Xbox

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This article is about sixth generation games console, released in 2001. For its successor, see Xbox 360. For other uses, see Xbox (disambiguation).

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Xbox

Xbox console with "Controller S"

Manufacturer

Microsoft

Product family

Xbox

Generation

Sixth generation

Retail availability

  

NA

November 15, 2001

JP

February 22, 2002

PAL

March 14, 2002

CD. and competed with Sony's PlayStation 2. 8 MB memory card Memory Graphics 64 MB of DDR SDRAM @ 200 MHz 233 MHz nVidia NV2A Controller input 4× Xbox controller ports (proprietary USB interface) Connectivity Online services Best-selling game Successor Xbox 360 100 Mbit Ethernet Xbox Live Halo 2. 2006)[1] DVD.[4] . The integrated Xbox Live service allowed players to play games online. and Nintendo's GameCube. It was released on November 15.Discontinued  JP 2005   Units sold Media Operating system CPU NA 2008 EU 2005 24+ million (as of May 10. Sega's Dreamcast. and March 14. 2006)[2][3] The Xbox is a sixth-generation video game console manufactured by Microsoft. February 22. 8 million (as of May 9. 2002 in Australia and Europe and is the predecessor to the Xbox 360. 2001 in North America. It was Microsoft's first foray into the gaming console market. Download Custom (Based on Windows NTarchitecture and Windows XP(through Xbox LIVE)) Custom 733 MHz Intel Pentium III"Copperminebased" processor Storage capacity 8 or 10 GB internal Hard Drive(Formatted to 8 GB with alloted system reserve and MS Dash). 2002 in Japan.

Support for out-of-warranty Xbox consoles was discontinued on March 2. and suggested many alternatives. and pitched their “DirectX Box” console based on the DirectX graphics technology developed by Berkes’ team. 2010.The Xbox was discontinued in late 2006. the Xbox name was left on .1 Discontinuation and successor  2 Hardware and accessories o o 2. The team approached Ed Fries. The team hoped to create a console to compete with the Sony PlayStation 2. Microsoft’s marketing department did not like the Xbox name. Seamus Blackley. the original DirectX box name was shortened to Xbox. the leader of Microsoft’s game publishing business at the time. Fries decided to support the team’s idea of creating a Windows DirectX based console.1 Sales 7.2 UK advertising controversy  8 Modding o 8.[5][6] During development. Xbox Live support was discontinued on April 15. During focus testing. Madden NFL 09 was released in August 2008. disassembled some Dell laptop computers to construct a prototype Microsoft Windows-based video game console.[4] Contents [hide]  1 History o 1. any in-warranty repair now needed will not be undertaken and faulty consoles will be replaced with an Xbox 360 instead. Kevin Bachus. which was luring game developers away from the Windows platform. although the final Xbox game.1 Alternative operating systems   9 References 10 External links History In 1998 four engineers from Microsoft’s DirectX team.1 Hardware 2. 2009. Ted Hase and DirectX team leader Otto Berkes.2 Controllers & Accessories      3 Operating system 4 Xbox Live 5 Games 6 Technical specifications 7 Marketing o o 7.

