Presentation slides: I think, everybody will agree with me that, nobody wants to keep sleeping the audience during

their presentation. If the slides are not well prepared, good looking and nicely organised then audience will not be motivated to listen to the presentation, regardless of how good the work is, or how big the presenter name is. Here, very basic requirements for the slides are given. • • • • • • • • If the talk is for 30 minutes (22 minutes presentation and 5 minutes question + extra time) then the number of slides must not exceed 20. All the slides must be in similar template. The template must be simple but elegant. The name, institute name might be a good idea to include in the template slide. Inserting page numbers in the slide is also a very good idea. In the first slide, the title should be written clearly with eye catching colour. Below the title, the presenter name, the advisor name, the institute name will be written in smaller fonts. All the slides must be uniform in colour, font size, and font style and even in bullet style. Different font sizes should be used for main heading, sub heading, sub sub heading…… i.e. for the title it might be 20, heading 18, sub and sub sub heading 16. “Pictures, flow charts rather than texts” must be the main motivation during slides preparation. I think, you all will agree with me that a good picture or flow chart can attract an audience much because of its simplicity. If you found that there is no other way then use text but only the main points (No big line of texts). Don’t over crowd the page with texts (Not more than 4 to 5 points) If possible, all the pictures need to be redrawn. We know cut-copy-pictures will not give the audience a good impression about your knowledge. They will always feel that you have someway cheated from others. But your presentation needs to be closer to you, such that, though you haven’t implemented it, you have a deep knowledge about the concept. Highlight the main points with eye catching colour. Don’t use any colour which may hurt the audience attention. Animation might be a good way to explain a slide. A good slide may have animations but again, it must not be over crowded with animations. Some times it’s a good idea to use video if appropriate in the slide. Good slides must include humour to present a problem. Sometimes, presenter can include some metaphor or analogy to other known funny problems, not even similar to the real problem presented. It is preferable to avoid any sort of scientific equations in the slide, if possible. Try to explain it in graphs or very simple texts. One idea should be presented in one slide. Two or three ideas should not come in one slide. It may confuse the audience. Structure of the Slides: A presentation needs to be well organized. For example, one can follow the following arrangements of his or her slides o First Slide, topic name and the presenter description o Overview of the whole talk o Introduction or motivation of the talk o Definition of the problem space o State-of-the-art solution of the problem o Own solution to the defined problem (if possible) o Some results form the current state-of-the-art research o Summary and conclusion o List of references During the seminar time students should start planning for the slides from the very beginning of the semester. After reading each paper student can formalize their understanding in a presentation slide.

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A seminar report must also follow the following instructions. But the final report must be handed both in hard copy and softcopy. there might be subsection for each of the research works covered o Results from each of the research groups o Proposal of new solution o Summary o Conclusion o List of Figures o References • A seminar paper will be written in a thesis format means one column format not in two column format. the source files. 11 or 12 font sizes. • A seminar report needs to be well organized. as well as. A seminar paper is a record of what you say to the group about a topic you have studied. • A seminar report has to be within 8 to 12 pages long in A4 paper with 10. It can be written in Microsoft Word. For example. For information on format see the instructions at the end of . The softcopy must include (. Your Seminar Paper A seminar is a small group of students and teachers. same figure from the presentation can be used in the report to explain the problem. one can follow the following arrangements of his or her report o Cover page o Index o Objective/ Introduction o Motivation o Problem space definition o Related Works.pdf) file. • Sometimes. Preparing a seminar paper gives you practice in technical writing which will help you when you write your thesis. the student must have to submit the seminar report to their corresponding advisor in hard copy.Seminar Report: The seminar report is the second important part (50%) for the seminar work. • Before going for the presentation.

your ID number. Symbols and Units . The abstract should state clearly: • • • • the problem studied. Do not put references. journals. the name of your department. The length of the abstract should be about 200 words. select only the information you need and summarize this information in your own words. The final section of your paper should summarize your conclusions. The first section should be an introduction to your topic. Do not put information in the abstract which is not in the main text of your paper. etc. It should be complete in itself. Author's Name Put your name.each issue of the Asian Journal of Energy & Environment. each with a separate heading. This section should review the background of your topic and give an outline of the contents of your paper. lecture notes. the method used. such as books. Title The title of your seminar paper should state your topic exactly in the smallest possible number of words. Abstract The abstract should state the most important facts and ideas in your paper. You should get the information for your paper from various sources. You must not copy text written by other authors. or any other international journal. figures. the main conclusions. Text The main text of your paper should be divided into sections. and the name of your university under the title. the main results. You must write the paper yourself using this information. or tables in the abstract. Instead.

the year of publication. the name of the publisher. the author of the web page. References may be made in the main text using index numbers in brackets. The reader should be able to understand the table by reading the caption without looking at the main text. the first and last page numbers of the paper. 6. the page numbers for your reference. the title. the date of the web page. 4. the title of the paper. 2. Every table must be mentioned in the main text. the author. For an internet reference give: 1. the year of publication. numbered as in the main text. The information you give in this list must be enough for readers to find the books and papers in a library or a data base. 5. . 3. Put a list of references. and other sources.Write mathematical equations in the simplest possible way so that they can be typed easily. 3. the title of the journal. 4. and the edition number if there is one. I. Every mathematical symbol you use must be defined in the text. Every reference in your main text must appear in the list at the end of your paper. at the end of your paper. 2. Tables Tables must have a number and a caption above the table. the volume number of the journal. units for physical quantities. 5. the names of the authors. 2. the title of the web page. References You must give references to all the information that you obtain from books. For a journal paper give: 1. 3. papers in journals. 4. the complete URL. For a book give: 1. and every reference in the list must be mentioned in your main text. Use S.

Make a list of your section headings and subheadings. so your account must be complete and easy to understand. Search the literature and select the references on which the contents of yor paper will be based. This list will define the organization of the contents of your paper. 2.your observations. The reader should be able to understand the figure by reading the caption without looking at the main text. Remember that the reader does not know in advance any of the details of the work you have done. Every figure must be mentioned in the main text. Recommended Procedure for Writing a Paper 1. • . The sections and subsections will contain not only material collected from other sources but also accounts of new work you have done:-. analysis of data. and conclusions. Write your title first. Write the sections and subsections one by one in a simple clear style. Write your list of references.Figures Figures must have a number and a caption below the figure. 5. 3. Write the abstract last by picking out the main points in your paper. 4. This will define your topic clearly and focus your mind on exactly what you want the paper to contain.

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