. Detailed use of cJiemical and biolo-ical agcni^ by intelligence intelligence agencies inde^iciii-tion'^ of the progriinis conducted by a se|janucly vol vine chemical and biolo-ical api^nts ^^kU be inchid^d in

Under its mandalt:

'

pubh=lied appendix to

>L*nare ^ole-'i Comnuttee s rei>ort. 1 Jns secthe programs, tlieir tion of the repoM will discuE: th^ rationale for has monitoring and controK and «liiu the Comn^itiec's investigation
ilie

revealed about the relationships

among

the inlelhgencc agencies and

^^

-

prnate inabout their relations with otlier government agencie:, and BtJtuiionsandindividuais.chemiFears that countries hostile to the United States 'twould use Americas allies Jed cal and biological agents against Americans or techto the d<'veU'pii>en! of a defensive progrojn de^igni-d to discover counteract niques for American intelligence agencies to detect and chemical and biological ajrenis. The defensive onentation soon became secondary as tlic pos-^ibU- use of ihes*" agent:? to obtain information fronuorWin contml over, enemy agents became apparent. Research and devtlopineni programs to find niaiei'ials which could in the late iy4t»5 and Ix' used lo alter human beh:ivior wciv initiated
.

The=e esperimrn1;tl pmgramF onginany nuluded testing ruhnin:ited in tests of druiis involving wining human subjens. and were deunwitting, nonvohiniecr human subject:*. The^e testr

enrK

IDoO^.

u-ing or biological signed to determine the potential rtferts of chemical that they agents when used opcraiioiijlly again?t individuals unaware had received a drug. l *l The testing programs wore considered highly sensitive oy ttie inwithin the telligence agencies administering them- Few people, even evidence that either agencies, kne^r of the programs and there is no of them. Ihe the executive branch or Congrcr^s were ever informed in highlv companmented nature of these programs mav be explained the part tv an observation made bv the CIA Inspector General that, knowledge that the Agency is engaging in unethical and illicit activiInteniceart •Senate Re^oluiioa 21 directs the S^aote Select Comiaiitee on

*„„.j in„„.T "<3> Whether fljTfncles within the inteUijoncp commuoitr condaetefl Illegal domestic activUies iSectionScn aad i2)): commnniir coopcr"(b* Tbe extent to which ajeacles within Ibe iDtriliseDce
:

Activities to iDTealiEitc a

number

of iesu^s

**"{c)*Tae^a<Jequart of rt'eeutiTp branch and coneressioDal OTenlpht of
UeeoeearTivltips
f
;

Intel-

^{d> The

Section 2 (Ti and ni>) . , * _i i^ ot Americao ctdof existing laws to ttfeguard the rigbli adequacy
l>r

The procrams **Ue dola?!? of^tbese proprams may never knnwn. d.KTumeDtacion T^ere bicbly eiisted for Whar wert^
eomrBrimenTPd.

Few

reenrd^

kn^t.

littli^

tbe

CIA 'I

principal program

was destroyed early
(3g5)

in 19*3.

MORI DocID: 163357

386
would hnvc seriou? repercussions in political end diplomatic circles and Mould be dotrimontaj to tJic accompUsliineni of its missions.''' Tiit ix?5o;tich and development program, and particularly the coties

>^

of t^o Americans " can be attributed to tirL=e programs; other participant? in the testing pro^i-auis may stilJ suffer from the residual ef^
fe^'ts.

vort tearing progiain-, PcstJlcd in mas;:ic nbridgmcms of the rights of Auicncnn citizens, sometimes with tj.i^ic consequences. TJie de^iths

WJiiJe some conii-olled testing of tljese substances might be defcndtJ, thu nature of the l^sts, their scale, and the fact thai ihcy were contmui^i for >tars after the danger of surreptitious administration of L^D to unwitting individuals was knowiij demonstrate a fundamcniaJ Ui5rcg:trd for tlit value of human life. TJa- Select Committee s investigation of tlie testing and use of chemical and biological agents also raise serious questions about the adequatv of command and conirol procedures within the Central Intelligence Agency and military intelligence, and about the relationships among the intelligence a^ncies. other governmental agencies, and private insi irut jon-^ and individuals. The CIA s normal adininistrative controls were waived for programs involving chemical and biological tn project. fhcir security. According to the agentF head of the Audit Branch -n the ClA. thes*> waivers produced "gross administrative failures." They pr^ , -led ihe CIA's internal review mechanisms (the Ofik^e of General Ci/..i5ch the Inspector General, and the Audit Staff) fron* adefinrtU 1> suprrvisinp the projrram>. In general, the waivers had the paradoxiciil effvt of i>ro\idJnp lesf resirieiivr administrative controls and les-^ effmive internal review for controveijsiai and higlily

governing normal Agonev activities. Tl»e security of the programs was protected not onlv by waivers of norm:il iidnniiistrative cnntrol?. but also hv a liigli Se'-Tf^v of companmentntion within the CIA. This compartmenlation excluded the CIA s Medical Staff from the principal research and testhjg program employing chemical and biological agents. It also may have led to agencv policymakers receiving differing and inconsiMcnt resr»onscs when they posed questions to the CIA compnneni involved,
Juri^^iction.il uncertainty within the CIA was matched bv juris^ dirtional conflin among the various intelligence nirencies. spirit of cooperation an<I reciptrx-al exchanges of infonnation which initiallr

scjisitiu' proj*^ct&i}i:in tlin^c

A

'

Mililarv testers withheld inlormatjon from the CIA, ignorinj: fugircstions for coordination from Their superiors. The CIA simih»rly l.uM to provide infortnation to the niilifikr> on the CI.\ s testing program. This failure to cooperate was eonspiruously manifested in an aneinpt by the Army to conceal
di^iapi>e;ired.

rharueterized

tlip

programs

of rJrrubterT ColJ^p*^ ind brart fniUiTr fnlhiwins an intntrrnnu* InjfctioTi Of a synUiftic m«enlmp d*r|v«tlr^ FhJir a *Ti^Jor! of fe»t* /Y^nrtueT*^ hr New Ynrk Snte r*.rchiafrtc In^Hfui^ undpr onirnrt Wi hy thp VS. Armr Cliemicni Cot\^ Th* Commitrf*'s Inv^MiMtiia inTn(lni;:lr>^nnc t"v r.g imeni^ea.T -ip^reie* feeii^ednn thp testinp of LSD. hMrev^r. tbe ci^cimifTw^ did riv*ice i rorv of tbe V.S. Aruir In*i>«-Tfir Geaer^il's R^T'^rt. h'juoit fQ r>cti^'*r 3075, OH thp events ftort cireuiD^raDrt't ef Bliuer's doQih ln^ cl*ath «»* dirt'ctlj ttributaWe to Zht idmimitriClOQ of me iraibeiie me-icnlinf derh'ativp.

*riA iTjflpoeiorfipaeraV^Surre.TofTSn. lP!i7, •* On .laiinarT ', 3fK'p?t Mr Ilar/^lrt Bljiuer iU»^

p.

n7.

Mr

:

,

MORI DocID: 163357

67

387
their overseas testing profiram. which included surreptitious tdminisJration of LSD, from tlie CIA- Learning of the Army's program, the A^CLicy 5urre|>litiou5ly attempted to obtain details of it. TikO-^Iccision to institute one of the Army's I*SD fieJd testing projects had l>?eiibaf^d,at Ica^t in part, on the finding that no long-t^rm residual effects had ever rcsuJled from the drufrs administration. The CIA's failure to inform the Armj^ of a death which resulted from the surreptitiousadministrationofL^D to unwitting Americans, may well hft\"e resulted in the institution of an unnecessary' and potentially lethal

^.

r

propram. "Die development, testing, and use of ch- "Ncal and biological agents by intelligence agencies raises serious questions about the relationship between the intcUifrcnce community and forei^pn governments, other agencies of l>je Federal Government, and other insTiiutions and indu-iduats. The questions raised range from the lepiiimacy of American complicity in actions abroad which violate Americnn and foreign lawi to the po^ible compromise of the integrity of public and private institutions used as cover by intelligence agencies.

A,

The

P»ocR.uf& I.wtsticatid

L

Project Project

that began in the fall of 1S>47- Responding to repoHs of "amazing results" achiexed by the Soviets in using "trutli rlru^'s/' thi* program focused on the idenfification and ic-nng of. >uch dru;:^ for use in interrogations and in the recruitmei;-of agejn-. Tlie research included laboratory psperiments on anim.ils and nun: , ^ubjeotF involving Anahij.*:''S aphtfUc. scopolamine, and rnescaline i-, >rder to determine their speech -inducing qualities. Overseas experiments were conducted as part of the project. The project expanded substantiallv during the Korean War. and ended shortly after the war, in 1953/
2.

CHATTER CHATTER was a

Navy program

Project

BLVEBIRD/ARTICBORE

CIA's major proprams involving the use of chemical and biological agents. Project BLUEBIRD, was approved bv
earliest of the

The

the Director in 1950, Its objectives were

discovering means of conditioning personnel to pre\-ent unauthorized extraction of information from them bv known means* (b) investigating the posisibility of control of an indivadual by application of special imeVrogation techniques, (c) memory- enhancement, and (d) establishing defensive means for preventing hostile control of Agency personnel/ As a result of interrogation-! conducted overseas during the proiect. arother goal was added—the evaluation of offensive uses of unconvenT:..nal interrogation teclmiquos, incluilin^; hvpno^is and drugs. In ^^^^"^^ ^^^ renamed ARTICliOKE. Project ARTI'-^iy??5P.''^ S^**? mcluded m-house expcriujents on interrognfion techniques, conducted '-under medical and security controls which would ensure
(a)

CHOKE

2mri

°^^^^^^^^^^

'**

^^ ^^'^

Cottiaiittee,

"Behavioral Drurs and T«tlnf

VI

:

MORI DocID: 163357

6b

388
that no dama;rr wrs done to individuals who volunteer for ihe experimrru.-i."' Oven-^ca: inTorropitioEs utilizing a combination of sodium
ppniotljiil

and lijj.nob^js aflt^i phvsicol and nsvchiatriceiaminationsof Ihr sulMiTts were also part of AKTICHOKE, Tho Ofiir<- of .^iontific In<**llipenc* (0,^J }, which studied scientific
adviinrcsby hostile powers, iniliajlv Jed BLUEBIRD/ARTICHOKE efforts. III ]fl:»:?. overaU responsililiiv for ARTICHOKE was transUrrt'<\ from OSI to (he Inspection ai}d Security Office (lASO), pf*dolr^s^»^ 10 the present Office of S^ecuriiy. The CIA's Technical Servie.'s :ii>d MnJi. ;,1 Si;ifT?i wire 1o be caltpd upon as needed: OSl vould n-tain li;uwin fuTiriion wiih other government ajrencies.' The change in Ir^nderfhip i\ttm an iniellipenee unit to an operating unit apparenilv rcHi'Ltod n rhanpe in emplinsis; from the study of actions by hnfhh- powrr? to th*> U5C, both for offensive and defensive purposes, of ?pi-ial inirrrogfttion tech ni<jue&— primarily hypnosis and truth
s<'riinis.

Rrpre^ntntives from each A^rencT unit involved in ARTICHOKE met ahnixf nKsnlhly lo discuss their pro^rress- These discussions incliid'-d tl^e pUniinns (if overseas interrogations* as well as funher e,\|irr iii}i'n':ihoj| in the V.S. Infnnnntior aMut project ARTICHOKE after the fall of 1953
lunintains that the project en.i.-d in 1956. but evidence ^M^-^cM- that Office f>f SecnrilY and Office of >Iedical Sen-ices use of "special interro^anon" techniques continued for several years thereafter.
IS scriTvo,

Tin-

OlA

MKXAOMr MKXAOMT WHS another major CIA pro-rram in this area. In 1967, the CJA suminarizpd the pur|x>ses of MKXAOMl
3.

(a) To provide for a covert support base to meet clandestine operational re<]uiremems. (b) To stockpile severely incapacitatinp and lethal materials for the sjwcific use of [Technical Sen-ices Division], (c) To maintain jn operational readiness special and unique itenjs for the di&^mination of biological and chemical ma-

TSD

terials.

(d> To pronde for the required surveillance, tej^injr, uppradinp, and evaluation of materials and items in order to a^^Tire absence of defpcts and complete predictabilitv of resuh- to be expected under opemlional conditions.*' VndcT aT\ ^{rreemem reached ^ith the Armv in 195i>, the Snecial Operation?:^ Division (SOD) at Fort Detrick Vas to assist CIA in developinp, (esting:, and niainlainlng biological agents and delivery
'Mr-DMtnnilnm ttfm En>*Tf T«THr. O/Dn/P !*> tb» A*ri»uni Depotr (In^piTMrti) and ^ift'UTifjl andChipf nf thn Mt^liral Siaff, S'^S^S. 'MomnraniliiTu fmm H. ^Inr-^hftt] Chi^rtti-nlT. A^^iMant Dire^rnr. Sri^ntlfle IntM'
Ujrenf*, tn the Dernil.v PinvTmr/PlnTi*
"I'r^crp':* Hi'i.npT. Pr-^jf-rr

^nnri •P'^^'ert ARTICHOKE;" AHTirnOKF: " 1/12/rO.
ft

^/7^/Z2^
t

M<*mr»ninrtiim frnm Phipf. TSD/Bi^lncirfll Brinrh to Chief. Fijndiiic n»»:p^tK**i. pr*1 Ac^*iT^nH*h"*nt^ '* trt/»^/AT o 1

Uon

of

MKNAOMI

tnd the reUtionsbip bettrren

TSD "MKXAOMI F" fuUer dP'irrir>CIA aod SOD, lee p. MO tt.

^

*^

MORI DocID:

163357

69

389
Sst^ms.
use.

this Agreement, CIA flcauired the knowled^, skill, and cililies oJ the Army to develop biological weapons suited for CIA

Bt

develo|>ed dnri^ coated with biolojpcal agents and pills containing several diiVrent biological agentft which could remain potent for weeks or niontlis. also develoi»fd a sneci&l giin for firing darls coated with a chemical which could allow CIA agents to incapacitate a guard dog, enter an installation srcictly, and return the dog to consciousness when leaving. scientists were unnble to develop a siniiiar incapncitant for human*;. alwi physKalJy tranEferred to CIA personnel biologi<al agent- in "bulk"* form, and delivery devices, including some containing biological agents. In addition lo the CIAs interest in biological weapons for use agninst humans, it also asked to study use of biological agents against crops and animals. In its 1967 memorandum, the CIA stated:

SOD

SOD

SOD

SOD

SOD

Three methods and systems for carrying out a covert attack against crops and causing severe cmp k>=s have been developed antl evaluated under field condition?. This was accomplished in anticipation of a requirement which was later developed but was subsequently scrubU;d just prior to putting into action.**

President Nixon renounced ilie use of any form of Ijjological weapons that kill or incapariiaie and onlrri'd the di>|w>al of existing stocks of bacteriological weapojis. OnKcbruarv 14. 1070, the President clarified the eiievif of his enijicr order and indicated that toxins—chemicals that an- not living organisms hut are produred bv living organisms were conf^idered biological weajions suhjpct lo hi<= previous directive and were to be destroyed. Although instructed to relinquish control of material held for the CIA by SOT), n CIA scientist acquired approximatply 11 grams of shpllfi^h toxin from personnel at Fort Detrick which were stored in a littleusrd CIA laboratorv where it went undetected for five years.**
2ft. l?r.p.

MKyAOMI

was terminated

in 1070,

On November

SOD

4^

MKVLTRA
MKt J-TRA

was the principal CIA program involving the research and devrlopmrnt of cliemical and biological agents. It was '*concernod with the roscrtrcl* and dcvplo|micnt of chemical, biological/and
radii)logi.nl

mLitirial> cap;d.le of enjplovment

ations tocontrol

human tkcliavior." "

in clandestine oper-

In January 107,1, records weie destroyed bv Technical ServhTs Division Tier-onru-l ac-tiiir on ihc verbal ordiVs of Dr. Sitlnev Gt^tTlieh. Chief of TSD. Di. Gotilirh h-.i^ lestiticd, and former Director IIcfni?> has confirmed, that in otdi in** thr record- desToved. Dr. Gonhch WPS carrying out tJie verbid oid*'r of tlirn DCI Helms. MKl LTKA l)egan with a projuiejl from the Apsistani Deputv DjHTtor for Plans. Richard JI. [jjis. to the DCL outlining a special
i

MKKLTKA

^ Ibid.

p. 2.

Sdort ^ MtujoraniJum Committer, !>/lfl/7.-. Hearinrs. Vo. 1, from the CJA lD*m"ctor General to
J^rnatf

the Director, T/2e/63.

MORI DocID: 163357

70

390
for hichlv sensitive CIA research and develoDmcMt |.rnj<.rts (l.ni *l,idi(.<J the u-* of hiolopiral and chemical materials nil crni-: human Ix-liavior. The projerts 111 involved:
fiiT.'

Wnn nitrhanism

>r^.

.

develop a capabilifv in the covert use of biolo-^'iijil :.nd chonij.-itl mnirrinU. Thi-: .u-.\i irvolvfs the productioii of various phy!:iol<i;:in.l condiiiims which could support prrsi'jil or fiinirc rlnnilcslin^ operations. Asidp from the offei.-^Mo l>oIe,H jal. tlio deiclopTuent of a comprehensive capal>.lilv lu thi- field of covert chemical and biolo-icnl warfare {:^M^ ll^ a ilioroiij:Ii knowlcdj-e of the enemvs theoretical
R(vi,-arch to
p..i.-iilinl.
i^lif.

rh.is

wmMinp

iiii-lii

niijiii's

not as Me are."

W

u> tn d.-fc,id ourselves a^ainsf a foe BF reslraii.ed in the use of these tech-

M-ii>]nvi(^
n.

13. ir>53 alone the Il.lm^. Tiin of tlif raii.,iirile for Ihc eWabli^hmenf of this spe^inJ fiindHs extreme s--n^ilivi(v. The Inspector General's '';"!>--;iL.Y2f s,,,v..v of I,Ti;.V in yj,::; „„,ed the foIJowinpreasons for this
Iiiu - pt.,|.o^.d

MKI'LTRA

WRS Improved hv the DCI on April
hv

AlM)r

^

mw ""

MKt

'

orcn-ioii in
'',."^!'"."
.

nmiipulnlion of humnn behavior is conpMir,..i l,v ni;i: . nitl.oniit-. in nicdicini' nnd related fields I.. U piof,-.^!.,. ,;i ,ini-fhi.,il. theipf..fe the reputation of |iM>r.-M..„nl p:,n w,p:,nis ii, ih<MKn.Tn.V.pro;iram are on
11,

l,:-,Tnvh

'^ic

u>.ip:irilv.

VlKn.TKA

acrivitios raise niieslions of leffalitv
"

liiili'i'il
c.

III till-

iiri:riri;ilc)i;incr.

pl,;w. of the i,..tinc of products "'"' '"'^'^''^ °f !?= <-i'i"-"- in ieopardv. ' ;,"V.'r ^'r t (J. 1 II >Ji.-.h-^<h,-iiicof .-..tiiea=iwisof activ. >tv could indi(|r serin-i, advcr-e rciiction in V.S. public opniion n.^ «,.II n. slimuhl.- offensive and d..fe,i.sive
fii.:.l

A

MKIXTRA

>mrLTI{\

Hi

Un> held

action

,.,.

flie
iir,-

i,:,n

„f

fnivi^.Ti inteltipeiK'C scT\ices.'=

O,..,.

'-addilional avenues to jhe con,,.,l „f ,„„,,:„, lvh,.,vior" «c,v dcsi^-nnted as HT propri" e fo^ nne. ,:r.,,,,n undyrthcAlKl-LTKA ch^mcr T].esc inc^ K^^^^^^^^ ?'''^ ?^ P'vcI,o]o,,v p..ychiatrv. sociolo.^-. h ; ';;:i.";'""T

Ihc i.-u.ve.,r

of

ih,

pr.>;:niin.

manv

s

The
;
'

iv-.M,-.'!, :,,„i

,i,.vrIopmci,i

of materials

t.^

Ik. use,!

"i u hm'^n.

,"%""'"'^'7' "^
t':;.

'"'

'''"''=

;'?-- «-' "« -«-' ?--"•: ""'T ^•'"'"'- '"'"'^'"•n- teslin;: on

for nlferin"
volnnt.in-

of A Kl i.\U.\ m:il.n:il*inn<.nii.inifescltin"= '".','""^'!'\!n^'"HnI. «-a« cnndiictcd throu.-l, sfnndin.ir-„'."eT,'V,,'

ho iTl J ""''"''''-_" ""'""''/;"V^'>r'^ "'"'
,

in ..rivcr>iiies.

phannaccmical

house.-%

''•"'""l institutions,

and private r«.'arch orpini-

MORI DocID:

163357

71

391
rations. Tlie anniinl pranfs of furds to these specialists were mftde vivUr osten^ihk n-sonri-li foun.)n(ioii auspices, (hereby concenlinir the inteiiist from tlio spc'ai(=t'E institution The next pl.n^- of the propram involved phvsicians, toxicoloi'isis and other sperialists in mental, narcotics, and peneral hospitals, and in prison.-;, t ttlizinp the products and find in f^ of the ba.^' n-rarch phase, they condi.rlod intensive tests on human subiecLs One of the fim studies was conducted by the \ational Institute of -Mcnra Il.ahh. Tins stitdv was intend.-<l to test various drugs inrlndin- ],allii,ir,<,-en„s. at the Addiction Research Center in Lexiufn..ii. K,.,iri.,kv. The I>-xini'u,n I{e]i»bililaiion Center." a.s it was tl.e.i call..!, wa-s a prison for dm;.addicts serving sentences fur

tlAs

MKI'LTRA

"

NIMH

dnic

wen- vnlut.tcrr prisoners who. after takiu" a brief pliysiraleN:uiniialnjn and sijruiut'njrenera! consent form, were adminisleird haMurinop.nic dnips. A« a reward for participation in the pro::rani. fJic ad.Ii.'i* were provi.lod with the dnie of their addiction ""'' '*/,"-'; "'^"''"l^ '"'f' i" the nr^p,-am! Tk c T'"; The final pli.as. of L.s]) ,psr,np involve,! surremitious administration to iinniitinff nonvohinleer sithie.is in norma! life settin"<= bv undercover odirers of tJie Rntraii of Xnrcolics acfin" for the CI K The ralionalo for such testing «as "(hat lestinir of materi'ais under accepiod scirntifi.- MTK-oduiT-s fails to disclose the full pattern of reactions and attnliiiiions that mav occur in ojierational situations"" Accoidiii-r to lb,. CIA. the advantajre of the relationship with the '
Til,. Tesi

M.l.iecis

MkTLTRA

Bureau was that

test siilijvcis.'onld Ih-s-iu^'Iit

of n;iivoti.s .-oulrol. .Sim.>

and crdtivatcl within the scttin"
suLi'^ili* hiive

mi'iiil-r- of siisiwi-i irintiiiat eJeNicnIs from the JHui|-;ni of Nii[v.,;i,il ],:,;; ,,|,r:iiivd res'dtc of oi.f^ral ional value throii-ii the ti-sr>. tl„ ofl.fr ha >.,J. ffi,

U-eu infonners o"

whom
hioh

0„

eff.rfh;

sii ..(.,>,•, X oir

wx of the
a->}d'

h.d:r:,!„.,7s „i nil for!.,? Ttrth.

?oir

tjot.r.

