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(17) Rss Article Comments (17) On Sunday, the Bloc Québécois selected former PQ minister Daniel Paillé as Gilles Duce ppe s successor. GRAHAM HUGHES/THE CANADIAN PRESS By Chantal Hébert National Columnist MONTREAL Is the house the late Jack Layton built in Quebec made of straw, sticks o r bricks? Is the sovereigntist wolf really the spent force that last May s election results suggest? Both questions have been on political minds since the New Democrats almost wiped the Bloc Québécois off the map in the spring federal vote. Over the next few months, some preliminary answers may be forthcoming and they c ould be more definitive than anyone in either party is bargaining for. As a result of two separate but related events, all may be falling in place for a 2012 leadership duel between the Bloc Québécois and the NDP. While its outcome would have no significant impact on their respective standings in the Commons, it is the kind of battle from which the loser might not recover . On Sunday, the Bloc Québécois selected former PQ minister Daniel Paillé as Gilles Duce ppe s successor. He briefly held a seat in Parliament until last May s orange wave swept him out of his Montreal riding. Until a replacement riding opens up, Paillé will be leading the Bloc from the spectators gallery of the House of Commons. By the time a Quebec seat does become vacant though, he might no longer be the o nly federal leader looking to fill the vacancy. On Friday, NDP leadership candidate Brian Topp announced that, if selected in Ma rch, he would seek a seat in his native province of Quebec. Under any scenario, a Topp bid in Quebec would be a huge gamble. The NDP scored some big local victories in the province last May but that does n ot make any of its seats safe. There is not even a guarantee that Outremont the only Quebec riding with a short history of repeat New Democrat victories would remain in the party fold if MP T homas Mulcair was to bow out. To put it mildly, Topp s Quebec profile is a work in progress. In a byelection hel d in 2012, there would be within the sovereignty movement plenty of potential pr ominent candidates liable to give him the fight of his short life in politics. A s of the weekend their ranks include the new Bloc leader. A frontal Paillé/Topp collision might yet not happen.
Canada formally abandons Kyoto Protocol on climate change BILL CURRY AND SHAWN MCCARTHY OTTAWA From Tuesday's Globe and Mail Published Monday. A Quebec election is widely expected to take place next year and the future of t he Bloc will largely ride on the performance of the Parti Québécois in the provincia l vote. Paillé is really more of a c aretaker leader than a master of his party s destiny at least for now. his first order of business will be to win a Quebec seat. 13. If Topp wins the leadership. expanding cious little visibility will not be a in the House. The NDP on the other hand needs its leader to be in the Commons sooner rather th an later not only to safeguard its Quebec holdings but also to keep the Liberals at bay across the country. Kent said staying in Kyoto would force Canada to spend about $14-billion buy to m . the NDP and the Bloc might come to an agreement to give each other s l eaders a byelection pass. Dec. But how each leader would explain such an arrangement to his supporters is hard to fathom. While he would certainly quarrel with that depiction. 2011 4:10AM EST 2103 comments Email Print/LicenseDecrease text sizeIncrease text size Canada is formally withdrawing from the Kyoto Protocol on climate change. Paillé s first task will be to do all that he can personally or by proxy ake that impossible. abando ning the world s only legally binding plan to tackle global warming. If he wins. Dec. For a leader tasked with rebuilding a lot of energy on a stage that offers pre priority. Since it has lost its official status of its former presence on Parliament a party from the bottom up. Paillé is in no hurry to re-enter the Commons. 12. the Bloc has only a fraction Hill. Environment Minister Peter Kent confirmed the decision on Parliament Hill just h ours after returning from a United Nations climate conference in Durban at which he repeatedly avoided questions about Canada s commitment to the protocol. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY Climate theatre of the absurd Climate: While global talks flounder.' environment minister says Mr. domestic initiatives advance China says Canada s Kyoto withdrawal regrettable VIDEO Canada pulls out of Kyoto VIDEO 'Kyoto is in the past. Paillé could end up windi ng down the Bloc s affairs once its per-vote subsidies run out in a couple of year s.Topp could lose the leadership vote and decide that his talents are better suite d for the party s backrooms. 2011 5:14PM EST Last updated Tuesday. If the PQ does as poorly as the polls currently suggest.
