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V SEM

QUESTION BANK

PART A

1. Define skin friction drag and pressure drag.

2. What is ISA?

3. What are the conditions required for maximum drag and minimum power?

4. Explain the significance of 'load factor’?

5. What is meant by 'degree of freedom' and how much required for airplane?

6. State two conditions for static longitudinal stability and indicate them with a

plot.

8. Define angle of yaw and angle of sideslip.

7 Why do an airplane require vertical tail?

9. What is porpoising oscillation?

10. Explain 'snaking mode'.

11.What causes induced drag

12. Difference between streamline and bluff body?

13. What is the use of winglets?

14. Difference between washin and washout?

15. Explain the aerofoil nomenclature NACA 630-210?

16. Plot Cl vs α curve and indicate the effect of aspect ratio on the curve?

17. What is the cause of downwash in an infinite wing?

18.Define parasite drag?

19. State the conditions for static dynamic stability and indicate them with a plot.

20 Define elevator power?

PART B

11. Derive an expression for variation of pressure in the 'STRATOSPHERE' region.

12. Obtain the values of pressure, density and temperature at 5 km in ISA.

13. Derive the expression for drag polar and explain it with a neat plot.

14. Draw the power required and power available curve for a jet engine and piston engine

and state your observations.

15. Derive the two equations given below and represent it graphically

D = AV

2

+ B/V

2

; P = AV

3

+ B/V

16. An aircraft weighing 25 kN has a wing area of 80 m

2

and its drag coefficient is

C

D

= 0.016 + 0.04 C

L

2

, calculate the minimum thrust required for straight and

level flight, and the corresponding true air speed. At sea level and at 10 km

(ρ= 0.58kg/m

3

). Calculate also the minimum power required and the

corresponding true air speeds at the above conditions.

17. Explain the significance of V-n diagram.

18. Obtain the expression for turn radius and turn rate for pull up and pushover

maneuver.

19. Derive the expression for wing contribution to static longitudinal stability, and

offer your comments on this expression.

20. A wing body model is tested in a subsonic wind tunnel. The lift is found to be

zero at a geometric angle of attack α = -1.5° . At α = 5° the C

L

is measured as

0.52, the moment coefficient about the CG are measured as -0.01 and 0.05 for

α = 1 and 7.88° respectively. The C.G. is located at 0.35 C. Calculate the

location of the aerodynamic centre and the value CM.

21.What do you mean by stick fixed and stick free longitudinal static stability?

22.Explain about stick force gradients.

23 What is aerodynamic balancing? Explain.

24Describe Dihedral effect and aileron reversal.

25.Discuss about adverse yaw and crosswind landings

26Write short notes on :

(i) One Engine Inoperative condition

(ii) Spin recovery

(iii) Rudder locks

(iv) Slip stream rotation of nose mounted propellers

27. (i) "The statically stable aircraft may be dynamically stable or unstable. Similarly

dynamically stable aircraft may be statically stable or unstable". Are both

statement true? Justify.

(ii) Discuss various stability derivative's relevant to lateral dynamics.

28 Write short notes on:

(i) Autorotation

(ii) Dutch roll

(iii) Spiral divergence

29 Show that for a propeller driven airplane the maximum rate of climb is

given by

( )

max

2

1

max

/

155 . 1 2

D L S

W

C

K

W

P

C

R

O

D

p

,

_

¸

¸

− ·

,

_

¸

¸

ρ

η

30. Show that elevator angle for trim is given by:

31. Based on the strip theory derive an expression for Aileron control power?

32. A jet aircraft with a wing loading 2.4 kN/m

2

and mass of 4500 kg has a maximum

thrust of 30 kN at sea level. If the drag coefficient at a speed of 450 km/hr is 0.04. What

will be the maximum possible climb and the greatest climb angle

33. Derive an expression for maximum propeller load factor and minimum turn radius

34. Sketch an airplane in landing phase and obtain expressions for the approach distance,

flare distance and ground roll.

35. An airplane is flying straight and level at a speed V which is ‘n’ timer the

minimum power speed Vmp. Show that

n

n

P

P

4

3

4

min

+

·

36. In straight and level show that the minimum value of the ratio

D

L

C

C

2

3

is given by

4

3

3

1

0

3

4

1

1

1

1

]

1

¸

D

kC

37. For an aircraft in straight and level flight at a speed of ‘M’ derive the minimum

drag speed. Show that

,

_

¸

¸

+ ·

2

2 min

1

2 m

m

D

D

where D is drag of the aircraft.

38. An airplane in straight and level flight, show that the velocity corresponding to

minimum power condition is 0.76 timer the velocity corresponding to minimum

thrust required condition

39. What are the various requirement of rudder?

40. Explain

(i) Rubber lock and Dorsal fin.

(ii) Rubber fixed directional static stability.

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