„„,-,>«„ „„./ fon.-f,... h of Qrfat i!g,.;fra,.cr and tf/^/o.'/ h.,y h, „ ;„ ,[,„•,.>, if ,.,. o r>tr:,fv of !„<fh-;,iuah u-;th;n TMsrcittgorioi. Knlplla.si^added.] '*
.-1
, |

A
"js.,1

sp.ci.Tl

pr.--.dnr,..

des^-iMled

.MKDFl.TA. wns
.«...!,

f*nriv as

materials were n numlnr of oer-asions. Hecau^c MkTLTH.V record* weif " "= "ii't"«*.|,I,. tn re.-on=' nu-i the oi.cnitinnal use of i,,;'',?;^'; maleiial.. hv the CIA overseas: it has Iwen dclrnnined ,1 .1 nial tl.e .!=, of ih.M. nhilenaK abroad lw;r;ni ju 1?:.:!. and possihU

?..<.-in th<. uw-

of

MKn.TI.'A

es'alilished (o

tnaleii.-.ls al-.o -d

on

.

i"-»t",

*

a=

intrrro-ntion.. hut \'\u.\ y\\\\nAT\ mnli-ri?i]^ \\i-\^ ^\<rt utrrl fnr }»nr':i«nirnl Hr^-n'.Ijrin;5, oralis;,! J, TL;-|>nTi.n^('s.AiVimnT»LMi>nTU»i^pei^r,rnrn Nrrvrv of ihr T<'Hi»nr:»l Snvirrs l)ivi^io»i f*f f},,- 01 \ in lO'iT^nii i]i^I..rt](m ivlnrit Av\ nnr .liH-oxvr rlir >rKrLTK nrojoof involvinc \. ti>c- ^nrrr|> rKion> niliiniuM ration of to unwiriinp, iionvoluniprr
^I^'^-V''Vr'^''V;„'l?^'^ Mi\\

'^'"'*'^^'>

^^

«»

«^^

»<>

LSD

*/tirf.pp, 11-12,

MORI DocID: 163357

72

392
developed six dru^ for openUion&l use tnd tliey hod been used in six diflerent operations on KtotBl of thirty-three subjfvts." By 19G''l the number of opermtions tnd subjects had insubjects
creaseil su1>5(entially.

—the CIA hart

In the spring of 1663, durinp a wide-ranpin^ Inspector General survey of the leclmJcnl Services Division, a meniber of the Inspector GeiH^rals staff, John Vanct^, leanied about MKl'LTRA and about tin- projpcl involving the surreptitious administration of l^SD to unwitting, nonvoluntary human subjects. As a resulr of the discovert' and the Inspector Gcneralfi subsoqurnt report, this testing was hahe^ and much tiphtcr administrative controls wrrr inipo^ied on the prog:ranL According: lo the CIA, the project was decjvasod sipnificantly eacl* budget year until its complete termination in tlic late 1960s.

hy the Arnty Tliere were three major phases in the Army's testinpof LSR In the first- L.SD wa* adminislored to mori.- than LCMJO American soldiers who
5-

TAr Tcsttng of

LSD

volunteered to be subjeris in chemical warfare experiments. In the second phase. Material Testinp Progrnm lT2f>, Dj volunteers received LSI) in clinical eiprnmenls de&i^med to evaluate potential inti'lli^i^nce uses of Ihc dnip. In thc» third phase. Projects THIRD a)id DKRIIV HAT, IC unwitiinp nonvohinteer subjects were interi'oguted ofier receiving LSI) as part of opei-ational field

EA

CHANCK
tests.

B,
J.

CIA DavG Testing Programs

The Ratlonah forthf Testing ProgramJi Thp late 1940s and early IPjOs were marked bv concern over

the throat no^d by thr aclivitics of the Soviet TniniK tlie People's Rrpublic oi China, and other Conmiuni<it bloc countries, t'nitcd States concern over the u?!rof chemiral and binlopiral apentsby these powers was acute. The belief that hostile powers had used chemical and biolexical apentsin interropaiions. brainwashinp, and in attacks designed lo hara^:^, disable, or kill Allied personnel created considerable pressure for a '"defensive" program to investigate chemical and biobpical apfuts Fo that the intellipence community could understand the mechanisms by which tliese substances worke<] and how their effects could bt*defealrdJ' Of particular concern was the dnip LSD. The CIA had received reports that lite Soviet Union was enpaped in intensive efforts to produce LSD: and that the Soviet Vnion had attempted to purchase the ^orlds supply of the chemicnl. As one CIA officer who was deeply involved in work with *his drup described the climate of the times: "[It] is awfully hard in this day and api' to reproduce how friphteninp all of lliisirasto us at the time, particularly after the drup scene has become as widespread and as knowledpeabh'* in this country as it did. I3ur we wen- lit L'liilly terrified, because tli is was the oite material that we
IT

20J. Jn the OfflM* of S^Turirv of the riA fttfi'*^' r ilir '"urp^nry of i\\if dJ^mverj of Inliniiiiies and mfHiml MjjiI iiould |»Prmir .^ur ji^ryDnnpl, In tli** fvpiif ijf tbfir captun- t»T rht* *Tieni>. to resist or dotrat eneiuj' Inierroiatlon "
|i 11

/frirf,

1ft".

TUw-^ an

'tl!Bi-<'r

MORI DocID: 163357

393

hi5«i"'t

^''^''"^''^ oricitotion

soon became secondary Chemical .nH

1*

!

:

MORI DocID:

163357

394
rpcofmizpd ihv^ rff^Tls of 1>I> to unwiuingindividiiiil? wiihiji llic Uniied StuU-^. ifi"_- prujcui contijiuod."' As the l)q>uTy iJirpcior for PJanp, Ricliard Hi-lni^, vvroic liie Dejuity Dirtctor ofVontral Inlolli^pm-t during; disi-ussions which Jed lo liit cessation of unwilling testing
Altliou;:!i thf

CIA

"While 1 share your uneasiness and disUste for any pro^VMn wliicii it'nda to inlrudr upi>n an individuars private
legal j>r<.ro;:atiM's>, I Uliivt ir is m'ce=i;»rv tJiat ihc A^i'iicy nimntain a i_'ejitn*l vo\ki in this activity, keep current oi» enemy eapiLhiliclcs the nionipulalion of iiurnan beliavior, and niajutiiin an olU-nsive eapahihiy,-^

and

Thori' wrrr no a! t lui] n t tn secure approval for the most controversial aspiMt* of ilieM' propiams from the executive brancli or Congi^ss. Thi' n:ttun? and extent of the pio^'ranis were clowly held seciTis: even iKl McCone was not hrii-fed on all the details of the pro;;iarn inuntil 196J. It was ^ohinc thf snrreptitious administration of diTiiii-d niiperjjtive thai tliese proprams be concealed fi"om the American peopli". As the t'lA'^ Inj'iH-cior Gi-neral wrote in HOT:

LSD

Precautions must be taken not only to protect operations fnmi ea;pO'>ur(* to enciuy forces but also to conceal these activuics frfpm the Aim^rican public in pcnt^ral. The knowledge
Ajfi'ucy Js en;:a;rinir in unethical and illic'ii activities would havi' serious report-ii^sions in |>oliii<^al and diplomatic circles aiul wmiKl U* del rt menial to Ijjt' acroniplislinkent
tliat tlie

of
2.

it- niiztfion.'*

Thi D.ath of Dr. Fmnk OUor\ Thr most ii!j;:ir re-ult of ihe festinc of LSP bv the CIA wa*^ ihe dpiUh nf 1 Jr. Frank (Hmhi, a civil i;in emf^lovrp of X\\\- Army, who died oil Novt»inU'r J7, H*'*:;. Hi- de^itli foll<iwnl )ns part icipjit ion in a CIA expi*iimont wiili \j^\\. A> ]>ail of this experiment. <>N<ui unwjtlinply reiciv*Ml a|>]iro\iTiiLn<»ly "i* iiiirropratn^ of LSI > in a ^\\\^^ of Coinireini lie ilnink oTi Nii\i'nilH*r Jl*. Vy.*.\. 1hr dru;: had U^n phi-nl in tlie iKJttle by a CIA oftirrr, J>r\ Kol-Tt Lnshhri>ok, as part of an exiicnmcnt \\y- \\x\\\ \\\\ Sidm'_\ G^l^he^ pt-rforiunl at a uu-itin;: of Army and

V\\

s.'ifnti^t^.

SJionly
ng >in iiTid

afti'r thi-^

experiment. 01>*>n rvhihitiHl fvmniotjs^ of para-

si'hi/nphrrnia. A<'i*orijpanied b\ 1 *r. I^;rhlinK>k. OKon soiipht l'^> ]ii:itji'- ;i>7*i-nni'r in Nvw ^"ork City fmin a physirian, 1)k Harold Ahr;ujiM-rj. wbo-i^ n'M';urh on h:ul Urn fuiidt-i! iml'itirtly by thr CIA, W?iilr ill Xrw Voik for trcatin'^iu. (>i=ion frll to \\\% death fp.hj XI tvi.tlisrorvwin.lcjw \\\ (h.> SiatlrT'H.itrl.

LSH

J
\

the dE=' n**ion^ wMrh |*^ to th** ffrminnrlnn of itip uti'N'ittinc te-'TjiiL" rlir lU'l' Oini'Hl d-'un \\w ojifjkTi nf linUinc *tnrl] ff^t* niTlmi Uii- t'R. onO i''>jiTiiiijim: xWxw n^ro^nl di— tiiip Ihr fnri Hinr Ww Tpihiiii'.'i! SiTvir-ff* Pidrliirinc

Tv^n

h:i[l

r.-ii:i,-l
T*'\\'

in

"niiikiiii:

i\\\

irT'r.tiFini*

niiriJ.r
i

i*r

f">Triini

jiritiMrmN witrinp Of
t

n'lr

iu

\\\\'

viT>

>''ii'-iTin'

:n'rn

iiv

"

M^'itiiTJiMlitir]

^r

h''

PrimTr OiTPctdr

;

MORI DocID: 163357

t

75

395
assigned to the special Oi)enilion5 Division (SOD) of the U.S. Army Biological Center at Camp Detrlck, Maryland. Tiii^ Division tiad three primary" functions:
a.

Bathground,

—Olson, an expert

in aerobiology

who was

(1) assessing the vulnerability of American installations to biological o-ttack (2) developing techniques for offensive use of biological

weapons; and
(3) biological research for the

CI A."=

Professionally, Olson was well respected by his colleagues in both the Army and ihc CIA. Colonel Vincciit Huwet, Olson's immediate superior at Hil' tiini- of hi^ diuth. wfia in almost diiily contact with Olron. According; to Colonel Hmvot *'As a professional man his ability was oul^tiUidi^g." Colonul Kuwet stated that '^during » the peiio<l prior to the e\i>erin>cfH ... I noticed nothing which woulcl lead mv to "believe that he was of un*iound mind." " Dr. Lash' broolc, who had monthly conlaots with Olson from early 1^52 until thi- time of his death, staled publicly that before Olson received LSD, 'Sis far as I know, he was piTfectly normal." " Thi* assessment is in direct contradiction to certain statements evaluating Olsons emotional stability made in CIA internal memoranda written after Olson's death. b. Thi: Ejinfinii tit, On Noveniber 18. 19j3, a proup of ten scientists from the CIA ami Camp IX'trick otteniled a semi-annual review and analysis conferenci- at a cabin located at Deep Creek Lake, Maryland. TJiree of the paMicipanis were from the ClA 6 Technical Services Staff. The Detrick representatives wen' all from the Special Operations Division. Acconling to one CIA official, the Special Operations Division participants "a^neeil that an unwitting experiment would be desirable." '^ This account directly conliadicts Vincent Ruwets recollection. Ruwet recalls no such dif^i'ussion- and has asserted that he would remember any such <li^cussiorl Wause the participants would have si i-enuouFly objectefl to te>iinc on unwitting subjects- '^ In May. VXCK, Richard Helm?, .Vs^istant DDP. held a staff meepnp which the Chief of Technical St^rviccs Staff nltended. At this meeting Holms "Jndicateii that the ilni;: [LSD] was dynamite an<l that he shonlil be advisej at all times when it was intended to use it."" In afldiiion, the theji DDP, Frank Wisner, sent a memorandum to TSS statinp the requirement that the DDI' [K-rsonally approve the use of LSD. Gottlieb went ahead with the ex|K?rimcnt," securing the ap: . . . . .

SOD

'MefDonndum
p.?.

of Col. Vlnreoi

Ruwet. To

Whom

It

M**r Cone^m, no d»t*.

Buwet Memorindua], p 3
'Joseph
B. Trea*tfr. A>K- Ynrl r»mr*. 7/lP/7f>. p. I, Mptnornrnlum fur the R#Mv>r<f frojii T.Tman Klrkp;alrirk.
.

IT/l/M. p

1.

..

.

_

.

..

r».

a

•liL^in-clnrGeri^nl Iiiury, I2'iv:^, /''^rf. Pr Gotr]»'ih hne ie*:fifi<'4l ttiof he drw* nftt rMiM-mtt^r Hfher the meerinp with IJflnis Ti-'t Thi" Wi>ner mi-nioranduiil- (GotTlieh. ]0/l,\'75, p. 16
I

MORI DOGID: 163357

7G

396
proval of his Jmniodialc snixrvisor. Neither thp Chi**f of
the

pporificiilly auiliorizcd ilu^ exj*cnn)rni in wliiuh I>r, particii)ntcd.'*

DnP

TSS

nor Ol&on

Accordinp in Gottlieb-** a "very small dom" of LSI) was placed in ft bonk' of Coiiititau which was scr\f^ afur diniior on Tliuredav, NovenibtT H*. The drup was pliici^il in tlji- liqueur bv Robert LgshKbrook. All but two of the SOI> panicipanis rec^ivt»d L*SD. One did not drink; tin; otiicr had a heart condition,'' Al^out twenty minutes after they fiiiL:^]ied tlieir Coinlreau. Goilhvb iiifonnej the other parthey h:\Oi reioived l**^!). Dr. Gndlieli stated that "up to the lime of the experiment " he observed nothing: unusual in Ol^onV Whjvior,^"' Ojkv the esprriment was underway. Gottlieb recalled that nhe drug had a definite effect on the^Toup to the point that tliey wen- boisterous and Jau^hinp and ihev could not continue the meeting or engapp in sensible coneersation,^' Tlie meeiin;* continued until about 1:00 a.m., when the participants retired for the evening. Gottlieb recalled that Olson, among others, complained of "wakefulness" during the nicht-" According to Gottlieb on Friday morninp *'aside from sontc evic^nce of fniipie, I observed nothing unu-ual in [Olson's] actions, conversation, or general behavior."" Kuwct recalls that Olson '^appeared to be aritated" at breakfast, but that he "did not consider ihi^ to be abnornml under the
tit'ip;int->lhiif

circunijtanres."
r.

*"

Tnafm' t\t. The following Monday. November l*3, Olson was waiting for Ruwet when he came in to work at 7:-^) a,m. For the
T/t<

and family attempted to reassure him' and help hiri^ '*=^nap out" of what appeared to hr a serious depression. On Tne?^day, Olson again came to Kuwrt and. aflir an liour lon;^ connext
(hiys Olson's friends
CH»niipl» t«*?hfli»(I Uiat "fiten the infnrm.iiion we kn^w up to tbis time. aiHl Na^od on a I*»t of mir oi\n wlf ndmini'irratjrtn. we ih/iucht li wis m Tairljbenipn *ul»iani^ in lerms ^-f I'oiiNtinl harm." This i^ in omiBiit ii"t only with Mr, IIfLnl^' »if.-i1t'mt*Dt ImiI qUii uiih ojai'TJitJ ubirlj hud \ytrvu tiupiiUiil lu tUe Tfdmlcat Ker^i'P'; SiufT. In one I.mc m^-miirjuilmi] on rurrent resfjnh wiTh nhicb

two

•Dr.

w»s

LSD

lleeoh^r de^rrn*eil ihe doTLiri-rs iriTalveO with Furh manner "Thi' fteotod ren*nn lo dnulu Professor Rothland oiiiii" whi'ii ] rui^eil Tlie gueMiOu as lo an> arcident.* whltli hoU »men from tbe um- flf L;^|>-1!;( lie s;jid in very iM**ith> wiy, iK^oe/ kv li turned out thi<^ nn>tver e<>uUl In" ealU-d orerly positive, fur later on in t\w eveninc I wo;* di'^''U>>inc rhe mairrr witl* I»r W, A, SrnhJ- Jr.. a |'*yehlatn*t in BleuIera'T* Oinir in Znnrh where I hod ennt- at R-^ihlund* InnMenre, Stohl, when aske^l fhr h.inie qiie^ijoii, re[ilLed. 'j^^S and added ^[•oniaiieou>ly. 'there in a ca*te Profohrir R'^niKind knnns al-'iui. Jn Geneva a ^tllnla]| phyMciaii whi> bad L>een sultjf*-t til de|>ro<^irin Xn 9mj\w exieni f'vik LRP-l*" in an esi*erinieDt and became Sfvf»pi"]y diid huddi-nly di^re-'^^ed and oomiulrted unindr three week* later. Whilf ilie oniitipri ion i^ no( dt-liiiiie. rmuiutni knnuJed;:!' of Ihi^ (vntld linrdly bale nll-.wfd rhe p-iwiTiv** sJati'meni R*fihhind iieriiiJUeU himself. Thi-* ra»e is a uanUriL- tn U!« to avoid enfiii:mc >uhji-i-r>^ nh^t nre de]>reKs>^l. or nh<* \va\'- L-ev^u MjI'itTT iiP doi-ri^»^ion."" Pr <i..iilleh lestifieil ihar he had nn rei cdleciti'ii of either the ri'|iin or that iwniiiilar w-ciion nf W. iSidnej Gi»lilipt» te>fim(m\ 10 Kf/T:.. |i 7S.> "•-Mpm-^randum of Sheffield Edwjrd-* fnr the record, 11/2^/5^. p. 2.
su|>niied fo Ts>I».

Hfnry

rewarcb

in a prophetif

^iimnmry ^. T.i;*. 7,V p. 3 •^'noUlifhMenionniduna. 12'T/M \'. 'Kdrtftrd,'i ineiiu^nndnm. ll'lJN r»3. p 3. f^^iFTheb niem'ifanduni. l2'T/rfc3. |i 3.
"^

I«i«hl'rHHik

*

isfafT

i;.

*^

Ruwei

Eueniur'^ndunJ.

p. 3^

MORI DocID: 163357

it

397
versation, it deMrable.'^

was decided

tliat

medical assistance for

l>r-

Olson was

Ruwel then calJe^l Lashbrook and informed him that "Dr. Olson was in serious trouble Dndneedpd immeiliote professional attention." •' Lashbrook aprei-d to make appropriate ai ranfrements and told Ruwet (o bnng Olson to Washington. I>.C. Ruwet and Olson procwded to nashjjipton to meet with Lashbrook, and the three left for New York at about 2:30 p.m. to meet with Dr, Harold Abramson, At that tune Dr. Abramson was an allerpisi and immunolocist practioin^' medicine m New York City. He held no degree in psvchiatry, but ^aii ai-.Hiaicd

by the CIA.

m

nnnh.b
lU.'-os.^^

the

resvHicb projects supported indirectly and Dr. I-ashbrook both followed his work closelv

wuh

e;irl^

Dr. Abramson enced with L^D and cleared by

-Since Ol^w.n needled m.^diml Jielp. thev turned to as the doctor closest to Washington who was experivlie

CIA,

riiUMiJratMjj^ wuli Abr:inison. Thev spent Thursdav ni^ht in a I-o7iir U\-.n^^\ ho(f»I ;uid lln' ncxt niorninp returned lo t>ie cilv with Ahram^on. In furthi-r dis-^u.-sions wiih Ahranwm- if was acreed that t:)l>on f^hniild be phirtd under rpi:uljr p5\chiatric care at an " inMjimjr»n clo-iT lo his hon«-r
fi^r

Ruwpt^ I^ishl.nrf-k.nnd 01s<>n remniiied in New York fortwodavsof consultafjonp wjib Ahnimson. On Thursday, November 56, 1953 the three fli u bnck lo M'H>hini:fon so tliai OI?on muld speuil ThanksMrinir with hi^ fjuuily. En mutt- from the airpon Olson lold Ruwet thai he waj= f>lr:iid to face liis family. After a Icnprhv discussion, it wa^ denifed (jjat Ol.snn and I.nshlirn->k «ould return lo New York. And that Ruuet w-iuld ^'o t<> Fn-d.'ri;k to piiihiiii thfSi- events to Mr- Olson *• L:i^-hhrr.,,k imJ OImiii flru bark to N.'« York the same ihiv, acain

TJn /'v'M-— Recau^- they rouM not obtain air transportation for a reiuni tr:p r>r, Friday nipht. Lasl.hrook and Olson made reservations for >:itiird:iy rnoinin- and clicked into the Sta(Kr Hotel. Between ho t,n,r tliPy chcrki^i in and IOmK* p.n^; ihey watched television, MMted the r.>. ki^iiMounpi^ whrrv each had two martinis, and dinner Accon inp to f^.h .n.>k. lUson -wa. cheerful and appeared to enjov the ei^tenainnunt. f?v *»aj»]K^an^d no lonper p^irticuVin- depn^sfid, and almost the Dr. OUon I knew prior to the experiment."" After A\\\\wi' I^Tshhn^k and Olron wnti hed televij^irm for about an hnur. and at 11 mKL CH^on su^^rps.od that thev po In bed. savinp that ,'^^/*'"-I'*".^./*'l'>:»*«I ni"l conlLnfed than he }»ad sin-e [thevl came n Nrw -^ j.rk. • Oj^on tlx n Irfr h call with the hotel otH'r^.tor'tn wake ^em in the inorniniT. At approximntelv 2^<s a.m. Saiurdav. November :.^. J,^shb^ook was awakened by a lond "crash of plass/" In his ^f^>^^^l «"Vv that 01^>n "had crashed ihroiiph ''r^X'T:^ »}'' 7\}Ta ""Vwmdnw t)ie rJosi ft blind and theclos-d window and he fell lo his death irom thf W indow of our room on the lOrh fli.ior."«<
d.

^ Siaff snmmarj- of Ur
••l-.i.^h6ro<»li

Han>lU

.\hrauiMii: Jnt^nl^B-, 7/2»'75,

p 2

Al»r<m*rin mpai<»r.'ii](1um. XZ.A'T^

meinnrandulu, 12/7/33 d 3

"

MORI DocID: 163357

78
39S
lmn»rd:airly after findjjip ihat Olson had leapt to his death, Lashbniok it'lcj^Iioned (iottlii-K M Jus homr ai»d informed him of Xhf incident.'* Gottlieb called Ruwef and informed liim of Olsons death at approximately 2 ;4r> a.m." Lflshbrook then cnlled the hotel desk and reported the incident to the operator there. I^shbrook called Abranison and informed him of the occurrence. Abram=on told Ijashbrook he "wanted to be kept out of the thinp completelv/' but later chanppd his mind and jiyreed to assist Lashbrook.*^ Shortly thereafter. i)nifi>rmed police officers and some hotel emEloyeescanje tn Lasj|})rook's r^fom. I„ishl>rook toM the police be didn't now why Olson Imtl committed suicide, but he did know thai Olson

>^

w

"suffered from ulcers." " e. Th* Aftet-m^th. Following Dr. 01son> death, the CIA made a su^tantial etfort to ensure tliat his family received death benefits, but di*l not notify the Olsons of the circumstances surrounding his demise. The Apency nlso made considerable elforts to prevent the death liein<! connected with the CIA. an*! supplied complete cover for Lathht-ook so that his association witlj the CiA would remain a secret. After Dr. Olson's iV'iwh the CJA conducird an internal investigation of the incident. As i>ail of his resj*onsibilitie> in this invpsti^'atioii, (he ficuenil Omnsel wrote the Insi>erior (lejieral. statinp:

nnt hrti>py with what seem? (o be a very casual attitude on tlje part of TSS ri-j>n-scntiitive^ to tin- way tliis rx|>erinjrnt was romlmlrd jind the renjark? thai fhi^'is just one of ihi- risks runnin;; with scirntitic exiH^imontiition. I do not

Tm

eliminate the need for taking risk?, hit I dn lielieve, especially when human health or life is at slake, that at least the prudent, reasonnhle measures whirh vKw taken to mininjizetlie risk must Iw taken and faihjn' (o do so was culpable nefflipcncr. The actions of ibr various individuals concerned aftereffects of the exiwrimejif on Dr. Olson i>erame manifest also revtaled the failure to obs<'rve normal and reasonable

W

precautions.'^*

a result of the investigation DTI AUen Dulles sent a personal 1 etter to the Chief of Technical Operations of Hip Technical Services St.-jtT who had approved the vxi>erim<'nl crilicitinp him for "poor i>[ciir,iTent ... in authorizin:: t)»' use of this dru*ron sin^h no unwjttirr/r baMs and wiihout nroxinnUt' me[h,'al .'ia f.'pnn rd^." '"^ Dulles al*io sent , a letter to Dr. f^nttlieb. Chief of tlje Cheuiiral Division of the Technical -Services Staff, rriticizinc ^\m for recnnimendin^ the *Mnw«tinp apphcalioit of the dni;r" in that the nroi>o.-.al "diH not pive sufficient emphasis for medical collaboration and for the proin-r consideration of the riphisof the individual to wljoni if was beinir adminisrere<l.'"
^

As

T\\
,

"HiiwPT

FlHfl Offlrp Rppnrf 12 '3/:;3, p
,

3.

r^^
'

^leni'irnnrtiim. p. 11 y\^u\ offli p Kej-^vi. 12/3/M.

p

3.