Since taking office. he said in an inter view. Kent said he remains hopeful that world leaders will agree on a new legally binding deal u nder the UN umbrella that includes the largest emitters. Green Party Leader Elizabeth May a lifelong environmentalist who had also just r eturned from Durban fought back tears as she reacted to the news. Mr. confirming that the government would i nvoke its legal right to withdraw from the agreement. Kent s estimate.ing carbon credits abroad because the country is so far behind in meeting its ta rgets. NDP and Liberal MPs noted that the Conservatives have been in office since 2006 and have failed to bring in concrete measures to reduce domestic emissions. There isn t a mechanism under Kyoto where Canada could be fined. action. Leach also said Canada could ultimately avoid an explicit finding of n on-compliance under the protocol by filing formal notice before the end of this month. Kyoto. the actions taken by the federal and provincial governments would yield a quarter of the 17-per-cent reductions from 2005 levels by 2020 that Canada ha s promised to achieve. He blamed the previous Liberal government. he said. . Prime Minister Stephen Harper has made no secret of his disdain for the Kyoto Pr otocol. he said. Mr. the Conservative government has announced three separate em ission-cutting regimes. including the oil sands. Environmentalists and opposition MPs rejected Mr. The Kyoto Protocol came into force in 2005. because prices would rise. recent estimates indicate Canada s emissions are more than 3 0 per cent above that target. for Canada. However. He predicted other countri es will follow suit. To date. To keep in line with U. However. Alberta School of Business professor Andrew Leach said complying with Kyoto pure ly by buying credits would likely cost even more than Mr. the fastest growing source of emissions. saying it agreed to targets wi thout a plan to achieve them. It s really only the Europeans who are staying with Kyoto. Canada could have avoided paying anything by simply agreeing to more on erous targets in a second round. arguing that a legally binding deal that fails to include the world s two largest greenhouse gas emitters China and the United States would hurt Canada s co mpetitiveness and prove ineffective at reducing global emissions. Kent is pursuing a regulatory approach tha t would impose sector-by-sector rules. avoiding the need to spend billions on carbon credit s.S. Kent s apocalyptic language and sa id Canada s reputation has been damaged by its role in disrupting other countries e fforts to approve a second phase for Kyoto. Dr. but has yet to say how it will regulate other industries. is in the past. and Canada committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions to 6 per cent below 1990 levels during the period of 2 008 to 2012. he said. The government is in the final stages of setting rules for the coal-fired power sector. She said she h ad told Canadian ministers that Canada likely could have negotiated less onerous targets in a second round.
