How the living may help the dead How the living may help the dead by Imam

'Abdallah Ibn 'Alawi al-Haddad Rady Allahu 'Anhu Translated by: Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, Madina from The Lives of Man Praying for the dead, asking forgiveness for them, and giving charity on their behalf are some of the things God causes the dead in their graves to benefit from and be protected by. There are many hadiths about this, and many fine and virtuous people have witnessed it in their dreams. Sa'd ibn 'Ubada, may God be pleased with him, once said to the Messenger of God, may peace and blessings be upon him: 'My mother's soul departed suddenly, and had she been able to speak she would have given alms. Would it bring benefit to her if I did it on her behalf?' 'Yes!' he replied. So he dug a well (for people to take water from) and said: 'This is on behalf of Sa'd's mother.' And another man said: 'O Messenger of God! My parents have died; is there anything left with which I may be good to them?' And he replied: 'There are four things: praying and asking forgiveness for them, carrying out their promises, being good to their friends, and giving proper attention to those kinship bonds which could have only be attended to by them.' And the Prophet said, may peace and blessings be upon him: 'Were it not for the living the dead would have been doomed'; in other words, because of the prayers and requests for forgiveness and for mercy which they receive. And he said, may blessings and peace be upon him: 'My Nation is a nation covered with mercy. Its members enter their graves with sins like unto the mountains, and leave their graves having been forgiven because the living have asked forgiveness for the dead.' It is related that the gifts of alms, prayers, and Qur'anic recitation sent by the living to the dead reach them carried by the angels on plates of light, and adorned with silk handkerchiefs, and they say to them: 'This is a gift from so-and-so', and in this way they find joy and delight. A dead man was once seen in a dream and, upon being questioned about his state, said that he had been greeted by an angel who attempted to burn his face with a flame held in his hand. But one of the living said: 'God have mercy on so-and-so!' -and the flame went out. One of the greatest things which one may offer to the dead is to recite Qur'an and send on the reward for it. This is of great benefit and baraka. The Muslims have agreed on this everywhere throughout the ages, the majority of scholars and virtuous people have recommended it, and there are hadiths to confirm this. Although, these hadiths have weak chains of transmission, there is a principle, as the hadith scholar al-Suyuti (may God show him His mercy) has said,

and this has been seen in many blessed dreams. relatives.that: 'Weak hadiths may be acted upon when they indicate acts of goodness. and offer this reward to his parents. or even only on Thursday night. he should remember that soon he will go to the same end.' And: 'I used to forbid you to visit graves. lest he in turn be forgotten after his death. When he visits the graves of his parents. The visitor must ask for forgiveness and mercy for them. O God. It contains benefits both for the living visitor and the dead person who receives the visit. or anyone else who had rights over him. and we will. but the most beneficial thing to offer to the dead is Surat al-Ikhlas eleven times. may blessings and peace be upon him. and the one who forgets is forgotten. each day. and remind one of the Hereafter. is known in Baghdad has the . O place of believers. having his spirit restored to him until the visitor departs. He must not forget his dead ones when he prays. for they rejoice at this. or more. Benevolence goes ahead of you. The tomb of Imam Musa al-Kazim. forgive us and them! It is recommended to visit the cemetery on Thursday night. asks forgiveness. That which you were promised has come to you. may peace and blessings be upon him: 'Visit graves. All the Qur'an is blessed and beneficial.' And these are indeed acts of goodness. and are glad. teachers and all those who had rights over him. and learn the lessons to be drawn from their condition. for they remind you of death. for prayers are answered at many such places. When he visits the graves of righteous people he should pray in abundance. (18:30) Visiting Graves You should know that it is recommended to visit graves. read whatever Qur'an he can and make over the reward to them.' He also said: 'No man visits the grave of his brother and sits by it but that he (the dead man) finds solace in this. God willing. I ask God to give us and you well-being. Each person should recite this noble sura the said number of times. and on Monday.' And he said: 'A dead (person) in his grave is never more comforted than when those that he loved in the world pay him a visit. he must sit with unhurried serenity. The Prophet said. Friday night until sunrise. pray for them. for the one who remembers is remembered. for it is said---and this is supported by various narrations---that the spirits of the dead return to their graves at those times. and God allows not the reward of those who have done good to be wasted. either each night. permitted this after having at first forbidden it. but now you should visit them. as has often been experienced. rejoin you. Friday. or less. and ask abundantly for forgiveness. We are granted respite until tomorrow. You are our predecessors and we are your followers. The Messenger of God.' When a visitor enters the cemetery or passes it by he should say: 'Peace be on you. or gives alms. They render one able to do without the things of the world. the son of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq.