VM>-iimrntic1iim from thoGAripral ronn-iel tothr Tnvfierliir G^ntral, ^/^/54. M<'m'.rjM"liin^ frmi. fH"! i Thiif, T#v*tini.-ti Ol^emf i-.Jis. l^yi. 2'12'W. ^Mi'innrntntimi from UC\ %o Rjj^ii'v G'trrljH-. 2'12 '"4.
,

"

MORI DocID: 163357

79

399
leUere v^re hand carrieil 1o the individuals to be read and returned, Allliouirli tlio li'lti-r-s wen- criti'-al. a nut*- fi-oni the Deputy Director of Central Intelli;,'e]icf to Mr. Ht^lni> instructed Jiim to inform Iho individuRls that "Tliesc arc not I'epnniands and no personnel file nolniion an- being made,'" Tlius, altJiough the Rockpfrllcr C<»nimission has characterized them as such, these nofos wpi'e explicitly jioi rejiriniands. Nor did participation in the events whirli led to Dr. ()I>oirs dciith liave any ;i|"parenl effri't on the advanoeninit wiihin tin- C"J A of tin- individuals involved.
:

Thf

r

X

The

SuiTepftf^'outi Adtnhi/.--fr/7f,'oi' of LSl> to Unwiftifi^ XonVofunteir Subjrcftt by ffi( CIA Afftr the Death of Dr.

Human

Ohon
Thr death of Dr.
staniTi.
It

Ol.son could
l>e

W viewed, as some arpn.d
LSJ*
\ras thoiipiit

as a tnigic accident, one of thr
miifht
ar^riicvl

ri*^k&

the time, inlierrnt in the testing: of new subat

thai

lo

lie

beni<rn.

death of l)i'. Olsor^ the dan^t j> «f tlie sum^ptitions administnition of I^^D wei-e clear, yet the CIA continued or initiiited-' a project involving the surreptitious ndminiitnition of LSD to nonyohmieer Ijuniiin suhjecisT Thi^ pro;:rani cxikjrmI ninnrroup individuals in tlje I'iiiied Stale? to the risk of deatli or seriouji injury without their jnf<frnied conpent, without jiiedii-.'il >n|iervi?ion. and without necessary follow. np to drfinnine any lon;r'ter'm elfrrts. Prior 10 ilie Ol^on exjH^nnietit. the Dire;'tor of Centrnl Intelligence had nijMovc-cl MKILTKA, a resrarch program desipned to develop a "Ciipabilily in the eoveil use of bioloL-ii'iil and cliemiral agent iii;it.rials " In the pn>|>osal desrril»inp Mr, Helm?, then ADDP, wrote the I director that
llie

After

MKTLTRA

:

development of a chemical material wliirh cau-nes a ^ev^r^ihle non>loxic al*errant mental state, Ihe ^pi-i i(i4' naiiiT-e of whicli ran Ik' reasonably well predirred for eiiefi individual This mnierin] could potentiallv aid in d]-rrpditiii;r individu:i]>. eliririn-: information, and implantinp suggesiion.^ and <nher form- of menial control" On Fehrunrv 12, ln,^^, the Dinrior of the Central Intelligence Ai'iiiry wrote TSS offirial^ criti-'izijig tlicni for '^poor judgment" in "dminisienng I>D on "an unwitting ba-=is and without pn.ximale medi>:il safeguards" to Dr. i^\>i^u and fui the l:uk of "proiier consideratjt.ri of the npht^ of ilu- jmlividnal to whom it was being adminj&tered"*»OJi thesiune day, ihe 1 n.-^jiivt or General irviewed a reiwrt on ^nl^projen Numl-er 3 of MKlLTIiA, in which the same TS?; Oflir. j> who hnd juM reieiverl letters from tlie Djreeior ireu- quoted as stui][ig tliat one of the purposes of Subproject Nnndx^r 3 was lo
tht^

wc*

intend to investigate

told rhr Committee that ihr proj.-rl l-rp 'n in lf»:a U-d III Dr. OUon'i d^ath waf iinrt of the nn»jtTr

Ml Ri-pnrt. whieh d<-^ri^i-d Iht i»roJ<TT iurotviDp the (iiirr^ptllious amlnittrnrinn of LSD, pTnced tli^ pmjcrr I*<*pfi(iinc In 3**-V». Oth^r CJA documenr> reve«l tLat it was io «l*^tptire ns earlv a* T^lTuarj VX^ Thr CIA ba*
19(1-1

Thr

and tbat the

-'Xi>*rioient

which

IH MoChl^fofOperaHons. TSS. 2/12/54.

|^M»'niorniidiim frnni AI>I>I' ir^'tii^ f^^ In" J |>iiUr>. 4 '3'^. tol- .^, p 2 Mru."r/>n.liirii fr-mi Ih'J io SirU,-.v fJmilji'h. ::/lJ '54 ; auj m.^morandum from

v

MORI DocID: 163357

80

400
questioned after ^observe the beliavior of un^rittin^^ pennons being that Subproject having been given a drug/'" Tl.ere is no evidence Numl^r 3 was terminated even though these officers wereion of LbD ^^^fl^ surreptitious ftdministra calh a^var^ of the dangers of the medical and^henece&sitv of oblaininpinformedconsenf and pn>VKhnn which showed safriruorJs, Suturoject Numl-er 3, in fact, used methods tlie safety and even less concern tlian did the OI-SON experiment for the project secuniv of the participants. Yet the evidence indicates continued until 1063.*' , , , . u* ^*i--. conducting the test might make projert. the individual In tinselected at random in a bar. initial contact wiili a prospective subject He would then invite the person to a ^^safdiouse where the test drug food. CIA perwas adininisttrvd to the subject iluouph dnnk or in test, or observe sonncl micht debrief the individual conductmg the an adjoining recorder the test by using a one-way mirror and tape
,

>'

m

obviouslv not obtained from any of the subjects. obviouslv, no me^lical prescreening. In a<KlUion the were not miahhed scientihc tosts wer-e conducted by individuals who hand either to a<lmmobser\>rs. There were no medical peisonnel on no follow-up was con istcr tlic dr^p> or to obsene their elTecls, and ducted on t lie test subjects. As t lit? Insi>e' tor General noted in 1963: is A sipnificant limitation on Uie effectiveness of such testingreobs»'rvation of the infeasibilitv of perfonniii^: scientific not (iiialific^I suh,^. The [indinduuls t'ondurtinp the te^] are besruntific observers. Their subjects are seldom accessible yond the first hours of the test. The testni? mav l>c useful in surface perfecting deliverv techniques, and in idenufvinjr

'^Vior consent Tli»>rv was also,

t\tis

chnracteristics of onset, reaction, attribution, and side-effect."

This was particularly troublesome as

in a

of

the (est subject ha? become ill for of instances hours or davs, incliidinp hospit^ilization in at least one case. and the api-nt could only follow up by guarded inquiry afierlhete^ subjeii^s reiuni to nonunl life. Possible SJCkne^s effects and attendant economic loss arc iiUinvnt coiitint-enl of ilie testing." ftifel PanidoNicallv. premier care seems to have been tjikon for the In spveral foivipi natioiiLils against whom LSD wa^ nsed ahroiid.

numUr

cases medical examiniidons were

performed pnor

to the use of

LM>,

"Memorandum to In^-^tor Genfral from Siibi'mi."'! #3of MKI'LTRA,:;/inTi4.
* Hi Hejf^rt on

Chief, TnPiK-crion

and

Rcvle^v. oo

MKULTHA.

V."3.

Melanin AcVordiai! to tbe ICs *Dner la lf«3, phj MKri.TRA could benifld^avAilal'leinanf-mertPhcr-

•;w"

a^^Uted

-rilb

r.T*rnrioii«l

fiamliiaiion of xi^ftM^i^i UM* nf LSP thread took Ibp pi«itl(.n ttiat "no i-hj^iml TSS trained personnel A pbjslis rniuired prior to admiDistroiioB of ILSD] by

t

MORI DocID:

163357

81

401
Moreover, the admiiustration

was marked by constant obseragainst vation maxle possible because the material was being used
«l)roa<l

prisoncra of foreign intelligence or security organizations. FmaUy, int*rroca*ions abroad, local physicians during certain of the were on call, though these physicians had had no experience with LSD and would not be trfd tli at* hallucinogens had been administered.** The CIAs project involving ihe surreptitious administration of to untitling human subjects in the United States was finally hahed in 19U3. as a result of its discovery dunnp the course of an Wh^n liwpt^oloi- General survey of the Technit^al Services Division. the Inspeiioi Geneitl leuriie<l of tliu project, he sp<^e to the Deputy Director for Plans, who agreed thai the Director should be briefed. made it clear that the DCI and his Deputy were pejierally The He indicated, however, that he was not familiar with sun' it was necessiiry to brief the DDCl at that point. On Mav 24, ll»0:Mhe DI >r advised the Inspector General that he had briefed the Director on tl^c MKI'LTKA program and in particular had covered the question of the surreptitious administration of founwittinp Imniau suljjects. According to the Inspector General, the DDPsiiid that "the Director indicated no disagreement and therefore

LSU

LSD

DDP

MKfLTKA,

LSD

the *testinp' will continue/'"

One conv of an "Eves Only"
fulluwin;r
fu^

draft report on

MKl LTKA

was

prepared bv tlio lii^penor (ieneral who recommended the termination of the surreptitious administ rut ion project. The project was suspended
ItisimtIof GoJieial's rejMjrt, On December 17, 19Ca, IVptiiy Director for Plans Helm? wrote a who V it ht he lntj>ei'tor General and tiie Executive memr> to the Diieotor-Coni}Hroller hud op|»osod the coveit testing. He noted two jfts|H*rts of Ih.' problem: <1) *"foi over a decade the Claiulesiine Senice?i ha? had the mi&^ion of maintaining a capability for influencing luiman Iwhavior:" and ^2) 'nesnng arrangements in furthei-ance of this mission >!jotild l>ea5o|»erationally rcalisMi: and yet as controllable
t

DDCL

that tlie individuals niu:*l be "unwitting'' as this was "tlie only reuliMic nietho*! of maintaining the capability* considering the intended o|>orational use of materials to influence human behavior a? the operarional targets will certainly be unwitting. Sh<»iild rhesul'jectsnf the testing noi lie unwilling. lie program would

as poi^ihle."

Helms arguvd

only l»o"pioforin;i"reMdtiiigina"faWsenieof accompliEliment and reaO mess." •'Helium continued:
noi (»- prts.Tif.ThprfUni>d3ii«pf medirallT \u the ii** of tbl> material AS luindU-J bj T^^ tfuim-U iierM>ntiel," Tbr Offliv of Medical Sfi^iceP had tikt^u fhr i^.^itmij tlmi IJiP wa^ "mpilirallt <lonj:rrini* " Boih tbe Otfio* Of Se«ijntj not be «<lmini>^(eml nn<t Ih*- Offior nf Mi-rt.ral S^rriivs ariniHS thai LPP "should
cinii \k*->^

and should be adnjlni^terwl onlr ri.imlTintifni . , Jiiid i'* efT.'ii." <NJpdi'»|..v i^r 111 (he jtr»*.n.T .if jt vlivvi-uin " h" t^ad utiidipd if raiiitiim frpm .l;im^ AiicU-loii, Tbi.-f, r.iuntpriiHHIii;riirH SiafT to Chief of Oi-tiinlrs*
|»ri-i'efl»'d

I»t

a

ai('ilii-;i]

.

flhi^.i«.

*

in- j-:;. I'ln>ioiaiiv niicliT lip rnlliKl
iL*

rj

:»:.

with rbe

of

Hipriijtl

ItrPiik^rmji wliirli

would

^ , ^. hnfn- thar ibej ivfudd miWe s diaftmeis U- useful in discn-ditinF Ibe iBditidual Tvbo
l»v

Wii* llf stihJH't c»f I hi' riA inii-n'^l, •" M*-iji.ir.iiidnm fcr Ihi' Rrt'.^rd j»roiiumt

Mip

In-^i^ii^ior

General, Vl5/o3, p

J

'Jbut.,p.2.

MORI DocID: 163357

82

402
]f orir ^rraiits the vnlidiiy of the tnissioit of luninlnitiinf; this unusual r!i|*;ii»ilily and tlK- iuK'es?:ii> for uiiwiltiii^ testing. tljciL- Jbonly tlirri rhe qm-stioii of how best to do it. Obviously, tlu' tt'Stiijji £}iould be conduct t-d in such n manner &s to permit tilt* o|i|>ort(jiiitv to observe thi- results of the t dm ini strati on on the tiirifct. tt also ^oes witliout s:iyinfr that whatever testin;; urranp incnt we adopt mu>t afToid mn^tiniuin safeguards for the jiroli'CtioiL of tliv A^ciK-y's role in tliii^ activity, us wi.n OS minimizing the possihiliiy of physical or emotional daiiiafie to the individual tested."
tn the Director of Central Ijitellii^cnce in June, nK>4, IIiImi> a^-niin nii-eil the is^ne of unwii(in;z te-Jtinp. At thai time Gfnpnil Carter, then actinp DCl, approved several chants in the t>rr»^'raTn propoi^ed by Mr. Helms a? a result of neprotiafions boMvet»n tin- Insj*otor General and the D1->P. In a handwritten noip. however, Diivctor Carter adde*l that "unwitting testing will be *• siihjei't to a st'panite decision." No spr'cific decision was made then or soon after Tlie testing had been hnJred and, arrnrdinp to M'alter Elder, E\ecutive Assistant to DCI M-Cone. the DCI was not inrlined to take the positive step of auf hfirizinp a resiimpf ion of the testing. At least throuph the summer, the HTfV did not pnss tJie issue. On November 9, l&W, the raised tlie issue apnin in a memo to the PCI, calUnp the Director's atientinn to wliot he drscrilied as "several otlier indications c^nrine the past yenr of an apparent Soviet appressiveness in the field ot covertly administered chemicals which are, to say the least, inexplicable and dislurhinp."'*' Hflms noted that because of tlie puspen'^ion of covert test inp> the \£:en(y's ''positive oi>eratif>nal capahilily to use drups is diminishinp» owin;: to n lark of iralistic testinp. With iitcreasinp knowledge of the stateof theart- we are less capable of stay inp up with Soviet ndvanees in this (i*»ld, Tlii^ in fum n'?iull5 in a wanijip capability on our pait to restrain nthni-*: in tht* infellipence community (such a*= the Department nf I)efens4'» from pui-suinp oT»e rat ions in this area."" Hehns attributed thf cessation of the unwitlinp testinp to the hiph risk of embarmssinent to the Apenry ns well as the "moral problem/' He noli'd thai no belter cnvert situation had been devised than that wliich had been used^ and that "^wc have no answer to the moral

In nr'»ther

mrmo

MKCLTHA

DDP

issue,"

=

Ib'hiis asked for either resiunpi inn of the testinp project or its definitive cancnllation. He arpuod th,Tt the status quo of a research and de^elopn-rnt prnprain witliont a n-alistir testinp proprani was cansinp tlie AL't-i»i'v to live "with tlie illusion of a raiMuility which is becoming

minimal and furthermore is expensive," '*(>m-ea^ain no fomial action was taken m response to the Ilehns* request.
from DDP HHqis lo DDCI Carter, lZ'lT/fi3. ^Ii^aii.riiinJinufromDUrHeJmsionCl. ii/0/W,|j. 3.
Menif^rtinflun)

.» >1

MORI DocID:

163357

83

403
the oarly l&50s until its termination in 1963, thi'piopjamof surn-iuil ions mlminisl rat ion of I>il) to uiiwiitinp nonvolunteer human subjects <1rmonsIrates a failure of the CJA's leadership to pay adequate attention to the rights of individuals and to provide effi'f^tive guidance lo CIA employees. Though it was known that the testing was dan;rrrous, the lives of subjects wci-e placed in jeopardy and thrir rights trpre ignored durinj: the ten vears of testinp winch followed I>r- Olson's diath. Althou^rh it was clear that the lows of the I nitedStaic:^ wi-reU-iiig vi<»lateil.lJie testing continued. 'WJiile the individuals invoivt^d irt xUv Olioji expirimenl were admonished by the Director. >it tiie same time they were also told that thev were not being reiirinianded and that their *'bad jud^rnienl'" would not be made pan of tht-ir personnel records. Wlien the covert ternting project wcsterniinored in r.Ki:s, none of the individual? involve*! were sub eel to any dj^vipHnury action.
irs bepinniiiff in
i

From

4>

Momforing amf ControJ of
Biological Agentf by the

the Ti^tl-ng

CIA

and Ibc of Chemical and

Sele.1 Committi^e found 7iuniprous failures in the monitoring and control of the testing itnd use of chpinicjil and luologiral agents ^illiin the (TA.'* An nnjilysi'^ of the fuilurcscan Ix' divided into four sections: (a) the waiver of normal re^rji^-nion> or requirements(b) the problems in anih.^nzjtion proivdun-s: (cl the failure of internal review mediinn=m'^FU''h as ihoOffi.-f of General Coiins*d. the Inswctor (lem'ral.cin.Mhe Au.ln StiiTf: und (d) the effect of compartmeniation and competjMoii within the TIA.

The

JJuvrtorof
.
.

of Admihiftrnfirr Cohfro?*.—Thp infernal control^ w'jtljin any ;»grjicy rest on: (!) clear and coherent reguhitions- ('>) clear lii»es of u.tthoriiy: and (ri) clear rewards f.»r tho^e who conduct tl.em^ht-:; ni ;iri-ord wiiji agejiiv regulations and understan<hl.lp and immediate ^anrijon^ against (ho-<^ who do not. In the case of the testingand u^e of cl.rmical and biologl.al ugcuL-. norm:iI CIA administrative controls weiv waived. The destruction of the rif»cument<on the largest CIA i>mgram in thisai-ea cnnstifuted a prominent example of the waiver of nnnnal Agein'v pnNvdures hy the Director ,wT^V- l'**'""'*^^^'-^ ^^'^'"^^ destri^yed in cjirK ]f»7;i at the oVdi-r of then I>( I Jurl.jrd Hilnis. According to Helms, Dr. Sidnev Oottlieb. then
o.

The Wtin-tr

TSD:

were destroyed- And 1 also Ik^Hcvp part of the reason for our thinking this was advisable was there had been n-lationships with <>uisidej-s in government agencie^^i and other organizations aibd that thes.' would \v sensitive in thi^ kin<l of a thing hut that smce the program was over and finislnd and done with, ^v^' thought we wmdd just get rid of the files as

came to me and said tha( he was retiring and that I was retiring and he thought ir would l>e a goort ulca if Ihe^ filp^
.

lo

"^J!*'""r, -*'^i

wmca

ruli-s,

?'^ -^ in-frurrs thr ror«mitt«i» to «imin^ rhe >itPfi! &ia^-; in^eirit-eno- utfcncips nre fforempd br EvecuUv# Or^^r-^ or repilatlonji pithpr pubL>Lfd ur seirer"
:

^^

I njtf^d

I

MORI DocID;

163357

84

404

^'s;>W 11 be^subj«t to

Oi*^*" follow-up or

*^*' "*^''?*^ "* the past would not questions, embarrassment, if

^

you

* t

t

~

P.'.vem of

.1,0

r.s...rch an.I

deve)orm7nfbuHVefofT%?)

Si

'b^

ipili^iiii
-Bi.-l.artl

Jlelm^ IfMluionj.n/ii/75.

p, s.

Erp„

i,ri.,r

r.r

ih- d^>inirtl,m of U.--i.mpnt-

rli.'

MKi-i thj

-~\.

n..-nr^ rh:ir mii;}iT civ,-

iKrim-rfhr

I.

m

urM

m?^^^

*t*^x

MORI DocID: 163357

85

405
lions
Oll»f r Affonry piwrcJiire^. i.t, the forwarding of documents in Fuppon of in\oiresflnd rhe provision for ropilar aiiHil piwedures
'.'*

A^n Dulles r,rrnSMJT'i''xiJ't'^- noUnp thai security '^''r" approved MKl LTRA, considcralions pircluded handling the project throuph usual contractual acwmpnts
^"^
^'^'

*^^'^> '*^^"

^^

aud^r the books of contrariors in the CIA ha <f been unable to verify ih*' use of Airenry irrunfs bv .i contrarior. Another nmi had failed to establish controls and sn ft^irna nis whirJi would asSUIT •j>)oprr nccoiinlabihiy" in iiw- of ^vPijunent funds with the result thnt "funds Jiavp l>een used for pnrp**^^ not coniemplated bv ^''''' ^^^'^*^^ "^'"'^ ronfrnrf relat i^n.Mup/' '• Tlie entire ^I'S^TM^^t^" AJKl arian-rnicnt was condeinned fr.r bavin;: ndniinistrative lines wJiich were UTiclenn overly pennii=sive coi^lmU, and irrespon' sihjt' supervision.

TenvearslatorinvestJcationsofMKrLTl^\Lvbotluhe'lns^^^ Oenerol and (he Audit SufT noted substantial deficiencies ^hich resulted fi-om thp waivers. Because TST) had nor re?^rv*^d the richt to

MKTLTKA.

LTRA

'

The head of

the Audit Brjinch noltd that inspertions and auditsled u 5 to sev >1KT^LTI!A aR frvqueutlv liiivin;; provided a device to<^>cape noinuil adniii.isdalivr 'controls for research thai IS not esprruilly s*'n>kive. as bavin;: alIo\><>d practices that prodii'i' ;:ro?:s adujinistrative failuivs. as having perniiftod ilit^eMahli^hniNit f>f s|wml relalion-^liips with unrvliablo or;::nn/;.!ir»u^ on ail unsurrptable basis, and as havinp CrodiiFrd' '^11 ?it lrns( one occasion, a cavnlii-r treatment of a r>n;i ndi»cf>mractin;:oipanization.
,i,ni

n need for special mechanisms for handhrip-seiiMtive proierts. tlie Chief of the Audit Hranch wrote that -bcHh rh^j terms of refen nee and the ground rules for handling suib sperial j^rojoc ts should Iw spelled out in advance so chat diver si*iM from ni.rn>ril .hanncls <W-i not mean abandonment of controls ^pe^lnl jum. dur. s m:i\ Ik- nc^es&irv to ensure the securitv of hiphU sensitive oi>emtions. To |>revent the erosif^n of normal iniernal control mcf^hani*:nis. Mirh waiver,'^ shmild not be extended to less sensitive operations. Mnnover, only those rejulations which would endanger secnnty shouM be waivi>d; to waive refnilations cenerallv would result in hiphly sensitive and controversial projects having looser i^tli.r than strnhr administrative controls. >IKNAOMT, the Fort Orh ilk CTA project for r^^^arch and development of chemical and biofoprcal ap^nt-, provides another exiimple where efforts to protect the se. iirny of a-enry ftcdvlies nverwhehned administrative No written records nf the transfer of npents such as antlirax controls. or shelN nsh toxin wen' kept, "Woiuse of the sensitivitv of the area and the desire to ke ep any possible use of materials like this recordless." '* The

While admiftincv

there

may

W

•MemnrnTHlum from

APPP HHm*
Chif^f.

MPPrmrnndnni from IG fn

pri puTfe^. 4^3 r>3, Tah. A. p 2 TSI\ ll/Vft-'V as quoted to memorDDdum
|o

m-'mnriindiim nucef^ti^ that admrniMrnflve exelmlnns. be<'na!te of the imj^irrnnep of rnrh (leci^inn'^. *hmiM i»Tirr^ rh# penmnnt npprOTal of th^ IVmirT nirpf-r^.r nt rnnrrnT lnt**IU£i>nrv «r> nn Imliriihuil raw Unsj^. Pn«t*nf ciA r>o)ici ii^th.ii only thr D^I cnrt niitliorb,r cirTBin exemplinn*i from r^jrtilaifoD* S.rljii.v Gtnilivl. teMinn^ny. lO/J^A^, H^-arin?^. Vol. 1. p. 51

"The

.