Speaking to reporters in Montreal. Dec.This is not just big. 2011 10:05PM EST 2272 comments Email Print/LicenseDecrease text sizeIncrease text size A requirement for new Canadians to show their faces while taking the oath of cit izenship puts the federal government on one side of a simmering debate over how far the state should go to accommodate minorities. It s a hotly contested issue. lawyers clash over right to testify with face covered Ontario s dwindling appeal to immigrants prompts funding cut from Ottawa Visa officers don't have the tools to do their job VIDEO Burka ban for citizenship oath VIDEO Feds crackdown on citizenship fraud INFOGRAPHIC Canada's immigration picture The decision comes as the Supreme Court of Canada considers whether a woman shou ld be allowed to testify in court with her face covered. Citizenship and Immigration Minister Jason Kenney announced Monday that Muslim w omen who wear burkas or niqabs must remove the garments when they are becoming c itizens. The citizenship oath is a quintessentially public act. He said he spoke with citizenship judges who told him they are concerned that th ey can t tell whether some people are actually reciting the oath during the ceremo ny because of the garments. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY Judges. 12. And Quebec is debating a bill to ban face coverings for people receiving some government services. this is disastrous for Canada. The message seems to be that if you want to live in Canada. said Sharryn Aiken. as gove rnments and courts try to determine what constitutes reasonable accommodation fo . who teaches law at Queen s University in King ston. Two federal Conservative attempts to ban veiled voting hav e stalled before becoming law in recent years. It might have been appropriate to wait for the Suprem e Court decision. But some experts say the move appears more political than practical. represented by this government. she said. 12. he said. Kenney said showing one s face while taking the oath is a matter of deep principle that strikes at Canadian values of opennes s and equality. I m embarrassed to be Muslim women must show faces when taking citizenship oath KIM MACKRAEL AND LES PERREAUX OTTAWA AND MONTREAL From Tuesday's Globe and Mail Published Monday. don t wear t he niqab in any interactions with the state. It is a public declaration that you are joining the Canadian family and it must be taken freely and openly . Mr. Ont. Dec. and those providing them. The niqab and burka have come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. 2011 11:11AM EST Last updated Monday.
12. Mr. That s democracy. We have certain rules and regulations in Canadian society and we want everybody to be together. 2011 8:29PM EST 217 comments Email Print/LicenseDecrease text sizeIncrease text size With the spotlight on Attawapiskat. Dec. Gill said other officers are present during the swearing-in ceremonies. Television footage of people living in tents and plywood shacks brought national and international attention to the Ontario community of 1.700 near the shores o f James Bay. Kenney dismissed questions about whether the new rule would interfere with r eligious freedoms. said Mohammad Fadel. a citizenship judge and former Tory MPP for a riding northwest of Toronto. taking the oath and b eing part of the Canadian fabric. Clearly going on pilgrimage is a religi ous ritual with its own rules and taking the oath of citizenship is not. He added that he only sees a couple of people each year who cover their faces at the citizenship ceremonies he presides over. a religious pilgrimage to sites in Saudi Arabia. Fadel said it s hard to understand why judges need to see peoples faces. said Raminder Gill. Kashechewan and Fort Albany did likewise. remote first nations across the country are now trying to turn the world s eyes to miserable conditions on their own reserves. Dec. noting that Muslim women show their faces when they participa te in the Haj. we can notice. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY Chief. Prof. Th ey re welcome to object. but it s totally irrelevant. I think it s the right decision. Speaking on CHQR. But yes. misinformed minister clash over Attawapiskat consultant The greatest moral challenge in Canadian politics Attawapiskat gets housing help PHOTOS Life in Attawapiskat But Attawapiskat isn t the only Ontario reserve to have declared an emergency this fall as a result of housing conditions that mirror those in the poorest of deve loping countries.r the garments. Mr. Ke nney said he isn t worried about legal objections to the ban. and they help him monitor groups of about 80 new Canadians to be sure they say the o ath. That s totally true. 12. a Calgary-based Conservative radio show Monday morning. Are we 100-per-cent accurate? No. With files from Dawn Walton in Calgary First nations lament living conditions in many Attawapiskats GLORIA GALLOWAY OTTAWA From Tuesday's Globe and Mail Published Monday. 2011 8:16PM EST Last updated Monday. an expert in Is lam and law at the University of Toronto. Mr. I m sure they ll trump up some stupid Charter of Rights challenge. he told host Dave Rutherford. addi ng he thinks the new rules seem more likely to stigmatize the person wearing the veil than anything else. . he said.