the Xbox 360 supports a limited number of the Xbox's game library through emulation. software emulation is the only way to enable compatibility without including hardware from the original Xbox. which marked the end of Xbox production. Nvidia ceased production of the Xbox's GPU in August 2005. the Xbox 360. . At the time of Gates' announcement. some of other ones being Perfect Dark and Medal of Honor. In preparation for its launch. Microsoft acquired Bungie and used Halo: Combat Evolved as its launch title. These emulators are periodically updated to add compatibility for older games and are available free through Xbox Live or as a file download to be burned to a DVD-R from the Xbox web site. Project Gotham Racing and Jet Set Radio Future. Microsoft made the second place slot in consoles sold in North America. was officially unveiled announced on May 12. These updates are also available monthly as part of the demo disc that comes with each issue of Official Xbox Magazine. Popular launch games for the console included Dead or Alive 3.[7] The Xbox was Microsoft's first video game console after collaborating with Sega to port Windows CE to the Dreamcast console. Gates stated that a gaming/multimedia device was essential for multimedia convergence in the new times. Discontinuation and successor This section requires expansion. 2005.the list of possible names to demonstrate how unpopular the Xbox name would be with consumers. audiences were impressed by the console's technology. At the time. Fuzion Frenzy.[9] Concentrating on making a big splash in Japan. When equipped with a removable hard drive add-on. As the architectures of the Xbox and Xbox 360 are different. Microsoft repeatedly delayed the console.[8] When Bill Gates unveiled the Xbox at the Game Developers Conference in 2000. GoldenEye 007 for Nintendo 64 had been one of the few hit FPS games to appear on a console. However. which was first mentioned publicly in late 1999 during interviews with then-Microsoft CEO Bill Gates. Halo: Combat Evolved proved a good application to drive the Xbox's sales. Main articles: Xbox 360 and List of Xbox games compatible with Xbox 360 The Xbox's successor. Amped: Freestyle Snowboarding. Halo: Combat Evolved.[9] In 2002. 2005 on MTV and released in North America on November 22. though Europe later proved to be the more receptive market. Sega's Dreamcast sales were diminishing and Sony's PlayStation 2 was just going on sale in Japan. consumer testing revealed that Xbox was preferred by far over the other suggested names and “Xbox” became the official name of the product.[9] Some of Microsoft's plans proved effective. Emulation adds support for anti-aliasing as well as upscaling of the still standard definition image. Microsoft delayed its European launch.

Controllers & Accessories . and to make the DVD-ROM drive more reliable (some of the early units' drives gave Disc Reading Errors due to the unreliable Thomson DVD-ROM drives used). and sought to ensure that Nvidia fulfill Microsoft's chipset orders without limits on quantity. The Xbox has also pioneered safety features. This is largely due to a bulky tray-loading DVD-ROM drive and the standard-size 3. to cut manufacturing costs.1 during non-interactive "cut scene" playback. which allows real-time Dolby Digital encoding in game consoles. 2003. An Xbox user could rip music fromstandard audio CDs to the hard drive.[10] The Xbox was the first gaming product to feature Dolby Interactive Content-Encoding Technology. The matter was privately settled on February 6. These units were not covered under the extended warranty. and these songs were used for the custom soundtracks in some games. used primarily for storing game saves and content downloaded from Xbox Live. Sega CD and Sega Saturn had featured built-in battery backup memory prior to 2001).Hardware and accessories See also: Xbox special limited editions Hardware The Xbox was the first video game console to feature a built-in hard disk drive.[11] The Xbox is based on commodity PC hardware and is much larger and heavier than its contemporaries. Several internal hardware revisions have been made in an ongoing battle to discourage modding (hackers continually updated modchip designs in an attempt to defeat them).[13] Launch-era Xbox gaming units were made in Hungary and the controllers made mostly in Indonesia. Previous game consoles could only use Dolby Digital 5. sought reduced chipset pricing. This eliminated the need for separatememory cards (although some older consoles.[12] Nvidia's filing with the SEC indicated that Microsoft was seeking a US$13 million discount on shipments for NVIDIA's fiscal year 2002. respectively.5 inch hard drive. such as the TurboGrafx-CD. Later generation units that used the Thomson TGM-600 DVDROM drives and the Philips VAD6011 DVD-ROM drives were still vulnerable to failure that rendered the consoles either unable to read newer discs or caused them to halt the console with an error code usually indicating a PIO/DMA identification failure. In 2002 Microsoft and Nvidia entered arbitration over a dispute on the pricing of Nvidia's chips for the Xbox. Microsoft alleged violations of the agreement the two companies entered. such as breakaway cables for the controllers to prevent the console from being pulled from the surface it rests on.