^

MOR I DocID: 163357

8f3

406

ilsSSiS==S2sa
',':

:

'

'''{'"."-'''^"— M.f

.lr>i

,

u<-t

»^Hi.Ti,-.i;,u..,i r..;,,n..„.ni. ;,.,;;.,;;;<;, ;,'\^^^

'•
'

"-"

k..mv

..^.^';:M::::;r,.:;:.r!:l'::;;.^7;::;;;i„:;;::;„V

">-

^-^^-....,.,

--^^.'1;::^

r^..u,..:,.„i

,,

.,,...„.,.,.

.,:„,..-,„
'

,

^

--'

-:'':;:-;r:;-:::i:;T:;:

^H-'r V-

'

MORI DocID:

163357

8"

407
before the Conamitli-c, authorization throuph lack of agreement
is

even more pj'cviilent iTiseiisilive situations,'* The unauthorized retention of sliellfislj lo\in b^- Dr, Nathan Gordon and his subordinates, in violation of a Presidential Directive, may have resuh4?d from the failureof the Director to issue written instruct ions to Agency ofTicinls. TJie retention was not authorized by senior officials in t)it Agency. The Dirt-rior, Mr. Helms, hau instructed Mr Karnmessines. the "Dcj) »ty Director of PJahs, and Dr, (iottlieh^ the Chief of
Tecluiical Servjc^^^ Division, to relinquish control to the Amiy of any chcniica] or biolo^rical ai-pnls U^inp retained for the CIA at Fort Detrick. Dr. Gottlieb pas^'d this instnjciion on to Dr. Gordon, Wliile orders may he disre^ardrd in any orpinization. one of the reasons that Dr. Gordon used to defend the rclenl ron was the fact that he Jiad not received rt-riften i)isl ructions forltiddin^ it.*' In some situntions the existence of written instructions did not prevent unautliorized art ions. Ac.coi-dinp to an n vest ig:at ion bv the CIAs InsiH'Ctor General officers had been infor^^d orally that i/r, Ilajii^ \\^',\s to be ""advised at all limes" when was to be used. In addition hnd reteived a memo advising the staff thai was not to be tifcd witliout the permission of the DDP, Frank Wisner. The experinient involving Dr. 0]s4>n wont ahead without notification of either Mr. Wir^ner or Mr. Helms. Tlie absence of clear and immediate punishment for that a^t must undercut the force of other inleiTial instructions and re;:u^iiions. One last issue musi In* raised about authorization procedures within the Apency. Chemical ajrents wert used abroad until 1P59 for discrediting' or dis^ihlin-: o|>.^mti'>ns, or for the purpose of interrogations with the apj^roval of the Chief of O|)eration*i of the DDP. Later the approval of thp Deputy Dirertor for Plans was required for such operations. Althonph the medical staff sought to be part of the apijroval proccs:; for these Oj>eralions. they were excluded because, as the nspccior General wrote in 1057
i

T^D

TSD

LSD

LSD

:

Operational

DD, P

deienninations are the resiKinsibility of the and it is he who should advise the DCl in these

respects, just as it is he who is responsible for the results. It is completely unrealistic to consider assi^minp to the Cliief, Medical St:iK. (what, in effect, would l>e authority over clundivsiine oi^eration;;.)'"

Given the rxpertiso and traininf; of phvsicians, participation of the Medical Stall mipht w**!! have been u^i^fuh
Questions about auFfmrizJition also exist
in rejjard to lliosr ajrcncies

the CLV, For instance, the project involving the surreptitious administration of L.'<D to unwitlinc non-volun(oer human Eubiects was conducted in coordination with tne Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drujis. Thei-e is some question as to the Conunissioner of Narcotics' knowledge about the project,
assistcil

which

th? j^t^tr^n^ of hrin^np forward dpj-rrirtion of orri'PU<> \>j riif .*p-in y Jn cetiinc OMiporol (hroupli the ahM>nce of disj^rprnipnt «:!'. a r*inimrn» *inr re^pipiiil*»i». -Jt »n*i not unriinminn. . Tin* mor* sen<ii(ive

Mr.

EMrr wos a^ked whcihpr H^
rh»* ni<*rr liV,fl>

.

.

rhi' r*n'jiH(
'"

oil U\t- lui'd Im krfji

The

it moiM Tpno iim;ird W\n^ wriMm m^ird tn a minim urn."

a Cfnurooti iiractitv. ttaifed

X.Tth^M

flitrJ^iij tt^srini^'ii.v. l»/]6'7r>, H»-anin:.*.

VoJ,

i.

"lUST IG Rrporr.

MORI DocID: 163357

88

408
the Inspector Genenil noted that tho head of the hnd i)ccn hrii-ftii b1h*ii( llie pniifirt, but iUc Ki d rc|>ort did not indicate tJie Jevtl of detail provjdea to him. l>r Gottlieb t^srified that **I rcijicjiiber mopling Anslinpor and had the general feeTJng that he wiis a.ware."'" Another CIA o(hc«r did not recall anv discussion of t€.^lingon unwitting subjects wjicn he and Dr, GottJieb'met with Commi'^ioner Anslineer In a mejnoranduni for the record in If'GT Dr. Gottlieb stated that Jlnrrv Gionlnno. wlia rei»lired Mr. An5liM;!cr, told Dr. Gottlieb that whrn Jie l*ci'ajtK' Coninus^ioiier he wus "only generally bricfod on tlie annngcrjientb, irave it his general WcSEing, and said hi- didn't want to know Uip details/" The same meniornrulum slates, howcier, that there \\ti\- Si'M-ra] f'oinnu'iiis which indicated lo l^r. Gnttlirb that Sir. Giord:ino was awnre of the siibstauco of the projctt. It is pos.^ible that thi' Commissioner provided a general authonz.'ttion for the arrangenitjtt wirliout undvrstunding wli^it it entailed or considering its propriety. A reluctance lo seek detailed information from the CIA, and tlie CIA's hesitancy to volunteer itj has been found in a number of instances during the Sel*Ht Committee's investigations. This problem is nt>i confined to liic excvutive branch but has olso marked congressional relationships with the Agency, c. Inftr/ioJ /iVivV^r. The waiver of regulations and the absence of doainjcntiition niiike it difficult to determine )iow who authorized \viiicfiartivitie5. More imi>ortantly, they made internal Agency review n*eclinnisnis mut'h l(^ss elTectivi-y Controversi:*! and hiplilv sensitive projeri? wliich fhould have been subject to the njost rigijrous"insi>ection Jucfceil effective intorn;il review. Given the role of ihe General Counsel and his reaction to the surrepiitions adminis-tration of to Di. Olsoji, it would have seenied liki'ly that he would be asked about the Jepalitv or nropi ietv of any subM-quent projects involving such administration. This was not done. iW dill not learn about this testing until the lI*To's. Xor was the General CpunsePs opinion sought on otiur MKCLTIIA projects, tliouch these had born characterized bv the Insix^ctor General in the I'SbT

In

l&C:^,

BXDD

Mr

LSD

Kenorl on TSI)a,=i '-unethical and illicit."-' Tliere is no mention in the report of the
survrv of

Inspector General's TSI>of tiie projet-t involving: tlie snrreptidcius administration of I>lK That projrct wasappareritlvnot brought to the attention of tin- srirvvy team. Tlie Inspeilor wjio (liscovrj-ed it durinjr the IG's 1^6^ survey of TSD recalls coming upon evidence of it inadvertently,
lO'iT

n.P IG's ft-port on

MKl'LTRA

In

19G3 sitated

:

^^*^^^^^ d.H'i.in.-nls jiiKHified fJint malntnin eiartlnc rwi, "7\T»5,";"' JR-^ cM^irir> ]]] nn duinc h.m*»vrr. bns rur^u^ a i.l>i v' ^J>1.' |OK.->i,h>- r.r m.nJnujiii <l<h»inMil.Ttion in k^riiiiiL- wiih Ihp tiich M-n-^itivhT of ^.'mp OT liP i,roji<-f< S'ymu flU^ n*re found to present a tfaf-onabW c^niiiiHe r^^.nl nMiKhnc mosi ^f^nsirivp mnttt^r^. while oth^r- uith iMrallel oJ-jmivf*'^ conr.-jjn^

r

TPP TSU

Jittip

or no data nt

atl,

m^nT^'T.^^T*^''"^ "i""^ njpor HT\a fl^ml rontrolji." " CJA. Int^vctoT GMirrars

T)h- lark of r.»i.-isT,^nt reftinU iirwIiNM »^i- nf r*.utiLP '**^*^ » ^"^""^^ "f QiiMrioni ^nvtmiii^ manac<^

report on

TSD,

IWjT, p. 217.

MORI DocID; 163357

89

409
rather than
its

having been called to his attention as an cspecially
,
,

^ ^ i the General Coiuisel and the Inspector General, the prinThus both improper actions, cipal inlenml mechanisms for tlje control of possiblyhei) the project were eicludeJ from r*pular reviews of the projiLt, was discovered the EiLtcutive Dire dor- Comptroller voiced strong opposition to it: it is possible that the project would have been lenrnnateJin 1957 if it had been called to hib attention when he then sened

sensnivepr-ojetl.'^

,

.v

W

us Iiispecloi'Gcnerul. , , serves an internal review function The Audit SiatT, which also through the exaniinaiion of Ageiicv eipenditnres, also encountered was first LTUA. When suLsi;rniial difli-.Jtv wiih
-

MKl

MK ULTRA

as well as the diffii^ultv in deiectinp them. The head of the Audit prot-^duivs a^ "having allowed Braiicii charaotcriied ihe MKL'LI practices that prodiK-ed gross adminisiralive failiiri'S." including a lock of contiol^ witliin outside conlrautors wliich would "assure proper accountabilitv in use uf govi-mment funds." It olso dimiiiifihpd the CJAs capaciu lo verifv ihi- accouniin^'s provided bv outside firms. d. VoiHi/tirt tn<nt<JtUln. arid Juri^JictioJujI Confict llVAm the and A<i<:7\'Cy.—\^ has been noted, the leMing and use of chemical bibl'>picyl a;:i^nl- ^>a^ treatt-d as a hiplily sensitive activity within the CIA. Thi^ availed in a hipli A^iin^ of coinpurtnientation. At the same liniu substaniial jurisdictional conflict existed wiihin the Agency between the Tecljiical Svrvicf- Divi>i*3n, and the Oftii'e of Medical Services and ihr Otlive of Si vurit v. This coni|mrtnientation and jurisdictional conflict may well have led to dui^licarion of eiTori within the CIA and to Agency policymaker's beinp deprived of usi'ful information. Committee and then Durin;: tfjc earlv ISX's fiiM iJie the ARTiClIOKK 0»nmiittee were instituted to bring together repiVM-ntiitives of the Aponcy components wlii<'ii hud a legitimate intercut in ihi' area of ihe alteration of luiman Whavion By 1937 both these

KA

BM'KHIRD

comniitteci; liad fallen iiiti* disusi'. No information wont to tlie Technical Services Division (a comjumcnt sup|>osedlv represented on the

AKTJCHOKK

operations being curjducied hv llie Oflice of Security and the Office of Medical Sernces. The Tfchnicnl Services Division which wa^ providing support lo the Clandestine Si»rvia*s in Ww u)<- of chemical and biological agents, but provided little or no information toeither the Office of Security or the tliese proOffice of Medioal Services, As one TSD officer involved grams testified: ''Ahliongh we wei-e ac^juainted, we certainly didn't slinre esperience^.""

Committee)

al*f>ut

AHTK HOlvE

m

eomplPtf *ftpr ttae Ii)sr*ecior came up^n It the IC did do! perform <tt an eilenBlt* MtTff of TSD (nvesricanon of H- ll was di^eorered at the •nd rl. * JnsjiHclor was In the i>roc*s» of W\%\r- tranaferred to anotbcr post within Ihr Ac^'ncv, '^T^Ut\M,T\r of CIA offlc*^. 11/21/75, p.

"EvpH

md

U

I

MORI DocID: 163357

90

410

*
4

info,„,a,im,."

o

.

tl"

at lLTT

.^°"'e

''"''

'"^^•-'-

«>"eht such

1>I> Jid
vfi.l

.,o.

inform

ti

fli^JiinvoIumvi.l

S

uf

vt 'f -M^'*1h-^I

4' "*'"""* ^"CP'-sU-d ij.at bfivites order to pre-

m

erul d.:kriU..J
t

it

i„ lu,: .'h':

"l!
i

'^''^- '^^

"'*•

inspector Gen-

jc

arriviirp<of
tlH-

TSii

«hi^i

''" *-'>'^^ M*'tlJf*al

Naff, over
"'"

approval of

Cl.ipf

l'i-.oftl,ri,nr.h,rPond..;!cnt"i'

XS

tiJ

P"*"I ,H '''"" f ^r"""^ ^'"'""' '"'orming ^

inS^^K3t^

'i-M-™:^ »"-:"^ i^tr'-"

,.*

'-^

'"

n

:'i

;.v

p,

H

MORI DocID:

163357

/

91

411
,=(annMl iiep:itiyf impact on policymaking' in ihc Apencv. As the Depuii- ( liL-r of (he roiml.TiiHenit-,'nc.Staff notp.1 in l<i:,S. to the dilT,-,i.,,t iK)s,lion. tuktn l)y TSS. tl.o Office of Sccurilv. atxt the Office ol Alcilical S-rvices on the iiso of clieiiiicnl or biological a"ents. it was

dm

poyible

thill 111*.

bioli.;.ncal

^^^^'^'•'"O" relevsi.l to its use." Even a committee set up bv the in 13..>s lo nileiripi to rationalize A;ri-ncv policy did not have access to reconis of lestin-r Hn<i use. This «as du,.. in'part. toeicessive compnr1iiieni;ition. an.] jiiriwiictioiiul conflict.

individuHl who authorized the use of alchemical or aprni could I* presented «i|h '•iiicomploic facts upon which

M."!!? iJIH

C. (-ovtnT TrsTiN.; ON Hi M.^v Siwrt-Ts in MiLiTAny Intxlligevce *'"'';.' Ti>TiN-r, I>k,-;r.m EA IT:*?, Th.^ikct T'lVt XV- V ANi> ( HANdK. rBo.iK(-rl)E»HV

HAT

THIRD

EA
for

lT:?r- is

the

<le^ij.nialr.r u^-.l in

the

thcrh.-micril iLrfni-cI.iiI-.ratorics. Tl,e~e expermienls. de.^ipnrd lo evaluate

(I.SD). InierM armiM-d at the Army-Mhemica! U'nrfnre I^N.Mtories bv open literattnv on the nmiKiinl efle.ls of the compound." The positive intelli£o.„v and coimiei inlelhp.'„cr polrntia! envi^oiicl for compounds like J>1). nnri yiisp^rte.I Soviet inrere-i in s„ch materials."" su|Von..d the ilevplopnicni of an Amrriran milit:irv cnpnbililv and resulted in ex(.^nmonr. conduced jointty l.y the T.S. Army Intcllipencc Board and *^
.liethyh.mi.)..

ly-n-icn.r

Army dnip

le^iinp propram in l.SI> was ori-inallv

W

collectively ai= "MateriJ Testinp Propram ''- '"''P'-''f;';t.;"f p^l'^-i'larinterfST conducted as part of these ex,*rm>,.nt-. -1 JIIUI, and "DKliUy HAT", the admn.iy.aMnn of to un«ii,inp subjects in Euroi^. and the

"1 j-y.'^

""' K""""

potential intelligence

u^s

EA

LSD

iHAXCK-

invoS

fill

J ^1(^1

,

involved the ea.lv ph;i-es of drup tesi'inp. In tiie VrmVs esis a. w„h .ho.-e of the CIA. individual riphts were also suU^d^ n.iied to i.ni I. mil s.'.uniy,-on-tdeMii ions; informed con^nt and f..lto>vup exiimm;ili..ii> of subjects were uepleeied in efforts to mainiaiti the Hvive.v oftiie tests. > Uhilly. the comniami and .'outro! problem^ which «e.v,M,p.,.„t I'l tl>eCIA-spn.pr.ms are iir.ialtWedb'-., lack of clear """"""'-" "" "''I PuiK-r^ision 111 the Army's jiropiam^
he
n.-);.

ivspe.is. the Artuy-s te.tinp proprums duplicated l^Sfiirch hi.h ,a,I;.lre;H!yl.,-<.„comh.eredl..i rhe (TA. Thev c^minlv

In

many

mh.ietii
.

m

",1.^^'^"'''"
ini mi
r..,':
1-1

V^\

:""ly. •Mnt.Ti.il Ti-sfinc IVccrnni. F.A ITSO." 10 jr, -.-,<> n 4 -^ If'-'- '-'er.l year, [.rinr tn i„i,i,i ' ^^'^T^'" ^""'J- '•i'-l rs I>I' --^ r..,..r. tl,nl tl„. S..vi..„ ,,„r,.l,n >e,l « h.rc. ',„nr„i,v , 1 srUr.
-'ii'^

sir..,,;;

t

<;Mier:,ll« n,v..,„,.f( ii,,vi. , ,„..tl..-1. nnrf eo,...lerintHlke.,<* e,,ncef,i< w^r.- .l.n ,„„1|, ;„,„;; fj^,.,,.,, J,, ,]„. i„i,i;„i ,f „,;^ T.-.^T^I. .\ |.ri;,...rr vi-^iH..v,ti.m f..r ll..|,l eM...rii.,..n1,-..i..n
i

IMIic..,..-.. «-|tl.

K\
'

17"^

..-.,,.1^

,-.

...1,„„.-

.„,v L.ml

.,f ..,..r,-i,.„

.„

.

i.,|..„..„ r,.r

.ni-Uie-n,-

i..,r,-.-

Tl .r-

]->t.-\

r.,

.,.i,m.T n. hcl.l .\]-n.i,..iii:,(

j. ju-tifieri"

ilhi-l.

p

;t4i

MORI DocID: 163357

92
412
7,

Scope of Testing

BetAveen IW-S anrl lOSR researcli was initiated by thp Armv Chemical Corj.s (o evaluaic thp pot^rtia! for as a chemical waVfare incapaciiatmp agent. In the course of this researx^h. LSD iras odministered to moi-e Minn l.OrtI Anieiican volimteei-s wlio then participated In a series of tests designed to ascertain the effects of tlip drup on their ". r L ?, ^'""^"?" «s soMiei-s. With the exception of one wt of tests a ton ilrapL'- tliose and siihscqiient lalwraion" experiments to evalu-

-I

LSD

ate eheniicai warf^ir.- potential were condiicf.-d at tTie U iirl;ti-e LaUtiiitories. Kdprnood. Sranland.

Armv Chemical

new scries of lalH^raiorv tei,ts were initiated at Ed"e«ood These cxpenmntts were conducled as the initial phase of Material T«t,np Progi^nj EA 1 720 to evalnate the intelligence
In
in;.>
;.

LM), and
tests,
1.

included L^IJ t*sfs on 05 volunteers."' three structured exjicrinienls were conducted
:

As

potential of part of these

LSD LSD

social
tlie

participatinp;
2.

purpose or nature of the tests in which they were

was administered surreptitiouslv at a simulated reception to volunteer subjects who "were unaware of

was administered

to volunteers

who were

quently polygraphed: and 3. LSD was administered to volunteers wlio were then confined to "isolation chambers".

subse-

fiimi .ViiLni-l to Nov..,Ml.er of VM-± .<.-u-ii ^iil.ieets Wfiv inrei n>.-iled mnler Kliny .11 of „h.,n, «ere f,„vi/.„ national" either sl^l pi'.ri<l of .IpmIui- in imivoti.s or iin|:li.al,d in f..rei"M intent.'cncc o|M-r,iiHm-. I|„- p.ir-t.o.,-.>f i|,i-...v.>nd >rt

rurtnred experiments were desipned to evahiaie the vtliditv of the trailitional wciirilv training all s.il.jwts had undergone in the face of unconventional, drug enhanced, inierrwations At the <^nc)i,>ion of the ralHiralor^- test phase of Material Testing Program EA I.l'D ,n inf.O. tJie Army Assistant Chief of Staff for ]nt.-ll.g.-iuv (A( >I) authorized oiM-rational field testing of LSD Tlie nr«i hrtil le-i;; iv.-ie coii.liicfcd in Enr<.].r bv an Ainiv Si-crinl m«e l,.am (Sl'T) dining the i^-riod fiom'Mav to .\ug,!.i of PmI%1 Tl,ey<. t.sls w..,,. known as Project CllAXCK a.i,l iiMoIved eleven sepaiair nil..] lo-ation* nf ten snl.j.cts. None of tlie s.ibims were voliinicen^ .nnd n..ne were aware that thev were to receive '*"" ''"''if'"'- n ^"*'' soldier implicate.l in the theft of ;^ .: ; cb^Mheil 'iocmneiiis. were alleged to I* foreign intelligi^nce sources or agents. lA Jul,- (nierrogations of the-K^ in-lividiial* were niilv moderately suM'ts^ful. al Icnst one suhject (the T.S. soldL^r) eNhibited >yiiij.t..ji,< nf ^(.vej,. p:ii-inoia «hil.- under the infliiciicf nf the drii" 111,. .-.e.-<.n,t .!en,.s ol fi..ld lP>ts. Pn.je.t DKKIt^' HAT. **ere conducted by nn Arn.y SJ'T in the Far l-^ist during the iM-riod
St

TheM-

TUMID

,

D

HAT.

of .-xivt uii.iil- ^^a<(ocnI l.-l a. .I,lio,i:i) d:.t,i nn ihi- iXiliiv of I>D i„ (icld inlrrro.Mi l„ns. and '"'•'"'"''' "".V diir.-ient .-11, ..t^ the .ling n.igliT have on "Orientals."
'

"' iM-l-N t..r n.^nrr^.l ..f tin' .\r.iu

n-r-rl. 'I-.- „f VMi„iir,..r. In

C

iii..nl

Acoiit

:

MORI DocID:

163357

93 413
£.

Inad4:qua(eCooTdiruUionA7nongl7UeUigenceAg€ricitM On Oclober 15, 1959, the U.S. Army InUlJigencc Center prepared

conditions.'" It
tests

was on the

basis of this study that operational field

were lafer conducted. Afler noting that the Chemical Warfare Laboratories be^n experimenls with LbD on humans in 1955 and had administered the drug to over 1,000 volunteers, the "background'' section of the study concluded:
Jijere lias not been a single case of residual ill effect. Study of Iho prolific scientific literature on LSD-25 and personal

communication between US Army Chemical Corps personnel and other researchers in this field have failed to disclose aij authenticated instance of irreversible change being produced in normal humans by the drug."* This conclusion was reached despite an awareness that ther© were inherent mHlcal dangers in such experimentation. In the body of this
&inie study
it is

noted that

a potentially dangerous dru^, whose pharmaceutical actions are not fully undi-rstood and there hus been cited the possibilitv of the ronfinuance of a chemically induced psychosis in' chronic form, particularly if a latent schizophrenic were ft subject, with consef^iient claim or representation against the IJ.S.
is

The view has been expressed that

EA

1729

Government.^^* attempt was made 1o minimize potential medical haiards by careful selection of snhjecis prior to field tests. Rejecting evidence that the drug might be haznrdous, the study continued:
possible permanent damage caused bv 17''>9 IS an unproven hvpothosi<i based on the characteristic effect of the matenol. While the added stress of a real situation may increase the probability of permanent adverse effect, the resulting rixXr tJt ^^frned to br nUght hy the mediral re9tnrrh pentonnfT of tht ChemirtrJ JVarf^rr L/ihor{7t<nir.9, To prevent even such a slight risk, the proposed plan for field experimentation calls for overt, if pofssiWe, or contrivedthrougli ruse, if necessary, phvsiral and mental examination of nnv real situation subject prior to employment of the subject."*

An

The claim of

EA

This conrlusion was drawn

ing

wliirh could be vety dniir the Army was proposing to field test. The t'SATNTC staff, hoivovpi iTjis aprarentlv unaware of the circumstances
T>r.

six years after one denth had occnrrvd attributed, at least in part, to the rffects of the

OUon's death,

Tliis lack of

knowledge

js

surroundindicative of the
10/15/W.
p. 4.

*'*"* p
/ftprf.

A.

9t.-vn
)

rp

.

