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# 1./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 17.P.018.

At what temperature is the rms speed of O3 equal to the rms speed that O2 has at 295 K?

K
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## 2./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 17.P.019.

Suppose a planet has an atmosphere of pure ammonia at 35.0C. What is the rms speed of the ammonia molecules?

m/s
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## 3./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 17.P.023.

What is the temperature of a gas of CO2 molecules whose rms speed is 521 m/s?

K
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## 4./3 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.003.

Three different processes act on a system. (a) In process A, 51 J of work are done on the system and 89 J of heat are added to the system. Find the change in the system's internal energy. J (b) In process B, the system does 51 J of work and 89 J of heat are added to the system. What is the change in the system's internal energy? J (c) In process C, the system's internal energy decreases by 128 J while the system performs 128 J of work on its surroundings. How much heat was added to the system?

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## 5./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.004.

An ideal gas is taken through the four processes shown in the figure below. The change in internal energy for three of these processes are as follows: UAB = +71 J; UBC= +14 J; UDA = -56 J. Find the change in internal energy for the process from C to D.

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## 6./5 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.009.

An ideal gas is taken through the three processes shown in figure below.

Fill in the missing entries in the following table. Q (J) A B C B C A -69 -280

W (J)

U (J)

-120 150

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## 7./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.012.

As an ideal gas expands at constant pressure from a volume of 0.29 m3 to a volume of 2.3 m3 it does 69 J of work. What is the gas pressure during this process?

Pa
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## 8.1/2 pointsAll Submissions NotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.016.

(a) If the internal energy of a system decreases as the result of an adiabatic process, is work done on the system or by the system? on the system by the system

(b) Calculate the magnitude of the work done in part (a) if its internal energy decreases by 640 J.

J
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## 9./3 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.024.

An ideal gas follows the three-part process shown in the figure below. (The horizontal axis is marked in increments of 50 m3.)

At the completion of one full cycle, find the following. (a) the net work done by the system kJ (b) the net change in internal energy of the system kJ (c) the net heat absorbed by the system

kJ

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## 10./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.042.

A heat engine takes in 1460 J of heat from the hot reservoir and exhausts 610 J of heat to the cold reservoir. How much work is done by the engine?

J
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## 11./2 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.044.

An engine receives 610 J of heat from a hot reservoir, and gives off 470 J of heat to a cold reservoir. (a) What is the work done? J (b) What is the efficiency of this engine?

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## 12./2 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.045.

A Carnot engine operates between the temperatures 430 K and 290 K. (a) How much heat must be given to the engine to produce 2900 J of work? kJ (b) How much heat is discarded to the cold reservoir as this work is done?

kJ

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## 13./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.048.

A research group plans to construct an engine that extracts energy from the ocean, using the fact that the water temperature near the surface is greater than the temperature in deep water. If the surface water temperature is 23.0C and the deep-water temperature is 11.0C, what is the maximum efficiency such an engine could have?

## 14./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.050.

The efficiency of a Carnot engine with a cold reservoir at a temperature of 295 K is 22.0%. Assuming the temperature of the hot reservoir remains the same, find the temperature the cold reservoir must have in order for the engine's efficiency to be 24.0%.

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## 15./3 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.052.

During each cycle a reversible engine absorbs 1500 J of heat from a high-temperature reservoir and performs 1100 J of work. (a) What is the efficiency of this engine?

(b) How much heat is exhausted to the low-temperature reservoir during each cycle? J (c) What is the ratio, Th/Tc, of the two reservoir temperatures?

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## 16./2 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 18.P.054.

A certain Carnot engine, as indicated in the figure below, takes in the heat Qh and exhausts the heat Qc = 0.57 Qh.

## (a) What is the efficiency of this engine?

(b) Using the Kelvin temperature scale, find the ratio Tc/Th.

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## 17./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 16.P.013.

A steel suspension-bridge is 3790 m long. How much longer is the bridge on a warm summer day (34.0C) than on a cold winter day (-5.00C)?

m
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## 18./1 pointsNotesQuestion: Walker3 16.P.022.

When people sleep, their metabolic rate is about 2.6 10-4 C/(skg). How many Calories does a 73 kg person metabolize while sleeping 7.5 hours?

Cal
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## 19.1/3 pointsAll Submissions NotesQuestion: Walker3 16.P.025.

Consider the apparatus that Joule used in his experiments on the mechanical equivalent of heat, shown in the figure below. Suppose the blocks have a mass of 0.83 kg and that it falls through a distance of 0.60 m.

(a) Find the expected rise in temperature of the water given that 6200 J are needed for every 1.0C increase. Give your answer in Celsius degrees.

Your response differs from the correct answer by more than 10%. Double check your calculations.C (b) Would the temperature rise in Fahrenheit degrees be greater than or less than that of Celsius?

F
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## 20.1/1 pointsAll Submissions NotesQuestion: Walker3 16.P.026.

If a person radiates about 67 W of power at room temperature, how long does it take for a person to radiate away the energy acquired by consuming a 280 Calorie donut?

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h
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## 21.1/1 pointsAll Submissions NotesQuestion: Walker3 16.P.040.

Assuming your skin temperature is 37.2C and the temperature of your surroundings is 20.7C, determine the length of time required for you to radiate away the energy gained by eating a 319 Calorie ice cream cone. Let the emmissivity of your skin be 0.915 and its area be 1.22 m2.

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hours
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## 22.2/2 pointsAll Submissions NotesQuestion: Walker3 16.P.042.

Consider a double-paned window consisting of two panes of glass, each with a thickness of 0.500 cm and an area of 0.615 m2, separated by a layer of air with a thickness of 1.60 cm. The temperature on one side of the window is 0.00C; the temperature on the other side is 20.0C. In addition, note that the thermal conductivity of glass is roughly 36 times greater than that of air. (a) Approximate the heat transfer through this window by ignoring the glass. That is, calculate the heat flow per second through the 1.60 cm of air with a temperature difference of 20.0 C. (The exact result for the complete window is 17.7 J/s.) Express your answer with three significant digits.

J/s

(b) Use the approximate heat flow found in part (a) to find an approximate temperature difference across each pane of glass. (The exact result is 0.171 C.) Express your answer with three significant digits.

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## 23.2/2 pointsAll Submissions NotesQuestion: Walker3 16.P.043.

Two metal rods of equal length, one aluminum the other stainless steel, are connected in parallel with a temperature of 10.0C at one end and 127C at the other end. Both rods are 2.50 cm in diameter. (a) Determine the length the rods must have if the combined rate of heat flow through them is to be 24.5 J per second.

(b) If the length of each rods is increased by a factor of 9, by what factor does the rate of heat flow change? new rate / old rate =