[20][21] The "Controller S" was later released in other territories by popular demand and by 2002 replaced the standard controller in the Xbox's retail package.Original "Fatty" [14] Xbox controller Xbox controller S The Xbox controller features two analog sticks. Most Xbox game saves can be copied to the memory unit and moved to another console but some Xbox saves . The controller has been criticized for being bulky compared to other video game controllers. and was ranked the second worst video game controller ever by IGN editor Craig Harris. B/Red. and Black and White buttons). a Back button. a pressure sensitive directional pad. it was awarded "Blunder of the Year" by Game Informer in 2001. An 8 MB removable solid state memory card can be plugged into the controllers. two accessory slots and six 8-bit analog action buttons (A/Green.[18] The "Controller S" (codenamed "Akebono"). lighter Xbox controller. with the larger original controller remaining available as an accessory.[17] a Guinness World Record for the biggest controller in Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition 2008. was originally the standard Xbox controller only in Japan.[15] The standard Xbox controller (also nicknamed the "Fatty"[14] or the "Duke"[16]) was originally the controller bundled with Xbox systems for all territories except Japan. a Start button.[19] designed for users with smaller hands. X/Blue. Y/Yellow. onto which game saves can either be copied from the hard drive when in the Xbox dashboard's memory manager or saved during a game. a smaller. two analog triggers.

are digitally signed. a subscription. The system software may have been based on the Windows NT architecture that powered Windows 2000. The dashboard is only available when the user is not watching a movie or playing a game. The signing mechanism has been reverse-engineered by the Xbox hacking community. each console has a unique signing key. to be consistent with the physical Xbox color scheme. and lets Xbox LIVE users sign in and manage their account. European Xboxes also included an RCA jack to SCARTconverter block as well as the standard AV cable. music. it also let users manage game saves. It exposes APIs similar to APIs found in Microsoft Windows. Xbox Live Xbox Live logo since 2005 . but in order to access it users had to buy the Xbox LIVE starter kit containing a headset. Operating system The Xbox runs a custom operating system which was once believed to be a modified version of the Windows 2000 kernel. and supplemental. though the signing key of the recipient Xbox (the "HDkey") and the ramped-up title key of the game (the "authkey") must be known.g. and downloaded content from Xbox LIVE. rip CDs to the Xbox's built-in hard drive and play music that has been ripped to the hard drive. such as DirectX8. limiting the utility of the memory card. It features a media player that can be used to play music CDs. the Xbox Dashboard was updated via Xbox LIVE several times to reduce cheating and add features.[22] The user interface for the Xbox is called the Xbox Dashboard. and some games (e. The Xbox includes a standard AV cable which provides composite video and monaural or stereo audio to TVs equipped with RCA inputs. to simplify its use on more than one Xbox. Some game saves can be tagged as uncopyable or simply padded to over 8 MB (Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic). Xbox LIVE was released in 2002. While the Xbox was still being supported by Microsoft. It is also possible to save an Xbox Live account on a memory unit. who have developed tools to modify savegames to work in a different console. it is not a modified version of either.1. When the Xbox was released in 2001 the LIVE service was not online yet. Ninja Gaiden and Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball) will not load saved games signed by a different Xbox. so the dashboard's LIVE feature was unusable. It uses many shades of green and black for the user interface.

Halo 2. Sony countered the Xbox for a short time by . 2010. but a group of 20 gamers continued to play for almost a month afterwards by simply leaving their consoles on connected to Halo 2. including NFL Fever 2002. with few additional features or graphical improvements to distinguish them from the PS2 version.[31]the early public reputation of the Xbox was damaged by the failure of Azurik: Rise of Perathia and other games designed and marketed by Microsoft.[26][27] Games Box cover of Halo 2. many early Xbox games did not fully use its powerful hardware. 2010 at 01:58 EDT (UTC-4). and by July 2007 there were more than 3 million subscribers.[23] In July 2004. is the best-selling Xbox game worldwide. allowing subscribers to play online Xbox games with other subscribers around the world and download new content directly to the system's hard drive. By May 2009.Main article: Xbox Live On November 15. Microsoft launched its Xbox Live online gaming service.000 subscribers signed up within two months of Xbox Live's launch. 2002. Marc Whitten posted on gamerscoreblog that Xbox Live support for the original Xbox games would be discontinued as of April 14. 2010. in July 2005.[29] Project Gotham Racing.[30] and Dead or Alive 3. Microsoft announced that Xbox Live had reached one million subscribers. Xbox's best selling game Main articles: List of Xbox launch games and List of Xbox games See also: List of Xbox games compatible with Xbox 360 The Xbox launched in North America on November 15.[24] On February 5.[25]APACHE N4SIR was the final user to play on the original Xbox's Live Service and was finally disconnected on May 11. Approximately 250. membership reached two million.[3] Although there were several more popular second-party launch titles. the number had ballooned to 20 million current subscribers.[32] Although the console gained strong third party support from its inception. The online service works only with a broadband Internet connection. Its most successful launch game was Halo: Combat Evolved. 2001.[4] Services were discontinued on schedule.[28] Its sequel. thus negating one of the Xbox's main selling points.