TT

,

;

:

MORI DocID: 163357

94

4M
rormiiimicntintj mi (blip i-rlntrd rewni'ch. ()i'r'»l«*T- 10.M» stmlv norrd, ''flipiv hns Iwon no rnoi^linalioji Willi orliri' ii»li'lli;;riH*i* fl;;ohrii'S »[> lo the pn'SonL" "*

^TiuTul Ac Mtr

lih'l;

of

iiif('i'n;rrn<'v

On IViTinNr
^fi'nor

7, lOriH, tlio

Aijhv AssiMiinT
ft

Clii*^f

(A{SI.

npi>!irriitly

Geruiiil AVillcnis)
1

for liilelHwns brit*f(Ml on Ihp
Si^iff

of

pi-opos*^il '»|kcr;irion;il

n^r uf

son, in |nv|.:n:iiioii f-.r

LSI) hv I'SAINTC l*ioji'rl Oftic4^r .TacoliI'ioj(vt TI K JK'H ANCK, (ipnontl Willnns
1

r\|iM'SM'il roiici'rn tlin» Mu-

|ii'ij*m'|

ha*! noi

lh>{»n

rminlinjitnl with tho

Kit I
fo
!«'

:ii]>l till'

CIA-

III*

i**

iju'i'iul

as sny in::

"(It III if Mi is jirojoi'i i> "roiji;.'

|LSI>1 slionlil h*' n^A on l»i;rlu^r tv|*rs of non-r.S. Miljjri'i-" ill ni\i.-j \uniU "FrJlJlVl^/' }h- huVunioi] tlii- rotiltl 1k' ;»<voniplislnMl if tlir <'IA wrrn bion^lit in. Tjjr sunim:M'V of iIk* It: iilijiir invi-.irnl Uy ;l M jJoiMcIioa ^k\ fotitinnpp "Of pniticiil:ir note ir^ tjjur A<'SI i\\*\ iiof iliiiTi rooi-ihiiiiiion with I'lA ntnl fho FIJI bnl only nioiiTif»rn>il il fot ron^iilrr-arioh by tho plannei^." ''"
\xoirli

anylliiriij

ii

:

liputonnnl colonrls anil MajoiMi'lLO\sk\ \ut\ 111 ilisiii'^s JnTr*rn;:rniy roo]>rjation with CIA nnd FBI, Tlu' ;:rou|i (vij|x,.||<n,„ w:is lo poslponi* eftinis (ouar*! f^oonliniilioii:
Ja. Col. .Imofr^tn roniinoiunl that bcfoic \\r rooi-<1iiif\tf with

Afic'f tlu' brii'tin;!- foni- rolonrl^.

tuo

CIA
our
\\\t<

Ui- >[iniilil

h;nr

niort- f;nln;il finiliii^r^ fiTJin firhl rx|n^ii-

nii-rir;iiii>n

\uiL i-oinirorintcllJ^rrtRT rase- thai will sttTn;,tlion

iMi-:;non

-A-^wrA

and (CI hy

inr>|>os;i!
f

for rno|H'r:if ion. Thi> appj-oiirh

lir iorjf»"Ti"i'S.^"*

ll:nl >uili ('cf»n<Iin:i( iAn In-iti iLcliirvcil, ihi' ^Jifi-ry
ini;:]i(

of

lhc^<^ ex|>e[ init-nls

havi*

f>*-i'n
ii'i

vIimm'iI iblli-n-ntly
innii'i i'^*:n v.

and iUo

iv^i^^

lh*"ioH.'Kes

nii;;lit

iKivr \tfiu

M'i'ih

i. Snht/iJ'ii.it'fu>

07 I I'ltiriiffitt}

I*/tjht'i to Xtittoti"!

Seritr/ty ConBuf-

as ni:inv of ifio^r oxpijiinmis nmv ha\T Itcon nnnwc?wirv. th(^ nMim.' uf iiiH> o|MMatiorjaI tosfs ( |>oly?i:i|jh-a^siFrcil intoiTo;:ation> of ih'ij;;;:*'*! (<) ivilrcTs a h:i>i(* ihart';raiil for ihr fuinlamental Mi-l
-Tti-it

hninan

of ihc suhieil?i. solilirras jiaH of lln" TIIlKh
nfflif>
\\\\^ ili-iv^raril.

The

CHANCK

iiUi'rro*:aTion of VMA U^sts i>

an Anicrinin nn exantplc of
.hilril ^-ptt^ni-

Tlu
1h-i
1 111'

-lii[i

n|HTC" for rn.jiiJ 1 nTRl> (^IIANCE.
ii^i

*, li>"iL
li'>r'H :is

onuf -

iIh-

iiivionM:in'i> -nrronndin;: anil the ivsiilt? of

fuUi*" s

confosse*! lo fhrft of tlii->-<jiiril ilihuiiK-nts. <^)nvt-n(ii»ri:it nii*fho<l> had fuilrd lo a^iTilain whpthrr *"5|'iona;M' inn*nf was involved, si^roifninU iirw iidnn^'iiin by snhje'i llial hi' (old a frllow soldiri' of the \\\--U \\]\\\v lir Mill had fhi' *l"»<"niiu*nis in his |>0'-st'v;ioii wjis oht:dned dnririL: the 1720 interM»;iation nloiiL^ «i1h ollin-

[Th** sulvii-rl]

was

a

T.S,

snhiit^r

who had

A

EA

vuiiafions of Snbjivl's

|>ivx i<in^ a*'
llu'

ml.

The

infen-o;-;iTion

resnhs

\\a'\^

deemed hv

fai'loiy rviilcrii'i- nf esjiioniip' intent. """

loeal ojn-rational nnniority sati-iSubject's riaini of inn<*rehcr in iT^rard to

"*

™ Ihut

>!^hM\'>kv Vi\r\ S»i"'f
.

.

lU/ft'OO.

|>

r
6''fil.

,1

2

"Si'T

Triji R<-T«rl-

Oi^raUoii

THlRP CHANCE.

p

5.

"
MORI DocID:

163357

95

415
TJie subject appari-iitlj reartod vciy stionplv lo tl.c dru-, nnd tl,c l"od„.tivc, «fls difficult. Tl.e trip report
Til is case deii.onstrnted the abilily to interrogate a subject profilabJj tluoufhout a highlj sustained and aiinosi mcapacitat i-eacdon lo 1729. (1)

wSE-"*"'

my

EA

* slionntobeeffective. (4) Tlie need for preplanned precautions against extreme ""^me paranniac reaction to EA 17:i9 was indicated
ease tliat where sub'"'^"'^^'^ i«tenoeation prior to irio"^""^ ""ff'''*^ r. the 17:^9 episode and has persisted in a version leJeaied y inc ronvenuonal interrogation, adJiei'ence to (he sime ver.

stressed stale was indicated. tI"!'.'" "i" " ""S^'J {J) I Jie uscfuJness of cnii.h.jing as a duress factor the deyio.- of inviting Iho siibje.is atlentioji to his 1720uiHueiioed stale nnd thn-ati-ning lo extend tliis state indotiinlely even to a i>enn.inent condition of insanity, or to briiij. 11 to a„ ei„i a, tj,^ discretion of tiie interrogators was

^^\fj

-^'"" "Pi'.'"'*"' ^'''"•'

o' tiinging a subject into the

EA

EK

(5) It

was brought

(o niiention hy

thil^

rf EA

dm
no.

son

„q„|,.
]n:.y

ability to adhere to a wefl reJiearsed story.'"
,,

however extreme thM^aC not necessarih be evidence of truth but merely the ^

under EA

I7|;9 influence,

T*?'^ strong reaction to the

drug and the accompany intr discomfort
by the
,ise

of trad^iontl me? is no evidence that pliysical violen™ " or .ortuiv were e,»ployed in connection with this cal and psycliologioal techniques were used in tlieTHlRWHiVrF "^'^'' the suUcts- sltered mental state, and" ma.f nTJ'irT '° '"'"""" •''"^'''^'' ^'"'"^'^ "" »''^- meth^Kls in hiT"ip '
rog.it.on techntques. 1\ hile t]iere ^;M?' IV'r' '"'^"T^'^/Y'^"*^'?"^^

inteSl/ph

repo.;

:

,29 aJnunisii-ation. sustained conventional imortoEA I7:i9 interrogation, deprivation of evocation, sustained isolation prior ir'Fi i-?.^'^'''-' to l.^I^ administration, hot-cold piwh. d.i.e^ pitches", verbal degradation switches in apand bodily di^'*' ^'"""""^•^ ""^'"^ *« ^"''J<^"'s life or nJental li^alth!"1

S
-'^

foie 01 after .niern.gnf.on

EA

EA

.
.

oftl.edrugwnsconipfeledatlo:t,-.tl,.itino;niup:

w«" given 6 mi' ogran.s of ].<!) per tilogrnni of bod' weight, flie admi niftr.Mon '"""'""str.Mion
hi!= pulse Wcanie threadv pluced in a sni»iir i«>siiion. He b..gaM groanin- „ith expiration and became seniicniiiatose.'" p "

m

„l^™'f in v'^T" r'^^-r^" ..red ^<.|;t^nl«^r m-> as pnrt of .ho
tl.e
I-,.r

o' a" individuals f.indan.enlal

K«s.

A

Army's

susiwred Asian espionage agent

DEHUV H ?T teMs

ri'-hts oc-

At

lliiO.

He w„.

sweating became evident.

'"

ini,i

PI'

17-lK.

I.

P 13 "*'^" *'"^'"' """ r-farmarolnpirnl Hep«rt 'r.m!;''"^"

:

Caw

#1. 9/20/B2.

MORI DocID:

163357

96 416
Tni xho ne\K 2P minutes, the suhjert I'emained senncomalisc. At II4«, i-espoijses to painful stiinnli were sliplitly improved.

At

11

.^ri, lit*

vvnslicliH'd t(»nsittiiip|X)?^itif>n,

At 1200,

lie

bcdnne shocky apoin

i»n<J

was returned to snpine

position. At li?12.he wosiiDorp alert andoWetosit npT^ithhelp. At 1220. SnlijoM was assisted totliP interropntiontnMe. At 12^0, he bc;riui inoaniiLg he wanted to die and usually j;;norrd nur>li«ns. Rarrly Jie stated '*lie didn't know." At \2:>\\ his pliasir alertness persisted. He freqnmilv refrK'MM^l lii-ejvs with eyelid a-vsislnnce. Ho frequently tlirew hi-'hestdhail; with eve.-: closed. At i:i:iO, he nas slightly more aleit. He was foi-ced-wnlked for becnnie :» niiTMiti's, lie phy*!iVnlly wonld rooivrate imtil he shocUy a^niiu ( sweat in;:, thi-endy pulse, pale).'"

Vnv

the uo.\f three hours the suhject remained in about the

same con-

interro^tion yielded no relevant answers, j^ix hniir> after rereivin;: the drup. the subject l>e^an giving relevant answers to questions. Eiiiht and one-half hours after the
dition,

roniinned

attempts at

iuiii;tl do-.:*;:!',

the subject

was

r>oly;:ri])hed. Ti»e interro;rotion conftftor

tinned

for 5(*ven(een

and one-half hour^

the dru/^ was ad-

niiTiistered.

There was some i>syrholopical and medical screening of the indieidu.iU iisied within the Vnited States, in Enroi>e, and in
A-in, T!ie pro|>*»^l for the field P3t|*erimentrttif>n in fact railed for sueh ex.nminntjoiis. Tlie faet of j>n'S4Teeuinff did tioi eHminnIr the ri-^k of iujury; tl»e avnilalnlity of medieal staff did, however, Jimit iuiury and uiiiv wpH liave prevented tlie deatli of one ornioro of the sui»jeets. A- the medical rorp^ member of the team which surreptitiously fidininistcn^d t lie LSI* noted. ''one subject ...did collapse after till" intoi M>;;:ition n)id the presence of the niedicnl offieer was not only of value to the subjiit but to the in(erro;:aliou lenm who were thu^ "^ ns-ured lliat an niinefe^^iirv nntownrd xesnll waiild not ocrur." In the Oetol>er If*. l!>.%l>/rSAlNT(* staff study- nionil and le^ral riujifii ntion> of coven admini'^tT-ation of T^^D in field conditions were considered.
Intclli^enec thai the basic a (enet of AiTM'rie:ni pfiiiriple of (he dipiity and welfare of the inIt

wns always

Army

*

dividual will not l>e violiiled, ... A more nKtindons T-e*:ard for the prohihitiun niniipi>t violence or diirc'^s is taken in pnu'tiec when llie ^us|n>el is a VS ritizen or ally as afjainst an rtctuni or |>olential enenu\ in peace as a;;;uii^l war. and in ivhpt-cl to thi' nature of the crime. ... In inielIi;rrTii*e, the stnke- involved and the inti'rests of national si'curity may permit a more toli-innt interpi-etatioii of moral-ethical values, , Any claim hut not le^ial limits, throu;:h uei-essiTy.
. .

'"'ii'"!..
•^"

p

mo

3.

Sl»TTrii»R.iK.rL OEHTni inn

THIRD rU ANTE. 7 C'/ei.p

1,

MORI DocID: 163357

97

417
ajraiiist

ITi^O

Government for illept^d injury- due to EA must be leprally shown lo have been du€ to the mnteri&L
tl»p

VS

Proji^r secnrity oi>d ap|>rnprinle operation.il techniques can protect the fact of employment of lT;iO."*

EA

_f

-

the basis of this evahintion, the st rly concluded that in view of "ihe stakes involved and the interests ofnational security," the proposed plan for field te^if inpshoukl be approved. The surreptitious administration of dru^ to unwitting: subjects by the Army raises serious constitutional and lepnl issues. The consideration piven tho^p jpeues by the Army was wholly insufficient. The charactor of the AnnyV volunteer test inp proprnm'and (he possibility that dru;:s wei-o j^imj^ly substituted for other forms of vinlence or duress in field inlerm^rations raises serious doubts as to whetJ^er national seruriiy imiieraiives were pmprrlv interpreted. The '^conj*nt" forms whiclj eacli An^erican volunteer sipned prior to the adjninistrution of I-SI) are a case in pojuu These forms contained no mention of the medical and psycho lopica I risks inliei'ent in such testing, nor do they mention the nature of the psychotrophic drug to be administered:
Tlie f^uenil nature of the experiments in which I have voliuteetT^l. Iiave been explained to me from the standpoint of j'f-^sible li,i::.Md5 lomy nenlth. /( m vriderfitandhn? that the tX|)eritni ;- are so designed, based on the results of aniinals and \-.^ vious human experimentation, th'it the anticip/rfed n.^vh^ xt-tif justify the performatuc of fhc ex]>erimttit. 1 understaiul further that experiments will be so conduced as to avoid nil iinnere^sarv phvsical an<1 medical suffering and injury, and that / inll he at lihcrty to request that ffu-iT/irriwitifs be tct^ihwtttl at any time if in mv opinion 1 hiivc reached the physical or mental state where con-

On

m^

.

tinuation nf the experijnents becomes undesimble, / rrtogi'ize that in the pursuit of certain experiments transitory discomfort ntay orcvr. 1 recognize, also, that under these circuni=tances, / mu*it refy -upon the jtkiU and irtBdom of the physician aupnii^ing thr eTpcn'm^nt to institute whatever medirnl or sur^ncai measures are indicated. fEmnhasis addrdO *"

The exclusion of any
tlu^se
int'
»

forms

.

specific discussion of the nature of in raises serious douhisas to their vaH<liiy. "nmlerstand-

I^D

An

that tfie anticiitated results will justify ihe performance of tfic ex|ieriment" without full knowledge of the nature of the experiment is an innonipleti- "understaiuling/" Similarly, tlie nature of the experiment limited the ability of both the subject to request its request it ^^ termination and the experimenter to implement such a request. Fiiinllv, the euphi>inisiic characteiization of "Iransitorv discomfort*" and thi- agreement to *'n'ly on the skill and wisdom of the jdivsiciau*' combine t» ronci^al inlierent ri^k^ in the experimentation and'mnv be viewed iis disolving the ex|>eriinentcr of i>erM>nal respoiksihilily' for daiJKjgiug afterf ffert5. In suminary. a ^'volunteer" program in which suhjiTis are not fully informed of potential hazards to their persons IS "volunteer" in name onl w

ml'^*^'^'^*"'^*'"**^' "MUerial
.^nmplp Toluai^PF con»pnt fcrm.

Twiirii;

Procrom

EA

1729," 10/J5/5d, p. 2«.

:

MORI DocID:

163357

98

418
This problem was compounded by the security stfctements signed by each voJunteer befoi-e he paiticipated in the testing. As part of this stoteineiit, potential subjecU agieed tliat ihey would
not divulge or make available infornnation reJated to U.S. Army intelligence Center interest or participation in the Department of the Army Medical Research Volunteer Program to any individual, nation, organization, business, association, or other group or entity, not officially authorized to receive such information. I understand thai anv action contrary to the provisions of this statement will render me liable to punisJiment under the provisions of the Uniform Code of Military Justice.*"
p

.

,

my

provisions, a volunteer expcriencine aftereffects of the lest mi^t have been unable to seek immediate medical assistance. This disrepird for the well-being of subjects drug testing is inexcusable. Further, the absence oi any comprehensive long-term medical assistance for the subjects of these experiments is not only unscientific ; it is also unprofessional

Under these

Lack of Xormal Aut?u>rixatwn OTid Supervision It is apparent from documents supplied to the Committee that the Army^s testing programs often operated under informal and nonrou^
4.

tine authorization. Potentially dangerous operations such is these testing programs are the very projects ichich ought to be subject to the closest internal scrutiny at the highest levels of the military command structure. There are numerous examples of inadequate review, partial consideration, and incomplete approval in the administration of these programs. When the first Army prograin to use on American soldiers in ''field stations" was authorized in May ll'a,'^, the Army violated its

LSD

own

procedures in obtaining approval. Under Army Chief of Staff MemorandiiMk 38J, such proj>osals were to be peisonally approved by the Secretary of (ho Anny. Ahliough tlie plan was submitted to him on April iiO, IOjG, the Sitreiary issued no wrillen authorization for the project, and there is no evidence that he either reviewed or npprov*'cl the plan. I-#ss limn a month later, the Anny Chief of StatT
a menioranduin autliorizin^ the tests."" ^Subsciiuejii testing of I^^T) iinfler Material Tej^ting Pi-ognm 17-2^ ojterated generally under thi= nuthorlr.ntioii. Whpn the plans for i)iis testing weiv originnlly disru^sed in onrlv 105^ by ofticiul>^ of the Anny Inii-IIi;;cnce Center at Fort HohibinI and rejuTsenlatives of the (^heniionl WarfL-iiT Centi^r nt Kdgruood Ar^ei»;il, nn informal proi>os;jI was forniuhxted. Tliis pit^jwwal was Bulin\ifleil to the Medical Kiw^iiirh Dii-eolorale at Kd;:^wood hy tht- Pit'sidont of thp Annv Inissueil

EA

on June H, JD-'iH. TliVrr is no evidmcc ihiit thepLin w;ift appiu^cd at nnv level higher thnn the Prp^idciil of the Intclligriu'p Hoard or (he Commanding (lenernl of Kdgowood. l*hf approval at Kdp'wood appeal's to have been j^siu'J hy the (^oniniandor s Adjutant. Thv MediiMl ]{i'>4\ii'rh I-!il»oriitorir-^ did not submit thf plan to
telligiMico Rojii-d

thr .Surgeon Gi-noriil for approval (a st.iiidnrd pi'oce^hn'e) because
-^:impl^ Voltiin*i*r

S^urilT
|t

Sfatprtifnl.

" rw* nf VoI»inf«*r* iu

rheniW?

Ai:ri»f Ii,<^.nrrli;"3'in TO,

IW.

:

,

MORI DocID: 163357

99

419
the
in

new progrmm wms and

ostensibly covered

May
The

CHANXE

1956,^" two projects involving the operational uae of

by the buthorizations * ffrvit«d

were apparently approved by the Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence (General WilJems) on December 7» 1960.'~ This verbal approval came in the course of a briefing on previous drug programs and on the planned field experimentation. There is no record of written approval being issued by the ACS! to authorize these specific projects until January 1961. and there is no record of any specific knowledge or approval by the Secre<
tarj'

DERBY HAT)

LSD (THIRD

of the

Army.

<

Febninry 4, 1963, Major General C, F. Leonard, Army ACSI, for\iai-ded a copy of the THIRD CHANCE Trip Report to Army Chief of Staff, Genernl Earl AVheeler. ^" Wheeler had apparently requested a copy on February 2. The report was routed through a General Hamlett. "While this report included background on the origins of the LSD tests, it appears that General Wheeler may only have read the conclusion and I'ecommendations,"' The office memorandum nccompanyinc the Trip Report bears Wheeler 5 initials,'" 5. Termination of Tenting
April 10, 1963, a briefing was held in the ACSI's office on the results of Projects THIRD and Both SPTs concluded that more field testing was required before LSD could be utilized as an integral aid to counterintelligence interrogations. During the presentation of the results. General Leonard (Deputy ACSI) directed that no further field testing be undertaken."' After this meeting the ACSI sent a letter to the Commanding General of the Army Combat Developments Command (CDC) requesting that he review THIRD and and ''make a net evaluaticm concerning the adoption of EA 1729 for future use as an efff'Ctive and profitJibJe aid in counterintelligence mteiTopitions." *>' On the same dav the ACSI requested that the CDC Commander revise regulation FM 30-17 to read in part

On

On

CHANCE

DERBY HAT

DERBY HAT

HAT

CHAXCE

DERBY

in no instance will drugs be used as an aid to interrogations in counterintelligence or security operations without
• , .

prior permission of the Department of the Army. Requests tousedrupsasan investigative aid will be forwarded through inleni;:.'nce chniinels to the OACSI, DA, for approval. , , Mcdic^tl research has established that information obtained through tl»p use of these drugs is unreliable and invalid. _ _ It is considered that [Army] approval must be a prerequisite for use of such drugs because, of the moral, legal, medical and political problems inherent in their use for intelligence purposes.'"
.

DA

pp 135. 137. I3fi. ""Mehovsky Fact Sheet, I2/I»/flO. ^''"'^'">**tum from l^nnard to i"

"' /6id..

SGS

1

Wlif^^lf r. 2/4/63. mrtiioranduiij to \Vlie4i|»r tlirouch Hnnjleit. 2/j/**-3.
Riirijptt.

ihiii.

mrmornndiiiHror tlirrwv^ril. S/12/C3. Xv^'^ ^ lamakl mtiuttronUurn for the record. 7/IC/63.
tbifl

MORI DocID: 163357

100

420
of this rp^uloiioii marked the effective (erJMinatjoiL of titOdroslingof I>SJ)l>y t}i<^ Amiv. Thp official t*nuii»atir>u d^ic of these listing proirrajns is rather unHcar, but a Jal^r ACril memo indicjites thai it n»ay Jiave occumd boiileinber of l&CX On the 19(J» of that month a mMlifig was held bctwt^en JJr Van Sims (Edgewood Arsenal), Major Clovis (Chemical Kesearch Laboratoj7), and ACSI rcinissenmives (General DcholmaiKi Colonel Schmidt). "As a result of this confpi^nce a determijiiitioii was made ro suspend the projfrum and any furtlier activity pemlJiig a more profit^Je and suitable use,"' "•
Till* Milr^f'ejurnt iuloi»tion

m

1>.

AND COMPITITJO-X AhONG THE IntELLICENLE CoM" MCMTv Agencies and Between Tjuj^e Acjfvcies and Otheh JNDMIIHALS and iNSTlTmONS
CtK^rKK-^TIi.N

hiUlHgtnce Commuttity Keblionships among intelligence communitv agencies in this area vaned considerably over lime, ranging f lom full coopcintjon to intense and uiisleful competition. The early period was marked bv a hich de-fce of r^.pcrnnoM among thp ag*>nrie5 of the intelligence conimuinvolving chemical wns shared with the and tlu'C lA. Hut the spirit of coo|>eration did not continue. The fnjlure hy the mihtaiy (o share information apparently breached the spirif^ifnot the letter, of conu>»ands from above. As noted al>ove, tjic Army Asaistnnf Chief of Staff for Intelligence n''"P"^f^operationnl testing of KSJ» under Pj-oject T^?j%oTw'ir4 l)^*; h, and IJIlKJJ < IL\N( expi^esa-d concirn that the project had not been cooidmnted with FJ*I and CIA. IVspite this request, no coordjiiMion was achieved between the Armv and cither of tJiesc agencies. Jfnd surh cooivration lieen foilhcoming, this projert mav have been
njtv.

