# UNIVERSITY OF MALTA FACULTY OF SCIENCE Department of Mathematics MAT 1801 Mathematics for Engineers 1 Problem Sheet 4

(1) Find fx and fy for the function f (x, y) given by (a) f (x, y) = x2 y 2 − y x (b) f (x, y) = xe2x+3y

(2) Find fxx , fyy , fxy , fyx for the function f (x, y) = x2 sin y+y 2 cos x and verify that fxy = fyx . (3) Let a function f = f (x, y), where x = 2u + v and y = u − v. Show that ∂2f ∂2f ∂2f ∂2f ∂2f + 2 =5 2 +2 +2 2. ∂u2 ∂v ∂x ∂x∂y ∂y (4) If f = f (x, y) satisﬁes the equation ∂2f ∂2f + 2 = 0, ∂x2 ∂y and the variables x and y can be expressed in terms of u and v by the equations u = ax + by and v = bx − ay, where a and b are constants, show that ∂2f ∂2f + 2 = 0. ∂u2 ∂v (5) If f = f (ex − ey , ey − ez , ez − ex ), show that ey ez ∂f ∂f ∂f + ex ez + ex ey = 0. ∂x ∂y ∂z

(6) If w =

x2 , ﬁnd the approximate percentage error in w resulting yz 4 from the following errors in x, y and z respectively: 0.3% too large, 0.6% too small, 0.7% too large. ∂u ∂u ∂u + + = 0. ∂x ∂y ∂z

(7) If u = u(x − 2y + z, y − 2z + x, z − 2x + y), prove that

1

(8) The real variables x, y, t satisfy the equation y = e−ax cos(bt+c), where a, b, c are constants. Verify that ∂2y ∂2y b2 2 + a2 2 = 0. ∂x ∂t (9) If x = r cos θ and y = r sin θ, show that ∂θ ∂2r ∂2θ . Find also and . ∂x ∂y∂x ∂y∂x (10) If z = (x + y) (x2 + y2) , ﬁnd x ∂z ∂z +y . ∂x ∂y ∂r = cos θ and ﬁnd ∂x

(11) If z = sin θ sin φ sin ψ and z is calculated for the values θ = 30o , φ = 45o , ψ = 60o , ﬁnd approximately the change in the value of z if each of the angles θ and ψ is increased by the same small angle αo and φ is decreased by 1 αo . 2