The last game released on the Xbox was Madden NFL 09. instead of delaying it for months. 180 nm process. In 2002 and 2003. Take-Two Interactive's exclusivity deal with Sony was amended to allow Grand Theft Auto III and its sequels to be published for the Xbox. custom Intel Pentium III Coppermine-based processor in a Micro-PGA2 package (though soldered to the mainboard using BGA). That year Microsoft made a deal to putElectronic Arts's popular titles on Xbox Live. in dual-channel 128-bit configuration giving 6400 MB/s . Four single-precision floating point numbers per clock cycle. The Xbox Live online service was launched in late 2002 alongside pilot titles MotoGP. Several best-selling and critically praised titles for the Xbox were published. 128 KB on-die L2 cache Shared memory subsystem  64 MB DDR SDRAM at 200 MHz. In 2004 Halo 2 became the highest-grossing release in entertainment history. such as Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell. making over $125 million in its first day[33] and becoming Xbox Live's first killer app. on August 12. several releases helped the Xbox gain momentum and distinguish itself from the PS2.temporarily securing PlayStation 2 exclusives for highly anticipated games such as the Grand Theft Auto series and Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. 2008. MMX integer SIMD 133 MHz 64-bit GTL+ front-side bus to GPU 32 KB L1 cache. Ninja Gaiden and LucasArts' Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic. Many other publishers got into the trend of releasing the Xbox version alongside the PS2 version.[34]      SSE floating point SIMD. It was also the only Xbox game released in 2008. MechAssault and Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon.[citation needed] Technical specifications Xbox drives  CPU: 32-bit 733 MHz.

FATX file system. and DTS Surround (DVD movies only) audio output options    Integrated 10/100BASE-TX wired ethernet DVD movie playback (Add-on required) A/V outputs: composite video.1 ports Weight: 3. 480p. Digital Optical TOSLINK.6 MB/s) CAV DVD-ROM 8 or 10 GB. Audio processor: NVIDIA "MCPX" (a. 1. texture compression. 576i.1. SCART. Dolby Surround.    Geometry engine: 115 million vertices/second.5 in.a.125.    485.6 MB/s–6. 1080i Controller ports: 4 proprietary USB 1. full scene antialiasing (NV Quincunx. trilinear. 576p.864 megatexels/second (932 MP × 2 texture units) (peak)  Peak triangle performance (32pixel divided from filrate): 29.5 × 4 × 10. Dolby Digital Live 5. 720p. Optional 8 MB memory card for saved game file transfer. SoundStorm "NVAPU")     64 3D sound channels (up to 256 stereo voices) HRTF Sensaura 3D enhancement MIDI DLS2 Support Monaural. Co-developed by Microsoft and Nvidia. S-Video. multisampling)    Bilinear.000 32-pixel triangles/s raw or w.400 RPM hard disk. 125 million particles/second (peak) 4 pixel pipelines with 2 texture units each 932 megapixels/second (233 MHz × 4 pipelines).86 kg (8. 2 textures and lit.  Supplied by Hynix or Samsung depending on manufacture date and location GPU and system chipset: 233 MHz "NV2A" ASIC. 3.833 triangles per frame at 30 frame/s 8 textures per pass. component video. and stereo RCA analog audio     Resolutions: 480i.416 triangles per frame at 60 frame/s 970. 5.k.5 in)[35] Marketing . supersampling. Formatted to 8 GB. Stereo. and anisotropic texture filtering Similar to the GeForce 3 Ti500 PC GPU in performance Storage media     2×–5× (2.5 lb) Dimensions: 320 × 100 × 260 mm (12.