A costing mod el developed by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation suggests they would cost about $1. like provincial emerge ncy management officials. decrepit shelters lack running water. I am hopeful that the government will step in and help us with our housing situat ion in our community where it is not unusual for three families to cram into one tiny home. said the AFN has suggested taking reporters to first-nations communities across the northern part of the province. is trying to dra w attention to other reserves that are in a deplorable state. said last week that these conditions are right across the country. which encompasses 49 Ojibway. or indoor water and sewage [pipes] in most of their ho mes and they just keep digging holes for their outhouses in their backyards and front yards and all over the place.000 new houses are needed for the 49 NAN reserves alone. The Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN). Duncan said last week that it has not yet been decided who will ultimately p ay the bill for the homes sent to Attawapiskat. Yao said in an e-mail. he said. The trip could bring television cameras to Pikangikum. But housing is a human right. But Shawn Atleo. he said. Mr. Climate: While global talks flounder. Louttit. said Mr. Michelle Yao. said in a telephone interview on Monday. Andrew Solomon.2-billion plus additional billions for water. our government is quick to act and we work with partners. a commun ity that has no plumbing. Louttit. Mr. domestic initiatives advance GEOFFREY YORK . When communities in Canada are in a state of emergency. We intend to keep it on the front p ages. And the first nations are not go ing to let the issue drop off the national radar now that Attawapiskat has gener ated interest. As we re approaching the Christmas season. the other first nations want to see their own needs addressed. said Mr. the chief of the Fort Albany First Nation. one of the NAN s three deputy chiefs and the person responsible for h ousing. We h ave many Attawapiskats. a spokeswoman for Aboriginal Affairs Minister John Duncan. sewage disposal and adequ ate sources of heating. to address urgent needs of residents. But fixing all of the housing pr oblems at reserves across Canada would be an expensive venture. national chief of the Assembly of First Nations.And now that the federal Aboriginal Affairs Department has come up with nearly $ 2-million to send 22 emergency housing units to the community that has preoccupi ed the media and the politicians. said Mr. In Attawapiskat. Louttit said the Nishnawbe Aski Nation has used an annual inventory of first -nations homes conducted by the Aboriginal Affairs department to determine that roughly 5. including Attawapiskat. Les Louttit. Louttit. sewer and power and road extensions. Cree and Oji-Cree first nations across northern Ontario. suggest ed on Monday that the aid sent by the government to Attawapiskat was not a one-t ime event. Ms. obviously it s going to die for a while bu t it s not going to disappear.
Radoslav Dimitrov. 2011 10:52PM EST 35 comments Email Print/LicenseDecrease text sizeIncrease text size While global leaders were floundering in their climate negotiations at Durban la st week. said the UN talks have been a miserable failure in recent years but t he diplomatic failures are in dramatic contrast to the impressive progress at th e domestic level. Lake said in an inte rview in Durban. the latest talks descended into gruelling all-night sessions. 2011 10:17PM EST Last updated Monday. and in Durban on Sunday that old road map was torn up and a nother one was announced. Those efforts seem to be progressing faster than the g lobal treaty negotiations. exerting new energies and pressures from below. with a new target of 2020 for implementation. Mr. said Tony Clarke. At the United Nations level. and we re not making progress at a ra te that responds to the alarm bells. Every week the science gets bleaker. with only a small minority of countries still lega lly bound by it. and there s no sign of how to bridge the vast differences over a successor treaty. Australia approved a carbon tax this year that was partl y inspired by the B. said Matt Horne. critics say gains modest Canada blames China for being 'obstructionist' on climate treaty Some 90 countries around the world from China to Norway have launched plans to r educe carbon emissions. and people are very interested in that.DURBAN. The television cameras in Durban ignored B. one man from British Columbia was quietly working the back rooms. . Once again. Durban once again exemplifies the paralysis of the global climate talks. Environment Minister Terry Lake as he promoted the carbon tax.C. Four years ago. We have essentially a real carbon price across the whole economy . director of the climate change program at the Pembina In stitute. 12.C. a University of Western Ontario professor who has studied the climate negotiations for years and was a member of the European Union delegatio n at Durban. Each country is taking a narrow view of its interests. It happened in the Kyoto negotiations in 1997. and so everyone is butting heads.m. and Beijing announced one of the world s most ambitiou s green technology plans. giv en this period of malaise. on Sunday when frazzled politicians were too fatigued to resist a weak and diluted agreement. Reaching a coherent agreement among the 194 countries in the UN process might be nearly impossible. 12. a UN summit in Bali announced a road map toward a climate treaty. but the Kyoto treaty has now fallen apart. culmin ating at 5 a. is to look at where best practices exist in national and sub-national settings and vigorously promote them. That proces s collapsed in 2009. expla ining the virtues of his province s carbon tax. the global talks seem to go in circles. executive director of the Polaris Institute. but some analysts believe the fight against global warming will advance faster if it concentrates on such domestic initiatives. Dec. rat her than the struggle for a global treaty that always seems just beyond reach. What we need to do now. We ve had some influence on what s going on around the world. SOUTH AFRICA Globe and Mail Update Published Monday. tax. Dec. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY The best from Geoffrey York's Twitter coverage of the Durban negotiations New UN climate deal struck.