L /Mafionslij^ff Am^ng Agencies

Within

tU

and

tm

ff.on;:h tlie military donunaii-d nseiirch hiologii>aJ agruls, iUe inform^uion devclojied

A

evahiaterj )n n dit!ViTnt li^ht.

The comjHiition !>ctflpen the ngi'iuies in (his area i-enrhed bizarre levels. A miirtary offii-ertold a CIA repi-esenlalive in coufidcn*^ about
of I,SI) in Knroj)e under I'roject THIRD and the CIA prnnij.tiv attempted to lejirn suri-eplitiouslv the njilurn and cxteiii of (he pnignun. At ronghlv the same time Mr, Jliljii>iir;.'ii<'d tothr I>lK*l thai the unwitting te^ting pro;:i am sljouhl Ijerontiumd^RSit contrilmird to the CJA's capahilitv in the nrea nnd thus nlhnved lh<> CIA "to ivslriiin others in the intelligence comnumitv (stirh as the IVpartmout of Ufensc) fitmi j>ursuin;: operations." "• The .MKNAOMl pr<^gram was also marked hv n failure to shai-e
f\^i r 'i''^'^ C ltA>t

V

K

^'''^ testing

nif.jrm.ation.

Si)e<iul Nfjcfjnl Ojicratinns Division at

The Army

Fohts

(tlic j>rinci|Ml

customci of the

Fort Dictrick) and the

than ntfempting to coordinate their efforts promulgated different re<|iiin-mrnis nhiih vari<il only slighily. Tlus opp;wentlv resulted in some dn|iltrnti'>n of etfort. In order to insui-c the seciirilv of CIA nj>eratir>irs, the Agenry would reqiu-ft materials from SOI) foi ojx'raliojinl iw* without fuHv or aivnniieiv describing the operational reqnirerncnt'^, This fvsulieil in limitations on SOD's abilitv to assist
th.

CIA

rather

(MA.
from ihe OIU*

"M-nntfjincliiiii

n> ihp

IKT

n^

fH.

)>.

2.

8

MORI DocID;

163357

i

101

421
S.

Relationships Between the InteUigenct Foreign Liai-'^ on Service

Community Agencies and

TIk- siiKjcrts of iho CTA't^ oi>cnitional tt'stinjr of chnnical and biologiral ip^nts aliix)ad were p^ncrally being lield for inlorroealion by foivign inti'llis< m-t* o\ Sfcuriiy orgunizalions. Ahlioupli inlorniation ab*nii iho use of drnp^ was generally withlield from those organizalion'<, cooperation wiUi tlnui neceftsarily jeopardized the security of CIA JnioieFt in tlieso lnfllerinl^. Cooi>erntion also placed \\\v American CSoveinnK'nt in a position of complicity in actions whicli violated the laws of the riiriiis of the subjecrs, and which may have violated the country in which the experiment'^ took place. Cooperation l»etwet»n the intelligence agencies and orjranizations in foivipn eonntrie:^ was not limited to relationship- willi the intelligence

research was or inN-rnal security orgnnizations. Some conducted abroad. \Vhile this is, in itself, not a questionable practice, evade it is important that such res<*arch abroad not 1)0 undertaken to AiiH'rican laws. That this was a possibility is suggested by an ARTIinemorandujh in which it is noted thai working with the seiintisis of a foreign country '*inight !* very advantageous" since

MKVLTRA

CHOKK

thai government '*|>ermitit'd certinn activitio'i which were not permitted by the United Stales governnient (i.e., experiments on anthrax,
etc,),"*^'
3. TIi'^

/Mal'Oiis?t^ps Rftxr^iH thr InteUlgencr Community Agencies ati^t Othi r Agmn'is of the CS, Goverumettt

Certain V.S, government aprncies actively assisted the efforts of intrlligiii'-e agnncips in this ari-a. One form of assistance was to providi- 'Vovf'r" for research coutrarts let by intelligence agencies, in ordrr to ili-ginso intelligence community interest in chemical and
biologif'al agrnts.

Oifier form-- of assistance raise more serious questions. Although th** fJA's projirt involving the surreptitious' administration of wa-- eombjoled hy Iluronu of Narcoiics personnel, there was no open conn<H*tioji Utwi-en the Hurean ]ier>onnel and ihr Agency. The Bureau w a- ^*r\ ing as a "eui-ont" in onlf r to make it tlifhcult to trace Agoncy participation. The cut -out arrangnmrnt, however, reduced the CIA s ahilily to control the program. Thr Agency could not control the pnMV'S by whicli suLiiH'is weiv sili-ctrd and I'ldtivated. and couhl not regirl:iTe follow-up after the testing, Moreover, as the CIA's Insixsrtor (trinMiil noli*d "tb*^ haiulliug of test subjerts in the last analysis rests Willi thf [liuT-eau of Nareotirs] agent working alone. Suppression of kuowk'dgi' of critical rf'sults from the lop CIA management is an inheivnt risk in these o[>eintion*." ^^' The arrangement also made it impotsihh' for the Agonry to In* certain that the decision to end the woubl In* honored by the Bureau surn-piiriou> ndriiiniMration of

L^D

:

LSD

[lersoniiel.

Tlio arrangeiuent with the Bumnu of Narcotics was descrilvd as '*info[infil." »'' Tin- infoijualitv of the arrangement comixtnnded the problem is aggravated by the fact that the 40 Committee has had vir"^

AHTirii">KF MPTiiornnilnm.

fi

13 "2.

K.|*»rr i»nMKrLTR.\.]^>G.T|i. 14'^Ihur This WQ<: Takm Ut nn^ Acfmy offk'inl to m^iD that lhp«* would be no UTifr»-i> nmrrarl nnd no fonmil iinH^luiriism for imynipnt. (Elder. 12/1S/75, p, 31,)

^'K;

MORI DocID: 163357

102

422
^'m.\^
-'-.^

anpaiviit imnillin-rnpss on thr iiarf of llir Bui-oau's leatlcr^hip to ask for (Ictuil^. an«l tl.r CIA"> lio^itulion in voluntt-eriiip information. Tlu*>o pi-oblcrji^ raise scnoua questions of conuiiancl and control within

the Hurenu4.

RrlationAhip^ Between the IntclUg^nce Commuy\ity Agrvcirn and Other Inttitufiom and Itidtviduoh^ Piihlir and rricate
Tlic

,

H

^

noted Ins^pcrior Generals lOCi."^ Survey of ihitt "llie research aiul dovc!o]nnerit" phase ^t\s conducted through shnidin;! arran^'emoiitji wiih "siierialists in universities, pharmaceutical lion'*ey, hospitals. State and federal institntions. and private researdi orpin izahons" in a manner \v}iic}j coiicealeil '*froni the institution tlie inurosis of the CIA." Onl.v a few *'key individuals" in each institution were ^'n.adc wiitinp of A-.t-ncy sponsorship."' The research and devcloptuent phase was succeeded by a phase involvinj! **physicians, (oMcolo;:ists, and other specialists in mental, narcotics, and pencrjil ho^pituls and prisons, who are provided the pro-lncts and fiiidin;:?^ of (liel>jisic re^arcli projects and proceed wltli intensive teSt-

MKTLTRA

"* inir^in IjuTnan snh}ecls."

AccordJn;: to tlic ln£|vr-tor General, the MKl'I-TRA testing pro. . jrrams wcrv '\Mjnducted niidrr accepted scientific procedures whrrc h.'iilili iwrruits, test snhjet-ts are voluntary participants in the pro^riams.""* T!»ift wn? clearly not true jn the project involvinjr the surn-ptiiioiK administration of 1-ST). which wa= marked by a compiHe lack of screen i[i;:. medical supervision, opi>ort unity to observe, or medical or psvrliolop<^al follow-up. The inlellipncr npcmles allowed individual researchers to desicn their proji'ct. Kxi-erinients sponsore<l by thes*' researclicre (which inrludfd one whrre naivotics addirti^ weiv S4'nt 1o I/^xin;rton, Kentucky, who were rewarded wiih (he din^: of their addiction in return for partiripation in experiment- with l^'^Dl call into question the decision by the ai;»*nrie= not to H\ puididii^es for the experiment 5. Thr MKVl-THA rescarcli an*! developmenl pro^'tain raises other ijnestioiis, aswidl. It is not clear whei her individuals in prisons, menial. narcotics and peneral ho>pil;ils can provide "informed consent", to partiripation in c\|H"rinH'nl> sm h a< these, Tlierr is donbt n« to whether unwitti)!-: of ihr ultituatc sponsor of rescairh institutions should Usn^ done in their facilities. The nnlnrc of the arrangements al^o made it ini|>ossible for tJie in«livt<hials who were not awure of tbe s|>onsoi of the research to exercisi' any choice alH>ni tbcir participation based on ibe fiponsorin-r or;r:<ni''!ii<'>"' Allhou-jh ffrealer i>rccaulions aic now l*eiu£! taken in research condncfi^d on Ix'haif of the iutellifrence community ai-enries, the dilennna of clasfiifii-ation i-emnins. These a^rencies obvion-ily wi^heil to conceal thi'ir intrresi In roil a in fornts of i-esearrb it* order to avoid Minuilatinp intojTst in the snnii* arens by ho^lilo povernnu^nts. In some cases today contractoi-s or resenrchers wish to conceal tlieir connection with these
.

W

ajrencie*i.

Yet the fact of chissifiralion luwents o^jcn

di^^cnssioii

and

debate npim whJL^h schohirlv work drpchils.

MORI DocID:

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103

APPENDIX B norVMENTP FEFERFIXG TO DISCOVERY OF ADDITIONAL MKILTKA MATERIAL
22 June 1977

ME!'OR.*XDir.l
r

FOR:
t

Deputy UirectOT of Central Intelllfcncc Deputy Director for Science end Technolog:
Request for Guidancs on Hvndtini; Recently Locaicd MWULTRA lleteriel

THROUGH
SUBJECT

:

(U/AIUO) This penorand-jn is to edvisc you thet dditionel HhULTFL* documents hive been discovered and to cbt»in your »?pro\"il for follo^v-on ections required. Perejraph 7 coTitiins e reconrienied course of action.
1.

re»ult of John fUrli FOIA reCU/AIUO) As quest (F-76-374J, ill of the MKl'LTfU r-*tcrial in OTS possession was revie^^ed for possible release to hin_ Following that reviev, the CTS r»teri») in the Ueiirefl It wis durin; that litter Records CtntCT was searched. learch thai the lubrrojecc files vera located among ih* retired records of the OTS Budget and Fiscal Section. These files v-ere not discovered earlier is the eirlier searches were linltrd to the exininition of the jctive and retired records of those branches considered »oSt likely to have fenented or hive had access tp HKULTRA documents. Those branches included: Cheniiiry, Biolosicil, Behavioral Activities, and Contracts Minajiement. Because Dr, Goitlieb retrieved and destroyed all the WKUlTR-i documents he vis able to locate, it is not surprisinc thit the earlier aeirch for MKULTR.* document* directed at where they were nost likely to be found. VIS unsuccessful. The purpose of establishing the MKULTR.-. nechmisn w»s to linit knouledpe of the sensitive vort bein; perforred lo those with in absolute neeJ to Vnov. If those precepts had been followed, the recently found BtF files should have contained only fin-rciil and adnini strat ive document s. (In rciroipect. I res lire that
.

2.

ams

,

_

Otduf'ft*^ br
1 1 JUL

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104

>,j.

.J

!-,

-

:

Rcqur»t for CuUar.c! or. H-^ilinR-c Lot. led M.;:;LTr.A :i^zcTij,i

-

C ?erij;jj

sttot

i-a^

fiad

1-:; rr?-»«-

-t;3j«

MORI DocID: 163357

1
I

r

105

<T!-

17CT' '

Ftr-^Cft for Guidance on M»nc!lln( Recently Lfc.itcz.^:-;LULT!:A >:aicrial

The ccritriy-iicr. cojld be contTovcr; i*3 in ihat it w»« ptj vaT c i,idc tJiTCU^h A rci^snisr. nzkir.f it *7ipeJT to b& *"*^*-^— j - IL^ ?rivi:e donations (iualificJ for, i^£*irxic^, pr'.-Jf[?;;j?!5 rpz*i\'ef ar, ecuaa anoi:m of Fetieral ^3-lC^in; A jc^^er :td- the "Office cf Cc:irril Counsel ^iteci junds, ;i FetT-tar" :?:- ittejtinc to the le;»]iiy of thi» funiin; ' is in the file.
.

_

(."'AlLOj The Lefis lativc Counsel hts been Kide •w*re cc the exl-tcnce of theje •dtiiifcciil WKULTrJ docur?enT» v:-!=h arc stil) under revitk «-i »s:)iii:aiiori. The MiRilS ;a*e i» In litifation *ri ve ire eonnitted lo Efvis* ::r, ::=r:-:* cf the existence cf t^.esc file* »hoTTly^, and to cflivir T:h* Ttlsissbie tiierial tc M» •ttorney* bv 31 Jul"- r^ Ari'.tT iror.. the Irforr-at ic:^ isd Privacy Staff te Mr. ::a*l.*' fiicrney* irfcrTrirp tncrr. of the e\i«ter,Ci^ cf thS* c*teri*l ii in the eccriination process anc if iz'^.tl-lwi to ce ciiiei on 7~ JuT^e.
6.
"J/AI","?'

There are rev

t>.o

aciioi^f that

ihould

be tikei: c:^oTi,eys a* rrri::T*c b;

yir,

::zr':.^'

FJIA liti;atior.-

Ir.frr- ih- Eenai* Stltct Co-njiiee of the e.\i*T»-c; c: the reccrtJv located Ttcord> prior tt infcr-ir- !:r. >:a7K? atiOTncys.

I,

It is Tecc:irer.c ?^ that
S-

you approve of berh of these acticrj.
r

of thi»

If additiDT.,i: details or. tbe eontcT^ts iV/Ai'tJCJ Ti:.^cviz.l arr acfircd, the CTS officerf cost £=-i:iaT

viT.\ ii a*c ^rej^aved to

brief

yoi:

at your convenience-

Dcvid 5. Bratiducin riTCCtOT Pfi ice of Technical Service

MORI DocID:

163357

lOU

The D«n:tDr of CcnioF Intdlfpnn

The Honortble Dinlel fc, Inouye, Ch«irmin Select Cocinlttee on IntelTlgcnce United Sutes Senate bUshington, O.C ZOSIO

Dc«r Mr. ChalnMn:
Duptng the course of 1975 wtien the Senate DMnfttec, chaired by Senator Church. «es Investigating IntcIHgtnce tctfi^ltles, the CJA »is aiked to produce documentation on a program of experljnenutlon with the effect cf dn.gt. Under thli project conducted fro» 1953 to 1964 and knoMi "MK-HTftA,- tests were conducted on Anrlcan Citizens In some ca^es wUhout their knovTed^e. The CIA, after •earchfng for such docianentatlon. reporud that aost of the aocuwnts Oft this wtter hive been destroyed, I find It duty to report *? y*'" /«»" that our continuing search for drug related, as wTl as other docuwfits, ht£ uncovered cerUJn papers which bear on this -e hasten to add th«t I "'» persuaded that there was no T.ll1^\ Utempt to conceal previous this Mterlal In the original T975 exploration. " The ««ter1al recently discovered was in the retired archives filed under financial accounts and only uncovered by using extraordinary and extensive search efforts. In this connection, incidentally, I have personally comended the cnployec «fkose diligence produced this find.

«

m

«

Because the ne« niterial on hand Is prlrnirily of a financial rtature. It does not present a complete picture of the field of druo ewH«ntal1or, activity but It does provide mre detail than was previously available to us. For exa>ple. the foHo-ing types of

nm

activities were undcruken:
a.

Possible additional cases of drugs being tested on Anerican citizens, without their knowledge. Research h«s undertaJtcn on surreptitious evthods of administering drugsb.

Some of the persons chosen for expertiwntation were drug addicts or alcoholics.
c.

Research Into the development of a knockout or 'K* drug rias performed In conjunction with being &>nt to develop pain killers for advanced cancer patients, and tests on such patients were carried out.
d.

MORI DocID: 163357

107

improper piyrwnt to « Ttwre t possibility of in private Institutlan.
B,

U

described Ifl t^^s ne-ly located "-terial Th« drug related actlvitlei were diseont.rued over iewn iU't 25 ye.ri ago. I assure you they place today. JO years ago and do not take

of the Intelligence Cowwnlty «Hich are '"'"^•i:!^--',^';!;. It „5^.hi. on the full ^jafls Of this volunteer to tHtlfy before your CmnittM reading the "lor uMte series if .vents. 1 an in the process of fairly voluminous -aterial <"«> -•1 •"" b* I will be the Conmittee. when I talk with :::V^?tt« I twve a compleW picture when hearings «ight be In touch with you next week to discuss scheduled at the •irliest opportunity.

cor-iltment to disclose any In keeping with the President's

orron

*

your ittentlon, but I knOM regret ti*v^ng to brfng this Issue to be kept fully Mat it 1* essentl/ to your oversight procedures that you infonned In • tlpely Moner.
,

I

Tours sincere

5TANSFIELD IWilR

MORI DocID: 163357

109

APPENDIX C
IX)ri'MENTS REFERRING TO SrKPROJECTS
«ii«

mujr l*»y

1953

WVSI9 ud

OSS vcfT^mnem dtrlaj World

WM U.

It

hu

toMa of

^J"'"'-- ^ ^» dS0i4B^"*» flcEt rf=r>

"f wlu. la eci]UctlD« Irdl-ldialB ts U> »«1 Id aatt^4c up pro>et. ti»r», aod t:* haa 5is*alf ntleb haa cMtfibulad ts tbt tCC^Vi*. Titli.. Ui FTcfriilcaal c--i-^_tl«> ad town adeaaetlac^ tte

*»«

wm

— ^-

•-

hlKalUfitoui TVHD-Tb

ud

tvitlu at-vtc*t IB tte
tt»

*'
-

*•!«=(

ai a

emtaet aad Mt-*ut for prr'ttti

b

tfi

"ra.

Am

c.

Iwvtvd l£ tbm ctotrml

ror *

^r;aa

of


iw cliKZ-^

tLm^h

TOr

T on a c?nt«K

(,

-,<C^fi;=ai Dlviiior/TM

»*-4(^f'

o

77

-

MORI DocID:

163357

110

^-ri
(
jtfwcyro:
11.,

t

Jfl

1^77

»1 ^nHim/Y.
MCCTAM 4f»0«ai

-?'

-

At^vSstBt:

0-l£iul Ool7'

-a^

CAit

B

*

^

-if.L

MORI DocID: 163357

111
V
1

Objcctly

;

Tq Btud; tb* po»t^l« j'EwrclBttc mctton of dru^i
b« •ppropTtAt* for

vUcb w^r

om

la abolUblai

cauctouD***.

aitu»tlcg;

Thar* 1« r«Ksoo to Wli**« tbAt tvo ir

ui*d Id coBbiaatton, at* kit* afftctlT* tbaa vlcflt dmc*.

Tbr cvbtovd

tffftct of «ci^ Arut** ivct

«

ccabi^tloo

oT

fawbitm-*t*v, ftn'kacire.
of BT^crilSB l» sot

Vitb otbar evfit^ttoUp tte d«<rH
If cett«id«rall« iTovrEln Is fauod
(1) ttat

bovQ.

to iTliti, tvo 70«»lbtllttM vjut ba CKi*td*tvd:
ptrticuljLTlgr lutfol caabloatloo bbt

a a

W

found, sod (2) ttat

particular coHbtoatloo
oa

^j

ba baxarioua bvcauaa oT Its affect

mpintion

or acaa Otbar vital function.

To Blolaita
erpcT-lBaQta,

baiardi,

anl^l azparlmanta aboald pracada bi^a

Preoc^al

i

Allocation of tlOOO for ftalaal irpe-lsHti, to ba
That avparl^rati ba conducted laf orcally a ipcclflc C^nt, and vitt appr^Tpriata cortr.

drmvc xn aa naadad.

8

t "^£09 vltbout

MORI DocID: 163357

-^

-

-

^^

112

tfdlt

FRCPCSAl
Ftbodi for tb* adalaiatTvttoo of &ru£>

CT)3«tlTg:

To

V"^

TlthOOt tte kDCMladf* rf the i*tl»Bt,

PT*pM»tlon tf s »ui-l-

_*i.'

-

jtot^.

A .urr^

of

-ttod.

irtiUi b»»*

^o utd ^ crt*lD*l-

B»tur», payc^tcdyrmlc* of •ItmtlOBa of ttl*

Pr^c»l

:

Tl-t #1000

^

.llbctrf

r<n-

ttl.

fudm to

MORI DocID; 163357

.*^

113
* lA s»

riJlB

JUfl-f-,^

ft

OM JfEi

2B laaBD
mjvvt NTDUU,
9ubfavj*ct

m

t

20
to

U

balDC t&ltUt«d %0

U*

ICUUSl

S« biu b*ifi of
t

^fftloft

la

thfl

-

l^lvUmla
3*
Bidi^oJ*at

la

t^
f«U#vi^:

woU

laalttfc tte

la tta
(b)

flslA of WULISi.

Is tbi

idisu n«

asioBt for proi««t« thD«i lAWtfld

U

projavt* la lMat«d la tte o«ti^

iM tte

Mnruu ri»u«
•tftftblUb-

B* vDcCd «et KB avdlcal ad hi*

vin

ba rvl^^n-B^ for bla Ipt tf AD lonlo* ftt lrr«pilar

«M

af «
1

,

nlabiTOTd 1a tha

vUl b* docinuMd ud ^.»*j t^t it, OODAlVUat vltb
th«7

ti:e

*

-"^
'

1^'

^

^- hn*

4-f

MORI DocID: 163357

114

*

Ofltttbai

iy>3

tttDi^JrUCHLiM

TOR tSE RECCCQ

aUBJTCT:

P»J«ct XCTLTRl, Subprojvct l£

eoQtlau*tlo& of »ubproJ*et 3, tfblch l3TQlv»4 th* tAbllabaBDt «ad BblDtenue* of f*ellltie» for tte p»»l'itic Uitlaa of etrtalA r*«*ftnb ud d«*«loF3ist itvu of lotenst to CD/TSS ud APD/TSS, Tb« f«llltl«i vtr* Ht up ludtr Sutproject 3, ajMl Subprojvct l6 l» latvodsd to provlO* for t^ cQBtlAuad MftiotcnuM* of Um fAclUtlva.
1.
,

ffubpro>et 16 li

*

ftu^rojcct 3 vu orlfflAftlly liit*nd«d to pmldA fuada for tte SiLlAtcauct of tb« fftcilltl«o for eoa jtv, but it tvni out that t^ coiti of ttlUntlooA, «4ul;B*Dt, aeA Initial A^pllta v*r« midtrt>t:s»t«d Is SuJiprvj«ct 3i bract the Dcetiiltr to <it«bllih Subbro'*ct l£ at tus Um.
2.

b

3-

9ubproJ»ct 16 viU cAiduetcd '^r^^C^BBOKL a CtrtaiB iURport actlvltl^* will b« pronitd oy CD/TSS Tbt

W

C^

^.

tlaatad

cewt for a parlod ef

7«ar

U

tr^TU.OO.

,T

CCTTUIB

CUef
Cb«alcal DlTialoo, Tss
ATFFtQVtD rot OBLICLinOK (F rUIDS;

AID KSCOfiSNECt):

Dftta:

/ C5

CC^Z^L'f

Ortglsal Onl7.

MORI DocID: 163357

115

>1jo fo^Ed tt bu4 to n:d«r*tAnd bcv ^SSBM* got

lij

all

tta»

\{^~"^

--'V
-

I

;'

.'.

that'

K^r*^ to =lei3te the =»0s*7-i*cJ«n'

Ituci*ttr'

cct^ijz-cs'-ed

d-

--

'

'

*^^A^^£^^

•Q^ •!»

klodlj'

Mid

b« vol v«ll cci^;^£ttd wlti

^C-"^

?-'.,«:jpi

tte Jclft

Accost Aj^ciw nt

«iul

t2v

t!ff«*

U^Aticv

cnrdi

"^

'

-'-^'^

,\.'