As he soared across a large area. and two million units sold in Asia. he passed quickly through stages of his life as though time was passing him by. Within a few months of its release the initial layer of security on the Xbox BIOS (which relied heavily on obfuscation) was broken by MIT student Andrew Huang and the contents of the "hidden" boot ROM embedded on the MCPx chip was extracted using some custom built hardware.[36] Modding Xbox motherboard. scary and upsetting. The Xbox has sold 24 million units worldwide as of May 10. 2001 March 14. according to Microsoft. inspired efforts to circumvent the built-in hardware and software security mechanisms. as well as (in the United States) its comparatively short 90-day warranty. with installed modchip The popularity of the Xbox. six million units in Europe. [1] This is divided out to 16 million units sold in North America. UK advertising controversy In 2002 the Independent Television Commission (ITC) banned a television advertisement for the Xbox in the United Kingdom after complaints that it was highly distasteful. 2001. Dust and smoke poured from the grave. he crash-landed into his own grave. Once this information was . 2006) First available November 15. It depicted a mother giving birth to a small boy who was fired like a projectile through a hospital window and who aged rapidly as he flew through the air yelling.Sales Region Units sold (as of May 10. 2002 February 22. 2006. 2002 North America 16 million Europe Asia Worldwide 6 million 2 million 24 million On November 15. a practice informally known as modding. Xbox launched in North America and quickly sold out. After aging into an old man. violent. Play more. The advertisement ended with the slogan Life is short.

The Xbox BIOS is contained on a commodity EEPROM (the 'TSOP'). as it contravenes the Xbox Live Terms of Use. an automated script will automatically install the softmod files directly to the Xbox hard drive.[37] Modding an Xbox in any manner will void its warranty. below) to flash the onboard TSOP.available. data on the hard drive can be read. with a hacked BIOS to circumvent the security mechanisms. which can be made writable by the Xbox by bridging points on the motherboard. Xbox game backups. they access an interface with scripts for installing the necessary softmod files. This was possible due to flaws in the Xbox's security. as later versions replace the commodity TSOP with an LPC ROM contained within a proprietary chip. allowing the Xbox to boot in a "stock" configuration. then swapping the powered hard drive into a running computer. to be run. Disassembly of the console is required to perform a hot swap. Disassembly of the Xbox is not required when installing most game save exploits. Alternative operating systems Beyond gaming.[citation needed] (See also: Xbox softmods)  Game save exploit: using select official game releases to load game saves that exploit buffer overflows in the save game handling. so the softmod is not loaded) or by using a multiboot configuration.. allowing unsigned code. This requires having the Xbox unlock the hard drive when it is turned on. as it may require disassembly of the console. but the TSOP can also be de-soldered and re-written in a standard EEPROM programmer.  Hot swapping: using a computer to change the data on the hard drive. This technique has been used extensively to harbor cheating on many online games. etc.5 Xboxes.[39]  TSOP flashing: reflashing the onboard BIOS chip with a hacked BIOS to circumvent the security mechanisms.[43] When these special game saves are loaded. This method only works on 1.[40] Flashing is usually carried out by using a specially crafted gamesave (see 'Game save exploit'. a modded Xbox can be used as a media center with XBMC.[41]  Softmods: installing additional software files to the Xbox hard drive. Having a modified Xbox may also disallow it from accessing Xbox Live. and overwrite the in-memory copy of the BIOS. the code was soon modified so that it would skip digital signature checks and media flags. In most cases. if detected by Microsoft. altered.[38] But most modchips can be disabled. By using a Linux-based Live CD. There are four main methods of modding the Xbox:  Modchip: installing a modchip inside the Xbox that bypasses the original BIOS.[42] Soft modification is known to be safe for Xbox Live if the user enables multibooting with the Microsoft dashboard and an original game disc is used.[44] . and deleted. which exploit programming errors in the Dashboard to gain control of the system. Softmods can be disabled by "coldbooting" a game (having the game in the DVD drive before turning the console on.0 to 1.

[45] Debian.[citation needed] List of alternative operating systems:      Xbox Linux is a project that ported Linux to the Xbox.[citation needed] One advantage over a regular. FreeBSD and NetBSD[46] have also been ported to Xbox. is the ability to use a trainer. unmodded Xbox. including those based on Gentoo.There are also distributions of Linux developed specifically for the Xbox.[citation needed] References . Damn Small Linux and Dyne:bolic. Windows CE[47] ReactOS A partial port of Windows XP is available on some modding websites but this usually involves removing the CPU and resoldering a different Pentium III as well as a heavily modified bios.