the window for withdrawal closes on De c.andrewleach. he said. December 7. Here are three key facts to keep in mind. Assuming this proves accurate. what are the penalties for non-compliance with Kyoto. so as to take effect before the end of our compliance period. Kent fuels fears of Canada s withdrawal Kent gives his word Canada won t pull out of Kyoto during climate talks First. Withdrawal would not affect requirem ents for annual emissions inventory reporting under the UNFCC. In its latest filing under the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act.It s now a business race. to withdraw . As a result of this notice requirement. and oilsands issues at http://www. Finally. a country can only be found to be in non-compliance aft er a review of emissions inventory data takes place. Second. This will happen after Cana da submits its final inventory report in 2014 (covering emissions through the ye ar 2012). . 2011. or UNFCC) shall be considere d as also having withdrawn from this Protocol. Article 27 of the Kyoto Protocol also states that. any Party that withdraws f rom the (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. does withdrawal from Kyoto imply that Canada is withdrawing from the Uni ted Nations process for negotiation of a global climate change agreement? No. should Canada cho ose not to withdraw? This document (credit to Craig McInnes at the Vancouver Sun for the link) outlin es the process. sooner or later we ll be losing markets. environment. The reason why Europe and China are moving so aggr essively is to reap the economic benefits.8 per cent. 2011 an important date? There is a provision for formal withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol. Canada would not be withdrawing from the international process for negotiating a global climate change accord.this potential for compliance through permit purchases is behind statements like this one asses sing Canada s Kyoto Debt at up to $19-billion. the Federal Government estimates that Canada will exceed its Kyoto target of 558Mt/y r by an average of 161 Mt/yr. 2011 1:33PM EST 130 comments Email PrintDecrease text sizeIncrease text size Andrew Leach is an Associate Professor at the Alberta School of Business. Canada s Kyoto obligations cover the years 2008-2012. C anada would be given 100 days after the 2014 review of our emissions inventories to buy international credits to make up the 805 Mt shortfall -. We re digging our grave. or 28. Briefly.ca and is on Twitter @andrew_leach . 31 of this year. which states that Canada has to give one year s notice. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY Emissions: Peter Kent's 178 millon-ton challenge Saying Kyoto's in the past. economicall y. so withd rawal would only be meaningful if it were initiated before the end of December. By withdrawing from Kyoto. in writing. If Canada buries its head in the oil sands. in Article 2 7. and why is December. He blo gs on energy. can Canada withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol. There s a great deal of misconception with regard to Canada s potential withdrawal f rom the Kyoto Protocol. The nuts and bolts of Kyoto withdrawal ANDREW LEACH Globe and Mail Blog Posted on Wednesday. but not vice versa.