TOdffrttacd that treat lis -t« J*^::^!! ' — C;£* pvraoDiIltT Is tb* for* ofMJg_LJglg ii *»Ht:£ a Uttlt /*

cc=p»fll»B,^

t^., yPQ »in

'

a

-

-"
^

MORI DocID:

163357

116

^*- ^

-

^

SUBJ2CT-

U

The «op. of ttli

.L^ p«.mt U lrtjjjl<X^«^?JJ^l^

•icti vlti & ^li^l*

pTo;«t cort Enteral l3 lt# »7?r«^-

ccl

onwi
b

3.

^
Dr

total cort ar til. JUS, TOO. SO. g^

;«;«•. f^r

. J.rt=i rf co. v»=^ "--U

WtttltBf^^t

b? >>"" jrtotrt a Tap Unrmi Cl«=r=EM

CS«=lT--^i-iJlct, lii

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f?::-ui

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c? r,-:^^:

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7r-.T^37-

MORI DocID: 163357

117

tff *«A-v* la

r
fruHt
AiT «••

*«*t« ^tfl

tfa»t

U4

la

la

ca

^iltj

1 .

a* vui«u thecal
hIbJ
fulIitlBi

tarvitloi*'

v

iratbtiiMi ulIl

W

t««i«d

«

ftlflu

vin

W

4 - AdaqMt* nfaru «tll ba

ktt^ tf tk> ^**^*r

mx.

^krttrlj

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^
,

U f*fiUlttM

ate.

tDtiL

MORI DocID: 163357

118

lecnutDW fCK

ts nc«B
la tin Stopi tf

iubpn>ct

33

>

frojKt ICDLSU

1, Dut to •/eoB»ia*i»bl« iDCrvftH lA tb» lecr^ of tta* wort iBd«rth« dlrvctloe of TSS/^ inl*r Sutrrojcet 71, tAk« ortfljiiUj c*Uf»t*d for thli «rk ?«>ct «FraL3lA, ll» »W,TOO.X pRipo««« to la la»ufricl«t to eowr th« jiu-'a eo«t#. It !• th«T«fo»» »15,OCO.QO to thftt >ljw47 obUotod aia-t thl# .»ibp»Jocl-

,L^

^ JM^HMW*--

M

dd

tha totol «0»t of thl* 9ttbproj*ct f«r tta ptrlod 26 Ja»»rr 195^ to 2S JttiMZT 1955 VIU t^ui nooQt to $^,7130.00.
2.

locT«*M la ieopo rw»?0Ml^U for tUi »t^oo^ vaa«lft« no aw •Mreaa of ^lolociCftUT ttat danloivat u^ p«rtl&l flauieloc of Mtl** e«HpoAd« tf UtarvMt la tta profnB TSfl/CS la oATTTlnt o^^*
t,

Ao

^

fl"^

CtaBleal DLnaloo. T9&

:?

SElaf, tbdUe*! DLiaioQ, TS3

MORI DocID: 163357

119

25 Aiifu" 1955

MEMCVtAllCUK rCR:

ZBC ISCCRC
AuthorltAtloc for FftyBsct of C*]rt4dD &cp«ni«i thidir

8U3JECT:

the vork of tto* b^ovv SubproJ*ct, -It v*i D»c«iMry to t«a^ tb« •ffvet* of e«rtaln eh«aie«kl tu'b«tanc«> vheo a^tlEiaUrvd to fcuvAO oaingv- Ctrtala of tlse ftotlclpAt#d «ff«ctt Involvvd Bcntal fuDctlai> vtilc!) precluded tlw ii«« of atat«l dftr*ctlv«i for thl* pftrtleul*r •tudar.
1.

Id

or^r to GUTj

B

th« VI th vvr'^ftl ApprtrrvJ. fros bl> chief, autlicrlsri tba to pft7 tb* boiplt«l« V2pvTi*e« at otrtftlo jvrvcns •ufferlo^ UCUf^bl* CADCtr for tb* pnvil*B« of vtud/Uc tha #ff*cts of tlwftv cbaalcftli Aurlni thttr torvlaal lllseiaca, Ihe totAl fund< opeadsd la thla fft«Uev •mouDtod to 965^'OS full v«Iu«

2-

In Tiav «f

tb«H clrcumat^acvt

ud

Xt L« r«qucat*4 th&t tb« Chltf, B5 lndJ»t« hli ksovltd^ vut B^nprBJ. Of thi> partlmlu' axpradltuiv for «i4dlt pur700««<
3-

TSS/Chvolc&l MvlsiCB
APP?CVn):

AFP!tOT^;

Cnitf,

3S

.^Chief,

Orlg. - 15S/CD

MORI DocID: 163357

120

21 rccecbtr 195^

fucdi Will« tli« Plreetcr's it»*,utory luthorliy to experjl by lev, v« bclltve tzat fcr «:iXie=ntl»l Furposes li no^ llult*! vould «cetd tht tteat of the « gift of 00T*rr.-=EOt fu=da >c lucb
1.

of fcr the tyi^e-% rur^oie of produclr^ wr-«tilr^

«!«

t« thlj

^cU

ftx=ect«tlorv th»t tl.
txi

effect be
2

b. rec.l^Trd, th« £irt eK?*nflltur« for prcyer official pui^iti.

mlut

My

™y

Id

Subyroject 35, It li fltettd that the donation In by T5Sr Tctr* *e*a» f,ues*-lon vould «aieve eer--ala Kid; d«»iT«d bo the ta b* no question ti»t tho« end* vould be •dv*=ta€«>u« , attained wilD qu«stlcos erpear to be whether they eouid cot be not, wbexher the «tum by cnr» dirtct, Lorr^al vet^odi, efi4. IT the donation, 19 necessary end renioneble In relation to
Iti

TSS Ue ere la no i>o«ltlon to re-zlev the requlreseoti of Troa this project. cr to flj—ixlae the edvcjitase* th»t would result the He do cot cc=erA, th*re:'5re, on the veiue receiv«l if «• ih«?uld project re;tl*-i la the be::sfit* foreseta. Ve feel those correct on fectsrs affectlr^ the prob-bllity of achieviae llttl* or ao ccTitrol. Or-ce ei^i* In t lecil «Qse, there foutiatlon, or the the f^jTi* ore dor^ted, the Iniivldual, hli ua or ello-J us the bocpltfcL ctuld concelvmbly refuae to uorjt fcr use or the fsc^^lties.
3

U

PrEct-caliyj the control le"* to be establlihed fte vtU CertmirJ.y, as lonfi as the Individual la clrc'^ritincei permit, every reaion to espect fcllve and la bis p^-e&c.nt position, v« have unleie his complete cooperation la the future aa la the pa*t, £v«n in the ttrouffh a&w B5t or fault Of our own be la alienated. reoMoable event Of bis death or incipaclty, there appears to he a
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ctn bt
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cbj*ction to t^;* tpuci or

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It *^eiild be rotca thzt th-r<: tr* tvp eLrc*=*ttt:ice2 vilcb

lourct, ^TJiil- lncT?25e th3 s^tc^ir,; Crv?rT-=.':^ cc-^l^-t;::i by • »i=ii*r nrt^i:;;! -£ie-i vc iltl nat be th» catc If It vtre >j.3vn ^hat ttlz vm* la ra=t * G^vcriT^a-* cor.trlb^-,!^:: dso, Sec^nily, It li the 5'-i--cd ?^l:=y of "-.t Ut^l'-al t5 cJ-^rt-" '-« Ccve—_-<;r.« t.-i ?*' c«i:t cv*;-h-?r.'^ 9- r3s*r:r-t cirtr-iisti, c=-^*rc;Bl 0^2-"-=^----' vhtrcii acr^rcfit tzs/it^T^i^:^ y^y only di^ctt cc^^4 b-t cc ov,-r.--ad, n^ca-ie of t.-.- 04t?^3tblc j;ur;a, our f~^-**^"^ vi.12. rot be chjir£«*l overhead- Thi* C3Lj.fl be eocitrued es ctrilly tfrcr^f^il ts t:*c bcirml, «i r.tmilly we \FCild ray t^'.t tC per cer,^ over^etd cbiz-j! for jrcj^c-^* per;';mt- Lirect-y f=r us, ttt I ^rlicve -_h;i cin b* orr*e*.| at lesat to the a^^uit of Oi-r dar.ttlat, end p«r::a:» bv tr.t fuz-^h*-- i-iOL^i by which tte sther Gci!7r^sr-t ci;L-,riIn i^.y c»£C, ir t^j butlor.K era Ir-creosod by ou- dtr^t^cn. jr^^cct ij a trrp*r O-t ir.i c-=-- b« ircrf^rrci In this =ac:L5J, ie=:;r;:/ d;=-i'ei the** curci;nt£nc»» n^ tL*y, therefore, do not (reject a le^&l cbit:Lcl» a» Auch.

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vhether fi^s for ti* bofipltsJ cor.Btrvf.lcr. cjuld r,;t b« cbt.-.;-*i fr" otzzi- r,cr=z.l =^?^-tihlt sourc?s, li arpiareo l-hat th»;rt wat a »irbr^ r^isliillty t^-t pri.^te the IjidlvliiuzJ c^rterrei could r»ti« ade^ur.te fi-rds rciourcei, but It vm t-e j^^ltvcn of TS; tbit If this uers '_-ica«* ve vauld cot obtain tAc-£0^±t^*nt f^os lh« indlv-l^J. a.id t^e dt^ret of cc-trcl vilch tbla pro ie=t is dftil;;::ed to ezhitve6,

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4» Titarljai wiicb will prf:jt« fvet of &lcoUol«
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T:i*ABerKT'>tOBtrvbut-:o* would C:-<tMiJ IJTS'OCO. Tlu> ir.v.^lm.nt, r^^v :u itiH«d io;^t:.ti- witK m* tqi^ml aun tt»*Viin( [rem miuhc* lundi, > - S'^- ?-::*ion of TS? for rc*»ni whttb -ill bo on^^lxir.cd Ij* ir. =!"•' TS5. *nd Dt. I'.dftty Cattli«b» C>i.*r T^S/C^«rr„v j1 Di'^iMflft. T..C tCB;*< oC ubj>fiijtet JS Ko« not Ci^na.d tirct th. D^rictOT of.i»MlW Approved A rt^utitby TSS (or ^rmitnofl t» i^tad S12S,00O of ovuUalo

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t*n»i**r»li*ftj *Ed cB*ir irri^c»rr.«i. Iti^l ^\ iTf'j3lr rt'vii*flA ftM KXa Office «f C*nar«L C«gn«tl Btiitttd

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prtnpuilr B^jtrovtd turn aTSU^^ 000 ferv ftvAilftblt '" «>i4«. Tbt T55 <Bl1 lA 111* TSS dj^^^^E'* '" ^^ ^^ *"' ^** with wbch 1« cav*r tha iuFpltrnviiut luin of :,...| ^1, haw«v«Ti Ucka fundi jurtaia4 by ihii ti t. 070, and it ia raquaattd thai iht TSS^^ft^-d-tt bt jjYinunl. *jpF-*'"»nt4Tr 'undi a*aiUMt for facpro.tet 35 can daliakUlr i« r
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128

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m^pt«v&1 w«i fl#4n by Iht DCI Subpfojcci af Prsjtct MKULTAA. Tbi riaEum*mt wbich ]«ftd to tint Apprwal (iBc]hid;n£ comfntin* •f Oit OGC} «ri ivtAchtd h*r*viU Taba 2, A Attd 3.
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Prajaci MKIJLTKA in th* frvrnt^vrk at pfftctdurc* «Bd contTDU Uhivr vh^cli tBT4reh projtcit in carikm bighlr ttniitiva ii*ld« fen cferri«d sui by TSS. A irt€tipuan sf ik* ^«ebgrBi>nd of Proj*cl >i«ULTItA mAy bt found on ^Age 1 of Tfeb A.
Subprgjtci 33 «ii«bliihti cavtr undtr «bveh ih* Cbtmicil DiYitiaa of DD;P;TSS vauld cotiduct c*TUiik icnnuv* projteti vs thr f:fld< of Sm'-s»if*l fend chvmicfeL wArfiro fend conaittp of b pro^atad fer^ferr* ;?^ik; wht-rbv i^r Agrr.::-,- c pvrrMy hO.iiributti f^nd* lo fe<*ifi i>it^BE0|^^BN^Pm^ — p ^^^M*.:> Lht conitruelioa of i«*r*i*irtJ-. •'.r,^;. Co--r z -jijr of i^tt* ' funci kt la bi iTifedt thrttufh th* ^j^nBKtfBSSM^BSS^SttDChmifl^ — B

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r*««ferEh vm|, fend Ai<ncv tmpley"i >»ould bv febU tg p«r?icLpfetf io thv wrlL wabout ibt Uoivtrtirr ar ihr HeipLifel feulhonlic* bi^n^ fe*tr« af A^rncy ^ntirtH, Subprajtcl 39 conitrnpEmtcd tht csmrxbuikan ol Afvncy fund* xa feiaiti in iht centir-^ccon of ^^cAl:.** Tuiurt rifiircH worb wvuld b* fifefrifd out ihrou[>, ibr iB rui*aui fer.d *auld ba aapftfAtily fuDdfd un4*' vM^aiJiif ^rDCcd^m tr.ii conlroli.

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MORI DocID: 163357

129

nfcftUh

fund* rklitt For

thjt

pufp«i« by thr UmTtr»ty.
5ut:pr«jt«l 19

wtt flrt* pT*pLrv4^ tl whm hopv« frftd cird thmt th* fu;:di required «vuld b* ^rvyid«d «« foLlavt; TM Uni'rvrsitv M> ftUvcttvd ll^CQO^ r'^? to tHim pr4j*«t «Bd will «ipumt upk«*p uid urlini »Ui;4Moni,
^tn 4 |?«(U of S1Z5,000« Iht fvad w«td iruuh lAii AmagM utd inAkf 4 t*»l d«i>fttiOA of 92^0, 00? to Lhr Umvertiiv Builcfi?^; F^nd. Ai that

When

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ar initraat ta tm bav* b«ta ma la|l*iPt;

whni mad Dial thw c*iiair^;on oi tht Bt4 faciUuat thai A^incf, In i^mmary, IK« (iA^uial aitvAUOB ^aa

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tH*h j««ifieij br ihfl impcTUnt* •! tb* •v*r-*l] pro:-ct and ihit fkarihaf mar*^ Ihr inclkiiiDA of Ut« CIA conmbmian la ib«l Ut biti mean* of Auir-Lftimng tvc^nly. v -^

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•ll»,0«Oia toa •vp^lita hrCU ^tu ttaa «iuii aT tM», OOO la ba ^ramdr* bv tba r4ui4 utf a luypUmaaul CIA caavkbatiaa 1 |250, 000, OriK^uUr S«bj,ra;««t >1 r«|u*Mt4 ^rauHwa la Baki « cVbtriboUaa *l »U5, 000 »o lb. buii4in( r«M AM appraval «aa |i*«i. Tbi* b»ra«al ia €Kloa.4 terr>iU as Tab 1. Tb* farpvat af tUt ajnaa^mtal 1* SvbprajKt 11 ii la rt^aat ptrmiiaiMi M aantribuitai: add^nanaL SZSO.OdO ta tb« bulLABf cafiiiri.ct.aB fiui4 tbraa|ti H ba.dd ba aotad Udl - ^ lb« uul Ca«arn^aa| cntribvtion la Ihi boipital fwA ttllt ravuiaa ucbaHgad ai *1, IT*. OOO, iacraaa* ta U* Maa af tb. caMr.butian br >h* rvbd la nat «iii af kta^iaf mtb atbtr aparauaiti «J and <n1L - ll p«t araa.« aivriu, cammaM ba^a*,, .f iu ini|Htadf Tht bnfuial.T Mtf b-*^ ca«tr.biiua» h*t »i ^ral bata traa.rmnad K^^ttDm *f«! :-#iih,r - ^ tha •ntiflU caMribulioa aav Oia luppLamtnt *«.Ld b« paid ta^MBVamxl * rf fimti 4dtqiu(« t. camplatt tb. F'*>«ct ara ma4a a.aiLablt. Tma caa^iuaa wpttihtd by lb. DCI iM ap,ra-i>i tba arictiul ta«rib«:aa,

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that aaoatal af th«

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tniuirictqt l^,^, raifiaia tba TSl ba4ttl ia ca*tr tht «( »2 30, 000, «»4 U Ibirvlara ra^uamud that tht TSS b- _^.'i ba iitcTca»d by tta.t amaunt and that tba lacr.aia ba ffiada a^aiU^lt ta »»*prt,.»t 3S al Pra^art MC ULTRA,
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MORI DocID: 163357

131

VI.

CQiT>mtPit* by thg

Qfrio

of CiffTtL

OufUcU

CfHiLtmpUtti snLr iacf »•« lA fujtdt u4 in na ir«y chmn|tt uy Other ftipcct o/ Eht p»f«ei. Tk« pvajtet taai b»a rv.'trrad bick lo tbt OCC tbflujb riD cbanEt la U> •iruetu la eonttmpUird, u« Tab 4 tAaulaa

Tib 1 U (nimarardum tr^tn th# C*n«r«t Caumtl la lb* DCI daitd 1| D«ccmbtr 1**4, commantwi SHtopra;«ct J*, mad auriai fa p»n th«i th*r> ir* BD f^d4m«nul \m^a\ ob;«cli»n« ki ibi prsbAbU ttBtfit* »* tontdrrtd 4 fill rttu(« for thi> vsrptndtiurt. Tb. ftmii^mtnt to th« Subprojiet

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TJ*t ad*anH|ca btnaflia acctuivi t* ihm -uiUMd Tab A ttlt b, TSS ID prv«id« adiqiuta lad Esmplvi. j«Hxfic.nofl lor tha «sL«nditur« ol tbt idduional htrain rt^mattd which bMnf

ud

Ai^mt

u

an

mm
Iff

lianto S>'*,O00.

ImpoMaiH o| tb«ii ^vanUfti and btnaftia mir bf lummmrLnd Aa Mto-i: (Fullar pLu.Li»« moy ba louad Lb Tob
nio>t
a,

Tbt

Utt taul

CU

cwiiribu'H

Ona-itHth

iha toul apaca In Uii

af TSS, (baraby pioHdmi tibonand otUtt ip.ei, lacbntcat aaiiauDta, «s<^ipm«ii ud anart' Bitnal aainifcLi.
tar,r

a«a.labla la Uii

Ch.micaL Diniien

«

AK

lioipltal

vUtf will ba

A;tbCT aponaQFihip of atuib** rvaauch projacU EompUitly daruabU,
b.
e,

will ba

Full pmf.nmnil covai *lll ba providad fav up to ibraa btochtfhical mp]B>'ae» of iba Cbamicat DivmeiL
d. Human ^atianu and «oLiinta»a Iwt np.nminial hit «ill b« ava.Ubl, «nd<r cQ;iErD):«d «I;nica! coriin^o-t w.Ehm th* lull

uptrviiion

o(^2S^K^^^W^S£^^^^^^B^b —

fi

lubpr,jcec 35 *,. ^.gi^i;^ coneaivad

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'^•"*' " "*• Ch.miol DiviMBB a .orb .» tb,, it.ld. Ts,r^^Z *'VV"< • ""''" "^ "" '^^^'^ " ""^-=' "-^t'-IUd txp.rtm*r,. u«l m*rt. ^.^^„ „(^ ^umc^l aondmar,. -,m» m^ianaU *,ih which any Ajan^y " """" ** ""^P'^'W daniabla wiU a-strc-t .=^d ^ami^larnrm aiStt ril'^I >.ra(Mm. rrc.nt-y u^on a-ar bf TSS, iuchai "^ V'^- "^ -rf
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MORI DocID: 163357

132

•^

-.

buiW.iE furdi hid b»»n ia;»*< h#f»r» ih« Ucnuici wbiild b«

f^fiiihrd

and

»?*=* in ih» pr*»«T.t hoifiu^ hi *:. i/%ef; &r allowed is i»* ardrt lS4t >.c may build up tbi «T|imKftiiBB *hicb will LaKT oeeupy tht ptw WLn£. Thti mtani th*i TSS «iVl b4 AbU ta bTfin i« tk^a td^anuji af tbn mAtitr af mor^lhi in>U*d oi wnuni for a yt« and <e*tr iiiuanar- wiihin

mumi

m

S»su;.Tv m*HTr» n»d Jcia:Li ar« b*irf co-ordin»Hd ^s'-h lh» TSS L:*iBOf. And »t<4?iiy O^fECtr. Security «f trftnimiiut af t!it ljnd» and ca»*r airinji menvi *ri df acrtbtd in Tab A and ramatn uichan|«d.
IX.

*;r*»TT.*M*ii^

^

C

I'leribtd in Tab A. and ^Vr exien'. ef hiB c«-a{i<rauan aAd l^t conire; ov*e hti acti«ni rtmain unchanfed.

The a^rttcncfi with

^H^BaiHV

-

X.

RetuHinC FmBneial Savmj
*l tlf }.

B-

000 tof CIA wiU T*»u1t tn tn »ddiuon*l tiri.OCa m ft^itthint fun4* provide* uT>tfer P-jhUc L** 121* ll n U^t tlut iKr tkp#n4jturt ol th^ir uul (ufidt i* juitilivd by tht ^mj^oruncv of th« proEtatnt *hich wiir fte pi^riutd ^t ^hi nt^^ («ciUiv^ £v«n 1>:du|>i thr ClA tortTi^^uiton it inctf^t^d i*J:d*r thii «mvndtd projtcl, tht tD»: 4( r*d»ral fundt t^ma^n* uACMr.ffd. TFit Mit *l ihit IftCiUty «iU feUa* werh to prac^^tf u^'icr coniSit-.o^i ol £Ovtr And itcurny vHich would bo LmpOfttibU to obi.Lh c-l*«%^htr« i^iihout «a tvptTnJkturo af t^uiv^Unt or sr44l«f fundi^ ]r td^J.TiQ-. ^v r^-dihn- mdivLd44L pfo;«CEO (or thii J««hlitT tlLrouit^ the 0|BSH^H3l^B' ~- chiT'^t «hll be kncurrrd for o^trhood ^m^onit. li o^^only >p«ntortd by tht ^rDjL^Lf pA> on ovf^>i#*a role tqu^y^ f^^ Uh S- Co^'trftrntni, tt .t tu^ior-.^r IP *?** of f Alontft, Ho^^ovtr^ if M neA'proht f^nd. luch 04 pontora rttrarcK th« (undk ^r^Atod fof Ih4 wor* oro ci^»tomori:j utLtl jnty to poy [oi o^Urioo^ Ofjuipm^fil »nd ouppUti* but noi ovr^^^og. T'lc A .TT^cy t^iut buyo tqnoiderobLy rnort reittrth Ihrou^rhit d^Duld bt th4 cotr ll no <u(-oMt w«ro mtd^

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for t:ii3 ^xr-^nCi^ure,

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(DATE)
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MORI DocID: 163357

134
-/*

SUBPHOJECT
W^*_fc

J4 -

PROJECT MKULTfcA
AtfAnivtian for hiiMy

J-

Tor

iKt purpoii •! ^iimblUhiP* * tov.r

I.

gfccheTg"!^ °f Project

MKULTR*.
».b»iI.v.

tentroU ud.i -hit* r«»4rck fro;.cT. m c-rt.;B MiMy wilhoul tht mc *».iy &f if^>r., th. fitld. coyld bt e."iH «t by TSS

»4

•vvr-kll

Itfmreb
.f lb.

mrt ri«uiT.il.

CootroU ..ub^.h.d

APproHl
udit art

P«^ct H—i— CommtT«t Hiitvcb «« D**tl.pm*iit Fr*("m (otbtr ib*6 th.
in th.

mftd

D*v#l*pm*i»e bii4i*l,

m*

" -fli-ucr*. .-ret

jKludtd.