and was responsible for its service and protection. the tribe of Khuza‘a monopolized rulership over Makkah. . London. because of their profound concentration in prayer. translated by Dr. Source: Imam 'Abdallah ibn 'Alawi al-Haddad. that is. This is reported of Shaykh 'Abdallah ibn 'Ali and others. England. Mostafa al-Badawi. Sabil al-iddikar wa'l i'tibar bima yamurru bi'l insan min al-a'mar. Abdul Muttalib bin Hisham which was passed on to Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib. while they. and raisins for the pilgrims to drink. 45-48 Jurhum stayed in Makkah for twenty-one centuries and held rulership there for about twenty centuries.(The Lives of Man). Khuza‘a’s reign in Makkah lasted for three hundred years After this Makka was suled by a man called Qusay bin Kilab. for prayers to be answered and worries to be relieved. Some of the noble house of the 'Alawi Sayyids used to sit at the tomb of our master al-Faqih al-Muqaddam for such long periods. Qusay bin Kilab was so powerful that he had control of everything: -Ka‘bah: He was the only one eligible to open its gate. in the heat of the sun. the children of abd dar and abd manaf almost went to war for power to control the hajj They drew up a treaty and split he duties Abd manaf’s son Hisham took over some duties When Hisham died. abd manaf and abd dar Abd manaf was a quiet man – the duties of the hajj were split between the 2 After abd manaf died. p. his brother Muttalib bin abd manaf took over these duties and when Muttalib passed on. and so is the tomb of Ma'ruf al-Karkhi.'Proven Medicine'. were unaware of this. The Quilliam Press. that sweat could have been wrung from their clothes. 1411/1991. Qusay had 2 sons. Upon defeat of Jurhum. also in Baghdad.

until the time when a chief of Khuza‘a. 360 idols were found around Al-Ka‘bah.. They had worshipped Allâh. Suwa‘. a third. and were deemed as good innovations rather than deviations from Abraham’s religion. Upon pilgrimage time. he brought with him an idol (Hubal) which he placed in the middle of Al-Ka‘bah and summoned people to worship it. Ya‘uk and Nasr – were buried in Jeddah. dug them out and took them to Tihama. He broke them down and had them removed and burned up. thence. 3. Seeking favour of idols through various kinds of sacrifices and immolations. reverence and care for religion. Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allâh’s Name has not been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal). were introduced into the area. and was granted unreserved love and obedience by his tribesmen. to Hijaz. On the Prophet’s conquest of Makkah. was worshipped in a place known as Al-Mushallal near Qadid on the Red Sea. ‘Al-‘Uzza’ in the valley of Nakhlah. for instance. bearing different names.13-54] Polytheism and worship of idols became the most prominent feature of the religion of preIslam Arabs despite alleged profession of Abraham’s religion. professed His Oneness and followed His religion a long time until they forgot part of what they had been reminded of. self-abasement and even prostrating themselves before them. came back from a trip to Syria where he saw people worship idols. the idols were distributed among the tribes to take back home. circumrotation round them.Religions of the Arabs Most of the Arabs had complied with the call of Ishmael (peace be upon him) . Self-devotion to the idols. people of Makkah being custodians of not only the Sacred House but the whole Haram as well. Yaguth. a phenomenon he approved of and believed it to be righteous since Syria was the locus of Messengers and Scriptures. charity. and the Sacred House was also overcrowded with them. paganism spread all over Makkah and. [Mukhtasar Seerat-ar-Rasool An idol called ‘Manat’. Traditions and ceremonies of the worship of their idols had been mostly created by ‘Amr bin Luhai. [Mukhtasar Seerat-ar-Rasool p. Readily enough. and house. had their own idols. which is mentioned in the Qur’ânic verses: 2. who was renowned for righteousness. [Bukhari 1/222] Every tribe. Polytheism prevailed and the number of idols increased everywhere in Hijaz. seeking refuge with them. and supplication to them for fulfillment of wishes. calling for their help in hardship. A great many idols. heathen gods) would mediate with Allâh for the fulfillment of people’s wishes. and so on and so forth. Performing pilgrimage to the idols. acclamation of their names." [Al-Qur'an 6:121] . However. with the help of a jinn companion who told him that the idols of Noah’s folk – Wadd. and professed the religion of his father Abraham (peace be upon him) . Another. Some features of their worship of idols were: 1.e. they still maintained such fundamental beliefs such as monotheism as well as various other aspects of Abraham’s religion. namely ‘Amr bin Luhai. ‘Al-Lat’ in Ta’if. It was even mentioned that ‘Amr bin Luhai. hopefully that the idols (i.