anyone who has bee n to a citizenship ceremony lately knows that many oath-takers can t be heard. of the world s different peoples coming together as Canadians. and not to be covered.Assuming that Canada would not move to purchase billions of dollars worth of int ernational credits. But then. and heard to be taken. citizenship ceremonies are treated less as a solemn oath-taking of individuals and more as a celebration of diversity. 2011. and fulfill the duties of being a citi zen should be taken seriously. Long story short -. is also a Canadian value. Economy Lab. Since Canada h as made it clear they will not be signing on to a second commitment period of Ky oto. Dec. but protection of religious expression. 2011 4:18AM EST 256 comments Email Print/LicenseDecrease text sizeIncrease text size Citizenship and Immigration Minister Jason Kenney has announced that. as long as it causes no direct harm to the vulnerable. is in keeping w ith Canadian values. Who can be sure w ho is saying what? In practice. to make sure the oath can be heard. 2011 5:48PM EST Last updated Tuesday. 31. Follow Econom y Lab on twitter GLOBE EDITORIAL Is the banning of veils at citizenship oath ceremonies really necessary? From Tuesday's Globe and Mail Published Monday. It s hard to understand why the Crown would insist on depriving an individual of h er religious garb as a condition of taking an oath. Our emissions allocations over the second commitment period. Dec. The oath of citizenship an oath to the Queen and her su ccessors. We ll find out what the govern ment thinks between now and Dec. en masse. The question w hich remains is whether the effect on Canada s international reputation would be g reater as a result of withdrawal or non-compliance. Does the face need to be bare to demonstrate seri ousness? Mr. plus 30 per cen t. Kenney says that to be seen. and to obey the laws of Canada. He s right that the oath needs to be taken. beginning immediately. Kenney is right. The honour of the Crown rest . Canada would potentially face penalties for non-compliance. winner of the 2011 Eppy Award for best business blog. There are no financial penalties for noncompliance under the Kyoto Protocol. of multiculturalism. which have yet to be negotiated. 12. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY Muslim women must show faces when taking citizenship oath VIDEO Burka ban for citizenship oath At some ceremonies. The penalty for non-compliance implies that Canada would be responsible to make up the shortfall of 805 Mt. Canada would protect itself against an explicit finding of non-comp liance and the penalties which go with that. the risk that these pena lties would have material implications for Canada is quite small. 13. True. But Mr. and that the whole effort is more like a symbolic court or show-court than an actua l one. in a second commitment period after 2012. this non-compliance penalty is largely moot. veiled Muslim women will have to remove their facial veils when the y take their citizenship oath. but these are likely to be irrelevant. That said.by withdrawing from the Kyoto Protocol before the end of Dec ember. everyone present (including current citizens) is invited to step forward and recite the oath with the newcomers. would be decreased by 1050 Mt to make up for our non-compliance between 2008 and 2012.
Mr. and through the Crown to their new co untry. The OECD s annual outlook on sovereign bor . Carney calls on businesses to step up JEREMY TOROBIN AND TAVIA GRANT OTTAWA. This means businesses have to step up as consumers pull back . Bernanke and Carney Canada s finances are in better shape than those of the rest of the Group of Seven . and capital is flowing into the country. and Mark Carney wants to ensure that consumers and companies alike don t blow it. all of which means that there are opportunities which. and whose citizenship ceremonies celebrate diversity. can find a way. the ceremonies deserve to be treated with gravitas. if the economy is to keep pace.s in part on the protection of minorities. Dec. And while the current climate of fear and unce rtainty can make it tough to think boldly. Carney s comments came as the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Devel opment warned that governments in industrialized nations will need to borrow eve n more in 2012 than they did this year. The Bank of Canada Governor used a luncheon speech in Toronto on Monday to warn that Canada s recovery has been backed by debt-fuelled consumer spending that must b e replaced by businesses using their healthy profits to boost investment and mov e aggressively into emerging markets. TORONTO From Tuesday's Globe and Mail Published Monday. But Canada has the right to insist on confirming the identity of the oath-taker (they need to know who is under the veil). audibly. Mr. While Canadian consumers have started to heed Mr. he said. Carney urged executives to do jus t that. Dec. as belt-tightening in the advanced world threatens to make traditional m arkets ghosts of their former selves for years. 2011 7:27PM EST 553 comments Email Print/LicenseDecrease text sizeIncrease text size Canada is in an enviable position in this era of crippling debts and government bailouts. As a start. and not as such a show-court heralding multiculturalism. Are there ways to do so while also accommodating religious belief? Surely a country built on compromise. 2011 1:08PM EST Last updated Monday. and in insisting that the oath be tak en. Carney s call to rein in their d ebts or have hit their capacity to borrow he reiterated his warning against yiel ding to temptation. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY Bank of Canada warns of dangerous euro zone ripple effect Should you tackle your small or large debts first? Debt vs. in our opinion. investing: What's the right balance? VIDEO EU pessimism weighs on markets VIDEO Rotman business professor discusses Mark Carney's speech VIDEO Trying on the shoes of Draghi. 12. 12. They should be about individuals taking an extremely important oath to the Crown. should be taken advantage of.