AU UUi

" nwnrd

by TSi.
(iftet
ii

Th*>. »r«*dur#B bBd »air*l»
• il»d T«dU*tiii|

"" Apptoirtd

i^

hi|My

»-

!*«*« *• -*»>» "«" di«dyftU wh- »« ML tad >bo»l4 o-t b. *w*r. a1 A^Ky
d»v>t
iB
ft

A^.ncy -r GovfrnmiBl »»WTt« in

|rt*i

m»nT

th,. fi.ld ei fId ef iPby ** <•»*«"* * iDi»i.f"t la

•A « c«irt<t thkch rtm«iB*
)V«

rtlucum paychitirie mnd oih.r bi«LQre«l .eitncti »r. *try "'"^ iiv« -.in«d M'"'»*-" -» •"!' '"' •'^^''^ *"^* <o Atnduily j«a|i»*d.n vith ihi» »tlivilT »>«• tvch cfrbMCtiDb mi«hi tbiir prvlt»»iDnAl rtptiuuon*.
iBftic.l,

fbg«

^n ihi* lil... EMp<ri«BCt oJ phyiiolh»< ^-mlili»<» c*>r,p«tBt iDdi-idual- iB lh» lifl*
-ul of Ih-ii

«omrol

•««

""""

Wh*n
it

4rv»H»pm*Bt proj«t» >!*» bi.n •H»bliih<d flndir ihn boih Crami««rh Bnil h«v< b»b ««rriid owl t-tr-mtly nicctliluUy. fi^m (chfi.e*! .nd »dm»mitr*ii-* pcimi »f vi.». Th» fnptr^trct *ii*b[i>hmtri tiBtd in hiftdiifti thf»* pTOj*cn K»» •mph*ii*»d ihfti DtbHi-rca^tr hoih fftt th.pr»:4cti tnd for «>»eiMrd A|*r«y •t.tntiit. «iE«bliih luch tovtr. it <i[ uimon tmportaott- f-bpfojtci >» **"ld
riKirtih
trul

i»t apprflvtd. it Projtct MKULTHA indiv»d»*l w«uLd ht uird fgr Ibt ubli*hm*B4 flf «v*r. Ovrr (oriy

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u.

Btt^i ^aund

af

ttir

.

^^

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H-

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a

thi Tund. V||feH|^ >^*« tolictttd lund* Irvm varkaui . individujlj ta ft-nAnc* > pr^^rir^ al b*»iE rtAt^rch im iht chtmotb«j-Apv «l caacvTh 4tlhnu« hrptrl«A*Lan, piycKA««fwue di*vrdir« And »tKtt

Dir«cl4r

flf

'

IJ

CH*mic«t Divitkvn of TS5 und frcitu ^mo^thly ttd vlfictmlr. bath At a cui-oui for dt^Ung viih canirmctari tr ih« fatldt of cavart chvmickr aad biolofical wfcrUra^ and ai a prima camracur far ctrtain araai oJ bioLaficat rata&rch, Ffojacti prcBaai^y ^ting handLvd 'ar Iha Agmm^f %f thm Fktfid art adnuniittr^d uAdar Ilia caau-a^.a Aibd pracadurai pvtvLaualv appr«vtd for MKULTHA.
rn.

^

P*^j'jf^*^'*^ ^^

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rt

inttrnaiioniTW Knawn at
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rci^Hh

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int

t.r t*at :.a :fi;

capacity

BAH^^B

Dk*iAg uia war tarvtd at t ^BBBBBM^ in tht £4rtaii el Mtdiciiw tnd Sentry in ^ht Z'lvy. Ii^nca than bv haa matrt^i nt^ <*n>vTiPftf rilitianthip t« ih« Wiry madidl rfB«*rcb pro<rA'^' It TCP SECRET cltHrad and *\nin| of Aftuy ponaorahhp of i^vc prD|rafna carritd aut by iht r^nd aa ara two othar

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af O^ravtort^
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fid.

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bui:i;,r.£ kift'trer»vi ri£>i.

rf itireli *tn| will tviiai •( • -^ |2C lt«t ^un| and ft*t wi4t, TwD-iKirdi

TS«

»

I bf rvfVATfK Uborkionva *nil orf.m whOv 100 r««rAr<h bfdi ^\l\ a^cupv l^« rcrruindtr, 4atVfiftt^^d p*riici^4iiai: m iPit lund-ifeiminc mp4t|n oui^red brLa*. *..\. trv^.x in h<« having comra) af ap«-iivirL si tM uiaL ip4et in addiiifrn ia ill* bAia-

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136

hi> •icurcd thv rnittuai*«tic auppari dI Th« m«d:cAl UcuUy Aikd'.r.c Affirm Qi th* UnivtrutT whs hki^t c*'Ti*d tS* ppvtiminAry «rrkng«Tntnia

CBSmV-

c

V.

TLnanclKl 9it'4iti«n.
LTnat-trtliy

Th*

S3< ODD, OOC loi th« gft'iorr AddLtloa. ThLi li ^HcVbilv* of tht CB«t of Un4 ^t\d thi Ihvating and p«w*r lupply. *hich arc tlro^T vflilftb1« iht til^: At Iht prvBani unt UDdcr P-jbLic

mm

*Ul rvqulrr *Vcut

n

Lmv
Tht

III, fuAdt «rv «v«LUbU to nuieti fundi roiitd hy Utt OAivtriity. Uni'.rrti-y hti AUafiBtvd SJi OPgn JOO ig t^^ t pmivct »wf wiU ttidin* Mp**t^ and t; jffirf p bt^c>:iBrn. mt'ajr«*d Th«t if ClA

^^MBBCftB^

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^

amT^^Tift^fl^ST^I^fr.A; donotiait of SZiO^OflO to tht Uaivvrtity fiuUdini Tuatf. T>ii Afltncr't cantribunoB wU: bf m4dt wndcr tkv eojidil-.gn tKki It wiU ^4 ictunda4 iJ cont;?ul;oii dooi lul Ukt ploct.
ihii

moifh

TS3 hit diicgft»4

~ '^ nd hit «rcoKM£f£ ^^"t'-' ainf pTOi«ct Oik ir»t bAi^i -^i: ^B^lOBCi^BWVttA - ' Will bf conducitd in the bt« ikinf, ^ j^ l^'Bujh A-Art of «itr

i^ii iltuatlon wlt>

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4^E^

^

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inf«r««t in ih« tekii:din|. if uaviiunE of oi,r iptc^c fialdi of rvivtrth 'And Ind-v-.^utl pro>aclt. In lummorT' th« finABcial miction would bo follow!;

«

^

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+

,'7^Jrrf-^>:i

-A

1,210.000

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Law

111

Aliho-4£S II II rt<0|^ii«d thot tht F*d«r«L con^nbatLon of SI- 230,000 undtr P. L. 221 ti ttrr:f»f** yJ^i ^e t»v r*Aioo of ttr intluiion at tbt ClA conlribu:.an -.t, i^ai o: Cfl^tfMllMakVfc tciuAtly Uit v«lut to »i« ia

^

JlJS.OCC, Iht Amaur.i of CIA'* <on;r;bjtiDn, fvrthtr"^^^ ^*^* incEdiion of Iht ClA co»trj»dUoa in Ih^i oJ ^*^.* iJ:f btfit mtthod of mkiniAimng oteuniy,
ftoi ;u>i

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MORI DocID: 163357

137

VI.
11

Oiffytuttf

T*t94 »T TSS.

nm» ihH thi tmtrful r«hAi bctn (•iKrillr rtBOgmmtd fof in tKt fi«l4 ol Mwirt «t.viii«i »f Iht C>i»mie»*. Oivn.on si in HtH of bialo|ic»U cbtmical tn€ ri*iolet.e*l »«rUr* art «r»ly «4niiru. •Tspt' e*^"- AlUiD-ih Prnj^l MKOLTRA pr*vi*t> ctlUnt cov« Jor «r»tiv( artd fifl.Ptiml tov.f Jpr prvjted, »i dati n«i *lford b«tn vatri !ar ciiMilic Bi t.ckf.it-l 3*r.on^*l. MJ^ULTRA h*> '» • (uc-Qiit ttd lot -ffi-Hm, dtkUr.| (hro«t>.

»«»

t»cb

TM

^K^HiBl^Bl^

n

Thi aVr^rily wiih mdL-idkitU at-pn«at« ibt iuiuv* vill bt iDcrBHiiPSly limiiad dut to
-,

•mptnm.
vf

um

of

!»)

Tht incfioiinc ftumbf r
CBUUCtifrP with

ptopU who,

Alboii

pTOp«r1r cltag* ^. OTT j**>*

of Tht^Ai tnty

^Mfc^i^^^M^i^B^ — O
ih't
t>^*

tb>

Tkt ft*!mt bT

^mi^
Id

tmv-°^*** cont«ri.A£ h::^ lOri. Co"^*b. fU.) hAvi rv CDvir of bnv >aTi tB4 canif^jtPlly cupstt bim ta unnt:<iviry cm*
bifKLy iiiid«*irAblv

^W^VM^
pvrtouL

AfcUT - c

- c

raik. ftnd
of

TA* «tdtfpr«»d Lntra-AftQcy Awarvncti
tti nocuri af th« rvUlicAtbtp bfltwaan cbt Putd «Bd tht AfffACy,

AiHiHtr irrioui problrm Ueidby TSS/CD 4« o rt*»lt of U«h oJ t»ii^ Kbit co*tf It tht rtii/ieulty in pUnoiR^ etrttrt lor wcbmeol ^od tciintilic ptnonntl in iht biolefifiml ^ald. A Itr^-rAnit <*t«itOMtpi of 4etiv-.:i»t in ttiit fit^d intwiably inelnfltt proptr co*tr for tht iftdivitfu*^ £cicf7-'td. TK* tvtiUbiUty of rttttrch UdLit^vt

^MK^^SEBCiMVlBDBSBBP^' otfrr t^ tictUt m Abo«t prob,i/r.i, tr^^^^EdC^IW ID loivt miny of
ki
^'^

oppanur-Uy
'

-a
C

l.ic

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^0QBn0h

rd BbU to mtWf »ny raotontbU »nn(im»r.ii to >ua o«t nv«ai. Up - c IB ihr#* C^-tFTMcAl DivLtkan amploytct CAik bt inLt|TMiad imo :ro|TAm far w»rh tn th« n*w botpHil »xn| gn Ihf Aitn(i.'i rri«»rcti pfOjMio. Altho«|h cAtttr pUrui^m «it not conidtFAtiDn *htn plARAmi iJit proctdurtt «nd *ofiirol» ttiibliiht* by Frojvct MKULTRA, M«arihtUti ib»t ptrLicuUr autprojtei, ddiiion f« 111 prunary abjatlivt, •*U bt of -ery f raa< lacanAary htlp

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MORI DocID: 163357

138

f4

(«t

•in bt fe*BlUbl« »• tHt ChtmicMl DtviBiOP ol TBS. Th** *in ptn^Am UbBTAtarv
ia ivf D.

Bd

Bilit« iptcfl, itcfwiCBi vBtiatuti, tqutp-

<W

»« covtrfl* W* c^rtiad vut UBivr t^t E*vtr MKULTRA* bv fu»d> TnA4« ftv«iUbl« IbTaufh Prdjtct •nd projtcii will bt wbjtci i« iht * ract4vrti Hk« conlraU tit»bki«htd r*r MKCLTRA, Tba lundi will b« pAiat^ ihroHflK -

Tbi

»! •' Cbtnicftl Di^tdB projflcl*
«U

*fei£ta

M

ft

Id

U«Aifir lb* nwMT i» tk* Uaivtrniir J" ikif indnri^vAllr piirpAX. l*eb pi«^cl -ilJ rvad*d »»»* »» »> p»TGcuUr ^dftt. u4 tttT* «iU b* n* vtlitt csntLnuiBi *r r4Ciu-riB| cbbffH*

tiif a

will tith«T

p«T nf»ft«B ^lticIIt or

¥

Ul

Tb« AglHr'B •F«IHO'<bip
•Bd tb* AfVKr-

*i ••Miliw*

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ihrM b.»-eb*mi**l •fnpl»y»«« *l Wit up ChtmiEtl Oi*n»ef> •' T**- Tb»« woul^ all** op«a
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r4U ^toMtr.

coMi:=erJ with tht

(ul^

•uptrvLBion of

-/3

tnpvcnd thAl tBt 04lpvl 4l u«cful rttuU* af Th4 ClivmtCftL DivuLon in (ht biv-chtmictV fitld ^lU b4 |ri*t1y kmpravtd Ihrvuch thi TTAn
It L»

bt Ablt

tq

iptnd mori of thtir

umt

on Acm^l

IN

--3

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nt* iCKntific ptr*«rin«T iiBCf of Ih* ChtmictL Divi«i»b verging un4tr Una (ov*T wall b« in dAjly cftr.T»ei «ith mtmbtrm Bf t^« GrB4b*lt Sckvtl aF Uit Univtriilr.
tcruitini

mtmbtri

[Jl

r»^Ur Urnvtriiiy tibrir) cad rtprini •«rvici Bill ta< avkLlftbl* 4i tcurc* •! technical io/d Tout ion.
THt

VIII.
It

FundTni

prapoitd iMi |J15,00Q b* |rftni«4 la If opprot'Al ij fttriid. TSS wlLI «ft*n4« far pAvmtni bt madt undvi thf jirDctdurvi bnd cDntroU of MKUL7Kj%, Th«tt fur-di would cam* out of lAt pr«i*ni1r Approvid KfittFch trd Di-vt]«pmt>)t bii4|ti '** FY f^SS ipd no n«w fundi ar* irvtUvd. TS« fundt wroold b«

n

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-^^U rr.^ifh

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MORI DocID: 163357

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fharty*

^ 8
ttir -hich ir* *hcn TS5 .parlor. »r.. t>v« rt»_mict projt

in t^. f:i:^rt

fl

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Th. Un^v.r.iiy

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*>-=» p.^>«i.to.VTy •ur-.rd .pp»rku< w»lJ b.
.ill

b.

W*Uy -n-imr^

nl

wtU coMiBut

in

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a

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MORI DocID: 163357

162 rw
«1^. 1396-3902
|«4?jM«^ t« «tA«lt •

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pan

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14.U
I

ALlBtHVt

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MORI DocID:

163357

163

DRAFT
34 JADdarr

IM4

THE RECOKS

SUOJtCT
1.
T>ilx

Bubprojtct tt b*lnc «it»bltmh.ed far 1h# purpVt*'
J

of •upportiBf r#»li»^lc t*BC » of «rtgir. tfevglpgrent litfi B an«

d»liv»ry iractxi of lattrtat ID T5E BB.
«
r

^

i^'*"/

3.

Durlni th* eeura* of d«v«tepm«nt tt i* ao^vSliiiB

fou£d that cvrtiin v«rx D«c«a>ary axptrlAtnta or t«»tt art net
.4

-

•uii«4 to ordinary ta^ontorr f>«lliii**.
It iBDuld b* difficult If net

At th« aak* tlw.

lBp4*t;M«

to conduct racb t«at«

aa optritional ft«ld ttsta,

T^L* projact li dtaxfnod t» pro-

vide a eipabtlitr and facillttta to fill thia inttmodiata
rcQulE-tPtnt.
3,

The actLvltlti und«r thia aubprojact «tll b« conb}^Ir.

ducted

jM^fiMfpW.

an Individual in ta« Japort and *'

C*

aiporc buainvis,

^^^^StSSSttf^

^tB^^

>iotda

a TOP

51CRET TrvAiury Cfpartncnt claarar.ct
approiil.

jf.d

a SICXTT A|*ney

Ht it conpl*t*l> aitiirc d* th* ataa and c<3ila of

hla acTiviiitt. r_
4.

Ur

(IV
Lr

r<Jairta«a unis-tur faci1iii«n

kr.d

pfnor.al

ab:lili«f •luc^ taxra hir Inviljr^t: e in l-.ia hird if ?aat3rs
<kprr-iiiDn,
:)ce---uh«

Qf

111!

p«culiar-^4^;;^«

av.d

-^

MORI DocID:

163357

IM

cipmbllltiM
th* loeil

u

nlI,M HU

HC*lI»nt GOoD*ctlont »ltb all O*
ft

1"

•ntore^tnt M»<:i»p •111 provld*
B«ctua« Kr.

uniqu*

tstf

•nt&al
«lA*flt of

capability.

MCMI -* "
^' Me«aflarT

loin#r

n-C*

^b*^H0tBHV "*>
r*pluw*Bt

tiltftbla

b* provldtd la or««r tliBt a eapAbllliT

for cantlBHau* of
a,

mr KtlvltlM

b« BUntmlrrtd,

^

T^* *mtlaat»4 eo«t of tht projwct

!

110. 000.

W

for

a p«rlBd of

OH

rornr.

Cbftrr«> •bould ba aad*

Huabtr 4l9S-13IO-3ff02.
raadtrod,
t.
_

|E«lmburB*Hai «llt b*
_
.... -

M»lut Allet»nt u«0 for aorvlcaa
__

AccouDtlBf for fuada advucod and aor t^vlpBaBt undar

tbi» aubprojaet *lll bo IB KCorJane* »ltb accoufttinf procj
lira.

«.t.bu.hod b7
T.

«.—::^394^^«=^^--^/
Uont

A HBOTtTidvo Of mfraaoant

llnaa •ta^Ha&«c: by

^

prtTioua Budlt racoflffandmtiona la Ilk* situattou vlll b«

ftCUttd.

\.-,ti

TSD/Bioleflicat

Brucb

Dtatribution: Orieiaal

oitl?

.^

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>*

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MORI DocID:

163357

165

1.

ThL*

i!i

» T^u»^ for

fir-4^tifel

AUp^rt far
irtuc>

rtttire^- »n tbi

rhanl^
tc

ftf

T)i«

rt»r^K*-«»viiAtian tht«?7 upon

CMt

r*srtr=^
^-^

U
j*^

bf_bAt^

e
jun
At

vrtititftllr tub-tttatf Htlruttd Ub« dontLofi oT Ui* prB(n.i T^r prvfrvt thr*a ta flv« rvquatt^Jif « tstAl aT S72,1^ fgr tb* Ir^tUl tc ba Tree

tr^t

n^-dit

or

thv
-IT"?'

i,(^,^4Ai^-U^l'^'

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,A r«tfk.=vti toudfvt

w<> »ii«r:.U*d,
to tht

S
6.

a--_-iUnK t« t7^.9Z$. wii Uwn '*A r^^^sn tMi pr^^riA I

ftv«.-d«ti
1

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iT^
Til*

ft;

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frctrtii

Hdv

ta Aata widar

ftbov*

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rvHAnh f»ilt:l«s

h«T* bt*n ir-Abliifivti far th«

^
k\t\%m of -^
-

t-.-iro fttt of

li^ntoTT

And

Bt-lH v^act

MctiHiy for

T^Kort^i in Viii floLd^

^

%
^

Tlirvt bJAit.

tfsL-i«rt«j h^vt

tvotn rvn

to At it*

3

^

*rr

\r ^:^i' \\^^. -"^c »^t^ t^»

WAr;:j\G Ji^i*^

i.

MORI DocID: 163357

166

B«^

full't-liH

t«hrl«l parBvAMl

vtt

parUtli* profM»lB*nl

fejlawini If th« l*ffl¥fclMl prsfrtiB K*d« and»r

Oh

ewrtnt
t*chrJqu*i

ApwUlluil iMttwwftUtlon

and

Mwr»i4 Uitlnf

raftaMnct^uTiution
Tat
d.

t^i^Biir

«f brain tercidilan.

ft

flbil-riUad
bfti b»#rt

ftlftift

ftuiylAt«d

ikuU.

teu
Xm

BbUif»^ an «»• Mtur* lAd «*t Mfnitud* of

•lUwr iJ^Kt

«

*#uad

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"iMto

»n^|>t«l In

»lr.

«

Initial •ItrflM

b*« btm

«

Ui» ilKilftt^d ilua^ilcull

7.

Th* nirrant Xm-^1 *f Ktivttv Hit Twcfr.i biilin* to

J?
9.

to

m.0>.6l.

IhH h '"" pf^>ei ""SB ^^ ^^ ^*'*

«n

ba ir<lMl*d

ftj-

th«

*' fc>***«'-» nhicf, nsiiirt»d

r»q«»t.i> thot In tht lT.t»r.H of ofritlthcy orrt kwmpv It Ivuitoinod tmr Uw Hiiini 7««r, thii Ivvil af octivi-r bo

fct

l«ftat

-

J-

-

MORI DocID:

163357

167

It. I

trinai kpaln lr>n>ttnt »ULr «•« 1e haad IrJ^r^ •--ich ii mi biu I . i . -^1 *ravT^ n»n4f*»bB vlJe^^r^Ad B/^Jlp-i sf purely pAHlytla Od, »livd. tf«ti rwt at lyiS GB^priH Any •«d»r.:e a.' nr-etvr*!
rr*ti.«r. V.
r.

ID.2

»0,3

Flrit, nrisldtnnc

U-.p

poiitilliiirr oT iJ;r»fi i—.f* to l".

of %r.7tz% dr. fc-li or body fer Iht i^teific •fftrli 4*tlrt3. €. lnt*a*:-j- of th* talcb far ih* i-Tut dtiirtf,

b.

Pp--;Ti-. poir'_*

ia>

rrjart to tht pQter^i.1 irptztir^ -**!«). t?-..rt «««l4r. r«4uitUi.t-it nr* ;;<-*-- oi imi v.c*o. n* lr;-*rt ftoiilJ b> dolivtr*- mt-ajt
I/i

on

ct-.ji,T

b. fti« trto of iBi^e\
no"- oee-jr,

ifld

ror»

d; t'.rtt^>ian

Ih* ir.toriltjr of thr lr7«ctlri far?* ird Iti fl-rM'-;*fi o^-j:- b* «ucn obtAin lh» imtiT^i of.'f^;^ «. Thf 3«vij. iia.ii «t o*-.!! and am a;:#r-oa pDittt;i,
-

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r^a ii:«i_'lc lr;*;'van| da*it*> mc^A
0.

uA

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fo™

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* par.^aht typa blac^-jieb iiTSnt a hic* peak

Irpaji
b.

forw

witfi

lo- ur.ti a.jfa?* prvit:^.-*.
l-:>:tlT^i
iftt

Ccn^a:^ ar ev^^ra^rt irnrc-'u^ee day-ti th*i triMtr upon eer.ta^t with

h.aaT

£on-iTj.

j*nfl

leir

etrj'

*;;)

MORI DocID: 163357

168

4

pni>ur« -••*

"P

prtd«» rr*round tf-i-t"-

t^t

-.t"Dd,S«-»rr, -o-ia

muir.

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tc-^tla mto^li b»

II.

tu:;. "^; lT-;?- iSri.:;..

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9G-«e

196^

MORI DocID: 163357

MATERIAL FOR THE RECORD
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MORI DOCID: 163357

170

THE CHRECTOIt Of CENTftAl INTELLIGENCE
«HhHP«cTDH D
c

nm*

0*^-ft bf Lv^itkoinv Cw^fnti

23 Drcember 1?77

^
^

HonoraMe Daniel

Inouye, Chairman Select Corniaittee an Intelligence United Slates Senate ZOSIO h»shin£ton, D.C.
K.

Dear Mr. ChairiQjn:

During Admiral Turner'* 3 August 13"7 iif»iiiawii' before your Connittce and the Senate Hunan Resource* Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research, you asked whether any Agencv employres had been terminated because of Admiral their participation in MKllLTRA Subprojeci 3, Turner indicated he did not believe any employee had been terminated, but would have Agency record* searched Our records have been searched and the on thjii queftion. results confirm the Director's testimony that no such actions were taken.
Sincerely

gi slat ive

Counsel

MORI DocID:

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171

QKHIIJ-Tor win
Coiiimuikixi

QKHILLTOI* DEFINITION a rrj^ianiyrm t<sfffnt-i1 Jn litCA W n projecr
'<»

to fctudr ChliHMir

tf^hniq "-'•'. i«Hti1it^ :»!> Wlif^rtl Ir- huvr |*^il foiKliioml hy th*- Cornell MtKt i>r Ihi" l"nit»rnllr Mnliriil StIum-I linuuii K<-"l*«v Sniily ]*r-<irrMiii^. Tli^ ^ffnrt »•* ih^irlH'fl inii" Ibf MKIJ.TKA jir4:niiii miil Tlif OKHILLTOr iTyiiHiti.viu invuuf uliyoli-ii-. Tlif K-hlffv for th^ luvt*HiitaXi'»t nf Hiinmn Kofil'ijcy. iHf^r thi- Hu&mn
l«rjiin»H»liihc iwUiUiiii*"^ au*!
iJ^vf-hij.
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mMv

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