4-trillion in 2011. it s actually not that difficult. Carney said. The net worth of Americans has fallen to five times their income. 2011 9:46PM EST Last updated Monday. 2011 6:11PM EST 128 comments Email Print/LicenseDecrease text sizeIncrease text size . Older women lead pack in job gains TAVIA GRANT From Monday's Globe and Mail Published Sunday. and a business sector that saw its invest ment in key areas such as productivity-enhancing machinery and equipment drop mo re sharply during the recession than in the U. said Michael Gregory. has had a pretty easy go at financing deficit spending. four percentage points of government spe nding growth or seven percentage points of business investment growth. greater profits and higher government revenues. Carney warned that too much of that capital is being used to fund hou sehold spending.. the epicentre of the crisis.) next year. and governments are trying to get their books back in order. up from $10. What we really do want to avoid is havi ng another sudden stop on investment in this country because it s all too difficult .5 before the financial crisis and recession. a s foreign investors flock to the perceived safety of federal and provincial secu rities. That has l eft Canada with a household debt-to-income ratio that is 13 percentage points hi gher than before the financial crisis. by comparison. he said. Carney said in his speech that filling the economic hole that would be left by working off the household sector s net financial deficit would mean an extra th ree percentage points of export growth. what are we going to do with it? he said in a press conference after his speech to the Empire Club of Canada and the Canadian Club of Toronto. 11. Mr. we re not as productive. This should be our common focus. instead of building the economy s productive capacity.S. Well. We re a favoured destination for capital. Dec. In Europe. and it will ta ke years to rebuild that lost wealth. Mr. he said. but the question is. he said. Mr. through higher wages. Uncertainty is holding back Canadian business investment. a senior economist with BMO Nesbitt Burns.rowing calculates that they will need to raise $10. Carney urged businesses to take advantage of Canada s stronger position while they can. Exports could languish for years as key markets deleverage. Mr.5-trillion (U. Still. we re not as exposed to bigger markets. from 6. fiscal austerity and s tructural changes will mean lower wages. A virtuous circle of increased investment and increased productivity would increa se the debt-carrying capacity of all. high joblessness and tight credit condi tions for businesses that prevent the region from returning to pre-crisis levels of output until around 2014. Canada. 12. Dec. it could take five or 10 years. It makes little sense to wait out the current mess in hopes that things will soon be back to normal. and notes they will need to do so in a highly uns ettled economic environment. That makes a pickup in business investm ent the only sustainable option. but if they are waiting for American and European deleveraging headwinds to subside.S.
The employment rate or the number of people employed as a percentage of the tota l population among older women has risen 1. s o too are they transforming the notion of retirement or un-retirement. Both a preference to keep working and financial need are behind the change. and is also a strategic consultant. She works 24/7. minimum wage record TOP EMPLOYERS Canada s top family-friendly employers for 2012 At 72. A look behind Canada s net employment gains shows how unevenly they have been dist ributed in the labour force. they ve fallen 0.C. She volunteers.6 percentage points since the recessi on. have little choice but to work. A range of factors from rising life expectancy to mounting financial needs and a willingness among employers to hire these experienced workers is driving the qu iet shift. Sherry Baker is the face of this striking shift. Employment levels have soared 16. The Langley. lo st a spouse.4 per cent among older women sin ce the fall of 2008. and the challenge. The result is altering the very complexion of Canada s work force. called 55 Plus Pros. who may have divorced. matching older workers to employers. particularly women. A pl ethora of studies this year including a Royal Bank of Canada survey last spring suggest squeezed finances are playing a growing role as older Canadians grapple with falling stock portfolios. The success of older women in landing jobs mirrors changes in the labour market. and carries a profound impact on everyone from employers and workers to governments and social services. The life expectancy of boomers has climbed by two years every decade and older Canadians are healthier than ever.A curious pattern has emerged through Canada s recession and rocky recovery: Emplo yment levels have surged among older women. but also because she has the energy and wants to stay mentally active. Just as baby boomers have reshaped society through every stage of their lives. B. Virtually all the increases through and since the r ecession have been among workers aged 55 or older. partly of necessity due to a lack of pension. MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY Many Canadians feel trapped in their jobs Season s greetings strikes sour note in declining post office Conservatives push for deeper cuts to keep budget on track INFOGRAPHIC Since the recession. Numbers compiled by Statistics Canada for The Globe and Mail show just how stark the trend is.S. The industries with the biggest job gains in Canada in recent years health care . keeps track of her si x grandchildren on Facebook and Skype.4 per cent among core-aged (25 to 54) workers. But also I live by myself and a lot of it is human contact. many women. The jobs cer tainly keep my brain working. or have dependent family members. is little changed for older men and has fallen for all other age groups. By comparison. at the onset of the recession. is part of a theatre group. At the same time.-based entrepreneur runs a website. exercises regularly. and sits on more than half-a-dozen boards. employment rates surged for older women VIDEO San Francisco sets U. more family members to support and higher debt le vels. It s financial need.
The shift will have a major impact on employers and how they manage their worker s from the need to allow more part-time work. said Neil Crawford. It s dramatic. health care and retail. At the same time. By geography. to improving lighting. And many more are starting their own businesses. has witnessed the surge of older women workers first hand. adding that self-employment also provides flexibil ity in work hours. By 2036. compared with one in 10 in 2000. said David Foot. Employers are increasingly viewing older women as an untapped source of labour. when younger workers take parenta l leave. job gains among older women have occurred entirely on the services si de of the economy since the recession in finance. for example. a prominent demographer and professor emeritus of ec onomics at the University of Toronto. government. Janice Kussner. professional services. The bulge in older workers promises to reshape the work force. have been shedding jobs. making work spaces more accessible and introducing regular health checks in the workplace. social services have been precisely where older women s employment g rowth is. She sa ys more women are turning to the services side of the economy particularly to no t-for-profits and the public sector for jobs that have a cause or mission or mand ate that resonates.. And this is the latest one. the increases have been concentrated in the east and the west with the biggest percentage gains in Newfoundland and Labrador. British Columbia and Alberta. One-in-six employ ed Canadians was an older worker in 2009. This cohort of older women is different from generations past in that they are b etter educated and more likely to have work experience. By sector. it s had a huge impact on our society. goods-producing industries that typically employ mor e men. she says. Whenever the front edge of the boomers do c ertain things. such as manufacturing and forestry. the proportion of the labour force that will be 55 and over is expected to be 18. and t hat share will grow. . prin cipal and leader of the Best Employers in Canada for human resources consultant Aon Hewitt. There s no question the entreprene urship thing is big. an October report by the National Seniors Council predicts.7 per cent compared with 16 per cent in 2009. able to fill in gaps. partner in executive search practice at Knightsbridge Human Capi tal Solutions.